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Title: Section I, J, K, and L
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The 1913 Webster Unabridged Dictionary: Letters I, J, K & L
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<! Begin file 5 of 11:  I, J, K, and L.  (Version 0.50) of
          An electronic field-marked version of:

         Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
                 Version published 1913
               by the  C. & G. Merriam Co.
                   Springfield, Mass.
                 Under the direction of
                Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.

   This electronic version was prepared by MICRA, Inc. of Plainfield, NJ.
   Last edit February 11, 1999.

   MICRA, Inc. makes no proprietary claims on this version of the
1913 Webster dictionary.  If the original printed edition of the
1913 Webster is in the public domain, this version may also be
considered as public domain.

    This version is only a first typing, and has numerous typographic errors, including errors in the field-marks.  Assistance in bringing this dictionary to a more accurate and useful state will be greatly appreciated.
    This electronic dictionary is made available as a potential starting point for development of a modern on-line comprehensive encyclopedic dictionary, by the efforts of all individuals willing to help build a large and freely available knowledge base.  Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing such a knowledge base should contact:

     Patrick Cassidy
     735 Belvidere Ave.       Office: (908)668-5252
     Plainfield, NJ 07062
     (908) 561-3416

<p><! p. 723 !></p>


<p><hw>I</hw> (&imacr;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>I, the ninth letter
of the English alphabet, takes its form from the Ph&oelig;nician,
through the Latin and the Greek. The Ph&oelig;nician letter was
probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly the same
as that of the Italian I, or long <i>e</i> as in <i>mete</i>.
Etymologically I is most closely related to <i>e</i>, <i>y</i>,
<i>j</i>, <i>g</i>; as in d<i>i</i>nt, d<i>e</i>nt, b<i>e</i>verage,
L. b<i>i</i>bere; E. k<i>i</i>n, AS. c<i>y</i>nn; E. th<i>i</i>n, AS.
&thorn;<i>y</i>nne; E. domin<i>i</i>on, don<i>j</i>on,
   In English I has two principal vowel sounds: the long sound, as in
<i>p&imacr;ne</i>, <i>&imacr;ce</i>; and the short sound, as in
<i>p&ibreve;n</i>. It has also three other sounds: (<i>a</i>) That of
<i>e</i> in <i>term</i>, as in <i>thirst</i>. (<i>b</i>) That of
<i>e</i> in <i>mete</i> (in words of foreign origin), as in
<i>machine</i>, <i>pique</i>, <i>regime</i>. (<i>c</i>) That of
consonant <i>y</i> (in many words in which it precedes another
vowel), as in <i>bunion</i>, <i>million</i>, <i>filial</i>,
<i>Christian</i>, etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in
<i>fail</i>, <i>field</i>, <i>seize</i>, <i>feign</i>. <i>friend</i>;
and with <i>o</i> often forms a proper diphtong, as in <i>oil</i>,
<i>join</i>, <i>coin</i>.</p>

<p>See <i>Guide to Pronunciation</i>, &sect;&sect; 98-106.</p>

<p>The dot which we place over the small or lower case <i>i</i> dates
only from the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally
represented by the same character, and even after the introduction of
the form J into English dictionaries, words containing these letters
were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In our old authors, <i>I</i> was often
used for <i>ay</i> (or <i>aye</i>), yes, which is pronounced nearly
like it.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2,

<p><hw>I-</hw> (?), <pos><i>prefix.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Y-

<p><hw>I</hw> (&imacr;), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>poss.</i></pos> <u>My</u> (m&imacr;) or <u>Mine</u>
(m&imacr;n); <pos><i>object.</i></pos> <u>Me</u> (m&emacr;).
<i>pl.</i> <pos><i>nom.</i></pos> <plw><b>We</b></plw> (w&emacr;);
<pos><i>poss.</i></pos> <plw><b>Our</b></plw> (our) or
<plw><b>Ours</b></plw> (ourz); <pos><i>object.</i></pos>
<plw><b>Us</b></plw> (&ubreve;s).] [OE. <i>i</i>, <i>ich</i>,
<i>ic</i>, AS. <i>ic</i>; akin to OS. & D. <i>ik</i>, OHG. <i>ih</i>,
G. <i>ich</i>, Icel. <i>ek</i>, Dan. <i>jeg</i>, Sw. <i>jag</i>,
Goth. <i>ik</i>, OSlav. <i>az'</i>, Russ. <i>ia</i>, W. <i>i</i>, L.
<i>ego</i>, Gr. <grk>'egw`</grk>, <grk>'egw`n</grk>, Skr.
<i>aham</i>. &radic;179.  Cf. <u>Egoism</u>.] <def>The nominative
case of the pronoun of the first person; the word with which a
speaker or writer denotes himself.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*am`a*tol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;, &?;,
medicine + <i>-logy</i>.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Materia Medica; that
branch of therapeutics which treats of remedies.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"amb</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>iambe</i>. See
<u>Lambus</u>.] <def>An iambus or iambic.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>I*am"bic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>iambicus</i>,
Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>iambique</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Pros.)</i>
<def>Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or of an
unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an <i>iambic</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or composed of, iambics;
as, an <i>iambic</i> verse; <i>iambic</i> meter. See

<p><hw>I*am"bic</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Pros.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An iambic foot; an
iambus.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A verse composed of iambic

<p>&fist; The following couplet consists of iambic verses.</p>

<p><blockquote>Thy gen- | ius calls | thee not | to pur- | chase
In keen | <i>iam-</i> | <i>bics</i>, but | mild an- |
agram.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A satirical poem (such poems having been
anciently written in iambic verse); a satire; a lampoon.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*am"bic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Iambic.</def>
[Obs. or R.]</p>

<p><hw>I*am"bic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a iambic
manner; after the manner of iambics.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*am"bize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;.] <def>To
satirize in iambics; to lampoon.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>I*am"bus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> L.
<plw><b>Iambi</b></plw> (#), E. <plw><b>Iambuses</b></plw> (#). [L.
<i>iambus</i>, Gr. &?;; prob. akin to &?; to throw, assail (the
iambus being first used in satiric poetry), and to L. <i>jacere</i>
to throw.  Cf. <u>Jet</u> a shooting forth.] <i>(Pros.)</i> <def>A
foot consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, as in
<i>&abreve;m&amacr;ns</i>, or of an unaccented syllable followed by
an accented one, as <i>invent</i>; an iambic. See the Couplet under
<u>Iambic</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>||I*an"thi*na</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> L.
<plw><b>Ianthin&aelig;</b></plw> (#), E. <plw><b>Ianthinas</b></plw>
(#). [NL., fr. L. <i>ianthinus</i> violet-blue, Gr. &?;; &?; violet +
&?; flower.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any gastropod of the genus
<i>Ianthina</i>, of which various species are found living in mid
ocean; -- called also <i>purple shell</i>, and <i>violet
snail</i>.</def> [Written also <i>janthina</i>.]</p>

<p>&fist; It floats at the surface by means of a raft, which it
constructs by forming and uniting together air bubbles of hardened
mucus. The Tyrian purple of the ancients was obtained in part from
mollusks of this genus.</p>

<p><hw>I*a`tra*lip"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; &?;
physician + &?; belonging to the &?; or anointer, fr. &?; to anoint:
cf. F. <i>iatraliptique</i>.] <def>Treating diseases by anointing and
friction; as, the <i>iatraliptic</i> method.</def> [Written also

<p>{ <hw>I*at"ric</hw> (?), <hw>I*at"ric*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; healing, fr. &?; physician, fr. &?; to
heal.] <def>Of or pertaining to medicine, or to medical

<p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to iatrochemistry, or to the iatrochemists.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;
physician + E. <i>chemist</i>.] <def>A physician who explained or
treated diseases upon chemical principles; one who practiced

<p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"is*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially
with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in
Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the
proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who
endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical

<p><hw>I*a`tro*math`e*mat"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Of or pertaining to iatromathematicians or their

<p><hw>I*a`tro*math`e*ma*ti"cian</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
&?; physician + E. <i>mathematician</i>.] <i>(Hist. Med.)</i>
<def>One of a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the
17th century, who tried to apply the laws of mechanics and
mathematics to the human body, and hence were eager student of
anatomy; -- opposed to the <i>iatrochemists</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*be"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to Iberia.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"bex</hw> (&imacr;"b&ebreve;ks), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> E. <plw><b>Ibexes</b></plw> (-&ebreve;z), L.
<plw><b>Ibices</b></plw> (&imacr;b"&ibreve;*s&emacr;z). [L., a kind
of goat, the chamois.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of several
species of wild goats having very large, recurved horns, transversely
ridged in front; -- called also <i>steinbok</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The Alpine ibex (<i>Capra ibex</i>) is the best known. The
Spanish, or Pyrenean, ibex (<i>C. Hispanica</i>) has smoother and
more spreading horns.</p>

<p><hw>||I*bi"dem</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L.] <def>In the
same place; -- abbreviated <i>ibid.</i> or <i>ib.</i></def></p>

<p><hw>I"bis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ibis</i>, Gr. &?;;
of Egyptian origin.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any bird of the genus
<i>Ibis</i> and several allied genera, of the family
<i>Ibid&aelig;</i>, inhabiting both the Old World and the New.
Numerous species are known. They are large, wading birds, having a
long, curved beak, and feed largely on reptiles.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The sacred ibis of the ancient Egyptians (<i>Ibis
&AElig;thiopica</i>) has the head and neck black, without feathers.
The plumage of the body and wings is white, except the tertiaries,
which are lengthened and form a dark purple plume. In ancient times
this bird was extensively domesticated in Egypt, but it is now seldom
seen so far north. The glossy ibis (<i>Plegadis autumnalis</i>),
which is widely distributed both in the Old World and the New, has
the head and neck feathered, except between the eyes and bill; the
scarlet ibis (<i>Guara rubra</i>) and the white ibis (<i>G. alba</i>)
inhabit the West Indies and South America, and are rarely found in
the United States. The wood ibis (<i>Tantalus loculator</i>) of
America belongs to the Stork family (<i>Ciconid&aelig;</i>). See
<u>Wood ibis</u>.</p>

<p><hw>-i*ble</hw> (?). <def>See <u>-able</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>-ic</hw> (?). [L. <i>-icus</i>, Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>-ique</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A suffix signifying, in general, <i>relating
to</i>, or <i>characteristic of</i>; as, histor<i>ic</i>,
hygien<i>ic</i>, telegraph<i>ic</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A suffix, denoting that the
element indicated enters into certain compounds with its <i>highest
valence</i>, or with a valence relatively higher than in compounds
where the name of the element ends in -<i>ous</i>; as, ferr<i>ic</i>,
sulphur<i>ic</i>. It is also used in the general sense of
<i>pertaining to</i>; as, hydr<i>ic</i>, sod<i>ic</i>,

<p><hw>I*ca"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Icarius</i>,
Gr. &?;, fr. &?;, the mythic son of D&aelig;dalus, who, when flying
from Crete on wings cemented with wax, mounted so high that the sun
melted the wax, and he fell into the sea.] <def>Soaring too high for
safety, like Icarus; adventurous in flight.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice</hw> (&imacr;s), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>is</i>,
<i>iis</i>, AS. <i>&imacr;s</i>; aksin to D. <i>ijs</i>, G.
<i>eis</i>, OHG. <i>&imacr;s</i>, Icel. <i>&imacr;ss</i>, Sw.
<i>is</i>, Dan. <i>iis</i>, and perh. to E. <i>iron</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the
solid state by cold; frozen water. It is a white or transparent
colorless substance, crystalline, brittle, and viscoidal. Its
specific gravity (0.92, that of water at 4&deg; C. being 1.0) being
less than that of water, ice floats.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Water freezes at 32&deg; F. or 0&deg; Cent., and ice melts
at the same temperature. Ice owes its cooling properties to the large
amount of heat required to melt it.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Concreted sugar.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Water, cream, custard, etc., sweetened,
flavored, and artificially frozen.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Any substance having the appearance of
ice; as, camphor <i>ice</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Anchor ice</b></col>, <cd>ice which sometimes forms about
stones and other objects at the bottom of running or other water, and
is thus attached or <i>anchored</i> to the ground.</cd> --
<col><b>Bay ice</b></col>, <cd>ice formed in bays, fiords, etc.,
often in extensive fields which drift out to sea.</cd> --
<col><b>Ground ice</b></col>, <cd>anchor ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice
age</b></col> <i>(Geol.)</i>, <cd>the glacial epoch or period. See
under <u>Glacial</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice anchor</b></col>
<i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a grapnel for mooring a vessel to a field of
ice.</cd> <i>Kane.</i> -- <col><b>Ice blink</b></col> [Dan.
<i>iisblink</i>], <cd>a streak of whiteness of the horizon, caused by
the reflection of light from ice not yet in sight.</cd> --
<col><b>Ice boat</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A boat fitted
with skates or runners, and propelled on ice by sails; an ice
yacht.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A strong steamboat for breaking a
channel through ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice box</b></col> or
<col><b>chest</b></col>, <cd>a box for holding ice; a box in which
things are kept cool by means of ice; a refrigerator.</cd> --
<col><b>Ice brook</b></col>, <cd>a brook or stream as cold as
ice.</cd> [Poetic] <i>Shak.</i> -- <col><b>Ice cream</b></col> [for
<i>iced cream</i>], <cd>cream, milk, or custard, sweetened, flavored,
and frozen.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice field</b></col>, <cd>an extensive
sheet of ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice float</b></col>, <col><b>Ice
floe</b></col>, <cd>a sheet of floating ice similar to an ice field,
but smaller.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice foot</b></col>, <cd>shore ice in
Arctic regions; an ice belt.</cd> <i>Kane.</i> -- <col><b>Ice
house</b></col>, <cd>a close-covered pit or building for storing
ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice machine</b></col> <i>(Physics)</i>, <cd>a
machine for making ice artificially, as by the production of a low
temperature through the sudden expansion of a gas or vapor, or the
rapid evaporation of a volatile liquid.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice
master</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Ice pilot</i> (below).</cd> --
<col><b>Ice pack</b></col>, <cd>an irregular mass of broken and
drifting ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice paper</b></col>, <cd>a transparent
film of gelatin for copying or reproducing; <i>papier
glac&eacute;</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice petrel</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a shearwater (<i>Puffinus gelidus</i>) of
the Antarctic seas, abundant among floating ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice
pick</b></col>, <cd>a sharp instrument for breaking ice into small
pieces.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice pilot</b></col>, <cd>a pilot who has
charge of a vessel where the course is obstructed by ice, as in polar
seas; -- called also <i>ice master</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice
pitcher</b></col>, <cd>a pitcher adapted for ice water.</cd> --
<col><b>Ice plow</b></col>, <cd>a large tool for grooving and cutting
ice.</cd>  -- <col><b>Ice sludge</b></col>, <cd>bay ice broken small
by the wind or waves; sludge.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice spar</b></col>
<i>(Min.)</i>, <cd>a variety of feldspar, the crystals of which are
very clear like ice; rhyacolite.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice tongs</b></col>,
<cd>large iron nippers for handling ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice
water</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>Water cooled by ice.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Water formed by the melting of ice.</cd> --
<col><b>Ice yacht</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Ice boat</i> (above).</cd> --
<col><b>To break the ice</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Break</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>Water ice</b></col>, <cd>a confection consisting of water
sweetened, flavored, and frozen.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Ice</hw> (&imacr;s), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Iced</u> (&imacr;st); <pos><i>p. pr. &amp; vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Icing</u> (&imacr;"s&ibreve;ng).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To cover with ice; to convert into ice, or into something
resembling ice.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cover with icing, or frosting made of
sugar and milk or white of egg; to frost, as cakes, tarts,

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To chill or cool, as with ice; to

<p><hw>Ice"berg`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Prob. of Scand.
origin; cf. Dan. <i>iisbierg</i>, Sw. <i>isberg</i>, properly, a
mountain of ice. See <u>Ice</u>, and <u>Berg</u>.] <def>A large mass
of ice, generally floating in the ocean.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Icebergs are large detached portions of glaciers, which in
cold regions often project into the sea.</p>

<p><hw>Ice"bird`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>An Arctic sea bird, as the Arctic fulmar.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice"bound`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Totally
surrounded with ice, so as to be incapable of advancing; as, an
<i>icebound</i> vessel; also, surrounded by or fringed with ice so as
to hinder easy access; as, an <i>icebound</i> coast.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice"-built`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Composed of ice.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Loaded with ice.</def> "<i>Ice-built</i>
mountains."  <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Iced</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Covered with ice; chilled with ice; as, <i>iced</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Covered with something resembling ice, as
sugar icing; frosted; as, <i>iced</i> cake.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Iced cream</b></col>. <cd>Same as <i>Ice cream</i>, under

<p><hw>Ice"fall`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A frozen
waterfall, or mass of ice resembling a frozen waterfall.</def>

<p><hw>Ice"land*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A native, or
one of the Scandinavian people, of Iceland.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice*lan"dic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to Iceland; relating to, or resembling, the

<p><hw>Ice*lan"dic</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The language
of the Icelanders. It is one of the Scandinavian group, and is more
nearly allied to the Old Norse than any other language now

<p><hw>Ice"land moss`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A kind of lichen
(<i>Cetraria Icelandica</i>) found from the Arctic regions to the
North Temperate zone. It furnishes a nutritious jelly and other forms
of food, and is used in pulmonary complaints as a

<p><hw>Ice"land spar`</hw> (?). <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A transparent
variety of calcite, the best of which is obtained in Iceland. It is
used for the prisms of the polariscope, because of its strong double
refraction.  Cf. <u>Calcite</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice"man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Icemen</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A man who is
skilled in traveling upon ice, as among glaciers.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who deals in ice; one who retails or
delivers ice.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice" plant`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant
(<i>Mesembryanthemum crystallinum</i>), sprinkled with pellucid,
watery vesicles, which glisten like ice. It is native along the
Mediterranean, in the Canaries, and in South Africa. Its juice is
said to be demulcent and diuretic; its ashes are used in Spain in
making glass.</def></p>

 Ice-skater  = one who skates on ice wearing an ice skate; esp. an
athlete who performs athletic or artistic movements on a sheet of
ice, wearing ice skates; including speed skater and figure skater --

<p><! p. 724 !></p>

<p><hw>Ice"quake`</hw> (&imacr;s"kw&amacr;k`), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of
ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich</hw> (&ibreve;k), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> <def>I.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p>&fist; In the Southern dialect of Early English this is the
regular form.  Cf. <u>Ik</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Ich*neu"mon</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. Gr. &?;,
lit., the tracker; so called because it hunts out the eggs of the
crocodile, fr. &?; to track or hunt after, fr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk>
track, footstep.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any
carnivorous mammal of the genus <i>Herpestes</i>, and family
<i>Viverrid&aelig;</i>. Numerous species are found in Asia and
Africa. The Egyptian species (<i>H. ichneumon</i>), which ranges to
Spain and Palestine, is noted for destroying the eggs and young of
the crocodile as well as various snakes and lizards, and hence was
considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians. The common species of
India (<i>H. griseus</i>), known as the mongoose, has similar habits
and is often domesticated. It is noted for killing the

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any hymenopterous
insect of the family <i>Ichneumonid&aelig;</i>, of which several
thousand species are known, belonging to numerous genera.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The female deposits her eggs upon, or in, the bodies of
other insects, such as caterpillars, plant lice, etc. The larva lives
upon the internal tissues of the insect in which it is parasitic, and
finally kills it. Hence, many of the species are beneficial to
agriculture by destroying noxious insects.</p>

<p><col><b>Ichneumon fly</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Ichneumon</u>,

<p><hw>Ich`neu*mon"i*dan</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the
<i>Ichneumonid&aelig;</i>, or ichneumon flies.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the

<p><hw>||Ich`neu*mon"i*des</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.
See <u>Ichneumon</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The ichneumon

<p><hw>Ich"nite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep.] <def>A fossil footprint; as,
the <i>ichnites</i> in the Triassic sandstone.</def>

<p>{ <hw>Ich`no*graph"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`no*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichonographique</i>.] <def>Of or
pertaining to ichonography; describing a ground plot.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich*nog"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;;
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep + &?; to describe: cf. F.
<i>ichonographie</i>.] <i>(Drawing)</i> <def>A horizontal section of
a building or other object, showing its true dimensions according to
a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of making such

<p><hw>Ich"no*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep + <i>-lite</i>.] <def>A fossil
footprint; an ichnite.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`no*li*thol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> footstep + <i>-lith + -logy</i>.] <def>Same as
<u>Ichnology</u>.</def>  <i>Hitchcock.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ich`no*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to ichnology.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich*nol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> a footstep + <i>-logy</i>.] <i>(Geol.)</i>
<def>The branch of science which treats of fossil

<p><hw>Ich*nos"co*py</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'i`chnos</grk> footstep + <i>-scopy</i>.] <def>The search for
the traces of anything.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>I"chor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?;: cf.
F. <i>ichor</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Class. Myth.)</i> <def>An
ethereal fluid that supplied the place of blood in the veins of the

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A thin, acrid, watery discharge from an
ulcer, wound, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>||I`chor*h&aelig;"mi*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. Gr. &?; ichor + &?; blood.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Infection of the
blood with ichorous or putrid substances.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"chor*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ichoreux</i>.] <def>Of or like ichor; thin; watery; serous;

<p><hw>Ich"thi*din</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.
Chem.)</i> <def>A substance from the egg yolk of osseous

<p><hw>Ich"thin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk> fish.] <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>A nitrogenous
substance resembling vitellin, present in the egg yolk of
cartilaginous fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich"thu*lin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.
Chem.)</i> <def>A substance from the yolk of salmon's eggs.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich"thus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>.] <def>In early Christian and eccesiastical art,
an emblematic fish, or the Greek word for <i>fish</i>, which combined
the initials of the Greek words <grk>Ihsoy^s</grk>,
<grk>Christo`s</grk>, <grk>Qeoy^ Gio`s</grk> <grk>Swth`r</grk>,
Jesus, Christ, Son of God, Savior.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich"thy*ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Like, or pertaining to, fishes.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ich"thy*o*col</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*col"la</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ichthyocolla</i>, Gr. &?;;
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; glue: cf. F.
<i>ichthyocolle</i>.] <def>Fish glue; isinglass; a glue prepared from
the sounds of certain fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*o*cop"ro*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + E. <i>coprolite</i>.]
<i>(Geol.)</i> <def>Fossil dung of fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*o*dor"u*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a spear + <i>-
lite</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the spiny plates found on
the back and tail of certain skates.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*og"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk> + <i>graphy</i>: cf. F.
<i>ichthyographie</i>.] <def>A treatise on fishes.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ich"thy*oid</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*oid"al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;: <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>,
a fish + &?; form.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Somewhat like a fish;
having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some

<p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; to worship.]
<def>Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols.</def>

<p><hw>Ich"thy*o*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-lite</i>.]
<i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>A fossil fish, or fragment of a fish.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ich`thy*o*log"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*log"ic*al</hw> (?),
} <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichthyologique</i>.] <def>Of or
pertaining to ichthyology.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"o*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ichthyologiste</i>.] <def>One versed in, or who studies,

<p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-logy</i>: cf. F.
<i>ichthyologie</i>.] <def>The natural history of fishes; that branch
of zo&ouml;logy which relates to fishes, including their structure,
classification, and habits.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich"thy*o*man`cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-mancy</i>: cf. F.
<i>ichthyomancie</i>.] <def>Divination by the heads or the entrails
of fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*mor"pha</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. Gr. &?; fish-shaped; <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a
fish + &?; form.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The Urodela.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ich`thy*o*mor"phic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*mor"phous</hw>
(?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ichthyomorpha</u>.] <def>Fish-
shaped; as, the <i>ichthyomorphic</i> idols of ancient

<p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Ichthyophagous</u>.] <def>One who eats, or subsists on,

<p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ichthyophagus</i>, Gr. &?;; <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>,
a fish + &?; to eat.] <def>Eating, or subsisting on, fish.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqyofagi`a</grk>: cf. F. <i>ichthyophagie</i>.] <def>The
practice of eating, or living upon, fish.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*oph*thal"mite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; eye.] <def>See
<u>Apophyllite</u>.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*oph*thi"ra</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a louse.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A division of copepod crustaceans, including
numerous species parasitic on fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*op"si*da</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?;
appearance.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A grand division of the
Vertebrata, including the Amphibia and Fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos>
[NL. See <u>Ichthyopterygium</u>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>See

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a fin.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The typical limb, or lateral fin, of

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*or"nis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; bird.]
<i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct genus of toothed birds found in the
American Cretaceous formation. It is remarkable for having biconcave
vertebr&aelig;, and sharp, conical teeth set in sockets. Its wings
were well developed. It is the type of the order

<p><hw>Ich"thy*o*saur</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ichthyosaure</i>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>One of the

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.
See <u>Ichthyosaurus</u>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct order of
marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called
also <i>Ichthyopterygia</i>. They have not been found later than the
Cretaceous period.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the Ichthyosauria.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the Ichthyosauria.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*sau"rus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ichthyosauri</b></plw> (#). [NL., fr. Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <grk>say^ros</grk> a
lizard.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct genus of marine reptiles; -
- so named from their short, biconcave vertebr&aelig;, resembling
those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to
thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, O&ouml;litic, and Cretaceous

<p><hw>||Ich`thy*o"sis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk> fish.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A disease in which the
skin is thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also
<i>fishskin</i>.</def> -- <wf>Ich`thy*ot"ic</wf> (#),

<p><hw>Ich`thy*ot"o*mist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One
skilled in ichthyotomy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich`thy*ot"o*my</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; to cut.] <def>The
anatomy or dissection of fishes.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>||Ich"thys</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr.
<grk>'ichqy`s</grk> a fish.] <def>Same as <u>Ichthus</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"ci*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>isikel</i>,
AS. <i>&imacr;sgicel</i>; <i>&imacr;s</i> ice + <i>gicel</i> icicle;
akin to Icel. <i>j&ouml;kull</i>; cf. Gael. <i>eigh</i> ice, Ir.
<i>aigh</i>.] <def>A pendent, and usually conical, mass of ice,
formed by freezing of dripping water; as, the <i>icicles</i> on the
eaves of a house.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"ci*cled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having icicles

<p><hw>I"ci*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an icy
manner; coldly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Faultily faultless, <i>icily</i> regular, splendidly
Dead perfection, no more.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"ci*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
quality of being icy or very cold; frigidity.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"cing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A coating or
covering resembling ice, as of sugar and milk or white of egg;

<p><hw>Ic"kle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>ikil</i>. See
<u>Icicle</u>.] <def>An icicle.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>I"con</hw> (&imacr;"k&obreve;n), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr.
Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk>.] <def>An image or representation; a portrait
or pretended portrait.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Netherlands whose names and <i>icons</i> are
published.</blockquote> <i>Hakewill.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*con"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to,
or consisting of, images, pictures, or representations of any

<p><hw>I"con*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>iconismus</i>,
Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to mold, delineate, fr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image:
cf. F. <i>iconisme</i>.] <def>The formation of a figure,
representation, or semblance; a delineation or description.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit
<i>iconisms</i>.</blockquote> <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"con*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>e'ikoni`zein</grk>.] <def>To form an image or likeness of.</def>
[R.]  <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*con"o*clasm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>iconoclasme</i>. See <u>Iconoclast</u>.] <def>The doctrine or
practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*con"o*clast</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>e'ikw`n</grk> image + &?; to break: cf. F. <i>iconoclaste</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a
determined enemy of idol worship.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who exposes or destroys impositions or
shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*con`o*clas"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to the iconoclasts, or to image breaking.</def>

<p>{<hw>I*con"o*dule</hw> (?), <hw>I*con"o*du`list</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; a slave.]
<i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>One who serves images; -- opposed to an
<i>iconoclast</i>.</def>  <i>Schaff-Herzog Encyc.</i></p>

<p><hw>I`co*nog"ra*pher</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A maker
of images.</def>  <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*con`o*graph"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to iconography.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Representing by means of pictures or
diagrams; as, an <i>icongraphic</i> encyclop&aelig;dia.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`co*nog"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; a
sketch or description; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to describe:
cf. F. <i>iconographie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The art or
representation by pictures or images; the description or study of
portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the
<i>iconography</i> of the ancients.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The study of representative art in

<p><col><b>Christian iconography</b></col>, <cd>the study of the
representations in art of the Deity, the persons of the Trinity,
angels, saints, virtues, vices, etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>I`co*nol"a*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to worship: cf. F.
<i>iconol&acirc;tre</i>.] <def>One who worships images.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`co*nol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Iconolater</u>.] <def>The worship of images as symbols; --
distinguished from <i>idolatry</i>, the worship of images

<p><hw>I`co*nol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;;
<grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; discourse: cf. F.
<i>iconologie</i>.] <def>The discussion or description of portraiture
or of representative images.  Cf. <u>Iconography</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`co*nom"a*chy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; a war
against images; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; fight.]
<def>Hostility to images as objects of worship.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>I`co*nom"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;;
<grk>e'ikw`n</grk> image + &?; fight.] <def>Opposed to pictures or
images as objects of worship.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>I`co*noph"i*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to love.] <def>A student, or lover
of the study, of iconography.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`co*sa*he"dral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Icosahedron</u>.] <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>Having twenty equal sides or

<p><hw>I`co*sa*he"dron</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; &?;
twenty + &?; seat, base, fr. &?; to sit.] <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>A solid
bounded by twenty sides or faces.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Regular icosahedron</b></col>, <cd>one of the five regular
polyhedrons, bounded by twenty equilateral triangules. Five triangles
meet to form each solid angle of the polyhedron.</cd></p>

<p><hw>||I`co*san"dri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr.
Gr. &?; twenty +&?;, &?;, man, male: cf. F. <i>icosandrie</i>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A Linn&aelig;an class of plants, having twenty or
more stamens inserted in the calyx.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>I`co*san"dri*an</hw> (?), <hw>I`co*san"drous</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the class
Icosandria; having twenty or more stamens inserted in the

<p><hw>I`co*si*tet`ra*he"dron</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;
twenty + &?;, combining form of &?; four + &?; seat, base.]
<i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal
trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.</def></p>

<p><hw>-ics</hw> (?). <def>A suffix used in forming the names of
certain sciences, systems, etc., as acoust<i>ics</i>,
mathemat<i>ics</i>, dynam<i>ics</i>, statist<i>ics</i>,
polit<i>ics</i>, athlet<i>ics</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The names sciences ending in <i>ics</i>, as
<i>mathematics</i>, <i>mechanics</i>, <i>metaphysics</i>,
<i>optics</i>, etc., are, with respect to their form, nouns in the
plural number. The plural form was probably introduced to mark the
complex nature of such sciences; and it may have been in imitation of
the use of the Greek plurals &?;, &?;, &?;, &?;, etc., to designate
parts of Aristotle's writings. Previously to the present century,
nouns ending in <i>ics</i> were construed with a verb or a pronoun in
the plural; but it is now generally considered preferable to treat
them as singular. In Greman we have <i>die Mathematik</i>, <i>die
Mechanik</i>, etc., and in French <i>la metaphysique</i>, <i>la
optique</i>, etc., corresponding to our <i>mathematics</i>,
<i>mechanics</i>, <i>metaphysics</i>, <i>optics</i>, etc.</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Mathematics have</i> for their object the
consideration of whatever is capable of being numbered or
measured.</blockquote> <i>John Davidson.</i></p>

<p>The citations subjoined will serve as examples of the best present

<p><blockquote>Ethics is the sciences of the laws which govern our
actions as moral agents.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>All parts of knowledge have their origin in
<i>metaphysics</i>, and finally, perhaps, revolve into
<i>it</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Mechanics</i>, like pure <i>mathematics</i>, may be
geometrical, or may be analytical; that is, <i>it</i> may treat space
either by a direct consideration of its properties, or by a
symbolical representation.</blockquote> <i>Whewell.</i>

<p><! p. 725 !></p>

<p><hw>Ic*ter"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A remedy for the

<p>{ <hw>Ic*ter"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ic*ter"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ictericus</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; jaundice:
cf. F. <i>ict&eacute;rique</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining
to, or affected with, jaundice.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Good against the jaundice.</def>

<p>{ <hw>Ic`ter*i"tious</hw> (?), <hw>Ic*ter"i*tous</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Yellow; of the color of the skin when it is
affected by the jaundice.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ic"ter*oid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; jaundice +
<i>-oid</i>.] <def>Of a tint resembling that produced by jaundice;
yellow; as, an <i>icteroid</i> tint or complexion.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Ic"te*rus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Icteric</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The

<p><hw>Ic"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ictus</i> blow.]
<def>Pertaining to, or caused by, a blow; sudden; abrupt.</def> [R.]
<i>H. Bushnell.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Ic"tus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. <i>icere</i>,
<i>ictum</i>, to strike.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Pros.)</i> <def>The
stress of voice laid upon accented syllable of a word.  Cf.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A stroke or blow, as in a
sunstroke, the sting of an insect, pulsation of an artery,

<p><hw>I"cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos>
<u>Icier</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Iciest</u>.] [AS.
<i>&imacr;sig</i>. See <u>Ice</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Pertaining to, resembling, or abounding in, ice; cold;
frosty.</def> "<i>Icy</i> chains." <i>Shak.</i> "<i>Icy</i> region."
<i>Boyle.</i> "<i>Icy</i> seas." <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by coldness, as of manner,
influence, etc.; chilling; frigid; cold.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Icy</i> was the deportment with which Philip
received these demonstrations of affection.</blockquote>

<p><hw>I"cy-pearl`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Spangled
with ice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Mounting up in <i>icy-pearled</i> car.</blockquote>

<p><hw>I'd</hw> (?). <def>A contraction from <i>I would</i> or <i>I

<p><hw>Id</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A
small fresh-water cyprinoid fish (<i>Leuciscus idus</i> or <i>Idus
idus</i>) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the
goldfish, is called <i>orfe</i> in Germany.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*da"li*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to <i>Idalium</i>, a mountain city in Cyprus, or to Venus,
to whom it was sacred.</def> "<i>Idalian</i> Aphrodit&eacute;."

<p><hw>Ide</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Same as <u>Id</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>-ide</hw> (?). <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A suffix used to denote:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> The <i>nonmetallic</i>, or <i>negative</i>,
element or radical in a binary compound; as, ox<i>ide</i>,
sulph<i>ide</i>, chlor<i>ide</i>. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> A compound
which is an <i>anhydride</i>; as, glycol<i>ide</i>, phthal<i>ide</i>.
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> Any one of a series of derivatives; as,
indogen<i>ide</i>, glucos<i>ide</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ideas</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>idea</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to
see; akin to E. <i>wit</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;e</i>. See
<u>Wit</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The transcript, image, or
picture of a visible object, that is formed by the mind; also, a
similar image of any object whatever, whether sensible or

<p><blockquote>Her sweet <i>idea</i> wandered through his
thoughts.</blockquote> <i>Fairfax.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Being the right <i>idea</i> of your father<BR>
Both in your form and nobleness of mind.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>This representation or likeness of the object being
transmitted from thence [the senses] to the imagination, and lodged
there for the view and observation of the pure intellect, is aptly
and properly called its <i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>P.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A general notion, or a conception formed
by generalization.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Alice had not the slightest <i>idea</i> what latitude
was.</blockquote> <i>L. Caroll.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived,
or thought of, by the mind; a notion, conception, or thought; the
real object that is conceived or thought of.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whatsoever the mind perceives in itself, or as the
immediate object of perception, thought, or undersanding, that I call
<i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A belief, option, or doctrine; a
characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential
<i>idea</i>; the <i>idea</i> of development.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That fellow seems to me to possess but one
<i>idea</i>, and that is a wrong one.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>What is now "<i>idea</i>" for us? How infinite the
fall of this word, since the time where Milton sang of the Creator
contemplating his newly-created world, -<BR>
"how it showed . . . <BR>
Answering his great <i>idea</i>," -<BR>
to its present use, when this person "has an <i>idea</i> that the
train has started," and the other "had no <i>idea</i> that the dinner
would be so bad!"</blockquote> <i>Trench.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A plan or purpose of action; intention;

<p><blockquote>I shortly afterwards set off for that capital, with an
<i>idea</i> of undertaking while there the translation of the
work.</blockquote> <i>W. Irving.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A rational conception; the complete
conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements
or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes
and relations, when conceived in the abstract.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A fiction object or picture created by the
imagination; the same when proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a
standard to be reached; one of the archetypes or patterns of created
things, conceived by the Platonists to have excited objectively from
eternity in the mind of the Deity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thence to behold this new-created world,<BR>
The addition of his empire, how it showed<BR>
In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair,<BR>
Answering his great <i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>&fist; "In England, Locke may be said to have been the first who
naturalized the term in its Cartesian universality. When, in common
language, employed by Milton and Dryden, after Descartes, as before
him by Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, Hooker, etc., the meaning is
Platonic."  <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Abstract idea</b></col>, <col><b>Association of
ideas</b></col>, <cd>etc. See under <u>Abstract</u>,
<u>Association</u>, etc.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Notion; conception; thought; sentiment; fancy;
image; perception; impression; opinion; belief; observation;
judgment; consideration; view; design; intention; purpose; plan;
model; pattern. There is scarcely any other word which is subjected
to such abusive treatment as is the word <i>idea</i>, in the very
general and indiscriminative way in which it is employed, as it is
used variously to signify almost any act, state, or content of

<p><hw>I*de"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>idealis</i>: cf.
F. <i>id&eacute;al</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Existing in idea or
thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental; as, <i>ideal</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Reaching an imaginary standard of
excellence; fit for a model; faultless; as, <i>ideal</i>
beauty.</def>  <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>There will always be a wide interval between practical
and <i>ideal</i> excellence.</blockquote> <i>Rambler.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Existing in fancy or imagination only;
visionary; unreal.</def> "Planning <i>ideal</i> common wealth."

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Teaching the doctrine of idealism; as, the
<i>ideal</i> theory or philosophy.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Imaginary.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Intellectual; mental; visionary; fanciful;
imaginary; unreal; impracticable; utopian.</p>

<p><hw>I*de"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A mental
conception regarded as a standard of perfection; a model of
excellence, beauty, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>ideal</i> is to be attained by selecting and
assembling in one whole the beauties and perfections which are
usually seen in different individuals, excluding everything defective
or unseemly, so as to form a type or model of the species. Thus, the
Apollo Belvedere is the <i>ideal</i> of the beauty and proportion of
the human frame.</blockquote> <i>Fleming.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Beau ideal</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Beau ideal</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>I*de"a*less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of
an idea.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;alisme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or
state of being ideal.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conception of the ideal;

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>The system or theory that
denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we have no
rational grounds to believe in the reality of anything but ideas and
their relations.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;aliste</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who idealizes;
one who forms picturesque fancies; one given to romantic

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who holds the doctrine of

<p><hw>I*de`al*is"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to idealists or their theories.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`de*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Idealities</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
quality or state of being ideal.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The capacity to form ideals of beauty or

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Phren.)</i> <def>The conceptive

<p><hw>I*de`al*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of idealizing.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>The representation of
natural objects, scenes, etc., in such a way as to show their most
important characteristics; the study of the ideal.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idealized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Idealizing</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make
ideal; to give an ideal form or value to; to attribute ideal
characteristics and excellences to; as, to <i>idealize</i> real

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>To treat in an ideal
manner. See <u>Idealization</u>, 2.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"al*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;aliser</i>.] <def>To form ideals.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"al*i`zer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An

<p><hw>I*de"al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an ideal
manner; by means of ideals; mentally.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de`a*log"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to an idealogue, or to idealization.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"a*logue</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Idea</i> +
<i>-logue</i>, as in theo<i>logue</i>: cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;ologue</i>.] <def>One given to fanciful ideas or
theories; a theorist; a spectator.</def> [R.]  <i>Mrs.

<p>{ <hw>I*de"at</hw> (?), <hw>I*de"ate</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>ideatum</i>. See <u>Idea</u>.]
<i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>The actual existence supposed to correspond
with an idea; the correlate in real existence to the idea as a
thought or existence.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To form in idea; to fancy.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>ideated</i> man . . . as he stood in the
intellect of God.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To apprehend in thought so as to fix and
hold in the mind; to memorize.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>I`de*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The faculty or
capacity of the mind for forming ideas; the exercise of this
capacity; the act of the mind by which objects of sense are
apprehended and retained as objects of thought.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The whole mass of residua which have been accumulated
. . . all enter now into the process of <i>ideation</i>.</blockquote>
<i>J. D. Morell.</i></p>

<p><hw>I`de*a"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining
to, or characterized by, ideation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Certain sensational or <i>ideational</i>
stimuli.</blockquote> <i>Blackw. Mag.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dem</hw> (?), <pos><i>pron. or adj.</i></pos> [L.] <def>The
same; the same as above; -- often abbreviated <i>id.</i></def></p>

<p><hw>I*den"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Identical.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Hudibras.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*den"tic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>identique</i>. See <u>Identity</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
same; the selfsame; the very same; not different; as, the
<i>identical</i> person or thing.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I can not remember a thing that happened a year ago,
without a conviction . . . that I, the same <i>identical</i> person
who now remember that event, did then exist.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Uttering sameness or the same truth;
expressing in the predicate what is given, or obviously implied, in
the subject; tautological.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When you say body is solid, I say that you make an
<i>identical</i> proposition, because it is impossible to have the
idea of body without that of solidity.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Identical equation</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an
equation which is true for all values of the algebraic symbols which
enter into it.</cd></p>

<p><hw>I*den"tic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
identical manner; with respect to identity.</def> "<i>Identically</i>
the same." <i>Bp. Warburton.</i> "<i>Identically</i> different."

<p><hw>I*den"tic*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
or state of being identical; sameness.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*den"ti*fi`a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable
of being identified.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*den`ti*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>identification</i>.] <def>The act of identifying, or proving to be
the same; also, the state of being identified.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*den"ti*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Identified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Identifying</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>identifier</i>. See
<u>Identity</u>, and <u>-fy</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make to
be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to make one; to
treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect; to consider
as the same in any relation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Every precaution is taken to <i>identify</i> the
interests of the people and of the rulers.</blockquote> <i>D.

<p><blockquote>Let us <i>identify</i>, let us incorporate ourselves
with the people.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To establish the identity of; to prove to
be the same with something described, claimed, or asserted; as, to
<i>identify</i> stolen property.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*den"ti*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become
the same; to coalesce in interest, purpose, use, effect, etc.</def>
[Obs. or R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>An enlightened self-interest, which, when well
understood, they tell us will <i>identify</i> with an interest more
enlarged and public.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*den"tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Identity</u>.] <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>The doctrine taught by
Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are
identical in the Absolute; -- called also the <i>system or doctrine
of identity</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*den"ti*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Identities</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>identit&eacute;</i>, LL.
<i>identitas</i>, fr. L. <i>idem</i> the same, from the root of
<i>is</i> he, that; cf. Skr. <i>idam</i> this.  Cf. <u>Item</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being identical, or
the same; sameness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Identity</i> is a relation between our cognitions
of a thing, not between things themselves.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being the same with
something described or asserted, or of possessing a character
claimed; as, to establish the <i>identity</i> of stolen

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>An identical

<p><hw>I"de*o-</hw> (?). <def>A combining form from the Gr. &?;, an

<p><hw>I`de*o*gen"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
relating to ideology.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`de*og"e*ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> +
<i>-geny</i>, from the same root as Gr. &?;, birth: cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;og&eacute;nie</i>.] <def>The science which treats of the
origin of ideas.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"o*gram</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> +
<i>-gram</i>; cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ograme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph
expressing no sound, but only an idea.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ideograms</i> may be defined to be pictures
intended to represent either things or thoughts.</blockquote> <i>I.
Taylor (The Alphabet).</i></p>

<p><blockquote>You might even have a history without language written
or spoken, by means of <i>ideograms</i> and gesture.</blockquote>
<i>J. Peile.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A symbol used for convenience, or for
abbreviation; as, 1, 2, 3, +, -, &?;, $, &?;, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A phonetic symbol; a letter.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de"o*graph</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p>{ <hw>I`de*o*graph"ic</hw> (?), <hw>I`de*o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ographique</i>.] <def>Of or
pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas by symbols,
independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word "nine," but
the <i>idea</i> of the number itself.</def> --
<wf>I`de*o*graph"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>I`de*o*graph"ics</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
system of writing in ideographic characters; also, anything so

<p><hw>I`de*og"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
representation of ideas independently of sounds, or in an ideographic
manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand writing, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`de*o*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>id&eacute;ologique</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to

<p><hw>I`de*ol"o*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
treats of ideas; one who theorizes or idealizes; one versed in the
science of ideas, or who advocates the doctrines of


<p><hw>I`de*ol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> +
<i>-logy</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ologie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The science of ideas.</def>  <i>Stewart.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>A theory of the origin of
ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation.</def></p>

<p>&fist; By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek,
<i>id&eacute;ologie</i> . . . has in France become the name
peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively
derives our knowledge from sensation.  <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>I`de*o-mo"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>An ideo-motor movement.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`de*o-mo"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> +
<i>motor</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Applied to those actions, or
muscular movements, which are automatic expressions of dominant
ideas, rather than the result of distinct volitional efforts, as the
act of expressing the thoughts in speech, or in writing, while the
mind is occupied in the composition of the sentence.</def>

<p><hw>Ides</hw> (&imacr;dz), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.
<i>idus</i>: cf. F. <i>ides</i>.] <i>(Anc. Rom. Calendar)</i>
<def>The fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the
thirteenth day of the other months.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>ides</i> of March remember.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; Eight days in each month often pass by this name, but only
one strictly receives it, the others being called respectively the
day before the <i>ides</i>, and so on, backward, to the eighth from
the <i>ides</i>.</p>

<p><hw>Id"i*o-</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;-). <def>A combining
form from the Greek <grk>'i`dios</grk>, meaning private, personal,
peculiar, distinct.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*o*blast</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*bl&abreve;st),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>-blast</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>An individual cell, differing greatly from its neighbours in
regard to size, structure, or contents.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Id`i*o*cra"sis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.]

<p><hw>Id`i*oc"ra*sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Idiocrasies</b></plw> (#). [<i>Idio-</i> + Gr.
<grk>kra^sis</grk> a mixture, fr. &?; to mix: cf. F.
<i>idiocrasie</i>.] <def>Peculiarity of constitution; that
temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person;

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*crat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*crat"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Peculiar in constitution or temperament;

<p><hw>Id"i*o*cy</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*s&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <i>idiot</i>; cf. Gr. &?; uncouthness,
want of education, fr. &?;. See <u>Idiot</u>, and cf.
<u>Idiotcy</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being an idiot;
absence, or marked deficiency, of sense and intelligence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I will undertake to convict a man of <i>idiocy</i>, if
he can not see the proof that three angles of a triangle are equal to
two right angles.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*cy*cloph"a*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<i>Idio-</i> + Gr. &?; circle + &?; to appear.] <i>(Crystallog.)</i>
<def>Same as <u>Idiophanous</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*e*lec"tric</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i>
+ <i>electric</i>: cf. F. <i>idio&eacute;lectrique</i>.]
<i>(Physics)</i> <def>Electric by virtue of its own peculiar
properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed
to <i>anelectric</i>.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
idioelectric substance.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*o*graph</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*gr&adot;f),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; autographic; <grk>'i`dios</grk> one's
own + <grk>gra`fein</grk> to write.] <def>A mark or signature
peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.</def></p>

<p><! p. 726 !></p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*graph"ic</hw>
<hw>Id`i*o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to an idiograph.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*ol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> +
Gr. &?; to worship.] <def>Self-worship; excessive self-

<p><hw>Id"i*om</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&ubreve;m),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idiome</i>, L. <i>idioma</i>, fr. Gr.
<grk>'idi`wma</grk>, fr. <grk>'idioy^n</grk> to make a person's own,
to make proper or peculiar; fr. <grk>'i`dios</grk> one's own, proper,
peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun <grk>o"y^</grk>,
<grk>o'i^</grk>, <grk>'e`</grk>, and to <grk>"eo`s</grk>,
<grk>'o`s</grk>, one's own, L. <i>suus</i>, and to E. <i>so</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The syntactical or structural form peculiar
to any language; the genius or cast of a language.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Idiom</i> may be employed loosely and figuratively
as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper sense it
signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which
characterize the syntax of a particular language and distinguish it
from other tongues.</blockquote> <i>G. P. Marsh.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>By <i>idiom</i> is meant the use of words which is
peculiar to a particular language.</blockquote> <i>J. H.

<p><blockquote>He followed their language [the Latin], but did not
comply with the <i>idiom</i> of ours.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An expression conforming or appropriate to
the peculiar structural form of a language; in extend use, an
expression sanctioned by usage, having a sense peculiar to itself and
not agreeing with the logical sense of its structural form; also, the
phrase forms peculiar to a particular author.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Some that with care true eloquence shall teach,<BR>
And to just <i>idioms</i> fix our doubtful speech.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Sometimes we identify the words with the object --
though by courtesy of <i>idiom</i> rather than in strict propriety of
language.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Every good writer has much <i>idiom</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>It is not by means of rules that such <i>idioms</i> as
the following are made current: "I can <i>make nothing</i> of it."
"He <i>treats</i> his subject <i>home</i>."  <i>Dryden</i>. "It is
that within us that <i>makes for</i> righteousness." <i>M.
Arnold</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gostwick (Eng. Gram.)</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Dialect; a variant form of a

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Dialect.  -- <u>Idiom</u>, <u>Dialect</u>. The
<i>idioms</i> of a language belong to its very structure; its
<i>dialects</i> are varieties of expression ingrafted upon it in
different localities or by different professions. Each county of
England has some peculiarities of <i>dialect</i>, and so have most of
the professions, while the great <i>idioms</i> of the language are
everywhere the same. See <u>Language</u>.</p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*mat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*mat"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'idiwmatiko`s</grk>.] <def>Of or
pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a
language; as, an <i>idiomatic</i> meaning; an <i>idiomatic</i>
phrase.</def> -- <wf>Id`i*o*mat"ic*al*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>Id`i*o*morph"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*morph"ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr.
<grk>'idio`morfos</grk> of peculiar form; <grk>'i`dios</grk> peculiar
+ &?; form.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having a form of its

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>Apperaing in distinct
crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*mus"cu*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i>
+ <i>muscular</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Applied to a semipermanent
contraction of a muscle, produced by a mechanical irritant.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*pa*thet"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Idiopathic.</def> [R.]</p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*path"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*path"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>idiopathique</i>.] <i>(Med.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to idiopathy; characterizing a disease arising
primarily, and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; --
opposed to <i>symptomatic</i>, <i>sympathetic</i>, and
<i>traumatic</i>.</def> -- <wf>Id`i*o*path"ic*al*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>Id`i*op"a*thy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Idiopathies</b></plw> (#). [Gr. &?;; <grk>'i`dios</grk>
proper, peculiar + &?;, &?;, to suffer: cf. F. <i>idiopathie</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A peculiar, or individual, characteristic or

<p><blockquote>All men are so full of their own fancies and
<i>idiopathies</i>, that they scarce have the civility to interchange
any words with a stranger.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A morbid state or condition
not preceded or occasioned by any other disease; a primary

<p><hw>Id`i*oph"a*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> +
&?; to appear.] <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>Exhibiting interference
figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain

<p><hw>Id"i*o*plasm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i>
<def>Same as <u>Idioplasma</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Id`i*o*plas"ma</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr.
<grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar + &?; a form, mold.]
<i>(Biol.)</i> <def>That portion of the cell protoplasm which is the
seat of all active changes, and which carries on the function of
hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the other portion,
which is termed <i>nutritive plasma</i>. See <u>Hygroplasm</u>.</def>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*re*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-
</i> + <i>repulsive</i>.] <def>Repulsive by itself; as, the
<i>idiorepulsive</i> power of heat.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*syn"cra*sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Idiosyncrasies</b></plw> (#). [Gr. &?;; <grk>'i`dios</grk>
proper, peculiar + &?; a mixing together, fr. &?; to mix together;
&?; with + &?; to mix: cf. F. <i>idiosyncrasie</i>. See <u>Idiom</u>,
and <u>Crasis</u>.] <def>A peculiarity of physical or mental
constitution or temperament; a characteristic belonging to, and
distinguishing, an individual; characteristic susceptibility;
idiocrasy; eccentricity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The individual mind . . . takes its tone from the
<i>idiosyncrasies</i> of the body.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic*al</hw>
(?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of peculiar temper or disposition;
belonging to one's peculiar and individual character.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&obreve;t),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idiot</i>, L. <i>idiota</i> an
uneducated, ignorant, ill-informed person, Gr. <grk>'idiw`ths</grk>,
also and orig., a private person, not holding public office, fr.
<grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar. See <u>Idiom</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A man in private station, as distinguished
from one holding a public office.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>St. Austin affirmed that the plain places of Scripture
are sufficient to all laics, and all <i>idiots</i> or private
persons.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person,
as distinguished from the educated; an ignoramus.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Christ was received of <i>idiots</i>, of the vulgar
people, and of the simpler sort, while he was rejected, despised, and
persecuted even to death by the high priests, lawyers, scribes,
doctors, and rabbis.</blockquote> <i>C. Blount.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A human being destitute of the ordinary
intellectual powers, whether congenital, developmental, or
accidental; commonly, a person without understanding from birth; a
natural fool; a natural; an innocent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Life . . . is a tale<BR>
Told by an <i>idiot</i>, full of sound and fury,<BR>
Signifying nothing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of

<p><blockquote>Weenest thou make an <i>idiot</i> of our
dame?</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Idiocy</u>.]
<def>Idiocy.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Rendered
idiotic; befooled.</def> [R.]  <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*o*ther"mic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> +
<i>thermic</i>.] <def>Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by
process going on within itself.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*ot"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*ot"ic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>idioticus</i> ignorant, Gr. &?;: cf. F.
<i>idiotique</i>. See <u>Idiot</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Common;
simple.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Blackwall.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or like, an idiot;
characterized by idiocy; foolish; fatuous; as, an <i>idiotic</i>
person, speech, laugh, or action.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*ot"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
idiotic manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*ot"i*con</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?;
belonging to a private man, private. See <u>Idiot</u>.] <def>A
dictionary of a peculiar dialect, or of the words and phrases
peculiar to one part of a country; a glossary.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like an idiot;

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>idiotisme</i>, L. <i>idiotismus</i> the way of fashion of a
private person, the common or vulgar manner of speaking, Gr. &?;, fr.
&?; to put into or use common language, fr. &?;. See <u>Idiot</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An idiom; a form, mode of expression, or
signification, peculiar to a language.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Scholars sometimes give terminations and
<i>idiotisms</i>, suitable to their native language, unto words newly
invented.</blockquote> <i>M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lack of knowledge or mental capacity;
idiocy; foolishness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Worse than mere ignorance or
<i>idiotism</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shaftesbury.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The running that adventure is the greatist
<i>idiotism</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hammond.</i></p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become
stupid.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Id"i*ot*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Idiocy.</def>
[R.]  <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dle</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Idler</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Idlest</u>.] [OE. <i>idel</i>, AS.
<i>&imacr;del</i> vain, empty, useless; akin to OS.
<i>&imacr;dal</i>, D. <i>ijdel</i>, OHG. <i>&imacr;tal</i> vain,
empty, mere, G. <i>eitel</i>, Dan. & Sw. <i>idel</i> mere, pure, and
prob. to Gr. &?; clear, pure, &?; to burn.  Cf. <u>Ether</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of no account; useless; vain; trifling;
unprofitable; thoughtless; silly; barren.</def> "Deserts
<i>idle</i>."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Every <i>idle</i> word that men shall speak, they
shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.</blockquote>
<i>Matt. xii. 36.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Down their <i>idle</i> weapons dropped.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>This <i>idle</i> story became important.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not called into active service; not turned
to appropriate use; unemployed; as, <i>idle</i> hours.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>idle</i> spear and shield were high
uphing.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not employed; unoccupied with business;
inactive; doing nothing; as, <i>idle</i> workmen.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Why stand ye here all the day
<i>idle</i>?</blockquote> <i>Matt. xx. 6.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Given rest and ease; averse to labor or
employment; lazy; slothful; as, an <i>idle</i> fellow.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Light-headed; foolish.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Idle pulley</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>a pulley that
rests upon a belt to tighten it; a pulley that only guides a belt and
is not used to transmit power.</cd> -- <col><b>Idle wheel</b></col>
<i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>a gear wheel placed between two others, to
transfer motion from one to the other without changing the direction
of revolution.</cd> -- <col><b>In idle</b></col>, <cd>in vain.</cd>
[Obs.] "God saith, thou shalt not take the name of thy Lord God <i>in
idle</i>."  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unoccupied; unemployed; vacant; inactive; indolent;
sluggish; slothful; useless; ineffectual; futile; frivolous; vain;
trifling; unprofitable; unimportant.  -- <u>Idle</u>,
<u>Indolent</u>, <u>Lazy</u>. A propensity to inaction is expressed
by each of these words; they differ in the cause and degree of this
characteristic. <i>Indolent</i> denotes an habitual love to ease, a
settled dislike of movement or effort; <i>idle</i> is opposed to
<i>busy</i>, and denotes a dislike of <i>continuous</i> exertion.
<i>Lazy</i> is a stronger and more contemptuous term than

<p><hw>I"dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Idled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Idling</u> (?).] <def>To lose or spend time in inaction, or
without being employed in business.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To spend in idleness;
to waste; to consume; -- often followed by <i>away</i>; as, to
<i>idle</i> away an hour a day.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"dle-head`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Foolish; stupid.</def> [Obs.] "The
superstitious <i>idle-headed</i> eld."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Delirious; infatuated.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>I"dle*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>&imacr;delnes</i>.] <def>The condition or quality of being idle
(in the various senses of that word); uselessness; fruitlessness;
triviality; inactivity; laziness.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inaction; indolence; sluggishness; sloth.</p>

<p><hw>I"dle-pat`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idle-headed;
stupid.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>I"dler</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy
person; a sluggard.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>One who has constant day
duties on board ship, and keeps no regular watch.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>An idle wheel or pulley.
See under <u>Idle</u>.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>I"dless</hw>, <hw>I"dlesse</hw>  } (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Idleness.</def> [Archaic] "In <i>ydlesse</i>."

<p><blockquote>And an <i>idlesse</i> all the day<BR>
Beside a wandering stream.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a idle manner;
ineffectually; vainly; lazily; carelessly; (Obs.)

