Infomotions, Inc.Great Expectations / Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870

Author: Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870
Title: Great Expectations
Publisher: Project Gutenberg
Tag(s): miss havisham; wemmick; havisham; joe; estella; jaggers; pip; biddy; pumblechook; miss havisham's; herbert; miss skiffins
Contributor(s): Wormeley, Katharine Prescott, 1830-1908 [Translator]
Versions: original; local mirror; HTML (this file); printable
Services: find in a library; evaluate using concordance
Rights: GNU General Public License
Size: 185,745 words (longer than most) Grade range: 9-11 (high school) Readability score: 67 (easy)
Identifier: etext1400
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Great Expectations

by Charles Dickens

July, 1998  [Etext #1400]

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by Charles Dickens

Chapter I

My father's family name being Pirrip, and my Christian name Philip,
my infant tongue could make of both names nothing longer or more
explicit than Pip.  So, I called myself Pip, and came to be called

I give Pirrip as my father's family name, on the authority of his
tombstone and my sister,--Mrs. Joe Gargery, who married the
blacksmith.  As I never saw my father or my mother, and never saw
any likeness of either of them (for their days were long before the
days of photographs), my first fancies regarding what they were
like were unreasonably derived from their tombstones.  The shape of
the letters on my father's, gave me an odd idea that he was a
square, stout, dark man, with curly black hair.  From the character
and turn of the inscription, "Also Georgiana Wife of the Above," I
drew a childish conclusion that my mother was freckled and sickly.
To five little stone lozenges, each about a foot and a half long,
which were arranged in a neat row beside their grave, and were
sacred to the memory of five little brothers of mine,--who gave up
trying to get a living, exceedingly early in that universal
struggle,--I am indebted for a belief I religiously entertained
that they had all been born on their backs with their hands in
their trousers-pockets, and had never taken them out in this state
of existence.

Ours was the marsh country, down by the river, within, as the river
wound, twenty miles of the sea.  My first most vivid and broad
impression of the identity of things seems to me to have been
gained on a memorable raw afternoon towards evening.  At such a time
I found out for certain that this bleak place overgrown with
nettles was the churchyard; and that Philip Pirrip, late of this
parish, and also Georgiana wife of the above, were dead and buried;
and that Alexander, Bartholomew, Abraham, Tobias, and Roger, infant
children of the aforesaid, were also dead and buried; and that the
dark flat wilderness beyond the churchyard, intersected with dikes
and mounds and gates, with scattered cattle feeding on it, was the
marshes; and that the low leaden line beyond was the river; and
that the distant savage lair from which the wind was rushing was
the sea; and that the small bundle of shivers growing afraid of it
all and beginning to cry, was Pip.

"Hold your noise!" cried a terrible voice, as a man started up from
among the graves at the side of the church porch.  "Keep still, you
little devil, or I'll cut your throat!"

A fearful man, all in coarse gray, with a great iron on his leg.  A
man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied
round his head.  A man who had been soaked in water, and smothered
in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints, and stung by
nettles, and torn by briars; who limped, and shivered, and glared,
and growled; and whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me
by the chin.

"Oh!  Don't cut my throat, sir," I pleaded in terror.  "Pray don't do
it, sir."

"Tell us your name!" said the man.  "Quick!"

"Pip, sir."

"Once more," said the man, staring at me.  "Give it mouth!"

"Pip.  Pip, sir."

"Show us where you live," said the man.  "Pint out the place!"

I pointed to where our village lay, on the flat in-shore among the
alder-trees and pollards, a mile or more from the church.

The man, after looking at me for a moment, turned me upside down,
and emptied my pockets.  There was nothing in them but a piece of
bread.  When the church came to itself,--for he was so sudden and
strong that he made it go head over heels before me, and I saw the
steeple under my feet,--when the church came to itself, I say, I
was seated on a high tombstone, trembling while he ate the bread

"You young dog," said the man, licking his lips, "what fat cheeks
you ha' got."

I believe they were fat, though I was at that time undersized for
my years, and not strong.

"Darn me if I couldn't eat em," said the man, with a threatening
shake of his head, "and if I han't half a mind to't!"

I earnestly expressed my hope that he wouldn't, and held tighter to
the tombstone on which he had put me; partly, to keep myself upon
it; partly, to keep myself from crying.

"Now lookee here!" said the man.  "Where's your mother?"

"There, sir!" said I.

He started, made a short run, and stopped and looked over his

"There, sir!" I timidly explained.  "Also Georgiana.  That's my

"Oh!" said he, coming back.  "And is that your father alonger your

"Yes, sir," said I; "him too; late of this parish."

"Ha!" he muttered then, considering.  "Who d'ye live with,--
supposin' you're kindly let to live, which I han't made up my mind

"My sister, sir,--Mrs. Joe Gargery,--wife of Joe Gargery, the
blacksmith, sir."

"Blacksmith, eh?" said he.  And looked down at his leg.

After darkly looking at his leg and me several times, he came
closer to my tombstone, took me by both arms, and tilted me back as
far as he could hold me; so that his eyes looked most powerfully
down into mine, and mine looked most helplessly up into his.

"Now lookee here," he said, "the question being whether you're to
be let to live.  You know what a file is?"

"Yes, sir."

"And you know what wittles is?"

"Yes, sir."

After each question he tilted me over a little more, so as to give
me a greater sense of helplessness and danger.

"You get me a file."  He tilted me again.  "And you get me wittles."
He tilted me again.  "You bring 'em both to me."  He tilted me again.
"Or I'll have your heart and liver out."  He tilted me again.

I was dreadfully frightened, and so giddy that I clung to him with
both hands, and said, "If you would kindly please to let me keep
upright, sir, perhaps I shouldn't be sick, and perhaps I could
attend more."

He gave me a most tremendous dip and roll, so that the church
jumped over its own weathercock.  Then, he held me by the arms, in
an upright position on the top of the stone, and went on in these
fearful terms:--

"You bring me, to-morrow morning early, that file and them wittles.
You bring the lot to me, at that old Battery over yonder.  You do
it, and you never dare to say a word or dare to make a sign
concerning your having seen such a person as me, or any person
sumever, and you shall be let to live.  You fail, or you go from my
words in any partickler, no matter how small it is, and your heart
and your liver shall be tore out, roasted, and ate.  Now, I ain't
alone, as you may think I am.  There's a young man hid with me, in
comparison with which young man I am a Angel.  That young man hears
the words I speak.  That young man has a secret way pecooliar to
himself, of getting at a boy, and at his heart, and at his liver.
It is in wain for a boy to attempt to hide himself from that young
man.  A boy may lock his door, may be warm in bed, may tuck himself
up, may draw the clothes over his head, may think himself
comfortable and safe, but that young man will softly creep and
creep his way to him and tear him open.  I am a keeping that young
man from harming of you at the present moment, with great
difficulty.  I find it wery hard to hold that young man off of your
inside.  Now, what do you say?"

I said that I would get him the file, and I would get him what
broken bits of food I could, and I would come to him at the
Battery, early in the morning.

"Say Lord strike you dead if you don't!" said the man.

I said so, and he took me down.

"Now," he pursued, "you remember what you've undertook, and you
remember that young man, and you get home!"

"Goo-good night, sir," I faltered.

"Much of that!" said he, glancing about him over the cold wet flat.
"I wish I was a frog.  Or a eel!"

At the same time, he hugged his shuddering body in both his arms,--
clasping himself, as if to hold himself together,--and limped
towards the low church wall.  As I saw him go, picking his way among
the nettles, and among the brambles that bound the green mounds, he
looked in my young eyes as if he were eluding the hands of the dead
people, stretching up cautiously out of their graves, to get a
twist upon his ankle and pull him in.

When he came to the low church wall, he got over it, like a man
whose legs were numbed and stiff, and then turned round to look for
me.  When I saw him turning, I set my face towards home, and made
the best use of my legs.  But presently I looked over my shoulder,
and saw him going on again towards the river, still hugging himself
in both arms, and picking his way with his sore feet among the
great stones dropped into the marshes here and there, for
stepping-places when the rains were heavy or the tide was in.

The marshes were just a long black horizontal line then, as I
stopped to look after him; and the river was just another
horizontal line, not nearly so broad nor yet so black; and the sky
was just a row of long angry red lines and dense black lines
intermixed.  On the edge of the river I could faintly make out the
only two black things in all the prospect that seemed to be
standing upright; one of these was the beacon by which the sailors
steered,--like an unhooped cask upon a pole,--an ugly thing when
you were near it; the other, a gibbet, with some chains hanging to
it which had once held a pirate.  The man was limping on towards
this latter, as if he were the pirate come to life, and come down,
and going back to hook himself up again.  It gave me a terrible turn
when I thought so; and as I saw the cattle lifting their heads to
gaze after him, I wondered whether they thought so too.  I looked
all round for the horrible young man, and could see no signs of
him.  But now I was frightened again, and ran home without

Chapter II

My sister, Mrs. Joe Gargery, was more than twenty years older than
I, and had established a great reputation with herself and the
neighbors because she had brought me up "by hand."  Having at that
time to find out for myself what the expression meant, and knowing
her to have a hard and heavy hand, and to be much in the habit of
laying it upon her husband as well as upon me, I supposed that Joe
Gargery and I were both brought up by hand.

She was not a good-looking woman, my sister; and I had a general
impression that she must have made Joe Gargery marry her by hand.
Joe was a fair man, with curls of flaxen hair on each side of his
smooth face, and with eyes of such a very undecided blue that they
seemed to have somehow got mixed with their own whites.  He was a
mild, good-natured, sweet-tempered, easy-going, foolish, dear
fellow,--a sort of Hercules in strength, and also in weakness.

My sister, Mrs. Joe, with black hair and eyes, had such a prevailing
redness of skin that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was
possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap.
She was tall and bony, and almost always wore a coarse apron,
fastened over her figure behind with two loops, and having a square
impregnable bib in front, that was stuck full of pins and needles.
She made it a powerful merit in herself, and a strong reproach
against Joe, that she wore this apron so much.  Though I really see
no reason why she should have worn it at all; or why, if she did
wear it at all, she should not have taken it off, every day of her

Joe's forge adjoined our house, which was a wooden house, as many
of the dwellings in our country were,--most of them, at that time.
When I ran home from the churchyard, the forge was shut up, and Joe
was sitting alone in the kitchen.  Joe and I being fellow-sufferers,
and having confidences as such, Joe imparted a confidence to me,
the moment I raised the latch of the door and peeped in at him
opposite to it, sitting in the chimney corner.

"Mrs. Joe has been out a dozen times, looking for you, Pip.  And
she's out now, making it a baker's dozen."

"Is she?"

"Yes, Pip," said Joe; "and what's worse, she's got Tickler with

At this dismal intelligence, I twisted the only button on my
waistcoat round and round, and looked in great depression at the
fire.  Tickler was a wax-ended piece of cane, worn smooth by
collision with my tickled frame.

"She sot down," said Joe, "and she got up, and she made a grab at
Tickler, and she Ram-paged out.  That's what she did," said Joe,
slowly clearing the fire between the lower bars with the poker, and
looking at it; "she Ram-paged out, Pip."

"Has she been gone long, Joe?"  I always treated him as a larger
species of child, and as no more than my equal.

"Well," said Joe, glancing up at the Dutch clock, "she's been on
the Ram-page, this last spell, about five minutes, Pip.  She's a
coming!  Get behind the door, old chap, and have the jack-towel
betwixt you."

I took the advice.  My sister, Mrs. Joe, throwing the door wide open,
and finding an obstruction behind it, immediately divined the
cause, and applied Tickler to its further investigation.  She
concluded by throwing me--I often served as a connubial missile--
at Joe, who, glad to get hold of me on any terms, passed me on into
the chimney and quietly fenced me up there with his great leg.

"Where have you been, you young monkey?" said Mrs. Joe, stamping her
foot.  "Tell me directly what you've been doing to wear me away with
fret and fright and worrit, or I'd have you out of that corner if
you was fifty Pips, and he was five hundred Gargerys."

"I have only been to the churchyard," said I, from my stool, crying
and rubbing myself.

"Churchyard!" repeated my sister.  "If it warn't for me you'd have
been to the churchyard long ago, and stayed there.  Who brought you
up by hand?"

"You did," said I.

"And why did I do it, I should like to know?" exclaimed my sister.

I whimpered, "I don't know."

"I don't!" said my sister.  "I'd never do it again!  I know that.  I
may truly say I've never had this apron of mine off since born you
were.  It's bad enough to be a blacksmith's wife (and him a Gargery)
without being your mother."

My thoughts strayed from that question as I looked disconsolately
at the fire.  For the fugitive out on the marshes with the ironed
leg, the mysterious young man, the file, the food, and the dreadful
pledge I was under to commit a larceny on those sheltering
premises, rose before me in the avenging coals.

"Hah!" said Mrs. Joe, restoring Tickler to his station.  "Churchyard,
indeed!  You may well say churchyard, you two."  One of us,
by the by, had not said it at all.  "You'll drive me to the
churchyard betwixt you, one of these days, and O, a pr-r-recious
pair you'd be without me!"

As she applied herself to set the tea-things, Joe peeped down at me
over his leg, as if he were mentally casting me and himself up, and
calculating what kind of pair we practically should make, under the
grievous circumstances foreshadowed.  After that, he sat feeling his
right-side flaxen curls and whisker, and following Mrs. Joe about
with his blue eyes, as his manner always was at squally times.

My sister had a trenchant way of cutting our bread and butter for
us, that never varied.  First, with her left hand she jammed the
loaf hard and fast against her bib,--where it sometimes got a pin
into it, and sometimes a needle, which we afterwards got into our
mouths.  Then she took some butter (not too much) on a knife and
spread it on the loaf, in an apothecary kind of way, as if she were
making a plaster,--using both sides of the knife with a slapping
dexterity, and trimming and moulding the butter off round the
crust.  Then, she gave the knife a final smart wipe on the edge of
the plaster, and then sawed a very thick round off the loaf:  which
she finally, before separating from the loaf, hewed into two
halves, of which Joe got one, and I the other.

On the present occasion, though I was hungry, I dared not eat my
slice.  I felt that I must have something in reserve for my dreadful
acquaintance, and his ally the still more dreadful young man.  I
knew Mrs. Joe's housekeeping to be of the strictest kind, and that
my larcenous researches might find nothing available in the safe.
Therefore I resolved to put my hunk of bread and butter down the
leg of my trousers.

The effort of resolution necessary to the achievement of this
purpose I found to be quite awful.  It was as if I had to make up
my mind to leap from the top of a high house, or plunge into a
great depth of water.  And it was made the more difficult by the
unconscious Joe.  In our already-mentioned freemasonry as
fellow-sufferers, and in his good-natured companionship with me, it
was our evening habit to compare the way we bit through our slices,
by silently holding them up to each other's admiration now and then,
--which stimulated us to new exertions.  To-night, Joe several times
invited me, by the display of his fast diminishing slice, to enter
upon our usual friendly competition; but he found me, each time,
with my yellow mug of tea on one knee, and my untouched
bread and butter on the other.  At last, I desperately considered
that the thing I contemplated must be done, and that it had best be
done in the least improbable manner consistent with the
circumstances.  I took advantage of a moment when Joe had just
looked at me, and got my bread and butter down my leg.

Joe was evidently made uncomfortable by what he supposed to be my
loss of appetite, and took a thoughtful bite out of his slice,
which he didn't seem to enjoy.  He turned it about in his mouth much
longer than usual, pondering over it a good deal, and after all
gulped it down like a pill.  He was about to take another bite, and
had just got his head on one side for a good purchase on it, when
his eye fell on me, and he saw that my bread and butter was gone.

The wonder and consternation with which Joe stopped on the
threshold of his bite and stared at me, were too evident to escape
my sister's observation.

"What's the matter now?" said she, smartly, as she put down her

"I say, you know!" muttered Joe, shaking his head at me in very
serious remonstrance.  "Pip, old chap!  You'll do yourself a
mischief.  It'll stick somewhere.  You can't have chawed it, Pip."

"What's the matter now?" repeated my sister, more sharply than

"If you can cough any trifle on it up, Pip, I'd recommend you to do
it," said Joe, all aghast.  "Manners is manners, but still your
elth's your elth."

By this time, my sister was quite desperate, so she pounced on Joe,
and, taking him by the two whiskers, knocked his head for a little
while against the wall behind him, while I sat in the corner,
looking guiltily on.

"Now, perhaps you'll mention what's the matter," said my sister,
out of breath, "you staring great stuck pig."

Joe looked at her in a helpless way, then took a helpless bite, and
looked at me again.

"You know, Pip," said Joe, solemnly, with his last bite in his
cheek, and speaking in a confidential voice, as if we two were quite
alone, "you and me is always friends, and I'd be the last to tell
upon you, any time.  But such a--" he moved his chair and looked
about the floor between us, and then again at me--"such a most
oncommon Bolt as that!"

"Been bolting his food, has he?" cried my sister.

"You know, old chap," said Joe, looking at me, and not at Mrs. Joe,
with his bite still in his cheek, "I Bolted, myself, when I was
your age--frequent--and as a boy I've been among a many Bolters;
but I never see your Bolting equal yet, Pip, and it's a mercy you
ain't Bolted dead."

My sister made a dive at me, and fished me up by the hair, saying
nothing more than the awful words, "You come along and be dosed."

Some medical beast had revived Tar-water in those days as a fine
medicine, and Mrs. Joe always kept a supply of it in the cupboard;
having a belief in its virtues correspondent to its nastiness.  At
the best of times, so much of this elixir was administered to me as
a choice restorative, that I was conscious of going about, smelling
like a new fence.  On this particular evening the urgency of my case
demanded a pint of this mixture, which was poured down my throat,
for my greater comfort, while Mrs. Joe held my head under her arm,
as a boot would be held in a bootjack.  Joe got off with half a
pint; but was made to swallow that (much to his disturbance, as he
sat slowly munching and meditating before the fire), "because he had
had a turn."  Judging from myself, I should say he certainly had a
turn afterwards, if he had had none before.

Conscience is a dreadful thing when it accuses man or boy; but
when, in the case of a boy, that secret burden co-operates with
another secret burden down the leg of his trousers, it is (as I can
testify) a great punishment.  The guilty knowledge that I was going
to rob Mrs. Joe--I never thought I was going to rob Joe, for I
never thought of any of the housekeeping property as his--united
to the necessity of always keeping one hand on my bread and butter
as I sat, or when I was ordered about the kitchen on any small
errand, almost drove me out of my mind.  Then, as the marsh winds
made the fire glow and flare, I thought I heard the voice outside,
of the man with the iron on his leg who had sworn me to secrecy,
declaring that he couldn't and wouldn't starve until to-morrow, but
must be fed now.  At other times, I thought, What if the young man
who was with so much difficulty restrained from imbruing his hands
in me should yield to a constitutional impatience, or should
mistake the time, and should think himself accredited to my heart
and liver to-night, instead of to-morrow!  If ever anybody's hair
stood on end with terror, mine must have done so then.  But,
perhaps, nobody's ever did?

It was Christmas Eve, and I had to stir the pudding for next day,
with a copper-stick, from seven to eight by the Dutch clock.  I
tried it with the load upon my leg (and that made me think afresh
of the man with the load on his leg), and found the tendency of
exercise to bring the bread and butter out at my ankle, quite
unmanageable.  Happily I slipped away, and deposited that part of
my conscience in my garret bedroom.

"Hark!" said I, when I had done my stirring, and was taking a final
warm in the chimney corner before being sent up to bed; "was that
great guns, Joe?"

"Ah!" said Joe.  "There's another conwict off."

"What does that mean, Joe?" said I.

Mrs. Joe, who always took explanations upon herself, said,
snappishly, "Escaped.  Escaped."  Administering the definition like

While Mrs. Joe sat with her head bending over her needlework, I put
my mouth into the forms of saying to Joe, "What's a convict?"  Joe
put his mouth into the forms of returning such a highly elaborate
answer, that I could make out nothing of it but the single word

"There was a conwict off last night," said Joe, aloud, "after
sunset-gun.  And they fired warning of him.  And now it appears
they're firing warning of another."

"Who's firing?" said I.

"Drat that boy," interposed my sister, frowning at me over her
work, "what a questioner he is.  Ask no questions, and you'll be
told no lies."

It was not very polite to herself, I thought, to imply that I should
be told lies by her even if I did ask questions.  But she never was
polite unless there was company.

At this point Joe greatly augmented my curiosity by taking the
utmost pains to open his mouth very wide, and to put it into the
form of a word that looked to me like "sulks."  Therefore, I
naturally pointed to Mrs. Joe, and put my mouth into the form of
saying, "her?"  But Joe wouldn't hear of that, at all, and again
opened his mouth very wide, and shook the form of a most emphatic
word out of it.  But I could make nothing of the word.

"Mrs. Joe," said I, as a last resort, "I should like to know--if
you wouldn't much mind--where the firing comes from?"

"Lord bless the boy!" exclaimed my sister, as if she didn't quite
mean that but rather the contrary.  "From the Hulks!"

"Oh-h!" said I, looking at Joe.  "Hulks!"

Joe gave a reproachful cough, as much as to say, "Well, I told you

"And please, what's Hulks?" said I.

"That's the way with this boy!" exclaimed my sister, pointing me
out with her needle and thread, and shaking her head at me.  "Answer
him one question, and he'll ask you a dozen directly.  Hulks are
prison-ships, right 'cross th' meshes."  We always used that name
for marshes, in our country.

"I wonder who's put into prison-ships, and why they're put there?"
said I, in a general way, and with quiet desperation.

It was too much for Mrs. Joe, who immediately rose.  "I tell you
what, young fellow," said she, "I didn't bring you up by hand to
badger people's lives out.  It would be blame to me and not praise,
if I had.  People are put in the Hulks because they murder, and
because they rob, and forge, and do all sorts of bad; and they
always begin by asking questions.  Now, you get along to bed!"

I was never allowed a candle to light me to bed, and, as I went
up stairs in the dark, with my head tingling,--from Mrs. Joe's
thimble having played the tambourine upon it, to accompany her last
words,--I felt fearfully sensible of the great convenience that the
hulks were handy for me.  I was clearly on my way there.  I had begun
by asking questions, and I was going to rob Mrs. Joe.

Since that time, which is far enough away now, I have often thought
that few people know what secrecy there is in the young under
terror.  No matter how unreasonable the terror, so that it be
terror.  I was in mortal terror of the young man who wanted my heart
and liver; I was in mortal terror of my interlocutor with the
iron leg; I was in mortal terror of myself, from whom an awful
promise had been extracted; I had no hope of deliverance through my
all-powerful sister, who repulsed me at every turn; I am afraid to
think of what I might have done on requirement, in the secrecy of
my terror.

If I slept at all that night, it was only to imagine myself
drifting down the river on a strong spring-tide, to the Hulks; a
ghostly pirate calling out to me through a speaking-trumpet, as I
passed the gibbet-station, that I had better come ashore and be
hanged there at once, and not put it off.  I was afraid to sleep,
even if I had been inclined, for I knew that at the first faint
dawn of morning I must rob the pantry.  There was no doing it in the
night, for there was no getting a light by easy friction then; to
have got one I must have struck it out of flint and steel, and
have made a noise like the very pirate himself rattling his chains.

As soon as the great black velvet pall outside my little window was
shot with gray, I got up and went down stairs; every board upon the
way, and every crack in every board calling after me, "Stop
thief!" and "Get up, Mrs. Joe!" In the pantry, which was far more
abundantly supplied than usual, owing to the season, I was very
much alarmed by a hare hanging up by the heels, whom I rather
thought I caught when my back was half turned, winking.  I had no
time for verification, no time for selection, no time for anything,
for I had no time to spare.  I stole some bread, some rind of
cheese, about half a jar of mincemeat (which I tied up in my
pocket-handkerchief with my last night's slice), some brandy from a
stone bottle (which I decanted into a glass bottle I had secretly
used for making that intoxicating fluid, Spanish-liquorice-water,
up in my room:  diluting the stone bottle from a jug in the kitchen
cupboard), a meat bone with very little on it, and a beautiful
round compact pork pie.  I was nearly going away without the pie,
but I was tempted to mount upon a shelf, to look what it was that
was put away so carefully in a covered earthen ware dish in a
corner, and I found it was the pie, and I took it in the hope that
it was not intended for early use, and would not be missed for some

There was a door in the kitchen, communicating with the forge; I
unlocked and unbolted that door, and got a file from among Joe's
tools.  Then I put the fastenings as I had found them, opened the
door at which I had entered when I ran home last night, shut it,
and ran for the misty marshes.

Chapter III

It was a rimy morning, and very damp.  I had seen the damp lying on
the outside of my little window, as if some goblin had been crying
there all night, and using the window for a pocket-handkerchief.
Now, I saw the damp lying on the bare hedges and spare grass, like
a coarser sort of spiders' webs; hanging itself from twig to twig
and blade to blade.  On every rail and gate, wet lay clammy, and the
marsh mist was so thick, that the wooden finger on the post
directing people to our village--a direction which they never
accepted, for they never came there--was invisible to me until I
was quite close under it.  Then, as I looked up at it, while it
dripped, it seemed to my oppressed conscience like a phantom
devoting me to the Hulks.

The mist was heavier yet when I got out upon the marshes, so that
instead of my running at everything, everything seemed to run at
me.  This was very disagreeable to a guilty mind.  The gates and
dikes and banks came bursting at me through the mist, as if they
cried as plainly as could be, "A boy with Somebody's else's pork pie!
Stop him!"  The cattle came upon me with like suddenness, staring
out of their eyes, and steaming out of their nostrils, "Halloa,
young thief!"  One black ox, with a white cravat on,--who even had
to my awakened conscience something of a clerical air,--fixed me so
obstinately with his eyes, and moved his blunt head round in such
an accusatory manner as I moved round, that I blubbered out to him,
"I couldn't help it, sir!  It wasn't for myself I took it!"  Upon
which he put down his head, blew a cloud of smoke out of his nose,
and vanished with a kick-up of his hind-legs and a flourish of his

All this time, I was getting on towards the river; but however fast
I went, I couldn't warm my feet, to which the damp cold seemed
riveted, as the iron was riveted to the leg of the man I was
running to meet.  I knew my way to the Battery, pretty straight, for
I had been down there on a Sunday with Joe, and Joe, sitting on an
old gun, had told me that when I was 'prentice to him, regularly
bound, we would have such Larks there!  However, in the confusion of
the mist, I found myself at last too far to the right, and
consequently had to try back along the river-side, on the bank of
loose stones above the mud and the stakes that staked the tide out.
Making my way along here with all despatch, I had just crossed a
ditch which I knew to be very near the Battery, and had just
scrambled up the mound beyond the ditch, when I saw the man sitting
before me.  His back was towards me, and he had his arms folded, and
was nodding forward, heavy with sleep.

I thought he would be more glad if I came upon him with his
breakfast, in that unexpected manner, so I went forward softly and
touched him on the shoulder.  He instantly jumped up, and it was not
the same man, but another man!

And yet this man was dressed in coarse gray, too, and had a great
iron on his leg, and was lame, and hoarse, and cold, and was
everything that the other man was; except that he had not the same
face, and had a flat broad-brimmed low-crowned felt that on.  All
this I saw in a moment, for I had only a moment to see it in:  he
swore an oath at me, made a hit at me,--it was a round weak blow
that missed me and almost knocked himself down, for it made him
stumble,--and then he ran into the mist, stumbling twice as he went,
and I lost him.

"It's the young man!" I thought, feeling my heart shoot as I
identified him.  I dare say I should have felt a pain in my liver,
too, if I had known where it was.

I was soon at the Battery after that, and there was the right
Man,--hugging himself and limping to and fro, as if he had never all
night left off hugging and limping,--waiting for me.  He was awfully
cold, to be sure.  I half expected to see him drop down before my
face and die of deadly cold.  His eyes looked so awfully hungry
too, that when I handed him the file and he laid it down on the
grass, it occurred to me he would have tried to eat it, if he had
not seen my bundle.  He did not turn me upside down this time to
get at what I had, but left me right side upwards while I opened
the bundle and emptied my pockets.

"What's in the bottle, boy?" said he.

"Brandy," said I.

He was already handing mincemeat down his throat in the most
curious manner,--more like a man who was putting it away somewhere
in a violent hurry, than a man who was eating it,--but he left off
to take some of the liquor.  He shivered all the while so
violently, that it was quite as much as he could do to keep the
neck of the bottle between his teeth, without biting it off.

"I think you have got the ague," said I.

"I'm much of your opinion, boy," said he.

"It's bad about here," I told him.  "You've been lying out on the
meshes, and they're dreadful aguish.  Rheumatic too."

"I'll eat my breakfast afore they're the death of me," said he.
"I'd do that, if I was going to be strung up to that there gallows
as there is over there, directly afterwards.  I'll beat the shivers
so far, I'll bet you."

He was gobbling mincemeat, meatbone, bread, cheese, and pork pie,
all at once:  staring distrustfully while he did so at the mist all
round us, and often stopping--even stopping his jaws--to listen.
Some real or fancied sound, some clink upon the river or breathing
of beast upon the marsh, now gave him a start, and he said,

"You're not a deceiving imp?  You brought no one with you?"

"No, sir!  No!"

"Nor giv' no one the office to follow you?"


"Well," said he, "I believe you.  You'd be but a fierce young hound
indeed, if at your time of life you could help to hunt a wretched
warmint hunted as near death and dunghill as this poor wretched
warmint is!"

Something clicked in his throat as if he had works in him like a
clock, and was going to strike.  And he smeared his ragged rough
sleeve over his eyes.

Pitying his desolation, and watching him as he gradually settled
down upon the pie, I made bold to say, "I am glad you enjoy it."

"Did you speak?"

"I said I was glad you enjoyed it."

"Thankee, my boy.  I do."

I had often watched a large dog of ours eating his food; and I now
noticed a decided similarity between the dog's way of eating, and
the man's.  The man took strong sharp sudden bites, just like the
dog.  He swallowed, or rather snapped up, every mouthful, too soon
and too fast; and he looked sideways here and there while he ate,
as if he thought there was danger in every direction of somebody's
coming to take the pie away.  He was altogether too unsettled in his
mind over it, to appreciate it comfortably I thought, or to have
anybody to dine with him, without making a chop with his jaws at
the visitor.  In all of which particulars he was very like the dog.

"I am afraid you won't leave any of it for him," said I, timidly;
after a silence during which I had hesitated as to the politeness
of making the remark.  "There's no more to be got where that came
from."  It was the certainty of this fact that impelled me to offer
the hint.

"Leave any for him?  Who's him?" said my friend, stopping in his
crunching of pie-crust.

"The young man.  That you spoke of.  That was hid with you."

"Oh ah!" he returned, with something like a gruff laugh.  "Him?  Yes,
yes!  He don't want no wittles."

"I thought he looked as if he did," said I.

The man stopped eating, and regarded me with the keenest scrutiny
and the greatest surprise.

"Looked?  When?"

"Just now."


"Yonder," said I, pointing; "over there, where I found him nodding
asleep, and thought it was you."

He held me by the collar and stared at me so, that I began to think
his first idea about cutting my throat had revived.

"Dressed like you, you know, only with a hat," I explained,
trembling; "and--and"--I was very anxious to put this delicately
--"and with--the same reason for wanting to borrow a file.  Didn't
you hear the cannon last night?"

"Then there was firing!" he said to himself.

"I wonder you shouldn't have been sure of that," I returned, "for
we heard it up at home, and that's farther away, and we were shut
in besides."

"Why, see now!" said he.  "When a man's alone on these flats, with a
light head and a light stomach, perishing of cold and want, he
hears nothin' all night, but guns firing, and voices calling.
Hears?  He sees the soldiers, with their red coats lighted up by the
torches carried afore, closing in round him.  Hears his number
called, hears himself challenged, hears the rattle of the muskets,
hears the orders 'Make ready!  Present!  Cover him steady, men!' and
is laid hands on--and there's nothin'!  Why, if I see one pursuing
party last night--coming up in order, Damn 'em, with their tramp,
tramp--I see a hundred.  And as to firing!  Why, I see the mist
shake with the cannon, arter it was broad day,--But this man"; he
had said all the rest, as if he had forgotten my being there; "did
you notice anything in him?"

"He had a badly bruised face," said I, recalling what I hardly knew
I knew.

"Not here?" exclaimed the man, striking his left cheek mercilessly,
with the flat of his hand.

"Yes, there!"

"Where is he?"  He crammed what little food was left, into the
breast of his gray jacket.  "Show me the way he went.  I'll pull him
down, like a bloodhound.  Curse this iron on my sore leg!  Give us
hold of the file, boy."

I indicated in what direction the mist had shrouded the other man,
and he looked up at it for an instant.  But he was down on the rank
wet grass, filing at his iron like a madman, and not minding me or
minding his own leg, which had an old chafe upon it and was bloody,
but which he handled as roughly as if it had no more feeling in it
than the file.  I was very much afraid of him again, now that he had
worked himself into this fierce hurry, and I was likewise very much
afraid of keeping away from home any longer.  I told him I must go,
but he took no notice, so I thought the best thing I could do was
to slip off.  The last I saw of him, his head was bent over his knee
and he was working hard at his fetter, muttering impatient
imprecations at it and at his leg.  The last I heard of him, I
stopped in the mist to listen, and the file was still going.

Chapter IV

I fully expected to find a Constable in the kitchen, waiting to
take me up.  But not only was there no Constable there, but no
discovery had yet been made of the robbery.  Mrs. Joe was
prodigiously busy in getting the house ready for the festivities of
the day, and Joe had been put upon the kitchen doorstep to keep
him out of the dust-pan,--an article into which his destiny always
led him, sooner or later, when my sister was vigorously reaping the
floors of her establishment.

"And where the deuce ha' you been?" was Mrs. Joe's Christmas
salutation, when I and my conscience showed ourselves.

I said I had been down to hear the Carols.  "Ah! well!" observed Mrs.
Joe.  "You might ha' done worse."  Not a doubt of that I thought.

"Perhaps if I warn't a blacksmith's wife, and (what's the same
thing) a slave with her apron never off, I should have been to hear
the Carols," said Mrs. Joe.  "I'm rather partial to Carols, myself,
and that's the best of reasons for my never hearing any."

Joe, who had ventured into the kitchen after me as the dustpan had
retired before us, drew the back of his hand across his nose with a
conciliatory air, when Mrs. Joe darted a look at him, and, when her
eyes were withdrawn, secretly crossed his two forefingers, and
exhibited them to me, as our token that Mrs. Joe was in a cross
temper.  This was so much her normal state, that Joe and I would
often, for weeks together, be, as to our fingers, like monumental
Crusaders as to their legs.

We were to have a superb dinner, consisting of a leg of pickled
pork and greens, and a pair of roast stuffed fowls.  A handsome
mince-pie had been made yesterday morning (which accounted for the
mincemeat not being missed), and the pudding was already on the
boil.  These extensive arrangements occasioned us to be cut off
unceremoniously in respect of breakfast; "for I ain't," said Mrs.
Joe,--"I ain't a going to have no formal cramming and busting and
washing up now, with what I've got before me, I promise you!"

So, we had our slices served out, as if we were two thousand troops
on a forced march instead of a man and boy at home; and we took
gulps of milk and water, with apologetic countenances, from a jug
on the dresser.  In the meantime, Mrs. Joe put clean white curtains
up, and tacked a new flowered flounce across the wide chimney to
replace the old one, and uncovered the little state parlor across
the passage, which was never uncovered at any other time, but
passed the rest of the year in a cool haze of silver paper, which
even extended to the four little white crockery poodles on the
mantel-shelf, each with a black nose and a basket of flowers in his
mouth, and each the counterpart of the other.  Mrs. Joe was a very
clean housekeeper, but had an exquisite art of making her
cleanliness more uncomfortable and unacceptable than dirt itself.
Cleanliness is next to Godliness, and some people do the same by
their religion.

My sister, having so much to do, was going to church vicariously,
that is to say, Joe and I were going.  In his working--clothes, Joe
was a well-knit characteristic-looking blacksmith; in his holiday
clothes, he was more like a scarecrow in good circumstances, than
anything else.  Nothing that he wore then fitted him or seemed to
belong to him; and everything that he wore then grazed him.  On the
present festive occasion he emerged from his room, when the blithe
bells were going, the picture of misery, in a full suit of Sunday
penitentials.  As to me, I think my sister must have had some
general idea that I was a young offender whom an Accoucheur
Policeman had taken up (on my birthday) and delivered over to her,
to be dealt with according to the outraged majesty of the law.  I
was always treated as if I had insisted on being born in
opposition to the dictates of reason, religion, and morality, and
against the dissuading arguments of my best friends.  Even when I
was taken to have a new suit of clothes, the tailor had orders to
make them like a kind of Reformatory, and on no account to let me
have the free use of my limbs.

Joe and I going to church, therefore, must have been a moving
spectacle for compassionate minds.  Yet, what I suffered outside
was nothing to what I underwent within.  The terrors that had
assailed me whenever Mrs. Joe had gone near the pantry, or out of
the room, were only to be equalled by the remorse with which my
mind dwelt on what my hands had done.  Under the weight of my wicked
secret, I pondered whether the Church would be powerful enough to
shield me from the vengeance of the terrible young man, if I
divulged to that establishment.  I conceived the idea that the time
when the banns were read and when the clergyman said, "Ye are now
to declare it!" would be the time for me to rise and propose a
private conference in the vestry.  I am far from being sure that I
might not have astonished our small congregation by resorting to
this extreme measure, but for its being Christmas Day and no

Mr. Wopsle, the clerk at church, was to dine with us; and Mr. Hubble
the wheelwright and Mrs. Hubble; and Uncle Pumblechook (Joe's uncle,
but Mrs. Joe appropriated him), who was a well-to-do cornchandler
in the nearest town, and drove his own chaise-cart.  The dinner hour
was half-past one.  When Joe and I got home, we found the table
laid, and Mrs. Joe dressed, and the dinner dressing, and the front
door unlocked (it never was at any other time) for the company to
enter by, and everything most splendid.  And still, not a word of
the robbery.

The time came, without bringing with it any relief to my feelings,
and the company came.  Mr. Wopsle, united to a Roman nose and a
large shining bald forehead, had a deep voice which he was
uncommonly proud of; indeed it was understood among his
acquaintance that if you could only give him his head, he would
read the clergyman into fits; he himself confessed that if the
Church was "thrown open," meaning to competition, he would not
despair of making his mark in it.  The Church not being "thrown
open," he was, as I have said, our clerk.  But he punished the
Amens tremendously; and when he gave out the psalm,--always giving
the whole verse,--he looked all round the congregation first, as
much as to say, "You have heard my friend overhead; oblige me with
your opinion of this style!"

I opened the door to the company,--making believe that it was a
habit of ours to open that door,--and I opened it first to Mr.
Wopsle, next to Mr. and Mrs. Hubble, and last of all to Uncle
Pumblechook.  N.B. I was not allowed to call him uncle, under the
severest penalties.

"Mrs. Joe," said Uncle Pumblechook, a large hard-breathing
middle-aged slow man, with a mouth like a fish, dull staring eyes,
and sandy hair standing upright on his head, so that he looked as
if he had just been all but choked, and had that moment come to,
"I have brought you as the compliments of the season--I have
brought you, Mum, a bottle of sherry wine--and I have brought you,
Mum, a bottle of port wine."

Every Christmas Day he presented himself, as a profound novelty,
with exactly the same words, and carrying the two bottles like
dumb-bells.  Every Christmas Day, Mrs. Joe replied, as she now
replied, "O, Un--cle Pum-ble--chook!  This is kind!"  Every
Christmas Day, he retorted, as he now retorted, "It's no more than
your merits.  And now are you all bobbish, and how's Sixpennorth of
halfpence?" meaning me.

We dined on these occasions in the kitchen, and adjourned, for the
nuts and oranges and apples to the parlor; which was a change
very like Joe's change from his working-clothes to his Sunday
dress.  My sister was uncommonly lively on the present occasion, and
indeed was generally more gracious in the society of Mrs. Hubble
than in other company.  I remember Mrs. Hubble as a little curly
sharp-edged person in sky-blue, who held a conventionally juvenile
position, because she had married Mr. Hubble,--I don't know at what
remote period,--when she was much younger than he.  I remember Mr
Hubble as a tough, high-shouldered, stooping old man, of a sawdusty
fragrance, with his legs extraordinarily wide apart:  so that in my
short days I always saw some miles of open country between them
when I met him coming up the lane.

Among this good company I should have felt myself, even if I hadn't
robbed the pantry, in a false position.  Not because I was squeezed
in at an acute angle of the tablecloth, with the table in my
chest, and the Pumblechookian elbow in my eye, nor because I was
not allowed to speak (I didn't want to speak), nor because I was
regaled with the scaly tips of the drumsticks of the fowls, and
with those obscure corners of pork of which the pig, when living,
had had the least reason to be vain.  No; I should not have minded
that, if they would only have left me alone.  But they wouldn't
leave me alone.  They seemed to think the opportunity lost, if they
failed to point the conversation at me, every now and then, and
stick the point into me.  I might have been an unfortunate little
bull in a Spanish arena, I got so smartingly touched up by these
moral goads.

It began the moment we sat down to dinner.  Mr. Wopsle said grace
with theatrical declamation,--as it now appears to me, something
like a religious cross of the Ghost in Hamlet with Richard the
Third,--and ended with the very proper aspiration that we might be
truly grateful.  Upon which my sister fixed me with her eye, and
said, in a low reproachful voice, "Do you hear that?  Be grateful."

"Especially," said Mr. Pumblechook, "be grateful, boy, to them which
brought you up by hand."

Mrs. Hubble shook her head, and contemplating me with a mournful
presentiment that I should come to no good, asked, "Why is it that
the young are never grateful?"  This moral mystery seemed too much
for the company until Mr. Hubble tersely solved it by saying,
"Naterally wicious."  Everybody then murmured "True!" and looked at
me in a particularly unpleasant and personal manner.

Joe's station and influence were something feebler (if possible)
when there was company than when there was none.  But he always
aided and comforted me when he could, in some way of his own, and
he always did so at dinner-time by giving me gravy, if there were
any.  There being plenty of gravy to-day, Joe spooned into my plate,
at this point, about half a pint.

A little later on in the dinner, Mr. Wopsle reviewed the sermon with
some severity, and intimated--in the usual hypothetical case of
the Church being "thrown open"--what kind of sermon he would have
given them.  After favoring them with some heads of that discourse,
he remarked that he considered the subject of the day's homily,
ill chosen; which was the less excusable, he added, when there were
so many subjects "going about."

"True again," said Uncle Pumblechook.  "You've hit it, sir!  Plenty of
subjects going about, for them that know how to put salt upon their
tails.  That's what's wanted.  A man needn't go far to find a
subject, if he's ready with his salt-box."  Mr. Pumblechook added,
after a short interval of reflection, "Look at Pork alone.  There's
a subject!  If you want a subject, look at Pork!"

"True, sir.  Many a moral for the young," returned Mr. Wopsle,--and I
knew he was going to lug me in, before he said it; "might be
deduced from that text."

("You listen to this," said my sister to me, in a severe

Joe gave me some more gravy.

"Swine," pursued Mr. Wopsle, in his deepest voice, and pointing his
fork at my blushes, as if he were mentioning my Christian name,--
"swine were the companions of the prodigal.  The gluttony of Swine
is put before us, as an example to the young."  (I thought this
pretty well in him who had been praising up the pork for being so
plump and juicy.)  "What is detestable in a pig is more detestable
in a boy."

"Or girl," suggested Mr. Hubble.

"Of course, or girl, Mr. Hubble," assented Mr. Wopsle, rather
irritably, "but there is no girl present."

"Besides," said Mr. Pumblechook, turning sharp on me, "think what
you've got to be grateful for.  If you'd been born a Squeaker--"

"He was, if ever a child was," said my sister, most emphatically.

Joe gave me some more gravy.

"Well, but I mean a four-footed Squeaker," said Mr. Pumblechook.  "If
you had been born such, would you have been here now?  Not you--"

"Unless in that form," said Mr. Wopsle, nodding towards the dish.

"But I don't mean in that form, sir," returned Mr. Pumblechook, who
had an objection to being interrupted; "I mean, enjoying himself
with his elders and betters, and improving himself with their
conversation, and rolling in the lap of luxury.  Would he have been
doing that?  No, he wouldn't.  And what would have been your
destination?" turning on me again.  "You would have been disposed of
for so many shillings according to the market price of the article,
and Dunstable the butcher would have come up to you as you lay in
your straw, and he would have whipped you under his left arm, and
with his right he would have tucked up his frock to get a penknife
from out of his waistcoat-pocket, and he would have shed your
blood and had your life.  No bringing up by hand then.  Not a bit of

Joe offered me more gravy, which I was afraid to take.

"He was a world of trouble to you, ma'am," said Mrs. Hubble,
commiserating my sister.

"Trouble?" echoed my sister; "trouble?" and then entered on a
fearful catalogue of all the illnesses I had been guilty of, and
all the acts of sleeplessness I had committed, and all the high
places I had tumbled from, and all the low places I had tumbled
into, and all the injuries I had done myself, and all the times she
had wished me in my grave, and I had contumaciously refused to go

I think the Romans must have aggravated one another very much, with
their noses.  Perhaps, they became the restless people they were, in
consequence.  Anyhow, Mr. Wopsle's Roman nose so aggravated me,
during the recital of my misdemeanours, that I should have liked to
pull it until he howled.  But, all I had endured up to this time
was nothing in comparison with the awful feelings that took
possession of me when the pause was broken which ensued upon my
sister's recital, and in which pause everybody had looked at me (as
I felt painfully conscious) with indignation and abhorrence.

"Yet," said Mr. Pumblechook, leading the company gently back to the
theme from which they had strayed, "Pork--regarded as biled --is
rich, too; ain't it?"

"Have a little brandy, uncle," said my sister.

O Heavens, it had come at last!  He would find it was weak, he would
say it was weak, and I was lost!  I held tight to the leg of the
table under the cloth, with both hands, and awaited my fate.

My sister went for the stone bottle, came back with the stone
bottle, and poured his brandy out:  no one else taking any.  The
wretched man trifled with his glass,--took it up, looked at it
through the light, put it down,--prolonged my misery.  All this
time Mrs. Joe and Joe were briskly clearing the table for the pie
and pudding.

I couldn't keep my eyes off him.  Always holding tight by the leg of
the table with my hands and feet, I saw the miserable creature
finger his glass playfully, take it up, smile, throw his head back,
and drink the brandy off.  Instantly afterwards, the company were
seized with unspeakable consternation, owing to his springing to
his feet, turning round several times in an appalling spasmodic
whooping-cough dance, and rushing out at the door; he then became
visible through the window, violently plunging and expectorating,
making the most hideous faces, and apparently out of his mind.

I held on tight, while Mrs. Joe and Joe ran to him.  I didn't know
how I had done it, but I had no doubt I had murdered him somehow.
In my dreadful situation, it was a relief when he was brought back,
and surveying the company all round as if they had disagreed with
him, sank down into his chair with the one significant gasp, "Tar!"

I had filled up the bottle from the tar-water jug.  I knew he would
be worse by and by.  I moved the table, like a Medium of the present
day, by the vigor of my unseen hold upon it.

"Tar!" cried my sister, in amazement.  "Why, how ever could Tar come

But, Uncle Pumblechook, who was omnipotent in that kitchen,
wouldn't hear the word, wouldn't hear of the subject, imperiously
waved it all away with his hand, and asked for hot gin and water.
My sister, who had begun to be alarmingly meditative, had to employ
herself actively in getting the gin the hot water, the sugar, and
the lemon-peel, and mixing them.  For the time being at least, I was
saved.  I still held on to the leg of the table, but clutched it now
with the fervor of gratitude.

By degrees, I became calm enough to release my grasp and partake of
pudding.  Mr. Pumblechook partook of pudding.  All partook of pudding.
The course terminated, and Mr. Pumblechook had begun to beam under
the genial influence of gin and water.  I began to think I should
get over the day, when my sister said to Joe, "Clean plates,--

I clutched the leg of the table again immediately, and pressed it
to my bosom as if it had been the companion of my youth and friend
of my soul.  I foresaw what was coming, and I felt that this time I
really was gone.

"You must taste," said my sister, addressing the guests with her
best grace--"you must taste, to finish with, such a delightful and
delicious present of Uncle Pumblechook's!"

Must they!  Let them not hope to taste it!

"You must know," said my sister, rising, "it's a pie; a savory
pork pie."

The company murmured their compliments.  Uncle Pumblechook, sensible
of having deserved well of his fellow-creatures, said,--quite
vivaciously, all things considered,--"Well, Mrs. Joe, we'll do our
best endeavors; let us have a cut at this same pie."

My sister went out to get it.  I heard her steps proceed to the
pantry.  I saw Mr. Pumblechook balance his knife.  I saw reawakening
appetite in the Roman nostrils of Mr. Wopsle.  I heard Mr. Hubble
remark that "a bit of savory pork pie would lay atop of anything
you could mention, and do no harm," and I heard Joe say, "You shall
have some, Pip."  I have never been absolutely certain whether I
uttered a shrill yell of terror, merely in spirit, or in the bodily
hearing of the company.  I felt that I could bear no more, and that
I must run away.  I released the leg of the table, and ran for my

But I ran no farther than the house door, for there I ran head-
foremost into a party of soldiers with their muskets, one of whom
held out a pair of handcuffs to me, saying, "Here you are, look
sharp, come on!"

Chapter V

The apparition of a file of soldiers ringing down the but-ends of
their loaded muskets on our door-step, caused the dinner-party to
rise from table in confusion, and caused Mrs. Joe re-entering the
kitchen empty-handed, to stop short and stare, in her wondering
lament of "Gracious goodness gracious me, what's gone--with the--

The sergeant and I were in the kitchen when Mrs. Joe stood staring;
at which crisis I partially recovered the use of my senses.  It was
the sergeant who had spoken to me, and he was now looking round at
the company, with his handcuffs invitingly extended towards them in
his right hand, and his left on my shoulder.

"Excuse me, ladies and gentleman," said the sergeant, "but as I
have mentioned at the door to this smart young shaver," (which he
hadn't), "I am on a chase in the name of the king, and I want the

"And pray what might you want with him?" retorted my sister, quick
to resent his being wanted at all.

"Missis," returned the gallant sergeant, "speaking for myself, I
should reply, the honor and pleasure of his fine wife's
acquaintance; speaking for the king, I answer, a little job done."

This was received as rather neat in the sergeant; insomuch that Mr.
Pumblechook cried audibly, "Good again!"

"You see, blacksmith," said the sergeant, who had by this time
picked out Joe with his eye, "we have had an accident with these,
and I find the lock of one of 'em goes wrong, and the coupling
don't act pretty.  As they are wanted for immediate service, will
you throw your eye over them?"

Joe threw his eye over them, and pronounced that the job would
necessitate the lighting of his forge fire, and would take nearer
two hours than one, "Will it?  Then will you set about it at once,
blacksmith?" said the off-hand sergeant, "as it's on his Majesty's
service.  And if my men can bear a hand anywhere, they'll make
themselves useful."  With that, he called to his men, who came
trooping into the kitchen one after another, and piled their arms
in a corner.  And then they stood about, as soldiers do; now, with
their hands loosely clasped before them; now, resting a knee or a
shoulder; now, easing a belt or a pouch; now, opening the door to
spit stiffly over their high stocks, out into the yard.

All these things I saw without then knowing that I saw them, for I
was in an agony of apprehension.  But beginning to perceive that
the handcuffs were not for me, and that the military had so far got
the better of the pie as to put it in the background, I collected a
little more of my scattered wits.

"Would you give me the time?" said the sergeant, addressing himself
to Mr. Pumblechook, as to a man whose appreciative powers justified
the inference that he was equal to the time.

"It's just gone half past two."

"That's not so bad," said the sergeant, reflecting; "even if I was
forced to halt here nigh two hours, that'll do.  How far might you
call yourselves from the marshes, hereabouts?  Not above a mile, I

"Just a mile," said Mrs. Joe.

"That'll do.  We begin to close in upon 'em about dusk.  A little
before dusk, my orders are.  That'll do."

"Convicts, sergeant?" asked Mr. Wopsle, in a matter-of-course way.

"Ay!" returned the sergeant, "two.  They're pretty well known to be
out on the marshes still, and they won't try to get clear of 'em
before dusk.  Anybody here seen anything of any such game?"

Everybody, myself excepted, said no, with confidence.  Nobody
thought of me.

"Well!" said the sergeant, "they'll find themselves trapped in a
circle, I expect, sooner than they count on.  Now, blacksmith!  If
you're ready, his Majesty the King is."

Joe had got his coat and waistcoat and cravat off, and his leather
apron on, and passed into the forge.  One of the soldiers opened its
wooden windows, another lighted the fire, another turned to at
the bellows, the rest stood round the blaze, which was soon
roaring.  Then Joe began to hammer and clink, hammer and clink, and
we all looked on.

The interest of the impending pursuit not only absorbed the general
attention, but even made my sister liberal.  She drew a pitcher of
beer from the cask for the soldiers, and invited the sergeant to
take a glass of brandy.  But Mr. Pumblechook said, sharply, "Give him
wine, Mum.  I'll engage there's no Tar in that:"  so, the sergeant
thanked him and said that as he preferred his drink without tar, he
would take wine, if it was equally convenient.  When it was given
him, he drank his Majesty's health and compliments of the season,
and took it all at a mouthful and smacked his lips.

"Good stuff, eh, sergeant?" said Mr. Pumblechook.

"I'll tell you something," returned the sergeant; "I suspect that
stuff's of your providing."

Mr. Pumblechook, with a fat sort of laugh, said, "Ay, ay?  Why?"

"Because," returned the sergeant, clapping him on the shoulder,
"you're a man that knows what's what."

"D'ye think so?" said Mr. Pumblechook, with his former laugh.  "Have
another glass!"

"With you.  Hob and nob," returned the sergeant.  "The top of mine to
the foot of yours,--the foot of yours to the top of mine,--Ring
once, ring twice,--the best tune on the Musical Glasses!  Your
health.  May you live a thousand years, and never be a worse judge
of the right sort than you are at the present moment of your life!"

The sergeant tossed off his glass again and seemed quite ready for
another glass.  I noticed that Mr. Pumblechook in his hospitality
appeared to forget that he had made a present of the wine, but took
the bottle from Mrs. Joe and had all the credit of handing it about
in a gush of joviality.  Even I got some.  And he was so very free of
the wine that he even called for the other bottle, and handed that
about with the same liberality, when the first was gone.

As I watched them while they all stood clustering about the forge,
enjoying themselves so much, I thought what terrible good sauce for
a dinner my fugitive friend on the marshes was.  They had not
enjoyed themselves a quarter so much, before the entertainment was
brightened with the excitement he furnished.  And now, when they
were all in lively anticipation of "the two villains" being taken,
and when the bellows seemed to roar for the fugitives, the fire to
flare for them, the smoke to hurry away in pursuit of them, Joe to
hammer and clink for them, and all the murky shadows on the wall to
shake at them in menace as the blaze rose and sank, and the red-hot
sparks dropped and died, the pale afternoon outside almost seemed
in my pitying young fancy to have turned pale on their account,
poor wretches.

At last, Joe's job was done, and the ringing and roaring stopped.
As Joe got on his coat, he mustered courage to propose that some of
us should go down with the soldiers and see what came of the hunt.
Mr. Pumblechook and Mr. Hubble declined, on the plea of a pipe and
ladies' society; but Mr. Wopsle said he would go, if Joe would.  Joe
said he was agreeable, and would take me, if Mrs. Joe approved.  We
never should have got leave to go, I am sure, but for Mrs. Joe's
curiosity to know all about it and how it ended.  As it was, she
merely stipulated, "If you bring the boy back with his head blown
to bits by a musket, don't look to me to put it together again."

The sergeant took a polite leave of the ladies, and parted from Mr.
Pumblechook as from a comrade; though I doubt if he were quite as
fully sensible of that gentleman's merits under arid conditions, as
when something moist was going.  His men resumed their muskets and
fell in.  Mr. Wopsle, Joe, and I, received strict charge to keep in
the rear, and to speak no word after we reached the marshes.  When
we were all out in the raw air and were steadily moving towards our
business, I treasonably whispered to Joe, "I hope, Joe, we shan't
find them." and Joe whispered to me, "I'd give a shilling if they
had cut and run, Pip."

We were joined by no stragglers from the village, for the weather
was cold and threatening, the way dreary, the footing bad, darkness
coming on, and the people had good fires in-doors and were keeping
the day.  A few faces hurried to glowing windows and looked after
us, but none came out.  We passed the finger-post, and held straight
on to the churchyard.  There we were stopped a few minutes by a
signal from the sergeant's hand, while two or three of his men
dispersed themselves among the graves, and also examined the porch.
They came in again without finding anything, and then we struck out
on the open marshes, through the gate at the side of the
churchyard.  A bitter sleet came rattling against us here on the
east wind, and Joe took me on his back.

Now that we were out upon the dismal wilderness where they little
thought I had been within eight or nine hours and had seen both men
hiding, I considered for the first time, with great dread, if we
should come upon them, would my particular convict suppose that it
was I who had brought the soldiers there?  He had asked me if I was
a deceiving imp, and he had said I should be a fierce young hound
if I joined the hunt against him.  Would he believe that I was both
imp and hound in treacherous earnest, and had betrayed him?

It was of no use asking myself this question now.  There I was, on
Joe's back, and there was Joe beneath me, charging at the ditches
like a hunter, and stimulating Mr. Wopsle not to tumble on his Roman
nose, and to keep up with us.  The soldiers were in front of us,
extending into a pretty wide line with an interval between man and
man.  We were taking the course I had begun with, and from which I
had diverged in the mist.  Either the mist was not out again yet, or
the wind had dispelled it.  Under the low red glare of sunset, the
beacon, and the gibbet, and the mound of the Battery, and the
opposite shore of the river, were plain, though all of a watery
lead color.

With my heart thumping like a blacksmith at Joe's broad shoulder, I
looked all about for any sign of the convicts.  I could see none, I
could hear none.  Mr. Wopsle had greatly alarmed me more than once,
by his blowing and hard breathing; but I knew the sounds by this
time, and could dissociate them from the object of pursuit.  I got a
dreadful start, when I thought I heard the file still going; but it
was only a sheep-bell.  The sheep stopped in their eating and looked
timidly at us; and the cattle, their heads turned from the wind and
sleet, stared angrily as if they held us responsible for both
annoyances; but, except these things, and the shudder of the dying
day in every blade of grass, there was no break in the bleak
stillness of the marshes.

The soldiers were moving on in the direction of the old Battery,
and we were moving on a little way behind them, when, all of a
sudden, we all stopped.  For there had reached us on the wings of
the wind and rain, a long shout.  It was repeated.  It was at a
distance towards the east, but it was long and loud.  Nay, there
seemed to be two or more shouts raised together,--if one might
judge from a confusion in the sound.

To this effect the sergeant and the nearest men were speaking under
their breath, when Joe and I came up.  After another moment's
listening, Joe (who was a good judge) agreed, and Mr. Wopsle (who
was a bad judge) agreed.  The sergeant, a decisive man, ordered that
the sound should not be answered, but that the course should be
changed, and that his men should make towards it "at the double."
So we slanted to the right (where the East was), and Joe pounded
away so wonderfully, that I had to hold on tight to keep my seat.

It was a run indeed now, and what Joe called, in the only two words
he spoke all the time, "a Winder."  Down banks and up banks, and
over gates, and splashing into dikes, and breaking among coarse
rushes:  no man cared where he went.  As we came nearer to the
shouting, it became more and more apparent that it was made by more
than one voice.  Sometimes, it seemed to stop altogether, and then
the soldiers stopped.  When it broke out again, the soldiers made
for it at a greater rate than ever, and we after them.  After a
while, we had so run it down, that we could hear one voice calling
"Murder!" and another voice, "Convicts!  Runaways!  Guard!  This way
for the runaway convicts!"  Then both voices would seem to be
stifled in a struggle, and then would break out again.  And when it
had come to this, the soldiers ran like deer, and Joe too.

The sergeant ran in first, when we had run the noise quite down,
and two of his men ran in close upon him.  Their pieces were cocked
and levelled when we all ran in.

"Here are both men!" panted the sergeant, struggling at the bottom
of a ditch.  "Surrender, you two! and confound you for two wild
beasts!  Come asunder!"

Water was splashing, and mud was flying, and oaths were being
sworn, and blows were being struck, when some more men went down
into the ditch to help the sergeant, and dragged out, separately,
my convict and the other one.  Both were bleeding and panting and
execrating and struggling; but of course I knew them both directly.

"Mind!" said my convict, wiping blood from his face with his ragged
sleeves, and shaking torn hair from his fingers:  "I took him!  I give
him up to you!  Mind that!"

"It's not much to be particular about," said the sergeant; "it'll do
you small good, my man, being in the same plight yourself.
Handcuffs there!"

"I don't expect it to do me any good.  I don't want it to do me more
good than it does now," said my convict, with a greedy laugh.  "I
took him.  He knows it.  That's enough for me."

The other convict was livid to look at, and, in addition to the old
bruised left side of his face, seemed to be bruised and torn all
over.  He could not so much as get his breath to speak, until they
were both separately handcuffed, but leaned upon a soldier to keep
himself from falling.

"Take notice, guard,--he tried to murder me," were his first words.

"Tried to murder him?" said my convict, disdainfully.  "Try, and not
do it?  I took him, and giv' him up; that's what I done.  I not only
prevented him getting off the marshes, but I dragged him here,--
dragged him this far on his way back.  He's a gentleman, if you
please, this villain.  Now, the Hulks has got its gentleman again,
through me.  Murder him?  Worth my while, too, to murder him, when I
could do worse and drag him back!"

The other one still gasped, "He tried--he tried-to--murder me.
Bear--bear witness."

"Lookee here!" said my convict to the sergeant.  "Single-handed I
got clear of the prison-ship; I made a dash and I done it.  I could
ha' got clear of these death-cold flats likewise --look at my leg:
you won't find much iron on it--if I hadn't made the discovery that
he was here.  Let him go free?  Let him profit by the means as I found
out?  Let him make a tool of me afresh and again?  Once more?  No, no,
no.  If I had died at the bottom there," and he made an emphatic
swing at the ditch with his manacled hands, "I'd have held to him
with that grip, that you should have been safe to find him in my

The other fugitive, who was evidently in extreme horror of his
companion, repeated, "He tried to murder me.  I should have been a
dead man if you had not come up."

"He lies!" said my convict, with fierce energy.  "He's a liar born,
and he'll die a liar.  Look at his face; ain't it written there?  Let
him turn those eyes of his on me.  I defy him to do it."

The other, with an effort at a scornful smile, which could not,
however, collect the nervous working of his mouth into any set
expression, looked at the soldiers, and looked about at the
marshes and at the sky, but certainly did not look at the speaker.

"Do you see him?" pursued my convict.  "Do you see what a villain he
is?  Do you see those grovelling and wandering eyes?  That's how he
looked when we were tried together.  He never looked at me."

The other, always working and working his dry lips and turning his
eyes restlessly about him far and near, did at last turn them for a
moment on the speaker, with the words, "You are not much to look
at," and with a half-taunting glance at the bound hands.  At that
point, my convict became so frantically exasperated, that he would
have rushed upon him but for the interposition of the soldiers.
"Didn't I tell you," said the other convict then, "that he would
murder me, if he could?"  And any one could see that he shook with
fear, and that there broke out upon his lips curious white flakes,
like thin snow.

"Enough of this parley," said the sergeant.  "Light those torches."

As one of the soldiers, who carried a basket in lieu of a gun, went
down on his knee to open it, my convict looked round him for the
first time, and saw me.  I had alighted from Joe's back on the brink
of the ditch when we came up, and had not moved since.  I looked at
him eagerly when he looked at me, and slightly moved my hands and
shook my head.  I had been waiting for him to see me that I might
try to assure him of my innocence.  It was not at all expressed to
me that he even comprehended my intention, for he gave me a look
that I did not understand, and it all passed in a moment.  But if he
had looked at me for an hour or for a day, I could not have
remembered his face ever afterwards, as having been more attentive.

The soldier with the basket soon got a light, and lighted three or
four torches, and took one himself and distributed the others.  It
had been almost dark before, but now it seemed quite dark, and soon
afterwards very dark.  Before we departed from that spot, four
soldiers standing in a ring, fired twice into the air.  Presently we
saw other torches kindled at some distance behind us, and others on
the marshes on the opposite bank of the river.  "All right," said
the sergeant.  "March."

We had not gone far when three cannon were fired ahead of us with a
sound that seemed to burst something inside my ear.  "You are
expected on board," said the sergeant to my convict; "they know you
are coming.  Don't straggle, my man.  Close up here."

The two were kept apart, and each walked surrounded by a separate
guard.  I had hold of Joe's hand now, and Joe carried one of the
torches.  Mr. Wopsle had been for going back, but Joe was resolved to
see it out, so we went on with the party.  There was a reasonably
good path now, mostly on the edge of the river, with a divergence
here and there where a dike came, with a miniature windmill on it
and a muddy sluice-gate.  When I looked round, I could see the other
lights coming in after us.  The torches we carried dropped great
blotches of fire upon the track, and I could see those, too, lying
smoking and flaring.  I could see nothing else but black darkness.
Our lights warmed the air about us with their pitchy blaze, and the
two prisoners seemed rather to like that, as they limped along in
the midst of the muskets.  We could not go fast, because of their
lameness; and they were so spent, that two or three times we had to
halt while they rested.

After an hour or so of this travelling, we came to a rough wooden
hut and a landing-place.  There was a guard in the hut, and they
challenged, and the sergeant answered.  Then, we went into the hut,
where there was a smell of tobacco and whitewash, and a bright
fire, and a lamp, and a stand of muskets, and a drum, and a low
wooden bedstead, like an overgrown mangle without the machinery,
capable of holding about a dozen soldiers all at once.  Three or
four soldiers who lay upon it in their great-coats were not much
interested in us, but just lifted their heads and took a sleepy
stare, and then lay down again.  The sergeant made some kind of
report, and some entry in a book, and then the convict whom I call
the other convict was drafted off with his guard, to go on board

My convict never looked at me, except that once.  While we stood in
the hut, he stood before the fire looking thoughtfully at it, or
putting up his feet by turns upon the hob, and looking thoughtfully
at them as if he pitied them for their recent adventures.  Suddenly,
he turned to the sergeant, and remarked,--

"I wish to say something respecting this escape.  It may prevent
some persons laying under suspicion alonger me."

"You can say what you like," returned the sergeant, standing coolly
looking at him with his arms folded, "but you have no call to say
it here.  You'll have opportunity enough to say about it, and hear
about it, before it's done with, you know."

"I know, but this is another pint, a separate matter.  A man can't
starve; at least I can't.  I took some wittles, up at the willage
over yonder,--where the church stands a'most out on the marshes."

"You mean stole," said the sergeant.

"And I'll tell you where from.  From the blacksmith's."

"Halloa!" said the sergeant, staring at Joe.

"Halloa, Pip!" said Joe, staring at me.

"It was some broken wittles--that's what it was--and a dram of
liquor, and a pie."

"Have you happened to miss such an article as a pie, blacksmith?"
asked the sergeant, confidentially.

"My wife did, at the very moment when you came in.  Don't you know,

"So," said my convict, turning his eyes on Joe in a moody manner,
and without the least glance at me,--"so you're the blacksmith, are
you?  Than I'm sorry to say, I've eat your pie."

"God knows you're welcome to it,--so far as it was ever mine,"
returned Joe, with a saving remembrance of Mrs. Joe.  "We don't know
what you have done, but we wouldn't have you starved to death for
it, poor miserable fellow-creatur.--Would us, Pip?"

The something that I had noticed before, clicked in the man's
throat again, and he turned his back.  The boat had returned, and
his guard were ready, so we followed him to the landing-place made
of rough stakes and stones, and saw him put into the boat, which
was rowed by a crew of convicts like himself.  No one seemed
surprised to see him, or interested in seeing him, or glad to see
him, or sorry to see him, or spoke a word, except that somebody in
the boat growled as if to dogs, "Give way, you!" which was the
signal for the dip of the oars.  By the light of the torches, we saw
the black Hulk lying out a little way from the mud of the shore, like
a wicked Noah's ark.  Cribbed and barred and moored by massive rusty
chains, the prison-ship seemed in my young eyes to be ironed like
the prisoners.  We saw the boat go alongside, and we saw him taken
up the side and disappear.  Then, the ends of the torches were flung
hissing into the water, and went out, as if it were all over with

Chapter VI

My state of mind regarding the pilfering from which I had been so
unexpectedly exonerated did not impel me to frank disclosure; but
I hope it had some dregs of good at the bottom of it.

I do not recall that I felt any tenderness of conscience in
reference to Mrs. Joe, when the fear of being found out was lifted
off me.  But I loved Joe,--perhaps for no better reason in those
early days than because the dear fellow let me love him,--and, as
to him, my inner self was not so easily composed.  It was much upon
my mind (particularly when I first saw him looking about for his
file) that I ought to tell Joe the whole truth.  Yet I did not, and
for the reason that I mistrusted that if I did, he would think me
worse than I was.  The fear of losing Joe's confidence, and of
thenceforth sitting in the chimney corner at night staring drearily
at my forever lost companion and friend, tied up my tongue.  I
morbidly represented to myself that if Joe knew it, I never
afterwards could see him at the fireside feeling his fair whisker,
without thinking that he was meditating on it.  That, if Joe knew
it, I never afterwards could see him glance, however casually, at
yesterday's meat or pudding when it came on to-day's table, without
thinking that he was debating whether I had been in the pantry.
That, if Joe knew it, and at any subsequent period of our joint
domestic life remarked that his beer was flat or thick, the
conviction that he suspected Tar in it, would bring a rush of blood
to my face.  In a word, I was too cowardly to do what I knew to be
right, as I had been too cowardly to avoid doing what I knew to be
wrong.  I had had no intercourse with the world at that time, and I
imitated none of its many inhabitants who act in this manner.  Quite
an untaught genius, I made the discovery of the line of action for

As I was sleepy before we were far away from the prison-ship, Joe
took me on his back again and carried me home.  He must have had a
tiresome journey of it, for Mr. Wopsle, being knocked up, was in
such a very bad temper that if the Church had been thrown open, he
would probably have excommunicated the whole expedition, beginning
with Joe and myself.  In his lay capacity, he persisted in sitting
down in the damp to such an insane extent, that when his coat was
taken off to be dried at the kitchen fire, the circumstantial
evidence on his trousers would have hanged him, if it had been a
capital offence.

By that time, I was staggering on the kitchen floor like a little
drunkard, through having been newly set upon my feet, and through
having been fast asleep, and through waking in the heat and lights
and noise of tongues.  As I came to myself (with the aid of a heavy
thump between the shoulders, and the restorative exclamation "Yah!
Was there ever such a boy as this!" from my sister,) I found Joe
telling them about the convict's confession, and all the visitors
suggesting different ways by which he had got into the pantry.  Mr.
Pumblechook made out, after carefully surveying the premises, that
he had first got upon the roof of the forge, and had then got upon
the roof of the house, and had then let himself down the kitchen
chimney by a rope made of his bedding cut into strips; and as Mr.
Pumblechook was very positive and drove his own chaise-cart--over
Everybody--it was agreed that it must be so.  Mr. Wopsle, indeed,
wildly cried out, "No!" with the feeble malice of a tired man; but,
as he had no theory, and no coat on, he was unanimously set at
naught,--not to mention his smoking hard behind, as he stood with
his back to the kitchen fire to draw the damp out:  which was not
calculated to inspire confidence.

This was all I heard that night before my sister clutched me, as a
slumberous offence to the company's eyesight, and assisted me up to
bed with such a strong hand that I seemed to have fifty boots on,
and to be dangling them all against the edges of the stairs.  My
state of mind, as I have described it, began before I was up in the
morning, and lasted long after the subject had died out, and had
ceased to be mentioned saving on exceptional occasions.

Chapter VII

At the time when I stood in the churchyard reading the family
tombstones, I had just enough learning to be able to spell them
out.  My construction even of their simple meaning was not very
correct, for I read "wife of the Above" as a complimentary
reference to my father's exaltation to a better world; and if any
one of my deceased relations had been referred to as "Below," I
have no doubt I should have formed the worst opinions of that
member of the family.  Neither were my notions of the theological
positions to which my Catechism bound me, at all accurate; for, I
have a lively remembrance that I supposed my declaration that I was
to "walk in the same all the days of my life," laid me under an
obligation always to go through the village from our house in one
particular direction, and never to vary it by turning down by the
wheelwright's or up by the mill.

When I was old enough, I was to be apprenticed to Joe, and until I
could assume that dignity I was not to be what Mrs. Joe called
"Pompeyed," or (as I render it) pampered.  Therefore, I was not only
odd-boy about the forge, but if any neighbor happened to want an
extra boy to frighten birds, or pick up stones, or do any such job,
I was favored with the employment.  In order, however, that our
superior position might not be compromised thereby, a money-box was
kept on the kitchen mantel-shelf, in to which it was publicly made
known that all my earnings were dropped.  I have an impression that
they were to be contributed eventually towards the liquidation of
the National Debt, but I know I had no hope of any personal
participation in the treasure.

Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt kept an evening school in the village; that
is to say, she was a ridiculous old woman of limited means and
unlimited infirmity, who used to go to sleep from six to seven
every evening, in the society of youth who paid two pence per week
each, for the improving opportunity of seeing her do it.  She rented
a small cottage, and Mr. Wopsle had the room up stairs, where we
students used to overhear him reading aloud in a most dignified and
terrific manner, and occasionally bumping on the ceiling.  There was
a fiction that Mr. Wopsle "examined" the scholars once a quarter.
What he did on those occasions was to turn up his cuffs, stick up
his hair, and give us Mark Antony's oration over the body of
Caesar.  This was always followed by Collins's Ode on the Passions,
wherein I particularly venerated Mr. Wopsle as Revenge throwing his
blood-stained sword in thunder down, and taking the War-denouncing
trumpet with a withering look.  It was not with me then, as it was
in later life, when I fell into the society of the Passions, and
compared them with Collins and Wopsle, rather to the disadvantage
of both gentlemen.

Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt, besides keeping this Educational
Institution, kept in the same room--a little general shop.  She
had no idea what stock she had, or what the price of anything in it
was; but there was a little greasy memorandum-book kept in a
drawer, which served as a Catalogue of Prices, and by this oracle
Biddy arranged all the shop transaction.  Biddy was Mr. Wopsle's
great-aunt's granddaughter; I confess myself quiet unequal to the
working out of the problem, what relation she was to Mr. Wopsle.  She
was an orphan like myself; like me, too, had been brought up by
hand.  She was most noticeable, I thought, in respect of her
extremities; for, her hair always wanted brushing, her hands always
wanted washing, and her shoes always wanted mending and pulling up
at heel.  This description must be received with a week-day
limitation.  On Sundays, she went to church elaborated.

Much of my unassisted self, and more by the help of Biddy than of
Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt, I struggled through the alphabet as if it
had been a bramble-bush; getting considerably worried and scratched
by every letter.  After that I fell among those thieves, the nine
figures, who seemed every evening to do something new to disguise
themselves and baffle recognition.  But, at last I began, in a
purblind groping way, to read, write, and cipher, on the very
smallest scale.

One night I was sitting in the chimney corner with my slate,
expending great efforts on the production of a letter to Joe.  I
think it must have been a full year after our hunt upon the
marshes, for it was a long time after, and it was winter and a hard
frost.  With an alphabet on the hearth at my feet for reference, I
contrived in an hour or two to print and smear this epistle:--


There was no indispensable necessity for my communicating with Joe
by letter, inasmuch as he sat beside me and we were alone.  But I
delivered this written communication (slate and all) with my own
hand, and Joe received it as a miracle of erudition.

"I say, Pip, old chap!" cried Joe, opening his blue eyes wide,
"what a scholar you are!  An't you?"

"I should like to be," said I, glancing at the slate as he held it;
with a misgiving that the writing was rather hilly.

"Why, here's a J," said Joe, "and a O equal to anythink!  Here's a J
and a O, Pip, and a J-O, Joe."

I had never heard Joe read aloud to any greater extent than this
monosyllable, and I had observed at church last Sunday, when I
accidentally held our Prayer-Book upside down, that it seemed to
suit his convenience quite as well as if it had been all right.
Wishing to embrace the present occasion of finding out whether in
teaching Joe, I should have to begin quite at the beginning, I
said, "Ah!  But read the rest, Jo."

"The rest, eh, Pip?" said Joe, looking at it with a slow,
searching eye, "One, two, three.  Why, here's three Js, and three
Os, and three J-O, Joes in it, Pip!"

I leaned over Joe, and, with the aid of my forefinger read him the
whole letter.

"Astonishing!" said Joe, when I had finished.  "You ARE a scholar."

"How do you spell Gargery, Joe?" I asked him, with a modest

"I don't spell it at all," said Joe.

"But supposing you did?"

"It can't be supposed," said Joe.  "Tho' I'm uncommon fond of
reading, too."

"Are you, Joe?"

"On-common.  Give me," said Joe, "a good book, or a good newspaper,
and sit me down afore a good fire, and I ask no better.  Lord!" he
continued, after rubbing his knees a little, "when you do come to a
J and a O, and says you, "Here, at last, is a J-O, Joe," how
interesting reading is!"

I derived from this, that Joe's education, like Steam, was yet
in its infancy, Pursuing the subject, I inquired,--

"Didn't you ever go to school, Joe, when you were as little as me?"

"No, Pip."

"Why didn't you ever go to school, Joe, when you were as little as

"Well, Pip," said Joe, taking up the poker, and settling himself to
his usual occupation when he was thoughtful, of slowly raking the
fire between the lower bars; "I'll tell you.  My father, Pip, he
were given to drink, and when he were overtook with drink, he
hammered away at my mother, most onmerciful.  It were a'most the
only hammering he did, indeed, 'xcepting at myself.  And he hammered
at me with a wigor only to be equalled by the wigor with which he
didn't hammer at his anwil.--You're a listening and understanding,

"Yes, Joe."

"'Consequence, my mother and me we ran away from my father
several times; and then my mother she'd go out to work, and she'd
say, "Joe," she'd say, "now, please God, you shall have some
schooling, child," and she'd put me to school.  But my father were
that good in his hart that he couldn't abear to be without us.  So,
he'd come with a most tremenjous crowd and make such a row at the
doors of the houses where we was, that they used to be obligated to
have no more to do with us and to give us up to him.  And then he
took us home and hammered us.  Which, you see, Pip," said Joe,
pausing in his meditative raking of the fire, and looking at me,
"were a drawback on my learning."

"Certainly, poor Joe!"

"Though mind you, Pip," said Joe, with a judicial touch or two of
the poker on the top bar, "rendering unto all their doo, and
maintaining equal justice betwixt man and man, my father were that
good in his hart, don't you see?"

I didn't see; but I didn't say so.

"Well!" Joe pursued, "somebody must keep the pot a biling, Pip, or
the pot won't bile, don't you know?"

I saw that, and said so.

"'Consequence, my father didn't make objections to my going to
work; so I went to work to work at my present calling, which were
his too, if he would have followed it, and I worked tolerable hard,
I assure you, Pip.  In time I were able to keep him, and I kep him
till he went off in a purple leptic fit.  And it were my intentions
to have had put upon his tombstone that, Whatsume'er the failings on
his part, Remember reader he were that good in his heart."

Joe recited this couplet with such manifest pride and careful
perspicuity, that I asked him if he had made it himself.

"I made it," said Joe, "my own self.  I made it in a moment.  It was
like striking out a horseshoe complete, in a single blow.  I never
was so much surprised in all my life,--couldn't credit my own ed,--
to tell you the truth, hardly believed it were my own ed.  As I was
saying, Pip, it were my intentions to have had it cut over him; but
poetry costs money, cut it how you will, small or large, and it
were not done.  Not to mention bearers, all the money that could be
spared were wanted for my mother.  She were in poor elth, and quite
broke.  She weren't long of following, poor soul, and her share of
peace come round at last."

Joe's blue eyes turned a little watery; he rubbed first one of
them, and then the other, in a most uncongenial and uncomfortable
manner, with the round knob on the top of the poker.

"It were but lonesome then," said Joe, "living here alone, and I
got acquainted with your sister.  Now, Pip,"--Joe looked firmly at
me as if he knew I was not going to agree with him;--"your sister
is a fine figure of a woman."

I could not help looking at the fire, in an obvious state of doubt.

"Whatever family opinions, or whatever the world's opinions, on
that subject may be, Pip, your sister is," Joe tapped the top bar
with the poker after every word following, "a-fine-figure--of

I could think of nothing better to say than "I am glad you think
so, Joe."

"So am I," returned Joe, catching me up.  "I am glad I think so,
Pip.  A little redness or a little matter of Bone, here or there,
what does it signify to Me?"

I sagaciously observed, if it didn't signify to him, to whom did it

"Certainly!" assented Joe.  "That's it.  You're right, old chap!  When
I got acquainted with your sister, it were the talk how she was
bringing you up by hand.  Very kind of her too, all the folks said,
and I said, along with all the folks.  As to you," Joe pursued with
a countenance expressive of seeing something very nasty indeed, "if
you could have been aware how small and flabby and mean you was,
dear me, you'd have formed the most contemptible opinion of

Not exactly relishing this, I said, "Never mind me, Joe."

"But I did mind you, Pip," he returned with tender simplicity.
"When I offered to your sister to keep company, and to be asked in
church at such times as she was willing and ready to come to the
forge, I said to her, 'And bring the poor little child.  God bless
the poor little child,' I said to your sister, 'there's room for
him at the forge!'"

I broke out crying and begging pardon, and hugged Joe round the
neck:  who dropped the poker to hug me, and to say, "Ever the best
of friends; an't us, Pip?  Don't cry, old chap!"

When this little interruption was over, Joe resumed:--

"Well, you see, Pip, and here we are!  That's about where it lights;
here we are!  Now, when you take me in hand in my learning, Pip (and
I tell you beforehand I am awful dull, most awful dull), Mrs. Joe
mustn't see too much of what we're up to.  It must be done, as I may
say, on the sly.  And why on the sly?  I'll tell you why, Pip."

He had taken up the poker again; without which, I doubt if he could
have proceeded in his demonstration.

"Your sister is given to government."

"Given to government, Joe?"  I was startled, for I had some shadowy
idea (and I am afraid I must add, hope) that Joe had divorced her
in a favor of the Lords of the Admiralty, or Treasury.

"Given to government," said Joe.  "Which I meantersay the government
of you and myself."


"And she an't over partial to having scholars on the premises," Joe
continued, "and in partickler would not be over partial to my being
a scholar, for fear as I might rise.  Like a sort or rebel, don't
you see?"

I was going to retort with an inquiry, and had got as far as
"Why--" when Joe stopped me.

"Stay a bit.  I know what you're a going to say, Pip; stay a bit!  I
don't deny that your sister comes the Mo-gul over us, now and
again.  I don't deny that she do throw us back-falls, and that she
do drop down upon us heavy.  At such times as when your sister is on
the Ram-page, Pip," Joe sank his voice to a whisper and glanced at
the door, "candor compels fur to admit that she is a Buster."

Joe pronounced this word, as if it began with at least twelve
capital Bs.

"Why don't I rise?  That were your observation when I broke it off,

"Yes, Joe."

"Well," said Joe, passing the poker into his left hand, that he
might feel his whisker; and I had no hope of him whenever he took
to that placid occupation; "your sister's a master-mind.  A

"What's that?" I asked, in some hope of bringing him to a stand.
But Joe was readier with his definition than I had expected, and
completely stopped me by arguing circularly, and answering with a
fixed look, "Her."

"And I ain't a master-mind," Joe resumed, when he had unfixed his
look, and got back to his whisker.  "And last of all, Pip,--and this
I want to say very serious to you, old chap,--I see so much in my
poor mother, of a woman drudging and slaving and breaking her
honest hart and never getting no peace in her mortal days, that I'm
dead afeerd of going wrong in the way of not doing what's right by
a woman, and I'd fur rather of the two go wrong the t'other way,
and be a little ill-conwenienced myself.  I wish it was only me that
got put out, Pip; I wish there warn't no Tickler for you, old chap;
I wish I could take it all on myself; but this is the
up-and-down-and-straight on it, Pip, and I hope you'll overlook

Young as I was, I believe that I dated a new admiration of Joe from
that night.  We were equals afterwards, as we had been before; but,
afterwards at quiet times when I sat looking at Joe and thinking
about him, I had a new sensation of feeling conscious that I was
looking up to Joe in my heart.

"However," said Joe, rising to replenish the fire; "here's the
Dutch-clock a working himself up to being equal to strike Eight of
'em, and she's not come home yet!  I hope Uncle Pumblechook's mare
mayn't have set a forefoot on a piece o' ice, and gone down."

Mrs. Joe made occasional trips with Uncle Pumblechook on
market-days, to assist him in buying such household stuffs and
goods as required a woman's judgment; Uncle Pumblechook being a
bachelor and reposing no confidences in his domestic servant.  This
was market-day, and Mrs. Joe was out on one of these expeditions.

Joe made the fire and swept the hearth, and then we went to the
door to listen for the chaise-cart.  It was a dry cold night, and
the wind blew keenly, and the frost was white and hard.  A man would
die to-night of lying out on the marshes, I thought.  And then I
looked at the stars, and considered how awful if would be for a man
to turn his face up to them as he froze to death, and see no help
or pity in all the glittering multitude.

"Here comes the mare," said Joe, "ringing like a peal of bells!"

The sound of her iron shoes upon the hard road was quite musical,
as she came along at a much brisker trot than usual.  We got a chair
out, ready for Mrs. Joe's alighting, and stirred up the fire that
they might see a bright window, and took a final survey of the
kitchen that nothing might be out of its place.  When we had
completed these preparations, they drove up, wrapped to the eyes.
Mrs. Joe was soon landed, and Uncle Pumblechook was soon down too,
covering the mare with a cloth, and we were soon all in the
kitchen, carrying so much cold air in with us that it seemed to
drive all the heat out of the fire.

"Now," said Mrs. Joe, unwrapping herself with haste and excitement,
and throwing her bonnet back on her shoulders where it hung by the
strings, "if this boy ain't grateful this night, he never will be!"

I looked as grateful as any boy possibly could, who was wholly
uninformed why he ought to assume that expression.

"It's only to be hoped," said my sister, "that he won't be
Pompeyed.  But I have my fears."

"She ain't in that line, Mum," said Mr. Pumblechook.  "She knows

She?  I looked at Joe, making the motion with my lips and eyebrows,
"She?"  Joe looked at me, making the motion with his lips and
eyebrows, "She?"  My sister catching him in the act, he drew the
back of his hand across his nose with his usual conciliatory air on
such occasions, and looked at her.

"Well?" said my sister, in her snappish way.  "What are you staring
at?  Is the house afire?"

"--Which some individual," Joe politely hinted, "mentioned--she."

"And she is a she, I suppose?" said my sister.  "Unless you call
Miss Havisham a he.  And I doubt if even you'll go so far as that."

"Miss Havisham, up town?" said Joe.

"Is there any Miss Havisham down town?" returned my sister.

"She wants this boy to go and play there.  And of course he's going.
And he had better play there," said my sister, shaking her head at
me as an encouragement to be extremely light and sportive, "or I'll
work him."

I had heard of Miss Havisham up town,--everybody for miles round
had heard of Miss Havisham up town,--as an immensely rich and grim
lady who lived in a large and dismal house barricaded against
robbers, and who led a life of seclusion.

"Well to be sure!" said Joe, astounded.  "I wonder how she come to
know Pip!"

"Noodle!" cried my sister.  "Who said she knew him?"

"--Which some individual," Joe again politely hinted, "mentioned
that she wanted him to go and play there."

"And couldn't she ask Uncle Pumblechook if he knew of a boy to go
and play there?  Isn't it just barely possible that Uncle
Pumblechook may be a tenant of hers, and that he may sometimes--we
won't say quarterly or half-yearly, for that would be requiring too
much of you--but sometimes--go there to pay his rent?  And
couldn't she then ask Uncle Pumblechook if he knew of a boy to go
and play there?  And couldn't Uncle Pumblechook, being always
considerate and thoughtful for us--though you may not think it,
Joseph," in a tone of the deepest reproach, as if he were the most
callous of nephews, "then mention this boy, standing Prancing here"
--which I solemnly declare I was not doing--"that I have for ever
been a willing slave to?"

"Good again!" cried Uncle Pumblechook.  "Well put!  Prettily pointed!
Good indeed!  Now Joseph, you know the case."

"No, Joseph," said my sister, still in a reproachful manner, while
Joe apologetically drew the back of his hand across and across his
nose, "you do not yet--though you may not think it--know the
case.  You may consider that you do, but you do not, Joseph.  For you
do not know that Uncle Pumblechook, being sensible that for
anything we can tell, this boy's fortune may be made by his going
to Miss Havisham's, has offered to take him into town to-night in
his own chaise-cart, and to keep him to-night, and to take him with
his own hands to Miss Havisham's to-morrow morning.  And Lor-a-mussy
me!" cried my sister, casting off her bonnet in sudden desperation,
"here I stand talking to mere Mooncalfs, with Uncle Pumblechook
waiting, and the mare catching cold at the door, and the boy grimed
with crock and dirt from the hair of his head to the sole of his

With that, she pounced upon me, like an eagle on a lamb, and my
face was squeezed into wooden bowls in sinks, and my head was put
under taps of water-butts, and I was soaped, and kneaded, and
towelled, and thumped, and harrowed, and rasped, until I really was
quite beside myself.  (I may here remark that I suppose myself to be
better acquainted than any living authority, with the ridgy effect
of a wedding-ring, passing unsympathetically over the human

When my ablutions were completed, I was put into clean linen of the
stiffest character, like a young penitent into sackcloth, and was
trussed up in my tightest and fearfullest suit.  I was then
delivered over to Mr. Pumblechook, who formally received me as if he
were the Sheriff, and who let off upon me the speech that I knew he
had been dying to make all along:  "Boy, be forever grateful to all
friends, but especially unto them which brought you up by hand!"

"Good-bye, Joe!"

"God bless you, Pip, old chap!"

I had never parted from him before, and what with my feelings and
what with soapsuds, I could at first see no stars from the
chaise-cart.  But they twinkled out one by one, without throwing any
light on the questions why on earth I was going to play at Miss
Havisham's, and what on earth I was expected to play at.

Chapter VIII

Mr. Pumblechook's premises in the High Street of the market town,
were of a peppercorny and farinaceous character, as the premises of
a cornchandler and seedsman should be.  It appeared to me that he
must be a very happy man indeed, to have so many little drawers in
his shop; and I wondered when I peeped into one or two on the lower
tiers, and saw the tied-up brown paper packets inside, whether the
flower-seeds and bulbs ever wanted of a fine day to break out of
those jails, and bloom.

It was in the early morning after my arrival that I entertained
this speculation.  On the previous night, I had been sent straight
to bed in an attic with a sloping roof, which was so low in the
corner where the bedstead was, that I calculated the tiles as being
within a foot of my eyebrows.  In the same early morning, I
discovered a singular affinity between seeds and corduroys.  Mr.
Pumblechook wore corduroys, and so did his shopman; and somehow,
there was a general air and flavor about the corduroys, so much in
the nature of seeds, and a general air and flavor about the seeds,
so much in the nature of corduroys, that I hardly knew which was
which.  The same opportunity served me for noticing that Mr.
Pumblechook appeared to conduct his business by looking across the
street at the saddler, who appeared to transact his business by
keeping his eye on the coachmaker, who appeared to get on in life
by putting his hands in his pockets and contemplating the baker,
who in his turn folded his arms and stared at the grocer, who stood
at his door and yawned at the chemist.  The watchmaker, always
poring over a little desk with a magnifying-glass at his eye, and
always inspected by a group of smock-frocks poring over him through
the glass of his shop-window, seemed to be about the only person in
the High Street whose trade engaged his attention.

Mr. Pumblechook and I breakfasted at eight o'clock in the parlor
behind the shop, while the shopman took his mug of tea and hunch of
bread and butter on a sack of peas in the front premises.  I
considered Mr. Pumblechook wretched company.  Besides being possessed
by my sister's idea that a mortifying and penitential character
ought to be imparted to my diet,--besides giving me as much crumb
as possible in combination with as little butter, and putting such
a quantity of warm water into my milk that it would have been more
candid to have left the milk out altogether,--his conversation
consisted of nothing but arithmetic.  On my politely bidding him
Good morning, he said, pompously, "Seven times nine, boy?"  And how
should I be able to answer, dodged in that way, in a strange place,
on an empty stomach!  I was hungry, but before I had swallowed a
morsel, he began a running sum that lasted all through the
breakfast.  "Seven?" "And four?" "And eight?" "And six?" "And two?"
"And ten?"  And so on.  And after each figure was disposed of, it was
as much as I could do to get a bite or a sup, before the next came;
while he sat at his ease guessing nothing, and eating bacon and hot
roll, in (if I may be allowed the expression) a gorging and
gormandizing manner.

For such reasons, I was very glad when ten o'clock came and we
started for Miss Havisham's; though I was not at all at my ease
regarding the manner in which I should acquit myself under that
lady's roof.  Within a quarter of an hour we came to Miss Havisham's
house, which was of old brick, and dismal, and had a great many
iron bars to it.  Some of the windows had been walled up; of those
that remained, all the lower were rustily barred.  There was a
courtyard in front, and that was barred; so we had to wait, after
ringing the bell, until some one should come to open it.  While we
waited at the gate, I peeped in (even then Mr. Pumblechook said,
"And fourteen?" but I pretended not to hear him), and saw that at
the side of the house there was a large brewery.  No brewing was going
on in it, and none seemed to have gone on for a long long time.

A window was raised, and a clear voice demanded "What name?"  To
which my conductor replied, "Pumblechook."  The voice returned,
"Quite right," and the window was shut again, and a young lady came
across the court-yard, with keys in her hand.

"This," said Mr. Pumblechook, "is Pip."

"This is Pip, is it?" returned the young lady, who was very pretty
and seemed very proud; "come in, Pip."

Mr. Pumblechook was coming in also, when she stopped him with the

"Oh!" she said.  "Did you wish to see Miss Havisham?"

"If Miss Havisham wished to see me," returned Mr. Pumblechook,

"Ah!" said the girl; "but you see she don't."

She said it so finally, and in such an undiscussible way, that Mr.
Pumblechook, though in a condition of ruffled dignity, could not
protest.  But he eyed me severely,--as if I had done anything to
him!--and departed with the words reproachfully delivered:  "Boy!
Let your behavior here be a credit unto them which brought you up
by hand!"  I was not free from apprehension that he would come back
to propound through the gate, "And sixteen?"  But he didn't.

My young conductress locked the gate, and we went across the
courtyard.  It was paved and clean, but grass was growing in every
crevice.  The brewery buildings had a little lane of communication
with it, and the wooden gates of that lane stood open, and all the
brewery beyond stood open, away to the high enclosing wall; and
all was empty and disused.  The cold wind seemed to blow colder
there than outside the gate; and it made a shrill noise in howling
in and out at the open sides of the brewery, like the noise of wind
in the rigging of a ship at sea.

She saw me looking at it, and she said, "You could drink without
hurt all the strong beer that's brewed there now, boy."

"I should think I could, miss," said I, in a shy way.

"Better not try to brew beer there now, or it would turn out sour,
boy; don't you think so?"

"It looks like it, miss."

"Not that anybody means to try," she added, "for that's all done
with, and the place will stand as idle as it is till it falls.  As
to strong beer, there's enough of it in the cellars already, to
drown the Manor House."

"Is that the name of this house, miss?"

"One of its names, boy."

"It has more than one, then, miss?"

"One more.  Its other name was Satis; which is Greek, or Latin, or
Hebrew, or all three--or all one to me--for enough."

"Enough House," said I; "that's a curious name, miss."

"Yes," she replied; "but it meant more than it said.  It meant, when
it was given, that whoever had this house could want nothing else.
They must have been easily satisfied in those days, I should think.
But don't loiter, boy."

Though she called me "boy" so often, and with a carelessness that
was far from complimentary, she was of about my own age.  She seemed
much older than I, of course, being a girl, and beautiful and
self-possessed; and she was as scornful of me as if she had been
one-and-twenty, and a queen.

We went into the house by a side door, the great front entrance
had two chains across it outside,--and the first thing I noticed
was, that the passages were all dark, and that she had left a
candle burning there.  She took it up, and we went through more
passages and up a staircase, and still it was all dark, and only
the candle lighted us.

At last we came to the door of a room, and she said, "Go in."

I answered, more in shyness than politeness, "After you, miss."

To this she returned:  "Don't be ridiculous, boy; I am not going
in."  And scornfully walked away, and--what was worse--took the
candle with her.

This was very uncomfortable, and I was half afraid.  However, the
only thing to be done being to knock at the door, I knocked, and
was told from within to enter.  I entered, therefore, and found
myself in a pretty large room, well lighted with wax candles.  No
glimpse of daylight was to be seen in it.  It was a dressing-room,
as I supposed from the furniture, though much of it was of forms
and uses then quite unknown to me.  But prominent in it was a draped
table with a gilded looking-glass, and that I made out at first
sight to be a fine lady's dressing-table.

Whether I should have made out this object so soon if there had
been no fine lady sitting at it, I cannot say.  In an arm-chair,
with an elbow resting on the table and her head leaning on that
hand, sat the strangest lady I have ever seen, or shall ever see.

She was dressed in rich materials,--satins, and lace, and silks,--
all of white.  Her shoes were white.  And she had a long white veil
dependent from her hair, and she had bridal flowers in her hair,
but her hair was white.  Some bright jewels sparkled on her neck and
on her hands, and some other jewels lay sparkling on the table.
Dresses, less splendid than the dress she wore, and half-packed
trunks, were scattered about.  She had not quite finished dressing,
for she had but one shoe on,--the other was on the table near her
hand,--her veil was but half arranged, her watch and chain were not
put on, and some lace for her bosom lay with those trinkets, and
with her handkerchief, and gloves, and some flowers, and a
Prayer-Book all confusedly heaped about the looking-glass.

It was not in the first few moments that I saw all these things,
though I saw more of them in the first moments than might be
supposed.  But I saw that everything within my view which ought to
be white, had been white long ago, and had lost its lustre and was
faded and yellow.  I saw that the bride within the bridal dress had
withered like the dress, and like the flowers, and had no
brightness left but the brightness of her sunken eyes.  I saw that
the dress had been put upon the rounded figure of a young woman,
and that the figure upon which it now hung loose had shrunk to
skin and bone.  Once, I had been taken to see some ghastly waxwork
at the Fair, representing I know not what impossible personage
lying in state.  Once, I had been taken to one of our old marsh
churches to see a skeleton in the ashes of a rich dress that had
been dug out of a vault under the church pavement.  Now, waxwork and
skeleton seemed to have dark eyes that moved and looked at me.  I
should have cried out, if I could.

"Who is it?" said the lady at the table.

"Pip, ma'am."


"Mr. Pumblechook's boy, ma'am.  Come--to play."

"Come nearer; let me look at you.  Come close."

It was when I stood before her, avoiding her eyes, that I took note
of the surrounding objects in detail, and saw that her watch had
stopped at twenty minutes to nine, and that a clock in the room had
stopped at twenty minutes to nine.

"Look at me," said Miss Havisham.  "You are not afraid of a woman
who has never seen the sun since you were born?"

I regret to state that I was not afraid of telling the enormous lie
comprehended in the answer "No."

"Do you know what I touch here?" she said, laying her hands, one
upon the other, on her left side.

"Yes, ma'am."  (It made me think of the young man.)

"What do I touch?"

"Your heart."


She uttered the word with an eager look, and with strong emphasis,
and with a weird smile that had a kind of boast in it.  Afterwards
she kept her hands there for a little while, and slowly took them
away as if they were heavy.

"I am tired," said Miss Havisham.  "I want diversion, and I have
done with men and women.  Play."

I think it will be conceded by my most disputatious reader, that
she could hardly have directed an unfortunate boy to do anything in
the wide world more difficult to be done under the circumstances.

"I sometimes have sick fancies," she went on, "and I have a sick
fancy that I want to see some play.  There, there!" with an impatient
movement of the fingers of her right hand; "play, play, play!"

For a moment, with the fear of my sister's working me before my
eyes, I had a desperate idea of starting round the room in the
assumed character of Mr. Pumblechook's chaise-cart.  But I felt
myself so unequal to the performance that I gave it up, and stood
looking at Miss Havisham in what I suppose she took for a dogged
manner, inasmuch as she said, when we had taken a good look at each

"Are you sullen and obstinate?"

"No, ma'am, I am very sorry for you, and very sorry I can't play
just now.  If you complain of me I shall get into trouble with my
sister, so I would do it if I could; but it's so new here, and so
strange, and so fine,--and melancholy--."  I stopped, fearing I might
say too much, or had already said it, and we took another look at
each other.

Before she spoke again, she turned her eyes from me, and looked at
the dress she wore, and at the dressing-table, and finally at
herself in the looking-glass.

"So new to him," she muttered, "so old to me; so strange to him, so
familiar to me; so melancholy to both of us!  Call Estella."

As she was still looking at the reflection of herself, I thought
she was still talking to herself, and kept quiet.

"Call Estella," she repeated, flashing a look at me.  "You can do
that.  Call Estella.  At the door."

To stand in the dark in a mysterious passage of an unknown house,
bawling Estella to a scornful young lady neither visible nor
responsive, and feeling it a dreadful liberty so to roar out her
name, was almost as bad as playing to order.  But she answered at
last, and her light came along the dark passage like a star.

Miss Havisham beckoned her to come close, and took up a jewel from
the table, and tried its effect upon her fair young bosom and
against her pretty brown hair.  "Your own, one day, my dear, and you
will use it well.  Let me see you play cards with this boy."

"With this boy?  Why, he is a common laboring boy!"

I thought I overheard Miss Havisham answer,--only it seemed so
Unlikely,--"Well?  You can break his heart."

"What do you play, boy?" asked Estella of myself, with the greatest

"Nothing but beggar my neighbor, miss."

"Beggar him," said Miss Havisham to Estella.  So we sat down to

It was then I began to understand that everything in the room had
stopped, like the watch and the clock, a long time ago.  I noticed
that Miss Havisham put down the jewel exactly on the spot from
which she had taken it up.  As Estella dealt the cards, I glanced at
the dressing-table again, and saw that the shoe upon it, once
white, now yellow, had never been worn.  I glanced down at the foot
from which the shoe was absent, and saw that the silk stocking on
it, once white, now yellow, had been trodden ragged.  Without this
arrest of everything, this standing still of all the pale decayed
objects, not even the withered bridal dress on the collapsed form
could have looked so like grave-clothes, or the long veil so like a

So she sat, corpse-like, as we played at cards; the frillings and
trimmings on her bridal dress, looking like earthy paper.  I knew
nothing then of the discoveries that are occasionally made of
bodies buried in ancient times, which fall to powder in the moment
of being distinctly seen; but, I have often thought since, that she
must have looked as if the admission of the natural light of day
would have struck her to dust.

"He calls the knaves Jacks, this boy!" said Estella with disdain,
before our first game was out.  "And what coarse hands he has!  And
what thick boots!"

I had never thought of being ashamed of my hands before; but I
began to consider them a very indifferent pair.  Her contempt for me
was so strong, that it became infectious, and I caught it.

She won the game, and I dealt.  I misdealt, as was only natural,
when I knew she was lying in wait for me to do wrong; and she
denounced me for a stupid, clumsy laboring-boy.

"You say nothing of her," remarked Miss Havisham to me, as she
looked on.  "She says many hard things of you, but you say nothing
of her.  What do you think of her?"

"I don't like to say," I stammered.

"Tell me in my ear," said Miss Havisham, bending down.

"I think she is very proud," I replied, in a whisper.

"Anything else?"

"I think she is very pretty."

"Anything else?"

"I think she is very insulting."  (She was looking at me then with a
look of supreme aversion.)

"Anything else?"

"I think I should like to go home."

"And never see her again, though she is so pretty?"

"I am not sure that I shouldn't like to see her again, but I should
like to go home now."

"You shall go soon," said Miss Havisham, aloud.  "Play the game

Saving for the one weird smile at first, I should have felt almost
sure that Miss Havisham's face could not smile.  It had dropped into
a watchful and brooding expression,--most likely when all the
things about her had become transfixed,--and it looked as if
nothing could ever lift it up again.  Her chest had dropped, so that
she stooped; and her voice had dropped, so that she spoke low, and
with a dead lull upon her; altogether, she had the appearance of
having dropped body and soul, within and without, under the weight
of a crushing blow.

I played the game to an end with Estella, and she beggared me.  She
threw the cards down on the table when she had won them all, as if
she despised them for having been won of me.

"When shall I have you here again?" said Miss Havisham.  "Let me

I was beginning to remind her that to-day was Wednesday, when she
checked me with her former impatient movement of the fingers of her
right hand.

