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Title: Section F, G and H
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The 1913 Webster Unabridged Dictionary: Letters F, G & H
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<! Begin file 4 of 11:  F, G, and H.  (Version 0.50) of
          An electronic field-marked version of:

         Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
                 Version published 1913
               by the  C. & G. Merriam Co.
                   Springfield, Mass.
                 Under the direction of
                Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.

   This electronic version was prepared by MICRA, Inc. of Plainfield, NJ.
   Last edit February 11, 1999.

   MICRA, Inc. makes no proprietary claims on this version of the
1913 Webster dictionary.  If the original printed edition of the
1913 Webster is in the public domain, this version may also be
considered as public domain.

    This version is only a first typing, and has numerous typographic errors, including errors in the field-marks.  Assistance in bringing this dictionary to a more accurate and useful state will be greatly appreciated.
    This electronic dictionary is made available as a potential starting point for development of a modern on-line comprehensive encyclopedic dictionary, by the efforts of all individuals willing to help build a large and freely available knowledge base.  Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing such a knowledge base should contact:

     Patrick Cassidy
     735 Belvidere Ave.       Office: (908)668-5252
     Plainfield, NJ 07062
     (908) 561-3416

<p><! p. 535 !></p>


<p><hw>F</hw> (&ebreve;f). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>F is the sixth
letter of the English alphabet, and a nonvocal consonant. Its form
and sound are from the Latin. The Latin borrowed the form from the
Greek digamma &?;, which probably had the value of English <i>w</i>
consonant. The form and value of Greek letter came from the
Ph&oelig;nician, the ultimate source being probably Egyptian.
Etymologically <i>f</i> is most closely related to <i>p</i>,
<i>k</i>, <i>v</i>, and <i>b</i>; as in E. <i>f</i>ive, Gr.
<grk>pe`nte</grk>; E. wol<i>f</i>, L. lu<i>p</i>us, Gr.
<grk>ly`kos</grk>; E. <i>f</i>ox, <i>v</i>ixen ; <i>f</i>ragile,
<i>b</i>reak; <i>f</i>ruit, <i>b</i>rook, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>; E.
<i>b</i>ear, L. <i>f</i>erre. See <i>Guide to Pronunciation</i>,
&sect;&sect; 178, 179, 188, 198, 230.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>The name of the fourth tone
of the model scale, or scale of C. F sharp (F &sharp;) is a tone
intermediate between F and G.</def></p>

<p><col><b>F clef</b></col>, <cd>the bass clef. See under

<p><hw>Fa</hw> (f&auml;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It.] <i>(Mus.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A syllable applied to the fourth tone of the
diatonic scale in solmization.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The
tone F.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*ba"ceous</hw> (f&adot;*b&amacr;"sh&ubreve;s),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fabaceus</i>, fr. <i>faba</i> bean.]
<def>Having the nature of a bean; like a bean.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fa*bel"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fabellae</b></plw> (-l&?;). [NL., dim. of L. <i>faba</i> a
bean.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>One of the small sesamoid bones situated
behind the condyles of the femur, in some mammals.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"bi*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Fabianus</i>,
<i>Fabius</i>, belonging to Fabius.] <def>Of, pertaining to, or in
the manner of, the Roman general, Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus;
cautious; dilatory; avoiding a decisive contest.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fabian policy</b></col>, <cd>a policy like that of Fabius
Maximus, who, by carefully avoiding decisive contests, foiled
Hannibal, harassing his army by marches, countermarches, and
ambuscades; a policy of delays and cautions.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ble</hw> (f&amacr;"b'l), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>fabula</i>, fr. <i>fari</i> to speak, say. See <u>Ban</u>, and cf.
<u>Fabulous</u>, <u>Fame</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A Feigned
story or tale, intended to instruct or amuse; a fictitious narration
intended to enforce some useful truth or precept; an apologue. See
the Note under <u>Apologue</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Jotham's <i>fable</i> of the trees is the oldest
extant.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The plot, story, or connected series of
events, forming the subject of an epic or dramatic poem.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The moral is the first business of the poet; this
being formed, he contrives such a design or <i>fable</i> as may be
most suitable to the moral.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Any story told to excite wonder; common
talk; the theme of talk.</def> "Old wives' <i>fables</i>. "  <i>1
Tim. iv. 7.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>We grew<BR>
The <i>fable</i> of the city where we dwelt.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Fiction; untruth; falsehood.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It would look like a <i>fable</i> to report that this
gentleman gives away a great fortune by secret methods.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fa"ble</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fabled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fabling</u> (?).] <def>To compose fables; hence, to write or speak
fiction ; to write or utter what is not true.</def> "He <i>Fables</i>
not."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Vain now the tales which <i>fabling</i> poets
tell.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He <i>fables</i>, yet speaks truth.</blockquote> <i>M.

<p><hw>Fa"ble</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To feign; to invent;
to devise, and speak of, as true or real; to tell of

<p><blockquote>The hell thou <i>fablest</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fa"bler</hw> (f&amacr;"bl&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>A writer of fables; a fabulist; a dealer in untruths or
falsehoods.</def>  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fa`bli`au"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fabliaux</b></plw> (-&osl;"). [F., fr. OF. <i>fablel</i>,
dim. of <i>fable</i> a fable.] <i>(Fr. Lit.)</i> <def>One of the
metrical tales of the Trouv&egrave;res, or early poets of the north
of France.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fab"ric</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fabrica</i>
fabric, workshop: cf. F. <i>fabrique</i> fabric. See <u>Forge</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The structure of anything; the manner in
which the parts of a thing are united; workmanship; texture; make; as
cloth of a beautiful <i>fabric</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is fabricated</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Framework; structure; edifice;

<p><blockquote>Anon out of the earth a <i>fabric</i> huge<BR>
Rose like an exhalation.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Cloth of any kind that is woven or knit
from fibers, either vegetable or animal; manufactured cloth; as,
silks or other <i>fabrics</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The act of constructing;
construction.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Tithe was received by the bishop, . . . for the
<i>fabric</i> of the churches for the poor.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Any system or structure consisting of
connected parts; as, the <i>fabric</i> of the universe.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The whole vast <i>fabric</i> of society.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fab"ric</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fabricked</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fabricking</u>.] <def>To frame; to build; to construct.</def>
[Obs.] "<i>Fabric</i> their mansions."  <i>J. Philips.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab"ri*cant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>One who
fabricates; a manufacturer.</def>  <i>Simmonds.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab"ri*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fabricated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fabricating</u> (?).] [L. <i>fabricatus</i>, p. p. of
<i>fabricari</i>, <i>fabricare</i>, to frame, build, forge, fr.
<i>fabrica</i>. See <u>Fabric</u>, <u>Farge</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To form into a whole by uniting its parts; to frame; to
construct; to build; as, to <i>fabricate</i> a bridge or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To form by art and labor; to manufacture;
to produce; as, to <i>fabricate</i> woolens.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To invent and form; to forge; to devise
falsely; as, to <i>fabricate</i> a lie or story.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our books were not <i>fabricated</i> with an
accomodation to prevailing usages.</blockquote> <i>Paley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab`ri*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fabricatio</i>; cf. F. <i>fabrication</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of fabricating, framing, or constructing; construction;
manufacture; as, the <i>fabrication</i> of a bridge, a church, or a
government.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is fabricated; a falsehood; as,
the story is doubtless a <i>fabrication</i>.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Fiction</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fab"ri*ca`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who
fabricates; one who constructs or makes.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fabricator</i> of the works of
Ossian.</blockquote> <i>Mason.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab"ri*ca`tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A woman
who fabricates.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fab"rile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fabrilis</i>,
fr. <i>faber</i> workman. See <u>Forge</u>.] <def>Pertaining to a
workman, or to work in stone, metal, wood etc.; as, <i>fabrile</i>

<p><hw>Fab"u*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fabuliste</i>, fr. L. <i>fabula</i>. See <u>Fable</u>.] <def>One
who invents or writes fables.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fab"u*lize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fabulized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fabulizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>fabuliser</i>. See
<u>Fable</u>.] <def>To invent, compose, or relate fables or
fictions.</def>  <i>G. S. Faber.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab`u*los"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fabulositas</i>: cf. F. <i>fabulosit&eacute;</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Fabulousness.</def> [R.]  <i>Abp.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fabulous or fictitious story.</def> [R.]
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fab"u*lous</hw> (f&abreve;b"&usl;*l&ubreve;s),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fabulosus</i>; cf. F. <i>fabuleux</i>.
See <u>Fable</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Feigned, as a story or
fable; related in fable; devised; invented; not real; fictitious; as,
a <i>fabulous</i> description; a <i>fabulous</i> hero.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fabulous</i> birth of Minerva.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Passing belief; exceedingly great; as, a
<i>fabulous</i> price.</def>  <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fabulous age</b></col>, <cd>that period in the history of
a nation of which the only accounts are myths and unverified legends;
as, the <i>fabulous</i> age of Greece and Rome.</cd></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fab"u*lous*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fab"u*lous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fab"ur*den</hw> (f&abreve;b"&ubreve;r*d<i>e</i>n),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>faux bourdon</i>. See <u>False</u>, and
<u>Burden</u> a verse.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A species of counterpoint with a drone
bass.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A succession of chords of the
sixth.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A monotonous refrain.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fac</hw> (f&abreve;k), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Abbrev. of
<i>facsimile</i>.] <def>A large ornamental letter used, esp. by the
early printers, at the commencement of the chapters and other
divisions of a book.</def>  <i>Brande & C.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fa`&ccedil;ade"</hw> (f&adot;`s&adot;d" <i>or</i>
f&adot;`s&amacr;d"), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. It.
<i>facciata</i>, fr. <i>faccia</i> face, L. <i>facies</i>. See
<u>Face</u>.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The front of a building; esp., the
principal front, having some architectural pretensions. Thus a church
is said to have its <i>fa&ccedil;ade</i> unfinished, though the
interior may be in use.</def></p>

<p><hw>Face</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., from L. <i>facies</i>
form, shape, face, perh. from <i>facere</i> to make (see
<u>Fact</u>); or perh. orig. meaning <i>appearance</i>, and from a
root meaning <i>to shine</i>, and akin to E. <i>fancy</i>.  Cf.
<u>Facetious</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The exterior form or
appearance of anything; that part which presents itself to the view;
especially, the front or upper part or surface; that which
particularly offers itself to the view of a spectator.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A mist . . . watered the whole <i>face</i> of the
ground.</blockquote> <i>Gen. ii. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Lake Leman wooes me with its crystal
<i>face</i>.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That part of a body, having several sides,
which may be seen from one point, or which is presented toward a
certain direction; one of the bounding planes of a solid; as, a cube
has six <i>faces</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
principal dressed surface of a plate, disk, or pulley; the principal
flat surface of a part or object.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>That
part of the acting surface of a cog in a cog wheel, which projects
beyond the pitch line.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The width of a
pulley, or the length of a cog from end to end; as, a pulley or cog
wheel of ten inches <i>face</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
upper surface, or the character upon the surface, of a type, plate,
etc.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The style or cut of a type or
font of type.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Outside appearance; surface show; look;
external aspect, whether natural, assumed, or acquired.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To set a <i>face</i> upon their own malignant
design.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>This would produce a new <i>face</i> of things in
Europe.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>We wear a <i>face</i> of joy, because<BR>
We have been glad of yore.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>That part of the head, esp. of man, in
which the eyes, cheeks, nose, and mouth are situated; visage;

<p><blockquote>In the sweat of thy <i>face</i> shalt thou eat
bread.</blockquote> <i>Gen. iii. 19.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Cast of features; expression of
countenance; look; air; appearance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>We set the best <i>face</i>on it we
could.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(Astrol.)</i> <def>Ten degrees in extent of
a sign of the zodiac.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>Maintenance of the countenance free from
abashment or confusion; confidence; boldness; shamelessness;

<p><blockquote>This is the man that has the <i>face</i> to charge
others with false citations.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <def>Presence; sight; front; as in the
phrases, <i>before the face of</i>, in the immediate presence of;
<i>in the face of</i>, before, in, or against the front of; as, to
fly <i>in the face of</i> danger; <i>to the face of</i>, directly to;
<i>from the face of</i>, from the presence of.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>11.</b></sn> <def>Mode of regard, whether favorable or
unfavorable; favor or anger; mostly in Scriptural phrases.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Lord make his <i>face</i> to shine upon
thee.</blockquote> <i>Num. vi. 25.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>My <i>face</i> [favor] will I turn also from
them.</blockquote> <i>Ezek. vii. 22.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>12.</b></sn> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>The end or wall of the
tunnel, drift, or excavation, at which work is progressing or was
last done.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>13.</b></sn> <i>(Com.)</i> <def>The exact amount expressed
on a bill, note, bond, or other mercantile paper, without any
addition for interest or reduction for discount.</def>

<p>&fist; <i>Face</i> is used either adjectively or as part of a
compound; as, <i>face</i> guard or <i>face</i>-guard; <i>face</i>
cloth; <i>face</i> plan or <i>face</i>-plan; <i>face</i> hammer.</p>

<p><col><b>Face ague</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a form of
neuralgia, characterized by acute lancinating pains returning at
intervals, and by twinges in certain parts of the face, producing
convulsive twitches in the corresponding muscles; -- called also
<i>tic douloureux</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Face card</b></col>, <cd>one
of a pack of playing cards on which a human face is represented; the
king, queen, or jack.</cd> -- <col><b>Face cloth</b></col>, <cd>a
cloth laid over the face of a corpse.</cd> -- <col><b>Face
guard</b></col>, <cd>a mask with windows for the eyes, worn by
workman exposed to great heat, or to flying particles of metal,
stone, etc., as in glass works, foundries, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Face
hammer</b></col>, <cd>a hammer having a flat face.</cd> --
<col><b>Face joint</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>a joint in the face
of a wall or other structure.</cd> -- <col><b>Face mite</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;ll.)</i>, <cd>a small, elongated mite (<i>Demdex
folliculorum</i>), parasitic in the hair follicles of the face.</cd>
-- <col><b>Face mold</b></col>, <cd>the templet or pattern by which
carpenters, ect., outline the forms which are to be cut out from
boards, sheet metal, ect.</cd> -- <col><b>Face plate</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Turning)</i> <cd>A plate attached to the
spindle of a lathe, to which the work to be turned may be
attached.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A covering plate for an
object, to receive wear or shock.</cd> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>A true
plane for testing a dressed surface.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> --
<col><b>Face wheel</b></col>. <i>(Mach.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>A crown wheel.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A Wheel whose disk
face is adapted for grinding and polishing; a lap.</cd></p>