<p><hw>Id"o*crase</hw> (&ibreve;d"&osl;*kr&amacr;s; 277),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'i^dos</grk> form +
<grk>kra^sis</grk> mixture, fr. <grk>keranny`nai</grk> to mix; cf. F.
<i>idocrase</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>Same as

<p><hw>I"dol</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>idole</i>, F.
<i>idole</i>, L. <i>idolum</i>, fr. Gr. &?;, fr. &?; that which is
seen, the form, shape, figure, fr. &?; to see. See <u>Wit</u>, and
cf. <u>Eidolon</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An image or
representation of anything.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Do her adore with sacred reverence,<BR>
As th' <i>idol</i> of her maker's great magnificence.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An image of a divinity; a representation
or symbol of a deity or any other being or thing, made or used as an
object of worship; a similitude of a false god.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That they should not worship devils, and <i>idols</i>
of gold.</blockquote> <i>Rev. ix. 20.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That on which the affections are strongly
(often excessively) set; an object of passionate devotion; a person
or thing greatly loved or adored.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The soldier's god and people's
<i>idol</i>.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A false notion or conception; a
fallacy.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>idols</i> of preconceived opinion.</blockquote>

<p><hw>I`do*las"tre</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE., for
<i>idolatre</i>.] <def>An idolater.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>idol&acirc;tre</i>: cf. L. <i>idololatres</i>, Gr. &?;. See
<u>Idolatry</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A worshiper of idols; one
who pays divine honors to images, statues, or representations of
anything made by hands; one who worships as a deity that which is not
God; a pagan.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An adorer; a great admirer.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Jonson was an <i>idolater</i> of the
ancients.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A female
worshiper of idols.</def></p>

<p><hw>I`do*lat"ric*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>idol&acirc;trique</i>.] <def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*trize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idolatrized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Idolatrizing</u> (?).] <def>To worship idols; to pay
idolatrous worship.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*trize</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make in
idol of; to idolize.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to idolatry; partaking of
the nature of idolatry; given to idolatry or the worship of false
gods; as, <i>idolatrous</i> sacrifices.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>[Josiah] put down the <i>idolatrous</i>
priests.</blockquote> <i>2 Kings xxiii. 5.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting in, or partaking of, an
excessive attachment or reverence; as, an <i>idolatrous</i>
veneration for antiquity.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*trous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
idolatrous manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Idolatries</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>idol&acirc;trie</i>, LL.
<i>idolatria</i>, L. <i>idololatria</i>, Fr. Gr. &?;; &?; idol + &?;
service.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The worship of idols, images, or
anything which is not God; the worship of false gods.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His eye surveyed the dark <i>idolatries</i><BR>
Of alienated Judah.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Excessive attachment or veneration for
anything; respect or love which borders on adoration.</def>

<p><hw>I"dol*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dol*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The worship of
idols.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>I"dol*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A worshiper of
idols.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dol*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Idolized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Idolizing</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make an idol of; to
pay idolatrous worship to; as, to <i>idolize</i> the sacred bull in

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To love to excess; to love or reverence to
adoration; as, to <i>idolize</i> gold, children, a hero.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"dol*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To practice
idolatry.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>idolize</i> after the manner of
Egypt.</blockquote> <i>Fairbairn.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"dol*i`zer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
idolizes or loves to the point of reverence; an idolater.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol"o*clast</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; idol +
&?; to break.] <def>A breaker of idols; an iconoclast.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*dol`o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<i>Idol</i> + <i>-graph</i>.] <def>Descriptive of idols.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>I"dol*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bale.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*do"ne*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>idoneus</i>.] <def>Appropriate; suitable; proper; fit;
adequate.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>An ecclesiastical benefice . . . ought to be conferred
on an <i>idoneous</i> person.</blockquote> <i>Ayliffe.</i></p>

<p><hw>Id*or"gan</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; form + E.
<i>organ</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>A morphological unit, consisting
of two or more plastids, which does not possess the positive
character of the person or stock, in distinction from the
physiological organ or <i>biorgan</i>. See <u>Morphon</u>.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Id"ri*a*line</hw> (?), <hw>Id"ri*a*lite</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>idrialine</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A
bituminous substance obtained from the mercury mines of <i>Idria</i>,
where it occurs mixed with cinnabar.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`u*me"an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to ancient <i>Idumea</i>, or Edom, in Western Asia.</def>
-- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inhabitant of Idumea, an

<p><hw>I"dyl</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>idyllium</i>, Gr.
&?;, fr. &?; form; literally, a little form of image: cf. F.
<i>idylle</i>. See <u>Idol</u>.] <def>A short poem; properly, a short
pastoral poem; as, the <i>idyls</i> of Theocritus; also, any poem,
especially a narrative or descriptive poem, written in an eleveted
and highly finished style; also, by extension, any artless and easily
flowing description, either in poetry or prose, of simple, rustic
life, of pastoral scenes, and the like.</def> [Written also

<p><blockquote>Wordsworth's solemn-thoughted
<i>idyl</i>.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His [Goldsmith's] lovely <i>idyl</i> of the Vicar's
home.</blockquote> <i>F. Harrison.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*dyl"lic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or belonging
to idyls.</def></p>

<p><hw>I. e.</hw> <def>Abbreviation of Latin <i>id est</i>, that

<p><hw>If</hw> (?), <pos><i>conj.</i></pos> [OE. <i>if</i>,
<i>gif</i>, AS. <i>gif</i>; akin to OFries. <i>ief</i>, <i>gef</i>,
<i>ef</i>, OS. <i>ef</i>, <i>of</i>, D. <i>of</i>, or, whether, if,
G. <i>ob</i> whether, if, OHG. <i>oba</i>, <i>ibu</i>, Icel.
<i>ef</i>, Goth. <i>iba</i>, <i>ibai</i>, an interrogative particle;
properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. <i>iba</i>
doubt, condition, Icel. <i>if</i>, <i>ef</i>, <i>ifi</i>,
<i>efi</i>), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In case that; granting, allowing, or
supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer,<BR>
Assist, <i>if</i> &OElig;dipus deserve thy care.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote><i>If</i> thou be the Son of God, command that these
stones be made bread.</blockquote> <i>Matt. iv. 3.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Whether; -- in dependent

<p><blockquote>Uncertain <i>if</i> by augury or chance.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>She doubts <i>if</i> two and two make
four.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><col><b>As if</b></col>, <col><b>But if</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>As</u>, <u>But</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>I' faith"</hw> (?). <def>In faith; indeed; truly.</def>

<p><! p. 727 !></p>

<p><hw>I*fere"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Corrupted fr. <i>in
fere</i>.] <def>Together.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig`a*su"ric</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Igasurine</u>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or obtained
from, nux vomica or St. Ignatius's bean; as, <i>igasuric</i>

<p><hw>Ig`a*su"rine</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Malay
<i>igasura</i> the nux vomica.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>An alkaloid found
in nux vomica, and extracted as a white crystalline

<p><hw>Ig"loo</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An Eskimo snow house.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A cavity, or
excavation, made in the snow by a seal, over its breathing hole in
the ice.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig*na"tius bean`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>See <i>Saint
Ignatius's bean</i>, under <u>Saint</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig"ne*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>igneus</i>,
fr. <i>ignis</i> fire; allied to Skr. <i>agni</i>, Lith.
<i>ugnis</i>, OSlav. <i>ogne</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining
to, having the nature of, fire; containing fire; resembling fire; as,
an <i>igneous</i> appearance.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>Resulting from, or produced
by, the action of fire; as, lavas and basalt are <i>igneous</i>

<p><hw>Ig*nes"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignescens</i>, p. pr. of <i>ignescere</i> to become inflamed, fr.
<i>ignis</i> fire: cf. F. <i>ignescent</i>.] <def>Emitting sparks of
fire when struck with steel; scintillating; as, <i>ignescent</i>

<p><hw>Ig*nic"o*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignis</i>
fire + <i>colere</i> to worship.] <def>A worshiper of fire.</def>

<p><hw>Ig*nif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignifer</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>ferre</i> to bear.]
<def>Producing fire.</def> [R.]  <i>Blount.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nif"lu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignifluus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>fluere</i> to flow.]
<def>Flowing with fire.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cockerman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig"ni*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Ignified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Ignifying</u> (?).] [L. <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To
form into fire.</def> [R.]  <i>Stukeley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nig"e*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignigenus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>genere</i>, <i>ginere</i>,
to beget, produce.] <def>Produced by the action of fire, as
lava.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Ig*nip"o*tence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Power over
fire.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Ig*nip"o*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignipotens</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>potens</i> powerful.]
<def>Presiding over fire; also, fiery.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Vulcan is called the powerful
<i>ignipotent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Ig"nis fat"u*us</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Ignes
fatui</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>fatuus</i> foolish.
So called in allusion to its tendency to mislead travelers.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A phosphorescent light that appears, in the
night, over marshy ground, supposed to be occasioned by the
decomposition of animal or vegetable substances, or by some
inflammable gas; -- popularly called also <i>Will-with-the-wisp</i>,
or <i>Will-o'-the-wisp</i>, and <i>Jack-with-a-lantern</i>, or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: A misleading influence; a

<p><blockquote>Scared and guided by the <i>ignis fatuus</i> of
popular superstition.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Ignited</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Igniting</u>.] [L. <i>ignitus</i>, p. p. of <i>ignire</i> to
ignite, fr. <i>ignis</i> fire. See <u>Igneous</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To kindle or set on fire; as, to
<i>ignite</i> paper or wood.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>To subject to the action of
intense heat; to heat strongly; -- often said of incombustible or
infusible substances; as, to <i>ignite</i> iron or

<p><hw>Ig*nite"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To take fire; to
begin to burn.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nit"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being ignited.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ignition</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of igniting,
kindling, or setting on fire.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being ignited or
kindled.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nit"or</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, produces ignition; especially, a contrivance for igniting the
powder in a torpedo or the like.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>Ig*niv"o*mous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignivomus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>vomere</i> 8vomit.]
<def>Vomiting fire.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Ig`no*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignobilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>ignobilit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>Ignobleness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bale.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*no"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignobilis</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>nobilis</i> noble: cf. F. <i>ignoble</i>.
See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Noble</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of low birth or family; not noble; not
illustrious; plebeian; common; humble.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I was not <i>ignoble</i> of descent.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Her royal stock graft with <i>ignoble</i>
plants.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not honorable, elevated, or generous;

<p><blockquote>'T is but a base, <i>ignoble</i> mind,<BR>
That mounts no higher than a bird can soar.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Far from the madding crowd's <i>ignoble</i>
strife.</blockquote> <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Not a true or noble
falcon; -- said of certain hawks, as the goshawk.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Degenerate; degraded; mean; base; dishonorable;
reproachful; disgraceful; shameful; scandalous; infamous.</p>

<p><hw>Ig*no"ble</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make
ignoble.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*no"ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State or
quality of being ignoble.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig*no"bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an ignoble
manner; basely.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig`no*min"i*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignominiosus</i>: cf. F. <i>ignominieux</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Marked with ignominy; incurring public disgrace; dishonorable;

<p><blockquote>Then first with fear surprised and sense of pain,<BR>
Fled <i>ignominious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Deserving ignominy; despicable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>One single, obscure, <i>ignominious</i>
projector.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Humiliating; degrading; as, an
<i>ignominious</i> judgment or sentence.</def>  <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig`no*min"i*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
ignominious manner; disgracefully; shamefully;

<p><hw>Ig"no*min*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ignominies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>ignominia</i> ignominy
(<i>i.e.</i>, a deprivation of one's good name); <i>in-</i> not +
<i>nomen</i> name: cf. F. <i>ignominie</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Name</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Public disgrace or dishonor;
reproach; infamy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Their generals have been received with honor after
their defeat; yours with <i>ignominy</i> after conquest.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Vice begins in mistake, and ends in
<i>ignominy</i>.</blockquote> <i>Rambler.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ignominy</i> is the infliction of such evil as is
made dishonorable, or the deprivation of such good as is made
honorable by the Commonwealth.</blockquote> <i>Hobbes.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An act deserving disgrace; an infamous

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Opprobrium; reproach; dishonor.</p>

<p><hw>Ig"no*my</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Ignominy.</def>
[R. & Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>I blush to think upon this <i>ignomy</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Ig`no*ra"mus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., we are
ignorant. See <u>Ignore</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>We
are ignorant; we ignore; -- being the word formerly written on a bill
of indictment by a grand jury when there was not sufficient evidence
to warrant them in finding it a true bill. The phrase now used is,
"No bill," "No true bill," or "Not found," though in some
jurisdictions "Ignored" is still used.</def>  <i>Wharton (Law Dict.
). Burn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> (pl. <plw><b>Ignoramuses</b></plw> (&?;).)
<def>A stupid, ignorant person; a vain pretender to knowledge; a

<p><blockquote>An <i>ignoramus</i> in place and power.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Ig"no*rance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>ignorantia</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being
ignorant; the want of knowledge in general, or in relation to a
particular subject; the state of being uneducated or

<p><blockquote><i>Ignorance</i> is the curse of God,<BR>
Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>A willful neglect or
refusal to acquire knowledge which one may acquire and it is his duty
to have.</def>  <i>Book of Common Prayer.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Invincible ignorance</b></col> <i>(Theol.)</i>,
<cd>ignorance beyond the individual's control and for which,
therefore, he is not responsible before God.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Ig"no*rant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>ignorans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>ignorare</i> to be
ignorant. See <u>Ignore</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Destitute of
knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed; untaught;

<p><blockquote>He that doth not know those things which are of use
for him to know, is but an <i>ignorant</i> man, whatever he may know
besides.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware;
-- used with <i>of</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ignorant</i> of guilt, I fear not
shame.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unknown; undiscovered.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ignorant</i> concealment.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Alas, what <i>ignorant</i> sin have I
committed?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Resulting from ignorance; foolish;

<p><blockquote>His shipping,<BR>
Poor <i>ignorant</i> baubles! -- on our terrible seas,<BR>
Like eggshells moved.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Uninstructed; untaught; unenlightened; uninformed;
unlearned; unlettered; illiterate. -- <u>Ignorant</u>,
<u>Illiterate</u>. <i>Ignorant</i> denotes want of knowledge, either
as to single subject or information in general; <i>illiterate</i>
refers to an ignorance of letters, or of knowledge acquired by
reading and study. In the Middle Ages, a great proportion of the
higher classes were <i>illiterate</i>, and yet were far from being
<i>ignorant</i>, especially in regard to war and other active

<p><blockquote>In such business<BR>
Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the <i>ignorant</i><BR>
More learned than the ears.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>In the first ages of Christianity, not only the
learned and the wise, but the <i>ignorant</i> and <i>illiterate</i>,
embraced torments and death.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig"no*rant</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person untaught
or uninformed; one unlettered or unskilled; an ignoramous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Did I for this take pains to teach<BR>
Our zealous <i>ignorants</i> to preach?</blockquote>

<p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The spirit
of those who extol the advantage of ignorance;

<p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One opposed to
the diffusion of knowledge; an obscurantist.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a ignorant
manner; without knowledge; inadvertently.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whom therefoer ye <i>ignorantly</i> worship, him
declare I unto you.</blockquote> <i>Acts xvii. 23.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*nore"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Ignored</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Ignoring</u>.] [L. <i>ignorare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + the
root of <i>gnarus</i> knowing, <i>noscere</i> to become acquainted
with. See <u>Know</u>, and cf. <u>Narrate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To be ignorant of or not acquainted with.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><blockquote>Philosophy would solidly be established, if men would
more carefully distinguish those things that they know from those
that they <i>ignore</i>.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To throw out or reject as
false or ungrounded; -- said of a bill rejected by a grand jury for
want of evidence. See <u>Ignoramus</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence: To refuse to take notice of; to
shut the eyes to; not to recognize; to disregard willfully and
causelessly; as, to <i>ignore</i> certain facts; to <i>ignore</i> the
presence of an objectionable person.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ignoring</i> Italy under our feet,<BR>
And seeing things before, behind.</blockquote> <i>Mrs.

<p><hw>Ig*nos"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ignoscibilis</i>, fr. <i>ignoscere</i> to pardon, lit., not to
wish to know; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>gnoscere</i>, <i>noscere</i>,
to learn to know. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Know</u>.]
<def>Pardonable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig*note"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignotus</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>gnotus</i>, <i>notus</i>, known, p. p. of
<i>gnocere</i>, <i>nocere</i>, to learn to know.] <def>Unknown.</def>
[Obs.] <i>Sir E. Sandys.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
unknown.</def> <i>Bp. Hacket.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*gua"na</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Sp. <i>iguana</i>,
from the native name in Hayti.  Cf. <u>Guana</u>.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any species of the genus <i>Iguana</i>, a
genus of large American lizards of the family <i>Iguanid&aelig;</i>.
They are arboreal in their habits, usually green in color, and feed
chiefly upon fruits.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The common iguana (<i>Iguana iguana</i>, formerly <i>Iguana
tuberculata</i>, and also called by <a href="more\iguana.htm">other
synonyms@</a>) of the West Indies and South America is sometimes five
feet long. Its flesh is highly prized as food. The <b>horned
iguana</b> (<i>Iguana cornuta</i>) has a conical horn between the

<p><hw>I*gua"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Resembling, or pertaining to, the iguana.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*gua"nid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Same as <u>Iguanoid</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*gua"no*don</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Iguana</i> +
Gr. &?;, &?;, a tooth.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>A genus of gigantic
herbivorous dinosaurs having a birdlike pelvis and large hind legs
with three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth
resemble those of the iguana, whence its name. Several species are
known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See
<i>Illustration</i> in Appendix.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*gua"no*dont</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Paleon.)</i>
<def>Like or pertaining to the genus Iguanodon.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*gua"noid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Iguana</i> +
<i>-oid</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the

<p><hw>Ih*lang`-ih*lang"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Malayan,
flower of flowers.] <def>A rich, powerful, perfume, obtained from the
volatile oil of the flowers of <i>Canada odorata</i>, an East Indian
tree.</def> [Also written <i>ylang-ylang</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>||Ih*ram"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The peculiar
dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ik</hw> (?), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> [See <u>I</u>.]
<def>I.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Piers Plowman.</i></p>

<p>&fist; The Northern dialectic form of <i>I</i>, in Early English,
corresponding to <i>ich</i> of the Southern.</p>

<p><hw>Il-</hw> (?). <def>A form of the prefix <i>in</i>-, not, and
<i>in</i>-, among. See <u>In-</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ile</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>egl</i>.] <def>Ear
of corn.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Ainsworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Aisle</u>.] <def>An
aisle.</def> [Obs.]  <i>H. Swinburne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Isle</u>.] <def>An
isle.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il"e*ac</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ileum</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ileum.</def>
[Written also <i>iliac</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>See <u>Iliac</u>, 1.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><col><b>Ileac passion</b></col>. <i>(Med.)</i> <cd>See

<p><hw>Il`e*o*c&aelig;"cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<i>Ileum</i> + <i>c&aelig;cal</i>.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining
to the ileum and c&aelig;cum.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`e*o*col"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to the ileum and colon; as, the <i>ileocolic</i>, or
ileoc&aelig;cal, valve, a valve where the ileum opens into the large

<p><hw>||Il"e*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ile</i>,
<i>ileum</i>, <i>ilium</i>, pl. <i>ilia</i>, groin, flank.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The last, and usually the
longest, division of the small intestine; the part between the
jejunum and large intestine.</def> [Written also <i>ileon</i>, and

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>See <u>Ilium</u>.</def>

<p>&fist; Most modern writers restrict <i>ileum</i> to the division
of the intestine and <i>ilium</i> to the pelvic bone.</p>

<p><hw>||Il"e*us</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?;,
&?;, fr. &?; to roll up.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A morbid condition due
to intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by complete
constipation, with griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly
distended, and in the later stages by vomiting of fecal matter.
Called also <i>ileac, or iliac, passion</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||I"lex</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., holm oak.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The holm oak (<i>Quercus
Ilex</i>).</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A genus of evergreen trees
and shrubs, including the common holly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il"i*ac</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Iliacus</i>, Gr.
&?;. See <u>Iliad</u>.] <def>Pertaining to ancient Ilium, or
Troy.</def>  <i>Gladstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il"i*ac</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>iliaque</i>. See
<u>Ileum</u>, and cf. <u>Jade</u> a stone.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or in the region of, the ilium, or
dorsal bone of the pelvis; as, the <i>iliac</i> artery.</def>
[Written also <i>ileac</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>See <u>Ileac</u>, 1.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><col><b>Iliac crest</b></col>, <cd>the upper margin of the
ilium.</cd> -- <col><b>Iliac passion</b></col>. <cd>See
<u>Ileus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Iliac region</b></col>, <cd>a region of
the abdomen, on either side of the hypogastric regions, and below the
lumbar regions.</cd></p>

<p><hw>I*li"a*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Iliac.</def>

<p><hw>Il"i*ad</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>Ilias</i>, <i>-
adis</i>, Gr. &?;, &?; (sc. &?;), fr. &?;, &?;, Ilium, the city of
Ilus, a son of Tros, founder of Ilium, which is a poetical name of
Troy.] <def>A celebrated Greek epic poem, in twenty-four books, on
the destruction of Ilium, the ancient Troy. The Iliad is ascribed to

<p><hw>Il"i*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to the ilium; iliac.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*liche"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [OE., fr. AS.
<i>gel&imacr;c</i>.  Cf. <u>Alike</u>.] <def>Alike.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>I*lic"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ilex</i>,
<i>ilicis</i>, holm oak.] <def>Pertaining to, or derived from, the
holly (<i>Ilex</i>), and allied plants; as, <i>ilicic</i>

<p><hw>Il"i*cin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>The bitter principle of the holly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il"i*o-</hw> (?). [From <u>Ilium</u>.] <def>A combining form
used in anatomy to denote <i>connection with</i>, or <i>relation
to</i>, <i>the ilium</i>; as, <i>ilio</i>-femoral, <i>ilio</i>-
lumbar, <i>ilio</i>-psoas, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`i*o*fem"o*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to the ilium and femur; as, <i>iliofemoral</i>

<p><hw>Il`i*o*lum"bar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to the iliac and lumbar regions; as, the
<i>iliolumbar</i> artery.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`i*o*pso"as</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>The great flexor muscle of the hip joint, divisible into two
parts, the iliac and great psoas, -- often regarded as distinct

<p><hw>||Il"i*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Ileum</u>.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The dorsal one of the three principal bones
comprising either lateral half of the pelvis; the dorsal or upper
part of the hip bone. See <i>Innominate bone</i>, under
<u>Innominate</u>.</def> [Written also <i>ilion</i>, and

<p><hw>Il`ix*an"thin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ilex</i> the
genus including the holly + Gr. &?; yellow.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A
yellow dye obtained from the leaves of the holly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ilk</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Scot. <i>ilk</i>, OE.
<i>ilke</i> the same, AS. <i>ilca</i>.  Cf. <u>Each</u>.] <def>Same;
each; every.</def> [Archaic]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Of that ilk</b></col>, <cd>denoting that a person's
surname and the title of his estate are the same; as, <i>Grant of
that ilk</i>, i.e., <i>Grant of Grant</i>.</cd>  <i>Jamieson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il"ke</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ilk</u>.]
<def>Same.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Il*kon"</hw>, <hw>Il*koon"</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>pron.</i></pos> [See <u>Ilk</u>, and <u>One</u>.] <def>Each
one; every one.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [The regular comparative
and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by
<i>worse</i> (&?;) and <i>worst</i> (&?;), from another root.] [OE.
<i>ill</i>, <i>ille</i>, Icel. <i>illr</i>; akin to Sw. <i>illa</i>,
adv., Dan. <i>ilde</i>, adv.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to
good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage,
happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable;

<p><blockquote>Neither is it <i>ill</i> air only that maketh an
<i>ill</i> seat, but <i>ill</i> ways, <i>ill</i> markets, and
<i>ill</i> neighbors.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>There 's some <i>ill</i> planet reigns.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil;
wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Of his own body he was ill, and gave<BR>
The clergy <i>ill</i> example.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased;
disordered; as, <i>ill</i> of a fever.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I am in health, I breathe, and see thee
<i>ill</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not according with rule, fitness, or
propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That 's an <i>ill</i> phrase.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Ill at ease</b></col>, <cd>uneasy; uncomfortable;
anxious.</cd> "I am very <i>ill at ease</i>." <i>Shak.</i> --
<col><b>Ill blood</b></col>, <cd>enmity; resentment.</cd> --
<col><b>Ill breeding</b></col>, <cd>want of good breeding;
rudeness.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill fame</b></col>, <cd>ill or bad repute;
as, a house of <i>ill fame</i>, a house where lewd persons meet for
illicit intercourse.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill humor</b></col>, <cd>a
disagreeable mood; bad temper.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill nature</b></col>,
<cd>bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition
to cause unhappiness to others.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill temper</b></col>,
<cd>anger; moroseness; crossness.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill turn</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>An unkind act.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A
slight attack of illness.</cd> [Colloq. U.S.] -- <col><b>Ill
will</b></col>, <cd>unkindness; enmity; malevolence.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.</p>

<p><! p. 728 !></p>

<p><hw>Ill</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil
of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, the <i>ills</i>
of humanity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Who can all sense of others' <i>ills</i> escape<BR>
Is but a brute at best in human shape.</blockquote> <i>Tate.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>That makes us rather bear those <i>ills</i> we
Than fly to others that we know not of.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral
sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles
Exerts itself, and then throws off the <i>ill</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Ill</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a ill manner; badly;

<p><blockquote>How <i>ill</i> this taper burns!</blockquote>

<p><blockquote><i>Ill</i> fares the land, to hastening ills a
Where wealth accumulates and men decay.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; <i>Ill</i>, like <i>above</i>, <i>well</i>, and <i>so</i>,
is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal
sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun
qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written
separatively; as, an <i>ill</i>-educated man; he was <i>ill</i>
educated; an <i>ill</i>-formed plan; the plan, however <i>ill</i>
formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: <i>ill</i>-affected
or <i>ill</i> affected, <i>ill</i>-arranged or <i>ill</i> arranged,
<i>ill</i>-assorted or <i>ill</i> assorted, <i>ill</i>-boding or
<i>ill</i> boding, <i>ill</i>-bred or <i>ill</i> bred, <i>ill</i>-
conditioned, <i>ill</i>-conducted, <i>ill</i>-considered, <i>ill</i>-
devised, <i>ill</i>-disposed, <i>ill</i>-doing, <i>ill</i>-fairing,
<i>ill</i>-fated, <i>ill</i>-favored, <i>ill</i>-featured,
<i>ill</i>-formed, <i>ill</i>-gotten, <i>ill</i>-imagined,
<i>ill</i>-judged, <i>ill</i>-looking, <i>ill</i>-mannered,
<i>ill</i>-matched, <i>ill</i>-meaning, <i>ill</i>-minded,
<i>ill</i>-natured, <i>ill</i>-omened, <i>ill</i>-proportioned,
<i>ill</i>-provided, <i>ill</i>-required, <i>ill</i>-sorted,
<i>ill</i>-starred, <i>ill</i>-tempered, <i>ill</i>-timed,
<i>ill</i>-trained, <i>ill</i>-used, and the like.</p>

<p><hw>I' ll</hw> (?). <def>Contraction for <i>I will</i> or <i>I

<p><blockquote><i>I'll</i> by a sign give notice to our
friends.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lab"ile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of
falling or erring; infalliable.</def> [Obs.] --
<wf>Il`la*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lac"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illacerabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>illac&eacute;rable</i>. See <u>In-
</u> not, and <u>Lacerable</u>.] <def>Not lacerable; incapable of
being torn or rent.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lac"ry*ma*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illacrimabilis</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>lacrimabilis</i>
worthy of tears.] <def>Incapable of weeping.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Il*laps"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i>
not + <i>lapsable</i>.] <def>Incapable of slipping, or of
error.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Morally immutable and <i>illapsable</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Il*lapse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Illapsed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Illapsing</u>.] [L. <i>illapsus</i>, p. p. of <i>illabi</i>; pref.
<i>il-</i> in + <i>labi</i> to fall, slide.] <def>To fall or glide;
to pass; -- usually followed by <i>into</i>.</def>

<p><hw>Il*lapse"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illapsus</i>. See
<u>Illapse</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>] <def>A gliding in; an
immisson or entrance of one thing into another; also, a sudden
descent or attack.</def>  <i>Akenside.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>They sit silent . . . waiting for an <i>illapse</i> of
the spirit.</blockquote> <i>Jeffrey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*la"que*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being insnared or entrapped.</def> [R.]  <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*la"que*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illaqueated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Illaqueating</u>.] [L. <i>illaqueatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>illaqueare</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>laqueare</i> to insnare,
fr. <i>laqueus</i>, noose, snare.] <def>To insnare; to entrap; to
entangle; to catch.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let not the surpassing eloquence of Taylor dazzle you,
nor his scholastic retiary versatility of logic <i>illaqueate</i>
your good sense.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*la`que*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of catching or insnaring.</def> [R.]
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A snare; a trap.</def>

<p><hw>Il*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illatio</i>,
fr. <i>illatus</i>, used as p. p. of <i>inferre</i> to carry or bring
in, but from a different root: cf. F. <i>illation</i>. See 1st <u>In-
</u>, and <u>Tolerate</u>, and cf. <u>Infer</u>.] <def>The act or
process of inferring from premises or reasons; perception of the
connection between ideas; that which is inferred; inference;
deduction; conclusion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Fraudulent deductions or inconsequent <i>illations</i>
from a false conception of things.</blockquote> <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Il"la*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illativus</i>: cf. F. <i>illatif</i>.] <def>Relating to, dependent
on, or denoting, illation; inferential; conclusive; as, an
<i>illative</i> consequence or proposition; an <i>illative</i> word,
as <i>then</i>, <i>therefore</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Illative conversion</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a
converse or reverse statement of a proposition which in that form
must be true because the original proposition is true.</cd> --
<col><b>Illative sense</b></col> <i>(Metaph.)</i>, <cd>the faculty of
the mind by which it apprehends the conditions and determines upon
the correctness of inferences.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Il"la*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An illative
particle, as <i>for</i>, <i>because</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il"la*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By inference;
as an illative; in an illative manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*laud"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illaudabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Laudable</u>.]
<def>Not laudable; not praise-worthy; worthy of censure or
disapprobation.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Il*laud"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Ill`-bod"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Boding evil;
inauspicious; ill-omened.</def> "<i>Ill-boding</i> stars."

<p><hw>Ill"-bred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Badly educated
or brought up; impolite; incivil; rude. See Note under <u>Ill</u>,

<p><hw>Il*lec`e*bra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Illecebrous</u>.] <def>Allurement.</def> [R.]  <i>T.

<p><hw>Il*lec"e*brous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illecebrosus</i>, fr. <i>illecebra</i> allurement, fr.
<i>illicere</i> to allure.] <def>Alluring; attractive;
enticing.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Elyot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*le"gal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> not
+ <i>legal</i>: cf. F. <i>ill&eacute;gal</i>.] <def>Not according to,
or authorized by, law; specif., contrary to, or in violation of,
human law; unlawful; illicit; hence, immoral; as, an <i>illegal</i>
act; <i>illegal</i> trade; <i>illegal</i> love.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Il`le*gal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Illegalities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F.
<i>ill&eacute;galit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or condition of
being illegal; unlawfulness; as, the <i>illegality</i> of trespass or
of false imprisonment; also, an illegal act.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*le"gal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illegalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Illegalizing</u> (?).] <def>To make or declare
illegal or unlawful.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*le"gal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illegal
manner; unlawfully.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*le"gal*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Illegality,

<p><hw>Il*leg`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being illegible.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*leg"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of
being read; not legible; as, <i>illegible</i> handwriting; an
<i>illegible</i> inscription.</def> -- <wf>Il*leg"i*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>Il*leg"i*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>Il`le*git"i*ma*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state of being illegitimate.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not according to law; not regular or
authorized; unlawful; improper.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unlawfully begotten; born out of wedlock;
bastard; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> child.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not legitimately deduced or inferred;
illogical; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> inference.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not authorized by good usage; not genuine;
spurious; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> word.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Illegitimate fertilization</b></col>, or
<col><b>Illegitimate union</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the
fertilization of pistils by stamens not of their own length, in
heterogonously dimorphic and trimorphic flowers.</cd>

<p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illegitimated</u> (?); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illegitimating</u>.] <def>To render
illegitimate; to declare or prove to be born out of wedlock; to
bastardize; to illegitimatize.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The marriage should only be dissolved for the future,
without <i>illegitimating</i> the issue.</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
illegitimate manner; unlawfully.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`le*git`i*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of illegitimating;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being illegitimate;
illegitimacy.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Gardiner had performed his promise to the queen of
getting her <i>illegitimation</i> taken off.</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Il`le*git"i*ma*tize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
render illegitimate; to bastardize.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*le"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i>
not + L. <i>laedere</i>, <i>laesum</i>, to injure.] <def>Not
injurious; harmless.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lev"i*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
leviable; incapable of being imposed, or collected.</def> [R.]
<i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-fa"vored</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wanting
beauty or attractiveness; deformed; ugly; ill-looking.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Ill-favored</i> and lean-fleshed.</blockquote>
<i>Gen. xli. 3.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Ill`-fa"vored*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Ill`-
fa"vored*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illiberalis</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>liberalis</i> liberal:
cf. F. <i>illib&eacute;ral</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not liberal;
not free or generous; close; niggardly; mean; sordid.</def> "A
thrifty and <i>illiberal</i> hand."  <i>Mason.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indicating a lack of breeding, culture,
and the like; ignoble; rude; narrow-minded; disingenuous.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not well authorized or elegant; as,
<i>illiberal</i> words in Latin.</def> [R.]  <i>Chesterfield.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Illiberality.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lib`er*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illiberalitas</i>: cf. F. <i>illib&eacute;ralit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>The state or quality of being illiberal; narrowness of mind;
meanness; niggardliness.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illiberalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illiberalizing</u> (?).] <def>To make

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
illiberal manner, ungenerously; uncharitably;

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being illiberal; illiberality.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lic"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illicitus</i>;
pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>licitus</i>, p. p. of <i>licere</i> to be
allowed or permitted: cf. F. <i>illicite</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>License</u>.] <def>Not permitted or allowed; prohibited; unlawful;
as, <i>illicit</i> trade; <i>illicit</i> intercourse; <i>illicit</i>

<p><blockquote>One <i>illicit</i> . . . transaction always leads to
another.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Il*lic"it*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Il*lic"it*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Il*lic"it*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Illicit.</def> [R.]  <i>Cotgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Il*li"ci*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called, in
allusion to its aroma, from L. <i>illicium</i> an allurement.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A genus of Asiatic and American magnoliaceous
trees, having star-shaped fruit; star anise. The fruit of <i>Illicium
anisatum</i> is used as a spice in India, and its oil is largely used
in Europe for flavoring cordials, being almost identical with true
oil of anise.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*light"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
enlighten.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lim"it*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-
</i> not + <i>limitable</i>: cf. F. <i>illimitable</i>.]
<def>Incapable of being limited or bounded; immeasurable; limitless;
boundless; as, <i>illimitable</i> space.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The wild, the irregular, the <i>illimitable</i>, and
the luxuriant, have their appropriate force of beauty.</blockquote>
<i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Boundless; limitless; unlimited; unbounded;
immeasurable; infinite; immense; vast.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Il*lim"it*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Il*lim"it*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Il*lim`it*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-
</i> not + <i>limitation</i>: cf. F. <i>illimitation</i>.] <def>State
of being illimitable; want of, or freedom from, limitation.</def>
<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lim"it*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not limited;
interminable.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i> -- <wf>Il*lim"it*ed*ness</wf>,

<p><blockquote>The absoluteness and <i>illimitedness</i> of his
commission was generally much spoken of.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Il`li*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illinire</i>, <i>illinere</i>, to besmear; pref. <i>il-</i> in, on
+ <i>linire</i>, <i>linere</i>, to smear.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
smearing or rubbing in or on; also, that which is smeared or rubbed
on, as ointment or liniment.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A thin crust of some extraneous substance
formed on minerals.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A thin crust or <i>illinition</i> of black
manganese.</blockquote> <i>Kirwan.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il`li*nois"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.sing. & pl.</i></pos>
<i>(Ethnol.)</i> <def>A tribe of North American Indians, which
formerly occupied the region between the Wabash and Mississippi

<p><hw>Il`li*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-
</i> in + L. <i>liquare</i> to melt.] <def>The melting or dissolving
of one thing into another.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ill"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Somewhat
ill.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Howell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*li"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illisio</i>,
fr. <i>illidere</i>, <i>illisum</i>, to strike against; pref. <i>il-
</i> in + <i>laedere</i> to strike.] <def>The act of dashing or
striking against.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lit"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Illiteracies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Illiterate</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being illiterate, or uneducated;
want of learning, or knowledge; ignorance; specifically, inability to
read and write; as, the <i>illiteracy</i> shown by the last

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An instance of ignorance; a literary

<p><blockquote>The many blunders and <i>illiteracies</i> of the first
publishers of his [Shakespeare's] works.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Il*lit"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
literal.</def> [R.]  <i>B. Dawson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lit"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illiteratus</i>: pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>literatus</i> learned.
See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Literal</u>.] <def>Ignorant of letters or
books; unlettered; uninstructed; uneducated; as, an <i>illiterate</i>
man, or people.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ignorant; untaught; unlearned; unlettered;
unscholary. See <u>Ignorant</u>.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Il*lit"er*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Il*lit"er*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Il*lit"er*a*ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
learning; illiteracy.</def> [R.]  <i>Ayliffe. Southey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill"-judged`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not well
judged; unwise.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ill"-lived`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Leading a
wicked life.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Ill"-look`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a bad
look; threatening; ugly. See Note under <u>Ill</u>,

<p><hw>Ill`-man"nered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impolite;

<p><hw>Ill"-mind`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Ill-
disposed.</def>  <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-na"tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of habitual bad temper; peevish; fractious;
cross; crabbed; surly; as, an <i>ill-natured</i> person.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Dictated by, or indicating, ill nature;
spiteful.</def> "The <i>ill-natured</i> task refuse."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Intractable; not yielding to
culture.</def> [R.] "<i>Ill-natured</i> land."  <i>J.

<p>-- <wf>Ill`-na"tured*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Ill`-
na"tured*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Ill"ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Ill</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being ill, evil, or bad;
badness; unfavorableness.</def> [Obs.] "The <i>illness</i> of the
weather."  <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Disease; indisposition; malady; disorder
of health; sickness; as, a short or a severe

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Wrong moral conduct; wickedness.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Malady; disease; indisposition; ailment.  --
<u>Illness</u>, <u>Sickness</u>. Within the present century, there
has been a tendency in England to use <i>illness</i> in the sense of
a continuous disease, disorder of health, or sickness, and to confine
<i>sickness</i> more especially to a sense of nausea, or "sickness of
the stomach."</p>

<p><hw>Ill"-nur`tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Ill-
bred.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il`lo*cal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
locality or place.</def> [R.]  <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Ignorant or
negligent of the rules of logic or correct reasoning; as, an
<i>illogical</i> disputant; contrary of the rules of logic or sound
reasoning; as, an <i>illogical</i> inference.</def> --
<wf>Il*log"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Il*log"ic*al*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-o"mened</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having
unlucky omens; inauspicious. See Note under <u>Ill</u>,

<p><hw>Ill"-starred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fated to be
unfortunate; unlucky; as, an <i>ill-starred</i> man or day.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-tem"pered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of bad temper; morose; crabbed; sour;
peevish; fretful; quarrelsome.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unhealthy; ill-conditioned.</def>

<p><blockquote>So <i>ill-tempered</i> I am grown, that I am afraid I
shall catch cold, while all the world is afraid to melt
away.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill"-timed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Done,
attempted, or said, at an unsuitable or unpropitious time.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ill`treat"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To treat
cruelly or improperly; to ill use; to maltreat.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lude"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Illuded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Illuding</u>.] [L. <i>illudere</i>, <i>illusum</i>; pref. <i>il-
</i> in + <i>ludere</i> to play: cf. OF. <i>illuder</i>. See
<u>Ludicrous</u>.] <def>To play upon by artifice; to deceive; to
mock; to excite and disappoint the hopes of.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lume"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Illumed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Illuming</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>illuminer</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>.]
<def>To throw or spread light upon; to make light or bright; to
illuminate; to illumine.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The mountain's brow,<BR>
<i>Illumed</i> with fluid gold.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being illuminated.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illuminans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>illuminare</i>.]
<def>That which illuminates or affords light; as, gas and petroleum
are <i>illuminants</i>.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illuminated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Illuminating</u> (?).] [L. <i>illuminatus</i>, p. p.
of <i>illuminare</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>luminare</i> to
enlighten, fr. <i>lumen</i> light. See <u>Luminous</u>, and cf.
<u>Illume</u>, <u>Illumine</u>, <u>Enlimn</u>, <u>Limn</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make light; to throw light on; to supply
with light, literally or figuratively; to brighten.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To light up; to decorate with artificial
lights, as a building or city, in token of rejoicing or

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To adorn, as a book or page with borders,
initial letters, or miniature pictures in colors and gold, as was
done in manuscripts of the Middle Ages.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To make plain or clear; to dispel the
obscurity to by knowledge or reason; to explain; to elucidate; as, to
<i>illuminate</i> a text, a problem, or a duty.</def></p>

<p><! p. 729 !></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To light
up in token or rejoicing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illuminatus</i>, p. p.] <def>Enlightened.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
enlightened; esp., a pretender to extraordinary light and

<p><hw>||Il*lu`mi*na"ti</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illuminatus</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>,
and cf. <u>Illuminee</u>.] <def>Literally, those who are
enlightened</def>; -- variously applied as follows: --</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Persons in the early church
who had received baptism; in which ceremony a lighted taper was given
them, as a symbol of the spiritual illumination they has received by
that sacrament.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>Members of a sect
which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal
doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so
perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances, sacraments, good
works, etc.; -- called also <i>Alumbrados</i>,
<i>Perfectibilists</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mod. Hist.)</i> <def>Members of certain
associations in Modern Europe, who combined to promote social
reforms, by which they expected to raise men and society to
perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776 by Adam Weishaupt,
professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly for a
time, but ceased after a few years.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> Also applied to: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An
obscure sect of French Familists;</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The
Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists;</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd>
<def>The Rosicrucians.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Any persons who profess special spiritual
or intellectual enlightenment.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na`ting</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Giving or
producing light; used for illumination.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Illuminating gas</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Gas</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2 <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu`mi*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illuminatio</i>: cf. F. <i>illumination</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of illuminating, or supplying with light; the state of
being illuminated.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Festive decoration of houses or buildings
with lights.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Adornment of books and manuscripts with
colored illustrations. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>That which is illuminated, as a house;
also, an ornamented book or manuscript.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>That which illuminates or gives light;
brightness; splendor; especially, intellectual light or

<p><blockquote>The <i>illumination</i> which a bright genius giveth
to his work.</blockquote> <i>Felton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>The special communication
of knowledge to the mind by God; inspiration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Hymns and psalms . . . are framed by meditation
beforehand, or by prophetical <i>illumination</i> are
inspired.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Illuminism.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>illuminatif</i>.] <def>Tending to illuminate or illustrate;
throwing light; illustrative.</def> "<i>Illuminative</i> reading."

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., an
enlightener, LL. also, an illuminator of books.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One whose occupation is to adorn books, especially manuscripts,
with miniatures, borders, etc. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A condenser or reflector of light in
optical apparatus; also, an illuminant.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mine</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>illuminer</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>.] <def>To illuminate; to
light up; to adorn.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu`mi*nee"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>illumin&eacute;</i>.  Cf. <u>Illuminati</u>.] <def>One of the

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, illuminates.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>illuminisme</i>.] <def>The principles of the Illuminati.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu`mi*nis"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to illuminism, or the Illuminati.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illuminized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Illuminizing</u> (?).] <def>To initiate the doctrines
or principles of the Illuminati.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Bright;
clear.</def> [R.]  <i>H. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i>
in + <i>lure</i>.] <def>To deceive; to entice; to lure.</def>

<p><blockquote>The devil insnareth the souls of many men, by
<i>illuring</i> them with the muck and dung of this
world.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-used"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Misapplied;
treated badly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>illusion</i>,
L. <i>illusio</i>, fr. <i>illu</i>dere, <i>illusum</i>, to illude.
See <u>Illude</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An unreal image presented
to the bodily or mental vision; a deceptive appearance; a false show;
mockery; hallucination.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To cheat the eye with blear
<i>illusions</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hence: Anything agreeably fascinating and
charming; enchantment; witchery; glamour.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ye soft <i>illusions</i>, dear deceits,
arise!</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>A sensation originated
by some external object, but so modified as in any way to lead to an
erroneous perception; as when the rolling of a wagon is mistaken for

<p>&fist; Some modern writers distinguish between an <i>illusion</i>
and <i>hallucination</i>, regarding the former as originating with
some external object, and the latter as having no objective occasion

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A plain, delicate lace, usually of silk,
used for veils, scarfs, dresses, etc.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Delusion; mockery; deception; chimera; fallacy. See
<u>Delusion</u>. <u>Illusion</u>, <u>Delusion</u>. <i>Illusion</i>
refers particularly to errors of the sense; <i>delusion</i> to false
hopes or deceptions of the mind. An optical deception is an
<i>illusion</i>; a false opinion is a <i>delusion</i>.  <i>E.

<p><hw>Il*lu"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Liable to

<p><hw>Il*lu"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One given to
illusion; a visionary dreamer.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Illude</u>.]
<def>Deceiving by false show; deceitful; deceptive; false; illusory;

<p><blockquote>Truth from <i>illusive</i> falsehood to
command.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illusive
manner; falsely.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of
being illusive; deceptiveness; false show.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"so*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>illusore</i>.] <def>Deceiving, or tending of deceive; fallacious;
illusive; as, <i>illusory</i> promises or hopes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
illustration.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illustrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Illustrating</u> (?).] [L. <i>illustratus</i>, p. p.
of <i>illustrare</i> to illustrate, fr. <i>illustris</i> bright. See
<u>Illustrious</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make clear, bright,
or luminous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Here, when the moon <i>illustrates</i> all the
sky.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To set in a clear light; to exhibit
distinctly or conspicuously.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To prove him, and <i>illustrate</i> his high
worth.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To make clear, intelligible, or
apprehensible; to elucidate, explain, or exemplify, as by means of
figures, comparisons, and examples.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To adorn with pictures, as a book or a
subject; to elucidate with pictures, as a history or a

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To give renown or honor to; to make
illustrious; to glorify.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Matter to me of glory, whom their hate<BR>
<i>Illustrates</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illustratus</i>, p. p.] <def>Illustrated; distinguished;
illustrious.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>This most gallant, <i>illustrate</i>, and learned
gentleman.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il`lus*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illustratio</i>: cf. F. <i>illustration</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of illustrating; the act of making clear and distinct;
education; also, the state of being illustrated, or of being made
clear and distinct.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which illustrates; a comparison or
example intended to make clear or apprehensible, or to remove

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A picture designed to decorate a volume or
elucidate a literary work.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Tending or designed to illustrate, exemplify,
or elucidate.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Making illustrious.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By way of
illustration or elucidation.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One
who illustrates.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Serving
to illustrate.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>illustris</i>, prob. for <i>illuxtris</i>; fr. <i>il-</i> in + the
root of <i>lucidus</i> bright: cf. F. <i>illustre</i>. See
<u>Lucid</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Possessing luster or
brightness; brilliant; luminous; splendid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Quench the light; thine eyes are guides
<i>illustrious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by greatness, nobleness,
etc.; eminent; conspicuous; distinguished.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Illustrious</i> earls, renowened
everywhere.</blockquote> <i>Drayton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Conferring luster or honor; renowned; as,
<i>illustrious</i> deeds or titles.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Distinguished; famous; remarkable; brilliant;
conspicuous; noted; celebrated; signal; renowened; eminent; exalted;
noble; glorious. See <u>Distinguished</u>, <u>Famous</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
illustrious manner; conspicuously; eminently; famously.</def>

<p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or quality of being eminent; greatness; grandeur; glory;

<p><hw>Il*lus"trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i>
not + <i>lustrous</i>.] <def>Without luster.</def> [Obs. & R.]</p>

<p><hw>Il`lu*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i>
in + L. <i>lutum</i> mud: cf. F. <i>illutation</i>.] <def>The act or
operation of smearing the body with mud, especially with the sediment
from mineral springs; a mud bath.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`lux*u"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
luxurious.</def> [R.]  <i>Orrery.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-will"</hw> (?). <def>See under <u>Ill</u>,

<p><hw>Ill`-wish"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
wishes ill to another; an enemy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [A word not fully
approved, but sometimes used for the adverb <i>ill</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Il"men*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called from
<i>Ilmen</i>, a branch of the Ural Mountains.] <i>(Min.)</i>
<def>Titanic iron. See <u>Menaccanite</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il*me"ni*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Ilmenite</u>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A supposed element claimed to
have been discovered by R.Harmann.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il"va*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>Ilva</i>,
the island now called Elba.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A silicate of iron
and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals and columnar

<p><hw>I'm</hw> (?). <def>A contraction of <i>I am</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im-</hw> (?). <def>A form of the prefix <i>in-</i> not, and
<i>in-</i> in. See <u>In-</u>. <i>Im-</i> also occurs in composition
with some words not of Latin origin; as, <i>im</i>bank,

<p><hw>Im"age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>imago</i>, <i>imaginis</i>, from the root of <i>imitari</i> to
imitate. See <u>Imitate</u>, and cf. <u>Imagine</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An imitation, representation, or similitude
of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or
otherwise made perceptible to the sight; a visible presentation; a
copy; a likeness; an effigy; a picture; a semblance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Even like a stony <i>image</i>, cold and
numb.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Whose is this <i>image</i> and
superscription?</blockquote> <i>Matt. xxii. 20.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>This play is the <i>image</i> of a murder done in
Vienna.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And God created man in his own
<i>image</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gen. i. 27.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hence: The likeness of anything to which
worship is paid; an idol.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven <i>image</i>,
. . . thou shalt not bow down thyself to them.</blockquote> <i>Ex.
xx. 4, 5.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Show; appearance; cast.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The face of things a frightful <i>image</i>
bears.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A representation of anything to the mind;
a picture drawn by the fancy; a conception; an idea.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Can we conceive<BR>
<i>Image</i> of aught delightful, soft, or great?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Rhet.)</i> <def>A picture, example, or
illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to
illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor.</def>  <i>Brande
& C.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Opt.)</i> <def>The figure or picture of any
object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from
the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected
to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a
screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed
directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and
microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to
see one's <i>image</i> in a mirror.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Electrical image</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Electrical</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Image breaker</b></col>, <cd>one
who destroys images; an iconoclast.</cd> -- <col><b>Image
graver</b></col>, <col><b>Image maker</b></col>, <cd>a sculptor.</cd>
-- <col><b>Image worship</b></col>, <cd>the worship of images as
symbols; iconolatry distinguished from idolatry; the worship of
images themselves.</cd> -- <col><b>Image Purkinje</b></col>
<i>(Physics)</i>, <cd>the image of the retinal blood vessels
projected in, not merely on, that membrane.</cd> -- <col><b>Virtual
image</b></col> <i>(Optics)</i>, <cd>a point or system of points, on
one side of a mirror or lens, which, if it existed, would emit the
system of rays which actually exists on the other side of the mirror
or lens.</cd>  <i>Clerk Maxwell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"age</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imaged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imaging</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To represent or form an
image of; as, the still lake <i>imaged</i> the shore; the mirror
<i>imaged</i> her figure.</def> "Shrines of <i>imaged</i> saints."
<i>J. Warton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To represent to the mental vision; to form
a likeness of by the fancy or recollection; to imagine.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore,<BR>
And <i>image</i> charms he must behold no more.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im"age*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That may be
imaged.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"age*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no
image.</def>  <i>Shelley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"a*ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who images or
forms likenesses; a sculptor.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Praxiteles was ennobled for a rare
<i>imager</i>.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"age*ry</hw> (&ibreve;m"&asl;j*r&ybreve;; 277),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>imagerie</i>, F. <i>imagerie</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The work of one who makes images or visible
representation of objects; imitation work; images in general, or in
mass.</def> "Painted <i>imagery</i>."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>In those oratories might you see<BR>
Rich carvings, portraitures, and <i>imagery</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: Unreal show; imitation;

<p><blockquote>What can thy <i>imagery</i> of sorrow
mean?</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The work of the imagination or fancy;
false ideas; imaginary phantasms.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>imagery</i> of a melancholic
fancy.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Rhetorical decoration in writing or
speaking; vivid descriptions presenting or suggesting images of
sensible objects; figures in discourse.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I wish there may be in this poem any instance of good
<i>imagery</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag`i*na*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Capacity for imagination.</def> [R.]  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imaginabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imaginable</i>.] <def>Capable of being
imagined; conceivable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men sunk into the greatest darkness
<i>imaginable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*ag"i*na*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*ag"i*na*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*nal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imaginalis</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by
imagination; imaginative; also, given to the use or rhetorical
figures or imagins.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to an

<p><col><b>Imaginal disks</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>masses
of hypodermic cells, carried by the larv&aelig; of some insects after
leaving the egg, from which masses the wings and legs of the adult
are subsequently formed.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imaginans</i>, p. pr. of <i>imaginari</i>: cf. F.
<i>imaginant</i>.] <def>Imagining; conceiving.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Bacon.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An imaginer.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ri*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>In a
imaginary manner; in imagination.</def>  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ri*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or quality of being imaginary; unreality.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imaginarius</i>: cf. F. <i>imaginaire</i>.] <def>Existing only in
imagination or fancy; not real; fancied; visionary; ideal.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer<BR>
<i>Imaginary</i> ills and fancied tortures?</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Imaginary calculus</b></col> <cd>See under
<u>Calculus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imaginary expression</b></col> or
<col><b>quantity</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an algebraic expression
which involves the impossible operation of taking the square root of
a negative quantity; as, <i>&radic;-9</i>, <i>a + b &radic;-
1</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imaginary points</b></col>,
<col><b>lines</b></col>, <col><b>surfaces</b></col>, etc.
<i>(Geom.)</i>, <cd>points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist,
although by reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact
ceased to have a real existence.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ideal; fanciful; chimerical; visionary; fancied;
unreal; illusive.</p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ry</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Alg.)</i> <def>An
imaginary expression or quantity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imaginative.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>imaginacionum</i>, F. <i>imagination</i>, fr. L.
<i>imaginatio</i>. See <u>Imagine</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
imagine-making power of the mind; the power to create or reproduce
ideally an object of sense previously perceived; the power to call up
mental imagines.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our simple apprehension of corporeal objects, if
present, is sense; if absent, is <i>imagination</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote><i>Imagination</i> is of three kinds: joined with
belief of that which is to come; joined with memory of that which is
past; and of things present, or as if they were present.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The representative power; the power to
reconstruct or recombine the materials furnished by direct
apprehension; the complex faculty usually termed the <i>plastic</i>
or <i>creative</i> power; the fancy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>imagination</i> of common language -- the
productive <i>imagination</i> of philosophers -- is nothing but the
representative process plus the process to which I would give the
name of the "comparative."</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The power of the mind to decompose its conceptions,
and to recombine the elements of them at its pleasure, is called its
faculty of <i>imagination</i>.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The business of conception is to present us with an
exact transcript of what we have felt or perceived. But we have
moreover a power of modifying our conceptions, by combining the parts
of different ones together, so as to form new wholes of our creation.
I shall employ the word <i>imagination</i> to express this
power.</blockquote> <i>Stewart.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The power to recombine the materials
furnished by experience or memory, for the accomplishment of an
elevated purpose; the power of conceiving and expressing the

<p><blockquote>The lunatic, the lover, and the poet<BR>
Are of <i>imagination</i> all compact . . . <BR>
The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,<BR>
Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,<BR>
And as <i>imagination</i> bodies forth<BR>
The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen<BR>
Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing<BR>
A local habitation and a name.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A mental image formed by the action of the
imagination as a faculty; a conception; a notion.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Conception; idea; conceit; fancy; device;
origination; invention; scheme; design; purpose; contrivance. --
<u>Imagination</u>, <u>Fancy</u>. These words have, to a great
extent, been interchanged by our best writers, and considered as
strictly synonymous. A distinction, however, is now made between them
which more fully exhibits their nature. Properly speaking, they are
different exercises of the same general power -- the plastic or
creative faculty. <i>Imagination</i> consists in taking parts of our
conceptions and combining them into new forms and images more select,
more striking, more delightful, more terrible, etc., than those of
ordinary nature. It is the higher exercise of the two. It creates by
laws more closely connected with the reason; it has <i>strong
emotion</i> as its actuating and formative cause; it aims at results
of a definite and weighty character. Milton's fiery lake, the debates
of his Pandemonium, the exquisite scenes of his Paradise, are all
products of the imagination. <i>Fancy</i> moves on a lighter wing; it
is governed by laws of association which are more remote, and
sometimes arbitrary or capricious. Hence the term <i>fanciful</i>,
which exhibits fancy in its wilder flights. It has for its actuating
spirit feelings of a lively, gay, and versatile character; it seeks
to please by unexpected combinations of thought, startling contrasts,
flashes of brilliant imagery, etc. Pope's Rape of the Lock is an
exhibition of fancy which has scarcely its equal in the literature of
any country. -- "This, for instance, Wordsworth did in respect of the
words &lsquo;imagination' and &lsquo;fancy.' Before he wrote, it was,
I suppose, obscurely felt by most that in &lsquo;imagination' there
was more of the earnest, in &lsquo;fancy' of the play of the spirit;
that the first was a loftier faculty and gift than the second; yet
for all this words were continually, and not without loss,
confounded. He first, in the preface to his Lyrical Ballads, rendered
it henceforth impossible that any one, who had read and mastered what
he has written on the two words, should remain unconscious any longer
of the important difference between them." <i>Trench.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The same power, which we should call <i>fancy</i> if
employed on a production of a light nature, would be dignified with
the title of <i>imagination</i> if shown on a grander
scale.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p>

<p><! p. 730 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Pertaining to, involving, or caused by, imagination.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Idealism.</def>  <i>J. Grote.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>imaginatif</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Proceeding from, and
characterized by, the imagination, generally in the highest sense of
the word.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In all the higher departments of <i>imaginative</i>
art, nature still constitutes an important element.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Given to imagining; full of images,
fancies, etc.; having a quick imagination; conceptive;

<p><blockquote>Milton had a highly <i>imaginative</i>, Cowley a very
fanciful mind.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unreasonably suspicious; jealous.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*ag"i*na*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*ag"i*na*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"ine</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imagined</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imagining</u>.] [F. <i>imaginer</i>, L. <i>imaginari</i>, p. p.
<i>imaginatus</i>, fr. <i>imago</i> image. See <u>Image</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form in the mind a notion or idea of; to
form a mental image of; to conceive; to produce by the

<p><blockquote>In the night, <i>imagining</i> some fear,<BR>
How easy is a bush supposed a bear!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To contrive in purpose; to scheme; to
devise; to compass; to purpose. See <u>Compass</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>, 5.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>How long will ye <i>imagine</i> mischief against a
man?</blockquote> <i>Ps. lxii. 3.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To represent to one's self; to think; to
believe.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To fancy; conceive; apprehend; think; believe;
suppose; opine; deem; plan; scheme; devise.</p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"ine</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To form images or conceptions; to conceive; to devise.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To think; to suppose.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>My sister is not so defenseless left<BR>
As you <i>imagine</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"in*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who forms
ideas or conceptions; one who contrives.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ag"in*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imaginative.</def> [R.]  <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>||I*ma"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Imagoes</b></plw> (#). [L. See <u>Image</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An image.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The final adult, and
usually winged, state of an insect. See <i>Illust.</i> of <u>Ant-
lion</u>, and <u>Army worm</u>.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>||I*mam"</hw> (?), <hw>||I*man"</hw> (?), <hw>||I*maum"</hw>
(?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Ar. <i>im&amacr;m</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Among the Mohammedans, a minister or priest
who performs the regular service of the mosque.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A Mohammedan prince who, as a successor of
Mohammed, unites in his person supreme spiritual and temporal

<p><hw>I*ma"ret</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Turk., fr. Ar.
<i>'im&amacr;ra</i>.] <def>A lodging house for Mohammedan
pilgrims.</def>  <i>Moore.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*balm"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*ban"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put under a
ban.</def> [R.]  <i>Barlow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*band"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To form into a
band or bands.</def> "<i>Imbanded</i> nations."  <i>J.