"There, there!  I know nothing of days of the week; I know nothing
of weeks of the year.  Come again after six days.  You hear?"

"Yes, ma'am."

"Estella, take him down.  Let him have something to eat, and let him
roam and look about him while he eats.  Go, Pip."

I followed the candle down, as I had followed the candle up, and
she stood it in the place where we had found it.  Until she opened
the side entrance, I had fancied, without thinking about it, that
it must necessarily be night-time.  The rush of the daylight quite
confounded me, and made me feel as if I had been in the candlelight
of the strange room many hours.

"You are to wait here, you boy," said Estella; and disappeared and
closed the door.

I took the opportunity of being alone in the courtyard to look at
my coarse hands and my common boots.  My opinion of those
accessories was not favorable.  They had never troubled me before,
but they troubled me now, as vulgar appendages.  I determined to ask
Joe why he had ever taught me to call those picture-cards Jacks,
which ought to be called knaves.  I wished Joe had been rather more
genteelly brought up, and then I should have been so too.

She came back, with some bread and meat and a little mug of beer.
She put the mug down on the stones of the yard, and gave me the
bread and meat without looking at me, as insolently as if I were a
dog in disgrace.  I was so humiliated, hurt, spurned, offended,
angry, sorry,--I cannot hit upon the right name for the smart--God
knows what its name was,--that tears started to my eyes.  The moment
they sprang there, the girl looked at me with a quick delight in
having been the cause of them.  This gave me power to keep them back
and to look at her:  so, she gave a contemptuous toss--but with a
sense, I thought, of having made too sure that I was so wounded--
and left me.

But when she was gone, I looked about me for a place to hide my
face in, and got behind one of the gates in the brewery-lane, and
leaned my sleeve against the wall there, and leaned my forehead on
it and cried.  As I cried, I kicked the wall, and took a hard twist
at my hair; so bitter were my feelings, and so sharp was the smart
without a name, that needed counteraction.

My sister's bringing up had made me sensitive.  In the little world
in which children have their existence whosoever brings them up,
there is nothing so finely perceived and so finely felt as
injustice.  It may be only small injustice that the child can be
exposed to; but the child is small, and its world is small, and its
rocking-horse stands as many hands high, according to scale, as a
big-boned Irish hunter.  Within myself, I had sustained, from my
babyhood, a perpetual conflict with injustice.  I had known, from
the time when I could speak, that my sister, in her capricious and
violent coercion, was unjust to me.  I had cherished a profound
conviction that her bringing me up by hand gave her no right to
bring me up by jerks.  Through all my punishments, disgraces, fasts,
and vigils, and other penitential performances, I had nursed this
assurance; and to my communing so much with it, in a solitary and
unprotected way, I in great part refer the fact that I was morally
timid and very sensitive.

I got rid of my injured feelings for the time by kicking them into
the brewery wall, and twisting them out of my hair, and then I
smoothed my face with my sleeve, and came from behind the gate.  The
bread and meat were acceptable, and the beer was warming and
tingling, and I was soon in spirits to look about me.

To be sure, it was a deserted place, down to the pigeon-house in
the brewery-yard, which had been blown crooked on its pole by some
high wind, and would have made the pigeons think themselves at sea,
if there had been any pigeons there to be rocked by it.  But there
were no pigeons in the dove-cot, no horses in the stable, no pigs
in the sty, no malt in the storehouse, no smells of grains and
beer in the copper or the vat.  All the uses and scents of the
brewery might have evaporated with its last reek of smoke.  In a
by-yard, there was a wilderness of empty casks, which had a certain
sour remembrance of better days lingering about them; but it was
too sour to be accepted as a sample of the beer that was gone,--and
in this respect I remember those recluses as being like most

Behind the furthest end of the brewery, was a rank garden with an
old wall; not so high but that I could struggle up and hold on long
enough to look over it, and see that the rank garden was the garden
of the house, and that it was overgrown with tangled weeds, but
that there was a track upon the green and yellow paths, as if some
one sometimes walked there, and that Estella was walking away from
me even then.  But she seemed to be everywhere.  For when I yielded
to the temptation presented by the casks, and began to walk on
them, I saw her walking on them at the end of the yard of casks.
She had her back towards me, and held her pretty brown hair spread
out in her two hands, and never looked round, and passed out of my
view directly.  So, in the brewery itself,--by which I mean the
large paved lofty place in which they used to make the beer, and
where the brewing utensils still were.  When I first went into it,
and, rather oppressed by its gloom, stood near the door looking
about me, I saw her pass among the extinguished fires, and ascend
some light iron stairs, and go out by a gallery high overhead, as
if she were going out into the sky.

It was in this place, and at this moment, that a strange thing
happened to my fancy.  I thought it a strange thing then, and I
thought it a stranger thing long afterwards.  I turned my eyes--a
little dimmed by looking up at the frosty light--towards a great
wooden beam in a low nook of the building near me on my right hand,
and I saw a figure hanging there by the neck.  A figure all in
yellow white, with but one shoe to the feet; and it hung so, that I
could see that the faded trimmings of the dress were like earthy
paper, and that the face was Miss Havisham's, with a movement going
over the whole countenance as if she were trying to call to me.  In
the terror of seeing the figure, and in the terror of being certain
that it had not been there a moment before, I at first ran from it,
and then ran towards it.  And my terror was greatest of all when I
found no figure there.

Nothing less than the frosty light of the cheerful sky, the sight
of people passing beyond the bars of the court-yard gate, and the
reviving influence of the rest of the bread and meat and beer,
would have brought me round.  Even with those aids, I might not have
come to myself as soon as I did, but that I saw Estella approaching
with the keys, to let me out.  She would have some fair reason for
looking down upon me, I thought, if she saw me frightened; and she
would have no fair reason.

She gave me a triumphant glance in passing me, as if she rejoiced
that my hands were so coarse and my boots were so thick, and she
opened the gate, and stood holding it.  I was passing out without
looking at her, when she touched me with a taunting hand.

"Why don't you cry?"

"Because I don't want to."

"You do," said she.  "You have been crying till you are half blind,
and you are near crying again now."

She laughed contemptuously, pushed me out, and locked the gate upon
me.  I went straight to Mr. Pumblechook's, and was immensely relieved
to find him not at home.  So, leaving word with the shopman on what
day I was wanted at Miss Havisham's again, I set off on the
four-mile walk to our forge; pondering, as I went along, on all I
had seen, and deeply revolving that I was a common laboring-boy;
that my hands were coarse; that my boots were thick; that I had
fallen into a despicable habit of calling knaves Jacks; that I was
much more ignorant than I had considered myself last night, and
generally that I was in a low-lived bad way.

Chapter IX

When I reached home, my sister was very curious to know all about
Miss Havisham's, and asked a number of questions.  And I soon found
myself getting heavily bumped from behind in the nape of the neck
and the small of the back, and having my face ignominiously shoved
against the kitchen wall, because I did not answer those questions
at sufficient length.

If a dread of not being understood be hidden in the breasts of
other young people to anything like the extent to which it used to
be hidden in mine,--which I consider probable, as I have no
particular reason to suspect myself of having been a monstrosity,--
it is the key to many reservations.  I felt convinced that if I
described Miss Havisham's as my eyes had seen it, I should not be
understood.  Not only that, but I felt convinced that Miss Havisham
too would not be understood; and although she was perfectly
incomprehensible to me, I entertained an impression that there
would be something coarse and treacherous in my dragging her as she
really was (to say nothing of Miss Estella) before the
contemplation of Mrs. Joe.  Consequently, I said as little as I
could, and had my face shoved against the kitchen wall.

The worst of it was that that bullying old Pumblechook, preyed upon
by a devouring curiosity to be informed of all I had seen and
heard, came gaping over in his chaise-cart at tea-time, to have the
details divulged to him.  And the mere sight of the torment, with
his fishy eyes and mouth open, his sandy hair inquisitively on end,
and his waistcoat heaving with windy arithmetic, made me vicious in
my reticence.

"Well, boy," Uncle Pumblechook began, as soon as he was seated in
the chair of honor by the fire.  "How did you get on up town?"

I answered, "Pretty well, sir," and my sister shook her fist at me.

"Pretty well?" Mr. Pumblechook repeated.  "Pretty well is no answer.
Tell us what you mean by pretty well, boy?"

Whitewash on the forehead hardens the brain into a state of
obstinacy perhaps.  Anyhow, with whitewash from the wall on my
forehead, my obstinacy was adamantine.  I reflected for some time,
and then answered as if I had discovered a new idea, "I mean pretty

My sister with an exclamation of impatience was going to fly at me,
--I had no shadow of defence, for Joe was busy in the forge,--when Mr.
Pumblechook interposed with "No!  Don't lose your temper.  Leave this
lad to me, ma'am; leave this lad to me."  Mr. Pumblechook then turned
me towards him, as if he were going to cut my hair, and said,--

"First(to get our thoughts in order):  Forty-three pence?"

I calculated the consequences of replying "Four Hundred Pound," and
finding them against me, went as near the answer as I could--which
was somewhere about eightpence off.  Mr. Pumblechook then put me
through my pence-table from "twelve pence make one shilling," up to
"forty pence make three and fourpence," and then triumphantly
demanded, as if he had done for me, "Now!  How much is forty-three
pence?"  To which I replied, after a long interval of reflection, "I
don't know."  And I was so aggravated that I almost doubt if I did

Mr. Pumblechook worked his head like a screw to screw it out of me,
and said, "Is forty-three pence seven and sixpence three fardens,
for instance?"

"Yes!" said I.  And although my sister instantly boxed my ears, it
was highly gratifying to me to see that the answer spoilt his joke,
and brought him to a dead stop.

"Boy!  What like is Miss Havisham?"  Mr. Pumblechook began again when
he had recovered; folding his arms tight on his chest and applying
the screw.

"Very tall and dark," I told him.

"Is she, uncle?" asked my sister.

Mr. Pumblechook winked assent; from which I at once inferred that he
had never seen Miss Havisham, for she was nothing of the kind.

"Good!" said Mr. Pumblechook conceitedly.  ("This is the way to have
him!  We are beginning to hold our own, I think, Mum?")

"I am sure, uncle," returned Mrs. Joe, "I wish you had him always;
you know so well how to deal with him."

"Now, boy!  What was she a doing of, when you went in today?" asked
Mr. Pumblechook.

"She was sitting," I answered, "in a black velvet coach."

Mr. Pumblechook and Mrs. Joe stared at one another--as they well
Might--and both repeated, "In a black velvet coach?"

"Yes," said I.  "And Miss Estella--that's her niece, I think--
handed her in cake and wine at the coach-window, on a gold plate.
And we all had cake and wine on gold plates.  And I got up behind
the coach to eat mine, because she told me to."

"Was anybody else there?" asked Mr. Pumblechook.

"Four dogs," said I.

"Large or small?"

"Immense," said I.  "And they fought for veal-cutlets out of a
silver basket."

Mr. Pumblechook and Mrs. Joe stared at one another again, in utter
amazement.  I was perfectly frantic,--a reckless witness under the
torture,--and would have told them anything.

"Where was this coach, in the name of gracious?" asked my sister.

"In Miss Havisham's room."  They stared again.  "But there weren't
any horses to it."  I added this saving clause, in the moment of
rejecting four richly caparisoned coursers which I had had wild
thoughts of harnessing.

"Can this be possible, uncle?" asked Mrs. Joe.  "What can the boy

"I'll tell you, Mum," said Mr. Pumblechook.  "My opinion is, it's a
sedan-chair.  She's flighty, you know,--very flighty,--quite flighty
enough to pass her days in a sedan-chair."

"Did you ever see her in it, uncle?" asked Mrs. Joe.

"How could I," he returned, forced to the admission, "when I never
see her in my life?  Never clapped eyes upon her!"

"Goodness, uncle!  And yet you have spoken to her?"

"Why, don't you know," said Mr. Pumblechook, testily, "that when I
have been there, I have been took up to the outside of her door,
and the door has stood ajar, and she has spoke to me that way.
Don't say you don't know that, Mum.  Howsever, the boy went there to
play.  What did you play at, boy?"

"We played with flags," I said.  (I beg to observe that I think of
myself with amazement, when I recall the lies I told on this

"Flags!" echoed my sister.

"Yes," said I.  "Estella waved a blue flag, and I waved a red one,
and Miss Havisham waved one sprinkled all over with little gold
stars, out at the coach-window.  And then we all waved our swords
and hurrahed."

"Swords!" repeated my sister.  "Where did you get swords from?"

"Out of a cupboard," said I.  "And I saw pistols in it,--and jam,--
and pills.  And there was no daylight in the room, but it was all
lighted up with candles."

"That's true, Mum," said Mr. Pumblechook, with a grave nod.  "That's
the state of the case, for that much I've seen myself."  And then
they both stared at me, and I, with an obtrusive show of
artlessness on my countenance, stared at them, and plaited the
right leg of my trousers with my right hand.

If they had asked me any more questions, I should undoubtedly have
betrayed myself, for I was even then on the point of mentioning
that there was a balloon in the yard, and should have hazarded the
statement but for my invention being divided between that
phenomenon and a bear in the brewery.  They were so much occupied,
however, in discussing the marvels I had already presented for
their consideration, that I escaped.  The subject still held them
when Joe came in from his work to have a cup of tea.  To whom my
sister, more for the relief of her own mind than for the
gratification of his, related my pretended experiences.

Now, when I saw Joe open his blue eyes and roll them all round the
kitchen in helpless amazement, I was overtaken by penitence; but
only as regarded him,--not in the least as regarded the other two.
Towards Joe, and Joe only, I considered myself a young monster,
while they sat debating what results would come to me from Miss
Havisham's acquaintance and favor.  They had no doubt that Miss
Havisham would "do something" for me; their doubts related to the
form that something would take.  My sister stood out for "property."
Mr. Pumblechook was in favor of a handsome premium for binding me
apprentice to some genteel trade,--say, the corn and seed trade,
for instance.  Joe fell into the deepest disgrace with both, for
offering the bright suggestion that I might only be presented with
one of the dogs who had fought for the veal-cutlets.  "If a fool's
head can't express better opinions than that," said my sister, "and
you have got any work to do, you had better go and do it."  So he

After Mr. Pumblechook had driven off, and when my sister was washing
up, I stole into the forge to Joe, and remained by him until he had
done for the night.  Then I said, "Before the fire goes out, Joe, I
should like to tell you something."

"Should you, Pip?" said Joe, drawing his shoeing-stool near the
forge.  "Then tell us.  What is it, Pip?"

"Joe," said I, taking hold of his rolled-up shirt sleeve, and
twisting it between my finger and thumb, "you remember all that
about Miss Havisham's?"

"Remember?" said Joe.  "I believe you!  Wonderful!"

"It's a terrible thing, Joe; it ain't true."

"What are you telling of, Pip?" cried Joe, falling back in the
greatest amazement.  "You don't mean to say it's--"

"Yes I do; it's lies, Joe."

"But not all of it?  Why sure you don't mean to say, Pip, that there
was no black welwet co--ch?"  For, I stood shaking my head.  "But at
least there was dogs, Pip?  Come, Pip," said Joe, persuasively, "if
there warn't no weal-cutlets, at least there was dogs?"

"No, Joe."

"A dog?" said Joe.  "A puppy?  Come?"

"No, Joe, there was nothing at all of the kind."

As I fixed my eyes hopelessly on Joe, Joe contemplated me in
dismay.  "Pip, old chap!  This won't do, old fellow!  I say!  Where do
you expect to go to?"

"It's terrible, Joe; ain't it?"

"Terrible?" cried Joe.  "Awful!  What possessed you?"

"I don't know what possessed me, Joe," I replied, letting his shirt
sleeve go, and sitting down in the ashes at his feet, hanging my
head; "but I wish you hadn't taught me to call Knaves at cards
Jacks; and I wish my boots weren't so thick nor my hands so

And then I told Joe that I felt very miserable, and that I hadn't
been able to explain myself to Mrs. Joe and Pumblechook, who were so
rude to me, and that there had been a beautiful young lady at Miss
Havisham's who was dreadfully proud, and that she had said I was
common, and that I knew I was common, and that I wished I was not
common, and that the lies had come of it somehow, though I didn't
know how.

This was a case of metaphysics, at least as difficult for Joe to
deal with as for me.  But Joe took the case altogether out of the
region of metaphysics, and by that means vanquished it.

"There's one thing you may be sure of, Pip," said Joe, after some
rumination, "namely, that lies is lies.  Howsever they come, they
didn't ought to come, and they come from the father of lies, and
work round to the same.  Don't you tell no more of 'em, Pip.  That
ain't the way to get out of being common, old chap.  And as to being
common, I don't make it out at all clear.  You are oncommon in some
things.  You're oncommon small.  Likewise you're a oncommon scholar."

"No, I am ignorant and backward, Joe."

"Why, see what a letter you wrote last night!  Wrote in print even!
I've seen letters--Ah! and from gentlefolks!--that I'll swear
weren't wrote in print," said Joe.

"I have learnt next to nothing, Joe.  You think much of me.  It's
only that."

"Well, Pip," said Joe, "be it so or be it son't, you must be a
common scholar afore you can be a oncommon one, I should hope!  The
king upon his throne, with his crown upon his ed, can't sit and
write his acts of Parliament in print, without having begun, when
he were a unpromoted Prince, with the alphabet.--Ah!" added Joe,
with a shake of the head that was full of meaning, "and begun at A.
too, and worked his way to Z.  And I know what that is to do, though
I can't say I've exactly done it."

There was some hope in this piece of wisdom, and it rather
encouraged me.

"Whether common ones as to callings and earnings," pursued Joe,
reflectively, "mightn't be the better of continuing for to keep
company with common ones, instead of going out to play with
oncommon ones,--which reminds me to hope that there were a flag,

"No, Joe."

"(I'm sorry there weren't a flag, Pip).  Whether that might be or
mightn't be, is a thing as can't be looked into now, without
putting your sister on the Rampage; and that's a thing not to be
thought of as being done intentional.  Lookee here, Pip, at what is
said to you by a true friend.  Which this to you the true friend
say.  If you can't get to be oncommon through going straight, you'll
never get to do it through going crooked.  So don't tell no more on
'em, Pip, and live well and die happy."

"You are not angry with me, Joe?"

"No, old chap.  But bearing in mind that them were which I
meantersay of a stunning and outdacious sort,--alluding to them
which bordered on weal-cutlets and dog-fighting,--a sincere
well-wisher would adwise, Pip, their being dropped into your
meditations, when you go up stairs to bed.  That's all, old chap,
and don't never do it no more."

When I got up to my little room and said my prayers, I did not
forget Joe's recommendation, and yet my young mind was in that
disturbed and unthankful state, that I thought long after I laid me
down, how common Estella would consider Joe, a mere blacksmith; how
thick his boots, and how coarse his hands.  I thought how Joe and my
sister were then sitting in the kitchen, and how I had come up to
bed from the kitchen, and how Miss Havisham and Estella never sat
in a kitchen, but were far above the level of such common doings.  I
fell asleep recalling what I "used to do" when I was at Miss
Havisham's; as though I had been there weeks or months, instead of
hours; and as though it were quite an old subject of remembrance,
instead of one that had arisen only that day.

That was a memorable day to me, for it made great changes in me.
But it is the same with any life.  Imagine one selected day struck
out of it, and think how different its course would have been.
Pause you who read this, and think for a moment of the long chain
of iron or gold, of thorns or flowers, that would never have bound
you, but for the formation of the first link on one memorable day.

Chapter X

The felicitous idea occurred to me a morning or two later when I
woke, that the best step I could take towards making myself
uncommon was to get out of Biddy everything she knew.  In pursuance
of this luminous conception I mentioned to Biddy when I went to Mr.
Wopsle's great-aunt's at night, that I had a particular reason for
wishing to get on in life, and that I should feel very much obliged
to her if she would impart all her learning to me.  Biddy, who was
the most obliging of girls, immediately said she would, and indeed
began to carry out her promise within five minutes.

The Educational scheme or Course established by Mr. Wopsle's
great-aunt may be resolved into the following synopsis.  The pupils
ate apples and put straws down one another's backs, until Mr.
Wopsle's great-aunt collected her energies, and made an
indiscriminate totter at them with a birch-rod.  After receiving the
charge with every mark of derision, the pupils formed in line and
buzzingly passed a ragged book from hand to hand.  The book had an
alphabet in it, some figures and tables, and a little spelling,--
that is to say, it had had once.  As soon as this volume began to
circulate, Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt fell into a state of coma,
arising either from sleep or a rheumatic paroxysm.  The pupils then
entered among themselves upon a competitive examination on the
subject of Boots, with the view of ascertaining who could tread the
hardest upon whose toes.  This mental exercise lasted until Biddy
made a rush at them and distributed three defaced Bibles (shaped as
if they had been unskilfully cut off the chump end of something),
more illegibly printed at the best than any curiosities of
literature I have since met with, speckled all over with ironmould,
and having various specimens of the insect world smashed between
their leaves.  This part of the Course was usually lightened by
several single combats between Biddy and refractory students.  When
the fights were over, Biddy gave out the number of a page, and then
we all read aloud what we could,--or what we couldn't--in a
frightful chorus; Biddy leading with a high, shrill, monotonous
voice, and none of us having the least notion of, or reverence for,
what we were reading about.  When this horrible din had lasted a
certain time, it mechanically awoke Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt, who
staggered at a boy fortuitously, and pulled his ears.  This was
understood to terminate the Course for the evening, and we emerged
into the air with shrieks of intellectual victory.  It is fair to
remark that there was no prohibition against any pupil's
entertaining himself with a slate or even with the ink (when there
was any), but that it was not easy to pursue that branch of study
in the winter season, on account of the little general shop in
which the classes were holden--and which was also Mr. Wopsle's
great-aunt's sitting-room and bedchamber--being but faintly
illuminated through the agency of one low-spirited dip-candle and
no snuffers.

It appeared to me that it would take time to become uncommon, under
these circumstances:  nevertheless, I resolved to try it, and that
very evening Biddy entered on our special agreement, by imparting
some information from her little catalogue of Prices, under the
head of moist sugar, and lending me, to copy at home, a large old
English D which she had imitated from the heading of some
newspaper, and which I supposed, until she told me what it was, to
be a design for a buckle.

Of course there was a public-house in the village, and of course
Joe liked sometimes to smoke his pipe there.  I had received strict
orders from my sister to call for him at the Three Jolly Bargemen,
that evening, on my way from school, and bring him home at my
peril.  To the Three Jolly Bargemen, therefore, I directed my steps.

There was a bar at the Jolly Bargemen, with some alarmingly long
chalk scores in it on the wall at the side of the door, which
seemed to me to be never paid off.  They had been there ever since I
could remember, and had grown more than I had.  But there was a
quantity of chalk about our country, and perhaps the people
neglected no opportunity of turning it to account.

It being Saturday night, I found the landlord looking rather grimly
at these records; but as my business was with Joe and not with him,
I merely wished him good evening, and passed into the common room
at the end of the passage, where there was a bright large kitchen
fire, and where Joe was smoking his pipe in company with Mr. Wopsle
and a stranger.  Joe greeted me as usual with "Halloa, Pip, old
chap!" and the moment he said that, the stranger turned his head
and looked at me.

He was a secret-looking man whom I had never seen before.  His head
was all on one side, and one of his eyes was half shut up, as if he
were taking aim at something with an invisible gun.  He had a pipe
in his mouth, and he took it out, and, after slowly blowing all his
smoke away and looking hard at me all the time, nodded.  So, I
nodded, and then he nodded again, and made room on the settle
beside him that I might sit down there.

But as I was used to sit beside Joe whenever I entered that place
of resort, I said "No, thank you, sir," and fell into the space Joe
made for me on the opposite settle.  The strange man, after glancing
at Joe, and seeing that his attention was otherwise engaged, nodded
to me again when I had taken my seat, and then rubbed his leg--in
a very odd way, as it struck me.

"You was saying," said the strange man, turning to Joe, "that you
was a blacksmith."

"Yes.  I said it, you know," said Joe.

"What'll you drink, Mr.--?  You didn't mention your name,
by the bye."

Joe mentioned it now, and the strange man called him by it.
"What'll you drink, Mr. Gargery?  At my expense?  To top up with?"

"Well," said Joe, "to tell you the truth, I ain't much in the habit
of drinking at anybody's expense but my own."

"Habit?  No," returned the stranger, "but once and away, and on a
Saturday night too.  Come!  Put a name to it, Mr. Gargery."

"I wouldn't wish to be stiff company," said Joe.  "Rum."

"Rum," repeated the stranger.  "And will the other gentleman
originate a sentiment."

"Rum," said Mr. Wopsle.

"Three Rums!" cried the stranger, calling to the landlord.  "Glasses

"This other gentleman," observed Joe, by way of introducing Mr.
Wopsle, "is a gentleman that you would like to hear give it out.
Our clerk at church."

"Aha!" said the stranger, quickly, and cocking his eye at me.  "The
lonely church, right out on the marshes, with graves round it!"

"That's it," said Joe.

The stranger, with a comfortable kind of grunt over his pipe, put
his legs up on the settle that he had to himself.  He wore a
flapping broad-brimmed traveller's hat, and under it a handkerchief
tied over his head in the manner of a cap:  so that he showed no
hair.  As he looked at the fire, I thought I saw a cunning
expression, followed by a half-laugh, come into his face.

"I am not acquainted with this country, gentlemen, but it seems a
solitary country towards the river."

"Most marshes is solitary," said Joe.

"No doubt, no doubt.  Do you find any gypsies, now, or tramps, or
vagrants of any sort, out there?"

"No," said Joe; "none but a runaway convict now and then.  And we
don't find them, easy.  Eh, Mr. Wopsle?"

Mr. Wopsle, with a majestic remembrance of old discomfiture,
assented; but not warmly.

"Seems you have been out after such?" asked the stranger.

"Once," returned Joe.  "Not that we wanted to take them, you
understand; we went out as lookers on; me, and Mr. Wopsle, and Pip.
Didn't us, Pip?"

"Yes, Joe."

The stranger looked at me again,--still cocking his eye, as if he
were expressly taking aim at me with his invisible gun,--and said,
"He's a likely young parcel of bones that.  What is it you call

"Pip," said Joe.

"Christened Pip?"

"No, not christened Pip."

"Surname Pip?"

"No," said Joe, "it's a kind of family name what he gave himself
when a infant, and is called by."

"Son of yours?"

"Well," said Joe, meditatively, not, of course, that it could be
in anywise necessary to consider about it, but because it was the
way at the Jolly Bargemen to seem to consider deeply about
everything that was discussed over pipes,--"well--no.  No, he

"Nevvy?" said the strange man.

"Well," said Joe, with the same appearance of profound cogitation,
"he is not--no, not to deceive you, he is not--my nevvy."

"What the Blue Blazes is he?" asked the stranger.  Which appeared to
me to be an inquiry of unnecessary strength.

Mr.  Wopsle struck in upon that; as one who knew all about
relationships, having professional occasion to bear in mind what
female relations a man might not marry; and expounded the ties
between me and Joe.  Having his hand in, Mr. Wopsle finished off with
a most terrifically snarling passage from Richard the Third, and
seemed to think he had done quite enough to account for it when he
added, "--as the poet says."

And here I may remark that when Mr. Wopsle referred to me, he
considered it a necessary part of such reference to rumple my hair
and poke it into my eyes.  I cannot conceive why everybody of his
standing who visited at our house should always have put me through
the same inflammatory process under similar circumstances.  Yet I do
not call to mind that I was ever in my earlier youth the subject of
remark in our social family circle, but some large-handed person
took some such ophthalmic steps to patronize me.

All this while, the strange man looked at nobody but me, and looked
at me as if he were determined to have a shot at me at last, and
bring me down.  But he said nothing after offering his Blue Blazes
observation, until the glasses of rum and water were brought; and
then he made his shot, and a most extraordinary shot it was.

It was not a verbal remark, but a proceeding in dumb-show, and was
pointedly addressed to me.  He stirred his rum and water pointedly
at me, and he tasted his rum and water pointedly at me.  And he
stirred it and he tasted it; not with a spoon that was brought to
him, but with a file.

He did this so that nobody but I saw the file; and when he had done
it he wiped the file and put it in a breast-pocket.  I knew it to be
Joe's file, and I knew that he knew my convict, the moment I saw
the instrument.  I sat gazing at him, spell-bound.  But he now
reclined on his settle, taking very little notice of me, and
talking principally about turnips.

There was a delicious sense of cleaning-up and making a quiet pause
before going on in life afresh, in our village on Saturday nights,
which stimulated Joe to dare to stay out half an hour longer on
Saturdays than at other times.  The half-hour and the rum and water
running out together, Joe got up to go, and took me by the hand.

"Stop half a moment, Mr. Gargery," said the strange man.  "I think
I've got a bright new shilling somewhere in my pocket, and if I
have, the boy shall have it."

He looked it out from a handful of small change, folded it in some
crumpled paper, and gave it to me.  "Yours!" said he.  "Mind!  Your

I thanked him, staring at him far beyond the bounds of good
manners, and holding tight to Joe.  He gave Joe good-night, and he
gave Mr. Wopsle good-night (who went out with us), and he gave me
only a look with his aiming eye,--no, not a look, for he shut it
up, but wonders may be done with an eye by hiding it.

On the way home, if I had been in a humor for talking, the talk
must have been all on my side, for Mr. Wopsle parted from us at the
door of the Jolly Bargemen, and Joe went all the way home with his
mouth wide open, to rinse the rum out with as much air as possible.
But I was in a manner stupefied by this turning up of my old
misdeed and old acquaintance, and could think of nothing else.

My sister was not in a very bad temper when we presented ourselves
in the kitchen, and Joe was encouraged by that unusual circumstance
to tell her about the bright shilling.  "A bad un, I'll be bound,"
said Mrs. Joe triumphantly, "or he wouldn't have given it to the
boy!  Let's look at it."

I took it out of the paper, and it proved to be a good one.  "But
what's this?" said Mrs. Joe, throwing down the shilling and catching
up the paper.  "Two One-Pound notes?"

Nothing less than two fat sweltering one-pound notes that seemed to
have been on terms of the warmest intimacy with all the cattle-
markets in the county.  Joe caught up his hat again, and ran with
them to the Jolly Bargemen to restore them to their owner.  While he
was gone, I sat down on my usual stool and looked vacantly at my
sister, feeling pretty sure that the man would not be there.

Presently, Joe came back, saying that the man was gone, but that
he, Joe, had left word at the Three Jolly Bargemen concerning the
notes.  Then my sister sealed them up in a piece of paper, and put
them under some dried rose-leaves in an ornamental teapot on the
top of a press in the state parlor.  There they remained, a
nightmare to me, many and many a night and day.

I had sadly broken sleep when I got to bed, through thinking of the
strange man taking aim at me with his invisible gun, and of the
guiltily coarse and common thing it was, to be on secret terms of
conspiracy with convicts,--a feature in my low career that I had
previously forgotten.  I was haunted by the file too.  A dread
possessed me that when I least expected it, the file would
reappear.  I coaxed myself to sleep by thinking of Miss Havisham's,
next Wednesday; and in my sleep I saw the file coming at me out of
a door, without seeing who held it, and I screamed myself awake.

Chapter XI

At the appointed time I returned to Miss Havisham's, and my
hesitating ring at the gate brought out Estella.  She locked it
after admitting me, as she had done before, and again preceded me
into the dark passage where her candle stood.  She took no notice of
me until she had the candle in her hand, when she looked over her
shoulder, superciliously saying, "You are to come this way to-day,"
and took me to quite another part of the house.

The passage was a long one, and seemed to pervade the whole square
basement of the Manor House.  We traversed but one side of the
square, however, and at the end of it she stopped, and put her
candle down and opened a door.  Here, the daylight reappeared, and I
found myself in a small paved courtyard, the opposite side of
which was formed by a detached dwelling-house, that looked as if it
had once belonged to the manager or head clerk of the extinct
brewery.  There was a clock in the outer wall of this house.  Like
the clock in Miss Havisham's room, and like Miss Havisham's watch,
it had stopped at twenty minutes to nine.

We went in at the door, which stood open, and into a gloomy room
with a low ceiling, on the ground-floor at the back.  There was some
company in the room, and Estella said to me as she joined it, "You
are to go and stand there boy, till you are wanted."  "There",
being the window, I crossed to it, and stood "there," in a very
uncomfortable state of mind, looking out.

It opened to the ground, and looked into a most miserable corner of
the neglected garden, upon a rank ruin of cabbage-stalks, and one
box-tree that had been clipped round long ago, like a pudding, and
had a new growth at the top of it, out of shape and of a different
color, as if that part of the pudding had stuck to the saucepan
and got burnt.  This was my homely thought, as I contemplated the
box-tree.  There had been some light snow, overnight, and it lay
nowhere else to my knowledge; but, it had not quite melted from the
cold shadow of this bit of garden, and the wind caught it up in
little eddies and threw it at the window, as if it pelted me for
coming there.

I divined that my coming had stopped conversation in the room, and
that its other occupants were looking at me.  I could see nothing of
the room except the shining of the fire in the window-glass, but I
stiffened in all my joints with the consciousness that I was under
close inspection.

There were three ladies in the room and one gentleman.  Before I had
been standing at the window five minutes, they somehow conveyed to
me that they were all toadies and humbugs, but that each of them
pretended not to know that the others were toadies and humbugs:
because the admission that he or she did know it, would have made
him or her out to be a toady and humbug.

They all had a listless and dreary air of waiting somebody's
pleasure, and the most talkative of the ladies had to speak quite
rigidly to repress a yawn.  This lady, whose name was Camilla, very
much reminded me of my sister, with the difference that she was
older, and (as I found when I caught sight of her) of a blunter
cast of features.  Indeed, when I knew her better I began to think
it was a Mercy she had any features at all, so very blank and high
was the dead wall of her face.

"Poor dear soul!" said this lady, with an abruptness of manner
quite my sister's.  "Nobody's enemy but his own!"

"It would be much more commendable to be somebody else's enemy,"
said the gentleman; "far more natural."

"Cousin Raymond," observed another lady, "we are to love our

"Sarah Pocket," returned Cousin Raymond, "if a man is not his own
neighbor, who is?"

Miss Pocket laughed, and Camilla laughed and said (checking a
yawn), "The idea!"  But I thought they seemed to think it rather a
good idea too.  The other lady, who had not spoken yet, said gravely
and emphatically, "Very true!"

"Poor soul!" Camilla presently went on (I knew they had all been
looking at me in the mean time), "he is so very strange!  Would
anyone believe that when Tom's wife died, he actually could not be
induced to see the importance of the children's having the deepest
of trimmings to their mourning?  'Good Lord!' says he, 'Camilla,
what can it signify so long as the poor bereaved little things are
in black?'  So like Matthew!  The idea!"

"Good points in him, good points in him," said Cousin Raymond;
"Heaven forbid I should deny good points in him; but he never had,
and he never will have, any sense of the proprieties."

"You know I was obliged," said Camilla,--"I was obliged to be firm.
I said, 'It WILL NOT DO, for the credit of the family.'  I told him
that, without deep trimmings, the family was disgraced.  I cried
about it from breakfast till dinner.  I injured my digestion.  And at
last he flung out in his violent way, and said, with a D, 'Then do
as you like.'  Thank Goodness it will always be a consolation to me
to know that I instantly went out in a pouring rain and bought the

"He paid for them, did he not?" asked Estella.

"It's not the question, my dear child, who paid for them," returned
Camilla.  "I bought them.  And I shall often think of that with
peace, when I wake up in the night."

The ringing of a distant bell, combined with the echoing of some
cry or call along the passage by which I had come, interrupted the
conversation and caused Estella to say to me, "Now, boy!"  On my
turning round, they all looked at me with the utmost contempt, and,
as I went out, I heard Sarah Pocket say, "Well I am sure!  What
next!" and Camilla add, with indignation, "Was there ever such a
fancy!  The i-de-a!"

As we were going with our candle along the dark passage, Estella
stopped all of a sudden, and, facing round, said in her taunting
manner, with her face quite close to mine,--


"Well, miss?" I answered, almost falling over her and checking

She stood looking at me, and, of course, I stood looking at her.

"Am I pretty?"

"Yes; I think you are very pretty."

"Am I insulting?"

"Not so much so as you were last time," said I.

"Not so much so?"


She fired when she asked the last question, and she slapped my face
with such force as she had, when I answered it.

"Now?" said she.  "You little coarse monster, what do you think of
me now?"

"I shall not tell you."

"Because you are going to tell up stairs.  Is that it?"

"No," said I, "that's not it."

"Why don't you cry again, you little wretch?"

"Because I'll never cry for you again," said I.  Which was, I
suppose, as false a declaration as ever was made; for I was
inwardly crying for her then, and I know what I know of the pain
she cost me afterwards.

We went on our way up stairs after this episode; and, as we were
going up, we met a gentleman groping his way down.

"Whom have we here?" asked the gentleman, stopping and looking at

"A boy," said Estella.

He was a burly man of an exceedingly dark complexion, with an
exceedingly large head, and a corresponding large hand.  He took my
chin in his large hand and turned up my face to have a look at me
by the light of the candle.  He was prematurely bald on the top of
his head, and had bushy black eyebrows that wouldn't lie down but
stood up bristling.  His eyes were set very deep in his head, and
were disagreeably sharp and suspicious.  He had a large watch-chain,
and strong black dots where his beard and whiskers would have been
if he had let them.  He was nothing to me, and I could have had no
foresight then, that he ever would be anything to me, but it
happened that I had this opportunity of observing him well.

"Boy of the neighborhood?  Hey?" said he.

"Yes, sir," said I.

"How do you come here?"

"Miss Havisham sent for me, sir," I explained.

"Well!  Behave yourself.  I have a pretty large experience of boys,
and you're a bad set of fellows.  Now mind!" said he, biting the
side of his great forefinger as he frowned at me, "you behave

With those words, he released me--which I was glad of, for his
hand smelt of scented soap--and went his way down stairs.  I
wondered whether he could be a doctor; but no, I thought; he
couldn't be a doctor, or he would have a quieter and more
persuasive manner.  There was not much time to consider the subject,
for we were soon in Miss Havisham's room, where she and everything
else were just as I had left them.  Estella left me standing near
the door, and I stood there until Miss Havisham cast her eyes upon
me from the dressing-table.

"So!" she said, without being startled or surprised: "the days have
worn away, have they?"

"Yes, ma'am.  To-day is--"

"There, there, there!" with the impatient movement of her fingers.
"I don't want to know.  Are you ready to play?"

I was obliged to answer in some confusion, "I don't think I am,

"Not at cards again?" she demanded, with a searching look.

"Yes, ma'am; I could do that, if I was wanted."

"Since this house strikes you old and grave, boy," said Miss
Havisham, impatiently, "and you are unwilling to play, are you
willing to work?"

I could answer this inquiry with a better heart than I had been
able to find for the other question, and I said I was quite

"Then go into that opposite room," said she, pointing at the door
behind me with her withered hand, "and wait there till I come."

I crossed the staircase landing, and entered the room she
indicated.  From that room, too, the daylight was completely
excluded, and it had an airless smell that was oppressive.  A fire
had been lately kindled in the damp old-fashioned grate, and it was
more disposed to go out than to burn up, and the reluctant smoke
which hung in the room seemed colder than the clearer air,--like
our own marsh mist.  Certain wintry branches of candles on the high
chimney-piece faintly lighted the chamber; or it would be more
expressive to say, faintly troubled its darkness.  It was spacious,
and I dare say had once been handsome, but every discernible thing
in it was covered with dust and mould, and dropping to pieces.  The
most prominent object was a long table with a tablecloth spread on
it, as if a feast had been in preparation when the house and the
clocks all stopped together.  An epergne or centre-piece of some kind
was in the middle of this cloth; it was so heavily overhung with
cobwebs that its form was quite undistinguishable; and, as I looked
along the yellow expanse out of which I remember its seeming to
grow, like a black fungus, I saw speckle-legged spiders with
blotchy bodies running home to it, and running out from it, as if
some circumstances of the greatest public importance had just
transpired in the spider community.

I heard the mice too, rattling behind the panels, as if the same
occurrence were important to their interests.  But the black beetles
took no notice of the agitation, and groped about the hearth in a
ponderous elderly way, as if they were short-sighted and hard of
hearing, and not on terms with one another.

These crawling things had fascinated my attention, and I was
watching them from a distance, when Miss Havisham laid a hand upon
my shoulder.  In her other hand she had a crutch-headed stick on
which she leaned, and she looked like the Witch of the place.

"This," said she, pointing to the long table with her stick, "is
where I will be laid when I am dead.  They shall come and look at me

With some vague misgiving that she might get upon the table then
and there and die at once, the complete realization of the ghastly
waxwork at the Fair, I shrank under her touch.

"What do you think that is?" she asked me, again pointing with her
stick; "that, where those cobwebs are?"

"I can't guess what it is, ma'am."

"It's a great cake.  A bride-cake.  Mine!"

She looked all round the room in a glaring manner, and then said,
leaning on me while her hand twitched my shoulder, "Come, come,
come!  Walk me, walk me!"

I made out from this, that the work I had to do, was to walk Miss
Havisham round and round the room.  Accordingly, I started at once,
and she leaned upon my shoulder, and we went away at a pace that
might have been an imitation (founded on my first impulse under
that roof) of Mr. Pumblechook's chaise-cart.

She was not physically strong, and after a little time said,
"Slower!"  Still, we went at an impatient fitful speed, and as we
went, she twitched the hand upon my shoulder, and worked her mouth,
and led me to believe that we were going fast because her thoughts
went fast.  After a while she said, "Call Estella!" so I went out on
the landing and roared that name as I had done on the previous
occasion.  When her light appeared, I returned to Miss Havisham, and
we started away again round and round the room.

If only Estella had come to be a spectator of our proceedings, I
should have felt sufficiently discontented; but as she brought
with her the three ladies and the gentleman whom I had seen below,
I didn't know what to do.  In my politeness, I would have stopped;
but Miss Havisham twitched my shoulder, and we posted on,--with a
shame-faced consciousness on my part that they would think it was
all my doing.

"Dear Miss Havisham," said Miss Sarah Pocket.  "How well you look!"

"I do not," returned Miss Havisham.  "I am yellow skin and bone."

Camilla brightened when Miss Pocket met with this rebuff; and she
murmured, as she plaintively contemplated Miss Havisham, "Poor dear
soul!  Certainly not to be expected to look well, poor thing.  The

"And how are you?" said Miss Havisham to Camilla.  As we were close
to Camilla then, I would have stopped as a matter of course, only
Miss Havisham wouldn't stop.  We swept on, and I felt that I was
highly obnoxious to Camilla.

"Thank you, Miss Havisham," she returned, "I am as well as can be

"Why, what's the matter with you?" asked Miss Havisham, with
exceeding sharpness.

"Nothing worth mentioning," replied Camilla.  "I don't wish to make
a display of my feelings, but I have habitually thought of you more
in the night than I am quite equal to."

"Then don't think of me," retorted Miss Havisham.

"Very easily said!" remarked Camilla, amiably repressing a sob,
while a hitch came into her upper lip, and her tears overflowed.
"Raymond is a witness what ginger and sal volatile I am obliged to
take in the night.  Raymond is a witness what nervous jerkings I
have in my legs.  Chokings and nervous jerkings, however, are
nothing new to me when I think with anxiety of those I love.  If I
could be less affectionate and sensitive, I should have a better
digestion and an iron set of nerves.  I am sure I wish it could be
so.  But as to not thinking of you in the night--The idea!"  Here, a
burst of tears.

The Raymond referred to, I understood to be the gentleman present,
and him I understood to be Mr. Camilla.  He came to the rescue at
this point, and said in a consolatory and complimentary voice,
"Camilla, my dear, it is well known that your family feelings are
gradually undermining you to the extent of making one of your legs
shorter than the other."

"I am not aware," observed the grave lady whose voice I had heard
but once, "that to think of any person is to make a great claim
upon that person, my dear."

Miss Sarah Pocket, whom I now saw to be a little dry, brown,
corrugated old woman, with a small face that might have been made
of walnut-shells, and a large mouth like a cat's without the
whiskers, supported this position by saying, "No, indeed, my dear.

"Thinking is easy enough," said the grave lady.

"What is easier, you know?" assented Miss Sarah Pocket.

"Oh, yes, yes!" cried Camilla, whose fermenting feelings appeared
to rise from her legs to her bosom.  "It's all very true!  It's a
weakness to be so affectionate, but I can't help it.  No doubt my
health would be much better if it was otherwise, still I wouldn't
change my disposition if I could.  It's the cause of much suffering,
but it's a consolation to know I posses it, when I wake up in the
night."  Here another burst of feeling.

Miss Havisham and I had never stopped all this time, but kept going
round and round the room; now brushing against the skirts of the
visitors, now giving them the whole length of the dismal chamber.

"There's Matthew!" said Camilla.  "Never mixing with any natural
ties, never coming here to see how Miss Havisham is!  I have taken
to the sofa with my staylace cut, and have lain there hours
insensible, with my head over the side, and my hair all down, and
my feet I don't know where--"

("Much higher than your head, my love," said Mr. Camilla.)

"I have gone off into that state, hours and hours, on account of
Matthew's strange and inexplicable conduct, and nobody has thanked

"Really I must say I should think not!" interposed the grave lady.

"You see, my dear," added Miss Sarah Pocket (a blandly vicious
personage), "the question to put to yourself is, who did you expect
to thank you, my love?"

"Without expecting any thanks, or anything of the sort," resumed
Camilla, "I have remained in that state, hours and hours, and
Raymond is a witness of the extent to which I have choked, and what
the total inefficacy of ginger has been, and I have been heard at
the piano-forte tuner's across the street, where the poor mistaken
children have even supposed it to be pigeons cooing at a
distance,--and now to be told--"  Here Camilla put her hand to her
throat, and began to be quite chemical as to the formation of new
combinations there.

When this same Matthew was mentioned, Miss Havisham stopped me and
herself, and stood looking at the speaker.  This change had a great
influence in bringing Camilla's chemistry to a sudden end.

"Matthew will come and see me at last," said Miss Havisham,
sternly, when I am laid on that table.  That will be his place,--
there," striking the table with her stick, "at my head!  And yours
will be there!  And your husband's there!  And Sarah Pocket's there!
And Georgiana's there!  Now you all know where to take your stations
when you come to feast upon me.  And now go!"

At the mention of each name, she had struck the table with her
stick in a new place.  She now said, "Walk me, walk me!" and we went
on again.

"I suppose there's nothing to be done," exclaimed Camilla, "but
comply and depart.  It's something to have seen the object of one's
love and duty for even so short a time.  I shall think of it with a
melancholy satisfaction when I wake up in the night.  I wish Matthew
could have that comfort, but he sets it at defiance.  I am
determined not to make a display of my feelings, but it's very hard
to be told one wants to feast on one's relations,--as if one was a
Giant,--and to be told to go.  The bare idea!"

Mr. Camilla interposing, as Mrs. Camilla laid her hand upon her
heaving bosom, that lady assumed an unnatural fortitude of manner
which I supposed to be expressive of an intention to drop and choke
when out of view, and kissing her hand to Miss Havisham, was
escorted forth.  Sarah Pocket and Georgiana contended who should
remain last; but Sarah was too knowing to be outdone, and ambled
round Georgiana with that artful slipperiness that the latter was
obliged to take precedence.  Sarah Pocket then made her separate
effect of departing with, "Bless you, Miss Havisham dear!" and with
a smile of forgiving pity on her walnut-shell countenance for the
weaknesses of the rest.

While Estella was away lighting them down, Miss Havisham still
walked with her hand on my shoulder, but more and more slowly.  At
last she stopped before the fire, and said, after muttering and
looking at it some seconds,--

"This is my birthday, Pip."

I was going to wish her many happy returns, when she lifted her

"I don't suffer it to be spoken of.  I don't suffer those who were
here just now, or any one to speak of it.  They come here on the
day, but they dare not refer to it."

Of course I made no further effort to refer to it.

"On this day of the year, long before you were born, this heap of
decay," stabbing with her crutched stick at the pile of cobwebs on
the table, but not touching it, "was brought here.  It and I have
worn away together.  The mice have gnawed at it, and sharper teeth
than teeth of mice have gnawed at me."

She held the head of her stick against her heart as she stood
looking at the table; she in her once white dress, all yellow and
withered; the once white cloth all yellow and withered; everything
around in a state to crumble under a touch.

"When the ruin is complete," said she, with a ghastly look, "and
when they lay me dead, in my bride's dress on the bride's table,--
which shall be done, and which will be the finished curse upon him,
--so much the better if it is done on this day!"

She stood looking at the table as if she stood looking at her own
figure lying there.  I remained quiet.  Estella returned, and she too
remained quiet.  It seemed to me that we continued thus for a long
time.  In the heavy air of the room, and the heavy darkness that
brooded in its remoter corners, I even had an alarming fancy that
Estella and I might presently begin to decay.

At length, not coming out of her distraught state by degrees, but
in an instant, Miss Havisham said, "Let me see you two play cards;
why have you not begun?"  With that, we returned to her room, and
sat down as before; I was beggared, as before; and again, as
before, Miss Havisham watched us all the time, directed my
attention to Estella's beauty, and made me notice it the more by
trying her jewels on Estella's breast and hair.

Estella, for her part, likewise treated me as before, except that
she did not condescend to speak.  When we had played some half-dozen
games, a day was appointed for my return, and I was taken down into
the yard to be fed in the former dog-like manner.  There, too, I was
again left to wander about as I liked.

It is not much to the purpose whether a gate in that garden wall
which I had scrambled up to peep over on the last occasion was, on
that last occasion, open or shut.  Enough that I saw no gate then,
and that I saw one now.  As it stood open, and as I knew that
Estella had let the visitors out,--for she had returned with the
keys in her hand,--I strolled into the garden, and strolled all over
it.  It was quite a wilderness, and there were old melon-frames and
cucumber-frames in it, which seemed in their decline to have
produced a spontaneous growth of weak attempts at pieces of old
hats and boots, with now and then a weedy offshoot into the
likeness of a battered saucepan.

When I had exhausted the garden and a greenhouse with nothing in
it but a fallen-down grape-vine and some bottles, I found myself in
the dismal corner upon which I had looked out of the window.  Never
questioning for a moment that the house was now empty, I looked in
at another window, and found myself, to my great surprise,
exchanging a broad stare with a pale young gentleman with red
eyelids and light hair.

This pale young gentleman quickly disappeared, and reappeared
beside me.  He had been at his books when I had found myself staring
at him, and I now saw that he was inky.

"Halloa!" said he, "young fellow!"

Halloa being a general observation which I had usually observed to
be best answered by itself, I said, "Halloa!" politely omitting
young fellow.

"Who let you in?" said he.

"Miss Estella."

"Who gave you leave to prowl about?"

"Miss Estella."

"Come and fight," said the pale young gentleman.

What could I do but follow him?  I have often asked myself the
question since; but what else could I do?  His manner was so final,
and I was so astonished, that I followed where he led, as if I had
been under a spell.

"Stop a minute, though," he said, wheeling round before we had gone
many paces.  "I ought to give you a reason for fighting, too.  There
it is!"  In a most irritating manner he instantly slapped his hands
against one another, daintily flung one of his legs up behind him,
pulled my hair, slapped his hands again, dipped his head, and
butted it into my stomach.

The bull-like proceeding last mentioned, besides that it was
unquestionably to be regarded in the light of a liberty, was
particularly disagreeable just after bread and meat.  I therefore
hit out at him and was going to hit out again, when he said,
"Aha!  Would you?" and began dancing backwards and forwards in a
manner quite unparalleled within my limited experience.

"Laws of the game!" said he.  Here, he skipped from his left leg on
to his right.  "Regular rules!"  Here, he skipped from his right leg
on to his left.  "Come to the ground, and go through the
preliminaries!"  Here, he dodged backwards and forwards, and did all
sorts of things while I looked helplessly at him.

I was secretly afraid of him when I saw him so dexterous; but I
felt morally and physically convinced that his light head of hair
could have had no business in the pit of my stomach, and that I had
a right to consider it irrelevant when so obtruded on my attention.
Therefore, I followed him without a word, to a retired nook of the
garden, formed by the junction of two walls and screened by some
rubbish.  On his asking me if I was satisfied with the ground, and
on my replying Yes, he begged my leave to absent himself for a
moment, and quickly returned with a bottle of water and a sponge
dipped in vinegar.  "Available for both," he said, placing these
against the wall.  And then fell to pulling off, not only his jacket
and waistcoat, but his shirt too, in a manner at once
light-hearted, business-like, and bloodthirsty.

Although he did not look very healthy,--having pimples on his face,
and a breaking out at his mouth,--these dreadful preparations quite
appalled me.  I judged him to be about my own age, but he was much
taller, and he had a way of spinning himself about that was full of
appearance.  For the rest, he was a young gentleman in a gray suit
(when not denuded for battle), with his elbows, knees, wrists, and
heels considerably in advance of the rest of him as to

My heart failed me when I saw him squaring at me with every
demonstration of mechanical nicety, and eyeing my anatomy as if he
were minutely choosing his bone.  I never have been so surprised in
my life, as I was when I let out the first blow, and saw him lying
on his back, looking up at me with a bloody nose and his face
exceedingly fore-shortened.

But, he was on his feet directly, and after sponging himself with a
great show of dexterity began squaring again.  The second greatest
surprise I have ever had in my life was seeing him on his back
again, looking up at me out of a black eye.

His spirit inspired me with great respect.  He seemed to have no
strength, and he never once hit me hard, and he was always knocked
down; but he would be up again in a moment, sponging himself or
drinking out of the water-bottle, with the greatest satisfaction in
seconding himself according to form, and then came at me with an
air and a show that made me believe he really was going to do for
me at last.  He got heavily bruised, for I am sorry to record that
the more I hit him, the harder I hit him; but he came up again and
again and again, until at last he got a bad fall with the back of
his head against the wall.  Even after that crisis in our affairs,
he got up and turned round and round confusedly a few times, not
knowing where I was; but finally went on his knees to his sponge
and threw it up:  at the same time panting out, "That means you have

He seemed so brave and innocent, that although I had not proposed
the contest, I felt but a gloomy satisfaction in my victory.  Indeed,
I go so far as to hope that I regarded myself while dressing as a
species of savage young wolf or other wild beast.  However, I got
dressed, darkly wiping my sanguinary face at intervals, and I said,
"Can I help you?" and he said "No thankee," and I said "Good
afternoon," and he said "Same to you."

When I got into the courtyard, I found Estella waiting with the
keys.  But she neither asked me where I had been, nor why I had
kept her waiting; and there was a bright flush upon her face, as
though something had happened to delight her.  Instead of going
straight to the gate, too, she stepped back into the passage, and
beckoned me.

"Come here!  You may kiss me, if you like."

I kissed her cheek as she turned it to me.  I think I would have
gone through a great deal to kiss her cheek.  But I felt that the
kiss was given to the coarse common boy as a piece of money might
have been, and that it was worth nothing.

What with the birthday visitors, and what with the cards, and what
with the fight, my stay had lasted so long, that when I neared home
the light on the spit of sand off the point on the marshes was
gleaming against a black night-sky, and Joe's furnace was flinging
a path of fire across the road.

Chapter XII

My mind grew very uneasy on the subject of the pale young
gentleman.  The more I thought of the fight, and recalled the pale
young gentleman on his back in various stages of puffy and
incrimsoned countenance, the more certain it appeared that
something would be done to me.  I felt that the pale young
gentleman's blood was on my head, and that the Law would avenge it.
Without having any definite idea of the penalties I had incurred,
it was clear to me that village boys could not go stalking about
the country, ravaging the houses of gentlefolks and pitching into
the studious youth of England, without laying themselves open to
severe punishment.  For some days, I even kept close at home, and
looked out at the kitchen door with the greatest caution and
trepidation before going on an errand, lest the officers of the
County Jail should pounce upon me.  The pale young gentleman's nose
had stained my trousers, and I tried to wash out that evidence of
my guilt in the dead of night.  I had cut my knuckles against the
pale young gentleman's teeth, and I twisted my imagination into a
thousand tangles, as I devised incredible ways of accounting for
that damnatory circumstance when I should be haled before the

When the day came round for my return to the scene of the deed of
violence, my terrors reached their height.  Whether myrmidons of
Justice, specially sent down from London, would be lying in ambush
behind the gate;--whether Miss Havisham, preferring to take personal
vengeance for an outrage done to her house, might rise in those
grave-clothes of hers, draw a pistol, and shoot me dead:--whether
suborned boys--a numerous band of mercenaries--might be engaged
to fall upon me in the brewery, and cuff me until I was no more;--it
was high testimony to my confidence in the spirit of the pale young
gentleman, that I never imagined him accessory to these
retaliations; they always came into my mind as the acts of
injudicious relatives of his, goaded on by the state of his visage
and an indignant sympathy with the family features.

However, go to Miss Havisham's I must, and go I did.  And behold!
nothing came of the late struggle.  It was not alluded to in any
way, and no pale young gentleman was to be discovered on the
premises.  I found the same gate open, and I explored the garden,
and even looked in at the windows of the detached house; but my
view was suddenly stopped by the closed shutters within, and all
was lifeless.  Only in the corner where the combat had taken place
could I detect any evidence of the young gentleman's existence.
There were traces of his gore in that spot, and I covered them with
garden-mould from the eye of man.

On the broad landing between Miss Havisham's own room and that
other room in which the long table was laid out, I saw a
garden-chair,--a light chair on wheels, that you pushed from
behind.  It had been placed there since my last visit, and I
entered, that same day, on a regular occupation of pushing Miss
Havisham in this chair (when she was tired of walking with her hand
upon my shoulder) round her own room, and across the landing, and
round the other room.  Over and over and over again, we would make
these journeys, and sometimes they would last as long as three
hours at a stretch.  I insensibly fall into a general mention of
these journeys as numerous, because it was at once settled that I
should return every alternate day at noon for these purposes, and
because I am now going to sum up a period of at least eight or ten

As we began to be more used to one another, Miss Havisham talked
more to me, and asked me such questions as what had I learnt and
what was I going to be?  I told her I was going to be apprenticed to
Joe, I believed; and I enlarged upon my knowing nothing and wanting
to know everything, in the hope that she might offer some help
towards that desirable end.  But she did not; on the contrary, she
seemed to prefer my being ignorant.  Neither did she ever give me
any money,--or anything but my daily dinner,--nor ever stipulate
that I should be paid for my services.

Estella was always about, and always let me in and out, but never
told me I might kiss her again.  Sometimes, she would coldly
tolerate me; sometimes, she would condescend to me; sometimes, she
would be quite familiar with me; sometimes, she would tell me
energetically that she hated me.  Miss Havisham would often ask me
in a whisper, or when we were alone, "Does she grow prettier and
prettier, Pip?"  And when I said yes (for indeed she did), would
seem to enjoy it greedily.  Also, when we played at cards Miss
Havisham would look on, with a miserly relish of Estella's moods,
whatever they were.  And sometimes, when her moods were so many and
so contradictory of one another that I was puzzled what to say or
do, Miss Havisham would embrace her with lavish fondness, murmuring
something in her ear that sounded like "Break their hearts my pride
and hope, break their hearts and have no mercy!"

There was a song Joe used to hum fragments of at the forge, of
which the burden was Old Clem.  This was not a very ceremonious way
of rendering homage to a patron saint, but I believe Old Clem
stood in that relation towards smiths.  It was a song that imitated
the measure of beating upon iron, and was a mere lyrical excuse for
the introduction of Old Clem's respected name.  Thus, you were to
hammer boys round--Old Clem!  With a thump and a sound--Old Clem!
Beat it out, beat it out--Old Clem!  With a clink for the stout--
Old Clem!  Blow the fire, blow the fire--Old Clem!  Roaring dryer,
soaring higher--Old Clem!  One day soon after the appearance of the
chair, Miss Havisham suddenly saying to me, with the impatient
movement of her fingers, "There, there, there!  Sing!"  I was
surprised into crooning this ditty as I pushed her over the floor.
It happened so to catch her fancy that she took it up in a low
brooding voice as if she were singing in her sleep.  After that, it
became customary with us to have it as we moved about, and Estella
would often join in; though the whole strain was so subdued, even
when there were three of us, that it made less noise in the grim
old house than the lightest breath of wind.

What could I become with these surroundings?  How could my character
fail to be influenced by them?  Is it to be wondered at if my
thoughts were dazed, as my eyes were, when I came out into the
natural light from the misty yellow rooms?

Perhaps I might have told Joe about the pale young gentleman, if I
had not previously been betrayed into those enormous inventions to
which I had confessed.  Under the circumstances, I felt that Joe
could hardly fail to discern in the pale young gentleman, an
appropriate passenger to be put into the black velvet coach;
therefore, I said nothing of him.  Besides, that shrinking from
having Miss Havisham and Estella discussed, which had come upon me
in the beginning, grew much more potent as time went on.  I reposed
complete confidence in no one but Biddy; but I told poor Biddy
everything.  Why it came natural to me to do so, and why Biddy had a
deep concern in everything I told her, I did not know then, though
I think I know now.

Meanwhile, councils went on in the kitchen at home, fraught with
almost insupportable aggravation to my exasperated spirit.  That
ass, Pumblechook, used often to come over of a night for the purpose
of discussing my prospects with my sister; and I really do believe
(to this hour with less penitence than I ought to feel), that if
these hands could have taken a linchpin out of his chaise-cart,
they would have done it.  The miserable man was a man of that
confined stolidity of mind, that he could not discuss my prospects
without having me before him,--as it were, to operate upon,--and he
would drag me up from my stool (usually by the collar) where I was
quiet in a corner, and, putting me before the fire as if I were
going to be cooked, would begin by saying, "Now, Mum, here is this
boy!  Here is this boy which you brought up by hand.  Hold up your
head, boy, and be forever grateful unto them which so did do.  Now,
Mum, with respections to this boy!"  And then he would rumple my
hair the wrong way,--which from my earliest remembrance, as already
hinted, I have in my soul denied the right of any fellow-creature
to do,--and would hold me before him by the sleeve,--a spectacle of
imbecility only to be equalled by himself.

Then, he and my sister would pair off in such nonsensical
speculations about Miss Havisham, and about what she would do with
me and for me, that I used to want--quite painfully--to burst
into spiteful tears, fly at Pumblechook, and pummel him all over.
In these dialogues, my sister spoke to me as if she were morally
wrenching one of my teeth out at every reference; while Pumblechook
himself, self-constituted my patron, would sit supervising me with
a depreciatory eye, like the architect of my fortunes who thought
himself engaged on a very unremunerative job.

In these discussions, Joe bore no part.  But he was often talked at,
while they were in progress, by reason of Mrs. Joe's perceiving that
he was not favorable to my being taken from the forge.  I was fully
old enough now to be apprenticed to Joe; and when Joe sat with the
poker on his knees thoughtfully raking out the ashes between the
lower bars, my sister would so distinctly construe that innocent
action into opposition on his part, that she would dive at him,
take the poker out of his hands, shake him, and put it away.  There
was a most irritating end to every one of these debates.  All in a
moment, with nothing to lead up to it, my sister would stop herself
in a yawn, and catching sight of me as it were incidentally, would
swoop upon me with, "Come! there's enough of you!  You get along to
bed; you've given trouble enough for one night, I hope!"  As if I
had besought them as a favor to bother my life out.

We went on in this way for a long time, and it seemed likely that
we should continue to go on in this way for a long time, when one
day Miss Havisham stopped short as she and I were walking, she
leaning on my shoulder; and said with some displeasure,--

"You are growing tall, Pip!"

I thought it best to hint, through the medium of a meditative look,
that this might be occasioned by circumstances over which I had no

She said no more at the time; but she presently stopped and looked
at me again; and presently again; and after that, looked frowning
and moody.  On the next day of my attendance, when our usual exercise
was over, and I had landed her at her dressing-table, she stayed me
with a movement of her impatient fingers:--

"Tell me the name again of that blacksmith of yours."

"Joe Gargery, ma'am."

"Meaning the master you were to be apprenticed to?"

"Yes, Miss Havisham."

"You had better be apprenticed at once.  Would Gargery come here
with you, and bring your indentures, do you think?"

I signified that I had no doubt he would take it as an honor to be

"Then let him come."

"At any particular time, Miss Havisham?"

"There, there!  I know nothing about times.  Let him come soon, and
come along with you."

When I got home at night, and delivered this message for Joe, my
sister "went on the Rampage," in a more alarming degree than at any
previous period.  She asked me and Joe whether we supposed she was
door-mats under our feet, and how we dared to use her so, and what
company we graciously thought she was fit for?  When she had
exhausted a torrent of such inquiries, she threw a candlestick at
Joe, burst into a loud sobbing, got out the dustpan,--which was
always a very bad sign,--put on her coarse apron, and began
cleaning up to a terrible extent.  Not satisfied with a dry
cleaning, she took to a pail and scrubbing-brush, and cleaned us
out of house and home, so that we stood shivering in the back-yard.
It was ten o'clock at night before we ventured to creep in again,
and then she asked Joe why he hadn't married a Negress Slave at
once?  Joe offered no answer, poor fellow, but stood feeling his
whisker and looking dejectedly at me, as if he thought it really
might have been a better speculation.

Chapter XIII

It was a trial to my feelings, on the next day but one, to see Joe
arraying himself in his Sunday clothes to accompany me to Miss
Havisham's.  However, as he thought his court-suit necessary to the
occasion, it was not for me tell him that he looked far better in
his working-dress; the rather, because I knew he made himself so
dreadfully uncomfortable, entirely on my account, and that it was
for me he pulled up his shirt-collar so very high behind, that it
made the hair on the crown of his head stand up like a tuft of

At breakfast-time my sister declared her intention of going to town
with us, and being left at Uncle Pumblechook's and called for "when
we had done with our fine ladies"--a way of putting the case, from
which Joe appeared inclined to augur the worst.  The forge was shut
up for the day, and Joe inscribed in chalk upon the door (as it was
his custom to do on the very rare occasions when he was not at
work) the monosyllable HOUT, accompanied by a sketch of an arrow
supposed to be flying in the direction he had taken.

We walked to town, my sister leading the way in a very large beaver
bonnet, and carrying a basket like the Great Seal of England in
plaited Straw, a pair of pattens, a spare shawl, and an umbrella,
though it was a fine bright day.  I am not quite clear whether these
articles were carried penitentially or ostentatiously; but I
rather think they were displayed as articles of property,--much as
Cleopatra or any other sovereign lady on the Rampage might exhibit
her wealth in a pageant or procession.

When we came to Pumblechook's, my sister bounced in and left us.  As
it was almost noon, Joe and I held straight on to Miss Havisham's
house.  Estella opened the gate as usual, and, the moment she
appeared, Joe took his hat off and stood weighing it by the brim in
both his hands; as if he had some urgent reason in his mind for
being particular to half a quarter of an ounce.

Estella took no notice of either of us, but led us the way that I
knew so well.  I followed next to her, and Joe came last.  When I
looked back at Joe in the long passage, he was still weighing his
hat with the greatest care, and was coming after us in long strides
on the tips of his toes.

Estella told me we were both to go in, so I took Joe by the
coat-cuff and conducted him into Miss Havisham's presence.  She was
seated at her dressing-table, and looked round at us immediately.

"Oh!" said she to Joe.  "You are the husband of the sister of this

I could hardly have imagined dear old Joe looking so unlike himself
or so like some extraordinary bird; standing as he did
speechless, with his tuft of feathers ruffled, and his mouth open
as if he wanted a worm.

"You are the husband," repeated Miss Havisham, "of the sister of
this boy?"

It was very aggravating; but, throughout the interview, Joe
persisted in addressing Me instead of Miss Havisham.

"Which I meantersay, Pip," Joe now observed in a manner that was at
once expressive of forcible argumentation, strict confidence, and
great politeness, "as I hup and married your sister, and I were at
the time what you might call (if you was anyways inclined) a single

"Well!" said Miss Havisham.  "And you have reared the boy, with the
intention of taking him for your apprentice; is that so, Mr.

"You know, Pip," replied Joe, "as you and me were ever friends, and
it were looked for'ard to betwixt us, as being calc'lated to lead
to larks.  Not but what, Pip, if you had ever made objections to the
business,--such as its being open to black and sut, or such-like,--
not but what they would have been attended to, don't you see?"

"Has the boy," said Miss Havisham, "ever made any objection?  Does
he like the trade?"

"Which it is well beknown to yourself, Pip," returned Joe,
strengthening his former mixture of argumentation, confidence, and
politeness, "that it were the wish of your own hart."  (I saw the
idea suddenly break upon him that he would adapt his epitaph to the
occasion, before he went on to say) "And there weren't no objection
on your part, and Pip it were the great wish of your hart!"

It was quite in vain for me to endeavor to make him sensible that
he ought to speak to Miss Havisham.  The more I made faces and
gestures to him to do it, the more confidential, argumentative, and
polite, he persisted in being to Me.

"Have you brought his indentures with you?" asked Miss Havisham.

"Well, Pip, you know," replied Joe, as if that were a little
unreasonable, "you yourself see me put 'em in my 'at, and therefore
you know as they are here."  With which he took them out, and gave
them, not to Miss Havisham, but to me.  I am afraid I was ashamed of
the dear good fellow,--I know I was ashamed of him,--when I saw
that Estella stood at the back of Miss Havisham's chair, and that
her eyes laughed mischievously.  I took the indentures out of his
hand and gave them to Miss Havisham.

"You expected," said Miss Havisham, as she looked them over, "no
premium with the boy?"

"Joe!" I remonstrated, for he made no reply at all.  "Why don't you

"Pip," returned Joe, cutting me short as if he were hurt, "which I
meantersay that were not a question requiring a answer betwixt
yourself and me, and which you know the answer to be full well No.
You know it to be No, Pip, and wherefore should I say it?"

Miss Havisham glanced at him as if she understood what he really
was better than I had thought possible, seeing what he was there;
and took up a little bag from the table beside her.

"Pip has earned a premium here," she said, "and here it is.  There
are five-and-twenty guineas in this bag.  Give it to your master,

As if he were absolutely out of his mind with the wonder awakened
in him by her strange figure and the strange room, Joe, even at
this pass, persisted in addressing me.

"This is wery liberal on your part, Pip," said Joe, "and it is as
such received and grateful welcome, though never looked for, far
nor near, nor nowheres.  And now, old chap," said Joe, conveying to
me a sensation, first of burning and then of freezing, for I felt
as if that familiar expression were applied to Miss Havisham,--"and
now, old chap, may we do our duty!  May you and me do our duty, both
on us, by one and another, and by them which your liberal present--
have-conweyed--to be--for the satisfaction of mind-of--them
as never--" here Joe showed that he felt he had fallen into
frightful difficulties, until he triumphantly rescued himself with
the words, "and from myself far be it!"  These words had such a
round and convincing sound for him that he said them twice.

"Good by, Pip!" said Miss Havisham.  "Let them out, Estella."

"Am I to come again, Miss Havisham?" I asked.

"No.  Gargery is your master now.  Gargery!  One word!"

Thus calling him back as I went out of the door, I heard her say to
Joe in a distinct emphatic voice, "The boy has been a good boy
here, and that is his reward.  Of course, as an honest man, you will
expect no other and no more."

How Joe got out of the room, I have never been able to determine;
but I know that when he did get out he was steadily proceeding
up stairs instead of coming down, and was deaf to all remonstrances
until I went after him and laid hold of him.  In another minute we
were outside the gate, and it was locked, and Estella was gone.
When we stood in the daylight alone again, Joe backed up against a
wall, and said to me, "Astonishing!"  And there he remained so long
saying, "Astonishing" at intervals, so often, that I began to think
his senses were never coming back.  At length he prolonged his
remark into "Pip, I do assure you this is as-TON-ishing!" and so, by
degrees, became conversational and able to walk away.

I have reason to think that Joe's intellects were brightened by the
encounter they had passed through, and that on our way to
Pumblechook's he invented a subtle and deep design.  My reason is to
be found in what took place in Mr. Pumblechook's parlor:  where, on
our presenting ourselves, my sister sat in conference with that
detested seedsman.

"Well?" cried my sister, addressing us both at once.  "And what's
happened to you?  I wonder you condescend to come back to such poor
society as this, I am sure I do!"

"Miss Havisham," said Joe, with a fixed look at me, like an effort
of remembrance, "made it wery partick'ler that we should give her--
were it compliments or respects, Pip?"

"Compliments," I said.

"Which that were my own belief," answered Joe; "her compliments to
Mrs. J. Gargery--"

"Much good they'll do me!" observed my sister; but rather gratified

"And wishing," pursued Joe, with another fixed look at me, like
another effort of remembrance, "that the state of Miss Havisham's
elth were sitch as would have--allowed, were it, Pip?"

"Of her having the pleasure," I added.

"Of ladies' company," said Joe.  And drew a long breath.

"Well!" cried my sister, with a mollified glance at Mr. Pumblechook.
"She might have had the politeness to send that message at first,
but it's better late than never.  And what did she give young
Rantipole here?"

"She giv' him," said Joe, "nothing."

Mrs. Joe was going to break out, but Joe went on.

"What she giv'," said Joe, "she giv' to his friends.  'And by his
friends,' were her explanation, 'I mean into the hands of his
sister Mrs. J. Gargery.'  Them were her words; 'Mrs. J. Gargery.'  She
mayn't have know'd," added Joe, with an appearance of reflection,
"whether it were Joe, or Jorge."

My sister looked at Pumblechook:  who smoothed the elbows of his
wooden arm-chair, and nodded at her and at the fire, as if he had
known all about it beforehand.

"And how much have you got?" asked my sister, laughing.  Positively

"What would present company say to ten pound?" demanded Joe.

"They'd say," returned my sister, curtly, "pretty well.  Not too
much, but pretty well."

"It's more than that, then," said Joe.

That fearful Impostor, Pumblechook, immediately nodded, and said,
as he rubbed the arms of his chair, "It's more than that, Mum."

"Why, you don't mean to say--" began my sister.

"Yes I do, Mum," said Pumblechook; "but wait a bit.  Go on, Joseph.
Good in you!  Go on!"

"What would present company say," proceeded Joe, "to twenty pound?"

"Handsome would be the word," returned my sister.

"Well, then," said Joe, "It's more than twenty pound."

That abject hypocrite, Pumblechook, nodded again, and said, with a
patronizing laugh, "It's more than that, Mum.  Good again!  Follow her
up, Joseph!"

"Then to make an end of it," said Joe, delightedly handing the bag
to my sister; "it's five-and-twenty pound."

"It's five-and-twenty pound, Mum," echoed that basest of swindlers,
Pumblechook, rising to shake hands with her; "and it's no more than
your merits (as I said when my opinion was asked), and I wish you
joy of the money!"

If the villain had stopped here, his case would have been
sufficiently awful, but he blackened his guilt by proceeding to
take me into custody, with a right of patronage that left all his
former criminality far behind.

"Now you see, Joseph and wife," said Pumblechook, as he took me by
the arm above the elbow, "I am one of them that always go right
through with what they've begun.  This boy must be bound, out of
hand.  That's my way.  Bound out of hand."

"Goodness knows, Uncle Pumblechook," said my sister (grasping the
money), "we're deeply beholden to you."

"Never mind me, Mum, returned that diabolical cornchandler.  "A
pleasure's a pleasure all the world over.  But this boy, you know;
we must have him bound.  I said I'd see to it--to tell you the

The Justices were sitting in the Town Hall near at hand, and we at
once went over to have me bound apprentice to Joe in the
Magisterial presence.  I say we went over, but I was pushed over by
Pumblechook, exactly as if I had that moment picked a pocket or
fired a rick; indeed, it was the general impression in Court that I
had been taken red-handed; for, as Pumblechook shoved me before him
through the crowd, I heard some people say, "What's he done?" and
others, "He's a young 'un, too, but looks bad, don't he?  One person
of mild and benevolent aspect even gave me a tract ornamented with
a woodcut of a malevolent young man fitted up with a perfect
sausage-shop of fetters, and entitled TO BE READ IN MY CELL.

The Hall was a queer place, I thought, with higher pews in it than
a church,--and with people hanging over the pews looking on,--and
with mighty Justices (one with a powdered head) leaning back in
chairs, with folded arms, or taking snuff, or going to sleep, or
writing, or reading the newspapers,--and with some shining black
portraits on the walls, which my unartistic eye regarded as a
composition of hardbake and sticking-plaster.  Here, in a corner
my indentures were duly signed and attested, and I was "bound"; Mr.
Pumblechook holding me all the while as if we had looked in on our
way to the scaffold, to have those little preliminaries disposed

When we had come out again, and had got rid of the boys who had
been put into great spirits by the expectation of seeing me
publicly tortured, and who were much disappointed to find that my
friends were merely rallying round me, we went back to
Pumblechook's.  And there my sister became so excited by the
twenty-five guineas, that nothing would serve her but we must have
a dinner out of that windfall at the Blue Boar, and that
Pumblechook must go over in his chaise-cart, and bring the Hubbles
and Mr. Wopsle.

It was agreed to be done; and a most melancholy day I passed.  For,
it inscrutably appeared to stand to reason, in the minds of the
whole company, that I was an excrescence on the entertainment.  And
to make it worse, they all asked me from time to time,--in short,
whenever they had nothing else to do,--why I didn't enjoy myself?
And what could I possibly do then, but say I was enjoying myself,--
when I wasn't!

However, they were grown up and had their own way, and they made
the most of it.  That swindling Pumblechook, exalted into the
beneficent contriver of the whole occasion, actually took the top
of the table; and, when he addressed them on the subject of my
being bound, and had fiendishly congratulated them on my being
liable to imprisonment if I played at cards, drank strong liquors,
kept late hours or bad company, or indulged in other vagaries which
the form of my indentures appeared to contemplate as next to
inevitable, he placed me standing on a chair beside him to
illustrate his remarks.

My only other remembrances of the great festival are, That they
wouldn't let me go to sleep, but whenever they saw me dropping off,
woke me up and told me to enjoy myself.  That, rather late in the
evening Mr. Wopsle gave us Collins's ode, and threw his bloodstained
sword in thunder down, with such effect, that a waiter came in and
said, "The Commercials underneath sent up their compliments, and it
wasn't the Tumblers' Arms."  That, they were all in excellent
spirits on the road home, and sang, O Lady Fair!  Mr. Wopsle taking
the bass, and asserting with a tremendously strong voice (in reply
to the inquisitive bore who leads that piece of music in a most
impertinent manner, by wanting to know all about everybody's
private affairs) that he was the man with his white locks flowing,
and that he was upon the whole the weakest pilgrim going.

Finally, I remember that when I got into my little bedroom, I was
truly wretched, and had a strong conviction on me that I should
never like Joe's trade.  I had liked it once, but once was not now.

Chapter XIV

It is a most miserable thing to feel ashamed of home.  There may be
black ingratitude in the thing, and the punishment may be
retributive and well deserved; but that it is a miserable thing, I
can testify.

Home had never been a very pleasant place to me, because of my
sister's temper.  But, Joe had sanctified it, and I had believed in
it.  I had believed in the best parlor as a most elegant saloon; I
had believed in the front door, as a mysterious portal of the
Temple of State whose solemn opening was attended with a sacrifice
of roast fowls; I had believed in the kitchen as a chaste though
not magnificent apartment; I had believed in the forge as the
glowing road to manhood and independence.  Within a single year all
this was changed.  Now it was all coarse and common, and I would
not have had Miss Havisham and Estella see it on any account.

How much of my ungracious condition of mind may have been my own
fault, how much Miss Havisham's, how much my sister's, is now of no
moment to me or to any one.  The change was made in me; the thing
was done.  Well or ill done, excusably or inexcusably, it was done.

Once, it had seemed to me that when I should at last roll up my
shirt-sleeves and go into the forge, Joe's 'prentice, I should be
distinguished and happy.  Now the reality was in my hold, I only
felt that I was dusty with the dust of small-coal, and that I had a
weight upon my daily remembrance to which the anvil was a feather.
There have been occasions in my later life (I suppose as in most
lives) when I have felt for a time as if a thick curtain had fallen
on all its interest and romance, to shut me out from anything save
dull endurance any more.  Never has that curtain dropped so heavy
and blank, as when my way in life lay stretched out straight before
me through the newly entered road of apprenticeship to Joe.

I remember that at a later period of my "time," I used to stand
about the churchyard on Sunday evenings when night was falling,
comparing my own perspective with the windy marsh view, and making
out some likeness between them by thinking how flat and low both
were, and how on both there came an unknown way and a dark mist and
then the sea.  I was quite as dejected on the first working-day of
my apprenticeship as in that after-time; but I am glad to know that
I never breathed a murmur to Joe while my indentures lasted.  It is
about the only thing I am glad to know of myself in that

For, though it includes what I proceed to add, all the merit of
what I proceed to add was Joe's.  It was not because I was faithful,
but because Joe was faithful, that I never ran away and went for a
soldier or a sailor.  It was not because I had a strong sense of the
virtue of industry, but because Joe had a strong sense of the
virtue of industry, that I worked with tolerable zeal against the
grain.  It is not possible to know how far the influence of any
amiable honest-hearted duty-doing man flies out into the world; but
it is very possible to know how it has touched one's self in going
by, and I know right well that any good that intermixed itself
with my apprenticeship came of plain contented Joe, and not of
restlessly aspiring discontented me.

What I wanted, who can say?  How can I say, when I never knew?  What
I dreaded was, that in some unlucky hour I, being at my grimiest
and commonest, should lift up my eyes and see Estella looking in at
one of the wooden windows of the forge.  I was haunted by the fear
that she would, sooner or later, find me out, with a black face and
hands, doing the coarsest part of my work, and would exult over me
and despise me.  Often after dark, when I was pulling the bellows
for Joe, and we were singing Old Clem, and when the thought how we
used to sing it at Miss Havisham's would seem to show me Estella's
face in the fire, with her pretty hair fluttering in the wind and
her eyes scorning me,--often at such a time I would look towards
those panels of black night in the wall which the wooden windows
then were, and would fancy that I saw her just drawing her face
away, and would believe that she had come at last.

After that, when we went in to supper, the place and the meal would
have a more homely look than ever, and I would feel more ashamed of
home than ever, in my own ungracious breast.

Chapter XV

As I was getting too big for Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt's room, my
education under that preposterous female terminated.  Not, however,
until Biddy had imparted to me everything she knew, from the little
catalogue of prices, to a comic song she had once bought for a
half-penny.  Although the only coherent part of the latter piece of
literature were the opening lines,

When I went to Lunnon town sirs, Too rul loo rul Too rul loo rul
Wasn't I done very brown sirs?  Too rul loo rul Too rul loo rul

--still, in my desire to be wiser, I got this composition by heart
with the utmost gravity; nor do I recollect that I questioned its
merit, except that I thought (as I still do) the amount of Too rul
somewhat in excess of the poetry.  In my hunger for information, I
made proposals to Mr. Wopsle to bestow some intellectual crumbs upon
me, with which he kindly complied.  As it turned out, however, that
he only wanted me for a dramatic lay-figure, to be contradicted and
embraced and wept over and bullied and clutched and stabbed and
knocked about in a variety of ways, I soon declined that course of
instruction; though not until Mr. Wopsle in his poetic fury had
severely mauled me.

Whatever I acquired, I tried to impart to Joe.  This statement
sounds so well, that I cannot in my conscience let it pass
unexplained.  I wanted to make Joe less ignorant and common, that he
might be worthier of my society and less open to Estella's

The old Battery out on the marshes was our place of study, and a
broken slate and a short piece of slate-pencil were our educational
implements:  to which Joe always added a pipe of tobacco.  I never
knew Joe to remember anything from one Sunday to another, or to
acquire, under my tuition, any piece of information whatever.  Yet
he would smoke his pipe at the Battery with a far more sagacious
air than anywhere else,--even with a learned air,--as if he
considered himself to be advancing immensely.  Dear fellow, I hope
he did.

It was pleasant and quiet, out there with the sails on the river
passing beyond the earthwork, and sometimes, when the tide was low,
looking as if they belonged to sunken ships that were still sailing
on at the bottom of the water.  Whenever I watched the vessels
standing out to sea with their white sails spread, I somehow
thought of Miss Havisham and Estella; and whenever the light struck
aslant, afar off, upon a cloud or sail or green hillside or
water-line, it was just the same.--Miss Havisham and Estella and
the strange house and the strange life appeared to have something
to do with everything that was picturesque.

One Sunday when Joe, greatly enjoying his pipe, had so plumed
himself on being "most awful dull," that I had given him up for the
day, I lay on the earthwork for some time with my chin on my hand,
descrying traces of Miss Havisham and Estella all over the
prospect, in the sky and in the water, until at last I resolved to
mention a thought concerning them that had been much in my head.

"Joe," said I; "don't you think I ought to make Miss Havisham a

"Well, Pip," returned Joe, slowly considering.  "What for?"

"What for, Joe?  What is any visit made for?"

"There is some wisits p'r'aps," said Joe, "as for ever remains
open to the question, Pip.  But in regard to wisiting Miss Havisham.
She might think you wanted something,--expected something of her."

"Don't you think I might say that I did not, Joe?"

"You might, old chap," said Joe.  "And she might credit it.
Similarly she mightn't."

Joe felt, as I did, that he had made a point there, and he pulled
hard at his pipe to keep himself from weakening it by repetition.

"You see, Pip," Joe pursued, as soon as he was past that danger,
"Miss Havisham done the handsome thing by you.  When Miss Havisham
done the handsome thing by you, she called me back to say to me as
that were all."

"Yes, Joe.  I heard her."

"ALL," Joe repeated, very emphatically.

"Yes, Joe.  I tell you, I heard her."

"Which I meantersay, Pip, it might be that her meaning were,--Make
a end on it!--As you was!--Me to the North, and you to the South!
--Keep in sunders!"

I had thought of that too, and it was very far from comforting to
me to find that he had thought of it; for it seemed to render it
more probable.

"But, Joe."

"Yes, old chap."

"Here am I, getting on in the first year of my time, and, since the
day of my being bound, I have never thanked Miss Havisham, or asked
after her, or shown that I remember her."

"That's true, Pip; and unless you was to turn her out a set of
shoes all four round,--and which I meantersay as even a set of
shoes all four round might not be acceptable as a present, in a
total wacancy of hoofs--"

"I don't mean that sort of remembrance, Joe; I don't mean a

But Joe had got the idea of a present in his head and must harp
upon it.  "Or even," said he, "if you was helped to knocking her up
a new chain for the front door,--or say a gross or two of
shark-headed screws for general use,--or some light fancy article,
such as a toasting-fork when she took her muffins,--or a gridiron
when she took a sprat or such like--"

"I don't mean any present at all, Joe," I interposed.

"Well," said Joe, still harping on it as though I had particularly
pressed it, "if I was yourself, Pip, I wouldn't.  No, I would not.
For what's a door-chain when she's got one always up?  And
shark-headers is open to misrepresentations.  And if it was a
toasting-fork, you'd go into brass and do yourself no credit.  And
the oncommonest workman can't show himself oncommon in a gridiron,--
for a gridiron IS a gridiron," said Joe, steadfastly impressing it
upon me, as if he were endeavouring to rouse me from a fixed
delusion, "and you may haim at what you like, but a gridiron it
will come out, either by your leave or again your leave, and you
can't help yourself--"

"My dear Joe," I cried, in desperation, taking hold of his coat,
"don't go on in that way.  I never thought of making Miss Havisham
any present."

"No, Pip," Joe assented, as if he had been contending for that, all
along; "and what I say to you is, you are right, Pip."

"Yes, Joe; but what I wanted to say, was, that as we are rather
slack just now, if you would give me a half-holiday to-morrow, I
think I would go up-town and make a call on Miss Est--Havisham."

"Which her name," said Joe, gravely, "ain't Estavisham, Pip, unless
she have been rechris'ened."

"I know, Joe, I know.  It was a slip of mine.  What do you think of
it, Joe?"

In brief, Joe thought that if I thought well of it, he thought well
of it.  But, he was particular in stipulating that if I were not
received with cordiality, or if I were not encouraged to repeat my
visit as a visit which had no ulterior object but was simply one of
gratitude for a favor received, then this experimental trip should
have no successor.  By these conditions I promised to abide.

Now, Joe kept a journeyman at weekly wages whose name was Orlick.
He pretended that his Christian name was Dolge,--a clear
Impossibility,--but he was a fellow of that obstinate disposition
that I believe him to have been the prey of no delusion in this
particular, but wilfully to have imposed that name upon the village
as an affront to its understanding.  He was a broadshouldered
loose-limbed swarthy fellow of great strength, never in a hurry,
and always slouching.  He never even seemed to come to his work on
purpose, but would slouch in as if by mere accident; and when he
went to the Jolly Bargemen to eat his dinner, or went away at
night, he would slouch out, like Cain or the Wandering Jew, as if
he had no idea where he was going and no intention of ever coming
back.  He lodged at a sluice-keeper's out on the marshes, and on
working-days would come slouching from his hermitage, with his
hands in his pockets and his dinner loosely tied in a bundle round
his neck and dangling on his back.  On Sundays he mostly lay all day
on the sluice-gates, or stood against ricks and barns.  He always
slouched, locomotively, with his eyes on the ground; and, when
accosted or otherwise required to raise them, he looked up in a
half-resentful, half-puzzled way, as though the only thought he
ever had was, that it was rather an odd and injurious fact that he
should never be thinking.

This morose journeyman had no liking for me.  When I was very small
and timid, he gave me to understand that the Devil lived in a black
corner of the forge, and that he knew the fiend very well:  also
that it was necessary to make up the fire, once in seven years,
with a live boy, and that I might consider myself fuel.  When I
became Joe's 'prentice, Orlick was perhaps confirmed in some
suspicion that I should displace him; howbeit, he liked me still
less.  Not that he ever said anything, or did anything, openly
importing hostility; I only noticed that he always beat his sparks
in my direction, and that whenever I sang Old Clem, he came in out
of time.

Dolge Orlick was at work and present, next day, when I reminded Joe
of my half-holiday.  He said nothing at the moment, for he and Joe
had just got a piece of hot iron between them, and I was at the
bellows; but by and by he said, leaning on his hammer,--

"Now, master!  Sure you're not a going to favor only one of us.  If
Young Pip has a half-holiday, do as much for Old Orlick."  I suppose
he was about five-and-twenty, but he usually spoke of himself as an
ancient person.

"Why, what'll you do with a half-holiday, if you get it?" said Joe.

"What'll I do with it!  What'll he do with it?  I'll do as much with
it as him," said Orlick.

"As to Pip, he's going up town," said Joe.

"Well then, as to Old Orlick, he's a going up town," retorted that
worthy.  "Two can go up town.  Tain't only one wot can go up town.

"Don't lose your temper," said Joe.

"Shall if I like," growled Orlick.  "Some and their up-towning!  Now,
master!  Come.  No favoring in this shop.  Be a man!"

The master refusing to entertain the subject until the journeyman
was in a better temper, Orlick plunged at the furnace, drew out a
red-hot bar, made at me with it as if he were going to run it
through my body, whisked it round my head, laid it on the anvil,
hammered it out,--as if it were I, I thought, and the sparks were
my spirting blood,--and finally said, when he had hammered himself
hot and the iron cold, and he again leaned on his hammer,--

"Now, master!"

"Are you all right now?" demanded Joe.

"Ah!  I am all right," said gruff Old Orlick.

"Then, as in general you stick to your work as well as most men,"
said Joe, "let it be a half-holiday for all."

My sister had been standing silent in the yard, within hearing,--
she was a most unscrupulous spy and listener,--and she instantly
looked in at one of the windows.

"Like you, you fool!" said she to Joe, "giving holidays to great
idle hulkers like that.  You are a rich man, upon my life, to waste
wages in that way.  I wish I was his master!"

"You'd be everybody's master, if you durst," retorted Orlick, with
an ill-favored grin.

("Let her alone," said Joe.)

"I'd be a match for all noodles and all rogues," returned my
sister, beginning to work herself into a mighty rage.  "And I
couldn't be a match for the noodles, without being a match for your
master, who's the dunder-headed king of the noodles.  And I couldn't
be a match for the rogues, without being a match for you, who are
the blackest-looking and the worst rogue between this and France.

"You're a foul shrew, Mother Gargery, growled the journeyman.  "If
that makes a judge of rogues, you ought to be a good'un."

("Let her alone, will you?" said Joe.)

"What did you say?" cried my sister, beginning to scream.  "What did
you say?  What did that fellow Orlick say to me, Pip?  What did he
call me, with my husband standing by?  Oh! oh! oh!"  Each of these
exclamations was a shriek; and I must remark of my sister, what is
equally true of all the violent women I have ever seen, that
passion was no excuse for her, because it is undeniable that
instead of lapsing into passion, she consciously and deliberately
took extraordinary pains to force herself into it, and became
blindly furious by regular stages; "what was the name he gave me
before the base man who swore to defend me?   Oh!  Hold me!  Oh!"

"Ah-h-h!" growled the journeyman, between his teeth, "I'd hold you,
if you was my wife.  I'd hold you under the pump, and choke it out
of you."

("I tell you, let her alone," said Joe.)

"Oh!  To hear him!" cried my sister, with a clap of her hands and a
scream together,--which was her next stage.  "To hear the names he's
giving me!  That Orlick!  In my own house!  Me, a married woman!  With
my husband standing by!  Oh! Oh!"  Here my sister, after a fit of
clappings and screamings, beat her hands upon her bosom and upon
her knees, and threw her cap off, and pulled her hair down,--which
were the last stages on her road to frenzy.  Being by this time a
perfect Fury and a complete success, she made a dash at the door
which I had fortunately locked.

What could the wretched Joe do now, after his disregarded
parenthetical interruptions, but stand up to his journeyman, and
ask him what he meant by interfering betwixt himself and Mrs. Joe;
and further whether he was man enough to come on?  Old Orlick felt
that the situation admitted of nothing less than coming on, and was
on his defence straightway; so, without so much as pulling off
their singed and burnt aprons, they went at one another, like two
giants.  But, if any man in that neighborhood could stand uplong
against Joe, I never saw the man.  Orlick, as if he had been of no
more account than the pale young gentleman, was very soon among the
coal-dust, and in no hurry to come out of it.  Then Joe unlocked
the door and picked up my sister, who had dropped insensible at the
window (but who had seen the fight first, I think), and who was
carried into the house and laid down, and who was recommended to
revive, and would do nothing but struggle and clench her hands in
Joe's hair.  Then, came that singular calm and silence which succeed
all uproars; and then, with the vague sensation which I have always
connected with such a lull,--namely, that it was Sunday, and
somebody was dead,--I went up stairs to dress myself.

When I came down again, I found Joe and Orlick sweeping up, without
any other traces of discomposure than a slit in one of Orlick's
nostrils, which was neither expressive nor ornamental.  A pot of
beer had appeared from the Jolly Bargemen, and they were sharing it
by turns in a peaceable manner.  The lull had a sedative and
philosophical influence on Joe, who followed me out into the road
to say, as a parting observation that might do me good, "On the
Rampage, Pip, and off the Rampage, Pip:--such is Life!"

With what absurd emotions (for we think the feelings that are very
serious in a man quite comical in a boy) I found myself again going
to Miss Havisham's, matters little here.  Nor, how I passed and
repassed the gate many times before I could make up my mind to
ring.  Nor, how I debated whether I should go away without ringing;
nor, how I should undoubtedly have gone, if my time had been my
own, to come back.

Miss Sarah Pocket came to the gate.  No Estella.

"How, then?  You here again?" said Miss Pocket.  "What do you want?"

When I said that I only came to see how Miss Havisham was, Sarah
evidently deliberated whether or no she should send me about my
business.  But unwilling to hazard the responsibility, she let me
in, and presently brought the sharp message that I was to "come

Everything was unchanged, and Miss Havisham was alone.

"Well?" said she, fixing her eyes upon me.  "I hope you want
nothing?  You'll get nothing."

"No indeed, Miss Havisham.  I only wanted you to know that I am
doing very well in my apprenticeship, and am always much obliged to

"There, there!" with the old restless fingers.  "Come now and then;
come on your birthday.--Ay!" she cried suddenly, turning herself
and her chair towards me, "You are looking round for Estella?  Hey?"

I had been looking round,--in fact, for Estella,--and I stammered
that I hoped she was well.

"Abroad," said Miss Havisham; "educating for a lady; far out of
reach; prettier than ever; admired by all who see her.  Do you feel
that you have lost her?"

There was such a malignant enjoyment in her utterance of the last
words, and she broke into such a disagreeable laugh, that I was at
a loss what to say.  She spared me the trouble of considering, by
dismissing me.  When the gate was closed upon me by Sarah of the
walnut-shell countenance, I felt more than ever dissatisfied with
my home and with my trade and with everything; and that was all I
took by that motion.

As I was loitering along the High Street, looking in disconsolately
at the shop windows, and thinking what I would buy if I were a
gentleman, who should come out of the bookshop but Mr. Wopsle.  Mr.
Wopsle had in his hand the affecting tragedy of George Barnwell, in
which he had that moment invested sixpence, with the view of
heaping every word of it on the head of Pumblechook, with whom he
was going to drink tea.  No sooner did he see me, than he appeared
to consider that a special Providence had put a 'prentice in his
way to be read at; and he laid hold of me, and insisted on my
accompanying him to the Pumblechookian parlor.  As I knew it would
be miserable at home, and as the nights were dark and the way was
dreary, and almost any companionship on the road was better than
none, I made no great resistance; consequently, we turned into
Pumblechook's just as the street and the shops were lighting up.

As I never assisted at any other representation of George Barnwell,
I don't know how long it may usually take; but I know very well
that it took until half-past nine o' clock that night, and that
when Mr. Wopsle got into Newgate, I thought he never would go to the
scaffold, he became so much slower than at any former period of his
disgraceful career.  I thought it a little too much that he should
complain of being cut short in his flower after all, as if he had
not been running to seed, leaf after leaf, ever since his course
began.  This, however, was a mere question of length and
wearisomeness.  What stung me, was the identification of the whole
affair with my unoffending self.  When Barnwell began to go wrong, I
declare that I felt positively apologetic, Pumblechook's indignant
stare so taxed me with it.  Wopsle, too, took pains to present me in
the worst light.  At once ferocious and maudlin, I was made to
murder my uncle with no extenuating circumstances whatever;
Millwood put me down in argument, on every occasion; it became
sheer monomania in my master's daughter to care a button for me;
and all I can say for my gasping and procrastinating conduct on the
fatal morning, is, that it was worthy of the general feebleness of
my character.  Even after I was happily hanged and Wopsle had closed
the book, Pumblechook sat staring at me, and shaking his head, and
saying, "Take warning, boy, take warning!" as if it were a
well-known fact that I contemplated murdering a near relation,
provided I could only induce one to have the weakness to become my

It was a very dark night when it was all over, and when I set out
with Mr. Wopsle on the walk home.  Beyond town, we found a heavy
mist out, and it fell wet and thick.  The turnpike lamp was a blur,
quite out of the lamp's usual place apparently, and its rays looked
solid substance on the fog.  We were noticing this, and saying how
that the mist rose with a change of wind from a certain quarter of
our marshes, when we came upon a man, slouching under the lee of
the turnpike house.

"Halloa!" we said, stopping.  "Orlick there?"

"Ah!" he answered, slouching out.  "I was standing by a minute, on
the chance of company."

"You are late," I remarked.

Orlick not unnaturally answered, "Well?  And you're late."

"We have been," said Mr. Wopsle, exalted with his late performance,--
"we have been indulging, Mr. Orlick, in an intellectual evening."

Old Orlick growled, as if he had nothing to say about that, and we
all went on together.  I asked him presently whether he had been
spending his half-holiday up and down town?

"Yes," said he, "all of it.  I come in behind yourself.  I didn't see
you, but I must have been pretty close behind you.  By the by, the
guns is going again."

"At the Hulks?" said I.

"Ay!  There's some of the birds flown from the cages.  The guns have
been going since dark, about.  You'll hear one presently."

In effect, we had not walked many yards further, when the
well-remembered boom came towards us, deadened by the mist, and
heavily rolled away along the low grounds by the river, as if it
were pursuing and threatening the fugitives.

"A good night for cutting off in," said Orlick.  "We'd be puzzled
how to bring down a jail-bird on the wing, to-night."

The subject was a suggestive one to me, and I thought about it in
silence.  Mr. Wopsle, as the ill-requited uncle of the evening's
tragedy, fell to meditating aloud in his garden at Camberwell.
Orlick, with his hands in his pockets, slouched heavily at my side.
It was very dark, very wet, very muddy, and so we splashed along.
Now and then, the sound of the signal cannon broke upon us again,
and again rolled sulkily along the course of the river.  I kept
myself to myself and my thoughts.  Mr. Wopsle died amiably at
Camberwell, and exceedingly game on Bosworth Field, and in the
greatest agonies at Glastonbury.  Orlick sometimes growled, "Beat it
out, beat it out,--Old Clem!  With a clink for the stout,--Old
Clem!"  I thought he had been drinking, but he was not drunk.

Thus, we came to the village.  The way by which we approached it
took us past the Three Jolly Bargemen, which we were surprised to
find--it being eleven o'clock --in a state of commotion, with the
door wide open, and unwonted lights that had been hastily caught up
and put down scattered about.  Mr. Wopsle dropped in to ask what was
the matter (surmising that a convict had been taken), but came
running out in a great hurry.

"There's something wrong," said he, without stopping, "up at your
place, Pip.  Run all!"

"What is it?" I asked, keeping up with him.  So did Orlick, at my

"I can't quite understand.  The house seems to have been violently
entered when Joe Gargery was out.  Supposed by convicts.  Somebody
has been attacked and hurt."

We were running too fast to admit of more being said, and we made
no stop until we got into our kitchen.  It was full of people; the
whole village was there, or in the yard; and there was a surgeon,
and there was Joe, and there were a group of women, all on the floor
in the midst of the kitchen.  The unemployed bystanders drew back
when they saw me, and so I became aware of my sister,--lying
without sense or movement on the bare boards where she had been
knocked down by a tremendous blow on the back of the head, dealt by
some unknown hand when her face was turned towards the fire,--
destined never to be on the Rampage again, while she was the wife
of Joe.

Chapter XVI

With my head full of George Barnwell, I was at first disposed to
believe that I must have had some hand in the attack upon my
sister, or at all events that as her near relation, popularly known
to be under obligations to her, I was a more legitimate object of
suspicion than any one else.  But when, in the clearer light of next
morning, I began to reconsider the matter and to hear it discussed
around me on all sides, I took another view of the case, which was
more reasonable.

Joe had been at the Three Jolly Bargemen, smoking his pipe, from a
quarter after eight o'clock to a quarter before ten.  While he was
there, my sister had been seen standing at the kitchen door, and
had exchanged Good Night with a farm-laborer going home.  The man
could not be more particular as to the time at which he saw her (he
got into dense confusion when he tried to be), than that it must
have been before nine.  When Joe went home at five minutes before
ten, he found her struck down on the floor, and promptly called in
assistance.  The fire had not then burnt unusually low, nor was the
snuff of the candle very long; the candle, however, had been blown

Nothing had been taken away from any part of the house.  Neither,
beyond the blowing out of the candle,--which stood on a table
between the door and my sister, and was behind her when she stood
facing the fire and was struck,--was there any disarrangement of
the kitchen, excepting such as she herself had made, in falling and
bleeding.  But, there was one remarkable piece of evidence on the
spot.  She had been struck with something blunt and heavy, on the
head and spine; after the blows were dealt, something heavy had
been thrown down at her with considerable violence, as she lay on
her face.  And on the ground beside her, when Joe picked her up, was
a convict's leg-iron which had been filed asunder.

Now, Joe, examining this iron with a smith's eye, declared it to
have been filed asunder some time ago.  The hue and cry going off to
the Hulks, and people coming thence to examine the iron, Joe's
opinion was corroborated.  They did not undertake to say when it had
left the prison-ships to which it undoubtedly had once belonged;
but they claimed to know for certain that that particular manacle
had not been worn by either of the two convicts who had escaped last
night.  Further, one of those two was already retaken, and had not
freed himself of his iron.

Knowing what I knew, I set up an inference of my own here.  I
believed the iron to be my convict's iron,--the iron I had seen and
heard him filing at, on the marshes,--but my mind did not accuse
him of having put it to its latest use.  For I believed one of two
other persons to have become possessed of it, and to have turned it
to this cruel account.  Either Orlick, or the strange man who had
shown me the file.

Now, as to Orlick; he had gone to town exactly as he told us when
we picked him up at the turnpike, he had been seen about town all
the evening, he had been in divers companies in several
public-houses, and he had come back with myself and Mr. Wopsle.
There was nothing against him, save the quarrel; and my sister had
quarrelled with him, and with everybody else about her, ten
thousand times.  As to the strange man; if he had come back for his
two bank-notes there could have been no dispute about them, because
my sister was fully prepared to restore them.  Besides, there had
been no altercation; the assailant had come in so silently and
suddenly, that she had been felled before she could look round.