<p>   <col><b>Cylinder face</b></col> <i>(Steam Engine)</i>, <cd>the
flat part of a steam cylinder on which a slide valve moves.</cd> --
<col><b>Face of an anvil</b></col>, <cd>its flat upper surface.</cd>
-- <col><b>Face of a bastion</b></col> <i>(Fort.)</i>, <cd>the part
between the salient and the shoulder angle.</cd> -- <col><b>Face of
coal</b></col> <i>(Mining)</i>, <cd>the principal cleavage plane, at
right angles to the stratification.</cd> -- <col><b>Face of a
gun</b></col>, <cd>the surface of metal at the muzzle.</cd> --
<col><b>Face of a place</b></col> <i>(Fort.)</i>, <cd>the front
comprehended between the flanked angles of two neighboring
bastions.</cd> <i>Wilhelm.</i> -- <col><b>Face of a square</b></col>
<i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>one of the sides of a battalion when formed in a
square.</cd> -- <col><b>Face of a</b></col> <col><b>watch, clock,
compass, card etc.</b></col>, <cd>the dial or graduated surface on
which a pointer indicates the time of day, point of the compass,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Face to face</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>In the presence of each other; as, to bring the accuser and the
accused <i>face to face</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Without the
interposition of any body or substance.</cd> "Now we see through a
glass darkly; but then <i>face to face</i>." 1 <i>Cor. xiii. 12.</i>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>With the faces or finished surfaces turned
inward or toward one another; <i>vis &agrave; vis</i>; -- opposed to
<i>back to back</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To fly in the face of</b></col>,
<cd>to defy; to brave; to withstand.</cd> -- <col><b>To make a
face</b></col>, <cd>to distort the countenance; to make a
grimace.</cd> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Face</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Faced</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Facing</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To meet in front; to
oppose with firmness; to resist, or to meet for the purpose of
stopping or opposing; to confront; to encounter; as, to <i>face</i>
an enemy in the field of battle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I'll <i>face</i><BR>
This tempest, and deserve the name of king.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To Confront impudently; to

<p><blockquote>I will neither be <i>faced</i>nor braved.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To stand opposite to; to stand with the
face or front toward; to front upon; as, the apartments of the
general <i>faced</i> the park.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He gained also with his forces that part of Britain
which <i>faces</i> Ireland.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To cover in front, for ornament,
protection, etc.; to put a facing upon; as, a building <i>faced</i>
with marble.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To line near the edge, esp. with a
different material; as, to <i>face</i> the front of a coat, or the
bottom of a dress.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To cover with better, or better appearing,
material than the mass consists of, for purpose of deception, as the
surface of a box of tea, a barrel of sugar, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>To make the surface of
(anything) flat or smooth; to dress the face of (a stone, a casting,
etc.); esp., in turning, to shape or smooth the flat surface of, as
distinguished from the cylindrical surface.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>To cause to turn or present a face or
front, as in a particular direction.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To face down</b></col>, <cd>to put down by bold or
impudent opposition.</cd> "He <i>faced</i> men <i>down</i>."
<i>Prior.</i> -- <col><b>To face (a thing) out</b></col>, <cd>to
persist boldly or impudently in an assertion or in a line of
conduct.</cd>  "That thinks with oaths <i>to face</i> the matter
<i>out</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Face</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
carry a false appearance; to play the hypocrite.</def> "To lie, to
<i>face</i>, to forge."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To turn the face; as, to <i>face</i> to
the right or left.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Face</i> about, man; a soldier, and
afraid!</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To present a face or front.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faced</hw> (f&amacr;st), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having
(such) a face, or (so many) faces; as, smooth-<i>faced</i>, two-

<p><hw>Fa"cer</hw> (f&amacr;"s&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who faces; one who puts on a false show;
a bold-faced person.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>There be no greater talkers, nor boasters, nor
<i>fasers</i>.</blockquote> <i>Latimer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A blow in the face, as in boxing; hence,
any severe or stunning check or defeat, as in controversy.</def>

<p><blockquote>I should have been a stercoraceous mendicant if I had
hollowed when I got a <i>facer</i>.</blockquote> <i>C.

<p><! p. 536 !></p>

<p><hw>Fac"et</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>facette</i>, dim.
of <i>face</i> face. See <u>Face</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
little face; a small, plane surface; as, the <i>facets</i> of a
diamond.</def> [Written also <i>facette</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>A smooth circumscribed
surface; as, the articular <i>facet</i> of a bone.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The narrow plane surface
between flutings of a column.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the numerous
small eyes which make up the compound eyes of insects and

<p><hw>Fac"et</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Faceted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faceting</u>.] <def>To cut facets or small faces upon; as, to
<i>facet</i> a diamond.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*cete"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>facetus</i>
elegant, fine, facetious; akin to <i>facies</i>. See <u>Face</u>, and
cf. <u>Facetious</u>.] <def>Facetious; witty; humorous.</def>
[Archaic]  "A <i>facete</i> discourse."  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>"How to interpose" with a small, smart remark,
sentiment <i>facete</i>, or unctuous anecdote.</blockquote> <i>Prof.

<p>-- <wf>Fa*cete"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fa*cete"ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fac"et*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having

<p><hw>||Fa*ce"ti*&aelig;</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.,
fr. <i>facetus</i>. See <u>Facete</u>.] <def>Witty or humorous
writings or saying; witticisms; merry conceits.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*ce"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fac&eacute;tieux</i>. See <u>Faceti&aelig;</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Given to wit and good humor; merry; sportive;
jocular; as, a <i>facetious</i> companion.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by wit and pleasantry;
exciting laughter; as, a <i>facetious</i> story or reply.</def></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fa*ce"tious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fa*ce"tious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa*cette"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>See
<u>Facet</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>Face"work`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The material of
the outside or front side, as of a wall or building;

<p><hw>Fa"ci*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>See

<p><hw>Fa"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL. <i>facialis</i>,
fr. L. <i>facies</i> face : cf. F. <i>facial</i>.] <def>Of or
pertaining to the face; as, the <i>facial</i> artery, vein, or
nerve.</def> -- <wf>Fa"cial*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><col><b>Facial angle</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>the angle, in a
skull, included between a straight line (<i>ab</i>, in the
illustrations), from the most prominent part of the forehead to the
front efge of the upper jaw bone, and another (<i>cd</i>) from this
point to the center of the external auditory opening. See <i>Gnathic
index</i>, under <u>Gnathic</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ci*end</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From neut. of L.
<i>faciendus</i>, gerundive of <i>facere</i> to do.] <i>(Mach.)</i>
<def>The multiplicand. See <u>Facient</u>, 2.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"cient</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>faciens</i>, --
<i>entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>facere</i> to make, do. See <u>Fact</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who does anything, good or bad; a doer;
an agent.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hacket.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>One of
the variables of a quantic as distinguished from a coefficient.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The multiplier.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The terms <i>facient</i>, <i>faciend</i>, and
<i>factum</i>, may imply that the multiplication involved is not
ordinary multiplication, but is either some specified operation, or,
in general, any mathematical operation. See

<p><hw>||Fa"ci*es</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., from, face. See

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The anterior part of the head; the

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The general aspect or habit
of a species, or group of species, esp. with reference to its
adaptation to its environment.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The face of a bird, or
the front of the head, excluding the bill.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Facies Hippocratica</b></col>. <i>(Med.)</i> <cd>See

<p><hw>Fac"ile</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>facilis</i>,
prop., capable of being done or made, hence, facile, easy, fr.
<i>facere</i> to make, do: cf. F. <i>facile</i>. Srr <u>Fact</u>, and
cf. <u>Faculty</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Easy to be done or
performed: not difficult; performable or attainable with little

<p><blockquote>Order . . . will render the work <i>facile</i> and
delightful.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Easy to be surmounted or removed; easily
conquerable; readily mastered.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>facile</i> gates of hell too slightly
barred.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Easy of access or converse; mild;
courteous; not haughty, austere, or distant; affable;

<p><blockquote>I meant she should be courteous, <i>facile</i>,
sweet.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Easily persuaded to good or bad; yielding;
ductile to a fault; pliant; flexible.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Since Adam, and his <i>facile</i> consort Eve,<BR>
Lost Paradise, deceived by me.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>This is treating Burns like a child, a person of so
<i>facile</i> a disposition as not to be trusted without a keeper on
the king's highway.</blockquote> <i>Prof. Wilson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Ready; quick; expert; as, he is
<i>facile</i> in expedients; he wields a <i>facile</i> pen.</def></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fac"ile*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fac"ile*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa*cil"i*tate</hw> (f&adot;*s&ibreve;l"&ibreve;*t&amacr;t),
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos>
<u>Facilitated</u> (-t&amacr;`t&ebreve;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Facilitating</u> (-t&amacr;`t&ibreve;ng).] [Cf. F.
<i>faciliter</i>. See <u>Facility</u>.] <def>To make easy or less
difficult; to free from difficulty or impediment; to lessen the labor
of; as, to <i>facilitate</i> the execution of a task.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To invite and <i>facilitate</i> that line of
proceeding which the times call for.</blockquote> <i>I.

<p><hw>Fa*cil`i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of facilitating or making easy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*cil"i*ty</hw> (f&adot;*s&ibreve;l"&ibreve;*t&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Facilities</b></plw> (-
t&ibreve;z). [L. <i>facilitas</i>, fr. <i>facilis</i> easy: cf. F.
<i>facilit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Facile</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The quality of being easily performed; freedom from difficulty;
ease; as, the <i>facility</i> of an operation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>facility</i> with which government has been
overturned in France.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Ease in performance; readiness proceeding
from skill or use; dexterity; as, practice gives a wonderful
<i>facility</i> in executing works of art.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Easiness to be persuaded; readiness or
compliance; -- usually in a bad sense; pliancy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is a great error to take <i>facility</i> for good
nature.</blockquote> <i>L'Estrange.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Easiness of access; complaisance;

<p><blockquote>Offers himself to the visits of a friend with
<i>facility</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>That which promotes the ease of any action
or course of conduct; advantage; aid; assistance; -- usually in the
plural; as, special <i>facilities</i> for study.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ease; expertness; readiness; dexterity;
complaisance; condescension; affability.  -- <u>Facility</u>,
<u>Expertness</u>, <u>Readiness</u>. These words have in common the
idea of performing any act with ease and promptitude. <i>Facility</i>
supposes a natural or acquired power of dispatching a task with
lightness and ease. <i>Expertness</i> is the kind of facility
acquired by long practice. <i>Readiness</i> marks the promptitude
with which anything is done. A merchant needs great <i>facility</i>
in dispatching business; a banker, great <i>expertness</i> in casting
accounts; both need great <i>readiness</i> in passing from one
employment to another. "The <i>facility</i> which we get of doing
things by a custom of doing, makes them often pass in us without our
notice."  <i>Locke.</i> "The army was celebrated for the
<i>expertness</i> and valor of the soldiers." "A <i>readiness</i> to
obey the known will of God is the surest means to enlighten the mind
in respect to duty."</p>

<p><hw>Fa"cing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A covering in front, for ornament or other purpose; an exterior
covering or sheathing; as, the <i>facing</i> of an earthen slope, sea
wall, etc. , to strengthen it or to protect or adorn the exposed

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A lining placed near the edge of a garment
for ornament or protection.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The finishing of any face
of a wall with material different from that of which it is chiefly
composed, or the coating or material so used.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Founding)</i> <def>A powdered substance, as
charcoal, bituminous coal, ect., applied to the face of a mold, or
mixed with the sand that forms it, to give a fine smooth surface to
the casting.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>pl.</i>
<def>The collar and cuffs of a military coat; -- commonly of a color
different from that of the coat.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The
movement of soldiers by turning on their heels to the right, left, or
about; -- chiefly in the <i>pl.</i></def></p>

<p><col><b>Facing brick</b></col>, <cd>front or pressed

<p><hw>Fa"cing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a facing
manner or position.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*cin"o*rous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>facinorous</i>, from <i>facinus</i> deed, bad deed, from
<i>facere</i> to make, do.] <def>Atrociously wicked.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fa*cin"o*rous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fac"ound</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>faconde</i>, L.
<i>facundia</i>. See <u>Facund</u>.] <def>Speech; eloquence.</def>

<p><blockquote>Her <i>facound</i> eke full womanly and
plain.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac*sim"i*le</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Facsimiles</b></plw> (-l&?;z). [L. <i>fac simile</i> make
like; or an abbreviation of <i>factum simile</i> made like;
<i>facere</i> to make + <i>similes</i> like. See <u>Fact</u>, and
<u>Simile</u>.] <def>A copy of anything made, either so as to be
deceptive or so as to give every part and detail of the original; an
exact copy or likeness.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Facsimile telegraph</b></col>, <cd>a telegraphic apparatus
reproducing messages in autograph.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fac*sim"i*le</hw>, (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make
a facsimile of.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fact</hw> (f&abreve;kt), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>factum</i>, fr. <i>facere</i> to make or do.  Cf. <u>Feat</u>,
<u>Affair</u>, <u>Benefit</u>, <u>Defect</u>, <u>Fashion</u>, and
<u>-fy</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A doing, making, or
preparing.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A project for the <i>fact</i> and vending<BR>
Of a new kind of fucus, paint for ladies.</blockquote> <i>B.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An effect produced or achieved; anything
done or that comes to pass; an act; an event; a