<p><hw>Im*bank"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbanked</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbanking</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bank</i>.  Cf.
<u>Embank</u>.] <def>To inclose or defend with a bank or banks. See

<p><hw>Im*bank"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
surrounding with a bank; a bank or mound raised for defense, a
roadway, etc.; an embankment. See <u>Embankment</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ban"nered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having

<p><hw>Im*bar"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To bar in; to
secure.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>imbar</i> their crooked titles.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*bar"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bark"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i. & t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*barn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To store in a
barn.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*base"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*base"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To diminish in
value.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Hales.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bas"tard*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
bastardize; to debase.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bathe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>bathe</i>.  Cf. <u>Embathe</u>.] <def>To bathe; to wash
freely; to immerse.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And gave her to his daughters to <i>imbathe</i><BR>
In nectared lavers strewed with asphodel.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*bay"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imbecillis</i>, and <i>imbecillus</i>; of unknown origin: cf. F.
<i>imb&eacute;cile</i>.] <def>Destitute of strength, whether of body
or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as,
hospitals for the <i>imbecile</i> and insane.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Weak; feeble; feeble-minded; idiotic.</p>

<p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One destitute of
strength; esp., one of feeble mind.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To weaken; to
make imbecile; as, to <i>imbecile</i> men's courage.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`be*cil"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
weaken, as to the body or the mind; to enfeeble.</def> [R.]  <i>A.

<p><hw>Im`be*cil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Imbecilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>imbecillitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>imb&eacute;cillit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
imbecile; weakness; feebleness, esp. of mind.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Cruelty . . . argues not only a depravedness of
nature, but also a meanness of courage and <i>imbecility</i> of
mind.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p>&fist; This term is used specifically to denote natural weakness
of the mental faculties, affecting one's power to act reasonably or

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Debility; infirmity; weakness; feebleness;
impotence. See <u>Debility</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*bed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbedded</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbedding</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bed</i>.  Cf.
<u>Embed</u>.] <def>To sink or lay, as in a bed; to deposit in a
partly inclosing mass, as of clay or mortar; to cover, as with earth,
sand, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*bel"lic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imbellis</i>;
pref. <i>im-</i> = <i>in-</i> not + <i>bellum</i> war; cf.
<i>bellicus</i> warlike.] <def>Not warlike or martial.</def> [Obs.]
<i>R. Junius.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bench"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>bench</i>.] <def>A raised work like a bench.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im"ber-goose`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The loon. See <u>Ember-goose</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*bez"zle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bibe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbibed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbibing</u>.] [L. <i>imbibere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>bibere</i> to drink: cf. F. <i>imbiber</i>.  Cf. <u>Bib</u>,
<u>Imbue</u>, <u>Potable</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To drink in;
to absorb; to suck or take in; to receive as by drinking; as, a
person <i>imbibes</i> drink, or a sponge <i>imbibes</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To receive or absorb into the mind and
retain; as, to <i>imbibe</i> principles; to <i>imbibe</i>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To saturate; to imbue.</def> [Obs.]
"Earth, <i>imbibed</i> with . . . acid."  <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bib"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, imbibes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`bi*bi"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imbibition</i>.] <def>The act or process of imbibing, or
absorbing; as, the post-mortem <i>imbibition</i> of poisons.</def>

<p><hw>Im*bit"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbittered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imbittering</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>bitter</i>.  Cf. <u>Embitter</u>.] [Written also <i>embitter</i>.]
<def>To make bitter; hence, to make distressing or more distressing;
to make sad, morose, sour, or malignant.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Is there anything that more <i>imbitters</i> the
enjoyment of this life than shame?</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Imbittered</i> against each other by former
contests.</blockquote> <i>Bancroft.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bit"ter*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, imbitters.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*bit"ter*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imbittering; bitter feeling; embitterment.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*blaze"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bla"zon</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bod"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [See
<u>Embody</u>.] <def>To become corporeal; to assume the qualities of
a material body. See <u>Embody</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The soul grows clotted by contagion,<BR>
<i>Imbodies</i>, and imbrutes.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*boil"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> [Obs.]
<def>See <u>Emboil</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*bold"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bon"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + L. <i>bonitas</i> goodness.] <def>Want of goodness.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Burton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bor"der</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbordered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imbordering</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>border</i>.  Cf. <u>Emborder</u>.] <def>To furnish or inclose with
a border; to form a border of.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bosk"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbosked</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbosking</u>.] [CF. It. <i>imboscare</i> to imbosk,
<i>imboscarsi</i> to retire into a wood; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>bosco</i> wood. See <u>Boscage</u>, and cf. <u>Ambush</u>.]
<def>To conceal, as in bushes; to hide.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*bosk"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be
concealed.</def> [R.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bos"om</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbosomed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbosoming</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bosom</i>.  Cf.
<u>Embosom</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hold in the bosom; to
cherish in the heart or affection; to embosom.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose or place in the midst of; to
surround or shelter; as, a house <i>imbosomed</i> in a grove.</def>
"Villages <i>imbosomed</i> soft in trees."  <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The Father infinite,<BR>
By whom in bliss <i>imbosomed</i> sat the Son.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*boss"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bos"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Emboss</u>.] <def>Embossed or raised work.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beau.
& Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bound"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose in
limits; to shut in.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*bow"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in
+ <i>bow</i>.  Cf. <u>Embow</u>.] <def>To make like a bow; to curve;
to arch; to vault; to embow.</def> "<i>Imbowed</i> windows."

<p><hw>Im*bow"el</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bow"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bow"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>act of
imbowing; an arch; a vault.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*box"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose in a

<p><hw>Im*bra"cer*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Embracery.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*braid"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See

<p><hw>Im*bran"gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To entangle
as in a cobweb; to mix confusedly.</def> [R.]  <i>Hudibras.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Physiology <i>imbrangled</i> with an inapplicable
logic.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*breed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Inbreed</u>.] <def>To generate within; to inbreed.</def> [Obs.]

<p>{ <hw>Im"bri*cate</hw> (?), <hw>Im"bri*ca`ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imbricatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imbricare</i>
to cover with tiles, to form like a gutter tile, fr. <i>imbrex</i>,
<i>-icis</i>, a hollow tile, gutter tile, fr. <i>imber</i> rain.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Bent and hollowed like a roof or gutter

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lying over each other in regular order, so
as to "break joints," like tiles or shingles on a roof, the scales on
the leaf buds of plants and the cups of some acorns, or the scales of
fishes; overlapping each other at the margins, as leaves in

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>In decorative art: Having scales lapping
one over the other, or a representation of such scales; as, an
<i>imbricated</i> surface; an <i>imbricated</i> pattern.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"bri*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To lay in
order, one lapping over another, so as to form an imbricated

<p><hw>Im`bri*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imbrication</i>.] <def>An overlapping of the edges, like that of
tiles or shingles; hence, intricacy of structure; also, a pattern or
decoration representing such a structure.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"bri*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>

<p><hw>Im`bro*ca"do</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Imbrocadoes</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Brocade</u>.] <def>Cloth
of silver or of gold.</def> [R.]</p>

<p>{ <hw>||Im`bro*ca"ta</hw> (?), <hw>Im`broc*ca"ta</hw>  },
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>imbroccata</i>.] <def>A hit or
thrust.</def> [Obs.]  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*brogl"io</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Imbroglios</b></plw> (#). [Written also <i>embroglio</i>.]
[It. See 1st <u>Broil</u>, and cf. <u>Embroil</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An intricate, complicated plot, as of a drama
or work of fiction.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A complicated and embarrassing state of
things; a serious misunderstanding.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Wrestling to free itself from the baleful
<i>imbroglio</i>.</blockquote> <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*brown"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>brown</i>.  Cf. <u>Embrown</u>.] <def>To make brown; to
obscure; to darken; to tan; as, features <i>imbrowned</i> by

<p><blockquote>The mountain mass by scorching skies
<i>imbrowned</i>.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*brue"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbureed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbureing</u>.] [Cf. OF. <i>embruer</i>, also <i>embruver</i>,
<i>embreuver</i>, <i>embrever</i>, to give to drink, soak (see pref.
<u>En-</u>, 1, 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Breverage</u>), but also OE.
<i>enbrewen</i>, <i>enbrowen</i>, to stain, soil (cf.
<u>Brewis</u>).] <def>To wet or moisten; to soak; to drench,
especially in blood.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>While Darwen stream, will blood of Scots
<i>imbrued</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*brue"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imbruing or state of being imbrued.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*brute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbruted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbruting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>brute</i>: cf. F.
<i>abrutir</i>.  Cf. <u>Embrute</u>.] <def>To degrade to the state of
a brute; to make brutal.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And mixed with bestial slime,<BR>
THis essence to incarnate and <i>imbrute</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*brute"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To sink to the
state of a brute.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The soul grows clotted by contagion,<BR>
Imbodies, and <i>imbrutes</i>, till she quite lose<BR>
The divine property of her first being.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*brute"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imbruting, or the state of being imbruted.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*bue"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imbued</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imbuing</u>.] [L. <i>imbuere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + perh. a
disused simple word akin to L. <i>bibere</i> to drink.  Cf.
<u>Imbibe</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To tinge deeply; to dye; to
cause to absorb; as, clothes thoroughly <i>imbued</i> with

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To tincture deply; to cause to become
impressed or penetrated; as, to <i>imbue</i> the minds of youth with
good principles.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thy words with grace divine<BR>
<i>Imbued</i>, bring to their sweetness no satiety.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*bue"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imbuing; the state of being imbued; hence, a deep tincture.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*burse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>burse</i>: cf. F. <i>embourser</i> to put into one's purse.
See <u>Burse</u>, and <u>Purse</u>.] <def>To supply or stock with
money.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*burse"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imbursing, or the state of being
imbursed.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Money laid up in stock.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*bu"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
imbuing.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>I*mes"a*tin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[<i>Im</i>id<i>e</i> + i<i>satin</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A dark
yellow, crystalline substance, obtained by the action of ammonia on

<p><hw>Im"ide</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A
compound with, or derivative of, the imido group; specif., a compound
of one or more acid radicals with the imido group, or with a
monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in which two atoms of
hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or acid radicals; --
frequently used as a combining form; as,

<p><hw>Im"i*do</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to, containing, or combined with, the radical NH,
which is called the <i>imido group</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Imido acid</b></col>, <cd>an organic acid, consisting of
one or more acid radicals so united with the imido group that it
contains replaceable acid hydrogen, and plays the part of an acid;
as, uric acid, succinimide, etc., are <i>imido acids</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im`it*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Imitable</u>.] <def>The quality of being imitable.</def>

<p><! p. 731 !></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imitabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imitable</i>. See <u>Imitate</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being imitated or

<p><blockquote>The characters of man placed in lower stations of life
are more usefull, as being <i>imitable</i> by great
numbers.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Worthy of imitation; as, <i>imitable</i>
character or qualities.</def>  <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
quality of being imitable; worthness of imitation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*tan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L.
<i>imitans</i>, p. pr. of <i>imitare</i>.] <def>Tendency to
imitation.</def> [R.]  <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imitating</u> (?).] [L. <i>imitatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imitari</i>
to imitate; of unknown origin.  Cf. <u>Image</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To follow as a pattern, model, or example; to copy or strive to
copy, in acts, manners etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Despise wealth and <i>imitate</i> a dog.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To produce a semblance or likeness of, in
form, character, color, qualities, conduct, manners, and the like; to
counterfeit; to copy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A place picked out by choice of best alive<BR>
The Nature's work by art can <i>imitate</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>This hand appeared a shining sword to weild,<BR>
And that sustained an <i>imitated</i> shield.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>To resemble (another
species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object) in form, color,
ornamentation, or instinctive habits, so as to derive an advantage
thereby; sa, when a harmless snake <i>imitates</i> a venomous one in
color and manner, or when an odorless insect <i>imitates</i>, in
color, one having secretion offensive to birds.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imitatio</i>: cf. F. <i>imitation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of imitating.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Poesy is an art of <i>imitation</i>, . . . that is to
say, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth.</blockquote>
<i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is made or produced as a copy;
that which is made to resemble something else, whether for laudable
or for fraudulent purposes; likeness; resemblance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Both these arts are not only true <i>imitations</i> of
nature, but of the best nature.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>One of the principal means
of securing unity and consistency in polyphonic composition; the
repetition of essentially the same melodic theme, phrase, or motive,
on different degrees of pitch, by one or more of the other parts of
voises.  Cf. <u>Canon</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The act of condition of
imitating another species of animal, or a plant, or unanimate object.
See <u>Imitate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Imitation</i> is often used adjectively to characterize
things which have a deceptive appearance, simulating the qualities of
a superior article; -- opposed to <i>real</i> or <i>genuine</i>; as,
<i>imitation</i> lace; <i>imitation</i> bronze; <i>imitation</i>
modesty, etc.</p>

<p><hw>Im`i*ta"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining
to, or employed in, imitation; as, <i>imitational</i>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imitavitus</i>: cf. F. <i>imitatif</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Inclined to imitate, copy, or follow; imitating; exhibiting some
of the qualities or characteristics of a pattern or model; dependent
on example; not original; as, man is an <i>imitative</i> being;
painting is an <i>imitative</i> art.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Formed after a model, pattern, or

<p><blockquote>This temple, less in form, with equal grace,<BR>
Was <i>imitative</i> of the first in Thrace.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Nat. Hist.)</i> <def>Designed to imitate
another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object, for some
useful purpose, such as protection from enemies; having resemblance
to something else; as, <i>imitative</i> colors; <i>imitative</i>
habits; dendritic and mammillary forms of minerals are

<p>-- <wf>Im"i*ta*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im"i*ta*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>A
verb expressive of imitation or resemblance.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who

<p><hw>Im"i*ta`tor*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
office of an imitator.</def> "Servile <i>imitatorship</i>."

<p><hw>Im"i*ta`tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A woman who
is an imitator.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"i*ta`trix</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An

<p><hw>Im*mac"u*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immaculatus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>maculatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>maculare</i> to spot, stane, fr. <i>macula</i> spot. See
<u>Mail</u> armor.] <def>Without stain or blemish; spotless;
undefiled; clear; pure.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Were but my soul as pure<BR>
From other guilt as that, Heaven did not hold<BR>
One more <i>immaculate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou sheer, <i>immaculate</i> and silver
fountain.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Immaculate conception</b></col> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i>,
<cd>the doctrine that the Virgin Mary was conceived without original

<p>-- <wf>Im*mac"u*late*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*mac"u*late*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*mailed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wearing mail or
armor; clad of armor.</def>  <i>W. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mal"le*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im*man"a*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immanacled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Immanacling</u> (?).] <def>To manacle; to fetter;
hence; to confine; to restrain from free action.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Although this corporal rind<BR>
Thou hast <i>immanacled</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"ma*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + L. <i>manare</i> to flow; cf. <i>mantio</i> a flowing.] <def>A
flowing or entering in; -- opposed to emanation.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*mane"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immanis</i>.]
<def>Very great; huge; vast; also, monstrous in character; inhuman;
atrocious; fierce.</def> [Obs.] "So <i>immane</i> a man."

<p>-- <wf>Im*mane"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p>{ <hw>Im"ma*nence</hw> (?), <hw>Im"ma*nen*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The condition or quality of being immanent;
inherence; an indwelling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>[Clement] is mainly concerned in enforcing the
<i>immanence</i> of God. Christ is everywhere presented by him as
Deity indwelling in the world.</blockquote> <i>A. V. G.

<p><hw>Im"ma*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immanens</i>,
p. pr. of <i>immanere</i> to remain in or near; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>manere</i> to remain: cf. F. <i>immanent</i>.] <def>Remaining
within; inherent; indwelling; abiding; intrinsic; internal or
subjective; hence, limited in activity, agency, or effect, to the
subject or associated acts; -- opposed to <i>emanant</i>,
<i>transitory</i>, <i>transitive</i>, or <i>objective</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A cognition is an <i>immanent</i> act of
mind.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>An <i>immanent</i> power in the life of the
world.</blockquote> <i>Hare.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*man"i*fest</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
manifest.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*man"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immanitas</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immane;
barbarity.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*man"tle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Emmantle</u>.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*man"u*el</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Heb.
<i>'imm&amacr;n&?;&emacr;l</i>, fr. <i>'im</i> with +
<i>&amacr;n&?;</i> us + <i>&emacr;l</i> God.] <def>God with us; -- an
appellation of the Christ.</def>  <i>Is. vii. 14. Matt. i.

<p><hw>Im`mar*ces"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immarcescibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>marcescere</i> to
fade: cf. F. <i>immarcescible</i>.] <def>Unfading; lasting.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`mar*ces"ci*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Unfadingly.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mar"gin*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>Not having a distinctive margin or border.</def>

<p><hw>Im*mar"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not martial;
unwarlike.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*mask"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover, as
with a mask; to disguise or conceal.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*match"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Matchless;
peerless.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Holland.</i></p>

<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>material</i>: cf. F.
<i>immat&eacute;riel</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consisting of
matter; incorporeal; spiritual; disembodied.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Angels are spirits <i>immaterial</i> and
intellectual.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of no substantial consequence; without
weight or significance; unimportant; as, it is wholly
<i>immaterial</i> whether he does so or not.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unimportant; inconsequential; insignificant;
inconsiderable; trifling.</p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immat&eacute;rialisme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The doctrine
that immaterial substances or spiritual being exist, or are

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>The doctrine that
external bodies may be reduced to mind and ideas in a mind; any
doctrine opposed to materialism or phenomenalism, esp. a system that
maintains the immateriality of the soul; idealism; esp., Bishop
Berkeley's theory of idealism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immat&eacute;rialiste</i>.] <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>One who believes
in or professes, immaterialism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*te`ri*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immaterialities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F.
<i>immat&eacute;rialit</i>&eacute;.] <def>The state or quality of
being immaterial or incorporeal; as, the <i>immateriality</i> of the

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immat&eacute;rialiser</i>.] <def>To render immaterial or

<p><blockquote><i>Immateralized</i> spirits.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an immaterial manner; without matter or
corporeal substance.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In an unimportant manner or

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or quality of being immaterial; immateriality.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Immaterial.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*ture"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immaturus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>maturus</i> mature, ripe.
See <u>Mature</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not mature; unripe; not
arrived at perfection of full development; crude; unfinished; as,
<i>immature</i> fruit; <i>immature</i> character; <i>immature</i>
plans.</def> "An ill-measured and <i>immature</i> counsel."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Premature; untimely; too early; as, an
immature death.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*tured"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im`ma*ture"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
immature manner.</def>  <i>Warburion.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*ture"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
quality of being immature; immaturity.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`ma*tu"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immaturitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immaturit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state
or quality of being immature or not fully developed; unripeness;

<p><blockquote>When the world has outgrown its intellectual
<i>immaturity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Caird.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + L. <i>meabilis</i> passable, fr. <i>meare</i> to pass.]
<def>Want of power to pass, or to permit passage;

<p><blockquote><i>Immeability</i> of the juices.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*meas`ur*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being immeasurable; immensurability.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>measurable</i>: cf. F. <i>measurable</i>.  Cf.
<u>Immensurable</u>, <u>Unmeasurable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being
measured; indefinitely extensive; illimitable; immensurable;

<p><blockquote>Of depth <i>immeasurable</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being immeasurable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Eternity and <i>immeasurableness</i> belong to thought
alone.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
immeasurable manner or degree.</def> "<i>Immeasurably</i> distant."

<p><hw>Im*meas"ured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Immeasurable.</def> [R.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*chan"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
mechanical.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cheyne.</i> --
<wf>Im"me*chan"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*me"di*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The relation
of freedom from the interventionof a medium; immediateness.</def>

<p><hw>Im*me"di*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>imm&eacute;diat</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Mediate</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not separated in respect to place by anything
intervening; proximate; close; as, <i>immediate</i>

<p><blockquote>You are the most <i>immediate</i> to our
throne.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not deferred by an interval of time;
present; instant.</def> "Assemble we <i>immediate</i> council."

<p><blockquote>Death . . . not yet inflicted, as he feared,<BR>
By some <i>immediate</i> stroke.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Acting with nothing interposed or between,
or without the intervention of another object as a cause, means, or
agency; acting, perceived, or produced, directly; as, an
<i>immediate</i> cause.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>immediate</i> knowledge of the past is
therefore impossible.</blockquote> <i>Sir. W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Immediate amputation</b></col> <i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>an
amputation performed within the first few hours after an injury, and
before the the effects of the shock have passed away.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Proximate; close; direct; next.</p>

<p><hw>Im*me"di*ate*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an immediate manner; without intervention
of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to
<i>mediately</i>; as, <i>immediately</i> contiguous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>God's acceptance of it either <i>immediately</i> by
himself, or mediately by the hands of the bishop.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Without interval of time; without delay;
promptly; instantly; at once.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And Jesus . . . touched him, saying, I will; be thou
clean. And <i>immediately</i> his leprosy was cleansed.</blockquote>
<i>Matt. viii. 3.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>As soon as.  Cf. <u>Directly</u>, 8,

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Directly; instantly; quickly; forthwith;
straightway; presently. See <u>Directly</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*me"di*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
or relations of being immediate in manner, place, or time; exemption
from second or interventing causes.</def>  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*me"di*a*tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im*med"i*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>Immedicabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Medicable</u>.]
<def>Not to be healed; incurable.</def> "Wounds <i>immedicable</i>."

<p><hw>Im`me*lo"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im*mem"o*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immemorabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not +  <i>memorabilis</i>
memorable: cf. F. <i>imm&eacute;morable</i>. See <u>Memorable</u>.]
<def>Not memorable; not worth remembering.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*mo"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>memorial</i>: cf. F. <i>imm&eacute;morial</i>.]
<def>Extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition;
indefinitely ancient; as, existing from time <i>immemorial</i>.</def>
"<i>Immemorial</i> elms." <i>Tennyson.</i> "<i>Immemorial</i> usage
or custom." <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Time immemorial</b></col> <i>(Eng. Law.)</i>, <cd>a time
antedating (legal) history, and beyond "legal memory" so called;
formerly an indefinite time, but in 1276 this time was fixed by
statute as the begining of the reign of Richard I. (1189). Proof of
unbroken possession or use of any right since that date made it
unnecessary to establish the original grant. In 1832 the plan of
dating legal memory from a fixed time was abandoned and the principle
substituted that rights which had been enjoyed for full twenty years
(or as against the crown thirty years) should not be liable to
impeachment merely by proving that they had not been enjoyed

<p><hw>Im`me*mo"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Beyond
memory.</def>  <i>Bentley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immensus</i>;
pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mensus</i>, p. p. of <i>metiri</i> to
measure: cf. F. <i>immense</i>. See <u>Measure</u>.]
<def>Immeasurable; unlimited. In commonest use: Very great; vast;
huge.</def> "<i>Immense</i> the power" <i>Pope.</i> "<i>Immense</i>
and boundless ocean." <i>Daniel.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>O Goodness infinite! Goodness
<i>immense</i>!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Infinite; immeasurable; illimitable; unbounded;
unlimited; interminable; vast; prodigious; enormous; monstrous. See

<p><hw>Im*mense"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In immense
manner or degree.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mense"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being immense.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*men"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Immense</i> +
<i>-ible</i>.] <def>Immeasurable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Davies.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*men"si*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immensities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immensitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>immensit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immense;
inlimited or immeasurable extension; infinity; vastness in extent or
bulk; greatness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Lost in the wilds of vast
<i>immensity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Blackmore.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>immensity</i> of the material
system.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*men"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Huge.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Herrick.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being immensurable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + L. <i>mensurabilis</i> measurable: cf. F.
<i>immensurable</i>.  Cf. <u>Immeasurable</u>.]

<p><blockquote>What an <i>immensurable</i> space is the
firmament.</blockquote> <i>Derham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*men"su*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>mensurate</i>.] <def>Unmeasured; unlimited.</def> [R.]
<i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*merge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Immerged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Immerging</u> (?).] [L. <i>immergere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>mergere</i> to dip, plunge: cf. F. <i>immerger</i>. See
<u>Merge</u>, and cf. <u>Immerse</u>.] <def>To plungel into, under,
or within anything especially a fuid; to dip; to immerse. See

<p><blockquote>We took . . . lukewarm water, and in it
<i>immerged</i> a quantity of the leaves of senna.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Their souls are <i>immerged</i> in
matter.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*merge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To dissapear
by entering into any medium, as a star into the light of the
sun.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of worth;
demerit.</def> [R.]  <i>Suckling.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"it*ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unmerited.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Charles I.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"it*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immeritus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>meritus</i>, p. p. of
<i>merere</i>, <i>mereri</i>, to deserve.] <def>Undeserving.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mers"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im*merse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immersus</i>,
p. p. of <i>immergere</i>. See <u>Immerge</u>.] <def>Immersed;
buried; hid; sunk.</def> [Obs.] "Things <i>immerse</i> in matter."

<p><hw>Im*merse"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Immersed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Immersing</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To plunge into anything
that surrounds or covers, especially into a fluid; to dip; to sink;
to bury; to immerge.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Deep <i>immersed</i> beneath its whirling
wave.</blockquote> <i>J Warton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>More than a mile <i>immersed</i> within the
wood.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To baptize by immersion.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To engage deeply; to engross the attention
of; to involve; to overhelm.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The queen <i>immersed</i> in such a
trance.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It is impossible to have a lively hope in another
life, and yet be deeply <i>immersed</i> inn the enjoyments of
this.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><! p. 732 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*mersed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Deeply plunged into anything, especially a

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Deeply occupied; engrossed;

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Growing wholly under
water.</def>  <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mers"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<u>Immerse</u>.] <def>Capable of being immersed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mers"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not
+ L. <i>mersus</i>, p. p. of <i>mergere</i> to plunge.] <def>Not
capable of being immersed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immersio</i>; cf. F. <i>immersion</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of immersing, or the state of being immersed; a sinking
within a fluid; a dipping; as, the <i>immersion</i> of Achilles in
the Styx.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Submersion in water for the purpose of
Christian baptism, as, practiced by the Baptists.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The state of being overhelmed or deeply
absorbed; deep engagedness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Too deep an <i>immersion</i> in the affairs of
life.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>The dissapearance of a
celestail body, by passing either behind another, as in the
occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a
satellite; -- opposed to <i>emersion</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Immersion lens</b></col>, <cd>a microscopic objective of
short focal distance designed to work with a drop of liquid, as oil,
between the front lens and the slide, so that this lens is
practically <i>immersed</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Eccl.)</i>
<def>One who holds the doctrine that immersion is essential to
Christian baptism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mesh"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Immeshed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Immeshing</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mesh</i>.  Cf.
<u>Inmesh</u>.] <def>To catch or entangle in, or as in, the meshes of
a net. or in a web; to insnare.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
methodical; without method or systematic arrangement; without order
or regularity; confused.</def>  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Irregular; confused; disoderly; unsystematic;

<p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without
method; confusedly; unsystematically.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of

<p><hw>Im*meth"od*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
render immethodical; to destroy the method of; to confuse.</def>

<p><hw>Im*met"ric*al</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
metrical or rhythmical.</def> [R.] <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mew"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im"mi*grant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immigrans</i>, p. pr. of <i>immigrare</i> to go into: cf. F.
<i>immigrant</i>. See <u>Immigrate</u>.] <def>One who immigrates; one
who comes to a country for the purpose of permanent residence; --
correlative of <i>emigrant</i>.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Emigrant</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im"mi*grate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immigrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Immigrating</u> (?).] [L. <i>immigrare</i>,
<i>immigratum</i>, to immigrate; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>migrare</i>
to migrate. See <u>Migrate</u>.] <def>To come into a country of which
one is not a native, for the purpose of permanent residence. See

<p><hw>Im"mi*gra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immigration</i>.] <def>The act of immigrating; the passing or
coming into a country for the purpose of permanent

<p><blockquote>The <i>immigrations</i> of the Arabians into
Europe.</blockquote> <i>T. Warton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"mi*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imminence</i>, L. <i>imminentia</i>, See <u>Imminent</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being imminent; a
threatening, as of something about to happen. The imminence of any
danger or distress.</def>  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is imminent; impending evil or
danger.</def> "But dare all <i>imminence</i>."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"mi*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imminens</i>,
p. pr. of <i>imminere</i> to project; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>minere</i> (in comp.) to jut, project. See <u>Eminent</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Threatening to occur immediately; near at
hand; impending; -- said especially of misfortune or peril.</def> "In
danger <i>imminent</i>."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Full of danger; threatening; menacing;

<p><blockquote>Hairbreadth scapes i' the <i>imminent</i> deadly
breach.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>(With <i>upon</i>) Bent upon; attentive
to.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Their eyes ever <i>imminent</i> upon worldly
matters.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impending; threatening; near; at hand. --
<u>Imminent</u>, <u>Impending</u>, <u>Threatening</u>.
<i>Imminent</i> is the strongest: it denotes that something is ready
to fall or happen on the instant; as, in <i>imminent</i> danger of
one's life. <i>Impending</i> denotes that something hangs suspended
over us, and may so remain indefinitely; as, the <i>impending</i>
evils of war. <i>Threatening</i> supposes some danger in prospect,
but more remote; as, <i>threatening</i> indications for the

<p><blockquote>Three times to-day<BR>
You have defended me from <i>imminent</i> death.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>No story I unfold of public woes,<BR>
Nor bear advices of <i>impending</i> foes.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Fierce faces <i>threatening</i> war.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im"mi*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imminent

<p><hw>Im*min"gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To mingle;
to mix; to unite; to blend.</def> [R.]  <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`mi*nu"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imminutio</i>, fr. <i>imminuere</i>, <i>imminutum</i>, to lessen;
pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>minuere</i>.] <def>A lessening; diminution;
decrease.</def> [R.]  <i>Ray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mis"ci*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immiscibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Incapability of being mixed, or

<p><hw>Im*mis"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>miscible</i>: cf. F. <i>immiscible</i>.] <def>Not capable of
being mixed or mingled.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A chaos of <i>immiscible</i> and conflicting
particles.</blockquote> <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mis"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immissio</i>: cf. F. <i>immission</i>. See <u>Immit</u>.] <def>The
act of immitting, or of sending or thrusting in; injection; -- the
correlative of <i>emission</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mit"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Immitted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Immiting</u>.] [L. <i>immittere</i>, <i>immissum</i>; pref. <i>im-
</i> in + <i>mittere</i> to send.] <def>To send in; to inject; to
infuse; -- the correlative of <i>emit</i>.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*mit"i*ga*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immitigabilis</i>; fr. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mitigare</i> to
mitigate.] <def>Not capable of being mitigated, softened, or
appeased.</def>  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mit"i*ga*bly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
immitigable manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mix"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in
+ <i>mix</i>.] <def>To mix; to mingle.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Amongst her tears <i>immixing</i> prayers
meek.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mix"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
mixable.</def>  <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mixed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not
+ <i>mixed</i>, p. p. of <i>mix</i>.] <def>Unmixed.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>How pure and <i>immixed</i> the design
is.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mix"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Freedom from
mixture; purity.</def> [R.]  <i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mo"bile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immobilis</i>: cf. F. <i>immobile</i>. See <u>Immobility</u>.]
<def>Incapable of being moved; immovable; fixed; stable.</def>
<i>Prof. Shedd.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`mo*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immobilitas</i>, fr. <i>immobilis</i> immovable; pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>mobilis</i> movable: cf. F. <i>immobilit&eacute;</i>. See
<u>Mobile</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being immobile;
fixedness in place or state.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mob"i*lize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> in + <i>mobilize</i>; cf. f. <i>immobiliser</i>.] <def>To make
immovable; in surgery, to make immovable (a naturally mobile part, as
a joint) by the use of splints, or stiffened bandages.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mo"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Immoderate</u>.] <def>Immoderateness.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*an*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immoderantia</i>.] <def>Immoderateness; excess.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir
T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immoderatus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>moderatus</i> moderate.
See <u>Moderate</u>.] <def>Not moderate; exceeding just or usual and
suitable bounds; excessive; extravagant; unreasonable; as,
<i>immoderate</i> demands; <i>immoderate</i> grief; <i>immoderate</i>

<p><blockquote>So every scope by the <i>immoderate</i> use<BR>
Turns to restraint.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Excessive; exorbitant; unreasonable; extravagant;
intemperate; inordinate.</p>

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
immoderate manner; excessively.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being immoderate; excess; extravagance.</def>  <i>Puller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mod`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immoderatio</i>: cf. F. <i>imod&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>Want of
moderation.</def>  <i>Hallywell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mod"est</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>immodeste</i>, L. <i>immodestus</i> immoderate; pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>modestus</i> modest. See <u>Modest</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Not limited to due bounds; immoderate.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not modest; wanting in the reserve or
restraint which decorum and decency require; indecent; indelicate;
obscene; lewd; as, <i>immodest</i> persons, behavior, words,
pictures, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Immodest</i> deeds you hinder to be wrought,<BR>
But we proscribe the least <i>immodest</i> thought.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indecorous; indelicate; shameless; shameful;
impudent; indecent; impure; unchaste; lewd; obscene.</p>

<p><hw>Im*mod"est*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immodest

<p><hw>Im*mod"es*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immodestia</i>: cf. F. <i>immodestie</i>.] <def>Want of modesty,
delicacy, or decent reserve; indecency.</def> "A piece of
<i>immodesty</i>."  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"mo*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immolated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Immolating</u>.] [L. <i>immolatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>immolare</i> to sacrifice, orig., to sprinkle a victim with
sacrifical meal; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mola</i> grits or grains of
spelt coarsely ground and mixed with salt; also, mill. See
<u>Molar</u>, <u>Meal</u> ground grain.] <def>To sacrifice; to offer
in sacrifice; to kill, as a sacrificial victim.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Worshipers, who not only <i>immolate</i> to them [the
deities] the lives of men, but . . . the virtue and honor of
women.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`mo*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immolatio</i>: cf. F. <i>immolation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of immolating, or the state of being immolated, or
sacrificed.</def>  <i>Sir. T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is immolated; a

<p><hw>Im"mo*la`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who
offers in sacrifice; specifically, one of a sect of Russian fanatics
who practice self-mutilation and sacrifice.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im*mold"</hw>, <hw>Im*mould"</hw>  } (?), <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos> <def>To mold into shape, or form.</def> [Obs.]  <i>G.

<p><hw>Im*mo"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Immomentous</u>.] <def>Trifling.</def> [R.] "<i>Immoment</i>
toys."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`mo*men"tous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>momentous</i>.] <def>Not momentous; unimportant;
insignificant.</def> [R.]  <i>A. Seward.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not
+ <i>moral</i>: cf. F. <i>immoral</i>.] <def>Not moral; inconsistent
with rectitude, purity, or good morals; contrary to conscience or the
divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonest; vicious; licentious; as, an
<i>immoral</i> man; an <i>immoral</i> deed.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Wicked; sinful; criminal; vicious; unjust;
dishonest; depraved; impure; unchaste; profligate; dissolute;
abandoned; licentious; lewd; obscene.</p>

<p><hw>Im`mo*ral"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immoralities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F.
<i>immoralit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or
quality of being immoral; vice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The root of all <i>immorality</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir
W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An immoral act or practice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Luxury and sloth and then a great drove of heresies
and <i>immoralities</i> broke loose among them.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*mor"al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
immoral manner; wickedly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`mo*rig"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>morigerous</i>.] <def>Rude; uncivil; disobedient.</def>
[Obs.] -- <wf>Im`mo*rig"er*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]
<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immortalis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mortalis</i> mortal: cf.
F. <i>immortel</i>. See <u>Mortal</u>, and cf. <u>Immortelle</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not mortal; exempt from liability to die;
undying; imperishable; lasting forever; having unlimited, or eternal,

<p><blockquote>Unto the King eternal, <i>immortal</i>,
invisible.</blockquote> <i>1 Tim. i. 17.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>For my soul, what can it do to that,<BR>
Being a thing <i>immortal</i> as itself?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Connected with, or pertaining to

<p><blockquote>I have <i>immortal</i> longings in me.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Destined to live in all ages of this
world; abiding; exempt from oblivion; imperishable; as,
<i>immortal</i> fame.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>One of the few, <i>immortal</i> names,<BR>
That were not born to die.</blockquote> <i>Halleck.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Great; excessive; grievous.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Immortal flowers</b></col>, <cd>immortelles;

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Eternal; everlasting; never-ending; ceaseless;
perpetual; continual; enduring; endless; imperishable; incorruptible;
deathless; undying.</p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who will
never cease to be; one exempt from death, decay, or
annihilation.</def>  <i>Bunyan.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who holds
the doctrine of the immortality of the soul.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer.

<p><hw>Im`mor*tal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immortalities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immortalitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>immortalit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or
state of being immortal; exemption from death and annihilation;
unending existance; as, the <i>immortality</i> of the soul.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This mortal must put on
<i>immortality</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. xv. 53.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Exemption from oblivion; perpetuity; as,
the <i>immortality</i> of fame.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor`tal*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
act of immortalizing, or state of being immortalized.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immortalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Immortalizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>immortaliser</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To render immortal; to cause to live or exist
forever.</def>  <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To exempt from oblivion; to perpetuate in

<p><blockquote>Alexander had no Homer to <i>immortalize</i> his
guilty name.</blockquote> <i>T. Dawes.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become
immortal.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immortal

<p><hw>Im`mor*telle"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immortelles</b></plw> (#). [F. See <u>Immortal</u>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant with a conspicuous, dry, unwithering
involucre, as the species of <i>Antennaria</i>, <i>Helichrysum</i>,
<i>Gomphrena</i>, etc. See <u>Everlasting</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mor`ti*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Failure to mortify the passions.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer.

<p><hw>Im*mov"a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being immovable; fixedness; steadfastness; as,
<i>immovability</i> of a heavy body; <i>immovability</i> of

<p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Incapable of being moved; firmly fixed; fast; -- used of
material things; as, an <i>immovable</i> foundation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Immovable</i>, infixed, and frozen
round.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Steadfast; fixed; unalterable;
unchangeable; -- used of the mind or will; as, an <i>immovable</i>
purpose, or a man who remains <i>immovable</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being affected or moved in
feeling or by sympathy; unimpressible; impassive.</def>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law.)</i> <def>Not liable to be removed;
permanent in place or tenure; fixed; as, an <i>immovable</i> estate.
See <u>Immovable</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def>

<p><col><b>Immovable apparatus</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>an
appliance, like the plaster of paris bandage, which keeps fractured
parts firmly in place.</cd> -- <col><b>Immovable feasts</b></col>
<i>(Eccl.)</i>, <cd>feasts which occur on a certain day of the year
and do not depend on the date of Easter; as, Christmas, the Epiphany,

<p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which can not be moved.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <i>(Civil Law)</i> <def>Lands and
things adherent thereto by nature, as trees; by the hand of man, as
buildings and their accessories; by their destination, as seeds,
plants, manure, etc.; or by the objects to which they are applied, as
servitudes.</def>  <i>Ayliffe.</i> <i>Bouvier.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being immovable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mov"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immovable

<p><hw>Im*mund"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immundus</i>;
pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mundus</i> clean.] <def>Unclean.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im`mun*dic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>immondicit&eacute;</i>, L. <i>immunditia</i>, <i>immundities</i>.]
<def>Uncleanness; filthiness.</def> [R.]  <i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immunis</i>.
See <u>Immunity</u>.] <def>Exempt; protected by inoculation.</def> --
<wf>Im*mu"nize</wf> (#), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*mu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Immunities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immunitas</i>, fr.
<i>immunis</i> free from a public service; pref. <i>im-</i> not +
<i>munis</i> complaisant, obliging, cf. <i>munus</i> service, duty:
cf. F. <i>immunit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Common</u>, and cf.
<u>Mean</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Freedom or
exemption from any charge, duty, obligation, office, tax, imposition,
penalty, or service; a particular privilege; as, the
<i>immunities</i> of the free cities of Germany; the
<i>immunities</i> of the clergy.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Freedom; exemption; as, <i>immunity</i>
from error.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Immured</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Immuring</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mure</i>: cf. F.
<i>emmurer</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To wall around; to surround
with walls.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sandys.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose whithin walls, or as within
walls; hence, to shut up; to imprison; to incarcerate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Those tender babes<BR>
Whom envy hath <i>immured</i> within your walls.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>This huge convex of fire,<BR>
Outrageous to devour, <i>immures</i> us round.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*mure"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A wall; an
inclosure.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mure"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
immuring, or the state of being immured; imprisonment.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mu"sic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inharmonious;
unmusical; discordant.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mu`ta*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immutabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immutabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The
state or quality of being immutable; immutableness.</def>  <i>Heb.
vi. 17.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mu"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immutabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mutabilis</i> mutable.
See <u>Mutable</u>.] <def>Not mutable; not capable or susceptible of
change; unchangeable; unalterable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That by two <i>immutable</i> things, in which it was
impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong
consolation.</blockquote> <i>Heb. vi. 18.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Immutable</i>, immortal, infinite,<BR>
Eternal King.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*mu"ta*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*mu"ta*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><! p. 733 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*mu"tate</hw> (&ibreve;m*m&umacr;"t&asl;t),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutatus</i>, p. p. of <i>immature</i>.]
<def>Unchanged.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"mu*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>immutatio</i>, from <i>immutare</i>, <i>immutatum</i>, to change.
See <u>Immute</u>.] <def>Change; alteration; mutation.</def> [R.]
<i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mute"</hw> (&ibreve;m*m&umacr;t"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[L. <i>immutare</i>, <i>immutatum</i>; perf. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>mutare</i> to change : cf. OF. <i>immuter</i>.] <def>To change or
alter.</def> [Obs.]  <i>J. Salkeld.</i></p>

<p><hw>Imp</hw> (&ibreve;mp), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>imp</i> a
graft, AS. <i>impa</i>; akin to Dan. <i>ympe</i>, Sw. <i>ymp</i>,
prob. fr. LL. <i>impotus</i>, Gr. &?; engrafted, innate, fr. &?; to
implant; &?; in + &?; to produce; akin to E. <i>be</i>. See 1st
<u>In-</u>, <u>Be</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A shoot; a scion; a
bud; a slip; a graft.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An offspring; progeny; child; scion.</def>

<p><blockquote>The tender <i>imp</i> was weaned.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A young or inferior devil; a little,
malignant spirit; a puny demon; a contemptible evil worker.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To mingle in the clamorous fray<BR>
Of squabbling <i>imps</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beattie.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Something added to, or united with,
another, to lengthen it out or repair it, -- as, an addition to a
beehive; a feather inserted in a broken wing of a bird; a length of
twisted hair in a fishing line.</def> [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Imp</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imped</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imping</u>.] [AS. <i>impian</i> to imp, ingraft, plant; akin to
Dan. <i>ympe</i>, Sw. <i>ympa</i>, OHG. <i>impf&omacr;n</i>,
<i>impit&omacr;n</i>, G. <i>impfen</i>. See <u>Imp</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To graft; to insert as
a scion.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Rom. of R.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Falconry)</i> <def>To graft with new
feathers, as a wing; to splice a broken feather. Hence, Fig.: To
repair; to extend; to increase; to strengthen; to equip.</def>

<p><blockquote><i>Imp</i> out our drooping country's broken
wing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Who lazily <i>imp</i> their wings with other men's
plumes.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Here no frail Muse shall <i>imp</i> her crippled
wing.</blockquote> <i>Holmes.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Help, ye tart satirists, to <i>imp</i> my rage<BR>
With all the scorpions that should whip this age.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*pa"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>pacare</i> to quiet. See <u>Pacate</u>.] <def>Not to be
appeased or quieted.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i> --
<wf>Im*pa"ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*pack"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>pack</i>.] <def>The state of being closely surrounded,
crowded, or pressed, as by ice.</def> [R.]  <i>Kane.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pact"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impacted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impacting</u>.] [L. <i>impactus</i>, p. p. of <i>impingere</i> to
push, strike against. See <u>Impinge</u>.] <def>To drive close; to
press firmly together: to wedge into a place.</def>

<p><hw>Im"pact</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Contact or impression by touch; collision; forcible contact;
force communicated.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The quarrel, by that <i>impact</i>
driven.</blockquote> <i>Southey.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The single instantaneous
stroke of a body in motion against another either in motion or at

<p><hw>Im*pact"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Driven together
or close.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Impacted fracture</b></col> <i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>a fracture
in which the fragments are driven into each other so as to be

<p><hw>Im*pac"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impactio</i>
a striking : cf. F. <i>impaction</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Surg.)</i> <def>The driving of one fragment of bone into another
so that the fragments are not movable upon each other; as,
<i>impaction</i> of the skull or of the hip.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An immovable packing; <i>(Med.)</i>, a
lodgment of something in a strait or passage of the body; as,
<i>impaction</i> of the fetal head in the strait of the pelvis;
<i>impaction</i> of food or feces in the intestines of man or

<p><hw>Im*paint"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To paint; to
adorn with colors.</def> [R.] "To <i>impaint</i> his cause."

<p><hw>Im*pair"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impaired</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impairing</u>.] [Written also <i>empair</i>.] [OE.
<i>empeiren</i>, <i>enpeiren</i>, OF. <i>empeirier</i>,
<i>empirier</i>, F. <i>empirer</i>, LL. <i>impejorare</i>; L. pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>pejorare</i> to make worse, fr. <i>pejor</i>
worse.  Cf. <u>Appair</u>.] <def>To make worse; to diminish in
quantity, value, excellence, or strength; to deteriorate; as, to
<i>impair</i> health, character, the mind, value.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Time sensibly all things <i>impairs</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>In years he seemed, but not <i>impaired</i> by
years.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To diminish; decrease; injure; weaken; enfeeble;
debilitate; reduce; debase; deteriorate.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pair"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To grow worse; to
deteriorate.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pair</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impair</i>
uneven, L. <i>impar</i>; <i>im-</i> not + <i>par</i> equal.] <def>Not
fit or appropriate.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pair"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Diminution;
injury.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pair"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, impairs.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pair"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>enpeirement</i>, OF. <i>empirement</i>.] <def>The state of being
impaired; injury.</def> "The <i>impairment</i> of my health."

<p><hw>Im*pal"a*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unpalatable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pale"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impaled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impaling</u>.] [See 2d <u>Empale</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
pierce with a pale; to put to death by fixing on a sharp stake. See

<p><blockquote>Then with what life remains, <i>impaled</i>, and
To writhe at leisure round the bloody stake.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose, as with pales or stakes; to

<p><blockquote><i>Impale</i> him with your weapons round
about.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Impenetrable, <i>impaled</i> with circling
fire.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>To join, as two coats of
arms on one shield, palewise; hence, to join in honorable

<p><blockquote>Ordered the admission of St. Patrick to the same to be
matched and <i>impaled</i> with the blessed Virgin in the honor
thereof.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pale"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of impaling, or the state of being impaled.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An inclosing by stakes or pales, or the
space so inclosed.</def>  <i>H. Brooke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which hedges in; inclosure.</def>
[R.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>The division of a shield
palewise, or by a vertical line, esp. for the purpose of putting side
by side the arms of husband and wife. See <u>Impale</u>, 3.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The pallah deer of South Africa.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal"lid</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make
pallid; to blanch.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Feltham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*palm"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To grasp with
or hold in the hand.</def> [R.]  <i>J. Barlow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal`pa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impalpabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
impalpable.</def>  <i>Jortin.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>palpable</i>: cf. F. <i>impalpable</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Not palpable; that cannot be felt; extremely fine, so that no
grit can be perceived by touch.</def> "<i>Impalpable</i> powder."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not material; intangible;
incorporeal.</def> "<i>Impalpable</i>, void, and bodiless."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not apprehensible, or readily
apprehensible, by the mind; unreal; as, <i>impalpable</i>

<p><hw>Im*pal"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impalpable manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal"sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To palsy; to
paralyze; to deaden.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>impanatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impanare</i> to impanate; L. pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>panis</i> bread.] <def>Embodied in bread, esp. in
the bread of the eucharist.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cranmer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impanated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impanating</u>.] <def>To embody in bread, esp. in the
bread of the eucharist.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"pa*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impanation</i>. See <u>Impanate</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Embodiment in bread; the supposed real presence
and union of Christ's material body and blood with the substance of
the elements of the eucharist without a change in their nature; --
distinguished from <i>transubstantiation</i>, which supposes a
miraculous change of the substance of the elements. It is akin to

<p><hw>Im*pa"na*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.]
<i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>One who holds the doctrine of

<p><hw>Im*pan"el</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impaneled</u> (?) or <u>Impanelled</u>; p. pr. & vb.
n. <u>Impaneling</u> or <u>Impanelling</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>panel</i>.  Cf. <u>Empanel</u>.] [Written also <i>empanel</i>.]
<def>To enter in a list, or on a piece of parchment, called a
<i>panel</i>; to form or enroll, as a list of jurors in a court of
justice.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pan"el*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act or
process of impaneling, or the state of being impaneled.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"a*dise</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imparadised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imparadising</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> +
<i>paradise</i>: cf. F. <i>emparadiser</i>.] <def>To put in a state
like paradise; to make supremely happy.</def> "<i>Imparadised</i> in
one another's arms."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"al*leled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unparalleled.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*par"don*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impardonnable</i>.] <def>Unpardonable.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*par`i*dig"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impar</i> unequal + <i>digitus</i> finger.] <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Having an odd number of fingers or toes, either one, three, or
five, as in the horse, tapir, rhinoceros, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"i*pin"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impar</i> unequal + E. <i>pinnate</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Pinnate
with a single terminal leaflet.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"i*syl*lab"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impar</i> unequal + E. <i>syllabic</i>: cf. F.
<i>imparisyllabique</i>.] <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Not consisting of an
equal number of syllables; as, an <i>imparisyllabic</i> noun, one
which has not the same number of syllables in all the cases; as,
<i>lapis</i>, <i>lapidis</i>; <i>mens</i>, <i>mentis</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> +
<i>parity</i>: cf. F. <i>imparit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Inequality; disparity; disproportion; difference of degree,
rank, excellence, number, etc.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lack of comparison, correspondence, or
suitableness; incongruity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In this region of merely intellectual notion we are at
once encountered by the <i>imparity</i> of the object and the faculty
employed upon it.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Indivisibility into equal parts;
oddness.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*park"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imparked</u> (?), <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imparking</u>.] [Cf. <u>Empark</u>.] <def>To inclose for a park;
to sever from a common; hence, to inclose or shut up.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They . . . <i>impark</i> them [the sheep] within
hurdles.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*parl"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>emparler</i>; pref. <i>em-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + <i>parler</i> to
speak. See <u>In</u>, prep., and <u>Parley</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To hold discourse; to parley.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir. T.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To have time before pleading;
to have delay for mutual adjustment.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"lance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Emparlance</u>, <u>Parlance</u>.] [Written also
<i>inparliance</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Mutual discourse;
conference.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Time
given to a party to talk or converse with his opponent, originally
with the object of effecting, if possible, an amicable adjustment of
the suit. The actual object, however, has long been merely to obtain
further time to plead, or answer to the allegations of the opposite
party.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Hence, the delay or continuance
of a suit.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Imparlance</i> and <i>continuance by imparlance</i> have
been abolished in England.  <i>Wharton (Law Dict. ).</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par`son*ee"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>empersone</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Parson</u>.] <i>(Eng.
Eccl. Law)</i> <def>Presented, instituted, and inducted into a
rectory, and in full possession.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
clergyman so inducted.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*part"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imparted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imparting</u>.] [OF. <i>impartir</i>, <i>empartir</i>, L.
<i>impartire</i>, <i>impertire</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>partire</i> to part, divide, fr. <i>pars</i>, <i>partis</i>, part,
share. See <u>Part</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> ] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To bestow a share or portion of; to give, grant, or communicate;
to allow another to partake in; as, to <i>impart</i> food to the
poor; the sun <i>imparts</i> warmth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Well may he then to you his cares
<i>impart</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To obtain a share of; to partake of.</def>
[R.]  <i>Munday.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To communicate the knowledge of; to make
known; to show by words or tokens; to tell; to disclose.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Gentle lady,<BR>
When I did first <i>impart</i> my love to you.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To share; yield; confer; convey; grant; give;
reveal; disclose; discover; divulge. See <u>Communicate</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*part"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To give a part or share.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He that hath two coats, let him <i>impart</i> to him
that hath none.</blockquote> <i>Luke iii. 11.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To hold a conference or
consultation.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*part"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im`par*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imparting, or the thing imparted.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The necessity of this <i>impartation</i>.</blockquote>
<i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*part"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*par"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>partial</i>: cf. F. <i>impartial</i>.] <def>Not partial; not
favoring one more than another; treating all alike; unprejudiced;
unbiased; disinterested; equitable; fair; just.</def>

<p><blockquote>Jove is <i>impartial</i>, and to both the
same.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A comprehensive and <i>impartial</i>
view.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"tial*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
impartial.</def> [R.]  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par`ti*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impartialit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impartial;
freedom from bias or favoritism; disinterestedness; equitableness;
fairness; as, <i>impartiality</i> of judgment, of treatment,

<p><blockquote><i>Impartiality</i> strips the mind of prejudice and
passion.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"tial*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>In an
impartial manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"tial*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Impartiality.</def>  <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*part`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being impartible; communicability.</def>

<p><hw>Im*part`i*bil"i*ty</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impartibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incapable of
division into parts; indivisibility.</def>  <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*part"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<u>Impart</u>.] <def>Capable of being imparted or

<p><hw>Im*part"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not
+ <i>partible</i>: cf. F. <i>impartible</i>.] <def>Not partible; not
subject to partition; indivisible; as, an <i>impartible</i>
estate.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*part"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imparting, or that which is imparted, communicated, or
disclosed.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>It beckons you to go away with it,<BR>
As if it some <i>impartment</i> did desire<BR>
To you alone.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pass"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Unpassable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being passed; not admitting a
passage; as, an <i>impassable</i> road, mountain, or gulf.</def>
<i>Milton.</i> -- <wf>Im*pass"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -
- <wf>Im*pass"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impassibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>impassibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The
quality or condition of being impassible; insusceptibility of injury
from external things.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impassibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>passibilis</i>
passable: cf. F. <i>impassible</i>. See <u>Passible</u>.]
<def>Incapable of suffering; inaccessible to harm or pain; not to be
touched or moved to passion or sympathy; unfeeling, or not showing
feeling; without sensation.</def> "<i>Impassible</i> to the critic."
<i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Secure of death, I should contemn thy dart<BR>
Though naked, and <i>impassible</i> depart.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*pas"si*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> in + <i>passion</i>.  Cf. <u>Empassion</u>, <u>Impassionate</u>,
<pos><i>v.</i></pos>] <def>To move or affect strongly with
passion.</def> [Archaic]  <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Excitable; susceptible of strong emotion.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Strongly
affected.</def>  <i>Smart.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
affect powerfully; to arouse the passions of.</def>  <i>Dr. H.

<p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>passionate</i>.] <def>Without passion or feeling.</def>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sioned</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos>
<def>Actuated or characterized by passion or zeal; showing warmth of
feeling; ardent; animated; excited; as, an <i>impassioned</i> orator
or discourse.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
susceptible of pain or suffering; apathetic; impassible;

<p><blockquote><i>Impassive</i> as the marble in the
quarry.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>On the <i>impassive</i> ice the lightings
play.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*pas"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*pas"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im`pas*siv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being insusceptible of feeling, pain, or suffering;

<p><hw>Im`pas*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See
<u>Impaste</u>.] <def>The act of making into paste; that which is
formed into a paste or mixture; specifically, a combination of
different substances by means of cements.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*paste"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impasted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impasting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>paste</i>: cf. It.
<i>impastare</i>, OF. <i>empaster</i>, F. <i>emp&acirc;ter</i>. See
1st <u>In-</u> and <u>Paste</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To knead;
to make into paste; to concrete.</def> "Blood . . . baked and
<i>impasted</i>."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>To lay color on canvas by
uniting them skillfully together. [R.] Cf. <u>Impasto</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*past"ing</hw>, <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>The laying on of colors
to produce impasto.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See
<u>Impaste</u>.] <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>The thickness of the layer or
body of pigment applied by the painter to his canvas with especial
reference to the juxtaposition of different colors and tints in
forming a harmonious whole.</def>  <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pas"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To place in
a pasture; to foster.</def> [R.]  <i>T. Adams.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impatibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>patibilis</i>
supportable. See <u>Patible</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable
of being borne; impassible.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A spirit, and so <i>impatible</i> of material
fire.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"tience</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>impacience</i>, F. <i>impatience</i>, fr. L. <i>impatientia</i>.]
<def>The quality of being impatient; want of endurance of pain,
suffering, opposition, or delay; eagerness for change, or for
something expected; restlessness; chafing of spirit; fretfulness;
passion; as, the <i>impatience</i> of a child or an

<p><blockquote>I then, . . . <BR>
Out of my grief and my <i>impatience</i>,<BR>
Answered neglectingly.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>With huge <i>impatience</i> he inly swelt<BR>
More for great sorrow that he could not pass,<BR>
Than for the burning torment which he felt.</blockquote>

<p><! p. 734 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"tien*cy</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&amc;"sh<i>e</i>n*s&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impatience.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>||Im*pa"ti*ens</hw> (-sh&ibreve;*&ebreve;nz),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., impatient.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A genus of
plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so
called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter
the seeds with considerable force. Called also <i>touch-me-not</i>,
<i>jewelweed</i>, and <i>snapweed</i>.  <i>I. Balsamina</i>
(sometimes called <i>lady's slipper</i>) is the common garden

<p><hw>Im*pa"tient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>impacient</i>, F. <i>impatient</i>, fr. L. <i>impatiens</i>; pref.
<i>im-</i> not + <i>patiens</i> patient. See <u>Patient</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not patient; not bearing with composure;
intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or
opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty;
passionate; -- often followed by <i>at</i>, <i>for</i>, <i>of</i>,
and <i>under</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A violent, sudden, and <i>impatient</i>
necessity.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Fame, <i>impatient</i> of extremes, decays<BR>
Not more by envy than excess of praise.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>impatient</i> man will not give himself time to
be informed of the matter that lies before him.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Dryden was poor and <i>impatient</i> of
poverty.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be borne; unendurable.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Prompted by, or exhibiting, impatience;
as, <i>impatient</i> speeches or replies.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Restless; uneasy; changeable; hot; eager; fretful;
intolerant; passionate.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"tient</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
impatient.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pa"tient*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impatient manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pat`ron*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Absolute seignory or possession; the act of investing with such
possession.</def> [R.]  <i>Cotgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pat"ron*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impatronized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impatronizing</u> (?).] <def>To make lord or master;
as, to <i>impatronize</i> one's self of a seigniory.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*pave"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pave.</def>

<p><blockquote><i>Impaved</i> with rude fidelity<BR>
Of art mosaic.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pav"id</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impavidus</i>.
See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Pavid</u>.] <def>Fearless.</def> --
<wf>Im*pav"id*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*pawn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impawned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impawning</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>pawn</i>: cf.
<u>Empawn</u>.] <def>To put in pawn; to pledge.</def>

<p><hw>Im*peach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impeached</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impeaching</u>.] [OE. <i>empeechier</i> to prevent, hinder, bar,
F. <i>emp&ecirc;cher</i>, L. <i>impedicare</i> to entangle; pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>pedica</i> fetter, fr. <i>pes</i>, <i>pedis</i>,
foot. See <u>Foot</u>, and <u>Appeach</u>, <u>Dispatch</u>,
<u>Impede</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hinder; to impede; to
prevent.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>These ungracious practices of his sons did
<i>impeach</i> his journey to the Holy Land.</blockquote> <i>Sir J.