It was horrible to think that I had provided the weapon, however
undesignedly, but I could hardly think otherwise.  I suffered
unspeakable trouble while I considered and reconsidered whether I
should at last dissolve that spell of my childhood and tell Joe
all the story.  For months afterwards, I every day settled the
question finally in the negative, and reopened and reargued it next
morning.  The contention came, after all, to this;--the secret was
such an old one now, had so grown into me and become a part of
myself, that I could not tear it away.  In addition to the dread
that, having led up to so much mischief, it would be now more
likely than ever to alienate Joe from me if he believed it, I had a
further restraining dread that he would not believe it, but would
assort it with the fabulous dogs and veal-cutlets as a monstrous
invention.  However, I temporized with myself, of course--for, was
I not wavering between right and wrong, when the thing is always
done?--and resolved to make a full disclosure if I should see any
such new occasion as a new chance of helping in the discovery of
the assailant.

The Constables and the Bow Street men from London--for, this
happened in the days of the extinct red-waistcoated police--were
about the house for a week or two, and did pretty much what I have
heard and read of like authorities doing in other such cases.  They
took up several obviously wrong people, and they ran their heads
very hard against wrong ideas, and persisted in trying to fit the
circumstances to the ideas, instead of trying to extract ideas from
the circumstances.  Also, they stood about the door of the Jolly
Bargemen, with knowing and reserved looks that filled the whole
neighborhood with admiration; and they had a mysterious manner of
taking their drink, that was almost as good as taking the culprit.
But not quite, for they never did it.

Long after these constitutional powers had dispersed, my sister lay
very ill in bed.  Her sight was disturbed, so that she saw objects
multiplied, and grasped at visionary teacups and wineglasses
instead of the realities; her hearing was greatly impaired; her
memory also; and her speech was unintelligible.  When, at last, she
came round so far as to be helped down stairs, it was still
necessary to keep my slate always by her, that she might indicate
in writing what she could not indicate in speech.  As she was (very
bad handwriting apart) a more than indifferent speller, and as Joe
was a more than indifferent reader, extraordinary complications
arose between them which I was always called in to solve.  The
administration of mutton instead of medicine, the substitution of
Tea for Joe, and the baker for bacon, were among the mildest of my
own mistakes.

However, her temper was greatly improved, and she was patient.  A
tremulous uncertainty of the action of all her limbs soon became a
part of her regular state, and afterwards, at intervals of two or
three months, she would often put her hands to her head, and would
then remain for about a week at a time in some gloomy aberration of
mind.  We were at a loss to find a suitable attendant for her, until
a circumstance happened conveniently to relieve us.  Mr. Wopsle's
great-aunt conquered a confirmed habit of living into which she had
fallen, and Biddy became a part of our establishment.

It may have been about a month after my sister's reappearance in
the kitchen, when Biddy came to us with a small speckled box
containing the whole of her worldly effects, and became a blessing
to the household.  Above all, she was a blessing to Joe, for the
dear old fellow was sadly cut up by the constant contemplation of
the wreck of his wife, and had been accustomed, while attending on
her of an evening, to turn to me every now and then and say, with
his blue eyes moistened, "Such a fine figure of a woman as she once
were, Pip!"  Biddy instantly taking the cleverest charge of her as
though she had studied her from infancy; Joe became able in some
sort to appreciate the greater quiet of his life, and to get down
to the Jolly Bargemen now and then for a change that did him good.
It was characteristic of the police people that they had all more
or less suspected poor Joe (though he never knew it), and that they
had to a man concurred in regarding him as one of the deepest
spirits they had ever encountered.

Biddy's first triumph in her new office, was to solve a difficulty
that had completely vanquished me.  I had tried hard at it, but had
made nothing of it.  Thus it was:--

Again and again and again, my sister had traced upon the slate, a
character that looked like a curious T, and then with the utmost
eagerness had called our attention to it as something she
particularly wanted.  I had in vain tried everything producible that
began with a T, from tar to toast and tub.  At length it had come
into my head that the sign looked like a hammer, and on my lustily
calling that word in my sister's ear, she had begun to hammer on
the table and had expressed a qualified assent.  Thereupon, I had
brought in all our hammers, one after another, but without avail.
Then I bethought me of a crutch, the shape being much the same, and
I borrowed one in the village, and displayed it to my sister with
considerable confidence.  But she shook her head to that extent when
she was shown it, that we were terrified lest in her weak and
shattered state she should dislocate her neck.

When my sister found that Biddy was very quick to understand her,
this mysterious sign reappeared on the slate.  Biddy looked
thoughtfully at it, heard my explanation, looked thoughtfully at my
sister, looked thoughtfully at Joe (who was always represented on
the slate by his initial letter), and ran into the forge, followed
by Joe and me.

"Why, of course!" cried Biddy, with an exultant face.  "Don't you
see?  It's him!"

Orlick, without a doubt!  She had lost his name, and could only
signify him by his hammer.  We told him why we wanted him to come
into the kitchen, and he slowly laid down his hammer, wiped his
brow with his arm, took another wipe at it with his apron, and came
slouching out, with a curious loose vagabond bend in the knees that
strongly distinguished him.

I confess that I expected to see my sister denounce him, and that I
was disappointed by the different result.  She manifested the
greatest anxiety to be on good terms with him, was evidently much
pleased by his being at length produced, and motioned that she
would have him given something to drink.  She watched his
countenance as if she were particularly wishful to be assured that
he took kindly to his reception, she showed every possible desire
to conciliate him, and there was an air of humble propitiation in
all she did, such as I have seen pervade the bearing of a child
towards a hard master.  After that day, a day rarely passed without
her drawing the hammer on her slate, and without Orlick's slouching
in and standing doggedly before her, as if he knew no more than I
did what to make of it.

Chapter XVII

I now fell into a regular routine of apprenticeship life, which was
varied beyond the limits of the village and the marshes, by no
more remarkable circumstance than the arrival of my birthday and my
paying another visit to Miss Havisham.  I found Miss Sarah Pocket
still on duty at the gate; I found Miss Havisham just as I had left
her, and she spoke of Estella in the very same way, if not in the
very same words.  The interview lasted but a few minutes, and she
gave me a guinea when I was going, and told me to come again on my
next birthday.  I may mention at once that this became an annual
custom.  I tried to decline taking the guinea on the first occasion,
but with no better effect than causing her to ask me very angrily,
if I expected more?  Then, and after that, I took it.

So unchanging was the dull old house, the yellow light in the
darkened room, the faded spectre in the chair by the dressing-table
glass, that I felt as if the stopping of the clocks had stopped
Time in that mysterious place, and, while I and everything else
outside it grew older, it stood still.  Daylight never entered the
house as to my thoughts and remembrances of it, any more than as to
the actual fact.  It bewildered me, and under its influence I
continued at heart to hate my trade and to be ashamed of home.

Imperceptibly I became conscious of a change in Biddy, however.  Her
shoes came up at the heel, her hair grew bright and neat, her hands
were always clean.  She was not beautiful,--she was common, and
could not be like Estella,--but she was pleasant and wholesome and
sweet-tempered.  She had not been with us more than a year (I
remember her being newly out of mourning at the time it struck me),
when I observed to myself one evening that she had curiously
thoughtful and attentive eyes; eyes that were very pretty and very

It came of my lifting up my own eyes from a task I was poring at--
writing some passages from a book, to improve myself in two ways at
once by a sort of stratagem--and seeing Biddy observant of what I
was about.  I laid down my pen, and Biddy stopped in her needlework
without laying it down.

"Biddy," said I, "how do you manage it?  Either I am very stupid, or
you are very clever."

"What is it that I manage?  I don't know," returned Biddy, smiling.

She managed our whole domestic life, and wonderfully too; but I did
not mean that, though that made what I did mean more surprising.

"How do you manage, Biddy," said I, "to learn everything that I
learn, and always to keep up with me?"  I was beginning to be rather
vain of my knowledge, for I spent my birthday guineas on it, and
set aside the greater part of my pocket-money for similar
investment; though I have no doubt, now, that the little I knew was
extremely dear at the price.

"I might as well ask you," said Biddy, "how you manage?"

"No; because when I come in from the forge of a night, any one can
see me turning to at it.  But you never turn to at it, Biddy."

"I suppose I must catch it like a cough," said Biddy, quietly;
and went on with her sewing.

Pursuing my idea as I leaned back in my wooden chair, and looked at
Biddy sewing away with her head on one side, I began to think her
rather an extraordinary girl.  For I called to mind now, that she
was equally accomplished in the terms of our trade, and the names
of our different sorts of work, and our various tools.  In short,
whatever I knew, Biddy knew.  Theoretically, she was already as good
a blacksmith as I, or better.

"You are one of those, Biddy," said I, "who make the most of every
chance.  You never had a chance before you came here, and see how
improved you are!"

Biddy looked at me for an instant, and went on with her sewing.  "I
was your first teacher though; wasn't I?" said she, as she sewed.

"Biddy!" I exclaimed, in amazement.  "Why, you are crying!"

"No I am not," said Biddy, looking up and laughing.  "What put that
in your head?"

What could have put it in my head but the glistening of a tear as
it dropped on her work?  I sat silent, recalling what a drudge she
had been until Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt successfully overcame that
bad habit of living, so highly desirable to be got rid of by some
people.  I recalled the hopeless circumstances by which she had been
surrounded in the miserable little shop and the miserable little
noisy evening school, with that miserable old bundle of
incompetence always to be dragged and shouldered.  I reflected that
even in those untoward times there must have been latent in Biddy
what was now developing, for, in my first uneasiness and discontent
I had turned to her for help, as a matter of course.  Biddy sat
quietly sewing, shedding no more tears, and while I looked at her
and thought about it all, it occurred to me that perhaps I had not
been sufficiently grateful to Biddy.  I might have been too
reserved, and should have patronized her more (though I did not use
that precise word in my meditations) with my confidence.

"Yes, Biddy," I observed, when I had done turning it over, "you
were my first teacher, and that at a time when we little thought of
ever being together like this, in this kitchen."

"Ah, poor thing!" replied Biddy.  It was like her
self-forgetfulness to transfer the remark to my sister, and to get
up and be busy about her, making her more comfortable; "that's
sadly true!"

"Well!" said I, "we must talk together a little more, as we used to
do.  And I must consult you a little more, as I used to do.  Let us
have a quiet walk on the marshes next Sunday, Biddy, and a long

My sister was never left alone now; but Joe more than readily
undertook the care of her on that Sunday afternoon, and Biddy and I
went out together.  It was summer-time, and lovely weather.  When we
had passed the village and the church and the churchyard, and were
out on the marshes and began to see the sails of the ships as they
sailed on, I began to combine Miss Havisham and Estella with the
prospect, in my usual way.  When we came to the river-side and sat
down on the bank, with the water rippling at our feet, making it
all more quiet than it would have been without that sound, I
resolved that it was a good time and place for the admission of
Biddy into my inner confidence.

"Biddy," said I, after binding her to secrecy, "I want to be a

"O, I wouldn't, if I was you!" she returned.  "I don't think it
would answer."

"Biddy," said I, with some severity, "I have particular reasons for
wanting to be a gentleman."

"You know best, Pip; but don't you think you are happier as you

"Biddy," I exclaimed, impatiently, "I am not at all happy as I am.
I am disgusted with my calling and with my life.  I have never taken
to either, since I was bound.  Don't be absurd."

"Was I absurd?" said Biddy, quietly raising her eyebrows; "I am
sorry for that; I didn't mean to be.  I only want you to do well,
and to be comfortable."

"Well, then, understand once for all that I never shall or can be
comfortable--or anything but miserable--there, Biddy!--unless I
can lead a very different sort of life from the life I lead now."

"That's a pity!" said Biddy, shaking her head with a sorrowful air.

Now, I too had so often thought it a pity, that, in the singular
kind of quarrel with myself which I was always carrying on, I was
half inclined to shed tears of vexation and distress when Biddy
gave utterance to her sentiment and my own.  I told her she was
right, and I knew it was much to be regretted, but still it was not
to be helped.

"If I could have settled down," I said to Biddy, plucking up the
short grass within reach, much as I had once upon a time pulled my
feelings out of my hair and kicked them into the brewery wall,--"if
I could have settled down and been but half as fond of the forge as
I was when I was little, I know it would have been much better for
me.  You and I and Joe would have wanted nothing then, and Joe and I
would perhaps have gone partners when I was out of my time, and I
might even have grown up to keep company with you, and we might
have sat on this very bank on a fine Sunday, quite different
people.  I should have been good enough for you; shouldn't I,

Biddy sighed as she looked at the ships sailing on, and returned
for answer, "Yes; I am not over-particular."  It scarcely sounded
flattering, but I knew she meant well.

"Instead of that," said I, plucking up more grass and chewing a
blade or two, "see how I am going on.  Dissatisfied, and
uncomfortable, and--what would it signify to me, being coarse and
common, if nobody had told me so!"

Biddy turned her face suddenly towards mine, and looked far more
attentively at me than she had looked at the sailing ships.

"It was neither a very true nor a very polite thing to say," she
remarked, directing her eyes to the ships again.  "Who said it?"

I was disconcerted, for I had broken away without quite seeing
where I was going to.  It was not to be shuffled off now, however,
and I answered, "The beautiful young lady at Miss Havisham's, and
she's more beautiful than anybody ever was, and I admire her
dreadfully, and I want to be a gentleman on her account."  Having
made this lunatic confession, I began to throw my torn-up grass
into the river, as if I had some thoughts of following it.

"Do you want to be a gentleman, to spite her or to gain her over?"
Biddy quietly asked me, after a pause.

"I don't know," I moodily answered.

"Because, if it is to spite her," Biddy pursued, "I should think--
but you know best--that might be better and more independently
done by caring nothing for her words.  And if it is to gain her
over, I should think--but you know best--she was not worth
gaining over."

Exactly what I myself had thought, many times.  Exactly what was
perfectly manifest to me at the moment.  But how could I, a poor
dazed village lad, avoid that wonderful inconsistency into which
the best and wisest of men fall every day?

"It may be all quite true," said I to Biddy, "but I admire her

In short, I turned over on my face when I came to that, and got a
good grasp on the hair on each side of my head, and wrenched it
well.  All the while knowing the madness of my heart to be so very
mad and misplaced, that I was quite conscious it would have served
my face right, if I had lifted it up by my hair, and knocked it
against the pebbles as a punishment for belonging to such an idiot.

Biddy was the wisest of girls, and she tried to reason no more with
me.  She put her hand, which was a comfortable hand though roughened
by work, upon my hands, one after another, and gently took them out
of my hair.  Then she softly patted my shoulder in a soothing way,
while with my face upon my sleeve I cried a little,--exactly as I
had done in the brewery yard,--and felt vaguely convinced that I
was very much ill-used by somebody, or by everybody; I can't say

"I am glad of one thing," said Biddy, "and that is, that you have
felt you could give me your confidence, Pip.  And I am glad of
another thing, and that is, that of course you know you may depend
upon my keeping it and always so far deserving it.  If your first
teacher (dear! such a poor one, and so much in need of being taught
herself!) had been your teacher at the present time, she thinks she
knows what lesson she would set.  But it would be a hard one to
learn, and you have got beyond her, and it's of no use now."  So,
with a quiet sigh for me, Biddy rose from the bank, and said, with
a fresh and pleasant change of voice, "Shall we walk a little
farther, or go home?"

"Biddy," I cried, getting up, putting my arm round her neck, and
giving her a kiss, "I shall always tell you everything."

"Till you're a gentleman," said Biddy.

"You know I never shall be, so that's always.  Not that I have any
occasion to tell you anything, for you know everything I know,--as
I told you at home the other night."

"Ah!" said Biddy, quite in a whisper, as she looked away at the
ships.  And then repeated, with her former pleasant change, "shall
we walk a little farther, or go home?"

I said to Biddy we would walk a little farther, and we did so, and
the summer afternoon toned down into the summer evening, and it was
very beautiful.  I began to consider whether I was not more
naturally and wholesomely situated, after all, in these
circumstances, than playing beggar my neighbor by candle-light in
the room with the stopped clocks, and being despised by Estella.  I
thought it would be very good for me if I could get her out of my
head, with all the rest of those remembrances and fancies, and
could go to work determined to relish what I had to do, and stick
to it, and make the best of it.  I asked myself the question whether
I did not surely know that if Estella were beside me at that moment
instead of Biddy, she would make me miserable?  I was obliged to
admit that I did know it for a certainty, and I said to myself,
"Pip, what a fool you are!"

We talked a good deal as we walked, and all that Biddy said seemed
right.  Biddy was never insulting, or capricious, or Biddy to-day
and somebody else to-morrow; she would have derived only pain, and
no pleasure, from giving me pain; she would far rather have wounded
her own breast than mine.  How could it be, then, that I did not
like her much the better of the two?

"Biddy," said I, when we were walking homeward, "I wish you could
put me right."

"I wish I could!" said Biddy.

"If I could only get myself to fall in love with you,--you don't
mind my speaking so openly to such an old acquaintance?"

"Oh dear, not at all!" said Biddy.  "Don't mind me."

"If I could only get myself to do it, that would be the thing for

"But you never will, you see," said Biddy.

It did not appear quite so unlikely to me that evening, as it would
have done if we had discussed it a few hours before.  I therefore
observed I was not quite sure of that.  But Biddy said she was, and
she said it decisively.  In my heart I believed her to be right; and
yet I took it rather ill, too, that she should be so positive on
the point.

When we came near the churchyard, we had to cross an embankment,
and get over a stile near a sluice-gate.  There started up, from the
gate, or from the rushes, or from the ooze (which was quite in his
stagnant way), Old Orlick.

"Halloa!" he growled, "where are you two going?"

"Where should we be going, but home?"

"Well, then," said he, "I'm jiggered if I don't see you home!"

This penalty of being jiggered was a favorite supposititious case
of his.  He attached no definite meaning to the word that I am aware
of, but used it, like his own pretended Christian name, to affront
mankind, and convey an idea of something savagely damaging.  When I
was younger, I had had a general belief that if he had jiggered me
personally, he would have done it with a sharp and twisted hook.

Biddy was much against his going with us, and said to me in a
whisper, "Don't let him come; I don't like him."  As I did not like
him either, I took the liberty of saying that we thanked him, but
we didn't want seeing home.  He received that piece of information
with a yell of laughter, and dropped back, but came slouching after
us at a little distance.

Curious to know whether Biddy suspected him of having had a hand in
that murderous attack of which my sister had never been able to
give any account, I asked her why she did not like him.

"Oh!" she replied, glancing over her shoulder as he slouched after
us, "because I--I am afraid he likes me."

"Did he ever tell you he liked you?" I asked indignantly.

"No," said Biddy, glancing over her shoulder again, "he never told
me so; but he dances at me, whenever he can catch my eye."

However novel and peculiar this testimony of attachment, I did not
doubt the accuracy of the interpretation.  I was very hot indeed
upon Old Orlick's daring to admire her; as hot as if it were an
outrage on myself.

"But it makes no difference to you, you know," said Biddy, calmly.

"No, Biddy, it makes no difference to me; only I don't like it; I
don't approve of it."

"Nor I neither," said Biddy.  "Though that makes no difference to

"Exactly," said I; "but I must tell you I should have no opinion of
you, Biddy, if he danced at you with your own consent."

I kept an eye on Orlick after that night, and, whenever
circumstances were favorable to his dancing at Biddy, got before
him to obscure that demonstration.  He had struck root in Joe's
establishment, by reason of my sister's sudden fancy for him, or I
should have tried to get him dismissed.  He quite understood and
reciprocated my good intentions, as I had reason to know

And now, because my mind was not confused enough before, I
complicated its confusion fifty thousand-fold, by having states and
seasons when I was clear that Biddy was immeasurably better than
Estella, and that the plain honest working life to which I was
born had nothing in it to be ashamed of, but offered me sufficient
means of self-respect and happiness.  At those times, I would decide
conclusively that my disaffection to dear old Joe and the forge
was gone, and that I was growing up in a fair way to be partners
with Joe and to keep company with Biddy,--when all in a moment some
confounding remembrance of the Havisham days would fall upon me
like a destructive missile, and scatter my wits again.  Scattered
wits take a long time picking up; and often before I had got them
well together, they would be dispersed in all directions by one
stray thought, that perhaps after all Miss Havisham was going to
make my fortune when my time was out.

If my time had run out, it would have left me still at the height
of my perplexities, I dare say.  It never did run out, however, but
was brought to a premature end, as I proceed to relate.

Chapter XVIII

It was in the fourth year of my apprenticeship to Joe, and it was a
Saturday night.  There was a group assembled round the fire at the
Three Jolly Bargemen, attentive to Mr. Wopsle as he read the
newspaper aloud.  Of that group I was one.

A highly popular murder had been committed, and Mr. Wopsle was
imbrued in blood to the eyebrows.  He gloated over every abhorrent
adjective in the description, and identified himself with every
witness at the Inquest.  He faintly moaned, "I am done for," as the
victim, and he barbarously bellowed, "I'll serve you out," as the
murderer.  He gave the medical testimony, in pointed imitation of
our local practitioner; and he piped and shook, as the aged
turnpike-keeper who had heard blows, to an extent so very paralytic
as to suggest a doubt regarding the mental competency of that
witness.  The coroner, in Mr. Wopsle's hands, became Timon of Athens;
the beadle, Coriolanus.  He enjoyed himself thoroughly, and we all
enjoyed ourselves, and were delightfully comfortable.  In this cosey
state of mind we came to the verdict Wilful Murder.

Then, and not sooner, I became aware of a strange gentleman leaning
over the back of the settle opposite me, looking on.  There was an
expression of contempt on his face, and he bit the side of a great
forefinger as he watched the group of faces.

"Well!" said the stranger to Mr. Wopsle, when the reading was done,
"you have settled it all to your own satisfaction, I have no

Everybody started and looked up, as if it were the murderer.  He
looked at everybody coldly and sarcastically.

"Guilty, of course?" said he.  "Out with it.  Come!"

"Sir," returned Mr. Wopsle, "without having the honor of your
acquaintance, I do say Guilty."  Upon this we all took courage to
unite in a confirmatory murmur.

"I know you do," said the stranger; "I knew you would.  I told you
so.  But now I'll ask you a question.  Do you know, or do you not
know, that the law of England supposes every man to be innocent,
until he is proved-proved--to be guilty?"

"Sir," Mr. Wopsle began to reply, "as an Englishman myself, I--"

"Come!" said the stranger, biting his forefinger at him.  "Don't
evade the question.  Either you know it, or you don't know it.  Which
is it to be?"

He stood with his head on one side and himself on one side, in a
Bullying, interrogative manner, and he threw his forefinger at Mr.
Wopsle,--as it were to mark him out--before biting it again.

"Now!" said he.  "Do you know it, or don't you know it?"

"Certainly I know it," replied Mr. Wopsle.

"Certainly you know it.  Then why didn't you say so at first?  Now,
I'll ask you another question,"--taking possession of Mr. Wopsle, as
if he had a right to him,--"do you know that none of these witnesses
have yet been cross-examined?"

Mr. Wopsle was beginning, "I can only say--" when the stranger
stopped him.

"What?  You won't answer the question, yes or no?  Now, I'll try you
again."  Throwing his finger at him again.  "Attend to me.  Are you
aware, or are you not aware, that none of these witnesses have yet
been cross-examined?  Come, I only want one word from you.  Yes, or

Mr. Wopsle hesitated, and we all began to conceive rather a poor
opinion of him.

"Come!" said the stranger, "I'll help you.  You don't deserve help,
but I'll help you.  Look at that paper you hold in your hand.  What
is it?"

"What is it?" repeated Mr. Wopsle, eyeing it, much at a loss.

"Is it," pursued the stranger in his most sarcastic and suspicious
manner, "the printed paper you have just been reading from?"


"Undoubtedly.  Now, turn to that paper, and tell me whether it
distinctly states that the prisoner expressly said that his legal
advisers instructed him altogether to reserve his defence?"

"I read that just now," Mr. Wopsle pleaded.

"Never mind what you read just now, sir; I don't ask you what you
read just now.  You may read the Lord's Prayer backwards, if you
like,--and, perhaps, have done it before to-day.  Turn to the paper.
No, no, no my friend; not to the top of the column; you know better
than that; to the bottom, to the bottom."  (We all began to think Mr.
Wopsle full of subterfuge.)  "Well?  Have you found it?"

"Here it is," said Mr. Wopsle.

"Now, follow that passage with your eye, and tell me whether it
distinctly states that the prisoner expressly said that he was
instructed by his legal advisers wholly to reserve his defence?
Come!  Do you make that of it?"

Mr. Wopsle answered, "Those are not the exact words."

"Not the exact words!" repeated the gentleman bitterly.  "Is that
the exact substance?"

"Yes," said Mr. Wopsle.

"Yes," repeated the stranger, looking round at the rest of the
company with his right hand extended towards the witness, Wopsle.
"And now I ask you what you say to the conscience of that man who,
with that passage before his eyes, can lay his head upon his pillow
after having pronounced a fellow-creature guilty, unheard?"

We all began to suspect that Mr. Wopsle was not the man we had
thought him, and that he was beginning to be found out.

"And that same man, remember," pursued the gentleman, throwing his
finger at Mr. Wopsle heavily,--"that same man might be summoned as a
juryman upon this very trial, and, having thus deeply committed
himself, might return to the bosom of his family and lay his head
upon his pillow, after deliberately swearing that he would well and
truly try the issue joined between Our Sovereign Lord the King and
the prisoner at the bar, and would a true verdict give according to
the evidence, so help him God!"

We were all deeply persuaded that the unfortunate Wopsle had gone
too far, and had better stop in his reckless career while there was
yet time.

The strange gentleman, with an air of authority not to be disputed,
and with a manner expressive of knowing something secret about
every one of us that would effectually do for each individual if he
chose to disclose it, left the back of the settle, and came into
the space between the two settles, in front of the fire, where he
remained standing, his left hand in his pocket, and he biting the
forefinger of his right.

"From information I have received," said he, looking round at us as
we all quailed before him, "I have reason to believe there is a
blacksmith among you, by name Joseph--or Joe--Gargery.  Which is
the man?"

"Here is the man," said Joe.

The strange gentleman beckoned him out of his place, and Joe went.

"You have an apprentice," pursued the stranger, "commonly known as
Pip?  Is he here?"

"I am here!" I cried.

The stranger did not recognize me, but I recognized him as the
gentleman I had met on the stairs, on the occasion of my second
visit to Miss Havisham.  I had known him the moment I saw him
looking over the settle, and now that I stood confronting him with
his hand upon my shoulder, I checked off again in detail his large
head, his dark complexion, his deep-set eyes, his bushy black
eyebrows, his large watch-chain, his strong black dots of beard and
whisker, and even the smell of scented soap on his great hand.

"I wish to have a private conference with you two," said he, when
he had surveyed me at his leisure.  "It will take a little time.
Perhaps we had better go to your place of residence.  I prefer not
to anticipate my communication here; you will impart as much or as
little of it as you please to your friends afterwards; I have
nothing to do with that."

Amidst a wondering silence, we three walked out of the Jolly
Bargemen, and in a wondering silence walked home.  While going
along, the strange gentleman occasionally looked at me, and
occasionally bit the side of his finger.  As we neared home, Joe
vaguely acknowledging the occasion as an impressive and ceremonious
one, went on ahead to open the front door.  Our conference was held
in the state parlor, which was feebly lighted by one candle.

It began with the strange gentleman's sitting down at the table,
drawing the candle to him, and looking over some entries in his
pocket-book.  He then put up the pocket-book and set the candle a
little aside, after peering round it into the darkness at Joe and
me, to ascertain which was which.

"My name," he said, "is Jaggers, and I am a lawyer in London.  I am
pretty well known.  I have unusual business to transact with you,
and I commence by explaining that it is not of my originating.  If
my advice had been asked, I should not have been here.  It was not
asked, and you see me here.  What I have to do as the confidential
agent of another, I do.  No less, no more."

Finding that he could not see us very well from where he sat, he
got up, and threw one leg over the back of a chair and leaned upon
it; thus having one foot on the seat of the chair, and one foot on
the ground.

"Now, Joseph Gargery, I am the bearer of an offer to relieve you of
this young fellow your apprentice.  You would not object to cancel
his indentures at his request and for his good?  You would want
nothing for so doing?"

"Lord forbid that I should want anything for not standing in Pip's
way," said Joe, staring.

"Lord forbidding is pious, but not to the purpose," returned Mr.
Jaggers.  "The question is, Would you want anything?  Do you want

"The answer is," returned Joe, sternly, "No."

I thought Mr. Jaggers glanced at Joe, as if he considered him a fool
for his disinterestedness.  But I was too much bewildered between
breathless curiosity and surprise, to be sure of it.

"Very well," said Mr. Jaggers.  "Recollect the admission you have
made, and don't try to go from it presently."

"Who's a going to try?" retorted Joe.

"I don't say anybody is.  Do you keep a dog?"

"Yes, I do keep a dog."

"Bear in mind then, that Brag is a good dog, but Holdfast is a
better.  Bear that in mind, will you?" repeated Mr. Jaggers, shutting
his eyes and nodding his head at Joe, as if he were forgiving him
something.  "Now, I return to this young fellow.  And the
communication I have got to make is, that he has Great

Joe and I gasped, and looked at one another.

"I am instructed to communicate to him," said Mr. Jaggers, throwing
his finger at me sideways, "that he will come into a handsome
property.  Further, that it is the desire of the present possessor
of that property, that he be immediately removed from his present
sphere of life and from this place, and be brought up as a
gentleman,--in a word, as a young fellow of great expectations."

My dream was out; my wild fancy was surpassed by sober reality;
Miss Havisham was going to make my fortune on a grand scale.

"Now, Mr. Pip," pursued the lawyer, "I address the rest of what I
have to say, to you.  You are to understand, first, that it is the
request of the person from whom I take my instructions that you
always bear the name of Pip.  You will have no objection, I dare
say, to your great expectations being encumbered with that easy
condition.  But if you have any objection, this is the time to
mention it."

My heart was beating so fast, and there was such a singing in my
ears, that I could scarcely stammer I had no objection.

"I should think not!  Now you are to understand, secondly, Mr. Pip,
that the name of the person who is your liberal benefactor remains
a profound secret, until the person chooses to reveal it.  I am
empowered to mention that it is the intention of the person to
reveal it at first hand by word of mouth to yourself.  When or where
that intention may be carried out, I cannot say; no one can say.  It
may be years hence.  Now, you are distinctly to understand that you
are most positively prohibited from making any inquiry on this
head, or any allusion or reference, however distant, to any
individual whomsoever as the individual, in all the communications
you may have with me.  If you have a suspicion in your own breast,
keep that suspicion in your own breast.  It is not the least to the
purpose what the reasons of this prohibition are; they may be the
strongest and gravest reasons, or they may be mere whim.  This is
not for you to inquire into.  The condition is laid down.  Your
acceptance of it, and your observance of it as binding, is the only
remaining condition that I am charged with, by the person from whom
I take my instructions, and for whom I am not otherwise
responsible.  That person is the person from whom you derive your
expectations, and the secret is solely held by that person and by
me.  Again, not a very difficult condition with which to encumber
such a rise in fortune; but if you have any objection to it, this
is the time to mention it.  Speak out."

Once more, I stammered with difficulty that I had no objection.

"I should think not!  Now, Mr. Pip, I have done with stipulations."
Though he called me Mr. Pip, and began rather to make up to me, he
still could not get rid of a certain air of bullying suspicion; and
even now he occasionally shut his eyes and threw his finger at me
while he spoke, as much as to express that he knew all kinds of
things to my disparagement, if he only chose to mention them.  "We
come next, to mere details of arrangement.  You must know that,
although I have used the term "expectations" more than once, you
are not endowed with expectations only.  There is already lodged in
my hands a sum of money amply sufficient for your suitable
education and maintenance.  You will please consider me your
guardian.  Oh!" for I was going to thank him, "I tell you at once, I
am paid for my services, or I shouldn't render them.  It is
considered that you must be better educated, in accordance with
your altered position, and that you will be alive to the importance
and necessity of at once entering on that advantage."

I said I had always longed for it.

"Never mind what you have always longed for, Mr. Pip," he retorted;
"keep to the record.  If you long for it now, that's enough.  Am I
answered that you are ready to be placed at once under some proper
tutor?  Is that it?"

I stammered yes, that was it.

"Good.  Now, your inclinations are to be consulted.  I don't think
that wise, mind, but it's my trust.  Have you ever heard of any
tutor whom you would prefer to another?"

I had never heard of any tutor but Biddy and Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt;
so, I replied in the negative.

"There is a certain tutor, of whom I have some knowledge, who I
think might suit the purpose," said Mr. Jaggers.  "I don't recommend
him, observe; because I never recommend anybody.  The gentleman I
speak of is one Mr. Matthew Pocket."

Ah!  I caught at the name directly.  Miss Havisham's relation.  The
Matthew whom Mr. and Mrs. Camilla had spoken of.  The Matthew whose
place was to be at Miss Havisham's head, when she lay dead, in her
bride's dress on the bride's table.

"You know the name?" said Mr. Jaggers, looking shrewdly at me, and
then shutting up his eyes while he waited for my answer.

My answer was, that I had heard of the name.

"Oh!" said he.  "You have heard of the name.  But the question is,
what do you say of it?"

I said, or tried to say, that I was much obliged to him for his

"No, my young friend!" he interrupted, shaking his great head very
slowly.  "Recollect yourself!"

Not recollecting myself, I began again that I was much obliged to
him for his recommendation--

"No, my young friend," he interrupted, shaking his head and
frowning and smiling both at once,--"no, no, no; it's very well
done, but it won't do; you are too young to fix me with it.
Recommendation is not the word, Mr. Pip.  Try another."

Correcting myself, I said that I was much obliged to him for his
mention of Mr. Matthew Pocket--

"That's more like it!" cried Mr. Jaggers.

--And (I added), I would gladly try that gentleman.

"Good.  You had better try him in his own house.  The way shall be
prepared for you, and you can see his son first, who is in London.
When will you come to London?"

I said (glancing at Joe, who stood looking on, motionless), that I
supposed I could come directly.

"First," said Mr. Jaggers, "you should have some new clothes to come
in, and they should not be working-clothes.  Say this day week.
You'll want some money.  Shall I leave you twenty guineas?"

He produced a long purse, with the greatest coolness, and counted
them out on the table and pushed them over to me.  This was the
first time he had taken his leg from the chair.  He sat astride of
the chair when he had pushed the money over, and sat swinging his
purse and eyeing Joe.

"Well, Joseph Gargery?  You look dumbfoundered?"

"I am!" said Joe, in a very decided manner.

"It was understood that you wanted nothing for yourself, remember?"

"It were understood," said Joe.  "And it are understood.  And it ever
will be similar according."

"But what," said Mr. Jaggers, swinging his purse,--"what if it was in
my instructions to make you a present, as compensation?"

"As compensation what for?" Joe demanded.

"For the loss of his services."

Joe laid his hand upon my shoulder with the touch of a woman.  I
have often thought him since, like the steam-hammer that can crush
a man or pat an egg-shell, in his combination of strength with
gentleness.  "Pip is that hearty welcome," said Joe, "to go free
with his services, to honor and fortun', as no words can tell him.
But if you think as Money can make compensation to me for the loss
of the little child--what come to the forge--and ever the best of

O dear good Joe, whom I was so ready to leave and so unthankful to,
I see you again, with your muscular blacksmith's arm before your
eyes, and your broad chest heaving, and your voice dying away.  O
dear good faithful tender Joe, I feel the loving tremble of your
hand upon my arm, as solemnly this day as if it had been the rustle
of an angel's wing!

But I encouraged Joe at the time.  I was lost in the mazes of my
future fortunes, and could not retrace the by-paths we had trodden
together.  I begged Joe to be comforted, for (as he said) we had
ever been the best of friends, and (as I said) we ever would be so.
Joe scooped his eyes with his disengaged wrist, as if he were bent
on gouging himself, but said not another word.

Mr. Jaggers had looked on at this, as one who recognized in Joe the
village idiot, and in me his keeper.  When it was over, he said,
weighing in his hand the purse he had ceased to swing:--

"Now, Joseph Gargery, I warn you this is your last chance.  No half
measures with me.  If you mean to take a present that I have it in
charge to make you, speak out, and you shall have it.  If on the
contrary you mean to say--" Here, to his great amazement, he was
stopped by Joe's suddenly working round him with every
demonstration of a fell pugilistic purpose.

"Which I meantersay," cried Joe, "that if you come into my place
bull-baiting and badgering me, come out!  Which I meantersay as sech
if you're a man, come on!  Which I meantersay that what I say, I
meantersay and stand or fall by!"

I drew Joe away, and he immediately became placable; merely stating
to me, in an obliging manner and as a polite expostulatory notice
to any one whom it might happen to concern, that he were not a
going to be bull-baited and badgered in his own place.  Mr. Jaggers
had risen when Joe demonstrated, and had backed near the door.
Without evincing any inclination to come in again, he there
delivered his valedictory remarks.  They were these.

"Well, Mr. Pip, I think the sooner you leave here--as you are to be
a gentleman--the better.  Let it stand for this day week, and you
shall receive my printed address in the meantime.  You can take a
hackney-coach at the stage-coach office in London, and come
straight to me.  Understand, that I express no opinion, one way or
other, on the trust I undertake.  I am paid for undertaking it, and
I do so.  Now, understand that, finally.  Understand that!"

He was throwing his finger at both of us, and I think would have
gone on, but for his seeming to think Joe dangerous, and going off.

Something came into my head which induced me to run after him, as
he was going down to the Jolly Bargemen, where he had left a hired

"I beg your pardon, Mr. Jaggers."

"Halloa!" said he, facing round, "what's the matter?"

"I wish to be quite right, Mr. Jaggers, and to keep to your
directions; so I thought I had better ask.  Would there be any
objection to my taking leave of any one I know, about here, before
I go away?"

"No," said he, looking as if he hardly understood me.

"I don't mean in the village only, but up town?"

"No," said he.  "No objection."

I thanked him and ran home again, and there I found that Joe had
already locked the front door and vacated the state parlor, and
was seated by the kitchen fire with a hand on each knee, gazing
intently at the burning coals.  I too sat down before the fire and
gazed at the coals, and nothing was said for a long time.

My sister was in her cushioned chair in her corner, and Biddy sat
at her needle-work before the fire, and Joe sat next Biddy, and I
sat next Joe in the corner opposite my sister.  The more I looked
into the glowing coals, the more incapable I became of looking at
Joe; the longer the silence lasted, the more unable I felt to

At length I got out, "Joe, have you told Biddy?"

"No, Pip," returned Joe, still looking at the fire, and holding his
knees tight, as if he had private information that they intended to
make off somewhere, "which I left it to yourself, Pip."

"I would rather you told, Joe."

"Pip's a gentleman of fortun' then," said Joe, "and God bless him
in it!"

Biddy dropped her work, and looked at me.  Joe held his knees and
looked at me.  I looked at both of them.  After a pause, they both
heartily congratulated me; but there was a certain touch of sadness
in their congratulations that I rather resented.

I took it upon myself to impress Biddy (and through Biddy, Joe)
with the grave obligation I considered my friends under, to know
nothing and say nothing about the maker of my fortune.  It would all
come out in good time, I observed, and in the meanwhile nothing was
to be said, save that I had come into great expectations from a
mysterious patron.  Biddy nodded her head thoughtfully at the fire
as she took up her work again, and said she would be very
particular; and Joe, still detaining his knees, said, "Ay, ay, I'll
be ekervally partickler, Pip;" and then they congratulated me
again, and went on to express so much wonder at the notion of my
being a gentleman that I didn't half like it.

Infinite pains were then taken by Biddy to convey to my sister some
idea of what had happened.  To the best of my belief, those efforts
entirely failed.  She laughed and nodded her head a great many
times, and even repeated after Biddy, the words "Pip" and
"Property."  But I doubt if they had more meaning in them than an
election cry, and I cannot suggest a darker picture of her state of

I never could have believed it without experience, but as Joe and
Biddy became more at their cheerful ease again, I became quite
gloomy.  Dissatisfied with my fortune, of course I could not be; but
it is possible that I may have been, without quite knowing it,
dissatisfied with myself.

Any how, I sat with my elbow on my knee and my face upon my hand,
looking into the fire, as those two talked about my going away, and
about what they should do without me, and all that.  And whenever I
caught one of them looking at me, though never so pleasantly (and
they often looked at me,--particularly Biddy), I felt offended:  as
if they were expressing some mistrust of me.  Though Heaven knows
they never did by word or sign.

At those times I would get up and look out at the door; for our
kitchen door opened at once upon the night, and stood open on
summer evenings to air the room.  The very stars to which I then
raised my eyes, I am afraid I took to be but poor and humble stars
for glittering on the rustic objects among which I had passed my

"Saturday night," said I, when we sat at our supper of
bread and cheese and beer.  "Five more days, and then the day before
the day!  They'll soon go."

"Yes, Pip," observed Joe, whose voice sounded hollow in his beer-
mug.  "They'll soon go."

"Soon, soon go," said Biddy.

"I have been thinking, Joe, that when I go down town on Monday, and
order my new clothes, I shall tell the tailor that I'll come and
put them on there, or that I'll have them sent to Mr. Pumblechook's.
It would be very disagreeable to be stared at by all the people

"Mr. and Mrs. Hubble might like to see you in your new gen-teel figure
too, Pip," said Joe, industriously cutting his bread, with his
cheese on it, in the palm of his left hand, and glancing at my
untasted supper as if he thought of the time when we used to
compare slices.  "So might Wopsle.  And the Jolly Bargemen might take
it as a compliment."

"That's just what I don't want, Joe.  They would make such a
business of it,--such a coarse and common business,--that I
couldn't bear myself."

"Ah, that indeed, Pip!" said Joe.  "If you couldn't abear

Biddy asked me here, as she sat holding my sister's plate, "Have
you thought about when you'll show yourself to Mr. Gargery, and your
sister and me?  You will show yourself to us; won't you?"

"Biddy," I returned with some resentment, "you are so exceedingly
quick that it's difficult to keep up with you."

("She always were quick," observed Joe.)

"If you had waited another moment, Biddy, you would have heard me
say that I shall bring my clothes here in a bundle one evening,--
most likely on the evening before I go away."

Biddy said no more.  Handsomely forgiving her, I soon exchanged an
affectionate good night with her and Joe, and went up to bed.  When
I got into my little room, I sat down and took a long look at it,
as a mean little room that I should soon be parted from and raised
above, for ever. It was furnished with fresh young remembrances
too, and even at the same moment I fell into much the same confused
division of mind between it and the better rooms to which I was
going, as I had been in so often between the forge and Miss
Havisham's, and Biddy and Estella.

The sun had been shining brightly all day on the roof of my attic,
and the room was warm.  As I put the window open and stood looking
out, I saw Joe come slowly forth at the dark door, below, and take a
turn or two in the air; and then I saw Biddy come, and bring him a
pipe and light it for him.  He never smoked so late, and it seemed
to hint to me that he wanted comforting, for some reason or other.

He presently stood at the door immediately beneath me, smoking his
pipe, and Biddy stood there too, quietly talking to him, and I knew
that they talked of me, for I heard my name mentioned in an
endearing tone by both of them more than once.  I would not have
listened for more, if I could have heard more; so I drew away from
the window, and sat down in my one chair by the bedside, feeling it
very sorrowful and strange that this first night of my bright
fortunes should be the loneliest I had ever known.

Looking towards the open window, I saw light wreaths from Joe's
pipe floating there, and I fancied it was like a blessing from Joe,
--not obtruded on me or paraded before me, but pervading the air we
shared together.  I put my light out, and crept into bed; and it was
an uneasy bed now, and I never slept the old sound sleep in it any

Chapter XIX

Morning made a considerable difference in my general prospect of
Life, and brightened it so much that it scarcely seemed the same.
What lay heaviest on my mind was, the consideration that six days
intervened between me and the day of departure; for I could not
divest myself of a misgiving that something might happen to London
in the meanwhile, and that, when I got there, it would be either
greatly deteriorated or clean gone.

Joe and Biddy were very sympathetic and pleasant when I spoke of
our approaching separation; but they only referred to it when I
did.  After breakfast, Joe brought out my indentures from the press
in the best parlor, and we put them in the fire, and I felt that I
was free.  With all the novelty of my emancipation on me, I went to
church with Joe, and thought perhaps the clergyman wouldn't have
read that about the rich man and the kingdom of Heaven, if he had
known all.

After our early dinner, I strolled out alone, purposing to finish
off the marshes at once, and get them done with.  As I passed the
church, I felt (as I had felt during service in the morning) a
sublime compassion for the poor creatures who were destined to go
there, Sunday after Sunday, all their lives through, and to lie
obscurely at last among the low green mounds.  I promised myself
that I would do something for them one of these days, and formed a
plan in outline for bestowing a dinner of roast-beef and
plum-pudding, a pint of ale, and a gallon of condescension, upon
everybody in the village.

If I had often thought before, with something allied to shame, of
my companionship with the fugitive whom I had once seen limping
among those graves, what were my thoughts on this Sunday, when the
place recalled the wretch, ragged and shivering, with his felon
iron and badge!  My comfort was, that it happened a long time ago,
and that he had doubtless been transported a long way off, and that
he was dead to me, and might be veritably dead into the bargain.

No more low, wet grounds, no more dikes and sluices, no more of
these grazing cattle,--though they seemed, in their dull manner, to
wear a more respectful air now, and to face round, in order that
they might stare as long as possible at the possessor of such great
expectations,--farewell, monotonous acquaintances of my childhood,
henceforth I was for London and greatness; not for smith's work in
general, and for you!  I made my exultant way to the old Battery,
and, lying down there to consider the question whether Miss
Havisham intended me for Estella, fell asleep.

When I awoke, I was much surprised to find Joe sitting beside me,
smoking his pipe.  He greeted me with a cheerful smile on my opening
my eyes, and said,--

"As being the last time, Pip, I thought I'd foller."

"And Joe, I am very glad you did so."

"Thankee, Pip."

"You may be sure, dear Joe," I went on, after we had shaken hands,
"that I shall never forget you."

"No, no, Pip!" said Joe, in a comfortable tone, "I'm sure of that.
Ay, ay, old chap!  Bless you, it were only necessary to get it well
round in a man's mind, to be certain on it.  But it took a bit of
time to get it well round, the change come so oncommon plump;
didn't it?"

Somehow, I was not best pleased with Joe's being so mightily secure
of me.  I should have liked him to have betrayed emotion, or to have
said, "It does you credit, Pip," or something of that sort.
Therefore, I made no remark on Joe's first head; merely saying as
to his second, that the tidings had indeed come suddenly, but that
I had always wanted to be a gentleman, and had often and often
speculated on what I would do, if I were one.

"Have you though?" said Joe.  "Astonishing!"

"It's a pity now, Joe," said I, "that you did not get on a little
more, when we had our lessons here; isn't it?"

"Well, I don't know," returned Joe.  "I'm so awful dull.  I'm only
master of my own trade.  It were always a pity as I was so awful
dull; but it's no more of a pity now, than it was--this day
twelvemonth--don't you see?"

What I had meant was, that when I came into my property and was
able to do something for Joe, it would have been much more
agreeable if he had been better qualified for a rise in station.  He
was so perfectly innocent of my meaning, however, that I thought I
would mention it to Biddy in preference.

So, when we had walked home and had had tea, I took Biddy into our
little garden by the side of the lane, and, after throwing out in a
general way for the elevation of her spirits, that I should never
forget her, said I had a favor to ask of her.

"And it is, Biddy," said I, "that you will not omit any opportunity
of helping Joe on, a little."

"How helping him on?" asked Biddy, with a steady sort of glance.

"Well!  Joe is a dear good fellow,--in fact, I think he is the
dearest fellow that ever lived,--but he is rather backward in some
things.  For instance, Biddy, in his learning and his manners."

Although I was looking at Biddy as I spoke, and although she opened
her eyes very wide when I had spoken, she did not look at me.

"O, his manners! won't his manners do then?" asked Biddy,
plucking a black-currant leaf.

"My dear Biddy, they do very well here--"

"O! they do very well here?" interrupted Biddy, looking closely at
the leaf in her hand.

"Hear me out,--but if I were to remove Joe into a higher sphere, as
I shall hope to remove him when I fully come into my property, they
would hardly do him justice."

"And don't you think he knows that?" asked Biddy.

It was such a very provoking question (for it had never in the most
distant manner occurred to me), that I said, snappishly,--

"Biddy, what do you mean?"

Biddy, having rubbed the leaf to pieces between her hands,--and the
smell of a black-currant bush has ever since recalled to me that
evening in the little garden by the side of the lane,--said, "Have
you never considered that he may be proud?"

"Proud?" I repeated, with disdainful emphasis.

"O! there are many kinds of pride," said Biddy, looking full at me
and shaking her head; "pride is not all of one kind--"

"Well?  What are you stopping for?" said I.

"Not all of one kind," resumed Biddy.  "He may be too proud to let
any one take him out of a place that he is competent to fill, and
fills well and with respect.  To tell you the truth, I think he is;
though it sounds bold in me to say so, for you must know him far
better than I do."

"Now, Biddy," said I, "I am very sorry to see this in you.  I did
not expect to see this in you.  You are envious, Biddy, and
grudging.  You are dissatisfied on account of my rise in fortune,
and you can't help showing it."

"If you have the heart to think so," returned Biddy, "say so.  Say
so over and over again, if you have the heart to think so."

"If you have the heart to be so, you mean, Biddy," said I, in a
virtuous and superior tone; "don't put it off upon me.  I am very
sorry to see it, and it's a--it's a bad side of human nature.  I
did intend to ask you to use any little opportunities you might
have after I was gone, of improving dear Joe.  But after this I ask
you nothing.  I am extremely sorry to see this in you, Biddy," I
repeated.  "It's a--it's a bad side of human nature."

"Whether you scold me or approve of me," returned poor Biddy, "you
may equally depend upon my trying to do all that lies in my power,
here, at all times.  And whatever opinion you take away of me, shall
make no difference in my remembrance of you.  Yet a gentleman should
not be unjust neither," said Biddy, turning away her head.

I again warmly repeated that it was a bad side of human nature (in
which sentiment, waiving its application, I have since seen reason
to think I was right), and I walked down the little path away from
Biddy, and Biddy went into the house, and I went out at the garden
gate and took a dejected stroll until supper-time; again feeling it
very sorrowful and strange that this, the second night of my bright
fortunes, should be as lonely and unsatisfactory as the first.

But, morning once more brightened my view, and I extended my
clemency to Biddy, and we dropped the subject.  Putting on the best
clothes I had, I went into town as early as I could hope to find
the shops open, and presented myself before Mr. Trabb, the tailor,
who was having his breakfast in the parlor behind his shop, and
who did not think it worth his while to come out to me, but called
me in to him.

"Well!" said Mr. Trabb, in a hail-fellow-well-met kind of way.  "How
are you, and what can I do for you?"

Mr. Trabb had sliced his hot roll into three feather-beds, and was
slipping butter in between the blankets, and covering it up.  He was
a prosperous old bachelor, and his open window looked into a
prosperous little garden and orchard, and there was a prosperous
iron safe let into the wall at the side of his fireplace, and I did
not doubt that heaps of his prosperity were put away in it in bags.

"Mr. Trabb," said I, "it's an unpleasant thing to have to mention,
because it looks like boasting; but I have come into a handsome

A change passed over Mr. Trabb.  He forgot the butter in bed, got up
from the bedside, and wiped his fingers on the tablecloth,
exclaiming, "Lord bless my soul!"

"I am going up to my guardian in London," said I, casually drawing
some guineas out of my pocket and looking at them; "and I want a
fashionable suit of clothes to go in.  I wish to pay for them," I
added--otherwise I thought he might only pretend to make them,
"with ready money."

"My dear sir," said Mr. Trabb, as he respectfully bent his body,
opened his arms, and took the liberty of touching me on the outside
of each elbow, "don't hurt me by mentioning that.  May I venture to
congratulate you?  Would you do me the favor of stepping into the

Mr. Trabb's boy was the most audacious boy in all that country-side.
When I had entered he was sweeping the shop, and he had sweetened
his labors by sweeping over me.  He was still sweeping when I came
out into the shop with Mr. Trabb, and he knocked the broom against
all possible corners and obstacles, to express (as I understood it)
equality with any blacksmith, alive or dead.

"Hold that noise," said Mr. Trabb, with the greatest sternness, "or
I'll knock your head off!--Do me the favor to be seated, sir.  Now,
this," said Mr. Trabb, taking down a roll of cloth, and tiding it
out in a flowing manner over the counter, preparatory to getting
his hand under it to show the gloss, "is a very sweet article.  I
can recommend it for your purpose, sir, because it really is extra
super.  But you shall see some others.  Give me Number Four, you!"
(To the boy, and with a dreadfully severe stare; foreseeing the
danger of that miscreant's brushing me with it, or making some
other sign of familiarity.)

Mr. Trabb never removed his stern eye from the boy until he had
deposited number four on the counter and was at a safe distance
again.  Then he commanded him to bring number five, and number
eight.  "And let me have none of your tricks here," said Mr. Trabb,
"or you shall repent it, you young scoundrel, the longest day you
have to live."

Mr. Trabb then bent over number four, and in a sort of deferential
confidence recommended it to me as a light article for summer wear,
an article much in vogue among the nobility and gentry, an article
that it would ever be an honor to him to reflect upon a
distinguished fellow-townsman's (if he might claim me for a
fellow-townsman) having worn.  "Are you bringing numbers five and
eight, you vagabond," said Mr. Trabb to the boy after that, "or
shall I kick you out of the shop and bring them myself?"

I selected the materials for a suit, with the assistance of Mr.
Trabb's judgment, and re-entered the parlor to be measured.  For
although Mr. Trabb had my measure already, and had previously been
quite contented with it, he said apologetically that it "wouldn't
do under existing circumstances, sir,--wouldn't do at all."  So, Mr.
Trabb measured and calculated me in the parlor, as if I were an
estate and he the finest species of surveyor, and gave himself such
a world of trouble that I felt that no suit of clothes could
possibly remunerate him for his pains.  When he had at last done and
had appointed to send the articles to Mr. Pumblechook's on the
Thursday evening, he said, with his hand upon the parlor lock, "I
know, sir, that London gentlemen cannot be expected to patronize
local work, as a rule; but if you would give me a turn now and then
in the quality of a townsman, I should greatly esteem it.  Good
morning, sir, much obliged.--Door!"

The last word was flung at the boy, who had not the least notion
what it meant.  But I saw him collapse as his master rubbed me out
with his hands, and my first decided experience of the stupendous
power of money was, that it had morally laid upon his back
Trabb's boy.

After this memorable event, I went to the hatter's, and the
bootmaker's, and the hosier's, and felt rather like Mother
Hubbard's dog whose outfit required the services of so many trades.
I also went to the coach-office and took my place for seven o'clock
on Saturday morning.  It was not necessary to explain everywhere
that I had come into a handsome property; but whenever I said
anything to that effect, it followed that the officiating tradesman
ceased to have his attention diverted through the window by the
High Street, and concentrated his mind upon me.  When I had ordered
everything I wanted, I directed my steps towards Pumblechook's,
and, as I approached that gentleman's place of business, I saw him
standing at his door.

He was waiting for me with great impatience.  He had been out early
with the chaise-cart, and had called at the forge and heard the
news.  He had prepared a collation for me in the Barnwell parlor,
and he too ordered his shopman to "come out of the gangway" as my
sacred person passed.

"My dear friend," said Mr. Pumblechook, taking me by both hands,
when he and I and the collation were alone, "I give you joy of your
good fortune.  Well deserved, well deserved!"

This was coming to the point, and I thought it a sensible way of
expressing himself.

"To think," said Mr. Pumblechook, after snorting admiration at me
for some moments, "that I should have been the humble instrument of
leading up to this, is a proud reward."

I begged Mr. Pumblechook to remember that nothing was to be ever
said or hinted, on that point.

"My dear young friend," said Mr. Pumblechook; "if you will allow me
to call you so--"

I murmured "Certainly," and Mr. Pumblechook took me by both hands
again, and communicated a movement to his waistcoat, which had an
emotional appearance, though it was rather low down, "My dear young
friend, rely upon my doing my little all in your absence, by
keeping the fact before the mind of Joseph.--Joseph!" said Mr.
Pumblechook, in the way of a compassionate adjuration.  "Joseph!!
Joseph!!!"  Thereupon he shook his head and tapped it, expressing
his sense of deficiency in Joseph.

"But my dear young friend," said Mr. Pumblechook, "you must be
hungry, you must be exhausted.  Be seated.  Here is a chicken had
round from the Boar, here is a tongue had round from the Boar,
here's one or two little things had round from the Boar, that I
hope you may not despise.  But do I," said Mr. Pumblechook, getting
up again the moment after he had sat down, "see afore me, him as I
ever sported with in his times of happy infancy?  And may I--may

This May I, meant might he shake hands?  I consented, and he was
fervent, and then sat down again.

"Here is wine," said Mr. Pumblechook.  "Let us drink, Thanks to
Fortune, and may she ever pick out her favorites with equal
judgment!  And yet I cannot," said Mr. Pumblechook, getting up again,
"see afore me One--and likewise drink to One--without again
expressing--May I--may I--?"

I said he might, and he shook hands with me again, and emptied his
glass and turned it upside down.  I did the same; and if I had
turned myself upside down before drinking, the wine could not have
gone more direct to my head.

Mr. Pumblechook helped me to the liver wing, and to the best slice
of tongue (none of those out-of-the-way No Thoroughfares of Pork
now), and took, comparatively speaking, no care of himself at all.
"Ah! poultry, poultry!  You little thought," said Mr. Pumblechook,
apostrophizing the fowl in the dish, "when you was a young
fledgling, what was in store for you.  You little thought you was to
be refreshment beneath this humble roof for one as--Call it a
weakness, if you will," said Mr. Pumblechook, getting up again, "but
may I?  may I--?"

It began to be unnecessary to repeat the form of saying he might,
so he did it at once.  How he ever did it so often without wounding
himself with my knife, I don't know.

"And your sister," he resumed, after a little steady eating, "which
had the honor of bringing you up by hand!  It's a sad picter, to
reflect that she's no longer equal to fully understanding the
honor.  May--"

I saw he was about to come at me again, and I stopped him.

"We'll drink her health," said I.

"Ah!" cried Mr. Pumblechook, leaning back in his chair, quite
flaccid with admiration, "that's the way you know 'em, sir!"  (I
don't know who Sir was, but he certainly was not I, and there was
no third person present); "that's the way you know the noble-minded,
sir!  Ever forgiving and ever affable.  It might," said the servile
Pumblechook, putting down his untasted glass in a hurry and getting
up again, "to a common person, have the appearance of repeating--
but may I--?"

When he had done it, he resumed his seat and drank to my sister.
"Let us never be blind," said Mr. Pumblechook, "to her faults of
temper, but it is to be hoped she meant well."

At about this time, I began to observe that he was getting flushed
in the face; as to myself, I felt all face, steeped in wine and

I mentioned to Mr. Pumblechook that I wished to have my new clothes
sent to his house, and he was ecstatic on my so distinguishing him.
I mentioned my reason for desiring to avoid observation in the
village, and he lauded it to the skies.  There was nobody but
himself, he intimated, worthy of my confidence, and--in short,
might he?  Then he asked me tenderly if I remembered our boyish
games at sums, and how we had gone together to have me bound
apprentice, and, in effect, how he had ever been my favorite fancy
and my chosen friend?  If I had taken ten times as many glasses of
wine as I had, I should have known that he never had stood in that
relation towards me, and should in my heart of hearts have
repudiated the idea.  Yet for all that, I remember feeling convinced
that I had been much mistaken in him, and that he was a sensible,
practical, good-hearted prime fellow.

By degrees he fell to reposing such great confidence in me, as to
ask my advice in reference to his own affairs.  He mentioned that
there was an opportunity for a great amalgamation and monopoly of
the corn and seed trade on those premises, if enlarged, such as had
never occurred before in that or any other neighborhood.  What
alone was wanting to the realization of a vast fortune, he
considered to be More Capital.  Those were the two little words,
more capital.  Now it appeared to him (Pumblechook) that if that
capital were got into the business, through a sleeping partner, sir,
--which sleeping partner would have nothing to do but walk in, by
self or deputy, whenever he pleased, and examine the books,--and
walk in twice a year and take his profits away in his pocket, to
the tune of fifty per cent,--it appeared to him that that might be
an opening for a young gentleman of spirit combined with property,
which would be worthy of his attention.  But what did I think?  He
had great confidence in my opinion, and what did I think?  I gave it
as my opinion.  "Wait a bit!"  The united vastness and distinctness
of this view so struck him, that he no longer asked if he might
shake hands with me, but said he really must,--and did.

We drank all the wine, and Mr. Pumblechook pledged himself over and
over again to keep Joseph up to the mark (I don't know what mark),
and to render me efficient and constant service (I don't know what
service).  He also made known to me for the first time in my life,
and certainly after having kept his secret wonderfully well, that
he had always said of me, "That boy is no common boy, and mark me,
his fortun' will be no common fortun'."  He said with a tearful
smile that it was a singular thing to think of now, and I said so
too.  Finally, I went out into the air, with a dim perception that
there was something unwonted in the conduct of the sunshine, and
found that I had slumberously got to the turnpike without having
taken any account of the road.

There, I was roused by Mr. Pumblechook's hailing me.  He was a long
way down the sunny street, and was making expressive gestures for
me to stop.  I stopped, and he came up breathless.

"No, my dear friend," said he, when he had recovered wind for
speech.  "Not if I can help it.  This occasion shall not entirely
pass without that affability on your part.--May I, as an old
friend and well-wisher?  May I?"

We shook hands for the hundredth time at least, and he ordered a
young carter out of my way with the greatest indignation.  Then, he
blessed me and stood waving his hand to me until I had passed the
crook in the road; and then I turned into a field and had a long
nap under a hedge before I pursued my way home.

I had scant luggage to take with me to London, for little of the
little I possessed was adapted to my new station.  But I began
packing that same afternoon, and wildly packed up things that I
knew I should want next morning, in a fiction that there was not a
moment to be lost.

So, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, passed; and on Friday morning
I went to Mr. Pumblechook's, to put on my new clothes and pay my
visit to Miss Havisham.  Mr. Pumblechook's own room was given up to
me to dress in, and was decorated with clean towels expressly for
the event.  My clothes were rather a disappointment, of course.
Probably every new and eagerly expected garment ever put on since
clothes came in, fell a trifle short of the wearer's expectation.
But after I had had my new suit on some half an hour, and had gone
through an immensity of posturing with Mr. Pumblechook's very
limited dressing-glass, in the futile endeavor to see my legs, it
seemed to fit me better.  It being market morning at a neighboring
town some ten miles off, Mr. Pumblechook was not at home.  I had not
told him exactly when I meant to leave, and was not likely to shake
hands with him again before departing.  This was all as it should
be, and I went out in my new array, fearfully ashamed of having to
pass the shopman, and suspicious after all that I was at a personal
disadvantage, something like Joe's in his Sunday suit.

I went circuitously to Miss Havisham's by all the back ways, and
rang at the bell constrainedly, on account of the stiff long
fingers of my gloves.  Sarah Pocket came to the gate, and positively
reeled back when she saw me so changed; her walnut-shell
countenance likewise turned from brown to green and yellow.

"You?" said she.  "You? Good gracious!  What do you want?"

"I am going to London, Miss Pocket," said I, "and want to say
good by to Miss Havisham."

I was not expected, for she left me locked in the yard, while she
went to ask if I were to be admitted.  After a very short delay, she
returned and took me up, staring at me all the way.

Miss Havisham was taking exercise in the room with the long spread
table, leaning on her crutch stick.  The room was lighted as of
yore, and at the sound of our entrance, she stopped and turned.  She
was then just abreast of the rotted bride-cake.

"Don't go, Sarah," she said.  "Well, Pip?"

"I start for London, Miss Havisham, to-morrow," I was exceedingly
careful what I said, "and I thought you would kindly not mind my
taking leave of you."

"This is a gay figure, Pip," said she, making her crutch stick play
round me, as if she, the fairy godmother who had changed me, were
bestowing the finishing gift.

"I have come into such good fortune since I saw you last, Miss
Havisham," I murmured.  "And I am so grateful for it, Miss

"Ay, ay!" said she, looking at the discomfited and envious Sarah,
with delight.  "I have seen Mr. Jaggers.  I have heard about it, Pip.
So you go to-morrow?"

"Yes, Miss Havisham."

"And you are adopted by a rich person?"

"Yes, Miss Havisham."

"Not named?"

"No, Miss Havisham."

"And Mr. Jaggers is made your guardian?"

"Yes, Miss Havisham."

She quite gloated on these questions and answers, so keen was her
enjoyment of Sarah Pocket's jealous dismay.  "Well!" she went on;
"you have a promising career before you.  Be good--deserve it--and
abide by Mr. Jaggers's instructions."  She looked at me, and looked
at Sarah, and Sarah's countenance wrung out of her watchful face a
cruel smile.  "Good by, Pip!--you will always keep the name of
Pip, you know."

"Yes, Miss Havisham."

"Good by, Pip!"

She stretched out her hand, and I went down on my knee and put it
to my lips.  I had not considered how I should take leave of her; it
came naturally to me at the moment to do this.  She looked at Sarah
Pocket with triumph in her weird eyes, and so I left my fairy
godmother, with both her hands on her crutch stick, standing in the
midst of the dimly lighted room beside the rotten bride-cake that
was hidden in cobwebs.

Sarah Pocket conducted me down, as if I were a ghost who must be
seen out.  She could not get over my appearance, and was in the last
degree confounded.  I said "Good by, Miss Pocket;" but she merely
stared, and did not seem collected enough to know that I had
spoken.  Clear of the house, I made the best of my way back to
Pumblechook's, took off my new clothes, made them into a bundle,
and went back home in my older dress, carrying it--to speak the
truth--much more at my ease too, though I had the bundle to carry.

And now, those six days which were to have run out so slowly, had
run out fast and were gone, and to-morrow looked me in the face
more steadily than I could look at it.  As the six evenings had
dwindled away, to five, to four, to three, to two, I had become
more and more appreciative of the society of Joe and Biddy.  On this
last evening, I dressed my self out in my new clothes for their
delight, and sat in my splendor until bedtime.  We had a hot supper
on the occasion, graced by the inevitable roast fowl, and we had
some flip to finish with.  We were all very low, and none the higher
for pretending to be in spirits.

I was to leave our village at five in the morning, carrying my
little hand-portmanteau, and I had told Joe that I wished to walk
away all alone.  I am afraid--sore afraid--that this purpose
originated in my sense of the contrast there would be between me
and Joe, if we went to the coach together.  I had pretended with
myself that there was nothing of this taint in the arrangement; but
when I went up to my little room on this last night, I felt
compelled to admit that it might be so, and had an impulse upon me
to go down again and entreat Joe to walk with me in the morning.  I
did not.

All night there were coaches in my broken sleep, going to wrong
places instead of to London, and having in the traces, now dogs,
now cats, now pigs, now men,--never horses.  Fantastic failures of
journeys occupied me until the day dawned and the birds were
singing.  Then, I got up and partly dressed, and sat at the window
to take a last look out, and in taking it fell asleep.

Biddy was astir so early to get my breakfast, that, although I did
not sleep at the window an hour, I smelt the smoke of the kitchen
fire when I started up with a terrible idea that it must be late in
the afternoon.  But long after that, and long after I had heard the
clinking of the teacups and was quite ready, I wanted the
resolution to go down stairs.  After all, I remained up there,
repeatedly unlocking and unstrapping my small portmanteau and
locking and strapping it up again, until Biddy called to me that I
was late.

It was a hurried breakfast with no taste in it.  I got up from the
meal, saying with a sort of briskness, as if it had only just
occurred to me, "Well!  I suppose I must be off!" and then I kissed
my sister who was laughing and nodding and shaking in her usual
chair, and kissed Biddy, and threw my arms around Joe's neck.  Then
I took up my little portmanteau and walked out.  The last I saw of
them was, when I presently heard a scuffle behind me, and looking
back, saw Joe throwing an old shoe after me and Biddy throwing
another old shoe.  I stopped then, to wave my hat, and dear old Joe
waved his strong right arm above his head, crying huskily
"Hooroar!" and Biddy put her apron to her face.

I walked away at a good pace, thinking it was easier to go than I
had supposed it would be, and reflecting that it would never have
done to have had an old shoe thrown after the coach, in sight of
all the High Street.  I whistled and made nothing of going.  But the
village was very peaceful and quiet, and the light mists were
solemnly rising, as if to show me the world, and I had been so
innocent and little there, and all beyond was so unknown and great,
that in a moment with a strong heave and sob I broke into tears.  It
was by the finger-post at the end of the village, and I laid my
hand upon it, and said, "Good by, O my dear, dear friend!"

Heaven knows we need never be ashamed of our tears, for they are
rain upon the blinding dust of earth, overlying our hard hearts.  I
was better after I had cried than before,--more sorry, more aware
of my own ingratitude, more gentle.  If I had cried before, I should
have had Joe with me then.

So subdued I was by those tears, and by their breaking out again in
the course of the quiet walk, that when I was on the coach, and it
was clear of the town, I deliberated with an aching heart whether I
would not get down when we changed horses and walk back, and have
another evening at home, and a better parting.  We changed, and I
had not made up my mind, and still reflected for my comfort that it
would be quite practicable to get down and walk back, when we
changed again.  And while I was occupied with these deliberations, I
would fancy an exact resemblance to Joe in some man coming along
the road towards us, and my heart would beat high.--As if he could
possibly be there!

We changed again, and yet again, and it was now too late and too
far to go back, and I went on.  And the mists had all solemnly risen
now, and the world lay spread before me.

This is the end of the first stage of Pip's expectations.

Chapter XX

The journey from our town to the metropolis was a journey of about
five hours.  It was a little past midday when the four-horse
stage-coach by which I was a passenger, got into the ravel of
traffic frayed out about the Cross Keys, Wood Street, Cheapside,

We Britons had at that time particularly settled that it was
treasonable to doubt our having and our being the best of
everything:  otherwise, while I was scared by the immensity of
London, I think I might have had some faint doubts whether it was
not rather ugly, crooked, narrow, and dirty.

Mr. Jaggers had duly sent me his address; it was, Little Britain,
and he had written after it on his card, "just out of Smithfield,
and close by the coach-office."  Nevertheless, a hackney-coachman,
who seemed to have as many capes to his greasy great-coat as he was
years old, packed me up in his coach and hemmed me in with a
folding and jingling barrier of steps, as if he were going to take
me fifty miles.  His getting on his box, which I remember to have
been decorated with an old weather-stained pea-green hammercloth
moth-eaten into rags, was quite a work of time.  It was a wonderful
equipage, with six great coronets outside, and ragged things behind
for I don't know how many footmen to hold on by, and a harrow below
them, to prevent amateur footmen from yielding to the temptation.

I had scarcely had time to enjoy the coach and to think how like a
straw-yard it was, and yet how like a rag-shop, and to wonder why
the horses' nose-bags were kept inside, when I observed the
coachman beginning to get down, as if we were going to stop
presently.  And stop we presently did, in a gloomy street, at
certain offices with an open door, whereon was painted MR. JAGGERS.

"How much?" I asked the coachman.

The coachman answered, "A shilling--unless you wish to make it

I naturally said I had no wish to make it more.

"Then it must be a shilling," observed the coachman.  "I don't want
to get into trouble.  I know him!"  He darkly closed an eye at Mr.
Jaggers's name, and shook his head.

When he had got his shilling, and had in course of time completed
the ascent to his box, and had got away (which appeared to relieve
his mind), I went into the front office with my little portmanteau
in my hand and asked, Was Mr. Jaggers at home?

"He is not," returned the clerk.  "He is in Court at present.  Am I
addressing Mr. Pip?"

I signified that he was addressing Mr. Pip.

"Mr. Jaggers left word, would you wait in his room.  He couldn't say
how long he might be, having a case on.  But it stands to reason,
his time being valuable, that he won't be longer than he can help."

With those words, the clerk opened a door, and ushered me into an
inner chamber at the back.  Here, we found a gentleman with one eye,
in a velveteen suit and knee-breeches, who wiped his nose with his
sleeve on being interrupted in the perusal of the newspaper.

"Go and wait outside, Mike," said the clerk.

I began to say that I hoped I was not interrupting, when the clerk
shoved this gentleman out with as little ceremony as I ever saw
used, and tossing his fur cap out after him, left me alone.

Mr. Jaggers's room was lighted by a skylight only, and was a most
dismal place; the skylight, eccentrically pitched like a broken
head, and the distorted adjoining houses looking as if they had
twisted themselves to peep down at me through it.  There were not so
many papers about, as I should have expected to see; and there were
some odd objects about, that I should not have expected to see,--
such as an old rusty pistol, a sword in a scabbard, several
strange-looking boxes and packages, and two dreadful casts on a
shelf, of faces peculiarly swollen, and twitchy about the nose.  Mr.
Jaggers's own high-backed chair was of deadly black horsehair,
with rows of brass nails round it, like a coffin; and I fancied I
could see how he leaned back in it, and bit his forefinger at the
clients.  The room was but small, and the clients seemed to have had
a habit of backing up against the wall; the wall, especially
opposite to Mr. Jaggers's chair, being greasy with shoulders.  I
recalled, too, that the one-eyed gentleman had shuffled forth
against the wall when I was the innocent cause of his being turned

I sat down in the cliental chair placed over against Mr. Jaggers's
chair, and became fascinated by the dismal atmosphere of the place.
I called to mind that the clerk had the same air of knowing
something to everybody else's disadvantage, as his master had.  I
wondered how many other clerks there were up-stairs, and whether
they all claimed to have the same detrimental mastery of their
fellow-creatures.  I wondered what was the history of all the odd
litter about the room, and how it came there.  I wondered whether
the two swollen faces were of Mr. Jaggers's family, and, if he were
so unfortunate as to have had a pair of such ill-looking relations,
why he stuck them on that dusty perch for the blacks and flies to
settle on, instead of giving them a place at home.  Of course I had
no experience of a London summer day, and my spirits may have been
oppressed by the hot exhausted air, and by the dust and grit that
lay thick on everything.  But I sat wondering and waiting in Mr.
Jaggers's close room, until I really could not bear the two casts
on the shelf above Mr. Jaggers's chair, and got up and went out.

When I told the clerk that I would take a turn in the air while I
waited, he advised me to go round the corner and I should come into
Smithfield.  So I came into Smithfield; and the shameful place,
being all asmear with filth and fat and blood and foam, seemed to
stick to me.  So, I rubbed it off with all possible speed by turning
into a street where I saw the great black dome of Saint Paul's
bulging at me from behind a grim stone building which a bystander
said was Newgate Prison.  Following the wall of the jail, I found
the roadway covered with straw to deaden the noise of passing
vehicles; and from this, and from the quantity of people standing
about smelling strongly of spirits and beer, I inferred that the
trials were on.

While I looked about me here, an exceedingly dirty and partially
drunk minister of justice asked me if I would like to step in and
hear a trial or so:  informing me that he could give me a front
place for half a crown, whence I should command a full view of the
Lord Chief Justice in his wig and robes,--mentioning that awful
personage like waxwork, and presently offering him at the reduced
price of eighteen-pence.  As I declined the proposal on the plea of
an appointment, he was so good as to take me into a yard and show
me where the gallows was kept, and also where people were publicly
whipped, and then he showed me the Debtors' Door, out of which
culprits came to be hanged; heightening the interest of that
dreadful portal by giving me to understand that "four on 'em" would
come out at that door the day after to-morrow at eight in the
morning, to be killed in a row.  This was horrible, and gave me a
sickening idea of London; the more so as the Lord Chief Justice's
proprietor wore (from his hat down to his boots and up again to his
pocket-handkerchief inclusive) mildewed clothes which had
evidently not belonged to him originally, and which I took it into
my head he had bought cheap of the executioner.  Under these
circumstances I thought myself well rid of him for a shilling.

I dropped into the office to ask if Mr. Jaggers had come in yet, and
I found he had not, and I strolled out again.  This time, I made the
tour of Little Britain, and turned into Bartholomew Close; and now
I became aware that other people were waiting about for Mr. Jaggers,
as well as I.  There were two men of secret appearance lounging in
Bartholomew Close, and thoughtfully fitting their feet into the
cracks of the pavement as they talked together, one of whom said to
the other when they first passed me, that "Jaggers would do it if
it was to be done."  There was a knot of three men and two women
standing at a corner, and one of the women was crying on her dirty
shawl, and the other comforted her by saying, as she pulled her own
shawl over her shoulders, "Jaggers is for him, 'Melia, and what
more could you have?"  There was a red-eyed little Jew who came into
the Close while I was loitering there, in company with a second
little Jew whom he sent upon an errand; and while the messenger was
gone, I remarked this Jew, who was of a highly excitable
temperament, performing a jig of anxiety under a lamp-post and
accompanying himself, in a kind of frenzy, with the words, "O
Jaggerth, Jaggerth, Jaggerth! all otherth ith Cag-Maggerth, give me
Jaggerth!"  These testimonies to the popularity of my guardian made
a deep impression on me, and I admired and wondered more than ever.

At length, as I was looking out at the iron gate of Bartholomew
Close into Little Britain, I saw Mr. Jaggers coming across the road
towards me.  All the others who were waiting saw him at the same
time, and there was quite a rush at him.  Mr. Jaggers, putting a hand
on my shoulder and walking me on at his side without saying
anything to me, addressed himself to his followers.

First, he took the two secret men.

"Now, I have nothing to say to you," said Mr. Jaggers, throwing his
finger at them.  "I want to know no more than I know.  As to the
result, it's a toss-up.  I told you from the first it was a toss-up.
Have you paid Wemmick?"

"We made the money up this morning, sir," said one of the men,
submissively, while the other perused Mr. Jaggers's face.

"I don't ask you when you made it up, or where, or whether you made
it up at all.  Has Wemmick got it?"

"Yes, sir," said both the men together.

"Very well; then you may go.  Now, I won't have it!" said Mr
Jaggers, waving his hand at them to put them behind him.  "If you
say a word to me, I'll throw up the case."

"We thought, Mr. Jaggers--" one of the men began, pulling off his

"That's what I told you not to do," said Mr. Jaggers.  "You thought!
I think for you; that's enough for you.  If I want you, I know where
to find you; I don't want you to find me.  Now I won't have it.  I
won't hear a word."

The two men looked at one another as Mr. Jaggers waved them behind
again, and humbly fell back and were heard no more.

"And now you!" said Mr. Jaggers, suddenly stopping, and turning on
the two women with the shawls, from whom the three men had meekly
separated,--"Oh! Amelia, is it?"

"Yes, Mr. Jaggers."

"And do you remember," retorted Mr. Jaggers, "that but for me you
wouldn't be here and couldn't be here?"

"O yes, sir!" exclaimed both women together.  "Lord bless you, sir,
well we knows that!"

"Then why," said Mr. Jaggers, "do you come here?"

"My Bill, sir!" the crying woman pleaded.

"Now, I tell you what!" said Mr. Jaggers.  "Once for all.  If you
don't know that your Bill's in good hands, I know it.  And if you
come here bothering about your Bill, I'll make an example of both
your Bill and you, and let him slip through my fingers.  Have you
paid Wemmick?"

"O yes, sir!  Every farden."

"Very well.  Then you have done all you have got to do.  Say another
word--one single word--and Wemmick shall give you your money

This terrible threat caused the two women to fall off immediately.
No one remained now but the excitable Jew, who had already raised
the skirts of Mr. Jaggers's coat to his lips several times.

"I don't know this man!" said Mr. Jaggers, in the same devastating
strain:  "What does this fellow want?"

"Ma thear Mithter Jaggerth.  Hown brother to Habraham Latharuth?"

"Who's he?" said Mr. Jaggers.  "Let go of my coat."

The suitor, kissing the hem of the garment again before
relinquishing it, replied, "Habraham Latharuth, on thuthpithion of

"You're too late," said Mr. Jaggers.  "I am over the way."

"Holy father, Mithter Jaggerth!" cried my excitable acquaintance,
turning white, "don't thay you're again Habraham Latharuth!"

"I am," said Mr. Jaggers, "and there's an end of it.  Get out of the

"Mithter Jaggerth!  Half a moment!  My hown cuthen'th gone to Mithter
Wemmick at thith prethent minute, to hoffer him hany termth.
Mithter Jaggerth!  Half a quarter of a moment!  If you'd have the
condethenthun to be bought off from the t'other thide--at hany
thuperior prithe!--money no object!--Mithter Jaggerth--Mithter -

My guardian threw his supplicant off with supreme indifference, and
left him dancing on the pavement as if it were red hot.  Without
further interruption, we reached the front office, where we found
the clerk and the man in velveteen with the fur cap.

"Here's Mike," said the clerk, getting down from his stool, and
approaching Mr. Jaggers confidentially.

"Oh!" said Mr. Jaggers, turning to the man, who was pulling a lock
of hair in the middle of his forehead, like the Bull in Cock Robin
pulling at the bell-rope; "your man comes on this afternoon.  Well?"

"Well, Mas'r Jaggers," returned Mike, in the voice of a sufferer
from a constitutional cold; "arter a deal o' trouble, I've found
one, sir, as might do."

"What is he prepared to swear?"

"Well, Mas'r Jaggers," said Mike, wiping his nose on his fur cap
this time; "in a general way, anythink."

Mr. Jaggers suddenly became most irate.  "Now, I warned you before,"
said he, throwing his forefinger at the terrified client, "that if
you ever presumed to talk in that way here, I'd make an example of
you.  You infernal scoundrel, how dare you tell ME that?"

The client looked scared, but bewildered too, as if he were
unconscious what he had done.

"Spooney!" said the clerk, in a low voice, giving him a stir with
his elbow.  "Soft Head!  Need you say it face to face?"

"Now, I ask you, you blundering booby," said my guardian, very
sternly, "once more and for the last time, what the man you have
brought here is prepared to swear?"

Mike looked hard at my guardian, as if he were trying to learn a
lesson from his face, and slowly replied, "Ayther to character, or
to having been in his company and never left him all the night in

"Now, be careful.  In what station of life is this man?"

Mike looked at his cap, and looked at the floor, and looked at the
ceiling, and looked at the clerk, and even looked at me, before
beginning to reply in a nervous manner, "We've dressed him up
like--" when my guardian blustered out,--

"What?  You WILL, will you?"

("Spooney!" added the clerk again, with another stir.)

After some helpless casting about, Mike brightened and began again:--

"He is dressed like a 'spectable pieman.  A sort of a pastry-cook."

"Is he here?" asked my guardian.

"I left him," said Mike, "a setting on some doorsteps round the

"Take him past that window, and let me see him."

The window indicated was the office window.  We all three went to
it, behind the wire blind, and presently saw the client go by in an
accidental manner, with a murderous-looking tall individual, in a
short suit of white linen and a paper cap.  This guileless
confectioner was not by any means sober, and had a black eye in the
green stage of recovery, which was painted over.

"Tell him to take his witness away directly," said my guardian to
the clerk, in extreme disgust, "and ask him what he means by
bringing such a fellow as that."

My guardian then took me into his own room, and while he lunched,
standing, from a sandwich-box and a pocket-flask of sherry (he
seemed to bully his very sandwich as he ate it), informed me what
arrangements he had made for me.  I was to go to "Barnard's Inn," to
young Mr. Pocket's rooms, where a bed had been sent in for my
accommodation; I was to remain with young Mr. Pocket until Monday;
on Monday I was to go with him to his father's house on a visit,
that I might try how I liked it.  Also, I was told what my allowance
was to be,--it was a very liberal one,--and had handed to me from
one of my guardian's drawers, the cards of certain tradesmen with
whom I was to deal for all kinds of clothes, and such other things
as I could in reason want.  "You will find your credit good, Mr.
Pip," said my guardian, whose flask of sherry smelt like a whole
caskful, as he hastily refreshed himself, "but I shall by this
means be able to check your bills, and to pull you up if I find you
outrunning the constable.  Of course you'll go wrong somehow, but
that's no fault of mine."

After I had pondered a little over this encouraging sentiment, I
asked Mr. Jaggers if I could send for a coach?  He said it was not
worth while, I was so near my destination; Wemmick should walk
round with me, if I pleased.

I then found that Wemmick was the clerk in the next room.  Another
clerk was rung down from up stairs to take his place while he was
out, and I accompanied him into the street, after shaking hands
with my guardian.  We found a new set of people lingering outside,
but Wemmick made a way among them by saying coolly yet decisively,
"I tell you it's no use; he won't have a word to say to one of
you;" and we soon got clear of them, and went on side by side.

Chapter XXI

Casting my eyes on Mr. Wemmick as we went along, to see what he was
like in the light of day, I found him to be a dry man, rather short
in stature, with a square wooden face, whose expression seemed to
have been imperfectly chipped out with a dull-edged chisel.  There
were some marks in it that might have been dimples, if the material
had been softer and the instrument finer, but which, as it was,
were only dints.  The chisel had made three or four of these
attempts at embellishment over his nose, but had given them up
without an effort to smooth them off.  I judged him to be a bachelor
from the frayed condition of his linen, and he appeared to have
sustained a good many bereavements; for he wore at least four
mourning rings, besides a brooch representing a lady and a weeping
willow at a tomb with an urn on it.  I noticed, too, that several
rings and seals hung at his watch-chain, as if he were quite laden
with remembrances of departed friends.  He had glittering eyes,--
small, keen, and black,--and thin wide mottled lips.  He had had
them, to the best of my belief, from forty to fifty years.

"So you were never in London before?" said Mr. Wemmick to me.

"No," said I.

"I was new here once," said Mr. Wemmick.  "Rum to think of now!"

"You are well acquainted with it now?"

"Why, yes," said Mr. Wemmick.  "I know the moves of it."

"Is it a very wicked place?" I asked, more for the sake of saying
something than for information.

"You may get cheated, robbed, and murdered in London.  But there
are plenty of people anywhere, who'll do that for you."

"If there is bad blood between you and them," said I, to soften it
off a little.

"O!  I don't know about bad blood," returned Mr. Wemmick; "there's
not much bad blood about.  They'll do it, if there's anything to be
got by it."

"That makes it worse."

"You think so?" returned Mr. Wemmick.  "Much about the same, I should

He wore his hat on the back of his head, and looked straight before
him:  walking in a self-contained way as if there were nothing in
the streets to claim his attention.  His mouth was such a post-office
of a mouth that he had a mechanical appearance of smiling.  We had
got to the top of Holborn Hill before I knew that it was merely a
mechanical appearance, and that he was not smiling at all.

"Do you know where Mr. Matthew Pocket lives?" I asked Mr. Wemmick.

"Yes," said he, nodding in the direction.  "At Hammersmith, west of

"Is that far?"

"Well!  Say five miles."

"Do you know him?"

"Why, you're a regular cross-examiner!" said Mr. Wemmick, looking at
me with an approving air.  "Yes, I know him.  I know him!"

There was an air of toleration or depreciation about his utterance
of these words that rather depressed me; and I was still looking
sideways at his block of a face in search of any encouraging note
to the text, when he said here we were at Barnard's Inn.  My
depression was not alleviated by the announcement, for, I had
supposed that establishment to be an hotel kept by Mr. Barnard, to
which the Blue Boar in our town was a mere public-house.  Whereas I
now found Barnard to be a disembodied spirit, or a fiction, and his
inn the dingiest collection of shabby buildings ever squeezed
together in a rank corner as a club for Tom-cats.

We entered this haven through a wicket-gate, and were disgorged by
an introductory passage into a melancholy little square that looked
to me like a flat burying-ground.  I thought it had the most dismal
trees in it, and the most dismal sparrows, and the most dismal
cats, and the most dismal houses (in number half a dozen or so),
that I had ever seen.  I thought the windows of the sets of chambers
into which those houses were divided were in every stage of
dilapidated blind and curtain, crippled flower-pot, cracked glass,
dusty decay, and miserable makeshift; while To Let, To Let, To Let,
glared at me from empty rooms, as if no new wretches ever came
there, and the vengeance of the soul of Barnard were being slowly
appeased by the gradual suicide of the present occupants and their
unholy interment under the gravel.  A frowzy mourning of soot and
smoke attired this forlorn creation of Barnard, and it had strewn
ashes on its head, and was undergoing penance and humiliation as a
mere dust-hole.  Thus far my sense of sight; while dry rot and wet
rot and all the silent rots that rot in neglected roof and cellar,--
rot of rat and mouse and bug and coaching-stables near at hand
besides--addressed themselves faintly to my sense of smell, and
moaned, "Try Barnard's Mixture."

So imperfect was this realization of the first of my great
expectations, that I looked in dismay at Mr. Wemmick.  "Ah!" said he,
mistaking me; "the retirement reminds you of the country.  So it
does me."

He led me into a corner and conducted me up a flight of stairs,--
which appeared to me to be slowly collapsing into sawdust, so that
one of those days the upper lodgers would look out at their doors
and find themselves without the means of coming down,--to a set of
chambers on the top floor.  MR. POCKET, JUN., was painted on the
door, and there was a label on the letter-box, "Return shortly."

"He hardly thought you'd come so soon," Mr. Wemmick explained.  "You
don't want me any more?"

"No, thank you," said I.

"As I keep the cash," Mr. Wemmick observed, "we shall most likely
meet pretty often.  Good day."

"Good day."

I put out my hand, and Mr. Wemmick at first looked at it as if he
thought I wanted something.  Then he looked at me, and said,
correcting himself,--

"To be sure!  Yes.  You're in the habit of shaking hands?"

I was rather confused, thinking it must be out of the London
fashion, but said yes.

"I have got so out of it!" said Mr. Wemmick,--"except at last.  Very
glad, I'm sure, to make your acquaintance.  Good day!"

When we had shaken hands and he was gone, I opened the staircase
window and had nearly beheaded myself, for, the lines had rotted
away, and it came down like the guillotine.  Happily it was so quick
that I had not put my head out.  After this escape, I was content to
take a foggy view of the Inn through the window's encrusting dirt,
and to stand dolefully looking out, saying to myself that London
was decidedly overrated.

Mr. Pocket, Junior's, idea of Shortly was not mine, for I had nearly
maddened myself with looking out for half an hour, and had written
my name with my finger several times in the dirt of every pane in
the window, before I heard footsteps on the stairs.  Gradually there
arose before me the hat, head, neckcloth, waistcoat, trousers,
boots, of a member of society of about my own standing.  He had a
paper-bag under each arm and a pottle of strawberries in one hand,
and was out of breath.

"Mr. Pip?" said he.

"Mr. Pocket?" said I.

"Dear me!" he exclaimed.  "I am extremely sorry; but I knew there
was a coach from your part of the country at midday, and I thought
you would come by that one.  The fact is, I have been out on your
account,--not that that is any excuse,--for I thought, coming from
the country, you might like a little fruit after dinner, and I went
to Covent Garden Market to get it good."

For a reason that I had, I felt as if my eyes would start out of my
head.  I acknowledged his attention incoherently, and began to think
this was a dream.

"Dear me!" said Mr. Pocket, Junior.  "This door sticks so!"

As he was fast making jam of his fruit by wrestling with the door
while the paper-bags were under his arms, I begged him to allow me
to hold them.  He relinquished them with an agreeable smile, and
combated with the door as if it were a wild beast.  It yielded so
suddenly at last, that he staggered back upon me, and I staggered
back upon the opposite door, and we both laughed.  But still I felt
as if my eyes must start out of my head, and as if this must be a

"Pray come in," said Mr. Pocket, Junior.  "Allow me to lead the way.
I am rather bare here, but I hope you'll be able to make out
tolerably well till Monday.  My father thought you would get on more
agreeably through to-morrow with me than with him, and might like
to take a walk about London.  I am sure I shall be very happy to
show London to you.  As to our table, you won't find that bad, I
hope, for it will be supplied from our coffee-house here, and (it
is only right I should add) at your expense, such being Mr.
Jaggers's directions.  As to our lodging, it's not by any means
splendid, because I have my own bread to earn, and my father hasn't
anything to give me, and I shouldn't be willing to take it, if he
had.  This is our sitting-room,--just such chairs and tables and
carpet and so forth, you see, as they could spare from home.  You
mustn't give me credit for the tablecloth and spoons and castors,
because they come for you from the coffee-house.  This is my little
bedroom; rather musty, but Barnard's is musty.  This is your
bedroom; the furniture's hired for the occasion, but I trust it
will answer the purpose; if you should want anything, I'll go and
fetch it.  The chambers are retired, and we shall be alone together,
but we shan't fight, I dare say.  But dear me, I beg your pardon,
you're holding the fruit all this time.  Pray let me take these bags
from you.  I am quite ashamed."

As I stood opposite to Mr. Pocket, Junior, delivering him the bags,
One, Two, I saw the starting appearance come into his own eyes that
I knew to be in mine, and he said, falling back,--

"Lord bless me, you're the prowling boy!"

"And you," said I, "are the pale young gentleman!"

Chapter XXII

The pale young gentleman and I stood contemplating one another in
Barnard's Inn, until we both burst out laughing.  "The idea of its
being you!" said he.  "The idea of its being you!" said I.  And then
we contemplated one another afresh, and laughed again.  "Well!" said
the pale young gentleman, reaching out his hand good-humoredly,
"it's all over now, I hope, and it will be magnanimous in you if
you'll forgive me for having knocked you about so."

I derived from this speech that Mr. Herbert Pocket (for Herbert was
the pale young gentleman's name) still rather confounded his
intention with his execution.  But I made a modest reply, and we
shook hands warmly.

"You hadn't come into your good fortune at that time?" said Herbert

"No," said I.

"No," he acquiesced:  "I heard it had happened very lately.  I was
rather on the lookout for good fortune then."


"Yes.  Miss Havisham had sent for me, to see if she could take a
fancy to me.  But she couldn't,--at all events, she didn't."

I thought it polite to remark that I was surprised to hear that.

"Bad taste," said Herbert, laughing, "but a fact.  Yes, she had sent
for me on a trial visit, and if I had come out of it successfully,
I suppose I should have been provided for; perhaps I should have
been what-you-may-called it to Estella."

"What's that?" I asked, with sudden gravity.

He was arranging his fruit in plates while we talked, which divided
his attention, and was the cause of his having made this lapse of a
word.  "Affianced," he explained, still busy with the fruit.
"Betrothed.  Engaged.  What's-his-named.  Any word of that sort."

"How did you bear your disappointment?" I asked.

"Pooh!" said he, "I didn't care much for it.  She's a Tartar."

"Miss Havisham?"

"I don't say no to that, but I meant Estella.  That girl's hard and
haughty and capricious to the last degree, and has been brought up
by Miss Havisham to wreak revenge on all the male sex."

"What relation is she to Miss Havisham?"

"None," said he.  "Only adopted."

"Why should she wreak revenge on all the male sex?  What revenge?"

"Lord, Mr. Pip!" said he.  "Don't you know?"

"No," said I.

"Dear me!  It's quite a story, and shall be saved till dinner-time.
And now let me take the liberty of asking you a question.  How did
you come there, that day?"

I told him, and he was attentive until I had finished, and then
burst out laughing again, and asked me if I was sore afterwards?  I
didn't ask him if he was, for my conviction on that point was
perfectly established.

"Mr. Jaggers is your guardian, I understand?" he went on.


"You know he is Miss Havisham's man of business and solicitor, and
has her confidence when nobody else has?"

This was bringing me (I felt) towards dangerous ground.  I answered
with a constraint I made no attempt to disguise, that I had seen Mr.
Jaggers in Miss Havisham's house on the very day of our combat, but
never at any other time, and that I believed he had no recollection
of having ever seen me there.

"He was so obliging as to suggest my father for your tutor, and he
called on my father to propose it.  Of course he knew about my
father from his connection with Miss Havisham.  My father is Miss
Havisham's cousin; not that that implies familiar intercourse
between them, for he is a bad courtier and will not propitiate

Herbert Pocket had a frank and easy way with him that was very
taking.  I had never seen any one then, and I have never seen any
one since, who more strongly expressed to me, in every look and
tone, a natural incapacity to do anything secret and mean.  There
was something wonderfully hopeful about his general air, and
something that at the same time whispered to me he would never be
very successful or rich.  I don't know how this was.  I became imbued
with the notion on that first occasion before we sat down to
dinner, but I cannot define by what means.

He was still a pale young gentleman, and had a certain conquered
languor about him in the midst of his spirits and briskness, that
did not seem indicative of natural strength.  He had not a handsome
face, but it was better than handsome:  being extremely amiable and
cheerful.  His figure was a little ungainly, as in the days when my
knuckles had taken such liberties with it, but it looked as if it
would always be light and young.  Whether Mr. Trabb's local work
would have sat more gracefully on him than on me, may be a
question; but I am conscious that he carried off his rather old
clothes much better than I carried off my new suit.

As he was so communicative, I felt that reserve on my part would be
a bad return unsuited to our years.  I therefore told him my small
story, and laid stress on my being forbidden to inquire who my
benefactor was.  I further mentioned that as I had been brought up a
blacksmith in a country place, and knew very little of the ways of
politeness, I would take it as a great kindness in him if he would
give me a hint whenever he saw me at a loss or going wrong.

"With pleasure," said he, "though I venture to prophesy that you'll
want very few hints.  I dare say we shall be often together, and I
should like to banish any needless restraint between us.  Will you
do me the favour to begin at once to call me by my Christian name,

I thanked him and said I would.  I informed him in exchange that my
Christian name was Philip.

"I don't take to Philip," said he, smiling, "for it sounds like a
moral boy out of the spelling-book, who was so lazy that he fell
into a pond, or so fat that he couldn't see out of his eyes, or so
avaricious that he locked up his cake till the mice ate it, or so
determined to go a bird's-nesting that he got himself eaten by
bears who lived handy in the neighborhood.  I tell you what I
should like.  We are so harmonious, and you have been a blacksmith,---
would you mind it?"

"I shouldn't mind anything that you propose," I answered, "but I
don't understand you."

"Would you mind Handel for a familiar name?  There's a charming
piece of music by Handel, called the Harmonious Blacksmith."

"I should like it very much."

"Then, my dear Handel," said he, turning round as the door opened,
"here is the dinner, and I must beg of you to take the top of the
table, because the dinner is of your providing."

This I would not hear of, so he took the top, and I faced him.  It
was a nice little dinner,--seemed to me then a very Lord Mayor's
Feast,--and it acquired additional relish from being eaten under
those independent circumstances, with no old people by, and with
London all around us.  This again was heightened by a certain gypsy
character that set the banquet off; for while the table was, as Mr.
Pumblechook might have said, the lap of luxury,--being entirely
furnished forth from the coffee-house,--the circumjacent region of
sitting-room was of a comparatively pastureless and shifty
character; imposing on the waiter the wandering habits of putting
the covers on the floor (where he fell over them), the melted
butter in the arm-chair, the bread on the bookshelves, the cheese in
the coal-scuttle, and the boiled fowl into my bed in the next room,--
where I found much of its parsley and butter in a state of
congelation when I retired for the night.  All this made the feast
delightful, and when the waiter was not there to watch me, my
pleasure was without alloy.

We had made some progress in the dinner, when I reminded Herbert of
his promise to tell me about Miss Havisham.

"True," he replied.  "I'll redeem it at once.  Let me introduce the
topic, Handel, by mentioning that in London it is not the custom to
put the knife in the mouth,--for fear of accidents,--and that while
the fork is reserved for that use, it is not put further in than
necessary.  It is scarcely worth mentioning, only it's as well to do
as other people do.  Also, the spoon is not generally used
over-hand, but under.  This has two advantages.  You get at your
mouth better (which after all is the object), and you save a good
deal of the attitude of opening oysters, on the part of the right

He offered these friendly suggestions in such a lively way, that we
both laughed and I scarcely blushed.

"Now," he pursued, "concerning Miss Havisham.  Miss Havisham, you
must know, was a spoilt child.  Her mother died when she was a baby,
and her father denied her nothing.  Her father was a country
gentleman down in your part of the world, and was a brewer.  I don't
know why it should be a crack thing to be a brewer; but it is
indisputable that while you cannot possibly be genteel and bake,
you may be as genteel as never was and brew.  You see it every day."

"Yet a gentleman may not keep a public-house; may he?" said I.

"Not on any account," returned Herbert; "but a public-house may
keep a gentleman.  Well!  Mr. Havisham was very rich and very proud.
So was his daughter."

"Miss Havisham was an only child?" I hazarded.

"Stop a moment, I am coming to that.  No, she was not an only child;
she had a half-brother.  Her father privately married again--his
cook, I rather think."

"I thought he was proud," said I.

"My good Handel, so he was.  He married his second wife privately,
because he was proud, and in course of time she died.  When she was
dead, I apprehend he first told his daughter what he had done, and
then the son became a part of the family, residing in the house you
are acquainted with.  As the son grew a young man, he turned out
riotous, extravagant, undutiful,--altogether bad.  At last his
father disinherited him; but he softened when he was dying, and
left him well off, though not nearly so well off as Miss Havisham.
--Take another glass of wine, and excuse my mentioning that society
as a body does not expect one to be so strictly conscientious in
emptying one's glass, as to turn it bottom upwards with the rim on
one's nose."

I had been doing this, in an excess of attention to his recital.  I
thanked him, and apologized.  He said, "Not at all," and resumed.

"Miss Havisham was now an heiress, and you may suppose was looked
after as a great match.  Her half-brother had now ample means again,
but what with debts and what with new madness wasted them most
fearfully again.  There were stronger differences between him and
her than there had been between him and his father, and it is
suspected that he cherished a deep and mortal grudge against her
as having influenced the father's anger.  Now, I come to the cruel
part of the story,--merely breaking off, my dear Handel, to remark
that a dinner-napkin will not go into a tumbler."

Why I was trying to pack mine into my tumbler, I am wholly unable
to say.  I only know that I found myself, with a perseverance worthy
of a much better cause, making the most strenuous exertions to
compress it within those limits.  Again I thanked him and
apologized, and again he said in the cheerfullest manner, "Not at
all, I am sure!" and resumed.

"There appeared upon the scene--say at the races, or the public
balls, or anywhere else you like--a certain man, who made love to
Miss Havisham.  I never saw him (for this happened five-and-twenty
years ago, before you and I were, Handel), but I have heard my
father mention that he was a showy man, and the kind of man for the
purpose.  But that he was not to be, without ignorance or prejudice,
mistaken for a gentleman, my father most strongly asseverates;
because it is a principle of his that no man who was not a true
gentleman at heart ever was, since the world began, a true
gentleman in manner.  He says, no varnish can hide the grain of the
wood; and that the more varnish you put on, the more the grain will
express itself.  Well!  This man pursued Miss Havisham closely, and
professed to be devoted to her.  I believe she had not shown much
susceptibility up to that time; but all the susceptibility she
possessed certainly came out then, and she passionately loved him.
There is no doubt that she perfectly idolized him.  He practised on
her affection in that systematic way, that he got great sums of
money from her, and he induced her to buy her brother out of a
share in the brewery (which had been weakly left him by his father)
at an immense price, on the plea that when he was her husband he
must hold and manage it all.  Your guardian was not at that time in
Miss Havisham's counsels, and she was too haughty and too much in
love to be advised by any one.  Her relations were poor and
scheming, with the exception of my father; he was poor enough, but
not time-serving or jealous.  The only independent one among them,
he warned her that she was doing too much for this man, and was
placing herself too unreservedly in his power.  She took the first
opportunity of angrily ordering my father out of the house, in his
presence, and my father has never seen her since."

I thought of her having said, "Matthew will come and see me at last
when I am laid dead upon that table;" and I asked Herbert whether
his father was so inveterate against her?

"It's not that," said he, "but she charged him, in the presence of
her intended husband, with being disappointed in the hope of
fawning upon her for his own advancement, and, if he were to go to
her now, it would look true--even to him--and even to her.  To
return to the man and make an end of him.  The marriage day was
fixed, the wedding dresses were bought, the wedding tour was
planned out, the wedding guests were invited.  The day came, but not
the bridegroom.  He wrote her a letter--"

"Which she received," I struck in, "when she was dressing for her
marriage?  At twenty minutes to nine?"

"At the hour and minute," said Herbert, nodding, "at which she
afterwards stopped all the clocks.  What was in it, further than
that it most heartlessly broke the marriage off, I can't tell you,
because I don't know.  When she recovered from a bad illness that
she had, she laid the whole place waste, as you have seen it, and
she has never since looked upon the light of day."

"Is that all the story?" I asked, after considering it.

"All I know of it; and indeed I only know so much, through piecing
it out for myself; for my father always avoids it, and, even when
Miss Havisham invited me to go there, told me no more of it than it
was absolutely requisite I should understand.  But I have forgotten
one thing.  It has been supposed that the man to whom she gave her
misplaced confidence acted throughout in concert with her
half-brother; that it was a conspiracy between them; and that they
shared the profits."