<p><blockquote>What might instigate him to this devilish <i>fact</i>,
I am not able to conjecture.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He who most excels in <i>fact</i> of
arms.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Reality; actuality; truth; as, he, in
<i>fact</i>, excelled all the rest; the <i>fact</i> is, he was

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The assertion or statement of a thing done
or existing; sometimes, even when false, improperly put, by a
transfer of meaning, for the thing done, or supposed to be done; a
thing supposed or asserted to be done; as, history abounds with false

<p><blockquote>I do not grant the <i>fact</i>.</blockquote> <i>De

<p><blockquote>This reasoning is founded upon a <i>fact</i> which is
not true.</blockquote> <i>Roger Long.</i></p>

<p>&fist; The term <i>fact</i> has in jurisprudence peculiar uses in
contrast with <i>law</i>; as, attorney at <i>law</i>, and attorney in
<i>fact</i>; issue in <i>law</i>, and issue in <i>fact</i>. There is
also a grand distinction between <i>law</i> and <i>fact</i> with
reference to the province of the judge and that of the jury, the
latter generally determining the <i>fact</i>, the former the
<i>law</i>.  <i>Burrill</i> <i>Bouvier.</i><BR>
[1913 Webster]</p>

<p><col><b>Accessary before</b></col>, or <col><b>after</b></col>,
<col><b>the fact</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Accessary</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Matter of fact</b></col>, <cd>an actual occurrence; a verity;
used adjectively: of or pertaining to facts; prosaic; unimaginative;
as, a <i>matter-of-fact</i> narration.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Act; deed; performance; event; incident;
occurrence; circumstance.</p>

<p><hw>Fac"tion</hw> (f&abreve;k"sh&ubreve;n), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[L. <i>factio</i> a doing, a company of persons acting together, a
faction: cf. F. <i>faction</i> See <u>Fashion</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anc. Hist.)</i> <def>One of the divisions or
parties of charioteers (distinguished by their colors) in the games
of the circus.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A party, in political society, combined or
acting in union, in opposition to the government, or state; --
usually applied to a minority, but it may be applied to a majority; a
combination or clique of partisans of any kind, acting for their own
interests, especially if greedy, clamorous, and reckless of the
common good.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Tumult; discord; dissension.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They remained at Newbury in great <i>faction</i> among
themselves.</blockquote> <i>Clarendon.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Combination; clique; junto. See <u>Cabal</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fac"tion*a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>factionnaire</i>, L. <i>factionarius</i> the head of a company of
charioteers.] <def>Belonging to a faction; being a partisan; taking
sides.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Always <i>factionary</i> on the party of your
general.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tion*er</hw> (-?r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of a
faction.</def>  <i>Abp. Bancroft.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who promotes

<p><hw>Fac"tious</hw> (?). <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>factiosus</i>:
cf. F. <i>factieux</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Given to faction;
addicted to form parties and raise dissensions, in opposition to
government or the common good; turbulent; seditious; prone to clamor
against public measures or men; -- said of persons.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Factious</i> for the house of
Lancaster.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to faction; proceeding from
faction; indicating, or characterized by, faction; -- said of acts or
expressions; as, <i>factious</i> quarrels.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Headlong zeal or <i>factious</i> fury.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>Fac"tious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Fac"tious-
ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fac*ti"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>factitius</i>, fr. <i>facere</i> to make. See <u>Fact</u>, and cf.
<u>Fetich</u>.] <def>Made by art, in distinction from what is
produced by nature; artificial; sham; formed by, or adapted to, an
artificial or conventional, in distinction from a natural, standard
or rule; not natural; as, <i>factitious</i> cinnabar or jewels; a
<i>factitious</i> taste.</def> -- <wf>Fac-ti"tious*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Fac*ti"tious-ness</wf>,

<p><blockquote>He acquires a <i>factitious</i> propensity, he forms
an incorrigible habit, of desultory reading.</blockquote> <i>De

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unnatural.  -- <u>Factitious</u>, <u>Unnatural</u>.
Anything is <i>unnatural</i> when it departs in any way from its
simple or normal state; it is <i>factitious</i> when it is wrought
out or wrought up by labor and effort, as, a <i>factitious</i>
excitement. An <i>unnatural</i> demand for any article of merchandise
is one which exceeds the ordinary rate of consumption; a factitious
demand is one created by active exertions for the purpose. An
<i>unnatural</i> alarm is one greater than the occasion requires; a
<i>factitious</i> alarm is one wrought up with care and effort.</p>

<p><hw>Fac"ti*tive</hw> (?). <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Fact</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Causing; causative.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Pertaining to that relation
which is proper when the act, as of a transitive verb, is not merely
received by an object, but produces some change in the object, as
when we say, He made the water wine.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Sometimes the idea of activity in a verb or adjective
involves in it a reference to an effect, in the way of causality, in
the active voice on the immediate objects, and in the passive voice
on the subject of such activity.  This second object is called the
<i>factitive</i> object.</blockquote> <i>J. W. Gibbs.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Making; having
power to make.</def> [Obs.] "You are . . . <i>factive</i>, not
destructive."  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fac"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L., ablative of
<i>factum</i> deed, fact.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>In fact; by the act or

<p><col><b>De facto</b></col>. <i>(Law)</i> <cd>See <u>De

<p><hw>Fac"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>factor</i> a
doer: cf. F. <i>facteur</i> a factor. See <u>Fact</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>One who transacts business for
another; an agent; a substitute; especially, a mercantile agent who
buys and sells goods and transacts business for others in commission;
a commission merchant or consignee. He may be a home factor or a
foreign factor. He may buy and sell in his own name, and he is
intrusted with the possession and control of the goods; and in these
respects he differs from a broker.</def>  <i>Story.</i>

<p><blockquote>My <i>factor</i> sends me word, a merchant's fled<BR>
That owes me for a hundred tun of wine.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A steward or bailiff of an estate.</def>
[Scot.]  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>One of the elements or
quantities which, when multiplied together, form a product.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>One of the elements, circumstances, or
influences which contribute to produce a result; a

<p><blockquote>The materal and dynamical <i>factors</i> of
nutrition.</blockquote> <i>H. Spencer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tor</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Factored</u> (-t?rd); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Factoring</u>.] <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>To resolve (a
quantity) into its factors.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tor*age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>factorage</i>.] <def>The allowance given to a factor, as a
compensation for his services; -- called also a

<p><hw>Fac"tor*ess</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A factor who
is a woman.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fac*to"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Of or pertaining to a factory.</def>  <i>Buchanan.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Related to

<p><hw>Fac*to"ri*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Math.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>pl.</i> <def>A name given to the factors of a
continued product when the former are derivable from one and the same
function F(x) by successively imparting a constant increment or
decrement <i>h</i> to the independent variable. Thus the product
<i>F(x).F(x + h).F(x + 2h) . . . F[x + (n-1)h]</i> is called a
<i>factorial term</i>, and its several factors take the name of
<i>factorials</i>.</def>  <i>Brande & C.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The product of the consecutive numbers
from unity up to any given number.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tor*ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Math.)</i>
<def>The act of resolving into factors.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tor*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Factorized</u> (-?zd); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Factorizing</u> (-?"z?ng).] <i>(Law)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To give warning to; -- said of a person in
whose hands the effects of another are attached, the warning being to
the effect that he shall not pay the money or deliver the property of
the defendant in his hands to him, but appear and answer the suit of
the plaintiff.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>To attach (the effects
of a debtor) in the hands of a third person ; to garnish. See
<u>Garnish</u>.</def> [Vt. & Conn.]</p>

<p><hw>Fac"tor*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The business of a

<p><hw>Fac"to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Factories</b></plw> (-r&?;z). [Cf. F. <i>factorerie</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A house or place where factors, or commercial
agents, reside, to transact business for their employers.</def> "The
Company's <i>factory</i> at Madras."  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The body of factors in any place; as, a
chaplain to a British <i>factory</i>.</def>  <i>W. Guthrie.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A building, or collection of buildings,
appropriated to the manufacture of goods; the place where workmen are
employed in fabricating goods, wares, or utensils; a manufactory; as,
a cotton <i>factory</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Factory leg</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a variety of
bandy leg, associated with partial dislocation of the tibia, produced
in young children by working in factories.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fac*to"tum</hw> (f&abreve;k*t&omacr;"t&ubreve;m),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Factotums</b></plw> (-
t&ubreve;mz). [L., do everything; <i>facere</i> to do + <i>totus</i>
all : cf. F. <i>factotum</i>. See <u>Fact</u>, and <u>Total</u>.]
<def>A person employed to do all kinds of work or business.</def>
<i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"tu*al</hw> (f&abreve;k*t&usl;"<i>a</i>l),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Relating to, or containing, facts.</def>

<p><! p. 537 !></p>

<p><hw>||Fac"tum</hw> (f&abreve;k"t&ubreve;m), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Facta</b></plw> (#). [L. See <u>Fact</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A man's own act and deed</def>;
particularly: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Civil Law)</i> <def>Anything
stated and made certain.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Testamentary
Law)</i> <def>The due execution of a will, including everything
necessary to its validity.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>The product. See
<u>Facient</u>, 2.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fac"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>facture</i> a
making, invoice, L. <i>factura</i> a making. See <u>Fact</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or manner of making or doing
anything; -- now used of a literary, musical, or pictorial
production.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Com.)</i> <def>An invoice or bill of

<p><hw>||Fac"u*l&aelig;</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L., pl.
<i>of facula</i> a little torch.] <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>Groups of
small shining spots on the surface of the sun which are brighter than
the other parts of the photosphere. They are generally seen in the
neighborhood of the dark spots, and are supposed to be elevated
portions of the photosphere.</def>  <i>Newcomb.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fac"u*lar</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Astron.)</i>
<def>Of or pertaining to the facul&aelig;.</def>  <i>R. A.

<p><hw>Fac"ul*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Faculties</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>facult&?;</i>, L.
<i>facultas</i>, fr. <i>facilis</i> easy (cf. <i>facul</i> easily),
fr. <i>fecere</i> to make. See <u>Fact</u>, and cf. <u>Facility</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Ability to act or perform, whether inborn or
cultivated; capacity for any natural function; especially, an
original mental power or capacity for any of the well-known classes
of mental activity; psychical or soul capacity; capacity for any of
the leading kinds of soul activity, as knowledge, feeling, volition;
intellectual endowment or gift; power; as, <i>faculties</i> of the
mind or the soul.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>But know that in the soul<BR>
Are many lesser <i>faculties</i> that serve<BR>
Reason as chief.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>What a piece of work is a man ! how noble in reason !
how infinite in <i>faculty</i> !</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Special mental endowment; characteristic

<p><blockquote>He had a ready <i>faculty</i>, indeed, of escaping
from any topic that agitated his too sensitive and nervous
temperament.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Power; prerogative or attribute of
office.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>This Duncan<BR>
Hath borne his <i>faculties</i> so meek.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Privilege or permission, granted by favor
or indulgence, to do a particular thing; authority; license;

<p><blockquote>The pope . . . granted him a <i>faculty</i> to set him
free from his promise.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It had not only <i>faculty</i> to inspect all bishops'
dioceses, but to change what laws and statutes they should think fit
to alter among the colleges.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A body of a men to whom any specific right
or privilege is granted; formerly, the graduates in any of the four
departments of a university or college (Philosophy, Law, Medicine, or
Theology), to whom was granted the right of teaching
(<i>profitendi</i> or <i>docendi</i>) in the department in which they
had studied; at present, the members of a profession itself; as, the
medical <i>faculty</i>; the legal <i>faculty</i>, ect.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Amer. Colleges)</i> <def>The body of person
to whom are intrusted the government and instruction of a college or
university, or of one of its departments; the president, professors,
and tutors in a college.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Dean of faculty</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Dean</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>Faculty of advocates</b></col>. <i>(Scot.)</i> <cd>See
under <u>Advocate</u>.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Talent; gift; endowment; dexterity; expertness;
cleverness; readiness; ability; knack.</p>

<p><hw>Fac"und</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>facundus</i>,
fr. <i>fari</i> to speak.] <def>Eloquent.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><hw>Fa*cun"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>facundiosus</i>.] <def>Eloquement; full of words.</def>

<p><hw>Fa*cun"di*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>facunditas</i>.] <def>Eloquence; readiness of speech.</def>

<p><hw>Fad</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Faddle</u>.] <def>A
hobby ; freak; whim.</def> -- <wf>Fad"dist</wf>,

<p><blockquote>It is your favorite <i>fad</i> to draw
plans.</blockquote> <i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fad"dle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Fiddle</u>,
<u>Fiddle-faddle</u>.] <def>To trifle; to toy.</def> -- <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos> <def>To fondle; to dandle.</def> [Prov. Eng.]