<p><blockquote>A defluxion on my throat <i>impeached</i> my
utterance.</blockquote> <i>Howell.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To charge with a crime or misdemeanor; to
accuse; especially to charge (a public officer), before a competent
tribunal, with misbehavior in office; to cite before a tribunal for
judgment of official misconduct; to arraign; as, to <i>impeach</i> a
judge. See <u>Impeachment</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence, to charge with impropriety; to
dishonor; to bring discredit on; to call in question; as, to
<i>impeach</i> one's motives or conduct.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And doth <i>impeach</i> the freedom of the
state.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To challenge or discredit the
credibility of, as of a witness, or the validity of, as of commercial

<p>&fist; When used in law with reference to a witness, the term
signifies, to discredit, to show or prove unreliable or unworthy of
belief; when used in reference to the <i>credit</i> of witness, the
term denotes, to impair, to lessen, to disparage, to destroy. The
credit of a witness may be <i>impeached</i> by showing that he has
made statements out of court contradictory to what he swears at the
trial, or by showing that his reputation for veracity is bad,

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To accuse; arraign; censure; criminate; indict;
impair; disparage; discredit. See <u>Accuse</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*peach"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Hindrance;
impeachment.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*peach"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That may be
impeached; liable to impeachment; chargeable with a crime.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Owners of lands in fee simple are not
<i>impeachable</i> for waste.</blockquote> <i>Z. Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*peach"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*peach"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>emp&ecirc;chement</i>.] <def>The act of impeaching, or the state
of being impeached</def>; as: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Hindrance;
impediment; obstruction.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Willing to march on to Calais,<BR>
Without <i>impeachment</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A calling to account; arraignment;
especially, of a public officer for maladministration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The consequence of Coriolanus' <i>impeachment</i> had
like to have been fatal to their state.</blockquote>

<p><sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>A calling in question as to purity of
motives, rectitude of conduct, credibility, etc.; accusation;
reproach; as, an <i>impeachment</i> of motives.</def>

<p>&fist; In England, it is the privilege or right of the House of
Commons to impeach, and the right of the House of Lords to try and
determine impeachments. In the United States, it is the right of the
House of Representatives to impeach, and of the Senate to try and
determine impeachments.</p>

<p><col><b>Articles of impeachment</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Article</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Impeachment of waste</b></col>
<i>(Law)</i>, <cd>restraint from, or accountability for, injury;
also, a suit for damages for injury.</cd>  <i>Abbott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pearl"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impearled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impearling</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pearl</i>: cf. F.
<i>emperler</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form into pearls, or
into that which resembles pearls.</def> [Poetic]</p>

<p><blockquote>Dewdrops which the sun<BR>
<i>Impearls</i> on every leaf and every flower.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To decorate as with pearls or with
anything resembling pearls.</def> [Poetic]</p>

<p><blockquote>With morning dews <i>impearled</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The dews of the morning <i>impearl</i> every
thorn.</blockquote> <i>R. Digby.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pec`ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impeccabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impeccable;
exemption from sin, error, or offense.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Infallibility and <i>impeccability</i> are two of his
attributes.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pec"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impeccabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>peccare</i> to err, to
sin: cf. F. <i>impeccable</i>.] <def>Not liable to sin; exempt from
the possibility of doing wrong.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>One who is impeccable; esp., one of a sect of Gnostic heretics
who asserted their sinlessness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>God is infallible, <i>impeccable</i>, and absolutely
perfect.</blockquote> <i>P. Skelton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pec"can*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Sinlessness.</def>  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pec"cant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Sinless;
impeccable.</def>  <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pe*cu`ni*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state of being impecunious.</def>  <i>Thackeray. Sir W.

<p><hw>Im"pe*cu"ni*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>pecunia</i> money: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;cunieux</i>.]
<def>Not having money; habitually without money; poor.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>An <i>impecunious</i> creature.</blockquote> <i>B.

<p><hw>Im*pede"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impeded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impeding</u>.] [L. <i>impedire</i>, lit., to entangle the feet;
pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pes</i>, <i>pedis</i>, foot. See
<u>Foot</u>, and cf. <u>Impeach</u>.] <def>To hinder; to stop in
progress; to obstruct; as, to <i>impede</i> the advance of

<p><blockquote>Whatever hinders or <i>impedes</i><BR>
The action of the nobler will.</blockquote> <i>Logfellow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ped"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being impeded or hindered.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ped"i*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impedimentum</i>: cf. F. <i>impediment</i>.] <def>That which
impedes or hinders progress, motion, activity, or effect.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thus far into the bowels of the land<BR>
Have we marched on without <i>impediment</i>.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Impediment in speech</b></col>, <cd>a defect which
prevents distinct utterance.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Hindrance; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty;
incumbrance.  -- <u>Impediment</u>, <u>Obstacle</u>,
<u>Difficulty</u>, <u>Hindrance</u>. An <i>impediment</i> literally
strikes against our feet, checking our progress, and we remove it. An
<i>obstacle</i> rises before us in our path, and we surmount or
remove it. A <i>difficulty</i> sets before us something hard to be
done, and we encounter it and overcome it. A <i>hindrance</i> holds
us back for a time, but we break away from it.</p>

<p><blockquote>The eloquence of Demosthenes was to Philip of Macedon,
a <i>difficulty</i> to be met with his best resources, an
<i>obstacle</i> to his own ambition, and an <i>impediment</i> in his
political career.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ped"i*ment</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
impede.</def> [R.]  <i>Bp. Reynolds.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*ped`i*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the
nature of an impediment; hindering; obstructing;

<p><blockquote>Things so <i>impedimental</i> to success.</blockquote>
<i>G. H. Lewes.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*dite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impeditus</i>, p. p. See <u>Impede</u>.] <def>Hindered;
obstructed.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*dite</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To impede.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*di"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impeditio</i>.] <def>A hindering; a hindrance.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*ped"i*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imp&eacute;ditif</i>.] <def>Causing hindrance; impeding.</def>
"Cumbersome, and <i>impeditive</i> of motion."  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pel"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impelled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impelling</u>.] [L. <i>impellere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>pellere</i>, <i>pulsum</i>, to drive. See <u>Pulse</u> a beat, and
cf. <u>Impulse</u>.] <def>To drive or urge forward or on; to press
on; to incite to action or motion in any way.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The surge <i>impelled</i> me on a craggy
coast.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To instigate; incite; induce; influence; force;
drive; urge; actuate; move.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pel"lent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impellens</i>, p. pr. of <i>impellere</i>.] <def>Having the
quality of impelling.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pel"lent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An impelling power
or force.</def>  <i>Glanvill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pel"ler</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, impels.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impenned</u> (?) and <u>Impent</u> (&?;); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impenning</u>.] <def>To shut up or inclose,
as in a pen.</def>  <i>Feltham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pend"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impend&ebreve;re</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pend&ebreve;re</i>
to weigh out, pay.] <def>To pay.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Fabyan.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pend"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impended</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impending</u>.] [L. <i>impend&emacr;re</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>pend&emacr;re</i> to hang. See <u>Pendant</u>.] <def>To hang over;
to be suspended above; to threaten from near at hand; to menace; to
be imminent. See <u>Imminent</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Destruction sure o'er all your heads
<i>impends</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im*pend"ence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*pend"en*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of impending; also, that which
impends.</def> "<i>Impendence</i> of volcanic cloud."

<p><hw>Im*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impendens</i>, p. pr. of <i>impend&emacr;re</i>.] <def>Impending;

<p><blockquote><i>Impendent</i> horrors, threatening hideous
fall.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pend"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Hanging over;
overhanging; suspended so as to menace; imminet;

<p><blockquote>An <i>impending</i> brow.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>And nodding Ilion waits th' <i>impending</i>
fall.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Imminent; threatening. See <u>Imminent</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pen`e*tra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imp&eacute;n&eacute;trabilit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Quality of being impenetrable.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>That property in virtue
of which two portions of matter can not at the same time occupy the
same portion of space.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Insusceptibility of intellectual or
emotional impression; obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impenetrabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>penetrabilis</i>
penetrable: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;n&eacute;trable</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not
admitting the passage of other bodies; not to be entered; impervious;
as, an <i>impenetrable</i> shield.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Highest woods <i>impenetrable</i><BR>
To star or sunlight.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>Having the property of
preventing any other substance from occupying the same space at the
same time.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Inaccessible, as to knowledge, reason,
sympathy, etc.; unimpressible; not to be moved by arguments or
motives; as, an <i>impenetrable</i> mind, or heart.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They will be credulous in all affairs of life, but
<i>impenetrable</i> by a sermon of the gospel.</blockquote> <i>Jer.

<p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being impenetrable; impenetrability.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impenetrable manner or state; imperviously.</def>
"<i>Impenetrably</i> armed." <i>Milton.</i> "<i>Impenetrably</i>
dull." <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"i*tence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impenitentia</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;nitence</i>.] <def>The
condition of being impenitent; failure or refusal to repent; hardness
of heart.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He will advance from one degree of wickedness and
<i>impenitence</i> to another.</blockquote> <i>Rogers.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"i*ten*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Impenitence.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impaenitens</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>paenitens</i> penitens:
cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;nitent</i>. See <u>Penitent</u>.] <def>Not
penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; of a hard heart.</def>
"They . . . died <i>impenitent</i>." <i>Milton.</i> "A careless and
<i>impenitent</i> heart." <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is not
penitent.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without

<p><hw>Im*pen"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Characterized by short wings covered with feathers resembling
scales, as the penguins.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of
the Impennes.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im*pen"nes</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. L.
pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>penna</i> feather.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>An order of birds, including only the penguins, in which the
wings are without quills, and not suited for flight.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pen"nous</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>penna</i> wing.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having no wings,
as some insects.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*peo"ple</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impeopled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impeopling</u> (?).] [See <u>Empeople</u>.] <def>To
people; to give a population to.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Thou hast helped to <i>impeople</i> hell.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im"pe*rant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperans</i>,
p. pr. of <i>imperare</i> to command.] <def>Commanding.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im"pe*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imperare</i> to command.] <def>Done by
express direction; not involuntary; communded.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Those <i>imperate</i> acts, wherein we see the empire
of the soul.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per`a*ti"val</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i>
<def>Of or pertaining to the imperative mood.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperativus</i>, fr. <i>imperare</i> to command; pref. <i>im-</i>
in + <i>parare</i> to make ready, prepare: cf. F.
<i>imp&eacute;ratif</i>. See <u>Perade</u>, and cf. <u>Empire</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Expressive of command; containing positive
command; authoritatively or absolutely directive; commanding;
authoritative; as, <i>imperative</i> orders.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The suit of kings are <i>imperative</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be avoided or evaded; obligatory;
binding; compulsory; as, an <i>imperative</i> duty or

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Expressive of commund,
entreaty, advice, or exhortation; as, the imperative mood.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"a*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i>
<def>The imperative mood; also, a verb in the imperative

<p><hw>Im*per"a*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
imperative manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pe*ra"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. See
<u>Emperor</u>.] <i>(Rom. Antiq.)</i> <def>A commander; a leader; an
emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman
soldiers saluted their general after an important victory.
Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great
military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some
special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed
by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now
attached to the word <i>emperor</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per`a*to"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperatorius</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Commanding; imperative;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the title or office of
imperator.</def> "<i>Imperatorial</i> laurels."  <i>C.

<p><hw>Im*per`a*to"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imperial.</def> [R.]  <i>Gauden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imperative.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*ceiv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imperceptible.</def> [R.] <i>South.</i> --
<wf>Im`per*ceiv"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im`per*ceived"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
perceived.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*cep`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being imperceptible.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*cep"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>perceptible</i>: cf. F. <i>imperceptible</i>.] <def>Not
perceptible; not to be apprehended or cognized by the senses; not
discernible by the mind; not easily apprehended.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Almost <i>imperceptible</i> to the touch.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Its operation is slow, and in some cases almost
<i>imperceptible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im`per*cep"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im`per*cep"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Their . . . subtilty and
<i>imperceptibleness</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*cep"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of

<p><hw>Im`per*cep"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unable to

<p><blockquote>The <i>imperceptive</i> part of the soul.</blockquote>
<i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*cip"i*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
perceiving, or not able to perceive.</def>  <i>A. Baxter.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per`di*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being imperdible.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*per"di*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + L. <i>perdere</i> to destroy.] <def>Not destructible.</def>
[Obs.] -- <wf>Im*per"di*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperfectus</i>: pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perfectus</i> perfect:
cf. F <i>imparfait</i>, whence OE. <i>imparfit</i>. See
<u>Perfect</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not perfect; not complete in
all its parts; wanting a part; deective; deficient.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Something he left <i>imperfect</i> in the
state.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Why, then, your other senses grow
<i>imperfect</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting in some elementary organ that is
essential to successful or normal activity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He . . . stammered like a child, or an amazed,
<i>imperfect</i> person.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not fulfilling its design; not realizing
an ideal; not conformed to a standard or rule; not satisfying the
taste or conscience; esthetically or morally defective.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Nothing <i>imperfect</i> or deficient left<BR>
Of all that he created.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Then say not man's <i>imperfect</i>, Heaven in
Say rather, man's as perfect as he ought.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Imperfect arch</b></col>, <cd>an arch of less than a
semicircle; a skew arch.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect cadence</b></col>
<i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>one not ending with the tonic, but with the
dominant or some other chord; one not giving complete rest; a half
close.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect consonances</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>,
<cd>chords like the third and sixth, whose ratios are less simple
than those of the fifth and forth.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect
flower</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a flower wanting either stamens
or pistils.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Imperfect interval</b></col>
<i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>one a semitone less than perfect; as, an
<i>imperfect</i> fifth.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect number</b></col>
<i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a number either greater or less than the sum of
its several divisors; in the former case, it is called also a
<i>defective number</i>; in the latter, an <i>abundant
number</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect obligations</b></col>
<i>(Law)</i>, <cd>obligations as of charity or gratitude, which
cannot be enforced by law.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect power</b></col>
<i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a number which can not be produced by taking any
whole number or vulgar fraction, as a factor, the number of times
indicated by the power; thus, 9 is a perfect square, but an
<i>imperfect</i> cube.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect tense</b></col>
<i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>a tense expressing past time and incomplete

<p><! p. 735 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i>
<def>The imperfect tense; or the form of a verb denoting the
imperfect tense.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make
imperfect.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*fec`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being imperfectible.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*fec"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Incapable of being made perfect.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*fec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperfectio</i>: cf. F. <i>imperfection</i>. See <u>Imperfect</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>The quality or condition of being
imperfect; want of perfection; incompleteness; deficiency; fault or

<p><blockquote>Sent to my account<BR>
With all my <i>imperfections</i> on my head.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Defect; deficiency; incompleteness; fault; failing;
weakness; frailty; foible; blemish; vice.</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"fect*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being imperfect.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"fo*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Imperforate</u>.] <def>Incapable of being perforated, or bored

<p><hw>||Im*per"fo*ra"ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Imperforate</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A division of
Foraminifera, including those in which the shell is not

<p>{ <hw>Im*per"fo*rate</hw> (?), <hw>Im*per"fo*ra"ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perforatus</i>, p.
p. of <i>perforate</i> to perforate. See <u>Perforate</u>.] <def>Not
perforated; having no opening or aperture.</def>  <i>Sir J.

<p><hw>Im*per`fo*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imperforation</i>.] <def>The state of being without

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>emperial</i>, OF. <i>emperial</i>, F. <i>imp&eacute;rial</i>, fr.
L. <i>imperialis</i>, fr. <i>imperium</i> command, sovereignty,
empire. See <u>Empire</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining
to an empire, or to an emperor; as, an <i>imperial</i> government;
<i>imperial</i> authority or edict.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The last<BR>
That wore the <i>imperial</i> diadem of Rome.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Belonging to, or suitable to, supreme
authority, or one who wields it; royal; sovereign; supreme.</def>
"The <i>imperial</i> democracy of Athens."  <i>Mitford.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Who, as Ulysses says, opinion crowns<BR>
With an <i>imperial</i> voice.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To tame the proud, the fetter'd slave to free,<BR>
These are <i>imperial</i> arts, and worthy thee.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>He sounds his <i>imperial</i> clarion along the whole
line of battle.</blockquote> <i>E. Everett.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Of superior or unusual size or excellence;
as, <i>imperial</i> paper; <i>imperial</i> tea, etc.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Imperial bushel</b></col>, <col><b>gallon</b></col>,
<cd>etc. See <u>Bushel</u>, <u>Gallon</u>, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Imperial chamber</b></col>, <cd>the, the sovereign court of
the old German empire.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial city</b></col>,
<cd>under the first German empire, a city having no head but the
emperor.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial diet</b></col>, <cd>an assembly of
all the states of the German empire.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial
drill</b></col>. <i>(Manuf.)</i> <cd>See under 8th <u>Drill</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>Imperial eagle</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See
<u>Eagle</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial green</b></col>. <cd>See
<i>Paris green</i>, under <u>Green</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial
guard</b></col>, <cd>the royal guard instituted by Napoleon I.</cd> -
- <col><b>Imperial weights and measures</b></col>, <cd>the standards
legalized by the British Parliament.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>imp&eacute;riale</i>: cf. Sp. <i>imperial</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and
chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An outside seat on a diligence.</def>
<i>T. Hughes.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A luggage case on the top of a
coach.</def>  <i>Simmonds.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Anything of unusual size or excellence, as
a large decanter, a kind of large photograph, a large sheet of
drawing, printing, or writing paper, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A gold coin of Russia worth ten rubles, or
about eight dollars.</def>  <i>McElrath.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A kind of fine cloth brought into England
from Greece. or other Eastern countries, in the Middle

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The power
or character of an emperor; imperial authority; the spirit of

<p><blockquote>Roman <i>imperialism</i> had divided the
world.</blockquote> <i>C. H. Pearson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imp&eacute;rialiste</i>.] <def>One who serves an emperor; one who
favors imperialism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe`ri*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Imperialities</b></plw> (&?;).</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Imperial power.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An imperial right or privilegs. See

<p><blockquote>The late empress having, by ukases of grace,
relinquished her <i>imperialities</i> on the private mines, viz., the
tenths of the copper, iron, silver and gold.</blockquote> <i>W.

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imperialized</u> (?); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imperializing</u> (?).] <def>To invest with
imperial authority, character, or style; to bring to the form of an
empire.</def>  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
imperial manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imperial
power.</def> [R.]  <i>Sheldon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"il</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imperiled</u> (?) or <u>Imperilled</u>; <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imperiling</u> or <u>Imperilling</u>.]
<def>To bring into peril; to endanger.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"il*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
imperiling, or the state of being imperiled.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperiosus</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;rieux</i>. See
<u>Imperial</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Commanding; ascendant;
imperial; lordly; majestic.</def> [Obs.] "A vast and <i>imperious</i>
mind."  <i>Tilloison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Therefore, great lords, be, as your titles
<i>Imperious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Haughly; arrogant; overbearing; as, an
<i>imperious</i> tyrant; an <i>imperious</i> manner.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This <i>imperious</i> man will work us all<BR>
From princes into pages.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His bold, contemptuous, and <i>imperious</i> spirit
soon made him conspicuous.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Imperative; urgent; compelling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Imperious</i> need, which can not be
withstood.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Dictatorial; haughty; domineering; overbearing;
lordly; tyrannical; despotic; arrogant; imperative; authoritative;
commanding; pressing.  -- <u>Imperious</u>, <u>Lordly</u>,
<u>Domineering</u>. One who is <i>imperious</i> exercises his
authority in a manner highly offensive for its spirit and tone; one
who is <i>lordly</i> assumes a lofty air in order to display his
importance; one who is <i>domineering</i> gives orders in a way to
make others feel their inferiority.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
imperious manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
or state of being imperious; arrogance; haughtiness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Imperiousness</i> and severity is but an ill way of
treating men who have reason of their own to guide them.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*per`ish*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being imperishable: indstructibility.</def> "The
<i>imperishability</i> of the universe."  <i>Milman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ish*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>perishable</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;rissable</i>.]
<def>Not perishable; not subject to decay; indestructible; enduring
permanently; as, an <i>imperishable</i> monument; <i>imperishable</i>
renown.</def> -- <wf>Im*per"ish*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
-- <wf>Im*per"ish*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"i"wigged</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wearing a

<p>{ <hw>Im*per"ma*nence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*per"ma*nen*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>lack of permanence.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ma*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im*per`me*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>im-</i> not + <i>permeability</i>: cf. F.
<i>imperm&eacute;abilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being

<p><hw>Im*per"me*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>permeable</i>: cf. F. <i>imperm&eacute;able</i>, L.
<i>impermeabilis</i>.] <def>Not permeable; not permitting passage, as
of a fluid. through its substance; impervious; impenetrable; as,
India rubber is <i>impermeable</i> to water and to air.</def> --
<wf>Im*per"me*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*per"me*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im`per*scru"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperscrutabilis</i>.] <def>Not capable of being searched out;
inscrutable.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im`per*scru"ta*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*sev"er*ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
persevering; fickle; thoughtless.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"son*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impersonalis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not +  <i>personalis</i>
personal: cf. F. <i>impersonnel</i>. See <u>Personal</u>.] <def>Not
personal; not representing a person; not having

<p><blockquote>An almighty but <i>impersonal</i> power, called
Fate.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Stephen.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Impersonal verb</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>a verb used
with an indeterminate subject, commonly, in English, with the
impersonal pronoun <i>it</i>; as, <i>it rains</i>; <i>it snows</i>;
<i>methinks</i> (it seems to me). Many verbs which are not strictly
impersonal are often used impersonally; as, <i>it goes</i> well with

<p><hw>Im*per"son*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which wants
personality; specifically <i>(Gram.)</i>, an impersonal

<p><hw>Im*per`son*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being impersonal; want or absence of

<p><hw>Im*per"son*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impersonal manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"son*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impersonated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impersonating</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To invest
with personality; to endow with the form of a living being.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To ascribe the qualities of a person to;
to personify.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To assume, or to represent, the person or
character of; to personate; as, he <i>impersonated</i>

<p><blockquote>Benedict <i>impersonated</i> his age.</blockquote>

<p>{ <hw>Im*per`son*a"tion</hw> (?), <hw>Im`per*son`i*fi*ca"tion</hw>
(?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of impersonating;
personification; investment with personality; representation in a
personal form.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"son*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
impersonates; an actor; a mimic.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per`spi*cu"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
perspicuity or clearness; vagueness; ambiguity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*spic"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
perspicuous; not clear; obscure; vague; ambiguous.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*suad"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Impersuasible</u>.] <def>Not to be persuaded; obstinate;
unyielding; impersuasible.</def> -- <wf>Im`per*suad"a*ble*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>Im`per*sua"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>persuasible</i>: cf. OF. <i>impersuasible</i>.]
<def>Not persuasible; not to be moved by persuasion; inflexible;
impersuadable.</def> <i>Dr. H. More.</i> --
<wf>Im`per*sua`si*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ti*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impertinence</i>. See <u>Impertinent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The condition or quality of being impertinent; absence of
pertinence, or of adaptedness; irrelevance; unfitness.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conduct or language unbecoming the person,
the society, or the circumstances; rudeness; incivility.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>We should avoid the vexation and <i>impertinence</i>
of pedants who affect to talk in a language not to be
understood.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is impertinent; a thing out of
place, or of no value.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There are many subtile <i>impertinences</i> learned in
schools.</blockquote> <i>Watts.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ti*nen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Impertinence.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>O, matter and <i>impertinency</i> mixed!<BR>
Reason in madness!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>impertinens</i>, <i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not +
<i>pertinens</i>. See <u>Pertinent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not
pertinent; not pertaining to the matter in hand; having no bearing on
the subject; not to the point; irrelevant; inapplicable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Things that are <i>impertinent</i> to us.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>How <i>impertinent</i> that grief was which served no
end!</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to, or offending against, the
rules of propriety or good breeding; guilty of, or prone to, rude,
unbecoming, or uncivil words or actions; as, an <i>impertient</i>
coxcomb; an <i>impertient</i> remark.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Trifing; inattentive; frivolous.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Rude; officious; intrusive; saucy; unmannerly;
meddlesome; disrespectful; impudent; insolent.  --
<u>Impertinent</u>, <u>Officious</u>, <u>Rude</u>. A person is
<i>officious</i> who obtrudes his <i>offices</i> or assistance where
they are not needed; he is <i>impertinent</i> when he intermeddles in
things with which he has no concern. The former shows a want of tact,
the latter a want of breeding, or, more commonly, a spirit of sheer
impudence. A person is <i>rude</i> when he violates the proprieties
of social life either from ignorance or wantonness. "An
<i>impertinent</i> man will ask questions for the mere gratification
of curiosity; a <i>rude</i> man will burst into the room of another,
or push against his person, inviolant of all decorum; one who is
<i>officious</i> is quite as unfortunate as he is troublesome; when
he strives to serve, he has the misfortune to annoy." <i>Crabb.</i>
See <u>Impudence</u>, and <u>Insolent</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An impertinent
person.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impertinent manner.</def> "Not to betray myself
<i>impertinently</i>."  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*tran`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The quality or state of being impertransible.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*tran"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref.
<i>im-</i> not + <i>pertransire</i> to go through. See <u>Per-</u>
and <u>Transient</u>.] <def>Incapable of being passed through.</def>

<p><hw>Im`per*turb`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The state or quality of being imperturbable.</def><BR>
[1913 Webster]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*turb"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperturbabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perturbare</i> to
disturb: cf. F. <i>imperturbable</i>. See <u>Perture</u>.]
<def>Incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted; as,
<i>imperturbable</i> gravity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*turb"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
imperturbable manner; calmly.</def>  <i>C. Bront&eacute;.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*per`tur*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imperturbatio</i>.] <def>Freedom from agitation of mind; calmness;
quietude.</def>  <i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`per*turbed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im*per`vi*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being imperviable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"vi*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
pervious; impervious.</def> [R.] -- <wf>Im*per"vi*a*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*per"vi*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impervius</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>per</i> through +
<i>via</i> way. See <u>Voyage</u>.] <def>Not pervious; not admitting
of entrance or passage through; as, a substance <i>impervious</i> to
water or air.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This gulf impassable, <i>impervious</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>The minds of these zealots were absolutely
<i>impervious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impassable; pathless; impenetrable; imperviable;

<p>-- <wf>Im*per"vi*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*per"vi*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im"per*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Empery.</def>
[Archaic]  <i>Joye.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To affict with
pestilence; to infect, as with plague.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pes"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Pester</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pe*tig"i*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impetiginous</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;tigineux</i>.] <def>Of the
nature of, or pertaining to, impetigo.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pe*ti"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr.
<i>impetere</i> to attack.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A cutaneous, pustular
eruption, not attended with fever; usually, a kind of eczema with

<p><hw>Im"pe*tra*ble</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impetrabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;trable</i>. See
<u>Impetrate</u>.] <def>Capable of being obtained or moved by
petition.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impetratus</i>, p. p. of <i>impetrare</i> to obtain; pref. <i>im-
</i> in + <i>patrare</i> to bring to pass.] <def>Obtained by
entreaty.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Ld. Herbert.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impetrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impetrating</u> (?).] <def>To obtain by request or
entreaty.</def>  <i>Usher.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pe*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impetratio</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;tration</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impetrating, or obtaining by
petition or entreaty.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>In way of <i>impertation</i> procuring the removal or
allevation of our crosses.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Old Eng. Law)</i> <def>The obtaining of
benefice from Rome by solicitation, which benefice belonged to the
disposal of the king or other lay patron of the realm.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*tra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impetrativus</i> obtained by entreaty.] <def>Of the nature of
impetration; getting, or tending to get, by entreaty.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*tra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Containing
or expressing entreaty.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pet`u*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imp&eacute;tuosit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
condition or quality of being impetuous; fury; violence.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehemence, or furiousnes of temper.</def>

<p><hw>Im*pet"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>impetueux</i>, L. <i>impetuosus</i>. See <u>Impetus</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Rushing with force and violence; moving with
impetus; furious; forcible; violent; as, an <i>impetuous</i> wind; an
<i>impetuous</i> torrent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Went pouring forward with <i>impetuous</i>
speed.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehement in feeling; hasty; passionate;
violent; as, a man of <i>impetuous</i> temper.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The people, on their holidays,<BR>
<i>Impetuous</i>, insolent, unquenchable.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Forcible; rapid; hasty; precipitate; furious;
boisterous; violent; raging; fierce; passionate.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*pet"u*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*pet"u*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*tus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr.
<i>impetere</i> to rush upon, attack; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>petere</i> to fall upon, seek. See <u>Petition</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A property possessed by a moving body in
virtue of its weight and its motion; the force with which any body is
driven or impelled; momentum.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Momentum</i> is the technical term, <i>impetus</i> its
popular equivalent, yet differing from it as applied commonly to
bodies moving or moved suddenly or violently, and indicating the
origin and intensity of the motion, rather than its quantity or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: Impulse; incentive; vigor;
force.</def>  <i>Buckle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Gun.)</i> <def>The altitude through which a
heavy body must fall to acquire a velocity equal to that with which a
ball is discharged from a piece.</def></p>

<p><! p. 736 !></p>

<p><hw>Im"pey*an pheas"ant</hw> (&ibreve;m"p&ibreve;*<i>a</i>n
f&ebreve;z"<i>a</i>nt). [From Lady <i>Impey</i>, who attempted to
naturalize the bird in England.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An Indian
crested pheasant of the genus <i>Lophophorus</i>. Several species are
known. Called also <i>monaul</i>, <i>monal</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; They are remarkable for the bright color and brilliant
matallic hues of their plumage. The best known species (<i>L.
Impeyanus</i>) has the neck of a brilliant metallic red, changing to
golden yellow in certain lights.</p>

<p><hw>Im"phee</hw> (&ibreve;m"f&emacr;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The African sugar cane (<i>Holcus
saccharatus</i>), -- resembling the sorghum, or Chinese sugar

<p><hw>Im*pic"tured</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&ibreve;k"t&usl;rd; 135),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pictured; impressed.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*pierce"</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&emacr;rs"), <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pierce</i>.  Cf.
<u>Empierce</u>.] <def>To pierce; to penetrate.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*pierce"a*ble</hw> (-&adot;*b'l) <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Not capable of being pierced; impenetrable.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*pi"e*ty</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&imacr;"&esl;*t&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impieties</b></plw> (-
t&ibreve;z). [L. <i>impietas</i>, fr. <i>impius</i> impious; cf. F.
<i>impi&eacute;t&eacute;</i>. See <u>Impious</u>, <u>Piety</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being impious; want of piety;
irreverence toward the Supreme Being; ungodliness;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impious act; an act of

<p><blockquote>Those <i>impieties</i> for the which they are now
visited.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ungodliness; irreligion; unrighteousness;
sinfulness; profaneness; wickedness; godlessness.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pig"no*rate</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&ibreve;g"n&osl;*r&amacr;t),
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impignoratus</i>, p. pl of
<i>impignorare</i> to pawn. See <u>Pignoration</u>.] <def>To pledge
or pawn.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Laing.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pig`no*ra"tion</hw> (-r&amacr;"sh&ubreve;n),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impignoratio</i>: cf. F.
<i>impignoration</i>.] <def>The act of pawning or pledging; the state
of being pawned.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Imp"ing</hw> (&ibreve;mp"&ibreve;ng), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[See <u>Imp</u> to graft.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process
of grafting or mending.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Falconry)</i> <def>The process of repairing
broken feathers or a deficient wing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pinge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impinged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impinging</u> (?).] [L. <i>impingere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>pangere</i> to fix, strike; prob. akin to <i>pacisci</i> to agree,
contract. See <u>Pact</u>, and cf. <u>Impact</u>.] <def>To fall or
dash against; to touch upon; to strike; to hit; to clash with; --
with on or <i>upon</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The cause of reflection is not the <i>impinging</i> of
light on the solid or impervious parts of bodies.</blockquote> <i>Sir
I. Newton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>But, in the present order of things, not to be
employed without <i>impinging</i> on God's justice.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pinge"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of

<p><hw>Im*pin"gent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impingens</i>, p. pr.] <def>Striking against or upon.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pin"guate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impinguatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impinguare</i> to fatten; pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>pinguis</i> fat.] <def>To fatten; to make
fat.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pin*gua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
making fat, or the state of being fat or fattened.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"pi*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impius</i>;
pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pius</i> piou. See <u>Pious</u>.] <def>Not
pious; wanting piety; irreligious; irreverent; ungodly; profane;
wanting in reverence for the Supreme Being; as, an <i>impious</i>
deed; <i>impious</i> language.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When vice prevails, and <i>impious</i> men bear
The post of honor is a private station.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Impious</u>, <u>Irreligious</u>, <u>Profane</u>.
<i>Irreligious</i> is negative, <i>impious</i> and <i>profane</i> are
positive. An indifferent man may be <i>irreligious</i>; a
<i>profane</i> man is irreverent in speech and conduct; an
<i>impious</i> man is wickedly and boldly defiant in the strongest
sense. <i>Profane</i> also has the milder sense of <i>secular</i>.
<i>C. J. Smith.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im"pi*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im"pi*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im"pire</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Umpire</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Huloet.</i></p>

<p><hw>Imp"ish</hw> (&ibreve;mp"&ibreve;sh), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Having the qualities, or showing the characteristics, of an

<p><hw>Imp"ish*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the manner of
an imp.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pit"e*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pitiless;
cruel.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pla`ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>implacabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>implacabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The
quality or state of being implacable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pla"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>implacabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>placabilis</i>: cf. F.
<i>implacable</i>. See <u>Placable</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not
placable; not to be appeased; incapable of being pacified;
inexorable; as, an implacable prince.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I see thou art <i>implacable</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>An object of <i>implacable</i> enmity.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being relieved or assuaged;
inextinguishable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>O! how I burn with <i>implacable</i>
fire.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Which wrought them pain<BR>
<i>Implacable</i>, and many a dolorous groan.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unappeasable; inexorable; irreconcilable;
unrelenting; relentless; unyielding.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pla"ca*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being implacable; implacability.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pla"ca*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
implacable manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pla*cen"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Without a placenta, as marsupials and
monotremes.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A mammal having no

<p><hw>||Im`pla*cen*ta"li*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.
See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Placental</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A
primary division of the Mammalia, including the monotremes and
marsupials, in which no placenta is formed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plant"</hw> (?) <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Implanted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Implanting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plant</i>: cf. F.
<i>implanter</i>.] <def>To plant, or infix, for the purpose of
growth; to fix deeply; to instill; to inculate; to introduce; as, to
<i>implant</i> the seeds of virtue, or the principles of knowledge,
in the minds of youth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Minds well <i>implanted</i> with solid . . .
breeding.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`plan*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>implantation</i>.] <def>The act or process of

<p><hw>Im*plate"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Implated</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Implating</u>.] <def>To cover with plates; to sheathe; as, to
<i>implate</i> a ship with iron.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plau`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want
of plausibility; the quality of being implausible.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plau"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>plausible</i>: cf. F. <i>implausible</i>.] <def>Not
plausible; not wearing the appearance of truth or credibility, and
not likely to be believed.</def> "<i>Implausible</i> harangues."

<p>-- <wf>Im*plau"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*plau"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*pleach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pleach;
to interweave.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plead"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impleaded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impleading</u>.] [Cf. <u>Emplead</u>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>To
institute and prosecute a suit against, in court; to sue or prosecute
at law; hence, to accuse; to impeach.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plead"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To sue at

<p><hw>Im*plead"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
admitting excuse, evasion, or plea; rigorous.</def> [R.]  <i>T.

<p><hw>Im*plead"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i>
<def>One who prosecutes or sues another.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pleas"ing</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unpleasing;
displeasing.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Overbury.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pledge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
pledge.</def>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"ple*ment</hw> (&ibreve;m"pl&esl;*m<i>e</i>nt),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>implementum</i> accomplishment, fr. L.
<i>implere</i>, <i>impletum</i>, to fill up, finish, complete; pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>plere</i> to fill. The word was perh. confused
with OF. <i>empleier</i>, <i>emploier</i>, to employ, F.
<i>employer</i>, whence E. <i>employ</i>. See <u>Plenty</u>.]
<def>That which fulfills or supplies a want or use; esp., an
instrument, tool, or utensil, as supplying a requisite to an end; as,
the <i>implements</i> of trade, of husbandry, or of war.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Genius must have talent as its complement and
<i>implement</i>.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"ple*ment</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To accomplish; to fulfill.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Revenge . . . executed and <i>implemented</i> by the
hand of Vanbeest Brown.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To provide with an implement or
implements; to cause to be fulfilled, satisfied, or carried out, by
means of an implement or implements.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The chief mechanical requisites of the barometer are
<i>implemented</i> in such an instrument as the
following.</blockquote> <i>Nichol.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>To fulfill or perform,
as a contract or an engagement.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`ple*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining
to, or characterized by, implements or their use;

<p><hw>Im*ple"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impletio</i>. See <u>Implement</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
act of filling, or the state of being full.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which fills up; filling.</def>

<p><hw>Im"plex</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>implexus</i>, p.
p. of <i>implectere</i> to infold; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>plectere</i> to plait: cf. F <i>implexe</i>.] <def>Intricate;
entangled; complicated; complex.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The fable of every poem is . . . simple or
<i>implex</i>. it is called simple when there is no change of fortune
in it; <i>implex</i>, when the fortune of the chief actor changes
from bad to good, or from good to bad.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*plex"ion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>implexio</i>.] <def>Act of involving, or state of being involved;

<p><hw>Im*pli"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not pliable;
inflexible; unyielding.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"pli*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implicated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Implicating</u>.] [L. <i>implicatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>implicare</i> to involve; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plicare</i> to
fold. See <u>Employ</u>, <u>Ply</u>, and cf. <u>Imply</u>,
<u>Implicit</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To infold; to fold
together; to interweave.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The meeting boughs and <i>implicated</i>
leaves.</blockquote> <i>Shelley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bring into connection with; to involve;
to connect; -- applied to persons, in an unfavorable sense; as, the
evidence <i>implicates</i> many in this conspiracy; to be
<i>implicated</i> in a crime, a discreditable transaction, a fault,

<p><hw>Im`pli*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>implicatio</i>: cf. F. <i>implication</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of implicating, or the state of being

<p><blockquote>Three principal causes of firmness are. the grossness,
the quiet contact, and the <i>implication</i> of component
parts.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An implying, or that which is implied, but
not expressed; an inference, or something which may fairly be
understood, though not expressed in words.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whatever things, therefore, it was asserted that the
king might do, it was a necessary <i>implication</i> that there were
other things which he could not do.</blockquote> <i>Hallam.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pli*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to

<p><hw>Im"pli*ca*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By
implication.</def>  <i>Sir G. Buck.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plic"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>implicitus</i>, p. p. of <i>implicare</i> to entwine, entangle,
attach closely: cf. F. <i>implicite</i>. See <u>Implicate</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Infolded; entangled; complicated;
involved.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>In his woolly fleece<BR>
I cling <i>implicit</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Tacitly comprised; fairly to be
understood, though not expressed in words; implied; as, an implicit
contract or agreement.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Resting on another; trusting in the word
or authority of another, without doubt or reserve; unquestioning;
complete; as, <i>implicit</i> confidence; <i>implicit</i>

<p><blockquote>Back again to <i>implicit</i> faith I
fall.</blockquote> <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Implicit function</b></col>. <i>(Math.)</i> <cd>See under

<p><hw>Im*plic"it*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an implicit manner; without reserve; with
unreserved confidence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Not to dispute the methods of his providence, but
humbly and <i>implicitly</i> to acquiesce in and adore
them.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>By implication; impliedly; as, to deny the
providence of God is <i>implicitly</i> to deny his existence.</def>

<p><hw>Im*plic"it*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State or
quality of being implicit.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Implicitness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cotgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plied"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Virtually
involved or included; involved in substance; inferential; tacitly
conceded; -- the correlative of express, or expressed. See

<p><hw>Im*pli"ed*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By
implication or inference.</def>  <i>Bp. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plod"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i>
<def>Formed by implosion.</def>  <i>Ellis.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plod"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i>
<def>An implosive sound.</def>  <i>Ellis.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`plo*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imploratio</i>: cf. OF. <i>imploration</i>. See <u>Implore</u>.]
<def>The act of imploring; earnest supplication.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Im"plo*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
implores.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Mere <i>implorators</i> of unholy suits.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*plor"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Supplicatory; entreating.</def> [R.]  <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plore"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Implored</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imploring</u>.] [L. <i>implorare</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>plorare</i> to cry aloud. See <u>Deplore</u>.] <def>To call upon,
or for, in supplication; to beseech; to pray to, or for, earnestly;
to petition with urgency; to entreat; to beg; -- followed directly by
the word expressing the thing sought, or the person from whom it is

<p><blockquote><i>Imploring</i> all the gods that reign
above.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I kneel, and then <i>implore</i> her
blessing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To beseech; supplicate; crave; entreat; beg;
solicit; petition; prey; request; adjure. See <u>Beseech</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*plore"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To entreat; to
beg; to prey.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*plore"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imploration.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Spencer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plor"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*plor"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That implores;
beseeching; entreating.</def> -- <wf>Im*plor"ing*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>Im*plo"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Formed by
substitution of pref. <i>im-</i> in for pref. <i>ex-</i> in
<i>explosion</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A bursting inwards, as of
a vessel from which the air has been exhausted; -- contrasted with

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>A sudden compression of the
air in the mouth, simultaneously with and affecting the sound made by
the closure of the organs in uttering <i>p</i>, <i>t</i>, or
<i>k</i>, at the end of a syllable (see <i>Guide to
Pronunciation</i>, &sect;&sect;159, 189); also, a similar compression
made by an upward thrust of the larynx without any accompanying
explosive action, as in the peculiar sound of <i>b</i>, <i>d</i>, and
<i>g</i>, heard in Southern Germany.</def>  <i>H. Sweet.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plo"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i>
<def>Formed by implosion.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
implosive sound, an implodent.</def> -- <wf>Im*plo"sive*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos>  <i>H. Sweet.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*plumed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not plumed;
without plumes or feathers; featherless.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*plunge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
plunge.</def>  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im*plu"vi*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr.
<i>impluere</i> to rain into; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pluere</i> to
rain.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>In Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set
in the atrium or peristyle to recieve the water from the roof, by
means of the <i>compluvium</i>; generally made ornamental with
flowers and works of art around its birm.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ply"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Implied</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Implying</u>.] [From the same source as employ. See <u>Employ</u>,
<u>Ply</u>, and cf. <u>Implicate</u>, <u>Apply</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To infold or involve; to wrap up.</def>
[Obs.] "His head in curls <i>implied</i>."  <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To involve in substance or essence, or by
fair inference, or by construction of law, when not include
virtually; as, war <i>implies</i> fighting.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Where a malicious act is proved, a malicious intention
is <i>implied</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Sherlock.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>When a man employs a laborer to work for him, . . .
the act of hiring <i>implies</i> an obligation and a promise that he
shall pay him a reasonable reward for his services.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To refer, ascribe, or attribute.</def>

<p><blockquote>Whence might this distaste arise?</blockquote></p>

<p><blockquote>If [from] neither your perverse and peevish will.<BR>
To which I most <i>imply</i> it.</blockquote> <i>J. Webster.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To involve; include; comprise; import; mean;
denote; signify; betoken. See <u>Involve</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*poi"son</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Empoison</u>.] <def>To poison; to imbitter; to impair.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*poi"son*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
poisoner.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*poi"son*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Empoisonment</u>.] <def>The act of poisoning or impoisoning.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im*po"lar*i*ly</hw> (?), <hw>Im*po"lar*ly</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not according to or in, the direction of
the poles.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pol"i*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of
being impolitic; inexpedience; unsuitableness to the end proposed;
bads policy; as, the <i>impolicy</i> of fraud.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Im`po*lite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impolitus</i> unpolishied, pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>politus</i>,
p. p. of <i>polire</i> to polish, refine. See <u>Polite</u>.]
<def>Not polite; not of polished manners; wanting in good manners;
discourteous; uncivil; rude.</def> -- <wf>Im`po*lite"ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Im`po*lite"ness</wf>,

<p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>politic</i>; cf. F. <i>impolitique</i>.] <def>Not politic;
contrary to, or wanting in, policy; unwise; imprudent; indiscreet;
inexpedient; as, an <i>impolitic</i> ruler, law, or

<p><blockquote>The most unjust and <i>impolitic</i> of all things,
unequal taxation.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indiscreet; inexpedient; undiplomatic.</p>

<p><! p. 737 !></p>

<p><hw>Im`po*lit"i*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Impolitic.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im`po*lit"i*cal*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impolitic manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being impolitic.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pon`der*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impond&eacute;rabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of
being imponderable; imponderableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>ponderable</i>: cf. F. <i>impond&eacute;rable</i>.]
<def>Not ponderable; without sensible or appreciable weight;
incapable of being weighed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physics)</i>
<def>An imponderable substance or body; specifically, in the plural,
a name formerly applied to heat, light, electricity, and magnetism,
regarded as subtile fluids destitute of weight but in modern science
little used.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being imponderable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pon"der*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imponderable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i> --
<wf>Im*pon"der*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pone"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imponere</i>, <i>impositum</i>, to place upon; pref. <i>im-</i> in
+ <i>ponere</i> to place. See <u>Position</u>.] <def>To stake; to
wager; to pledge.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Against the which he has <i>imponed</i>, as I take it,
six French rapiers and poniards.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im*poo"fo</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The eland.</def> [Written also <i>impoofoo</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>||Im*poon"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The duykerbok.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*poor"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
impoverish.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`po*ros"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Perf. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>porosity</i>: cf. F. <i>imporosit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>The state or quality of being imporous; want of porosity;
compactness.</def> "The . . . <i>imporosity</i> betwixt the tangible
parts."  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of
pores; very close or compact in texture; solid.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Im*port"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imported</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Importing</u>.] [L. <i>importare</i> to bring in, to occasion, to
cause; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>portare</i> to bear. Sense 3 comes
through F. <i>importer</i>, from the Latin. See <u>Port</u>
demeanor.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To bring in from abroad; to
introduce from without; especially, to bring (wares or merchandise)
into a place or country from a foreign country, in the transactions
of commerce; -- opposed to <i>export</i>. We <i>import</i> teas from
China, coffee from Brasil, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To carry or include, as meaning or
intention; to imply; to signify.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Every petition . . . doth . . . always <i>import</i> a
multitude of speakers together.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be of importance or consequence to; to
have a bearing on; to concern.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I have a motion much <i>imports</i> your
good.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>If I endure it, what <i>imports</i> it
you?</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To denote; mean; signify; imply; indicate; betoken;
interest; concern.</p>

<p><hw>Im*port"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To signify; to
purport; to be of moment.</def> "For that . . . <i>importeth</i> to
the work."  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"port</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Merchandise imported, or brought into a country from without its
boundaries; -- generally in the plural, opposed to

<p><blockquote>I take the <i>imports</i> from, and not the exports
to, these conquests, as the measure of these advantages which we
derived from them.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which a word, phrase, or document
contains as its signification or intention or interpretation of a
word, action, event, and the like.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Importance; weight; consequence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Most serious design, and the great
<i>import</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*port"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>importable</i>. See <u>Import</u>.] <def>Capable of being

<p><hw>Im*port"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>importabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>portabilis</i>
bearable: cf. OF. <i>importable</i>. See <u>Portable</u>.] <def>Not
to be endured; insupportable; intolerable.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Chaucer.</i> -- <wf>Im*port"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im*por"tance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>importance</i>. See <u>Important</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
quality or state of being important; consequence; weight; moment;

<p><blockquote>Thy own <i>importance</i> know,<BR>
Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Subject; matter.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Upon <i>importance</i> of so slight and trivial a
nature.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Import; meaning; significance.</def>

<p><blockquote>The wisest beholder could not say if the
<i>importance</i> were joy or sorrow.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Importunity; solicitation.</def>

<p><blockquote>At our <i>importance</i> hither is he
come.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Importance;
significance; consequence; that which is important.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Shak.</i> "Careful to conceal <i>importancies</i>."

<p><hw>Im*por"tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>important</i>. See <u>Import</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Full of, or burdened by, import; charged with
great interests; restless; anxious.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Thou hast strength as much<BR>
As serves to execute a mind very <i>important</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Carrying or possessing weight or
consequence; of valuable content or bearing; significant;

<p><blockquote>Things small as nothing . . . <BR>
He makes <i>important</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Bearing on; forcible; driving.</def>

<p><blockquote>He fiercely at him flew,<BR>
And with <i>important</i> outrage him assailed.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Importunate; pressing; urgent.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Weighty; momentous; significant; essential;
necessary; considerable; influential; serious.</p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
important manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`por*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>importation</i>. See <u>Import</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of carrying, conveying, or
delivering.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act or practice of importing, or
bringing into a country or state; -- opposed to

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is imported; commodities or
wares introduced into a country from abroad.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*port"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
imports; the merchant who brings goods into a country or state; --
opposed to <i>exporter</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*port"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of
meaning.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*port"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Void of
meaning.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tu*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Heavy;
insupportable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tu*na*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Importunate</u>.] <def>The quality of being importunate;

<p><hw>Im*por"tu*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Importune</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Troublesomely urgent;
unreasonably solicitous; overpressing in request or demand; urgent;
teasing; as, an <i>impotunate</i> petitioner, curiosity.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hard to be borne; unendurable.</def> [R.]

<p>-- <wf>Im*por"tu*nate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*por"tu*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tu*na`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
importunes; an importuner.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir E. Sandys.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>importun</i>, L. <i>importunus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + a
derivative from the root of <i>portus</i> harbor, <i>importunus</i>
therefore orig. meaning, hard of access. See <u>Port</u> harbor, and
cf. <u>Importunate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inopportune;
unseasonable.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Troublesome; vexatious; persistent;
urgent; hence, vexatious on account of untimely urgency or
pertinacious solicitation.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>And their <i>importune</i> fates all
satisfied.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Of all other affections it [envy] is the most
<i>importune</i> and continual.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Importuned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Importuning</u>.] [From <u>Importune</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>:
cf. F. <i>importuner</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To request or
solicit, with urgency; to press with frequent, unreasonable, or
troublesome application or pertinacity; hence, to tease; to irritate;
to worry.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Their ministers and residents here have perpetually
<i>importuned</i> the court with unreasonable demands.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To import; to signify.</def> [Obs.] "It
<i>importunes</i> death."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To require; to
demand.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>We shall write to you,<BR>
As time and our concernings shall <i>importune</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im`por*tune"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
importune manner.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`por*tun"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im`por*tu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Importunities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>importunitas</i>
unsuitableness, rudeness: cf. F. <i>importunit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The
quality of being importunate; pressing or pertinacious solicitation;
urgent request; incessant or frequent application; troublesome

<p><blockquote>O'ercome with <i>importunity</i> and
tears.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*por"tu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>importuosus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>portuosus</i> abounding
in harbors, fr. <i>portus</i> harbor.] <def>Without a port or
harbor.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>imposable</i>.] <def>Capable of being imposed or laid on.</def>

<p><hw>Im*pos"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being imposable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pose"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imposed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imposing</u>.] [F. <i>imposer</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>poser</i> to place. See <u>Pose</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To lay on; to set or place; to put; to

<p><blockquote>Cakes of salt and barley [she] did <i>impose</i><BR>
Within a wicker basket.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To lay as a charge, burden, tax, duty,
obligation, command, penalty, etc.; to enjoin; to levy; to inflict;
as, to <i>impose</i> a toll or tribute.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>What fates <i>impose</i>, that men must needs
abide.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Death is the penalty <i>imposed</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Thou on the deep <i>imposest</i> nobler
laws.</blockquote> <i>Waller.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>To lay on, as the hands, in
the religious rites of confirmation and ordination.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>To arrange in proper order
on a table of stone or metal and lock up in a chase for printing; --
said of columns or pages of type, forms, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pose"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To practice tricks
or deception.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To impose on</b></col> or <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to
pass or put a trick on; to delude.</cd> "He <i>imposes on</i>
himself, and mistakes words for things."  <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pose"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A command;
injunction.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pose"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Imposition.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><blockquote>The <i>imposers</i> of these oaths might
repent.</blockquote> <i>Walton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Laying as a duty; enjoining.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Adapted to impress forcibly; impressive;
commanding; as, an <i>imposing</i> air; an <i>imposing</i>
spectacle.</def> "Large and <i>imposing</i> edifices."  <i>Bp.

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Deceiving; deluding; misleading.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The
act of imposing the columns of a page, or the pages of a sheet. See
<u>Impose</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 4.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Imposing stone</b></col> <i>(Print.)</i>, <cd>the stone on
which the pages or columns of types are imposed or made into forms; -
- called also <i>imposing table</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imposing

<p><hw>Im*pos"ing*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of
being imposing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`po*si"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>impositio</i> the application of a name to a thing. See
<u>Impone</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imposing, laying
on, affixing, enjoining, inflicting, obtruding, and the like.</def>
"From <i>imposition</i> of strict laws." <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Made more solemn by the <i>imposition</i> of
hands.</blockquote> <i>Hammond.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is imposed, levied, or
enjoined; charge; burden; injunction; tax.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Univ.)</i> <def>An extra exercise
enjoined on students as a punishment.</def>  <i>T. Warton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>An excessive, arbitrary, or unlawful
exaction; hence, a trick or deception put on laid on others;
cheating; fraud; delusion; imposture.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Reputation is an idle and most false
<i>imposition</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>The act of laying on the
hands as a religious ceremoy, in ordination, confirmation,

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The act or process of
imosing pages or columns of type. See <u>Impose</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>, 4.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Deceit; fraud; imposture. See <u>Deception</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Impossibilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>impossibilitas</i>: cf.
F. <i>impossibilit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality
of being impossible; impracticability.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They confound difficulty with
<i>impossibility</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impossible thing; that which can not be
thought, done, or endured.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Impossibilities</i>! O, no, there's
none.</blockquote> <i>Cowley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Inability; helplessness.</def> [R.]

<p><col><b>Logical impossibility</b></col>, <cd>a condition or
statement involving contradiction or absurdity; as, that a thing can
be and not be at the same time. See <i>Principle of
Contradiction</i>, under <u>Contradiction</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>impossibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>possibilis</i>
possible. See <u>Possible</u>.] <def>Not possible; incapable of being
done, of existing, etc.; unattainable in the nature of things, or by
means at command; insuperably difficult under the circumstances;
absurd or impracticable; not feasible.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With men this is <i>impossible</i>; but with God all
things are possible.</blockquote> <i>Matt. xix. 26.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Without faith it is <i>impossible</i> to please
him.</blockquote> <i>Heb. xi. 6.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Impossible quantity</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an
imaginary quantity. See <u>Imaginary</u>.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Impracticable</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"si*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
impossibility.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>"Madam," quoth he, "this were an
<i>impossible</i>!"</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"si*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not
possibly.</def>  <i>Sir. T. North.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"post</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>impost</i>, F.
<i>impot</i>, LL. <i>impostus</i>, fr. L. <i>impostus</i>, p. p. of
<i>imponere</i> to impose. See <u>Impone</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which is imposed or levied; a tax, tribute, or duty;
especially, a duty or tax laid by goverment on goods imported into a

<p><blockquote>Even the ship money . . . Johnson could not pronounce
to have been an unconstitutional <i>impost</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The top member of a pillar,
pier, wall, etc., upon which the weight of an arch rests.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The impost is called <i>continuous</i>, if the moldings of
the arch or architrave run down the jamb or pier without a break.</p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Tribute; excise; custom; duty; tax.</p>

<p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See
<u>Imposthume</u>.] <def>To apostemate; to form an imposthume or
abscess.</def>  <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imposthumated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imposthumating</u> (?).] <def>To affect with an
imposthume or abscess.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Im*post`hu*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of forming an abscess; state of being
inflamed; suppuration.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An abscess; an imposthume.</def>

<p><hw>Im*post"hume</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [A corruption of
<i>aposteme</i>. See <u>Aposteme</u>.] <def>A collection of pus or
purulent matter in any part of an animal body; an abscess.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*post"hume</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Im*pos"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impostor</i>
a deceiver, fr. <i>imponere</i> to impose upon, deceive. See
<u>Impone</u>.] <def>One who imposes upon others; a person who
assumes a character or title not his own, for the purpose of
deception; a pretender.</def> "The fraudulent <i>impostor</i> foul."