"I wonder he didn't marry her and get all the property," said I.

"He may have been married already, and her cruel mortification may
have been a part of her half-brother's scheme," said Herbert.  "Mind!  
I don't know that."

"What became of the two men?" I asked, after again considering the

"They fell into deeper shame and degradation--if there can be
deeper--and ruin."

"Are they alive now?"

"I don't know."

"You said just now that Estella was not related to Miss Havisham,
but adopted.  When adopted?"

Herbert shrugged his shoulders.  "There has always been an Estella,
since I have heard of a Miss Havisham.  I know no more.  And now,
Handel," said he, finally throwing off the story as it were, "there
is a perfectly open understanding between us.  All that I know about
Miss Havisham, you know."

"And all that I know," I retorted, "you know."

"I fully believe it.  So there can be no competition or perplexity
between you and me.  And as to the condition on which you hold your
advancement in life,--namely, that you are not to inquire or
discuss to whom you owe it,--you may be very sure that it will
never be encroached upon, or even approached, by me, or by any one
belonging to me."

In truth, he said this with so much delicacy, that I felt the
subject done with, even though I should be under his father's roof
for years and years to come.  Yet he said it with so much meaning,
too, that I felt he as perfectly understood Miss Havisham to be my
benefactress, as I understood the fact myself.

It had not occurred to me before, that he had led up to the theme
for the purpose of clearing it out of our way; but we were so much
the lighter and easier for having broached it, that I now perceived
this to be the case.  We were very gay and sociable, and I asked
him, in the course of conversation, what he was?  He replied, "A
capitalist,--an Insurer of Ships."  I suppose he saw me glancing
about the room in search of some tokens of Shipping, or capital,
for he added, "In the City."

I had grand ideas of the wealth and importance of Insurers of Ships
in the City, and I began to think with awe of having laid a young
Insurer on his back, blackened his enterprising eye, and cut his
responsible head open.  But again there came upon me, for my
relief, that odd impression that Herbert Pocket would never be very
successful or rich.

"I shall not rest satisfied with merely employing my capital in
insuring ships.  I shall buy up some good Life Assurance shares, and
cut into the Direction.  I shall also do a little in the mining way.
None of these things will interfere with my chartering a few
thousand tons on my own account.  I think I shall trade," said he,
leaning back in his chair, "to the East Indies, for silks, shawls,
spices, dyes, drugs, and precious woods.  It's an interesting

"And the profits are large?" said I.

"Tremendous!" said he.

I wavered again, and began to think here were greater expectations
than my own.

"I think I shall trade, also," said he, putting his thumbs in his
coat pockets, "to the West Indies, for sugar, tobacco, and
rum.  Also to Ceylon, specially for elephants' tusks."

"You will want a good many ships," said I.

"A perfect fleet," said he.

Quite overpowered by the magnificence of these transactions, I
asked him where the ships he insured mostly traded to at present?

"I haven't begun insuring yet," he replied.  "I am looking about

Somehow, that pursuit seemed more in keeping with Barnard's Inn.  I
said (in a tone of conviction), "Ah-h!"

"Yes.  I am in a counting-house, and looking about me."

"Is a counting-house profitable?" I asked.

"To--do you mean to the young fellow who's in it?" he asked, in

"Yes; to you."

"Why, n-no; not to me."  He said this with the air of one carefully
reckoning up and striking a balance.  "Not directly profitable.  That
is, it doesn't pay me anything, and I have to--keep myself."

This certainly had not a profitable appearance, and I shook my head
as if I would imply that it would be difficult to lay by much
accumulative capital from such a source of income.

"But the thing is," said Herbert Pocket, "that you look about you.
That's the grand thing.  You are in a counting-house, you know, and
you look about you."

It struck me as a singular implication that you couldn't be out of
a counting-house, you know, and look about you; but I silently
deferred to his experience.

"Then the time comes," said Herbert, "when you see your opening.
And you go in, and you swoop upon it and you make your capital, and
then there you are!  When you have once made your capital, you have
nothing to do but employ it."

This was very like his way of conducting that encounter in the
garden; very like.  His manner of bearing his poverty, too, exactly
corresponded to his manner of bearing that defeat.  It seemed to me
that he took all blows and buffets now with just the same air as
he had taken mine then.  It was evident that he had nothing around
him but the simplest necessaries, for everything that I remarked
upon turned out to have been sent in on my account from the
coffee-house or somewhere else.

Yet, having already made his fortune in his own mind, he was so
unassuming with it that I felt quite grateful to him for not being
puffed up.  It was a pleasant addition to his naturally pleasant
ways, and we got on famously.  In the evening we went out for a walk
in the streets, and went half-price to the Theatre; and next day we
went to church at Westminster Abbey, and in the afternoon we walked
in the Parks; and I wondered who shod all the horses there, and
wished Joe did.

On a moderate computation, it was many months, that Sunday, since I
had left Joe and Biddy.  The space interposed between myself and
them partook of that expansion, and our marshes were any distance
off.  That I could have been at our old church in my old
church-going clothes, on the very last Sunday that ever was, seemed
a combination of impossibilities, geographical and social, solar
and lunar.  Yet in the London streets so crowded with people and so
brilliantly lighted in the dusk of evening, there were depressing
hints of reproaches for that I had put the poor old kitchen at home
so far away; and in the dead of night, the footsteps of some
incapable impostor of a porter mooning about Barnard's Inn, under
pretence of watching it, fell hollow on my heart.

On the Monday morning at a quarter before nine, Herbert went to the
counting-house to report himself,--to look about him, too, I
suppose,--and I bore him company.  He was to come away in an hour or
two to attend me to Hammersmith, and I was to wait about for him.
It appeared to me that the eggs from which young Insurers were
hatched were incubated in dust and heat, like the eggs of
ostriches, judging from the places to which those incipient giants
repaired on a Monday morning.  Nor did the counting-house where
Herbert assisted, show in my eyes as at all a good Observatory;
being a back second floor up a yard, of a grimy presence in all
particulars, and with a look into another back second floor, rather
than a look out.

I waited about until it was noon, and I went upon 'Change, and I
saw fluey men sitting there under the bills about shipping, whom I
took to be great merchants, though I couldn't understand why they
should all be out of spirits.  When Herbert came, we went and had
lunch at a celebrated house which I then quite venerated, but now
believe to have been the most abject superstition in Europe, and
where I could not help noticing, even then, that there was much
more gravy on the tablecloths and knives and waiters' clothes, than
in the steaks.  This collation disposed of at a moderate price
(considering the grease, which was not charged for), we went back
to Barnard's Inn and got my little portmanteau, and then took coach
for Hammersmith.  We arrived there at two or three o'clock in the
afternoon, and had very little way to walk to Mr. Pocket's house.
Lifting the latch of a gate, we passed direct into a little garden
overlooking the river, where Mr. Pocket's children were playing
about.  And unless I deceive myself on a point where my interests or
prepossessions are certainly not concerned, I saw that Mr. and Mrs.
Pocket's children were not growing up or being brought up, but were
tumbling up.

Mrs. Pocket was sitting on a garden chair under a tree, reading,
with her legs upon another garden chair; and Mrs. Pocket's two
nurse-maids were looking about them while the children played.
"Mamma," said Herbert, "this is young Mr. Pip."  Upon which Mrs.
Pocket received me with an appearance of amiable dignity.

"Master Alick and Miss Jane," cried one of the nurses to two of the
children, "if you go a bouncing up against them bushes you'll fall
over into the river and be drownded, and what'll your pa say then?"

At the same time this nurse picked up Mrs. Pocket's handkerchief,
and said, "If that don't make six times you've dropped it, Mum!"
Upon which Mrs. Pocket laughed and said, "Thank you, Flopson," and
settling herself in one chair only, resumed her book.  Her
countenance immediately assumed a knitted and intent expression as
if she had been reading for a week, but before she could have read
half a dozen lines, she fixed her eyes upon me, and said, "I hope
your mamma is quite well?"  This unexpected inquiry put me into such
a difficulty that I began saying in the absurdest way that if there
had been any such person I had no doubt she would have been quite
well and would have been very much obliged and would have sent her
compliments, when the nurse came to my rescue.

"Well!" she cried, picking up the pocket-handkerchief, "if that
don't make seven times!  What ARE you a doing of this afternoon,
Mum!"  Mrs. Pocket received her property, at first with a look of
unutterable surprise as if she had never seen it before, and then
with a laugh of recognition, and said, "Thank you, Flopson," and
forgot me, and went on reading.

I found, now I had leisure to count them, that there were no fewer
than six little Pockets present, in various stages of tumbling up.
I had scarcely arrived at the total when a seventh was heard, as in
the region of air, wailing dolefully.

"If there ain't Baby!" said Flopson, appearing to think it most
surprising.  "Make haste up, Millers."

Millers, who was the other nurse, retired into the house, and by
degrees the child's wailing was hushed and stopped, as if it were a
young ventriloquist with something in its mouth.  Mrs. Pocket read
all the time, and I was curious to know what the book could be.

We were waiting, I supposed, for Mr. Pocket to come out to us; at
any rate we waited there, and so I had an opportunity of observing
the remarkable family phenomenon that whenever any of the children
strayed near Mrs. Pocket in their play, they always tripped
themselves up and tumbled over her,--always very much to her
momentary astonishment, and their own more enduring lamentation.  I
was at a loss to account for this surprising circumstance, and
could not help giving my mind to speculations about it, until
by and by Millers came down with the baby, which baby was handed to
Flopson, which Flopson was handing it to Mrs. Pocket, when she too
went fairly head foremost over Mrs. Pocket, baby and all, and was
caught by Herbert and myself.

"Gracious me, Flopson!" said Mrs. Pocket, looking off her book for a
moment, "everybody's tumbling!"

"Gracious you, indeed, Mum!" returned Flopson, very red in the
face; "what have you got there?"

"I got here, Flopson?" asked Mrs. Pocket.

"Why, if it ain't your footstool!" cried Flopson.  "And if you keep
it under your skirts like that, who's to help tumbling?  Here!  Take
the baby, Mum, and give me your book."

Mrs. Pocket acted on the advice, and inexpertly danced the infant a
little in her lap, while the other children played about it.  This
had lasted but a very short time, when Mrs. Pocket issued summary
orders that they were all to be taken into the house for a nap.
Thus I made the second discovery on that first occasion, that the
nurture of the little Pockets consisted of alternately tumbling up
and lying down.

Under these circumstances, when Flopson and Millers had got the
children into the house, like a little flock of sheep, and Mr.
Pocket came out of it to make my acquaintance, I was not much
surprised to find that Mr. Pocket was a gentleman with a rather
perplexed expression of face, and with his very gray hair
disordered on his head, as if he didn't quite see his way to
putting anything straight.

Chapter XXIII

Mr. Pocket said he was glad to see me, and he hoped I was not sorry
to see him.  "For, I really am not," he added, with his son's smile,
"an alarming personage."  He was a young-looking man, in spite of
his perplexities and his very gray hair, and his manner seemed
quite natural.  I use the word natural, in the sense of its being
unaffected; there was something comic in his distraught way, as
though it would have been downright ludicrous but for his own
perception that it was very near being so.  When he had talked with
me a little, he said to Mrs. Pocket, with a rather anxious
contraction of his eyebrows, which were black and handsome,
"Belinda, I hope you have welcomed Mr. Pip?"  And she looked up from
her book, and said, "Yes."  She then smiled upon me in an absent
state of mind, and asked me if I liked the taste of orange-flower
water?  As the question had no bearing, near or remote, on any
foregone or subsequent transaction, I consider it to have been
thrown out, like her previous approaches, in general conversational

I found out within a few hours, and may mention at once, that Mrs.
Pocket was the only daughter of a certain quite accidental deceased
Knight, who had invented for himself a conviction that his deceased
father would have been made a Baronet but for somebody's determined
opposition arising out of entirely personal motives,--I forget
whose, if I ever knew,--the Sovereign's, the Prime Minister's, the
Lord Chancellor's, the Archbishop of Canterbury's, anybody's,--and
had tacked himself on to the nobles of the earth in right of this
quite supposititious fact.  I believe he had been knighted himself
for storming the English grammar at the point of the pen, in a
desperate address engrossed on vellum, on the occasion of the
laying of the first stone of some building or other, and for
handing some Royal Personage either the trowel or the mortar.  Be
that as it may, he had directed Mrs. Pocket to be brought up from
her cradle as one who in the nature of things must marry a title,
and who was to be guarded from the acquisition of plebeian domestic

So successful a watch and ward had been established over the young
lady by this judicious parent, that she had grown up highly
ornamental, but perfectly helpless and useless.  With her character
thus happily formed, in the first bloom of her youth she had
encountered Mr. Pocket:  who was also in the first bloom of youth,
and not quite decided whether to mount to the Woolsack, or to roof
himself in with a mitre.  As his doing the one or the other was a
mere question of time, he and Mrs. Pocket had taken Time by the
forelock (when, to judge from its length, it would seem to have
wanted cutting), and had married without the knowledge of the
judicious parent.  The judicious parent, having nothing to bestow or
withhold but his blessing, had handsomely settled that dower upon
them after a short struggle, and had informed Mr. Pocket that his
wife was "a treasure for a Prince."  Mr. Pocket had invested the
Prince's treasure in the ways of the world ever since, and it was
supposed to have brought him in but indifferent interest.  Still,
Mrs. Pocket was in general the object of a queer sort of respectful
pity, because she had not married a title; while Mr. Pocket was the
object of a queer sort of forgiving reproach, because he had never
got one.

Mr. Pocket took me into the house and showed me my room:  which was a
pleasant one, and so furnished as that I could use it with comfort
for my own private sitting-room.  He then knocked at the doors of
two other similar rooms, and introduced me to their occupants, by
name Drummle and Startop.  Drummle, an old-looking young man of a
heavy order of architecture, was whistling.  Startop, younger in
years and appearance, was reading and holding his head, as if he
thought himself in danger of exploding it with too strong a charge
of knowledge.

Both Mr. and Mrs. Pocket had such a noticeable air of being in
somebody else's hands, that I wondered who really was in possession
of the house and let them live there, until I found this unknown
power to be the servants.  It was a smooth way of going on, perhaps,
in respect of saving trouble; but it had the appearance of being
expensive, for the servants felt it a duty they owed to themselves
to be nice in their eating and drinking, and to keep a deal of
company down stairs.  They allowed a very liberal table to Mr. and
Mrs. Pocket, yet it always appeared to me that by far the best part
of the house to have boarded in would have been the kitchen,--
always supposing the boarder capable of self-defence, for, before I
had been there a week, a neighboring lady with whom the family
were personally unacquainted, wrote in to say that she had seen
Millers slapping the baby.  This greatly distressed Mrs. Pocket, who
burst into tears on receiving the note, and said that it was an
extraordinary thing that the neighbors couldn't mind their own

By degrees I learnt, and chiefly from Herbert, that Mr. Pocket had
been educated at Harrow and at Cambridge, where he had
distinguished himself; but that when he had had the happiness of
marrying Mrs. Pocket very early in life, he had impaired his
prospects and taken up the calling of a Grinder.  After grinding a
number of dull blades,--of whom it was remarkable that their
fathers, when influential, were always going to help him to
preferment, but always forgot to do it when the blades had left the
Grindstone,--he had wearied of that poor work and had come to
London.  Here, after gradually failing in loftier hopes, he had
"read" with divers who had lacked opportunities or neglected them,
and had refurbished divers others for special occasions, and had
turned his acquirements to the account of literary compilation and
correction, and on such means, added to some very moderate private
resources, still maintained the house I saw.

Mr. and Mrs. Pocket had a toady neighbor; a widow lady of that
highly sympathetic nature that she agreed with everybody, blessed
everybody, and shed smiles and tears on everybody, according to
circumstances.  This lady's name was Mrs. Coiler, and I had the
honor of taking her down to dinner on the day of my installation.
She gave me to understand on the stairs, that it was a blow to dear
Mrs. Pocket that dear Mr. Pocket should be under the necessity of
receiving gentlemen to read with him.  That did not extend to me,
she told me in a gush of love and confidence (at that time, I had
known her something less than five minutes); if they were all like
Me, it would be quite another thing.

"But dear Mrs. Pocket," said Mrs. Coiler, "after her early
disappointment (not that dear Mr. Pocket was to blame in that),
requires so much luxury and elegance--"

"Yes, ma'am," I said, to stop her, for I was afraid she was going
to cry.

"And she is of so aristocratic a disposition--"

"Yes, ma'am," I said again, with the same object as before.

"--That it is hard," said Mrs. Coiler, "to have dear Mr. Pocket's
time and attention diverted from dear Mrs. Pocket."

I could not help thinking that it might be harder if the butcher's
time and attention were diverted from dear Mrs. Pocket; but I said
nothing, and indeed had enough to do in keeping a bashful watch
upon my company manners.

It came to my knowledge, through what passed between Mrs. Pocket and
Drummle while I was attentive to my knife and fork, spoon, glasses,
and other instruments of self-destruction, that Drummle, whose
Christian name was Bentley, was actually the next heir but one to a
baronetcy.  It further appeared that the book I had seen Mrs. Pocket
reading in the garden was all about titles, and that she knew the
exact date at which her grandpapa would have come into the book, if
he ever had come at all.  Drummle didn't say much, but in his
limited way (he struck me as a sulky kind of fellow) he spoke as
one of the elect, and recognized Mrs. Pocket as a woman and a
sister.  No one but themselves and Mrs. Coiler the toady neighbor
showed any interest in this part of the conversation, and it
appeared to me that it was painful to Herbert; but it promised to
last a long time, when the page came in with the announcement of a
domestic affliction.  It was, in effect, that the cook had mislaid
the beef.  To my unutterable amazement, I now, for the first time,
saw Mr. Pocket relieve his mind by going through a performance that
struck me as very extraordinary, but which made no impression on
anybody else, and with which I soon became as familiar as the rest.
He laid down the carving-knife and fork,--being engaged in carving,
at the moment,--put his two hands into his disturbed hair, and
appeared to make an extraordinary effort to lift himself up by it.
When he had done this, and had not lifted himself up at all, he
quietly went on with what he was about.

Mrs. Coiler then changed the subject and began to flatter me.  I
liked it for a few moments, but she flattered me so very grossly
that the pleasure was soon over.  She had a serpentine way of coming
close at me when she pretended to be vitally interested in the
friends and localities I had left, which was altogether snaky and
fork-tongued; and when she made an occasional bounce upon Startop
(who said very little to her), or upon Drummle (who said less), I
rather envied them for being on the opposite side of the table.

After dinner the children were introduced, and Mrs. Coiler made
admiring comments on their eyes, noses, and legs,--a sagacious way
of improving their minds.  There were four little girls, and two
little boys, besides the baby who might have been either, and the
baby's next successor who was as yet neither.  They were brought in
by Flopson and Millers, much as though those two non-commissioned
officers had been recruiting somewhere for children and had
enlisted these, while Mrs. Pocket looked at the young Nobles that
ought to have been as if she rather thought she had had the
pleasure of inspecting them before, but didn't quite know what to
make of them.

"Here!  Give me your fork, Mum, and take the baby," said Flopson.
"Don't take it that way, or you'll get its head under the table."

Thus advised, Mrs. Pocket took it the other way, and got its head
upon the table; which was announced to all present by a prodigious

"Dear, dear!  Give it me back, Mum," said Flopson; "and Miss Jane,
come and dance to baby, do!"

One of the little girls, a mere mite who seemed to have prematurely
taken upon herself some charge of the others, stepped out of her
place by me, and danced to and from the baby until it left off
crying, and laughed.  Then, all the children laughed, and Mr. Pocket
(who in the meantime had twice endeavored to lift himself up by
the hair) laughed, and we all laughed and were glad.

Flopson, by dint of doubling the baby at the joints like a Dutch
doll, then got it safely into Mrs. Pocket's lap, and gave it the
nut-crackers to play with; at the same time recommending Mrs. Pocket
to take notice that the handles of that instrument were not likely
to agree with its eyes, and sharply charging Miss Jane to look
after the same.  Then, the two nurses left the room, and had a
lively scuffle on the staircase with a dissipated page who had
waited at dinner, and who had clearly lost half his buttons at the

I was made very uneasy in my mind by Mrs. Pocket's falling into a
discussion with Drummle respecting two baronetcies, while she ate a
sliced orange steeped in sugar and wine, and, forgetting all about
the baby on her lap, who did most appalling things with the
nut-crackers.  At length little Jane, perceiving its young brains to
be imperilled, softly left her place, and with many small artifices
coaxed the dangerous weapon away.  Mrs. Pocket finishing her orange
at about the same time, and not approving of this, said to Jane,--

"You naughty child, how dare you?  Go and sit down this instant!"

"Mamma dear," lisped the little girl, "baby ood have put hith eyeth

"How dare you tell me so?" retorted Mrs. Pocket.  "Go and sit down in
your chair this moment!"

Mrs. Pocket's dignity was so crushing, that I felt quite abashed, as
if I myself had done something to rouse it.

"Belinda," remonstrated Mr. Pocket, from the other end of the table,
"how can you be so unreasonable?  Jane only interfered for the
protection of baby."

"I will not allow anybody to interfere," said Mrs. Pocket.  "I am
surprised, Matthew, that you should expose me to the affront of

"Good God!" cried Mr. Pocket, in an outbreak of desolate
desperation.  "Are infants to be nut-crackered into their tombs, and
is nobody to save them?"

"I will not be interfered with by Jane," said Mrs. Pocket, with a
majestic glance at that innocent little offender.  "I hope I know my
poor grandpapa's position.  Jane, indeed!"

Mr. Pocket got his hands in his hair again, and this time really did
lift himself some inches out of his chair.  "Hear this!" he
helplessly exclaimed to the elements.  "Babies are to be
nut-crackered dead, for people's poor grandpapa's positions!"  Then
he let himself down again, and became silent.

We all looked awkwardly at the tablecloth while this was going on.
A pause succeeded, during which the honest and irrepressible baby
made a series of leaps and crows at little Jane, who appeared to me
to be the only member of the family (irrespective of servants) with
whom it had any decided acquaintance.

"Mr. Drummle," said Mrs. Pocket, "will you ring for Flopson?  Jane,
you undutiful little thing, go and lie down.  Now, baby darling,
come with ma!"

The baby was the soul of honor, and protested with all its might.
It doubled itself up the wrong way over Mrs. Pocket's arm, exhibited
a pair of knitted shoes and dimpled ankles to the company in lieu
of its soft face, and was carried out in the highest state of
mutiny.  And it gained its point after all, for I saw it through the
window within a few minutes, being nursed by little Jane.

It happened that the other five children were left behind at the
dinner-table, through Flopson's having some private engagement, and
their not being anybody else's business.  I thus became aware of the
mutual relations between them and Mr. Pocket, which were exemplified
in the following manner.  Mr. Pocket, with the normal perplexity of
his face heightened and his hair rumpled, looked at them for some
minutes, as if he couldn't make out how they came to be boarding
and lodging in that establishment, and why they hadn't been
billeted by Nature on somebody else.  Then, in a distant Missionary
way he asked them certain questions,--as why little Joe had that
hole in his frill, who said, Pa, Flopson was going to mend it when
she had time,--and how little Fanny came by that whitlow, who said,
Pa, Millers was going to poultice it when she didn't forget.  Then,
he melted into parental tenderness, and gave them a shilling apiece
and told them to go and play; and then as they went out, with one
very strong effort to lift himself up by the hair he dismissed the
hopeless subject.

In the evening there was rowing on the river.  As Drummle and
Startop had each a boat, I resolved to set up mine, and to cut them
both out.  I was pretty good at most exercises in which country boys
are adepts, but as I was conscious of wanting elegance of style
for the Thames,--not to say for other waters,--I at once engaged to
place myself under the tuition of the winner of a prize-wherry who
plied at our stairs, and to whom I was introduced by my new allies.
This practical authority confused me very much by saying I had the
arm of a blacksmith.  If he could have known how nearly the
compliment lost him his pupil, I doubt if he would have paid it.

There was a supper-tray after we got home at night, and I think we
should all have enjoyed ourselves, but for a rather disagreeable
domestic occurrence.  Mr. Pocket was in good spirits, when a
housemaid came in, and said, "If you please, sir, I should wish to
speak to you."

"Speak to your master?" said Mrs. Pocket, whose dignity was roused
again.  "How can you think of such a thing?  Go and speak to Flopson.
Or speak to me--at some other time."

"Begging your pardon, ma'am," returned the housemaid, "I should
wish to speak at once, and to speak to master."

Hereupon, Mr. Pocket went out of the room, and we made the best of
ourselves until he came back.

"This is a pretty thing, Belinda!" said Mr. Pocket, returning with a
countenance expressive of grief and despair.  "Here's the cook lying
insensibly drunk on the kitchen floor, with a large bundle of fresh
butter made up in the cupboard ready to sell for grease!"

Mrs. Pocket instantly showed much amiable emotion, and said, "This
is that odious Sophia's doing!"

"What do you mean, Belinda?" demanded Mr. Pocket.

"Sophia has told you," said Mrs. Pocket.  "Did I not see her with my
own eyes and hear her with my own ears, come into the room just now
and ask to speak to you?"

"But has she not taken me down stairs, Belinda," returned Mr.
Pocket, "and shown me the woman, and the bundle too?"

"And do you defend her, Matthew," said Mrs. Pocket, "for making

Mr. Pocket uttered a dismal groan.

"Am I, grandpapa's granddaughter, to be nothing in the house?" said
Mrs. Pocket.  "Besides, the cook has always been a very nice
respectful woman, and said in the most natural manner when she came
to look after the situation, that she felt I was born to be a

There was a sofa where Mr. Pocket stood, and he dropped upon it in
the attitude of the Dying Gladiator.  Still in that attitude he
said, with a hollow voice, "Good night, Mr. Pip," when I deemed it
advisable to go to bed and leave him.

Chapter XXIV

After two or three days, when I had established myself in my room
and had gone backwards and forwards to London several times, and
had ordered all I wanted of my tradesmen, Mr. Pocket and I had a
long talk together.  He knew more of my intended career than I knew
myself, for he referred to his having been told by Mr. Jaggers that
I was not designed for any profession, and that I should be well
enough educated for my destiny if I could "hold my own" with the
average of young men in prosperous circumstances.  I acquiesced, of
course, knowing nothing to the contrary.

He advised my attending certain places in London, for the
acquisition of such mere rudiments as I wanted, and my investing
him with the functions of explainer and director of all my studies.
He hoped that with intelligent assistance I should meet with little
to discourage me, and should soon be able to dispense with any aid
but his.  Through his way of saying this, and much more to similar
purpose, he placed himself on confidential terms with me in an
admirable manner; and I may state at once that he was always so
zealous and honorable in fulfilling his compact with me, that he
made me zealous and honorable in fulfilling mine with him.  If he
had shown indifference as a master, I have no doubt I should have
returned the compliment as a pupil; he gave me no such excuse, and
each of us did the other justice.  Nor did I ever regard him as
having anything ludicrous about him--or anything but what was
serious, honest, and good--in his tutor communication with me.

When these points were settled, and so far carried out as that I
had begun to work in earnest, it occurred to me that if I could
retain my bedroom in Barnard's Inn, my life would be agreeably
varied, while my manners would be none the worse for Herbert's
society.  Mr. Pocket did not object to this arrangement, but urged
that before any step could possibly be taken in it, it must be
submitted to my guardian.  I felt that this delicacy arose out of
the consideration that the plan would save Herbert some expense, so
I went off to Little Britain and imparted my wish to Mr. Jaggers.

"If I could buy the furniture now hired for me," said I, "and one
or two other little things, I should be quite at home there."

"Go it!" said Mr. Jaggers, with a short laugh.  "I told you you'd get
on.  Well!  How much do you want?"

I said I didn't know how much.

"Come!" retorted Mr. Jaggers.  "How much?  Fifty pounds?"

"O, not nearly so much."

"Five pounds?" said Mr. Jaggers.

This was such a great fall, that I said in discomfiture, "O, more
than that."

"More than that, eh!" retorted Mr. Jaggers, lying in wait for me,
with his hands in his pockets, his head on one side, and his eyes
on the wall behind me; "how much more?"

"It is so difficult to fix a sum," said I, hesitating.

"Come!" said Mr. Jaggers.  "Let's get at it.  Twice five; will that
do?  Three times five; will that do?  Four times five; will that do?"

I said I thought that would do handsomely.

"Four times five will do handsomely, will it?" said Mr. Jaggers,
knitting his brows.  "Now, what do you make of four times five?"

"What do I make of it?"

"Ah!" said Mr. Jaggers; "how much?"

"I suppose you make it twenty pounds," said I, smiling.

"Never mind what I make it, my friend," observed Mr. Jaggers, with a
knowing and contradictory toss of his head.  "I want to know what
you make it."

"Twenty pounds, of course."

"Wemmick!" said Mr. Jaggers, opening his office door.  "Take Mr. Pip's
written order, and pay him twenty pounds."

This strongly marked way of doing business made a strongly marked
impression on me, and that not of an agreeable kind.  Mr. Jaggers
never laughed; but he wore great bright creaking boots, and, in
poising himself on these boots, with his large head bent down and
his eyebrows joined together, awaiting an answer, he sometimes
caused the boots to creak, as if they laughed in a dry and
suspicious way.  As he happened to go out now, and as Wemmick was
brisk and talkative, I said to Wemmick that I hardly knew what to
make of Mr. Jaggers's manner.

"Tell him that, and he'll take it as a compliment," answered
Wemmick; "he don't mean that you should know what to make of it.--
Oh!" for I looked surprised, "it's not personal; it's professional:
only professional."

Wemmick was at his desk, lunching--and crunching--on a dry hard
biscuit; pieces of which he threw from time to time into his slit
of a mouth, as if he were posting them.

"Always seems to me," said Wemmick, "as if he had set a man-trap and
was watching it.  Suddenly-click--you're caught!"

Without remarking that man-traps were not among the amenities of
life, I said I supposed he was very skilful?

"Deep," said Wemmick, "as Australia."  Pointing with his pen at the
office floor, to express that Australia was understood, for the
purposes of the figure, to be symmetrically on the opposite spot of
the globe.  "If there was anything deeper," added Wemmick, bringing
his pen to paper, "he'd be it."

Then, I said I supposed he had a fine business, and Wemmick said,
"Ca-pi-tal!"  Then I asked if there were many clerks?  to which he

"We don't run much into clerks, because there's only one Jaggers,
and people won't have him at second hand.  There are only four of
us.  Would you like to see 'em?  You are one of us, as I may say."

I accepted the offer.  When Mr. Wemmick had put all the biscuit into
the post, and had paid me my money from a cash-box in a safe, the
key of which safe he kept somewhere down his back and produced from
his coat-collar like an iron-pigtail, we went up stairs.  The house
was dark and shabby, and the greasy shoulders that had left their
mark in Mr. Jaggers's room seemed to have been shuffling up and
down the staircase for years.  In the front first floor, a clerk who
looked something between a publican and a rat-catcher--a large
pale, puffed, swollen man--was attentively engaged with three or
four people of shabby appearance, whom he treated as
unceremoniously as everybody seemed to be treated who contributed
to Mr. Jaggers's coffers.  "Getting evidence together," said Mr.
Wemmick, as we came out, "for the Bailey." In the room over that, a 
little flabby terrier of a clerk with dangling hair (his cropping 
seemed to have been forgotten when he was a puppy) was similarly 
engaged with a man with weak eyes, whom Mr. Wemmick presented to me 
as a smelter who kept his pot always boiling, and who would melt me 
anything I pleased,--and who was in an excessive white-perspiration, 
as if he had been trying his art on himself.  In a back room, a 
high-shouldered man with a face-ache tied up in dirty flannel, who 
was dressed in old black clothes that bore the appearance of having 
been waxed, was stooping over his work of making fair copies of the 
notes of the other two gentlemen, for Mr. Jaggers's own use.

This was all the establishment.  When we went down stairs again,
Wemmick led me into my guardian's room, and said, "This you've seen

"Pray," said I, as the two odious casts with the twitchy leer upon
them caught my sight again, "whose likenesses are those?"

"These?" said Wemmick, getting upon a chair, and blowing the dust
off the horrible heads before bringing them down.  "These are two
celebrated ones.  Famous clients of ours that got us a world of
credit.  This chap (why you must have come down in the night and
been peeping into the inkstand, to get this blot upon your eyebrow,
you old rascal!) murdered his master, and, considering that he
wasn't brought up to evidence, didn't plan it badly."

"Is it like him?" I asked, recoiling from the brute, as Wemmick
spat upon his eyebrow and gave it a rub with his sleeve.

"Like him?  It's himself, you know.  The cast was made in Newgate,
directly after he was taken down.  You had a particular fancy for
me, hadn't you, Old Artful?" said Wemmick.  He then explained this
affectionate apostrophe, by touching his brooch representing the
lady and the weeping willow at the tomb with the urn upon it, and
saying, "Had it made for me, express!"

"Is the lady anybody?" said I.

"No," returned Wemmick.  "Only his game.  (You liked your bit of
game, didn't you?) No; deuce a bit of a lady in the case, Mr. Pip,
except one,--and she wasn't of this slender lady-like sort, and you
wouldn't have caught her looking after this urn, unless there was
something to drink in it."  Wemmick's attention being thus directed
to his brooch, he put down the cast, and polished the brooch with
his pocket-handkerchief.

"Did that other creature come to the same end?" I asked.  "He has
the same look."

"You're right," said Wemmick; "it's the genuine look.  Much as if
one nostril was caught up with a horse-hair and a little fish-hook.
Yes, he came to the same end; quite the natural end here, I assure
you.  He forged wills, this blade did, if he didn't also put the
supposed testators to sleep too.  You were a gentlemanly Cove,
though" (Mr. Wemmick was again apostrophizing), "and you said you
could write Greek.  Yah, Bounceable!  What a liar you were!  I never
met such a liar as you!"  Before putting his late friend on his
shelf again, Wemmick touched the largest of his mourning rings and
said, "Sent out to buy it for me, only the day before."

While he was putting up the other cast and coming down from the
chair, the thought crossed my mind that all his personal jewelry
was derived from like sources.  As he had shown no diffidence on the
subject, I ventured on the liberty of asking him the question, when
he stood before me, dusting his hands.

"O yes," he returned, "these are all gifts of that kind.  One
brings another, you see; that's the way of it.  I always take 'em.
They're curiosities.  And they're property.  They may not be worth
much, but, after all, they're property and portable.  It don't
signify to you with your brilliant lookout, but as to myself, my
guiding-star always is, "Get hold of portable property"."

When I had rendered homage to this light, he went on to say, in a
friendly manner:--

"If at any odd time when you have nothing better to do, you
wouldn't mind coming over to see me at Walworth, I could offer you
a bed, and I should consider it an honor.  I have not much to show
you; but such two or three curiosities as I have got you might
like to look over; and I am fond of a bit of garden and a

I said I should be delighted to accept his hospitality.

"Thankee," said he; "then we'll consider that it's to come off,
when convenient to you.  Have you dined with Mr. Jaggers yet?"

"Not yet."

"Well," said Wemmick, "he'll give you wine, and good wine.  I'll
give you punch, and not bad punch.  And now I'll tell you something.
When you go to dine with Mr. Jaggers, look at his housekeeper."

"Shall I see something very uncommon?"

"Well," said Wemmick, "you'll see a wild beast tamed.  Not so very
uncommon, you'll tell me.  I reply, that depends on the original
wildness of the beast, and the amount of taming.  It won't lower
your opinion of Mr. Jaggers's powers.  Keep your eye on it."

I told him I would do so, with all the interest and curiosity that
his preparation awakened.  As I was taking my departure, he asked me
if I would like to devote five minutes to seeing Mr. Jaggers "at

For several reasons, and not least because I didn't clearly know
what Mr. Jaggers would be found to be "at," I replied in the
affirmative.  We dived into the City, and came up in a crowded
police-court, where a blood-relation (in the murderous sense) of the
deceased, with the fanciful taste in brooches, was standing at the
bar, uncomfortably chewing something; while my guardian had a woman
under examination or cross-examination,--I don't know which,--and
was striking her, and the bench, and everybody present, with awe.
If anybody, of whatsoever degree, said a word that he didn't
approve of, he instantly required to have it "taken down."  If
anybody wouldn't make an admission, he said, "I'll have it out of
you!" and if anybody made an admission, he said, "Now I have got
you!" The magistrates shivered under a single bite of his finger.
Thieves and thief-takers hung in dread rapture on his words, and
shrank when a hair of his eyebrows turned in their direction.  Which
side he was on I couldn't make out, for he seemed to me to be
grinding the whole place in a mill; I only know that when I stole
out on tiptoe, he was not on the side of the bench; for, he was
making the legs of the old gentleman who presided, quite convulsive
under the table, by his denunciations of his conduct as the
representative of British law and justice in that chair that day.

Chapter XXV

Bentley Drummle, who was so sulky a fellow that he even took up a
book as if its writer had done him an injury, did not take up an
acquaintance in a more agreeable spirit.  Heavy in figure, movement,
and comprehension,--in the sluggish complexion of his face, and in
the large, awkward tongue that seemed to loll about in his mouth as
he himself lolled about in a room,--he was idle, proud, niggardly,
reserved, and suspicious.  He came of rich people down in
Somersetshire, who had nursed this combination of qualities until
they made the discovery that it was just of age and a blockhead.
Thus, Bentley Drummle had come to Mr. Pocket when he was a head
taller than that gentleman, and half a dozen heads thicker than
most gentlemen.

Startop had been spoilt by a weak mother and kept at home when he
ought to have been at school, but he was devotedly attached to her,
and admired her beyond measure.  He had a woman's delicacy of
feature, and was--"as you may see, though you never saw her," said
Herbert to me--"exactly like his mother.  It was but natural that I
should take to him much more kindly than to Drummle, and that, even
in the earliest evenings of our boating, he and I should pull
homeward abreast of one another, conversing from boat to boat,
while Bentley Drummle came up in our wake alone, under the
overhanging banks and among the rushes.  He would always creep
in-shore like some uncomfortable amphibious creature, even when the
tide would have sent him fast upon his way; and I always think of
him as coming after us in the dark or by the back-water, when our
own two boats were breaking the sunset or the moonlight in

Herbert was my intimate companion and friend.  I presented him with
a half-share in my boat, which was the occasion of his often coming
down to Hammersmith; and my possession of a half-share in his
chambers often took me up to London.  We used to walk between the
two places at all hours.  I have an affection for the road yet
(though it is not so pleasant a road as it was then), formed in the
impressibility of untried youth and hope.

When I had been in Mr. Pocket's family a month or two, Mr. and Mrs.
Camilla turned up.  Camilla was Mr. Pocket's sister.  Georgiana, whom
I had seen at Miss Havisham's on the same occasion, also turned up.
she was a cousin,--an indigestive single woman, who called her
rigidity religion, and her liver love.  These people hated me with
the hatred of cupidity and disappointment.  As a matter of course,
they fawned upon me in my prosperity with the basest meanness.
Towards Mr. Pocket, as a grown-up infant with no notion of his own
interests, they showed the complacent forbearance I had heard them
express.  Mrs. Pocket they held in contempt; but they allowed the
poor soul to have been heavily disappointed in life, because that
shed a feeble reflected light upon themselves.

These were the surroundings among which I settled down, and applied
myself to my education.  I soon contracted expensive habits, and
began to spend an amount of money that within a few short months I
should have thought almost fabulous; but through good and evil I
stuck to my books.  There was no other merit in this, than my having
sense enough to feel my deficiencies.  Between Mr. Pocket and Herbert
I got on fast; and, with one or the other always at my elbow to
give me the start I wanted, and clear obstructions out of my road,
I must have been as great a dolt as Drummle if I had done less.

I had not seen Mr. Wemmick for some weeks, when I thought I would
write him a note and propose to go home with him on a certain
evening.  He replied that it would give him much pleasure, and that
he would expect me at the office at six o'clock.  Thither I went,
and there I found him, putting the key of his safe down his back as
the clock struck.

"Did you think of walking down to Walworth?" said he.

"Certainly," said I, "if you approve."

"Very much," was Wemmick's reply, "for I have had my legs under the
desk all day, and shall be glad to stretch them.  Now, I'll tell you
what I have got for supper, Mr. Pip.  I have got a stewed steak,--
which is of home preparation,--and a cold roast fowl,--which is
from the cook's-shop.  I think it's tender, because the master of
the shop was a Juryman in some cases of ours the other day, and we
let him down easy.  I reminded him of it when I bought the fowl, and
I said, "Pick us out a good one, old Briton, because if we had
chosen to keep you in the box another day or two, we could easily
have done it."  He said to that, "Let me make you a present of the
best fowl in the shop."  I let him, of course.  As far as it goes,
it's property and portable.  You don't object to an aged parent, I

I really thought he was still speaking of the fowl, until he added,
"Because I have got an aged parent at my place."  I then said what
politeness required.

"So, you haven't dined with Mr. Jaggers yet?" he pursued, as we
walked along.

"Not yet."

"He told me so this afternoon when he heard you were coming.  I
expect you'll have an invitation to-morrow.  He's going to ask your
pals, too.  Three of 'em; ain't there?"

Although I was not in the habit of counting Drummle as one of my
intimate associates, I answered, "Yes."

"Well, he's going to ask the whole gang,"-- I hardly felt
complimented by the word,--"and whatever he gives you, he'll give
you good.  Don't look forward to variety, but you'll have
excellence.  And there'sa nother rum thing in his house," proceeded
Wemmick, after a moment's pause, as if the remark followed on the
housekeeper understood; "he never lets a door or window be fastened
at night."

"Is he never robbed?"

"That's it!" returned Wemmick.  "He says, and gives it out publicly,
"I want to see the man who'll rob me."  Lord bless you, I have heard
him, a hundred times,  if I have heard him once, say to regular
cracksmen in our front office, "You know where I live; now, no bolt
is ever drawn there; why don't you do a stroke of business with me?
Come; can't I tempt you?"  Not a man of them, sir, would be bold
enough to try it on, for love or money."

"They dread him so much?" said I.

"Dread him," said Wemmick.  "I believe you they dread him.  Not but
what he's artful, even in his defiance of them.  No silver, sir.
Britannia metal, every spoon."

"So they wouldn't have much," I observed, "even if they--"

"Ah!  But he would have much," said Wemmick, cutting me short, "and
they know it.  He'd have their lives, and the lives of scores of
'em.  He'd have all he could get.  And it's impossible to say what he
couldn't get, if he gave his mind to it."

I was falling into meditation on my guardian's greatness, when
Wemmick remarked:--

"As to the absence of plate, that's only his natural depth, you
know.  A river's its natural depth, and he's his natural depth.  Look
at his watch-chain.  That's real enough."

"It's very massive," said I.

"Massive?" repeated Wemmick.  "I think so.  And his watch is a gold
repeater, and worth a hundred pound if it's worth a penny.  Mr. Pip,
there are about seven hundred thieves in this town who know all
about that watch; there's not a man, a woman, or a child, among
them, who wouldn't identify the smallest link in that chain, and
drop it as if it was red hot, if inveigled into touching it."

At first with such discourse, and afterwards with conversation of a
more general nature, did Mr. Wemmick and I beguile the time and the
road, until he gave me to understand that we had arrived in the
district of Walworth.

It appeared to be a collection of back lanes, ditches, and little
gardens, and to present the aspect of a rather dull retirement.
Wemmick's house was a little wooden cottage in the midst of plots
of garden, and the top of it was cut out and painted like a battery
mounted with guns.

"My own doing," said Wemmick.  "Looks pretty; don't it?"

I highly commended it, I think it was the smallest house I ever
saw; with the queerest gothic windows (by far the greater part of
them sham), and a gothic door almost too small to get in at.

"That's a real flagstaff, you see," said Wemmick, "and on Sundays I
run up a real flag.  Then look here.  After I have crossed this
bridge, I hoist it up-so--and cut off the communication."

The bridge was a plank, and it crossed a chasm about four feet wide
and two deep.  But it was very pleasant to see the pride with which
he hoisted it up and made it fast; smiling as he did so, with a
relish and not merely mechanically.

"At nine o'clock every night, Greenwich time," said Wemmick, "the
gun fires.  There he is, you see!  And when you hear him go, I think
you'll say he's a Stinger."

The piece of ordnance referred to, was mounted in a separate
fortress, constructed of lattice-work.  It was protected from the
weather by an ingenious little tarpaulin contrivance in the nature
of an umbrella.

"Then, at the back," said Wemmick, "out of sight, so as not to
impede the idea of fortifications,--for it's a principle with me,
if you have an idea, carry it out and keep it up,--I don't know
whether that's your opinion--"

I said, decidedly.

"--At the back, there's a pig, and there are fowls and rabbits;
then, I knock together my own little frame, you see, and grow
cucumbers; and you'll judge at supper what sort of a salad I can
raise.  So, sir," said Wemmick, smiling again, but seriously too, as
he shook his head, "if you can suppose the little place besieged,
it would hold out a devil of a time in point of provisions."

Then, he conducted me to a bower about a dozen yards off, but which
was approached by such ingenious twists of path that it took quite
a long time to get at; and in this retreat our glasses were already
set forth.  Our punch was cooling in an ornamental lake, on whose
margin the bower was raised.  This piece of water (with an island in
the middle which might have been the salad for supper) was of a
circular form, and he had constructed a fountain in it, which, when
you set a little mill going and took a cork out of a pipe, played
to that powerful extent that it made the back of your hand quite

"I am my own engineer, and my own carpenter, and my own plumber,
and my own gardener, and my own Jack of all Trades," said Wemmick,
in acknowledging my compliments.  "Well; it's a good thing, you
know.  It brushes the Newgate cobwebs away, and pleases the Aged.
You wouldn't mind being at once introduced to the Aged, would you?
It wouldn't put you out?"

I expressed the readiness I felt, and we went into the castle.
There we found, sitting by a fire, a very old man in a flannel
coat:  clean, cheerful, comfortable, and well cared for, but
intensely deaf.

"Well aged parent," said Wemmick, shaking hands with him in a
cordial and jocose way, "how am you?"

"All right, John; all right!" replied the old man.

"Here's Mr. Pip, aged parent," said Wemmick, "and I wish you could
hear his name.  Nod away at him, Mr. Pip; that's what he likes.  Nod
away at him, if you please, like winking!"

"This is a fine place of my son's, sir," cried the old man, while I
nodded as hard as I possibly could.  "This is a pretty
pleasure-ground, sir.  This spot and these beautiful works upon it
ought to be kept together by the Nation, after my son's time, for
the people's enjoyment."

"You're as proud of it as Punch; ain't you, Aged?" said Wemmick,
contemplating the old man, with his hard face really softened;
"there's a nod for you;" giving him a tremendous one; "there's
another for you;" giving him a still more tremendous one; "you like
that, don't you?  If you're not tired, Mr. Pip--though I know it's
tiring to strangers--will you tip him one more?  You can't think
how it pleases him."

I tipped him several more, and he was in great spirits.  We left him
bestirring himself to feed the fowls, and we sat down to our punch
in the arbor; where Wemmick told me, as he smoked a pipe, that it
had taken him a good many years to bring the property up to its
present pitch of perfection.

"Is it your own, Mr. Wemmick?"

"O yes," said Wemmick, "I have got hold of it, a bit at a time.
It's a freehold, by George!"

"Is it indeed?  I hope Mr. Jaggers admires it?"

"Never seen it," said Wemmick.  "Never heard of it.  Never seen the
Aged.  Never heard of him.  No; the office is one thing, and private
life is another.  When I go into the office, I leave the Castle
behind me, and when I come into the Castle, I leave the office
behind me.  If it's not in any way disagreeable to you, you'll
oblige me by doing the same.  I don't wish it professionally spoken

Of course I felt my good faith involved in the observance of his
request.  The punch being very nice, we sat there drinking it and
talking, until it was almost nine o'clock.  "Getting near gun-fire,"
said Wemmick then, as he laid down his pipe; "it's the Aged's

Proceeding into the Castle again, we found the Aged heating the
poker, with expectant eyes, as a preliminary to the performance of
this great nightly ceremony.  Wemmick stood with his watch in his
hand until the moment was come for him to take the red-hot poker
from the Aged, and repair to the battery.  He took it, and went out,
and presently the Stinger went off with a Bang that shook the crazy
little box of a cottage as if it must fall to pieces, and made
every glass and teacup in it ring.  Upon this, the Aged--who I
believe would have been blown out of his arm-chair but for holding
on by the elbows--cried out exultingly, "He's fired!  I heerd him!"
and I nodded at the old gentleman until it is no figure of speech
to declare that I absolutely could not see him.

The interval between that time and supper Wemmick devoted to
showing me his collection of curiosities.  They were mostly of a
felonious character; comprising the pen with which a celebrated
forgery had been committed, a distinguished razor or two, some
locks of hair, and several manuscript confessions written under
condemnation,--upon which Mr. Wemmick set particular value as being,
to use his own words, "every one of 'em Lies, sir."  These were
agreeably dispersed among small specimens of china and glass,
various neat trifles made by the proprietor of the museum, and some
tobacco-stoppers carved by the Aged.  They were all displayed in
that chamber of the Castle into which I had been first inducted,
and which served, not only as the general sitting-room but as the
kitchen too, if I might judge from a saucepan on the hob, and a
brazen bijou over the fireplace designed for the suspension of a

There was a neat little girl in attendance, who looked after the
Aged in the day.  When she had laid the supper-cloth, the bridge was
lowered to give her means of egress, and she withdrew for the
night.  The supper was excellent; and though the Castle was rather
subject to dry-rot insomuch that it tasted like a bad nut, and
though the pig might have been farther off, I was heartily pleased
with my whole entertainment.  Nor was there any drawback on my
little turret bedroom, beyond there being such a very thin ceiling
between me and the flagstaff, that when I lay down on my back in
bed, it seemed as if I had to balance that pole on my forehead all

Wemmick was up early in the morning, and I am afraid I heard him
cleaning my boots.  After that, he fell to gardening, and I saw him
from my gothic window pretending to employ the Aged, and nodding at
him in a most devoted manner.  Our breakfast was as good as the
supper, and at half-past eight precisely we started for Little
Britain.  By degrees, Wemmick got dryer and harder as we went along,
and his mouth tightened into a post-office again.  At last, when we
got to his place of business and he pulled out his key from his
coat-collar, he looked as unconscious of his Walworth property as
if the Castle and the drawbridge and the arbor and the lake and
the fountain and the Aged, had all been blown into space together
by the last discharge of the Stinger.

Chapter XXVI

It fell out as Wemmick had told me it would, that I had an early
opportunity of comparing my guardian's establishment with that of
his cashier and clerk.  My guardian was in his room, washing his
hands with his scented soap, when I went into the office from
Walworth; and he called me to him, and gave me the invitation for
myself and friends which Wemmick had prepared me to receive.  "No
ceremony," he stipulated, "and no dinner dress, and say to-morrow."
I asked him where we should come to (for I had no idea where he
lived), and I believe it was in his general objection to make
anything like an admission, that he replied, "Come here, and I'll
take you home with me."  I embrace this opportunity of remarking
that he washed his clients off, as if he were a surgeon or a
dentist.  He had a closet in his room, fitted up for the purpose,
which smelt of the scented soap like a perfumer's shop.  It had an
unusually large jack-towel on a roller inside the door, and he
would wash his hands, and wipe them and dry them all over this
towel, whenever he came in from a police court or dismissed a
client from his room.  When I and my friends repaired to him at six
o'clock next day, he seemed to have been engaged on a case of a
darker complexion than usual, for we found him with his head
butted into this closet, not only washing his hands, but laving his
face and gargling his throat.  And even when he had done all that,
and had gone all round the jack-towel, he took out his penknife and
scraped the case out of his nails before he put his coat on.

There were some people slinking about as usual when we passed out
into the street, who were evidently anxious to speak with him; but
there was something so conclusive in the halo of scented soap which
encircled his presence, that they gave it up for that day.  As we
walked along westward, he was recognized ever and again by some
face in the crowd of the streets, and whenever that happened he
talked louder to me; but he never otherwise recognized anybody, or
took notice that anybody recognized him.

He conducted us to Gerrard Street, Soho, to a house on the south
side of that street.  Rather a stately house of its kind, but
dolefully in want of painting, and with dirty windows.  He took out
his key and opened the door, and we all went into a stone hall,
bare, gloomy, and little used.  So, up a dark brown staircase into a
series of three dark brown rooms on the first floor.  There were
carved garlands on the panelled walls, and as he stood among them
giving us welcome, I know what kind of loops I thought they looked

Dinner was laid in the best of these rooms; the second was his
dressing-room; the third, his bedroom.  He told us that he held the
whole house, but rarely used more of it than we saw.  The table was
comfortably laid--no silver in the service, of course--and at the
side of his chair was a capacious dumb-waiter, with a variety of
bottles and decanters on it, and four dishes of fruit for dessert.
I noticed throughout, that he kept everything under his own hand,
and distributed everything himself.

There was a bookcase in the room; I saw from the backs of the
books, that they were about evidence, criminal law, criminal
biography, trials, acts of Parliament, and such things.  The
furniture was all very solid and good, like his watch-chain.  It had
an official look, however, and there was nothing merely ornamental
to be seen.  In a corner was a little table of papers with a shaded
lamp:  so that he seemed to bring the office home with him in that
respect too, and to wheel it out of an evening and fall to work.

As he had scarcely seen my three companions until now,--for he and
I had walked together,--he stood on the hearth-rug, after ringing
the bell, and took a searching look at them.  To my surprise, he
seemed at once to be principally if not solely interested in

"Pip," said he, putting his large hand on my shoulder and moving me
to the window, "I don't know one from the other.  Who's the Spider?"

"The spider?" said I.

"The blotchy, sprawly, sulky fellow."

"That's Bentley Drummle," I replied; "the one with the delicate
face is Startop."

Not making the least account of "the one with the delicate face,"
he returned, "Bentley Drummle is his name, is it?  I like the look
of that fellow."

He immediately began to talk to Drummle:  not at all deterred by his
replying in his heavy reticent way, but apparently led on by it to
screw discourse out of him.  I was looking at the two, when there
came between me and them the housekeeper, with the first dish for
the table.

She was a woman of about forty, I supposed,--but I may have thought
her younger than she was.  Rather tall, of a lithe nimble figure,
extremely pale, with large faded eyes, and a quantity of streaming
hair.  I cannot say whether any diseased affection of the heart
caused her lips to be parted as if she were panting, and her face
to bear a curious expression of suddenness and flutter; but I know
that I had been to see Macbeth at the theatre, a night or two
before, and that her face looked to me as if it were all disturbed
by fiery air, like the faces I had seen rise out of the Witches'

She set the dish on, touched my guardian quietly on the arm with a
finger to notify that dinner was ready, and vanished.  We took our
seats at the round table, and my guardian kept Drummle on one side
of him, while Startop sat on the other.  It was a noble dish of fish
that the housekeeper had put on table, and we had a joint of
equally choice mutton afterwards, and then an equally choice bird.
Sauces, wines, all the accessories we wanted, and all of the best,
were given out by our host from his dumb-waiter; and when they had
made the circuit of the table, he always put them back again.
Similarly, he dealt us clean plates and knives and forks, for each
course, and dropped those just disused into two baskets on the
ground by his chair.  No other attendant than the housekeeper
appeared.  She set on every dish; and I always saw in her face, a
face rising out of the caldron.  Years afterwards, I made a dreadful
likeness of that woman, by causing a face that had no other natural
resemblance to it than it derived from flowing hair to pass behind
a bowl of flaming spirits in a dark room.

Induced to take particular notice of the housekeeper, both by her
own striking appearance and by Wemmick's preparation, I observed
that whenever she was in the room she kept her eyes attentively on
my guardian, and that she would remove her hands from any dish she
put before him, hesitatingly, as if she dreaded his calling her
back, and wanted him to speak when she was nigh, if he had anything
to say.  I fancied that I could detect in his manner a consciousness
of this, and a purpose of always holding her in suspense.

Dinner went off gayly, and although my guardian seemed to follow
rather than originate subjects, I knew that he wrenched the weakest
part of our dispositions out of us.  For myself, I found that I was
expressing my tendency to lavish expenditure, and to patronize
Herbert, and to boast of my great prospects, before I quite knew
that I had opened my lips.  It was so with all of us, but with no
one more than Drummle:  the development of whose inclination to gird
in a grudging and suspicious way at the rest, was screwed out of
him before the fish was taken off.

It was not then, but when we had got to the cheese, that our
conversation turned upon our rowing feats, and that Drummle was
rallied for coming up behind of a night in that slow amphibious way
of his.  Drummle upon this, informed our host that he much preferred
our room to our company, and that as to skill he was more than our
master, and that as to strength he could scatter us like chaff.  By
some invisible agency, my guardian wound him up to a pitch little
short of ferocity about this trifle; and he fell to baring and
spanning his arm to show how muscular it was, and we all fell to
baring and spanning our arms in a ridiculous manner.

Now the housekeeper was at that time clearing the table; my
guardian, taking no heed of her, but with the side of his face
turned from her, was leaning back in his chair biting the side of
his forefinger and showing an interest in Drummle, that, to me, was
quite inexplicable.  Suddenly, he clapped his large hand on the
housekeeper's, like a trap, as she stretched it across the table.
So suddenly and smartly did he do this, that we all stopped in our
foolish contention.

"If you talk of strength," said Mr. Jaggers, "I'll show you a wrist.
Molly, let them see your wrist."

Her entrapped hand was on the table, but she had already put her
other hand behind her waist.  "Master," she said, in a low voice,
with her eyes attentively and entreatingly fixed upon him.  "Don't."

"I'll show you a wrist," repeated Mr. Jaggers, with an immovable
determination to show it.  "Molly, let them see your wrist."

"Master," she again murmured.  "Please!"

"Molly," said Mr. Jaggers, not looking at her, but obstinately
looking at the opposite side of the room, "let them see both your
wrists.  Show them.  Come!"

He took his hand from hers, and turned that wrist up on the table.
She brought her other hand from behind her, and held the two out
side by side.  The last wrist was much disfigured,--deeply scarred
and scarred across and across.  When she held her hands out she
took her eyes from Mr. Jaggers, and turned them watchfully on every
one of the rest of us in succession.

"There's power here," said Mr. Jaggers, coolly tracing out the
sinews with his forefinger.  "Very few men have the power of wrist
that this woman has.  It's remarkable what mere force of grip there
is in these hands.  I have had occasion to notice many hands; but I
never saw stronger in that respect, man's or woman's, than these."

While he said these words in a leisurely, critical style, she
continued to look at every one of us in regular succession as we
sat.  The moment he ceased, she looked at him again.  "That'll do,
Molly," said Mr. Jaggers, giving her a slight nod; "you have been
admired, and can go."  She withdrew her hands and went out of the
room, and Mr. Jaggers, putting the decanters on from his dumb-waiter,
filled his glass and passed round the wine.

"At half-past nine, gentlemen," said he, "we must break up.  Pray
make the best use of your time.  I am glad to see you all.  Mr.
Drummle, I drink to you."

If his object in singling out Drummle were to bring him out still
more, it perfectly succeeded.  In a sulky triumph, Drummle showed
his morose depreciation of the rest of us, in a more and more
offensive degree, until he became downright intolerable.  Through all
his stages, Mr. Jaggers followed him with the same strange interest.
He actually seemed to serve as a zest to Mr. Jaggers's wine.

In our boyish want of discretion I dare say we took too much to
drink, and I know we talked too much.  We became particularly hot
upon some boorish sneer of Drummle's, to the effect that we were
too free with our money.  It led to my remarking, with more zeal
than discretion, that it came with a bad grace from him, to whom
Startop had lent money in my presence but a week or so before.

"Well," retorted Drummle; "he'll be paid."

"I don't mean to imply that he won't," said I, "but it might make
you hold your tongue about us and our money, I should think."

"You should think!" retorted Drummle.  "Oh Lord!"

"I dare say," I went on, meaning to be very severe, "that you
wouldn't lend money to any of us if we wanted it."

"You are right," said Drummle.  "I wouldn't lend one of you a
sixpence.  I wouldn't lend anybody a sixpence."

"Rather mean to borrow under those circumstances, I should say."

"You should say," repeated Drummle.  "Oh Lord!"

This was so very aggravating--the more especially as I found
myself making no way against his surly obtuseness--that I said,
disregarding Herbert's efforts to check me,--

"Come, Mr. Drummle, since we are on the subject, I'll tell you what
passed between Herbert here and me, when you borrowed that money."

"I don't want to know what passed between Herbert there and you,"
growled Drummle.  And I think he added in a lower growl, that we
might both go to the devil and shake ourselves.

"I'll tell you, however," said I, "whether you want to know or not.
We said that as you put it in your pocket very glad to get it, you
seemed to be immensely amused at his being so weak as to lend it."

Drummle laughed outright, and sat laughing in our faces, with his
hands in his pockets and his round shoulders raised; plainly
signifying that it was quite true, and that he despised us as
asses all.

Hereupon Startop took him in hand, though with a much better grace
than I had shown, and exhorted him to be a little more agreeable.
Startop, being a lively, bright young fellow, and Drummle being the
exact opposite, the latter was always disposed to resent him as a
direct personal affront.  He now retorted in a coarse, lumpish way,
and Startop tried to turn the discussion aside with some small
pleasantry that made us all laugh.  Resenting this little success
more than anything, Drummle, without any threat or warning, pulled
his hands out of his pockets, dropped his round shoulders, swore,
took up a large glass, and would have flung it at his adversary's
head, but for our entertainer's dexterously seizing it at the
instant when it was raised for that purpose.

"Gentlemen," said Mr. Jaggers, deliberately putting down the glass,
and hauling out his gold repeater by its massive chain, "I am
exceedingly sorry to announce that it's half past nine."

On this hint we all rose to depart.  Before we got to the street
door, Startop was cheerily calling Drummle "old boy," as if nothing
had happened.  But the old boy was so far from responding, that he
would not even walk to Hammersmith on the same side of the way; so
Herbert and I, who remained in town, saw them going down the street
on opposite sides; Startop leading, and Drummle lagging behind in
the shadow of the houses, much as he was wont to follow in his

As the door was not yet shut, I thought I would leave Herbert there
for a moment, and run up stairs again to say a word to my guardian.
I found him in his dressing-room surrounded by his stock of boots,
already hard at it, washing his hands of us.

I told him I had come up again to say how sorry I was that anything
disagreeable should have occurred, and that I hoped he would not
blame me much.

"Pooh!" said he, sluicing his face, and speaking through the
water-drops; "it's nothing, Pip.  I like that Spider though."

He had turned towards me now, and was shaking his head, and
blowing, and towelling himself.

"I am glad you like him, sir," said I--"but I don't."

"No, no," my guardian assented; "don't have too much to do with
him.  Keep as clear of him as you can.  But I like the fellow, Pip;
he is one of the true sort.  Why, if I was a fortune-teller--"

Looking out of the towel, he caught my eye.

"But I am not a fortune-teller," he said, letting his head drop
into a festoon of towel, and towelling away at his two ears.  "You
know what I am, don't you?  Good night, Pip."

"Good night, sir."

In about a month after that, the Spider's time with Mr. Pocket was
up for good, and, to the great relief of all the house but Mrs.
Pocket, he went home to the family hole.

Chapter XXVII


"I write this by request of Mr. Gargery, for to let you know that he
is going to London in company with Mr. Wopsle and would be glad if
agreeable to be allowed to see you.  He would call at Barnard's
Hotel Tuesday morning at nine o'clock, when if not agreeable please
leave word.  Your poor sister is much the same as when you left.  We
talk of you in the kitchen every night, and wonder what you are
saying and doing.  If now considered in the light of a liberty,
excuse it for the love of poor old days.  No more, dear Mr. Pip, from
your ever obliged, and affectionate servant,


"P.S.  He wishes me most particular to write what larks.  He says you
will understand.  I hope and do not doubt it will be agreeable to
see him, even though a gentleman, for you had ever a good heart, and
he is a worthy, worthy man.  I have read him all, excepting only the
last little sentence, and he wishes me most particular to write
again what larks."

I received this letter by the post on Monday morning, and therefore
its appointment was for next day.  Let me confess exactly with what
feelings I looked forward to Joe's coming.

Not with pleasure, though I was bound to him by so many ties; no;
with considerable disturbance, some mortification, and a keen sense
of incongruity.  If I could have kept him away by paying money, I
certainly would have paid money.  My greatest reassurance was that
he was coming to Barnard's Inn, not to Hammersmith, and
consequently would not fall in Bentley Drummle's way.  I had little
objection to his being seen by Herbert or his father, for both of
whom I had a respect; but I had the sharpest sensitiveness as to
his being seen by Drummle, whom I held in contempt.  So, throughout
life, our worst weaknesses and meannesses are usually committed for
the sake of the people whom we most despise.

I had begun to be always decorating the chambers in some quite
unnecessary and inappropriate way or other, and very expensive
those wrestles with Barnard proved to be.  By this time, the rooms
were vastly different from what I had found them, and I enjoyed the
honor of occupying a few prominent pages in the books of a
neighboring upholsterer.  I had got on so fast of late, that I had
even started a boy in boots,--top boots,--in bondage and slavery to
whom I might have been said to pass my days.  For, after I had made
the monster (out of the refuse of my washerwoman's family), and had
clothed him with a blue coat, canary waistcoat, white cravat,
creamy breeches, and the boots already mentioned, I had to find him
a little to do and a great deal to eat; and with both of those
horrible requirements he haunted my existence.

This avenging phantom was ordered to be on duty at eight on Tuesday
morning in the hall, (it was two feet square, as charged for
floorcloth,) and Herbert suggested certain things for breakfast
that he thought Joe would like.  While I felt sincerely obliged to
him for being so interested and considerate, I had an odd
half-provoked sense of suspicion upon me, that if Joe had been
coming to see him, he wouldn't have been quite so brisk about it.

However, I came into town on the Monday night to be ready for Joe,
and I got up early in the morning, and caused the sitting-room and
breakfast-table to assume their most splendid appearance.
Unfortunately the morning was drizzly, and an angel could not have
concealed the fact that Barnard was shedding sooty tears outside the
window, like some weak giant of a Sweep.

As the time approached I should have liked to run away, but the
Avenger pursuant to orders was in the hall, and presently I heard
Joe on the staircase.  I knew it was Joe, by his clumsy manner of
coming up stairs,--his state boots being always too big for him,--
and by the time it took him to read the names on the other floors
in the course of his ascent.  When at last he stopped outside our
door, I could hear his finger tracing over the painted letters of
my name, and I afterwards distinctly heard him breathing in at the
keyhole.  Finally he gave a faint single rap, and Pepper--such was
the compromising name of the avenging boy--announced "Mr. Gargery!"
I thought he never would have done wiping his feet, and that I must
have gone out to lift him off the mat, but at last he came in.

"Joe, how are you, Joe?"

"Pip, how AIR you, Pip?"

With his good honest face all glowing and shining, and his hat put
down on the floor between us, he caught both my hands and worked
them straight up and down, as if I had been the last-patented Pump.

"I am glad to see you, Joe.  Give me your hat."

But Joe, taking it up carefully with both hands, like a bird's-nest
with eggs in it, wouldn't hear of parting with that piece of
property, and persisted in standing talking over it in a most
uncomfortable way.

"Which you have that growed," said Joe, "and that swelled, and that
gentle-folked;" Joe considered a little before he discovered this
word; "as to be sure you are a honor to your king and country."

"And you, Joe, look wonderfully well."

"Thank God," said Joe, "I'm ekerval to most.  And your sister, she's
no worse than she were.  And Biddy, she's ever right and ready.  And
all friends is no backerder, if not no forarder.  'Ceptin Wopsle;
he's had a drop."

All this time (still with both hands taking great care of the
bird's-nest), Joe was rolling his eyes round and round the room,
and round and round the flowered pattern of my dressing-gown.

"Had a drop, Joe?"

"Why yes," said Joe, lowering his voice, "he's left the Church and
went into the playacting.  Which the playacting have likeways
brought him to London along with me.  And his wish were," said Joe,
getting the bird's-nest under his left arm for the moment, and
groping in it for an egg with his right; "if no offence, as I would
'and you that."

I took what Joe gave me, and found it to be the crumpled play-bill
of a small metropolitan theatre, announcing the first appearance,
in that very week, of "the celebrated Provincial Amateur of Roscian
renown, whose unique performance in the highest tragic walk of our
National Bard has lately occasioned so great a sensation in local
dramatic circles."

"Were you at his performance, Joe?" I inquired.

"I were," said Joe, with emphasis and solemnity.

"Was there a great sensation?"

"Why," said Joe, "yes, there certainly were a peck of orange-peel.
Partickler when he see the ghost.  Though I put it to yourself,
sir, whether it were calc'lated to keep a man up to his work with a
good hart, to be continiwally cutting in betwixt him and the Ghost
with "Amen!"  A man may have had a misfortun' and been in the
Church," said Joe, lowering his voice to an argumentative and
feeling tone, "but that is no reason why you should put him out at
such a time.  Which I meantersay, if the ghost of a man's own father
cannot be allowed to claim his attention, what can, Sir?  Still
more, when his mourning 'at is unfortunately made so small as that
the weight of the black feathers brings it off, try to keep it on
how you may."

A ghost-seeing effect in Joe's own countenance informed me that
Herbert had entered the room.  So, I presented Joe to Herbert, who
held out his hand; but Joe backed from it, and held on by the

"Your servant, Sir," said Joe, "which I hope as you and Pip"--here
his eye fell on the Avenger, who was putting some toast on table,
and so plainly denoted an intention to make that young gentleman
one of the family, that I frowned it down and confused him more--
"I meantersay, you two gentlemen,--which I hope as you get your
elths in this close spot?  For the present may be a werry good inn,
according to London opinions," said Joe, confidentially, "and I
believe its character do stand i; but I wouldn't keep a pig in it
myself,--not in the case that I wished him to fatten wholesome and
to eat with a meller flavor on him."

Having borne this flattering testimony to the merits of our
dwelling-place, and having incidentally shown this tendency to call
me "sir," Joe, being invited to sit down to table, looked all round
the room for a suitable spot on which to deposit his hat,--as if it
were only on some very few rare substances in nature that it could
find a resting place,--and ultimately stood it on an extreme corner
of the chimney-piece, from which it ever afterwards fell off at

"Do you take tea, or coffee, Mr. Gargery?" asked Herbert, who always
presided of a morning.

"Thankee, Sir," said Joe, stiff from head to foot, "I'll take
whichever is most agreeable to yourself."

"What do you say to coffee?"

"Thankee, Sir," returned Joe, evidently dispirited by the proposal,
"since you are so kind as make chice of coffee, I will not run
contrairy to your own opinions.  But don't you never find it a
little 'eating?"

"Say tea then," said Herbert, pouring it out.

Here Joe's hat tumbled off the mantel-piece, and he started out of
his chair and picked it up, and fitted it to the same exact spot.
As if it were an absolute point of good breeding that it should
tumble off again soon.

"When did you come to town, Mr. Gargery?"

"Were it yesterday afternoon?" said Joe, after coughing behind his
hand, as if he had had time to catch the whooping-cough since he
came.  "No it were not.  Yes it were.  Yes.  It were yesterday
afternoon" (with an appearance of mingled wisdom, relief, and
strict impartiality).

"Have you seen anything of London yet?"

"Why, yes, Sir," said Joe, "me and Wopsle went off straight to look
at the Blacking Ware'us.  But we didn't find that it come up to its
likeness in the red bills at the shop doors; which I meantersay,"
added Joe, in an explanatory manner, "as it is there drawd too

I really believe Joe would have prolonged this word (mightily
expressive to my mind of some architecture that I know) into a
perfect Chorus, but for his attention being providentially
attracted by his hat, which was toppling.  Indeed, it demanded from
him a constant attention, and a quickness of eye and hand, very
like that exacted by wicket-keeping.  He made extraordinary play
with it, and showed the greatest skill; now, rushing at it and
catching it neatly as it dropped; now, merely stopping it midway,
beating it up, and humoring it in various parts of the room and
against a good deal of the pattern of the paper on the wall, before
he felt it safe to close with it; finally splashing it into the
slop-basin, where I took the liberty of laying hands upon it.

As to his shirt-collar, and his coat-collar, they were perplexing
to reflect upon,--insoluble mysteries both.  Why should a man scrape
himself to that extent, before he could consider himself full
dressed?  Why should he suppose it necessary to be purified by
suffering for his holiday clothes?  Then he fell into such
unaccountable fits of meditation, with his fork midway between his
plate and his mouth; had his eyes attracted in such strange
directions; was afflicted with such remarkable coughs; sat so far
from the table, and dropped so much more than he ate, and pretended
that he hadn't dropped it; that I was heartily glad when Herbert
left us for the City.

I had neither the good sense nor the good feeling to know that this
was all my fault, and that if I had been easier with Joe, Joe would
have been easier with me.  I felt impatient of him and out of temper
with him; in which condition he heaped coals of fire on my head.

"Us two being now alone, sir,"--began Joe.

"Joe," I interrupted, pettishly, "how can you call me, sir?"

Joe looked at me for a single instant with something faintly like
reproach.  Utterly preposterous as his cravat was, and as his
collars were, I was conscious of a sort of dignity in the look.

"Us two being now alone," resumed Joe, "and me having the
intentions and abilities to stay not many minutes more, I will now
conclude--leastways begin--to mention what have led to my having
had the present honor.  For was it not," said Joe, with his old air
of lucid exposition, "that my only wish were to be useful to you, I
should not have had the honor of breaking wittles in the company
and abode of gentlemen."

I was so unwilling to see the look again, that I made no
remonstrance against this tone.

"Well, sir," pursued Joe, "this is how it were.  I were at the
Bargemen t'other night, Pip;"--whenever he subsided into affection,
he called me Pip, and whenever he relapsed into politeness he
called me sir; "when there come up in his shay-cart, Pumblechook.
Which that same identical," said Joe, going down a new track, "do
comb my 'air the wrong way sometimes, awful, by giving out up and
down town as it were him which ever had your infant companionation
and were looked upon as a playfellow by yourself."

"Nonsense.  It was you, Joe."

"Which I fully believed it were, Pip," said Joe, slightly tossing
his head, "though it signify little now, sir.  Well, Pip; this same
identical, which his manners is given to blusterous, come to me at
the Bargemen (wot a pipe and a pint of beer do give refreshment to
the workingman, sir, and do not over stimilate), and his word
were, 'Joseph, Miss Havisham she wish to speak to you.'"

"Miss Havisham, Joe?"

"'She wish,' were Pumblechook's word, 'to speak to you.'"  Joe sat
and rolled his eyes at the ceiling.

"Yes, Joe?  Go on, please."

"Next day, sir," said Joe, looking at me as if I were a long way
off, "having cleaned myself, I go and I see Miss A."

"Miss A., Joe?  Miss Havisham?"

"Which I say, sir," replied Joe, with an air of legal formality, as
if he were making his will, "Miss A., or otherways Havisham.  Her
expression air then as follering:  'Mr. Gargery.  You air in
correspondence with Mr. Pip?'  Having had a letter from you, I were
able to say 'I am.'  (When I married your sister, sir, I said 'I
will;' and when I answered your friend, Pip, I said 'I am.')  'Would
you tell him, then,' said she, 'that which Estella has come home
and would be glad to see him.'"

I felt my face fire up as I looked at Joe.  I hope one remote cause
of its firing may have been my consciousness that if I had known
his errand, I should have given him more encouragement.

"Biddy," pursued Joe, "when I got home and asked her fur to write
the message to you, a little hung back.  Biddy says, "I know he will
be very glad to have it by word of mouth, it is holiday time, you
want to see him, go!"  I have now concluded, sir," said Joe, rising
from his chair, "and, Pip, I wish you ever well and ever prospering
to a greater and a greater height."

"But you are not going now, Joe?"

"Yes I am," said Joe.

"But you are coming back to dinner, Joe?"

"No I am not," said Joe.

Our eyes met, and all the "ir" melted out of that manly heart as
he gave me his hand.

"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded
together, as I may say, and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a
whitesmith, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith.
Diwisions among such must come, and must be met as they come.  If
there's been any fault at all to-day, it's mine.  You and me is not
two figures to be together in London; nor yet anywheres else but
what is private, and beknown, and understood among friends.  It
ain't that I am proud, but that I want to be right, as you shall
never see me no more in these clothes.  I'm wrong in these clothes.
I'm wrong out of the forge, the kitchen, or off th' meshes.  You
won't find half so much fault in me if you think of me in my forge
dress, with my hammer in my hand, or even my pipe.  You won't find
half so much fault in me if, supposing as you should ever wish to
see me, you come and put your head in at the forge window and see
Joe the blacksmith, there, at the old anvil, in the old burnt
apron, sticking to the old work.  I'm awful dull, but I hope I've
beat out something nigh the rights of this at last.  And so GOD
bless you, dear old Pip, old chap, GOD bless you!"

I had not been mistaken in my fancy that there was a simple dignity
in him.  The fashion of his dress could no more come in its way when
he spoke these words than it could come in its way in Heaven.  He
touched me gently on the forehead, and went out.  As soon as I could
recover myself sufficiently, I hurried out after him and looked for
him in the neighboring streets; but he was gone.

Chapter XXVIII

It was clear that I must repair to our town next day, and in the
first flow of my repentance, it was equally clear that I must stay
at Joe's.  But, when I had secured my box-place by to-morrow's coach,
and had been down to Mr. Pocket's and back, I was not by any means
convinced on the last point, and began to invent reasons and make
excuses for putting up at the Blue Boar.  I should be an
inconvenience at Joe's; I was not expected, and my bed would not be
ready; I should be too far from Miss Havisham's, and she was
exacting and mightn't like it.  All other swindlers upon earth are
nothing to the self-swindlers, and with such pretences did I cheat
myself.  Surely a curious thing.  That I should innocently take a bad
half-crown of somebody else's manufacture is reasonable enough;
but that I should knowingly reckon the spurious coin of my own
make as good money!  An obliging stranger, under pretence of
compactly folding up my bank-notes for security's sake, abstracts
the notes and gives me nutshells; but what is his sleight of hand
to mine, when I fold up my own nutshells and pass them on myself as

Having settled that I must go to the Blue Boar, my mind was much
disturbed by indecision whether or not to take the Avenger.  It was
tempting to think of that expensive Mercenary publicly airing his
boots in the archway of the Blue Boar's posting-yard; it was almost
solemn to imagine him casually produced in the tailor's shop, and
confounding the disrespectful senses of Trabb's boy.  On the other
hand, Trabb's boy might worm himself into his intimacy and tell him
things; or, reckless and desperate wretch as I knew he could be,
might hoot him in the High Street, My patroness, too, might hear of
him, and not approve.  On the whole, I resolved to leave the Avenger

It was the afternoon coach by which I had taken my place, and, as
winter had now come round, I should not arrive at my destination
until two or three hours after dark.  Our time of starting from the
Cross Keys was two o'clock.  I arrived on the ground with a quarter
of an hour to spare, attended by the Avenger,--if I may connect
that expression with one who never attended on me if he could
possibly help it.

At that time it was customary to carry Convicts down to the
dock-yards by stage-coach.  As I had often heard of them in the
capacity of outside passengers, and had more than once seen them on
the high road dangling their ironed legs over the coach roof, I had
no cause to be surprised when Herbert, meeting me in the yard, came
up and told me there were two convicts going down with me.  But I
had a reason that was an old reason now for constitutionally
faltering whenever I heard the word "convict."

"You don't mind them, Handel?" said Herbert.

"O no!"

"I thought you seemed as if you didn't like them?"

"I can't pretend that I do like them, and I suppose you don't
particularly.  But I don't mind them."

"See!  There they are," said Herbert, "coming out of the Tap.  What a
degraded and vile sight it is!"

They had been treating their guard, I suppose, for they had a
gaoler with them, and all three came out wiping their mouths on
their hands.  The two convicts were handcuffed together, and had
irons on their legs,--irons of a pattern that I knew well.  They
wore the dress that I likewise knew well.  Their keeper had a brace
of pistols, and carried a thick-knobbed bludgeon under his arm; but
he was on terms of good understanding with them, and stood with
them beside him, looking on at the putting-to of the horses, rather
with an air as if the convicts were an interesting Exhibition not
formally open at the moment, and he the Curator.  One was a taller
and stouter man than the other, and appeared as a matter of course,
according to the mysterious ways of the world, both convict and
free, to have had allotted to him the smaller suit of clothes.  His
arms and legs were like great pincushions of those shapes, and his
attire disguised him absurdly; but I knew his half-closed eye at
one glance.  There stood the man whom I had seen on the settle at
the Three Jolly Bargemen on a Saturday night, and who had brought
me down with his invisible gun!

It was easy to make sure that as yet he knew me no more than if he
had never seen me in his life.  He looked across at me, and his eye
appraised my watch-chain, and then he incidentally spat and said
something to the other convict, and they laughed and slued
themselves round with a clink of their coupling manacle, and looked
at something else.  The great numbers on their backs, as if they
were street doors; their coarse mangy ungainly outer surface, as if
they were lower animals; their ironed legs, apologetically
garlanded with pocket-handkerchiefs; and the way in which all
present looked at them and kept from them; made them (as Herbert
had said) a most disagreeable and degraded spectacle.

But this was not the worst of it.  It came out that the whole of the
back of the coach had been taken by a family removing from London,
and that there were no places for the two prisoners but on the seat
in front behind the coachman.  Hereupon, a choleric gentleman, who
had taken the fourth place on that seat, flew into a most violent
passion, and said that it was a breach of contract to mix him up
with such villainous company, and that it was poisonous, and
pernicious, and infamous, and shameful, and I don't know what else.
At this time the coach was ready and the coachman impatient, and we
were all preparing to get up, and the prisoners had come over with
their keeper,--bringing with them that curious flavor of
bread-poultice, baize, rope-yarn, and hearthstone, which attends
the convict presence.

"Don't take it so much amiss, sir," pleaded the keeper to the angry
passenger; "I'll sit next you myself.  I'll put 'em on the outside
of the row.  They won't interfere with you, sir.  You needn't know
they're there."

"And don't blame me," growled the convict I had recognized.  "I
don't want to go.  I am quite ready to stay behind.  As fur as I am
concerned any one's welcome to my place."

"Or mine," said the other, gruffly.  "I wouldn't have incommoded
none of you, if I'd had my way."  Then they both laughed, and began
cracking nuts, and spitting the shells about.--As I really think I
should have liked to do myself, if I had been in their place and so

At length, it was voted that there was no help for the angry
gentleman, and that he must either go in his chance company or
remain behind.  So he got into his place, still making complaints,
and the keeper got into the place next him, and the convicts hauled
themselves up as well as they could, and the convict I had
recognized sat behind me with his breath on the hair of my head.

"Good by, Handel!" Herbert called out as we started.  I thought
what a blessed fortune it was, that he had found another name for
me than Pip.

It is impossible to express with what acuteness I felt the
convict's breathing, not only on the back of my head, but all along
my spine.  The sensation was like being touched in the marrow with
some pungent and searching acid, it set my very teeth on edge.  He
seemed to have more breathing business to do than another man, and
to make more noise in doing it; and I was conscious of growing
high-shouldered on one side, in my shrinking endeavors to fend him

The weather was miserably raw, and the two cursed the cold.  It made
us all lethargic before we had gone far, and when we had left the
Half-way House behind, we habitually dozed and shivered and were
silent.  I dozed off, myself, in considering the question whether I
ought to restore a couple of pounds sterling to this creature
before losing sight of him, and how it could best be done.  In the
act of dipping forward as if I were going to bathe among the
horses, I woke in a fright and took the question up again.

But I must have lost it longer than I had thought, since, although
I could recognize nothing in the darkness and the fitful lights and
shadows of our lamps, I traced marsh country in the cold damp wind
that blew at us.  Cowering forward for warmth and to make me a
screen against the wind, the convicts were closer to me than
before.  The very first words I heard them interchange as I became
conscious, were the words of my own thought, "Two One Pound notes."

"How did he get 'em?" said the convict I had never seen.

"How should I know?" returned the other.  "He had 'em stowed away
somehows.  Giv him by friends, I expect."

"I wish," said the other, with a bitter curse upon the cold, "that
I had 'em here."

"Two one pound notes, or friends?"

"Two one pound notes.  I'd sell all the friends I ever had for one,
and think it a blessed good bargain.  Well?  So he says--?"

"So he says," resumed the convict I had recognized,--"it was all
said and done in half a minute, behind a pile of timber in the
Dock-yard,--'You're a going to be discharged?'  Yes, I was.  Would I
find out that boy that had fed him and kep his secret, and give him
them two one pound notes?  Yes, I would.  And I did."

"More fool you," growled the other.  "I'd have spent 'em on a Man,
in wittles and drink.  He must have been a green one.  Mean to say he
knowed nothing of you?"

"Not a ha'porth.  Different gangs and different ships.  He was tried
again for prison breaking, and got made a Lifer."

"And was that--Honor!--the only time you worked out, in this
part of the country?"

"The only time."

"What might have been your opinion of the place?"

"A most beastly place.  Mudbank, mist, swamp, and work; work, swamp,
mist, and mudbank."

They both execrated the place in very strong language, and
gradually growled themselves out, and had nothing left to say.

After overhearing this dialogue, I should assuredly have got down
and been left in the solitude and darkness of the highway, but for
feeling certain that the man had no suspicion of my identity.
Indeed, I was not only so changed in the course of nature, but so
differently dressed and so differently circumstanced, that it was
not at all likely he could have known me without accidental help.
Still, the coincidence of our being together on the coach, was
sufficiently strange to fill me with a dread that some other
coincidence might at any moment connect me, in his hearing, with my
name.  For this reason, I resolved to alight as soon as we touched
the town, and put myself out of his hearing.  This device I executed
successfully.  My little portmanteau was in the boot under my feet;
I had but to turn a hinge to get it out; I threw it down before me,
got down after it, and was left at the first lamp on the first
stones of the town pavement.  As to the convicts, they went their
way with the coach, and I knew at what point they would be spirited
off to the river.  In my fancy, I saw the boat with its convict crew
waiting for them at the slime-washed stairs,--again heard the
gruff "Give way, you!" like and order to dogs,--again saw the
wicked Noah's Ark lying out on the black water.

I could not have said what I was afraid of, for my fear was
altogether undefined and vague, but there was great fear upon me.
As I walked on to the hotel, I felt that a dread, much exceeding
the mere apprehension of a painful or disagreeable recognition,
made me tremble.  I am confident that it took no distinctness of
shape, and that it was the revival for a few minutes of the terror
of childhood.

The coffee-room at the Blue Boar was empty, and I had not only
ordered my dinner there, but had sat down to it, before the waiter
knew me.  As soon as he had apologized for the remissness of his
memory, he asked me if he should send Boots for Mr. Pumblechook?

"No," said I, "certainly not."

The waiter (it was he who had brought up the Great Remonstrance
from the Commercials, on the day when I was bound) appeared
surprised, and took the earliest opportunity of putting a dirty old
copy of a local newspaper so directly in my way, that I took it up
and read this paragraph:--

Our readers will learn, not altogether without interest, in
reference to the recent romantic rise in fortune of a young
artificer in iron of this neighborhood (what a theme, by the way,
for the magic pen of our as yet not universally acknowledged
townsman TOOBY, the poet of our columns!) that the youth's earliest
patron, companion, and friend, was a highly respected individual
not entirely unconnected with the corn and seed trade, and whose
eminently convenient and commodious business premises are situate
within a hundred miles of the High Street.  It is not wholly
irrespective of our personal feelings that we record HIM as the
Mentor of our young Telemachus, for it is good to know that our
town produced the founder of the latter's fortunes.  Does the
thought-contracted brow of the local Sage or the lustrous eye of
local Beauty inquire whose fortunes?  We believe that Quintin Matsys
was the BLACKSMITH of Antwerp.  VERB.  SAP.

I entertain a conviction, based upon large experience, that if in
the days of my prosperity I had gone to the North Pole, I should
have met somebody there, wandering Esquimaux or civilized man, who
would have told me that Pumblechook was my earliest patron and the
founder of my fortunes.

Chapter XXIX

Betimes in the morning I was up and out.  It was too early yet to go
to Miss Havisham's, so I loitered into the country on Miss
Havisham's side of town,--which was not Joe's side; I could go
there to-morrow,--thinking about my patroness, and painting
brilliant pictures of her plans for me.

She had adopted Estella, she had as good as adopted me, and it
could not fail to be her intention to bring us together.  She
reserved it for me to restore the desolate house, admit the
sunshine into the dark rooms, set the clocks a-going and the cold
hearths a-blazing, tear down the cobwebs, destroy the vermin,--in
short, do all the shining deeds of the young Knight of romance, and
marry the Princess.  I had stopped to look at the house as I passed;
and its seared red brick walls, blocked windows, and strong green
ivy clasping even the stacks of chimneys with its twigs and
tendons, as if with sinewy old arms, had made up a rich attractive
mystery, of which I was the hero.  Estella was the inspiration of
it, and the heart of it, of course.  But, though she had taken such
strong possession of me, though my fancy and my hope were so set
upon her, though her influence on my boyish life and character had
been all-powerful, I did not, even that romantic morning, invest
her with any attributes save those she possessed.  I mention this in
this place, of a fixed purpose, because it is the clew by which I
am to be followed into my poor labyrinth.  According to my
experience, the conventional notion of a lover cannot be always
true.  The unqualified truth is, that when I loved Estella with the
love of a man, I loved her simply because I found her irresistible.
Once for all; I knew to my sorrow, often and often, if not always,
that I loved her against reason, against promise, against peace,
against hope, against happiness, against all discouragement that
could be.  Once for all; I loved her none the less because I knew
it, and it had no more influence in restraining me than if I had
devoutly believed her to be human perfection.

I so shaped out my walk as to arrive at the gate at my old time.
When I had rung at the bell with an unsteady hand, I turned my back
upon the gate, while I tried to get my breath and keep the beating
of my heart moderately quiet.  I heard the side-door open, and steps
come across the courtyard; but I pretended not to hear, even when
the gate swung on its rusty hinges.

Being at last touched on the shoulder, I started and turned.  I
started much more naturally then, to find myself confronted by a
man in a sober gray dress.  The last man I should have expected to
see in that place of porter at Miss Havisham's door.


"Ah, young master, there's more changes than yours.  But come in,
come in.  It's opposed to my orders to hold the gate open."

I entered and he swung it, and locked it, and took the key out.
"Yes!" said he, facing round, after doggedly preceding me a few
steps towards the house.  "Here I am!"

"How did you come here?"

"I come her," he retorted, "on my legs.  I had my box brought
alongside me in a barrow."

"Are you here for good?"

"I ain't here for harm, young master, I suppose?"

I was not so sure of that.  I had leisure to entertain the retort in
my mind, while he slowly lifted his heavy glance from the pavement,
up my legs and arms, to my face.

"Then you have left the forge?" I said.

"Do this look like a forge?" replied Orlick, sending his glance all
round him with an air of injury.  "Now, do it look like it?"

I asked him how long he had left Gargery's forge?

"One day is so like another here," he replied, "that I don't know
without casting it up.  However, I come here some time since you

"I could have told you that, Orlick."

"Ah!" said he, dryly.  "But then you've got to be a scholar."

By this time we had come to the house, where I found his room to be
one just within the side-door, with a little window in it looking
on the courtyard.  In its small proportions, it was not unlike the
kind of place usually assigned to a gate-porter in Paris.  Certain
keys were hanging on the wall, to which he now added the gate key;
and his patchwork-covered bed was in a little inner division or
recess.  The whole had a slovenly, confined, and sleepy look, like a
cage for a human dormouse; while he, looming dark and heavy in the
shadow of a corner by the window, looked like the human dormouse
for whom it was fitted up,--as indeed he was.

"I never saw this room before," I remarked; "but there used to be
no Porter here."

"No," said he; "not till it got about that there was no protection
on the premises, and it come to be considered dangerous, with
convicts and Tag and Rag and Bobtail going up and down.  And then I
was recommended to the place as a man who could give another man as
good as he brought, and I took it.  It's easier than bellowsing and
hammering.--That's loaded, that is."

My eye had been caught by a gun with a brass-bound stock over the
chimney-piece, and his eye had followed mine.

"Well," said I, not desirous of more conversation, "shall I go up
to Miss Havisham?"

"Burn me, if I know!" he retorted, first stretching himself and
then shaking himself; "my orders ends here, young master.  I give
this here bell a rap with this here hammer, and you go on along the
passage till you meet somebody."

"I am expected, I believe?"

"Burn me twice over, if I can say!" said he.

Upon that, I turned down the long passage which I had first trodden
in my thick boots, and he made his bell sound.  At the end of the
passage, while the bell was still reverberating, I found Sarah
Pocket, who appeared to have now become constitutionally green and
yellow by reason of me.

"Oh!" said she.  "You, is it, Mr. Pip?"

"It is, Miss Pocket.  I am glad to tell you that Mr. Pocket and
family are all well."

"Are they any wiser?" said Sarah, with a dismal shake of the head;
"they had better be wiser, than well.  Ah, Matthew, Matthew!  You know
your way, sir?"

Tolerably, for I had gone up the staircase in the dark, many a
time.  I ascended it now, in lighter boots than of yore, and tapped
in my old way at the door of Miss Havisham's room.  "Pip's rap," I
heard her say, immediately; "come in, Pip."

She was in her chair near the old table, in the old dress, with her
two hands crossed on her stick, her chin resting on them, and her
eyes on the fire.  Sitting near her, with the white shoe, that had
never been worn, in her hand, and her head bent as she looked at
it, was an elegant lady whom I had never seen.

"Come in, Pip," Miss Havisham continued to mutter, without looking
round or up; "come in, Pip, how do you do, Pip?  so you kiss my hand
as if I were a queen, eh?--Well?"

She looked up at me suddenly, only moving her eyes, and repeated in
a grimly playful manner,--


"I heard, Miss Havisham," said I, rather at a loss, "that you were
so kind as to wish me to come and see you, and I came directly."


The lady whom I had never seen before, lifted up her eyes and
looked archly at me, and then I saw that the eyes were Estella's
eyes.  But she was so much changed, was so much more beautiful, so
much more womanly, in all things winning admiration, had made such
wonderful advance, that I seemed to have made none.  I fancied, as I
looked at her, that I slipped hopelessly back into the coarse and
common boy again.  O the sense of distance and disparity that came
upon me, and the inaccessibility that came about her!

She gave me her hand.  I stammered something about the pleasure I
felt in seeing her again, and about my having looked forward to it,
for a long, long time.

"Do you find her much changed, Pip?" asked Miss Havisham, with her
greedy look, and striking her stick upon a chair that stood between
them, as a sign to me to sit down there.

"When I came in, Miss Havisham, I thought there was nothing of
Estella in the face or figure; but now it all settles down so
curiously into the old--"

"What?  You are not going to say into the old Estella?" Miss
Havisham interrupted.  "She was proud and insulting, and you wanted
to go away from her.  Don't you remember?"

I said confusedly that that was long ago, and that I knew no better
then, and the like.  Estella smiled with perfect composure, and said
she had no doubt of my having been quite right, and of her having
been very disagreeable.

"Is he changed?" Miss Havisham asked her.

"Very much," said Estella, looking at me.

"Less coarse and common?" said Miss Havisham, playing with
Estella's hair.

Estella laughed, and looked at the shoe in her hand, and laughed
again, and looked at me, and put the shoe down.  She treated me as a
boy still, but she lured me on.

We sat in the dreamy room among the old strange influences which
had so wrought upon me, and I learnt that she had but just come
home from France, and that she was going to London.  Proud and
wilful as of old, she had brought those qualities into such
subjection to her beauty that it was impossible and out of nature--
or I thought so--to separate them from her beauty.  Truly it was
impossible to dissociate her presence from all those wretched
hankerings after money and gentility that had disturbed my boyhood,
--from all those ill-regulated aspirations that had first made me
ashamed of home and Joe,--from all those visions that had raised
her face in the glowing fire, struck it out of the iron on the
anvil, extracted it from the darkness of night to look in at the
wooden window of the forge, and flit away.  In a word, it was
impossible for me to separate her, in the past or in the present,
from the innermost life of my life.

It was settled that I should stay there all the rest of the day,
and return to the hotel at night, and to London to-morrow.  When we
had conversed for a while, Miss Havisham sent us two out to walk in
the neglected garden:  on our coming in by and by, she said, I
should wheel her about a little, as in times of yore.

So, Estella and I went out into the garden by the gate through
which I had strayed to my encounter with the pale young gentleman,
now Herbert; I, trembling in spirit and worshipping the very hem of
her dress; she, quite composed and most decidedly not worshipping
the hem of mine.  As we drew near to the place of encounter, she
stopped and said,--

"I must have been a singular little creature to hide and see that
fight that day; but I did, and I enjoyed it very much."

"You rewarded me very much."

"Did I?" she replied, in an incidental and forgetful way.  "I
remember I entertained a great objection to your adversary, because
I took it ill that he should be brought here to pester me with his

"He and I are great friends now."

"Are you?  I think I recollect though, that you read with his


I made the admission with reluctance, for it seemed to have a
boyish look, and she already treated me more than enough like a

"Since your change of fortune and prospects, you have changed your
companions," said Estella.

"Naturally," said I.

"And necessarily," she added, in a haughty tone; "what was fit
company for you once, would be quite unfit company for you now."

In my conscience, I doubt very much whether I had any lingering
intention left of going to see Joe; but if I had, this observation
put it to flight.

"You had no idea of your impending good fortune, in those times?"
said Estella, with a slight wave of her hand, signifying in the
fighting times.

"Not the least."

The air of completeness and superiority with which she walked at my
side, and the air of youthfulness and submission with which I
walked at hers, made a contrast that I strongly felt.  It would have
rankled in me more than it did, if I had not regarded myself as
eliciting it by being so set apart for her and assigned to her.

The garden was too overgrown and rank for walking in with ease, and
after we had made the round of it twice or thrice, we came out
again into the brewery yard.  I showed her to a nicety where I had
seen her walking on the casks, that first old day, and she said,
with a cold and careless look in that direction, "Did I?"  I
reminded her where she had come out of the house and given me my
meat and drink, and she said, "I don't remember."  "Not remember
that you made me cry?" said I.  "No," said she, and shook her head
and looked about her.  I verily believe that her not remembering and
not minding in the least, made me cry again, inwardly,--and that is
the sharpest crying of all.

"You must know," said Estella, condescending to me as a brilliant
and beautiful woman might, "that I have no heart,--if that has
anything to do with my memory."

I got through some jargon to the effect that I took the liberty of
doubting that.  That I knew better.  That there could be no such
beauty without it.

"Oh!  I have a heart to be stabbed in or shot in, I have no doubt,"
said Estella, "and of course if it ceased to beat I should cease
to be.  But you know what I mean.  I have no softness there, no--

What was it that was borne in upon my mind when she stood still and
looked attentively at me?  Anything that I had seen in Miss
Havisham?  No.  In some of her looks and gestures there was that
tinge of resemblance to Miss Havisham which may often be noticed to
have been acquired by children, from grown person with whom they
have been much associated and secluded, and which, when childhood
is passed, will produce a remarkable occasional likeness of
expression between faces that are otherwise quite different.  And
yet I could not trace this to Miss Havisham.  I looked again, and
though she was still looking at me, the suggestion was gone.

What was it?

"I am serious," said Estella, not so much with a frown (for her
brow was smooth) as with a darkening of her face; "if we are to be
thrown much together, you had better believe it at once.  No!"
imperiously stopping me as I opened my lips.  "I have not bestowed
my tenderness anywhere.  I have never had any such thing."

In another moment we were in the brewery, so long disused, and she
pointed to the high gallery where I had seen her going out on that
same first day, and told me she remembered to have been up there,
and to have seen me standing scared below.  As my eyes followed her
white hand, again the same dim suggestion that I could not possibly
grasp crossed me.  My involuntary start occasioned her to lay her
hand upon my arm.  Instantly the ghost passed once more and was

What was it?

"What is the matter?" asked Estella.  "Are you scared again?"

"I should be, if I believed what you said just now," I replied, to
turn it off.

"Then you don't?  Very well.  It is said, at any rate.  Miss Havisham
will soon be expecting you at your old post, though I think that
might be laid aside now, with other old belongings.  Let us make one
more round of the garden, and then go in.  Come!  You shall not shed
tears for my cruelty to-day; you shall be my Page, and give me your

Her handsome dress had trailed upon the ground.  She held it in one
hand now, and with the other lightly touched my shoulder as we
walked.  We walked round the ruined garden twice or thrice more, and
it was all in bloom for me.  If the green and yellow growth of weed
in the chinks of the old wall had been the most precious flowers
that ever blew, it could not have been more cherished in my

There was no discrepancy of years between us to remove her far
from me; we were of nearly the same age, though of course the age
told for more in her case than in mine; but the air of
inaccessibility which her beauty and her manner gave her, tormented
me in the midst of my delight, and at the height of the assurance I
felt that our patroness had chosen us for one another.  Wretched

At last we went back into the house, and there I heard, with
surprise, that my guardian had come down to see Miss Havisham on
business, and would come back to dinner.  The old wintry branches of
chandeliers in the room where the mouldering table was spread had
been lighted while we were out, and Miss Havisham was in her chair
and waiting for me.

It was like pushing the chair itself back into the past, when we
began the old slow circuit round about the ashes of the bridal
feast.  But, in the funereal room, with that figure of the grave
fallen back in the chair fixing its eyes upon her, Estella looked
more bright and beautiful than before, and I was under stronger

The time so melted away, that our early dinner-hour drew close at
hand, and Estella left us to prepare herself.  We had stopped near
the centre of the long table, and Miss Havisham, with one of her
withered arms stretched out of the chair, rested that clenched hand
upon the yellow cloth.  As Estella looked back over her shoulder
before going out at the door, Miss Havisham kissed that hand to
her, with a ravenous intensity that was of its kind quite dreadful.

Then, Estella being gone and we two left alone, she turned to me,
and said in a whisper,--

"Is she beautiful, graceful, well-grown?  Do you admire her?"

"Everybody must who sees her, Miss Havisham."

She drew an arm round my neck, and drew my head close down to hers
as she sat in the chair.  "Love her, love her, love her!  How does
she use you?"

Before I could answer (if I could have answered so difficult a
question at all) she repeated, "Love her, love her, love her!  If
she favors you, love her.  If she wounds you, love her.  If she
tears your heart to pieces,--and as it gets older and stronger it
will tear deeper,--love her, love her, love her!"

Never had I seen such passionate eagerness as was joined to her
utterance of these words.  I could feel the muscles of the thin arm
round my neck swell with the vehemence that possessed her.

"Hear me, Pip!  I adopted her, to be loved.  I bred her and educated
her, to be loved.  I developed her into what she is, that she might
be loved.  Love her!"

She said the word often enough, and there could be no doubt that
she meant to say it; but if the often repeated word had been hate
instead of love--despair--revenge--dire death--it could not
have sounded from her lips more like a curse.

"I'll tell you," said she, in the same hurried passionate whisper,
"what real love is.  It is blind devotion, unquestioning
self-humiliation, utter submission, trust and belief against
yourself and against the whole world, giving up your whole heart
and soul to the smiter--as I did!"

When she came to that, and to a wild cry that followed that, I
caught her round the waist.  For she rose up in the chair, in her
shroud of a dress, and struck at the air as if she would as soon
have struck herself against the wall and fallen dead.

All this passed in a few seconds.  As I drew her down into her
chair, I was conscious of a scent that I knew, and turning, saw my
guardian in the room.

He always carried (I have not yet mentioned it, I think) a
pocket-handkerchief of rich silk and of imposing proportions, which
was of great value to him in his profession.  I have seen him so
terrify a client or a witness by ceremoniously unfolding this
pocket-handkerchief as if he were immediately going to blow his
nose, and then pausing, as if he knew he should not have time to do
it before such client or witness committed himself, that the
self-committal has followed directly, quite as a matter of course.
When I saw him in the room he had this expressive
pocket-handkerchief in both hands, and was looking at us.  On meeting
my eye, he said plainly, by a momentary and silent pause in that
attitude, "Indeed?  Singular!" and then put the handkerchief to its
right use with wonderful effect.

Miss Havisham had seen him as soon as I, and was (like everybody
else) afraid of him.  She made a strong attempt to compose herself,
and stammered that he was as punctual as ever.

"As punctual as ever," he repeated, coming up to us.  "(How do you
do, Pip?  Shall I give you a ride, Miss Havisham?  Once round?)
And so you are here, Pip?"

I told him when I had arrived, and how Miss Havisham had wished me
to come and see Estella.  To which he replied, "Ah!  Very fine young
lady!"  Then he pushed Miss Havisham in her chair before him, with
one of his large hands, and put the other in his trousers-pocket as
if the pocket were full of secrets.

"Well, Pip!  How often have you seen Miss Estella before?" said he,
when he came to a stop.

"How often?"

"Ah!  How many times?  Ten thousand times?"

"Oh!  Certainly not so many."