<p><hw>Fade</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., prob. fr. L.
<i>vapidus</i> vapid, or possibly fr,<i>fatuus</i> foolish, insipid.]
<def>Weak; insipid; tasteless; commonplace.</def> [R.] "Passages that
are somewhat <i>fade</i>."  <i>Jeffrey.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His masculine taste gave him a sense of something
<i>fade</i> and ludicrous.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fade</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Faded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fading</u>.] [OE. <i>faden</i>, <i>vaden</i>, prob. fr.
<i>fade</i>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>; cf. Prov. D. <i>vadden</i> to
fade, wither, <i>vaddigh languid</i>, <i>torpid</i>.  Cf.
<u>Fade</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, <u>Vade</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To become fade; to grow weak; to lose strength; to decay; to
perish gradually; to wither, as a plant.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The earth mourneth and <i>fadeth</i>
away.</blockquote> <i>Is. xxiv. 4.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To lose freshness, color, or brightness;
to become faint in hue or tint; hence, to be wanting in color.</def>
"Flowers that never <i>fade</i>."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To sink away; to disappear gradually; to
grow dim; to vanish.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The stars shall <i>fade</i> away.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>He makes a swanlike end,<BR>
<i>Fading</i> in music.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fade</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cause to wither; to
deprive of freshness or vigor; to wear away.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>No winter could his laurels <i>fade</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fad"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That has lost
freshness, color, or brightness; grown dim.</def> "His <i>faded</i>
cheek."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Where the <i>faded</i> moon<BR>
Made a dim silver twilight.</blockquote> <i>Keats.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fad"ed*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a faded

<p><blockquote>A dull room <i>fadedly</i> furnished.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fade"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not liable to fade;

<p><hw>Fa"der</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Father.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fadge</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. OE. <i>faden</i>
to flatter, and AS. <i>f&?;gan</i> to join, unit, G.
<i>f&uuml;gen</i>, or AS. <i>&amacr;f&aelig;gian</i> to depict; all
perh. form the same root as E. <i>fair</i>.  Cf. <u>Fair</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>, <u>Fay</u> to fit.] <def>To fit; to suit; to

<p><blockquote>They shall be made, spite of antipathy, to
<i>fadge</i> together.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Well, Sir, how <i>fadges</i> the new design
?</blockquote> <i>Wycherley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fadge</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Etymol. uncertain.]
<def>A small flat loaf or thick cake; also, a fagot.</def> [Prov.
Eng.]  <i>Halliwell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fad"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Losing freshness,
color, brightness, or vigor.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Loss
of color, freshness, or vigor.</def> -- <wf>Fad"ing*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Fad"ing*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>Fad"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An Irish dance; also,
the burden of a song.</def> "<i>Fading</i> is a fine jig." [Obs.]
<i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fad"me</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fathom.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fad"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Faded.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>F&aelig;"cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>||F&aelig;"ces</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.
<i>faex</i>, pl. <i>faeces</i>, dregs.] <def>Excrement; ordure; also,
settlings; sediment after infusion or distillation.</def> [Written
also <i>feces</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>||F&aelig;c"u*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>See

<p><hw>Fa"&euml;r*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. & a.</i></pos>
<def>Fairy.</def> [Archaic]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faf"fle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Famble</u>,
<u>Maffle</u>.] <def>To stammer.</def> [Prov. Eng.]

<p><hw>Fag</hw> (f&abreve;g) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A knot or
coarse part in cloth.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fag</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fagged</u> (f&abreve;gd); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fagging</u> (f&abreve;g"g&ibreve;ng).] [Cf. LG.
<i>fakk</i> wearied, weary, <i>vaak</i> slumber, drowsiness, OFries.
<i>fai</i>, equiv. to <i>f&amacr;ch</i> devoted to death, OS.
<i>f&emacr;gi</i>, OHG. <i>feigi</i>, G. <i>feig</i>, <i>feige</i>,
cowardly, Icel. <i>feigr</i> fated to die, AS. <i>f&aemacr;ge</i>,
Scot. <i>faik</i>, to fail, stop, lower the price; or perh. the same
word as E. <i>flag</i> to droop.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To become
weary; to tire.</def><BR>
[1913 Webster]</p>

<p><blockquote>Creighton withheld his force till the Italian began to
<i>fag</i>.</blockquote> <i>G. Mackenzie.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To labor to wearness; to work hard; to

<p><blockquote>Read, <i>fag</i>, and subdue this
chapter.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To act as a fag, or perform menial
services or drudgery, for another, as in some English

<p><col><b>To fag out</b></col>, <cd>to become untwisted or frayed,
as the end of a rope, or the edge of canvas.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fag</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
tire by labor; to exhaust; as, he was almost <i>fagged</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything that fatigues.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>It is such a <i>fag</i>, I came back tired to
death.</blockquote> <i>Miss Austen.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Brain fag</b></col>. <i>(Med.)</i> <cd>See

<p><hw>Fag"-end"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An end of poorer quality, or in a spoiled condition, as the
coarser end of a web of cloth, the untwisted end of a rope,

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The refuse or meaner part of

<p><blockquote>The <i>fag-end</i> of business.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fag"ging</hw> (f&abreve;g"g&ibreve;ng), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Laborious drudgery; esp., the acting as a drudge for another at
an English school.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fag"ot</hw> (f&abreve;g"&ubreve;t) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.,
prob. aug. of L. <i>fax</i>, <i>facis</i>, torch, perh. orig., a
bundle of sticks; cf. Gr. <grk>fa`kelos</grk> bundle, fagot.  Cf.
<u>Fagotto</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A bundle of sticks, twigs,
or small branches of trees, used for fuel, for raising batteries,
filling ditches, or other purposes in fortification; a fascine.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A bundle of pieces of wrought iron to be
worked over into bars or other shapes by rolling or hammering at a
welding heat; a pile.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A bassoon. See

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A person hired to take the place of
another at the muster of a company.</def> [Eng.]  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>An old shriveled woman.</def> [Slang,

<p><col><b>Fagot iron</b></col>, <cd>iron, in bars or masses,
manufactured from fagots.</cd> -- <col><b>Fagot vote</b></col>,
<cd>the vote of a person who has been constituted a voter by being
made a landholder, for party purposes.</cd> [Political cant,

<p><hw>Fag"ot</hw> (?) <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fagoted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fagoting</u>.] <def>To make a fagot of; to bind together in a
fagot or bundle; also, to collect promiscuously.</def>

<p><hw>||Fa*got"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See
<u>Fagot</u>.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>The bassoon; -- so called from
being divided into parts for ease of carriage, making, as it were, a
small fagot.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fa"ham</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The leaves of an
orchid (<i>Angraecum fragrans</i>), of the islands of Bourbon and
Mauritius, used (in France) as a substitute for Chinese

<p><hw>||Fahl"band`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [G., fr.
<i>fahl</i> dun-colored + <i>band</i> a band.] <i>(Mining)</i> <def>A
stratum in crystalline rock, containing metallic sulphides.</def>

<p>{ <hw>Fahl"erz</hw> (?), <hw>Fahl"band</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [G. <i>fahlerz</i>; <i>fahl</i> dun-colored,
fallow + <i>erz</i> ore.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Fah"lun*ite</hw> (f&auml;"l&ubreve;n*&imacr;t),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <i>Fahlun</i>, a place in Sweden.]
<i>(Min.)</i> <def>A hydrated silica of alumina, resulting from the
alteration of iolite.</def><BR>
[1913 Webster]</p>

<p><hw>Fah"ren*heit</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [G.]
<def>Conforming to the scale used by Gabriel Daniel <i>Fahrenheit</i>
in the graduation of his thermometer; of or relating to Fahrenheit's
thermometric scale.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The Fahrenheit
thermometer or scale.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The <i>Fahrenheit thermometer</i> is so graduated that the
freezing point of water is at 32 degrees above the zero of its scale,
and the boiling point at 212 degrees above. It is commonly used in
the United States and in England.</p>

<p><hw>||Fa`&iuml;*ence"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr.
<i>Faenza</i>, a town in Italy, the original place of manufacture.]
<def>Glazed earthenware; esp., that which is decorated in

<p><hw>Fail</hw> (f&amacr;l) <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Failed</u> (f&amacr;ld); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Failing</u>.] [F. <i>failir</i>, fr. L.
<i>fallere</i>, <i>falsum</i>, to deceive, akin to E. <i>fall</i>.
See <u>Fail</u>, and cf. <u>Fallacy</u>, <u>False</u>, <u>Fault</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To be wanting; to fall short; to be or become
deficient in any measure or degree up to total absence; to cease to
be furnished in the usual or expected manner, or to be altogether cut
off from supply; to be lacking; as, streams <i>fail</i>; crops

<p><blockquote>As the waters <i>fail</i> from the sea.</blockquote>
<i>Job xiv. 11.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Till Lionel's issue <i>fails</i>, his should not
reign.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be affected with want; to come short;
to lack; to be deficient or unprovided; -- used with

<p><blockquote>If ever they <i>fail</i> of beauty, this failure is
not be attributed to their size.</blockquote> <i>Berke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To fall away; to become diminished; to
decline; to decay; to sink.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When earnestly they seek<BR>
Such proof, conclude they then begin to <i>fail</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To deteriorate in respect to vigor,
activity, resources, etc.; to become weaker; as, a sick man

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To perish; to die; -- used of a
person.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Had the king in his last sickness
<i>failed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To be found wanting with respect to an
action or a duty to be performed, a result to be secured, etc.; to
miss; not to fulfill expectation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Take heed now that ye <i>fail</i> not to do
this.</blockquote> <i>Ezra iv. 22.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Either my eyesight <i>fails</i>, or thou look'st
pale.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>To come short of a result or object aimed
at or desired ; to be baffled or frusrated.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our envious foe hath <i>failed</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>To err in judgment; to be

<p><blockquote>Which ofttimes may succeed, so as perhaps<BR>
Shall grieve him, if I <i>fail</i> not.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>To become unable to meet one's
engagements; especially, to be unable to pay one's debts or discharge
one's business obligation; to become bankrupt or insolvent.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fail</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To be wanting to ; to be insufficient for; to disappoint; to

<p><blockquote>There shall not <i>fail</i> thee a man on the
throne.</blockquote> <i>1 Kings ii. 4.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To miss of attaining; to lose.</def>

<p><blockquote>Though that seat of earthly bliss be
<i>failed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fail</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>faille</i>, from
<i>failir</i>. See <u>Fail</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; --
mostly superseded by <i>failure</i> or <i>failing</i>, except in the
phrase <i>without fail</i>.</def> "His highness' <i>fail</i> of
issue."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Death; decease.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fail"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Of.
<i>faillance</i>, fr. <i>faillir</i>.] <def>Fault; failure;
omission.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bp. Fell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fail"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
failing short; a becoming deficient; failure; deficiency;
imperfection; weakness; lapse; fault; infirmity; as, a mental

<p><blockquote>And ever in her mind she cast about<BR>
For that unnoticed <i>failing</i> in herself.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of becoming insolvent of

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Fault</u>.</p>

<p><hw>||Faille</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A soft silk,
heavier than a foulard and not glossy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fail"ure</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Fail</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Cessation of supply, or total defect; a
failing; deficiency; as, <i>failure</i> of rain; <i>failure</i> of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Omission; nonperformance; as, the
<i>failure</i> to keep a promise.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Want of success; the state of having

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Decay, or defect from decay;
deterioration; as, the <i>failure</i> of memory or of

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A becoming insolvent; bankruptcy;
suspension of payment; as, <i>failure</i> in business.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A failing; a slight fault.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fain</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fain</i>,
<i>fagen</i>, AS. <i>f&aelig;gen</i>; akin to OS. <i>fagan</i>, Icel.
<i>faginn</i> glad; AS. <i>f&aelig;gnian</i> to rejoice, OS.
<i>fagan&omacr;n</i>, Icel. <i>fagna</i>, Goth. <i>fagin&omacr;n</i>,
cf. Goth. <i>fah&emacr;ds</i> joy; and fr. the same root as E.
<i>fair</i>. Srr <u>Fair</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, and cf.
<u>Fawn</u> to court favor.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Well-pleased;
glad; apt; wont; fond; inclined.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men and birds are <i>fain</i> of climbing
high.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To a busy man, temptation is <i>fain</i>to climb up
together with his business.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Satisfied; contented; also,
constrained.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The learned Castalio was <i>fain</i> to make trechers
at Basle to keep himself from starving.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fain</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>With joy; gladly; --
with <i>wold</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He would <i>fain</i> have filled his belly with the
husks that the swine did eat.</blockquote> <i>Luke xv. 16.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fain</i> Would I woo her, yet I dare
not.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fain</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>To be glad ; to
wish or desire.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Whoso fair thing does <i>fain</i> to see.</blockquote>

<p><hw>||Fai`n&eacute;`ant"</hw> (f&asl;`n&asl;`&auml;N"),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.; <i>fait</i> he does + <i>n&eacute;ant</i>
nothing.] <def>Doing nothing; shiftless.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A do-nothing; an idle fellow; a
sluggard.</def>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faint</hw> (f&amacr;nt), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Fainter</u> (-&etilde;r);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Faintest</u>.] [OE. <i>feint</i>,
<i>faint</i>, false, faint, F. <i>feint</i>, p. p. of <i>feindre</i>
to feign, suppose, hesitate. See <u>Feign</u>, and cf. <u>Feint</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Lacking strength; weak; languid; inclined to
swoon; as, <i>faint</i> with fatigue, hunger, or thirst.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting in courage, spirit, or energy;
timorous; cowardly; dejected; depressed; as, "<i>Faint</i> heart
ne'er won fair lady."</def>  <i>Old Proverb.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Lacking distinctness; hardly perceptible;
striking the senses feebly; not bright, or loud, or sharp, or
forcible; weak; as, a <i>faint</i> color, or sound.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Performed, done, or acted, in a weak or
feeble manner; not exhibiting vigor, strength, or energy; slight; as,
<i>faint</i> efforts; <i>faint</i> resistance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>faint</i> prosecution of the war.</blockquote>
<i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faint</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of fainting, or
the state of one who has fainted; a swoon. [R.] See <u>Fainting</u>,

<p><blockquote>The saint,<BR>
Who propped the Virgin in her <i>faint</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><hw>Faint</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fainted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fainting</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To become weak or wanting
in vigor; to grow feeble; to lose strength and color, and the control
of the bodily or mental functions; to swoon; -- sometimes with
<i>away</i>. See <u>Fainting</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><blockquote>Hearing the honor intended her, she <i>fainted</i>
away.</blockquote> <i>Guardian.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>If I send them away fasting . . . they will
<i>faint</i> by the way.</blockquote> <i>Mark viii. 8.</i></p>

<p><! p. 538 !></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To sink into dejection; to lose courage or
spirit; to become depressed or despondent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If thou <i>faint</i> in the day of adversity, thy
strength is small.</blockquote> <i>Prov. xxiv. 10.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To decay; to disappear; to

<p><blockquote>Gilded clouds, while we gaze upon them, <i>faint</i>
before the eye.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faint</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cause to faint
or become dispirited; to depress; to weaken.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>It <i>faints</i> me to think what
follows.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faint"-heart`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wanting in
courage; depressed by fear; easily discouraged or frightened;
cowardly; timorous; dejected.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Fear not, neither be <i>faint-
hearted</i>.</blockquote> <i>Is. vii. 4.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Faint"-heart`ed*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Faint"-heart`ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Faint"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Syncope, or loss
of consciousness owing to a sudden arrest of the blood supply to the
brain, the face becoming pallid, the respiration feeble, and the
heat's beat weak.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fainting fit</b></col>, <cd>a fainting or swoon;
syncope.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Faint"ish</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Slightly faint;
somewhat faint.</def> -- <wf>Faint"ish*ness</wf>,

<p><hw>Faint"ling</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Timorous;
feeble-minded.</def> [Obs.] "A <i>fainting</i>, silly creature."