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Deceiver; cheat; rogue. See <u>Deceiver</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"tor*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The condition,
character, or practice of an impostor.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im*pos"tress</hw> (?), <hw>Im*pos"trix</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impostrix</i>. See <u>Impostor</u>.]
<def>A woman who imposes upon or deceives others.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*pos"trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Characterized
by imposture; deceitful.</def> "<i>Impostrous</i> pretense of
knowledge."  <i>Grote.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"tur*age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imposture;
cheating.</def> [R.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impostura</i>: cf. F. <i>imposture</i>. See <u>Impone</u>.]
<def>The act or conduct of an impostor; deception practiced under a
false or assumed character; fraud or imposition; cheating.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>From new legends<BR>
And fill the world with follies and <i>impostures</i>.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Cheat; fraud; trick; imposition; delusion.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Done by
imposture.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"tur*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impostrous;

<p><blockquote>Strictness fales and <i>impostrous</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"tur*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Imposture.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im"po*tence</hw> (?), <hw>Im"po*ten*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impotenia</i> inability, poverty, want of
moderation. See <u>Impotent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality
or condition of being impotent; want of strength or power, animal,
intellectual, or moral; weakness; feebleness; inability;

<p><blockquote>Some were poor by <i>impotency</i> of nature; as young
fatherless children, old decrepit persons, idiots, and
cripples.</blockquote> <i>Hayward.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>O, <i>impotence</i> of mind in body
strong!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of self-restraint or self-
control.</def> [R.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law & Med.)</i> <def>Want of procreative
power; inability to copulate, or beget children; also, sometimes,
sterility; barrenness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"po*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impotent</i>,
L. <i>impotens</i>, <i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not +
<i>potens</i> potent, powerful. See <u>Potent</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not potent; wanting power, strength. or
vigor. whether physical, intellectual, or moral; deficient in
capacity; destitute of force; weak; feeble; infirm.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There sat a certain man at Lystra, <i>impotent</i>
inhis feet.</blockquote> <i>Acts xiv. 8.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>O most lame and <i>impotent</i>
conclusion!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Not slow to hear,<BR>
Nor <i>impotent</i> to save.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting the power of self-restraint;
incontrolled; ungovernable; violent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Impotent</i> of tongue, her silence
broke.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Wanting the power of
procreation; unable to copulate; also, sometimes, sterile;

<p><hw>Im"po*tent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
impotent.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"po*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impotent

<p><hw>Im*pound"</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impounded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impounding</u>.] <def>To shut up or place in an inclosure called a
<i>pound</i>; hence, to hold in the custody of a court; as, to
<i>impound</i> stray cattle; to <i>impound</i> a document for safe

<p><blockquote>But taken and <i>impounded</i> as a stray,<BR>
The king of Scots.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><! p. 738 !></p>

<p><hw>Im*pound"age</hw> (&ibreve;m*pound"&asl;j),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impounding,
or the state of being impounded.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The fee or fine for impounding.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pound"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impoverished</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impoverishing</u>.] [OF. <i>empovrir</i>; pref.
<i>em-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + <i>povre</i> poor, F. <i>pauvre</i>; cf.
OF. <i>apovrir</i>, F. <i>appauvrir</i>, where the prefix is <i>a-
</i>, L. <i>ad</i>.  Cf. <u>Empoverish</u>, and see <u>Poor</u>, and
<u>-ish</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make poor; to reduce to
poverty or indigence; as, misfortune and disease <i>impoverish</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To exhaust the strength, richness, or
fertility of; to make sterile; as, to <i>impoverish</i>

<p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who,
or that which, impoverishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>empoverissement</i>, and F. <i>appauvrissement</i>.] <def>The act
of impoverishing, or the state of being impoverished; reduction to
poverty.</def>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pow"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Imp"-pole`</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Building)</i>
<def>A pole for supporting a scaffold.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prac`ti*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impracticabilities</b></plw> (&?;).
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being impracticable;
infeasibility.</def>  <i>Goldsmith.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impracticable thing.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Intractableness; stubbornness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not practicable; incapable of being
performed, or accomplished by the means employed, or at command;
impossible; as, an <i>impracticable</i> undertaking.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be overcome, persuaded, or
controlled by any reasonable method; unmanageable; intractable; not
capable of being easily dealt with; -- used in a general sense, as
applied to a person or thing that is difficult to control or get
along with.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This though, <i>impracticable</i> heart<BR>
Is governed by a dainty-fingered girl.</blockquote> <i>Rowe.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Patriotic but loyal men went away disgusted afresh
with the <i>impracticable</i> arrogance of a sovereign.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being used or availed of; as,
an <i>impracticable</i> road; an <i>impracticable</i>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impossible; infeasible. -- <u>Impracticable</u>,
<u>Impossible</u>. A thing is <i>impracticable</i> when it can not be
accomplished by any human means at present possessed; a thing is
<i>impossible</i> when the laws of nature forbid it. The navigation
of a river may now be <i>impracticable</i>, but not
<i>impossible</i>, because the existing obstructions may yet be
removed. "The barons exercised the most despotic authority over their
vassals, and every scheme of public utility was rendered
<i>impracticable</i> by their continued petty wars with each other."
<i>Mickle.</i> "With men this is <i>impossible</i>, but with God all
things are possible." <i>Matt. xix. 26.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being impracticable; impracticability.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impracticable manner.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Morality not <i>impracticably</i> rigid.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*prac"ti*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>Im"pre*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprecated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imprecating</u> (?).] [L. <i>imprecatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>imprecari</i> to imprecate; pref. <i>im-</i> in, on +
<i>precari</i> to pray. See <u>Pray</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
call down by prayer, as something hurtful or calamitous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Imprecate</i> the vengeance of Heaven on the guilty
empire.</blockquote> <i>Mickle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To invoke evil upon; to curse; to swear

<p><blockquote>In vain we blast the ministers of Fate,<BR>
And the forlorn physicians <i>imprecate</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im`pre*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imprecatio</i>: cf. F. <i>impr&eacute;cation</i>.] <def>The act of
imprecating, or invoking evil upon any one; a prayer that a curse or
calamity may fall on any one; a curse.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men cowered like slaves before such horrid
<i>imprecations</i>.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Malediction; curse; execration; anathema. See

<p><hw>Im"pre*ca*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the
nature of, or containing, imprecation; invoking evil; as, the
<i>imprecatory</i> psalms.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
precision.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pregn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impregner</i>. See <u>Impregnate</u>.] <def>To impregnate; to make
fruitful.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>His pernicious words, <i>impregned</i><BR>
With reason.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Semele doth Bacchus bear<BR>
<i>Impregned</i> of Jove.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*preg`na*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being impregnable; invincibility.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*preg"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>imprenable</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prenable</i> pregnable,
fr. <i>prendre</i> to take, L. <i>prehendere</i>. See
<u>Comprehend</u>, <u>Get</u> to obtain.] <def>Not to be stormed, or
taken by assault; incapable of being subdued; able to resist attack;
unconquerable; as, an <i>impregnable</i> fortress; <i>impregnable</i>

<p><blockquote>The man's affection remains wholly unconcerned and
<i>impregnable</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*preg"na*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*preg"na*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*preg"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
Impregnate.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Capable of being impregnated, as the
egg of an animal, or the ovule of a plant.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*preg"nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Impregnate</u>.] <def>That which impregnates.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*preg"nant</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not
+ <i>pregnant</i>.] <def>Not pregnant; unfertilized or
infertile.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (&ibreve;m*pr&ebreve;g"n&amacr;t),
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos>
<u>Impregnated</u> (-n&asl;*t&ebreve;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impregnating</u> (-n&asl;*t&ibreve;ng).] [LL.
<i>impraegnatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impraegnare</i> to impregnate, fr.
L. pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>praegnans</i> pregnant. See
<u>Pregnant</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make pregnant; to cause
to conceive; to render prolific; to get with child or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>To come into contact with
(an ovum or egg) so as to cause impregnation; to fertilize; to

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To infuse an active principle into; to
render fruitful or fertile in any way; to fertilize; to

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To infuse particles of another substance
into; to communicate the quality of another to; to cause to be
filled, imbued, mixed, or furnished (with something); as, to
<i>impregnate</i> India rubber with sulphur; clothing
<i>impregnated</i> with contagion; rock <i>impregnated</i> with

<p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (&ibreve;m*pr&ebreve;g"n&amacr;t),
<pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become pregnant.</def>

<p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (-n&asl;t), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>impraegnatus</i>, p. p.] <def>Impregnated; made

<p><blockquote>The scorching ray<BR>
Here pierceth not, <i>impregnate</i> with disease.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im`preg*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impr&eacute;gnation</i>, LL. <i>impraegnatio</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impregnating or the state of being
impregnated; fecundation.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The fusion of a female germ
cell (ovum) with a male germ cell (in animals, a spermatozo&ouml;n)
to form a single new cell endowed with the power of developing into a
new individual; fertilization; fecundation.</def></p>

<p>&fist; In the broadest biological sense, impregnation, or sexual
generation, consists simply in the coalescence of two similar masses
of protoplasmic matter, either derived from different parts of the
same organism or from two distinct organisms. From the single mass,
which results from the fusion, or coalescence, of these two masses, a
new organism develops.</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That with which anything is
impregnated.</def>  <i>Derham.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Intimate mixture; infusion;

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>An ore deposit, with
indefinite boundaries, consisting of rock impregnated with ore.</def>

<p><hw>Im`pre*ju"di*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
prejudged; unprejudiced; impartial.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Im*pre"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Impregnable.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*prep`a*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
preparation.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im*pre"sa</hw> (&esl;m*pr&amacr;"s&adot;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See <u>Emprise</u>, and cf. <u>Impress</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 4.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>A device on a shield or
seal, or used as a bookplate or the like.</def> [Written also
<i>imprese</i> and <i>impress</i>.]</p>

<p><blockquote>My <i>impresa</i> to your lordship; a swain<BR>
Flying to a laurel for shelter.</blockquote> <i>J. Webster.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pre*sa"ri*o</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Impresarios</b></plw> (#). [It., from <i>impresa</i>
enterprise.] <def>The projector, manager, or conductor, of an opera
or concert company.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*scrip`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
F. <i>imprescriptibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being

<p><hw>Im`pre*scrip"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>im-</i> not + <i>prescriptible</i>: cf. F.
<i>imprescriptible</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being
lost or impaired by neglect, by disuse, or by the claims of another
founded on prescription.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The right of navigation, fishing, and others that may
be exercised on the sea, belonging to the right of mere ability, are
<i>imprescriptible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Vattel (Trans. )</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not derived from, or dependent on,
external authority; self-evidencing; obvious.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>imprescriptible</i> laws of the pure
reason.</blockquote> <i>Colerridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*scrip"ti*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
imprescriptible manner; obviously.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prese"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A device. See

<p><blockquote>An <i>imprese</i>, as the Italians call it, is a
device in picture with his motto or word, borne by noble or learned
personages.</blockquote> <i>Camden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*press"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impressed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impressing</u>.] [L. <i>impressus</i>, p. p. of <i>imprimere</i>
to impress; pref. <i>im-</i> in, on + <i>premere</i> to press. See
<u>Press</u> to squeeze, and cf. <u>Imprint</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To press, stamp, or print something in or upon; to mark by
pressure, or as by pressure; to imprint (that which bears the

<p><blockquote>His heart, like an agate, with your print
<i>impressed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To produce by pressure, as a mark, stamp,
image, etc.; to imprint (a mark or figure upon something).</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: To fix deeply in the mind; to
present forcibly to the attention, etc.; to imprint; to

<p><blockquote><i>Impress</i> the motives of persuasion upon our own
hearts till we feel the force of them.</blockquote> <i>I.

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> [See <u>Imprest</u>, <u>Impress</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 5.] <def>To take by force for public service;
as, to <i>impress</i> sailors or money.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The second five thousand pounds <i>impressed</i> for
the service of the sick and wounded prisoners.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*press"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be impressed;
to rest.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Such fiendly thoughts in his heart
<i>impress</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"press</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Impresses</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of
impressing or making.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A mark made by pressure; an indentation;
imprint; the image or figure of anything, formed by pressure or as if
by pressure; result produced by pressure or influence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>impresses</i> of the insides of these
shells.</blockquote> <i>Woodward.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>This weak <i>impress</i> of love is as a figure<BR>
Trenched in ice.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Characteristic; mark of distinction;
stamp.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A device. See <u>Impresa</u>.</def>

<p><blockquote>To describe . . . emblazoned shields,<BR>
<i>Impresses</i> quaint.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> [See <u>Imprest</u>, <u>Press</u> to force into
service.] <def>The act of impressing, or taking by force for the
public service; compulsion to serve; also, that which is

<p><blockquote>Why such <i>impress</i> of shipwrights?</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Impress gang</b></col>, <cd>a party of men, with an
officer, employed to impress seamen for ships of war; a press
gang.</cd> -- <col><b>Impress money</b></col>, <cd>a sum of money
paid, immediately upon their entering service, to men who have been

<p><hw>Im*press`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being impressible; susceptibility.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*press"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impressible</i>.] <def>Capable of being impressed; susceptible;
sensitive.</def> -- <wf>Im*press"i*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>Im*press"i*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>impression</i>, L. <i>impressio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
act of impressing, or the state of being impressed; the communication
of a stamp, mold, style, or character, by external force or by

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is impressed; stamp; mark;
indentation; sensible result of an influence exerted from

<p><blockquote>The stamp and clear <i>impression</i> of good
sense.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To shelter us from <i>impressions</i> of weather, we
must spin, we must weave, we must build.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which impresses, or exercises an
effect, action, or agency; appearance; phenomenon.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Portentous blaze of comets and <i>impressions</i> in
the air.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A fiery <i>impression</i> falling from out of
Heaven.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Influence or effect on the senses or the
intellect hence, interest, concern.</def>  <i>Reid.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His words <i>impression</i> left.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Such terrible <i>impression</i> made the
dream.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I have a father's dear <i>impression</i>,<BR>
And wish, before I fall into my grave,<BR>
That I might see her married.</blockquote> <i>Ford.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>An indistinct notion, remembrance, or

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Impressiveness; emphasis of

<p><blockquote>Which must be read with an
<i>impression</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The pressure of the type
on the paper, or the result of such pressure, as regards its
appearance; as, a heavy <i>impression</i>; a clear, or a poor,
<i>impression</i>; also, a single copy as the result of printing, or
the whole edition printed at a given time.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ten <i>impressions</i> which his books have
had.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>In painting, the first coat of color, as
the priming in house painting and the like.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <i>(Engraving)</i> <def>A print on paper from a
wood block, metal plate, or the like.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Proof impression</b></col>, <cd>one of the early
impressions taken from an engraving, before the plate or block is

<p><hw>Im*pres`sion*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The quality of being impressionable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impressionnable</i>.] <def>Liable or subject to impression;
capable of being molded; susceptible; impressible.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He was too <i>impressionable</i>; he had too much of
the temperament of genius.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A pretty face and an <i>impressionable</i>
disposition.</blockquote> <i>T. Hook.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being impressionable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>impressionnisme</i>.] <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>The theory or method
of suggesting an effect or impression without elaboration of the
details; -- a disignation of a recent fashion in painting and

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>impressionniste</i>.] <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>One who adheres to
the theory or method of impressionism, so called.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres`sion*is"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Pertaining to, or characterized by, impressionism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sion*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the
quality of not being impressed or affected; not

<p><hw>Im*press"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
impressif.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Making, or tending to make, an
impression; having power to impress; adapted to excite attention and
feeling, to touch the sensibilities, or affect the conscience; as, an
<i>impressive</i> discourse; an <i>impressive</i> scene.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being impressed.</def> [Obs.]

<p>- <wf>Im*press"ive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*press"ive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*press"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
seizing for public use, or of impressing into public service;
compulsion to serve; as, the <i>impressment</i> of provisions or of

<p><blockquote>The great scandal of our naval service --
<i>impressment</i> -- died a protracted death.</blockquote> <i>J. H.

<p><hw>Im*press"or</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL., a printer.]
<def>One who, or that which, impresses.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sure</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>impressure</i>, LL. <i>impressura</i>.] <def>Dent;
impression.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prest"</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [ <pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprested</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impresting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>prest</i>: cf. It.
<i>imprestare</i>. See <u>Prest</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To
advance on loan.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"prest</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. It.
<i>impresto</i>, <i>imprestito</i>, LL. <i>impraestitum</i>. See
<u>Imprest</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, and <u>Impress</u>
compulsion to serve.] <def>A kind of earnest money; loan; --
specifically, money advanced for some public service, as in
enlistment.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The clearing of their <i>imprests</i> for what little
of their debts they have received.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im*prev"a*lence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*prev"a*len*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of prevalence.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*vent`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being impreventable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*vent"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
preventable; inevitable.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pri*ma"tur</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., let it be
printed.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>A license to print or publish a book,
paper, etc.; also, in countries subjected to the censorship of the
press, approval of that which is published.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prim"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>imprimerie</i>, fr. <i>imprimer</i> to imprint.] [Obs.]
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A print; impression.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A printing establishment.</def>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The art of printing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prim"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
beginning.</def> [Obs.] "Their springings and <i>imprimings</i>."
<i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im*pri"mis</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L., for <i>in
primis</i> among the first, chiefly; <i>in</i> in + <i>primus</i>
first.] <def>In the first place; first in order.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*print"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imptrinted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imprinting</u>.] [OE. <i>emprenten</i>, F. <i>empreint</i>, p. p.
of <i>empreindre</i> to imprint, fr. L. <i>imprimere</i> to impres,
imprint. See 1st <u>In-</u>, <u>Print</u>, and cf. <u>Impress</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To impress; to mark by pressure; to indent;
to stamp.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And sees his num'rous herds <i>imprint</i> her
sands.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To stamp or mark, as letters on paper, by
means of type, plates, stamps, or the like; to print the mark
(figures, letters, etc., upon something).</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Nature <i>imprints</i> upon whate'er we see,<BR>
That has a heart and life in it, "Be free."</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To fix indelibly or permanently, as in the
mind or memory; to impress.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ideas of those two different things distinctly
<i>imprinted</i> on his mind.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><! p. 739 !></p>

<p><hw>Im"print</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>empreinte</i> impress, stamp. See <u>Imprint</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>] <def>Whatever is impressed or imprinted; the impress or
mark left by something; specifically, the name of the printer or
publisher (usually) with the time and place of issue, in the title-
page of a book, or on any printed sheet.</def> "That <i>imprint</i>
of their hands."  <i>Buckle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pris"on</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprisoned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Imprisoning</u>.] [OE. <i>enprisonen</i>, OF.
<i>enprisoner</i>, F. <i>emprisonner</i>; pref. <i>en-</i> (L.
<i>in</i>) + F. & OF. <i>prison</i>. See <u>Prison</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To put in prison or jail; To arrest and
detain in custody; to confine.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He <i>imprisoned</i> was in chains
remediless.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To limit, restrain, or confine in any

<p><blockquote>Try to <i>imprison</i> the resistless
wind.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To incarcerate; confine; immure.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pris"on*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*pris"on ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>enprisonment</i>; F. <i>emprisonnement</i>.] <def>The act of
imprisoning, or the state of being imprisoned; confinement;

<p><blockquote>His sinews waxen weak and raw<BR>
Through long <i>imprisonment</i> and hard constraint.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Every confinement of the person is an
<i>imprisonment</i>, whether it be in a common prison, or in a
private house, or even by foreibly detaining one in the public
streets.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><col><b>False imprisonment</b></col>. <i>(Law)</i> <cd>See under

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incarceration; custody; confinement; durance;

<p><hw>Im*prob`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Improbabilities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F.
<i>improbabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being
improbable; unlikelihood; also, that which is improbable; an
improbable event or result.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prob"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improbabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>probabilis</i>
probable: cf. F. <i>improbable</i>. See <u>Probable</u>.] <def>Not
probable; unlikely to be true; not to be expected under the
circumstances or in the usual course of events; as, an
<i>improbable</i> story or event.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He . . . sent to Elutherius, then bishop of Rome, an
<i>improbable</i> letter, as some of the contents
discover.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*prob"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*prob"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im"pro*bate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improbatus</i>, p. p. of <i>improbare</i> to disapprove; pref.
<i>im-</i> not + <i>probare</i> to approve.] <def>To disapprove of;
to disallow.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improbatio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of disapproving;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>The act by which
falsehood and forgery are proved; an action brought for the purpose
of having some instrument declared false or forged.</def>

<p>{ <hw>Im"pro*ba*tive</hw> (?), <hw>Im"pro*ba`to*ry</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Implying, or tending to,

<p><hw>Im*prob"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improbitas</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>probitas</i> probity:
cf. F. <i>improbit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Lack of probity; want of
integrity or rectitude; dishonesty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Persons . . . cast out for notorious
<i>improbity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Im`pro*fi"cience</hw> (?), <hw>Im`pro*fi"cien*cy</hw>, }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of proficiency.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Im*prof"it*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>profitable</i>: cf. F. <i>improfitable</i>.]
<def>Unprofitable.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*gress"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
progressive.</def> <i>De Quincey.</i> --
<wf>Im"pro*gress"ive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*lif"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>prolific</i>: cf. F. <i>improlifique</i>.] <def>Not
prolific.</def> [Obs.]  <i>E. Waterhouse.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*lif"ic*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>im-</i> in + <i>prolificate</i>.] <def>To impregnate.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prompt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
ready.</def> [R.]  <i>Sterne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*promp"tu</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv. or a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>impromptu</i>, fr. L. <i>in promptu</i> in readiness, at hand;
<i>in</i> in + <i>promptus</i> visibility, readiness, from
<i>promptus</i> visible, ready. See <u>Prompt</u>.] <def>Offhand;
without previous study; extemporaneous; extempore; as, an
<i>impromptu</i> verse.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*promp"tu</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Something made or done offhand, at the moment, or without
previous study; an extemporaneous composition, address, or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A piece composed or played
at first thought; a composition in the style of an extempore

<p><hw>Im*prop"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impropre</i>,
L. <i>improprius</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>proprius</i> proper.
See <u>Proper</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not proper; not suitable;
not fitted to the circumstances, design, or end; unfit; not becoming;
incongruous; inappropriate; indecent; as, an <i>improper</i>
medicine; <i>improper</i> thought, behavior, language,

<p><blockquote>Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service,<BR>
<i>Improper</i> for a slave.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And to their proper operation still,<BR>
Ascribe all Good; to their <i>improper</i>, Ill.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not peculiar or appropriate to
individuals; general; common.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Not to be adorned with any art but such
<i>improper</i> ones as nature is said to bestow, as singing and
poetry.</blockquote> <i>J. Fletcher.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not according to facts; inaccurate;

<p><col><b>Improper diphthong</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Diphthong</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Improper feud</b></col>, <cd>an
original feud, not earned by military service.</cd> <i>Mozley &
W.</i> -- <col><b>Improper fraction</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>Im*prop"er</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To appropriate;
to limit.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He would in like manner <i>improper</i> and inclose
the sunbeams to comfort the rich and not the poor.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*prop`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improperare</i>, <i>improperatum</i>, to taunt.] <def>The act of
upbraiding or taunting; a reproach; a taunt.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Improperatios</i> and terms of
scurrility.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne</i></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pro*pe"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.,
reproaches.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A series of antiphons and responses,
expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our Lord with his people; --
sung on the morning of the Good Friday in place of the usual daily
Mass of the Roman ritual.</def>  <i>Grove.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prop"er*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
improper manner; not properly; unsuitably; unbecomingly.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prop"er*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Impropriety.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*pi"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unpropitious; unfavorable.</def> [Obs.] "Dreams were
<i>impropitious</i>."  <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*por"tion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
proportionable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*por"tion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
proportionate.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impropriated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impropriating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + L.
<i>propriatus</i>, p. p. of <i>propriare</i> to appropriate. See
<u>Appropriate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To appropriate to one's
self; to assume.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>impropriate</i> the thanks to
himself.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <def>To place the
profits of (ecclesiastical property) in the hands of a layman for
care and disbursement.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become an
impropriator.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Eng. Eccl.
Law)</i> <def>Put into the hands of a layman; impropriated.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pro`pri*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impropriating; as, the
<i>impropriation</i> of property or tithes; also, that which is

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>The act of putting an ecclesiastical benefice in the hands of a
layman, or lay corporation.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A benefice
in the hands of a layman, or of a lay corporation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pro"pri*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
impropriates; specifically, a layman in possession of church

<p><hw>Im*pro`pri*a"trix</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
E. <plw><b>-trixes</b></plw>, L. <plw><b>-trices</b></plw> (&?;).
<def>A female impropriator.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*pri"e*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Improprieties</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>improprietas</i>; cf. F.
<i>impropri&eacute;t&eacute;</i>. See <u>Improper</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being improper; unfitness or
unsuitableness to character, time place, or circumstances; as,
<i>impropriety</i> of behavior or manners.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is improper; an unsuitable or
improper act, or an inaccurate use of language.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>But every language has likewise its
<i>improprieties</i> and absurdities.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Many gross <i>improprieties</i>, however authorized by
practice, ought to be discarded.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pros*per"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>improsp&eacute;rit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of prosperity.</def>

<p><hw>Im*pros"per*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>prosperous</i>: cf. F. <i>improsp&egrave;re</i>, L.
<i>improsper</i>.] <def>Not prosperous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Dryden.</i> -
- <wf>Im*pros"per*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] --
<wf>Im*pros"per*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*prov`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being improvable; improvableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<u>Improve</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being improved;
susceptible of improvement; admitting of being made better; capable
of cultivation, or of being advanced in good qualities.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Man is accommodated with moral principles,
<i>improvable</i> by the exercise of his faculties.</blockquote>
<i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I have a fine spread of <i>improvable</i>
lands.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being used to advantage;
profitable; serviceable; advantageous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The essays of weaker heads afford <i>improvable</i>
hints to better.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Im*pro"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Im*prov"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Im*prove"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>prove</i>: cf. L. <i>improbare</i>, F. <i>improuver</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To disprove or make void; to refute.</def>

<p><blockquote>Neither can any of them make so strong a reason which
another can not <i>improve</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tyndale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To disapprove; to find fault with; to
reprove; to censure; as, to <i>improve</i> negligence.</def> [Obs.]

<p><blockquote>When he rehearsed his preachings and his doing unto
the high apostles, they could <i>improve</i> nothing.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im*prove"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Improved</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Improving</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>prove</i>, in
<i>approve.</i>  See <u>Approve</u>, <u>Prove.</u>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make better; to increase the value or good
qualities of; to ameliorate by care or cultivation; as, to
<i>improve</i> land.</def>  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I love not to <i>improve</i> the honor of the living
by impairing that of the dead.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To use or employ to good purpose; to make
productive; to turn to profitable account; to utilize; as, to
<i>improve</i> one's time; to <i>improve</i> his means.</def>

<p><blockquote>We shall especially honor God by <i>improving</i>
diligently the talents which God hath committed to us.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A hint that I do not remember to have seen opened and
<i>improved</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The court seldom fails to <i>improve</i> the
opportunity.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>How doth the little busy bee<BR>
<i>Improve</i> each shining hour.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Those moments were diligently
<i>improved</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>True policy, as well as good faith, in my opinion,
binds us to <i>improve</i> the occasion.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To advance or increase by use; to augment
or add to; -- said with reference to what is bad.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>We all have, I fear, . . . not a little
<i>improved</i> the wretched inheritance of our
ancestors.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Porteus.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To better; meliorate; ameliorate; advance;
heighten; mend; correct; rectify; amend; reform.</p>

<p><hw>Im*prove"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To grow better; to advance or make progress in what is
desirable; to make or show improvement; as, to <i>improve</i> in

<p><blockquote>We take care to <i>improve</i> in our frugality and
diligence.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To advance or progress in bad qualities;
to grow worse.</def> "Domitian <i>improved</i> in cruelty."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To increase; to be enhanced; to rise in
value; as, the price of cotton <i>improves</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To improve on</b></col> or <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to
make useful additions or amendments to, or changes in; to bring
nearer to perfection; as, <i>to improve on</i> the mode of

<p><hw>Im*prove"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of improving; advancement or growth;
promotion in desirable qualities; progress toward what is better;
melioration; as, the <i>improvement</i> of the mind, of land, roads,

<p><blockquote>I look upon your city as the best place of
<i>improvement</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Exercise is the chief source of <i>improvement</i> in
all our faculties.</blockquote> <i>Blair.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of making profitable use or
applicaton of anything, or the state of being profitably employed; a
turning to good account; practical application, as of a doctrine,
principle, or theory, stated in a discourse.</def> "A good
<i>improvement</i> of his reason."  <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I shall make some <i>improvement</i> of this
doctrine.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The state of being improved; betterment;
advance; also, that which is improved; as, the new edition is an
<i>improvement</i> on the old.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The parts of Sinon, Camilla, and some few others, are
<i>improvements</i> on the Greek poet.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Increase; growth; progress;

<p><blockquote>There is a design of publishing the history of
architecture, with its several <i>improvements</i> and
decays.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Those vices which more particularly receive
<i>improvement</i> by prosperity.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>Valuable additions or
betterments, as buildings, clearings, drains, fences, etc., on

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Patent Laws)</i> <def>A useful addition to,
or modification of, a machine, manufacture, or composition.</def>

<p><hw>Im*prov"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, improves.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*vid"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unforeseen;
unexpected; not provided against; unprepared.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>All <i>improvided</i> for dread of death.</blockquote>
<i>E. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improvidentia</i>; OF. <i>improvidence</i>.  Cf.
<u>Imprudence</u>.] <def>The quality of being improvident; want of
foresight or thrift.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>improvidence</i> of my neighbor must not make
me inhuman.</blockquote> <i>L'Estrange.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>provident</i>: cf. L. <i>improvidus</i>. See
<u>Provident</u>, and cf. <u>Imprudent</u>.] <def>Not provident;
wanting foresight or forethought; not foreseeing or providing for the
future; negligent; thoughtless; as, an <i>improvident</i>

<p><blockquote><i>Improvident</i> soldiers! had your watch been
This sudden mischief never could have fallen.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsiderable; negligent; careless; shiftless;
prodigal; wasteful.</p>

<p><hw>Im*prov`i*den"tial*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Improvidently.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*dent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
improvident manner.</def> "<i>Improvidently</i> rash."

<p><hw>Im*prov"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to
improve, beneficial; growing better.</def> --
<wf>Im*prov"ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><col><b>Improving lease</b></col> <i>(Scots Law)</i>, <cd>an
extended lease to induce the tenant to make improvements on the

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Improvise</u>.] <def>Unpremeditated; impromptu; extempore.</def>

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Improvisated</u> (?); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Improvisating</u> (?).] <def>To improvise;
to extemporize.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prov`i*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>improvisation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or art of
composing and rendering music, poetry, and the like,
extemporaneously; as, <i>improvisation</i> on the organ.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is improvised; an

<p><hw>Im`pro*vis"a*tize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos>
<def>Same as <u>Improvisate</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*prov"i*sa`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
improviser, or improvvisatore.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pro*vi`sa*to"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p>{ <hw>Im*prov`i*sa*to"ri*al</hw> (?), <hw>Im*prov"i*sa*to*ry</hw>
(?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to improvisation or
extemporaneous composition.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Im`pro*vi`sa*tri"ce</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Im`pro*vise"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Improvised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Improvising</u>.] [F. <i>improviser</i>, it.
<i>improvvisare</i>, fr. <i>improvviso</i> unprovided, sudden,
extempore, L. <i>improvisus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not +
<i>provisus</i> foreseen, provided. See <u>Proviso</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To compose, recite, or sing extemporaneously,
especially in verse; to extemporize; also, to play upon an
instrument, or to act, extemporaneously.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bring about, arrange, or make, on a
sudden, or without previous preparation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Charles attempted to <i>improvise</i> a
peace.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To invent, or provide, offhand, or on the
spur of the moment; as, he <i>improvised</i> a hammer out of a

<p><hw>Im`pro*vise"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To produce or
render extemporaneous compositions, especially in verse or in music,
without previous preparation; hence, to do anything

<p><hw>Im`pro*vis"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im`pro*vi"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>provision</i>.] <def>Improvidence.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir
T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pro*vi"so</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>improvisus</i> unforeseen; cf. It. <i>improvviso</i>.] <def>Not
prepared or mediated beforehand; extemporaneous.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>||Im`prov*vi`sa*to"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improvvisatori</b></plw> (#). [It. See
<u>Improvise</u>.] <def>One who composes and sings or recites rhymes
and short poems extemporaneously.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>||Im`prov*vi`sa*tri"ce</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improvvisatrici</b></plw> (#). [It. See
<u>Improvise</u>.] <def>A female improvvisatore.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>Im*pru"dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imprudentia</i>: cf. F. <i>imprudence</i>.  Cf.
<u>Improvidence</u>.] <def>The quality or state of being imprudent;
want to caution, circumspection, or a due regard to consequences;
indiscretion; inconsideration; rashness; also, an imprudent act; as,
he was guilty of an <i>imprudence</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His serenity was interrupted, perhaps, by his own
<i>imprudence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Mickle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pru"dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imprudens</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prudens</i> prudent: cf.
F. <i>imprudent</i>. See <u>Prudent</u>, and cf. <u>Improvident</u>.]
<def>Not prudent; wanting in prudence or discretion; indiscreet;
injudicious; not attentive to consequence; improper.</def> --
<wf>Im*pru"dent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Her majesty took a great dislike at the
<i>imprudent</i> behavior of many of the ministers and
readers.</blockquote> <i>Strype.</i></p>

<p><! p. 740 !></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indiscreet; injudicious; incautious; ill-advised;
unwise; heedless; careless; rash; negligent.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"ber*al</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&umacr;"b&etilde;r*<i>a</i>l),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not having arrived at puberty;

<p><blockquote>In <i>impuberal</i> animals the cerebellum is, in
proportion to the brain proper, greatly less than in
adults.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"ber*ty</hw> (-t&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
condition of not having reached puberty, or the age of ability to
reproduce one's species; want of age at which the marriage contract
can be legally entered into.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"pu*dence</hw> (&ibreve;m"p&usl;*d<i>e</i>ns),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impudentia</i>: cf. F. <i>impudence</i>.
See <u>Impudent</u>.] <def>The quality of being impudent; assurance,
accompanied with a disregard of the presence or opinions of others;
shamelessness; forwardness; want of modesty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Clear truths that their own evidence forces us to
admit, or common experience makes it <i>impudence</i> to
deny.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Where pride and <i>impudence</i> (in fashion knit)<BR>
Usurp the chair of wit.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Shamelessness; audacity; insolence; effrontery;
sauciness; impertinence; pertness; rudeness.  -- <u>Impudence</u>,
<u>Effrontery</u>, <u>Sauciness</u>. <i>Impudence</i> refers more
especially to the feelings as manifested in action. <i>Effrontery</i>
applies to some gross and public exhibition of shamelessness.
<i>Sauciness</i> refers to a sudden pert outbreak of impudence,
especially from an inferior. <i>Impudence</i> is an unblushing kind
of impertinence, and may be manifested in words, tones, gestures,
looks, etc. <i>Effrontery</i> rises still higher, and shows a total
or shameless disregard of duty or decorum under the circumstances of
the case. <i>Sauciness</i> discovers itself toward particular
individuals, in certain relations; as in the case of servants who are
saucy to their masters, or children who are saucy to their teachers.
See <u>Impertinent</u>, and <u>Insolent</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im"pu*den*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Impudence.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Burton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Audacious without <i>impudency</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im"pu*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impudens</i>,
<i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pudens</i> ashamed, modest,
p. pr. of <i>pudere</i> to feel shame: cf. F. <i>impudent</i>.]
<def>Bold, with contempt or disregard; unblushingly forward;
impertinent; wanting modesty; shameless; saucy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>More than <i>impudent</i> sauciness.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>When we behold an angel, not to fear<BR>
Is to be <i>impudent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Shameless; audacious; brazen; bold-faced; pert;
immodest; rude; saucy; impertinent; insolent.</p>

<p><hw>Im"pu*dent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impudent
manner; with unbecoming assurance; shamelessly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>At once assail<BR>
With open mouths, and <i>impudently</i> rail.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Im`pu*dic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impudicus</i> immodest; <i>im-</i> not + <i>pudicus</i>
shamefaced, modest: cf. F. <i>impudicit&eacute;</i>, L.
<i>impudicitia</i>.] <def>Immodesty.</def>  <i>Sheldon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pugn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Impugned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Impugning</u>.] [OE. <i>impugnen</i>, F. <i>impugner</i>, fr. L.
<i>impugnare</i>; <i>in</i> on, against + <i>pugnare</i> to flight.
See <u>Pugnacious</u>.] <def>To attack by words or arguments; to
contradict; to assail; to call in question; to make insinuations
against; to gainsay; to oppose.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The truth hereof I will not rashly <i>impugn</i>, or
overboldly affirm.</blockquote> <i>Peacham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pugn"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being impugned; that may be gainsaid.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pug*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impugnatio</i>: cf. OF. <i>impugnation</i>.] <def>Act of
impugning; opposition; attack.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A perpetual <i>impugnation</i> and self-
conflict.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pugn"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im*pugn"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
impugning, or the state of being impugned.</def>  <i>Ed. Rev.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"is*sance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>impuissance</i>.] <def>Lack of power; inability.</def>

<p><blockquote>Their own <i>impuissance</i> and
weakness.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"is*sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. pref.
<i>im-</i> not +  <i>puissant</i>. See <u>Puissant</u>.] <def>Weak;
impotent; feeble.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im"pulse</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impulsus</i>,
fr. <i>impellere</i>. See <u>Impel</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impelling, or driving onward
with sudden force; impulsion; especially, force so communicated as to
produced motion suddenly, or immediately.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All spontaneous animal motion is performed by
mechanical <i>impulse</i>.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The effect of an impelling force; motion
produced by a sudden or momentary force.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The action of a force
during a very small interval of time; the effect of such action; as,
the <i>impulse</i> of a sudden blow upon a hard elastic

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A mental force which simply and directly
urges to action; hasty inclination; sudden motive; momentary or
transient influence of appetite or passion; propension; incitement;
as, a man of good <i>impulses</i>; passion often gives a violent
<i>impulse</i> to the will.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>These were my natural <i>impulses</i> for the
undertaking.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Force; incentive; influence; motive; feeling;
incitement; instigation.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pulse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See
<u>Impel</u>.] <def>To impel; to incite.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Im*pul"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impulsio</i>: cf. F. <i>impulsion</i>. See <u>Impel</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impelling or driving onward, or
the state of being impelled; the sudden or momentary agency of a body
in motion on another body; also, the impelling force, or
impulse.</def> "The <i>impulsion</i> of the air."  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Influence acting unexpectedly or
temporarily on the mind; sudden motive or influence; impulse.</def>
"The <i>impulsion</i> of conscience." <i>Clarendon.</i> "Divine
<i>impulsion</i> prompting."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having the power of driving or impelling;
giving an impulse; moving; impellent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Poor men! poor papers! We and they<BR>
Do some <i>impulsive</i> force obey.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Actuated by impulse or by transient

<p><blockquote>My heart, <i>impulsive</i> and wayward.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>Acting momentarily, or by
impulse; not continuous; -- said of forces.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which
impels or gives an impulse; an impelling agent.</def>  <i>Sir W.

<p><hw>Im*pul"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
impulsive manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pul"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being impulsive.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pul"sor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who,
or that which, impels; an inciter.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Im*punc"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not punctate
or dotted.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*punc"tu*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i>
not + <i>punctual</i>: cf. F. <i>imponctuel</i>.] <def>Not
punctual.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*punc`tu*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Neglect
of, or failure in, punctuality.</def> [R.]  <i>A. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impunis</i>.]
<def>Unpunished.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"ni*bly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without
punishment; with impunity.</def> [Obs.]  <i>J. Ellis.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>impunitas</i>, fr. <i>impunis</i> without punishment; pref. <i>im-
</i> not + <i>poena</i> punishment: cf. F. <i>impunit&eacute;</i>.
See <u>Pain</u>.] <def>Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or

<p><blockquote>Heaven, though slow to wrath,<BR>
Is never with <i>impunity</i> defied.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>impunity</i> and also the
recompense.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`pu*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Defilement;
obscuration.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impurus</i>;
pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>purus</i> pure: cf. F. <i>impur</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not pure; not clean; dirty; foul; filthy;
containing something which is unclean or unwholesome; mixed or
impregnated extraneous substances; adulterated; as, <i>impure</i>
water or air; <i>impure</i> drugs, food, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Defiled by sin or guilt; unholy;
unhallowed; -- said of persons or things.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unchaste; lewd; unclean; obscene; as,
<i>impure</i> language or ideas.</def> "<i>Impure</i> desires."

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Script.)</i> <def>Not purified according to
the ceremonial law of Moses; unclean.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Language)</i> <def>Not accurate; not
idiomatic; as, <i>impure</i> Latin; an <i>impure</i> style.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pure"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To defile; to
pollute.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pure"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impure

<p><hw>Im*pure"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or
condition of being impure; impurity.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pu"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
Impurities (#). [L. <i>impuritas</i>: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being impure
in any sense; defilement; foulness; adulteration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Profaneness, <i>impurity</i>, or scandal, is not
wit.</blockquote> <i>Buckminster.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is, or which renders anything,
impure; foul matter, action, language, etc.; a foreign

<p><blockquote>Foul <i>impurities</i> reigned among the monkish
clergy.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Script.)</i> <def>Want of ceremonial
purity; defilement.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pur"ple</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impurpled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Impurpling</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>purple</i>.  Cf. <u>Empurple</u>.] <def>To color or tinge with
purple; to make red or reddish; to purple; as, a field
<i>impurpled</i> with blood.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Impurpled</i> with celestial roses,
smiled.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The silken fleece <i>impurpled</i> for the
loom.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*put`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being imputable; imputableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*put"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That may be imputed; capable of being
imputed; chargeable; ascribable; attributable; referable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A prince whose political vices, at least, were
<i>imputable</i> to mental incapacity.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Accusable; culpable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The fault lies at his door, and she is no wise
<i>imputable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Ayliffe.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*put"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being imputable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*put"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By

<p><hw>Im`pu*ta"tion</hw> (?), [L. <i>imputatio</i> an account, a
charge: cf. F. <i>imputation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imputing or charging;
attribution; ascription; also, anything imputed or charged.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Shylock</i>. Antonio is a good man.<BR>
<i>Bassanio</i>. Have you heard any <i>imputation</i> to the
contrary?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>If I had a suit to Master Shallow, I would humor his
men with the <i>imputation</i> of being near their
master.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Charge or attribution of evil; censure;
reproach; insinuation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let us be careful to guard ourselves against these
groundless <i>imputation</i> of our enemies.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>A setting of something to
the account of; the attribution of personal guilt or personal
righteousness of another; as, the <i>imputation</i> of the sin of
Adam, or the righteousness of Christ.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Opinion; intimation; hint.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*put"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>imputativus</i>: cf. F. <i>imputatif</i>.] <def>Transferred by
imputation; that may be imputed.</def> -- <wf>Im*put"a*tive*ly</wf>,

<p><blockquote>Actual righteousness as well as
<i>imputative</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Imputed</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Imputing</u>.] [F. <i>imputer</i>, L. <i>imputare</i> to bring
into the reckoning, charge, impute; pref. <i>im-</i> in +
<i>putare</i> to reckon, think. See <u>Putative</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to
set to the account of; to charge to one as the author, responsible
originator, or possessor; -- generally in a bad sense.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Nor you, ye proud, <i>impute</i> to these the
If memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>One vice of a darker shade was <i>imputed</i> to him -
- envy.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>To adjudge as one's own
(the sin or righteousness) of another; as, the righteousness of
Christ is <i>imputed</i> to us.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It was <i>imputed</i> to him for
<i>righteousness</i>.</blockquote> <i>Rom. iv. 22.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>They merit<BR>
<i>Imputed</i> shall absolve them who renounce<BR>
Their own, both righteous and unrighteous deeds.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To take account of; to consider; to
regard.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>If we <i>impute</i> this last humiliation as the cause
of his death.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To ascribe; attribute; charge; reckon; consider;
imply; insinuate; refer. See <u>Ascribe</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*put"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Im`pu*tres"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-
</i> + <i>putrescible</i>: cf. F. <i>imputrescible</i>.] <def>Not

<p><hw>Im"righ</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Scot.; Gael. <i>eun-
bhrigh</i> chicken soup.] <def>A peculiar strong soup or broth, made
in Scotland.</def> [Written also <i>imrich</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>In-</hw> (?). [See <u>In</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos>  Cf.
<u>Em-</u>, <u>En-</u>.] <def>A prefix from Eng. prep. <i>in</i>,
also from Lat. prep. <i>in</i>, meaning <i>in</i>, <i>into</i>,
<i>on</i>, <i>among</i>; as, <i>in</i>bred, <i>in</i>born,
<i>in</i>road; <i>in</i>cline, <i>in</i>ject, <i>in</i>trude. In
words from the Latin, <i>in-</i> regularly becomes <i>il-</i> before
<i>l</i>, <i>ir-</i> before <i>r</i>, and <i>im-</i> before a labial;
as, <i>il</i>lusion, <i>ir</i>ruption, <i>im</i>blue,
<i>im</i>migrate, <i>im</i>part. <i>In-</i> is sometimes used with an
simple intensive force.</def></p>

<p><hw>In-</hw> (?). [L. <i>in</i>-; akin to E. <i>un</i>-. See
<u>Un-</u>.] <def>An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning
<i>not</i>, <i>non</i>-, <i>un-</i> as, <i>in</i>active,
<i>in</i>capable, <i>in</i>apt. <i>In-</i> regularly becomes <i>il-
</i> before <i>l</i>, <i>ir-</i> before <i>r</i>, and <i>im-</i>
before a labial.</def></p>

<p><hw>-in</hw>. <def>A suffix. See the Note under <u>-

<p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos> [AS. <i>in</i>; akin to D. &
G. <i>in</i>, Icel. <i>&imacr;</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>i</i>, OIr. & L.
<i>in</i>, Gr. <grk>'en</grk>. &radic;197.  Cf. 1st <u>In-</u>,
<u>Inn</u>.] <def>The specific signification of <i>in</i> is
situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment,
encompassment, etc. It is used with verbs signifying being, resting,
or moving within limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any
kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly
or in part. In its different applications, it approaches some of the
meanings of, and sometimes is interchangeable with, <i>within</i>,
<i>into</i>, <i>on</i>, <i>at</i>, <i>of</i>, and <i>among</i>.</def>
It is used: --</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>With reference to space or place; as, he
lives <i>in</i> Boston; he traveled <i>in</i> Italy; castles
<i>in</i> the air.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The babe lying <i>in</i> a manger.</blockquote>
<i>Luke ii. 16.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thy sun sets weeping <i>in</i> the lowly
west.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Situated <i>in</i> the forty-first degree of
latitude.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Matter for censure <i>in</i> every page.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>With reference to circumstances or
conditions; as, he is <i>in</i> difficulties; she stood <i>in</i> a
blaze of light.</def> "Fettered <i>in</i> amorous chains."

<p><blockquote>Wrapt <i>in</i> sweet sounds, as <i>in</i> bright
veils.</blockquote> <i>Shelley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>With reference to a whole which includes
or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first <i>in</i> his family;
the first regiment <i>in</i> the army.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Nine <i>in</i> ten of those who enter the
ministry.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>With reference to physical surrounding,
personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am <i>in</i> doubt;
the room is <i>in</i> darkness; to live <i>in</i> fear.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When shall we three meet again,<BR>
<i>In</i> thunder, lightning, or <i>in</i> rain?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>With reference to character, reach, scope,
or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be
<i>in</i> one's favor.</def> "<i>In</i> sight of God's high throne."

<p><blockquote>Sounds inharmonious <i>in</i> themselves, and
harsh.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>With reference to movement or tendency
toward a certain limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to
<i>into</i>; as, to put seed <i>in</i> the ground; to fall <i>in</i>
love; to end <i>in</i> death; to put our trust <i>in</i>

<p><blockquote>He would not plunge his brother <i>in</i>
despair.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>She had no jewels to deposit <i>in</i> their
caskets.</blockquote> <i>Fielding.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>With reference to a limit of time; as,
<i>in</i> an hour; it happened <i>in</i> the last century; <i>in</i>
all my life.</def></p>

<p><col><b>In as much as</b></col>, or <col><b>Inasmuch as</b></col>,
<cd>in the degree that; in like manner as; in consideration that;
because that; since. See <u>Synonym</u> of <u>Because</u>, and cf.
<i>For as much as</i>, under <u>For</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos></cd>
-- <col><b>In that</b></col>, <cd>because; for the reason that.</cd>
"Some things they do <i>in that</i> they are men . . . ; some things
<i>in that</i> they are men misled and blinded with error."
<i>Hooker.</i> -- <col><b>In the name of</b></col>, <cd>in behalf of;
on the part of; by authority; as, it was done <i>in the name of</i>
the people; -- often used in invocation, swearing, praying, and the
like.</cd> -- <col><b>To be in for it</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>To be in favor of a thing; to be committed to a course.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To be unable to escape from a danger,
penalty, etc.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To be</b></col> (or
<col><b>keep</b></col>) <col><b>in with</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To be close or near; as, to <i>keep</i> a
ship <i>in with</i> the land.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To be on
terms of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy with; to secure and
retain the favor of.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Into; within; on; at. See <u>At</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not
out; within; inside. <i>In</i>, the preposition, becomes an adverb by
omission of its object, leaving it as the representative of an
adverbial phrase, the context indicating what the omitted object is;
as, he takes <i>in</i> the situation (<i>i. e.</i>, he comprehends it
<i>in</i> his mind); the Republicans were <i>in</i> (<i>i. e.</i>,
<i>in</i> office); <i>in</i> at one ear and out at the other (<i>i.
e.</i>, <i>in</i> or <i>into</i> the head); his side was <i>in</i>
(<i>i. e.</i>, <i>in</i> the turn at the bat); he came <i>in</i>
(<i>i. e.</i>, into the house).</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Their vacation . . . falls <i>in</i> so pat with
ours.</blockquote> <i>Lamb.</i></p>

<p>&fist; The sails of a vessel are said, in nautical language, to be
<i>in</i> when they are furled, or when stowed.</p>

<p>   In certain cases <i>in</i> has an adjectival sense; as, the
<i>in</i> train (<i>i. e.</i>, the incoming train); compare <i>up</i>
grade, <i>down</i> grade, <i>under</i>tow, <i>after</i>thought,

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>With privilege or possession;
-- used to denote a holding, possession, or seisin; as, <i>in</i> by
descent; <i>in</i> by purchase; <i>in</i> of the seisin of her
husband.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><col><b>In and in breeding</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Breeding</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>In and out</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>,
<cd>through and through; -- said of a through bolt in a ship's
side.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>To be in</b></col>, <cd>to be at
home; as, Mrs. A. <i>is in</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To come in</b></col>.
<cd>See under <u>Come</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Usually in the plural.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who is in office; -- the opposite of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A re&euml;ntrant angle; a nook or

<p><col><b>Ins and outs</b></col>, <cd>nooks and corners; twists and

<p><blockquote>All the <i>ins and outs</i> of this
neighborhood.</blockquote> <i>D. Jerrold.</i></p>

<p><! p. 741 !></p>

<p><hw>In</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose; to take
in; to harvest.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave
to <i>in</i> the crop.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>ability</i>: cf. F. <i>inhabilet&eacute;</i>. See
<u>Able</u>, and cf. <u>Unable</u>.] <def>The quality or state of
being unable; lack of ability; want of sufficient power, strength,
resources, or capacity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is not from an <i>inability</i> to discover what
they ought to do, that men err in practice.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impotence; incapacity; incompetence; weakness;
powerlessness; incapability. See <u>Disability</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*a"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*a"ble*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Enablement</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*ab"sti*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>abstinence</i>: cf. F. <i>inabstinence</i>.] <def>Want
of abstinence; indulgence.</def> [Obs.] "The <i>inabstinence</i> of
Eve."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ab*stract"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>In`a*bu"sive*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without

<p><hw>In`ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inaccessibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being
inaccessible; inaccessibleness.</def> "The <i>inaccessibility</i> of
the precipice."  <i>Bp. Butler.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ac*cess"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inaccessibilis</i>: cf. F.  <i>inaccessible</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Accessible</u>.] <def>Not accessible; not to be reached,
obtained, or approached; as, an <i>inaccessible</i> rock, fortress,
document, prince, etc.</def> -- <wf>In`ac*cess"i*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`ac*cess"i*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`ac*cord"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
accordant; discordant.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ac"cu*ra*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Inaccuracies</b></plw> (&?;).</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being inaccurate; want of
accuracy or exactness.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is inaccurate or incorrect;
mistake; fault; defect; error; as, in <i>inaccuracy</i> in speech,
copying, calculation, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ac"cu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
accurate; not according to truth; inexact; incorrect; erroneous; as,
in <i>inaccurate</i> man, narration, copy, judgment, calculation,

<p><blockquote>The expression is plainly
<i>inaccurate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inexact; incorrect; erroneous; faulty; imperfect;
incomplete; defective.</p>

<p><hw>In*ac"cu*rate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inaccurate manner; incorrectly; inexactly.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ac*quaint"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Want of
acquaintance.</def>  <i>Good.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ac`qui*es"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
acquiescent or acquiescing.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ac"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i>.
not + <i>action</i>: cf. <i>inaction</i>.] <def>Want of action or
activity; forbearance from labor; idleness; rest; inertness.</def>

<p><hw>In*ac"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>active</i>: cf. F. <i>inactif</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not active; having no power to move; that
does not or can not produce results; inert; as, matter is, of itself,

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not disposed to action or effort; not
diligent or industrious; not busy; idle; as, an <i>inactive</i>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Chem. & Opt.)</i> <def>Not active; inert;
esp., not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light;
optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances,
in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as,
racemic acid is an <i>inactive</i> tartaric acid.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inert; dull; sluggish; idle; indolent; slothful;
lazy. See <u>Inert</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*ac"tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inactive
manner.</def>  <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ac*tiv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being inactive;
inertness; as, the <i>inactivity</i> of matter.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Idleness; habitual indisposition to action
or exertion; want of energy; sluggishness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The gloomy <i>inactivity</i> of despair.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*ac"tose</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>A variety of sugar, found in certain plants. It is optically

<p><hw>In*ac"tu*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put in
action.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*ac`tu*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Operation.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*ad`ap*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
adaptation; unsuitableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ad"e*qua*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Inadequate</u>.] <def>The quality or state of being inadequate or
insufficient; defectiveness; insufficiency; inadequateness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inadequacy</i> and consequent inefficacy of the
alleged causes.</blockquote> <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ad"e*quate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>adequate</i>: cf. F. <i>inad&eacute;quat</i>.] <def>Not
adequate; unequal to the purpose; insufficient; deficient; as,
<i>inadequate</i> resources, power, conceptions, representations,
etc.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In*ad"e*quate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*ad"e*quate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*ad`e*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
exact correspondence.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Puller.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ad*her"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not adhering.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Free; not connected with the
other organs.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ad*he"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of

<p><hw>In`ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inadmissibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being
inadmissible, or not to be received.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ad*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>admissible</i>: cf. F. <i>inadmissible</i>.] <def>Not
admissible; not proper to be admitted, allowed, or received; as,
<i>inadmissible</i> testimony; an <i>inadmissible</i> proposition, or
explanation.</def> -- <wf>In`ad*mis"si*bly</wf>,

<p>{ <hw>In`ad*vert"ence</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>-ces</b></plw>
(&?;), <hw>In`ad*vert"en*cy</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>-
cies</b></plw> (&?;), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being inadvertent; lack of
heedfulness or attentiveness; inattention; negligence; as, many
mistakes proceed from <i>inadvertence</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Inadvertency</i>, or want of attendance to the
sense and intention of our prayers.</blockquote> <i>Jer.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An effect of inattention; a result of
carelessness; an oversight, mistake, or fault from

<p><blockquote>The productions of a great genius, with many lapses an
<i>inadvertencies</i>, are infinitely preferable to works of an
inferior kind of author which are scrupulously exact.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inattention; heedlessness; carelessness;
negligence; thoughtlessness. See <u>Inattention</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In`ad*vert"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inadvertant</i>. See 2d <u>In-</u>, and <u>Advert</u>.] <def>Not
turning the mind to a matter; heedless; careless; negligent;

<p><blockquote>An <i>inadvertent</i> step may crush the snail<BR>
That crawls at evening in the public path.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>In`ad*vert"ent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ad*vis"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
advisable.</def> -- <wf>In`ad*vis"a*ble*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>In*af`fa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inaffabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of affability or sociability;

<p><hw>In*af"fa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>affable</i>.] <def>Not affable; reserved in social

<p><hw>In*af`fec*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>affectation</i>: cf. F. <i>inaffectation</i>.]
<def>Freedom from affectation; naturalness.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`af*fect"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unaffected.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>In`af*fect"ed*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*aid"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of
being assisted; helpless.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*al`ien*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being inalienable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*al"ien*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not +  <i>alienable</i>: cf. F. <i>inali&eacute;nable</i>.]
<def>Incapable of being alienated, surrendered, or transferred to
another; not alienable; as, in <i>inalienable</i>

<p><hw>In*al"ien*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being inalienable; inalienability.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*al"ien*a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a manner
that forbids alienation; as, rights <i>inalienably</i>

<p><hw>In*al`i*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Affording
no aliment or nourishment.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*al`ter*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inalt&eacute;rabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
unalterable or unchangeable; permanence.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*al"ter*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>alterable</i>: cf. F. <i>inalt&eacute;rable</i>.]
<def>Not alterable; incapable of being altered or changed;
unalterable.</def> -- <wf>In*al"ter*a*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*al"ter*a*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In*a"mi*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unamiable.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>In*a"mi*a*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`a*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inamissibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inamissible</i>.] <def>Incapable of
being lost.</def> [R.] <i>Hammond.</i> --
<wf>In`a*mis"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*a`mo*ra"ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It.
<i>innamorata</i>, fem., <i>innamorato</i>, masc., p. p. of
<i>innamorare</i> to inspire with love. See <u>Enamor</u>.] <def>A
woman in love; a mistress.</def> "The fair <i>inamorata</i>."