"Jaggers," interposed Miss Havisham, much to my relief, "leave my
Pip alone, and go with him to your dinner."

He complied, and we groped our way down the dark stairs together.
While we were still on our way to those detached apartments across
the paved yard at the back, he asked me how often I had seen Miss
Havisham eat and drink; offering me a breadth of choice, as usual,
between a hundred times and once.

I considered, and said, "Never."

"And never will, Pip," he retorted, with a frowning smile.  "She has
never allowed herself to be seen doing either, since she lived this
present life of hers.  She wanders about in the night, and then lays
hands on such food as she takes."

"Pray, sir," said I, "may I ask you a question?"

"You may," said he, "and I may decline to answer it.  Put your

"Estella's name.  Is it Havisham or--?"  I had nothing to add.

"Or what?" said he.

"Is it Havisham?"

"It is Havisham."

This brought us to the dinner-table, where she and Sarah Pocket
awaited us.  Mr. Jaggers presided, Estella sat opposite to him, I
faced my green and yellow friend.  We dined very well, and were
waited on by a maid-servant whom I had never seen in all my comings
and goings, but who, for anything I know, had been in that
mysterious house the whole time.  After dinner a bottle of choice
old port was placed before my guardian (he was evidently well
acquainted with the vintage), and the two ladies left us.

Anything to equal the determined reticence of Mr. Jaggers under that
roof I never saw elsewhere, even in him.  He kept his very looks to
himself, and scarcely directed his eyes to Estella's face once
during dinner.  When she spoke to him, he listened, and in due
course answered, but never looked at her, that I could see.  On the
other hand, she often looked at him, with interest and curiosity,
if not distrust, but his face never, showed the least
consciousness.  Throughout dinner he took a dry delight in making
Sarah Pocket greener and yellower, by often referring in
conversation with me to my expectations; but here, again, he showed
no consciousness, and even made it appear that he extorted--and
even did extort, though I don't know how--those references out of
my innocent self.

And when he and I were left alone together, he sat with an air upon
him of general lying by in consequence of information he possessed,
that really was too much for me.  He cross-examined his very wine
when he had nothing else in hand.  He held it between himself and
the candle, tasted the port, rolled it in his mouth, swallowed it,
looked at his glass again, smelt the port, tried it, drank it,
filled again, and cross-examined the glass again, until I was as
nervous as if I had known the wine to be telling him something to
my disadvantage.  Three or four times I feebly thought I would start
conversation; but whenever he saw me going to ask him anything, he
looked at me with his glass in his hand, and rolling his wine about
in his mouth, as if requesting me to take notice that it was of no
use, for he couldn't answer.

I think Miss Pocket was conscious that the sight of me involved her
in the danger of being goaded to madness, and perhaps tearing off
her cap,--which was a very hideous one, in the nature of a muslin
mop,--and strewing the ground with her hair,--which assuredly had
never grown on her head.  She did not appear when we afterwards went
up to Miss Havisham's room, and we four played at whist.  In the
interval, Miss Havisham, in a fantastic way, had put some of the
most beautiful jewels from her dressing-table into Estella's hair,
and about her bosom and arms; and I saw even my guardian look at
her from under his thick eyebrows, and raise them a little, when
her loveliness was before him, with those rich flushes of glitter
and color in it.

Of the manner and extent to which he took our trumps into custody,
and came out with mean little cards at the ends of hands, before
which the glory of our Kings and Queens was utterly abased, I say
nothing; nor, of the feeling that I had, respecting his looking
upon us personally in the light of three very obvious and poor
riddles that he had found out long ago.  What I suffered from, was
the incompatibility between his cold presence and my feelings
towards Estella.  It was not that I knew I could never bear to speak
to him about her, that I knew I could never bear to hear him creak
his boots at her, that I knew I could never bear to see him wash
his hands of her; it was, that my admiration should be within a
foot or two of him,--it was, that my feelings should be in the same
place with him,--that, was the agonizing circumstance.

We played until nine o'clock, and then it was arranged that when
Estella came to London I should be forewarned of her coming and
should meet her at the coach; and then I took leave of her, and
touched her and left her.

My guardian lay at the Boar in the next room to mine.  Far into the
night, Miss Havisham's words, "Love her, love her, love her!"
sounded in my ears.  I adapted them for my own repetition, and said
to my pillow, "I love her, I love her, I love her!" hundreds of
times.  Then, a burst of gratitude came upon me, that she should be
destined for me, once the blacksmith's boy.  Then I thought if she
were, as I feared, by no means rapturously grateful for that
destiny yet, when would she begin to be interested in me?  When
should I awaken the heart within her that was mute and sleeping

Ah me!  I thought those were high and great emotions.  But I never
thought there was anything low and small in my keeping away from
Joe, because I knew she would be contemptuous of him.  It was but a
day gone, and Joe had brought the tears into my eyes; they had soon
dried, God forgive me! soon dried.

Chapter XXX

After well considering the matter while I was dressing at the Blue
Boar in the morning, I resolved to tell my guardian that I doubted
Orlick's being the right sort of man to fill a post of trust at
Miss Havisham's.  "Why of course he is not the right sort of man,
Pip," said my guardian, comfortably satisfied beforehand on the
general head, "because the man who fills the post of trust never is
the right sort of man."  It seemed quite to put him into spirits to
find that this particular post was not exceptionally held by the
right sort of man, and he listened in a satisfied manner while I
told him what knowledge I had of Orlick.  "Very good, Pip," he
observed, when I had concluded, "I'll go round presently, and pay
our friend off."  Rather alarmed by this summary action, I was for a
little delay, and even hinted that our friend himself might be
difficult to deal with.  "Oh no he won't," said my guardian, making
his pocket-handkerchief-point, with perfect confidence; "I should
like to see him argue the question with me."

As we were going back together to London by the midday coach, and
as I breakfasted under such terrors of Pumblechook that I could
scarcely hold my cup, this gave me an opportunity of saying that I
wanted a walk, and that I would go on along the London road while
Mr. Jaggers was occupied, if he would let the coachman know that I
would get into my place when overtaken.  I was thus enabled to fly
from the Blue Boar immediately after breakfast.  By then making a
loop of about a couple of miles into the open country at the back
of Pumblechook's premises, I got round into the High Street again,
a little beyond that pitfall, and felt myself in comparative

It was interesting to be in the quiet old town once more, and it
was not disagreeable to be here and there suddenly recognized and
stared after.  One or two of the tradespeople even darted out of
their shops and went a little way down the street before me, that
they might turn, as if they had forgotten something, and pass me
face to face,--on which occasions I don't know whether they or I
made the worse pretence; they of not doing it, or I of not seeing
it.  Still my position was a distinguished one, and I was not at all
dissatisfied with it, until Fate threw me in the way of that
unlimited miscreant, Trabb's boy.

Casting my eyes along the street at a certain point of my progress,
I beheld Trabb's boy approaching, lashing himself with an empty
blue bag.  Deeming that a serene and unconscious contemplation of
him would best beseem me, and would be most likely to quell his
evil mind, I advanced with that expression of countenance, and was
rather congratulating myself on my success, when suddenly the knees
of Trabb's boy smote together, his hair uprose, his cap fell off,
he trembled violently in every limb, staggered out into the road,
and crying to the populace, "Hold me!  I'm so frightened!" feigned to
be in a paroxysm of terror and contrition, occasioned by the
dignity of my appearance.  As I passed him, his teeth loudly
chattered in his head, and with every mark of extreme humiliation,
he prostrated himself in the dust.

This was a hard thing to bear, but this was nothing.  I had not
advanced another two hundred yards when, to my inexpressible
terror, amazement, and indignation, I again beheld Trabb's boy
approaching.  He was coming round a narrow corner.  His blue bag was
slung over his shoulder, honest industry beamed in his eyes, a
determination to proceed to Trabb's with cheerful briskness was
indicated in his gait.  With a shock he became aware of me, and was
severely visited as before; but this time his motion was rotatory,
and he staggered round and round me with knees more afflicted, and
with uplifted hands as if beseeching for mercy.  His sufferings were
hailed with the greatest joy by a knot of spectators, and I felt
utterly confounded.

I had not got as much further down the street as the post-office,
when I again beheld Trabb's boy shooting round by a back way.  This
time, he was entirely changed.  He wore the blue bag in the manner
of my great-coat, and was strutting along the pavement towards me
on the opposite side of the street, attended by a company of
delighted young friends to whom he from time to time exclaimed,
with a wave of his hand, "Don't know yah!"  Words cannot state the
amount of aggravation and injury wreaked upon me by Trabb's boy,
when passing abreast of me, he pulled up his shirt-collar, twined
his side-hair, stuck an arm akimbo, and smirked extravagantly by,
wriggling his elbows and body, and drawling to his attendants,
"Don't know yah, don't know yah, 'pon my soul don't know yah!"  The
disgrace attendant on his immediately afterwards taking to crowing
and pursuing me across the bridge with crows, as from an
exceedingly dejected fowl who had known me when I was a blacksmith,
culminated the disgrace with which I left the town, and was, so to
speak, ejected by it into the open country.

But unless I had taken the life of Trabb's boy on that occasion, I
really do not even now see what I could have done save endure.  To
have struggled with him in the street, or to have exacted any lower
recompense from him than his heart's best blood, would have been
futile and degrading.  Moreover, he was a boy whom no man could
hurt; an invulnerable and dodging serpent who, when chased into a
corner, flew out again between his captor's legs, scornfully
yelping.  I wrote, however, to Mr. Trabb by next day's post, to say
that Mr. Pip must decline to deal further with one who could so far
forget what he owed to the best interests of society, as to employ
a boy who excited Loathing in every respectable mind.

The coach, with Mr. Jaggers inside, came up in due time, and I took
my box-seat again, and arrived in London safe,--but not sound, for
my heart was gone.  As soon as I arrived, I sent a penitential
codfish and barrel of oysters to Joe (as reparation for not having
gone myself), and then went on to Barnard's Inn.

I found Herbert dining on cold meat, and delighted to welcome me
back.  Having despatched The Avenger to the coffee-house for an
addition to the dinner, I felt that I must open my breast that very
evening to my friend and chum.  As confidence was out of the
question with The Avenger in the hall, which could merely be
regarded in the light of an antechamber to the keyhole, I sent him
to the Play.  A better proof of the severity of my bondage to that
taskmaster could scarcely be afforded, than the degrading shifts to
which I was constantly driven to find him employment.  So mean is
extremity, that I sometimes sent him to Hyde Park corner to see
what o'clock it was.

Dinner done and we sitting with our feet upon the fender, I said to
Herbert, "My dear Herbert, I have something very particular to tell

"My dear Handel," he returned, "I shall esteem and respect your

"It concerns myself, Herbert," said I, "and one other person."

Herbert crossed his feet, looked at the fire with his head on one
side, and having looked at it in vain for some time, looked at me
because I didn't go on.

"Herbert," said I, laying my hand upon his knee, "I love--I adore

Instead of being transfixed, Herbert replied in an easy
matter-ofcourse way, "Exactly.  Well?"

"Well, Herbert?  Is that all you say?  Well?"

"What next, I mean?" said Herbert.  "Of course I know that."

"How do you know it?" said I.

"How do I know it, Handel?  Why, from you."

"I never told you."

"Told me!  You have never told me when you have got your hair cut,
but I have had senses to perceive it.  You have always adored her,
ever since I have known you.  You brought your adoration and your
portmanteau here together.  Told me!  Why, you have always told me
all day long.  When you told me your own story, you told me plainly
that you began adoring her the first time you saw her, when you
were very young indeed."

"Very well, then," said I, to whom this was a new and not unwelcome
light, "I have never left off adoring her.  And she has come back, a
most beautiful and most elegant creature.  And I saw her yesterday.
And if I adored her before, I now doubly adore her."

"Lucky for you then, Handel," said Herbert, "that you are picked
out for her and allotted to her.  Without encroaching on forbidden
ground, we may venture to say that there can be no doubt between
ourselves of that fact.  Have you any idea yet, of Estella's views
on the adoration question?"

I shook my head gloomily.  "Oh!  She is thousands of miles away, from
me," said I.

"Patience, my dear Handel:  time enough, time enough.  But you have
something more to say?"

"I am ashamed to say it," I returned, "and yet it's no worse to say
it than to think it.  You call me a lucky fellow.  Of course, I am.  I
was a blacksmith's boy but yesterday; I am--what shall I say I am

"Say a good fellow, if you want a phrase," returned Herbert,
smiling, and clapping his hand on the back of mine--"a good fellow,
with impetuosity and hesitation, boldness and diffidence, action
and dreaming, curiously mixed in him."

I stopped for a moment to consider whether there really was this
mixture in my character.  On the whole, I by no means recognized the
analysis, but thought it not worth disputing.

"When I ask what I am to call myself to-day, Herbert," I went on,
"I suggest what I have in my thoughts.  You say I am lucky.  I know I
have done nothing to raise myself in life, and that Fortune alone
has raised me; that is being very lucky.  And yet, when I think of

("And when don't you, you know?" Herbert threw in, with his eyes on
the fire; which I thought kind and sympathetic of him.)

"--Then, my dear Herbert, I cannot tell you how dependent and
uncertain I feel, and how exposed to hundreds of chances.  Avoiding
forbidden ground, as you did just now, I may still say that on the
constancy of one person (naming no person) all my expectations
depend.  And at the best, how indefinite and unsatisfactory, only to
know so vaguely what they are!"  In saying this, I relieved my mind
of what had always been there, more or less, though no doubt most
since yesterday.

"Now, Handel," Herbert replied, in his gay, hopeful way, "it seems
to me that in the despondency of the tender passion, we are looking
into our gift-horse's mouth with a magnifying-glass.  Likewise, it
seems to me that, concentrating our attention on the examination,
we altogether overlook one of the best points of the animal.  Didn't
you tell me that your guardian, Mr. Jaggers, told you in the
beginning, that you were not endowed with expectations only?  And
even if he had not told you so,--though that is a very large If, I
grant,--could you believe that of all men in London, Mr. Jaggers is
the man to hold his present relations towards you unless he were
sure of his ground?"

I said I could not deny that this was a strong point.  I said it
(people often do so, in such cases) like a rather reluctant
concession to truth and justice;--as if I wanted to deny it!

"I should think it was a strong point," said Herbert, "and I should
think you would be puzzled to imagine a stronger; as to the rest,
you must bide your guardian's time, and he must bide his client's
time.  You'll be one-and-twenty before you know where you are, and
then perhaps you'll get some further enlightenment.  At all events,
you'll be nearer getting it, for it must come at last."

"What a hopeful disposition you have!" said I, gratefully admiring
his cheery ways.

"I ought to have," said Herbert, "for I have not much else.  I must
acknowledge, by the by, that the good sense of what I have just
said is not my own, but my father's.  The only remark I ever heard
him make on your story, was the final one, "The thing is settled
and done, or Mr. Jaggers would not be in it."  And now before I say
anything more about my father, or my father's son, and repay
confidence with confidence, I want to make myself seriously
disagreeable to you for a moment,--positively repulsive."

"You won't succeed," said I.

"O yes I shall!" said he.  "One, two, three, and now I am in for
it.  Handel, my good fellow;"--though he spoke in this light tone, he
was very much in earnest,--"I have been thinking since we have been
talking with our feet on this fender, that Estella surely cannot be
a condition of your inheritance, if she was never referred to by
your guardian.  Am I right in so understanding what you have told
me, as that he never referred to her, directly or indirectly, in
any way?  Never even hinted, for instance, that your patron might
have views as to your marriage ultimately?"


"Now, Handel, I am quite free from the flavor of sour grapes, upon
my soul and honor!  Not being bound to her, can you not detach
yourself from her?--I told you I should be disagreeable."

I turned my head aside, for, with a rush and a sweep, like the old
marsh winds coming up from the sea, a feeling like that which had
subdued me on the morning when I left the forge, when the mists
were solemnly rising, and when I laid my hand upon the village
finger-post, smote upon my heart again.  There was silence between
us for a little while.

"Yes; but my dear Handel," Herbert went on, as if we had been
talking, instead of silent, "its having been so strongly rooted in
the breast of a boy whom nature and circumstances made so romantic,
renders it very serious.  Think of her bringing-up, and think of
Miss Havisham.  Think of what she is herself (now I am repulsive and
you abominate me).  This may lead to miserable things."

"I know it, Herbert," said I, with my head still turned away, "but
I can't help it."

"You can't detach yourself?"

"No.  Impossible!"

"You can't try, Handel?"

"No.  Impossible!"

"Well!" said Herbert, getting up with a lively shake as if he had
been asleep, and stirring the fire, "now I'll endeavor to make
myself agreeable again!"

So he went round the room and shook the curtains out, put the
chairs in their places, tidied the books and so forth that were
lying about, looked into the hall, peeped into the letter-box, shut
the door, and came back to his chair by the fire:  where he sat
down, nursing his left leg in both arms.

"I was going to say a word or two, Handel, concerning my father and
my father's son.  I am afraid it is scarcely necessary for my
father's son to remark that my father's establishment is not
particularly brilliant in its housekeeping."

"There is always plenty, Herbert," said I, to say something

"O yes! and so the dustman says, I believe, with the strongest
approval, and so does the marine-store shop in the back street.
Gravely, Handel, for the subject is grave enough, you know how it
is as well as I do.  I suppose there was a time once when my father
had not given matters up; but if ever there was, the time is gone.
May I ask you if you have ever had an opportunity of remarking,
down in your part of the country, that the children of not exactly
suitable marriages are always most particularly anxious to be

This was such a singular question, that I asked him in return, "Is
it so?"

"I don't know," said Herbert, "that's what I want to know.  Because
it is decidedly the case with us.  My poor sister Charlotte, who was
next me and died before she was fourteen, was a striking example.
Little Jane is the same.  In her desire to be matrimonially
established, you might suppose her to have passed her short
existence in the perpetual contemplation of domestic bliss.  Little
Alick in a frock has already made arrangements for his union with a
suitable young person at Kew.  And indeed, I think we are all
engaged, except the baby."

"Then you are?" said I.

"I am," said Herbert; "but it's a secret."

I assured him of my keeping the secret, and begged to be favored
with further particulars.  He had spoken so sensibly and feelingly
of my weakness that I wanted to know something about his strength.

"May I ask the name?" I said.

"Name of Clara," said Herbert.

"Live in London?"

"Yes.  perhaps I ought to mention," said Herbert, who had become
curiously crestfallen and meek, since we entered on the interesting
theme, "that she is rather below my mother's nonsensical family
notions.  Her father had to do with the victualling of
passenger-ships.  I think he was a species of purser."

"What is he now?" said I.

"He's an invalid now," replied Herbert.

"Living on--?"

"On the first floor," said Herbert.  Which was not at all what I
meant, for I had intended my question to apply to his means.  "I
have never seen him, for he has always kept his room overhead,
since I have known Clara.  But I have heard him constantly.  He makes
tremendous rows,--roars, and pegs at the floor with some frightful
instrument."  In looking at me and then laughing heartily, Herbert
for the time recovered his usual lively manner.

"Don't you expect to see him?" said I.

"O yes, I constantly expect to see him," returned Herbert,
"because I never hear him, without expecting him to come tumbling
through the ceiling.  But I don't know how long the rafters may

When he had once more laughed heartily, he became meek again, and
told me that the moment he began to realize Capital, it was his
intention to marry this young lady.  He added as a self-evident
proposition, engendering low spirits, "But you can't marry, you
know, while you're looking about you."

As we contemplated the fire, and as I thought what a difficult
vision to realize this same Capital sometimes was, I put my hands
in my pockets.  A folded piece of paper in one of them attracting my
attention, I opened it and found it to be the play-bill I had
received from Joe, relative to the celebrated provincial amateur of
Roscian renown.  "And bless my heart," I involuntarily added aloud,
"it's to-night!"

This changed the subject in an instant, and made us hurriedly
resolve to go to the play.  So, when I had pledged myself to comfort
and abet Herbert in the affair of his heart by all practicable and
impracticable means, and when Herbert had told me that his
affianced already knew me by reputation and that I should be
presented to her, and when we had warmly shaken hands upon our
mutual confidence, we blew out our candles, made up our fire,
locked our door, and issued forth in quest of Mr. Wopsle and

Chapter XXXI

On our arrival in Denmark, we found the king and queen of that
country elevated in two arm-chairs on a kitchen-table, holding a
Court.  The whole of the Danish nobility were in attendance;
consisting of a noble boy in the wash-leather boots of a gigantic
ancestor, a venerable Peer with a dirty face who seemed to have
risen from the people late in life, and the Danish chivalry with a
comb in its hair and a pair of white silk legs, and presenting on
the whole a feminine appearance.  My gifted townsman stood gloomily
apart, with folded arms, and I could have wished that his curls and
forehead had been more probable.

Several curious little circumstances transpired as the action
proceeded.  The late king of the country not only appeared to have
been troubled with a cough at the time of his decease, but to have
taken it with him to the tomb, and to have brought it back.  The
royal phantom also carried a ghostly manuscript round its
truncheon, to which it had the appearance of occasionally
referring, and that too, with an air of anxiety and a tendency to
lose the place of reference which were suggestive of a state of
mortality.  It was this, I conceive, which led to the Shade's being
advised by the gallery to "turn over!"--a recommendation which it
took extremely ill.  It was likewise to be noted of this majestic
spirit, that whereas it always appeared with an air of having been
out a long time and walked an immense distance, it perceptibly came
from a closely contiguous wall.  This occasioned its terrors to be
received derisively.  The Queen of Denmark, a very buxom lady,
though no doubt historically brazen, was considered by the public
to have too much brass about her; her chin being attached to her
diadem by a broad band of that metal (as if she had a gorgeous
toothache), her waist being encircled by another, and each of her
arms by another, so that she was openly mentioned as "the
kettle-drum."  The noble boy in the ancestral boots was
inconsistent, representing himself, as it were in one breath, as an
able seaman, a strolling actor, a grave-digger, a clergyman, and a
person of the utmost importance at a Court fencing-match, on the
authority of whose practised eye and nice discrimination the finest
strokes were judged.  This gradually led to a want of toleration for
him, and even--on his being detected in holy orders, and declining
to perform the funeral service--to the general indignation taking
the form of nuts.  Lastly, Ophelia was a prey to such slow musical
madness, that when, in course of time, she had taken off her white
muslin scarf, folded it up, and buried it, a sulky man who had been
long cooling his impatient nose against an iron bar in the front
row of the gallery, growled, "Now the baby's put to bed let's have
supper!"  Which, to say the least of it, was out of keeping.

Upon my unfortunate townsman all these incidents accumulated with
playful effect.  Whenever that undecided Prince had to ask a
question or state a doubt, the public helped him out with it.  As
for example; on the question whether 'twas nobler in the mind to
suffer, some roared yes, and some no, and some inclining to both
opinions said "Toss up for it;" and quite a Debating Society arose.
When he asked what should such fellows as he do crawling between
earth and heaven, he was encouraged with loud cries of "Hear,
hear!"  When he appeared with his stocking disordered (its disorder
expressed, according to usage, by one very neat fold in the top,
which I suppose to be always got up with a flat iron), a
conversation took place in the gallery respecting the paleness of
his leg, and whether it was occasioned by the turn the ghost had
given him.  On his taking the recorders,--very like a little black
flute that had just been played in the orchestra and handed out at
the door,--he was called upon unanimously for Rule Britannia.  When
he recommended the player not to saw the air thus, the sulky man
said, "And don't you do it, neither; you're a deal worse than him!"
And I grieve to add that peals of laughter greeted Mr. Wopsle on
every one of these occasions.

But his greatest trials were in the churchyard, which had the
appearance of a primeval forest, with a kind of small
ecclesiastical wash-house on one side, and a turnpike gate on the
other.  Mr. Wopsle in a comprehensive black cloak, being descried
entering at the turnpike, the gravedigger was admonished in a
friendly way, "Look out!  Here's the undertaker a coming, to see how
you're a getting on with your work!"  I believe it is well known in
a constitutional country that Mr. Wopsle could not possibly have
returned the skull, after moralizing over it, without dusting his
fingers on a white napkin taken from his breast; but even that
innocent and indispensable action did not pass without the comment,
"Wai-ter!"  The arrival of the body for interment (in an empty black
box with the lid tumbling open), was the signal for a general joy,
which was much enhanced by the discovery, among the bearers, of an
individual obnoxious to identification.  The joy attended Mr. Wopsle
through his struggle with Laertes on the brink of the orchestra and
the grave, and slackened no more until he had tumbled the king off
the kitchen-table, and had died by inches from the ankles upward.

We had made some pale efforts in the beginning to applaud Mr.
Wopsle; but they were too hopeless to be persisted in.  Therefore we
had sat, feeling keenly for him, but laughing, nevertheless, from
ear to ear.  I laughed in spite of myself all the time, the whole
thing was so droll; and yet I had a latent impression that there
was something decidedly fine in Mr. Wopsle's elocution,--not for old
associations' sake, I am afraid, but because it was very slow, very
dreary, very up-hill and down-hill, and very unlike any way in
which any man in any natural circumstances of life or death ever
expressed himself about anything.  When the tragedy was over, and he
had been called for and hooted, I said to Herbert, "Let us go at
once, or perhaps we shall meet him."

We made all the haste we could down stairs, but we were not quick
enough either.  Standing at the door was a Jewish man with an
unnatural heavy smear of eyebrow, who caught my eyes as we
advanced, and said, when we came up with him,--

"Mr. Pip and friend?"

Identity of Mr. Pip and friend confessed.

"Mr. Waldengarver," said the man, "would be glad to have the

"Waldengarver?" I repeated--when Herbert murmured in my ear,
"Probably Wopsle."

"Oh!" said I.  "Yes.  Shall we follow you?"

"A few steps, please."  When we were in a side alley, he turned and
asked, "How did you think he looked?--I dressed him."

I don't know what he had looked like, except a funeral; with the
addition of a large Danish sun or star hanging round his neck by a
blue ribbon, that had given him the appearance of being insured in
some extraordinary Fire Office.  But I said he had looked very nice.

"When he come to the grave," said our conductor, "he showed his
cloak beautiful.  But, judging from the wing, it looked to me that
when he see the ghost in the queen's apartment, he might have made
more of his stockings."

I modestly assented, and we all fell through a little dirty swing
door, into a sort of hot packing-case immediately behind it.  Here
Mr. Wopsle was divesting himself of his Danish garments, and here
there was just room for us to look at him over one another's
shoulders, by keeping the packing-case door, or lid, wide open.

"Gentlemen," said Mr. Wopsle, "I am proud to see you.  I hope, Mr.
Pip, you will excuse my sending round.  I had the happiness to know
you in former times, and the Drama has ever had a claim which has
ever been acknowledged, on the noble and the affluent."

Meanwhile, Mr. Waldengarver, in a frightful perspiration, was trying
to get himself out of his princely sables.

"Skin the stockings off Mr. Waldengarver," said the owner of that
property, "or you'll bust 'em.  Bust 'em, and you'll bust
five-and-thirty shillings.  Shakspeare never was complimented with a
finer pair.  Keep quiet in your chair now, and leave 'em to me."

With that, he went upon his knees, and began to flay his victim;
who, on the first stocking coming off, would certainly have fallen
over backward with his chair, but for there being no room to fall

I had been afraid until then to say a word about the play.  But
then, Mr. Waldengarver looked up at us complacently, and said,--

"Gentlemen, how did it seem to you, to go, in front?"

Herbert said from behind (at the same time poking me), "Capitally."
So I said "Capitally."

"How did you like my reading of the character, gentlemen?" said Mr.
Waldengarver, almost, if not quite, with patronage.

Herbert said from behind (again poking me), "Massive and concrete."
So I said boldly, as if I had originated it, and must beg to insist
upon it, "Massive and concrete."

"I am glad to have your approbation, gentlemen," said Mr.
Waldengarver, with an air of dignity, in spite of his being ground
against the wall at the time, and holding on by the seat of the

"But I'll tell you one thing, Mr. Waldengarver," said the man who
was on his knees, "in which you're out in your reading.  Now mind!  I
don't care who says contrairy; I tell you so.  You're out in your
reading of Hamlet when you get your legs in profile.  The last
Hamlet as I dressed, made the same mistakes in his reading at
rehearsal, till I got him to put a large red wafer on each of his
shins, and then at that rehearsal (which was the last) I went in
front, sir, to the back of the pit, and whenever his reading
brought him into profile, I called out "I don't see no wafers!"  And
at night his reading was lovely."

Mr. Waldengarver smiled at me, as much as to say "a faithful
Dependent--I overlook his folly;" and then said aloud, "My view is
a little classic and thoughtful for them here; but they will
improve, they will improve."

Herbert and I said together, O, no doubt they would improve.

"Did you observe, gentlemen," said Mr. Waldengarver, "that there was
a man in the gallery who endeavored to cast derision on the
service,--I mean, the representation?"

We basely replied that we rather thought we had noticed such a man.
I added, "He was drunk, no doubt."

"O dear no, sir," said Mr. Wopsle, "not drunk.  His employer would
see to that, sir.  His employer would not allow him to be drunk."

"You know his employer?" said I.

Mr. Wopsle shut his eyes, and opened them again; performing both
ceremonies very slowly.  "You must have observed, gentlemen," said
he, "an ignorant and a blatant ass, with a rasping throat and a
countenance expressive of low malignity, who went through--I will
not say sustained--the rôle (if I may use a French expression) of
Claudius, King of Denmark.  That is his employer, gentlemen.  Such is
the profession!"

Without distinctly knowing whether I should have been more sorry
for Mr. Wopsle if he had been in despair, I was so sorry for him as
it was, that I took the opportunity of his turning round to have
his braces put on,--which jostled us out at the doorway,--to ask
Herbert what he thought of having him home to supper?  Herbert said
he thought it would be kind to do so; therefore I invited him, and
he went to Barnard's with us, wrapped up to the eyes, and we did
our best for him, and he sat until two o'clock in the morning,
reviewing his success and developing his plans.  I forget in detail
what they were, but I have a general recollection that he was to
begin with reviving the Drama, and to end with crushing it;
inasmuch as his decease would leave it utterly bereft and without a
chance or hope.

Miserably I went to bed after all, and miserably thought of
Estella, and miserably dreamed that my expectations were all
cancelled, and that I had to give my hand in marriage to Herbert's
Clara, or play Hamlet to Miss Havisham's Ghost, before twenty
thousand people, without knowing twenty words of it.

Chapter XXXII

One day when I was busy with my books and Mr. Pocket, I received a
note by the post, the mere outside of which threw me into a great
flutter; for, though I had never seen the handwriting in which it
was addressed, I divined whose hand it was.  It had no set
beginning, as Dear Mr. Pip, or Dear Pip, or Dear Sir, or Dear
Anything, but ran thus:--

"I am to come to London the day after to-morrow by the midday
coach.  I believe it was settled you should meet me?  At all events
Miss Havisham has that impression, and I write in obedience to it.
She sends you her regard.

Yours, ESTELLA."

If there had been time, I should probably have ordered several
suits of clothes for this occasion; but as there was not, I was
fain to be content with those I had.  My appetite vanished
instantly, and I knew no peace or rest until the day arrived.  Not
that its arrival brought me either; for, then I was worse than ever,
and began haunting the coach-office in Wood Street, Cheapside,
before the coach had left the Blue Boar in our town.  For all that I
knew this perfectly well, I still felt as if it were not safe to
let the coach-office be out of my sight longer than five minutes at
a time; and in this condition of unreason I had performed the first
half-hour of a watch of four or five hours, when Wemmick ran
against me.

"Halloa, Mr. Pip," said he; "how do you do?  I should hardly have
thought this was your beat."

I explained that I was waiting to meet somebody who was coming up
by coach, and I inquired after the Castle and the Aged.

"Both flourishing thankye," said Wemmick, "and particularly the
Aged.  He's in wonderful feather.  He'll be eighty-two next birthday.
I have a notion of firing eighty-two times, if the neighborhood
shouldn't complain, and that cannon of mine should prove equal to
the pressure.  However, this is not London talk.  Where do you think
I am going to?"

"To the office?" said I, for he was tending in that direction.

"Next thing to it," returned Wemmick, "I am going to Newgate.  We
are in a banker's-parcel case just at present, and I have been down
the road taking a squint at the scene of action, and thereupon
must have a word or two with our client."

"Did your client commit the robbery?" I asked.

"Bless your soul and body, no," answered Wemmick, very drily.  "But
he is accused of it.  So might you or I be.  Either of us might be
accused of it, you know."

"Only neither of us is," I remarked.

"Yah!" said Wemmick, touching me on the breast with his forefinger;
"you're a deep one, Mr. Pip!  Would you like to have a look at
Newgate?  Have you time to spare?"

I had so much time to spare, that the proposal came as a relief,
notwithstanding its irreconcilability with my latent desire to keep
my eye on the coach-office.  Muttering that I would make the inquiry
whether I had time to walk with him, I went into the office, and
ascertained from the clerk with the nicest precision and much to
the trying of his temper, the earliest moment at which the coach
could be expected,--which I knew beforehand, quite as well as he.  I
then rejoined Mr. Wemmick, and affecting to consult my watch, and to
be surprised by the information I had received, accepted his offer.

We were at Newgate in a few minutes, and we passed through the
lodge where some fetters were hanging up on the bare walls among
the prison rules, into the interior of the jail.  At that time
jails were much neglected, and the period of exaggerated reaction
consequent on all public wrongdoing--and which is always its
heaviest and longest punishment--was still far off.  So felons
were not lodged and fed better than soldiers, (to say nothing of
paupers,) and seldom set fire to their prisons with the excusable
object of improving the flavor of their soup.  It was visiting time
when Wemmick took me in, and a potman was going his rounds with
beer; and the prisoners, behind bars in yards, were buying beer,
and talking to friends; and a frowzy, ugly, disorderly, depressing
scene it was.

It struck me that Wemmick walked among the prisoners much as a
gardener might walk among his plants.  This was first put into my
head by his seeing a shoot that had come up in the night, and
saying, "What, Captain Tom?  Are you there?  Ah, indeed!" and also,
"Is that Black Bill behind the cistern?  Why I didn't look for you
these two months; how do you find yourself?"  Equally in his
stopping at the bars and attending to anxious whisperers,--always
singly,--Wemmick with his post-office in an immovable state, looked
at them while in conference, as if he were taking particular notice
of the advance they had made, since last observed, towards coming
out in full blow at their trial.

He was highly popular, and I found that he took the familiar
department of Mr. Jaggers's business; though something of the state
of Mr. Jaggers hung about him too, forbidding approach beyond
certain limits.  His personal recognition of each successive client
was comprised in a nod, and in his settling his hat a little easier
on his head with both hands, and then tightening the post-office,
and putting his hands in his pockets.  In one or two instances
there was a difficulty respecting the raising of fees, and then Mr.
Wemmick, backing as far as possible from the insufficient money
produced, said, "it's no use, my boy.  I'm only a subordinate.  I
can't take it.  Don't go on in that way with a subordinate.  If you
are unable to make up your quantum, my boy, you had better address
yourself to a principal; there are plenty of principals in the
profession, you know, and what is not worth the while of one, may
be worth the while of another; that's my recommendation to you,
speaking as a subordinate.  Don't try on useless measures.  Why
should you?  Now, who's next?"

Thus, we walked through Wemmick's greenhouse, until he turned to me
and said, "Notice the man I shall shake hands with."  I should have
done so, without the preparation, as he had shaken hands with no
one yet.

Almost as soon as he had spoken, a portly upright man (whom I can
see now, as I write) in a well-worn olive-colored frock-coat, with
a peculiar pallor overspreading the red in his complexion, and
eyes that went wandering about when he tried to fix them, came up
to a corner of the bars, and put his hand to his hat--which had a
greasy and fatty surface like cold broth--with a half-serious and
half-jocose military salute.

"Colonel, to you!" said Wemmick; "how are you, Colonel?"

"All right, Mr. Wemmick."

"Everything was done that could be done, but the evidence was too
strong for us, Colonel."

"Yes, it was too strong, sir,--but I don't care."

"No, no," said Wemmick, coolly, "you don't care."  Then, turning to
me, "Served His Majesty this man.  Was a soldier in the line and
bought his discharge."

I said, "Indeed?" and the man's eyes looked at me, and then looked
over my head, and then looked all round me, and then he drew his
hand across his lips and laughed.

"I think I shall be out of this on Monday, sir," he said to

"Perhaps," returned my friend, "but there's no knowing."

"I am glad to have the chance of bidding you good by, Mr. Wemmick,"
said the man, stretching out his hand between two bars.

"Thankye," said Wemmick, shaking hands with him.  "Same to you,

"If what I had upon me when taken had been real, Mr. Wemmick," said
the man, unwilling to let his hand go, "I should have asked the
favor of your wearing another ring--in acknowledgment of your

"I'll accept the will for the deed," said Wemmick.  "By the by; you
were quite a pigeon-fancier."  The man looked up at the sky.  "I am
told you had a remarkable breed of tumblers.  Could you commission
any friend of yours to bring me a pair, of you've no further use
for 'em?"

"It shall be done, sir?"

"All right," said Wemmick, "they shall be taken care of.  Good
afternoon, Colonel.  Good by!"  They shook hands again, and as we
walked away Wemmick said to me, "A Coiner, a very good workman.  The
Recorder's report is made to-day, and he is sure to be executed on
Monday.  Still you see, as far as it goes, a pair of pigeons are
portable property all the same."  With that, he looked back, and
nodded at this dead plant, and then cast his eyes about him in
walking out of the yard, as if he were considering what other pot
would go best in its place.

As we came out of the prison through the lodge, I found that the
great importance of my guardian was appreciated by the turnkeys, no
less than by those whom they held in charge.  "Well, Mr. Wemmick,"
said the turnkey, who kept us between the two studded and spiked
lodge gates, and who carefully locked one before he unlocked the
other, "what's Mr. Jaggers going to do with that water-side murder?
Is he going to make it manslaughter, or what's he going to make of

"Why don't you ask him?" returned Wemmick.

"O yes, I dare say!" said the turnkey.

"Now, that's the way with them here, Mr. Pip," remarked Wemmick,
turning to me with his post-office elongated.  "They don't mind what
they ask of me, the subordinate; but you'll never catch 'em asking
any questions of my principal."

"Is this young gentleman one of the 'prentices or articled ones of
your office?" asked the turnkey, with a grin at Mr. Wemmick's

"There he goes again, you see!" cried Wemmick, "I told you so!  Asks
another question of the subordinate before his first is dry!  Well,
supposing Mr. Pip is one of them?"

"Why then," said the turnkey, grinning again, "he knows what Mr.
Jaggers is."

"Yah!" cried Wemmick, suddenly hitting out at the turnkey in a
facetious way, "you're dumb as one of your own keys when you have
to do with my principal, you know you are.  Let us out, you old fox,
or I'll get him to bring an action against you for false

The turnkey laughed, and gave us good day, and stood laughing at us
over the spikes of the wicket when we descended the steps into the

"Mind you, Mr. Pip," said Wemmick, gravely in my ear, as he took my
arm to be more confidential; "I don't know that Mr. Jaggers does a
better thing than the way in which he keeps himself so high.  He's
always so high.  His constant height is of a piece with his immense
abilities.  That Colonel durst no more take leave of him, than that
turnkey durst ask him his intentions respecting a case.  Then,
between his height and them, he slips in his subordinate,--don't
you see?--and so he has 'em, soul and body."

I was very much impressed, and not for the first time, by my
guardian's subtlety.  To confess the truth, I very heartily wished,
and not for the first time, that I had had some other guardian of
minor abilities.

Mr. Wemmick and I parted at the office in Little Britain, where
suppliants for Mr. Jaggers's notice were lingering about as usual,
and I returned to my watch in the street of the coach-office, with
some three hours on hand.  I consumed the whole time in thinking how
strange it was that I should be encompassed by all this taint of
prison and crime; that, in my childhood out on our lonely marshes
on a winter evening, I should have first encountered it; that, it
should have reappeared on two occasions, starting out like a stain
that was faded but not gone; that, it should in this new way
pervade my fortune and advancement.  While my mind was thus engaged,
I thought of the beautiful young Estella, proud and refined, coming
towards me, and I thought with absolute abhorrence of the contrast
between the jail and her.  I wished that Wemmick had not met me, or
that I had not yielded to him and gone with him, so that, of all
days in the year on this day, I might not have had Newgate in my
breath and on my clothes.  I beat the prison dust off my feet as I
sauntered to and fro, and I shook it out of my dress, and I exhaled
its air from my lungs.  So contaminated did I feel, remembering who
was coming, that the coach came quickly after all, and I was not
yet free from the soiling consciousness of Mr. Wemmick's
conservatory, when I saw her face at the coach window and her hand
waving to me.

What was the nameless shadow which again in that one instant had

Chapter XXXIII

In her furred travelling-dress, Estella seemed more delicately
beautiful than she had ever seemed yet, even in my eyes.  Her manner
was more winning than she had cared to let it be to me before, and
I thought I saw Miss Havisham's influence in the change.

We stood in the Inn Yard while she pointed out her luggage to me,
and when it was all collected I remembered--having forgotten
everything but herself in the meanwhile--that I knew nothing of
her destination.

"I am going to Richmond," she told me.  "Our lesson is, that there
are two Richmonds, one in Surrey and one in Yorkshire, and that mine
is the Surrey Richmond.  The distance is ten miles.  I am to have a
carriage, and you are to take me.  This is my purse, and you are to
pay my charges out of it.  O, you must take the purse!  We have no
choice, you and I, but to obey our instructions.  We are not free to
follow our own devices, you and I."

As she looked at me in giving me the purse, I hoped there was an
inner meaning in her words.  She said them slightingly, but not with

"A carriage will have to be sent for, Estella.  Will you rest here a

"Yes, I am to rest here a little, and I am to drink some tea, and
you are to take care of me the while."

She drew her arm through mine, as if it must be done, and I
requested a waiter who had been staring at the coach like a man who
had never seen such a thing in his life, to show us a private
sitting-room.  Upon that, he pulled out a napkin, as if it were a
magic clew without which he couldn't find the way up stairs, and
led us to the black hole of the establishment, fitted up with a
diminishing mirror (quite a superfluous article, considering the
hole's proportions), an anchovy sauce-cruet, and somebody's
pattens.  On my objecting to this retreat, he took us into another
room with a dinner-table for thirty, and in the grate a scorched
leaf of a copy-book under a bushel of coal-dust.  Having looked at
this extinct conflagration and shaken his head, he took my order;
which, proving to be merely, "Some tea for the lady," sent him out
of the room in a very low state of mind.

I was, and I am, sensible that the air of this chamber, in its
strong combination of stable with soup-stock, might have led one to
infer that the coaching department was not doing well, and that the
enterprising proprietor was boiling down the horses for the
refreshment department.  Yet the room was all in all to me, Estella
being in it.  I thought that with her I could have been happy there
for life.  (I was not at all happy there at the time, observe, and I
knew it well.)

"Where are you going to, at Richmond?" I asked Estella.

"I am going to live," said she, "at a great expense, with a lady
there, who has the power--or says she has--of taking me about,
and introducing me, and showing people to me and showing me to

"I suppose you will be glad of variety and admiration?"

"Yes, I suppose so."

She answered so carelessly, that I said, "You speak of yourself as
if you were some one else."

"Where did you learn how I speak of others?  Come, come," said
Estella, smiling delightfully, "you must not expect me to go to
school to you; I must talk in my own way.  How do you thrive with
Mr. Pocket?"

"I live quite pleasantly there; at least--" It appeared to me that
I was losing a chance.

"At least?" repeated Estella.

"As pleasantly as I could anywhere, away from you."

"You silly boy," said Estella, quite composedly, "how can you talk
such nonsense?  Your friend Mr. Matthew, I believe, is superior to
the rest of his family?"

"Very superior indeed.  He is nobody's enemy--"

--"Don't add but his own," interposed Estella, "for I hate that class
of man.  But he really is disinterested, and above small jealousy
and spite, I have heard?"

"I am sure I have every reason to say so."

"You have not every reason to say so of the rest of his people,"
said Estella, nodding at me with an expression of face that was at
once grave and rallying, "for they beset Miss Havisham with reports
and insinuations to your disadvantage.  They watch you, misrepresent
you, write letters about you (anonymous sometimes), and you are the
torment and the occupation of their lives.  You can scarcely realize
to yourself the hatred those people feel for you."

"They do me no harm, I hope?"

Instead of answering, Estella burst out laughing.  This was very
singular to me, and I looked at her in considerable perplexity.
When she left off--and she had not laughed languidly, but with
real enjoyment--I said, in my diffident way with her,--

"I hope I may suppose that you would not be amused if they did me
any harm."

"No, no you may be sure of that," said Estella.  "You may be certain
that I laugh because they fail.  O, those people with Miss
Havisham, and the tortures they undergo!"  She laughed again, and
even now when she had told me why, her laughter was very singular
to me, for I could not doubt its being genuine, and yet it seemed
too much for the occasion.  I thought there must really be something
more here than I knew; she saw the thought in my mind, and answered

"It is not easy for even you."  said Estella, "to know what
satisfaction it gives me to see those people thwarted, or what an
enjoyable sense of the ridiculous I have when they are made
ridiculous.  For you were not brought up in that strange house from
a mere baby.  I was.  You had not your little wits sharpened by
their intriguing against you, suppressed and defenceless, under the
mask of sympathy and pity and what not that is soft and soothing. 
I had.  You did not gradually open your round childish eyes wider
and wider to the discovery of that impostor of a woman who
calculates her stores of peace of mind for when she wakes up in the
night.  I did."

It was no laughing matter with Estella now, nor was she summoning
these remembrances from any shallow place.  I would not have been
the cause of that look of hers for all my expectations in a heap.

"Two things I can tell you," said Estella.  "First, notwithstanding
the proverb that constant dropping will wear away a stone, you may
set your mind at rest that these people never will--never would,
in hundred years--impair your ground with Miss Havisham, in any
particular, great or small.  Second, I am beholden to you as the
cause of their being so busy and so mean in vain, and there is my
hand upon it."

As she gave it to me playfully,--for her darker mood had been but
Momentary,--I held it and put it to my lips.  "You ridiculous boy,"
said Estella, "will you never take warning?  Or do you kiss my hand
in the same spirit in which I once let you kiss my cheek?"

"What spirit was that?" said I.

"I must think a moment. A spirit of contempt for the fawners and

"If I say yes, may I kiss the cheek again?"

"You should have asked before you touched the hand.  But, yes, if
you like."

I leaned down, and her calm face was like a statue's.  "Now," said
Estella, gliding away the instant I touched her cheek, "you are to
take care that I have some tea, and you are to take me to

Her reverting to this tone as if our association were forced upon
us, and we were mere puppets, gave me pain; but everything in our
intercourse did give me pain.  Whatever her tone with me happened to
be, I could put no trust in it, and build no hope on it; and yet I
went on against trust and against hope.  Why repeat it a thousand
times?  So it always was.

I rang for the tea, and the waiter, reappearing with his magic
clew, brought in by degrees some fifty adjuncts to that refreshment,
but of tea not a glimpse.  A teaboard, cups and saucers, plates,
knives and forks (including carvers), spoons (various),
saltcellars, a meek little muffin confined with the utmost
precaution under a strong iron cover, Moses in the bulrushes
typified by a soft bit of butter in a quantity of parsley, a pale
loaf with a powdered head, two proof impressions of the bars of the
kitchen fireplace on triangular bits of bread, and ultimately a
fat family urn; which the waiter staggered in with, expressing in
his countenance burden and suffering.  After a prolonged absence at
this stage of the entertainment, he at length came back with a
casket of precious appearance containing twigs.  These I steeped in
hot water, and so from the whole of these appliances extracted one
cup of I don't know what for Estella.

The bill paid, and the waiter remembered, and the ostler not
forgotten, and the chambermaid taken into consideration,--in a
word, the whole house bribed into a state of contempt and
animosity, and Estella's purse much lightened,--we got into our
post-coach and drove away.  Turning into Cheapside and rattling up
Newgate Street, we were soon under the walls of which I was so

"What place is that?" Estella asked me.

I made a foolish pretence of not at first recognizing it, and then
told her.  As she looked at it, and drew in her head again,
murmuring, "Wretches!"  I would not have confessed to my visit for
any consideration.

"Mr. Jaggers," said I, by way of putting it neatly on somebody else,
"has the reputation of being more in the secrets of that dismal
place than any man in London."

"He is more in the secrets of every place, I think," said Estella,
in a low voice.

"You have been accustomed to see him often, I suppose?"

"I have been accustomed to see him at uncertain intervals, ever
since I can remember.  But I know him no better now, than I did
before I could speak plainly.  What is your own experience of him?
Do you advance with him?"

"Once habituated to his distrustful manner," said I, "I have done
very well."

"Are you intimate?"

"I have dined with him at his private house."

"I fancy," said Estella, shrinking "that must be a curious place."

"It is a curious place."

I should have been chary of discussing my guardian too freely even
with her; but I should have gone on with the subject so far as to
describe the dinner in Gerrard Street, if we had not then come into
a sudden glare of gas.  It seemed, while it lasted, to be all alight
and alive with that inexplicable feeling I had had before; and when
we were out of it, I was as much dazed for a few moments as if I
had been in lightning.

So we fell into other talk, and it was principally about the way
by which we were travelling, and about what parts of London lay on
this side of it, and what on that.  The great city was almost new to
her, she told me, for she had never left Miss Havisham's
neighborhood until she had gone to France, and she had merely
passed through London then in going and returning.  I asked her if
my guardian had any charge of her while she remained here?  To that
she emphatically said "God forbid!" and no more.

It was impossible for me to avoid seeing that she cared to attract
me; that she made herself winning, and would have won me even if
the task had needed pains.  Yet this made me none the happier, for
even if she had not taken that tone of our being disposed of by
others, I should have felt that she held my heart in her hand
because she wilfully chose to do it, and not because it would have
wrung any tenderness in her to crush it and throw it away.

When we passed through Hammersmith, I showed her where Mr. Matthew
Pocket lived, and said it was no great way from Richmond, and that
I hoped I should see her sometimes.

"O yes, you are to see me; you are to come when you think proper;
you are to be mentioned to the family; indeed you are already

I inquired was it a large household she was going to be a member

"No; there are only two; mother and daughter.  The mother is a lady
of some station, though not averse to increasing her income."

"I wonder Miss Havisham could part with you again so soon."

"It is a part of Miss Havisham's plans for me, Pip," said Estella,
with a sigh, as if she were tired; "I am to write to her constantly
and see her regularly and report how I go on,--I and the jewels,--
for they are nearly all mine now."

It was the first time she had ever called me by my name.  Of course
she did so purposely, and knew that I should treasure it up.

We came to Richmond all too soon, and our destination there was a
house by the green,--a staid old house, where hoops and powder and
patches, embroidered coats, rolled stockings, ruffles and swords, had
had their court days many a time.  Some ancient trees before the
house were still cut into fashions as formal and unnatural as the
hoops and wigs and stiff skirts; but their own allotted places in
the great procession of the dead were not far off, and they would
soon drop into them and go the silent way of the rest.

A bell with an old voice--which I dare say in its time had often
said to the house, Here is the green farthingale, Here is the
diamond-hilted sword, Here are the shoes with red heels and the blue
solitaire--sounded gravely in the moonlight, and two
cherry-colored maids came fluttering out to receive Estella.  The
doorway soon absorbed her boxes, and she gave me her hand and a
smile, and said good night, and was absorbed likewise.  And still I
stood looking at the house, thinking how happy I should be if I
lived there with her, and knowing that I never was happy with her,
but always miserable.

I got into the carriage to be taken back to Hammersmith, and I got
in with a bad heart-ache, and I got out with a worse heart-ache.  At
our own door, I found little Jane Pocket coming home from a little
party escorted by her little lover; and I envied her little lover,
in spite of his being subject to Flopson.

Mr. Pocket was out lecturing; for, he was a most delightful lecturer
on domestic economy, and his treatises on the management of
children and servants were considered the very best text-books on
those themes.  But Mrs. Pocket was at home, and was in a little
difficulty, on account of the baby's having been accommodated with
a needle-case to keep him quiet during the unaccountable absence
(with a relative in the Foot Guards) of Millers.  And more needles
were missing than it could be regarded as quite wholesome for a
patient of such tender years either to apply externally or to take
as a tonic.

Mr. Pocket being justly celebrated for giving most excellent
practical advice, and for having a clear and sound perception of
things and a highly judicious mind, I had some notion in my
heart-ache of begging him to accept my confidence.  But happening to
look up at Mrs. Pocket as she sat reading her book of dignities
after prescribing Bed as a sovereign remedy for baby, I thought--
Well--No, I wouldn't.

Chapter XXXIV

As I had grown accustomed to my expectations, I had insensibly
begun to notice their effect upon myself and those around me.  Their
influence on my own character I disguised from my recognition as
much as possible, but I knew very well that it was not all good.  I
lived in a state of chronic uneasiness respecting my behavior to
Joe.  My conscience was not by any means comfortable about Biddy.
When I woke up in the night,--like Camilla,--I used to think, with
a weariness on my spirits, that I should have been happier and
better if I had never seen Miss Havisham's face, and had risen to
manhood content to be partners with Joe in the honest old forge.
Many a time of an evening, when I sat alone looking at the fire, I
thought, after all there was no fire like the forge fire and the
kitchen fire at home.

Yet Estella was so inseparable from all my restlessness and
disquiet of mind, that I really fell into confusion as to the
limits of my own part in its production.  That is to say, supposing
I had had no expectations, and yet had had Estella to think of, I
could not make out to my satisfaction that I should have done much
better.  Now, concerning the influence of my position on others, I
was in no such difficulty, and so I perceived--though dimly enough
perhaps--that it was not beneficial to anybody, and, above all,
that it was not beneficial to Herbert.  My lavish habits led his
easy nature into expenses that he could not afford, corrupted the
simplicity of his life, and disturbed his peace with anxieties and
regrets.  I was not at all remorseful for having unwittingly set
those other branches of the Pocket family to the poor arts they
practised; because such littlenesses were their natural bent, and
would have been evoked by anybody else, if I had left them
slumbering.  But Herbert's was a very different case, and it often
caused me a twinge to think that I had done him evil service in
crowding his sparely furnished chambers with incongruous upholstery
work, and placing the Canary-breasted Avenger at his disposal.

So now, as an infallible way of making little ease great ease, I
began to contract a quantity of debt.  I could hardly begin but
Herbert must begin too, so he soon followed.  At Startop's
suggestion, we put ourselves down for election into a club called
The Finches of the Grove:  the object of which institution I have
never divined, if it were not that the members should dine
expensively once a fortnight, to quarrel among themselves as much
as possible after dinner, and to cause six waiters to get drunk on
the stairs.  I know that these gratifying social ends were so
invariably accomplished, that Herbert and I understood nothing else
to be referred to in the first standing toast of the society:  which
ran "Gentlemen, may the present promotion of good feeling ever
reign predominant among the Finches of the Grove."

The Finches spent their money foolishly (the Hotel we dined at was
in Covent Garden), and the first Finch I saw when I had the honor
of joining the Grove was Bentley Drummle, at that time floundering
about town in a cab of his own, and doing a great deal of damage to
the posts at the street corners.  Occasionally, he shot himself out
of his equipage headforemost over the apron; and I saw him on one
occasion deliver himself at the door of the Grove in this
unintentional way--like coals.  But here I anticipate a little, for
I was not a Finch, and could not be, according to the sacred laws
of the society, until I came of age.

In my confidence in my own resources, I would willingly have taken
Herbert's expenses on myself; but Herbert was proud, and I could
make no such proposal to him.  So he got into difficulties in every
direction, and continued to look about him.  When we gradually fell
into keeping late hours and late company, I noticed that he looked
about him with a desponding eye at breakfast-time; that he began to
look about him more hopefully about mid-day; that he drooped when
he came into dinner; that he seemed to descry Capital in the
distance, rather clearly, after dinner; that he all but realized
Capital towards midnight; and that at about two o'clock in the
morning, he became so deeply despondent again as to talk of buying
a rifle and going to America, with a general purpose of compelling
buffaloes to make his fortune.

I was usually at Hammersmith about half the week, and when I was at
Hammersmith I haunted Richmond, whereof separately by and by.
Herbert would often come to Hammersmith when I was there, and I
think at those seasons his father would occasionally have some
passing perception that the opening he was looking for, had not
appeared yet.  But in the general tumbling up of the family, his
tumbling out in life somewhere, was a thing to transact itself
somehow.  In the meantime Mr. Pocket grew grayer, and tried oftener
to lift himself out of his perplexities by the hair.  While Mrs.
Pocket tripped up the family with her footstool, read her book of
dignities, lost her pocket-handkerchief, told us about her
grandpapa, and taught the young idea how to shoot, by shooting it
into bed whenever it attracted her notice.

As I am now generalizing a period of my life with the object of
clearing my way before me, I can scarcely do so better than by at
once completing the description of our usual manners and customs at
Barnard's Inn.

We spent as much money as we could, and got as little for it as
people could make up their minds to give us.  We were always more or
less miserable, and most of our acquaintance were in the same
condition.  There was a gay fiction among us that we were constantly
enjoying ourselves, and a skeleton truth that we never did.  To the
best of my belief, our case was in the last aspect a rather common

Every morning, with an air ever new, Herbert went into the City to
look about him.  I often paid him a visit in the dark back-room in
which he consorted with an ink-jar, a hat-peg, a coal-box, a
string-box, an almanac, a desk and stool, and a ruler; and I do
not remember that I ever saw him do anything else but look about
him.  If we all did what we undertake to do, as faithfully as
Herbert did, we might live in a Republic of the Virtues.  He had
nothing else to do, poor fellow, except at a certain hour of every
afternoon to "go to Lloyd's"--in observance of a ceremony of
seeing his principal, I think.  He never did anything else in
connection with Lloyd's that I could find out, except come back
again.  When he felt his case unusually serious, and that he
positively must find an opening, he would go on 'Change at a busy
time, and walk in and out, in a kind of gloomy country dance
figure, among the assembled magnates.  "For," says Herbert to me,
coming home to dinner on one of those special occasions, "I find
the truth to be, Handel, that an opening won't come to one, but one
must go to it,--so I have been."

If we had been less attached to one another, I think we must have
hated one another regularly every morning.  I detested the chambers
beyond expression at that period of repentance, and could not
endure the sight of the Avenger's livery; which had a more
expensive and a less remunerative appearance then than at any
other time in the four-and-twenty hours.  As we got more and more
into debt, breakfast became a hollower and hollower form, and, being
on one occasion at breakfast-time threatened (by letter) with legal
proceedings, "not unwholly unconnected," as my local paper might
put it, "with jewelery," I went so far as to seize the Avenger by
his blue collar and shake him off his feet,--so that he was
actually in the air, like a booted Cupid,--for presuming to suppose
that we wanted a roll.

At certain times--meaning at uncertain times, for they depended on
our humor--I would say to Herbert, as if it were a remarkable

"My dear Herbert, we are getting on badly."

"My dear Handel," Herbert would say to me, in all sincerity, if you
will believe me, those very words were on my lips, by a strange

"Then, Herbert," I would respond, "let us look into out affairs."

We always derived profound satisfaction from making an appointment
for this purpose.  I always thought this was business, this was the
way to confront the thing, this was the way to take the foe by the
throat.  And I know Herbert thought so too.

We ordered something rather special for dinner, with a bottle of
something similarly out of the common way, in order that our minds
might be fortified for the occasion, and we might come well up to
the mark.  Dinner over, we produced a bundle of pens, a copious
supply of ink, and a goodly show of writing and blotting paper.
For there was something very comfortable in having plenty of

I would then take a sheet of paper, and write across the top of it,
in a neat hand, the heading, "Memorandum of Pip's debts"; with
Barnard's Inn and the date very carefully added.  Herbert would also
take a sheet of paper, and write across it with similar
formalities, "Memorandum of Herbert's debts."

Each of us would then refer to a confused heap of papers at his
side, which had been thrown into drawers, worn into holes in
pockets, half burnt in lighting candles, stuck for weeks into the
looking-glass, and otherwise damaged.  The sound of our pens going
refreshed us exceedingly, insomuch that I sometimes found it
difficult to distinguish between this edifying business proceeding
and actually paying the money.  In point of meritorious character,
the two things seemed about equal.

When we had written a little while, I would ask Herbert how he got
on?  Herbert probably would have been scratching his head in a most
rueful manner at the sight of his accumulating figures.

"They are mounting up, Handel," Herbert would say; "upon my life,
they are mounting up."

"Be firm, Herbert," I would retort, plying my own pen with great
assiduity.  "Look the thing in the face.  Look into your affairs.
Stare them out of countenance."

"So I would, Handel, only they are staring me out of countenance."

However, my determined manner would have its effect, and Herbert
would fall to work again.  After a time he would give up once more,
on the plea that he had not got Cobbs's bill, or Lobbs's, or
Nobbs's, as the case might be.

"Then, Herbert, estimate; estimate it in round numbers, and put it

"What a fellow of resource you are!" my friend would reply, with
admiration.  "Really your business powers are very remarkable."

I thought so too.  I established with myself, on these occasions, the
reputation of a first-rate man of business,--prompt, decisive,
energetic, clear, cool-headed.  When I had got all my
responsibilities down upon my list, I compared each with the bill,
and ticked it off.  My self-approval when I ticked an entry was
quite a luxurious sensation.  When I had no more ticks to make, I
folded all my bills up uniformly, docketed each on the back, and
tied the whole into a symmetrical bundle.  Then I did the same for
Herbert (who modestly said he had not my administrative genius),
and felt that I had brought his affairs into a focus for him.

My business habits had one other bright feature, which I called
"leaving a Margin."  For example; supposing Herbert's debts to be
one hundred and sixty-four pounds four-and-twopence, I would say,
"Leave a margin, and put them down at two hundred."  Or, supposing
my own to be four times as much, I would leave a margin, and put
them down at seven hundred.  I had the highest opinion of the wisdom
of this same Margin, but I am bound to acknowledge that on looking
back, I deem it to have been an expensive device.  For, we always
ran into new debt immediately, to the full extent of the margin,
and sometimes, in the sense of freedom and solvency it imparted,
got pretty far on into another margin.

But there was a calm, a rest, a virtuous hush, consequent on these
examinations of our affairs that gave me, for the time, an
admirable opinion of myself.  Soothed by my exertions, my method,
and Herbert's compliments, I would sit with his symmetrical bundle
and my own on the table before me among the stationary, and feel
like a Bank of some sort, rather than a private individual.

We shut our outer door on these solemn occasions, in order that we
might not be interrupted.  I had fallen into my serene state one
evening, when we heard a letter dropped through the slit in the
said door, and fall on the ground.  "It's for you, Handel," said
Herbert, going out and coming back with it, "and I hope there is
nothing the matter."  This was in allusion to its heavy black seal
and border.

The letter was signed Trabb & Co., and its contents were simply,
that I was an honored sir, and that they begged to inform me that
Mrs. J. Gargery had departed this life on Monday last at twenty
minutes past six in the evening, and that my attendance was
requested at the interment on Monday next at three o'clock in the

Chapter XXXV

It was the first time that a grave had opened in my road of life,
and the gap it made in the smooth ground was wonderful.  The figure
of my sister in her chair by the kitchen fire, haunted me night and
day.  That the place could possibly be, without her, was something
my mind seemed unable to compass; and whereas she had seldom or
never been in my thoughts of late, I had now the strangest ideas
that she was coming towards me in the street, or that she would
presently knock at the door.  In my rooms too, with which she had
never been at all associated, there was at once the blankness of
death and a perpetual suggestion of the sound of her voice or the
turn of her face or figure, as if she were still alive and had been
often there.

Whatever my fortunes might have been, I could scarcely have
recalled my sister with much tenderness.  But I suppose there is a
shock of regret which may exist without much tenderness.  Under its
influence (and perhaps to make up for the want of the softer
feeling) I was seized with a violent indignation against the
assailant from whom she had suffered so much; and I felt that on
sufficient proof I could have revengefully pursued Orlick, or any
one else, to the last extremity.

Having written to Joe, to offer him consolation, and to assure him that
I would come to the funeral, I passed the intermediate days in the
curious state of mind I have glanced at.  I went down early in the
morning, and alighted at the Blue Boar in good time to walk over to
the forge.

It was fine summer weather again, and, as I walked along, the times
when I was a little helpless creature, and my sister did not spare
me, vividly returned.  But they returned with a gentle tone upon
them that softened even the edge of Tickler.  For now, the very
breath of the beans and clover whispered to my heart that the day
must come when it would be well for my memory that others walking
in the sunshine should be softened as they thought of me.

At last I came within sight of the house, and saw that Trabb and
Co. had put in a funereal execution and taken possession.  Two
dismally absurd persons, each ostentatiously exhibiting a crutch
done up in a black bandage,--as if that instrument could possibly
communicate any comfort to anybody,--were posted at the front door;
and in one of them I recognized a postboy discharged from the Boar
for turning a young couple into a sawpit on their bridal morning,
in consequence of intoxication rendering it necessary for him to
ride his horse clasped round the neck with both arms.  All the
children of the village, and most of the women, were admiring these
sable warders and the closed windows of the house and forge; and as
I came up, one of the two warders (the postboy) knocked at the door,
--implying that I was far too much exhausted by grief to have
strength remaining to knock for myself.

Another sable warder (a carpenter, who had once eaten two geese for
a wager) opened the door, and showed me into the best parlor.
Here, Mr. Trabb had taken unto himself the best table, and had got
all the leaves up, and was holding a kind of black Bazaar, with the
aid of a quantity of black pins.  At the moment of my arrival, he
had just finished putting somebody's hat into black long-clothes,
like an African baby; so he held out his hand for mine.  But I,
misled by the action, and confused by the occasion, shook hands
with him with every testimony of warm affection.

Poor dear Joe, entangled in a little black cloak tied in a large
bow under his chin, was seated apart at the upper end of the room;
where, as chief mourner, he had evidently been stationed by Trabb.
When I bent down and said to him, "Dear Joe, how are you?" he said,
"Pip, old chap, you knowed her when she were a fine figure of a--"
and clasped my hand and said no more.

Biddy, looking very neat and modest in her black dress, went
quietly here and there, and was very helpful.  When I had spoken to
Biddy, as I thought it not a time for talking I went and sat down
near Joe, and there began to wonder in what part of the house it--
she--my sister--was.  The air of the parlor being faint with the
smell of sweet-cake, I looked about for the table of refreshments;
it was scarcely visible until one had got accustomed to the gloom,
but there was a cut-up plum cake upon it, and there were cut-up
oranges, and sandwiches, and biscuits, and two decanters that I
knew very well as ornaments, but had never seen used in all my
life; one full of port, and one of sherry.  Standing at this table,
I became conscious of the servile Pumblechook in a black cloak and
several yards of hatband, who was alternately stuffing himself, and
making obsequious movements to catch my attention.  The moment he
succeeded, he came over to me (breathing sherry and crumbs), and
said in a subdued voice, "May I, dear sir?" and did.  I then
descried Mr. and Mrs. Hubble; the last-named in a decent speechless
paroxysm in a corner.  We were all going to "follow," and were all
in course of being tied up separately (by Trabb) into ridiculous

"Which I meantersay, Pip," Joe whispered me, as we were being what
Mr. Trabb called "formed" in the parlor, two and two,--and it was
dreadfully like a preparation for some grim kind of dance; "which I
meantersay, sir, as I would in preference have carried her to the
church myself, along with three or four friendly ones wot come to
it with willing harts and arms, but it were considered wot the
neighbors would look down on such and would be of opinions as it
were wanting in respect."

"Pocket-handkerchiefs out, all!" cried Mr. Trabb at this point, in a
depressed business-like voice.  "Pocket-handkerchiefs out!  We are

So we all put our pocket-handkerchiefs to our faces, as if our
noses were bleeding, and filed out two and two; Joe and I; Biddy
and Pumblechook; Mr. and Mrs. Hubble.  The remains of my poor sister
had been brought round by the kitchen door, and, it being a point
of Undertaking ceremony that the six bearers must be stifled and
blinded under a horrible black velvet housing with a white border,
the whole looked like a blind monster with twelve human legs,
shuffling and blundering along, under the guidance of two keepers,--
the postboy and his comrade.

The neighborhood, however, highly approved of these arrangements,
and we were much admired as we went through the village; the more
youthful and vigorous part of the community making dashes now and
then to cut us off, and lying in wait to intercept us at points of
vantage.  At such times the more exuberant among them called out in
an excited manner on our emergence round some corner of expectancy,
"Here they come!" "Here they are!" and we were all but cheered.  In
this progress I was much annoyed by the abject Pumblechook, who,
being behind me, persisted all the way as a delicate attention in
arranging my streaming hatband, and smoothing my cloak.  My thoughts
were further distracted by the excessive pride of Mr. and Mrs.
Hubble, who were surpassingly conceited and vainglorious in being
members of so distinguished a procession.

And now the range of marshes lay clear before us, with the sails
of the ships on the river growing out of it; and we went into the
churchyard, close to the graves of my unknown parents, Philip
Pirrip, late of this parish, and Also Georgiana, Wife of the Above.
And there, my sister was laid quietly in the earth, while the larks
sang high above it, and the light wind strewed it with beautiful
shadows of clouds and trees.

Of the conduct of the worldly minded Pumblechook while this was
doing, I desire to say no more than it was all addressed to me; and
that even when those noble passages were read which remind humanity
how it brought nothing into the world and can take nothing out, and
how it fleeth like a shadow and never continueth long in one stay,
I heard him cough a reservation of the case of a young gentleman
who came unexpectedly into large property.  When we got back, he had
the hardihood to tell me that he wished my sister could have known
I had done her so much honor, and to hint that she would have
considered it reasonably purchased at the price of her death.  After
that, he drank all the rest of the sherry, and Mr. Hubble drank the
port, and the two talked (which I have since observed to be
customary in such cases) as if they were of quite another race from
the deceased, and were notoriously immortal.  Finally, he went away
with Mr. and Mrs. Hubble,--to make an evening of it, I felt sure, and
to tell the Jolly Bargemen that he was the founder of my fortunes
and my earliest benefactor.

When they were all gone, and when Trabb and his men--but not his
Boy; I looked for him--had crammed their mummery into bags, and
were gone too, the house felt wholesomer.  Soon afterwards, Biddy,
Joe, and I, had a cold dinner together; but we dined in the best
parlor, not in the old kitchen, and Joe was so exceedingly
particular what he did with his knife and fork and the saltcellar
and what not, that there was great restraint upon us.  But after
dinner, when I made him take his pipe, and when I had loitered with
him about the forge, and when we sat down together on the great
block of stone outside it, we got on better.  I noticed that after
the funeral Joe changed his clothes so far, as to make a compromise
between his Sunday dress and working dress; in which the dear
fellow looked natural, and like the Man he was.

He was very much pleased by my asking if I might sleep in my own
little room, and I was pleased too; for I felt that I had done
rather a great thing in making the request.  When the shadows of
evening were closing in, I took an opportunity of getting into the
garden with Biddy for a little talk.

"Biddy," said I, "I think you might have written to me about these
sad matters."

"Do you, Mr. Pip?" said Biddy.  "I should have written if I had
thought that."

"Don't suppose that I mean to be unkind, Biddy, when I say I
consider that you ought to have thought that."

"Do you, Mr. Pip?"

She was so quiet, and had such an orderly, good, and pretty way
with her, that I did not like the thought of making her cry again.
After looking a little at her downcast eyes as she walked beside
me, I gave up that point.

"I suppose it will be difficult for you to remain here now, Biddy

"Oh!  I can't do so, Mr. Pip," said Biddy, in a tone of regret but
still of quiet conviction.  "I have been speaking to Mrs. Hubble, and
I am going to her to-morrow.  I hope we shall be able to take some
care of Mr. Gargery, together, until he settles down."

"How are you going to live, Biddy?  If you want any mo--"

"How am I going to live?" repeated Biddy, striking in, with a
momentary flush upon her face.  "I'll tell you, Mr. Pip.  I am going
to try to get the place of mistress in the new school nearly
finished here.  I can be well recommended by all the neighbors, and
I hope I can be industrious and patient, and teach myself while I
teach others.  You know, Mr. Pip," pursued Biddy, with a smile, as
she raised her eyes to my face, "the new schools are not like the
old, but I learnt a good deal from you after that time, and have
had time since then to improve."

"I think you would always improve, Biddy, under any circumstances."

"Ah!  Except in my bad side of human nature," murmured Biddy.

It was not so much a reproach as an irresistible thinking aloud.
Well!  I thought I would give up that point too.  So, I walked a
little further with Biddy, looking silently at her downcast eyes.

"I have not heard the particulars of my sister's death, Biddy."

"They are very slight, poor thing.  She had been in one of her bad
states--though they had got better of late, rather than worse--
for four days, when she came out of it in the evening, just at
tea-time, and said quite plainly, 'Joe.'  As she had never said any
word for a long while, I ran and fetched in Mr. Gargery from the
forge.  She made signs to me that she wanted him to sit down close
to her, and wanted me to put her arms round his neck.  So I put them
round his neck, and she laid her head down on his shoulder quite
content and satisfied.  And so she presently said 'Joe' again, and
once 'Pardon,' and once 'Pip.'  And so she never lifted her head up
any more, and it was just an hour later when we laid it down on her
own bed, because we found she was gone."

Biddy cried; the darkening garden, and the lane, and the stars that
were coming out, were blurred in my own sight.

"Nothing was ever discovered, Biddy?"


"Do you know what is become of Orlick?"

"I should think from the color of his clothes that he is working
in the quarries."

"Of course you have seen him then?--Why are you looking at that
dark tree in the lane?"

"I saw him there, on the night she died."

"That was not the last time either, Biddy?"

"No; I have seen him there, since we have been walking here.--It
is of no use," said Biddy, laying her hand upon my arm, as I was
for running out, "you know I would not deceive you; he was not
there a minute, and he is gone."

It revived my utmost indignation to find that she was still pursued
by this fellow, and I felt inveterate against him.  I told her so,
and told her that I would spend any money or take any pains to
drive him out of that country.  By degrees she led me into more
temperate talk, and she told me how Joe loved me, and how Joe never
complained of anything,--she didn't say, of me; she had no need; I
knew what she meant,--but ever did his duty in his way of life,
with a strong hand, a quiet tongue, and a gentle heart.

"Indeed, it would be hard to say too much for him," said I; "and
Biddy, we must often speak of these things, for of course I shall
be often down here now.  I am not going to leave poor Joe alone."

Biddy said never a single word.

"Biddy, don't you hear me?"

"Yes, Mr. Pip."

"Not to mention your calling me Mr. Pip,--which appears to me to be
in bad taste, Biddy,--what do you mean?"

"What do I mean?" asked Biddy, timidly.

"Biddy," said I, in a virtuously self-asserting manner, "I must
request to know what you mean by this?"

"By this?" said Biddy.

"Now, don't echo," I retorted.  "You used not to echo, Biddy."

"Used not!" said Biddy.  "O Mr. Pip!  Used!"

Well!  I rather thought I would give up that point too.  After
another silent turn in the garden, I fell back on the main

"Biddy," said I, "I made a remark respecting my coming down here
often, to see Joe, which you received with a marked silence.  Have
the goodness, Biddy, to tell me why."

"Are you quite sure, then, that you WILL come to see him often?"
asked Biddy, stopping in the narrow garden walk, and looking at me
under the stars with a clear and honest eye.

"O dear me!" said I, as if I found myself compelled to give up
Biddy in despair.  "This really is a very bad side of human
nature!  Don't say any more, if you please, Biddy.  This shocks me
very much."

For which cogent reason I kept Biddy at a distance during supper,
and when I went up to my own old little room, took as stately a
leave of her as I could, in my murmuring soul, deem reconcilable
with the churchyard and the event of the day.  As often as I was
restless in the night, and that was every quarter of an hour, I
reflected what an unkindness, what an injury, what an injustice,
Biddy had done me.

Early in the morning I was to go.  Early in the morning I was out,
and looking in, unseen, at one of the wooden windows of the forge.
There I stood, for minutes, looking at Joe, already at work with a
glow of health and strength upon his face that made it show as if
the bright sun of the life in store for him were shining on it.

"Good by, dear Joe!--No, don't wipe it off--for God's sake, give
me your blackened hand!--I shall be down soon and often."

"Never too soon, sir," said Joe, "and never too often, Pip!"

Biddy was waiting for me at the kitchen door, with a mug of new
milk and a crust of bread.  "Biddy," said I, when I gave her my hand
at parting, "I am not angry, but I am hurt."

"No, don't be hurt," she pleaded quite pathetically; "let only me
be hurt, if I have been ungenerous."

Once more, the mists were rising as I walked away.  If they
disclosed to me, as I suspect they did, that I should not come
back, and that Biddy was quite right, all I can say is,--they were
quite right too.

Chapter XXXVI

Herbert and I went on from bad to worse, in the way of increasing
our debts, looking into our affairs, leaving Margins, and the like
exemplary transactions; and Time went on, whether or no, as he has
a way of doing; and I came of age,--in fulfilment of Herbert's
prediction, that I should do so before I knew where I was.

Herbert himself had come of age eight months before me.  As he had
nothing else than his majority to come into, the event did not make
a profound sensation in Barnard's Inn.  But we had looked forward to
my one-and-twentieth birthday, with a crowd of speculations and
anticipations, for we had both considered that my guardian could
hardly help saying something definite on that occasion.

I had taken care to have it well understood in Little Britain when
my birthday was.  On the day before it, I received an official note
from Wemmick, informing me that Mr. Jaggers would be glad if I would
call upon him at five in the afternoon of the auspicious day.  This
convinced us that something great was to happen, and threw me into
an unusual flutter when I repaired to my guardian's office, a model
of punctuality.

In the outer office Wemmick offered me his congratulations, and
incidentally rubbed the side of his nose with a folded piece of
tissue-paper that I liked the look of.  But he said nothing
respecting it, and motioned me with a nod into my guardian's room.
It was November, and my guardian was standing before his fire
leaning his back against the chimney-piece, with his hands under
his coattails.

"Well, Pip," said he, "I must call you Mr. Pip to-day.
Congratulations, Mr. Pip."

We shook hands,--he was always a remarkably short shaker,--and I
thanked him.

"Take a chair, Mr. Pip," said my guardian.

As I sat down, and he preserved his attitude and bent his brows at
his boots, I felt at a disadvantage, which reminded me of that old
time when I had been put upon a tombstone.  The two ghastly casts on
the shelf were not far from him, and their expression was as if
they were making a stupid apoplectic attempt to attend to the

"Now my young friend," my guardian began, as if I were a witness in
the box, "I am going to have a word or two with you."

"If you please, sir."

"What do you suppose," said Mr. Jaggers, bending forward to look at
the ground, and then throwing his head back to look at the ceiling,--
"what do you suppose you are living at the rate of?"

"At the rate of, sir?"

"At," repeated Mr. Jaggers, still looking at the ceiling, "the--
rate--of?"  And then looked all round the room, and paused with his
pocket-handkerchief in his hand, half-way to his nose.

I had looked into my affairs so often, that I had thoroughly
destroyed any slight notion I might ever have had of their
bearings.  Reluctantly, I confessed myself quite unable to answer
the question.  This reply seemed agreeable to Mr. Jaggers, who said,
"I thought so!" and blew his nose with an air of satisfaction.

"Now, I have asked you a question, my friend," said Mr. Jaggers.
"Have you anything to ask me?"

"Of course it would be a great relief to me to ask you several
questions, sir; but I remember your prohibition."

"Ask one," said Mr. Jaggers.

"Is my benefactor to be made known to me to-day?"

"No.  Ask another."

"Is that confidence to be imparted to me soon?"

"Waive that, a moment," said Mr. Jaggers, "and ask another."

I looked about me, but there appeared to be now no possible escape
from the inquiry, "Have-I--anything to receive, sir?"  On that,
Mr. Jaggers said, triumphantly, "I thought we should come to it!"
and called to Wemmick to give him that piece of paper.  Wemmick
appeared, handed it in, and disappeared.

"Now, Mr. Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, "attend, if you please.  You have
been drawing pretty freely here; your name occurs pretty often in
Wemmick's cash-book; but you are in debt, of course?"

"I am afraid I must say yes, sir."

"You know you must say yes; don't you?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Yes, sir."

"I don't ask you what you owe, because you don't know; and if you
did know, you wouldn't tell me; you would say less.  Yes, yes, my
friend," cried Mr. Jaggers, waving his forefinger to stop me as I
made a show of protesting:  "it's likely enough that you think you
wouldn't, but you would.  You'll excuse me, but I know better than
you.  Now, take this piece of paper in your hand.  You have got it?
Very good.  Now, unfold it and tell me what it is."

"This is a bank-note," said I, "for five hundred pounds."

"That is a bank-note," repeated Mr. Jaggers, "for five hundred
pounds.  And a very handsome sum of money too, I think.  You consider
it so?"

"How could I do otherwise!"

"Ah!  But answer the question," said Mr. Jaggers.


"You consider it, undoubtedly, a handsome sum of money.  Now, that
handsome sum of money, Pip, is your own.  It is a present to you on
this day, in earnest of your expectations.  And at the rate of that
handsome sum of money per annum, and at no higher rate, you are to
live until the donor of the whole appears.  That is to say, you will
now take your money affairs entirely into your own hands, and you
will draw from Wemmick one hundred and twenty-five pounds per
quarter, until you are in communication with the fountain-head, and
no longer with the mere agent.  As I have told you before, I am the
mere agent.  I execute my instructions, and I am paid for doing so.
I think them injudicious, but I am not paid for giving any opinion
on their merits."

I was beginning to express my gratitude to my benefactor for the
great liberality with which I was treated, when Mr. Jaggers stopped
me.  "I am not paid, Pip," said he, coolly, "to carry your words to
any one;" and then gathered up his coat-tails, as he had gathered
up the subject, and stood frowning at his boots as if he suspected
them of designs against him.

After a pause, I hinted,--

"There was a question just now, Mr. Jaggers, which you desired me to
waive for a moment.  I hope I am doing nothing wrong in asking it

"What is it?" said he.

I might have known that he would never help me out; but it took me
aback to have to shape the question afresh, as if it were quite
new.  "Is it likely," I said, after hesitating, "that my patron, the
fountain-head you have spoken of, Mr. Jaggers, will soon--" there I
delicately stopped.

"Will soon what?" asked Mr. Jaggers.  "That's no question as it
stands, you know."

"Will soon come to London," said I, after casting about for a
precise form of words, "or summon me anywhere else?"

"Now, here," replied Mr. Jaggers, fixing me for the first time with
his dark deep-set eyes, "we must revert to the evening when we
first encountered one another in your village.  What did I tell you
then, Pip?"

"You told me, Mr. Jaggers, that it might be years hence when that
person appeared."

"Just so," said Mr. Jaggers, "that's my answer."

As we looked full at one another, I felt my breath come quicker in
my strong desire to get something out of him.  And as I felt that it
came quicker, and as I felt that he saw that it came quicker, I
felt that I had less chance than ever of getting anything out of

"Do you suppose it will still be years hence, Mr. Jaggers?"

Mr. Jaggers shook his head,--not in negativing the question, but in
altogether negativing the notion that he could anyhow be got to
answer it,--and the two horrible casts of the twitched faces
looked, when my eyes strayed up to them, as if they had come to a
crisis in their suspended attention, and were going to sneeze.

"Come!" said Mr. Jaggers, warming the backs of his legs with the
backs of his warmed hands, "I'll be plain with you, my friend Pip.
That's a question I must not be asked.  You'll understand that
better, when I tell you it's a question that might compromise me.
Come!  I'll go a little further with you; I'll say something more."

He bent down so low to frown at his boots, that he was able to rub
the calves of his legs in the pause he made.

"When that person discloses," said Mr. Jaggers, straightening
himself, "you and that person will settle your own affairs.  When
that person discloses, my part in this business will cease and
determine.  When that person discloses, it will not be necessary for
me to know anything about it.  And that's all I have got to say."

We looked at one another until I withdrew my eyes, and looked
thoughtfully at the floor.  From this last speech I derived the
notion that Miss Havisham, for some reason or no reason, had not
taken him into her confidence as to her designing me for Estella;
that he resented this, and felt a jealousy about it; or that he
really did object to that scheme, and would have nothing to do with
it.  When I raised my eyes again, I found that he had been shrewdly
looking at me all the time, and was doing so still.

"If that is all you have to say, sir," I remarked, "there can be
nothing left for me to say."

He nodded assent, and pulled out his thief-dreaded watch, and asked
me where I was going to dine?  I replied at my own chambers, with
Herbert.  As a necessary sequence, I asked him if he would favor us
with his company, and he promptly accepted the invitation.  But he
insisted on walking home with me, in order that I might make no
extra preparation for him, and first he had a letter or two to
write, and (of course) had his hands to wash.  So I said I would go
into the outer office and talk to Wemmick.

The fact was, that when the five hundred pounds had come into my
pocket, a thought had come into my head which had been often there
before; and it appeared to me that Wemmick was a good person to
advise with concerning such thought.

He had already locked up his safe, and made preparations for going
home.  He had left his desk, brought out his two greasy office
candlesticks and stood them in line with the snuffers on a slab
near the door, ready to be extinguished; he had raked his fire low,
put his hat and great-coat ready, and was beating himself all over
the chest with his safe-key, as an athletic exercise after

"Mr. Wemmick," said I, "I want to ask your opinion.  I am very
desirous to serve a friend."

Wemmick tightened his post-office and shook his head, as if his
opinion were dead against any fatal weakness of that sort.

"This friend," I pursued, "is trying to get on in commercial life,
but has no money, and finds it difficult and disheartening to make
a beginning.  Now I want somehow to help him to a beginning."

"With money down?" said Wemmick, in a tone drier than any sawdust.

"With some money down," I replied, for an uneasy remembrance shot
across me of that symmetrical bundle of papers at home--"with some
money down, and perhaps some anticipation of my expectations."

"Mr. Pip," said Wemmick, "I should like just to run over with you on
my fingers, if you please, the names of the various bridges up as
high as Chelsea Reach.  Let's see; there's London, one; Southwark,
two; Blackfriars, three; Waterloo, four; Westminster, five;
Vauxhall, six."  He had checked off each bridge in its turn, with
the handle of his safe-key on the palm of his hand.  "There's as
many as six, you see, to choose from."

"I don't understand you," said I.

"Choose your bridge, Mr. Pip," returned Wemmick, "and take a walk
upon your bridge, and pitch your money into the Thames over the
centre arch of your bridge, and you know the end of it.  Serve a
friend with it, and you may know the end of it too,--but it's a
less pleasant and profitable end."

I could have posted a newspaper in his mouth, he made it so wide
after saying this.

"This is very discouraging," said I.

"Meant to be so," said Wemmick.

"Then is it your opinion," I inquired, with some little
indignation, "that a man should never--"

"--Invest portable property in a friend?" said Wemmick.  "Certainly
he should not.  Unless he wants to get rid of the friend,--and then
it becomes a question how much portable property it may be worth to
get rid of him."

"And that," said I, "is your deliberate opinion, Mr. Wemmick?"

"That," he returned, "is my deliberate opinion in this office."

"Ah!" said I, pressing him, for I thought I saw him near a loophole
here; "but would that be your opinion at Walworth?"

"Mr. Pip," he replied, with gravity, "Walworth is one place, and
this office is another.  Much as the Aged is one person, and Mr.
Jaggers is another.  They must not be confounded together.  My
Walworth sentiments must be taken at Walworth; none but my official
sentiments can be taken in this office."

"Very well," said I, much relieved, "then I shall look you up at
Walworth, you may depend upon it."

"Mr. Pip," he returned, "you will be welcome there, in a private and
personal capacity."

We had held this conversation in a low voice, well knowing my
guardian's ears to be the sharpest of the sharp.  As he now appeared
in his doorway, towelling his hands, Wemmick got on his great-coat
and stood by to snuff out the candles.  We all three went into the
street together, and from the door-step Wemmick turned his way, and
Mr. Jaggers and I turned ours.

I could not help wishing more than once that evening, that Mr.
Jaggers had had an Aged in Gerrard Street, or a Stinger, or a
Something, or a Somebody, to unbend his brows a little.  It was an
uncomfortable consideration on a twenty-first birthday, that coming
of age at all seemed hardly worth while in such a guarded and
suspicious world as he made of it.  He was a thousand times better
informed and cleverer than Wemmick, and yet I would a thousand
times rather have had Wemmick to dinner.  And Mr. Jaggers made not me
alone intensely melancholy, because, after he was gone, Herbert
said of himself, with his eyes fixed on the fire, that he thought
he must have committed a felony and forgotten the details of it, he
felt so dejected and guilty.

Chapter XXXVII

Deeming Sunday the best day for taking Mr. Wemmick's Walworth
sentiments, I devoted the next ensuing Sunday afternoon to a
pilgrimage to the Castle.  On arriving before the battlements, I
found the Union Jack flying and the drawbridge up; but undeterred
by this show of defiance and resistance, I rang at the gate, and
was admitted in a most pacific manner by the Aged.

"My son, sir," said the old man, after securing the drawbridge,
"rather had it in his mind that you might happen to drop in, and he
left word that he would soon be home from his afternoon's walk.  He
is very regular in his walks, is my son.  Very regular in
everything, is my son."

I nodded at the old gentleman as Wemmick himself might have nodded,
and we went in and sat down by the fireside.

"You made acquaintance with my son, sir," said the old man, in his
chirping way, while he warmed his hands at the blaze, "at his
office, I expect?"  I nodded.  "Hah!  I have heerd that my son is a
wonderful hand at his business, sir?"  I nodded hard.  "Yes; so they
tell me.  His business is the Law?"  I nodded harder.  "Which makes it
more surprising in my son," said the old man, "for he was not
brought up to the Law, but to the Wine-Coopering."

Curious to know how the old gentleman stood informed concerning the
reputation of Mr. Jaggers, I roared that name at him.  He threw me
into the greatest confusion by laughing heartily and replying in a
very sprightly manner, "No, to be sure; you're right."  And to this
hour I have not the faintest notion what he meant, or what joke he
thought I had made.

As I could not sit there nodding at him perpetually, without making
some other attempt to interest him, I shouted at inquiry whether
his own calling in life had been "the Wine-Coopering."  By dint of
straining that term out of myself several times and tapping the old
gentleman on the chest to associate it with him, I at last
succeeded in making my meaning understood.

"No," said the old gentleman; "the warehousing, the warehousing.
First, over yonder;" he appeared to mean up the chimney, but I
believe he intended to refer me to Liverpool; "and then in the City
of London here.  However, having an infirmity--for I am hard of
hearing, sir--"

I expressed in pantomime the greatest astonishment.

"--Yes, hard of hearing; having that infirmity coming upon me, my
son he went into the Law, and he took charge of me, and he by
little and little made out this elegant and beautiful property.  But
returning to what you said, you know," pursued the old man, again
laughing heartily, "what I say is, No to be sure; you're right."

I was modestly wondering whether my utmost ingenuity would have
enabled me to say anything that would have amused him half as much
as this imaginary pleasantry, when I was startled by a sudden click
in the wall on one side of the chimney, and the ghostly tumbling
open of a little wooden flap with "JOHN" upon it.  The old man,
following my eyes, cried with great triumph, "My son's come home!"
and we both went out to the drawbridge.

It was worth any money to see Wemmick waving a salute to me from
the other side of the moat, when we might have shaken hands across
it with the greatest ease.  The Aged was so delighted to work the
drawbridge, that I made no offer to assist him, but stood quiet
until Wemmick had come across, and had presented me to Miss
Skiffins; a lady by whom he was accompanied.

Miss Skiffins was of a wooden appearance, and was, like her escort,
in the post-office branch of the service.  She might have been some
two or three years younger than Wemmick, and I judged her to stand
possessed of portable property.  The cut of her dress from the waist
upward, both before and behind, made her figure very like a boy's
kite; and I might have pronounced her gown a little too decidedly
orange, and her gloves a little too intensely green.  But she seemed
to be a good sort of fellow, and showed a high regard for the Aged.
I was not long in discovering that she was a frequent visitor at
the Castle; for, on our going in, and my complimenting Wemmick on
his ingenious contrivance for announcing himself to the Aged, he
begged me to give my attention for a moment to the other side of
the chimney, and disappeared.  Presently another click came, and
another little door tumbled open with "Miss Skiffins" on it; then
Miss Skiffins shut up and John tumbled open; then Miss Skiffins and
John both tumbled open together, and finally shut up together.  On
Wemmick's return from working these mechanical appliances, I
expressed the great admiration with which I regarded them, and he
said, "Well, you know, they're both pleasant and useful to the
Aged.  And by George, sir, it's a thing worth mentioning, that of
all the people who come to this gate, the secret of those pulls is
only known to the Aged, Miss Skiffins, and me!"

"And Mr. Wemmick made them," added Miss Skiffins, "with his own
hands out of his own head."

While Miss Skiffins was taking off her bonnet (she retained her
green gloves during the evening as an outward and visible sign that
there was company), Wemmick invited me to take a walk with him
round the property, and see how the island looked in wintertime.
Thinking that he did this to give me an opportunity of taking his
Walworth sentiments, I seized the opportunity as soon as we were
out of the Castle.

Having thought of the matter with care, I approached my subject as
if I had never hinted at it before.  I informed Wemmick that I was
anxious in behalf of Herbert Pocket, and I told him how we had
first met, and how we had fought.  I glanced at Herbert's home, and
at his character, and at his having no means but such as he was
dependent on his father for; those, uncertain and unpunctual.
I alluded to the advantages I had derived in my first rawness and
ignorance from his society, and I confessed that I feared I had but
ill repaid them, and that he might have done better without me and
my expectations.  Keeping Miss Havisham in the background at a great
distance, I still hinted at the possibility of my having competed
with him in his prospects, and at the certainty of his possessing a
generous soul, and being far above any mean distrusts,
retaliations, or designs.  For all these reasons (I told Wemmick),
and because he was my young companion and friend, and I had a great
affection for him, I wished my own good fortune to reflect some
rays upon him, and therefore I sought advice from Wemmick's
experience and knowledge of men and affairs, how I could best try
with my resources to help Herbert to some present income,--say of a
hundred a year, to keep him in good hope and heart,--and gradually
to buy him on to some small partnership.  I begged Wemmick, in
conclusion, to understand that my help must always be rendered
without Herbert's knowledge or suspicion, and that there was no one
else in the world with whom I could advise.  I wound up by laying my
hand upon his shoulder, and saying, "I can't help confiding in you,
though I know it must be troublesome to you; but that is your
fault, in having ever brought me here."

Wemmick was silent for a little while, and then said with a kind of
start, "Well you know, Mr. Pip, I must tell you one thing.  This is
devilish good of you."

"Say you'll help me to be good then," said I.

"Ecod," replied Wemmick, shaking his head, "that's not my trade."

"Nor is this your trading-place," said I.

"You are right," he returned.  "You hit the nail on the head.  Mr.
Pip, I'll put on my considering-cap, and I think all you want to
do may be done by degrees.  Skiffins (that's her brother) is an
accountant and agent.  I'll look him up and go to work for you."

"I thank you ten thousand times."

"On the contrary," said he, "I thank you, for though we are
strictly in our private and personal capacity, still it may be
mentioned that there are Newgate cobwebs about, and it brushes them

After a little further conversation to the same effect, we returned
into the Castle where we found Miss Skiffins preparing tea.  The
responsible duty of making the toast was delegated to the Aged, and
that excellent old gentleman was so intent upon it that he seemed
to me in some danger of melting his eyes.  It was no nominal meal
that we were going to make, but a vigorous reality.  The Aged
prepared such a hay-stack of buttered toast, that I could scarcely
see him over it as it simmered on an iron stand hooked on to the
top-bar; while Miss Skiffins brewed such a jorum of tea, that the
pig in the back premises became strongly excited, and repeatedly
expressed his desire to participate in the entertainment.

The flag had been struck, and the gun had been fired, at the right
moment of time, and I felt as snugly cut off from the rest of
Walworth as if the moat were thirty feet wide by as many deep.
Nothing disturbed the tranquillity of the Castle, but the
occasional tumbling open of John and Miss Skiffins:  which little
doors were a prey to some spasmodic infirmity that made me
sympathetically uncomfortable until I got used to it.  I inferred
from the methodical nature of Miss Skiffins's arrangements that she
made tea there every Sunday night; and I rather suspected that a
classic brooch she wore, representing the profile of an undesirable
female with a very straight nose and a very new moon, was a piece
of portable property that had been given her by Wemmick.

We ate the whole of the toast, and drank tea in proportion, and it
was delightful to see how warm and greasy we all got after it.  The
Aged especially, might have passed for some clean old chief of a
savage tribe, just oiled.  After a short pause of repose, Miss
Skiffins--in the absence of the little servant who, it seemed,
retired to the bosom of her family on Sunday afternoons--washed up
the tea-things, in a trifling lady-like amateur manner that
compromised none of us.  Then, she put on her gloves again, and we
drew round the fire, and Wemmick said, "Now, Aged Parent, tip us the

Wemmick explained to me while the Aged got his spectacles out, that
this was according to custom, and that it gave the old gentleman
infinite satisfaction to read the news aloud.  "I won't offer an
apology," said Wemmick, "for he isn't capable of many pleasures--
are you, Aged P.?"

"All right, John, all right," returned the old man, seeing himself
spoken to.

"Only tip him a nod every now and then when he looks off his
paper," said Wemmick, "and he'll be as happy as a king.  We are all
attention, Aged One."

"All right, John, all right!" returned the cheerful old man, so
busy and so pleased, that it really was quite charming.

The Aged's reading reminded me of the classes at Mr. Wopsle's
great-aunt's, with the pleasanter peculiarity that it seemed to
come through a keyhole.  As he wanted the candles close to him, and
as he was always on the verge of putting either his head or the
newspaper into them, he required as much watching as a powder-mill.
But Wemmick was equally untiring and gentle in his vigilance, and
the Aged read on, quite unconscious of his many rescues.  Whenever
he looked at us, we all expressed the greatest interest and
amazement, and nodded until he resumed again.

As Wemmick and Miss Skiffins sat side by side, and as I sat in a
shadowy corner, I observed a slow and gradual elongation of Mr.
Wemmick's mouth, powerfully suggestive of his slowly and gradually
stealing his arm round Miss Skiffins's waist.  In course of time I
saw his hand appear on the other side of Miss Skiffins; but at that
moment Miss Skiffins neatly stopped him with the green glove,
unwound his arm again as if it were an article of dress, and with
the greatest deliberation laid it on the table before her.  Miss
Skiffins's composure while she did this was one of the most
remarkable sights I have ever seen, and if I could have thought the
act consistent with abstraction of mind, I should have deemed that
Miss Skiffins performed it mechanically.

By and by, I noticed Wemmick's arm beginning to disappear again,
and gradually fading out of view.  Shortly afterwards, his mouth
began to widen again.  After an interval of suspense on my part that
was quite enthralling and almost painful, I saw his hand appear on
the other side of Miss Skiffins.  Instantly, Miss Skiffins stopped
it with the neatness of a placid boxer, took off that girdle or
cestus as before, and laid it on the table.  Taking the table to
represent the path of virtue, I am justified in stating that during
the whole time of the Aged's reading, Wemmick's arm was straying
from the path of virtue and being recalled to it by Miss Skiffins.

At last, the Aged read himself into a light slumber.  This was the
time for Wemmick to produce a little kettle, a tray of glasses, and
a black bottle with a porcelain-topped cork, representing some
clerical dignitary of a rubicund and social aspect.  With the aid of
these appliances we all had something warm to drink, including the
Aged, who was soon awake again.  Miss Skiffins mixed, and I observed
that she and Wemmick drank out of one glass.  Of course I knew
better than to offer to see Miss Skiffins home, and under the
circumstances I thought I had best go first; which I did, taking a
cordial leave of the Aged, and having passed a pleasant evening.

Before a week was out, I received a note from Wemmick, dated
Walworth, stating that he hoped he had made some advance in that
matter appertaining to our private and personal capacities, and
that he would be glad if I could come and see him again upon it.
So, I went out to Walworth again, and yet again, and yet again, and
I saw him by appointment in the City several times, but never held
any communication with him on the subject in or near Little
Britain.  The upshot was, that we found a worthy young merchant or
shipping-broker, not long established in business, who wanted
intelligent help, and who wanted capital, and who in due course of
time and receipt would want a partner.  Between him and me, secret
articles were signed of which Herbert was the subject, and I paid
him half of my five hundred pounds down, and engaged for sundry
other payments:  some, to fall due at certain dates out of my
income:  some, contingent on my coming into my property.  Miss
Skiffins's brother conducted the negotiation.  Wemmick pervaded it
throughout, but never appeared in it.

The whole business was so cleverly managed, that Herbert had not
the least suspicion of my hand being in it.  I never shall forget
the radiant face with which he came home one afternoon, and told
me, as a mighty piece of news, of his having fallen in with one
Clarriker (the young merchant's name), and of Clarriker's having
shown an extraordinary inclination towards him, and of his belief
that the opening had come at last.  Day by day as his hopes grew
stronger and his face brighter, he must have thought me a more and
more affectionate friend, for I had the greatest difficulty in
restraining my tears of triumph when I saw him so happy.  At length,
the thing being done, and he having that day entered Clarriker's
House, and he having talked to me for a whole evening in a flush of
pleasure and success, I did really cry in good earnest when I went
to bed, to think that my expectations had done some good to

A great event in my life, the turning point of my life, now opens
on my view.  But, before I proceed to narrate it, and before I pass
on to all the changes it involved, I must give one chapter to
Estella.  It is not much to give to the theme that so long filled
my heart.


If that staid old house near the Green at Richmond should ever come
to be haunted when I am dead, it will be haunted, surely, by my
ghost.  O the many, many nights and days through which the unquiet
spirit within me haunted that house when Estella lived there!  Let
my body be where it would, my spirit was always wandering,
wandering, wandering, about that house.

The lady with whom Estella was placed, Mrs. Brandley by name, was a
widow, with one daughter several years older than Estella.  The
mother looked young, and the daughter looked old; the mother's
complexion was pink, and the daughter's was yellow; the mother set
up for frivolity, and the daughter for theology.  They were in what
is called a good position, and visited, and were visited by,
numbers of people.  Little, if any, community of feeling subsisted
between them and Estella, but the understanding was established
that they were necessary to her, and that she was necessary to
them.  Mrs. Brandley had been a friend of Miss Havisham's before the
time of her seclusion.

In Mrs. Brandley's house and out of Mrs. Brandley's house, I suffered
every kind and degree of torture that Estella could cause me.  The
nature of my relations with her, which placed me on terms of
familiarity without placing me on terms of favor, conduced to my
distraction.  She made use of me to tease other admirers, and she
turned the very familiarity between herself and me to the account
of putting a constant slight on my devotion to her.  If I had been
her secretary, steward, half-brother, poor relation,--if I had been
a younger brother of her appointed husband,--I could not have
seemed to myself further from my hopes when I was nearest to her.
The privilege of calling her by her name and hearing her call me by
mine became, under the circumstances an aggravation of my trials;
and while I think it likely that it almost maddened her other
lovers, I know too certainly that it almost maddened me.

She had admirers without end.  No doubt my jealousy made an admirer
of every one who went near her; but there were more than enough of
them without that.

I saw her often at Richmond, I heard of her often in town, and I
used often to take her and the Brandleys on the water; there were
picnics, fête days, plays, operas, concerts, parties, all sorts of
pleasures, through which I pursued her,--and they were all miseries
to me.  I never had one hour's happiness in her society, and yet my
mind all round the four-and-twenty hours was harping on the
happiness of having her with me unto death.

Throughout this part of our intercourse,--and it lasted, as will
presently be seen, for what I then thought a long time,--she
habitually reverted to that tone which expressed that our
association was forced upon us.  There were other times when she
would come to a sudden check in this tone and in all her many
tones, and would seem to pity me.

"Pip, Pip," she said one evening, coming to such a check, when we
sat apart at a darkening window of the house in Richmond; "will you
never take warning?"

"Of what?"

"Of me."

"Warning not to be attracted by you, do you mean, Estella?"

"Do I mean!  If you don't know what I mean, you are blind."

I should have replied that Love was commonly reputed blind, but for
the reason that I always was restrained--and this was not the
least of my miseries--by a feeling that it was ungenerous to press
myself upon her, when she knew that she could not choose but obey
Miss Havisham.  My dread always was, that this knowledge on her part
laid me under a heavy disadvantage with her pride, and made me the
subject of a rebellious struggle in her bosom.

"At any rate," said I, "I have no warning given me just now, for
you wrote to me to come to you, this time."

"That's true," said Estella, with a cold careless smile that always
chilled me.

After looking at the twilight without, for a little while, she went
on to say:--

"The time has come round when Miss Havisham wishes to have me for a
day at Satis.  You are to take me there, and bring me back, if you
will.  She would rather I did not travel alone, and objects to
receiving my maid, for she has a sensitive horror of being talked
of by such people.  Can you take me?"