<p><hw>Faint"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a faint, weak,
or timidmanner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faint"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The state of being faint; loss of strength, or of consciousness,
and self-control.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of vigor or energy.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Feebleness, as of color or light; lack of
distinctness; as, <i>faintness</i> of description.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Faint-heartedness; timorousness;

<p><blockquote>I will send a <i>faintness</i> into their
hearts.</blockquote> <i>Lev. xxvi. 36.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faints</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>The impure
spirit which comes over first and last in the distillation of whisky;
-- the former being called the <i>strong faints</i>, and the latter,
which is much more abundant, the <i>weak faints</i>. This crude
spirit is much impregnated with fusel oil.</def>  <i>Ure.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faint"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Feeble;
languid.</def> [R.]  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair</hw> (f&acirc;r), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Fairer</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Fairest</u>.] [OE. <i>fair</i>,
<i>fayer</i>, <i>fager</i>, AS. <i>f&aelig;ger</i>; akin to OS. &
OHG. <i>fagar</i>, Icel. <i>fagr</i>, Sw. <i>fager</i>, Dan.
<i>faver</i>, Goth. <i>fagrs</i> fit, also to E. <i>fay</i>, G.
<i>f&uuml;gen</i>, to fit. <i>fegen</i> to sweep, cleanse, and prob.
also to E. <i>fang</i>, <i>peace</i>, <i>pact</i>, Cf. <u>Fang</u>,
<u>Fain</u>, <u>Fay</u> to fit.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Free from
spots, specks, dirt, or imperfection; unblemished; clean;

<p><blockquote>A <i>fair</i> white linen cloth.</blockquote> <i>Book
of Common Prayer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pleasing to the eye; handsome;

<p><blockquote>Who can not see many a <i>fair</i> French city, for
one <i>fair</i> French made.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Without a dark hue; light; clear; as, a
<i>fair</i> skin.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The northern people large and <i>fair</i>-
complexioned.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant;
propitious; favorable; -- said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.;
as, a <i>fair</i> sky; a <i>fair</i> day.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You wish <i>fair</i> winds may waft him
over.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Free from obstacles or hindrances;
unobstructed; unincumbered; open; direct; -- said of a road, passage,
etc.; as, a <i>fair</i> mark; in <i>fair</i> sight; a <i>fair</i>

<p><blockquote>The caliphs obtained a mighty empire, which was in a
<i>fair</i> way to have enlarged.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Shipbuilding)</i> <def>Without sudden
change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; -- said of the
figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by frankness, honesty,
impartiality, or candor; open; upright; free from suspicion or bias;
equitable; just; -- said of persons, character, or conduct; as, a
<i>fair</i> man; <i>fair</i> dealing; a <i>fair</i> statement.</def>
"I would call it <i>fair</i> play."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>Pleasing; favorable; inspiring hope and
confidence; -- said of words, promises, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When <i>fair</i> words and good counsel will not
prevail on us, we must be frighted into our duty.</blockquote> <i>L'

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>Distinct; legible; as, <i>fair</i>

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <def>Free from any marked characteristic;
average; middling; so-so; as, a <i>fair</i> specimen.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The news is very <i>fair</i> and good, my
lord.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fair ball</b></col>. <i>(Baseball)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>A ball passing over the home base at the height called for by the
batsman, and delivered by the pitcher while wholly within the lines
of his position and facing the batsman.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<cd>A batted ball that falls inside the foul lines; -- called also a
<i>fair hit</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fair maid</b></col>.
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The European pilchard
(<i>Clupea pilchardus</i>) when dried.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<cd>The southern scup (<i>Stenotomus Gardeni</i>).</cd> [Virginia] --
<col><b>Fair one</b></col>, <cd>a handsome woman; a beauty,</cd> --
<col><b>Fair play</b></col>, <cd>equitable or impartial treatment; a
fair or equal chance; justice.</cd> -- <col><b>From fair to
middling</b></col>, <cd>passable; tolerable.</cd> [Colloq.] --
<col><b>The fair sex</b></col>, <cd>the female sex.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Candid; open; frank; ingenuous; clear; honest;
equitable; impartial; reasonable. See <u>Candid</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fair</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Clearly; openly;
frankly; civilly; honestly; favorably; auspiciously;

<p><col><b>Fair and square</b></col>, <cd>justly; honestly;
equitably; impartially.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To bid
fair</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Bid</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>To speak
fair</b></col>, <cd>to address with courtesy and frankness.</cd>

<p><hw>Fair</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Fairness, beauty.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fair woman; a sweetheart.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I have found out a gift for my
<i>fair</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shenstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Good fortune; good luck.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Now <i>fair</i> befall thee !</blockquote>

<p><col><b>The fair</b></col>, <cd>anything beautiful; women,
collectively.</cd> "For slander's mark was ever yet <i>the fair</i>."

<p><hw>Fair</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
make fair or beautiful.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fairing</i> the foul.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Shipbuilding)</i> <def>To make smooth and
flowing, as a vessel's lines.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fair</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>feire</i>, OF.
<i>feire</i>, F. <i>foire</i>, fr. L. <i>fariae</i>, pl., days of
rest, holidays, festivals, akin to <i>festus</i> festal. See
<u>Feast</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A gathering of buyers and
sellers, assembled at a particular place with their merchandise at a
stated or regular season, or by special appointment, for

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A festival, and sale of fancy articles.
erc., usually for some charitable object; as, a Grand Army

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A competitive exhibition of wares, farm
products, etc., not primarily for purposes of sale; as, the
Mechanics' <i>fair</i>; an agricultural <i>fair</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>After the fair</b></col>, <cd>Too late.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fair"-haired`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having fair
or light-colored hair.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fair"hood</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Fairness;
beauty.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Foxe.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"i*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the manner
of a fairy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Numerous as shadows haunting <i>fairily</i><BR>
<i>The brain</i>.</blockquote> <i>Keats.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A present;
originally, one given or purchased at a fair.</def>  <i>Gay.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fairing box</b></col>, <cd>a box receiving savings or
small sums of money.</cd>  <i>Hannah More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"ish</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tolerably fair.</def>
[Colloq.]  <i>W. D. Howells.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"-lead`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Naut.)</i>
<def>A block, or ring, serving as a guide for the running rigging or
for any rope.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fair"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>In a fair manner; clearly; openly; plainly; fully; distinctly;

<p><blockquote>Even the nature of Mr. Dimmesdale's disease had never
<i>fairly</i> been revealed to him.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Favorably; auspiciously; commodiously; as,
a town <i>fairly</i> situated for foreign trade.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Honestly; properly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Such means of comfort or even luxury, as lay
<i>fairly</i> within their grasp.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Softly; quietly; gently.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fair"-mind`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Unprejudiced; just; judicial; honest.</def> -- <wf>Fair"-
mind`ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fair"-na`tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Well-
disposed.</def> "A <i>fair-natured</i> prince."  <i>Ford.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being
fair, or free form spots or stains, as of the skin; honesty, as of
dealing; candor, as of an argument, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fair"-spo`ken</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Using fair
speech, or uttered with fairness; bland; civil; courteous;
plausible.</def> "A marvelous <i>fair-spoken</i> man."

<p><hw>Fair"way`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The navigable
part of a river, bay, etc., through which vessels enter or depart;
the part of a harbor or channel ehich is kept open and unobstructed
for the passage of vessels.</def>  <i>Totten.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"-weath`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Made or done in pleasant weather, or in
circumstances involving but little exposure or sacrifice; as, a
<i>fair-weather</i> voyage.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Appearing only when times or circumstances
are prosperous; as, a <i>fair-weather</i> friend.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fair-weather sailor</b></col>, <cd>a make-believe or
inexperienced sailor; -- the nautical equivalent of <i>carpet

<p><hw>Fair"-world`</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State of
prosperity.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>They think it was never <i>fair-world</i> with them
since.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fair"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fairies</b></plw> (#). [OE. <i>fairie</i>, <i>faierie</i>,
enchantment, fairy folk, fairy, OF. <i>faerie</i> enchantment, F.
<i>f&eacute;er</i>, fr. LL. <i>Fata</i> one of the goddesses of fate.
See <u>Fate</u>, and cf. <u>Fay</u> a fairy.] [Written also
<i>fa&euml;ry</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Enchantment;
illusion.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The God of her has made an end,<BR>
And fro this worlde's <i>fairy</i><BR>
Hath taken her into company.</blockquote> <i>Gower.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The country of the fays; land of
illusions.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He [Arthur] is a king y-crowned in
<i>Fairy</i>.</blockquote> <i>Lydgate.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An imaginary supernatural being or spirit,
supposed to assume a human form (usually diminutive), either male or
female, and to meddle for good or evil in the affairs of mankind; a
fay. See <u>Elf</u>, and <u>Demon</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The fourth kind of spirit [is] called the
<i>Fairy</i>.</blockquote> <i>K. James.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And now about the caldron sing,<BR>
Like elves and <i>fairies</i> in a ring.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>An enchantress.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Fairy of the mine</b></col>, <cd>an imaginary being
supposed to inhabit mines, etc. German folklore tells of two species;
one fierce and malevolent, the other gentle, See

<p><blockquote>No goblin or swart <i>fairy of the mine</i><BR>
Hath hurtful power over true virginity.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fair"y</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of
or pertaining to fairies.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Given by fairies; as, <i>fairy</i>
money.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fairy bird</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the
Euoropean little tern (<i>Sterna minuta</i>); -- called also <i>sea
swallow</i>, and <i>hooded tern</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fairy
bluebird</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See under
<u>Bluebird</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fairy martin</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a European swallow (<i>Hirrundo ariel</i>)
that builds flask-shaped nests of mud on overhanging cliffs.</cd> --
<col><b>Fairy</b></col> <col><b>rings or circles</b></col>, <cd>the
circles formed in grassy lawns by certain fungi (as <i>Marasmius
Oreades</i>), formerly supposed to be caused by fairies in their
midnight dances.</cd> -- <col><b>Fairy shrimp</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a European fresh-water phyllopod crustacean
(<i>Chirocephalus diaphanus</i>); -- so called from its delicate
colors, transparency, and graceful motions. The name is sometimes
applied to similar American species.</cd> -- <col><b>Fairy
stone</b></col> <i>(Paleon.)</i>, <cd>an echinite.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fair"y*land`</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The imaginary
land or abode of fairies.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fair"y*like`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Resembling a
fairy, or what is made or done be fairies; as, <i>fairylike</i>

<p><hw>Faith</hw> (f&amacr;th), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>feith</i>, <i>fayth</i>, <i>fay</i>, OF. <i>feid</i>, <i>feit</i>,
<i>fei</i>, F. <i>foi</i>, fr. L. <i>fides</i>; akin to <i>fidere</i>
to trust, Gr. <grk>pei`qein</grk> to persuade. The ending <i>th</i>
is perhaps due to the influence of such words as <i>truth</i>,
<i>health</i>, <i>wealth</i>. See <u>Bid</u>, <u>Bide</u>, and cf.
<u>Confide</u>, <u>Defy</u>, <u>Fealty</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Belief; the assent of the mind to the truth of what is declared
by another, resting solely and implicitly on his authority and
veracity; reliance on testimony.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The assent of the mind to the statement or
proposition of another, on the ground of the manifest truth of what
he utters; firm and earnest belief, on probable evidence of any kind,
especially in regard to important moral truth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Faith</i>, that is, fidelity, -- the fealty of the
finite will and understanding to the reason.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
belief in the historic truthfulness of the Scripture narrative, and
the supernatural origin of its teachings, sometimes called
<i>historical</i> and <i>speculative</i> faith.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The belief in the facts and truth of the
Scriptures, with a practical love of them; especially, that confiding
and affectionate belief in the person and work of Christ, which
affects the character and life, and makes a man a true Christian, --
called a <i>practical</i>, <i>evangelical</i>, or <i>saving</i>

<p><blockquote>Without <i>faith</i> it is impossible to please him
[God].</blockquote> <i>Heb. xi. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>faith</i> of the gospel is that emotion of the
mind which is called "trust" or "confidence" exercised toward the
moral character of God, and particularly of the Savior.</blockquote>
<i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Faith</i> is an affectionate, practical confidence
in the testimony of God.</blockquote> <i>J. Hawes.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>That which is believed on any subject,
whether in science, politics, or religion; especially
<i>(Theol.)</i>, a system of religious belief of any kind; as, the
Jewish or Mohammedan <i>faith</i>; and especially, the system of
truth taught by Christ; as, the Christian <i>faith</i>; also, the
creed or belief of a Christian society or church.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Which to believe of her,<BR>
Must be a <i>faith</i> that reason without miracle<BR>
Could never plant in me.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Now preacheth the <i>faith</i> which once he
destroyed.</blockquote> <i>Gal. i. 23.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Fidelity to one's promises, or allegiance
to duty, or to a person honored and beloved; loyalty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Children in whom is no <i>faith</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Deut. xxvii. 20.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Whose failing, while her <i>faith</i> to me
I should conceal.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Word or honor pledged; promise given;
fidelity; as, he violated his <i>faith</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>For you alone<BR>
I broke me <i>faith</i> with injured Palamon.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Credibility or truth.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>faith</i> of the foregoing
narrative.</blockquote> <i>Mitford.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Act of faith</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Auto-da-
f&eacute;</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Breach of faith</b></col>,
<col><b>Confession of faith</b></col>, <cd>etc. See under
<u>Breach</u>, <u>Confession</u>, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Faith
cure</b></col>, <cd>a method or practice of treating diseases by
prayer and the exercise of faith in God.</cd> -- <col><b>In good
faith</b></col>, <cd>with perfect sincerity.</cd>

<p><hw>Faith</hw> (?), <pos><i>interj.</i></pos> <def>By my faith; in
truth; verily.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faithed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having faith or a
faith; honest; sincere.</def> [Obs.] "Make thy words <i>faithed</i>."