<p><hw>In*am"o*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Enamored.</def> <i>Chapman.</i> -- <wf>In*am"o*rate*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>||In*a`mo*ra"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Inamoratos</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Inamorata</u>.] <def>A male

<p><hw>In`a*mov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
amovable or removable.</def> [R.]  <i>Palgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"-and-in"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An old game
played with four dice. <i>In</i> signified a doublet, or two dice
alike; <i>in-and-in</i>, either two doubles, or the four dice

<p><hw>In and in</hw>, <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos> <def>Applied to
breeding from a male and female of the same parentage. See under

<p><hw>In*ane"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inanis</i>.]
<def>Without contents; empty; void of sense or intelligence;
purposeless; pointless; characterless; useless.</def> "Vague and
<i>inane</i> instincts." <i>I. Taylor.</i> -- <wf>In*ane"ly</wf>,

<p><hw>In*ane"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which is void or
empty.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The undistinguishable <i>inane</i> of infinite
space.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*an"gu*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
angular.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p>{ <hw>In`a*nil"o*quent</hw> (?), <hw>In`a*nil"o*quous</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inanis</i> empty + <i>loqui</i> to
speak.] <def>Given to talking inanely; loquacious; garrulous.</def>

<p><hw>In*an"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> in (or intensively) + <i>animate</i>.] <def>To animate.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*an"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inanimatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>animatus</i> animate.]
<def>Not animate; destitute of life or spirit; lifeless; dead;
inactive; dull; as, stones and earth are <i>inanimate</i>

<p><blockquote>Grieving, if aught <i>inanimate</i> e'er
grieves.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Lifeless; dead; inert; inactive; dull; soulless;
spiritless. See <u>Lifeless</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*an"i*ma`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute
of life; lacking animation; unanimated.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*an"i*mate*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being inanimate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The deadness and <i>inanimateness</i> of the
subject.</blockquote> <i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*an`i*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See 2d
<u>Inanimate</u>.] <def>Want of animation; lifeless;

<p><hw>In*an`i*ma"tion</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See 1st
<u>Inanimate</u>.] <def>Infusion of life or vigor; animation;
inspiration.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inanimation</i> of Christ living and breathing
within us.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`a*ni"ti*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
produce inanition in; to exhaust for want of nourishment.</def>

<p><hw>In`a*ni`ti*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Inanition.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`a*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>inanition</i>, L. <i>inanitio</i> emptiness, fr. <i>inanire</i> to
empty, fr. <i>inanis</i> empty.  Cf. <u>Inane</u>.] <def>The
condition of being inane; emptiness; want of fullness, as in the
vessels of the body; hence, specifically, exhaustion from want of
food, either from partial or complete starvation, or from a disorder
of the digestive apparatus, producing the same result.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Feeble from <i>inanition</i>, inert from
weariness.</blockquote> <i>Landor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Repletion and <i>inanition</i> may both do harm in two
contrary extremes.</blockquote> <i>Burton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*an"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Inanities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>inanitas</i>, fr.
<i>inanis</i> empty: cf. F. <i>inanit&eacute;</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inanition; void space; vacuity;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of seriousness; aimlessness;

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An inane, useless thing or pursuit; a
vanity; a silly object; -- chiefly in <i>pl.</i>; as, the
<i>inanities</i> of the world.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*an"ther*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile stamens.</def></p>

<p><hw>||In an"tis</hw> (?). [L.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Between
ant&aelig;; -- said of a portico in classical style, where columns
are set between two ant&aelig;, forming the angles of the building.
See <u>Anta</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ap"a*thy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Sensibility;
feeling; -- opposed to <i>apathy</i>.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`ap*peal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
admitting of appeal; not appealable.</def>  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*peas"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable
of being appeased or satisfied; unappeasable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*pel`la*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being inappellable; finality.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inappellability</i> of the
councils.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*pel"la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Inappealable; final.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*ap"pe*tence</hw> (?), <hw>In*ap"pe*ten*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>appetence</i>: cf. F.
<i>inapp&eacute;tence</i>.] <def>Want of appetency; want of

<p><hw>In*ap`pli*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inapplicabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
inapplicable; unfitness; inapplicableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ap"pli*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>applicable</i>.] <def>Not applicable; incapable of
being applied; not adapted; not suitable; as, the argument is
<i>inapplicable</i> to the case.</def>  <i>J. S. Mill.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unsuitable; unsuited; unadapted; inappropriate;
inapposite; irrelevant.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In*ap"pli*ca*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*ap"pli*ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*ap`pli*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>application</i>: cf. F. <i>inapplication</i>.]
<def>Want of application, attention, or diligence; negligence;

<p><hw>In*ap"po*site</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
apposite; not fit or suitable; not pertinent.</def> --
<wf>In*ap"po*site*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*pre"ci*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>appreciable</i>: cf. F.
<i>inappr&eacute;ciable</i>.] <def>Not appreciable; too small to be
perceived; incapable of being duly valued or estimated.</def>

<p><hw>In`ap*pre"ci*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want
of appreciation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inapprehensibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inappr&eacute;hensible</i>.]
<def>Not apprehensible; unintelligible; inconceivable.</def>

<p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of

<p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
apprehensive; regardless; unconcerned.</def>  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*proach"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
approachable; unapproachable; inaccessible; unequaled.</def> --
<wf>In`ap*proach"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
instrument (<i>to</i>); not appropriate; unbecoming; unsuitable; not
specially fitted; -- followed by <i>to</i> or <i>for</i>.</def> --
<wf>In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*apt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not +
<i>apt</i>: cf. F. <i>inapte</i>.  Cf. <u>Inept</u>.] <def>Unapt; not
apt; unsuitable; inept.</def> -- <wf>In*apt"ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*apt"ness</wf>,

<p><hw>In*apt"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>In-</i> +
<i>aptitude</i>: cf. F. inaptitude.  Cf. <u>Ineptitude</u>.]
<def>Want of aptitude.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*a"quate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inaquatus</i>, p. p. of <i>inaquare</i> to make into water; pref.
<i>in-</i> in + <i>aqua</i> water.] <def>Embodied in, or changed
into, water.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cranmer.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`a*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being inaquate.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Gardiner.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ar"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
arable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*arch"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Inarched</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inarching</u>.] <def>To graft by uniting, as a scion, to a stock,
without separating either from its root before the union is complete;
-- also called to <i>graft by approach</i>.</def>  <i>P.

<p><hw>In*arch"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A method of
ingrafting. See <u>Inarch</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inarticulatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>articulatus</i>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not uttered with articulation or
intelligible distinctness, as speech or words.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Music which is <i>inarticulate</i> poesy.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>Not jointed or articulated; having no distinct body segments;
as, an <i>inarticulate</i> worm.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>Without a hinge; -- said of an order (<i>Inarticulata</i> or
<i>Ecardines</i>) of brachiopods.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of articulating.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The poor earl, who is <i>inarticulate</i> with
palsy.</blockquote> <i>Walpole.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*la`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
articulated; not jointed or connected by a joint.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In
an inarticulate manner.</def>  <i>Hammond.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being inarticulate.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic`u*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inarticulation</i>.] <def>Inarticulateness.</def>

<p><hw>In*ar`ti*fi"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>artificial</i>: cf. F. <i>inartificiel</i>.] <def>Not
artificial; not made or elaborated by art; natural; simple; artless;
as, an <i>inartificial</i> argument; an <i>inartificial</i>
character.</def> -- <wf>In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>In`as*much"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [<i>In</i> +
<i>as</i> + <i>much</i>.] <def>In like degree; in like manner; seeing
that; considering that; since; -- followed by <i>as</i>. See <i>In as
much as</i>, under <u>In</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Inasmuch</i> as ye did it not to one of the least
of these, ye did it not to me.</blockquote> <i>Matt. xxv. 45.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Because; since; for; as. See <u>Because</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In`at*ten"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>attention</i>: cf. F. <i>inattention</i>.] <def>Want of
attention, or failure to pay attention; disregard; heedlessness;

<p><blockquote>Novel lays attract our ravished ears;<BR>
But old, the mind <i>inattention</i> hears.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inadvertence; heedlessness; negligence;
carelessness; disregard; remissness; thoughtlessness; neglect. --
<u>Inattention</u>, <u>Inadvertence</u>. We miss seeing a thing
through <i>inadvertence</i> when <i>do not happen to look at</i> it;
through <i>inattention</i> when we <i>give no heed to</i> it, though
directly before us. The latter is therefore the worse.
<i>Inadvertence</i> may be an involuntary accident;
<i>inattention</i> is culpable neglect. A versatile mind is often
<i>inadvertent</i>; a careless or stupid one is

<p><! p. 742 !></p>

<p><hw>In`at*ten"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inattentif</i>.] <def>Not attentive; not fixing the mind on an
object; heedless; careless; negligent; regardless; as, an
<i>inattentive</i> spectator or hearer; an <i>inattentive</i>
habit.</def>  <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Careless; heedless; regardless; thoughtless;
negligent; remiss; inadvertent.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In`at*ten"tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`at*ten"tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*au`di*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being inaudible; inaudibleness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*au"di*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inaudibilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>audire</i> to hear: cf.
F. <i>unaudible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Audible</u>.]
<def>Not audible; incapable of being heard; silent.</def> --
<wf>In*au"di*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*au"di*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*au"gur</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inaugurer</i>. See <u>Inaugurate</u>.] <def>To inaugurate.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Latimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*au"gu*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inaugural</i>.] <def>Pertaining to, or performed or pronounced at,
an inauguration; as, an <i>inaugural</i> address; the
<i>inaugural</i> exercises.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*au"gu*ral</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inaugural
address.</def> [U.S.]</p>

<p><hw>In*au"gu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inauguratus</i>, p. p. of <i>inaugurare</i> to take omens from the
flight of birds (before entering upon any important undertaking);
hence, to consecrate, inaugurate, or install, with such divination;
pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>augurare</i>, <i>augurari</i>, to augur. See
<u>Augur</u>.] <def>Invested with office; inaugurated.</def>

<p><hw>In*au"gu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inaugurated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Inaugurating</u> (?).]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To introduce or induct into an office with
suitable ceremonies or solemnities; to invest with power or authority
in a formal manner; to install; as, to <i>inaugurate</i> a president;
to <i>inaugurate</i> a king.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cause to begin, esp. with formality or
solemn ceremony; hence, to set in motion, action, or progress; to
initiate; -- used especially of something of dignity or worth or
public concern; as, to <i>inaugurate</i> a new era of things, new
methods, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>As if kings did choose remarkable days to
<i>inaugurate</i> their favors.</blockquote> <i>Sir H.

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To celebrate the completion of, or the
first public use of; to dedicate, as a statue.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To begin with good omens.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*au`gu*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inauguratio</i> a beginning: cf. F. <i>inauguration</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inuagurating, or inducting into
office with solemnity; investiture by appropriate

<p><blockquote>At his regal <i>inauguration</i>, his old father
resigned the kingdom to him.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The formal beginning or initiation of any
movement, course of action, etc.; as, the <i>inauguration</i> of a
new system, a new condition, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*au"gu*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>In*au"gu*ra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Suitable
for, or pertaining to, inauguration.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*au"rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inauratus</i>, p. p. <i>inaurare</i> to gild; pref. <i>in-</i> in
+ <i>aurum</i> gold.] <def>Covered with gold; gilded.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*au"rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover
with gold; to gild.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`au*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inauration</i>.] <def>The act or process of gilding or covering
with gold.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*aus"pi*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inauspicatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>auspicatus</i>, p. p.
<i>auspicari</i>. See <u>Auspicate</u>.] <def>Inauspicious.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir G. Buck.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`aus*pi"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
auspicious; ill-omened; unfortunate; unlucky; unfavorable.</def>
"<i>Inauspicious</i> stars." <i>Shak.</i> "<i>Inauspicious</i> love."

<p>-- <wf>In`aus*pi"cious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`aus*pi"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`au*thor"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Without authority; not authoritative.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"barge</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>To
embark; to go or put into a barge.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Drayton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"beam`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Shining
in.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"be`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inherence;
inherent existence.</def>  <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*bind"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
inclose.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Fairfax.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"blown`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Blown in or
into.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In"board`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>Inside the line of a vessel's
bulwarks or hull; the opposite of <i>outboard</i>; as, an
<i>inboard</i> cargo; haul the boom <i>inboard</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>From without inward; toward
the inside; as, the <i>inboard</i> stroke of a steam engine piston,
the inward or return stroke.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"born`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Born in or with;
implanted by nature; innate; as, <i>inborn</i> passions.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Innate; inherent; natural.</p>

<p>{ <hw>In"break`</hw> (?), <hw>In"break`ing</hw>, }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A breaking in; inroad; invasion.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*breathe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inbreathed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Inbreathing</u>.] <def>To infuse by breathing; to
inspire.</def>  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"bred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Bred within;
innate; as, <i>inbred</i> worth.</def> "<i>Inbred</i> sentiments."

<p><hw>In*breed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Inbred</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inbreeding</u>.] [Cf. <u>Imbreed</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To produce or generate within.</def>
<i>Bp. Reynolds.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>inbreed</i> and cherish . . . the seeds of
virtue.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To breed in and in. See under
<u>Breed</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>In"burn`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Burning

<p><blockquote>Her <i>inburning</i> wrath she gan abate.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In"burnt`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Burnt in;

<p><blockquote>Her <i>inburnt</i>, shamefaced thoughts.</blockquote>
<i>P. Fletcher.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"burst`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A bursting in or

<p><hw>Inc</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A Japanese measure of
length equal to about two and one twelfth yards.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>In"ca</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>An emperor or monarch of Peru before, or at the time of, the
Spanish conquest; any member of this royal dynasty, reputed to have
been descendants of the sun.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>pl.</i>
<def>The people governed by the Incas, now represented by the Quichua

<p><col><b>Inca dove</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a small dove
(<i>Scardafella inca</i>), native of Arizona, Lower California, and

<p><hw>In*cage"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incaged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incaging</u> (?).] [Cf. <u>Encage</u>.] <def>To confine in, or as
in, a cage; to coop up.</def> [Written also <i>encage</i>.]
"<i>Incaged</i> birds."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cage"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Confinement
in, or as in, cage.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shelton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cal`cu*la*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being incalculable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cal"cu*la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>calculable</i>: cf. F. <i>incalculable</i>.] <def>Not
capable of being calculated; beyond calculation; very great.</def> --
<wf>In*cal"cu*la*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*cal"cu*la*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*les"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
of being incalescent, or of growing warm.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In`ca*les"cen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incalescence.</def>  <i>Ray.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*les"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incalescens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incalescere</i> to
grow hot. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Calescence</u>.] <def>Growing
warm; increasing in heat.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cam`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> in + L. <i>camera</i> chamber, LL., also, jurisdiction: cf. F.
<i>incam&eacute;ration</i>, It. <i>incamerazione</i>.] <i>(R. C.
Ch.)</i> <def>The act or process of uniting lands, rights, or
revenues, to the ecclesiastical chamber, <i>i. e.</i>, to the pope's

<p><hw>In"can</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to
the Incas.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`can*des"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incandescence</i>.] <def>A white heat, or the glowing or luminous
whiteness of a body caused by intense heat.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`can*des"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incandecens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incandescere</i> to
become warm or hot; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>candescere</i> to become
of a glittering whiteness, to become red hot, incho. fr.
<i>candere</i> to be of a glittering whiteness: cf. F.
<i>incandescent</i>. See <u>Candle</u>.] <def>White, glowing, or
luminous, with intense heat; as, <i>incandescent</i> carbon or
platinum; hence, clear; shining; brilliant.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Holy Scripture become resplendent; or, as one might
say, <i>incandescent</i> throughout.</blockquote> <i>I.

<p><col><b>Incandescent lamp</b></col> or <col><b>light</b></col>
<i>(Elec.)</i>, <cd>a kind of lamp in which the light is produced by
a thin filament of conducting material, usually carbon, contained in
a vacuum, and heated to incandescence by an electric current, as in
the Edison lamp; -- called also <i>incandescence lamp</i>, and

<p><hw>In`ca*nes"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incanescens</i>, p. pr. <i>incanescere</i> to become gray.]
<def>Becoming hoary or gray; canescent.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ca"nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incanus</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>canus</i> hoary.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Hoary
with white pubescence.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`can*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incantatio</i>, fr. <i>incantare</i> to chant a magic formula over
one: cf. F. <i>incantation</i>. See <u>Enchant</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of using formulas sung
or spoken, with occult ceremonies, for the purpose of raising
spirits, producing enchantment, or affecting other magical results;
enchantment.</def> "Mysterious ceremony and <i>incantation</i>."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A formula of words used as

<p><hw>In*cant"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Dealing by
enchantment; magical.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cant"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Enchanting.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*can"ton</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To unite to,
or form into, a canton or separate community.</def>

<p><hw>In*ca`pa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being incapable;
incapacity.</def>  <i>Suckling.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of legal qualifications,
or of legal power; as, <i>incapability</i> of holding an

<p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>capable</i>: cf. F. <i>incapable</i>, L. <i>incapabilis</i>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Wanting in ability or qualification for
the purpose or end in view; not large enough to contain or hold;
deficient in physical strength, mental or moral power, etc.; not
capable; as, <i>incapable</i> of holding a certain quantity of
liquid; <i>incapable</i> of endurance, of comprehension, of
perseverance, of reform, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being brought to do or
perform, because morally strong or well disposed; -- used with
reference to some evil; as, <i>incapable</i> of wrong, dishonesty, or

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not in a state to receive; not receptive;
not susceptible; not able to admit; as, <i>incapable</i> of pain, or
pleasure; <i>incapable</i> of stain or injury.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Unqualified or disqualified,
in a legal sense; as, a man under thirty-five years of age is
<i>incapable</i> of holding the office of president of the United
States; a person convicted on impeachment is thereby made
<i>incapable</i> of holding an office of profit or honor under the

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>As a term of disgrace,
sometimes annexed to a sentence when an officer has been cashiered
and rendered <i>incapable</i> of serving his country.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Incapable</i> is often used elliptically.</p>

<p><blockquote>Is not your father grown <i>incapable</i> of
reasonable affairs?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incompetent; unfit; unable; insufficient;
inadequate; deficient; disqualified. See <u>Incompetent</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
morally or mentally weak or inefficient; an imbecile; a

<p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
or state of being incapable; incapability.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ca"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incapable

<p><hw>In`ca*pa"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>capacious</i>: cf. L. <i>incapax</i> incapable.]
<def>Not capacious; narrow; small; weak or foolish; as, an
<i>incapacious</i> soul.</def> <i>Bp. Burnet.</i> --
<wf>In`ca*pa"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*pac"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incapacitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p.
pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incapacitating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>capacitate</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To deprive of capacity or natural power;
to disable; to render incapable or unfit; to disqualify; as, his age
<i>incapacitated</i> him for war.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To deprive of legal or
constitutional requisites, or of ability or competency for the
performance of certain civil acts; to disqualify.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It absolutely <i>incapacitated</i> them from holding
rank, office, function, or property.</blockquote> <i>Milman.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*pac`i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
act of incapacitating or state of being incapacitated; incapacity;
disqualification.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*pac"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incapacities</b></plw> (&?;). [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of capacity; lack of physical or
intellectual power; inability.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of legal ability or
competency to do, give, transmit, or receive something; inability;
disqualification; as, the <i>inacapacity</i> of minors to make
binding contracts, etc.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inability; incapability; incompetency; unfitness;
disqualification; disability.</p>

<p><hw>In*cap"su*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
<i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>To inclose completely, as in a

<p><hw>In*cap`su*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>The process of becoming, or the state or
condition of being, incapsulated; as, <i>incapsulation</i> of the
ovum in the uterus.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*car"cer*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incarcerated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incarcerating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + L.
<i>carceratus</i>, p. p. of <i>carcerare</i> to imprison, fr.
<i>carcer</i> prison.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To imprison; to confine in a jail or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To confine; to shut up or inclose; to hem

<p><col><b>Incarcerated hernia</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>hernia in
which the constriction can not be easily reduced.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*car"cer*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Imprisoned.</def>  <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car`cer*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of confining, or the state of
being confined; imprisonment.</def>  <i>Glanvill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>Formerly, strangulation, as in hernia.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>A constriction of the hernial sac, rendering it irreducible, but
not great enough to cause strangulation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*car"cer*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>In*carn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incarner</i>. See <u>Incarnate</u>.] <def>To cover or invest with
flesh.</def> [R.]  <i>Wiseman.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*carn"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To develop
flesh.</def> [R.]  <i>Wiseman.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car"na*dine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>incarnadin</i>, It. <i>incarnatino</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>caro</i>, <i>carnis</i>, flesh.  Cf. <u>Carnation</u>,
<u>Incarnate</u>.] <def>Flesh-colored; of a carnation or pale red
color.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Lovelace.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car"na*dine</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To dye red
or crimson.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood<BR>
Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather<BR>
The multitudinous seas <i>incarnadine</i>,<BR>
Making the green one red.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>carnate</i>.] <def>Not in the flesh; spiritual.</def>

<p><blockquote>I fear nothing . . . that devil carnate or
<i>incarnate</i> can fairly do.</blockquote> <i>Richardson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car"nate</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incarnatus</i>,
p. p. of <i>incarnare</i> to incarnate, pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>caro</i>, <i>carnis</i>, flesh. See <u>Carnal</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Invested with flesh; embodied in a human
nature and form; united with, or having, a human body.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Here shalt thou sit <i>incarnate</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>He represents the emperor and his wife as two devils
<i>incarnate</i>, sent into the world for the destruction of
mankind.</blockquote> <i>Jortin.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Flesh-colored; rosy; red.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*car"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incarnated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incarnating</u> (?).] <def>To clothe with flesh; to
embody in flesh; to invest, as spirits, ideals, etc., with a human
from or nature.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This essence to <i>incarnate</i> and imbrute,<BR>
That to the height of deity aspired.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*car"nate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To form flesh;
to granulate, as a wound.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>My uncle Toby's wound was nearly well -- 't was just
beginning to <i>incarnate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sterne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`car*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>incarnation</i>, LL. <i>incarnatio</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of clothing with flesh, or the
state of being so clothed; the act of taking, or being manifested in,
a human body and nature.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>The union of the second
person of the Godhead with manhood in Christ.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An incarnate form; a personification; a
manifestation; a reduction to apparent from; a striking
exemplification in person or act.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>She is a new <i>incarnation</i> of some of the
illustrious dead.</blockquote> <i>Jeffrey.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The very <i>incarnation</i> of
selfishness.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A rosy or red color; flesh color;
carnation.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The process of healing
wounds and filling the part with new flesh; granulation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*car"na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incarnatif</i>.] <def>Causing new flesh to grow; healing;
regenerative.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An incarnative

<p><hw>In*car`ni*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Incarnation</u>, and <u>-fy</u>.] <def>The act of assuming, or
state of being clothed with, flesh; incarnation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*case"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incased</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incasing</u>.] [F. <i>encaisser</i>; pref. <i>en-</i> (L.
<i>in</i>) + <i>caisse</i> case. See <u>Case</u> a box, and cf.
<u>Encase</u>, <u>Enchase</u>.] <def>To inclose in a case; to
inclose; to cover or surround with something solid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Rich plates of gold the folding doors
<i>incase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*case"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of inclosing with a
case, or the state of being incased.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which forms a case, covering, or

<p><hw>In*cask"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover with
a casque or as with a casque.</def>  <i>Sherwood.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cas"tel*la`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Confined
or inclosed in a castle.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cas"telled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Far.)</i>
<def>Hoofbound.</def>  <i>Crabb.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cat`e*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>incatenatio</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>catena</i> chain. See
<u>Enchain</u>.] <def>The act of linking together; enchaining.</def>
[R.]  <i>Goldsmith.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cau"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
caution.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cau"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>cautious</i>: cf. L. <i>incautus</i>.] <def>Not cautious;
not circumspect; not attending to the circumstances on which safety
and interest depend; heedless; careless; as, an <i>incautious</i>
step; an <i>incautious</i> remark.</def></p>

<p><! p. 743 !></p>

<p><blockquote>You . . . <i>incautious</i> tread<BR>
On fire with faithless embers overspread.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>His rhetorical expressions may easily captivate any
<i>incautious</i> reader.</blockquote> <i>Keill.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unwary; indiscreet; inconsiderate; imprudent;
impolitic; careless; heedless; thoughtless.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In*cau"tious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*cau"tious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In"ca*va`ted</hw> (&ibreve;n"k&adot;*v&amacr;`t&ebreve;d),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incavatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incavare</i>
to make hollow: pref <i>in-</i> in + <i>cavare</i> to hollow out, fr.
<i>cavus</i> hollow.] <def>Made hollow; bent round or in.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`ca*va"tion</hw> (&ibreve;n`k&adot;*v&amacr;"sh&ubreve;n),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Act of making hollow; also, a hollow; an
excavation; a depression.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*caved"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&amacr;vd), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>cave</i>.  Cf. <u>Encave</u>,
<u>Incavated</u>.] <def>Inclosed in a cave.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cav"erned</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&abreve;v"&etilde;rnd),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inclosed or shut up as in a cavern.</def>

<p><hw>In*ced"ing*ly</hw> (&ibreve;n*s&emacr;d"&ibreve;ng*l&ybreve;),
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L. <i>incedere</i> to walk majestically.]
<def>Majestically.</def> [R.]  <i>C. Bront&eacute;.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ce*leb"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
celebrity or distinction; obscurity.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>In*cend"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incendere</i>, <i>incensum</i>, to kindle, burn. See
<u>Incense</u> to inflame.] <def>To inflame; to excite.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*cen"di*a*rism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Incendiary</u>.] <def>The act or practice of maliciously setting
fires; arson.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"di*a*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incendiaries</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incendiarius</i>: cf. F.
<i>incendiaire</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Any person who maliciously sets fire to a
building or other valuable or other valuable property.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A person who excites or inflames factions,
and promotes quarrels or sedition; an agitator; an exciter.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Several cities . . . drove them out as
<i>incendiaries</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bentley.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"di*a*ry</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incendiarius</i>, fr. <i>incendium</i> a fire, conflagration: cf.
F. <i>incendiaire</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to incendiarism, or the
malicious burning of valuable property; as, <i>incendiary</i>
material; as <i>incendiary</i> crime.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Tending to excite or inflame factions,
sedition, or quarrel; inflammatory; seditious.</def>

<p><col><b>Incendiary shell</b></col>, <cd>a bombshell. See
<u>Carcass</u>, 4.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incendiosus</i> burning, hot.] <def>Promoting faction or
contention; seditious; inflammatory.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i> --
<wf>In*cen"di*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cen"sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Incense</u>
to anger.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>A modern term applied to animals (as a
boar) when borne as raging, or with furious aspect.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cen*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(R. C.
Ch.)</i> <def>The offering of incense.</def> [R.]  <i>Encyc.

<p><hw>In*cense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incensed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incensing</u>.] [L. <i>incensus</i>, p. p. of <i>incendere</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> in + root of <i>candere</i> to glow. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle; to
burn.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Twelve Trojan princes wait on thee, and labor to
Thy glorious heap of funeral.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inflame with anger; to endkindle; to
fire; to incite; to provoke; to heat; to madden.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The people are <i>incensed</i> him.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To enrage; exasperate; provoke; anger; irritate;
heat; fire; instigate.</p>

<p><hw>In"cense</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incensed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incensing</u>.] [LL. <i>incensare</i>: cf. F. <i>encenser</i>. See
<u>Incense</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To offer incense to. See
<u>Incense</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To perfume with, or as with,
incense.</def> "<i>Incensed</i> with wanton sweets."

<p><hw>In"cense</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>encens</i>, F.
<i>encens</i>, L. <i>incensum</i>, fr. <i>incensus</i>, p. p. of
<i>incendere</i> to burn. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The perfume or odors exhaled from spices
and gums when burned in celebrating religious rites or as an offering
to some deity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A thick cloud of <i>incense</i> went up.</blockquote>
<i>Ezek. viii. 11.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The materials used for the purpose of
producing a perfume when burned, as fragrant gums, spices,
frankincense, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of
them his censer, and put fire therein, and put <i>incense</i>
thereon.</blockquote> <i>Lev. x. 1.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Also used figuratively.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Or heap the shrine of luxury and pride,<BR>
With <i>incense</i> kindled at the Muse's flame.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Incense tree</b></col>, <cd>the name of several balsamic
trees of the genus <i>Bursera</i> (or <i>Icica</i>) mostly tropical
American. The gum resin is used for incense. In Jamaica the
<i>Chrysobalanus Icaco</i>, a tree related to the plums, is called
<i>incense tree</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Incense wood</b></col>, <cd>the
fragrant wood of the tropical American tree <i>Bursera

<p><hw>In"cense-breath`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Breathing or exhaling incense.</def> "<i>Incense-breathing</i>
morn."  <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*censed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Angered; enraged.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Represented as enraged, as
any wild creature depicted with fire issuing from mouth and

<p><hw>In*cense"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Fury; rage;
heat; exasperation; as, implacable <i>incensement</i>.</def>

<p><hw>In*cen"ser</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
instigates or incites.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incensio</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.] <def>The act of
kindling, or the state of being kindled or on fire.</def>

<p><hw>In*cen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to
excite or provoke; inflammatory.</def>  <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"sor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>A kindler
of anger or enmity; an inciter.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"so*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incensories</b></plw> (#). [LL. <i>incensorium</i>: cf. F.
<i>encensoir</i>. See 2d <u>Incense</u>, and cf. <u>Censer</u>.]
<def>The vessel in which incense is burned and offered; a censer; a
thurible.</def> [R.]  <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"sur*a*ble</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>censurable</i>: cf. F. <i>incensurable</i>.]
<def>Not censurable.</def> <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i> --
<wf>In*cen"sur*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Geom.)</i>
<def>The center of the circle inscribed in a triangle.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cen"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incentivus</i>, from <i>incinere</i> to strike up or set the tune;
pref. <i>in-</i> + <i>canere</i> to sing. See <u>Enchant</u>,

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inciting; encouraging or moving; rousing
to action; stimulative.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Competency is the most <i>incentive</i> to
industry.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Serving to kindle or set on fire.</def>

<p><blockquote>Part <i>incentive</i> reed<BR>
Provide, pernicious with one touch of fire.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*cen"tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incentivum</i>.]
<def>That which moves or influences the mind, or operates on the
passions; that which incites, or has a tendency to incite, to
determination or action; that which prompts to good or ill; motive;
spur; as, the love of money, and the desire of promotion, are two
powerful <i>incentives</i> to action.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The greatest obstacles, the greatest terrors that come
in their way, are so far from making them quit the work they had
begun, that they rather prove <i>incentives</i> to them to go on in
it.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Motive; spur; stimulus; incitement; encouragement;
inducement; influence.</p>

<p><hw>In*cen"tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incitingly;

<p><hw>In*cep"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inceptio</i>, fr. <i>incipere</i> to begin; pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>capere</i> to take. See <u>Capable</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Beginning; commencement; initiation.</def>

<p><blockquote>Marked with vivacity of <i>inception</i>, apathy of
progress, and prematureness of decay.</blockquote> <i>Rawle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Reception; a taking in.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>In*cep"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Beginning;
expressing or indicating beginning; as, an <i>inceptive</i>
proposition; an <i>inceptive</i> verb, which expresses the beginning
of action; -- called also <i>inchoative</i>.</def> --
<wf>In*cep"tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*cep"tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inceptive word,
phrase, or clause.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cep"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A beginner; one in the rudiments.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who is on the point of taking the
degree of master of arts at an English university.</def>

<p><hw>In`cer*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incerare</i> to smear with wax; pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>cerare</i> to wax, fr. <i>cera</i> wax: cf. F.
<i>inc&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>The act of smearing or covering with
wax.</def>  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cer"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Cleaving or
sticking like wax.</def>  <i>Cotgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cer"tain</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>certain</i>: cf. F. <i>incertain</i>, L. <i>incertus</i>.
See <u>Certain</u>.] <def>Uncertain; doubtful; unsteady.</def> --
<wf>In*cer"tain*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Very questionable and of <i>uncertain</i>
truth.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cer"tain*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Uncertainty.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cer"ti*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incertitude</i>, LL. <i>incertitudo</i>, fr. L. <i>incertus</i>.
See <u>Incertain</u>.] <def>Uncertainty; doubtfulness;

<p><blockquote>The <i>incertitude</i> and instability of this
life.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He fails . . . from mere <i>incertitude</i> or
irresolution.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>||In*cer"tum</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Doubtful; not
of definite form.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Opus incertum</b></col> <i>(Anc. Arch.)</i>, <cd>a kind of
masonry employed in building walls, in which the stones were not
squared nor laid in courses; rubblework.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*ces"sa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incessabilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cessare</i> to cease.]
<def>Unceasing; continual.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shelton.</i> --
<wf>In*ces"sa*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*ces"san*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Incessant</u>.] <def>The quality of being incessant; unintermitted
continuance; unceasingness.</def>  <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ces"sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incessans</i>, <i>-antis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not +
<i>cessare</i> to cease: cf. F. <i>incessant</i>. See <u>Cease</u>.]
<def>Continuing or following without interruption; unceasing;
unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as, <i>incessant</i> clamors;
<i>incessant</i> pain, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Against the castle gate,<BR>
 . . . Which with <i>incessant</i> force and endless hate,<BR>
They batter'd day and night and entrance did await.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unceasing; uninterrupted; unintermitted;
unremitting; ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.</p>

<p><hw>In*ces"sant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Unceasingly;
continually.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ces"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incedere</i>, <i>incessum</i>, to walk.] <def>Motion on foot;
progress in walking.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>incession</i> or local motion of
animals.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"cest</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>inceste</i>, L.
<i>incestum</i> unchastity, incest, fr. <i>incestus</i> unchaste;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>castus</i> chaste. See <u>Chaste</u>.]
<def>The crime of cohabitation or sexual commerce between persons
related within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by
law.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Spiritual incest</b></col>. <i>(Eccl. Law)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The crime of cohabitation committed between
persons who have a spiritual alliance by means of baptism or
confirmation.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The act of a vicar, or
other beneficiary, who holds two benefices, the one depending on the
collation of the other.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*cest"tu*ous</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incestuosus</i>: cf. F. <i>incestueux</i>.] <def>Guilty of incest;
involving, or pertaining to, the crime of incest; as, an
<i>incestuous</i> person or connection.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Ere you reach to this <i>incestuous</i> love,<BR>
You must divine and human rights remove.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>In*cest"tu*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*cest"tu*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Inch</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gael. <i>inis</i>.]
<def>An island; -- often used in the names of small islands off the
coast of Scotland, as in <i>Inch</i>colm, <i>Inch</i>keith,
etc.</def> [Scot.]</p>

<p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>inche</i>,
<i>unche</i>, AS. <i>ynce</i>, L. <i>uncia</i> the twelfth part,
inch, ounce. See <u>Ounce</u> a weight.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A measure of length, the twelfth part of a
foot, commonly subdivided into halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths,
etc., as among mechanics. It was also formerly divided into twelve
parts, called <i>lines</i>, and originally into three parts, called
<i>barleycorns</i>, its length supposed to have been determined from
three grains of barley placed end to end lengthwise. It is also
sometimes called a <i>prime</i> (&prime;), composed of twelve seconds
(&prime;&prime;), as in the duodecimal system of arithmetic.</def>

<p><blockquote>12 seconds (&prime;&prime;) make 1 <i>inch</i> or
prime. 12 <i>inches</i> or primes (&prime;)  make 1
foot.</blockquote> <i>B. Greenleaf.</i></p>

<p>&fist; The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length,
equals 39.37 inches; the inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. See
<u>Metric system</u>, and <u>Meter</u>.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A small distance or degree, whether of
time or space; hence, a critical moment.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Beldame, I think we watched you at an
<i>inch</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>By inches</b></col>, <cd>by slow degrees, gradually.</cd>
-- <col><b>Inch of candle</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Candle</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Inches of pressure</b></col>,
<cd>usually, the pressure indicated by so many inches of a mercury
column, as on a steam gauge.</cd> -- <col><b>Inch of water</b></col>.
<cd>See under <u>Water</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Miner's inch</b></col>,
<i>(Hydraulic Mining)</i>, <cd>a unit for the measurement of water.
See <i>Inch of water</i>, under <u>Water</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Inch</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Inched</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To drive by inches, or small
degrees.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He gets too far into the soldier's grace<BR>
And <i>inches</i> out my master.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To deal out by inches; to give
sparingly.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To advance or retire
by inches or small degrees; to move slowly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With slow paces measures back the field,<BR>
And <i>inches</i> to the walls.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Measuring an inch in any
dimension, whether length, breadth, or thickness; -- used in
composition; as, a two-<i>inch</i> cable; a four-<i>inch</i>

<p><col><b>Inch stuff</b></col>, <cd>boards, etc., sawed one inch

<p><hw>In*cham"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inchambered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Inchambering</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>chamber</i>: cf. OF. <i>enchambrer</i>.] <def>To lodge in a
chamber.</def> [R.]  <i>Sherwood.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*change`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Unchangeableness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Kenrick.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*chant"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*char"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incharitable</i>.] <def>Uncharitable; unfeeling.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*char"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incharit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of charity.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*chase"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*chas"ti*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>chastity</i>: cf. F. <i>inchastet&eacute;</i>.]
<def>Unchastity.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Inched</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having or measuring
(so many) inches; as, a four-<i>inched</i> bridge.</def>

<p><hw>In*chest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put into a

<p><hw>Inch"i*pin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Inch"meal`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Meal</u> a
part, and cf. <u>Piecemeal</u>.] <def>A piece an inch long.</def></p>

<p><col><b>By inchmeal</b></col>, <cd>by small degrees; by
inches.</cd>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Inch"meal`</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Little by little;

<p><hw>In"cho*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inchoatus</i>, better <i>incohatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incohare</i>
to begin.] <def>Recently, or just, begun; beginning; partially but
not fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements;
incomplete.</def> -- <wf>In"cho*ate*ly</wf>,

<p><blockquote>Neither a substance perfect, nor a substance
<i>inchoate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"cho*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
begin.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cho*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inchoatio</i>, <i>incohatio</i>.] <def>Act of beginning;
commencement; inception.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The setting on foot some of those arts, in those
parts, would be looked on as the first <i>inchoation</i> of
them.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It is now in actual progress, from the rudest
<i>inchoation</i> to the most elaborate finishing.</blockquote> <i>I.

<p><hw>In*cho"a*tive</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inchoativus</i>, <i>incohativus</i>: cf. F. <i>inchoatif</i>.]
<def>Expressing or pertaining to a beginning; inceptive; as, an
<i>inchoative</i> verb.</def>  "Some <i>inchoative</i> or imperfect
rays." <i>W. Montagu.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inchoative
verb. See <u>Inceptive</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Inch"pin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>inchipin</i>, <i>inche-pinne</i>, <i>inne-pinne</i>.] [Cf. Gael.
<i>inne</i>, <i>innidh</i>, bowel, entrail.] <def>The sweetbread of a
deer.</def>  <i>Cotgrave.</i></p>

<p><hw>Inch"worm`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The larva of any geometrid moth. See <u>Geometrid</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cic"u*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incicur</i> not tame; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cicur</i> name.]
<def>Untamable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cide"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incidere</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>caedere</i> to cut. See
<u>Concise</u>, and cf. <u>Incise</u>.] <def>To cut; to separate and
remove; to resolve or break up, as by medicines.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In"ci*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A falling on or upon; an incident; an
event.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>The direction in which a
body, or a ray of light or heat, falls on any surface.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In equal <i>incidences</i> there is a considerable
inequality of refractions.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Angle of incidence</b></col>, <cd>the angle which a ray of
light, or the line of incidence of a body, falling on any surface,
makes with a perpendicular to that surface; also formerly, the
complement of this angle.</cd> -- <col><b>Line of
incidence</b></col>, <cd>the line in the direction of which a surface
is struck by a body, ray of light, and the like.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In"ci*den*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incidence.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"ci*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incidens</i>,
<i>-entis</i>, p. pr. & of <i>incidere</i> to fall into or upon;
pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cadere</i> to fall: cf. F.
<i>incident</i>. See <u>Cadence</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Falling or striking upon, as a ray of
light upon a reflecting surface.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Coming or happening accidentally; not in
the usual course of things; not in connection with the main design;
not according to expectation; casual; fortuitous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>As the ordinary course of common affairs is disposed
of by general laws, so likewise men's rarer <i>incident</i>
necessities and utilities should be with special equity
considered.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Liable to happen; apt to occur; befalling;
hence, naturally happening or appertaining.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All chances <i>incident</i> to man's frail
life.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The studies <i>incident</i> to his
profession.</blockquote> <i>Milward.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Dependent upon, or
appertaining to, another thing, called the

<p><col><b>Incident proposition</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a
proposition subordinate to another, and introduced by <i>who</i>,
<i>which</i>, <i>whose</i>, <i>whom</i>, etc.; as, Julius, <i>whose
surname was C&aelig;sar</i>, overcame Pompey.</cd>  <i>I.

<p><hw>In"ci*dent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incident</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which falls out or
takes place; an event; casualty; occurrence.</def></p>

<p><! p. 744 !></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which happens aside from the main
design; an accidental or subordinate action or event.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>No person, no <i>incident</i>, in a play but must be
of use to carry on the main design.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Something appertaining to,
passing with, or depending on, another, called the
<i>principal</i>.</def>  <i>Tomlins.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Circumstance; event; fact; adventure; contingency;
chance; accident; casualty. See <u>Event</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In`ci*den"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Happening,
as an occasional event, without regularity; coming without design;
casual; accidental; hence, not of prime concern; subordinate;
collateral; as, an <i>incidental</i> conversation; an
<i>incidental</i> occurrence; <i>incidental</i> expenses.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>By some, religious duties . . . appear to be regarded
. . . as an <i>incidental</i> business.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Accidental; casual; fortuitous; contingent; chance;
collateral. See <u>Accidental</u>.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In`ci*den"tal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`ci*den"tal*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>I treat either or <i>incidentally</i> of
colors.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ci*den"tal</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An incident;
that which is incidental; esp., in the plural, an aggregate of
subordinate or incidental items not particularized; as, the expense
of tuition and <i>incidentals</i>.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"ci*dent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Incidentally.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cin"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being incinerated or reduced to ashes.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In*cin"er*ate</hw> (?), [LL. <i>incineratus</i>, p. p. of
<i>incinerare</i> to incinerate; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>cinis</i>, <i>cineris</i>, ashes.] <def>Reduced to ashes by
burning; thoroughly consumed.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cin"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incinerated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incinerating</u> (?).] <def>To burn to ashes; to
consume; to burn.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It is the fire only that <i>incinerates</i>
bodies.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cin`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>incineratio</i>: cf. F. <i>incin&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>The act
of incinerating, or the state of being incinerated;

<p><blockquote>The phenix kind,<BR>
Of whose <i>incineration</i>,<BR>
There riseth a new creation.</blockquote> <i>Skelton.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*cip"i*ence</hw> (?), <hw>In*cip"i*en*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incipientia</i>.] <def>Beginning;
commencement; incipient state.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cip"i*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incipiens</i>, p. pr. of <i>incipere</i> to begin. See
<u>Inception</u>.] <def>Beginning to be, or to show itself;
commencing; initial; as, the <i>incipient</i> stage of a fever;
<i>incipient</i> light of day.</def> -- <wf>In*cip"i*ent*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>In*cir"cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*cir"clet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Encirclet</u>.] <def>A small circle.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir P.

<p><hw>In*cir`cum*scrip"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>circumscriptible</i>: cf. LL.
<i>incircumscriptibilis</i>.] <def>Incapable of being circumscribed
or limited.</def>  <i>Cranmer.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cir`cum*scrip"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Condition or quality of being incircumscriptible or
limitless.</def>  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cir"cum*spect</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>circumspect</i>.] <def>Not circumspect; heedless;
careless; reckless; impolitic.</def>  <i>Tyndale.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cir`cum*spec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incirconspection</i>.] <def>Want of circumspection.</def>  <i>Sir
T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cise"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incising</u>.] [L. <i>incisus</i>, p. p. of <i>incidere</i> to
incise: cf. F. <i>inciser</i>. See <u>Incide</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cut in or into with a sharp instrument;
to carve; to engrave.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I on thy grave this epitaph
<i>incise</i>.</blockquote> <i>T. Carew.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cut, gash, or wound with a sharp
instrument; to cut off.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cised"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Cut in; carved; engraved.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having deep and sharp
notches, as a leaf or a petal.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cise"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incised

<p><hw>In*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incisio</i>:
cf. F. <i>incision</i>. See <u>Incise</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incising, or cutting into a
substance.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is produced by incising; the
separation of the parts of any substance made by a cutting or pointed
instrument; a cut; a gash.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Separation or solution of viscid matter by
medicines.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*ci"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having the quality of incising, cutting,
or penetrating, as with a sharp instrument; cutting; hence, sharp;
acute; sarcastic; biting.</def> "An <i>incisive</i>, high voice."
<i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And her <i>incisive</i> smile accrediting<BR>
That treason of false witness in my blush.</blockquote> <i>Mrs.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the
incisors; incisor; as, the <i>incisive</i> bones, the

<p><hw>In*ci"sor</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>One of the teeth in front of the canines in
either jaw; an incisive tooth. See <u>Tooth</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ci"sor</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Adapted for cutting;
of or pertaining to the incisors; incisive; as, the <i>incisor</i>
nerve; an <i>incisor</i> foramen; an <i>incisor</i> tooth.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ci"so*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the
quality of cutting; incisor; incisive.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cis"ure</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incisura</i>: cf. F. <i>incisure</i>.] <def>A cut; an incision; a
gash.</def>  <i>Derham.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cit"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incitans</i>,
<i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incitare</i>. See <u>Incite</u>.]
<def>Inciting; stimulating.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cit"ant</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which incites;
an inciting agent or cause; a stimulant.</def>  <i>E. Darwin.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ci*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incitatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incitation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inciting or moving to

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which incites to action; that which
rouses or prompts; incitement; motive; incentive.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The noblest <i>incitation</i> to honest
attempts.</blockquote> <i>Tatler.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cit"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
provocative; an incitant; a stimulant.</def> [R.]  <i>Jervas.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incited</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inciting</u>.] [L. <i>incitare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>citare</i> to rouse, stir up: cf. F. <i>inciter</i>. See
<u>Cite</u>.] <def>To move to action; to stir up; to rouse; to spur
or urge on.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Anthiochus, when he <i>incited</i> Prusias to join in
war, set before him the greatness of the Romans.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>No blown ambition doth our arms
<i>incite</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Excite; stimulate; instigate; spur; goad; arouse;
move; urge; rouse; provoke; encourage; prompt; animate. See

<p><hw>In*cite"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inciting.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which incites the mind, or moves to
action; motive; incentive; impulse.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>From the long records of a distant age,<BR>
Derive <i>incitements</i> to renew thy rage.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Motive; incentive; spur; stimulus; impulse;

<p><hw>In*cit"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, incites.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cit"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>So as to
incite or stimulate.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ci`to-mo"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incitus</i> incited + E. <i>motor</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i>
<def>Inciting to motion; -- applied to that action which, in the case
of muscular motion, commences in the nerve centers, and excites the
muscles to contraction. Opposed to <i>excito-motor</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ci`to-mo"to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Incitomotor.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*civ"il</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incivilis</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>civilis</i> civil: cf. F. <i>incivil</i>.]
<def>Uncivil; rude.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ci*vil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incivilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incivilitas</i>: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being uncivil;
want of courtesy; rudeness of manner; impoliteness.</def>  <i>Shak.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any act of rudeness or ill

<p><blockquote>Uncomely jests, loud talking and jeering, which, in
civil account, are called indecencies and
<i>incivilities</i>.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Want of civilization; a state of rudeness
or barbarism.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impoliteness; uncourteousness; unmannerliness;
disrespect; rudeness; discourtesy.</p>

<p><hw>In*civ`i*li*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>civilization</i>.] <def>The state of being
uncivilized; want of civilization; barbarism.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*civ"il*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Uncivilly.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*civ"ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>civism</i>: cf. F. <i>incivisme</i>.] <def>Want of civism;
want of patriotism or love to one's country; unfriendliness to one's
state or government.</def> [R.]  <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cla*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inclamatio</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Claim</u>.]
<def>Exclamation.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*clasp"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
in + <i>clasp</i>.  Cf. <u>Enclasp</u>.] <def>To clasp within; to
hold fast to; to embrace or encircle.</def> [Written also

<p><blockquote>The flattering ivy who did ever see<BR>
<i>Inclasp</i> the huge trunk of an aged tree.</blockquote> <i>F.

<p><hw>In*clau"dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not closing
or shutting.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cla*va`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>inclavatus</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>clavare</i> to fasten
with nails, fr. <i>clavus</i> nail.] <def>Set; fast; fixed.</def>
<i>Dr. John Smith.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*clave"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Inclavated</u>.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Resembling a series of
dovetails; -- said of a line of division, such as the border of an

<p><hw>In"cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p><hw>In*clem"en*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Inclemencies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>inclementia</i>: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being inclement;
want of clemency; want of mildness of temper; unmercifulness;

<p><blockquote>The <i>inclemency</i> of the late pope.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Physical severity or harshness (commonly
in respect to the elements or weather); roughness; storminess; rigor;
severe cold, wind, rain, or snow.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inclemencies</i> of morning air.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>The rude <i>inclemency</i> of wintry
skies.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Harshness; severity; cruelty; rigor; roughness;
storminess; boisterousness.</p>

<p><hw>In*clem"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inclemens</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>clemens</i> mild: cf. F.
<i>incl&eacute;ment</i>. See <u>Clement</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not clement; destitute of a mild and kind
temper; void of tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Physically severe or harsh (generally
restricted to the elements or weather); rough; boisterous; stormy;
rigorously cold, etc.; as, <i>inclement</i> weather.</def>

<p><blockquote>The guard the wretched from the <i>inclement</i>
sky.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Teach us further by what means to shun<BR>
The <i>inclement</i> seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow!</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*clem"ent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inclement manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inclinabilis</i>. See <u>Incline</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Leaning; tending.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Likely and <i>inclinable</i> to fall.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having a propensity of will or feeling;
leaning in disposition; disposed; propense; as, a mind
<i>inclinable</i> to truth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whatsoever other sins he may be <i>inclinable</i>
to.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The very constitution of a multitude is not so
<i>inclinable</i> to save as to destroy.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*clin"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or quality of being inclinable; inclination.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cli*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inclinatio</i>: cf. F. <i>inclination</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as,
an <i>inclination</i> of the head.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A direction or tendency from the true
vertical or horizontal direction; as, the <i>inclination</i> of a
column, or of a road bed.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A tendency towards another body or

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>The angle made by two lines
or planes; as, the <i>inclination</i> of the plane of the earth's
equator to the plane of the ecliptic is about 23&deg; 28&prime;; the
<i>inclination</i> of two rays of light.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A leaning or tendency of the mind,
feelings, preferences, or will; propensity; a disposition more
favorable to one thing than to another; favor; desire;

<p><blockquote>A mere <i>inclination</i> to a thing is not properly a
willing of that thing.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>How dost thou find the <i>inclination</i> of the
people?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A person or thing loved or admired.</def>
<i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Pharm.)</i> <def>Decantation, or tipping
for pouring.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Inclination compass</b></col>, <cd>an inclinometer.</cd> -
- <col><b>Inclination of an orbit</b></col> <i>(Astron.)</i>, <cd>the
angle which the orbit makes with the ecliptic.</cd> --
<col><b>Inclination of the needle</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Dip of the
needle</i>, under <u>Dip</u>.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity;
propensity; prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire;
affection; love. See <u>Bent</u>, and cf. <u>Disposition</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*clin"a*to*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Having the quality of leaning or inclining; as, the
<i>inclinatory</i> needle.</def> -- <wf>In*clin"a*to*ri*ly</wf> (#),
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cline"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Inclined</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inclining</u>.] [OE. <i>inclinen</i>, <i>enclinen</i>, OF.
<i>encliner</i>, <i>incliner</i>, F. <i>incliner</i>, L.
<i>inclinare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>clinare</i> to bend,
incline; akin to E. <i>lean</i>. See <u>Lean</u> to incline.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To deviate from a line, direction, or
course, toward an object; to lean; to tend; as, converging lines
<i>incline</i> toward each other; a road <i>inclines</i> to the north
or south.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual
or moral sense; to favor an opinion, a course of conduct, or a
person; to have a propensity or inclination; to be

<p><blockquote>Their hearts <i>inclined</i> to follow
Abimelech.</blockquote> <i>Judges ix. 3.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Power finds its balance, giddy motions cease<BR>
In both the scales, and each <i>inclines</i> to peace.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To bow; to incline the head.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To lean; slope; slant; tend; bend.</p>

<p><hw>In*cline"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give
a leaning, bend, or slope to; as, <i>incline</i> the column or post
to the east; <i>incline</i> your head to the right.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> thine ear, O Lord, and
hear.</blockquote> <i>Is. xxxvii. 17.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To impart a tendency or propensity to, as
to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose; to

<p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> my heart unto thy
testimonies.</blockquote> <i>Ps. cxix. 36.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> our hearts to keep this
law.</blockquote> <i>Book of Com. Prayer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to
<i>incline</i> the head or the body in acts of reverence or

<p><blockquote>With due respect my body I
<i>inclined</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cline"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inclined plane;
an ascent or descent; a grade or gradient; a slope.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clined"</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having a leaning or tendency towards, or away
from, a thing; disposed or moved by wish, desire, or judgment; as, a
man <i>inclined</i> to virtue.</def> "Each pensively
<i>inclined</i>."  <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Making an angle with some
line or plane; -- said of a line or plane.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Bent out of a perpendicular
position, or into a curve with the convex side uppermost.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Inclined plane</b></col>. <i>(Mech.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A plane that makes an oblique angle with the
plane of the horizon; a sloping plane. When used to produce pressure,
or as a means of moving bodies, it is one of the mechanical powers,
so called.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Railroad & Canal)</i> <cd>An
inclined portion of track, on which trains or boats are raised or
lowered from one level to another.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*clin"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, inclines; specifically, an inclined dial.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clin"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Same
as <u>Inclined</u>, 3.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clin"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Inclination; disposition.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>On the first <i>inclining</i> towards
sleep.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Party or side chosen; a

<p><blockquote>Both you of my <i>inclining</i>, and the
rest.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`clin*nom"e*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[<i>Incline</i> + <i>-meter</i>.] <i>(Magnetism)</i> <def>An
apparatus to determine the inclination of the earth's magnetic force
to the plane of the horizon; -- called also <i>inclination
compass</i>, and <i>dip circle</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clip"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To clasp; to

<p><blockquote>Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky
<i>inclips</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*clois"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> in + <i>cloister</i>: cf. F. <i>enclo&icirc;trer</i>.  Cf.
<u>Encloister</u>.] <def>To confine as in a cloister; to
cloister.</def>  <i>Lovelace.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*close"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Inclosed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inclosing</u>.] [See <u>Enclose</u>, and cf. <u>Include</u>.]
[Written also <i>enclose</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To surround; to shut in; to confine on all
sides; to include; to shut up; to encompass; as, to <i>inclose</i> a
fort or an army with troops; to <i>inclose</i> a town with

<p><blockquote>How many evils have <i>inclosed</i> me
round!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To put within a case, envelope, or the
like; to fold (a thing) within another or into the same parcel; as,
to <i>inclose</i> a letter or a bank note.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inclosed</i> copies of the treaty.</blockquote>
<i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To separate from common grounds by a
fence; as, to <i>inclose</i> lands.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To put into harness; to harness.</def>

<p><blockquote>They went to coach and their horse
<i>inclose</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*clos"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, incloses; one who fences off land from common

<p><hw>In*clo"sure</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Inclose</u>, <u>Enclosure</u>.] [Written also

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inclosing; the state of being
inclosed, shut up, or encompassed; the separation of land from common
ground by a fence.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is inclosed or placed within
something; a thing contained; a space inclosed or fenced

<p><blockquote>Within the <i>inclosure</i> there was a great store of
houses.</blockquote> <i>Hakluyt.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which incloses; a barrier or

<p><blockquote>Breaking our <i>inclosures</i> every
morn.</blockquote> <i>W. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cloud"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To envelop as
in clouds; to darken; to obscure.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><! p. 745 !></p>

<p><hw>In*clude"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Included</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Including</u>.] [L. <i>includere</i>, <i>inclusum</i>; pref.
<i>in-</i> in + <i>claudere</i> to shut. See <u>Close</u>, and cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To confine within; to hold; to contain; to
shut up; to inclose; as, the shell of a nut <i>includes</i> the
kernel; a pearl is <i>included</i> in a shell.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To comprehend or comprise, as a genus the
species, the whole a part, an argument or reason the inference; to
contain; to embrace; as, this volume of Shakespeare <i>includes</i>
his sonnets; he was <i>included</i> in the invitation to the family;
to and <i>including</i> page twenty-five.</def>

<p><blockquote>The whole <i>included</i> race, his purposed
prey.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The loss of such a lord <i>includes</i> all
harm.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To conclude; to end; to terminate.</def>

<p><blockquote>Come, let us go; we will <i>include</i> all jars<BR>
With triumphs, mirth, and rare solemnity.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To contain; inclose; comprise; comprehend; embrace;

<p><hw>In*clud"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inclosed;

<p><col><b>Included stamens</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>such as are
shorter than the floral envelopes, or are concealed within

<p><hw>In*clud"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being included.</def></p>

<p><hw>||In*clu"sa</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. L.
<i>inclusus</i>, p. p. of <i>includere</i> to shut in.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A tribe of bivalve mollusks, characterized
by the closed state of the mantle which envelops the body. The ship
borer (<i>Teredo navalis</i>) is an example.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clu"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inclusio</i>: cf. F. <i>inclusion</i>. See <u>Include</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of including, or the state of
being included; limitation; restriction; as, the lines of
<i>inclusion</i> of his policy.</def>  <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A foreign substance, either
liquid or solid, usually of minute size, inclosed in the mass of a

<p><hw>In*clu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inclosing; encircling;

<p><blockquote>The <i>inclusive</i> verge<BR>
Of golden metal that must round my brow.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Comprehending the stated limit or
extremes; as, from Monday to Saturday <i>inclusive</i>, that is,
taking in both Monday and Saturday; -- opposed to

<p><hw>In*clu"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inclusive manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*coach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put a

<p>{ <hw>In`co*act"</hw> (?), <hw>In`co*act"ed</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incoactus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not +
<i>coactus</i> forced. See <u>Coact</u>.] <def>Not compelled;
unconstrained.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Coles.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`co*ag"u*la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>In`co*a*les"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state of not coalescing.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*coct"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Concoct</u>.] <def>Raw; indigestible.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`co*er"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>coercible</i>: cf. F. <i>incoercible</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not to be coerced; incapable of being
compelled or forced.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>Not capable of being
reduced to the form of a liquid by pressure; -- said of any gas above
its <i>critical</i> point; -- also particularly of oxygen, hydrogen,
nitrogen, and carbon monoxide, formerly regarded as incapable of
liquefaction at any temperature or pressure.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>That can note be confined
in, or excluded from, vessels, like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; --
said of the imponderable fluids, heat, light, electricity,

<p><hw>In`co*ex*ist"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state of not coexisting.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incognito.</def>

<p><blockquote>Depend upon it -- he'll remain
<i>incog</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incogitabilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cogitabilis</i>
cogitable.] <def>Not cogitable; inconceivable.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p>{ <hw>In*cog"i*tance</hw> (?), <hw>In*cog"i*tan*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incogitantia</i>.] <def>Want of thought,
or of the power of thinking; thoughtlessness;

<p><blockquote>'T is folly and <i>incogitancy</i> to argue anything,
one way or the other, from the designs of a sort of beings with whom
we so little communicate.</blockquote> <i>Glanvill.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"i*tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incogitans</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cogitans</i>, p. pr. of
<i>cogitare</i> to think. See <u>Cogitate</u>.] <def>Thoughtless;
inconsiderate.</def> [R.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Men are careless and <i>incogitant</i>.</blockquote>
<i>J. Goodman.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"i*tant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incogitant manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
cogitative; not thinking; wanting the power of thought; as, a
vegetable is an <i>incogitative</i> being.</def>  <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog`i*ta*tiv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being incogitative; want of thought or of the power of
thinking.</def>  <i>Wollaston.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A woman who is unknown or in

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being in disguise; -- said of
a woman.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Ignorant.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*to</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. or adv.</i></pos> [It.
<i>incognito</i>, masc., <i>incognita</i>, fem., L. <i>incognitus</i>
unknown; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cognitus</i> known, p. p. of
<i>cognoscere</i>: cf. F. <i>incognito</i>, fr. <u>It</u>. See
<u>Cognition</u>.] <def>Without being known; in disguise; in an
assumed character, or under an assumed title; -- said esp. of great
personages who sometimes adopt a disguise or an assumed character in
order to avoid notice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>'T was long ago<BR>
Since gods come down <i>incognito</i>.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The prince royal of Persia came thither
<i>incognito</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tatler.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*to</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incognitos</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Incognito</u>,

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One unknown or in disguise, or under an
assumed character or name.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The assumption of disguise or of a feigned
character; the state of being in disguise or not

<p><blockquote>His <i>incognito</i> was endangered.</blockquote>
<i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*za*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
cognizable; incapable of being recognized, known, or
distinguished.</def>  <i>H. Spenser.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The Lettish race, not a primitive stock of the Slavi,
but a distinct branch, now become <i>incognizable</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*zance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Failure to
cognize, apprehended, or notice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This <i>incognizance</i> may be
explained.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cog"ni*zant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
cognizant; failing to apprehended or notice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Of the several operations themselves, as acts of
volition, we are wholly <i>incognizant</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><hw>In`cog*nos"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Incognizable.</def> -- <wf>In`cog*nos"ci*bil"i*ty</wf> (#),

<p>{ <hw>In`co*her"ence</hw> (?), <hw>In`co*her"en*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incoh&eacute;rence</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incoherent;
want of coherence; want of cohesion or adherence.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of connection; incongruity;
inconsistency; want of agreement or dependence of one part on
another; as, the <i>incoherence</i> of arguments, facts,

<p><blockquote><i>Incoherences</i> in matter, and suppositions
without proofs, put handsomely together, are apt to pass for strong
reason.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is incoherent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Crude <i>incoherencies</i> . . . and nauseous
tautologies.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`co*her"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>coherent</i>: cf. F. <i>incoh&eacute;rent</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not coherent; wanting cohesion; loose;
unconnected; physically disconnected; not fixed to each; -- said of
material substances.</def>  <i>Woodward.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting coherence or agreement;
incongruous; inconsistent; having no dependence of one part on
another; logically disconnected.</def> "The same rambling,
<i>incoherent</i> manner."  <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`co*her`en*tif"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [E.
<i>incoherent</i> + L. <i>facere</i> to make.] <def>Causing
incoherence.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`co*her"ent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incoherent manner; without due connection of parts.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`co*her"ent*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`co*in"ci*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being incoincident; want of coincidence.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`co*in"ci*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
coincident; not agreeing in time, in place, or principle.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`co*lu"mi*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incolumitas</i>, fr. <i>incolumis</i> uninjured, safe; perh. fr.
<i>in</i> intens. + (doubtful) <i>columis</i> safe.] <def>Safety;
security.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Howell.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In`com*bine"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be
incapable of combining; to disagree; to differ.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`com*bus`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incombustilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being

<p><hw>In`com*bus"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>combustible</i>: cf. F. <i>incombustible</i>.] <def>Not
combustible; not capable of being burned, decomposed, or consumed by
fire; uninflammable; as, asbestus is an <i>incombustible</i>
substance; carbon dioxide is an <i>incombustible</i> gas.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Incombustible cloth</b></col>, <cd>a tissue of amianthus
or asbestus; also, a fabric imbued with an incombustible

<p>-- <wf>In`com*bus"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*bus"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In"come</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>More abundant <i>incomes</i> of light and strength
from God.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Rust.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>At mine <i>income</i> I louted low.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is caused to enter;
inspiration; influence; hence, courage or zeal imparted.</def>

<p><blockquote>I would then make in and steep<BR>
My <i>income</i> in their blood.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That gain which proceeds from labor,
business, property, or capital of any kind, as the produce of a farm,
the rent of houses, the proceeds of professional business, the
profits of commerce or of occupation, or the interest of money or
stock in funds, etc.; revenue; receipts; salary; especially, the
annual receipts of a private person, or a corporation, from property;
as, a large <i>income</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>No fields afford<BR>
So large an <i>income</i> to the village lord.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>That which is taken into
the body as food; the ingesta; -- sometimes restricted to the
nutritive, or digestible, portion of the food. See <u>Food</u>.
Opposed to <i>output</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Income bond</b></col>, <cd>a bond issued on the income of
the corporation or company issuing it, and the interest of which is
to be paid from the earnings of the company before any dividends are
made to stockholders; -- issued chiefly or exclusively by railroad
companies.</cd> -- <col><b>Income tax</b></col>, <cd>a tax upon a
person's incomes, emoluments, profits, etc., or upon the excess
beyond a certain amount.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Gain; profit; proceeds; salary; revenue; receipts;
interest; emolument; produce.</p>

<p><hw>In"com`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who comes in.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Outgoers and <i>incomers</i>.</blockquote> <i>Lew

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who succeeds another, as a tenant of
land, houses, etc.</def> [Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>In"com`ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Coming in; accruing.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A full <i>incoming</i> profit on the product of his
labor.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Coming in, succeeding, or following, as
occupant or possessor; as, in <i>incoming</i> tenant.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"com`ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of coming in; arrival.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>incomings</i> and outgoings of the
trains.</blockquote> <i>Dickens.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Income; gain.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Many <i>incomings</i> are subject to great
fluctuations.</blockquote> <i>Tooke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
comity; incivility; rudeness.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>||In com*men"dam</hw> (?). [See <u>Commendam</u>.]
<i>(Law)</i> <def>See <u>Commendam</u>, and <i>Partnership in
Commendam</i>, under <u>Partnership</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
F. <i>incommensurabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of
being incommensurable.</def>  <i>Reid.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>commensurable</i>: cf. F.
<i>incommensurable</i>.] <def>Not commensurable; having no common
measure or standard of comparison; as, quantities are
<i>incommensurable</i> when no third quantity can be found that is an
aliquot part of both; the side and diagonal of a square are
<i>incommensurable</i> with each other; the diameter and
circumference of a circle are <i>incommensurable</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They are quantities
<i>incommensurable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`com*men"su*ra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*men"su*ra*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`com*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One
of two or more quantities which have no common measure.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*men"su*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not commensurate; not admitting of a common
measure; incommensurable.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not of equal of sufficient measure or
extent; not adequate; as, our means are <i>incommensurate</i> to our

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inadequate; insufficient; disproportionate.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In`com*men"su*rate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*men"su*rate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mis"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incommiscibilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>commiscibilis</i>
that can be mingled.] <def>Not commiscible; not mixable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mix"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
state of being unmixed; separateness.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In*com"mo*date</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incommodated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incommodating</u> (?).] [L. <i>incommodare</i>. See
<u>Incommode</u>.] <def>To incommode.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In*com`mo*da"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state of being incommoded; inconvenience.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`com*mode"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incommoded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incommoding</u>.] [F. <i>incommoder</i>, L. <i>incommodare</i>
inconvenient; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>commodus</i> convenient. See
<u>Commodious</u>.] <def>To give inconvenience or trouble to; to
disturb or molest; to discommode; to worry; to put out; as, we are
<i>incommoded</i> by want of room.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To annoy; disturb; trouble; molest; disaccomodate;
inconvenience; disquiet; vex; plague.</p>

<p><hw>In`com*mode"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
inconvenience.</def> [R.]  <i>Strype.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mode"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of incommoded.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cheyne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mo"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>commodious</i>: cf. LL. <i>incommodious</i>, L.
<i>incommodus</i>, F. <i>incommode</i>.] <def>Tending to incommode;
not commodious; not affording ease or advantage; unsuitable; giving
trouble; inconvenient; annoying; as, an <i>incommodious</i> seat; an
<i>incommodious</i> arrangement.</def> --
<wf>In`com*mo"di*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*mo"di*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mo"di*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incommodities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incommoditas</i>: cf. F.
<i>incommodit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Incommodious</u>.]
<def>Inconvenience; trouble; annoyance; disadvantage;
encumbrance.</def> [Archaic]  <i>Bunyan.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A great <i>incommodity</i> to the body.</blockquote>
<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Buried him under a bulk of
<i>incommodities</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu`ni*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
F. <i>incommunicabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of
being incommunicable, or incapable of being imparted.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incommunicabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incommunicable</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Communicable</u>.] <def>Not communicable; incapable of
being communicated, shared, told, or imparted, to others.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Health and understanding are
<i>incommunicable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Southey.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Those <i>incommunicable</i> relations of the divine
love.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
communicated or imparted.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca`ting</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no
communion or intercourse with each other.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir M.