"Can I take you, Estella!"

"You can then?  The day after to-morrow, if you please.  You are to
pay all charges out of my purse, You hear the condition of your

"And must obey," said I.

This was all the preparation I received for that visit, or for
others like it; Miss Havisham never wrote to me, nor had I ever so
much as seen her handwriting.  We went down on the next day but one,
and we found her in the room where I had first beheld her, and it
is needless to add that there was no change in Satis House.

She was even more dreadfully fond of Estella than she had been when
I last saw them together; I repeat the word advisedly, for there
was something positively dreadful in the energy of her looks and
embraces.  She hung upon Estella's beauty, hung upon her words, hung
upon her gestures, and sat mumbling her own trembling fingers while
she looked at her, as though she were devouring the beautiful
creature she had reared.

From Estella she looked at me, with a searching glance that seemed
to pry into my heart and probe its wounds.  "How does she use you,
Pip; how does she use you?" she asked me again, with her witch-like
eagerness, even in Estella's hearing.  But, when we sat by her
flickering fire at night, she was most weird; for then, keeping
Estella's hand drawn through her arm and clutched in her own hand,
she extorted from her, by dint of referring back to what Estella
had told her in her regular letters, the names and conditions of
the men whom she had fascinated; and as Miss Havisham dwelt upon
this roll, with the intensity of a mind mortally hurt and diseased,
she sat with her other hand on her crutch stick, and her chin on
that, and her wan bright eyes glaring at me, a very spectre.

I saw in this, wretched though it made me, and bitter the sense of
dependence and even of degradation that it awakened,--I saw in
this that Estella was set to wreak Miss Havisham's revenge on men,
and that she was not to be given to me until she had gratified it
for a term.  I saw in this, a reason for her being beforehand
assigned to me.  Sending her out to attract and torment and do
mischief, Miss Havisham sent her with the malicious assurance that
she was beyond the reach of all admirers, and that all who staked
upon that cast were secured to lose.  I saw in this that I, too,
was tormented by a perversion of ingenuity, even while the prize
was reserved for me.  I saw in this the reason for my being staved
off so long and the reason for my late guardian's declining to
commit himself to the formal knowledge of such a scheme.  In a word,
I saw in this Miss Havisham as I had her then and there before my
eyes, and always had had her before my eyes; and I saw in this, the
distinct shadow of the darkened and unhealthy house in which her
life was hidden from the sun.

The candles that lighted that room of hers were placed in sconces
on the wall.  They were high from the ground, and they burnt with
the steady dulness of artificial light in air that is seldom
renewed.  As I looked round at them, and at the pale gloom they
made, and at the stopped clock, and at the withered articles of
bridal dress upon the table and the ground, and at her own awful
figure with its ghostly reflection thrown large by the fire upon
the ceiling and the wall, I saw in everything the construction that
my mind had come to, repeated and thrown back to me.  My thoughts
passed into the great room across the landing where the table was
spread, and I saw it written, as it were, in the falls of the
cobwebs from the centre-piece, in the crawlings of the spiders on
the cloth, in the tracks of the mice as they betook their little
quickened hearts behind the panels, and in the gropings and
pausings of the beetles on the floor.

It happened on the occasion of this visit that some sharp words
arose between Estella and Miss Havisham.  It was the first time I
had ever seen them opposed.

We were seated by the fire, as just now described, and Miss
Havisham still had Estella's arm drawn through her own, and still
clutched Estella's hand in hers, when Estella gradually began to
detach herself.  She had shown a proud impatience more than once
before, and had rather endured that fierce affection than accepted
or returned it.

"What!" said Miss Havisham, flashing her eyes upon her, "are you
tired of me?"

"Only a little tired of myself," replied Estella, disengaging her
arm, and moving to the great chimney-piece, where she stood looking
down at the fire.

"Speak the truth, you ingrate!" cried Miss Havisham, passionately
striking her stick upon the floor; "you are tired of me."

Estella looked at her with perfect composure, and again looked down
at the fire.  Her graceful figure and her beautiful face expressed a
self-possessed indifference to the wild heat of the other, that was
almost cruel.

"You stock and stone!" exclaimed Miss Havisham.  "You cold, cold

"What?" said Estella, preserving her attitude of indifference as
she leaned against the great chimney-piece and only moving her
eyes; "do you reproach me for being cold?  You?"

"Are you not?" was the fierce retort.

"You should know," said Estella.  "I am what you have made me.  Take
all the praise, take all the blame; take all the success, take all
the failure; in short, take me."

"O, look at her, look at her!" cried Miss Havisham, bitterly; "Look
at her so hard and thankless, on the hearth where she was reared!
Where I took her into this wretched breast when it was first
bleeding from its stabs, and where I have lavished years of
tenderness upon her!"

"At least I was no party to the compact," said Estella, "for if I
could walk and speak, when it was made, it was as much as I could
do.  But what would you have?  You have been very good to me, and I
owe everything to you.  What would you have?"

"Love," replied the other.

"You have it."

"I have not," said Miss Havisham.

"Mother by adoption," retorted Estella, never departing from the
easy grace of her attitude, never raising her voice as the other
did, never yielding either to anger or tenderness,--"mother by
adoption, I have said that I owe everything to you.  All I possess
is freely yours.  All that you have given me, is at your command to
have again.  Beyond that, I have nothing.  And if you ask me to give
you, what you never gave me, my gratitude and duty cannot do

"Did I never give her love!" cried Miss Havisham, turning wildly to
me.  "Did I never give her a burning love, inseparable from jealousy
at all times, and from sharp pain, while she speaks thus to me!  Let
her call me mad, let her call me mad!"

"Why should I call you mad," returned Estella, "I, of all people?
Does any one live, who knows what set purposes you have, half as
well as I do?  Does any one live, who knows what a steady memory you
have, half as well as I do?  I who have sat on this same hearth on
the little stool that is even now beside you there, learning your
lessons and looking up into your face, when your face was strange
and frightened me!"

"Soon forgotten!" moaned Miss Havisham.  "Times soon forgotten!"

"No, not forgotten," retorted Estella,--"not forgotten, but
treasured up in my memory.  When have you found me false to your
teaching?  When have you found me unmindful of your lessons?  When
have you found me giving admission here," she touched her bosom
with her hand, "to anything that you excluded?  Be just to me."

"So proud, so proud!" moaned Miss Havisham, pushing away her gray
hair with both her hands.

"Who taught me to be proud?" returned Estella.  "Who praised me when
I learnt my lesson?"

"So hard, so hard!" moaned Miss Havisham, with her former action.

"Who taught me to be hard?" returned Estella.  "Who praised me when
I learnt my lesson?"

"But to be proud and hard to me!" Miss Havisham quite shrieked, as
she stretched out her arms.  "Estella, Estella, Estella, to be proud
and hard to me!"

Estella looked at her for a moment with a kind of calm wonder, but
was not otherwise disturbed; when the moment was past, she looked
down at the fire again.

"I cannot think," said Estella, raising her eyes after a silence
"why you should be so unreasonable when I come to see you after a
separation.  I have never forgotten your wrongs and their causes.  I
have never been unfaithful to you or your schooling.  I have never
shown any weakness that I can charge myself with."

"Would it be weakness to return my love?" exclaimed Miss Havisham.
"But yes, yes, she would call it so!"

"I begin to think," said Estella, in a musing way, after another
moment of calm wonder, "that I almost understand how this comes
about.  If you had brought up your adopted daughter wholly in the
dark confinement of these rooms, and had never let her know that
there was such a thing as the daylight by which she had never once
seen your face,--if you had done that, and then, for a purpose had
wanted her to understand the daylight and know all about it, you
would have been disappointed and angry?"

Miss Havisham, with her head in her hands, sat making a low
moaning, and swaying herself on her chair, but gave no answer.

"Or," said Estella,--"which is a nearer case,--if you had taught
her, from the dawn of her intelligence, with your utmost energy and
might, that there was such a thing as daylight, but that it was
made to be her enemy and destroyer, and she must always turn
against it, for it had blighted you and would else blight her;--if
you had done this, and then, for a purpose, had wanted her to take
naturally to the daylight and she could not do it, you would have
been disappointed and angry?"

Miss Havisham sat listening (or it seemed so, for I could not see
her face), but still made no answer.

"So," said Estella, "I must be taken as I have been made.  The
success is not mine, the failure is not mine, but the two together
make me."

Miss Havisham had settled down, I hardly knew how, upon the floor,
among the faded bridal relics with which it was strewn.  I took
advantage of the moment--I had sought one from the first--to
leave the room, after beseeching Estella's attention to her, with a
movement of my hand.  When I left, Estella was yet standing by the
great chimney-piece, just as she had stood throughout.  Miss
Havisham's gray hair was all adrift upon the ground, among the
other bridal wrecks, and was a miserable sight to see.

It was with a depressed heart that I walked in the starlight for an
hour and more, about the courtyard, and about the brewery, and
about the ruined garden.  When I at last took courage to return to
the room, I found Estella sitting at Miss Havisham's knee, taking
up some stitches in one of those old articles of dress that were
dropping to pieces, and of which I have often been reminded since
by the faded tatters of old banners that I have seen hanging up in
cathedrals.  Afterwards, Estella and I played at cards, as of yore,--
only we were skilful now, and played French games,--and so the
evening wore away, and I went to bed.

I lay in that separate building across the courtyard.  It was the
first time I had ever lain down to rest in Satis House, and sleep
refused to come near me.  A thousand Miss Havishams haunted me.  She
was on this side of my pillow, on that, at the head of the bed, at
the foot, behind the half-opened door of the dressing-room, in the
dressing-room, in the room overhead, in the room beneath,--
everywhere.  At last, when the night was slow to creep on towards
two o'clock, I felt that I absolutely could no longer bear the
place as a place to lie down in, and that I must get up.  I
therefore got up and put on my clothes, and went out across the
yard into the long stone passage, designing to gain the outer
courtyard and walk there for the relief of my mind.  But I was no
sooner in the passage than I extinguished my candle; for I saw
Miss Havisham going along it in a ghostly manner, making a low cry.
I followed her at a distance, and saw her go up the staircase.  She
carried a bare candle in her hand, which she had probably taken
from one of the sconces in her own room, and was a most unearthly
object by its light.  Standing at the bottom of the staircase, I
felt the mildewed air of the feast-chamber, without seeing her open
the door, and I heard her walking there, and so across into her own
room, and so across again into that, never ceasing the low cry.
After a time, I tried in the dark both to get out, and to go back,
but I could do neither until some streaks of day strayed in and
showed me where to lay my hands.  During the whole interval,
whenever I went to the bottom of the staircase, I heard her
footstep, saw her light pass above, and heard her ceaseless low

Before we left next day, there was no revival of the difference
between her and Estella, nor was it ever revived on any similar
occasion; and there were four similar occasions, to the best of my
remembrance.  Nor, did Miss Havisham's manner towards Estella in
anywise change, except that I believed it to have something like
fear infused among its former characteristics.

It is impossible to turn this leaf of my life, without putting
Bentley Drummle's name upon it; or I would, very gladly.

On a certain occasion when the Finches were assembled in force, and
when good feeling was being promoted in the usual manner by
nobody's agreeing with anybody else, the presiding Finch called the
Grove to order, forasmuch as Mr. Drummle had not yet toasted a lady;
which, according to the solemn constitution of the society, it was
the brute's turn to do that day.  I thought I saw him leer in an
ugly way at me while the decanters were going round, but as there
was no love lost between us, that might easily be.  What was my
indignant surprise when he called upon the company to pledge him to

"Estella who?" said I.

"Never you mind," retorted Drummle.

"Estella of where?" said I.  "You are bound to say of where."  Which
he was, as a Finch.

"Of Richmond, gentlemen," said Drummle, putting me out of the
question, "and a peerless beauty."

Much he knew about peerless beauties, a mean, miserable idiot!  I
whispered Herbert.

"I know that lady," said Herbert, across the table, when the toast
had been honored.

"Do you?" said Drummle.

"And so do I," I added, with a scarlet face.

"Do you?" said Drummle.  "O, Lord!"

This was the only retort--except glass or crockery--that the
heavy creature was capable of making; but, I became as highly
incensed by it as if it had been barbed with wit, and I immediately
rose in my place and said that I could not but regard it as being
like the honorable Finch's impudence to come down to that Grove,--
we always talked about coming down to that Grove, as a neat
Parliamentary turn of expression,--down to that Grove, proposing a
lady of whom he knew nothing.  Mr. Drummle, upon this, starting up,
demanded what I meant by that?  Whereupon I made him the extreme
reply that I believed he knew where I was to be found.

Whether it was possible in a Christian country to get on without
blood, after this, was a question on which the Finches were
divided.  The debate upon it grew so lively, indeed, that at least
six more honorable members told six more, during the discussion,
that they believed they knew where they were to be found.  However,
it was decided at last (the Grove being a Court of Honor) that if
Mr. Drummle would bring never so slight a certificate from the lady,
importing that he had the honor of her acquaintance, Mr. Pip must
express his regret, as a gentleman and a Finch, for "having been
betrayed into a warmth which."  Next day was appointed for the
production (lest our honor should take cold from delay), and next
day Drummle appeared with a polite little avowal in Estella's hand,
that she had had the honor of dancing with him several times.  This
left me no course but to regret that I had been "betrayed into a
warmth which," and on the whole to repudiate, as untenable, the
idea that I was to be found anywhere.  Drummle and I then sat
snorting at one another for an hour, while the Grove engaged in
indiscriminate contradiction, and finally the promotion of good
feeling was declared to have gone ahead at an amazing rate.

I tell this lightly, but it was no light thing to me.  For, I cannot
adequately express what pain it gave me to think that Estella
should show any favor to a contemptible, clumsy, sulky booby, so
very far below the average.  To the present moment, I believe it to
have been referable to some pure fire of generosity and
disinterestedness in my love for her, that I could not endure the
thought of her stooping to that hound.  No doubt I should have been
miserable whomsoever she had favored; but a worthier object would
have caused me a different kind and degree of distress.

It was easy for me to find out, and I did soon find out, that
Drummle had begun to follow her closely, and that she allowed him
to do it.  A little while, and he was always in pursuit of her, and
he and I crossed one another every day.  He held on, in a dull
persistent way, and Estella held him on; now with encouragement,
now with discouragement, now almost flattering him, now openly
despising him, now knowing him very well, now scarcely remembering
who he was.

The Spider, as Mr. Jaggers had called him, was used to lying in
wait, however, and had the patience of his tribe.  Added to that, he
had a blockhead confidence in his money and in his family
greatness, which sometimes did him good service,--almost taking the
place of concentration and determined purpose.  So, the Spider,
doggedly watching Estella, outwatched many brighter insects, and
would often uncoil himself and drop at the right nick of time.

At a certain Assembly Ball at Richmond (there used to be Assembly
Balls at most places then), where Estella had outshone all other
beauties, this blundering Drummle so hung about her, and with so
much toleration on her part, that I resolved to speak to her
concerning him.  I took the next opportunity; which was when she was
waiting for Mrs. Blandley to take her home, and was sitting apart
among some flowers, ready to go.  I was with her, for I almost
always accompanied them to and from such places.

"Are you tired, Estella?"

"Rather, Pip."

"You should be."

"Say rather, I should not be; for I have my letter to Satis House
to write, before I go to sleep."

"Recounting to-night's triumph?" said I.  "Surely a very poor one,

"What do you mean?  I didn't know there had been any."

"Estella," said I, "do look at that fellow in the corner yonder,
who is looking over here at us."

"Why should I look at him?" returned Estella, with her eyes on me
instead.  "What is there in that fellow in the corner yonder,--to
use your words,--that I need look at?"

"Indeed, that is the very question I want to ask you," said I.  "For
he has been hovering about you all night."

"Moths, and all sorts of ugly creatures," replied Estella, with a
glance towards him, "hover about a lighted candle.  Can the candle
help it?"

"No," I returned; "but cannot the Estella help it?"

"Well!" said she, laughing, after a moment, "perhaps.  Yes.  Anything
you like."

"But, Estella, do hear me speak.  It makes me wretched that you
should encourage a man so generally despised as Drummle.  You know
he is despised."

"Well?" said she.

"You know he is as ungainly within as without.  A deficient,
ill-tempered, lowering, stupid fellow."

"Well?" said she.

"You know he has nothing to recommend him but money and a
ridiculous roll of addle-headed predecessors; now, don't you?"

"Well?" said she again; and each time she said it, she opened her
lovely eyes the wider.

To overcome the difficulty of getting past that monosyllable, I
took it from her, and said, repeating it with emphasis, "Well!  Then,
that is why it makes me wretched."

Now, if I could have believed that she favored Drummle with any
idea of making me-me--wretched, I should have been in better
heart about it; but in that habitual way of hers, she put me so
entirely out of the question, that I could believe nothing of the

"Pip," said Estella, casting her glance over the room, "don't be
foolish about its effect on you.  It may have its effect on others,
and may be meant to have.  It's not worth discussing."

"Yes it is," said I, "because I cannot bear that people should say,
'she throws away her graces and attractions on a mere boor, the
lowest in the crowd.'"

"I can bear it," said Estella.

"Oh! don't be so proud, Estella, and so inflexible."

"Calls me proud and inflexible in this breath!" said Estella,
opening her hands.  "And in his last breath reproached me for
stooping to a boor!"

"There is no doubt you do," said I, something hurriedly, "for I
have seen you give him looks and smiles this very night, such as
you never give to--me."

"Do you want me then," said Estella, turning suddenly with a fixed
and serious, if not angry, look, "to deceive and entrap you?"

"Do you deceive and entrap him, Estella?"

"Yes, and many others,--all of them but you.  Here is Mrs. Brandley.
I'll say no more."

And now that I have given the one chapter to the theme that so
filled my heart, and so often made it ache and ache again, I pass
on unhindered, to the event that had impended over me longer yet;
the event that had begun to be prepared for, before I knew that the
world held Estella, and in the days when her baby intelligence was
receiving its first distortions from Miss Havisham's wasting hands.

In the Eastern story, the heavy slab that was to fall on the bed of
state in the flush of conquest was slowly wrought out of the
quarry, the tunnel for the rope to hold it in its place was slowly
carried through the leagues of rock, the slab was slowly raised and
fitted in the roof, the rope was rove to it and slowly taken
through the miles of hollow to the great iron ring.  All being made
ready with much labor, and the hour come, the sultan was aroused
in the dead of the night, and the sharpened axe that was to sever
the rope from the great iron ring was put into his hand, and he
struck with it, and the rope parted and rushed away, and the
ceiling fell.  So, in my case; all the work, near and afar, that
tended to the end, had been accomplished; and in an instant the
blow was struck, and the roof of my stronghold dropped upon me.

Chapter XXXIX

I was three-and-twenty years of age.  Not another word had I heard
to enlighten me on the subject of my expectations, and my
twenty-third birthday was a week gone.  We had left Barnard's Inn
more than a year, and lived in the Temple.  Our chambers were in
Garden-court, down by the river.

Mr. Pocket and I had for some time parted company as to our original
relations, though we continued on the best terms.  Notwithstanding my
inability to settle to anything,--which I hope arose out of the
restless and incomplete tenure on which I held my means,--I had a
taste for reading, and read regularly so many hours a day.  That
matter of Herbert's was still progressing, and everything with me
was as I have brought it down to the close of the last preceding

Business had taken Herbert on a journey to Marseilles.  I was alone,
and had a dull sense of being alone.  Dispirited and anxious, long
hoping that to-morrow or next week would clear my way, and long
disappointed, I sadly missed the cheerful face and ready response
of my friend.

It was wretched weather; stormy and wet, stormy and wet; and mud,
mud, mud, deep in all the streets.  Day after day, a vast heavy veil
had been driving over London from the East, and it drove still, as
if in the East there were an Eternity of cloud and wind.  So furious
had been the gusts, that high buildings in town had had the lead
stripped off their roofs; and in the country, trees had been torn
up, and sails of windmills carried away; and gloomy accounts had
come in from the coast, of shipwreck and death.  Violent blasts of
rain had accompanied these rages of wind, and the day just closed
as I sat down to read had been the worst of all.

Alterations have been made in that part of the Temple since that
time, and it has not now so lonely a character as it had then, nor
is it so exposed to the river.  We lived at the top of the last
house, and the wind rushing up the river shook the house that
night, like discharges of cannon, or breakings of a sea.  When the
rain came with it and dashed against the windows, I thought,
raising my eyes to them as they rocked, that I might have fancied
myself in a storm-beaten lighthouse.  Occasionally, the smoke came
rolling down the chimney as though it could not bear to go out into
such a night; and when I set the doors open and looked down the
staircase, the staircase lamps were blown out; and when I shaded my
face with my hands and looked through the black windows (opening
them ever so little was out of the question in the teeth of such
wind and rain), I saw that the lamps in the court were blown out,
and that the lamps on the bridges and the shore were shuddering,
and that the coal-fires in barges on the river were being carried
away before the wind like red-hot splashes in the rain.

I read with my watch upon the table, purposing to close my book at
eleven o'clock.  As I shut it, Saint Paul's, and all the many
church-clocks in the City--some leading, some accompanying, some
following--struck that hour.  The sound was curiously flawed by the
wind; and I was listening, and thinking how the wind assailed and
tore it, when I heard a footstep on the stair.

What nervous folly made me start, and awfully connect it with the
footstep of my dead sister, matters not.  It was past in a moment,
and I listened again, and heard the footstep stumble in coming on.
Remembering then, that the staircase-lights were blown out, I took
up my reading-lamp and went out to the stair-head.  Whoever was
below had stopped on seeing my lamp, for all was quiet.

"There is some one down there, is there not?" I called out, looking

"Yes," said a voice from the darkness beneath.

"What floor do you want?"

"The top.  Mr. Pip."

"That is my name.--There is nothing the matter?"

"Nothing the matter," returned the voice.  And the man came on.

I stood with my lamp held out over the stair-rail, and he came
slowly within its light.  It was a shaded lamp, to shine upon a
book, and its circle of light was very contracted; so that he was
in it for a mere instant, and then out of it.  In the instant, I had
seen a face that was strange to me, looking up with an
incomprehensible air of being touched and pleased by the sight of

Moving the lamp as the man moved, I made out that he was
substantially dressed, but roughly, like a voyager by sea.  That he
had long iron-gray hair.  That his age was about sixty.  That he was
a muscular man, strong on his legs, and that he was browned and
hardened by exposure to weather.  As he ascended the last stair or
two, and the light of my lamp included us both, I saw, with a
stupid kind of amazement, that he was holding out both his hands to

"Pray what is your business?" I asked him.

"My business?" he repeated, pausing.  "Ah!  Yes.  I will explain my
business, by your leave."

"Do you wish to come in?"

"Yes," he replied; "I wish to come in, master."

I had asked him the question inhospitably enough, for I resented
the sort of bright and gratified recognition that still shone in
his face.  I resented it, because it seemed to imply that he
expected me to respond to it.  But I took him into the room I had
just left, and, having set the lamp on the table, asked him as
civilly as I could to explain himself.

He looked about him with the strangest air,--an air of wondering
pleasure, as if he had some part in the things he admired,--and he
pulled off a rough outer coat, and his hat.  Then, I saw that his
head was furrowed and bald, and that the long iron-gray hair grew
only on its sides.  But, I saw nothing that in the least explained
him.  On the contrary, I saw him next moment, once more holding out
both his hands to me.

"What do you mean?" said I, half suspecting him to be mad.

He stopped in his looking at me, and slowly rubbed his right hand
over his head.  "It's disapinting to a man," he said, in a coarse
broken voice, "arter having looked for'ard so distant, and come so
fur; but you're not to blame for that,--neither on us is to blame
for that.  I'll speak in half a minute.  Give me half a minute,

He sat down on a chair that stood before the fire, and covered his
forehead with his large brown veinous hands.  I looked at him
attentively then, and recoiled a little from him; but I did not
know him.

"There's no one nigh," said he, looking over his shoulder; "is

"Why do you, a stranger coming into my rooms at this time of the
night, ask that question?" said I.

"You're a game one," he returned, shaking his head at me with a
deliberate affection, at once most unintelligible and most
exasperating; "I'm glad you've grow'd up, a game one!  But don't
catch hold of me.  You'd be sorry arterwards to have done it."

I relinquished the intention he had detected, for I knew him!  Even
yet I could not recall a single feature, but I knew him!  If the
wind and the rain had driven away the intervening years, had
scattered all the intervening objects, had swept us to the
churchyard where we first stood face to face on such different
levels, I could not have known my convict more distinctly than I
knew him now as he sat in the chair before the fire.  No need to
take a file from his pocket and show it to me; no need to take the
handkerchief from his neck and twist it round his head; no need to
hug himself with both his arms, and take a shivering turn across
the room, looking back at me for recognition.  I knew him before he
gave me one of those aids, though, a moment before, I had not been
conscious of remotely suspecting his identity.

He came back to where I stood, and again held out both his hands.
Not knowing what to do,--for, in my astonishment I had lost my
self-possession,--I reluctantly gave him my hands.  He grasped them
heartily, raised them to his lips, kissed them, and still held

"You acted noble, my boy," said he.  "Noble, Pip!  And I have never
forgot it!"

At a change in his manner as if he were even going to embrace me, I
laid a hand upon his breast and put him away.

"Stay!" said I.  "Keep off!  If you are grateful to me for what I did
when I was a little child, I hope you have shown your gratitude by
mending your way of life.  If you have come here to thank me, it was
not necessary.  Still, however you have found me out, there must be
something good in the feeling that has brought you here, and I will
not repulse you; but surely you must understand that--I--"

My attention was so attracted by the singularity of his fixed look
at me, that the words died away on my tongue.

"You was a saying," he observed, when we had confronted one another
in silence, "that surely I must understand.  What, surely must I

"That I cannot wish to renew that chance intercourse with you of
long ago, under these different circumstances.  I am glad to believe
you have repented and recovered yourself.  I am glad to tell you so.
I am glad that, thinking I deserve to be thanked, you have come to
thank me.  But our ways are different ways, none the less.  You are
wet, and you look weary.  Will you drink something before you go?"

He had replaced his neckerchief loosely, and had stood, keenly
observant of me, biting a long end of it.  "I think," he answered,
still with the end at his mouth and still observant of me, "that I
will drink (I thank you) afore I go."

There was a tray ready on a side-table.  I brought it to the table
near the fire, and asked him what he would have?  He touched one of
the bottles without looking at it or speaking, and I made him some
hot rum and water.  I tried to keep my hand steady while I did so,
but his look at me as he leaned back in his chair with the long
draggled end of his neckerchief between his teeth--evidently
forgotten--made my hand very difficult to master.  When at last I
put the glass to him, I saw with amazement that his eyes were full
of tears.

Up to this time I had remained standing, not to disguise that I
wished him gone.  But I was softened by the softened aspect of the
man, and felt a touch of reproach.  "I hope," said I, hurriedly
putting something into a glass for myself, and drawing a chair to
the table, "that you will not think I spoke harshly to you just
now.  I had no intention of doing it, and I am sorry for it if I
did.  I wish you well and happy!"

As I put my glass to my lips, he glanced with surprise at the end
of his neckerchief, dropping from his mouth when he opened it, and
stretched out his hand.  I gave him mine, and then he drank, and
drew his sleeve across his eyes and forehead.

"How are you living?" I asked him.

"I've been a sheep-farmer, stock-breeder, other trades besides,
away in the new world," said he; "many a thousand mile of stormy
water off from this."

"I hope you have done well?"

"I've done wonderfully well.  There's others went out alonger me as
has done well too, but no man has done nigh as well as me.  I'm
famous for it."

"I am glad to hear it."

"I hope to hear you say so, my dear boy."

Without stopping to try to understand those words or the tone in
which they were spoken, I turned off to a point that had just come
into my mind.

"Have you ever seen a messenger you once sent to me," I inquired,
"since he undertook that trust?"

"Never set eyes upon him.  I warn't likely to it."

"He came faithfully, and he brought me the two one-pound notes.  I
was a poor boy then, as you know, and to a poor boy they were a
little fortune.  But, like you, I have done well since, and you must
let me pay them back.  You can put them to some other poor boy's
use."  I took out my purse.

He watched me as I laid my purse upon the table and opened it, and
he watched me as I separated two one-pound notes from its contents.
They were clean and new, and I spread them out and handed them over
to him.  Still watching me, he laid them one upon the other, folded
them long-wise, gave them a twist, set fire to them at the lamp,
and dropped the ashes into the tray.

"May I make so bold," he said then, with a smile that was like a
frown, and with a frown that was like a smile, "as ask you how you
have done well, since you and me was out on them lone shivering



He emptied his glass, got up, and stood at the side of the fire,
with his heavy brown hand on the mantel-shelf.  He put a foot up to
the bars, to dry and warm it, and the wet boot began to steam; but,
he neither looked at it, nor at the fire, but steadily looked at
me.  It was only now that I began to tremble.

When my lips had parted, and had shaped some words that were
without sound, I forced myself to tell him (though I could not do
it distinctly), that I had been chosen to succeed to some property.

"Might a mere warmint ask what property?" said he.

I faltered, "I don't know."

"Might a mere warmint ask whose property?" said he.

I faltered again, "I don't know."

"Could I make a guess, I wonder," said the Convict, "at your income
since you come of age!  As to the first figure now.  Five?"

With my heart beating like a heavy hammer of disordered action, I
rose out of my chair, and stood with my hand upon the back of it,
looking wildly at him.

"Concerning a guardian," he went on.  "There ought to have been some
guardian, or such-like, whiles you was a minor.  Some lawyer, maybe.
As to the first letter of that lawyer's name now.  Would it be J?"

All the truth of my position came flashing on me; and its
disappointments, dangers, disgraces, consequences of all kinds,
rushed in in such a multitude that I was borne down by them and had
to struggle for every breath I drew.

"Put it," he resumed, "as the employer of that lawyer whose name
begun with a J, and might be Jaggers,--put it as he had come over
sea to Portsmouth, and had landed there, and had wanted to come on
to you.  'However, you have found me out,' you says just now.  Well!
However, did I find you out?  Why, I wrote from Portsmouth to a
person in London, for particulars of your address.  That person's
name?  Why, Wemmick."

I could not have spoken one word, though it had been to save my
life.  I stood, with a hand on the chair-back and a hand on my
breast, where I seemed to be suffocating,--I stood so, looking
wildly at him, until I grasped at the chair, when the room began to
surge and turn.  He caught me, drew me to the sofa, put me up
against the cushions, and bent on one knee before me, bringing the
face that I now well remembered, and that I shuddered at, very near
to mine.

"Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you!  It's me wot has
done it!  I swore that time, sure as ever I earned a guinea, that
guinea should go to you.  I swore arterwards, sure as ever I
spec'lated and got rich, you should get rich.  I lived rough, that
you should live smooth; I worked hard, that you should be above
work.  What odds, dear boy?  Do I tell it, fur you to feel a
obligation?  Not a bit.  I tell it, fur you to know as that there
hunted dunghill dog wot you kep life in, got his head so high that
he could make a gentleman,--and, Pip, you're him!"

The abhorrence in which I held the man, the dread I had of him, the
repugnance with which I shrank from him, could not have been
exceeded if he had been some terrible beast.

"Look'ee here, Pip.  I'm your second father.  You're my son,--more to
me nor any son.  I've put away money, only for you to spend.  When I
was a hired-out shepherd in a solitary hut, not seeing no faces but
faces of sheep till I half forgot wot men's and women's faces wos
like, I see yourn.  I drops my knife many a time in that hut when I
was a-eating my dinner or my supper, and I says, 'Here's the boy
again, a looking at me whiles I eats and drinks!'  I see you there a
many times, as plain as ever I see you on them misty marshes.  'Lord
strike me dead!' I says each time,--and I goes out in the air to
say it under the open heavens,--'but wot, if I gets liberty and
money, I'll make that boy a gentleman!'  And I done it.  Why, look at
you, dear boy!  Look at these here lodgings o'yourn, fit for a lord!
A lord?  Ah!  You shall show money with lords for wagers, and beat

In his heat and triumph, and in his knowledge that I had been
nearly fainting, he did not remark on my reception of all this.  It
was the one grain of relief I had.

"Look'ee here!" he went on, taking my watch out of my pocket, and
turning towards him a ring on my finger, while I recoiled from his
touch as if he had been a snake, "a gold 'un and a beauty:  that's a
gentleman's, I hope!  A diamond all set round with rubies; that's a
gentleman's, I hope!  Look at your linen; fine and beautiful!  Look
at your clothes; better ain't to be got!  And your books too,"
turning his eyes round the room, "mounting up, on their shelves, by
hundreds!  And you read 'em; don't you?  I see you'd been a reading
of 'em when I come in.  Ha, ha, ha!  You shall read 'em to me, dear
boy!  And if they're in foreign languages wot I don't understand, I
shall be just as proud as if I did."

Again he took both my hands and put them to his lips, while my
blood ran cold within me.

"Don't you mind talking, Pip," said he, after again drawing his
sleeve over his eyes and forehead, as the click came in his throat
which I well remembered,--and he was all the more horrible to me
that he was so much in earnest; "you can't do better nor keep
quiet, dear boy.  You ain't looked slowly forward to this as I have;
you wosn't prepared for this as I wos.  But didn't you never think
it might be me?"

"O no, no, no," I returned, "Never, never!"

"Well, you see it wos me, and single-handed.  Never a soul in it but
my own self and Mr. Jaggers."

"Was there no one else?" I asked.

"No," said he, with a glance of surprise:  "who else should there
be?  And, dear boy, how good looking you have growed!  There's bright
eyes somewheres--eh?  Isn't there bright eyes somewheres, wot you
love the thoughts on?"

O Estella, Estella!

"They shall be yourn, dear boy, if money can buy 'em.  Not that a
gentleman like you, so well set up as you, can't win 'em off of his
own game; but money shall back you!  Let me finish wot I was a
telling you, dear boy.  From that there hut and that there
hiring-out, I got money left me by my master (which died, and had
been the same as me), and got my liberty and went for myself.  In
every single thing I went for, I went for you.  'Lord strike a
blight upon it,' I says, wotever it was I went for, 'if it ain't
for him!'  It all prospered wonderful.  As I giv' you to understand
just now, I'm famous for it.  It was the money left me, and the
gains of the first few year wot I sent home to Mr. Jaggers--all for
you--when he first come arter you, agreeable to my letter."

O that he had never come!  That he had left me at the forge,--far
from contented, yet, by comparison happy!

"And then, dear boy, it was a recompense to me, look'ee here, to
know in secret that I was making a gentleman.  The blood horses of
them colonists might fling up the dust over me as I was walking;
what do I say?  I says to myself, 'I'm making a better gentleman nor
ever you'll be!'  When one of 'em says to another, 'He was a
convict, a few year ago, and is a ignorant common fellow now, for
all he's lucky,' what do I say?  I says to myself, 'If I ain't a
gentleman, nor yet ain't got no learning, I'm the owner of such.
All on you owns stock and land; which on you owns a brought-up
London gentleman?'  This way I kep myself a going.  And this way I
held steady afore my mind that I would for certain come one day and
see my boy, and make myself known to him, on his own ground."

He laid his hand on my shoulder.  I shuddered at the thought that
for anything I knew, his hand might be stained with blood.

"It warn't easy, Pip, for me to leave them parts, nor yet it warn't
safe.  But I held to it, and the harder it was, the stronger I held,
for I was determined, and my mind firm made up.  At last I done it.
Dear boy, I done it!"

I tried to collect my thoughts, but I was stunned.  Throughout, I
had seemed to myself to attend more to the wind and the rain than
to him; even now, I could not separate his voice from those voices,
though those were loud and his was silent.

"Where will you put me?" he asked, presently.  "I must be put
somewheres, dear boy."

"To sleep?" said I.

"Yes.  And to sleep long and sound," he answered; "for I've been
sea-tossed and sea-washed, months and months."

"My friend and companion," said I, rising from the sofa, "is
absent; you must have his room."

"He won't come back to-morrow; will he?"

"No," said I, answering almost mechanically, in spite of my utmost
efforts; "not to-morrow."

"Because, look'ee here, dear boy," he said, dropping his voice, and
laying a long finger on my breast in an impressive manner, "caution
is necessary."

"How do you mean?  Caution?"

"By G - , it's Death!"

"What's death?"

"I was sent for life.  It's death to come back.  There's been
overmuch coming back of late years, and I should of a certainty be
hanged if took."

Nothing was needed but this; the wretched man, after loading
wretched me with his gold and silver chains for years, had risked
his life to come to me, and I held it there in my keeping!  If I had
loved him instead of abhorring him; if I had been attracted to him
by the strongest admiration and affection, instead of shrinking
from him with the strongest repugnance; it could have been no
worse.  On the contrary, it would have been better, for his
preservation would then have naturally and tenderly addressed my

My first care was to close the shutters, so that no light might be
seen from without, and then to close and make fast the doors.  While
I did so, he stood at the table drinking rum and eating biscuit;
and when I saw him thus engaged, I saw my convict on the marshes at
his meal again.  It almost seemed to me as if he must stoop down
presently, to file at his leg.

When I had gone into Herbert's room, and had shut off any other
communication between it and the staircase than through the room in
which our conversation had been held, I asked him if he would go to
bed?  He said yes, but asked me for some of my "gentleman's linen"
to put on in the morning.  I brought it out, and laid it ready for
him, and my blood again ran cold when he again took me by both
hands to give me good night.

I got away from him, without knowing how I did it, and mended the
fire in the room where we had been together, and sat down by it,
afraid to go to bed.  For an hour or more, I remained too stunned to
think; and it was not until I began to think, that I began fully to
know how wrecked I was, and how the ship in which I had sailed was
gone to pieces.

Miss Havisham's intentions towards me, all a mere dream; Estella
not designed for me; I only suffered in Satis House as a
convenience, a sting for the greedy relations, a model with a
mechanical heart to practise on when no other practice was at hand;
those were the first smarts I had.  But, sharpest and deepest pain
of all,--it was for the convict, guilty of I knew not what crimes,
and liable to be taken out of those rooms where I sat thinking, and
hanged at the Old Bailey door, that I had deserted Joe.

I would not have gone back to Joe now, I would not have gone back
to Biddy now, for any consideration; simply, I suppose, because my
sense of my own worthless conduct to them was greater than every
consideration.  No wisdom on earth could have given me the comfort
that I should have derived from their simplicity and fidelity; but
I could never, never, undo what I had done.

In every rage of wind and rush of rain, I heard pursuers.  Twice, I
could have sworn there was a knocking and whispering at the outer
door.  With these fears upon me, I began either to imagine or recall
that I had had mysterious warnings of this man's approach.  That,
for weeks gone by, I had passed faces in the streets which I had
thought like his.  That these likenesses had grown more numerous,
as he, coming over the sea, had drawn nearer.  That his wicked
spirit had somehow sent these messengers to mine, and that now on
this stormy night he was as good as his word, and with me.

Crowding up with these reflections came the reflection that I had
seen him with my childish eyes to be a desperately violent man;
that I had heard that other convict reiterate that he had tried to
murder him; that I had seen him down in the ditch tearing and
fighting like a wild beast.  Out of such remembrances I brought into
the light of the fire a half-formed terror that it might not be
safe to be shut up there with him in the dead of the wild solitary
night.  This dilated until it filled the room, and impelled me to
take a candle and go in and look at my dreadful burden.

He had rolled a handkerchief round his head, and his face was set
and lowering in his sleep.  But he was asleep, and quietly too,
though he had a pistol lying on the pillow.  Assured of this, I
softly removed the key to the outside of his door, and turned it on
him before I again sat down by the fire.  Gradually I slipped from
the chair and lay on the floor.  When I awoke without having parted
in my sleep with the perception of my wretchedness, the clocks of
the Eastward churches were striking five, the candles were wasted
out, the fire was dead, and the wind and rain intensified the thick
black darkness.


Chapter XL

It was fortunate for me that I had to take precautions to ensure
(so far as I could) the safety of my dreaded visitor; for, this
thought pressing on me when I awoke, held other thoughts in a
confused concourse at a distance.

The impossibility of keeping him concealed in the chambers was
self-evident.  It could not be done, and the attempt to do it would
inevitably engender suspicion.  True, I had no Avenger in my service
now, but I was looked after by an inflammatory old female, assisted
by an animated rag-bag whom she called her niece, and to keep a
room secret from them would be to invite curiosity and
exaggeration.  They both had weak eyes, which I had long attributed
to their chronically looking in at keyholes, and they were always
at hand when not wanted; indeed that was their only reliable
quality besides larceny.  Not to get up a mystery with these people,
I resolved to announce in the morning that my uncle had
unexpectedly come from the country.

This course I decided on while I was yet groping about in the
darkness for the means of getting a light.  Not stumbling on the
means after all, I was fain to go out to the adjacent Lodge and get
the watchman there to come with his lantern.  Now, in groping my way
down the black staircase I fell over something, and that something
was a man crouching in a corner.

As the man made no answer when I asked him what he did there, but
eluded my touch in silence, I ran to the Lodge and urged the
watchman to come quickly; telling him of the incident on the way
back.  The wind being as fierce as ever, we did not care to endanger
the light in the lantern by rekindling the extinguished lamps on
the staircase, but we examined the staircase from the bottom to the
top and found no one there.  It then occurred to me as possible that
the man might have slipped into my rooms; so, lighting my candle at
the watchman's, and leaving him standing at the door, I examined
them carefully, including the room in which my dreaded guest lay
asleep.  All was quiet, and assuredly no other man was in those

It troubled me that there should have been a lurker on the stairs,
on that night of all nights in the year, and I asked the watchman,
on the chance of eliciting some hopeful explanation as I handed him
a dram at the door, whether he had admitted at his gate any
gentleman who had perceptibly been dining out?  Yes, he said; at
different times of the night, three.  One lived in Fountain Court,
and the other two lived in the Lane, and he had seen them all go
home.  Again, the only other man who dwelt in the house of which my
chambers formed a part had been in the country for some weeks, and
he certainly had not returned in the night, because we had seen his
door with his seal on it as we came up-stairs.

"The night being so bad, sir," said the watchman, as he gave me
back my glass, "uncommon few have come in at my gate.  Besides them
three gentlemen that I have named, I don't call to mind another
since about eleven o'clock, when a stranger asked for you."

"My uncle," I muttered.  "Yes."

"You saw him, sir?"

"Yes.  Oh yes."

"Likewise the person with him?"

"Person with him!" I repeated.

"I judged the person to be with him," returned the watchman.  "The
person stopped, when he stopped to make inquiry of me, and the
person took this way when he took this way."

"What sort of person?"

The watchman had not particularly noticed; he should say a working
person; to the best of his belief, he had a dust-colored kind of
clothes on, under a dark coat.  The watchman made more light of the
matter than I did, and naturally; not having my reason for
attaching weight to it.

When I had got rid of him, which I thought it well to do without
prolonging explanations, my mind was much troubled by these two
circumstances taken together.  Whereas they were easy of innocent
solution apart,--as, for instance, some diner out or diner at home,
who had not gone near this watchman's gate, might have strayed to
my staircase and dropped asleep there,--and my nameless visitor
might have brought some one with him to show him the way,--still,
joined, they had an ugly look to one as prone to distrust and fear
as the changes of a few hours had made me.

I lighted my fire, which burnt with a raw pale flare at that time
of the morning, and fell into a doze before it.  I seemed to have
been dozing a whole night when the clocks struck six.  As there was
full an hour and a half between me and daylight, I dozed again;
now, waking up uneasily, with prolix conversations about nothing,
in my ears; now, making thunder of the wind in the chimney; at
length, falling off into a profound sleep from which the daylight
woke me with a start.

All this time I had never been able to consider my own situation,
nor could I do so yet.  I had not the power to attend to it.  I was
greatly dejected and distressed, but in an incoherent wholesale
sort of way.  As to forming any plan for the future, I could as soon
have formed an elephant.  When I opened the shutters and looked out
at the wet wild morning, all of a leaden hue; when I walked from
room to room; when I sat down again shivering, before the fire,
waiting for my laundress to appear; I thought how miserable I was,
but hardly knew why, or how long I had been so, or on what day of
the week I made the reflection, or even who I was that made it.

At last, the old woman and the niece came in,--the latter with a
head not easily distinguishable from her dusty broom,--and
testified surprise at sight of me and the fire.  To whom I imparted
how my uncle had come in the night and was then asleep, and how the
breakfast preparations were to be modified accordingly.  Then I
washed and dressed while they knocked the furniture about and made
a dust; and so, in a sort of dream or sleep-waking, I found myself
sitting by the fire again, waiting for-Him--to come to

By and by, his door opened and he came out.  I could not bring
myself to bear the sight of him, and I thought he had a worse look
by daylight.

"I do not even know," said I, speaking low as he took his seat at
the table, "by what name to call you.  I have given out that you are
my uncle."

"That's it, dear boy!  Call me uncle."

"You assumed some name, I suppose, on board ship?"

"Yes, dear boy.  I took the name of Provis."

"Do you mean to keep that name?"

"Why, yes, dear boy, it's as good as another,--unless you'd like

"What is your real name?" I asked him in a whisper.

"Magwitch," he answered, in the same tone; "chrisen'd Abel."

"What were you brought up to be?"

"A warmint, dear boy."

He answered quite seriously, and used the word as if it denoted
some profession.

"When you came into the Temple last night--" said I, pausing to
wonder whether that could really have been last night, which seemed
so long ago.

"Yes, dear boy?"

"When you came in at the gate and asked the watchman the way here,
had you any one with you?"

"With me?  No, dear boy."

"But there was some one there?"

"I didn't take particular notice," he said, dubiously, "not knowing
the ways of the place.  But I think there was a person, too, come in
alonger me."

"Are you known in London?"

"I hope not!" said he, giving his neck a jerk with his forefinger
that made me turn hot and sick.

"Were you known in London, once?"

"Not over and above, dear boy.  I was in the provinces mostly."

"Were you-tried--in London?"

"Which time?" said he, with a sharp look.

"The last time."

He nodded.  "First knowed Mr. Jaggers that way.  Jaggers was for me."

It was on my lips to ask him what he was tried for, but he took up
a knife, gave it a flourish, and with the words, "And what I done
is worked out and paid for!" fell to at his breakfast.

He ate in a ravenous way that was very disagreeable, and all his
actions were uncouth, noisy, and greedy.  Some of his teeth had
failed him since I saw him eat on the marshes, and as he turned his
food in his mouth, and turned his head sideways to bring his
strongest fangs to bear upon it, he looked terribly like a hungry old
dog.  If I had begun with any appetite, he would have taken it away,
and I should have sat much as I did,--repelled from him by an
insurmountable aversion, and gloomily looking at the cloth.

"I'm a heavy grubber, dear boy," he said, as a polite kind of
apology when he made an end of his meal, "but I always was.  If it
had been in my constitution to be a lighter grubber, I might ha'
got into lighter trouble.  Similarly, I must have my smoke.  When I
was first hired out as shepherd t'other side the world, it's my
belief I should ha' turned into a molloncolly-mad sheep myself, if
I hadn't a had my smoke."

As he said so, he got up from table, and putting his hand into the
breast of the pea-coat he wore, brought out a short black pipe, and
a handful of loose tobacco of the kind that is called Negro-head.
Having filled his pipe, he put the surplus tobacco back again, as
if his pocket were a drawer.  Then, he took a live coal from the
fire with the tongs, and lighted his pipe at it, and then turned
round on the hearth-rug with his back to the fire, and went through
his favorite action of holding out both his hands for mine.

"And this," said he, dandling my hands up and down in his, as he
puffed at his pipe,--"and this is the gentleman what I made!  The
real genuine One!  It does me good fur to look at you, Pip.  All I
stip'late, is, to stand by and look at you, dear boy!"

I released my hands as soon as I could, and found that I was
beginning slowly to settle down to the contemplation of my
condition.  What I was chained to, and how heavily, became
intelligible to me, as I heard his hoarse voice, and sat looking up
at his furrowed bald head with its iron gray hair at the sides.

"I mustn't see my gentleman a footing it in the mire of the
streets; there mustn't be no mud on his boots.  My gentleman must
have horses, Pip!  Horses to ride, and horses to drive, and horses
for his servant to ride and drive as well.  Shall colonists have
their horses (and blood 'uns, if you please, good Lord!) and not my
London gentleman?  No, no.  We'll show 'em another pair of shoes than
that, Pip; won't us?"

He took out of his pocket a great thick pocket-book, bursting with
papers, and tossed it on the table.

"There's something worth spending in that there book, dear boy.
It's yourn.  All I've got ain't mine; it's yourn.  Don't you be
afeerd on it.  There's more where that come from.  I've come to the
old country fur to see my gentleman spend his money like a
gentleman.  That'll be my pleasure.  My pleasure 'ull be fur to see
him do it.  And blast you all!" he wound up, looking round the room
and snapping his fingers once with a loud snap, "blast you every
one, from the judge in his wig, to the colonist a stirring up the
dust, I'll show a better gentleman than the whole kit on you put

"Stop!" said I, almost in a frenzy of fear and dislike, "I want to
speak to you.  I want to know what is to be done.  I want to know how
you are to be kept out of danger, how long you are going to stay,
what projects you have."

"Look'ee here, Pip," said he, laying his hand on my arm in a
suddenly altered and subdued manner; "first of all, look'ee here.  I
forgot myself half a minute ago.  What I said was low; that's what
it was; low.  Look'ee here, Pip.  Look over it.  I ain't a going to be

"First," I resumed, half groaning, "what precautions can be taken
against your being recognized and seized?"

"No, dear boy," he said, in the same tone as before, "that don't go
first.  Lowness goes first.  I ain't took so many year to make a
gentleman, not without knowing what's due to him.  Look'ee here,
Pip.  I was low; that's what I was; low.  Look over it, dear boy."

Some sense of the grimly-ludicrous moved me to a fretful laugh, as
I replied, "I have looked over it.  In Heaven's name, don't harp
upon it!"

"Yes, but look'ee here," he persisted.  "Dear boy, I ain't come so
fur, not fur to be low.  Now, go on, dear boy.  You was a saying--"

"How are you to be guarded from the danger you have incurred?"

"Well, dear boy, the danger ain't so great.  Without I was informed
agen, the danger ain't so much to signify.  There's Jaggers, and
there's Wemmick, and there's you.  Who else is there to inform?"

"Is there no chance person who might identify you in the street?"
said I.

"Well," he returned, "there ain't many.  Nor yet I don't intend to
advertise myself in the newspapers by the name of A.M. come back
from Botany Bay; and years have rolled away, and who's to gain by
it?  Still, look'ee here, Pip.  If the danger had been fifty times as
great, I should ha' come to see you, mind you, just the same."

"And how long do you remain?"

"How long?" said he, taking his black pipe from his mouth, and
dropping his jaw as he stared at me.  "I'm not a going back.  I've
come for good."

"Where are you to live?" said I.  "What is to be done with you?
Where will you be safe?"

"Dear boy," he returned, "there's disguising wigs can be bought for
money, and there's hair powder, and spectacles, and black clothes,--
shorts and what not.  Others has done it safe afore, and what others
has done afore, others can do agen.  As to the where and how of
living, dear boy, give me your own opinions on it."

"You take it smoothly now," said I, "but you were very serious last
night, when you swore it was Death."

"And so I swear it is Death," said he, putting his pipe back in his
mouth, "and Death by the rope, in the open street not fur from
this, and it's serious that you should fully understand it to be
so.  What then, when that's once done?  Here I am.  To go back now
'ud be as bad as to stand ground--worse.  Besides, Pip, I'm here,
because I've meant it by you, years and years.  As to what I dare,
I'm a old bird now, as has dared all manner of traps since first he
was fledged, and I'm not afeerd to perch upon a scarecrow.  If
there's Death hid inside of it, there is, and let him come out, and
I'll face him, and then I'll believe in him and not afore.  And now
let me have a look at my gentleman agen."

Once more, he took me by both hands and surveyed me with an air of
admiring proprietorship:  smoking with great complacency all the

It appeared to me that I could do no better than secure him some
quiet lodging hard by, of which he might take possession when
Herbert returned:  whom I expected in two or three days.  That the
secret must be confided to Herbert as a matter of unavoidable
necessity, even if I could have put the immense relief I should
derive from sharing it with him out of the question, was plain to
me.  But it was by no means so plain to Mr. Provis (I resolved to
call him by that name), who reserved his consent to Herbert's
participation until he should have seen him and formed a favorable
judgment of his physiognomy.  "And even then, dear boy," said he,
pulling a greasy little clasped black Testament out of his pocket,
"we'll have him on his oath."

To state that my terrible patron carried this little black book
about the world solely to swear people on in cases of emergency,
would be to state what I never quite established; but this I can
say, that I never knew him put it to any other use.  The book itself
had the appearance of having been stolen from some court of
justice, and perhaps his knowledge of its antecedents, combined
with his own experience in that wise, gave him a reliance on its
powers as a sort of legal spell or charm.  On this first occasion of
his producing it, I recalled how he had made me swear fidelity in
the churchyard long ago, and how he had described himself last
night as always swearing to his resolutions in his solitude.

As he was at present dressed in a seafaring slop suit, in which he
looked as if he had some parrots and cigars to dispose of, I next
discussed with him what dress he should wear.  He cherished an
extraordinary belief in the virtues of "shorts" as a disguise, and
had in his own mind sketched a dress for himself that would have
made him something between a dean and a dentist.  It was with
considerable difficulty that I won him over to the assumption of a
dress more like a prosperous farmer's; and we arranged that he
should cut his hair close, and wear a little powder.  Lastly, as he
had not yet been seen by the laundress or her niece, he was to keep
himself out of their view until his change of dress was made.

It would seem a simple matter to decide on these precautions; but
in my dazed, not to say distracted, state, it took so long, that I
did not get out to further them until two or three in the
afternoon.  He was to remain shut up in the chambers while I was
gone, and was on no account to open the door.

There being to my knowledge a respectable lodging-house in
Essex Street, the back of which looked into the Temple, and was
almost within hail of my windows, I first of all repaired to that
house, and was so fortunate as to secure the second floor for my
uncle, Mr. Provis.  I then went from shop to shop, making such
purchases as were necessary to the change in his appearance.  This
business transacted, I turned my face, on my own account, to Little
Britain.  Mr. Jaggers was at his desk, but, seeing me enter, got up
immediately and stood before his fire.

"Now, Pip," said he, "be careful."

"I will, sir," I returned.  For, coming along I had thought well of
what I was going to say.

"Don't commit yourself," said Mr. Jaggers, "and don't commit any
one.  You understand--any one.  Don't tell me anything:  I don't want
to know anything; I am not curious."

Of course I saw that he knew the man was come.

"I merely want, Mr. Jaggers," said I, "to assure myself that what I
have been told is true.  I have no hope of its being untrue, but at
least I may verify it."

Mr. Jaggers nodded.  "But did you say 'told' or 'informed'?" he asked
me, with his head on one side, and not looking at me, but looking
in a listening way at the floor.  "Told would seem to imply verbal
communication.  You can't have verbal communication with a man in
New South Wales, you know."

"I will say, informed, Mr. Jaggers."


"I have been informed by a person named Abel Magwitch, that he is
the benefactor so long unknown to me."

"That is the man," said Mr. Jaggers, "in New South Wales."

"And only he?" said I.

"And only he," said Mr. Jaggers.

"I am not so unreasonable, sir, as to think you at all responsible
for my mistakes and wrong conclusions; but I always supposed it was
Miss Havisham."

"As you say, Pip," returned Mr. Jaggers, turning his eyes upon me
coolly, and taking a bite at his forefinger, "I am not at all
responsible for that."

"And yet it looked so like it, sir," I pleaded with a downcast

"Not a particle of evidence, Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, shaking his
head and gathering up his skirts.  "Take nothing on its looks; take
everything on evidence.  There's no better rule."

"I have no more to say," said I, with a sigh, after standing silent
for a little while.  "I have verified my information, and there's an

"And Magwitch--in New South Wales--having at last disclosed
himself," said Mr. Jaggers, "you will comprehend, Pip, how rigidly
throughout my communication with you, I have always adhered to the
strict line of fact.  There has never been the least departure from
the strict line of fact.  You are quite aware of that?"

"Quite, sir."

"I communicated to Magwitch--in New South Wales--when he first
wrote to me--from New South Wales--the caution that he must not
expect me ever to deviate from the strict line of fact.  I also
communicated to him another caution.  He appeared to me to have
obscurely hinted in his letter at some distant idea he had of
seeing you in England here.  I cautioned him that I must hear no
more of that; that he was not at all likely to obtain a pardon;
that he was expatriated for the term of his natural life; and that
his presenting himself in this country would be an act of felony,
rendering him liable to the extreme penalty of the law.  I gave
Magwitch that caution," said Mr. Jaggers, looking hard at me; "I
wrote it to New South Wales.  He guided himself by it, no doubt."

"No doubt," said I.

"I have been informed by Wemmick," pursued Mr. Jaggers, still
looking hard at me, "that he has received a letter, under date
Portsmouth, from a colonist of the name of Purvis, or--"

"Or Provis," I suggested.

"Or Provis--thank you, Pip.  Perhaps it is Provis?  Perhaps you know
it's Provis?"

"Yes," said I.

"You know it's Provis.  A letter, under date Portsmouth, from a
colonist of the name of Provis, asking for the particulars of your
address, on behalf of Magwitch.  Wemmick sent him the particulars, I
understand, by return of post.  Probably it is through Provis that
you have received the explanation of Magwitch--in New South

"It came through Provis," I replied.

"Good day, Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, offering his hand; "glad to have
seen you.  In writing by post to Magwitch--in New South Wales--or
in communicating with him through Provis, have the goodness to
mention that the particulars and vouchers of our long account shall
be sent to you, together with the balance; for there is still a
balance remaining.  Good day, Pip!"

We shook hands, and he looked hard at me as long as he could see
me.  I turned at the door, and he was still looking hard at me,
while the two vile casts on the shelf seemed to be trying to get
their eyelids open, and to force out of their swollen throats, "O,
what a man he is!"

Wemmick was out, and though he had been at his desk he could have
done nothing for me.  I went straight back to the Temple, where I
found the terrible Provis drinking rum and water and smoking
negro-head, in safety.

Next day the clothes I had ordered all came home, and he put them
on.  Whatever he put on, became him less (it dismally seemed to me)
than what he had worn before.  To my thinking, there was something
in him that made it hopeless to attempt to disguise him.  The more I
dressed him and the better I dressed him, the more he looked like
the slouching fugitive on the marshes.  This effect on my anxious
fancy was partly referable, no doubt, to his old face and manner
growing more familiar to me; but I believe too that he dragged one
of his legs as if there were still a weight of iron on it, and that
from head to foot there was Convict in the very grain of the man.

The influences of his solitary hut-life were upon him besides, and
gave him a savage air that no dress could tame; added to these
were the influences of his subsequent branded life among men, and,
crowning all, his consciousness that he was dodging and hiding now.
In all his ways of sitting and standing, and eating and drinking,--
of brooding about in a high-shouldered reluctant style,--of taking
out his great horn-handled jackknife and wiping it on his legs and
cutting his food,--of lifting light glasses and cups to his lips,
as if they were clumsy pannikins,--of chopping a wedge off his
bread, and soaking up with it the last fragments of gravy round and
round his plate, as if to make the most of an allowance, and then
drying his finger-ends on it, and then swallowing it,--in these
ways and a thousand other small nameless instances arising every
minute in the day, there was Prisoner, Felon, Bondsman, plain as
plain could be.

It had been his own idea to wear that touch of powder, and I had
conceded the powder after overcoming the shorts.  But I can compare
the effect of it, when on, to nothing but the probable effect of
rouge upon the dead; so awful was the manner in which everything in
him that it was most desirable to repress, started through that
thin layer of pretence, and seemed to come blazing out at the crown
of his head.  It was abandoned as soon as tried, and he wore his
grizzled hair cut short.

Words cannot tell what a sense I had, at the same time, of the
dreadful mystery that he was to me.  When he fell asleep of an
evening, with his knotted hands clenching the sides of the
easy-chair, and his bald head tattooed with deep wrinkles falling
forward on his breast, I would sit and look at him, wondering what
he had done, and loading him with all the crimes in the Calendar,
until the impulse was powerful on me to start up and fly from him.
Every hour so increased my abhorrence of him, that I even think I
might have yielded to this impulse in the first agonies of being so
haunted, notwithstanding all he had done for me and the risk he
ran, but for the knowledge that Herbert must soon come back.  Once,
I actually did start out of bed in the night, and begin to dress
myself in my worst clothes, hurriedly intending to leave him there
with everything else I possessed, and enlist for India as a private

I doubt if a ghost could have been more terrible to me, up in those
lonely rooms in the long evenings and long nights, with the wind
and the rain always rushing by.  A ghost could not have been taken
and hanged on my account, and the consideration that he could be,
and the dread that he would be, were no small addition to my
horrors.  When he was not asleep, or playing a complicated kind of
Patience with a ragged pack of cards of his own,--a game that I
never saw before or since, and in which he recorded his winnings by
sticking his jackknife into the table,--when he was not engaged in
either of these pursuits, he would ask me to read to him,--"Foreign
language, dear boy!"  While I complied, he, not comprehending a
single word, would stand before the fire surveying me with the air
of an Exhibitor, and I would see him, between the fingers of the
hand with which I shaded my face, appealing in dumb show to the
furniture to take notice of my proficiency.  The imaginary student
pursued by the misshapen creature he had impiously made, was not
more wretched than I, pursued by the creature who had made me, and
recoiling from him with a stronger repulsion, the more he admired
me and the fonder he was of me.

This is written of, I am sensible, as if it had lasted a year.  It
lasted about five days.  Expecting Herbert all the time, I dared not
go out, except when I took Provis for an airing after dark.  At
length, one evening when dinner was over and I had dropped into a
slumber quite worn out,--for my nights had been agitated and my
rest broken by fearful dreams,--I was roused by the welcome
footstep on the staircase.  Provis, who had been asleep too,
staggered up at the noise I made, and in an instant I saw his
jackknife shining in his hand.

"Quiet!  It's Herbert!" I said; and Herbert came bursting in, with
the airy freshness of six hundred miles of France upon him.

"Handel, my dear fellow, how are you, and again how are you, and
again how are you?  I seem to have been gone a twelvemonth!  Why, so I
must have been, for you have grown quite thin and pale!  Handel, my--
Halloa!  I beg your pardon."

He was stopped in his running on and in his shaking hands with me,
by seeing Provis.  Provis, regarding him with a fixed attention, was
slowly putting up his jackknife, and groping in another pocket for
something else.

"Herbert, my dear friend," said I, shutting the double doors, while
Herbert stood staring and wondering, "something very strange has
happened.  This is--a visitor of mine."

"It's all right, dear boy!" said Provis coming forward, with his
little clasped black book, and then addressing himself to Herbert.
"Take it in your right hand.  Lord strike you dead on the spot, if
ever you split in any way sumever!  Kiss it!"

"Do so, as he wishes it," I said to Herbert.  So, Herbert, looking
at me with a friendly uneasiness and amazement, complied, and
Provis immediately shaking hands with him, said, "Now you're on
your oath, you know.  And never believe me on mine, if Pip shan't
make a gentleman on you!"

Chapter XLI

In vain should I attempt to describe the astonishment and disquiet
of Herbert, when he and I and Provis sat down before the fire, and
I recounted the whole of the secret.  Enough, that I saw my own
feelings reflected in Herbert's face, and not least among them, my
repugnance towards the man who had done so much for me.

What would alone have set a division between that man and us, if
there had been no other dividing circumstance, was his triumph in
my story.  Saving his troublesome sense of having been "low' on one
occasion since his return,--on which point he began to hold forth
to Herbert, the moment my revelation was finished,--he had no
perception of the possibility of my finding any fault with my good
fortune.  His boast that he had made me a gentleman, and that he had
come to see me support the character on his ample resources, was
made for me quite as much as for himself.  And that it was a highly
agreeable boast to both of us, and that we must both be very proud
of it, was a conclusion quite established in his own mind.

"Though, look'ee here, Pip's comrade," he said to Herbert, after
having discoursed for some time, "I know very well that once since
I come back--for half a minute--I've been low.  I said to Pip, I
knowed as I had been low.  But don't you fret yourself on that
score.  I ain't made Pip a gentleman, and Pip ain't a going to make
you a gentleman, not fur me not to know what's due to ye both.  Dear
boy, and Pip's comrade, you two may count upon me always having a
gen-teel muzzle on.  Muzzled I have been since that half a minute
when I was betrayed into lowness, muzzled I am at the present time,
muzzled I ever will be."

Herbert said, "Certainly," but looked as if there were no specific
consolation in this, and remained perplexed and dismayed.  We were
anxious for the time when he would go to his lodging and leave us
together, but he was evidently jealous of leaving us together, and
sat late.  It was midnight before I took him round to Essex Street,
and saw him safely in at his own dark door.  When it closed upon
him, I experienced the first moment of relief I had known since the
night of his arrival.

Never quite free from an uneasy remembrance of the man on the
stairs, I had always looked about me in taking my guest out after
dark, and in bringing him back; and I looked about me now.
Difficult as it is in a large city to avoid the suspicion of being
watched, when the mind is conscious of danger in that regard, I
could not persuade myself that any of the people within sight cared
about my movements.  The few who were passing passed on their
several ways, and the street was empty when I turned back into the
Temple.  Nobody had come out at the gate with us, nobody went in at
the gate with me.  As I crossed by the fountain, I saw his lighted
back windows looking bright and quiet, and, when I stood for a few
moments in the doorway of the building where I lived, before going
up the stairs, Garden Court was as still and lifeless as the
staircase was when I ascended it.

Herbert received me with open arms, and I had never felt before so
blessedly what it is to have a friend.  When he had spoken some
sound words of sympathy and encouragement, we sat down to consider
the question, What was to be done?

The chair that Provis had occupied still remaining where it had
Stood,--for he had a barrack way with him of hanging about one
spot, in one unsettled manner, and going through one round of
observances with his pipe and his negro-head and his jackknife and
his pack of cards, and what not, as if it were all put down for him
on a slate,--I say his chair remaining where it had stood, Herbert
unconsciously took it, but next moment started out of it, pushed it
away, and took another.  He had no occasion to say after that that
he had conceived an aversion for my patron, neither had I occasion
to confess my own.  We interchanged that confidence without shaping
a syllable.

"What," said I to Herbert, when he was safe in another chair,--"what
is to be done?"

"My poor dear Handel," he replied, holding his head, "I am too
stunned to think."

"So was I, Herbert, when the blow first fell.  Still, something must
be done.  He is intent upon various new expenses,--horses, and
carriages, and lavish appearances of all kinds.  He must be stopped

"You mean that you can't accept--"

"How can I?" I interposed, as Herbert paused.  "Think of him!  Look at

An involuntary shudder passed over both of us.

"Yet I am afraid the dreadful truth is, Herbert, that he is
attached to me, strongly attached to me.  Was there ever such a

"My poor dear Handel," Herbert repeated.

"Then," said I, "after all, stopping short here, never taking
another penny from him, think what I owe him already!  Then again:  I
am heavily in debt,--very heavily for me, who have now no
expectations,--and I have been bred to no calling, and I am fit for

"Well, well, well!" Herbert remonstrated.  "Don't say fit for

"What am I fit for?  I know only one thing that I am fit for, and
that is, to go for a soldier.  And I might have gone, my dear
Herbert, but for the prospect of taking counsel with your
friendship and affection."

Of course I broke down there:  and of course Herbert, beyond seizing
a warm grip of my hand, pretended not to know it.

"Anyhow, my dear Handel," said he presently, "soldiering won't do.
If you were to renounce this patronage and these favors, I suppose
you would do so with some faint hope of one day repaying what you
have already had.  Not very strong, that hope, if you went
soldiering!  Besides, it's absurd.  You would be infinitely better in
Clarriker's house, small as it is.  I am working up towards a
partnership, you know."

Poor fellow!  He little suspected with whose money.

"But there is another question," said Herbert.  "This is an ignorant,
determined man, who has long had one fixed idea.  More than that, he
seems to me (I may misjudge him) to be a man of a desperate and
fierce character."

"I know he is," I returned.  "Let me tell you what evidence I have
seen of it."  And I told him what I had not mentioned in my
narrative, of that encounter with the other convict.

"See, then," said Herbert; "think of this!  He comes here at the
peril of his life, for the realization of his fixed idea.  In the
moment of realization, after all his toil and waiting, you cut the
ground from under his feet, destroy his idea, and make his gains
worthless to him.  Do you see nothing that he might do, under the

"I have seen it, Herbert, and dreamed of it, ever since the fatal
night of his arrival.  Nothing has been in my thoughts so
distinctly as his putting himself in the way of being taken."

"Then you may rely upon it," said Herbert, "that there would be
great danger of his doing it.  That is his power over you as long as
he remains in England, and that would be his reckless course if you
forsook him."

I was so struck by the horror of this idea, which had weighed upon
me from the first, and the working out of which would make me
regard myself, in some sort, as his murderer, that I could not rest
in my chair, but began pacing to and fro.  I said to Herbert,
meanwhile, that even if Provis were recognized and taken, in spite
of himself, I should be wretched as the cause, however innocently.
Yes; even though I was so wretched in having him at large and near
me, and even though I would far rather have worked at the forge
all the days of my life than I would ever have come to this!

But there was no staving off the question, What was to be done?

"The first and the main thing to be done," said Herbert, "is to get
him out of England.  You will have to go with him, and then he may
be induced to go."

"But get him where I will, could I prevent his coming back?"

"My good Handel, is it not obvious that with Newgate in the next
street, there must be far greater hazard in your breaking your mind
to him and making him reckless, here, than elsewhere.  If a pretext
to get him away could be made out of that other convict, or out of
anything else in his life, now."

"There, again!" said I, stopping before Herbert, with my open hands
held out, as if they contained the desperation of the case.  "I know
nothing of his life.  It has almost made me mad to sit here of a
night and see him before me, so bound up with my fortunes and
misfortunes, and yet so unknown to me, except as the miserable
wretch who terrified me two days in my childhood!"

Herbert got up, and linked his arm in mine, and we slowly walked to
and fro together, studying the carpet.

"Handel," said Herbert, stopping, "you feel convinced that you can
take no further benefits from him; do you?"

"Fully.  Surely you would, too, if you were in my place?"

"And you feel convinced that you must break with him?"

"Herbert, can you ask me?"

"And you have, and are bound to have, that tenderness for the life
he has risked on your account, that you must save him, if possible,
from throwing it away.  Then you must get him out of England before
you stir a finger to extricate yourself.  That done, extricate
yourself, in Heaven's name, and we'll see it out together, dear old

It was a comfort to shake hands upon it, and walk up and down
again, with only that done.

"Now, Herbert," said I, "with reference to gaining some knowledge
of his history.  There is but one way that I know of.  I must ask him
point blank."

"Yes.  Ask him," said Herbert, "when we sit at breakfast in the
morning."  For he had said, on taking leave of Herbert, that he
would come to breakfast with us.

With this project formed, we went to bed.  I had the wildest dreams
concerning him, and woke unrefreshed; I woke, too, to recover the
fear which I had lost in the night, of his being found out as a
returned transport.  Waking, I never lost that fear.

He came round at the appointed time, took out his jackknife, and
sat down to his meal.  He was full of plans "for his gentleman's
coming out strong, and like a gentleman," and urged me to begin
speedily upon the pocket-book which he had left in my possession.
He considered the chambers and his own lodging as temporary
residences, and advised me to look out at once for a "fashionable
crib" near Hyde Park, in which he could have "a shake-down."  When
he had made an end of his breakfast, and was wiping his knife on
his leg, I said to him, without a word of preface,--

"After you were gone last night, I told my friend of the struggle
that the soldiers found you engaged in on the marshes, when we came
up.  You remember?"

"Remember!" said he.  "I think so!"

"We want to know something about that man--and about you.  It is
strange to know no more about either, and particularly you, than I
was able to tell last night.  Is not this as good a time as another
for our knowing more?"

"Well!" he said, after consideration.  "You're on your oath, you
know, Pip's comrade?"

"Assuredly," replied Herbert.

"As to anything I say, you know," he insisted.  "The oath applies to

"I understand it to do so."

"And look'ee here!  Wotever I done is worked out and paid for," he
insisted again.

"So be it."

He took out his black pipe and was going to fill it with negro-head,
when, looking at the tangle of tobacco in his hand, he seemed to
think it might perplex the thread of his narrative.  He put it back
again, stuck his pipe in a button-hole of his coat, spread a hand
on each knee, and after turning an angry eye on the fire for a few
silent moments, looked round at us and said what follows.

Chapter XLII

"Dear boy and Pip's comrade.  I am not a going fur to tell you my
life like a song, or a story-book.  But to give it you short and
handy, I'll put it at once into a mouthful of English.  In jail and
out of jail, in jail and out of jail, in jail and out of jail.
There, you've got it.  That's my life pretty much, down to such times
as I got shipped off, arter Pip stood my friend.

"I've been done everything to, pretty well--except hanged.  I've
been locked up as much as a silver tea-kittle.  I've been carted
here and carted there, and put out of this town, and put out of that
town, and stuck in the stocks, and whipped and worried and drove.
I've no more notion where I was born than you have--if so much.  I
first become aware of myself down in Essex, a thieving turnips for
my living.  Summun had run away from me--a man--a tinker--and
he'd took the fire with him, and left me wery cold.

"I know'd my name to be Magwitch, chrisen'd Abel.  How did I know
it?  Much as I know'd the birds' names in the hedges to be
chaffinch, sparrer, thrush.  I might have thought it was all lies
together, only as the birds' names come out true, I supposed mine

"So fur as I could find, there warn't a soul that see young Abel
Magwitch, with us little on him as in him, but wot caught fright at
him, and either drove him off, or took him up.  I was took up, took
up, took up, to that extent that I reg'larly grow'd up took up.

"This is the way it was, that when I was a ragged little creetur as
much to be pitied as ever I see (not that I looked in the glass,
for there warn't many insides of furnished houses known to me), I
got the name of being hardened.  "This is a terrible hardened one,"
they says to prison wisitors, picking out me.  "May be said to live
in jails, this boy.  "Then they looked at me, and I looked at them,
and they measured my head, some on 'em,--they had better a measured
my stomach,--and others on 'em giv me tracts what I couldn't read,
and made me speeches what I couldn't understand.  They always went
on agen me about the Devil.  But what the Devil was I to do?  I must
put something into my stomach, mustn't I?--Howsomever, I'm a
getting low, and I know what's due.  Dear boy and Pip's comrade,
don't you be afeerd of me being low.

"Tramping, begging, thieving, working sometimes when I could,--
though that warn't as often as you may think, till you put the
question whether you would ha' been over-ready to give me work
yourselves,--a bit of a poacher, a bit of a laborer, a bit of a
wagoner, a bit of a haymaker, a bit of a hawker, a bit of most
things that don't pay and lead to trouble, I got to be a man.  A
deserting soldier in a Traveller's Rest, what lay hid up to the
chin under a lot of taturs, learnt me to read; and a travelling
Giant what signed his name at a penny a time learnt me to write.  I
warn't locked up as often now as formerly, but I wore out my good
share of key-metal still.

"At Epsom races, a matter of over twenty years ago, I got
acquainted wi' a man whose skull I'd crack wi' this poker, like the
claw of a lobster, if I'd got it on this hob.  His right name was
Compeyson; and that's the man, dear boy, what you see me a pounding
in the ditch, according to what you truly told your comrade arter I
was gone last night.

"He set up fur a gentleman, this Compeyson, and he'd been to a
public boarding-school and had learning.  He was a smooth one to
talk, and was a dab at the ways of gentlefolks.  He was 
good-looking too.  It was the night afore the great race, when I
found him on the heath, in a booth that I know'd on.  Him and some
more was a sitting among the tables when I went in, and the
landlord (which had a knowledge of me, and was a sporting one)
called him out, and said, 'I think this is a man that might suit
you,'--meaning I was.

"Compeyson, he looks at me very noticing, and I look at him.  He has
a watch and a chain and a ring and a breast-pin and a handsome suit
of clothes.

"'To judge from appearances, you're out of luck,' says Compeyson to

"'Yes, master, and I've never been in it much.'  (I had come out of
Kingston Jail last on a vagrancy committal.  Not but what it might
have been for something else; but it warn't.)

"'Luck changes,' says Compeyson; 'perhaps yours is going to change.'

"I says, 'I hope it may be so.  There's room.'

"'What can you do?' says Compeyson.

"'Eat and drink,' I says; 'if you'll find the materials.'

"Compeyson laughed, looked at me again very noticing, giv me five
shillings, and appointed me for next night.  Same place.

"I went to Compeyson next night, same place, and Compeyson took me
on to be his man and pardner.  And what was Compeyson's business in
which we was to go pardners?  Compeyson's business was the
swindling, handwriting forging, stolen bank-note passing, and
such-like.  All sorts of traps as Compeyson could set with his head,
and keep his own legs out of and get the profits from and let
another man in for, was Compeyson's business.  He'd no more heart
than a iron file, he was as cold as death, and he had the head of
the Devil afore mentioned.

"There was another in with Compeyson, as was called Arthur,--not as
being so chrisen'd, but as a surname.  He was in a Decline, and was
a shadow to look at.  Him and Compeyson had been in a bad thing with
a rich lady some years afore, and they'd made a pot of money by it;
but Compeyson betted and gamed, and he'd have run through the
king's taxes.  So, Arthur was a dying, and a dying poor and with the
horrors on him, and Compeyson's wife (which Compeyson kicked
mostly) was a having pity on him when she could, and Compeyson was
a having pity on nothing and nobody.

"I might a took warning by Arthur, but I didn't; and I won't
pretend I was partick'ler--for where 'ud be the good on it, dear
boy and comrade?  So I begun wi' Compeyson, and a poor tool I was in
his hands.  Arthur lived at the top of Compeyson's house (over nigh
Brentford it was), and Compeyson kept a careful account agen him
for board and lodging, in case he should ever get better to work it
out.  But Arthur soon settled the account.  The second or third time
as ever I see him, he come a tearing down into Compeyson's parlor
late at night, in only a flannel gown, with his hair all in a
sweat, and he says to Compeyson's wife, 'Sally, she really is
upstairs alonger me, now, and I can't get rid of her.  She's all in
white,' he says, 'wi' white flowers in her hair, and she's awful
mad, and she's got a shroud hanging over her arm, and she says
she'll put it on me at five in the morning.'

"Says Compeyson:  'Why, you fool, don't you know she's got a living
body?  And how should she be up there, without coming through the
door, or in at the window, and up the stairs?'

"'I don't know how she's there,' says Arthur, shivering dreadful
with the horrors, 'but she's standing in the corner at the foot of
the bed, awful mad.  And over where her heart's broke--you broke
it!--there's drops of blood.'

"Compeyson spoke hardy, but he was always a coward.  'Go up alonger
this drivelling sick man,' he says to his wife, 'and Magwitch, lend
her a hand, will you?'  But he never come nigh himself.

"Compeyson's wife and me took him up to bed agen, and he raved most
dreadful.  'Why look at her!' he cries out.  'She's a shaking the
shroud at me!  Don't you see her?  Look at her eyes!  Ain't it awful to
see her so mad?'  Next he cries, 'She'll put it on me, and then I'm
done for!  Take it away from her, take it away!'  And then he catched
hold of us, and kep on a talking to her, and answering of her, till
I half believed I see her myself.

"Compeyson's wife, being used to him, giv him some liquor to get
the horrors off, and by and by he quieted.  'O, she's gone!  Has her
keeper been for her?' he says.  'Yes,' says Compeyson's wife.  'Did
you tell him to lock her and bar her in?' 'Yes.'  'And to take that
ugly thing away from her?' 'Yes, yes, all right.' 'You're a good
creetur,' he says, 'don't leave me, whatever you do, and thank

"He rested pretty quiet till it might want a few minutes of five,
and then he starts up with a scream, and screams out, 'Here she
is!  She's got the shroud again.  She's unfolding it.  She's coming out
of the corner.  She's coming to the bed.  Hold me, both on you--one
of each side--don't let her touch me with it.  Hah! she missed me
that time.  Don't let her throw it over my shoulders.  Don't let her
lift me up to get it round me.  She's lifting me up.  Keep me down!'
Then he lifted himself up hard, and was dead.

"Compeyson took it easy as a good riddance for both sides.  Him and
me was soon busy, and first he swore me (being ever artful) on my
own book,--this here little black book, dear boy, what I swore your
comrade on.

"Not to go into the things that Compeyson planned, and I done--
which 'ud take a week--I'll simply say to you, dear boy, and Pip's
comrade, that that man got me into such nets as made me his black
slave.  I was always in debt to him, always under his thumb, always
a working, always a getting into danger.  He was younger than me,
but he'd got craft, and he'd got learning, and he overmatched me
five hundred times told and no mercy.  My Missis as I had the hard
time wi'--Stop though!  I ain't brought her in--"

He looked about him in a confused way, as if he had lost his place
in the book of his remembrance; and he turned his face to the fire,
and spread his hands broader on his knees, and lifted them off and
put them on again.

"There ain't no need to go into it," he said, looking round once
more.  "The time wi' Compeyson was a'most as hard a time as ever I
had; that said, all's said.  Did I tell you as I was tried, alone,
for misdemeanor, while with Compeyson?"

I answered, No.

"Well!" he said, "I was, and got convicted.  As to took up on
suspicion, that was twice or three times in the four or five year
that it lasted; but evidence was wanting.  At last, me and Compeyson
was both committed for felony,--on a charge of putting stolen notes
in circulation,--and there was other charges behind.  Compeyson says
to me, 'Separate defences, no communication,' and that was all.  And
I was so miserable poor, that I sold all the clothes I had, except
what hung on my back, afore I could get Jaggers.

"When we was put in the dock, I noticed first of all what a
gentleman Compeyson looked, wi' his curly hair and his black
clothes and his white pocket-handkercher, and what a common sort of
a wretch I looked.  When the prosecution opened and the evidence was
put short, aforehand, I noticed how heavy it all bore on me, and
how light on him.  When the evidence was giv in the box, I noticed
how it was always me that had come for'ard, and could be swore to,
how it was always me that the money had been paid to, how it was
always me that had seemed to work the thing and get the profit.
But when the defence come on, then I see the plan plainer; for,
says the counsellor for Compeyson, 'My lord and gentlemen, here you
has afore you, side by side, two persons as your eyes can separate
wide; one, the younger, well brought up, who will be spoke to as
such; one, the elder, ill brought up, who will be spoke to as such;
one, the younger, seldom if ever seen in these here transactions,
and only suspected; t'other, the elder, always seen in 'em and
always wi'his guilt brought home.  Can you doubt, if there is but
one in it, which is the one, and, if there is two in it, which is
much the worst one?'  And such-like.  And when it come to character,
warn't it Compeyson as had been to the school, and warn't it his
schoolfellows as was in this position and in that, and warn't it
him as had been know'd by witnesses in such clubs and societies,
and nowt to his disadvantage?  And warn't it me as had been tried
afore, and as had been know'd up hill and down dale in Bridewells
and Lock-Ups!  And when it come to speech-making, warn't it
Compeyson as could speak to 'em wi' his face dropping every now and
then into his white pocket-handkercher,--ah! and wi' verses in his
speech, too,--and warn't it me as could only say, 'Gentlemen, this
man at my side is a most precious rascal'?  And when the verdict
come, warn't it Compeyson as was recommended to mercy on account of
good character and bad company, and giving up all the information
he could agen me, and warn't it me as got never a word but Guilty?
And when I says to Compeyson, 'Once out of this court, I'll smash
that face of yourn!' ain't it Compeyson as prays the Judge to be
protected, and gets two turnkeys stood betwixt us?  And when we're
sentenced, ain't it him as gets seven year, and me fourteen, and
ain't it him as the Judge is sorry for, because he might a done so
well, and ain't it me as the Judge perceives to be a old offender
of wiolent passion, likely to come to worse?"

He had worked himself into a state of great excitement, but he
checked it, took two or three short breaths, swallowed as often,
and stretching out his hand towards me said, in a reassuring
manner, "I ain't a going to be low, dear boy!"

He had so heated himself that he took out his handkerchief and
wiped his face and head and neck and hands, before he could go on.

"I had said to Compeyson that I'd smash that face of his, and I
swore Lord smash mine! to do it.  We was in the same prison-ship,
but I couldn't get at him for long, though I tried.  At last I come
behind him and hit him on the cheek to turn him round and get a
smashing one at him, when I was seen and seized.  The black-hole of
that ship warn't a strong one, to a judge of black-holes that could
swim and dive.  I escaped to the shore, and I was a hiding among the
graves there, envying them as was in 'em and all over, when I first
see my boy!"

He regarded me with a look of affection that made him almost
abhorrent to me again, though I had felt great pity for him.

"By my boy, I was giv to understand as Compeyson was out on them
marshes too.  Upon my soul, I half believe he escaped in his terror,
to get quit of me, not knowing it was me as had got ashore.  I
hunted him down.  I smashed his face.  'And now,' says I 'as the
worst thing I can do, caring nothing for myself, I'll drag you
back.'  And I'd have swum off, towing him by the hair, if it had
come to that, and I'd a got him aboard without the soldiers.

"Of course he'd much the best of it to the last,--his character was
so good.  He had escaped when he was made half wild by me and my
murderous intentions; and his punishment was light.  I was put in
irons, brought to trial again, and sent for life.  I didn't stop for
life, dear boy and Pip's comrade, being here."

"He wiped himself again, as he had done before, and then slowly
took his tangle of tobacco from his pocket, and plucked his pipe
from his button-hole, and slowly filled it, and began to smoke.

"Is he dead?" I asked, after a silence.

"Is who dead, dear boy?"


"He hopes I am, if he's alive, you may be sure," with a fierce
look.  "I never heerd no more of him."

Herbert had been writing with his pencil in the cover of a book.  He
softly pushed the book over to me, as Provis stood smoking with his
eyes on the fire, and I read in it:--

"Young Havisham's name was Arthur.  Compeyson is the man who
professed to be Miss Havisham's lover."

I shut the book and nodded slightly to Herbert, and put the book
by; but we neither of us said anything, and both looked at Provis
as he stood smoking by the fire.

Chapter XLIII

Why should I pause to ask how much of my shrinking from Provis
might be traced to Estella?  Why should I loiter on my road, to
compare the state of mind in which I had tried to rid myself of the
stain of the prison before meeting her at the coach-office, with
the state of mind in which I now reflected on the abyss between
Estella in her pride and beauty, and the returned transport whom I
harbored?  The road would be none the smoother for it, the end
would be none the better for it, he would not be helped, nor I

A new fear had been engendered in my mind by his narrative; or
rather, his narrative had given form and purpose to the fear that
was already there.  If Compeyson were alive and should discover his
return, I could hardly doubt the consequence.  That, Compeyson stood
in mortal fear of him, neither of the two could know much better
than I; and that any such man as that man had been described to
be would hesitate to release himself for good from a dreaded enemy
by the safe means of becoming an informer was scarcely to be

Never had I breathed, and never would I breathe--or so I resolved
--a word of Estella to Provis.  But, I said to Herbert that, before I
could go abroad, I must see both Estella and Miss Havisham.  This
was when we were left alone on the night of the day when Provis
told us his story.  I resolved to go out to Richmond next day, and I

On my presenting myself at Mrs. Brandley's, Estella's maid was
called to tell that Estella had gone into the country.  Where?  To
Satis House, as usual.  Not as usual, I said, for she had never yet
gone there without me; when was she coming back?  There was an air
of reservation in the answer which increased my perplexity, and the
answer was, that her maid believed she was only coming back at all
for a little while.  I could make nothing of this, except that it
was meant that I should make nothing of it, and I went home again
in complete discomfiture.

Another night consultation with Herbert after Provis was gone home
(I always took him home, and always looked well about me), led us
to the conclusion that nothing should be said about going abroad
until I came back from Miss Havisham's.  In the mean time, Herbert
and I were to consider separately what it would be best to say;
whether we should devise any pretence of being afraid that he was
under suspicious observation; or whether I, who had never yet been
abroad, should propose an expedition.  We both knew that I had but
to propose anything, and he would consent.  We agreed that his
remaining many days in his present hazard was not to be thought of.

Next day I had the meanness to feign that I was under a binding
promise to go down to Joe; but I was capable of almost any meanness
towards Joe or his name.  Provis was to be strictly careful while I
was gone, and Herbert was to take the charge of him that I had
taken.  I was to be absent only one night, and, on my return, the
gratification of his impatience for my starting as a gentleman on a
greater scale was to be begun.  It occurred to me then, and as I
afterwards found to Herbert also, that he might be best got away
across the water, on that pretence,--as, to make purchases, or the

Having thus cleared the way for my expedition to Miss Havisham's, I
set off by the early morning coach before it was yet light, and was
out on the open country road when the day came creeping on, halting
and whimpering and shivering, and wrapped in patches of cloud and
rags of mist, like a beggar.  When we drove up to the Blue Boar
after a drizzly ride, whom should I see come out under the gateway,
toothpick in hand, to look at the coach, but Bentley Drummle!

As he pretended not to see me, I pretended not to see him.  It was a
very lame pretence on both sides; the lamer, because we both went
into the coffee-room, where he had just finished his breakfast, and
where I ordered mine.  It was poisonous to me to see him in the
town, for I very well knew why he had come there.

Pretending to read a smeary newspaper long out of date, which had
nothing half so legible in its local news, as the foreign matter of
coffee, pickles, fish sauces, gravy, melted butter, and wine with
which it was sprinkled all over, as if it had taken the measles in
a highly irregular form, I sat at my table while he stood before
the fire.  By degrees it became an enormous injury to me that he
stood before the fire.  And I got up, determined to have my share of
it.  I had to put my hand behind his legs for the poker when I went
up to the fireplace to stir the fire, but still pretended not to
know him.

"Is this a cut?" said Mr. Drummle.

"Oh!" said I, poker in hand; "it's you, is it?  How do you do?  I was
wondering who it was, who kept the fire off."

With that, I poked tremendously, and having done so, planted myself
side by side with Mr. Drummle, my shoulders squared and my back to
the fire.

"You have just come down?" said Mr. Drummle, edging me a little away
with his shoulder.

"Yes," said I, edging him a little away with my shoulder.

"Beastly place," said Drummle.  "Your part of the country, I

"Yes," I assented.  "I am told it's very like your Shropshire."

"Not in the least like it," said Drummle.

Here Mr. Drummle looked at his boots and I looked at mine, and then
Mr. Drummle looked at my boots, and I looked at his.

"Have you been here long?" I asked, determined not to yield an inch
of the fire.

"Long enough to be tired of it," returned Drummle, pretending to
yawn, but equally determined.

"Do you stay here long?"

"Can't say," answered Mr. Drummle.  "Do you?"

"Can't say," said I.

I felt here, through a tingling in my blood, that if Mr. Drummle's
shoulder had claimed another hair's breadth of room, I should have
jerked him into the window; equally, that if my own shoulder had
urged a similar claim, Mr. Drummle would have jerked me into the
nearest box.  He whistled a little.  So did I.

"Large tract of marshes about here, I believe?" said Drummle.

"Yes.  What of that?" said I.

Mr. Drummle looked at me, and then at my boots, and then said, "Oh!"
and laughed.

"Are you amused, Mr. Drummle?"

"No," said he, "not particularly.  I am going out for a ride in the
saddle.  I mean to explore those marshes for amusement.
Out-of-the-way villages there, they tell me.  Curious little
public-houses--and smithies--and that.  Waiter!"

"Yes, sir."

"Is that horse of mine ready?"

"Brought round to the door, sir."

"I say.  Look here, you sir.  The lady won't ride to-day; the weather
won't do."

"Very good, sir."

"And I don't dine, because I'm going to dine at the lady's."

"Very good, sir."

Then, Drummle glanced at me, with an insolent triumph on his
great-jowled face that cut me to the heart, dull as he was, and so
exasperated me, that I felt inclined to take him in my arms (as the
robber in the story-book is said to have taken the old lady) and
seat him on the fire.

One thing was manifest to both of us, and that was, that until
relief came, neither of us could relinquish the fire.  There we
stood, well squared up before it, shoulder to shoulder and foot to
foot, with our hands behind us, not budging an inch.  The horse was
visible outside in the drizzle at the door, my breakfast was put on
the table, Drummle's was cleared away, the waiter invited me to
begin, I nodded, we both stood our ground.

"Have you been to the Grove since?" said Drummle.

"No," said I, "I had quite enough of the Finches the last time I
was there."

"Was that when we had a difference of opinion?"

"Yes," I replied, very shortly.

"Come, come!  They let you off easily enough," sneered Drummle.  "You
shouldn't have lost your temper."

"Mr. Drummle," said I, "you are not competent to give advice on that
subject.  When I lose my temper (not that I admit having done so on
that occasion), I don't throw glasses."

"I do," said Drummle.

After glancing at him once or twice, in an increased state of
smouldering ferocity, I said,--

"Mr. Drummle, I did not seek this conversation, and I don't think it
an agreeable one."

"I am sure it's not," said he, superciliously over his shoulder; "I
don't think anything about it."

"And therefore," I went on, "with your leave, I will suggest that
we hold no kind of communication in future."

"Quite my opinion," said Drummle, "and what I should have suggested
myself, or done--more likely--without suggesting.  But don't lose
your temper.  Haven't you lost enough without that?"

"What do you mean, sir?"

"Waiter!," said Drummle, by way of answering me.

The waiter reappeared.

"Look here, you sir.  You quite understand that the young lady don't
ride to-day, and that I dine at the young lady's?"

"Quite so, sir!"

When the waiter had felt my fast-cooling teapot with the palm of
his hand, and had looked imploringly at me, and had gone out,
Drummle, careful not to move the shoulder next me, took a cigar
from his pocket and bit the end off, but showed no sign of
stirring.  Choking and boiling as I was, I felt that we could not go
a word further, without introducing Estella's name, which I could
not endure to hear him utter; and therefore I looked stonily at the
opposite wall, as if there were no one present, and forced myself
to silence.  How long we might have remained in this ridiculous
position it is impossible to say, but for the incursion of three
thriving farmers--laid on by the waiter, I think--who came into
the coffee-room unbuttoning their great-coats and rubbing their
hands, and before whom, as they charged at the fire, we were
obliged to give way.

I saw him through the window, seizing his horse's mane, and
mounting in his blundering brutal manner, and sidling and backing
away.  I thought he was gone, when he came back, calling for a light
for the cigar in his mouth, which he had forgotten.  A man in a
dust-colored dress appeared with what was wanted,--I could not have
said from where:  whether from the inn yard, or the street, or where
not,--and as Drummle leaned down from the saddle and lighted his
cigar and laughed, with a jerk of his head towards the coffee-room
windows, the slouching shoulders and ragged hair of this man whose
back was towards me reminded me of Orlick.

Too heavily out of sorts to care much at the time whether it were
he or no, or after all to touch the breakfast, I washed the weather
and the journey from my face and hands, and went out to the
memorable old house that it would have been so much the better for
me never to have entered, never to have seen.

Chapter XLIV

In the room where the dressing-table stood, and where the wax-
candles burnt on the wall, I found Miss Havisham and Estella; Miss
Havisham seated on a settee near the fire, and Estella on a cushion
at her feet.  Estella was knitting, and Miss Havisham was looking
on.  They both raised their eyes as I went in, and both saw an
alteration in me.  I derived that, from the look they interchanged.

"And what wind," said Miss Havisham, "blows you here, Pip?"

Though she looked steadily at me, I saw that she was rather
confused.  Estella, pausing a moment in her knitting with her eyes
upon me, and then going on, I fancied that I read in the action of
her fingers, as plainly as if she had told me in the dumb alphabet,
that she perceived I had discovered my real benefactor.

"Miss Havisham," said I, "I went to Richmond yesterday, to speak to
Estella; and finding that some wind had blown her here, I

Miss Havisham motioning to me for the third or fourth time to sit
down, I took the chair by the dressing-table, which I had often
seen her occupy.  With all that ruin at my feet and about me, it
seemed a natural place for me, that day.

"What I had to say to Estella, Miss Havisham, I will say before
you, presently--in a few moments.  It will not surprise you, it
will not displease you.  I am as unhappy as you can ever have meant
me to be."

Miss Havisham continued to look steadily at me.  I could see in the
action of Estella's fingers as they worked that she attended to
what I said; but she did not look up.

"I have found out who my patron is.  It is not a fortunate
discovery, and is not likely ever to enrich me in reputation,
station, fortune, anything.  There are reasons why I must say no
more of that.  It is not my secret, but another's."

As I was silent for a while, looking at Estella and considering how
to go on, Miss Havisham repeated, "It is not your secret, but
another's.  Well?"

"When you first caused me to be brought here, Miss Havisham, when I
belonged to the village over yonder, that I wish I had never left,
I suppose I did really come here, as any other chance boy might
have come,--as a kind of servant, to gratify a want or a whim, and
to be paid for it?"

"Ay, Pip," replied Miss Havisham, steadily nodding her head; "you

"And that Mr. Jaggers--"

"Mr. Jaggers," said Miss Havisham, taking me up in a firm tone, "had
nothing to do with it, and knew nothing of it.  His being my lawyer,
and his being the lawyer of your patron is a coincidence.  He holds
the same relation towards numbers of people, and it might easily
arise.  Be that as it may, it did arise, and was not brought about
by any one."

Any one might have seen in her haggard face that there was no
suppression or evasion so far.

"But when I fell into the mistake I have so long remained in, at
least you led me on?" said I.

"Yes," she returned, again nodding steadily, "I let you go on."

"Was that kind?"

"Who am I," cried Miss Havisham, striking her stick upon the floor
and flashing into wrath so suddenly that Estella glanced up at her
in surprise,--"who am I, for God's sake, that I should be kind?"

It was a weak complaint to have made, and I had not meant to make
it.  I told her so, as she sat brooding after this outburst.

"Well, well, well!" she said.  "What else?"

"I was liberally paid for my old attendance here," I said, to
soothe her, "in being apprenticed, and I have asked these questions
only for my own information.  What follows has another (and I hope
more disinterested) purpose.  In humoring my mistake, Miss
Havisham, you punished--practised on--perhaps you will supply
whatever term expresses your intention, without offence--your
self-seeking relations?"

"I did.  Why, they would have it so!  So would you.  What has been my
history, that I should be at the pains of entreating either them
or you not to have it so!  You made your own snares.  I never made

Waiting until she was quiet again,--for this, too, flashed out of
her in a wild and sudden way,--I went on.

"I have been thrown among one family of your relations, Miss
Havisham, and have been constantly among them since I went to
London.  I know them to have been as honestly under my delusion as I
myself.  And I should be false and base if I did not tell you,
whether it is acceptable to you or no, and whether you are inclined
to give credence to it or no, that you deeply wrong both Mr. Matthew
Pocket and his son Herbert, if you suppose them to be otherwise
than generous, upright, open, and incapable of anything designing
or mean."

"They are your friends," said Miss Havisham.

"They made themselves my friends," said I, "when they supposed me
to have superseded them; and when Sarah Pocket, Miss Georgiana, and
Mistress Camilla were not my friends, I think."

This contrasting of them with the rest seemed, I was glad to see,
to do them good with her.  She looked at me keenly for a little
while, and then said quietly,--

"What do you want for them?"

"Only," said I, "that you would not confound them with the others.
They may be of the same blood, but, believe me, they are not of the
same nature."

Still looking at me keenly, Miss Havisham repeated,--

"What do you want for them?"

"I am not so cunning, you see," I said, in answer, conscious that I
reddened a little, "as that I could hide from you, even if I
desired, that I do want something.  Miss Havisham, if you would
spare the money to do my friend Herbert a lasting service in life,
but which from the nature of the case must be done without his
knowledge, I could show you how."

"Why must it be done without his knowledge?" she asked, settling
her hands upon her stick, that she might regard me the more

"Because," said I, "I began the service myself, more than two years
ago, without his knowledge, and I don't want to be betrayed.  Why I
fail in my ability to finish it, I cannot explain.  It is a part of
the secret which is another person's and not mine."

She gradually withdrew her eyes from me, and turned them on the
fire.  After watching it for what appeared in the silence and by the
light of the slowly wasting candles to be a long time, she was
roused by the collapse of some of the red coals, and looked towards
me again--at first, vacantly--then, with a gradually
concentrating attention.  All this time Estella knitted on.  When
Miss Havisham had fixed her attention on me, she said, speaking as
if there had been no lapse in our dialogue,--

"What else?"

"Estella," said I, turning to her now, and trying to command my
trembling voice, "you know I love you.  You know that I have loved
you long and dearly."

She raised her eyes to my face, on being thus addressed, and her
fingers plied their work, and she looked at me with an unmoved
countenance.  I saw that Miss Havisham glanced from me to her, and
from her to me.

"I should have said this sooner, but for my long mistake.  It
induced me to hope that Miss Havisham meant us for one another.
While I thought you could not help yourself, as it were, I
refrained from saying it.  But I must say it now."

Preserving her unmoved countenance, and with her fingers still
going, Estella shook her head.

"I know," said I, in answer to that action,--"I know.  I have no hope
that I shall ever call you mine, Estella.  I am ignorant what may
become of me very soon, how poor I may be, or where I may go.
Still, I love you.  I have loved you ever since I first saw you in
this house."

Looking at me perfectly unmoved and with her fingers busy, she
shook her head again.

"It would have been cruel in Miss Havisham, horribly cruel, to
practise on the susceptibility of a poor boy, and to torture me
through all these years with a vain hope and an idle pursuit, if
she had reflected on the gravity of what she did.  But I think she
did not.  I think that, in the endurance of her own trial, she forgot
mine, Estella."

I saw Miss Havisham put her hand to her heart and hold it there, as
she sat looking by turns at Estella and at me.

"It seems," said Estella, very calmly, "that there are sentiments,
fancies,--I don't know how to call them,--which I am not able to
comprehend.  When you say you love me, I know what you mean, as a
form of words; but nothing more.  You address nothing in my breast,
you touch nothing there.  I don't care for what you say at all.  I
have tried to warn you of this; now, have I not?"

I said in a miserable manner, "Yes."

"Yes.  But you would not be warned, for you thought I did not mean
it.  Now, did you not think so?"

"I thought and hoped you could not mean it.  You, so young, untried,
and beautiful, Estella!  Surely it is not in Nature."

"It is in my nature," she returned.  And then she added, with a
stress upon the words, "It is in the nature formed within me.  I
make a great difference between you and all other people when I say
so much.  I can do no more."

"Is it not true," said I, "that Bentley Drummle is in town here,
and pursuing you?"

"It is quite true," she replied, referring to him with the
indifference of utter contempt.

"That you encourage him, and ride out with him, and that he dines
with you this very day?"

She seemed a little surprised that I should know it, but again
replied, "Quite true."

"You cannot love him, Estella!"

Her fingers stopped for the first time, as she retorted rather
angrily, "What have I told you?  Do you still think, in spite of it,
that I do not mean what I say?"

"You would never marry him, Estella?"

She looked towards Miss Havisham, and considered for a moment with
her work in her hands.  Then she said, "Why not tell you the truth?
I am going to be married to him."

I dropped my face into my hands, but was able to control myself
better than I could have expected, considering what agony it gave
me to hear her say those words.  When I raised my face again, there
was such a ghastly look upon Miss Havisham's, that it impressed me,
even in my passionate hurry and grief.

"Estella, dearest Estella, do not let Miss Havisham lead
you into this fatal step.  Put me aside for ever,--you have done so,
I well know,--but bestow yourself on some worthier person than
Drummle.  Miss Havisham gives you to him, as the greatest slight and
injury that could be done to the many far better men who admire
you, and to the few who truly love you.  Among those few there may
be one who loves you even as dearly, though he has not loved you as
long, as I.  Take him, and I can bear it better, for your sake!"

My earnestness awoke a wonder in her that seemed as if it would
have been touched with compassion, if she could have rendered me at
all intelligible to her own mind.

"I am going," she said again, in a gentler voice, "to be married to
him.  The preparations for my marriage are making, and I shall be
married soon.  Why do you injuriously introduce the name of my
mother by adoption?  It is my own act."

"Your own act, Estella, to fling yourself away upon a brute?"

"On whom should I fling myself away?" she retorted, with a smile.
"Should I fling myself away upon the man who would the soonest feel
(if people do feel such things) that I took nothing to him?  There!
It is done.  I shall do well enough, and so will my husband.  As to
leading me into what you call this fatal step, Miss Havisham would
have had me wait, and not marry yet; but I am tired of the life I
have led, which has very few charms for me, and I am willing enough
to change it.  Say no more.  We shall never understand each other."

"Such a mean brute, such a stupid brute!" I urged, in despair.

"Don't be afraid of my being a blessing to him," said Estella; "I
shall not be that.  Come!  Here is my hand.  Do we part on this, you
visionary boy--or man?"

"O Estella!" I answered, as my bitter tears fell fast on her hand,
do what I would to restrain them; "even if I remained in England
and could hold my head up with the rest, how could I see you
Drummle's wife?"