<p><hw>Faith"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Full of faith, or having faith; disposed to believe, especially
in the declarations and promises of God.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You are not <i>faithful</i>, sir.</blockquote> <i>B.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Firm in adherence to promises, oaths,
contracts, treaties, or other engagements.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>faithful</i> God, which keepeth covenant and
mercy with them that love him.</blockquote> <i>Deut. vii. 9.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>True and constant in affection or
allegiance to a person to whom one is bound by a vow, by ties of
love, gratitude, or honor, as to a husband, a prince, a friend; firm
in the observance of duty; loyal; of true fidelity; as, a
<i>faithful</i> husband or servant.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>So spake the seraph Abdiel, <i>faithful</i> found,<BR>
Among the faithless, <i>faithful</i> only he.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Worthy of confidence and belief;
conformable to truth ot fact; exact; accurate; as, a <i>faithful</i>
narrative or representation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is a <i>faithful</i> saying.</blockquote> <i>2 Tim.
ii. 11.</i></p>

<p><col><b>The Faithful</b></col>, <cd>the adherents of any system of
religious belief; esp. used as an epithet of the followers of

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Trusty; honest; upright; sincere; veracious;

<p>-- <wf>Faith"ful*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -
<wf>Faith"ful*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Faith"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Not believing; not giving credit.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Be not <i>faithless</i>, but believing.</blockquote>
<i>John xx. 27.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not believing on God or religion;
specifically, not believing in the Christian religion.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not observant of promises or

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not true to allegiance, duty, or vows;
perfidious; trecherous; disloyal; not of true fidelity; inconstant,
as a husband or a wife.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A most unnatural and <i>faithless</i>
service.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Serving to disappoint or deceive;
delusive; unsatisfying.</def> "Yonder <i>faithless</i> phantom."

<p>-- <wf>Faith"less*ly</wf>,

<p><hw>Fai"tour</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>faitor</i> a
doer, L. <i>factor</i>. See <u>Factor</u>.] <def>A doer or actor;
particularly, an evil doer; a scoundrel.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Lo! <i>faitour</i>, there thy meed unto thee
take.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fake</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. Scot. <i>faik</i>
fold, stratum of stone, AS. <i>f&aelig;c</i> space, interval, G.
<i>fach</i> compartment, partition, row, and E. <i>fay</i> to fit.]
<i>(Naut.)</i> <def>One of the circles or windings of a cable or
hawser, as it lies in a coil; a single turn or coil.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fake</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>To coil
(a rope, line, or hawser), by winding alternately in opposite
directions, in layers usually of zigzag or figure of eight form,, to
prevent twisting when running out.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Faking box</b></col>, <cd>a box in which a long rope is
faked; used in the life-saving service for a line attached to a

<p><hw>Fake</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. Gael. <i>faigh</i> to
get, acquire, reach, or OD. <i>facken</i> to catch or gripe.]
[<i>Slang in all its senses.</i>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cheat;
to swindle; to steal; to rob.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make; to construct; to do.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To manipulate fraudulently, so as to make
an object appear better or other than it really is; as, to
<i>fake</i> a bulldog, by burning his upper lip and thus artificially
shortening it.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fake</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A trick; a swindle.</def>

<p><hw>Fa"kir</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Ar. <i>faq&imacr;r</i>
poor.] <def>An Oriental religious ascetic or begging monk.</def>
[Written also <i>faquir</i> anf <i>fakeer</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>||Fa"la*na"ka</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Native name.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A viverrine mammal of Madagascar
(<i>Eupleres Goudotii</i>), allied to the civet; -- called also

<p><hw>Fal*cade"</hw> (f&abreve;l*k&amacr;d"), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[F., ultimately fr. L. <i>falx</i>, <i>falcis</i>, a sickle or
scythe.] <i>(Man.)</i> <def>The action of a horse, when he throws
himself on his haunches two or three times, bending himself, as it
were, in very quick curvets.</def>  <i>Harris.</i></p>

<p><! p. 539 !></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fal"cate</hw> (?), <hw>Fal"ca*ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>falcatus</i>, fr. <i>falx</i>,
<i>falcis</i>, a sickle or scythe.] <def>Hooked or bent like a
sickle; as, a <i>falcate</i> leaf; a <i>falcate</i> claw; -- said
also of the moon, or a planet, when horned or crescent-

<p><hw>Fal*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being falcate; a bend in the form of a sickle.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Fal"cer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>falx</i>,
<i>falcis</i>, a sickle.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the
mandibles of a spider.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"chion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fauchon</i>,
OF. <i>fauchon</i>, LL. <i>f&auml;lcio</i>, fr. L.  <i>falx</i>,
<i>falcis</i>, a sickle, cf. Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; a ship's rib,
&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; bandy-legged; perh, akin to E. <i>falcon</i>; cf.
It. <i>falcione</i>.  Cf. <u>Defalcation</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A broad-bladed sword, slightly curved, shorter and lighter than
the ordinary sword; -- used in the Middle Ages.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A name given generally and poetically to a
sword, especially to the swords of Oriental and fabled

<p><hw>Fal*cid"i*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>Falcidius</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to Publius Falcidius, a
Roman tribune.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Falcidian law</b></col> <i>(Civil Law)</i>, <cd>a law by
which a testator was obliged to leave at least a fourth of his estate
to the heir.</cd>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"ci*form</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>falx</i>,
<i>falcis</i>, a sickle + <i>-form</i>: cf. F. <i>falciforme</i>.]
<def>Having the shape of a scithe or sickle; resembling a reaping
hook; as, the <i>falciform</i> ligatment of the liver.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"con</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>faucon</i>,
<i>faucoun</i>, OF. <i>faucon</i>, <i>falcon</i>, &?;. <i>faucon</i>,
fr. LL. <i>falco</i>, perh. from L. <i>falx, falcis</i>, a sickle or
scythe, and named from its curving talons.  Cf. <u>Falchion</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>One
of a family (<i>Falconid&aelig;</i>) of raptorial birds,
characterized by a short, hooked beak, strong claws, and powerful
flight.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Any species of the genus
<i>Falco</i>, distinguished by having a toothlike lobe on the upper
mandible; especially, one of this genus trained to the pursuit of
other birds, or game.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In the language of falconry, the female peregrine
(<i>Falco peregrinus</i>) is exclusively called the
<i>falcon</i>.</blockquote> <i>Yarrell.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Gun.)</i> <def>An ancient form of

<p><col><b>Chanting falcon</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See
under <u>Chanting</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fal"con*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>fauconer</i>, OF. <i>falconier</i>, <i>fauconier</i>, F.
<i>fauconnier</i>. See <u>Falcon</u>.] <def>A person who breeds or
trains hawks for taking birds or game; one who follows the sport of
fowling with hawks.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"co*net</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Dim. of
<i>falcon</i>: cf. F. <i>fauconneau</i>, LL. <i>falconeta</i>,
properly, a young falcon.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One of the smaller
cannon used in the 15th century and later.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>One of several very small Asiatic falcons of the genus
<i>Microhierax</i>.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>One of a group of
Australian birds of the genus <i>Falcunculus</i>, resembling shrikes
and titmice.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"con*gen`til</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>faucon-
gentil</i>. See <u>Falcon</u>, and <u>Genteel</u>.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The female or young of the goshawk (<i>Astur

<p><hw>Fal"co*nine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Like a falcon or hawk; belonging to the

<p><hw>Fal"con*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fauconnerie</i>. See <u>Falcon</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
art of training falcons or hawks to pursue and attack wild fowl or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The sport of taking wild fowl or game by
means of falcons or hawks.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fal"cu*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., a small
sickle, a billhook.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A curved and sharp-
pointed claw.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"cu*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Curved and sharppointed, like a falcula, or claw of a

<p><hw>Fald"age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>faldagium</i>,
fr. AS. <i>fald</i>, E. <i>fold</i>.  Cf. <u>Foldage</u>.] <i>(O.
Eng. Law)</i> <def>A privilege of setting up, and moving about, folds
for sheep, in any fields within manors, in order to manure them; --
often reserved to himself by the lord of the manor.</def>

<p><hw>Fald"fee`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fald</i> (E.
<i>fold</i>) + E. <i>fee</i>. See <u>Faldage</u>.] <i>(O. Eng.
Law)</i> <def>A fee or rent paid by a tenant for the privilege of
faldage on his own ground.</def>  <i>Blount.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fald"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A frieze or rough-
napped cloth.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fal"dis*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>faldistorium</i>, <i>faldestorium</i>, from OHG. <i>faldstuol</i>;
<i>faldan</i>, <i>faltan</i>, to fold (G. <i>falten</i>) +
<i>stuol</i> stool. So called because it could be folded or laid
together. See <u>Fold</u>, and <u>Stool</u>, and cf.
<u>Faldstool</u>, <u>Fauteuil</u>.] <def>The throne or seat of a
bishop within the chancel.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fald"stool`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Faldistory</u>.] <def>A folding stool, or portable seat, made to
fold up in the manner of a camo stool. It was formerly placed in the
choir for a bishop, when he offciated in any but his own cathedral
church.</def>  <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p>&fist; In the modern practice of the Church of England, the term
<i>faldstool</i> is given to the reading desk from which the litany
is read. This esage is a relic of the ancient use of a lectern
folding like a camp stool.</p>

<p><hw>Fa*ler"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to Mount Falernus, in Italy; as,

<p><hw>Falk</hw> (f&add;k), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The razorbill.</def> [Written also <i>falc</i>, and
<i>faik</i>.] [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fall</hw> (f&add;l), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp.</i></pos> <u>Fell</u> (f&ebreve;l); <pos><i>p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fallen</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Falling</u>.] [AS. <i>feallan</i>; akin to D. <i>vallen</i>, OS. &
OHG. <i>fallan</i>, G. <i>fallen</i>, Icel. <i>Falla</i>, Sw.
<i>falla</i>, Dan. <i>falde</i>, Lith. <i>pulti</i>, L.
<i>fallere</i> to deceive, Gr. <grk>sfa`llein</grk> to cause to fall,
Skr. <i>sphal</i>, <i>sphul</i>, to tremble.  Cf. <u>Fail</u>,
<u>Fell</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, to cause to fall.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To Descend, either suddenly or gradually;
particularly, to descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink;
as, the apple <i>falls</i>; the tide <i>falls</i>; the mercury
<i>falls</i> in the barometer.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I beheld Satan as lightning <i>fall</i> from
heaven.</blockquote> <i>Luke x. 18.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a
recumbent posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, a child totters
and <i>falls</i>; a tree <i>falls</i>; a worshiper <i>falls</i> on
his knees.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I <i>fell</i> at his feet to worship him.</blockquote>
<i>Rev. xix. 10.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To find a final outlet; to discharge its
waters; to empty; -- with <i>into</i>; as, the river Rhone
<i>falls</i> into the Mediterranean.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To become prostrate and dead; to die;
especially, to die by violence, as in battle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A thousand shall <i>fall</i> at thy side.</blockquote>
<i>Ps. xci. 7.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting,
<i>fell</i>.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To cease to be active or strong; to die
away; to lose strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, the
wind <i>falls</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To issue forth into life; to be brought
forth; -- said of the young of certain animals.</def>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>To decline in power, glory, wealth, or
importance; to become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to
decline in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, the price
<i>falls</i>; stocks <i>fell</i> two points.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I am a poor <i>fallen</i> man, unworthy now<BR>
To be thy lord and master.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly
<i>fell</i> and vanished.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>To be overthrown or captured; to be

<p><blockquote>Heaven and earth will witness,<BR>
If Rome must <i>fall</i>, that we are innocent.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>To descend in character or reputation; to
become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the
faith; to apostatize; to sin.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest
any man <i>fall</i> after the same example of unbelief.</blockquote>
<i>Heb. iv. 11.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <def>To become insnared or embarrassed; to be
entrapped; to be worse off than before; as, to <i>fall</i> into
error; to <i>fall</i> into difficulties.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>11.</b></sn> <def>To assume a look of shame or
disappointment; to become or appear dejected; -- said of the

<p><blockquote>Cain was very wroth, and his countenance
<i>fell</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gen. iv. 5.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I have observed of late thy looks are
<i>fallen</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>12.</b></sn> <def>To sink; to languish; to become feeble or
faint; as, our spirits rise and <i>fall</i> with our

<p><sn><b>13.</b></sn> <def>To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively,
into a new state of body or mind; to become; as, to <i>fall</i>
asleep; to <i>fall</i> into a passion; to <i>fall</i> in love; to
<i>fall</i> into temptation.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>14.</b></sn> <def>To happen; to to come to pass; to light;
to befall; to issue; to terminate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Romans <i>fell</i> on this model by
chance.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter
will <i>fall</i>.</blockquote> <i>Ruth. iii. 18.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>They do not make laws, they <i>fall</i> into
customs.</blockquote> <i>H. Spencer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>15.</b></sn> <def>To come; to occur; to arrive.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council
<i>fell</i> on the 21st of March, <i>falls</i> now [1694] about ten
days sooner.</blockquote> <i>Holder.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>16.</b></sn> <def>To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence;
to rush or hurry; as, they <i>fell</i> to blows.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They now no longer doubted, but <i>fell</i> to work
heart and soul.</blockquote> <i>Jowett (Thucyd. ).</i></p>