<p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
communicative; not free or apt to impart to others in conversation;
reserved; silent; as, the messenger was <i>incommunicative</i>;
hence, not disposed to hold fellowship or intercourse with others;

<p><blockquote>The Chinese . . . an <i>incommunicative</i>
nation.</blockquote> <i>C. Buchanan.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><blockquote>His usual <i>incommunicativeness</i>.</blockquote>
<i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu`ta*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incommutabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incommutabilit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>The quality or state of being incommutable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mut"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incommutabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incommutable</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Commutable</u>.] <def>Not commutable; not capable of
being exchanged with, or substituted for, another.</def>
<i>Cudworth.</i> -- <wf>In`com*mut"a*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`com*mut"a*bly</wf>,

<p>{ <hw>In`com*pact"</hw> (?), <hw>In`com*pact"ed</hw>, }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not compact; not having the parts firmly
united; not solid; incoherent; loose; discrete.</def>

<p><hw>In*com"pa*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incomparabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incomparable</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Comparable</u>.] <def>Not comparable; admitting of no
comparison with others; unapproachably eminent; without a peer or
equal; matchless; peerless; transcendent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A merchant of <i>incomparable</i> wealth.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A new hypothesis . . . which hath the
<i>incomparable</i> Sir Isaac Newton for a patron.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In*com"pa*ra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*com"pa*ra*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Delights <i>incomparably</i> all those corporeal
things.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pared"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Peerless;
incomparable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com"pass</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In`com*pas"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>compassion</i>: cf. F. <i>incompassion</i>.] <def>Want
of compassion or pity.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Sanderson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
compassionate; void of pity or of tenderness; remorseless.</def> --
<wf>In`com*pas"sion*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`com*pas"sion*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pat`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>-ties</b></plw> (&?;). [Cf. F.
<i>incompatibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being
incompatible; inconsistency; irreconcilableness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>compatible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompatible</i>.] [It was
formerly sometimes written <i>incompetible</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not compatible; so differing as to be
incapable of harmonious combination or coexistence; inconsistent in
thought or being; irreconcilably disagreeing; as, persons of
<i>incompatible</i> tempers; <i>incompatible</i> colors, desires,

<p><blockquote>A strength and obduracy of character
<i>incompatible</i> with his meek and innocent nature.</blockquote>

<p><! p. 746 !></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Incapable of being together
without mutual reaction or decomposition, as certain

<p><col><b>Incompatible terms</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>terms
which can not be combined in thought.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsistent; incongruous; dissimilar;
irreconcilable; unsuitable; disagreeing; inharmonious; discordant;
repugnant; contradictory. See <u>Inconsistent</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Med. &
Chem.)</i> <def>An incompatible substance; esp., in <i>pl.</i>,
things which can not be placed or used together because of a change
of chemical composition or of opposing medicinal qualities; as, the
<i>incompatibles</i> of iron.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being incompatible; incompatibility.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pat"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incompatible manner; inconsistently; incongruously.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*com"pe*tence</hw> (?), <hw>In*com"pe*tency</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incomp&eacute;tence</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incompetent;
want of physical, intellectual, or moral ability; insufficiency;
inadequacy; as, the <i>incompetency</i> of a child for hard labor, or
of an idiot for intellectual efforts.</def> "Some inherent
<i>incompetency</i>."  <i>Gladstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of competency or legal
fitness; incapacity; disqualification, as of a person to be heard as
a witness, or to act as a juror, or of a judge to try a

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inability; insufficiency; inadequacy;
disqualification; incapability; unfitness.</p>

<p><hw>In*com"pe*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incompetens</i>: cf. F. <i>incomp&eacute;tent</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Competent</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not competent; wanting in adequate
strength, power, capacity, means, qualifications, or the like;
incapable; unable; inadequate; unfit.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Incompetent</i> to perform the duties of the
place.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Wanting the legal or
constitutional qualifications; inadmissible; as, a person professedly
wanting in religious belief is an <i>incompetent</i> witness in a
court of law or equity; <i>incompetent</i> evidence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Richard III. had a resolution, out of hatred to his
brethren, to disable their issues, upon false and <i>incompetent</i>
pretexts, the one of attainder, the other of
illegitimation.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not lying within one's competency,
capacity, or authorized power; not permissible.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incapable; unable; inadequate; insufficient;
inefficient; disqualified; unfit; improper.  -- <u>Incompetent</u>,
<u>Incapable</u>. <i>Incompetent</i> is a relative term, denoting a
want of the requisite qualifications for performing a given act,
service, etc.; <i>incapable</i> is absolute in its meaning, denoting
want of power, either natural or moral. We speak of a man as
<i>incompetent</i> to a certain task, of an <i>incompetent</i> judge,
etc. We say of an idiot that he is <i>incapable</i> of learning to
read; and of a man distinguished for his honor, that he is
<i>incapable</i> of a mean action.</p>

<p><hw>In*com"pe*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
competent manner; inadequately; unsuitably.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pet`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In`com*pet"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In`com*plete"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incompletus</i>: cf. F. <i>incomplet</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not complete; not filled up; not finished;
not having all its parts, or not having them all adjusted; imperfect;

<p><blockquote>A most imperfect and <i>incomplete</i>
divine.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Wanting any of the usual
floral organs; -- said of a flower.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Incomplete equation</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an
equation some of whose terms are wanting; or one in which the
coefficient of some one or more of the powers of the unknown quantity
is equal to 0.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`com*plete"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incomplete manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*plete"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being incomplete; imperfectness; defectiveness.</def>

<p><hw>In`com*ple"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
completion; incompleteness.</def>  <i>Smart.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*plex"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>complex</i>: cf. F. <i>incomplexe</i>.] <def>Not complex;
uncompounded; simple.</def>  <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pli"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
compliable; not conformable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pli"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incompliant;
unyielding temper; obstinacy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Self-conceit produces peevishness and
<i>incompliance</i> of humor in things lawful and
indifferent.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Refusal or failure to comply.</def>

<p><hw>In`com*pli"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
compliant; unyielding to request, solicitation, or command;
stubborn.</def> -- <wf>In`com*pli"ant*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`com*posed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Disordered;
disturbed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i> -- <wf>In`com*po"sed*ly</wf>
(#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] -- <wf>In`com*pos"ed*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`com*pos"ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incompositus</i>. See <u>Composite</u>.] <def>Not composite;
uncompounded; simple.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Incomposite numbers</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Prime
numbers</i>, under <u>Prime</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`com*pos"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>compossible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompossible</i>.] <def>Not
capable of joint existence; incompatible; inconsistent.</def>

<p><blockquote>Ambition and faith . . . are . . .
<i>incompossible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`com*pos`si*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incomprehensus</i>.] <def>Incomprehensible.</def> [Obs.]
"<i>Incomprehense</i> in virtue."  <i>Marston.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hen`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
F. <i>incompr&eacute;hensibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of
being incomprehensible, or beyond the reach of human intellect;
incomprehensibleness; inconceivability; inexplicability.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The constant, universal sense of all antiquity
unanimously confessing an <i>incomprehensibility</i> in many of the
articles of the Christian faith.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incomprehensibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incompr&eacute;hensible</i>. See
<u>In-</u> not, and <u>Comprehensible</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being contained within

<p><blockquote>An infinite and <i>incomprehensible</i>
substance.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being comprehended or
understood; beyond the reach of the human intellect;

<p><blockquote>And all her numbered stars that seem to roll<BR>
Spaces <i>incomprehensible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In*com`pre*hen"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*com`pre*hen"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want
of comprehension or understanding.</def> "These mazes and
<i>incomprehensions</i>."  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
comprehensive; not capable of including or of understanding; not
extensive; limited.</def> -- <wf>In*com`pre*hen"sive*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i> --
<wf>In*com`pre*hen"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>T.

<p><hw>In`com*press`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incompressibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume by pressure; --
formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>incompressibility</i> of water is not
absolute.</blockquote> <i>Rees.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*press"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>compressible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompressible</i>.]
<def>Not compressible; incapable of being reduced by force or
pressure into a smaller compass or volume; resisting compression; as,
many liquids and solids appear to be almost
<i>incompressible</i>.</def> -- <wf>In`com*press"i*ble*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>In`com*put"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>In`con*ceal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
concealable.</def> "<i>Inconcealable</i> imperfections."  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In`con*ceiv`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being inconceivable; inconceivableness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inconceivability</i> of the
Infinite.</blockquote> <i>Mansel.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*ceiv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>conceivable</i>: cf. F. <i>inconcevable</i>.] <def>Not
conceivable; incapable of being conceived by the mind; not explicable
by the human intellect, or by any known principles or agencies;
incomprehensible; as, it is <i>inconceivable</i> to us how the will
acts in producing muscular motion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is <i>inconceivable</i> to me that a spiritual
substance should represent an extended figure.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>In`con*ceiv"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*ceiv"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inconceivableness</i> of a quality existing
without any subject to possess it.</blockquote> <i>A. Tucker.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cep"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Inconceivable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cern"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unimportant; trifling.</def> [Obs.] "Trifling and
<i>inconcerning</i> matters."  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cinne"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Inconcinnous</u>.] <def>Dissimilar; incongruous; unsuitable.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cin"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconcinnitas</i>.] <def>Want of concinnity or congruousness;

<p><blockquote>There is an <i>inconcinnity</i> in admitting these
words.</blockquote> <i>Trench.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cin"nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconcinnus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Concinnity</u>.]
<def>Not concinnous; unsuitable; discordant.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`con*clud"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
inferring a conclusion or consequence; not conclusive.</def>

<p><hw>In`con*clud"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inferring no
consequence.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*clu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
conclusive; leading to no conclusion; not closing or settling a point
in debate, or a doubtful question; as, evidence is
<i>inconclusive</i> when it does not exhibit the truth of a disputed
case in such a manner as to satisfy the mind, and put an end to
debate or doubt.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Arguments . . . <i>inconclusive</i> and
impertinent.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`con*clu"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*clu"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*coct"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>concoctus</i>, p. p. of <i>concoquere</i>. See
<u>Concoct</u>.] <def>Inconcocted.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*coct"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>concocted</i>.] <def>Imperfectly digested, matured, or
ripened.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*coc"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
of being undigested; unripeness; immaturity.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*con"crete</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconcretus</i> incorporeal.] <def>Not concrete.</def> [R.]  <i>L.

<p><hw>In`con*cur"ring</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
concurring; disagreeing.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*cus"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + L. <i>concussibilis</i> that can be shaken. See
<u>Concussion</u>.] <def>Not concussible; that cannot be

<p>{ <hw>In`con*den`sa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?),
<hw>In`con*den`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being incondensable.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>In`con*den"sa*ble</hw> (?), <hw>In`con*den"si*ble</hw>, }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not condensable; incapable of being made
more dense or compact, or reduced to liquid form.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"con*dite</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconditus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>conditus</i>, p. p. of
<i>condere</i> to put or join together. See <u>Condition</u>.]
<def>Badly put together; inartificial; rude; unpolished;
irregular.</def> "Carol <i>incondite</i> rhymes."  <i>J.

<p><hw>In`con*di"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>conditional</i>: cf. F. <i>inconditionnel</i>.]
<def>Unconditional.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*di"tion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>conditionate</i>: cf. F.
<i>inconditionn&eacute;</i>.] <def>Not conditioned; not limited;
absolute.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*form"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>conform</i>.] <def>Unconformable.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`con*form"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unconformable.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*form"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inconformit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of conformity;
nonconformity.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*fused"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
confused; distinct.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*fu"sion</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Freedom from
confusion; distinctness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*fut"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
confutable.</def> -- <wf>In`con*fut"a*bly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*geal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incongelabilis</i>. See <u>Congeal</u>.] <def>Not congealable;
incapable of being congealed.</def> --
<wf>In`con*geal"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*gen"ial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
congenial; uncongenial.</def> [R.] -- <wf>In`con*ge`ni*al"i*ty</wf>
(#). [R.]

<p><hw>In*con"gru*ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incongruentia</i>.] <def>Want of congruence; incongruity.</def>

<p><hw>In*con"gru*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incongruens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Congruent</u>.]
<def>Incongruous.</def>  <i>Sir T. Elyot.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*gru"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incongruities</b></plw> (#). [Pref. <i>in-</i> not +
<i>congruity</i>: cf. F. <i>incongruit&eacute;</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incongruous;
want of congruity; unsuitableness; inconsistency;

<p><blockquote>The fathers make use of this acknowledgment of the
<i>incongruity</i> of images to the Deity, from thence to prove the
<i>incongruity</i> of the worship of them.</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Disagreement of parts; want of symmetry or
of harmony.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is incongruous; want of

<p><hw>In*con"gru*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incongruus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Congruous</u>.]
<def>Not congruous; reciprocally disagreeing; not capable of
harmonizing or readily assimilating; inharmonious; inappropriate;
unsuitable; not fitting; inconsistent; improper; as, an
<i>incongruous</i> remark; <i>incongruous</i> behavior, action,
dress, etc.</def> "<i>Incongruous</i> mixtures of opinions." <i>I.
Taylor.</i> "Made up of <i>incongruous</i> parts."

<p><blockquote><i>Incongruous</i> denotes that kind of absence of
harmony or suitableness of which the taste and experience of men
takes cognizance.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Incongruous numbers</b></col> <i>(Arith.)</i>, <cd>two
numbers, which, with respect to a third, are such that their
difference can not be divided by it without a remainder, the two
numbers being said to be <i>incongruous</i> with respect to the
third; as, twenty and twenty-five are <i>incongruous</i> with respect
to four.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsistent; unsuitable; inharmonious;
disagreeing; absurd; inappropriate; unfit; improper. See

<p>-- <wf>In*con"gru*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*con"gru*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*nect"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
connected; disconnected.</def> [R.]  <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*nec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`con*nex"ed*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>connexed</i> (p. p. of <i>connex</i>) + <i>-
ly</i>.] <def>Not connectedly; without connection.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con"scion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unconscionable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con"scious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unconscious.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*sec"u*tive*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of not being consecutive.</def>  <i>J. H.

<p><hw>In*con"se*quence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsequentia</i>: cf. F. <i>incons&eacute;quence</i>.] <def>The
quality or state of being inconsequent; want of just or logical
inference or argument; inconclusiveness.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><blockquote>Strange, that you should not see the
<i>inconsequence</i> of your own reasoning!</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In*con"se*quent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsequens</i>: cf. F. <i>incons&eacute;quent</i>. See <u>In-
</u> not, and <u>Consequent</u>.] <def>Not following from the
premises; not regularly inferred; invalid; not characterized by
logical method; illogical; arbitrary; inconsistent; of no

<p><blockquote>Loose and <i>inconsequent</i>
conjectures.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con`se*quen"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
regularly following from the premises; hence, irrelevant;
unimportant; of no consequence.</def> <i>Chesterfield.</i> --
<wf>In*con`se*quen"tial*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*con`se*quen`ti*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The state of being inconsequential.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*con"se*quent*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`con*sid"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
considerable; unworthy of consideration or notice; unimportant;
small; trivial; as, an <i>inconsiderable</i> distance; an
<i>inconsiderable</i> quantity, degree, value, or sum.</def>  "The
baser scum and <i>inconsiderable</i> dregs of Rome." <i>Stepney.</i>
-- <wf>In`con*sid"er*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*sid"er*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sid"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Inconsiderateness; thoughtlessness.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsideratus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not considerate; not attentive to safety
or to propriety; not regarding the rights or feelings of others;
hasty; careless; thoughtless; heedless; as, the young are generally
<i>inconsiderate</i>; <i>inconsiderate</i> conduct.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is a very unhappy token of our corruption, that
there should be any so <i>inconsiderate</i> among us as to sacrifice
morality to politics.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Inconsiderable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>E.

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Thoughtless; inattentive; inadvertent; heedless;
negligent; improvident; careless; imprudent; indiscreet; incautious;
injudicious; rash; hasty.</p>

<p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inconsiderate manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being inconsiderate.</def>  <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sid`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsideratio</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsid&eacute;ration</i>.]
<def>Want of due consideration; inattention to consequences;

<p><blockquote>Blindness of mind, <i>inconsideration</i>,
precipitation.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Not gross, willful, deliberate, crimes; but rather the
effects of <i>inconsideration</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sharp.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"en*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Inconsistencies</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being
inconsistent; discordance in respect to sentiment or action; such
contrariety between two things that both can not exist or be true
together; disagreement; incompatibility.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There is a perfect <i>inconsistency</i> between that
which is of debt and that which is of free gift.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Absurdity in argument ore narration;
incoherence or irreconcilability in the parts of a statement,
argument, or narration; that which is inconsistent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If a man would register all his opinions upon love,
politics, religion, and learning, what a bundle of
<i>inconsistencies</i> and contradictions would appear at
last!</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Want of stability or uniformity;
unsteadiness; changeableness; variableness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Mutability of temper, and <i>inconsistency</i> with
ourselves, is the greatest weakness of human nature.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>consistent</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsistant</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consistent; showing inconsistency;
irreconcilable; discordant; at variance, esp. as regards character,
sentiment, or action; incompatible; incongruous;

<p><! p. 747 !></p>

<p><blockquote>Compositions of this nature . . . show that wisdom and
virtue are far from being <i>inconsistent</i> with politeness and
good humor.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not exhibiting uniformity of sentiment,
steadiness to principle, etc.; unequal; fickle; changeable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ah, how unjust to nature, and himself,<BR>
Is thoughtless, thankless, <i>inconsistent</i> man.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incompatible; incongruous; irreconcilable;
discordant; repugnant; contradictory.  -- <u>Inconsistent</u>,
<u>Incongruous</u>, <u>Incompatible</u>. Things are
<i>incongruous</i> when they are not suited to each other, so that
their union is unbecoming; <i>inconsistent</i> when they are opposed
to each other, so as render it improper or wrong; <i>incompatible</i>
when they <i>can not</i> coexist, and it is therefore impossible to
unite them. Habitual levity of mind is <i>incongruous</i> with the
profession of a clergyman; it is <i>inconsistent</i> with his
ordination vows; it is <i>incompatible</i> with his permanent
usefulness. <i>Incongruity</i> attaches to the modes and qualities of
things; <i>incompatibility</i> attaches to their essential
attributes; <i>inconsistency</i> attaches to the actions, sentiments,
etc., of men.</p>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"ent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inconsistent manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"ent*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Inconsistency.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*sist"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Inconsistent.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*sol"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsolabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsolable</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Console</u>.] <def>Not consolable; incapable of being
consoled; grieved beyond susceptibility of comfort;
disconsolate.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>With <i>inconsolable</i> distress she griev'd,<BR>
And from her cheek the rose of beauty fled.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>In`con*sol"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*sol"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*con"so*nance</hw> (?), <hw>In*con"so*nan*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of consonance or harmony of sound,
action, or thought; disagreement.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*con"so*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsonans</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Consonant</u>.]
<def>Not consonant or agreeing; inconsistent; discordant.</def> --
<wf>In*con"so*nant*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*spic"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconspicuus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Conspicuous</u>.]
<def>Not conspicuous or noticeable; hardly discernible.</def> --
<wf>In`con*spic"u*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*spic"u*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In*con"stance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See
<u>Inconstancy</u>.] <def>Inconstancy.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con"stan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconstantia</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being inconstant;
want of constancy; mutability; fickleness; variableness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>For unto knight there was no greater shame,<BR>
Than lightness and <i>inconstancie</i> in love.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*con"stant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconstans</i>: cf. F. <i>inconstant</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Constant</u>.] <def>Not constant; not stable or uniform; subject
to change of character, appearance, opinion, inclination, or purpose,
etc.; not firm; unsteady; fickle; changeable; variable; -- said of
persons or things; as, <i>inconstant</i> in love or friendship.</def>
"The <i>inconstant</i> moon."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>While we, inquiring phantoms of a day,<BR>
<i>Inconstant</i> as the shadows we survey!</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Mutable; fickle; volatile; unsteady; unstable;
changeable; variable; wavering; fluctuating.</p>

<p><hw>In*con"stant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inconstant manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sum"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
consumable; incapable of being consumed, wasted, or spent.</def>
<i>Paley.</i> -- <wf>In`con*sum"a*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`con*sum"mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsummatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Consummate</u>.]
<def>Not consummated; not finished; incomplete.</def> <i>Sir M.
Hale.</i> -- <wf>In`con*sum"mate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*sump"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconsumptibilis</i>.] <def>Inconsumable.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir K.

<p><hw>In`con*tam"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incontaminatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and not, and
<u>Contaminate</u>.] <def>Not contaminated; pure.</def> <i>Moore.</i>
-- <wf>In`con*tam"i*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*con`ten*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>In-
</u> not, and <u>Content</u>.] <def>Discontent.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`con*test`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being incontestable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*test"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>contestable</i>: cf. F. <i>incontestable</i>.] <def>Not
contestable; not to be disputed; that cannot be called in question or
controverted; incontrovertible; indisputable; as,
<i>incontestable</i> evidence, truth, or facts.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incontrovertible; indisputable; irrefragable;
undeniable; unquestionable; intuitable; certain.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In`con*test"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`con*test"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*test"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
contested.</def>  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*tig"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incontiguus</i> that can not be touched. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Contiguous</u>.] <def>Not contiguous; not adjoining or in contact;
separate.</def> <i>Boyle.</i> -- <wf>In`con*tig"u*ous*ly</wf>,

<p>{ <hw>In*con"ti*nence</hw> (?), <hw>In*con"ti*nen*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incontinentia</i>: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Incapacity to hold; hence, incapacity to
hold back or restrain; the quality or state of being incontinent;
want of continence; failure to restrain the passions or appetites;
indulgence of lust; lewdness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That Satan tempt you not for your
<i>incontinency</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. vii. 5.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>From the rash hand of bold
<i>incontinence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The inability of any of the
animal organs to restrain the natural evacuations, so that the
discharges are involuntary; as, <i>incontinence</i> of

<p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incontinens</i>: cf. F. <i>incontinent</i>. See <u>In-</u> not,
and <u>Continent</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not continent; uncontrolled; not
restraining the passions or appetites, particularly the sexual
appetite; indulging unlawful lust; unchaste; lewd.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Unable to restrain natural

<p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is
unchaste.</def>  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incontinent</i>.] <def>Incontinently; instantly;
immediately.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He says he will return
<i>incontinent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con"ti*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an incontinent manner; without restraint,
or without due restraint; -- used esp. of the passions or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Immediately; at once; forthwith.</def>

<p><blockquote>Immediately he sent word to Athens that he would
<i>incontinently</i> come hither with a host of men.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In`con*tract"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Uncontracted.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Blackwall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*trol"la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>controllable</i>: cf. F.
<i>incontr&ocirc;lable</i>.] <def>Not controllable;
uncontrollable.</def> -- <wf>In`con*trol"la*bly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*con`tro*ver`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The state or condition of being incontrovertible.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
controvertible; too clear or certain to admit of dispute;
indisputable.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i> --
<wf>In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*con`tro*ver"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`con*ven"ience</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconvenientia</i> inconsistency: cf. OF.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or condition of being
inconvenient; want of convenience; unfitness; unsuitableness;
inexpediency; awkwardness; as, the <i>inconvenience</i> of the

<p><blockquote>They plead against the <i>inconvenience</i>, not the
unlawfulness, . . . of ceremonies in burial.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which gives trouble, embarrassment,
or uneasiness; disadvantage; anything that disturbs quiet, impedes
prosperity, or increases the difficulty of action or success; as, one
<i>inconvenience</i> of life is poverty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A place upon the top of Mount Athos above all clouds
of rain, or other <i>inconvenience</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><blockquote>Man is liable to a great many
<i>inconveniences</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incommodiousness; awkwardness; disadvantage;
disquiet; uneasiness; disturbance; annoyance.</p>

<p><hw>In`con*ven"ience</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put to
inconvenience; to incommode; as, to <i>inconvenience</i> a

<p><hw>In`con*ven"ien*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`con*ven"ient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconveniens</i> unbefitting: cf. F. <i>inconv&eacute;nient</i>.
See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Convenient</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not becoming or suitable; unfit;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not convenient; giving trouble,
uneasiness, or annoyance; hindering progress or success;
uncomfortable; disadvantageous; incommodious; inopportune; as, an
<i>inconvenient</i> house, garment, arrangement, or time.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unsuitable; uncomfortable; disaccommodating;
awkward; unseasonable; inopportune; incommodious; disadvantageous;
troublesome; cumbersome; embarrassing; objectionable.</p>

<p><hw>In`con*ven"ient*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inconvenient manner; incommodiously; unsuitably;

<p><hw>In`con*vers"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Incommunicative; unsocial; reserved.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*con"ver*sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
conversant; not acquainted; not versed; unfamiliar.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vert"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not turned
or changed about.</def> [R.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vert`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconvertibilitas</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being
inconvertible; not capable of being exchanged for, or converted into,
something else; as, the <i>inconvertibility</i> of an irredeemable
currency, or of lead, into gold.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vert"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconvertibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inconvertible</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Convertible</u>.] <def>Not convertible; not capable of
being transmuted, changed into, or exchanged for, something else; as,
one metal is <i>inconvertible</i> into another; bank notes are
sometimes <i>inconvertible</i> into specie.</def>  <i>Walsh.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vert"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`con*vert"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
inconvertible manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vin"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inconvincibilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Convince</u>.]
<def>Not convincible; incapable of being convinced.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>None are so <i>inconvincible</i> as your half-witted
people.</blockquote> <i>Gov. of the Tongue.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*vin"ci*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
manner not admitting of being convinced.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*co"ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Conny</u>,
<u>Canny</u>.] <def>Unlearned; artless; pretty; delicate.</def>

<p><blockquote>Most sweet jests! most <i>incony</i> vulgar
wit!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`co*&ouml;r"di*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>In`co*&ouml;r`di*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Want of co&ouml;rdination; lack of harmonious adjustment or

<p><col><b>Inco&ouml;rdination of muscular movement</b></col>
<i>(Physiol.)</i>, <cd>irregularity in movements resulting from
inharmonious action of the muscles in consequence of loss of
voluntary control over them.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"o*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
in + <i>coronate</i>.] <def>Crowned.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>In*cor"po*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorporalis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corporal</u>, and cf.
<u>Incorporeal</u>.] <def>Immaterial; incorporeal; spiritual.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor`po*ral"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorporalitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incorporalit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>Incorporeality.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*ral*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Incorporeally.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorporatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corporate</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consisting of matter; not having a
material body; incorporeal; spiritual.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Moses forbore to speak of angles, and things
invisible, and <i>incorporate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not incorporated; not existing as a
corporation; as, an <i>incorporate</i> banking association.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorporatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incorporare</i> to incorporate;
pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>corporare</i> to make into a body. See
<u>Corporate</u>.] <def>Corporate; incorporated; made one body, or
united in one body; associated; mixed together; combined;

<p><blockquote>As if our hands, our sides, voices, and minds<BR>
Had been <i>incorporate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A fifteenth part of silver <i>incorporate</i> with
gold.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incorporated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incorporating</u> (?).]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form into a body; to combine, as
different ingredients, into one consistent mass.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>By your leaves, you shall not stay alone,<BR>
Till holy church <i>incorporate</i> two in one.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To unite with a material body; to give a
material form to; to embody.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The idolaters, who worshiped their images as gods,
supposed some spirit to be <i>incorporated</i> therein.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To unite with, or introduce into, a mass
already formed; as, to <i>incorporate</i> copper with silver; -- used
with <i>with</i> and <i>into</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To unite intimately; to blend; to
assimilate; to combine into a structure or organization, whether
material or mental; as, to <i>incorporate</i> provinces into the
realm; to <i>incorporate</i> another's ideas into one's

<p><blockquote>The Romans did not subdue a country to put the
inhabitants to fire and sword, but to <i>incorporate</i> them into
their own community.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To form into a legal body, or body
politic; to constitute into a corporation recognized by law, with
special functions, rights, duties and liabilities; as, to
<i>incorporate</i> a bank, a railroad company, a city or town,

<p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To unite
in one body so as to make a part of it; to be mixed or blended; --
usually followed by <i>with</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Painters' colors and ashes do better
<i>incorporate</i> will oil.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He never suffers wrong so long to grow,<BR>
And to <i>incorporate</i> with right so far<BR>
As it might come to seem the same in show.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*ra`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>United in
one body; formed into a corporation; made a legal entity.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cor`po*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorporatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incorporation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incorporating, or the state of
being incorporated.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The union of different ingredients in one
mass; mixture; combination; synthesis.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The union of something with a body already
existing; association; intimate union; assimilation; as, the
<i>incorporation</i> of conquered countries into the Roman

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The act
of creating a corporation.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A body
incorporated; a corporation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*ra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Incorporating or tending to incorporate; as, the
<i>incorporative</i> languages (as of the Basques, North American
Indians, etc. ) which run a whole phrase into one word.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>History demonstrates that <i>incorporative</i> unions
are solid and permanent; but that a federal union is
weak.</blockquote> <i>W. Belsham.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"po*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of a
number of persons who gets a company incorporated; one of the
original members of a corporation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>corporeal</i>: cf. L. <i>incorporeus</i>.  Cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not corporeal; not having a material body
or form; not consisting of matter; immaterial.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thus <i>incorporeal</i> spirits to smaller forms<BR>
Reduced their shapes immense.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Sense and perception must necessarily proceed from
some <i>incorporeal</i> substance within us.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Existing only in
contemplation of law; not capable of actual visible seizin or
possession; not being an object of sense; intangible; -- opposed to

<p><col><b>Incorporeal hereditament</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Immaterial; unsubstantial; bodiless; spiritual.</p>

<p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Existence without a body or material form; immateriality.</def>

<p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
believes in incorporealism.</def>  <i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*po`re*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being incorporeal or bodiless; immateriality;
incorporealism.</def>  <i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incorporeal manner.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor`po*re"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>corporeity</i>: cf. F. <i>incorpor&eacute;ite</i>.]
<def>The quality of being incorporeal; immateriality.</def>

<p><hw>In*corpse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
incorporate.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rect"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorrectus</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrect</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not correct; not according to a copy or
model, or to established rules; inaccurate; faulty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The piece, you think, is
<i>incorrect</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not in accordance with the truth;
inaccurate; not exact; as, an <i>incorrect</i> statement or

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not accordant with duty or morality; not
duly regulated or subordinated; unbecoming; improper; as,
<i>incorrect</i> conduct.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It shows a will most <i>incorrect</i> to
heaven.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The wit of the last age was yet more <i>incorrect</i>
than their language.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inaccurate; erroneous; wrong; faulty.</p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>correction</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrection</i>.] <def>Want
of correction, restraint, or discipline.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`cor*rect"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not
correctly; inaccurately; not exactly; as, a writing
<i>incorrectly</i> copied; testimony <i>incorrectly</i>

<p><hw>In`cor*rect"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being incorrect; want of conformity to truth or to a standard;
inaccuracy; inexactness; as, <i>incorrectness</i> may consist in
defect or in redundance.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*cor`re*spond"ence</hw> (?),
<hw>In*cor`re*spond"en*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want
of correspondence; disagreement; disproportion.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cor`re*spond"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
corresponding; disagreeing.</def> [R.]  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor`ri*gi*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incorrigibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being

<p><blockquote>The ingratitude, the <i>incorrigibility</i>, the
strange perverseness . . . of mankind.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorrigibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrigible</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Corrigible</u>.] <def>Not corrigible; incapable of being
corrected or amended; bad beyond correction; irreclaimable; as,
<i>incorrigible</i> error.</def> "<i>Incorrigible</i> fools."

<p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
is incorrigible; especially, a hardened criminal; as, the perpetual
imprisonment of <i>incorrigibles</i>.</def></p>

<p><! p. 748 !></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incorrigibility.</def>  <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incorrigible manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rod"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable
of being corroded, consumed, or eaten away.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorruptus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corrupt</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not affected with corruption or decay;
unimpaired; not marred or spoiled.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not defiled or depraved; pure; sound;
untainted; above the influence of bribes; upright; honest.</def>

<p><blockquote>Your Christian principles . . . which will preserve
you <i>incorrupt</i> as individuals.</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Uncorrupted.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Breathed into their <i>incorrupted</i>
breasts.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorruptibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruptibilit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>The quality of being incorruptible; incapability of
corruption.</def>  <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorruptibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruptible</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Corrupt</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not corruptible; incapable of corruption,
decay, or dissolution; as, gold is <i>incorruptible</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our bodies shall be changed into <i>incorruptible</i>
and immortal substances.</blockquote> <i>Wake.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being bribed or morally
corrupted; inflexibly just and upright.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Eccl.
Hist.)</i> <def>One of a religious sect which arose in Alexandria, in
the reign of the Emperor Justinian, and which believed that the body
of Christ was incorruptible, and that he suffered hunger, thirst,
pain, only in appearance.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of being incorruptible.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incorruptible manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rup"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorruptio</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruption</i>. See <u>In-</u> not,
and <u>Corruption</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being
incorrupt or incorruptible; absence of, or exemption from,

<p><blockquote>It is sown in corruption; it is raised in
<i>incorruption</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. xv. 42.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The same preservation, or, rather,
<i>incorruption</i>, we have observed in the flesh of turkeys,
capons, etc.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incorruptivus</i>.] <def>Incorruptible; not liable to decay.</def>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without

<p><blockquote>To demean themselves <i>incorruptly</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Freedom or exemption from decay or corruption.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Probity; integrity; honesty.</def>

<p><hw>In*cras"sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incrassated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incrassating</u>.] [L. <i>incrassatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>incrassare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>crassus</i> thick.]
<def>To make thick or thicker; to thicken; especially, in pharmacy,
to thicken (a liquid) by the mixture of another substance, or by
evaporating the thinner parts.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Acids dissolve or attenuate; alkalies precipitate or
<i>incrassate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Liquors which time hath <i>incrassated</i> into
jellies.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cras"sate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become
thick or thicker.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*cras"sate</hw> (?), <hw>In*cras"sa*ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incrassatus</i>, p. p.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Made thick or thicker; thickened;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Thickened; becoming
thicker.</def>  <i>Martyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Swelled out on some
particular part, as the antenn&aelig; of certain insects.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cras*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of thickening or making
thick; the process of becoming thick or thicker.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being incrassated or made
thick; inspissation.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cras"sa*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the
quality of thickening; tending to thicken.</def>  <i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cras"sa*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A substance
which has the power to thicken; formerly, a medicine supposed to
thicken the humors.</def>  <i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*creas"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being increased.</def> <i>Sherwood.</i> --
<wf>In*creas"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>An indefinite <i>increasableness</i> of some of our
ideas.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Law.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*crease"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Increased</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Increasing</u>.] [OE. <i>incresen</i>,
<i>encresen</i>, <i>enrescen</i>, OF. <i>encreistre</i>, fr. L.
<i>increscere</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>crescere</i> to grow. See
<u>Crescent</u>, and cf. <u>Decrease</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To become greater or more in size,
quantity, number, degree, value, intensity, power, authority,
reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment; to advance; -- opposed to

<p><blockquote>The waters <i>increased</i> and bare up the
ark.</blockquote> <i>Gen. vii. 17.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He must <i>increase</i>, but I must
decrease.</blockquote> <i>John iii. 30.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The heavens forbid<BR>
But that our loves and comforts should <i>increase</i>,<BR>
Even as our days do grow!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To multiply by the production of young; to
be fertile, fruitful, or prolific.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Fishes are more numerous or <i>increasing</i> than
beasts or birds, as appears by their numerous spawn.</blockquote>
<i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>To become more nearly
full; to show more of the surface; to wax; as, the moon

<p><col><b>Increasing function</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a
function whose value increases when that of the variable increases,
and decreases when the latter is diminished.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To enlarge; extend; multiply; expand; develop;
heighten; amplify; raise; enhance; spread; aggravate; magnify;
augment; advance.  -- To <u>Increase</u>, <u>Enlarge</u>,
<u>Extend</u>. <i>Enlarge</i> implies to make larger or broader in
size. <i>Extend</i> marks the progress of enlargement so as to have
wider boundaries. <i>Increase</i> denotes enlargement by growth and
internal vitality, as in the case of plants. A kingdom is
<i>enlarged</i> by the addition of new territories; the mind is
<i>enlarged</i> by knowledge. A kingdom is <i>extended</i> when its
boundaries are carried to a greater distance from the center. A man's
riches, honors, knowledge, etc., are <i>increased</i> by accessions
which are made from time to time.</p>

<p><hw>In*crease"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To augment
or make greater in bulk, quantity, extent, value, or amount, etc.; to
add to; to extend; to lengthen; to enhance; to aggravate; as, to
<i>increase</i> one's possessions, influence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I will <i>increase</i> the famine.</blockquote>
<i>Ezek. v. 16.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Make denials<BR>
<i>Increase</i> your services.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"crease</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>encres</i>, <i>encresse</i>. See <u>Increase</u>, <pos><i>v.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Addition or enlargement in size, extent,
quantity, number, intensity, value, substance, etc.; augmentation;

<p><blockquote>As if <i>increase</i> of appetite had grown<BR>
By what it fed on.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>For things of tender kind for pleasure made<BR>
Shoot up with swift <i>increase</i>, and sudden are
decay'd.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is added to the original stock
by augmentation or growth; produce; profit; interest.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Take thou no usury of him, or
<i>increase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Lev. xxv. 36.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Let them not live to taste this land's
<i>increase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Progeny; issue; offspring.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All the <i>increase</i> of thy house shall die in the
flower of their age.</blockquote> <i>1 Sam. ii. 33.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Generation.</def> [Obs.] "Organs of
<i>increase</i>."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>The period of increasing
light, or luminous phase; the waxing; -- said of the moon.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Seeds, hair, nails, hedges, and herbs will grow
soonest if set or cut in the <i>increase</i> of the
moon.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Increase twist</b></col>, <cd>the twixt of a rifle groove
in which the angle of twist increases from the breech to the

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Enlargement; extension; growth; development;
increment; addition; accession; production.</p>

<p><hw>In*crease"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of
increase; abundant in produce.</def> "<i>Increaseful</i> crops." [R.]

<p><hw>In*crease"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Increase.</def> [R.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*creas"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that, increases.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*creas"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>More and

<p><hw>In`cre*ate"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Increated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Increating</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>create</i>.] <def>To create within.</def> [R.]</p>

<p>{ <hw>In"cre*ate</hw> (?), <hw>In"cre*a`ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>increatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Create</u>.] <def>Uncreated; self-existent.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Bright effluence of bright essence
<i>increate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cred`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incredibilitas</i>: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incredible;
incredibleness.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is incredible.</def>

<p><hw>In*cred"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incredibilis</i>: cf. OF. <i>incredible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not,
and <u>Credible</u>.] <def>Not credible; surpassing belief; too
extraordinary and improbable to admit of belief; unlikely; marvelous;

<p><blockquote>Why should it be thought a thing <i>incredible</i>
with you, that God should raise the dead?</blockquote> <i>Acts xxvi.

<p><hw>In*cred"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In*cred"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incredible manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cred"it*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Uncredited.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`cre*du"li*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incredulitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incr&eacute;dulit&eacute;</i>.]
<def>The state or quality of being incredulous; a withholding or
refusal of belief; skepticism; unbelief; disbelief.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Of every species of <i>incredulity</i>, religious
unbelief is the most irrational.</blockquote> <i>Buckminster.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cred"u*lous</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incredulus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Credulous</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not credulous; indisposed to admit or
accept that which is related as true, skeptical; unbelieving.</def>

<p><blockquote>A fantastical <i>incredulous</i> fool.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indicating, or caused by, disbelief or
incredulity.</def> "An <i>incredulous</i> smile."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incredible; not easy to be believed.</def>
[R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cred"u*lous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incredulous manner; with incredulity.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cred"u*lous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In*crem"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + L. <i>cremabilis</i> combustible, fr. <i>cremare</i> to burn.]
<def>Incapable of being burnt; incombustibe.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In"cre*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> in + <i>cremate</i>.] <def>To consume or reduce to ashes by
burning, as a dead body; to cremate.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cre*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Burning;
esp., the act of burning a dead body; cremation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cre*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incrementum</i>: cf. F. <i>incr&eacute;ment</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of increasing; growth
in bulk, guantity, number, value, or amount; augmentation;

<p><blockquote>The seminary that furnisheth matter for the formation
and <i>increment</i> of animal and vegetable bodies.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A nation, to be great, ought to be compressed in its
<i>increment</i> by nations more civilized than itself.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Matter added; increase; produce;
production; -- opposed to <i>decrement</i>.</def> "Large
<i>increment</i>."  <i>J. Philips.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>The increase of a variable
quantity or fraction from its present value to its next ascending
value; the finite quantity, generally variable, by which a variable
quantity is increased.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Rhet.)</i> <def>An amplification without
strict climax,</def> as in the following passage:</p>

<p><blockquote>Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true,
whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever
things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are
of good report, . . . think on these things.</blockquote> <i>Phil.
iv. 8.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Infinitesimal increment</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an
infinitesimally small variation considered in Differential Calculus.
See <u>Calculus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Method of increments</b></col>
<i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a calculus founded on the properties of the
successive values of variable quantities and their differences or
increments. It differs from the <i>method of fluxions</i> in treating
these differences as finite, instead of infinitely small, and is
equivalent to the calculus of <i>finite differences</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`cre*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to, or resulting from, the process of growth; as, the
<i>incremental</i> lines in the dentine of teeth.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cre*pate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>increpatus</i>, p. p. of <i>increpare</i> to upbraid; pref. <i>in-
</i> in, against + <i>crepare</i> to talk noisily.] <def>To chide; to
rebuke; to reprove.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`cre*pa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>increpatio</i>.] <def>A chiding; rebuke; reproof.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*cres"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>increscens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>increscere</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Increasing; growing; augmenting; swelling;

<p><blockquote>Between the <i>incresent</i> and decrescent
moon.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Increasing; on the increase;
-- said of the moon represented as the new moon, with the points
turned toward the dexter side.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*crest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To adorn with
a crest.</def> [R.]  <i>Drummond.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*crim"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incriminated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incriminating</u>.] [LL. <i>incriminatus</i>, p. p.
of <i>incriminare</i>; <i>in-</i> in + <i>criminare</i>,
<i>criminari</i>, to accuse one of a crime. See <u>Criminate</u>.]
<def>To accuse; to charge with a crime or fault; to

<p><hw>In*crim`i*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of incriminating; crimination.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*crim"i*na*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to crimination; tending to incriminate;

<p><hw>In`cru*en"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incruentus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Cruentous</u>.]
<def>Unbloody; not attended with blood; as, an <i>incruental</i>
sacrifice.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Brevint.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*crust"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incrusted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incrusting</u>.] [L. <i>incrustare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in +
<i>crustare</i> to cover with a crust: cf. F. <i>incruster</i>. See
<u>Crust</u>.] [Written also <i>encrust</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cover or line with a crust, or hard
coat; to form a crust on the surface of; as, iron <i>incrusted</i>
with rust; a vessel <i>incrusted</i> with salt; a sweetmeat
<i>incrusted</i> with sugar.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And by the frost refin'd the whiter snow,<BR>
<i>Incrusted</i> hard.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>To inlay into, as a
piece of carving or other ornamental object.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*crus"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incrustatus</i>, p. p. See <u>Incrust</u>.] <def>Incrusted.</def>

<p><hw>In*crus"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
incrust.</def> [R.]  <i>Cheyne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`crus*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incrustatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incrustation</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incrusting, or the state of
being incrusted.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A crust or hard coating of anything upon
or within a body, as a deposit of lime, sediment, etc., from water on
the inner surface of a steam boiler.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>A covering or inlaying of
marble, mosaic, etc., attached to the masonry by cramp irons or

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>Anything inlaid or

<p><hw>In*crust"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incrustation.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*crys"tal*li`za*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
crystallizable; incapable of being formed into crystals.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cu*bate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i. & t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incubated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr.
& vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incubating</u> (?).] [L. <i>incubatus</i>, p.
p. <i>incubare</i> to lie on; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cubare</i>
to lie down.  Cf. <u>Cubit</u>, <u>Incumbent</u>.] <def>To sit, as on
eggs for hatching; to brood; to brood upon, or keep warm, as eggs,
for the purpose of hatching.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cu*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incubatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incubation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A sitting on eggs for the purpose of
hatching young; a brooding on, or keeping warm, (eggs) to develop the
life within, by any process.</def>  <i>Ray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The development of a disease
from its causes, or its period of incubation. (See below.)</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A sleeping in a consecrated place for the
purpose of dreaming oracular dreams.</def>  <i>Tylor.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Period of incubation</b></col>, or <col><b>Stage of
incubation</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>the period which elapses
between exposure to the causes of a disease and the attack resulting
from it; the time of development of the supposed germs or

<p><hw>In"cu*ba*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to incubation, or to the period of incubation.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cu*ba`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which
incubates, especially, an apparatus by means of which eggs are
hatched by artificial heat.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cu"ba*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Serving for

<p><hw>In*cube"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To fix firmly,
as in cube; to secure or place firmly.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*cu"bi*ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. L.
<i>incubitus</i>.] <def>Incubation.</def> [Obs.]  <i>J.