"Nonsense," she returned,--"nonsense.  This will pass in no time."

"Never, Estella!"

"You will get me out of your thoughts in a week."

"Out of my thoughts!  You are part of my existence, part of myself.
You have been in every line I have ever read since I first came
here, the rough common boy whose poor heart you wounded even then.
You have been in every prospect I have ever seen since,--on the
river, on the sails of the ships, on the marshes, in the clouds, in
the light, in the darkness, in the wind, in the woods, in the sea,
in the streets.  You have been the embodiment of every graceful
fancy that my mind has ever become acquainted with.  The stones of
which the strongest London buildings are made are not more real,
or more impossible to be displaced by your hands, than your
presence and influence have been to me, there and everywhere, and
will be.  Estella, to the last hour of my life, you cannot choose
but remain part of my character, part of the little good in me,
part of the evil.  But, in this separation, I associate you only with
the good; and I will faithfully hold you to that always, for you
must have done me far more good than harm, let me feel now what
sharp distress I may.  O God bless you, God forgive you!"

In what ecstasy of unhappiness I got these broken words out of
myself, I don't know.  The rhapsody welled up within me, like blood
from an inward wound, and gushed out.  I held her hand to my lips
some lingering moments, and so I left her.  But ever afterwards, I
remembered,--and soon afterwards with stronger reason,--that while
Estella looked at me merely with incredulous wonder, the spectral
figure of Miss Havisham, her hand still covering her heart, seemed
all resolved into a ghastly stare of pity and remorse.

All done, all gone!  So much was done and gone, that when I went out
at the gate, the light of the day seemed of a darker color than
when I went in.  For a while, I hid myself among some lanes and
by-paths, and then struck off to walk all the way to London.  For, I
had by that time come to myself so far as to consider that I could
not go back to the inn and see Drummle there; that I could not bear
to sit upon the coach and be spoken to; that I could do nothing
half so good for myself as tire myself out.

It was past midnight when I crossed London Bridge.  Pursuing the
narrow intricacies of the streets which at that time tended
westward near the Middlesex shore of the river, my readiest access
to the Temple was close by the river-side, through Whitefriars.  I
was not expected till to-morrow; but I had my keys, and, if Herbert
were gone to bed, could get to bed myself without disturbing him.

As it seldom happened that I came in at that Whitefriars gate after
the Temple was closed, and as I was very muddy and weary, I did not
take it ill that the night-porter examined me with much attention
as he held the gate a little way open for me to pass in.  To help
his memory I mentioned my name.

"I was not quite sure, sir, but I thought so.  Here's a note, sir.
The messenger that brought it, said would you be so good as read it
by my lantern?"

Much surprised by the request, I took the note.  It was directed to
Philip Pip, Esquire, and on the top of the superscription were the
words, "PLEASE READ THIS, HERE."  I opened it, the watchman holding
up his light, and read inside, in Wemmick's writing,--


Chapter XLV

Turning from the Temple gate as soon as I had read the warning, I
made the best of my way to Fleet Street, and there got a late
hackney chariot and drove to the Hummums in Covent Garden.  In those
times a bed was always to be got there at any hour of the night,
and the chamberlain, letting me in at his ready wicket, lighted the
candle next in order on his shelf, and showed me straight into the
bedroom next in order on his list.  It was a sort of vault on the
ground floor at the back, with a despotic monster of a four-post
bedstead in it, straddling over the whole place, putting one of his
arbitrary legs into the fireplace and another into the doorway,
and squeezing the wretched little washing-stand in quite a Divinely
Righteous manner.

As I had asked for a night-light, the chamberlain had brought me
in, before he left me, the good old constitutional rushlight of
those virtuous days.--an object like the ghost of a walking-cane,
which instantly broke its back if it were touched, which nothing
could ever be lighted at, and which was placed in solitary
confinement at the bottom of a high tin tower, perforated with
round holes that made a staringly wide-awake pattern on the walls.
When I had got into bed, and lay there footsore, weary, and
wretched, I found that I could no more close my own eyes than I
could close the eyes of this foolish Argus.  And thus, in the gloom
and death of the night, we stared at one another.

What a doleful night!  How anxious, how dismal, how long!  There was
an inhospitable smell in the room, of cold soot and hot dust; and,
as I looked up into the corners of the tester over my head, I
thought what a number of blue-bottle flies from the butchers', and
earwigs from the market, and grubs from the country, must be
holding on up there, lying by for next summer.  This led me to
speculate whether any of them ever tumbled down, and then I fancied
that I felt light falls on my face,--a disagreeable turn of thought,
suggesting other and more objectionable approaches up my back.  When
I had lain awake a little while, those extraordinary voices with
which silence teems began to make themselves audible.  The closet
whispered, the fireplace sighed, the little washing-stand ticked,
and one guitar-string played occasionally in the chest of drawers.
At about the same time, the eyes on the wall acquired a new
expression, and in every one of those staring rounds I saw
written, DON'T GO HOME.

Whatever night-fancies and night-noises crowded on me, they never
warded off this DON'T GO HOME.  It plaited itself into whatever I
thought of, as a bodily pain would have done.  Not long before, I
had read in the newspapers, how a gentleman unknown had come to the
Hummums in the night, and had gone to bed, and had destroyed
himself, and had been found in the morning weltering in blood.  It
came into my head that he must have occupied this very vault of
mine, and I got out of bed to assure myself that there were no red
marks about; then opened the door to look out into the passages,
and cheer myself with the companionship of a distant light, near
which I knew the chamberlain to be dozing.  But all this time, why I
was not to go home, and what had happened at home, and when I
should go home, and whether Provis was safe at home, were questions
occupying my mind so busily, that one might have supposed there
could be no more room in it for any other theme.  Even when I
thought of Estella, and how we had parted that day forever, and
when I recalled all the circumstances of our parting, and all her
looks and tones, and the action of her fingers while she knitted,--
even then I was pursuing, here and there and everywhere, the
caution, Don't go home.  When at last I dozed, in sheer exhaustion of
mind and body, it became a vast shadowy verb which I had to
conjugate.  Imperative mood, present tense:  Do not thou go home, let
him not go home, let us not go home, do not ye or you go home, let
not them go home.  Then potentially:  I may not and I cannot go
home; and I might not, could not, would not, and should not go
home; until I felt that I was going distracted, and rolled over on
the pillow, and looked at the staring rounds upon the wall again.

I had left directions that I was to be called at seven; for it was
plain that I must see Wemmick before seeing any one else, and
equally plain that this was a case in which his Walworth
sentiments only could be taken.  It was a relief to get out of the
room where the night had been so miserable, and I needed no second
knocking at the door to startle me from my uneasy bed.

The Castle battlements arose upon my view at eight o'clock.  The
little servant happening to be entering the fortress with two hot
rolls, I passed through the postern and crossed the drawbridge in
her company, and so came without announcement into the presence of
Wemmick as he was making tea for himself and the Aged.  An open door
afforded a perspective view of the Aged in bed.

"Halloa, Mr. Pip!" said Wemmick.  "You did come home, then?"

"Yes," I returned; "but I didn't go home."

"That's all right," said he, rubbing his hands.  "I left a note for
you at each of the Temple gates, on the chance.  Which gate did you
come to?"

I told him.

"I'll go round to the others in the course of the day and destroy
the notes," said Wemmick; "it's a good rule never to leave
documentary evidence if you can help it, because you don't know
when it may be put in.  I'm going to take a liberty with you.  
Would you mind toasting this sausage for the Aged P.?"

I said I should be delighted to do it.

"Then you can go about your work, Mary Anne," said Wemmick to the
little servant; "which leaves us to ourselves, don't you see, Mr.
Pip?" he added, winking, as she disappeared.

I thanked him for his friendship and caution, and our discourse
proceeded in a low tone, while I toasted the Aged's sausage and he
buttered the crumb of the Aged's roll.

"Now, Mr. Pip, you know," said Wemmick, "you and I understand one
another.  We are in our private and personal capacities, and we have
been engaged in a confidential transaction before to-day.  Official
sentiments are one thing.  We are extra official."

I cordially assented.  I was so very nervous, that I had already
lighted the Aged's sausage like a torch, and been obliged to blow
it out.

"I accidentally heard, yesterday morning," said Wemmick, "being in
a certain place where I once took you,--even between you and me,
it's as well not to mention names when avoidable--"

"Much better not," said I.  "I understand you."

"I heard there by chance, yesterday morning," said Wemmick, "that a
certain person not altogether of uncolonial pursuits, and not
unpossessed of portable property,--I don't know who it may really
be,--we won't name this person--"

"Not necessary," said I.

"--Had made some little stir in a certain part of the world where
a good many people go, not always in gratification of their own
inclinations, and not quite irrespective of the government

In watching his face, I made quite a firework of the Aged's
sausage, and greatly discomposed both my own attention and
Wemmick's; for which I apologized.

"--By disappearing from such place, and being no more heard of
thereabouts.  From which," said Wemmick, "conjectures had been
raised and theories formed.  I also heard that you at your chambers
in Garden Court, Temple, had been watched, and might be watched

"By whom?" said I.

"I wouldn't go into that," said Wemmick, evasively, "it might clash
with official responsibilities.  I heard it, as I have in my time
heard other curious things in the same place.  I don't tell it you
on information received.  I heard it."

He took the toasting-fork and sausage from me as he spoke, and set
forth the Aged's breakfast neatly on a little tray.  Previous to
placing it before him, he went into the Aged's room with a clean
white cloth, and tied the same under the old gentleman's chin, and
propped him up, and put his nightcap on one side, and gave him
quite a rakish air.  Then he placed his breakfast before him with
great care, and said, "All right, ain't you, Aged P.?"  To which the
cheerful Aged replied, "All right, John, my boy, all right!"  As
there seemed to be a tacit understanding that the Aged was not in a
presentable state, and was therefore to be considered invisible, I
made a pretence of being in complete ignorance of these

"This watching of me at my chambers (which I have once had reason
to suspect)," I said to Wemmick when he came back, "is inseparable
from the person to whom you have adverted; is it?"

Wemmick looked very serious.  "I couldn't undertake to say that, of
my own knowledge.  I mean, I couldn't undertake to say it was at
first.  But it either is, or it will be, or it's in great danger of

As I saw that he was restrained by fealty to Little Britain from
saying as much as he could, and as I knew with thankfulness to him
how far out of his way he went to say what he did, I could not
press him.  But I told him, after a little meditation over the fire,
that I would like to ask him a question, subject to his answering
or not answering, as he deemed right, and sure that his course
would be right.  He paused in his breakfast, and crossing his arms,
and pinching his shirt-sleeves (his notion of in-door comfort was to
sit without any coat), he nodded to me once, to put my question.

"You have heard of a man of bad character, whose true name is

He answered with one other nod.

"Is he living?"

One other nod.

"Is he in London?"

He gave me one other nod, compressed the post-office exceedingly,
gave me one last nod, and went on with his breakfast.

"Now," said Wemmick, "questioning being over," which he emphasized
and repeated for my guidance, "I come to what I did, after hearing
what I heard.  I went to Garden Court to find you; not finding you,
I went to Clarriker's to find Mr. Herbert."

"And him you found?" said I, with great anxiety.

"And him I found.  Without mentioning any names or going into any
details, I gave him to understand that if he was aware of anybody--
Tom, Jack, or Richard--being about the chambers, or about the
immediate neighborhood, he had better get Tom, Jack, or Richard
out of the way while you were out of the way."

"He would be greatly puzzled what to do?"

"He was puzzled what to do; not the less, because I gave him my
opinion that it was not safe to try to get Tom, Jack, or Richard
too far out of the way at present.  Mr. Pip, I'll tell you something.
Under existing circumstances, there is no place like a great city
when you are once in it.  Don't break cover too soon.  Lie close.
Wait till things slacken, before you try the open, even for foreign

I thanked him for his valuable advice, and asked him what Herbert
had done?

"Mr. Herbert," said Wemmick, "after being all of a heap for half an
hour, struck out a plan.  He mentioned to me as a secret, that he is
courting a young lady who has, as no doubt you are aware, a
bedridden Pa.  Which Pa, having been in the Purser line of life,
lies a-bed in a bow-window where he can see the ships sail up and
down the river.  You are acquainted with the young lady, most

"Not personally," said I.

The truth was, that she had objected to me as an expensive
companion who did Herbert no good, and that, when Herbert had first
proposed to present me to her, she had received the proposal with
such very moderate warmth, that Herbert had felt himself obliged to
confide the state of the case to me, with a view to the lapse of a
little time before I made her acquaintance.  When I had begun to
advance Herbert's prospects by stealth, I had been able to bear
this with cheerful philosophy:  he and his affianced, for their
part, had naturally not been very anxious to introduce a third
person into their interviews; and thus, although I was assured that
I had risen in Clara's esteem, and although the young lady and I
had long regularly interchanged messages and remembrances by
Herbert, I had never seen her.  However, I did not trouble Wemmick
with these particulars.

"The house with the bow-window," said Wemmick, "being by the
river-side, down the Pool there between Limehouse and Greenwich,
and being kept, it seems, by a very respectable widow who has a
furnished upper floor to let, Mr. Herbert put it to me, what did I
think of that as a temporary tenement for Tom, Jack, or Richard?
Now, I thought very well of it, for three reasons I'll give you.
That is to say:  Firstly.  It's altogether out of all your beats, and
is well away from the usual heap of streets great and small.
Secondly.  Without going near it yourself, you could always hear of
the safety of Tom, Jack, or Richard, through Mr. Herbert.  Thirdly.
After a while and when it might be prudent, if you should want to
slip Tom, Jack, or Richard on board a foreign packet-boat, there
he is--ready."

Much comforted by these considerations, I thanked Wemmick again and
again, and begged him to proceed.

"Well, sir!  Mr. Herbert threw himself into the business with a will,
and by nine o'clock last night he housed Tom, Jack, or Richard,--
whichever it may be,--you and I don't want to know,--quite
successfully.  At the old lodgings it was understood that he was
summoned to Dover, and, in fact, he was taken down the Dover road and
cornered out of it.  Now, another great advantage of all this is,
that it was done without you, and when, if any one was concerning
himself about your movements, you must be known to be ever so many
miles off and quite otherwise engaged.  This diverts suspicion and
confuses it; and for the same reason I recommended that, even if you
came back last night, you should not go home.  It brings in more
confusion, and you want confusion."

Wemmick, having finished his breakfast, here looked at his watch,
and began to get his coat on.

"And now, Mr. Pip," said he, with his hands still in the sleeves, "I
have probably done the most I can do; but if I can ever do more,--
from a Walworth point of view, and in a strictly private and
personal capacity,--I shall be glad to do it.  Here's the address.
There can be no harm in your going here to-night, and seeing for
yourself that all is well with Tom, Jack, or Richard, before you go
home,--which is another reason for your not going home last night.
But, after you have gone home, don't go back here.  You are very
welcome, I am sure, Mr. Pip"; his hands were now out of his sleeves,
and I was shaking them; "and let me finally impress one important
point upon you."  He laid his hands upon my shoulders, and added in
a solemn whisper:  "Avail yourself of this evening to lay hold of
his portable property.  You don't know what may happen to him.  Don't
let anything happen to the portable property."

Quite despairing of making my mind clear to Wemmick on this point,
I forbore to try.

"Time's up," said Wemmick, "and I must be off.  If you had nothing
more pressing to do than to keep here till dark, that's what I
should advise.  You look very much worried, and it would do you good
to have a perfectly quiet day with the Aged,--he'll be up presently,
--and a little bit of--you remember the pig?"

"Of course," said I.

"Well; and a little bit of him.  That sausage you toasted was his,
and he was in all respects a first-rater.  Do try him, if it is only
for old acquaintance sake.  Good by, Aged Parent!" in a cheery

"All right, John; all right, my boy!" piped the old man from

I soon fell asleep before Wemmick's fire, and the Aged and I
enjoyed one another's society by falling asleep before it more or
less all day.  We had loin of pork for dinner, and greens grown on
the estate; and I nodded at the Aged with a good intention whenever
I failed to do it drowsily.  When it was quite dark, I left the Aged
preparing the fire for toast; and I inferred from the number of
teacups, as well as from his glances at the two little doors in the
wall, that Miss Skiffins was expected.

Chapter XLVI

Eight o'clock had struck before I got into the air, that was
scented, not disagreeably, by the chips and shavings of the
long-shore boat-builders, and mast, oar, and block makers.  All that
water-side region of the upper and lower Pool below Bridge was
unknown ground to me; and when I struck down by the river, I found
that the spot I wanted was not where I had supposed it to be, and
was anything but easy to find.  It was called Mill Pond Bank,
Chinks's Basin; and I had no other guide to Chinks's Basin than the
Old Green Copper Rope-walk.

It matters not what stranded ships repairing in dry docks I lost
myself among, what old hulls of ships in course of being knocked to
pieces, what ooze and slime and other dregs of tide, what yards of
ship-builders and ship-breakers, what rusty anchors blindly biting
into the ground, though for years off duty, what mountainous country
of accumulated casks and timber, how many ropewalks that were not
the Old Green Copper.  After several times falling short of my
destination and as often overshooting it, I came unexpectedly
round a corner, upon Mill Pond Bank.  It was a fresh kind of place,
all circumstances considered, where the wind from the river had
room to turn itself round; and there were two or three trees in it,
and there was the stump of a ruined windmill, and there was the Old
Green Copper Ropewalk,--whose long and narrow vista I could trace
in the moonlight, along a series of wooden frames set in the
ground, that looked like superannuated haymaking-rakes which had
grown old and lost most of their teeth.

Selecting from the few queer houses upon Mill Pond Bank a house
with a wooden front and three stories of bow-window (not
bay-window, which is another thing), I looked at the plate upon the
door, and read there, Mrs. Whimple.  That being the name I wanted, I
knocked, and an elderly woman of a pleasant and thriving appearance
responded.  She was immediately deposed, however, by Herbert, who
silently led me into the parlor and shut the door.  It was an odd
sensation to see his very familiar face established quite at home
in that very unfamiliar room and region; and I found myself looking
at him, much as I looked at the corner-cupboard with the glass and
china, the shells upon the chimney-piece, and the colored
engravings on the wall, representing the death of Captain Cook, a
ship-launch, and his Majesty King George the Third in a
state coachman's wig, leather-breeches, and top-boots, on the
terrace at Windsor.

"All is well, Handel," said Herbert, "and he is quite satisfied,
though eager to see you.  My dear girl is with her father; and if
you'll wait till she comes down, I'll make you known to her, and
then we'll go up stairs.  That's her father."

I had become aware of an alarming growling overhead, and had
probably expressed the fact in my countenance.

"I am afraid he is a sad old rascal," said Herbert, smiling, "but I
have never seen him.  Don't you smell rum?  He is always at it."

"At rum?" said I.

"Yes," returned Herbert, "and you may suppose how mild it makes his
gout.  He persists, too, in keeping all the provisions up stairs in
his room, and serving them out.  He keeps them on shelves over his
head, and will weigh them all.  His room must be like a chandler's

While he thus spoke, the growling noise became a prolonged roar,
and then died away.

"What else can be the consequence," said Herbert, in explanation,
"if he will cut the cheese?  A man with the gout in his right hand--
and everywhere else--can't expect to get through a Double
Gloucester without hurting himself."

He seemed to have hurt himself very much, for he gave another
furious roar.

"To have Provis for an upper lodger is quite a godsend to Mrs.
Whimple," said Herbert, "for of course people in general won't
stand that noise.  A curious place, Handel; isn't it?"

It was a curious place, indeed; but remarkably well kept and clean.

"Mrs. Whimple," said Herbert, when I told him so, "is the best of
housewives, and I really do not know what my Clara would do without
her motherly help.  For, Clara has no mother of her own, Handel, and
no relation in the world but old Gruffandgrim."

"Surely that's not his name, Herbert?"

"No, no," said Herbert, "that's my name for him.  His name is Mr.
Barley.  But what a blessing it is for the son of my father and
mother to love a girl who has no relations, and who can never
bother herself or anybody else about her family!"

Herbert had told me on former occasions, and now reminded me, that
he first knew Miss Clara Barley when she was completing her
education at an establishment at Hammersmith, and that on her being
recalled home to nurse her father, he and she had confided their
affection to the motherly Mrs. Whimple, by whom it had been fostered
and regulated with equal kindness and discretion, ever since.  It
was understood that nothing of a tender nature could possibly be
confided to old Barley, by reason of his being totally unequal to
the consideration of any subject more psychological than Gout, Rum,
and Purser's stores.

As we were thus conversing in a low tone while Old Barley's
sustained growl vibrated in the beam that crossed the ceiling, the
room door opened, and a very pretty, slight, dark-eyed girl of twenty
or so came in with a basket in her hand:  whom Herbert tenderly
relieved of the basket, and presented, blushing, as "Clara."  She
really was a most charming girl, and might have passed for a
captive fairy, whom that truculent Ogre, Old Barley, had pressed
into his service.

"Look here," said Herbert, showing me the basket, with a
compassionate and tender smile, after we had talked a little;
"here's poor Clara's supper, served out every night.  Here's her
allowance of bread, and here's her slice of cheese, and here's her
rum,--which I drink.  This is Mr. Barley's breakfast for to-morrow,
served out to be cooked.  Two mutton-chops, three potatoes, some
split peas, a little flour, two ounces of butter, a pinch of salt,
and all this black pepper.  It's stewed up together, and taken hot,
and it's a nice thing for the gout, I should think!"

There was something so natural and winning in Clara's resigned way
of looking at these stores in detail, as Herbert pointed them out;
and something so confiding, loving, and innocent in her modest
manner of yielding herself to Herbert's embracing arm; and
something so gentle in her, so much needing protection on Mill Pond
Bank, by Chinks's Basin, and the Old Green Copper Ropewalk, with
Old Barley growling in the beam,--that I would not have undone the
engagement between her and Herbert for all the money in the
pocket-book I had never opened.

I was looking at her with pleasure and admiration, when suddenly
the growl swelled into a roar again, and a frightful bumping noise
was heard above, as if a giant with a wooden leg were trying to
bore it through the ceiling to come at us.  Upon this Clara said to
Herbert, "Papa wants me, darling!" and ran away.

"There is an unconscionable old shark for you!" said Herbert.  "What
do you suppose he wants now, Handel?"

"I don't know," said I.  "Something to drink?"

"That's it!" cried Herbert, as if I had made a guess of
extraordinary merit.  "He keeps his grog ready mixed in a little tub
on the table.  Wait a moment, and you'll hear Clara lift him up to
take some.  There he goes!"  Another roar, with a prolonged shake
at the end.  "Now," said Herbert, as it was succeeded by silence,
"he's drinking.  Now," said Herbert, as the growl resounded in the
beam once more, "he's down again on his back!"

Clara returned soon afterwards, and Herbert accompanied me
up stairs to see our charge.  As we passed Mr. Barley's door, he was
heard hoarsely muttering within, in a strain that rose and fell
like wind, the following Refrain, in which I substitute good wishes
for something quite the reverse:--

"Ahoy!  Bless your eyes, here's old Bill Barley.  Here's old Bill
Barley, bless your eyes.  Here's old Bill Barley on the flat of his
back, by the Lord.  Lying on the flat of his back like a drifting
old dead flounder, here's your old Bill Barley, bless your eyes.
Ahoy!  Bless you."

In this strain of consolation, Herbert informed me the invisible
Barley would commune with himself by the day and night together;
Often, while it was light, having, at the same time, one eye at a
telescope which was fitted on his bed for the convenience of
sweeping the river.

In his two cabin rooms at the top of the house, which were fresh
and airy, and in which Mr. Barley was less audible than below, I
found Provis comfortably settled.  He expressed no alarm, and seemed
to feel none that was worth mentioning; but it struck me that he
was softened,--indefinably, for I could not have said how, and could
never afterwards recall how when I tried, but certainly.

The opportunity that the day's rest had given me for reflection
had resulted in my fully determining to say nothing to him
respecting Compeyson.  For anything I knew, his animosity towards
the man might otherwise lead to his seeking him out and rushing on
his own destruction.  Therefore, when Herbert and I sat down with
him by his fire, I asked him first of all whether he relied on
Wemmick's judgment and sources of information?

"Ay, ay, dear boy!" he answered, with a grave nod, "Jaggers knows."

"Then, I have talked with Wemmick," said I, "and have come to tell
you what caution he gave me and what advice."

This I did accurately, with the reservation just mentioned; and I
told him how Wemmick had heard, in Newgate prison (whether from
officers or prisoners I could not say), that he was under some
suspicion, and that my chambers had been watched; how Wemmick had
recommended his keeping close for a time, and my keeping away from
him; and what Wemmick had said about getting him abroad.  I added,
that of course, when the time came, I should go with him, or should
follow close upon him, as might be safest in Wemmick's judgment.
What was to follow that I did not touch upon; neither, indeed, was I
at all clear or comfortable about it in my own mind, now that I saw
him in that softer condition, and in declared peril for my sake.  As
to altering my way of living by enlarging my expenses, I put it to
him whether in our present unsettled and difficult circumstances,
it would not be simply ridiculous, if it were no worse?

He could not deny this, and indeed was very reasonable throughout.
His coming back was a venture, he said, and he had always known it
to be a venture.  He would do nothing to make it a desperate
venture, and he had very little fear of his safety with such good

Herbert, who had been looking at the fire and pondering, here said
that something had come into his thoughts arising out of Wemmick's
suggestion, which it might be worth while to pursue.  "We are both
good watermen, Handel, and could take him down the river ourselves
when the right time comes.  No boat would then be hired for the
purpose, and no boatmen; that would save at least a chance of
suspicion, and any chance is worth saving.  Never mind the season;
don't you think it might be a good thing if you began at once to
keep a boat at the Temple stairs, and were in the habit of rowing
up and down the river?  You fall into that habit, and then who
notices or minds?  Do it twenty or fifty times, and there is nothing
special in your doing it the twenty-first or fifty-first."

I liked this scheme, and Provis was quite elated by it.  We agreed
that it should be carried into execution, and that Provis should
never recognize us if we came below Bridge, and rowed past Mill Pond
Bank.  But we further agreed that he should pull down the blind in
that part of his window which gave upon the east, whenever he saw
us and all was right.

Our conference being now ended, and everything arranged, I rose to
go; remarking to Herbert that he and I had better not go home
together, and that I would take half an hour's start of him.  "I
don't like to leave you here," I said to Provis, "though I cannot
doubt your being safer here than near me.  Good by!"

"Dear boy," he answered, clasping my hands, "I don't know when we
may meet again, and I don't like good by.  Say good night!"

"Good night!  Herbert will go regularly between us, and when the
time comes you may be certain I shall be ready.  Good night, good

We thought it best that he should stay in his own rooms; and we
left him on the landing outside his door, holding a light over the
stair-rail to light us down stairs.  Looking back at him, I thought
of the first night of his return, when our positions were reversed,
and when I little supposed my heart could ever be as heavy and
anxious at parting from him as it was now.

Old Barley was growling and swearing when we repassed his door,
with no appearance of having ceased or of meaning to cease.  When we
got to the foot of the stairs, I asked Herbert whether he had
preserved the name of Provis.  He replied, certainly not, and that
the lodger was Mr. Campbell.  He also explained that the utmost known
of Mr. Campbell there was, that he (Herbert) had Mr. Campbell
consigned to him, and felt a strong personal interest in his being
well cared for, and living a secluded life.  So, when we went into
the parlor where Mrs. Whimple and Clara were seated at work, I said
nothing of my own interest in Mr. Campbell, but kept it to myself.

When I had taken leave of the pretty, gentle, dark-eyed girl, and of
the motherly woman who had not outlived her honest sympathy with a
little affair of true love, I felt as if the Old Green Copper
Ropewalk had grown quite a different place.  Old Barley might be as
old as the hills, and might swear like a whole field of troopers,
but there were redeeming youth and trust and hope enough in
Chinks's Basin to fill it to overflowing.  And then I thought of
Estella, and of our parting, and went home very sadly.

All things were as quiet in the Temple as ever I had seen them.  The
windows of the rooms on that side, lately occupied by Provis, were
dark and still, and there was no lounger in Garden Court.  I walked
past the fountain twice or thrice before I descended the steps that
were between me and my rooms, but I was quite alone.  Herbert, coming
to my bedside when he came in,--for I went straight to bed,
dispirited and fatigued,--made the same report.  Opening one of the
windows after that, he looked out into the moonlight, and told me
that the pavement was a solemnly empty as the pavement of any
cathedral at that same hour.

Next day I set myself to get the boat.  It was soon done, and the
boat was brought round to the Temple stairs, and lay where I could
reach her within a minute or two.  Then, I began to go out as for
training and practice:  sometimes alone, sometimes with Herbert.  I
was often out in cold, rain, and sleet, but nobody took much note
of me after I had been out a few times.  At first, I kept above
Blackfriars Bridge; but as the hours of the tide changed, I took
towards London Bridge.  It was Old London Bridge in those days, and
at certain states of the tide there was a race and fall of water
there which gave it a bad reputation.  But I knew well enough how to
"shoot' the bridge after seeing it done, and so began to row about
among the shipping in the Pool, and down to Erith.  The first time I
passed Mill Pond Bank, Herbert and I were pulling a pair of oars;
and, both in going and returning, we saw the blind towards the east
come down.  Herbert was rarely there less frequently than three
times in a week, and he never brought me a single word of
intelligence that was at all alarming.  Still, I knew that there was
cause for alarm, and I could not get rid of the notion of being
watched.  Once received, it is a haunting idea; how many undesigning
persons I suspected of watching me, it would be hard to calculate.

In short, I was always full of fears for the rash man who was in
hiding.  Herbert had sometimes said to me that he found it pleasant
to stand at one of our windows after dark, when the tide was
running down, and to think that it was flowing, with everything it
bore, towards Clara.  But I thought with dread that it was flowing
towards Magwitch, and that any black mark on its surface might be
his pursuers, going swiftly, silently, and surely, to take him.

Chapter XLVII

Some weeks passed without bringing any change.  We waited for
Wemmick, and he made no sign.  If I had never known him out of
Little Britain, and had never enjoyed the privilege of being on a
familiar footing at the Castle, I might have doubted him; not so
for a moment, knowing him as I did.

My worldly affairs began to wear a gloomy appearance, and I was
pressed for money by more than one creditor.  Even I myself began to
know the want of money (I mean of ready money in my own pocket),
and to relieve it by converting some easily spared articles of
jewelery into cash.  But I had quite determined that it would be a
heartless fraud to take more money from my patron in the existing
state of my uncertain thoughts and plans.  Therefore, I had sent him
the unopened pocket-book by Herbert, to hold in his own keeping,
and I felt a kind of satisfaction--whether it was a false kind or
a true, I hardly know--in not having profited by his generosity
since his revelation of himself.

As the time wore on, an impression settled heavily upon me that
Estella was married.  Fearful of having it confirmed, though it was
all but a conviction, I avoided the newspapers, and begged Herbert
(to whom I had confided the circumstances of our last interview)
never to speak of her to me.  Why I hoarded up this last wretched
little rag of the robe of hope that was rent and given to the
winds, how do I know?  Why did you who read this, commit that not
dissimilar inconsistency of your own last year, last month, last

It was an unhappy life that I lived; and its one dominant anxiety,
towering over all its other anxieties, like a high mountain above a
range of mountains, never disappeared from my view.  Still, no new
cause for fear arose.  Let me start from my bed as I would, with the
terror fresh upon me that he was discovered; let me sit listening,
as I would with dread, for Herbert's returning step at night, lest
it should be fleeter than ordinary, and winged with evil news,--for
all that, and much more to like purpose, the round of things went
on.  Condemned to inaction and a state of constant restlessness and
suspense, I rowed about in my boat, and waited, waited, waited, as
I best could.

There were states of the tide when, having been down the river, I
could not get back through the eddy-chafed arches and starlings of
old London Bridge; then, I left my boat at a wharf near the Custom
House, to be brought up afterwards to the Temple stairs.  I was not
averse to doing this, as it served to make me and my boat a
commoner incident among the water-side people there.  From this
slight occasion sprang two meetings that I have now to tell of.

One afternoon, late in the month of February, I came ashore at the
wharf at dusk.  I had pulled down as far as Greenwich with the ebb
tide, and had turned with the tide.  It had been a fine bright day,
but had become foggy as the sun dropped, and I had had to feel my
way back among the shipping, pretty carefully.  Both in going and
returning, I had seen the signal in his window, All well.

As it was a raw evening, and I was cold, I thought I would comfort
myself with dinner at once; and as I had hours of dejection and
solitude before me if I went home to the Temple, I thought I would
afterwards go to the play.  The theatre where Mr. Wopsle had achieved
his questionable triumph was in that water-side neighborhood (it
is nowhere now), and to that theatre I resolved to go.  I was aware
that Mr. Wopsle had not succeeded in reviving the Drama, but, on the
contrary, had rather partaken of its decline.  He had been ominously
heard of, through the play-bills, as a faithful Black, in connection
with a little girl of noble birth, and a monkey.  And Herbert had
seen him as a predatory Tartar of comic propensities, with a face
like a red brick, and an outrageous hat all over bells.

I dined at what Herbert and I used to call a geographical
chop-house, where there were maps of the world in porter-pot rims
on every half-yard of the tablecloths, and charts of gravy on
every one of the knives,--to this day there is scarcely a single
chop-house within the Lord Mayor's dominions which is not
geographical,--and wore out the time in dozing over crumbs, staring
at gas, and baking in a hot blast of dinners.  By and by, I roused
myself, and went to the play.

There, I found a virtuous boatswain in His Majesty's service,--a
most excellent man, though I could have wished his trousers not
quite so tight in some places, and not quite so loose in others,--
who knocked all the little men's hats over their eyes, though he
was very generous and brave, and who wouldn't hear of anybody's
paying taxes, though he was very patriotic.  He had a bag of money
in his pocket, like a pudding in the cloth, and on that property
married a young person in bed-furniture, with great rejoicings; the
whole population of Portsmouth (nine in number at the last census)
turning out on the beach to rub their own hands and shake
everybody else's, and sing "Fill, fill!"  A certain
dark-complexioned Swab, however, who wouldn't fill, or do anything
else that was proposed to him, and whose heart was openly stated
(by the boatswain) to be as black as his figure-head, proposed to
two other Swabs to get all mankind into difficulties; which was so
effectually done (the Swab family having considerable political
influence) that it took half the evening to set things right, and
then it was only brought about through an honest little grocer with
a white hat, black gaiters, and red nose, getting into a clock,
with a gridiron, and listening, and coming out, and knocking
everybody down from behind with the gridiron whom he couldn't
confute with what he had overheard.  This led to Mr. Wopsle's (who
had never been heard of before) coming in with a star and garter
on, as a plenipotentiary of great power direct from the Admiralty,
to say that the Swabs were all to go to prison on the spot, and
that he had brought the boatswain down the Union Jack, as a slight
acknowledgment of his public services.  The boatswain, unmanned for
the first time, respectfully dried his eyes on the Jack, and then
cheering up, and addressing Mr. Wopsle as Your Honor, solicited
permission to take him by the fin.  Mr. Wopsle, conceding his fin with
a gracious dignity, was immediately shoved into a dusty corner,
while everybody danced a hornpipe; and from that corner, surveying
the public with a discontented eye, became aware of me.

The second piece was the last new grand comic Christmas pantomime,
in the first scene of which, it pained me to suspect that I
detected Mr. Wopsle with red worsted legs under a highly magnified
phosphoric countenance and a shock of red curtain-fringe for his
hair, engaged in the manufacture of thunderbolts in a mine, and
displaying great cowardice when his gigantic master came home (very
hoarse) to dinner.  But he presently presented himself under
worthier circumstances; for, the Genius of Youthful Love being in
want of assistance,--on account of the parental brutality of an
ignorant farmer who opposed the choice of his daughter's heart, by
purposely falling upon the object, in a flour-sack, out of the
first-floor window,--summoned a sententious Enchanter; and he,
coming up from the antipodes rather unsteadily, after an apparently
violent journey, proved to be Mr. Wopsle in a high-crowned hat, with
a necromantic work in one volume under his arm.  The business of
this enchanter on earth being principally to be talked at, sung
at, butted at, danced at, and flashed at with fires of various
colors, he had a good deal of time on his hands.  And I observed,
with great surprise, that he devoted it to staring in my direction
as if he were lost in amazement.

There was something so remarkable in the increasing glare of Mr.
Wopsle's eye, and he seemed to be turning so many things over in
his mind and to grow so confused, that I could not make it out.  I
sat thinking of it long after he had ascended to the clouds in a
large watch-case, and still I could not make it out.  I was still
thinking of it when I came out of the theatre an hour afterwards,
and found him waiting for me near the door.

"How do you do?" said I, shaking hands with him as we turned down
the street together.  "I saw that you saw me."

"Saw you, Mr. Pip!" he returned.  "Yes, of course I saw you.  But who
else was there?"

"Who else?"

"It is the strangest thing," said Mr. Wopsle, drifting into his lost
look again; "and yet I could swear to him."

Becoming alarmed, I entreated Mr. Wopsle to explain his meaning.

"Whether I should have noticed him at first but for your being
there," said Mr. Wopsle, going on in the same lost way, "I can't be
positive; yet I think I should."

Involuntarily I looked round me, as I was accustomed to look round
me when I went home; for these mysterious words gave me a chill.

"Oh!  He can't be in sight," said Mr. Wopsle.  "He went out before I
went off.  I saw him go."

Having the reason that I had for being suspicious, I even
suspected this poor actor.  I mistrusted a design to entrap me into
some admission.  Therefore I glanced at him as we walked on
together, but said nothing.

"I had a ridiculous fancy that he must be with you, Mr. Pip, till I
saw that you were quite unconscious of him, sitting behind you
there like a ghost."

My former chill crept over me again, but I was resolved not to
speak yet, for it was quite consistent with his words that he might
be set on to induce me to connect these references with Provis.  Of
course, I was perfectly sure and safe that Provis had not been

"I dare say you wonder at me, Mr. Pip; indeed, I see you do.  But it
is so very strange!  You'll hardly believe what I am going to tell
you.  I could hardly believe it myself, if you told me."

"Indeed?" said I.

"No, indeed.  Mr. Pip, you remember in old times a certain Christmas
Day, when you were quite a child, and I dined at Gargery's, and
some soldiers came to the door to get a pair of handcuffs mended?"

"I remember it very well."

"And you remember that there was a chase after two convicts, and
that we joined in it, and that Gargery took you on his back, and
that I took the lead, and you kept up with me as well as you could?"

"I remember it all very well."  Better than he thought,--except the
last clause.

"And you remember that we came up with the two in a ditch, and that
there was a scuffle between them, and that one of them had been
severely handled and much mauled about the face by the other?"

"I see it all before me."

"And that the soldiers lighted torches, and put the two in the
centre, and that we went on to see the last of them, over the black
marshes, with the torchlight shining on their faces,--I am
particular about that,--with the torchlight shining on their faces,
when there was an outer ring of dark night all about us?"

"Yes," said I.  "I remember all that."

"Then, Mr. Pip, one of those two prisoners sat behind you tonight.  I
saw him over your shoulder."

"Steady!" I thought.  I asked him then, "Which of the two do you
suppose you saw?"

"The one who had been mauled," he answered readily, "and I'll swear
I saw him!  The more I think of him, the more certain I am of him."

"This is very curious!" said I, with the best assumption I could
put on of its being nothing more to me.  "Very curious indeed!"

I cannot exaggerate the enhanced disquiet into which this
conversation threw me, or the special and peculiar terror I felt at
Compeyson's having been behind me "like a ghost."  For if he had
ever been out of my thoughts for a few moments together since the
hiding had begun, it was in those very moments when he was closest
to me; and to think that I should be so unconscious and off my
guard after all my care was as if I had shut an avenue of a
hundred doors to keep him out, and then had found him at my elbow.
I could not doubt, either, that he was there, because I was there,
and that, however slight an appearance of danger there might be
about us, danger was always near and active.

I put such questions to Mr. Wopsle as, When did the man come in?  He
could not tell me that; he saw me, and over my shoulder he saw the
man.  It was not until he had seen him for some time that he began
to identify him; but he had from the first vaguely associated him
with me, and known him as somehow belonging to me in the old
village time.  How was he dressed?  Prosperously, but not noticeably
otherwise; he thought, in black.  Was his face at all disfigured?
No, he believed not.  I believed not too, for, although in my
brooding state I had taken no especial notice of the people behind
me, I thought it likely that a face at all disfigured would have
attracted my attention.

When Mr. Wopsle had imparted to me all that he could recall or I
extract, and when I had treated him to a little appropriate
refreshment, after the fatigues of the evening, we parted.  It was
between twelve and one o'clock when I reached the Temple, and the
gates were shut.  No one was near me when I went in and went home.

Herbert had come in, and we held a very serious council by the
fire.  But there was nothing to be done, saving to communicate to
Wemmick what I had that night found out, and to remind him that we
waited for his hint.  As I thought that I might compromise him if I
went too often to the Castle, I made this communication by letter.
I wrote it before I went to bed, and went out and posted it; and
again no one was near me.  Herbert and I agreed that we could do
nothing else but be very cautious.  And we were very cautious indeed,
--more cautious than before, if that were possible,--and I for my
part never went near Chinks's Basin, except when I rowed by, and
then I only looked at Mill Pond Bank as I looked at anything else.

Chapter XLVIII

The second of the two meetings referred to in the last chapter                                      
occurred about a week after the first.  I had again left my boat at
the wharf below Bridge; the time was an hour earlier in the
afternoon; and, undecided where to dine, I had strolled up into
Cheapside, and was strolling along it, surely the most unsettled
person in all the busy concourse, when a large hand was laid upon
my shoulder by some one overtaking me.  It was Mr. Jaggers's hand,
and he passed it through my arm.

"As we are going in the same direction, Pip, we may walk together.
Where are you bound for?"

"For the Temple, I think," said I.

"Don't you know?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Well," I returned, glad for once to get the better of him in
cross-examination, "I do not know, for I have not made up my mind."

"You are going to dine?" said Mr. Jaggers.  "You don't mind admitting
that, I suppose?"

"No," I returned, "I don't mind admitting that."

"And are not engaged?"

"I don't mind admitting also that I am not engaged."

"Then," said Mr. Jaggers, "come and dine with me."

I was going to excuse myself, when he added, "Wemmick's coming."
So I changed my excuse into an acceptance,--the few words I had
uttered, serving for the beginning of either,--and we went along
Cheapside and slanted off to Little Britain, while the lights were
springing up brilliantly in the shop windows, and the street
lamp-lighters, scarcely finding ground enough to plant their
ladders on in the midst of the afternoon's bustle, were skipping up
and down and running in and out, opening more red eyes in the
gathering fog than my rushlight tower at the Hummums had opened
white eyes in the ghostly wall.

At the office in Little Britain there was the usual letter-writing,
hand-washing, candle-snuffing, and safe-locking, that closed the
business of the day.  As I stood idle by Mr. Jaggers's fire, its
rising and falling flame made the two casts on the shelf look as if
they were playing a diabolical game at bo-peep with me; while the
pair of coarse, fat office candles that dimly lighted Mr. Jaggers as
he wrote in a corner were decorated with dirty winding-sheets, as
if in remembrance of a host of hanged clients.

We went to Gerrard Street, all three together, in a hackney-coach:
And, as soon as we got there, dinner was served.  Although I should
not have thought of making, in that place, the most distant
reference by so much as a look to Wemmick's Walworth sentiments,
yet I should have had no objection to catching his eye now and then
in a friendly way.  But it was not to be done.  He turned his eyes on
Mr. Jaggers whenever he raised them from the table, and was as dry
and distant to me as if there were twin Wemmicks, and this was the
wrong one.

"Did you send that note of Miss Havisham's to Mr. Pip, Wemmick?" Mr.
Jaggers asked, soon after we began dinner.

"No, sir," returned Wemmick; "it was going by post, when you
brought Mr. Pip into the office.  Here it is."  He handed it to his
principal instead of to me.

"It's a note of two lines, Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, handing it on,
"sent up to me by Miss Havisham on account of her not being sure
of your address.  She tells me that she wants to see you on a little
matter of business you mentioned to her.  You'll go down?"

"Yes," said I, casting my eyes over the note, which was exactly in
those terms.

"When do you think of going down?"

"I have an impending engagement," said I, glancing at Wemmick, who
was putting fish into the post-office, "that renders me rather
uncertain of my time.  At once, I think."

"If Mr. Pip has the intention of going at once," said Wemmick to Mr.
Jaggers, "he needn't write an answer, you know."

Receiving this as an intimation that it was best not to delay, I
settled that I would go to-morrow, and said so.  Wemmick drank a
glass of wine, and looked with a grimly satisfied air at Mr. Jaggers,
but not at me.

"So, Pip!  Our friend the Spider," said Mr. Jaggers, "has played his
cards.  He has won the pool."

It was as much as I could do to assent.

"Hah!  He is a promising fellow--in his way--but he may not have
it all his own way.  The stronger will win in the end, but the
stronger has to be found out first.  If he should turn to, and beat

"Surely," I interrupted, with a burning face and heart, "you do not
seriously think that he is scoundrel enough for that, Mr. Jaggers?"

"I didn't say so, Pip.  I am putting a case.  If he should turn to
and beat her, he may possibly get the strength on his side; if it
should be a question of intellect, he certainly will not.  It would
be chance work to give an opinion how a fellow of that sort will
turn out in such circumstances, because it's a toss-up between two

"May I ask what they are?"

"A fellow like our friend the Spider," answered Mr. Jaggers, "either
beats or cringes.  He may cringe and growl, or cringe and not
growl; but he either beats or cringes.  Ask Wemmick his opinion."

"Either beats or cringes," said Wemmick, not at all addressing
himself to me.

"So here's to Mrs. Bentley Drummle," said Mr. Jaggers, taking a
decanter of choicer wine from his dumb-waiter, and filling for each
of us and for himself, "and may the question of supremacy be
settled to the lady's satisfaction!  To the satisfaction of the lady
and the gentleman, it never will be.  Now, Molly, Molly, Molly,
Molly, how slow you are to-day!"

She was at his elbow when he addressed her, putting a dish upon the
table.  As she withdrew her hands from it, she fell back a step or
two, nervously muttering some excuse.  And a certain action of her
fingers, as she spoke, arrested my attention.

"What's the matter?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Nothing.  Only the subject we were speaking of," said I, "was
rather painful to me."

The action of her fingers was like the action of knitting.  She
stood looking at her master, not understanding whether she was free
to go, or whether he had more to say to her and would call her back
if she did go.  Her look was very intent.  Surely, I had seen exactly
such eyes and such hands on a memorable occasion very lately!

He dismissed her, and she glided out of the room.  But she remained
before me as plainly as if she were still there.  I looked at those
hands, I looked at those eyes, I looked at that flowing hair; and I
compared them with other hands, other eyes, other hair, that I knew
of, and with what those might be after twenty years of a brutal
husband and a stormy life.  I looked again at those hands and eyes
of the housekeeper, and thought of the inexplicable feeling that
had come over me when I last walked--not alone--in the ruined
garden, and through the deserted brewery.  I thought how the same
feeling had come back when I saw a face looking at me, and a hand
waving to me from a stage-coach window; and how it had come back
again and had flashed about me like lightning, when I had passed in
a carriage--not alone--through a sudden glare of light in a dark
street.  I thought how one link of association had helped that
identification in the theatre, and how such a link, wanting before,
had been riveted for me now, when I had passed by a chance swift
from Estella's name to the fingers with their knitting action, and
the attentive eyes.  And I felt absolutely certain that this woman
was Estella's mother.

Mr. Jaggers had seen me with Estella, and was not likely to have
missed the sentiments I had been at no pains to conceal.  He nodded
when I said the subject was painful to me, clapped me on the back,
put round the wine again, and went on with his dinner.

Only twice more did the housekeeper reappear, and then her stay in
the room was very short, and Mr. Jaggers was sharp with her.  But her
hands were Estella's hands, and her eyes were Estella's eyes, and
if she had reappeared a hundred times I could have been neither
more sure nor less sure that my conviction was the truth.

It was a dull evening, for Wemmick drew his wine, when it came
round, quite as a matter of business,--just as he might have drawn
his salary when that came round,--and with his eyes on his chief,
sat in a state of perpetual readiness for cross-examination.  As to
the quantity of wine, his post-office was as indifferent and ready
as any other post-office for its quantity of letters.  From my point
of view, he was the wrong twin all the time, and only externally
like the Wemmick of Walworth.

We took our leave early, and left together.  Even when we were
groping among Mr. Jaggers's stock of boots for our hats, I felt that
the right twin was on his way back; and we had not gone half a
dozen yards down Gerrard Street in the Walworth direction, before I
found that I was walking arm in arm with the right twin, and that
the wrong twin had evaporated into the evening air.

"Well!" said Wemmick, "that's over!  He's a wonderful man, without
his living likeness; but I feel that I have to screw myself up when
I dine with him,--and I dine more comfortably unscrewed."

I felt that this was a good statement of the case, and told him so.

"Wouldn't say it to anybody but yourself," he answered.  "I know
that what is said between you and me goes no further."

I asked him if he had ever seen Miss Havisham's adopted daughter,
Mrs. Bentley Drummle.  He said no.  To avoid being too abrupt, I then
spoke of the Aged and of Miss Skiffins.  He looked rather sly when
I mentioned Miss Skiffins, and stopped in the street to blow his
nose, with a roll of the head, and a flourish not quite free from
latent boastfulness.

"Wemmick," said I, "do you remember telling me, before I first went
to Mr. Jaggers's private house, to notice that housekeeper?"

"Did I?" he replied.  "Ah, I dare say I did.  Deuce take me," he
added, suddenly, "I know I did.  I find I am not quite unscrewed

"A wild beast tamed, you called her."

"And what do you call her?"

"The same.  How did Mr. Jaggers tame her, Wemmick?"

"That's his secret.  She has been with him many a long year."

"I wish you would tell me her story.  I feel a particular interest
in being acquainted with it.  You know that what is said between you
and me goes no further."

"Well!" Wemmick replied, "I don't know her story,--that is, I don't
know all of it.  But what I do know I'll tell you.  We are in our
private and personal capacities, of course."

"Of course."

"A score or so of years ago, that woman was tried at the Old Bailey
for murder, and was acquitted.  She was a very handsome young woman,
and I believe had some gypsy blood in her.  Anyhow, it was hot enough
when it was up, as you may suppose."

"But she was acquitted."

"Mr. Jaggers was for her," pursued Wemmick, with a look full of
meaning, "and worked the case in a way quite astonishing.  It was a
desperate case, and it was comparatively early days with him then,
and he worked it to general admiration; in fact, it may almost be
said to have made him.  He worked it himself at the police-office,
day after day for many days, contending against even a committal;
and at the trial where he couldn't work it himself, sat under
counsel, and--every one knew--put in all the salt and pepper.  The
murdered person was a woman,--a woman a good ten years older, very
much larger, and very much stronger.  It was a case of jealousy.
They both led tramping lives, and this woman in Gerrard Street here
had been married very young, over the broomstick (as we say), to a
tramping man, and was a perfect fury in point of jealousy.  The
murdered woman,--more a match for the man, certainly, in point of
years--was found dead in a barn near Hounslow Heath.  There had
been a violent struggle, perhaps a fight.  She was bruised and
scratched and torn, and had been held by the throat, at last, and
choked.  Now, there was no reasonable evidence to implicate any
person but this woman, and on the improbabilities of her having
been able to do it Mr. Jaggers principally rested his case.  You may
be sure," said Wemmick, touching me on the sleeve, "that he never
dwelt upon the strength of her hands then, though he sometimes does

I had told Wemmick of his showing us her wrists, that day of the
dinner party.

"Well, sir!" Wemmick went on; "it happened--happened, don't you
see?--that this woman was so very artfully dressed from the time
of her apprehension, that she looked much slighter than she really
was; in particular, her sleeves are always remembered to have been
so skilfully contrived that her arms had quite a delicate look.  She
had only a bruise or two about her,--nothing for a tramp,--but the
backs of her hands were lacerated, and the question was, Was it
with finger-nails?  Now, Mr. Jaggers showed that she had struggled
through a great lot of brambles which were not as high as her face;
but which she could not have got through and kept her hands out of;
and bits of those brambles were actually found in her skin and put
in evidence, as well as the fact that the brambles in question were
found on examination to have been broken through, and to have
little shreds of her dress and little spots of blood upon them here
and there.  But the boldest point he made was this:  it was
attempted to be set up, in proof of her jealousy, that she was under
strong suspicion of having, at about the time of the murder,
frantically destroyed her child by this man--some three years old
--to revenge herself upon him.  Mr. Jaggers worked that in this way:
"We say these are not marks of finger-nails, but marks of brambles,
and we show you the brambles.  You say they are marks of
finger-nails, and you set up the hypothesis that she destroyed her
child.  You must accept all consequences of that hypothesis.  For
anything we know, she may have destroyed her child, and the child
in clinging to her may have scratched her hands.  What then?  You are
not trying her for the murder of her child; why don't you?  As to
this case, if you will have scratches, we say that, for anything we
know, you may have accounted for them, assuming for the sake of
argument that you have not invented them?"  To sum up, sir," said
Wemmick, "Mr. Jaggers was altogether too many for the jury, and they
gave in."

"Has she been in his service ever since?"

"Yes; but not only that," said Wemmick, "she went into his service
immediately after her acquittal, tamed as she is now.  She has since
been taught one thing and another in the way of her duties, but she
was tamed from the beginning."

"Do you remember the sex of the child?"

"Said to have been a girl."

"You have nothing more to say to me to-night?"

"Nothing.  I got your letter and destroyed it.  Nothing."

We exchanged a cordial good-night, and I went home, with new matter
for my thoughts, though with no relief from the old.

Chapter XLIX

Putting Miss Havisham's note in my pocket, that it might serve as
my credentials for so soon reappearing at Satis House, in case her
waywardness should lead her to express any surprise at seeing me, I
went down again by the coach next day.  But I alighted at the
Halfway House, and breakfasted there, and walked the rest of the
distance; for I sought to get into the town quietly by the
unfrequented ways, and to leave it in the same manner.

The best light of the day was gone when I passed along the quiet
echoing courts behind the High Street.  The nooks of ruin where the
old monks had once had their refectories and gardens, and where the
strong walls were now pressed into the service of humble sheds and
stables, were almost as silent as the old monks in their graves.
The cathedral chimes had at once a sadder and a more remote sound
to me, as I hurried on avoiding observation, than they had ever had
before; so, the swell of the old organ was borne to my ears like
funeral music; and the rooks, as they hovered about the gray tower
and swung in the bare high trees of the priory garden, seemed to
call to me that the place was changed, and that Estella was gone
out of it for ever.

An elderly woman, whom I had seen before as one of the servants who
lived in the supplementary house across the back courtyard, opened
the gate.  The lighted candle stood in the dark passage within, as
of old, and I took it up and ascended the staircase alone.  Miss
Havisham was not in her own room, but was in the larger room across
the landing.  Looking in at the door, after knocking in vain, I saw
her sitting on the hearth in a ragged chair, close before, and lost
in the contemplation of, the ashy fire.

Doing as I had often done, I went in, and stood touching the old
chimney-piece, where she could see me when she raised her eyes.
There was an air or utter loneliness upon her, that would have
moved me to pity though she had wilfully done me a deeper injury
than I could charge her with.  As I stood compassionating her, and
thinking how, in the progress of time, I too had come to be a part of
the wrecked fortunes of that house, her eyes rested on me.  She
stared, and said in a low voice, "Is it real?"

"It is I, Pip.  Mr. Jaggers gave me your note yesterday, and I have
lost no time."

"Thank you.  Thank you."

As I brought another of the ragged chairs to the hearth and sat
down, I remarked a new expression on her face, as if she were
afraid of me.

"I want," she said, "to pursue that subject you mentioned to me
when you were last here, and to show you that I am not all stone.
But perhaps you can never believe, now, that there is anything
human in my heart?"

When I said some reassuring words, she stretched out her tremulous
right hand, as though she was going to touch me; but she recalled
it again before I understood the action, or knew how to receive it.

"You said, speaking for your friend, that you could tell me how to
do something useful and good.  Something that you would like done,
is it not?"

"Something that I would like done very much."

"What is it?"

I began explaining to her that secret history of the partnership.  I
had not got far into it, when I judged from her looks that she was
thinking in a discursive way of me, rather than of what I said.  It
seemed to be so; for, when I stopped speaking, many moments passed
before she showed that she was conscious of the fact.

"Do you break off," she asked then, with her former air of being
afraid of me, "because you hate me too much to bear to speak to

"No, no," I answered, "how can you think so, Miss Havisham!  I
stopped because I thought you were not following what I said."

"Perhaps I was not," she answered, putting a hand to her head.
"Begin again, and let me look at something else.  Stay!  Now tell

She set her hand upon her stick in the resolute way that sometimes
was habitual to her, and looked at the fire with a strong
expression of forcing herself to attend.  I went on with my
explanation, and told her how I had hoped to complete the
transaction out of my means, but how in this I was disappointed.
That part of the subject (I reminded her) involved matters which
could form no part of my explanation, for they were the weighty
secrets of another.

"So!" said she, assenting with her head, but not looking at me.
"And how much money is wanting to complete the purchase?"

I was rather afraid of stating it, for it sounded a large sum.
"Nine hundred pounds."

"If I give you the money for this purpose, will you keep my secret
as you have kept your own?"

"Quite as faithfully."

"And your mind will be more at rest?"

"Much more at rest."

"Are you very unhappy now?"

She asked this question, still without looking at me, but in an
unwonted tone of sympathy.  I could not reply at the moment, for my
voice failed me.  She put her left arm across the head of her stick,
and softly laid her forehead on it.

"I am far from happy, Miss Havisham; but I have other causes of
disquiet than any you know of.  They are the secrets I have

After a little while, she raised her head, and looked at the fire

"It is noble in you to tell me that you have other causes of
unhappiness, Is it true?"

"Too true."

"Can I only serve you, Pip, by serving your friend?  Regarding that
as done, is there nothing I can do for you yourself?"

"Nothing.  I thank you for the question.  I thank you even more for
the tone of the question.  But there is nothing."

She presently rose from her seat, and looked about the blighted
room for the means of writing.  There were none there, and she took
from her pocket a yellow set of ivory tablets, mounted in tarnished
gold, and wrote upon them with a pencil in a case of tarnished gold
that hung from her neck.

"You are still on friendly terms with Mr. Jaggers?"

"Quite.  I dined with him yesterday."

"This is an authority to him to pay you that money, to lay out at
your irresponsible discretion for your friend.  I keep no money
here; but if you would rather Mr. Jaggers knew nothing of the
matter, I will send it to you."

"Thank you, Miss Havisham; I have not the least objection to
receiving it from him."

She read me what she had written; and it was direct and clear, and
evidently intended to absolve me from any suspicion of profiting by
the receipt of the money.  I took the tablets from her hand, and it
trembled again, and it trembled more as she took off the chain to
which the pencil was attached, and put it in mine.  All this she
did without looking at me.

"My name is on the first leaf.  If you can ever write under my name,
"I forgive her," though ever so long after my broken heart is dust
pray do it!"

"O Miss Havisham," said I, "I can do it now.  There have been sore
mistakes; and my life has been a blind and thankless one; and I
want forgiveness and direction far too much, to be bitter with

She turned her face to me for the first time since she had averted
it, and, to my amazement, I may even add to my terror, dropped on
her knees at my feet; with her folded hands raised to me in the
manner in which, when her poor heart was young and fresh and whole,
they must often have been raised to heaven from her mother's side.

To see her with her white hair and her worn face kneeling at my
feet gave me a shock through all my frame.  I entreated her to
rise, and got my arms about her to help her up; but she only
pressed that hand of mine which was nearest to her grasp, and hung
her head over it and wept.  I had never seen her shed a tear before,
and, in the hope that the relief might do her good, I bent over her
without speaking.  She was not kneeling now, but was down upon the

"O!" she cried, despairingly.  "What have I done!  What have I done!"

"If you mean, Miss Havisham, what have you done to injure me, let
me answer.  Very little.  I should have loved her under any
circumstances.  Is she married?"


It was a needless question, for a new desolation in the desolate
house had told me so.

"What have I done!  What have I done!"  She wrung her hands, and
crushed her white hair, and returned to this cry over and over
again.  "What have I done!"

I knew not how to answer, or how to comfort her.  That she had done
a grievous thing in taking an impressionable child to mould into
the form that her wild resentment, spurned affection, and wounded
pride found vengeance in, I knew full well.  But that, in shutting
out the light of day, she had shut out infinitely more; that, in
seclusion, she had secluded herself from a thousand natural and
healing influences; that, her mind, brooding solitary, had grown
diseased, as all minds do and must and will that reverse the
appointed order of their Maker, I knew equally well.  And could I
look upon her without compassion, seeing her punishment in the ruin
she was, in her profound unfitness for this earth on which she was
placed, in the vanity of sorrow which had become a master mania,
like the vanity of penitence, the vanity of remorse, the vanity of
unworthiness, and other monstrous vanities that have been curses in
this world?

"Until you spoke to her the other day, and until I saw in you a
looking-glass that showed me what I once felt myself, I did not
know what I had done.  What have I done!  What have I done!"  And so
again, twenty, fifty times over, What had she done!

"Miss Havisham," I said, when her cry had died away, "you may
dismiss me from your mind and conscience.  But Estella is a
different case, and if you can ever undo any scrap of what you have
done amiss in keeping a part of her right nature away from her, it
will be better to do that than to bemoan the past through a
hundred years."

"Yes, yes, I know it.  But, Pip--my dear!"  There was an earnest
womanly compassion for me in her new affection.  "My dear!  Believe
this:  when she first came to me, I meant to save her from misery
like my own.  At first, I meant no more."

"Well, well!" said I.  "I hope so."

"But as she grew, and promised to be very beautiful, I gradually
did worse, and with my praises, and with my jewels, and with my
teachings, and with this figure of myself always before her, a
warning to back and point my lessons, I stole her heart away, and
put ice in its place."

"Better," I could not help saying, "to have left her a natural
heart, even to be bruised or broken."

With that, Miss Havisham looked distractedly at me for a while, and
then burst out again, What had she done!

"If you knew all my story," she pleaded, "you would have some
compassion for me and a better understanding of me."

"Miss Havisham," I answered, as delicately as I could, "I believe I
may say that I do know your story, and have known it ever since I
first left this neighborhood.  It has inspired me with great
commiseration, and I hope I understand it and its influences.  Does
what has passed between us give me any excuse for asking you a
question relative to Estella?  Not as she is, but as she was when
she first came here?"

She was seated on the ground, with her arms on the ragged chair,
and her head leaning on them.  She looked full at me when I said
this, and replied, "Go on."

"Whose child was Estella?"

She shook her head.

"You don't know?"

She shook her head again.

"But Mr. Jaggers brought her here, or sent her here?"

"Brought her here."

"Will you tell me how that came about?"

She answered in a low whisper and with caution:  "I had been shut up
in these rooms a long time (I don't know how long; you know what
time the clocks keep here), when I told him that I wanted a little
girl to rear and love, and save from my fate.  I had first seen him
when I sent for him to lay this place waste for me; having read of
him in the newspapers, before I and the world parted.  He told me
that he would look about him for such an orphan child.  One night he
brought her here asleep, and I called her Estella."

"Might I ask her age then?"

"Two or three.  She herself knows nothing, but that she was left an
orphan and I adopted her."

So convinced I was of that woman's being her mother, that I wanted
no evidence to establish the fact in my own mind.  But, to any mind,
I thought, the connection here was clear and straight.

What more could I hope to do by prolonging the interview?  I had
succeeded on behalf of Herbert, Miss Havisham had told me all she
knew of Estella, I had said and done what I could to ease her mind.
No matter with what other words we parted; we parted.

Twilight was closing in when I went down stairs into the natural
air.  I called to the woman who had opened the gate when I entered,
that I would not trouble her just yet, but would walk round the
place before leaving.  For I had a presentiment that I should never
be there again, and I felt that the dying light was suited to my
last view of it.

By the wilderness of casks that I had walked on long ago, and on
which the rain of years had fallen since, rotting them in many
places, and leaving miniature swamps and pools of water upon those
that stood on end, I made my way to the ruined garden.  I went all
round it; round by the corner where Herbert and I had fought our
battle; round by the paths where Estella and I had walked.  So cold,
so lonely, so dreary all!

Taking the brewery on my way back, I raised the rusty latch of a
little door at the garden end of it, and walked through.  I was
going out at the opposite door,--not easy to open now, for the damp
wood had started and swelled, and the hinges were yielding, and the
threshold was encumbered with a growth of fungus,--when I turned my
head to look back.  A childish association revived with wonderful
force in the moment of the slight action, and I fancied that I saw
Miss Havisham hanging to the beam.  So strong was the impression,
that I stood under the beam shuddering from head to foot before I
knew it was a fancy,--though to be sure I was there in an instant.

The mournfulness of the place and time, and the great terror of
this illusion, though it was but momentary, caused me to feel an
indescribable awe as I came out between the open wooden gates where
I had once wrung my hair after Estella had wrung my heart.  Passing
on into the front courtyard, I hesitated whether to call the woman
to let me out at the locked gate of which she had the key, or first
to go up stairs and assure myself that Miss Havisham was as safe
and well as I had left her.  I took the latter course and went up.

I looked into the room where I had left her, and I saw her seated
in the ragged chair upon the hearth close to the fire, with her
back towards me.  In the moment when I was withdrawing my head to go
quietly away, I saw a great flaming light spring up.  In the same
moment I saw her running at me, shrieking, with a whirl of fire
blazing all about her, and soaring at least as many feet above her
head as she was high.

I had a double-caped great-coat on, and over my arm another thick
coat.  That I got them off, closed with her, threw her down, and got
them over her; that I dragged the great cloth from the table for
the same purpose, and with it dragged down the heap of rottenness
in the midst, and all the ugly things that sheltered there; that we
were on the ground struggling like desperate enemies, and that the
closer I covered her, the more wildly she shrieked and tried to
free herself,--that this occurred I knew through the result, but not
through anything I felt, or thought, or knew I did.  I knew nothing
until I knew that we were on the floor by the great table, and that
patches of tinder yet alight were floating in the smoky air, which,
a moment ago, had been her faded bridal dress.

Then, I looked round and saw the disturbed beetles and spiders
running away over the floor, and the servants coming in with
breathless cries at the door.  I still held her forcibly down with
all my strength, like a prisoner who might escape; and I doubt if I
even knew who she was, or why we had struggled, or that she had
been in flames, or that the flames were out, until I saw the
patches of tinder that had been her garments no longer alight but
falling in a black shower around us.

She was insensible, and I was afraid to have her moved, or even
touched.  Assistance was sent for, and I held her until it came, as
if I unreasonably fancied (I think I did) that, if I let her go, the
fire would break out again and consume her.  When I got up, on the
surgeon's coming to her with other aid, I was astonished to see
that both my hands were burnt; for, I had no knowledge of it
through the sense of feeling.

On examination it was pronounced that she had received serious
hurts, but that they of themselves were far from hopeless; the
danger lay mainly in the nervous shock.  By the surgeon's
directions, her bed was carried into that room and laid upon the
great table, which happened to be well suited to the dressing of
her injuries.  When I saw her again, an hour afterwards, she lay,
indeed, where I had seen her strike her stick, and had heard her say
that she would lie one day.

Though every vestige of her dress was burnt, as they told me, she
still had something of her old ghastly bridal appearance; for, they
had covered her to the throat with white cotton-wool, and as she
lay with a white sheet loosely overlying that, the phantom air of
something that had been and was changed was still upon her.

I found, on questioning the servants, that Estella was in Paris,
and I got a promise from the surgeon that he would write to her by
the next post.  Miss Havisham's family I took upon myself; intending
to communicate with Mr. Matthew Pocket only, and leave him to do as
he liked about informing the rest.  This I did next day, through
Herbert, as soon as I returned to town.

There was a stage, that evening, when she spoke collectedly of what
had happened, though with a certain terrible vivacity.  Towards
midnight she began to wander in her speech; and after that it
gradually set in that she said innumerable times in a low solemn
voice, "What have I done!"  And then, "When she first came, I meant
to save her from misery like mine."  And then, "Take the pencil and
write under my name, 'I forgive her!'"  She never changed the order
of these three sentences, but she sometimes left out a word in one
or other of them; never putting in another word, but always leaving
a blank and going on to the next word.

As I could do no service there, and as I had, nearer home, that
pressing reason for anxiety and fear which even her wanderings
could not drive out of my mind, I decided, in the course of the
night that I would return by the early morning coach, walking on a
mile or so, and being taken up clear of the town.  At about six
o'clock of the morning, therefore, I leaned over her and touched
her lips with mine, just as they said, not stopping for being
touched, "Take the pencil and write under my name, 'I forgive

Chapter L

My hands had been dressed twice or thrice in the night, and again
in the morning.  My left arm was a good deal burned to the elbow,
and, less severely, as high as the shoulder; it was very painful,
but the flames had set in that direction, and I felt thankful it
was no worse.  My right hand was not so badly burnt but that I could
move the fingers.  It was bandaged, of course, but much less
inconveniently than my left hand and arm; those I carried in a
sling; and I could only wear my coat like a cloak, loose over my
shoulders and fastened at the neck.  My hair had been caught by the
fire, but not my head or face.

When Herbert had been down to Hammersmith and seen his father, he
came back to me at our chambers, and devoted the day to attending on
me.  He was the kindest of nurses, and at stated times took off the
bandages, and steeped them in the cooling liquid that was kept
ready, and put them on again, with a patient tenderness that I was
deeply grateful for.

At first, as I lay quiet on the sofa, I found it painfully
difficult, I might say impossible, to get rid of the impression of
the glare of the flames, their hurry and noise, and the fierce
burning smell.  If I dozed for a minute, I was awakened by Miss
Havisham's cries, and by her running at me with all that height of
fire above her head.  This pain of the mind was much harder to
strive against than any bodily pain I suffered; and Herbert, seeing
that, did his utmost to hold my attention engaged.

Neither of us spoke of the boat, but we both thought of it.  That
was made apparent by our avoidance of the subject, and by our
agreeing--without agreement--to make my recovery of the use of my
hands a question of so many hours, not of so many weeks.

My first question when I saw Herbert had been of course, whether
all was well down the river?  As he replied in the affirmative, with
perfect confidence and cheerfulness, we did not resume the subject
until the day was wearing away.  But then, as Herbert changed the
bandages, more by the light of the fire than by the outer light, he
went back to it spontaneously.

"I sat with Provis last night, Handel, two good hours."

"Where was Clara?"

"Dear little thing!" said Herbert.  "She was up and down with
Gruffandgrim all the evening.  He was perpetually pegging at the
floor the moment she left his sight.  I doubt if he can hold out
long, though.  What with rum and pepper,--and pepper and rum,--I
should think his pegging must be nearly over."

"And then you will be married, Herbert?"

"How can I take care of the dear child otherwise?--Lay your arm
out upon the back of the sofa, my dear boy, and I'll sit down here,
and get the bandage off so gradually that you shall not know when
it comes.  I was speaking of Provis.  Do you know, Handel, he

"I said to you I thought he was softened when I last saw him."

"So you did.  And so he is.  He was very communicative last night,
and told me more of his life.  You remember his breaking off here
about some woman that he had had great trouble with.--Did I hurt

I had started, but not under his touch.  His words had given me a

"I had forgotten that, Herbert, but I remember it now you speak of

"Well!  He went into that part of his life, and a dark wild part it
is.  Shall I tell you?  Or would it worry you just now?"

"Tell me by all means.  Every word."

Herbert bent forward to look at me more nearly, as if my reply had
been rather more hurried or more eager than he could quite account
for.  "Your head is cool?" he said, touching it.

"Quite," said I.  "Tell me what Provis said, my dear Herbert."

"It seems," said Herbert, "--there's a bandage off most
charmingly, and now comes the cool one,--makes you shrink at first,
my poor dear fellow, don't it?  but it will be comfortable presently,
--it seems that the woman was a young woman, and a jealous woman,
and a revengeful woman; revengeful, Handel, to the last degree."

"To what last degree?"

"Murder.--Does it strike too cold on that sensitive place?"

"I don't feel it.  How did she murder?  Whom did she murder?" "Why,
the deed may not have merited quite so terrible a name," said
Herbert, "but, she was tried for it, and Mr. Jaggers defended her,
and the reputation of that defence first made his name known to
Provis.  It was another and a stronger woman who was the victim, and
there had been a struggle--in a barn.  Who began it, or how fair it
was, or how unfair, may be doubtful; but how it ended is certainly
not doubtful, for the victim was found throttled."

"Was the woman brought in guilty?"

"No; she was acquitted.--My poor Handel, I hurt you!"

"It is impossible to be gentler, Herbert.  Yes?  What else?"

"This acquitted young woman and Provis had a little child; a little
child of whom Provis was exceedingly fond.  On the evening of the
very night when the object of her jealousy was strangled as I tell
you, the young woman presented herself before Provis for one
moment, and swore that she would destroy the child (which was in
her possession), and he should never see it again; then she
vanished.--There's the worst arm comfortably in the sling once
more, and now there remains but the right hand, which is a far
easier job.  I can do it better by this light than by a stronger,
for my hand is steadiest when I don't see the poor blistered
patches too distinctly.--You don't think your breathing is
affected, my dear boy?  You seem to breathe quickly."

"Perhaps I do, Herbert.  Did the woman keep her oath?"

"There comes the darkest part of Provis's life.  She did."

"That is, he says she did."

"Why, of course, my dear boy," returned Herbert, in a tone of
surprise, and again bending forward to get a nearer look at me.  "He
says it all.  I have no other information."

"No, to be sure."

"Now, whether," pursued Herbert, "he had used the child's mother
ill, or whether he had used the child's mother well, Provis doesn't
say; but she had shared some four or five years of the wretched
life he described to us at this fireside, and he seems to have felt
pity for her, and forbearance towards her.  Therefore, fearing he
should be called upon to depose about this destroyed child, and so
be the cause of her death, he hid himself (much as he grieved for
the child), kept himself dark, as he says, out of the way and out
of the trial, and was only vaguely talked of as a certain man
called Abel, out of whom the jealousy arose.  After the acquittal
she disappeared, and thus he lost the child and the child's

"I want to ask--"

"A moment, my dear boy, and I have done.  That evil genius,
Compeyson, the worst of scoundrels among many scoundrels, knowing
of his keeping out of the way at that time and of his reasons for
doing so, of course afterwards held the knowledge over his head as
a means of keeping him poorer and working him harder.  It was clear
last night that this barbed the point of Provis's animosity."

"I want to know," said I, "and particularly, Herbert, whether he
told you when this happened?"

"Particularly?  Let me remember, then, what he said as to that.  His
expression was, 'a round score o' year ago, and a'most directly
after I took up wi' Compeyson.'  How old were you when you came upon
him in the little churchyard?"

"I think in my seventh year."

"Ay.  It had happened some three or four years then, he said, and
you brought into his mind the little girl so tragically lost, who
would have been about your age."

"Herbert," said I, after a short silence, in a hurried way, "can
you see me best by the light of the window, or the light of the

"By the firelight," answered Herbert, coming close again.

"Look at me."

"I do look at you, my dear boy."

"Touch me."

"I do touch you, my dear boy."

"You are not afraid that I am in any fever, or that my head is much
disordered by the accident of last night?"

"N-no, my dear boy," said Herbert, after taking time to examine me.
"You are rather excited, but you are quite yourself."

"I know I am quite myself.  And the man we have in hiding down the
river, is Estella's Father."

Chapter LI

What purpose I had in view when I was hot on tracing out and
proving Estella's parentage, I cannot say.  It will presently be
seen that the question was not before me in a distinct shape until
it was put before me by a wiser head than my own.

But when Herbert and I had held our momentous conversation, I was
seized with a feverish conviction that I ought to hunt the matter
down,--that I ought not to let it rest, but that I ought to see Mr.
Jaggers, and come at the bare truth.  I really do not know whether I
felt that I did this for Estella's sake, or whether I was glad to
transfer to the man in whose preservation I was so much concerned
some rays of the romantic interest that had so long surrounded me.
Perhaps the latter possibility may be the nearer to the truth.

Any way, I could scarcely be withheld from going out to
Gerrard Street that night.  Herbert's representations that, if I did,
I should probably be laid up and stricken useless, when our
fugitive's safety would depend upon me, alone restrained my
impatience.  On the understanding, again and again reiterated, that,
come what would, I was to go to Mr. Jaggers to-morrow, I at length
submitted to keep quiet, and to have my hurts looked after, and to
stay at home.  Early next morning we went out together, and at the
corner of Giltspur Street by Smithfield, I left Herbert to go his
way into the City, and took my way to Little Britain.

There were periodical occasions when Mr. Jaggers and Wemmick went
over the office accounts, and checked off the vouchers, and put all
things straight.  On these occasions, Wemmick took his books and
papers into Mr. Jaggers's room, and one of the up-stairs clerks came
down into the outer office.  Finding such clerk on Wemmick's post
that morning, I knew what was going on; but I was not sorry to
have Mr. Jaggers and Wemmick together, as Wemmick would then hear
for himself that I said nothing to compromise him.

My appearance, with my arm bandaged and my coat loose over my
shoulders, favored my object.  Although I had sent Mr. Jaggers a
brief account of the accident as soon as I had arrived in town, yet
I had to give him all the details now; and the speciality of the
occasion caused our talk to be less dry and hard, and less strictly
regulated by the rules of evidence, than it had been before.  While
I described the disaster, Mr. Jaggers stood, according to his wont,
before the fire.  Wemmick leaned back in his chair, staring at me,
with his hands in the pockets of his trousers, and his pen put
horizontally into the post.  The two brutal casts, always
inseparable in my mind from the official proceedings, seemed to be
congestively considering whether they didn't smell fire at the
present moment.

My narrative finished, and their questions exhausted, I then
produced Miss Havisham's authority to receive the nine hundred
pounds for Herbert.  Mr. Jaggers's eyes retired a little deeper into
his head when I handed him the tablets, but he presently handed
them over to Wemmick, with instructions to draw the check for his
signature.  While that was in course of being done, I looked on at
Wemmick as he wrote, and Mr. Jaggers, poising and swaying himself on
his well-polished boots, looked on at me.  "I am sorry, Pip," said
he, as I put the check in my pocket, when he had signed it, "that
we do nothing for you."

"Miss Havisham was good enough to ask me," I returned, "whether she
could do nothing for me, and I told her No."

"Everybody should know his own business," said Mr. Jaggers.  And I
saw Wemmick's lips form the words "portable property."

"I should not have told her No, if I had been you," said Mr
Jaggers; "but every man ought to know his own business best."

"Every man's business," said Wemmick, rather reproachfully towards
me, "is portable property."

As I thought the time was now come for pursuing the theme I had at
heart, I said, turning on Mr. Jaggers:--

"I did ask something of Miss Havisham, however, sir.  I asked her to
give me some information relative to her adopted daughter, and she
gave me all she possessed."

"Did she?" said Mr. Jaggers, bending forward to look at his boots
and then straightening himself.  "Hah!  I don't think I should have
done so, if I had been Miss Havisham.  But she ought to know her own
business best."

"I know more of the history of Miss Havisham's adopted child than
Miss Havisham herself does, sir.  I know her mother."

Mr. Jaggers looked at me inquiringly, and repeated "Mother?"

"I have seen her mother within these three days."

"Yes?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"And so have you, sir.  And you have seen her still more recently."

"Yes?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Perhaps I know more of Estella's history than even you do," said
I.  "I know her father too."

A certain stop that Mr. Jaggers came to in his manner--he was too
self-possessed to change his manner, but he could not help its
being brought to an indefinably attentive stop--assured me that he
did not know who her father was.  This I had strongly suspected from
Provis's account (as Herbert had repeated it) of his having kept
himself dark; which I pieced on to the fact that he himself was not
Mr. Jaggers's client until some four years later, and when he could
have no reason for claiming his identity.  But, I could not be sure
of this unconsciousness on Mr. Jaggers's part before, though I was
quite sure of it now.

"So!  You know the young lady's father, Pip?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Yes," I replied, "and his name is Provis--from New South Wales."

Even Mr. Jaggers started when I said those words.  It was the
slightest start that could escape a man, the most carefully
repressed and the sooner checked, but he did start, though he made
it a part of the action of taking out his pocket-handkerchief.  How
Wemmick received the announcement I am unable to say; for I was
afraid to look at him just then, lest Mr. Jaggers's sharpness should
detect that there had been some communication unknown to him
between us.

"And on what evidence, Pip," asked Mr. Jaggers, very coolly, as he
paused with his handkerchief half way to his nose, "does Provis
make this claim?"

"He does not make it," said I, "and has never made it, and has no
knowledge or belief that his daughter is in existence."

For once, the powerful pocket-handkerchief failed.  My reply was so
Unexpected, that Mr. Jaggers put the handkerchief back into his
pocket without completing the usual performance, folded his arms,
and looked with stern attention at me, though with an immovable

Then I told him all I knew, and how I knew it; with the one
reservation that I left him to infer that I knew from Miss Havisham
what I in fact knew from Wemmick.  I was very careful indeed as to
that.  Nor did I look towards Wemmick until I had finished all I
had to tell, and had been for some time silently meeting Mr.
Jaggers's look.  When I did at last turn my eyes in Wemmick's
direction, I found that he had unposted his pen, and was intent
upon the table before him.

"Hah!" said Mr. Jaggers at last, as he moved towards the papers on
the table.  "What item was it you were at, Wemmick, when Mr. Pip
came in?"

But I could not submit to be thrown off in that way, and I made a
passionate, almost an indignant appeal, to him to be more frank and
manly with me.  I reminded him of the false hopes into which I had
lapsed, the length of time they had lasted, and the discovery I had
made:  and I hinted at the danger that weighed upon my spirits.  I
represented myself as being surely worthy of some little confidence
from him, in return for the confidence I had just now imparted.  I
said that I did not blame him, or suspect him, or mistrust him, but
I wanted assurance of the truth from him.  And if he asked me why I
wanted it, and why I thought I had any right to it, I would tell
him, little as he cared for such poor dreams, that I had loved
Estella dearly and long, and that although I had lost her, and must
live a bereaved life, whatever concerned her was still nearer and
dearer to me than anything else in the world.  And seeing that Mr.
Jaggers stood quite still and silent, and apparently quite
obdurate, under this appeal, I turned to Wemmick, and said,
"Wemmick, I know you to be a man with a gentle heart.  I have seen
your pleasant home, and your old father, and all the innocent,
cheerful playful ways with which you refresh your business life.
And I entreat you to say a word for me to Mr. Jaggers, and to
represent to him that, all circumstances considered, he ought to be
more open with me!"

I have never seen two men look more oddly at one another than Mr.
Jaggers and Wemmick did after this apostrophe.  At first, a
misgiving crossed me that Wemmick would be instantly dismissed from
his employment; but it melted as I saw Mr. Jaggers relax into
something like a smile, and Wemmick become bolder.

"What's all this?" said Mr. Jaggers.  "You with an old father, and
you with pleasant and playful ways?"

"Well!" returned Wemmick.  "If I don't bring 'em here, what does it

"Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, laying his hand upon my arm, and smiling
openly, "this man must be the most cunning impostor in all London."

"Not a bit of it," returned Wemmick, growing bolder and bolder.  "I
think you're another."

Again they exchanged their former odd looks, each apparently still
distrustful that the other was taking him in.

"You with a pleasant home?" said Mr. Jaggers.

"Since it don't interfere with business," returned Wemmick, "let it
be so.  Now, I look at you, sir, I shouldn't wonder if you might be
planning and contriving to have a pleasant home of your own one of
these days, when you're tired of all this work."

Mr. Jaggers nodded his head retrospectively two or three times, and
actually drew a sigh.  "Pip," said he, "we won't talk about 'poor
dreams;' you know more about such things than I, having much
fresher experience of that kind.  But now about this other matter.
I'll put a case to you.  Mind!  I admit nothing."

He waited for me to declare that I quite understood that he
expressly said that he admitted nothing.

"Now, Pip," said Mr. Jaggers, "put this case.  Put the case that a
woman, under such circumstances as you have mentioned, held her
child concealed, and was obliged to communicate the fact to her
legal adviser, on his representing to her that he must know, with
an eye to the latitude of his defence, how the fact stood about
that child.  Put the case that, at the same time he held a trust to
find a child for an eccentric rich lady to adopt and bring up."

"I follow you, sir."

"Put the case that he lived in an atmosphere of evil, and that all
he saw of children was their being generated in great numbers for
certain destruction.  Put the case that he often saw children
solemnly tried at a criminal bar, where they were held up to be
seen; put the case that he habitually knew of their being
imprisoned, whipped, transported, neglected, cast out, qualified in
all ways for the hangman, and growing up to be hanged.  Put the case
that pretty nigh all the children he saw in his daily business
life he had reason to look upon as so much spawn, to develop into
the fish that were to come to his net,--to be prosecuted, defended,
forsworn, made orphans, bedevilled somehow."

"I follow you, sir."

"Put the case, Pip, that here was one pretty little child out of
the heap who could be saved; whom the father believed dead, and
dared make no stir about; as to whom, over the mother, the legal
adviser had this power:  "I know what you did, and how you did it.
You came so and so, you did such and such things to divert suspicion.  
I have tracked you through it all, andI tell it you all.  Part 
with the child, unless it should benecessary to produce it to 
clear you, and then it shall be produced.  Give the child into 
my hands, and I will do my best to bring you off.  If you are 
saved, your child is saved too; if you are lost, your child is 
still saved."  Put the case that this was done, and that the 
woman was cleared."

"I understand you perfectly."

"But that I make no admissions?"

"That you make no admissions."  And Wemmick repeated, "No

"Put the case, Pip, that passion and the terror of death had a
little shaken the woman's intellects, and that when she was set at
liberty, she was scared out of the ways of the world, and went to
him to be sheltered.  Put the case that he took her in, and that he
kept down the old, wild, violent nature whenever he saw an inkling of
its breaking out, by asserting his power over her in the old way.
Do you comprehend the imaginary case?"


"Put the case that the child grew up, and was married for money.
That the mother was still living.  That the father was still living.
That the mother and father, unknown to one another, were dwelling
within so many miles, furlongs, yards if you like, of one another.
That the secret was still a secret, except that you had got wind of
it.  Put that last case to yourself very carefully."

"I do."

"I ask Wemmick to put it to himself very carefully."

And Wemmick said, "I do."

"For whose sake would you reveal the secret?  For the father's?  I
think he would not be much the better for the mother.  For the
mother's?  I think if she had done such a deed she would be safer
where she was.  For the daughter's?  I think it would hardly serve
her to establish her parentage for the information of her husband,
and to drag her back to disgrace, after an escape of twenty years,
pretty secure to last for life.  But add the case that you had
loved her, Pip, and had made her the subject of those 'poor dreams'
which have, at one time or another, been in the heads of more men
than you think likely, then I tell you that you had better--and
would much sooner when you had thought well of it--chop off that
bandaged left hand of yours with your bandaged right hand, and then
pass the chopper on to Wemmick there, to cut that off too."

I looked at Wemmick, whose face was very grave.  He gravely touched
his lips with his forefinger.  I did the same.  Mr. Jaggers did the
same.  "Now, Wemmick," said the latter then, resuming his usual
manner, "what item was it you were at when Mr. Pip came in?"

Standing by for a little, while they were at work, I observed that
the odd looks they had cast at one another were repeated several
times:  with this difference now, that each of them seemed
suspicious, not to say conscious, of having shown himself in a weak
and unprofessional light to the other.  For this reason, I suppose,
they were now inflexible with one another; Mr. Jaggers being highly
dictatorial, and Wemmick obstinately justifying himself whenever
there was the smallest point in abeyance for a moment.  I had never
seen them on such ill terms; for generally they got on very well
indeed together.

But they were both happily relieved by the opportune appearance of
Mike, the client with the fur cap and the habit of wiping his nose
on his sleeve, whom I had seen on the very first day of my
appearance within those walls.  This individual, who, either in his
own person or in that of some member of his family, seemed to be
always in trouble (which in that place meant Newgate), called to
announce that his eldest daughter was taken up on suspicion of
shoplifting.  As he imparted this melancholy circumstance to
Wemmick, Mr. Jaggers standing magisterially before the fire and
taking no share in the proceedings, Mike's eye happened to twinkle
with a tear.

"What are you about?" demanded Wemmick, with the utmost
indignation.  "What do you come snivelling here for?"

"I didn't go to do it, Mr. Wemmick."

"You did," said Wemmick.  "How dare you?  You're not in a fit state
to come here, if you can't come here without spluttering like a bad
pen.  What do you mean by it?"

"A man can't help his feelings, Mr. Wemmick," pleaded Mike.

"His what?" demanded Wemmick, quite savagely.  "Say that again!"

"Now look here my man," said Mr. Jaggers, advancing a step, and
pointing to the door.  "Get out of this office.  I'll have no
feelings here.  Get out."

"It serves you right," said Wemmick, "Get out."

So, the unfortunate Mike very humbly withdrew, and Mr. Jaggers and
Wemmick appeared to have re-established their good understanding,
and went to work again with an air of refreshment upon them as if
they had just had lunch.

Chapter LII

From Little Britain I went, with my check in my pocket, to Miss
Skiffins's brother, the accountant; and Miss Skiffins's brother,
the accountant, going straight to Clarriker's and bringing
Clarriker to me, I had the great satisfaction of concluding that
arrangement.  It was the only good thing I had done, and the only
completed thing I had done, since I was first apprised of my great

Clarriker informing me on that occasion that the affairs of the
House were steadily progressing, that he would now be able to
establish a small branch-house in the East which was much wanted
for the extension of the business, and that Herbert in his new
partnership capacity would go out and take charge of it, I found
that I must have prepared for a separation from my friend, even
though my own affairs had been more settled.  And now, indeed, I felt
as if my last anchor were loosening its hold, and I should soon be
driving with the winds and waves.

But there was recompense in the joy with which Herbert would come
home of a night and tell me of these changes, little imagining that
he told me no news, and would sketch airy pictures of himself
conducting Clara Barley to the land of the Arabian Nights, and of
me going out to join them (with a caravan of camels, I believe),
and of our all going up the Nile and seeing wonders.  Without being
sanguine as to my own part in those bright plans, I felt that
Herbert's way was clearing fast, and that old Bill Barley had but
to stick to his pepper and rum, and his daughter would soon be
happily provided for.

We had now got into the month of March.  My left arm, though it
presented no bad symptoms, took, in the natural course, so long to
heal that I was still unable to get a coat on.  My right arm was
tolerably restored; disfigured, but fairly serviceable.

On a Monday morning, when Herbert and I were at breakfast, I
received the following letter from Wemmick by the post.

"Walworth.  Burn this as soon as read.  Early in the week, or say
Wednesday, you might do what you know of, if you felt disposed to
try it.  Now burn."

When I had shown this to Herbert and had put it in the fire--but
not before we had both got it by heart--we considered what to do.
For, of course my being disabled could now be no longer kept out of

"I have thought it over again and again," said Herbert, "and I
think I know a better course than taking a Thames waterman.  Take
Startop.  A good fellow, a skilled hand, fond of us, and
enthusiastic and honorable."

I had thought of him more than once.

"But how much would you tell him, Herbert?"

"It is necessary to tell him very little.  Let him suppose it a mere
freak, but a secret one, until the morning comes:  then let him know
that there is urgent reason for your getting Provis aboard and
away.  You go with him?"

"No doubt."


It had seemed to me, in the many anxious considerations I had given
the point, almost indifferent what port we made for,--Hamburg,
Rotterdam, Antwerp,--the place signified little, so that he was 
out of England.  Any foreign steamer that fell in our way and would
take us up would do.  I had always proposed to myself to get him
well down the river in the boat; certainly well beyond Gravesend,
which was a critical place for search or inquiry if suspicion were
afoot.  As foreign steamers would leave London at about the time of
high-water, our plan would be to get down the river by a previous
ebb-tide, and lie by in some quiet spot until we could pull off to
one.  The time when one would be due where we lay, wherever that
might be, could be calculated pretty nearly, if we made inquiries

Herbert assented to all this, and we went out immediately after
breakfast to pursue our investigations.  We found that a steamer for
Hamburg was likely to suit our purpose best, and we directed our
thoughts chiefly to that vessel.  But we noted down what other
foreign steamers would leave London with the same tide, and we
satisfied ourselves that we knew the build and color of each.  We
then separated for a few hours:  I, to get at once such passports as
were necessary; Herbert, to see Startop at his lodgings.  We both
did what we had to do without any hindrance, and when we met again
at one o'clock reported it done.  I, for my part, was prepared with
passports; Herbert had seen Startop, and he was more than ready to

Those two should pull a pair of oars, we settled, and I would
steer; our charge would be sitter, and keep quiet; as speed was not
our object, we should make way enough.  We arranged that Herbert
should not come home to dinner before going to Mill Pond Bank that
evening; that he should not go there at all to-morrow evening,
Tuesday; that he should prepare Provis to come down to some stairs
hard by the house, on Wednesday, when he saw us approach, and not
sooner; that all the arrangements with him should be concluded that
Monday night; and that he should be communicated with no more in
any way, until we took him on board.

These precautions well understood by both of us, I went home.

On opening the outer door of our chambers with my key, I found a
letter in the box, directed to me; a very dirty letter, though not
ill-written.  It had been delivered by hand (of course, since I left
home), and its contents were these:--

"If you are not afraid to come to the old marshes to-night or
tomorrow night at nine, and to come to the little sluice-house by
the limekiln, you had better come.  If you want information
regarding your uncle Provis, you had much better come and tell no
one, and lose no time.  You must come alone.  Bring this with you."

I had had load enough upon my mind before the receipt of this
strange letter.  What to do now, I could not tell.  And the worst
was, that I must decide quickly, or I should miss the afternoon
coach, which would take me down in time for to-night.  To-morrow
night I could not think of going, for it would be too close upon
the time of the flight.  And again, for anything I knew, the
proffered information might have some important bearing on the
flight itself.

If I had had ample time for consideration, I believe I should still
have gone.  Having hardly any time for consideration,--my watch
showing me that the coach started within half an hour,--I resolved
to go.  I should certainly not have gone, but for the reference to
my Uncle Provis.  That, coming on Wemmick's letter and the morning's
busy preparation, turned the scale.

It is so difficult to become clearly possessed of the contents of
almost any letter, in a violent hurry, that I had to read this
mysterious epistle again twice, before its injunction to me to be
secret got mechanically into my mind.  Yielding to it in the same
mechanical kind of way, I left a note in pencil for Herbert,
telling him that as I should be so soon going away, I knew not for
how long, I had decided to hurry down and back, to ascertain for
myself how Miss Havisham was faring.  I had then barely time to get
my great-coat, lock up the chambers, and make for the coach-office
by the short by-ways.  If I had taken a hackney-chariot and gone by
the streets, I should have missed my aim; going as I did, I caught
the coach just as it came out of the yard.  I was the only inside
passenger, jolting away knee-deep in straw, when I came to myself.

For I really had not been myself since the receipt of the letter;
it had so bewildered me, ensuing on the hurry of the morning.  The
morning hurry and flutter had been great; for, long and anxiously
as I had waited for Wemmick, his hint had come like a surprise at
last.  And now I began to wonder at myself for being in the coach,
and to doubt whether I had sufficient reason for being there, and
to consider whether I should get out presently and go back, and to
argue against ever heeding an anonymous communication, and, in
short, to pass through all those phases of contradiction and
indecision to which I suppose very few hurried people are
strangers.  Still, the reference to Provis by name mastered
everything.  I reasoned as I had reasoned already without knowing it,
--if that be reasoning,--in case any harm should befall him through
my not going, how could I ever forgive myself!

It was dark before we got down, and the journey seemed long and
dreary to me, who could see little of it inside, and who could not
go outside in my disabled state.  Avoiding the Blue Boar, I put up
at an inn of minor reputation down the town, and ordered some
dinner.  While it was preparing, I went to Satis House and inquired
for Miss Havisham; she was still very ill, though considered
something better.

My inn had once been a part of an ancient ecclesiastical house, and
I dined in a little octagonal common-room, like a font.  As I was
not able to cut my dinner, the old landlord with a shining bald
head did it for me.  This bringing us into conversation, he was so
good as to entertain me with my own story,--of course with the
popular feature that Pumblechook was my earliest benefactor and the
founder of my fortunes.

"Do you know the young man?" said I.

"Know him!" repeated the landlord.  "Ever since he was--no height
at all."

"Does he ever come back to this neighborhood?"

"Ay, he comes back," said the landlord, "to his great friends, now
and again, and gives the cold shoulder to the man that made him."

"What man is that?"

"Him that I speak of," said the landlord.  "Mr. Pumblechook."

"Is he ungrateful to no one else?"

"No doubt he would be, if he could," returned the landlord, "but he
can't.  And why?  Because Pumblechook done everything for him."

"Does Pumblechook say so?"

"Say so!" replied the landlord.  "He han't no call to say so."

"But does he say so?"

"It would turn a man's blood to white wine winegar to hear him tell
of it, sir," said the landlord.

I thought, "Yet Joe, dear Joe, you never tell of it.  Long-suffering
and loving Joe, you never complain.  Nor you, sweet-tempered Biddy!"

"Your appetite's been touched like by your accident," said the
landlord, glancing at the bandaged arm under my coat.  "Try a
tenderer bit."

"No, thank you," I replied, turning from the table to brood over the
fire.  "I can eat no more.  Please take it away."

I had never been struck at so keenly, for my thanklessness to Joe,
as through the brazen impostor Pumblechook.  The falser he, the
truer Joe; the meaner he, the nobler Joe.

My heart was deeply and most deservedly humbled as I mused over the
fire for an hour or more.  The striking of the clock aroused me, but
not from my dejection or remorse, and I got up and had my coat
fastened round my neck, and went out.  I had previously sought in my
pockets for the letter, that I might refer to it again; but I could
not find it, and was uneasy to think that it must have been dropped
in the straw of the coach.  I knew very well, however, that the
appointed place was the little sluice-house by the limekiln on the
marshes, and the hour nine.  Towards the marshes I now went
straight, having no time to spare.

Chapter LIII

It was a dark night, though the full moon rose as I left the
enclosed lands, and passed out upon the marshes.  Beyond their dark
line there was a ribbon of clear sky, hardly broad enough to hold
the red large moon.  In a few minutes she had ascended out of that
clear field, in among the piled mountains of cloud.

There was a melancholy wind, and the marshes were very dismal.  A
stranger would have found them insupportable, and even to me they
were so oppressive that I hesitated, half inclined to go back.  But
I knew them well, and could have found my way on a far darker
night, and had no excuse for returning, being there.  So, having
come there against my inclination, I went on against it.

The direction that I took was not that in which my old home lay,
nor that in which we had pursued the convicts.  My back was turned
towards the distant Hulks as I walked on, and, though I could see
the old lights away on the spits of sand, I saw them over my
shoulder.  I knew the limekiln as well as I knew the old Battery,
but they were miles apart; so that, if a light had been burning at
each point that night, there would have been a long strip of the
blank horizon between the two bright specks.

At first, I had to shut some gates after me, and now and then to
stand still while the cattle that were lying in the banked-up
pathway arose and blundered down among the grass and reeds.  But
after a little while I seemed to have the whole flats to myself.

It was another half-hour before I drew near to the kiln.  The lime
was burning with a sluggish stifling smell, but the fires were made
up and left, and no workmen were visible.  Hard by was a small
stone-quarry.  It lay directly in my way, and had been worked that
day, as I saw by the tools and barrows that were lying about.

Coming up again to the marsh level out of this excavation,--for the
rude path lay through it,--I saw a light in the old sluice-house.  I
quickened my pace, and knocked at the door with my hand.  Waiting
for some reply, I looked about me, noticing how the sluice was
abandoned and broken, and how the house--of wood with a tiled roof
--would not be proof against the weather much longer, if it were so
even now, and how the mud and ooze were coated with lime, and how
the choking vapor of the kiln crept in a ghostly way towards me.
Still there was no answer, and I knocked again.  No answer still,
and I tried the latch.

It rose under my hand, and the door yielded.  Looking in, I saw a
lighted candle on a table, a bench, and a mattress on a truckle
bedstead.  As there was a loft above, I called, "Is there any one
here?" but no voice answered.  Then I looked at my watch, and,
finding that it was past nine, called again, "Is there any one
here?"  There being still no answer, I went out at the door,
irresolute what to do.

It was beginning to rain fast.  Seeing nothing save what I had seen
already, I turned back into the house, and stood just within the
shelter of the doorway, looking out into the night.  While I was
considering that some one must have been there lately and must soon
be coming back, or the candle would not be burning, it came into my
head to look if the wick were long.  I turned round to do so, and
had taken up the candle in my hand, when it was extinguished by
some violent shock; and the next thing I comprehended was, that I
had been caught in a strong running noose, thrown over my head from

"Now," said a suppressed voice with an oath, "I've got you!"

"What is this?" I cried, struggling.  "Who is it?  Help, help, help!"

Not only were my arms pulled close to my sides, but the pressure on
my bad arm caused me exquisite pain.  Sometimes, a strong man's
hand, sometimes a strong man's breast, was set against my mouth to
deaden my cries, and with a hot breath always close to me, I
struggled ineffectually in the dark, while I was fastened tight to
the wall.  "And now," said the suppressed voice with another oath,
"call out again, and I'll make short work of you!"

Faint and sick with the pain of my injured arm, bewildered by the
surprise, and yet conscious how easily this threat could be put in
execution, I desisted, and tried to ease my arm were it ever so
little.  But, it was bound too tight for that.  I felt as if, having
been burnt before, it were now being boiled.

The sudden exclusion of the night, and the substitution of black
darkness in its place, warned me that the man had closed a shutter.
After groping about for a little, he found the flint and steel he
wanted, and began to strike a light.  I strained my sight upon the
sparks that fell among the tinder, and upon which he breathed and
breathed, match in hand, but I could only see his lips, and the
blue point of the match; even those but fitfully.  The tinder was
damp,--no wonder there,--and one after another the sparks died out.

The man was in no hurry, and struck again with the flint and steel.
As the sparks fell thick and bright about him, I could see his
hands, and touches of his face, and could make out that he was
seated and bending over the table; but nothing more.  Presently I
saw his blue lips again, breathing on the tinder, and then a flare
of light flashed up, and showed me Orlick.

Whom I had looked for, I don't know.  I had not looked for him.
Seeing him, I felt that I was in a dangerous strait indeed, and I
kept my eyes upon him.

He lighted the candle from the flaring match with great
deliberation, and dropped the match, and trod it out.  Then he put
the candle away from him on the table, so that he could see me, and
sat with his arms folded on the table and looked at me.  I made out
that I was fastened to a stout perpendicular ladder a few inches
from the wall,--a fixture there,--the means of ascent to the loft

"Now," said he, when we had surveyed one another for some time,
"I've got you."

"Unbind me.  Let me go!"

"Ah!" he returned, "I'll let you go.  I'll let you go to the moon,
I'll let you go to the stars.  All in good time."

"Why have you lured me here?"

"Don't you know?" said he, with a deadly look.

"Why have you set upon me in the dark?"

"Because I mean to do it all myself.  One keeps a secret better than
two.  O you enemy, you enemy!"

His enjoyment of the spectacle I furnished, as he sat with his arms
folded on the table, shaking his head at me and hugging himself,
had a malignity in it that made me tremble.  As I watched him in
silence, he put his hand into the corner at his side, and took up a
gun with a brass-bound stock.

"Do you know this?" said he, making as if he would take aim at me.
"Do you know where you saw it afore?  Speak, wolf!"

"Yes," I answered.

"You cost me that place.  You did.  Speak!"

"What else could I do?"

"You did that, and that would be enough, without more.  How dared
you to come betwixt me and a young woman I liked?"

"When did I?"

"When didn't you?  It was you as always give Old Orlick a bad name
to her."

"You gave it to yourself; you gained it for yourself.  I could have
done you no harm, if you had done yourself none."

"You're a liar.  And you'll take any pains, and spend any money, to
drive me out of this country, will you?" said he, repeating my
words to Biddy in the last interview I had with her.  "Now, I'll
tell you a piece of information.  It was never so well worth your
while to get me out of this country as it is to-night.  Ah!  If it
was all your money twenty times told, to the last brass farden!"  As
he shook his heavy hand at me, with his mouth snarling like a
tiger's, I felt that it was true.

"What are you going to do to me?"

"I'm a going," said he, bringing his fist down upon the table with a
heavy blow, and rising as the blow fell to give it greater force,--
"I'm a going to have your life!"

He leaned forward staring at me, slowly unclenched his hand and
drew it across his mouth as if his mouth watered for me, and sat
down again.

"You was always in Old Orlick's way since ever you was a child.  You
goes out of his way this present night.  He'll have no more on you.
You're dead."