<p><sn><b>17.</b></sn> <def>To pass or be transferred by chance, lot,
distribution, inheritance, or otherwise; as, the estate <i>fell</i>
to his brother; the kingdom <i>fell</i> into the hands of his

<p><sn><b>18.</b></sn> <def>To belong or appertain.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If to her share some female errors <i>fall</i>,<BR>
Look on her face, and you'll forget them all.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>19.</b></sn> <def>To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as,
an unguarded expression <i>fell</i> from his lips; not a murmur
<i>fell</i> from him.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To fall abroad of</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to strike
against; -- applied to one vessel coming into collision with
another.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall among</b></col>, <cd>to come among
accidentally or unexpectedly.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall
astern</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to move or be driven backward;
to be left behind; as, a ship <i>falls astern</i> by the force of a
current, or when outsailed by another.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall
away</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To lose flesh; to become lean
or emaciated; to pine.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To renounce or
desert allegiance; to revolt or rebel.</cd> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd>
<cd>To renounce or desert the faith; to apostatize.</cd> "These . . .
for a while believe, and in time of temptation <i>fall away</i>."
<i>Luke viii. 13.</i> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>To perish; to vanish;
to be lost.</cd> "How . . . can the soul . . . <i>fall away</i> into
nothing?" <i>Addison.</i> <sd><i>(e)</i></sd> <cd>To decline
gradually; to fade; to languish, or become faint.</cd> "One color
<i>falls away</i> by just degrees, and another rises insensibly."
<i>Addison.</i> -- <col><b>To fall back</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To recede or retreat; to give way.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To fail of performing a promise or purpose;
not to fulfill.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall back upon</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>To retreat for safety to (a
stronger position in the rear, as to a fort or a supporting body of
troops).</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To have recourse to (a reserved
fund, or some available expedient or support).</cd> -- <col><b>To
fall calm</b></col>, <cd>to cease to blow; to become calm.</cd> --
<col><b>To fall down</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To prostrate
one's self in worship.</cd> "All kings shall <i>fall down</i> before
him." <i>Ps. lxxii. 11.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To sink; to come
to the ground.</cd> "<i>Down fell</i> the beauteous youth."
<i>Dryden.</i> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To bend or bow, as a
suppliant.</cd> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <i>(Naut.)</i> <cd>To sail or
drift toward the mouth of a river or other outlet.</cd> -- <col><b>To
fall flat</b></col>, <cd>to produce no response or result; to fail of
the intended effect; as, his speech <i>fell flat</i>.</cd> --
<col><b>To fall foul of</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Naut.)</i>
<cd>To have a collision with; to become entangled with</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To attack; to make an assault upon.</cd> --
<col><b>To fall from</b></col>, <cd>to recede or depart from; not to
adhere to; as, <i>to fall from</i> an agreement or engagement; <i>to
fall from</i> allegiance or duty.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall from
grace</b></col> <i>(M. E. Ch.)</i>, <cd>to sin; to withdraw from the
faith.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall home</b></col> <i>(Ship Carp.)</i>,
<cd>to curve inward; -- said of the timbers or upper parts of a
ship's side which are much within a perpendicular.</cd> -- <col><b>To
fall in</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To sink inwards; as, the
roof <i>fell in</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>To
take one's proper or assigned place in line; as, <i>to fall in</i> on
the right.</cd> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To come to an end; to
terminate; to lapse; as, on the death of Mr. B., the annuuity, which
he had so long received, <i>fell in</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd>
<cd>To become operative.</cd> "The reversion, to which he had been
nominated twenty years before, <i>fell in</i>." <i>Macaulay.</i> --
<col><b>To fall into one's hands</b></col>, <cd>to pass, often
suddenly or unexpectedly, into one's ownership or control; as, to
spike cannon when they are likely <i>to fall into the hands</i> of
the enemy.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall in with</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To meet with accidentally; as, <i>to fall in
with</i> a friend.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Naut.)</i> <cd>To
meet, as a ship; also, to discover or come near, as land.</cd>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To concur with; to agree with; as, the
measure <i>falls in with</i> popular opinion.</cd>
<sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>To comply; to yield to.</cd> "You will find
it difficult to persuade learned men <i>to fall in with</i> your
projects." <i>Addison.</i> -- <col><b>To fall off</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To drop; as, fruits <i>fall off</i> when
ripe.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To withdraw; to separate; to
become detached; as, friends <i>fall off</i> in adversity.</cd> "Love
cools, friendship <i>falls off</i>, brothers divide." <i>Shak.</i>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To perish; to die away; as, words <i>fall
off</i> by disuse.</cd> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>To apostatize; to
forsake; to withdraw from the faith, or from allegiance or

<p><blockquote>Those captive tribes . . . <i>fell off</i><BR>
From God to worship calves.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(e)</i></sd> <cd>To forsake; to abandon; as, his customers
<i>fell off</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(f)</i></sd> <cd>To depreciate; to
change for the worse; to deteriorate; to become less valuable,
abundant, or interesting; as, a <i>falling off</i> in the wheat crop;
the magazine or the review <i>falls off</i>.</cd> "O Hamlet, what a
<i>falling off</i> was there!" <i>Shak.</i> <sd><i>(g)</i></sd>
<i>(Naut.)</i> <cd>To deviate or trend to the leeward of the point to
which the head of the ship was before directed; to fall to
leeward.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall on</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>To meet with; to light upon; as, we have <i>fallen on</i> evil
days.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To begin suddenly and
eagerly.</cd> "<i>Fall on</i>, and try the appetite to eat."
<i>Dryden.</i> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To begin an attack; to
assault; to assail.</cd> "<i>Fall on</i>, <i>fall on</i>, and hear
him not." <i>Dryden.</i> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>To drop on; to
descend on.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall out</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To quarrel; to begin to contend.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>A soul exasperated in ills <i>falls out</i><BR>
With everything, its friend, itself.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To happen; to befall; to chance.</cd>
"There <i>fell out</i> a bloody quarrel betwixt the frogs and the
mice." <i>L'Estrange.</i> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>To
leave the ranks, as a soldier.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall
over</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To revolt; to desert from one
side to another.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To fall beyond.</cd>
<i>Shak.</i> -- <col><b>To fall short</b></col>, <cd>to be deficient;
as, the corn <i>falls short</i>; they all <i>fall short</i> in
duty.</cd> -- <col><b>To fall through</b></col>, <cd>to come to
nothing; to fail; as, the engageent <i>has fallen through</i>.</cd> -
- <col><b>To fall to</b></col>, <cd>to begin.</cd> "<i>Fall to</i>,
with eager joy, on homely food." <i>Dryden.</i> -- <col><b>To fall
under</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To come under, or within the
limits of; to be subjected to; as, they <i>fell under</i> the
jurisdiction of the emperor.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To come
under; to become the subject of; as, this point did not <i>fall
under</i> the cognizance or deliberations of the court; these things
do not <i>fall under</i> human sight or observation.</cd>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>To come within; to be ranged or reckoned
with; to be subordinate to in the way of classification; as, these
substances <i>fall under</i> a different class or order.</cd> --
<col><b>To fall upon</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To
attack.</cd> [See <i>To fall on</i>.] <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To
attempt; to have recourse to.</cd> "I do not intend <i>to fall
upon</i> nice disquisitions." <i>Holder.</i> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd>
<cd>To rush against.</cd></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Fall</i> primarily denotes descending motion, either in
a perpendicular or inclined direction, and, in most of its
applications, implies, <i>literally</i> or <i>figuratively</i>,
velocity, haste, suddenness, or violence. Its use is so various, and
so mush diversified by modifying words, that it is not easy to
enumerate its senses in all its applications.</p>

<p><hw>Fall</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To let fall; to drop.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>For every tear he <i>falls</i>, a Trojan
bleeds.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To sink; to depress; as, to <i>fall</i>
the voice.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To diminish; to lessen or lower.</def>

<p><blockquote>Upon lessening interest to four per cent, you
<i>fall</i> the price of your native commodities.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To bring forth; as, to <i>fall</i>
lambs.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To fell; to cut down; as, to <i>fall</i> a
tree.</def> [Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.]</p>

<p><hw>Fall</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
act of falling; a dropping or descending be the force of gravity;
descent; as, a <i>fall</i> from a horse, or from the yard of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of dropping or tumbling from an
erect posture; as, he was walking on ice, and had a

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Death; destruction; overthrow;

<p><blockquote>They thy <i>fall</i> conspire.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit
before a <i>fall</i>.</blockquote> <i>Prov. xvi. 18.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Downfall; degradation; loss of greatness
or office; termination of greatness, power, or dominion; ruin;
overthrow; as, the <i>fall</i> of the Roman empire.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Beholds thee glorious only in thy
<i>fall</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The surrender of a besieged fortress or
town ; as, the <i>fall</i> of Sebastopol.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Diminution or decrease in price or value;
depreciation; as, the <i>fall</i> of prices; the <i>fall</i> of

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A sinking of tone; cadence; as, the
<i>fall</i> of the voice at the close of a sentence.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>Declivity; the descent of land or a hill;
a slope.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>Descent of water; a cascade; a cataract; a
rush of water down a precipice or steep; -- usually in the plural,
sometimes in the singular; as, the <i>falls</i> of Niagara.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <def>The discharge of a river or current of
water into the ocean, or into a lake or pond; as, the <i>fall</i> of
the Po into the Gulf of Venice.</def>  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>11.</b></sn> <def>Extent of descent; the distance which
anything falls; as, the water of a stream has a <i>fall</i> of five

<p><sn><b>12.</b></sn> <def>The season when leaves fall from trees;

<p><blockquote>What crowds of patients the town doctor kills,<BR>
Or how, last <i>fall</i>, he raised the weekly bills.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>13.</b></sn> <def>That which falls; a falling; as, a
<i>fall</i> of rain; a heavy <i>fall</i> of snow.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>14.</b></sn> <def>The act of felling or cutting down.</def>
"The <i>fall</i> of timber."  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>15.</b></sn> <def>Lapse or declension from innocence or
goodness. Specifically: The first apostasy; the act of our first
parents in eating the forbidden fruit; also, the apostasy of the
rebellious angels.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>16.</b></sn> <def>Formerly, a kind of ruff or band for the
neck; a falling band; a faule.</def>  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>17.</b></sn> <def>That part (as one of the ropes) of a
tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fall herring</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a herring
of the Atlantic (<i>Clupea mediocris</i>); -- also called <i>tailor
herring</i>, and <i>hickory shad</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To try a
fall</b></col>, <cd>to try a bout at wrestling.</cd> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal*la"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fallaciosus</i>, fr. <i>fallacia</i>: cf. F. <i>fallacieux</i>.
See <u>Fallacy</u>.] <def>Embodying or pertaining to a fallacy;
illogical; fitted to deceive; misleading; delusive; as,
<i>fallacious</i> arguments or reasoning.</def> --
<wf>Fal*la"cious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -
<wf>Fal*la"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><! p. 540 !></p>

<p><hw>Fal"la*cy</hw> (f&abreve;l"l&adot;*s&ybreve;),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Fallacies</b></plw> (-
s&ibreve;z). [OE. <i>fallace</i>, <i>fallas</i>, deception, F.
<i>fallace</i>, fr. L. <i>fallacia</i>, fr. <i>fallax</i> deceitful,
deceptive, fr. <i>fallere</i> to deceive. See <u>Fail</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Deceptive or false appearance; deceitfulness;
that which misleads the eye or the mind; deception.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Winning by conquest what the first man lost,<BR>
By <i>fallacy</i> surprised.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Logic)</i> <def>An argument, or apparent
argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue,
while in reality it is not; a sophism.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Deception; deceit; mistake.  -- <u>Fallacy</u>,
<u>Sophistry</u>. A <i>fallacy</i> is an argument which professes to
be decisive, but in reality is not; <i>sophistry</i> is also false
reasoning, but of so specious and subtle a kind as to render it
difficult to expose its <i>fallacy</i>. Many <i>fallacies</i> are
obvious, but the evil of <i>sophistry</i> lies in its consummate art.
"Men are apt to suffer their minds to be misled by <i>fallacies</i>
which gratify their passions. Many persons have obscured and
confounded the nature of things by their wretched <i>sophistry</i>;
though an act be never so sinful, they will strip it of its guilt."