<p><hw>In"cu*bous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From L.
<i>incubare</i> to lie on.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having the leaves so
placed that the upper part of each one covers the base of the leaf
next above it, as in hepatic mosses of the genus <i>Frullania</i>.
See <u>Succubous</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cu*bus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E.
<plw><b>Incubuses</b></plw> (#), L. <plw><b>Incubi</b></plw> (#).
[L., the nightmare.  Cf. <u>Incubate</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A demon; a fiend; a lascivious spirit,
supposed to have sexual intercourse with women by night.</def>

<p><blockquote>The devils who appeared in the female form were
generally called succubi; those who appeared like men <i>incubi</i>,
though this distinction was not always preserved.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The nightmare. See

<p><blockquote>Such as are troubled with <i>incubus</i>, or witch-
ridden, as we call it.</blockquote> <i>Burton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Any oppressive encumbrance or burden;
anything that prevents the free use of the faculties.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Debt and usury is the <i>incubus</i> which weighs most
heavily on the agricultural resources of Turkey.</blockquote> <i>J.
L. Farley.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inculcated</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Inculcating</u> (?).] [L. <i>inculcatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>inculcare</i> to tread on; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on +
<i>calcare</i> to tread, fr. <i>calx</i> the heel; perh. akin to E.
<i>heel</i>.  Cf. 2d <u>Calk</u>, <u>Heel</u>.] <def>To teach and
impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions; to urge on the mind;
as, Christ <i>inculcates</i> on his followers humility.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The most obvious and necessary duties of life they
have not yet had authority enough to enforce and <i>inculcate</i>
upon men's minds.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To instill; infuse; implant; engraft; impress.</p>

<p><hw>In`cul*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inculcatio</i>: cf. F. <i>inculcation</i>.] <def>A teaching and
impressing by frequent repetitions.</def>  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><! p. 749 !></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"ca*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who
inculcates.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*culk"</hw> (?). <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inculquer</i>. See <u>Inculcate</u>.] <def>To inculcate.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir T. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*culp"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf.
<i>inculper</i>. See <u>Inculpate</u>.] <def>To inculpate.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shelton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>inculpabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incupable</i>.] <def>Faultless;
blameless; innocent.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>An innocent and <i>incupable</i> piece of
ignorance.</blockquote> <i>Killingbeck.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"pa*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Blamelessness; faultlessness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Blamelessly.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"pate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inculpated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Inculpating</u> (?).] [LL. <i>inculpatus</i>, p. p.
of <i>inculpare</i> to blame; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>culpa</i>
fault. See <u>Culpable</u>.] [A word of recent introduction.] <def>To
blame; to impute guilt to; to accuse; to involve or implicate in

<p><blockquote>That risk could only exculpate her and not
<i>inculpate</i> them -- the probabilities protected them so
perfectly.</blockquote> <i>H. James.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cul*pa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>inculpation</i>.] <def>Blame; censure; crimination.</def>

<p><hw>In*cul"pa*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imputing
blame; criminatory; compromising; implicating.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cult"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incultus</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cultus</i>, p. p. of <i>colere</i> to
cultivate: cf. F. <i>inculte</i>.] <def>Untilled; uncultivated;
crude; rude; uncivilized.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Germany then, says Tacitus, was <i>incult</i> and
horrid, now full of magnificent cities.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>His style is diffuse and <i>incult</i>.</blockquote>
<i>M. W. Shelley.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"ti*va`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Uncultivated.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul`ti*va"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of
cultivation.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Berington.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cul"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>culture</i>: cf. F. <i>inculture</i>.] <def>Want or
neglect of cultivation or culture.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Feltham.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"ben*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incumbencies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Incumbent</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being incumbent; a lying or
resting on something.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is physically incumbent; that
which lies as a burden; a weight.</def>  <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is morally incumbent, or is
imposed, as a rule, a duty, obligation, or responsibility.</def> "The
<i>incumbencies</i> of a family."  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The state of holding a benefice; the full
possession and exercise of any office.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>These fines are only to be paid to the bishop during
his <i>incumbency</i>.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"bent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incumbens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incumbere</i> to lie
down upon, press upon; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cumbere</i> (in
comp.); akin to <i>cubare</i> to lie down. See <u>Incubate</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent;
superimposed; superincumbent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Two <i>incumbent</i> figures, gracefully leaning upon
it.</blockquote> <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To move the <i>incumbent</i> load they
try.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or
obligation; obligatory; always with <i>on</i> or

<p><blockquote>All men, truly zealous, will perform those good works
that are <i>incumbent</i> on all Christians.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Leaning or resting; -- said
of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of
cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of
them.</def>  <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Bent downwards so that
the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the <i>incumbent</i>
toe of a bird.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"bent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person who is in
present possession of a benefice or of any office.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>incumbent</i> lieth at the mercy of his
patron.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"bent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
incumbent manner; so as to be incumbent.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incumbered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incumbering</u>.] <def>See <u>Encumber</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`cum*bi"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incubation.</def> [R.]  <i>Sterne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"brance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Encumbrance</u>.] [Written also <i>encumbrance</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A burdensome and troublesome load;
anything that impedes motion or action, or renders it difficult or
laborious; clog; impediment; hindrance; check.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A burden or charge upon
property; a claim or lien upon an estate, which may diminish its

<p><hw>In*cum"bran*cer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i>
<def>One who holds an incumbrance, or some legal claim, lien, or
charge on an estate.</def>  <i>Kent.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"brous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>encombros</i>.] <def>Cumbersome; troublesome.</def> [Written also
<i>encombrous</i>.] [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>||In`cu*nab"u*lum</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Incunabula</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incunabula</i> cradle,
birthplace, origin. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Cunabula</u>.] <def>A
work of art or of human industry, of an early epoch; especially, a
book printed before <u>a. d.</u> 1500.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Incurred</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Incurring</u> (?).] [L. <i>incurrere</i> to run into or toward;
pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>currere</i> to run. See <u>Current</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To meet or fall in with, as something
inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to put one's self in the way of;
to expose one's self to; to become liable or subject to; to bring
down upon one's self; to encounter; to contract; as, to <i>incur</i>
debt, danger, displeasure, penalty, responsibility, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I know not what I shall <i>incur</i> to pass it,<BR>
Having no warrant.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To render liable or subject to; to
occasion.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Lest you <i>incur</i> me much more damage in my fame
than you have done me pleasure in preserving my life.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*cur"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To pass; to
enter.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Light is discerned by itself because by itself it
<i>incurs</i> into the eye.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cur`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>incurabilit&eacute;</i> incurability, LL. <i>incurabilitas</i>
negligence.] <def>The state of being incurable;
irremediableness.</def>  <i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>incurable</i>, L. <i>incurabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being cured; beyond the
power of skill or medicine to remedy; as, an <i>incurable</i>

<p><blockquote>A scirrhus is not absolutely
<i>incurable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not admitting or capable of remedy or
correction; irremediable; remediless; as, <i>incurable</i>

<p><blockquote>Rancorous and <i>incurable</i> hostility.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>They were laboring under a profound, and, as it might
have seemed, an almost <i>incurable</i> ignorance.</blockquote>
<i>Sir J. Stephen.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Irremediable; remediless; irrecoverable;
irretrievable; irreparable; hopeless.</p>

<p><hw>In*cur"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person diseased
beyond cure.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being incurable; incurability.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a manner
that renders cure impracticable or impossible; irremediably.</def>
"<i>Incurably</i> diseased." <i>Bp. Hall.</i> "<i>Incurably</i>
wicked."  <i>Blair.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cu`ri*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incuriositas</i>: cf. F. <i>incurosit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of
curiosity or interest; inattentiveness; indifference.</def>  <i>Sir
H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incuriosus</i>: cf. F. <i>incurieux</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Curious</u>.] <def>Not curious or inquisitive; without care for or
interest in; inattentive; careless; negligent; heedless.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Carelessnesses and <i>incurious</i> deportments toward
their children.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
curious manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Unconcernedness; incuriosity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Sordid <i>incuriousness</i> and slovenly
neglect.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"rence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Incur</u>.] <def>The act of incurring, bringing on, or subjecting
one's self to (something troublesome or burdensome); as, the
<i>incurrence</i> of guilt, debt, responsibility, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"rent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incurrens</i>, p. pr. <i>incurere</i>, <i>incursum</i>, to run in;
<i>in-</i> + <i>currere</i> to run.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Characterized by a current which flows inward; as, the
<i>incurrent</i> orifice of lamellibranch Mollusca.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incursio</i>: cf. F. <i>incursion</i>. See <u>Incur</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A running into; hence, an entering into a
territory with hostile intention; a temporary invasion; a predatory
or harassing inroad; a raid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Scythian, whose <i>incursions</i> wild<BR>
Have wasted Sogdiana.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>incursions</i> of the Goths disordered the
affairs of the Roman Empire.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Attack; occurrence.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Sins of daily <i>incursion</i>.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Invasion; inroad; raid; foray; sally; attack;
onset; irruption. See <u>Invasion</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*cur"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Making an
incursion; invasive; aggressive; hostile.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"tain</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
curtain.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*cur"vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incurvatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incurvare</i> to crook; pref. <i>in-
</i> in + <i>curvus</i> bent. See <u>Curve</u>, and cf.
<u>Incurve</u>.] <def>Curved; bent; crooked.</def>

<p><hw>In*cur"vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incurvated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Incurvating</u>.] <def>To turn from a straight line
or course; to bend; to crook.</def>  <i>Cheyne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`cur*va"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>incurvatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incurvation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of bending, or curving.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being bent or curved;

<p><blockquote>An <i>incurvation</i> of the rays.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The act of bowing, or bending the body, in
respect or reverence.</def> "The <i>incurvations</i> of the knee."
<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*curve"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;v"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incurved</u> (-k&ucirc;vd");
<pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incurving</u>.] [See
<u>Incurvate</u>.] <def>To bend; to curve; to make crooked.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*curved"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;vd"), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>curved</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Bending
gradually toward the axis or center, as branches or petals.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cur"vi*ty</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;"v&ibreve;*t&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>incurvus</i> bent. See
<u>Incurvate</u>.] <def>A state of being bent or curved; incurvation;
a bending inwards.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>||In"cus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., anvil.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An anvil.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>One of the small bones in
the tympanum of the ear; the anvil bone. See <u>Ear</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The central portion of
the armature of the pharynx in the Rotifera.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cuse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Incuse</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <i>(Numismatics)</i> <def>Cut or stamped in,
or hollowed out by engraving.</def> "Irregular <i>incuse</i> square."
<i>Dr. W. Smith.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>In*cuse"</hw> (?), <hw>In*cuss"</hw> (?), } <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos> [L. <i>incussus</i>, p. p. of <i>incutere</i> to strike.
See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Concuss</u>.] <def>To form, or mold, by
striking or stamping, as a coin or medal.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See
<u>Incuse</u>.] <def>To strike or stamp in.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*cyst"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*cyst"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Ind</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>India.</def>
[Poetical]  <i>Shak. Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"da*gate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indagatus</i>, p. p. of <i>indagare</i> to seek.] <def>To seek or
search out.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`da*ga"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indagatio</i>: cf. F. <i>indagation</i>.] <def>Search; inquiry;
investigation.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In"da*ga*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Searching;
exploring; investigating.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"da*ga`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>A
searcher; an explorer; an investigator.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Searched into by such skillful <i>indagators</i> of
nature.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dam"age</hw> (?; 48), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Endamage</u>.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*dam"aged</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
damaged.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dart"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pierce, as
with a dart.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"da*zol</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ind</i>ol +
<i>az</i>ote.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A nitrogenous compound,
C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>6</sub>N<sub>2</sub>, analogous to indol, and
produced from a diazo derivative of cinnamic acid.</def></p>

<p><hw>Inde</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Azure-colored; of a
bright blue color.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Rom. of R.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dear"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>In*debt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Indebted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Indebting</u>.] [OE. <i>endetten</i>, F. <i>endetter</i>; pref.
<i>en-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + F. <i>dette</i> debt. See <u>Debt</u>.]
<def>To bring into debt; to place under obligation; -- chiefly used
in the participle <i>indebted</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thy fortune hath <i>indebted</i> thee to
none.</blockquote> <i>Daniel.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*debt"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Brought into debt; being under obligation; held to payment or
requital; beholden.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>By owing, owes not, but still pays, at once<BR>
<i>Indebted</i> and discharged.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Placed under obligation for something
received, for which restitution or gratitude is due; as, we are
<i>indebted</i> to our parents for their care of us in infancy;
<i>indebted</i> to friends for help and encouragement.</def>

<p><hw>In*debt"ed*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The state of being indebted.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The sum owed; debts,

<p><hw>In*debt"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>endettement</i>.] <def>Indebtedness.</def> [R.]  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In*de"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Indecency</u>.</def> [Obs.] "An <i>indecence</i> of barbarity."
<i>Bp. Burnet.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*de"cen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indecencies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>indecentia</i>
unseemliness: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cence</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being indecent;
want of decency, modesty, or good manners; obscenity.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is indecent; an indecent word
or act; an offense against delicacy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They who, by speech or writing, present to the ear or
the eye of modesty any of the <i>indecencies</i> I allude to, are
pests of society.</blockquote> <i>Beattie.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indelicacy; indecorum; immodesty; impurity;
obscenity. See <u>Indecorum</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*de"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indecens</i>
unseemly, unbecoming: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cent</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Decent</u>.] <def>Not decent; unfit to be seen or heard;
offensive to modesty and delicacy; as, <i>indecent</i>
language.</def>  <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unbecoming; indecorous; indelicate; unseemly;
immodest; gross; shameful; impure; improper; obscene; filthy.</p>

<p><hw>In*de"cent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indecent

<p><hw>In`de*cid"u*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Indeciduous.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Having no decidua;

<p><hw>In`de*cid"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
deciduous or falling, as the leaves of trees in autumn; lasting;
evergreen; persistent; permanent; perennial.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>indeciduous</i> and unshaven locks of
Apollo.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dec"i*ma*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + LL. <i>decimare</i> to tithe: cf. F.
<i>ind&eacute;cimable</i>. See <u>Decimate</u>.] <def>Not decimable,
or liable to be decimated; not liable to the payment of tithes.</def>

<p><hw>In`de*ci"pher*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
decipherable; incapable of being deciphered, explained, or
solved.</def> -- <wf>In`de*ci"pher*a*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`de*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>decision</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cision</i>.] <def>Want of
decision; want of settled purpose, or of firmness; indetermination;
wavering of mind; irresolution; vacillation; hesitation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The term <i>indecision</i> . . . implies an idea very
nicely different from irresolution; yet it has a tendency to produce
it.</blockquote> <i>Shenstone.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indecision</i> . . . is the natural accomplice of
violence.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*ci"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not decisive; not bringing to a final or
ultimate issue; as, an <i>indecisive</i> battle, argument,

<p><blockquote>The campaign had everywhere been
<i>indecisive</i>.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Undetermined; prone to indecision;
irresolute; unsettled; wavering; vacillating; hesitating; as, an
<i>indecisive</i> state of mind; an <i>indecisive</i>

<p><hw>In`de*ci"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without

<p><hw>In`de*ci"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
of being indecisive; unsettled state.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*clin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeclinabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;clinable</i>. See <u>In-
</u> not, and <u>Decline</u>.] <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Not declinable;
not varied by inflective terminations; as, <i>nihil</i> (nothing), in
Latin, is an <i>indeclinable</i> noun.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>An indeclinable word.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*clin"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Without variation.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Without variation of

<p><hw>In*de`com*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>decomposable</i>: cf. F.
<i>ind&eacute;composable</i>.] <def>Not decomposable; incapable or
difficult of decomposition; not resolvable into its constituents or

<p><hw>In*de`com*pos"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Incapableness of decomposition; stability; permanence;

<p><hw>In`de*co"rous</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indecorous</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Decorous</u>.] <def>Not
decorous; violating good manners; contrary to good breeding or
etiquette; unbecoming; improper; out of place; as, <i>indecorous</i>

<p><blockquote>It was useless and <i>indecorous</i> to attempt
anything more by mere struggle.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unbecoming; unseemly; unbefitting; rude; coarse;
impolite; uncivil; ill-bred.</p>

<p><hw>In`de*co"rous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indecorous manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*co"rous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being indecorous; want of decorum.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*co"rum</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>decorum</i>: cf. L. <i>indecorous</i> unbecoming.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of decorum; impropriety of behavior;
that in behavior or manners which violates the established rules of
civility, custom, or etiquette; indecorousness.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An indecorous or unbecoming action.</def>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <i>Indecorum</i> is sometimes synonymous with
<i>indecency</i>; but <i>indecency</i>, more frequently than
<i>indecorum</i>, is applied to words or actions which refer to what
nature and propriety require to be concealed or suppressed.
<i>Indecency</i> is the stronger word; <i>indecorum</i> refers to any
transgression of etiquette or civility, especially in public.</p>

<p><hw>In*deed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Prep. <i>in +
deed</i>.] <def>In reality; in truth; in fact; verily; truly; -- used
in a variety of senses.  Esp.: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> Denoting emphasis;
as, <i>indeed</i> it is so. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> Denoting concession
or admission; as, <i>indeed</i>, you are right. <sd><i>(c)</i></sd>
Denoting surprise; as, <i>indeed</i>, is it you? Its meaning is not
intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the form of expression
which it accompanies.</def></p>

<p><! p. 750 !></p>

<p><blockquote>The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not
subject to the law of God, neither <i>indeed</i> can be.</blockquote>
<i>Rom. viii. 7.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I were a beast <i>indeed</i> to do you
wrong.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>There is, <i>indeed</i>, no great pleasure in visiting
these magazines of war.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

breve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being

<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indefatigabilis</i>: cf. OF.
<i>indefatigable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Defatigable</u>, and
cf. <u>Infatigable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being fatigued; not
readily exhausted; unremitting in labor or effort; untiring;
unwearying; not yielding to fatigue; as, <i>indefatigable</i>
exertions, perseverance, application.</def> "A constant,
<i>indefatigable</i> attendance."  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Upborne with <i>indefatigable</i> wings.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unwearied; untiring; persevering; persistent.</p>

<p><hw>In`de*fat"i*ga*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Indefatigable quality; unweariedness; persistency.</def>

<p><hw>In`de*fat"i*ga*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without
weariness; without yielding to fatigue; persistently.</def>

<p><hw>In`de*fat`i*ga"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Indefatigableness; unweariedness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>J.

<p><hw>In`de*fea`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being indefeasible.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fea`si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>defeasible</i>: cf. OF. <i>indefaisable</i>.] <def>Not
to be defeated; not defeasible; incapable of being annulled or made
void; as, an <i>indefeasible</i> or title.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That the king had a divine and an <i>indefeasible</i>
right to the regal power.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fect`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ind&eacute;fectibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
indefectible.</def>  <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fect"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>defectible</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;fectible</i>.]
<def>Not defectible; unfailing; not liable to defect, failure, or

<p><blockquote>An <i>indefectible</i> treasure in the
heavens.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A state of <i>indefectible</i> virtue and
happiness.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fect"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
defective; perfect; complete.</def> "Absolute, <i>indefective</i>
obedience."  <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fei"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Indefeasible.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`de*fen`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality or state of not being defensible.</def>  <i>Walsh.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fen"si*ble</hw> (?), [Pref. <i>in-</i> not +
<i>defensible</i>: cf. OF. <i>indefensible</i>, <i>indefensable</i>.]
<def>Not defensible; not capable of being defended, maintained,
vindicated, or justified; unjustifiable; untenable; as, an
<i>indefensible</i> fortress, position, cause, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men find that something can be said in favor of what,
on the very proposal, they thought utterly
<i>indefensible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fen"si*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indefensible manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Defenseless.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The sword awes the <i>indefensive</i>
villager.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fi"cien*cy</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
quality of not being deficient.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Strype.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fi"cient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeficiens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deficient</u>.]
<def>Not deficient; full.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Brighter than the sun, and <i>indeficient</i> as the
light of heaven.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable
of being defined or described; inexplicable.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`de*fin"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indefinable manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*def"i*nite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indefinitus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Definite</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not definite; not limited, defined, or
specified; not explicit; not determined or fixed upon; not precise;
uncertain; vague; confused; obscure; as, an <i>indefinite</i> time,
plan, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It were to be wished that . . . men would leave off
that <i>indefinite</i> way of vouching, "the chymists say this," or
"the chymists affirm that."</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The time of this last is left
<i>indefinite</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having no determined or certain limits;
large and unmeasured, though not infinite; unlimited; as,
<i>indefinite</i> space; the <i>indefinite</i> extension of a
straight line.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Though it is not infinite, it may be
<i>indefinite</i>; though it is not boundless in itself, it may be so
to human comprehension.</blockquote> <i>Spectator.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Boundless; infinite.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indefinite</i> and omnipresent God,<BR>
Inhabiting eternity.</blockquote> <i>W. Thompson (1745).</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Too numerous or variable to
make a particular enumeration important; -- said of the parts of a
flower, and the like. Also, indeterminate.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Indefinite article</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>the word
<i>a</i> or <i>an</i>, used with nouns to denote any one of a common
or general class.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite inflorescence</b></col>.
<i>(Bot.)</i> <cd>See <i>Indeterminate inflorescence</i>, under
<u>Indeterminate</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite
proposition</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a statement whose subject
is a common term, with nothing to indicate distribution or
nondistribution; as, <i>Man is mortal</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite
term</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a negative term; as, <i>the not-

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inexplicit; vague; uncertain; unsettled;
indeterminate; loose; equivocal; inexact; approximate.</p>

<p><hw>In*def"i*nite*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indefinite manner or degree; without any settled limitation; vaguely;
not with certainty or exactness; as, to use a word

<p><blockquote>If the world be <i>indefinitely</i> extended, that is,
so far as no human intellect can fancy any bound of it.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*def"i*nite*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being indefinite.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*fin"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Indefiniteness; vagueness; also, number or quantity not limited
by our understanding, though yet finite.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir M.

<p><hw>In`de*his"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ind&eacute;hiscence</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The property or state
of being indehiscent.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*his"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>dehiscent</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;hiscent</i>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Remaining closed at maturity, or not opening along
regular lines, as the acorn, or a cocoanut.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*lec"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not
delectable; unpleasant; disagreeable.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>In`de*lib"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeliberatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deliberate</u>.]
<def>Done without deliberation; unpremeditated.</def> [Obs.] --
<wf>In`de*lib"er*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`de*lib"er*a`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Indeliberate.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*del`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ind&eacute;l&eacute;bilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
indelible.</def>  <i>Bp. Horsley.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*del"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indelebilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>delebilis</i> capable
of being destroyed: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;l&eacute;bile</i>. See
<u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deleble</u>.] [Formerly written also
<i>indeleble</i>, which accords with the etymology of the word.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That can not be removed, washed away,
blotted out, or effaced; incapable of being canceled, lost, or
forgotten; as, <i>indelible</i> characters; an <i>indelible</i>
stain; an <i>indelible</i> impression on the memory.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That can not be annulled;
indestructible.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>They are endued with <i>indelible</i> power from
above.</blockquote> <i>Sprat.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Indelible colors</b></col>, <cd>fast colors which do not
fade or tarnish by exposure.</cd> -- <col><b>Indelible ink</b></col>,
<cd>an ink not obliterated by washing; esp., a solution of silver

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Fixed; fast; permanent; ineffaceable.</p>

<p>-- <wf>In*del"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In*del"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indelibly</i> stamped and impressed.</blockquote>
<i>J. Ellis.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*del"i*ca*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indelicacies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Indelicate</u>.]
<def>The quality of being indelicate; want of delicacy, or of a nice
sense of, or regard for, purity, propriety, or refinement in manners,
language, etc.; rudeness; coarseness; also, that which is offensive
to refined taste or purity of mind.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>indelicacy</i> of English comedy.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Your papers would be chargeable with worse than
<i>indelicacy</i>; they would be immoral.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*del"i*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>delicate</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;licat</i>.] <def>Not
delicate; wanting delicacy; offensive to good manners, or to purity
of mind; coarse; rude; as, an <i>indelicate</i> word or suggestion;
<i>indelicate</i> behavior.</def> <i>Macaulay.</i> --
<wf>In*del"i*cate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indecorous; unbecoming; unseemly; rude; coarse;
broad; impolite; gross; indecent; offensive; improper; unchaste;
impure; unrefined.</p>

<p><hw>In*dem`ni*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of indemnifying,
preserving, or securing against loss, damage, or penalty;
reimbursement of loss, damage, or penalty; the state of being

<p><blockquote><i>Indemnification</i> is capable of some estimate;
dignity has no standard.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which indemnifies.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>No reward with the name of an
<i>indemnification</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dem"ni*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indemnified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Indemnifying</u> (?).] [L. <i>indemnis</i> unhurt
(<i>in-</i> not + <i>damnum</i> hurt, damage) + <i>-fy</i>.  Cf.
<u>Damn</u>, <u>Damnify</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To save harmless; to secure against loss
or damage; to insure.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The states must at last engage to the merchants here
that they will <i>indemnify</i> them from all that shall fall
out.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make restitution or compensation for,
as for that which is lost; to make whole; to reimburse; to
compensate.</def>  <i>Beattie.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dem"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indemnities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>indemnitas</i>, fr.
<i>indemnis</i> uninjured: cf. F. <i>indemnit&eacute;</i>. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Security; insurance; exemption from loss
or damage, past or to come; immunity from penalty, or the punishment
of past offenses; amnesty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Having first obtained a promise of <i>indemnity</i>
for the riot they had committed.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indemnification, compensation, or
remuneration for loss, damage, or injury sustained.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They were told to expect, upon the fall of Walpole, a
large and lucrative <i>indemnity</i> for their pretended
wrongs.</blockquote> <i>Ld. Mahon.</i></p>

<p>&fist; Insurance is a contract of <i>indemnity</i>.
<i>Arnould.</i> The owner of private property taken for public use is
entitled to compensation or <i>indemnity</i>.  <i>Kent.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Act of indemnity</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>an act or law
passed in order to relieve persons, especially in an official
station, from some penalty to which they are liable in consequence of
acting illegally, or, in case of ministers, in consequence of
exceeding the limits of their strict constitutional powers. These
acts also sometimes provide compensation for losses or damage, either
incurred in the service of the government, or resulting from some
public measure.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`de*mon`stra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>The quality of being indemonstrable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*mon"stra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indemonstrabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Demonstrable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being demonstrated.</def> --
<wf>In`de*mon"stra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*den`i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of naturalizing; endenization.</def> [R.]  <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*den"ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
naturalize.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>In*den"i*zen</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indenizened</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Indenizening</u>.] <def>To invest with the privileges
of a denizen; to naturalize.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Words <i>indenizened</i>, and commonly used as
English.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dent"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Indented</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Indenting</u>.] [OE. <i>endenten</i> to notch, fit in, OF.
<i>endenter</i>, LL. <i>indentare</i>, fr. L. <i>in + dens</i>,
<i>dentis</i>, tooth. See <u>Tooth</u>, and cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To notch; to jag; to cut into points like
a row of teeth; as, to <i>indent</i> the edge of paper.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To dent; to stamp or to press in; to
impress; as, <i>indent</i> a smooth surface with a hammer; to
<i>indent</i> wax with a stamp.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> [Cf. <u>Indenture</u>.] <def>To bind out by
indenture or contract; to indenture; to apprentice; as, to
<i>indent</i> a young man to a shoemaker; to <i>indent</i> a

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>To begin (a line or lines)
at a greater or less distance from the margin; as, to <i>indent</i>
the first line of a paragraph one em; to <i>indent</i> the second
paragraph two ems more than the first. See <u>Indentation</u>, and

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>To make an order upon; to
draw upon, as for military stores.</def> [India]  <i>Wilhelm.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dent"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To be cut, notched, or dented.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To crook or turn; to wind in and out; to

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To contract; to bargain or covenant.</def>

<p><blockquote>To <i>indent</i> and drive bargains with the
Almighty.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dent"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A cut or notch in the margin of anything, or a recess like a
notch.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A stamp; an impression.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A certificate, or intended certificate,
issued by the government of the United States at the close of the
Revolution, for the principal or interest of the public debt.</def>
<i>D. Ramsay. A. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A requisition or order for
supplies, sent to the commissariat of an army.</def> [India]

<p><hw>In`den*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of indenting or state of being

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A notch or recess, in the margin or border
of anything; as, the <i>indentations</i> of a leaf, of the coast,

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A recess or sharp depression in any

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
act of beginning a line or series of lines at a little distance
within the flush line of the column or page, as in the common way of
beginning the first line of a paragraph.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>The measure of the distance; as, an <i>indentation</i> of one
em, or of two ems.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Hanging</b></col>, or <col><b>Reverse</b></col>,
<col><b>indentation</b></col>, <cd>indentation of all the lines of a
paragraph except the first, which is a full line.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*dent"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Cut in the edge into points or inequalities, like teeth; jagged;
notched; stamped in; dented on the surface.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having an uneven, irregular border;
sinuous; undulating.</def>  <i>Milton. Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Notched like the part of a
saw consisting of the teeth; serrated; as, an <i>indented</i> border
or ordinary.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Bound out by an indenture; apprenticed;
indentured; as, an <i>indented</i> servant.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Notched along the
margin with a different color, as the feathers of some

<p><col><b>Indented line</b></col> <i>(Fort.)</i>, <cd>a line with
alternate long and short faces, with salient and receding angles,
each face giving a flanking fire along the front of the

<p><hw>In*dent"ed*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>With

<p><hw>In*dent"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indentation;
an impression like that made by a tooth.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*den"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Print.)</i>
<def>Same as <u>Indentation</u>, 4.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dent"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Indenture.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*den"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>endenture</i>, OF. <i>endenture</i>, LL. <i>indentura</i> a deed
in duplicate, with indented edges. See the Note below. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of indenting, or state of being

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A mutual agreement in writing
between two or more parties, whereof each party has usually a
counterpart or duplicate; sometimes in the <i>pl.</i>, a short form
for <i>indentures of apprenticeship</i>, the contract by which a
youth is bound apprentice to a master.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The law is the best expositor of the gospel; they are
like a pair of <i>indentures</i>: they answer in every
part.</blockquote> <i>C. Leslie.</i></p>

<p>&fist; Indentures were originally duplicates, laid together and
indented by a notched cut or line, or else written on the same piece
of parchment and separated by a notched line so that the two papers
or parchments corresponded to each other. But indenting has gradually
become a mere form, and is often neglected, while the writings or
counterparts retain the name of <i>indentures</i>.</p>

<p><hw>In*den"ture</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Indentured</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To indent; to make hollows, notches, or
wrinkles in; to furrow.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Though age may creep on, and <i>indenture</i> the
brow.</blockquote> <i>Woty.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bind by indentures or written contract;
as, to <i>indenture</i> an apprentice.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*den"ture</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To run or wind
in and out; to be cut or notched; to indent.</def>

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being independent;
freedom from dependence; exemption from reliance on, or control by,
others; self-subsistence or maintenance; direction of one's own
affairs without interference.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let fortune do her worst, . . . as long as she never
makes us lose our honesty and our <i>independence</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Sufficient means for a comfortable

<p><col><b>Declaration of Independence</b></col> <i>(Amer.
Hist.)</i>, <cd>the declaration of the Congress of the Thirteen
United States of America, on the 4th of July, 1776, by which they
formally declared that these colonies were free and independent
States, not subject to the government of Great Britain.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`de*pend"en*cy</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>

<p><blockquote>"Give me," I cried (enough for me),<BR>
"My bread, and <i>independency</i>!"</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Doctrine and polity of the

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>dependent</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;pendant</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not dependent; free; not subject to
control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, few
men are wholly <i>independent</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A dry, but <i>independent</i> crust.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an
<i>independent</i> property.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not subject to bias or influence; not
obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an <i>independent</i>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Expressing or indicating the feeling of
independence; free; easy; bold; unconstrained; as, an
<i>independent</i> air or manner.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Separate from; exclusive;

<p><blockquote>That obligation in general, under which we conceive
ourselves bound to obey a law, <i>independent</i> of those resources
which the law provides for its own enforcement.</blockquote> <i>R. P.

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Belonging or pertaining to,
or holding to the doctrines or methods of, the

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Not dependent upon another
quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of
quantities or functions.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(U. S. Politics)</i> <def>Not bound by
party; exercising a free choice in voting with either or any

<p><col><b>Independent company</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>one not
incorporated in any regiment.</cd> -- <col><b>Independent seconds
watch</b></col>, <cd>a stop watch having a second hand driven by a
separate set of wheels, springs, etc., for timing to a fraction of a
second.</cd> -- <col><b>Independent variable</b></col>.
<i>(Math.)</i> <cd>See <i>Dependent variable</i>, under

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Free; uncontrolled; separate; uncoerced; self-
reliant; bold; unconstrained; unrestricted.</p>

<p><! p. 751 !></p>

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>One who believes that an
organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to self-
government, and independent of all ecclesiastical

<p>&fist; In England the name is often applied (commonly in the
<i>pl.</i>) to the Congregationalists.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Politics)</i> <def>One who does not
acknowledge an obligation to support a party's candidate under all
circumstances; one who exercises liberty in voting.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Independency; the church system of Independents.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
independent manner; without control.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable
of being deposed.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Princes <i>indeposable</i> by the pope.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dep"ra*vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indepravatus</i>.] <def>Undepraved.</def> [R.]  <i>Davies (Holy

<p><hw>In*dep"re*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeprecabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deprecate</u>.]
<def>Incapable or undeserving of being deprecated.</def>

<p><hw>In*dep`re*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeprehensibilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Deprehensible</u>.] <def>Incapable of being found out.</def>
<i>Bp. Morton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*priv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable
of being deprived, or of being taken away.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`de*scrib"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of
being described.</def> -- <wf>In`de*scrib"a*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`de*scrip"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

<p><hw>In`de*sert"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Ill
desert.</def> [R.]  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*des"i*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indesinens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Desinent</u>.] <def>Not
ceasing; perpetual.</def> [Obs.] <i>Baxter.</i> --
<wf>In*des"i*nent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In`de*sir"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`de*struc`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>indestructibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being

<p><hw>In`de*struc"ti*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>destructible</i>: cf. F. <i>indestructible</i>.]
<def>Not destructible; incapable of decomposition or of being
destroyed.</def> -- <wf>In`de*struc"ti*ble*ness</wf>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`de*struc"ti*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeterminabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;terminable</i>. See
<u>In-</u> not, and Determine.] <def>Not determinable; impossible to
be determined; not to be definitely known, ascertained, defined, or
limited.</def> -- <wf>In`de*ter"mi*na*bly</wf>,

<p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*na*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An
indeterminable thing or quantity.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indeterminatus</i>.] <def>Not determinate; not certain or fixed;
indefinite; not precise; as, an <i>indeterminate</i> number of
years.</def>  <i>Paley.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Indeterminate analysis</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>that
branch of analysis which has for its object the solution of
indeterminate problems.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate
coefficients</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>coefficients arbitrarily
assumed for convenience of calculation, or to facilitate some
artifice of analysis. Their values are subsequently determined.</cd>
-- <col><b>Indeterminate equation</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an
equation in which the unknown quantities admit of an infinite number
of values, or sets of values. A group of equations is
<i>indeterminate</i> when it contains more unknown quantities than
there are equations.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate
inflorescence</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a mode of inflorescence in
which the flowers all arise from axillary buds, the terminal bud
going on to grow and sometimes continuing the stem indefinitely; --
called also <i>acropetal, botryose, centripetal, &and; indefinite
inflorescence</i>.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indeterminate
problem</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a problem which admits of an
infinite number of solutions, or one in which there are fewer imposed
conditions than there are unknown or required results.</cd> --
<col><b>Indeterminate quantity</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a
quantity which has no fixed value, but which may be varied in
accordance with any proposed condition.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate
series</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a series whose terms proceed by
the powers of an indeterminate quantity, sometimes also with
indeterminate exponents, or indeterminate coefficients.</cd></p>

<p>-- <wf>In`de*ter"mi*nate*ly</wf> <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`de*ter"mi*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`de*ter`mi*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref.
<i>in-</i> not + <i>determination</i>: cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of determination; an unsettled or
wavering state, as of the mind.</def>  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of fixed or stated direction.</def>
<i>Abp. Bramhall.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`de*ter"mined</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><hw>In`de*vir"gin*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>In-
</u> not, <u>Devirginate</u>.] <def>Not devirginate.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*de*vote"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indevotus</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;vot</i>.  Cf.
<u>Indevout</u>.] <def>Not devoted.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bentley.

<p><hw>In`de*vo"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indevotio</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;votion</i>.] <def>Want of
devotion; impiety; irreligion.</def> "An age of <i>indevotion</i>."
<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*de*vout"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i>
not + <i>devout</i>.  Cf. <u>Indevote</u>.] <def>Not devout.</def> --
<wf>In*de*vout"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*dew"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To indue.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"dex</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E.
<plw><b>Indexes</b></plw> (#), L. <plw><b>Indices</b></plw> (#)(&?;).
[L.: cf. F. <i>index</i>. See <u>Indicate</u>, <u>Diction</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which points out; that which shows,
indicates, manifests, or discloses.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Tastes are the <i>indexes</i> of the different
qualities of plants.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which guides, points out, informs, or
directs; a pointer or a hand that directs to anything, as the hand of
a watch, a movable finger on a gauge, scale, or other graduated
instrument. In printing, a sign [&fist;] used to direct particular
attention to a note or paragraph; -- called also

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A table for facilitating reference to
topics, names, and the like, in a book; -- usually alphabetical in
arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A prologue indicating what follows.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The second digit, that next
to the pollex, in the manus, or hand; the forefinger; index

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>The figure or letter which
shows the power or root of a quantity; the exponent.</def> [In this
sense the plural is always <plw><b>indices</b></plw>.]</p>

<p><col><b>Index error</b></col>, <cd>the error in the reading of a
mathematical instrument arising from the zero of the index not being
in complete adjustment with that of the limb, or with its
theoretically perfect position in the instrument; a correction to be
applied to the instrument readings equal to the error of the zero
adjustment.</cd> -- <col><b>Index expurgatorius</b></col>. [L.]
<cd>See <i>Index prohibitorius</i> (below).</cd> -- <col><b>Index
finger</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Index</u>, 5.</cd> -- <col><b>Index
glass</b></col>, <cd>the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Index hand</b></col>, <cd>the pointer or hand of
a clock, watch, or other registering machine; a hand that points to
something.</cd> -- <col><b>Index of a logarithm</b></col>
<i>(Math.)</i>,  <cd>the integral part of the logarithm, and always
one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. It
is also called the <i>characteristic</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Index of
refraction</b></col>, or <col><b>Refractive index</b></col>
<i>(Opt.)</i>, <cd>the number which expresses the ratio of the sine
of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction.
Thus the <i>index of refraction</i> for sulphur is 2, because, when
light passes out of air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of
incidence is double the sine of the angle of refraction.</cd> --
<col><b>Index plate</b></col>, <cd>a graduated circular plate, or one
with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in machines for
graduating circles, cutting gear teeth, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Index
prohibitorius</b></col> [L.], or <col><b>Prohibitory index</b></col>
<i>(R. C. Ch.)</i>, <cd>a catalogue of books which are forbidden by
the church to be read; the <i>index expurgatorius</i> [L.], or
<i>expurgatory index</i>, is a catalogue of books from which passages
marked as against faith or morals must be removed before Catholics
can read them. These catalogues are published with additions, from
time to time, by the Congregation of the Index, composed of
cardinals, theologians, etc., under the sanction of the pope.</cd>
<i>Hook.</i> -- <col><b>Index rerum</b></col> [L.], <cd>a tabulated
and alphabetized notebook, for systematic preservation of items,
quotations, etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In"dex</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Indexed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Indexing</u>.] <def>To provide with an index or table of
references; to put into an index; as, to <i>index</i> a book, or its

<p><hw>In"dex*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who makes an

<p><hw>In*dex"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of,
pertaining to, or like, an index; having the form of an

<p><hw>In*dex"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the
manner of an index.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`dex*ter"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> not + <i>dexterity</i>: cf. F.
<i>indext&eacute;rit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of dexterity or
readiness, especially in the use of the hands; clumsiness;
awkwardness.</def>  <i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Indian</u>.]
<def>A country in Southern Asia; the two peninsulas of Hither and
Farther India; in a restricted sense, Hither India, or

<p><col><b>India ink</b></col>, <cd>a nearly black pigment brought
chiefly from China, used for water colors. It is in rolls, or in
square, and consists of lampblack or ivory black and animal glue.
Called also <i>China ink</i>. The true India ink is sepia. See
<u>Sepia</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>India matting</b></col>, <cd>floor
matting made in China, India, etc., from grass and reeds; -- also
called <i>Canton, or China, matting</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>India
paper</b></col>, <cd>a variety of Chinese paper, of smooth but not
glossy surface, used for printing from engravings, woodcuts,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>India proof</b></col> <i>(Engraving)</i>, <cd>a
proof impression from an engraved plate, taken on India paper.</cd> -
- <col><b>India rubber</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Caoutchouc</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>India-rubber tree</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>any tree
yielding caoutchouc, but especially the East Indian <i>Ficus
elastica</i>, often cultivated for its large, shining, elliptical

<p><hw>In*di"a*dem</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To place or set
in a diadem, as a gem or gems.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"di*a*man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indiamen</b></plw> (&?;). <def>A large vessel in the India
trade.</def>  <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*an</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<i>India</i>, and this fr. <i>Indus</i>, the name of a river in Asia,
L. <i>Indus</i>, Gr. &?;, OPers. <i>Hindu</i>, name of the land on
the Indus, Skr. <i>sindhu</i> river, the Indus.  Cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to India proper; also to
the East Indies, or, sometimes, to the West Indies.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the aborigines, or
Indians, of America; as, <i>Indian</i> wars; the <i>Indian</i>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Made of maize or Indian corn; as,
<i>Indian</i> corn, <i>Indian</i> meal, <i>Indian</i> bread, and the
like.</def> [U.S.]</p>

<p><col><b>Indian</b></col> bay <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a lauraceous tree
(<i>Persea Indica</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Indian bean</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a name of the catalpa.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
berry</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <cd>Same as <u>Cocculus
indicus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian bread</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i>
<cd>Same as <u>Cassava</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian club</b></col>,
<cd>a wooden club, which is swung by the hand for gymnastic
exercise.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian cordage</b></col>, <cd>cordage made
of the fibers of cocoanut husk.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian corn</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Zea</i> (<i>Z. Mays</i>);
the maize, a native of America. See <u>Corn</u>, and
<u>Maize</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian cress</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>nasturtium. See <u>Nasturtium</u>, 2.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
cucumber</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus
<i>Medeola</i> (<i>M. Virginica</i>), a common in woods in the United
States. The white rootstock has a taste like cucumbers.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian currant</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the
genus <i>Symphoricarpus</i> (<i>S. vulgaris</i>), bearing small red
berries.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian dye</b></col>, <cd>the puccoon.</cd>
-- <col><b>Indian fig</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>The banyan. See <u>Banyan</u>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The
prickly pear.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian file</b></col>, <cd>single file;
arrangement of persons in a row following one after another, the
usual way among Indians of traversing woods, especially when on the
war path.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian fire</b></col>, <cd>a pyrotechnic
composition of sulphur, niter, and realgar, burning with a brilliant
white light.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian grass</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a coarse, high grass (<i>Chrysopogon nutans</i>), common in the
southern portions of the United States; wood grass.</cd> <i>Gray.</i>
-- <col><b>Indian hemp</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>A plant of the genus <i>Apocynum</i> (<i>A. cannabinum</i>),
having a milky juice, and a tough, fibrous bark, whence the name. The
root it used in medicine and is both emetic and cathartic in
properties.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The variety of common hemp
(<i>Cannabis Indica</i>), from which hasheesh is obtained.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian mallow</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the velvet leaf
(<i>Abutilon Avicenn&aelig;</i>). See <u>Abutilon</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian meal</b></col>, <cd>ground corn or maize.</cd> [U.S.]
-- <col><b>Indian millet</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a tall annual
grass (<i>Sorghum vulgare</i>), having many varieties, among which
are broom corn, Guinea corn, durra, and the Chinese sugar cane. It is
called also <i>Guinea corn</i>. See <u>Durra</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian ox</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the zebu.</cd> -
- <col><b>Indian paint</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Bloodroot</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian paper</b></col>. <cd>See <i>India paper</i>, under
<u>India</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian physic</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a plant of two species of the genus <i>Gillenia</i> (<i>G.
trifoliata</i>, and <i>G. stipulacea</i>), common in the United
States, the roots of which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; --
called also <i>American ipecac</i>, and <i>bowman's root</i>.</cd>
<i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indian pink</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The Cypress vine (<i>Ipom&oelig;a
Quamoclit</i>); -- so called in the West Indies.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See <i>China pink</i>, under
<u>China</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian pipe</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a low, fleshy herb (<i>Monotropa uniflora</i>), growing in
clusters in dark woods, and having scalelike leaves, and a solitary
nodding flower. The whole plant is waxy white, but turns black in
drying.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian plantain</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a name given to several species of the genus <i>Cacalia</i>, tall
herbs with composite white flowers, common through the United States
in rich woods.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indian poke</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant usually known as the <i>white
hellebore</i> (<i>Veratrum viride</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
pudding</b></col>, <cd>a pudding of which the chief ingredients are
Indian meal, milk, and molasses.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
purple</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A dull purple color.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The pigment of the same name, intensely blue
and black.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian red</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>A purplish red earth or pigment composed of a silicate of iron
and alumina, with magnesia. It comes from the Persian Gulf. Called
also <i>Persian red</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See
<u>Almagra</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian rice</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a reedlike water grass. See <u>Rice</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
shot</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Canna</i>
(<i>C. Indica</i>). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot.
See <u>Canna</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian summer</b></col>, <cd>in the
United States, a period of warm and pleasant weather occurring late
in autumn. See under <u>Summer</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian
tobacco</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a species of <i>Lobelia</i>. See
<u>Lobelia</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian turnip</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>an American plant of the genus
<i>Aris&aelig;ma</i>. <i>A. triphyllum</i> has a wrinkled farinaceous
root resembling a small turnip, but with a very acrid juice. See
<u>Jack in the Pulpit</u>, and <u>Wake-robin</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian wheat</b></col>, <cd>maize or Indian corn.</cd> --
<col><b>Indian yellow</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>An intense
rich yellow color, deeper than gamboge but less pure than
cadmium.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See <u>Euxanthin</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In"di*an</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A native or inhabitant of India.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One of the aboriginal inhabitants of
America; -- so called originally from the supposed identity of
America with India.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`di*an*eer"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Naut.)</i>
<def>An Indiaman.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"di*a rub"ber</hw> (?). <def>See

<p><hw>In"dic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From L.
<i>index</i>, <i>indicis</i>, an index.] <def>Indexical.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>In"di*can</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A glucoside obtained from
woad (indigo plant) and other plants, as a yellow or light brown
sirup. It has a nauseous bitter taste, and decomposes on drying. By
the action of acids, ferments, etc., it breaks down into sugar and
indigo. It is the source of natural indigo.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>An indigo-forming
substance, found in urine, and other animal fluids, and convertible
into red and blue indigo (<i>urrhodin</i> and <i>uroglaucin</i>).
Chemically, it is indoxyl sulphate of potash,
C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>6</sub>NSO<sub>4</sub>K, and is derived from the
indol formed in the alimentary canal. Called also

<p><hw>In"di*cant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indicans</i>,
p. pr. <i>indicare</i>. See <u>Indicate</u>.] <def>Serving to point
out, as a remedy; indicating.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"di*cant</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which
indicates or points out; as, an <i>indicant</i> of the remedy for a

<p><hw>In"di*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indicated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Indicating</u> (?).] [L. <i>indicatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>indicare</i> to indicate; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>dicare</i> to
proclaim; akin to <i>dicere</i> to say. See <u>Diction</u>, and cf.
<u>Indict</u>, <u>Indite</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To point out; to discover; to direct to a
knowledge of; to show; to make known.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That turns and turns to <i>indicate</i><BR>
From what point blows the weather.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>To show or manifest by
symptoms; to point to as the proper remedies; as, great prostration
of strength <i>indicates</i> the use of stimulants.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>To investigate the
condition or power of, as of steam engine, by means of an

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To show; mark; signify; denote; discover; evidence;
evince; manifest; declare; specify; explain; exhibit; present;
reveal; disclose; display.</p>

<p><hw>In"di*ca`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Shown;
denoted; registered; measured.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Indicated power</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Indicated horse
power</i>, under <u>Horse power</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In`di*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indicatio</i>: cf. F. <i>indication</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Act of pointing out or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which serves to indicate or point
out; mark; token; sign; symptom; evidence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The frequent stops they make in the most convenient
places are plain <i>indications</i> of their weariness.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Discovery made; information.</def>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Explanation; display.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Any symptom or occurrence in
a disease, which serves to direct to suitable remedies.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Proof; demonstration; sign; token; mark; evidence;

<p><hw>In*dic"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indicativus</i>: cf. F. <i>indicatif</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pointing out; bringing to notice; giving
intimation or knowledge of something not visible or

<p><blockquote>That truth is productive of utility, and utility
<i>indicative</i> of truth, may be thus proved.</blockquote> <i>Bp.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>Suggestive;
representing the whole by a part, as a fleet by a ship, a forest by a
tree, etc.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Indicative mood</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>that mood or
form of the verb which indicates, that is, which simply affirms or
denies or inquires; as, he <i>writes</i>; he <i>is not writing</i>;
<i>has</i> the mail <i>arrived</i>?</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*dic"a*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i>
<def>The indicative mood.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dic"a*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indicative manner; in a way to show or signify.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"di*ca`tor</hw> (&ibreve;n"d&ibreve;*k&amacr;`t&etilde;r),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.: cf. F. <i>indicateur</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who, or that which, shows or points
out; as, a fare <i>indicator</i> in a street car.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>A pressure gauge; a water
gauge, as for a steam boiler; an apparatus or instrument for showing
the working of a machine or moving part</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Steam Engine)</i> <def>An instrument which
draws a diagram showing the varying pressure in the cylinder of an
engine or pump at every point of the stroke. It consists of a small
cylinder communicating with the engine cylinder and fitted with a
piston which the varying pressure drives upward more or less against
the resistance of a spring. A lever imparts motion to a pencil which
traces the diagram on a card wrapped around a vertical drum which is
turned back and forth by a string connected with the piston rod of
the engine. See <i>Indicator card</i> (below).</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A telltale connected with a hoisting
machine, to show, at the surface, the position of the cage in the
shaft of a mine, etc.</def></p>

<p><! p. 752 !></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The part of an instrument
by which an effect is indicated, as an index or pointer.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any bird of the genus
<i>Indicator</i> and allied genera. See <i>Honey guide</i>, under

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>That which indicates the
condition of acidity, alkalinity, or the deficiency, excess, or
sufficiency of a standard reagent, by causing an appearance,
disappearance, or change of color, as in titration or volumetric

<p>&fist; The common indicators are litmus, trop&aelig;olin, phenol
phthalein, potassic permanganate, etc.</p>

<p><col><b>Indicator card</b></col>, <cd>the figure drawn by an
engine indicator, by means of which the working of the engine can be
investigated and its power calculated. The Illustration shows one
form of indicator card, from a steam engine, together with scales by
which the pressure of the steam above or below that of the
atmosphere, corresponding to any position of the engine piston in its
stroke, can be measured. Called also <i>indicator diagram</i>.</cd> -
- <col><b>Indicator telegraph</b></col>, <cd>a telegraph in which the
signals are the deflections of a magnetic needle, as in the trans-
Atlantic system.</cd></p>

(&ibreve;n"d&ibreve;*k&adot;*t&osl;*r&ybreve;; 277),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Serving to show or make known; showing;
indicative; signifying; implying.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`di*ca"trix</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.] <i>(Geom.
of Three Dimensions)</i> <def>A certain conic section supposed to be
drawn in the tangent plane to any surface, and used to determine the
accidents of curvature of the surface at the point of contact. The
curve is similar to the intersection of the surface with a parallel
to the tangent plane and indefinitely near it. It is an ellipse when
the curvature is synclastic, and an hyperbola when the curvature is

<p><hw>||In`di*ca"vit</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., he has
indicated.] <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>A writ of prohibition against
proceeding in the spiritual court in certain cases, when the suit
belongs to the common-law courts.</def>  <i>Wharton (Law Dict.

<p><hw>In"dice</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>indice</i>
indication, index. See <u>Index</u>.] <def>Index; indication.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*ces</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>||In*di"ci*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L., pl. of
<i>indicium</i>, fr. <i>index</i> an index.] <i>(Law)</i>
<def>Discriminating marks; signs; tokens; indications;
appearances.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dic"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.]
<def>Unspeakable.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*dic"o*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indicum</i> indigo + <i>-lite</i>: cf. F. <i>indicolithe</i>.]
<i>(Min.)</i> <def>A variety of tourmaline of an indigo-blue

<p><hw>In*dict"</hw> (-d&imacr;t"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indicted</u> (-
d&imacr;t"&ebreve;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Indicting</u>.] [OE. <i>enditen</i>. See <u>Indite</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To write; to compose; to dictate; to
indite.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To appoint publicly or by authority; to
proclaim or announce.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>I am told shall have no Lent <i>indicted</i> this
year.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To charge with a crime, in
due form of law, by the finding or presentment of a grand jury; to
find an indictment against; as, to <i>indict</i> a man for arson. It
is the peculiar province of a grand jury to <i>indict</i>, as it is
of a house of representatives to <i>impeach</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dict"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being, or liable to be, indicted; subject to indictment; as, an
<i>indictable</i> offender or offense.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`dict*ee"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A
person indicted.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dict"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>In*dic"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indictio</i>: cf. F. <i>indiction</i>. See <u>Indict</u>,

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Declaration; proclamation; public notice
or appointment.</def> [Obs.] "<i>Indiction</i> of a war."

<p><blockquote>Secular princes did use to indict, or permit the
<i>indiction</i> of, synods of bishops.</blockquote> <i>Jer.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A cycle of fifteen years.</def></p>

<p>&fist; This mode of reckoning time is said to have been introduced
by Constantine the Great, in connection with the payment of tribute.
It was adopted at various times by the Greek emperors of
Constantinople, the popes, and the parliaments of France. Through the
influence of the popes, it was extensively used in the ecclesiastical
chronology of the Middle Ages. The number of indictions was reckoned
at first from 312 <u>a.  d.</u>, but since the twelfth century it has
been reckoned from the birth of Christ. The papal indiction is the
only one ever used at the present day. To find the indiction and year
of the indiction by the first method, subtract 312 from the given
year <u>a. d.</u>, and divide by 15; by the second method, add 3 to
the given year <u>a. d.</u>, and the divide by 15. In either case,
the quotient is the number of the current indiction, and the
remainder the year of the indiction. See <i>Cycle of indiction</i>,
under <u>Cycle</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*dic"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indictivus</i>. See <u>Indict</u>.] <def>Proclaimed; declared;
public.</def>  <i>Kennet.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dict"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of indicting, or the state of
being indicted.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>The formal statement of an
offense, as framed by the prosecuting authority of the State, and
found by the grand jury.</def></p>

<p>&fist; To the validity of an indictment a finding by the grand
jury is essential, while an information rests only on presentation by
the prosecuting authority.</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An accusation in general; a formal

<p><col><b>Bill of indictment</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>In*dict"or</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i>
<def>One who indicts.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"dies</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>A name
designating the East Indies, also the West Indies.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our king has all the <i>Indies</i> in his
arms.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indifferentia</i> similarity, want of difference: cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being indifferent,
or not making a difference; want of sufficient importance to
constitute a difference; absence of weight; insignificance.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Passableness; mediocrity.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Impartiality; freedom from prejudice,
prepossession, or bias.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He . . . is far from such <i>indifference</i> and
equity as ought and must be in judges which he saith I
assign.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. More.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Absence of anxiety or interest in respect
to what is presented to the mind; unconcernedness; as, entire
<i>indifference</i> to all that occurs.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indifference</i> can not but be criminal, when it
is conversant about objects which are so far from being of an
indifferent nature, that they are highest importance.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Carelessness; negligence; unconcern; apathy;
insensibility; coldness; lukewarmness.</p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*en*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Absence
of interest in, or influence from, anything; unconcernedness;
equilibrium; indifferentism; indifference.</def>

<p><blockquote>To give ourselves to a detestable <i>indifferency</i>
or neutrality in this cause.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Moral liberty . . . does not, after all, consist in a
power of <i>indifferency</i>, or in a power of choosing without
regard to motives.</blockquote> <i>Hazlitt.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>indiff&eacute;rent</i>, L. <i>indifferens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not,
and <u>Different</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not making a difference; having no
influence or preponderating weight; involving no preference, concern,
or attention; of no account; without significance or

<p><blockquote>Dangers are to me <i>indifferent</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Everything in the world is <i>indifferent</i> but
sin.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His slightest and most <i>indifferent</i> acts . . .
were odious in the clergyman's sight.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Neither particularly good, not very bad;
of a middle state or quality; passable; mediocre.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The staterooms are in <i>indifferent</i>
order.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not inclined to one side, party, or choice
more than to another; neutral; impartial.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indifferent</i> in his choice to sleep or
die.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Feeling no interest, anxiety, or care,
respecting anything; unconcerned; inattentive; apathetic; heedless;
as, to be <i>indifferent</i> to the welfare of one's

<p><blockquote>It was a law of Solon, that any person who, in the
civil commotions of the republic, remained neuter, or an
<i>indifferent</i> spectator of the contending parties, should be
condemned to perpetual banishment.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Free from bias or prejudice;
impartial; unbiased; disinterested.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In choice of committees for ripening business for the
counsel, it is better to choose <i>indifferent</i> persons than to
make an indifferency by putting in those that are strong on both
sides.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Indifferent tissue</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>the
primitive, embryonic, undifferentiated tissue, before conversion into
connective, muscular, nervous, or other definite tissue.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ent</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>To a moderate
degree; passably; tolerably.</def> [Obs.] "News <i>indifferent</i>
good."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ent*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>State of indifference; want of interest or
earnestness; especially, a systematic apathy regarding what is true
or false in religion or philosophy; agnosticism.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>indifferentism</i> which equalizes all
religions and gives equal rights to truth and error.</blockquote>
<i>Cardinal Manning.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>Same as

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i> <def>A heresy consisting in
an unconcern for any particular creed, provided the morals be right
and good.</def>  <i>Gregory XVI.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ent*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One
governed by indifferentism.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dif"fer*ent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indifferent manner; without distinction or preference; impartially;
without concern, wish, affection, or aversion; tolerably;

<p><blockquote>That they may truly and <i>indifferently</i> minister
justice, to the punishment of wickedness and vice, and to the
maintenance of thy true religion, and virtue.</blockquote> <i>Book of
Com. Prayer [Eng. Ed. ]</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Set honor in one eye and death i' the other,<BR>
And I will look on both <i>indifferently</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>I hope it may <i>indifferently</i> entertain your
lordship at an unbending hour.</blockquote> <i>Rowe.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`di*ful"vin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Indi</i>can +
L. <i>fulvus</i> reddish yellow.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A reddish
resinous substance, obtained from indican.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`di*fus"cin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Indi</i>can +
L. <i>fuscus</i> dusky.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A brown amorphous
powder, obtained from indican.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"di*geen</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as
<u>Indigene</u>.</def>  <i>Darwin.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*gence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indigentia</i>: cf. F. <i>indigence</i>. See <u>Indigent</u>.]
<def>The condition of being indigent; want of estate, or means of
comfortable subsistence; penury; poverty; as, helpless
<i>indigence</i>.</def>  <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Poverty; penury; destitution; want; need;
privation; lack. See <u>Poverty</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In"di*gen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><blockquote>New <i>indigencies</i> founded upon new
desires.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*gene</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>indigena</i>:
cf. F. <i>indig&egrave;ne</i>. See <u>Indigenous</u>.] <def>One born
in a country; an aboriginal animal or plant; an autochthon.</def>
<i>Evelyn. Tylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dig"e*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indigenus</i>, <i>indigena</i>, fr. OL. <i>indu</i> (fr. <i>in</i>
in) + the root of L. <i>gignere</i> to beget, bear. See <u>In</u>,
and <u>Gender</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Native; produced, growing, or living,
naturally in a country or climate; not exotic; not

<p><blockquote>Negroes were all transported from Africa and are not
<i>indigenous</i> or proper natives of America.</blockquote> <i>Sir
T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>In America, cotton, being <i>indigenous</i>, is
cheap.</blockquote> <i>Lion Playas.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Native; inherent; innate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Joy and hope are emotions <i>indigenous</i> to the
human mind.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*gent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indigent</i>,
L. <i>indigens</i>, p. p. of <i>indigere</i> to stand in need of, fr.
OL. <i>indu</i> (fr. <i>in-</i> in) + L. <i>egere</i> to be needy, to

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used
with <i>of</i>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Destitute of property or means of
comfortable subsistence; needy; poor; in want; necessitous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indigent</i> faint souls past corporal
toil.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Charity consists in relieving the
<i>indigent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"di*gent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indigent

<p><hw>In`di*gest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indigestus</i> unarranged. See <u>Indigested</u>.] <def>Crude;
unformed; unorganized; undigested.</def> [Obs.] "A chaos rude and
<i>indigest</i>." <i>W. Browne.</i> "Monsters and things
<i>indigest</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`di*gest"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Something
indigested.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`di*gest"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not
+ <i>digested</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not digested; undigested.</def>
"<i>Indigested</i> food."  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not resolved; not regularly disposed and
arranged; not methodical; crude; as, an <i>indigested</i> array of

<p><blockquote>In hot reformations . . . the whole is generally
crude, harsh, and <i>indigested</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>This, like an <i>indigested</i> meteor, appeared and
disappeared almost at the same time.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Not in a
state suitable for healing; -- said of wounds.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Not ripened or suppurated; -- said of an
abscess or its contents.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not softened by heat, hot water, or

<p><hw>In`di*gest"ed*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or quality of being undigested; crudeness.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In*di*gest`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
state or quality of being indigestible; indigestibleness.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`di*gest"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indigestibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>indigestible</i>. See <u>In-</u>
not, and <u>Digest</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not digestible; not readily soluble in the
digestive juices; not easily convertible into products fitted for

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not digestible in the mind; distressful;
intolerable; as, an <i>indigestible</i> simile.</def>  <i>T.

<p>-- <wf>In`di*gest"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>In`di*gest"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`di*ges"tion</hw> (?; 106), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indigestio</i>: cf. F. <i>indigestion</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and
<u>Digest</u>.] <def>Lack of proper digestive action; a failure of
the normal changes which food should undergo in the alimentary canal;
dyspepsia; incomplete or difficult digestion.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dig"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-
</i> in + L. <i>digitus</i> finger.] <def>To communicate ideas by the
fingers; to show or compute by the fingers.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*dig"i*tate</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Indigitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Indigitating</u> (?).] <def>To point out with the
finger; to indicate.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The depressing this finger, . . . in the right hand
<i>indigitates</i> six hundred.</blockquote> <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>In*dig`i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of pointing out as with the finger; indication.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Dr.
H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`di*glu"cin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Indi</i>can +
<i>glucin</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>The variety of sugar (glucose)
obtained from the glucoside indican. It is unfermentable, but reduces
Fehling's solution.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dign"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indignus</i>;
pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>dignus</i> worthy: cf. F. <i>indigne</i>.
See <u>Dignity</u>.] <def>Unworthy; undeserving; disgraceful;
degrading.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Counts it scorn to draw<BR>
Comfort <i>indign</i> from any meaner thing.</blockquote>

<p>{ <hw>In*dig"nance</hw> (?), <hw>In*dig"nan*cy</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indignation.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>In*dig"nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indignans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>indignari</i> to be
indignant, disdain. See <u>Indign</u>.] <def>Affected with
indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath, as when a
person is exasperated by unworthy or unjust treatment, by a mean
action, or by a degrading accusation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He strides <i>indignant</i>, and with haughty
To single fight the fairy prince defies.</blockquote>

<p><hw>In*dig"nant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an
indignant manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`dig*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>indignation</i>, L. <i>indignatio</i>. See <u>Indign</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The feeling excited by that which is
unworthy, base, or disgraceful; anger mingled with contempt, disgust,
or abhorrence.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Indignation</i> expresses a strong and elevated
disapprobation of mind, which is also inspired by something
flagitious in the conduct of another.</blockquote> <i>Cogan.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>When Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he
stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of <i>indignation</i>
against Mordecai.</blockquote> <i>Esther v. 9.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The effect of anger; punishment.</def>

<p><blockquote>Hide thyself . . . until the <i>indignation</i> be
overpast.</blockquote> <i>Is. xxvi. 20.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Anger; ire wrath; fury; rage. See <u>Anger</u>.</p>

<p><hw>In*dig"ni*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>indignus</i> unworthy + <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To treat disdainfully or
with indignity; to contemn.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dig"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indignities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>indignitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>indignit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Indign</u>.] <def>Any action toward
another which manifests contempt for him; an offense against personal
dignity; unmerited contemptuous treatment; contumely; incivility or
injury, accompanied with insult.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>How might a prince of my great hopes forget<BR>
So great <i>indignities</i> you laid upon me?</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A person of so great place and worth constrained to
endure so foul <i>indignities</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*dign"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Unworthily.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In"di*go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Indigoes</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>indigo</i>, Sp. <i>indigo</i>,
<i>indico</i>, L. <i>indicum</i> indigo, fr. <i>Indicus</i> Indian.
See <u>Indian</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A kind of deep blue, one of the seven
prismatic colors.</def></p>

<p><! p. 753 !></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A blue dyestuff obtained
from several plants belonging to very different genera and orders;
as, the woad, <i>Isatis tinctoria</i>, <i>Indigofera tinctoria</i>,
<i>I. Anil</i>, <i>Nereum tinctorium</i>, etc. It is a dark blue
earthy substance, tasteless and odorless, with a copper-violet luster
when rubbed. Indigo d