I felt that I had come to the brink of my grave.  For a moment I
looked wildly round my trap for any chance of escape; but there was

"More than that," said he, folding his arms on the table again, "I
won't have a rag of you, I won't have a bone of you, left on earth.
I'll put your body in the kiln,--I'd carry two such to it, on my
Shoulders,--and, let people suppose what they may of you, they
shall never know nothing."

My mind, with inconceivable rapidity followed out all the
consequences of such a death.  Estella's father would believe I had
deserted him, would be taken, would die accusing me; even Herbert
would doubt me, when he compared the letter I had left for him
with the fact that I had called at Miss Havisham's gate for only a
moment; Joe and Biddy would never know how sorry I had been that
night, none would ever know what I had suffered, how true I had
meant to be, what an agony I had passed through.  The death close
before me was terrible, but far more terrible than death was the
dread of being misremembered after death.  And so quick were my
thoughts, that I saw myself despised by unborn generations,--
Estella's children, and their children,--while the wretch's words
were yet on his lips.

"Now, wolf," said he, "afore I kill you like any other beast,--
which is wot I mean to do and wot I have tied you up for,--I'll
have a good look at you and a good goad at you.  O you enemy!"

It had passed through my thoughts to cry out for help again; though
few could know better than I, the solitary nature of the spot, and
the hopelessness of aid.  But as he sat gloating over me, I was
supported by a scornful detestation of him that sealed my lips.
Above all things, I resolved that I would not entreat him, and that
I would die making some last poor resistance to him.  Softened as my
thoughts of all the rest of men were in that dire extremity; humbly
beseeching pardon, as I did, of Heaven; melted at heart, as I was,
by the thought that I had taken no farewell, and never now
could take farewell of those who were dear to me, or could explain
myself to them, or ask for their compassion on my miserable errors,--
still, if I could have killed him, even in dying, I would have done

He had been drinking, and his eyes were red and bloodshot.  Around
his neck was slung a tin bottle, as I had often seen his meat and
drink slung about him in other days.  He brought the bottle to his
lips, and took a fiery drink from it; and I smelt the strong
spirits that I saw flash into his face.

"Wolf!" said he, folding his arms again, "Old Orlick's a going to
tell you somethink.  It was you as did for your shrew sister."

Again my mind, with its former inconceivable rapidity, had
exhausted the whole subject of the attack upon my sister, her
illness, and her death, before his slow and hesitating speech had
formed these words.

"It was you, villain," said I.

"I tell you it was your doing,--I tell you it was done through
you," he retorted, catching up the gun, and making a blow with the
stock at the vacant air between us.  "I come upon her from behind,
as I come upon you to-night.  I giv' it her!  I left her for dead,
and if there had been a limekiln as nigh her as there is now nigh
you, she shouldn't have come to life again.  But it warn't Old
Orlick as did it; it was you.  You was favored, and he was bullied
and beat.  Old Orlick bullied and beat, eh?  Now you pays for it.  You
done it; now you pays for it."

He drank again, and became more ferocious.  I saw by his tilting of
the bottle that there was no great quantity left in it.  I
distinctly understood that he was working himself up with its
contents to make an end of me.  I knew that every drop it held was
a drop of my life.  I knew that when I was changed into a part of
the vapor that had crept towards me but a little while before,
like my own warning ghost, he would do as he had done in my
sister's case,--make all haste to the town, and be seen slouching
about there drinking at the alehouses.  My rapid mind pursued him
to the town, made a picture of the street with him in it, and
contrasted its lights and life with the lonely marsh and the white
vapor creeping over it, into which I should have dissolved.

It was not only that I could have summed up years and years and
years while he said a dozen words, but that what he did say
presented pictures to me, and not mere words.  In the excited and
exalted state of my brain, I could not think of a place without
seeing it, or of persons without seeing them.  It is impossible to
overstate the vividness of these images, and yet I was so intent,
all the time, upon him himself,--who would not be intent on the
tiger crouching to spring!--that I knew of the slightest action of
his fingers.

When he had drunk this second time, he rose from the bench on which
he sat, and pushed the table aside.  Then, he took up the candle,
and, shading it with his murderous hand so as to throw its light on
me, stood before me, looking at me and enjoying the sight.

"Wolf, I'll tell you something more.  It was Old Orlick as you
tumbled over on your stairs that night."

I saw the staircase with its extinguished lamps.  I saw the shadows
of the heavy stair-rails, thrown by the watchman's lantern on the
wall.  I saw the rooms that I was never to see again; here, a door
half open; there, a door closed; all the articles of furniture

"And why was Old Orlick there?  I'll tell you something more, wolf.
You and her have pretty well hunted me out of this country, so far
as getting a easy living in it goes, and I've took up with new
companions, and new masters.  Some of 'em writes my letters when I
wants 'em wrote,--do you mind?--writes my letters, wolf!  They
writes fifty hands; they're not like sneaking you, as writes but
one.  I've had a firm mind and a firm will to have your life, since
you was down here at your sister's burying.  I han't seen a way to
get you safe, and I've looked arter you to know your ins and outs.
For, says Old Orlick to himself, 'Somehow or another I'll have
him!'  What!  When I looks for you, I finds your uncle Provis, eh?"

Mill Pond Bank, and Chinks's Basin, and the Old Green Copper
Ropewalk, all so clear and plain!  Provis in his rooms, the signal
whose use was over, pretty Clara, the good motherly woman, old Bill
Barley on his back, all drifting by, as on the swift stream of my
life fast running out to sea!

"You with a uncle too!  Why, I know'd you at Gargery's when you was
so small a wolf that I could have took your weazen betwixt this
finger and thumb and chucked you away dead (as I'd thoughts o'
doing, odd times, when I see you loitering amongst the pollards on
a Sunday), and you hadn't found no uncles then.  No, not you!  But
when Old Orlick come for to hear that your uncle Provis had
most like wore the leg-iron wot Old Orlick had picked up, filed
asunder, on these meshes ever so many year ago, and wot he kep by
him till he dropped your sister with it, like a bullock, as he
means to drop you--hey?--when he come for to hear that--hey?"

In his savage taunting, he flared the candle so close at me that I
turned my face aside to save it from the flame.

"Ah!" he cried, laughing, after doing it again, "the burnt child
dreads the fire!  Old Orlick knowed you was burnt, Old Orlick knowed
you was smuggling your uncle Provis away, Old Orlick's a match for
you and know'd you'd come to-night!  Now I'll tell you something
more, wolf, and this ends it.  There's them that's as good a match
for your uncle Provis as Old Orlick has been for you.  Let him 'ware
them, when he's lost his nevvy!  Let him 'ware them, when no man
can't find a rag of his dear relation's clothes, nor yet a bone of
his body.  There's them that can't and that won't have Magwitch,--
yes, I know the name!--alive in the same land with them, and
that's had such sure information of him when he was alive in
another land, as that he couldn't and shouldn't leave it unbeknown
and put them in danger.  P'raps it's them that writes fifty hands,
and that's not like sneaking you as writes but one.  'Ware
Compeyson, Magwitch, and the gallows!"

He flared the candle at me again, smoking my face and hair, and for
an instant blinding me, and turned his powerful back as he replaced
the light on the table.  I had thought a prayer, and had been with
Joe and Biddy and Herbert, before he turned towards me again.

There was a clear space of a few feet between the table and the
opposite wall.  Within this space, he now slouched backwards and
forwards.  His great strength seemed to sit stronger upon him than
ever before, as he did this with his hands hanging loose and heavy
at his sides, and with his eyes scowling at me.  I had no grain of
hope left.  Wild as my inward hurry was, and wonderful the force of
the pictures that rushed by me instead of thoughts, I could yet
clearly understand that, unless he had resolved that I was within a
few moments of surely perishing out of all human knowledge, he
would never have told me what he had told.

Of a sudden, he stopped, took the cork out of his bottle, and
tossed it away.  Light as it was, I heard it fall like a plummet.  He
swallowed slowly, tilting up the bottle by little and little, and
now he looked at me no more.  The last few drops of liquor he poured
into the palm of his hand, and licked up.  Then, with a sudden hurry
of violence and swearing horribly, he threw the bottle from him,
and stooped; and I saw in his hand a stone-hammer with a long heavy

The resolution I had made did not desert me, for, without uttering
one vain word of appeal to him, I shouted out with all my might,
and struggled with all my might.  It was only my head and my legs
that I could move, but to that extent I struggled with all the
force, until then unknown, that was within me.  In the same instant
I heard responsive shouts, saw figures and a gleam of light dash in
at the door, heard voices and tumult, and saw Orlick emerge from a
struggle of men, as if it were tumbling water, clear the table at a
leap, and fly out into the night.

After a blank, I found that I was lying unbound, on the floor, in
the same place, with my head on some one's knee.  My eyes were fixed
on the ladder against the wall, when I came to myself,--had opened
on it before my mind saw it,--and thus as I recovered
consciousness, I knew that I was in the place where I had lost it.

Too indifferent at first, even to look round and ascertain who
supported me, I was lying looking at the ladder, when there came
between me and it a face.  The face of Trabb's boy!

"I think he's all right!" said Trabb's boy, in a sober voice; "but
ain't he just pale though!"

At these words, the face of him who supported me looked over into
mine, and I saw my supporter to be--

"Herbert!  Great Heaven!"

"Softly," said Herbert.  "Gently, Handel.  Don't be too eager."

"And our old comrade, Startop!" I cried, as he too bent over me.

"Remember what he is going to assist us in," said Herbert, "and be

The allusion made me spring up; though I dropped again from the
pain in my arm.  "The time has not gone by, Herbert, has it?  What
night is to-night?  How long have I been here?"  For, I had a strange
and strong misgiving that I had been lying there a long time - a
day and a night,--two days and nights,--more.

"The time has not gone by.  It is still Monday night."

"Thank God!"

"And you have all to-morrow, Tuesday, to rest in," said Herbert.
"But you can't help groaning, my dear Handel.  What hurt have you
got?  Can you stand?"

"Yes, yes," said I, "I can walk.  I have no hurt but in this
throbbing arm."

They laid it bare, and did what they could.  It was violently
swollen and inflamed, and I could scarcely endure to have it
touched.  But, they tore up their handkerchiefs to make fresh
bandages, and carefully replaced it in the sling, until we could
get to the town and obtain some cooling lotion to put upon it.  In a
little while we had shut the door of the dark and empty
sluice-house, and were passing through the quarry on our way back.
Trabb's boy--Trabb's overgrown young man now--went before us with
a lantern, which was the light I had seen come in at the door.  But,
the moon was a good two hours higher than when I had last seen the
sky, and the night, though rainy, was much lighter.  The white vapor
of the kiln was passing from us as we went by, and as I had
thought a prayer before, I thought a thanksgiving now.

Entreating Herbert to tell me how he had come to my rescue,--which
at first he had flatly refused to do, but had insisted on my
remaining quiet,--I learnt that I had in my hurry dropped the
letter, open, in our chambers, where he, coming home to bring with
him Startop whom he had met in the street on his way to me, found
it, very soon after I was gone.  Its tone made him uneasy, and the
more so because of the inconsistency between it and the hasty
letter I had left for him.  His uneasiness increasing instead of
subsiding, after a quarter of an hour's consideration, he set off
for the coach-office with Startop, who volunteered his company, to
make inquiry when the next coach went down.  Finding that the
afternoon coach was gone, and finding that his uneasiness grew into
positive alarm, as obstacles came in his way, he resolved to follow
in a post-chaise.  So he and Startop arrived at the Blue Boar,
fully expecting there to find me, or tidings of me; but, finding
neither, went on to Miss Havisham's, where they lost me.  Hereupon
they went back to the hotel (doubtless at about the time when I was
hearing the popular local version of my own story) to refresh
themselves and to get some one to guide them out upon the marshes.
Among the loungers under the Boar's archway happened to be Trabb's
Boy,--true to his ancient habit of happening to be everywhere where
he had no business,--and Trabb's boy had seen me passing from Miss
Havisham's in the direction of my dining-place.  Thus Trabb's boy
became their guide, and with him they went out to the sluice-house,
though by the town way to the marshes, which I had avoided.  Now, as
they went along, Herbert reflected, that I might, after all, have
been brought there on some genuine and serviceable errand tending
to Provis's safety, and, bethinking himself that in that case
interruption must be mischievous, left his guide and Startop on the
edge of the quarry, and went on by himself, and stole round the
house two or three times, endeavouring to ascertain whether all was
right within.  As he could hear nothing but indistinct sounds of one
deep rough voice (this was while my mind was so busy), he even at
last began to doubt whether I was there, when suddenly I cried out
loudly, and he answered the cries, and rushed in, closely followed
by the other two.

When I told Herbert what had passed within the house, he was for
our immediately going before a magistrate in the town, late at
night as it was, and getting out a warrant.  But, I had already
considered that such a course, by detaining us there, or binding us
to come back, might be fatal to Provis.  There was no gainsaying
this difficulty, and we relinquished all thoughts of pursuing
Orlick at that time.  For the present, under the circumstances, we
deemed it prudent to make rather light of the matter to Trabb's
boy; who, I am convinced, would have been much affected by
disappointment, if he had known that his intervention saved me from
the limekiln.  Not that Trabb's boy was of a malignant nature, but
that he had too much spare vivacity, and that it was in his
constitution to want variety and excitement at anybody's expense.
When we parted, I presented him with two guineas (which seemed to
meet his views), and told him that I was sorry ever to have had an
ill opinion of him (which made no impression on him at all).

Wednesday being so close upon us, we determined to go back to
London that night, three in the post-chaise; the rather, as we
should then be clear away before the night's adventure began to be
talked of.  Herbert got a large bottle of stuff for my arm; and by
dint of having this stuff dropped over it all the night through, I
was just able to bear its pain on the journey.  It was daylight when
we reached the Temple, and I went at once to bed, and lay in bed
all day.

My terror, as I lay there, of falling ill, and being unfitted for
tomorrow, was so besetting, that I wonder it did not disable me of
itself.  It would have done so, pretty surely, in conjunction with
the mental wear and tear I had suffered, but for the unnatural
strain upon me that to-morrow was.  So anxiously looked forward to,
charged with such consequences, its results so impenetrably hidden,
though so near.

No precaution could have been more obvious than our refraining from
communication with him that day; yet this again increased my
restlessness.  I started at every footstep and every sound,
believing that he was discovered and taken, and this was the
messenger to tell me so.  I persuaded myself that I knew he was
taken; that there was something more upon my mind than a fear or a
presentiment; that the fact had occurred, and I had a mysterious
knowledge of it.  As the days wore on, and no ill news came, as the
day closed in and darkness fell, my overshadowing dread of being
disabled by illness before to-morrow morning altogether mastered
me.  My burning arm throbbed, and my burning head throbbed, and I
fancied I was beginning to wander.  I counted up to high numbers, to
make sure of myself, and repeated passages that I knew in prose and
verse.  It happened sometimes that in the mere escape of a fatigued
mind, I dozed for some moments or forgot; then I would say to
myself with a start, "Now it has come, and I am turning delirious!"

They kept me very quiet all day, and kept my arm constantly
dressed, and gave me cooling drinks.  Whenever I fell asleep, I
awoke with the notion I had had in the sluice-house, that a long
time had elapsed and the opportunity to save him was gone.  About
midnight I got out of bed and went to Herbert, with the conviction
that I had been asleep for four-and-twenty hours, and that
Wednesday was past.  It was the last self-exhausting effort of my
fretfulness, for after that I slept soundly.

Wednesday morning was dawning when I looked out of window.  The
winking lights upon the bridges were already pale, the coming sun
was like a marsh of fire on the horizon.  The river, still dark and
mysterious, was spanned by bridges that were turning coldly gray,
with here and there at top a warm touch from the burning in the
sky.  As I looked along the clustered roofs, with church-towers and
spires shooting into the unusually clear air, the sun rose up, and
a veil seemed to be drawn from the river, and millions of sparkles
burst out upon its waters.  From me too, a veil seemed to be drawn,
and I felt strong and well.

Herbert lay asleep in his bed, and our old fellow-student lay
asleep on the sofa.  I could not dress myself without help; but I
made up the fire, which was still burning, and got some coffee
ready for them.  In good time they too started up strong and well,
and we admitted the sharp morning air at the windows, and looked at
the tide that was still flowing towards us.

"When it turns at nine o'clock," said Herbert, cheerfully, "look
out for us, and stand ready, you over there at Mill Pond Bank!"

Chapter LIV

It was one of those March days when the sun shines hot and the wind
blows cold:  when it is summer in the light, and winter in the
shade.  We had out pea-coats with us, and I took a bag.  Of all my
worldly possessions I took no more than the few necessaries that
filled the bag.  Where I might go, what I might do, or when I might
return, were questions utterly unknown to me; nor did I vex my mind
with them, for it was wholly set on Provis's safety.  I only
wondered for the passing moment, as I stopped at the door and
looked back, under what altered circumstances I should next see
those rooms, if ever.

We loitered down to the Temple stairs, and stood loitering there,
as if we were not quite decided to go upon the water at all.  Of
course, I had taken care that the boat should be ready and
everything in order.  After a little show of indecision, which there
were none to see but the two or three amphibious creatures
belonging to our Temple stairs, we went on board and cast off;
Herbert in the bow, I steering.  It was then about high-water,--
half-past eight.

Our plan was this.  The tide, beginning to run down at nine, and
being with us until three, we intended still to creep on after it
had turned, and row against it until dark.  We should then be well
in those long reaches below Gravesend, between Kent and Essex,
where the river is broad and solitary, where the water-side
inhabitants are very few, and where lone public-houses are
scattered here and there, of which we could choose one for a
resting-place.  There, we meant to lie by all night.  The steamer
for Hamburg and the steamer for Rotterdam would start from London
at about nine on Thursday morning.  We should know at what time to
expect them, according to where we were, and would hail the first;
so that, if by any accident we were not taken abroad, we should have
another chance.  We knew the distinguishing marks of each vessel.

The relief of being at last engaged in the execution of the
purpose was so great to me that I felt it difficult to realize the
condition in which I had been a few hours before.  The crisp air,
the sunlight, the movement on the river, and the moving river
itself,--the road that ran with us, seeming to sympathize with us,
animate us, and encourage us on,--freshened me with new hope.  I
felt mortified to be of so little use in the boat; but, there were
few better oarsmen than my two friends, and they rowed with a
steady stroke that was to last all day.

At that time, the steam-traffic on the Thames was far below its
present extent, and watermen's boats were far more numerous.  Of
barges, sailing colliers, and coasting-traders, there were perhaps,
as many as now; but of steam-ships, great and small, not a tithe
or a twentieth part so many.  Early as it was, there were plenty of
scullers going here and there that morning, and plenty of barges
dropping down with the tide; the navigation of the river between
bridges, in an open boat, was a much easier and commoner matter in
those days than it is in these; and we went ahead among many skiffs
and wherries briskly.

Old London Bridge was soon passed, and old Billingsgate Market with
its oyster-boats and Dutchmen, and the White Tower and Traitor's
Gate, and we were in among the tiers of shipping.  Here were the
Leith, Aberdeen, and Glasgow steamers, loading and unloading goods,
and looking immensely high out of the water as we passed alongside;
here, were colliers by the score and score, with the coal-whippers
plunging off stages on deck, as counterweights to measures of coal
swinging up, which were then rattled over the side into barges;
here, at her moorings was to-morrow's steamer for Rotterdam, of
which we took good notice; and here to-morrow's for Hamburg, under
whose bowsprit we crossed.  And now I, sitting in the stern, could
see, with a faster beating heart, Mill Pond Bank and Mill Pond

"Is he there?" said Herbert.

"Not yet."

"Right!  He was not to come down till he saw us.  Can you see his

"Not well from here; but I think I see it.--Now I see him!  Pull
both.  Easy, Herbert.  Oars!"

We touched the stairs lightly for a single moment, and he was on
board, and we were off again.  He had a boat-cloak with him, and a
black canvas bag; and he looked as like a river-pilot as my heart
could have wished.  

"Dear boy!" he said, putting his arm on my shoulder, as he took his 
seat.  "Faithful dear boy, well done.  Thankye, thankye!"

Again among the tiers of shipping, in and out, avoiding rusty
chain-cables frayed hempen hawsers and bobbing buoys, sinking for
the moment floating broken baskets, scattering floating chips of
wood and shaving, cleaving floating scum of coal, in and out, under
the figure-head of the John of Sunderland making a speech to the
winds (as is done by many Johns), and the Betsy of Yarmouth with a
firm formality of bosom and her knobby eyes starting two inches out
of her head; in and out, hammers going in ship-builders' yards, saws
going at timber, clashing engines going at things unknown, pumps
going in leaky ships, capstans going, ships going out to sea, and
unintelligible sea-creatures roaring curses over the bulwarks at
respondent lightermen, in and out,--out at last upon the clearer
river, where the ships' boys might take their fenders in, no longer
fishing in troubled waters with them over the side, and where the
festooned sails might fly out to the wind.

At the Stairs where we had taken him abroad, and ever since, I had
looked warily for any token of our being suspected.  I had seen
none.  We certainly had not been, and at that time as certainly we
were not either attended or followed by any boat.  If we had been
waited on by any boat, I should have run in to shore, and have
obliged her to go on, or to make her purpose evident.  But we held
our own without any appearance of molestation.

He had his boat-cloak on him, and looked, as I have said, a natural
part of the scene.  It was remarkable (but perhaps the wretched life
he had led accounted for it) that he was the least anxious of any
of us.  He was not indifferent, for he told me that he hoped to live
to see his gentleman one of the best of gentlemen in a foreign
country; he was not disposed to be passive or resigned, as I
understood it; but he had no notion of meeting danger half way.
When it came upon him, he confronted it, but it must come before he
troubled himself.

"If you knowed, dear boy," he said to me, "what it is to sit here
alonger my dear boy and have my smoke, arter having been day by day
betwixt four walls, you'd envy me.  But you don't know what it is."

"I think I know the delights of freedom," I answered.

"Ah," said he, shaking his head gravely.  "But you don't know it
equal to me.  You must have been under lock and key, dear boy, to
know it equal to me,--but I ain't a going to be low."

It occurred to me as inconsistent, that, for any mastering idea, he
should have endangered his freedom, and even his life.  But I
reflected that perhaps freedom without danger was too much apart
from all the habit of his existence to be to him what it would be
to another man.  I was not far out, since he said, after smoking a

"You see, dear boy, when I was over yonder, t'other side the world,
I was always a looking to this side; and it come flat to be there,
for all I was a growing rich.  Everybody knowed Magwitch, and
Magwitch could come, and Magwitch could go, and nobody's head would
be troubled about him.  They ain't so easy concerning me here, dear
boy,--wouldn't be, leastwise, if they knowed where I was."

"If all goes well," said I, "you will be perfectly free and safe
again within a few hours."

"Well," he returned, drawing a long breath, "I hope so."

"And think so?"

He dipped his hand in the water over the boat's gunwale, and said,
smiling with that softened air upon him which was not new to me:--

"Ay, I s'pose I think so, dear boy.  We'd be puzzled to be more
quiet and easy-going than we are at present.  But--it's a flowing
so soft and pleasant through the water, p'raps, as makes me think
it--I was a thinking through my smoke just then, that we can no
more see to the bottom of the next few hours than we can see to
the bottom of this river what I catches hold of.  Nor yet we can't
no more hold their tide than I can hold this.  And it's run through
my fingers and gone, you see!" holding up his dripping hand.

"But for your face I should think you were a little despondent,"
said I.

"Not a bit on it, dear boy!  It comes of flowing on so quiet, and of
that there rippling at the boat's head making a sort of a Sunday
tune.  Maybe I'm a growing a trifle old besides."

He put his pipe back in his mouth with an undisturbed expression of
face, and sat as composed and contented as if we were already out
of England.  Yet he was as submissive to a word of advice as if he
had been in constant terror; for, when we ran ashore to get some
bottles of beer into the boat, and he was stepping out, I hinted
that I thought he would be safest where he was, and he said.  "Do
you, dear boy?" and quietly sat down again.

The air felt cold upon the river, but it was a bright day, and the
sunshine was very cheering.  The tide ran strong, I took care to
lose none of it, and our steady stroke carried us on thoroughly
well.  By imperceptible degrees, as the tide ran out, we lost more
and more of the nearer woods and hills, and dropped lower and lower
between the muddy banks, but the tide was yet with us when we were
off Gravesend.  As our charge was wrapped in his cloak, I purposely
passed within a boat or two's length of the floating Custom House,
and so out to catch the stream, alongside of two emigrant ships,
and under the bows of a large transport with troops on the
forecastle looking down at us.  And soon the tide began to slacken,
and the craft lying at anchor to swing, and presently they had all
swung round, and the ships that were taking advantage of the new
tide to get up to the Pool began to crowd upon us in a fleet, and
we kept under the shore, as much out of the strength of the tide
now as we could, standing carefully off from low shallows and

Our oarsmen were so fresh, by dint of having occasionally let her
drive with the tide for a minute or two, that a quarter of an
hour's rest proved full as much as they wanted.  We got ashore among
some slippery stones while we ate and drank what we had with us,
and looked about.  It was like my own marsh country, flat and
monotonous, and with a dim horizon; while the winding river turned
and turned, and the great floating buoys upon it turned and turned,
and everything else seemed stranded and still.  For now the last
of the fleet of ships was round the last low point we had headed;
and the last green barge, straw-laden, with a brown sail, had
followed; and some ballast-lighters, shaped like a child's first
rude imitation of a boat, lay low in the mud; and a little squat
shoal-lighthouse on open piles stood crippled in the mud on stilts
and crutches; and slimy stakes stuck out of the mud, and slimy
stones stuck out of the mud, and red landmarks and tidemarks stuck
out of the mud, and an old landing-stage and an old roofless building
slipped into the mud, and all about us was stagnation and mud.

We pushed off again, and made what way we could.  It was much harder
work now, but Herbert and Startop persevered, and rowed and rowed
and rowed until the sun went down.  By that time the river had
lifted us a little, so that we could see above the bank.  There was
the red sun, on the low level of the shore, in a purple haze, fast
deepening into black; and there was the solitary flat marsh; and
far away there were the rising grounds, between which and us there
seemed to be no life, save here and there in the foreground a
melancholy gull.

As the night was fast falling, and as the moon, being past the
full, would not rise early, we held a little council; a short one,
for clearly our course was to lie by at the first lonely tavern we
could find.  So, they plied their oars once more, and I looked out
for anything like a house.  Thus we held on, speaking little, for
four or five dull miles.  It was very cold, and, a collier coming by
us, with her galley-fire smoking and flaring, looked like a
comfortable home.  The night was as dark by this time as it would be
until morning; and what light we had, seemed to come more from the
river than the sky, as the oars in their dipping struck at a few
reflected stars.

At this dismal time we were evidently all possessed by the idea that
we were followed.  As the tide made, it flapped heavily at irregular
intervals against the shore; and whenever such a sound came, one or
other of us was sure to start, and look in that direction.  Here and
there, the set of the current had worn down the bank into a little
creek, and we were all suspicious of such places, and eyed them
nervously.  Sometimes, "What was that ripple?" one of us would say
in a low voice.  Or another, "Is that a boat yonder?"  And
afterwards we would fall into a dead silence, and I would sit
impatiently thinking with what an unusual amount of noise the oars
worked in the thowels.

At length we descried a light and a roof, and presently afterwards
ran alongside a little causeway made of stones that had been picked
up hard by.  Leaving the rest in the boat, I stepped ashore, and
found the light to be in a window of a public-house.  It was a dirty
place enough, and I dare say not unknown to smuggling adventurers;
but there was a good fire in the kitchen, and there were eggs and
bacon to eat, and various liquors to drink.  Also, there were two
double-bedded rooms,--"such as they were," the landlord said.  No
other company was in the house than the landlord, his wife, and a
grizzled male creature, the "Jack" of the little causeway, who was
as slimy and smeary as if he had been low-water mark too.

With this assistant, I went down to the boat again, and we all came
ashore, and brought out the oars, and rudder and boat-hook, and
all else, and hauled her up for the night.  We made a very good meal
by the kitchen fire, and then apportioned the bedrooms:  Herbert and
Startop were to occupy one; I and our charge the other.  We found
the air as carefully excluded from both, as if air were fatal to
life; and there were more dirty clothes and bandboxes under the
beds than I should have thought the family possessed.  But we
considered ourselves well off, notwithstanding, for a more solitary
place we could not have found.

While we were comforting ourselves by the fire after our meal, the
Jack--who was sitting in a corner, and who had a bloated pair of
shoes on, which he had exhibited while we were eating our eggs and
bacon, as interesting relics that he had taken a few days ago from
the feet of a drowned seaman washed ashore--asked me if we had
seen a four-oared galley going up with the tide?  When I told him
No, he said she must have gone down then, and yet she "took up
too," when she left there.

"They must ha' thought better on't for some reason or another,"
said the Jack, "and gone down."

"A four-oared galley, did you say?" said I.

"A four," said the Jack, "and two sitters."

"Did they come ashore here?"

"They put in with a stone two-gallon jar for some beer.  I'd
ha' been glad to pison the beer myself," said the Jack, "or put some
rattling physic in it."


"I know why," said the Jack.  He spoke in a slushy voice, as if much
mud had washed into his throat.

"He thinks," said the landlord, a weakly meditative man with a pale
eye, who seemed to rely greatly on his Jack,--"he thinks they was,
what they wasn't."

"I knows what I thinks," observed the Jack.

"You thinks Custum 'Us, Jack?" said the landlord.

"I do," said the Jack.

"Then you're wrong, Jack."

"AM I!"

In the infinite meaning of his reply and his boundless confidence
in his views, the Jack took one of his bloated shoes off, looked
into it, knocked a few stones out of it on the kitchen floor, and
put it on again.  He did this with the air of a Jack who was so
right that he could afford to do anything.

"Why, what do you make out that they done with their buttons then,
Jack?" asked the landlord, vacillating weakly.

"Done with their buttons?" returned the Jack.  "Chucked 'em
overboard.  Swallered 'em.  Sowed 'em, to come up small salad.  Done
with their buttons!"

"Don't be cheeky, Jack," remonstrated the landlord, in a melancholy
and pathetic way.

"A Custum 'Us officer knows what to do with his Buttons," said the
Jack, repeating the obnoxious word with the greatest contempt,
"when they comes betwixt him and his own light.  A four and two
sitters don't go hanging and hovering, up with one tide and down
with another, and both with and against another, without there
being Custum 'Us at the bottom of it."  Saying which he went out in
disdain; and the landlord, having no one to reply upon, found it
impracticable to pursue the subject.

This dialogue made us all uneasy, and me very uneasy.  The dismal
wind was muttering round the house, the tide was flapping at the
shore, and I had a feeling that we were caged and threatened.  A
four-oared galley hovering about in so unusual a way as to attract
this notice was an ugly circumstance that I could not get rid of.
When I had induced Provis to go up to bed, I went outside with my
two companions (Startop by this time knew the state of the case),
and held another council.  Whether we should remain at the house
until near the steamer's time, which would be about one in the
afternoon, or whether we should put off early in the morning,  was
the question we discussed.  On the whole we deemed it the better
course to lie where we were, until within an hour or so of the
steamer's time, and then to get out in her track, and drift easily
with the tide.  Having settled to do this, we returned into the
house and went to bed.

I lay down with the greater part of my clothes on, and slept well
for a few hours.  When I awoke, the wind had risen, and the sign of
the house (the Ship) was creaking and banging about, with noises
that startled me.  Rising softly, for my charge lay fast asleep, I
looked out of the window.  It commanded the causeway where we had
hauled up our boat, and, as my eyes adapted themselves to the light
of the clouded moon, I saw two men looking into her.  They passed by
under the window, looking at nothing else, and they did not go down
to the landing-place which I could discern to be empty, but struck
across the marsh in the direction of the Nore.

My first impulse was to call up Herbert, and show him the two men
going away.  But reflecting, before I got into his room, which was
at the back of the house and adjoined mine, that he and Startop had
had a harder day than I, and were fatigued, I forbore.  Going back
to my window, I could see the two men moving over the marsh.  In
that light, however, I soon lost them, and, feeling very cold, lay
down to think of the matter, and fell asleep again.

We were up early.  As we walked to and fro, all four together,
before breakfast, I deemed it right to recount what I had seen.
Again our charge was the least anxious of the party.  It was very
likely that the men belonged to the Custom House, he said quietly,
and that they had no thought of us.  I tried to persuade myself that
it was so,--as, indeed, it might easily be.  However, I proposed
that he and I should walk away together to a distant point we could
see, and that the boat should take us aboard there, or as near
there as might prove feasible, at about noon.  This being considered
a good precaution, soon after breakfast he and I set forth, without
saying anything at the tavern.

He smoked his pipe as we went along, and sometimes stopped to clap
me on the shoulder.  One would have supposed that it was I who was
in danger, not he, and that he was reassuring me.  We spoke very
little.  As we approached the point, I begged him to remain in a
sheltered place, while I went on to reconnoitre; for it was
towards it that the men had passed in the night.  He complied, and I
went on alone.  There was no boat off the point, nor any boat drawn
up anywhere near it, nor were there any signs of the men having
embarked there.  But, to be sure, the tide was high, and there might
have been some footpints under water.

When he looked out from his shelter in the distance, and saw that I
waved my hat to him to come up, he rejoined me, and there we
waited; sometimes lying on the bank, wrapped in our coats, and
sometimes moving about to warm ourselves, until we saw our boat
coming round.  We got aboard easily, and rowed out into the track of
the steamer.  By that time it wanted but ten minutes of one o'clock,
and we began to look out for her smoke.

But, it was half-past one before we saw her smoke, and soon
afterwards we saw behind it the smoke of another steamer.  As they
were coming on at full speed, we got the two bags ready, and took
that opportunity of saying good by to Herbert and Startop.  We had
all shaken hands cordially, and neither Herbert's eyes nor mine
were quite dry, when I saw a four-oared galley shoot out from under
the bank but a little way ahead of us, and row out into the same

A stretch of shore had been as yet between us and the steamer's
smoke, by reason of the bend and wind of the river; but now she was
visible, coming head on.  I called to Herbert and Startop to keep
before the tide, that she might see us lying by for her, and I
adjured Provis to sit quite still, wrapped in his cloak.  He
answered cheerily, "Trust to me, dear boy," and sat like a statue.
Meantime the galley, which was very skilfully handled, had crossed
us, let us come up with her, and fallen alongside.  Leaving just
room enough for the play of the oars, she kept alongside, drifting
when we drifted, and pulling a stroke or two when we pulled.  Of the
two sitters one held the rudder-lines, and looked at us attentively,
--as did all the rowers; the other sitter was wrapped up, much as
Provis was, and seemed to shrink, and whisper some instruction to
the steerer as he looked at us.  Not a word was spoken in either

Startop could make out, after a few minutes, which steamer was
first, and gave me the word "Hamburg," in a low voice, as we sat
face to face.  She was nearing us very fast, and the beating of her
peddles grew louder and louder.  I felt as if her shadow were
absolutely upon us, when the galley hailed us.  I answered.

"You have a returned Transport there," said the man who held the
lines.  "That's the man, wrapped in the cloak.  His name is Abel
Magwitch, otherwise Provis.  I apprehend that man, and call upon him
to surrender, and you to assist."

At the same moment, without giving any audible direction to his
crew, he ran the galley abroad of us.  They had pulled one sudden
stroke ahead, had got their oars in, had run athwart us, and were
holding on to our gunwale, before we knew what they were doing.
This caused great confusion on board the steamer, and I heard them
calling to us, and heard the order given to stop the paddles, and
heard them stop, but felt her driving down upon us irresistibly.  In
the same moment, I saw the steersman of the galley lay his hand on
his prisoner's shoulder, and saw that both boats were swinging
round with the force of the tide, and saw that all hands on board
the steamer were running forward quite frantically.  Still, in the
same moment, I saw the prisoner start up, lean across his captor,
and pull the cloak from the neck of the shrinking sitter in the
galley.  Still in the same moment, I saw that the face disclosed,
was the face of the other convict of long ago.  Still, in the same
moment, I saw the face tilt backward with a white terror on it that
I shall never forget, and heard a great cry on board the steamer,
and a loud splash in the water, and felt the boat sink from under

It was but for an instant that I seemed to struggle with a thousand
mill-weirs and a thousand flashes of light; that instant past, I
was taken on board the galley.  Herbert was there, and Startop was
there; but our boat was gone, and the two convicts were gone.

What with the cries aboard the steamer, and the furious blowing off
of her steam, and her driving on, and our driving on, I could not
at first distinguish sky from water or shore from shore; but the
crew of the galley righted her with great speed, and, pulling
certain swift strong strokes ahead, lay upon their oars, every man
looking silently and eagerly at the water astern.  Presently a dark
object was seen in it, bearing towards us on the tide.  No man
spoke, but the steersman held up his hand, and all softly backed
water, and kept the boat straight and true before it.  As it came
nearer, I saw it to be Magwitch, swimming, but not swimming freely.
He was taken on board, and instantly manacled at the wrists and

The galley was kept steady, and the silent, eager look-out at the
water was resumed.  But, the Rotterdam steamer now came up, and
apparently not understanding what had happened, came on at speed.
By the time she had been hailed and stopped, both steamers were
drifting away from us, and we were rising and falling in a troubled
wake of water.  The look-out was kept, long after all was still
again and the two steamers were gone; but everybody knew that it
was hopeless now.

At length we gave it up, and pulled under the shore towards the
tavern we had lately left, where we were received with no little
surprise.  Here I was able to get some comforts for Magwitch,--
Provis no longer,--who had received some very severe injury in the
Chest, and a deep cut in the head.

He told me that he believed himself to have gone under the keel of
the steamer, and to have been struck on the head in rising.  The
injury to his chest (which rendered his breathing extremely
painful) he thought he had received against the side of the galley.
He added that he did not pretend to say what he might or might not
have done to Compeyson, but that, in the moment of his laying his
hand on his cloak to identify him, that villain had staggered up
and staggered back, and they had both gone overboard together, when
the sudden wrenching of him (Magwitch) out of our boat, and the
endeavor of his captor to keep him in it, had capsized us.  He told
me in a whisper that they had gone down fiercely locked in each
other's arms, and that there had been a struggle under water, and
that he had disengaged himself, struck out, and swum away.

I never had any reason to doubt the exact truth of what he thus
told me.  The officer who steered the galley gave the same account
of their going overboard.

When I asked this officer's permission to change the prisoner's wet
clothes by purchasing any spare garments I could get at the
public-house, he gave it readily:  merely observing that he must
take charge of everything his prisoner had about him.  So the
pocket-book which had once been in my hands passed into the
officer's.  He further gave me leave to accompany the prisoner to
London; but declined to accord that grace to my two friends.

The Jack at the Ship was instructed where the drowned man had gone
down, and undertook to search for the body in the places where it
was likeliest to come ashore.  His interest in its recovery seemed
to me to be much heightened when he heard that it had stockings on.
Probably, it took about a dozen drowned men to fit him out
completely; and that may have been the reason why the different
articles of his dress were in various stages of decay.

We remained at the public-house until the tide turned, and then
Magwitch was carried down to the galley and put on board.  Herbert
and Startop were to get to London by land, as soon as they could.
We had a doleful parting, and when I took my place by Magwitch's
side, I felt that that was my place henceforth while he lived.

For now, my repugnance to him had all melted away; and in the
Hunted, wounded, shackled creature who held my hand in his, I only
saw a man who had meant to be my benefactor, and who had felt
affectionately, gratefully, and generously, towards me with great
constancy through a series of years.  I only saw in him a much
better man than I had been to Joe.

His breathing became more difficult and painful as the night drew
on, and often he could not repress a groan.  I tried to rest him on
the arm I could use, in any easy position; but it was dreadful to
think that I could not be sorry at heart for his being badly hurt,
since it was unquestionably best that he should die.  That there
were, still living, people enough who were able and willing to
identify him, I could not doubt.  That he would be leniently
treated, I could not hope.  He who had been presented in the worst
light at his trial, who had since broken prison and had been tried
again, who had returned from transportation under a life sentence,
and who had occasioned the death of the man who was the cause of
his arrest.

As we returned towards the setting sun we had yesterday left behind
us, and as the stream of our hopes seemed all running back, I told
him how grieved I was to think that he had come home for my sake.

"Dear boy," he answered, "I'm quite content to take my chance.  I've
seen my boy, and he can be a gentleman without me."

No.  I had thought about that, while we had been there side by side.
No.  Apart from any inclinations of my own, I understood Wemmick's
hint now.  I foresaw that, being convicted, his possessions would be
forfeited to the Crown.

"Lookee here, dear boy," said he "It's best as a gentleman should
not be knowed to belong to me now.  Only come to see me as if you
come by chance alonger Wemmick.  Sit where I can see you when I am
swore to, for the last o' many times, and I don't ask no more."

"I will never stir from your side," said I, "when I am suffered to
be near you.  Please God, I will be as true to you as you have been
to me!"

I felt his hand tremble as it held mine, and he turned his face
away as he lay in the bottom of the boat, and I heard that old
sound in his throat,--softened now, like all the rest of him.  It
was a good thing that he had touched this point, for it put into my
mind what I might not otherwise have thought of until too late,--
that he need never know how his hopes of enriching me had perished.

Chapter LV

He was taken to the Police Court next day, and would have been
immediately committed for trial, but that it was necessary to send
down for an old officer of the prison-ship from which he had once
escaped, to speak to his identity.  Nobody doubted it; but
Compeyson, who had meant to depose to it, was tumbling on the
tides, dead, and it happened that there was not at that time any
prison officer in London who could give the required evidence.  I
had gone direct to Mr. Jaggers at his private house, on my arrival
over night, to retain his assistance, and Mr. Jaggers on the
prisoner's behalf would admit nothing.  It was the sole resource;
for he told me that the case must be over in five minutes when the
witness was there, and that no power on earth could prevent its
going against us.

I imparted to Mr. Jaggers my design of keeping him in ignorance of
the fate of his wealth.  Mr. Jaggers was querulous and angry with me
for having "let it slip through my fingers," and said we must
memorialize by and by, and try at all events for some of it.  But
he did not conceal from me that, although there might be many cases
in which the forfeiture would not be exacted, there were no
circumstances in this case to make it one of them.  I understood
that very well.  I was not related to the outlaw, or connected with
him by any recognizable tie; he had put his hand to no writing or
settlement in my favor before his apprehension, and to do so now
would be idle.  I had no claim, and I finally resolved, and ever
afterwards abided by the resolution, that my heart should never be
sickened with the hopeless task of attempting to establish one.

There appeared to be reason for supposing that the drowned informer
had hoped for a reward out of this forfeiture, and had obtained
some accurate knowledge of Magwitch's affairs.  When his body was
found, many miles from the scene of his death, and so horribly
disfigured that he was only recognizable by the contents of his
pockets, notes were still legible, folded in a case he carried.
Among these were the name of a banking-house in New South Wales,
where a sum of money was, and the designation of certain lands of
considerable value.  Both these heads of information were in a list
that Magwitch, while in prison, gave to Mr. Jaggers, of the
possessions he supposed I should inherit.  His ignorance, poor
fellow, at last served him; he never mistrusted but that my
inheritance was quite safe, with Mr. Jaggers's aid.

After three days' delay, during which the crown prosecution stood
over for the production of the witness from the prison-ship, the
witness came, and completed the easy case.  He was committed to take
his trial at the next Sessions, which would come on in a month.

It was at this dark time of my life that Herbert returned home one
evening, a good deal cast down, and said,--

"My dear Handel, I fear I shall soon have to leave you."

His partner having prepared me for that, I was less surprised than
he thought.

"We shall lose a fine opportunity if I put off going to Cairo, and
I am very much afraid I must go, Handel, when you most need me."

"Herbert, I shall always need you, because I shall always love you;
but my need is no greater now than at another time."

"You will be so lonely."

"I have not leisure to think of that," said I.  "You know that I am
always with him to the full extent of the time allowed, and that I
should be with him all day long, if I could.  And when I come away
from him, you know that my thoughts are with him."

The dreadful condition to which he was brought, was so appalling to
both of us, that we could not refer to it in plainer words.

"My dear fellow," said Herbert, "let the near prospect of our
separation--for, it is very near--be my justification for
troubling you about yourself.  Have you thought of your future?"

"No, for I have been afraid to think of any future."

"But yours cannot be dismissed; indeed, my dear dear Handel, it
must not be dismissed.  I wish you would enter on it now, as far as
a few friendly words go, with me."

"I will," said I.

"In this branch house of ours, Handel, we must have a--"

I saw that his delicacy was avoiding the right word, so I said, "A

"A clerk.  And I hope it is not at all unlikely that he may expand
(as a clerk of your acquaintance has expanded) into a partner.  Now,
Handel,--in short, my dear boy, will you come to me?"

There was something charmingly cordial and engaging in the manner
in which after saying "Now, Handel," as if it were the grave
beginning of a portentous business exordium, he had suddenly given
up that tone, stretched out his honest hand, and spoken like a

"Clara and I have talked about it again and again," Herbert
pursued, "and the dear little thing begged me only this evening,
with tears in her eyes, to say to you that, if you will live with us
when we come together, she will do her best to make you happy, and
to convince her husband's friend that he is her friend too.  We
should get on so well, Handel!"

I thanked her heartily, and I thanked him heartily, but said I
could not yet make sure of joining him as he so kindly offered.
Firstly, my mind was too preoccupied to be able to take in the
subject clearly.  Secondly,--Yes!  Secondly, there was a vague
something lingering in my thoughts that will come out very near the
end of this slight narrative.

"But if you thought, Herbert, that you could, without doing any
injury to your business, leave the question open for a little

"For any while," cried Herbert.  "Six months, a year!"

"Not so long as that," said I.  "Two or three months at most."

Herbert was highly delighted when we shook hands on this
arrangement, and said he could now take courage to tell me that he
believed he must go away at the end of the week.

"And Clara?" said I.

"The dear little thing," returned Herbert, "holds dutifully to her
father as long as he lasts; but he won't last long.  Mrs. Whimple
confides to me that he is certainly going."

"Not to say an unfeeling thing," said I, "he cannot do better than

"I am afraid that must be admitted," said Herbert; "and then I
shall come back for the dear little thing, and the dear little
thing and I will walk quietly into the nearest church.  Remember!
The blessed darling comes of no family, my dear Handel, and never
looked into the red book, and hasn't a notion about her grandpapa.
What a fortune for the son of my mother!"

On the Saturday in that same week, I took my leave of Herbert,--
full of bright hope, but sad and sorry to leave me,--as he sat on
one of the seaport mail coaches.  I went into a coffee-house to
write a little note to Clara, telling her he had gone off, sending
his love to her over and over again, and then went to my lonely
home,--if it deserved the name; for it was now no home to me, and I
had no home anywhere.

On the stairs I encountered Wemmick, who was coming down, after an
unsuccessful application of his knuckles to my door.  I had not seen
him alone since the disastrous issue of the attempted flight; and
he had come, in his private and personal capacity, to say a few
words of explanation in reference to that failure.

"The late Compeyson," said Wemmick, "had by little and little got
at the bottom of half of the regular business now transacted; and
it was from the talk of some of his people in trouble (some of his
people being always in trouble) that I heard what I did.  I kept my
ears open, seeming to have them shut, until I heard that he was
absent, and I thought that would be the best time for making the
attempt.  I can only suppose now, that it was a part of his policy,
as a very clever man, habitually to deceive his own instruments.
You don't blame me, I hope, Mr. Pip?  I am sure I tried to serve you,
with all my heart."

"I am as sure of that, Wemmick, as you can be, and I thank you most
earnestly for all your interest and friendship."

"Thank you, thank you very much.  It's a bad job," said Wemmick,
scratching his head, "and I assure you I haven't been so cut up for
a long time.  What I look at is the sacrifice of so much portable
property.  Dear me!"

"What I think of, Wemmick, is the poor owner of the property."

"Yes, to be sure," said Wemmick.  "Of course, there can be no
objection to your being sorry for him, and I'd put down a
five-pound note myself to get him out of it.  But what I look at is
this.  The late Compeyson having been beforehand with him in
intelligence of his return, and being so determined to bring him to
book, I do not think he could have been saved.  Whereas, the
portable property certainly could have been saved.  That's the
difference between the property and the owner, don't you see?"

I invited Wemmick to come up stairs, and refresh himself with a
glass of grog before walking to Walworth.  He accepted the
invitation.  While he was drinking his moderate allowance, he said,
with nothing to lead up to it, and after having appeared rather

"What do you think of my meaning to take a holiday on Monday, Mr.

"Why, I suppose you have not done such a thing these twelve

"These twelve years, more likely," said Wemmick.  "Yes.  I'm going to
take a holiday.  More than that; I'm going to take a walk.  More than
that; I'm going to ask you to take a walk with me."

I was about to excuse myself, as being but a bad companion just
then, when Wemmick anticipated me.

"I know your engagements," said he, "and I know you are out of
sorts, Mr. Pip.  But if you could oblige me, I should take it as a
kindness.  It ain't a long walk, and it's an early one.  Say it might
occupy you (including breakfast on the walk) from eight to twelve.
Couldn't you stretch a point and manage it?"

He had done so much for me at various times, that this was very
little to do for him.  I said I could manage it,--would manage it,--
and he was so very much pleased by my acquiescence, that I was
pleased too.  At his particular request, I appointed to call for him
at the Castle at half past eight on Monday morning, and so we
parted for the time.

Punctual to my appointment, I rang at the Castle gate on the Monday
morning, and was received by Wemmick himself, who struck me as
looking tighter than usual, and having a sleeker hat on.  Within,
there were two glasses of rum and milk prepared, and two biscuits.
The Aged must have been stirring with the lark, for, glancing into
the perspective of his bedroom, I observed that his bed was empty.

When we had fortified ourselves with the rum and milk and biscuits,
and were going out for the walk with that training preparation on
us, I was considerably surprised to see Wemmick take up a
fishing-rod, and put it over his shoulder.  "Why, we are not going
fishing!" said I.  "No," returned Wemmick, "but I like to walk with

I thought this odd; however, I said nothing, and we set off.  We
went towards Camberwell Green, and when we were thereabouts,
Wemmick said suddenly,--

"Halloa!  Here's a church!"

There was nothing very surprising in that; but again, I was rather
surprised, when he said, as if he were animated by a brilliant

"Let's go in!"

We went in, Wemmick leaving his fishing-rod in the porch, and
looked all round.  In the mean time, Wemmick was diving into his
coat-pockets, and getting something out of paper there.

"Halloa!" said he.  "Here's a couple of pair of gloves!  Let's put
'em on!"

As the gloves were white kid gloves, and as the post-office was
widened to its utmost extent, I now began to have my strong
suspicions.  They were strengthened into certainty when I beheld the
Aged enter at a side door, escorting a lady.

"Halloa!" said Wemmick.  "Here's Miss Skiffins!  Let's have a

That discreet damsel was attired as usual, except that she was now
engaged in substituting for her green kid gloves a pair of white.
The Aged was likewise occupied in preparing a similar sacrifice for
the altar of Hymen.  The old gentleman, however, experienced so much
difficulty in getting his gloves on, that Wemmick found it
necessary to put him with his back against a pillar, and then to
get behind the pillar himself and pull away at them, while I for my
part held the old gentleman round the waist, that he might present
and equal and safe resistance.  By dint of this ingenious scheme,
his gloves were got on to perfection.

The clerk and clergyman then appearing, we were ranged in order at
those fatal rails.  True to his notion of seeming to do it all
without preparation, I heard Wemmick say to himself, as he took
something out of his waistcoat-pocket before the service began,
"Halloa!  Here's a ring!"

I acted in the capacity of backer, or best-man, to the bridegroom;
while a little limp pew-opener in a soft bonnet like a baby's, made
a feint of being the bosom friend of Miss Skiffins.  The
responsibility of giving the lady away devolved upon the Aged,
which led to the clergyman's being unintentionally scandalized, and
it happened thus.  When he said, "Who giveth this woman to be
married to this man?" the old gentlemen, not in the least knowing
what point of the ceremony we had arrived at, stood most amiably
beaming at the ten commandments.  Upon which, the clergyman said
again, "WHO giveth this woman to be married to this man?"  The old
gentleman being still in a state of most estimable unconsciousness,
the bridegroom cried out in his accustomed voice, "Now Aged P.  you
know; who giveth?"  To which the Aged replied with great briskness,
before saying that he gave, "All right, John, all right, my boy!"
And the clergyman came to so gloomy a pause upon it, that I had
doubts for the moment whether we should get completely married that

It was completely done, however, and when we were going out of
church Wemmick took the cover off the font, and put his white
gloves in it, and put the cover on again.  Mrs. Wemmick, more heedful
of the future, put her white gloves in her pocket and assumed her
green.  "Now, Mr. Pip," said Wemmick, triumphantly shouldering the
fishing-rod as we came out, "let me ask you whether anybody would
suppose this to be a wedding-party!"

Breakfast had been ordered at a pleasant little tavern, a mile or
so away upon the rising ground beyond the green; and there was a
bagatelle board in the room, in case we should desire to unbend our
minds after the solemnity.  It was pleasant to observe that Mrs.
Wemmick no longer unwound Wemmick's arm when it adapted itself to
her figure, but sat in a high-backed chair against the wall, like a
violoncello in its case, and submitted to be embraced as that
melodious instrument might have done.

We had an excellent breakfast, and when any one declined anything
on table, Wemmick said, "Provided by contract, you know; don't be
afraid of it!"  I drank to the new couple, drank to the Aged, drank
to the Castle, saluted the bride at parting, and made myself as
agreeable as I could.

Wemmick came down to the door with me, and I again shook hands with
him, and wished him joy.

"Thankee!" said Wemmick, rubbing his hands.  "She's such a manager
of fowls, you have no idea.  You shall have some eggs, and judge for
yourself.  I say, Mr. Pip!" calling me back, and speaking low.  "This
is altogether a Walworth sentiment, please."

"I understand.  Not to be mentioned in Little Britain," said I.

Wemmick nodded.  "After what you let out the other day, Mr. Jaggers
may as well not know of it.  He might think my brain was softening,
or something of the kind."

Chapter LVI

He lay in prison very ill, during the whole interval between his
committal for trial and the coming round of the Sessions.  He had
broken two ribs, they had wounded one of his lungs, and he breathed
with great pain and difficulty, which increased daily.  It was a
consequence of his hurt that he spoke so low as to be scarcely
audible; therefore he spoke very little.  But he was ever ready to
listen to me; and it became the first duty of my life to say to
him, and read to him, what I knew he ought to hear.

Being far too ill to remain in the common prison, he was removed,
after the first day or so, into the infirmary.  This gave me
opportunities of being with him that I could not otherwise have
had.  And but for his illness he would have been put in irons, for
he was regarded as a determined prison-breaker, and I know not what

Although I saw him every day, it was for only a short time; hence,
the regularly recurring spaces of our separation were long enough
to record on his face any slight changes that occurred in his
physical state.  I do not recollect that I once saw any change in it
for the better; he wasted, and became slowly weaker and worse, day
by day, from the day when the prison door closed upon him.

The kind of submission or resignation that he showed was that of a
man who was tired out.  I sometimes derived an impression, from his
manner or from a whispered word or two which escaped him, that he
pondered over the question whether he might have been a better man
under better circumstances.  But he never justified himself by a
hint tending that way, or tried to bend the past out of its eternal

It happened on two or three occasions in my presence, that his
desperate reputation was alluded to by one or other of the people
in attendance on him.  A smile crossed his face then, and he turned
his eyes on me with a trustful look, as if he were confident that I
had seen some small redeeming touch in him, even so long ago as when
I was a little child.  As to all the rest, he was humble and
contrite, and I never knew him complain.

When the Sessions came round, Mr. Jaggers caused an application to
be made for the postponement of his trial until the following
Sessions.  It was obviously made with the assurance that he could
not live so long, and was refused.  The trial came on at once, and,
when he was put to the bar, he was seated in a chair.  No objection
was made to my getting close to the dock, on the outside of it, and
holding the hand that he stretched forth to me.

The trial was very short and very clear.  Such things as could be
said for him were said,--how he had taken to industrious habits,
and had thriven lawfully and reputably.  But nothing could unsay
the fact that he had returned, and was there in presence of the
Judge and Jury.  It was impossible to try him for that, and do
otherwise than find him guilty.

At that time, it was the custom (as I learnt from my terrible
experience of that Sessions) to devote a concluding day to the
passing of Sentences, and to make a finishing effect with the
Sentence of Death.  But for the indelible picture that my
remembrance now holds before me, I could scarcely believe, even as
I write these words, that I saw two-and-thirty men and women put
before the Judge to receive that sentence together.  Foremost among
the two-and-thirty was he; seated, that he might get breath enough
to keep life in him.

The whole scene starts out again in the vivid colors of the
moment, down to the drops of April rain on the windows of the
court, glittering in the rays of April sun.  Penned in the dock, as
I again stood outside it at the corner with his hand in mine, were
the two-and-thirty men and women; some defiant, some stricken with
terror, some sobbing and weeping, some covering their faces, some
staring gloomily about.  There had been shrieks from among the women
convicts; but they had been stilled,and a hush had succeeded.  The
sheriffs with their great chains and nosegays, other civic gewgaws
and monsters, criers, ushers, a great gallery full of people,--a
large theatrical audience,--looked on, as the two-and-thirty and
the Judge were solemnly confronted.  Then the Judge addressed them.
Among the wretched creatures before him whom he must single out for
special address was one who almost from his infancy had been an
offender against the laws; who, after repeated imprisonments and
punishments, had been at length sentenced to exile for a term of
years; and who, under circumstances of great violence and daring,
had made his escape and been re-sentenced to exile for life.  That
miserable man would seem for a time to have become convinced of his
errors, when far removed from the scenes of his old offences, and
to have lived a peaceable and honest life.  But in a fatal moment,
yielding to those propensities and passions, the indulgence of
which had so long rendered him a scourge to society, he had quitted
his haven of rest and repentance, and had come back to the country
where he was proscribed.  Being here presently denounced, he had for
a time succeeded in evading the officers of Justice, but being at
length seized while in the act of flight, he had resisted them, and
had--he best knew whether by express design, or in the blindness
of his hardihood--caused the death of his denouncer, to whom his
whole career was known.  The appointed punishment for his return to
the land that had cast him out, being Death, and his case being
this aggravated case, he must prepare himself to Die.

The sun was striking in at the great windows of the court, through
the glittering drops of rain upon the glass, and it made a broad
shaft of light between the two-and-thirty and the Judge, linking
both together, and perhaps reminding some among the audience how
both were passing on, with absolute equality, to the greater
Judgment that knoweth all things, and cannot err.  Rising for a
moment, a distinct speck of face in this way of light, the prisoner
said, "My Lord, I have received my sentence of Death from the
Almighty, but I bow to yours," and sat down again.  There was some
hushing, and the Judge went on with what he had to say to the rest.
Then they were all formally doomed, and some of them were
supported out, and some of them sauntered out with a haggard look
of bravery, and a few nodded to the gallery, and two or three shook
hands, and others went out chewing the fragments of herb they had
taken from the sweet herbs lying about.  He went last of all,
because of having to be helped from his chair, and to go very
slowly; and he held my hand while all the others were removed, and
while the audience got up (putting their dresses right, as they
might at church or elsewhere), and pointed down at this criminal or
at that, and most of all at him and me.

I earnestly hoped and prayed that he might die before the
Recorder's Report was made; but, in the dread of his lingering on,
I began that night to write out a petition to the Home Secretary of
State, setting forth my knowledge of him, and how it was that he
had come back for my sake.  I wrote it as fervently and pathetically
as I could; and when I had finished it and sent it in, I wrote out
other petitions to such men in authority as I hoped were the most
merciful, and drew up one to the Crown itself.  For several days and
nights after he was sentenced I took no rest except when I fell
asleep in my chair, but was wholly absorbed in these appeals.  And
after I had sent them in, I could not keep away from the places
where they were, but felt as if they were more hopeful and less
desperate when I was near them.  In this unreasonable restlessness
and pain of mind I would roam the streets of an evening, wandering
by those offices and houses where I had left the petitions.  To the
present hour, the weary western streets of London on a cold, dusty
spring night, with their ranges of stern, shut-up mansions, and their
long rows of lamps, are melancholy to me from this association.

The daily visits I could make him were shortened now, and he was
more strictly kept.  Seeing, or fancying, that I was suspected of an
intention of carrying poison to him, I asked to be searched before
I sat down at his bedside, and told the officer who was always
there, that I was willing to do anything that would assure him of
the singleness of my designs.  Nobody was hard with him or with me.
There was duty to be done, and it was done, but not harshly.  The
officer always gave me the assurance that he was worse, and some
other sick prisoners in the room, and some other prisoners who
attended on them as sick nurses, (malefactors, but not incapable of
kindness, God be thanked!) always joined in the same report.

As the days went on, I noticed more and more that he would lie
placidly looking at the white ceiling, with an absence of light in
his face until some word of mine brightened it for an instant, and
then it would subside again.  Sometimes he was almost or quite
unable to speak, then he would answer me with slight pressures on
my hand, and I grew to understand his meaning very well.

The number of the days had risen to ten, when I saw a greater
change in him than I had seen yet.  His eyes were turned towards the
door, and lighted up as I entered.

"Dear boy," he said, as I sat down by his bed:  "I thought you was
late.  But I knowed you couldn't be that."

"It is just the time," said I.  "I waited for it at the gate."

"You always waits at the gate; don't you, dear boy?"

"Yes.  Not to lose a moment of the time."

"Thank'ee dear boy, thank'ee.  God bless you!  You've never deserted
me, dear boy."

I pressed his hand in silence, for I could not forget that I had
once meant to desert him.

"And what's the best of all," he said, "you've been more
comfortable alonger me, since I was under a dark cloud, than when
the sun shone.  That's best of all."

He lay on his back, breathing with great difficulty.  Do what he
would, and love me though he did, the light left his face ever and
again, and a film came over the placid look at the white ceiling.

"Are you in much pain to-day?"

"I don't complain of none, dear boy."

"You never do complain."

He had spoken his last words.  He smiled, and I understood his touch
to mean that he wished to lift my hand, and lay it on his breast.  I
laid it there, and he smiled again, and put both his hands upon it.

The allotted time ran out, while we were thus; but, looking round,
I found the governor of the prison standing near me, and he
whispered, "You needn't go yet."  I thanked him gratefully, and
asked, "Might I speak to him, if he can hear me?"

The governor stepped aside, and beckoned the officer away.  The
change, though it was made without noise, drew back the film from
the placid look at the white ceiling, and he looked most
affectionately at me.

"Dear Magwitch, I must tell you now, at last.  You understand what I

A gentle pressure on my hand.

"You had a child once, whom you loved and lost."

A stronger pressure on my hand.

"She lived, and found powerful friends.  She is living now.  She is a
lady and very beautiful.  And I love her!"

With a last faint effort, which would have been powerless but for
my yielding to it and assisting it, he raised my hand to his lips.
Then, he gently let it sink upon his breast again, with his own
hands lying on it.  The placid look at the white ceiling came back,
and passed away, and his head dropped quietly on his breast.

Mindful, then, of what we had read together, I thought of the two
men who went up into the Temple to pray, and I knew there were no
better words that I could say beside his bed, than "O Lord, be
merciful to him a sinner!"

Chapter LVII

Now that I was left wholly to myself, I gave notice of my intention
to quit the chambers in the Temple as soon as my tenancy could
legally determine, and in the meanwhile to underlet them.  At once I
put bills up in the windows; for, I was in debt, and had scarcely
any money, and began to be seriously alarmed by the state of my
affairs.  I ought rather to write that I should have been alarmed if
I had had energy and concentration enough to help me to the clear
perception of any truth beyond the fact that I was falling very
ill.  The late stress upon me had enabled me to put off illness, but
not to put it away; I knew that it was coming on me now, and I knew
very little else, and was even careless as to that.

For a day or two, I lay on the sofa, or on the floor,--anywhere,
according as I happened to sink down,--with a heavy head and aching
limbs, and no purpose, and no power.  Then there came, one night
which appeared of great duration, and which teemed with anxiety and
horror; and when in the morning I tried to sit up in my bed and
think of it, I found I could not do so.

Whether I really had been down in Garden Court in the dead of the
night, groping about for the boat that I supposed to be there;
whether I had two or three times come to myself on the staircase
with great terror, not knowing how I had got out of bed; whether I
had found myself lighting the lamp, possessed by the idea that he
was coming up the stairs, and that the lights were blown out;
whether I had been inexpressibly harassed by the distracted
talking, laughing, and groaning of some one, and had half
suspected those sounds to be of my own making; whether there had
been a closed iron furnace in a dark corner of the room, and a
voice had called out, over and over again, that Miss Havisham was
consuming within it,--these were things that I tried to settle with
myself and get into some order, as I lay that morning on my bed.
But the vapor of a limekiln would come between me and them,
disordering them all, and it was through the vapor at last that I
saw two men looking at me.

"What do you want?" I asked, starting; "I don't know you."

"Well, sir," returned one of them, bending down and touching me on
the shoulder, "this is a matter that you'll soon arrange, I dare
say, but you're arrested."

"What is the debt?"

"Hundred and twenty-three pound, fifteen, six.  Jeweller's account,
I think."

"What is to be done?"

"You had better come to my house," said the man.  "I keep a very
nice house."

I made some attempt to get up and dress myself.  When I next
attended to them, they were standing a little off from the bed,
looking at me.  I still lay there.

"You see my state," said I.  "I would come with you if I could; but
indeed I am quite unable.  If you take me from here, I think I shall
die by the way."

Perhaps they replied, or argued the point, or tried to encourage me
to believe that I was better than I thought.  Forasmuch as they hang
in my memory by only this one slender thread, I don't know what
they did, except that they forbore to remove me.

That I had a fever and was avoided, that I suffered greatly, that I
often lost my reason, that the time seemed interminable, that I
confounded impossible existences with my own identity; that I was a
brick in the house-wall, and yet entreating to be released from the
giddy place where the builders had set me; that I was a steel beam
of a vast engine, clashing and whirling over a gulf, and yet that I
implored in my own person to have the engine stopped, and my part
in it hammered off; that I passed through these phases of disease,
I know of my own remembrance, and did in some sort know at the
time.  That I sometimes struggled with real people, in the belief
that they were murderers, and that I would all at once comprehend
that they meant to do me good, and would then sink exhausted in
their arms, and suffer them to lay me down, I also knew at the
time.  But, above all, I knew that there was a constant tendency in
all these people,--who, when I was very ill, would present all
kinds of extraordinary transformations of the human face, and would
be much dilated in size,--above all, I say, I knew that there was
an extraordinary tendency in all these people, sooner or later, to
settle down into the likeness of Joe.

After I had turned the worst point of my illness, I began to notice
that while all its other features changed, this one consistent
feature did not change.  Whoever came about me, still settled down
into Joe.  I opened my eyes in the night, and I saw, in the great
chair at the bedside, Joe.  I opened my eyes in the day, and,
sitting on the window-seat, smoking his pipe in the shaded open
window, still I saw Joe.  I asked for cooling drink, and the dear
hand that gave it me was Joe's.  I sank back on my pillow after
drinking, and the face that looked so hopefully and tenderly upon
me was the face of Joe.

At last, one day, I took courage, and said, "Is it Joe?"

And the dear old home-voice answered, "Which it air, old chap."

"O Joe, you break my heart!  Look angry at me, Joe.  Strike me, Joe.
Tell me of my ingratitude.  Don't be so good to me!"

For Joe had actually laid his head down on the pillow at my side,
and put his arm round my neck, in his joy that I knew him.

"Which dear old Pip, old chap," said Joe, "you and me was ever
friends.  And when you're well enough to go out for a ride--what

After which, Joe withdrew to the window, and stood with his back
towards me, wiping his eyes.  And as my extreme weakness prevented
me from getting up and going to him, I lay there, penitently
whispering, "O God bless him!  O God bless this gentle Christian

Joe's eyes were red when I next found him beside me; but I was
holding his hand, and we both felt happy.

"How long, dear Joe?"

"Which you meantersay, Pip, how long have your illness lasted, dear
old chap?"

"Yes, Joe."

"It's the end of May, Pip.  To-morrow is the first of June."

"And have you been here all that time, dear Joe?"

"Pretty nigh, old chap.  For, as I says to Biddy when the news of
your being ill were brought by letter, which it were brought by the
post, and being formerly single he is now married though underpaid
for a deal of walking and shoe-leather, but wealth were not a
object on his part, and marriage were the great wish of his hart--"

"It is so delightful to hear you, Joe!  But I interrupt you in what
you said to Biddy."

"Which it were," said Joe, "that how you might be amongst
strangers, and that how you and me having been ever friends, a
wisit at such a moment might not prove unacceptabobble.  And Biddy,
her word were, 'Go to him, without loss of time.'  That," said Joe,
summing up with his judicial air, "were the word of Biddy.  'Go to
him,' Biddy say, 'without loss of time.'  In short, I shouldn't
greatly deceive you," Joe added, after a little grave reflection,
"if I represented to you that the word of that young woman were,
'without a minute's loss of time.'"

There Joe cut himself short, and informed me that I was to be
talked to in great moderation, and that I was to take a little
nourishment at stated frequent times, whether I felt inclined for
it or not, and that I was to submit myself to all his orders.  So I
kissed his hand, and lay quiet, while he proceeded to indite a note
to Biddy, with my love in it.

Evidently Biddy had taught Joe to write.  As I lay in bed looking
at him, it made me, in my weak state, cry again with pleasure to
see the pride with which he set about his letter.  My bedstead,
divested of its curtains, had been removed, with me upon it, into
the sitting-room, as the airiest and largest, and the carpet had
been taken away, and the room kept always fresh and wholesome night
and day.  At my own writing-table, pushed into a corner and cumbered
with little bottles, Joe now sat down to his great work, first
choosing a pen from the pen-tray as if it were a chest of large
tools, and tucking up his sleeves as if he were going to wield a
crow-bar or sledgehammer.  It was necessary for Joe to hold on
heavily to the table with his left elbow, and to get his right leg
well out behind him, before he could begin; and when he did begin
he made every down-stroke so slowly that it might have been six
feet long, while at every up-stroke I could hear his pen
spluttering extensively.  He had a curious idea that the inkstand
was on the side of him where it was not, and constantly dipped his
pen into space, and seemed quite satisfied with the result.
Occasionally, he was tripped up by some orthographical
stumbling-block; but on the whole he got on very well indeed; and
when he had signed his name, and had removed a finishing blot from
the paper to the crown of his head with his two forefingers, he got
up and hovered about the table, trying the effect of his
performance from various points of view,  as it lay there, with
unbounded satisfaction.

Not to make Joe uneasy by talking too much, even if I had been able
to talk much, I deferred asking him about Miss Havisham until next
day.  He shook his head when I then asked him if she had recovered.

"Is she dead, Joe?"

"Why you see, old chap," said Joe, in a tone of remonstrance, and
by way of getting at it by degrees, "I wouldn't go so far as to say
that, for that's a deal to say; but she ain't--"

"Living, Joe?"

"That's nigher where it is," said Joe; "she ain't living."

"Did she linger long, Joe?"

"Arter you was took ill, pretty much about what you might call (if
you was put to it) a week," said Joe; still determined, on my
account, to come at everything by degrees.

"Dear Joe, have you heard what becomes of her property?"

"Well, old chap," said Joe, "it do appear that she had settled the
most of it, which I meantersay tied it up, on Miss Estella.  But she
had wrote out a little coddleshell in her own hand a day or two
afore the accident, leaving a cool four thousand to Mr. Matthew
Pocket.  And why, do you suppose, above all things, Pip, she left
that cool four thousand unto him?  'Because of Pip's account of him,
the said Matthew.'  I am told by Biddy, that air the writing," said
Joe, repeating the legal turn as if it did him infinite good,
'account of him the said Matthew.'  And a cool four thousand, Pip!"

I never discovered from whom Joe derived the conventional
temperature of the four thousand pounds; but it appeared to make
the sum of money more to him, and he had a manifest relish in
insisting on its being cool.

This account gave me great joy, as it perfected the only good thing
I had done.  I asked Joe whether he had heard if any of the other
relations had any legacies?

"Miss Sarah," said Joe, "she have twenty-five pound perannium fur
to buy pills, on account of being bilious.  Miss Georgiana, she have
twenty pound down.  Mrs.--what's the name of them wild beasts with
humps, old chap?"

"Camels?" said I, wondering why he could possibly want to know.

Joe nodded.  "Mrs. Camels," by which I presently understood he meant
Camilla, "she have five pound fur to buy rushlights to put her in
spirits when she wake up in the night."

The accuracy of these recitals was sufficiently obvious to me, to
give me great confidence in Joe's information.  "And now," said Joe,
"you ain't that strong yet, old chap, that you can take in more nor
one additional shovelful to-day.  Old Orlick he's been a
bustin' open a dwelling-ouse."

"Whose?" said I.

"Not, I grant you, but what his manners is given to blusterous,"
said Joe, apologetically; "still, a Englishman's ouse is his
Castle, and castles must not be busted 'cept when done in war time.
And wotsume'er the failings on his part, he were a corn and
seedsman in his hart."

"Is it Pumblechook's house that has been broken into, then?"

"That's it, Pip," said Joe; "and they took his till, and they took
his cash-box, and they drinked his wine, and they partook of his
wittles, and they slapped his face, and they pulled his nose, and
they tied him up to his bedpust, and they giv' him a dozen, and
they stuffed his mouth full of flowering annuals to prewent his
crying out.  But he knowed Orlick, and Orlick's in the county

By these approaches we arrived at unrestricted conversation.  I was
slow to gain strength, but I did slowly and surely become less
weak, and Joe stayed with me, and I fancied I was little Pip again.

For the tenderness of Joe was so beautifully proportioned to my
need, that I was like a child in his hands.  He would sit and talk
to me in the old confidence, and with the old simplicity, and in
the old unassertive protecting way, so that I would half believe
that all my life since the days of the old kitchen was one of the
mental troubles of the fever that was gone.  He did everything for
me except the household work, for which he had engaged a very
decent woman, after paying off the laundress on his first arrival.
"Which I do assure you, Pip," he would often say, in explanation of
that liberty; "I found her a tapping the spare bed, like a cask of
beer, and drawing off the feathers in a bucket, for sale.  Which she
would have tapped yourn next, and draw'd it off with you a laying
on it, and was then a carrying away the coals gradiwally in the
soup-tureen and wegetable-dishes, and the wine and spirits in your
Wellington boots."

We looked forward to the day when I should go out for a ride, as we
had once looked forward to the day of my apprenticeship.  And when
the day came, and an open carriage was got into the Lane, Joe
wrapped me up, took me in his arms, carried me down to it, and put
me in, as if I were still the small helpless creature to whom he
had so abundantly given of the wealth of his great nature.

And Joe got in beside me, and we drove away together into the
country, where the rich summer growth was already on the trees and
on the grass, and sweet summer scents filled all the air.  The day
happened to be Sunday, and when I looked on the loveliness around
me, and thought how it had grown and changed, and how the little
wild-flowers had been forming, and the voices of the birds had been
strengthening, by day and by night, under the sun and under the
stars, while poor I lay burning and tossing on my bed, the mere
remembrance of having burned and tossed there came like a check
upon my peace.  But when I heard the Sunday bells, and looked
around a little more upon the outspread beauty, I felt that I was
not nearly thankful enough,--that I was too weak yet to be even
that,--and I laid my head on Joe's shoulder, as I had laid it long
ago when he had taken me to the Fair or where not, and it was too
much for my young senses.

More composure came to me after a while, and we talked as we used
to talk, lying on the grass at the old Battery.  There was no change
whatever in Joe.  Exactly what he had been in my eyes then, he was
in my eyes still; just as simply faithful, and as simply right.

When we got back again, and he lifted me out, and carried me--so
easily!--across the court and up the stairs, I thought of that
eventful Christmas Day when he had carried me over the marshes.  We
had not yet made any allusion to my change of fortune, nor did I
know how much of my late history he was acquainted with.  I was so
doubtful of myself now, and put so much trust in him, that I could
not satisfy myself whether I ought to refer to it when he did not.

"Have you heard, Joe," I asked him that evening, upon further
consideration, as he smoked his pipe at the window, "who my patron

"I heerd," returned Joe, "as it were not Miss Havisham, old chap."

"Did you hear who it was, Joe?"

"Well!  I heerd as it were a person what sent the person what
giv' you the bank-notes at the Jolly Bargemen, Pip."

"So it was."

"Astonishing!" said Joe, in the placidest way.

"Did you hear that he was dead, Joe?" I presently asked, with
increasing diffidence.

"Which?  Him as sent the bank-notes, Pip?"


"I think," said Joe, after meditating a long time, and looking
rather evasively at the window-seat, "as I did hear tell that how
he were something or another in a general way in that direction."

"Did you hear anything of his circumstances, Joe?"

"Not partickler, Pip."

"If you would like to hear, Joe--" I was beginning, when Joe got up
and came to my sofa.

"Lookee here, old chap," said Joe, bending over me.  "Ever the best
of friends; ain't us, Pip?"

I was ashamed to answer him.

"Wery good, then," said Joe, as if I had answered; "that's all
right; that's agreed upon.  Then why go into subjects, old chap,
which as betwixt two sech must be for ever onnecessary?  There's
subjects enough as betwixt two sech, without onnecessary ones.
Lord!  To think of your poor sister and her Rampages!  And don't you
remember Tickler?"

"I do indeed, Joe."

"Lookee here, old chap," said Joe.  "I done what I could to keep you
and Tickler in sunders, but my power were not always fully equal to
my inclinations.  For when your poor sister had a mind to drop into
you, it were not so much," said Joe, in his favorite argumentative
way, "that she dropped into me too, if I put myself in opposition
to her, but that she dropped into you always heavier for it.  I
noticed that.  It ain't a grab at a man's whisker, not yet a shake
or two of a man (to which your sister was quite welcome), that 'ud
put a man off from getting a little child out of punishment.  But
when that little child is dropped into heavier for that grab of
whisker or shaking, then that man naterally up and says to himself,
'Where is the good as you are a doing?  I grant you I see the 'arm,'
says the man, 'but I don't see the good.  I call upon you, sir,
therefore, to pint out the good.'"

"The man says?" I observed, as Joe waited for me to speak.

"The man says," Joe assented.  "Is he right, that man?"

"Dear Joe, he is always right."

"Well, old chap," said Joe, "then abide by your words.  If he's
always right (which in general he's more likely wrong), he's right
when he says this:  Supposing ever you kep any little matter to
yourself, when you was a little child, you kep it mostly because
you know'd as J. Gargery's power to part you and Tickler in
sunders were not fully equal to his inclinations.  Theerfore, think
no more of it as betwixt two sech, and do not let us pass remarks
upon onnecessary subjects.  Biddy giv' herself a deal o' trouble
with me afore I left (for I am almost awful dull), as I should view
it in this light, and, viewing it in this light, as I should so put
it.  Both of which," said Joe, quite charmed with his logical
arrangement, "being done, now this to you a true friend, say.
Namely.  You mustn't go a overdoing on it, but you must have your
supper and your wine and water, and you must be put betwixt the

The delicacy with which Joe dismissed this theme, and the sweet
tact and kindness with which Biddy--who with her woman's wit had
found me out so soon--had prepared him for it, made a deep
impression on my mind.  But whether Joe knew how poor I was, and how
my great expectations had all dissolved, like our own marsh mists
before the sun, I could not understand.

Another thing in Joe that I could not understand when it first
began to develop itself, but which I soon arrived at a sorrowful
comprehension of, was this:  As I became stronger and better, Joe
became a little less easy with me.  In my weakness and entire
dependence on him, the dear fellow had fallen into the old tone,
and called me by the old names, the dear "old Pip, old chap," that
now were music in my ears.  I too had fallen into the old ways, only
happy and thankful that he let me.  But, imperceptibly, though I
held by them fast, Joe's hold upon them began to slacken; and
whereas I wondered at this, at first, I soon began to understand
that the cause of it was in me, and that the fault of it was all

Ah!  Had I given Joe no reason to doubt my constancy, and to think
that in prosperity I should grow cold to him and cast him off?  Had
I given Joe's innocent heart no cause to feel instinctively that as
I got stronger, his hold upon me would be weaker, and that he had
better loosen it in time and let me go, before I plucked myself

It was on the third or fourth occasion of my going out walking in
the Temple Gardens leaning on Joe's arm, that I saw this change in
him very plainly.  We had been sitting in the bright warm sunlight,
looking at the river, and I chanced to say as we got up,--

"See, Joe!  I can walk quite strongly.  Now, you shall see me walk
back by myself."

"Which do not overdo it, Pip," said Joe; "but I shall be happy fur
to see you able, sir."

The last word grated on me; but how could I remonstrate!  I walked
no further than the gate of the gardens, and then pretended to be
weaker than I was, and asked Joe for his arm.  Joe gave it me, but
was thoughtful.

I, for my part, was thoughtful too; for, how best to check this
growing change in Joe was a great perplexity to my remorseful
thoughts.  That I was ashamed to tell him exactly how I was placed,
and what I had come down to, I do not seek to conceal; but I hope
my reluctance was not quite an unworthy one.  He would want to help
me out of his little savings, I knew, and I knew that he ought not
to help me, and that I must not suffer him to do it.

It was a thoughtful evening with both of us.  But, before we went to
bed, I had resolved that I would wait over to-morrow,--to-morrow
being Sunday,--and would begin my new course with the new week.  On
Monday morning I would speak to Joe about this change, I would lay
aside this last vestige of reserve, I would tell him what I had in
my thoughts (that Secondly, not yet arrived at), and why I had not
decided to go out to Herbert, and then the change would be
conquered for ever.  As I cleared, Joe cleared, and it seemed as
though he had sympathetically arrived at a resolution too.

We had a quiet day on the Sunday, and we rode out into the country,
and then walked in the fields.

"I feel thankful that I have been ill, Joe," I said.

"Dear old Pip, old chap, you're a'most come round, sir."

"It has been a memorable time for me, Joe."

"Likeways for myself, sir," Joe returned.

"We have had a time together, Joe, that I can never forget.  There
were days once, I know, that I did for a while forget; but I never
shall forget these."

"Pip," said Joe, appearing a little hurried and troubled, "there
has been larks. And, dear sir, what have been betwixt us--have

At night, when I had gone to bed, Joe came into my room, as he had
done all through my recovery.  He asked me if I felt sure that I was
as well as in the morning?

"Yes, dear Joe, quite."

"And are always a getting stronger, old chap?"

"Yes, dear Joe, steadily."

Joe patted the coverlet on my shoulder with his great good hand,
and said, in what I thought a husky voice, "Good night!"

When I got up in the morning, refreshed and stronger yet, I was
full of my resolution to tell Joe all, without delay.  I would tell
him before breakfast.  I would dress at once and go to his room and
surprise him; for, it was the first day I had been up early.  I went
to his room, and he was not there.  Not only was he not there, but
his box was gone.

I hurried then to the breakfast-table, and on it found a letter.
These were its brief contents:--

"Not wishful to intrude I have departured fur you are well again
dear Pip and will do better without  JO.

"P.S.  Ever the best of friends."

Enclosed in the letter was a receipt for the debt and costs on
which I had been arrested.  Down to that moment, I had vainly
supposed that my creditor had withdrawn, or suspended proceedings
until I should be quite recovered.  I had never dreamed of Joe's
having paid the money; but Joe had paid it, and the receipt was in
his name.

What remained for me now, but to follow him to the dear old forge,
and there to have out my disclosure to him, and my penitent
remonstrance with him, and there to relieve my mind and heart of
that reserved Secondly, which had begun as a vague something
lingering in my thoughts, and had formed into a settled purpose?

The purpose was, that I would go to Biddy, that I would show her
how humbled and repentant I came back, that I would tell her how I
had lost all I once hoped for, that I would remind her of our old
confidences in my first unhappy time.  Then I would say to her,
"Biddy, I think you once liked me very well, when my errant heart,
even while it strayed away from you, was quieter and better with
you than it ever has been since.  If you can like me only half as
well once more, if you can take me with all my faults and
disappointments on my head, if you can receive me like a forgiven
child (and indeed I am as sorry, Biddy, and have as much need of a
hushing voice and a soothing hand), I hope I am a little worthier
of you that I was,--not much, but a little.  And, Biddy, it shall
rest with you to say whether I shall work at the forge with Joe, or
whether I shall try for any different occupation down in this
country, or whether we shall go away to a distant place where an
opportunity awaits me which I set aside, when it was offered, until
I knew your answer.  And now, dear Biddy, if you can tell me that
you will go through the world with me, you will surely make it a
better world for me, and me a better man for it, and I will try
hard to make it a better world for you."

Such was my purpose.  After three days more of recovery, I went down
to the old place to put it in execution.  And how I sped in it is
all I have left to tell.

Chapter LVIII

The tidings of my high fortunes having had a heavy fall had got
down to my native place and its neighborhood before I got there.
I found the Blue Boar in possession of the intelligence, and I
found that it made a great change in the Boar's demeanour.  Whereas
the Boar had cultivated my good opinion with warm assiduity when I
was coming into property, the Boar was exceedingly cool on the
subject now that I was going out of property.

It was evening when I arrived, much fatigued by the journey I had
so often made so easily.  The Boar could not put me into my usual
bedroom, which was engaged (probably by some one who had
expectations), and could only assign me a very indifferent chamber
among the pigeons and post-chaises up the yard.  But I had as sound
a sleep in that lodging as in the most superior accommodation the
Boar could have given me, and the quality of my dreams was about
the same as in the best bedroom.

Early in the morning, while my breakfast was getting ready, I
strolled round by Satis House.  There were printed bills on the
gate and on bits of carpet hanging out of the windows, announcing
a sale by auction of the Household Furniture and Effects, next
week.  The House itself was to be sold as old building materials, and
pulled down.  LOT 1 was marked in whitewashed knock-knee letters on
the brew house; LOT 2 on that part of the main building which had
been so long shut up.  Other lots were marked off on other parts of
the structure, and the ivy had been torn down to make room for the
inscriptions, and much of it trailed low in the dust and was
withered already.  Stepping in for a moment at the open gate, and
looking around me with the uncomfortable air of a stranger who had
no business there, I saw the auctioneer's clerk walking on the
casks and telling them off for the information of a catalogue-
compiler, pen in hand, who made a temporary desk of the wheeled
chair I had so often pushed along to the tune of Old Clem.

When I got back to my breakfast in the Boar's coffee-room, I found
Mr. Pumblechook conversing with the landlord.  Mr. Pumblechook (not
improved in appearance by his late nocturnal adventure) was waiting
for me, and addressed me in the following terms:--

"Young man, I am sorry to see you brought low.  But what else could
be expected!  what else could be expected!"

As he extended his hand with a magnificently forgiving air, and as
I was broken by illness and unfit to quarrel, I took it.

"William," said Mr. Pumblechook to the waiter, "put a muffin on
table.  And has it come to this!  Has it come to this!"

I frowningly sat down to my breakfast.  Mr. Pumblechook stood over me
and poured out my tea--before I could touch the teapot--with the
air of a benefactor who was resolved to be true to the last.

"William," said Mr. Pumblechook, mournfully, "put the salt on.  In
happier times," addressing me, "I think you took sugar?  And did you
take milk?  You did.  Sugar and milk.  William, bring a watercress."

"Thank you," said I, shortly, "but I don't eat watercresses."

"You don't eat 'em," returned Mr. Pumblechook, sighing and nodding
his head several times, as if he might have expected that, and as
if abstinence from watercresses were consistent with my downfall.
"True.  The simple fruits of the earth.  No.  You needn't bring any,

I went on with my breakfast, and Mr. Pumblechook continued to stand
over me, staring fishily and breathing noisily, as he always did.

"Little more than skin and bone!" mused Mr. Pumblechook, aloud.  "And
yet when he went from here (I may say with my blessing), and I
spread afore him my humble store, like the Bee, he was as plump as
a Peach!"

This reminded me of the wonderful difference between the servile
manner in which he had offered his hand in my new prosperity,
saying, "May I?" and the ostentatious clemency with which he had
just now exhibited the same fat five fingers.

"Hah!" he went on, handing me the bread and butter.  "And air you
a going to Joseph?"

"In heaven's name," said I, firing in spite of myself, "what does
it matter to you where I am going?  Leave that teapot alone."

It was the worst course I could have taken, because it gave
Pumblechook the opportunity he wanted.

"Yes, young man," said he, releasing the handle of the article in
question, retiring a step or two from my table, and speaking for
the behoof of the landlord and waiter at the door, "I will leave
that teapot alone.  You are right, young man.  For once you are
right.  I forgit myself when I take such an interest in your
breakfast, as to wish your frame, exhausted by the debilitating
effects of prodigygality, to be stimilated by the 'olesome
nourishment of your forefathers.  And yet," said Pumblechook,
turning to the landlord and waiter, and pointing me out at arm's
length, "this is him as I ever sported with in his days of happy
infancy!  Tell me not it cannot be; I tell you this is him!"

A low murmur from the two replied.  The waiter appeared to be
particularly affected.

"This is him," said Pumblechook, "as I have rode in my shay-cart.
This is him as I have seen brought up by hand.  This is him untoe
the sister of which I was uncle by marriage, as her name was
Georgiana M'ria from her own mother, let him deny it if he can!"

The waiter seemed convinced that I could not deny it, and that it
gave the case a black look.

"Young man," said Pumblechook, screwing his head at me in the old
fashion, "you air a going to Joseph.  What does it matter to me, you
ask me, where you air a going?  I say to you, Sir, you air a going
to Joseph."

The waiter coughed, as if he modestly invited me to get over that.

"Now," said Pumblechook, and all this with a most exasperating air
of saying in the cause of virtue what was perfectly convincing and
conclusive, "I will tell you what to say to Joseph.  Here is Squires
of the Boar present, known and respected in this town, and here is
William, which his father's name was Potkins if I do not deceive

"You do not, sir," said William.

"In their presence," pursued Pumblechook, "I will tell you, young
man, what to say to Joseph.  Says you, "Joseph, I have this day seen
my earliest benefactor and the founder of my fortun's.  I will name
no names, Joseph, but so they are pleased to call him up town, and
I have seen that man."

"I swear I don't see him here," said I.

"Say that likewise," retorted Pumblechook.  "Say you said that, and
even Joseph will probably betray surprise."

"There you quite mistake him," said I.  "I know better."

"Says you," Pumblechook went on, "'Joseph, I have seen that man, and
that man bears you no malice and bears me no malice.  He knows your
character, Joseph, and is well acquainted with your pig-headedness
and ignorance; and he knows my character, Joseph, and he knows my
want of gratitoode.  Yes, Joseph,' says you," here Pumblechook shook
his head and hand at me, "'he knows my total deficiency of common
human gratitoode.  He knows it, Joseph, as none can.  You do not know
it, Joseph, having no call to know it, but that man do.'"

Windy donkey as he was, it really amazed me that he could have the
face to talk thus to mine.

"Says you, 'Joseph, he gave me a little message, which I will now
repeat.  It was that, in my being brought low, he saw the finger of
Providence.  He knowed that finger when he saw Joseph, and he
saw it plain.  It pinted out this writing, Joseph.  Reward of
ingratitoode to his earliest benefactor, and founder of fortun's.
But that man said he did not repent of what he had done, Joseph.
Not at all.  It was right to do it, it was kind to do it, it was
benevolent to do it, and he would do it again.'"

"It's pity," said I, scornfully, as I finished my interrupted
breakfast, "that the man did not say what he had done and would do

"Squires of the Boar!"  Pumblechook was now addressing the landlord,
"and William!  I have no objections to your mentioning, either
up town or down town, if such should be your wishes, that it was
right to do it, kind to do it, benevolent to do it, and that I
would do it again."

With those words the Impostor shook them both by the hand, with an
air, and left the house; leaving me much more astonished than
delighted by the virtues of that same indefinite "it."  "I was not
long after him in leaving the house too, and when I went down the
High Street I saw him holding forth (no doubt to the same effect)
at his shop door to a select group, who honored me with very
unfavorable glances as I passed on the opposite side of the way.

But, it was only the pleasanter to turn to Biddy and to Joe, whose
great forbearance shone more brightly than before, if that could
be, contrasted with this brazen pretender.  I went towards them
slowly, for my limbs were weak, but with a sense of increasing
relief as I drew nearer to them, and a sense of leaving arrogance
and untruthfulness further and further behind.

The June weather was delicious.  The sky was blue, the larks were
soaring high over the green corn, I thought all that countryside
more beautiful and peaceful by far than I had ever known it to be
yet.  Many pleasant pictures of the life that I would lead there,
and of the change for the better that would come over my character
when I had a guiding spirit at my side whose simple faith and clear
home wisdom I had proved, beguiled my way.  They awakened a tender
emotion in me; for my heart was softened by my return, and such a
change had come to pass, that I felt like one who was toiling home
barefoot from distant travel, and whose wanderings had lasted many

The schoolhouse where Biddy was mistress I had never seen; but,
the little roundabout lane by which I entered the village, for
quietness' sake, took me past it.  I was disappointed to find that
the day was a holiday; no children were there, and Biddy's house
was closed.  Some hopeful notion of seeing her, busily engaged in her
daily duties, before she saw me, had been in my mind and was

But the forge was a very short distance off, and I went towards it
under the sweet green limes, listening for the clink of Joe's
hammer.  Long after I ought to have heard it, and long after I had
fancied I heard it and found it but a fancy, all was still.  The
limes were there, and the white thorns were there, and the
chestnut-trees were there, and their leaves rustled harmoniously
when I stopped to listen; but, the clink of Joe's hammer was not in
the midsummer wind.

Almost fearing, without knowing why, to come in view of the forge,
I saw it at last, and saw that it was closed.  No gleam of fire, no
glittering shower of sparks, no roar of bellows; all shut up, and

But the house was not deserted, and the best parlor seemed to be
in use, for there were white curtains fluttering in its window, and
the window was open and gay with flowers.  I went softly towards it,
meaning to peep over the flowers, when Joe and Biddy stood before
me, arm in arm.

At first Biddy gave a cry, as if she thought it was my apparition,
but in another moment she was in my embrace.  I wept to see her, and
she wept to see me; I, because she looked so fresh and pleasant;
she, because I looked so worn and white.

"But dear Biddy, how smart you are!"

"Yes, dear Pip."

"And Joe, how smart you are!"

"Yes, dear old Pip, old chap."

I looked at both of them, from one to the other, and then--

"It's my wedding-day!" cried Biddy, in a burst of happiness, "and I
am married to Joe!"

They had taken me into the kitchen, and I had laid my head down on
the old deal table.  Biddy held one of my hands to her lips, and
Joe's restoring touch was on my shoulder.  "Which he warn't strong
enough, my dear, fur to be surprised," said Joe.  And Biddy said, "I
ought to have thought of it, dear Joe, but I was too happy."  They
were both so overjoyed to see me, so proud to see me, so touched by
my coming to them, so delighted that I should have come by accident
to make their day complete!

My first thought was one of great thankfulness that I had never
breathed this last baffled hope to Joe.  How often, while he was
with me in my illness, had it risen to my lips!  How irrevocable
would have been his knowledge of it, if he had remained with me but
another hour!

"Dear Biddy," said I, "you have the best husband in the whole
world, and if you could have seen him by my bed you would have--
But no, you couldn't love him better than you do."

"No, I couldn't indeed," said Biddy.

"And, dear Joe, you have the best wife in the whole world, and she
will make you as happy as even you deserve to be, you dear, good,
noble Joe!"

Joe looked at me with a quivering lip, and fairly put his sleeve
before his eyes.

"And Joe and Biddy both, as you have been to church to-day, and are
in charity and love with all mankind, receive my humble thanks for
all you have done for me, and all I have so ill repaid!  And when I
say that I am going away within the hour, for I am soon going
abroad, and that I shall never rest until I have worked for the
money with which you have kept me out of prison, and have sent it
to you, don't think, dear Joe and Biddy, that if I could repay it a
thousand times over, I suppose I could cancel a farthing of the
debt I owe you, or that I would do so if I could!"

They were both melted by these words, and both entreated me to say
no more.

"But I must say more.  Dear Joe, I hope you will have children to
love, and that some little fellow will sit in this chimney-corner
of a winter night, who may remind you of another little fellow gone
out of it for ever.  Don't tell him, Joe, that I was thankless;
don't tell him, Biddy, that I was ungenerous and unjust; only tell
him that I honored you both, because you were both so good and
true, and that, as your child, I said it would be natural to him to
grow up a much better man than I did."

"I ain't a going," said Joe, from behind his sleeve, "to tell him
nothink o' that natur, Pip.  Nor Biddy ain't.  Nor yet no one ain't."

"And now, though I know you have already done it in your own kind
hearts, pray tell me, both, that you forgive me!  Pray let me hear
you say the words, that I may carry the sound of them away with me,
and then I shall be able to believe that you can trust me, and
think better of me, in the time to come!"

"O dear old Pip, old chap," said Joe.  "God knows as I forgive you,
if I have anythink to forgive!"

"Amen!  And God knows I do!" echoed Biddy.

Now let me go up and look at my old little room, and rest there a few
minutes by myself.  And then, when I have eaten and drunk with you,
go with me as far as the finger-post, dear Joe and Biddy, before we
say good by!"

I sold all I had, and put aside as much as I could, for a
composition with my creditors,--who gave me ample time to pay them
in full,--and I went out and joined Herbert.  Within a month, I had
quitted England, and within two months I was clerk to Clarriker and
Co., and within four months I assumed my first undivided
responsibility.  For the beam across the parlor ceiling at Mill
Pond Bank had then ceased to tremble under old Bill Barley's
growls and was at peace, and Herbert had gone away to marry Clara,
and I was left in sole charge of the Eastern Branch until he
brought her back.

Many a year went round before I was a partner in the House; but
I lived happily with Herbert and his wife, and lived frugally, and
paid my debts, and maintained a constant correspondence with Biddy
and Joe.  It was not until I became third in the Firm, that
Clarriker betrayed me to Herbert; but he then declared that the
secret of Herbert's partnership had been long enough upon his
conscience, and he must tell it.  So he told it, and Herbert was as
much moved as amazed, and the dear fellow and I were not the worse
friends for the long concealment.  I must not leave it to be
supposed that we were ever a great House, or that we made mints of
money.  We were not in a grand way of business, but we had a good
name, and worked for our profits, and did very well.  We owed so
much to Herbert's ever cheerful industry and readiness, that I
often wondered how I had conceived that old idea of his inaptitude,
until I was one day enlightened by the reflection, that perhaps the
inaptitude had never been in him at all, but had been in me.

Chapter LIX

For eleven years, I had not seen Joe nor Biddy with my bodily
Eyes,--though they had both been often before my fancy in the
East,--when, upon an evening in December, an hour or two after dark,
I laid my hand softly on the latch of the old kitchen door.  I
touched it so softly that I was not heard, and looked in unseen.
There, smoking his pipe in the old place by the kitchen firelight,
as hale and as strong as ever, though a little gray, sat Joe; and
there, fenced into the corner with Joe's leg, and sitting on my own
little stool looking at the fire, was--I again!

"We giv' him the name of Pip for your sake, dear old chap," said
Joe, delighted, when I took another stool by the child's side (but I
did not rumple his hair), "and we hoped he might grow a little bit
like you, and we think he do."

I thought so too, and I took him out for a walk next morning, and
we talked immensely, understanding one another to perfection.  And I
took him down to the churchyard, and set him on a certain tombstone
there, and he showed me from that elevation which stone was sacred
to the memory of Philip Pirrip, late of this Parish, and Also
Georgiana, Wife of the Above.

"Biddy," said I, when I talked with her after dinner, as her little
girl lay sleeping in her lap, "you must give Pip to me one of
these days; or lend him, at all events."

"No, no," said Biddy, gently.  "You must marry."

"So Herbert and Clara say, but I don't think I shall, Biddy.  I have
so settled down in their home, that it's not at all likely.  I am
already quite an old bachelor."

Biddy looked down at her child, and put its little hand to her
lips, and then put the good matronly hand with which she had
touched it into mine.  There was something in the action, and in the
light pressure of Biddy's wedding-ring, that had a very pretty
eloquence in it.

"Dear Pip," said Biddy, "you are sure you don't fret for her?"

"O no,--I think not, Biddy."

"Tell me as an old, old friend.  Have you quite forgotten her?

"My dear Biddy, I have forgotten nothing in my life that ever had a
foremost place there, and little that ever had any place there.  But
that poor dream, as I once used to call it, has all gone by, Biddy,--
all gone by!"

Nevertheless, I knew, while I said those words, that I secretly
intended to revisit the site of the old house that evening, alone,
for her sake.  Yes, even so.  For Estella's sake.

I had heard of her as leading a most unhappy life, and as being
separated from her husband, who had used her with great cruelty,
and who had become quite renowned as a compound of pride, avarice,
brutality, and meanness.  And I had heard of the death of her
husband, from an accident consequent on his ill-treatment of a
horse.  This release had befallen her some two years before; for
anything I knew, she was married again.

The early dinner hour at Joe's, left me abundance of time, without
hurrying my talk with Biddy, to walk over to the old spot before
dark.  But, what with loitering on the way to look at old objects
and to think of old times, the day had quite declined when I came
to the place.

There was no house now, no brewery, no building whatever left, but
the wall of the old garden.  The cleared space had been enclosed
with a rough fence, and looking over it, I saw that some of the
old ivy had struck root anew, and was growing green on low quiet
mounds of ruin.  A gate in the fence standing ajar, I pushed it
open, and went in.

A cold silvery mist had veiled the afternoon, and the moon was not
yet up to scatter it.  But, the stars were shining beyond the mist,
and the moon was coming, and the evening was not dark.  I could
trace out where every part of the old house had been, and where the
brewery had been, and where the gates, and where the casks.  I had
done so, and was looking along the desolate garden walk, when I
beheld a solitary figure in it.

The figure showed itself aware of me, as I advanced.  It had been
moving towards me, but it stood still.  As I drew nearer, I saw it
to be the figure of a woman.  As I drew nearer yet, it was about to
turn away, when it stopped, and let me come up with it.  Then, it
faltered, as if much surprised, and uttered my name, and I cried


"I am greatly changed.  I wonder you know me."

The freshness of her beauty was indeed gone, but its indescribable
majesty and its indescribable charm remained.  Those attractions in
it, I had seen before; what I had never seen before, was the
saddened, softened light of the once proud eyes; what I had never
felt before was the friendly touch of the once insensible hand.

We sat down on a bench that was near, and I said, "After so many
years, it is strange that we should thus meet again, Estella, here
where our first meeting was!  Do you often come back?"

"I have never been here since."

"Nor I."

The moon began to rise, and I thought of the placid look at the
white ceiling, which had passed away.  The moon began to rise, and I
thought of the pressure on my hand when I had spoken the last words
he had heard on earth.

Estella was the next to break the silence that ensued between us.

"I have very often hoped and intended to come back, but have been
prevented by many circumstances.  Poor, poor old place!"

The silvery mist was touched with the first rays of the moonlight,
and the same rays touched the tears that dropped from her eyes.  Not
knowing that I saw them, and setting herself to get the better of
them, she said quietly,--

"Were you wondering, as you walked along, how it came to be left in
this condition?"

"Yes, Estella."

"The ground belongs to me.  It is the only possession I have not
relinquished.  Everything else has gone from me, little by little,
but I have kept this.  It was the subject of the only determined
resistance I made in all the wretched years."

"Is it to be built on?"

"At last, it is.  I came here to take leave of it before its change.
And you," she said, in a voice of touching interest to a wanderer,--
"you live abroad still?"


"And do well, I am sure?"

"I work pretty hard for a sufficient living, and therefore--yes, I
do well."

"I have often thought of you," said Estella.

"Have you?"

"Of late, very often.  There was a long hard time when I kept far
from me the remembrance of what I had thrown away when I was
quite ignorant of its worth.  But since my duty has not been
incompatible with the admission of that remembrance, I have given
it a place in my heart."

"You have always held your place in my heart," I answered.

And we were silent again until she spoke.

"I little thought," said Estella, "that I should take leave of you
in taking leave of this spot.  I am very glad to do so."

"Glad to part again, Estella?  To me, parting is a painful thing.  To
me, the remembrance of our last parting has been ever mournful and

"But you said to me," returned Estella, very earnestly, 'God bless
you, God forgive you!'  And if you could say that to me then, you
will not hesitate to say that to me now,--now, when suffering has
been stronger than all other teaching, and has taught me to
understand what your heart used to be.  I have been bent and broken,
but--I hope--into a better shape.  Be as considerate and good to
me as you were, and tell me we are friends."

"We are friends," said I, rising and bending over her, as she rose
from the bench.

"And will continue friends apart," said Estella.

I took her hand in mine, and we went out of the ruined place; and,
as the morning mists had risen long ago when I first left the
forge, so the evening mists were rising now, and in all the broad
expanse of tranquil light they showed to me, I saw no shadow of
another parting from her.

End of Project Gutenberg Etext of Great Expectations, by Charles Dickens


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