<p><hw>Fal"-lals`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>Gay
ornaments; frippery; gewgaws.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"lax</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fallax</i>
deceptive. See <u>Fallacy</u>.] <def>Cavillation; a caviling.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Cranmer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fall"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Dropped;
prostrate; degraded; ruined; decreased; dead.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Some ruined temple or <i>fallen</i>
monument.</blockquote> <i>Rogers.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"len*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>fallentia</i>, L. <i>fallens</i> p. pr of <i>fallere</i>.] <def>An
exception.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fall"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who, or that which, falls.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>A part which acts by
falling, as a stamp in a fulling mill, or the device in a spinning
machine to arrest motion when a thread breaks.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fall"fish`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A fresh-water fish of the United States (<i>Semotilus
bullaris</i>); -- called also <i>silver chub</i>, and <i>Shiner</i>.
The name is also applied to other allied species.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal`li*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
of being fallible; liability to deceive or to be deceived; as, the
<i>fallibity</i> of an argument or of an adviser.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"li*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>fallibilis</i>, fr. L. <i>fallere</i> to deceive: cf. F.
<i>faillible</i>. See <u>Fail</u>.] <def>Liable to fail, mistake, or
err; liable to deceive or to be deceived; as, all men are
<i>fallible</i>; our opinions and hopes are

<p><hw>Fal"li*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fallible

<p><hw>Fall"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & n.</i></pos> <def>from
<u>Fall</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><col><b>Falling away</b></col>, <col><b>Falling off</b></col>,
etc. <cd>See <i>To fall away</i>, <i>To fall off</i>, etc., under
<u>Fall</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos></cd> -- <col><b>Falling
band</b></col>, <cd>the plain, broad, linen collar turning down over
the doublet, worn in the early part of the 17th century.</cd> --
<col><b>Falling sickness</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>epilepsy.</cd>
<i>Shak.</i> -- <col><b>Falling star</b></col>. <i>(Astron.)</i>
<cd>See <u>Shooting star</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Falling
stone</b></col>, <cd>a stone falling through the atmosphere; a
meteorite; an a&euml;rolite.</cd> -- <col><b>Falling tide</b></col>,
<cd>the ebb tide.</cd> -- <col><b>Falling weather</b></col>, <cd>a
rainy season.</cd> [Colloq.] <i>Bartlett.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal*lo"pi*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<i>Fallopius</i>, or <i>Fallopio</i>, a physician of Modena, who died
in 1562.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or discovered by,
Fallopius; as, the <i>Fallopian</i> tubes or oviducts, the ducts or
canals which conduct the ova from the ovaries to the

<p><hw>Fal"low</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fealu</i>,
<i>fealo</i>, pale yellow or red; akin to D. <i>vaal</i> fallow,
faded, OHG. <i>falo</i>, G. <i>falb</i>, <i>fahl</i>, Icel.
<i>f&ouml;lr</i>, and prob. to Lith. <i>palvas</i>, OSlav.
<i>plav&ubreve;</i> white, L. <i>pallidus</i> pale, <i>pallere</i> to
be pale, Gr. <grk>polio`s</grk> gray, Skr. <i>palita</i>.  Cf.
<u>Pale</u>, <u>Favel</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, <u>Favor</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pale red or pale yellow; as, a <i>fallow</i>
deer or greyhound.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> [Cf. <u>Fallow</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>]
<def>Left untilled or unsowed after plowing; uncultivated; as,
<i>fallow</i> ground.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fallow chat</b></col>, <col><b>Fallow finch</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a small European bird, the wheatear
(<i>Saxicola &oelig;nanthe</i>). See <u>Wheatear</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fal"low</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called from the
<i>fallow</i>, or somewhat yellow, color of naked ground; or perh.
akin to E. <i>felly</i>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, cf. MHG. <i>valgen</i>
to plow up, OHG. <i>felga</i> felly, harrow.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Plowed land.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Who . . . pricketh his blind horse over the
<i>fallows</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Land that has lain a year or more untilled
or unseeded; land plowed without being sowed for the

<p><blockquote>The plowing of <i>fallows</i> is a benefit to
land.</blockquote> <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The plowing or tilling of land, without
sowing it for a season; as, summer <i>fallow</i>, properly conducted,
has ever been found a sure method of destroying weeds.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Be a complete summer <i>fallow</i>, land is rendered
tender and mellow. The <i>fallow</i> gives it a better tilth than can
be given by a fallow crop.</blockquote> <i>Sinclair.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fallow crop</b></col>, <cd>the crop taken from a green
fallow.</cd> [Eng.] -- <col><b>Green fallow</b></col>, <cd>fallow
whereby land is rendered mellow and clean from weeds, by cultivating
some green crop, as turnips, potatoes, etc.</cd> [Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fal"low</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fallowed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fallowing</u>.] [From <u>Fallow</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To
plow, harrow, and break up, as land, without seeding, for the purpose
of destroying weeds and insects, and rendering it mellow; as, it is
profitable to <i>fallow</i> cold, strong, clayey land.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"low deer`</hw> (?). [So called from its <i>fallow</i> or
pale yellow color.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A European species of
deer (<i>Cervus dama</i>), much smaller than the red deer. In summer
both sexes are spotted with white. It is common in England, where it
is often domesticated in the parks.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"low*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who favors
the practice of fallowing land.</def> [R.]  <i>Sinclair.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"low*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A well or
opening, through the successive floors of a warehouse or manufactory,
through which goods are raised or lowered.</def> [U.S.]

<p><hw>Fal"sa*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>falsarius</i>,
fr. <i>falsus</i>. See <u>False</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>A
falsifier of evidence.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sheldon.</i></p>

<p><hw>False</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Falser</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Falsest</u>.] [L. <i>falsus</i>, p. p.
of <i>fallere</i> to deceive; cf. OF. <i>faus</i>, <i>fals</i>, F.
<i>faux</i>, and AS. <i>fals</i> fraud. See <u>Fail</u>,
<u>Fall</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Uttering falsehood;
unveracious; given to deceit; dishnest; as, a <i>false</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not faithful or loyal, as to obligations,
allegiance, vows, etc.; untrue; treacherous; perfidious; as, a
<i>false</i> friend, lover, or subject; <i>false</i> to

<p><blockquote>I to myself was <i>false</i>, ere thou to
me.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not according with truth or reality; not
true; fitted or likely to deceive or disappoint; as, a <i>false</i>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not genuine or real; assumed or designed
to deceive; counterfeit; hypocritical; as, <i>false</i> tears;
<i>false</i> modesty; <i>false</i> colors; <i>false</i>

<p><blockquote><i>False</i> face must hide what the false heart doth
know.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Not well founded; not firm or trustworthy;
erroneous; as, a <i>false</i> claim; a <i>false</i> conclusion; a
<i>false</i> construction in grammar.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whose <i>false</i> foundation waves have swept
away.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Not essential or permanent, as parts of a
structure which are temporary or supplemental.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Not in tune.</def></p>

<p><col><b>False arch</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>a member having
the appearance of an arch, though not of arch construction.</cd> --
<col><b>False attic</b></col>, <cd>an architectural erection above
the main cornice, concealing a roof, but not having windows or
inclosing rooms.</cd> -- <col><b>False bearing</b></col>, <cd>any
bearing which is not directly upon a vertical support; thus, the
weight carried by a corbel has a <i>false bearing</i>.</cd> --
<col><b>False cadence</b></col>, <cd>an imperfect or interrupted
cadence.</cd> -- <col><b>False conception</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>,
<cd>an abnormal conception in which a mole, or misshapen fleshy mass,
is produced instead of a properly organized fetus.</cd> --
<col><b>False croup</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a spasmodic
affection of the larynx attended with the symptoms of membranous
croup, but unassociated with the deposit of a fibrinous
membrane.</cd> -- <col><b>False</b></col> <col><b>door or
window</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>the representation of a door or
window, inserted to complete a series of doors or windows or to give
symmetry.</cd> -- <col><b>False fire</b></col>, <cd>a combustible
carried by vessels of war, chiefly for signaling, but sometimes
burned for the purpose of deceiving an enemy; also, a light on shore
for decoying a vessel to destruction.</cd> -- <col><b>False
galena</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Blende</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>False
imprisonment</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>the arrest and imprisonment
of a person without warrant or cause, or contrary to law; or the
unlawful detaining of a person in custody.</cd> -- <col><b>False
keel</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>the timber below the main keel,
used to serve both as a protection and to increase the shio's lateral
resistance.</cd> -- <col><b>False key</b></col>, <cd>a picklock.</cd>
-- <col><b>False leg</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See
<u>Proleg</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>False membrane</b></col>
<i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>the fibrinous deposit formed in croup and
diphtheria, and resembling in appearance an animal membrane.</cd> --
<col><b>False papers</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>documents carried
by a ship giving false representations respecting her cargo,
destination, ect., for the purpose of deceiving.</cd> --
<col><b>False passage</b></col> <i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>an unnatural
passage leading off from a natural canal, such as the urethra, and
produced usually by the unskillful introduction of instruments.</cd>
-- <col><b>False personation</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>the
intentional false assumption of the name and personality of
another.</cd> -- <col><b>False pretenses</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>,
<cd>false representations concerning past or present facts and
events, for the purpose of defrauding another.</cd> -- <col><b>False
rail</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a thin piece of timber placed on
top of the head rail to strengthen it.</cd> -- <col><b>False
relation</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>a progression in harmony, in
which a certain note in a chord appears in the next chord prefixed by
a flat or sharp.</cd> -- <col><b>False return</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>,
<cd>an untrue return made to a process by the officer to whom it was
delivered for execution.</cd> -- <col><b>False ribs</b></col>
<i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>the asternal rebs, of which there are five pairs
in man.</cd> -- <col><b>False roof</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>the
space between the upper ceiling and the roof.</cd> <i>Oxford
Gloss.</i> -- <col><b>False token</b></col>, <cd>a false mark or
other symbol, used for fraudulent purposes.</cd> -- <col><b>False
scorpion</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>any arachnid of the genus
<i>Chelifer</i>. See <u>Book scorpion</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>False
tack</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a coming up into the wind and
filling away again on the same tack.</cd> -- <col><b>False
vampire</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the <i>Vampyrus
spectrum</i> of South America, formerly erroneously supposed to have
blood-sucking habits; -- called also <i>vampire</i>, and <i>ghost
vampire</i>. The genuine blood-sucking bats belong to the genera
<i>Desmodus</i> and <i>Diphylla</i>. See <u>Vampire</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>False window</b></col>. <i>(Arch.)</i> <cd>See <i>False
door</i>, above.</cd> -- <col><b>False wing</b></col>.
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See <u>Alula</u>, and <i>Bastard wing</i>,
under <u>Bastard</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>False works</b></col> <i>(Civil
Engin.)</i>, <cd>construction works to facilitate the erection of the
main work, as scaffolding, bridge centering, etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>False</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not truly; not
honestly; falsely.</def> "You play me <i>false</i>."

<p><hw>False</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>falsare</i> to
falsify, fr. <i>falsus</i>: cf. F. <i>fausser</i>. See <u>False</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To report falsely; to
falsify.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To betray; to falsify.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>[He] hath his truthe <i>falsed</i> in this
wise.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To mislead by want of truth; to
deceive.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>In his <i>falsed</i> fancy.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To feign; to pretend to make.</def> [Obs.]
"And <i>falsed</i> oft his blows."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>False"-faced`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Hypocritical.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>False"-heart`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>False-
hearted.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>False"-heart`ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Hollow or
unsound at the core; treacherous; deceitful; perfidious.</def>
<i>Bacon.</i> -- <wf>False"-heart`ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p>

<p><hw>False"hood</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>False</i> + <i>-
hood</i>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of truth or accuracy; an
untrue assertion or representation; error; misrepresentation;

<p><blockquote>Though it be a lie in the clock, it is but a
<i>falsehood</i> in the hand of the dial when pointing at a wrong
hour, if rightly following the direction of the wheel which moveth
it.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A deliberate intentional assertion of what
is known to be untrue; a departure from moral integrity; a

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Treachery; deceit; perfidy;

<p><blockquote>Betrayed by <i>falsehood</i> of his
guard.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A counterfeit; a false appearance; an

<p><blockquote>For his molten image is <i>falsehood</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Jer. x. 14.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>No <i>falsehood</i> can endure<BR>
Touch of celestial temper.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Falsity; lie; untruth; fiction; fabrication. See

<p><hw>False"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a false
manner; erroneously; not truly; perfidiously or treacherously.</def>
"O <i>falsely</i>, <i>falsely</i> murdered."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Oppositions of science, <i>falsely</i> so
called.</blockquote> <i>1 Tim. vi. 20.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Will ye steal, murder . . . and swear <i>falsely</i>
?</blockquote> <i>Jer. vii. 9.</i></p>

<p><hw>False"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being
false; contrariety to the fact; inaccuracy; want of integrity or
uprightness; double dealing; unfaithfulness; treachery; perfidy; as,
the <i>falseness</i> of a report, a drawing, or a singer's notes; the
<i>falseness</i> of a man, or of his word.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fals"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A deceiver.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal*set"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Falsettos</b></plw> (#). [It. <i>falsetto</i>, dim. fr. L.
<i>falsus</i>. See <u>False</u>.] <def>A false or artificial voice;
that voice in a man which lies above his natural voice; the male
counter tenor or alto voice. See <i>Head voice</i>, under

<p><hw>||Fal"si*cri"men</hw> (?). [L.] <i>(Civ. Law)</i> <def>The
crime of falsifying.</def></p>

<p>&fist; This term in the Roman law included not only forgery, but
every species of fraud and deceit. It never has been used in so
extensive a sense in modern common law, in which its predominant
significance is forgery, though it also includes perjury and offenses
of a like character.  <i>Burrill. Greenleaf.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"si*fi`a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>falsifiable</i>.] <def>Capable of being falsified, counterfeited,
or corrupted.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal`si*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>falsification</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of falsifying,
or making false; a counterfeiting; the giving to a thing an
appearance of something which it is not.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To counterfeit the living image of king in his person
exceedeth all <i>falsifications</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Willful misstatement or

<p><blockquote>Extreme necessity . . . forced him upon this bold and
violent <i>falsification</i> of the doctrine of the
alliance.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Equity)</i> <def>The showing an item of
charge in an account to be wrong.</def>  <i>Story.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"si*fi*ca`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>falsificateur</i>.] <def>A falsifier.</def>  <i>Bp.

<p><hw>Fal"si*fi`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
falsifies, or gives to a thing a deceptive appearance; a

<p><hw>Fal"si*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Falsified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Falsifying</u>.] [L. <i>falsus</i> false + <i>-ly</i>: cf. F.
<i>falsifier</i>. See <u>False</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make false; to represent

<p><blockquote>The Irish bards use to forge and <i>falsify</i>
everything as they list, to please or displease any man.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To counterfeit; to forge; as, to
<i>falsify</i> coin.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To prove to be false, or untrustworthy; to
confute; to disprove; to nullify; to make to appear false.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>By how much better than my word I am,<BR>
By so much shall I <i>falsify</i> men's hope.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Jews and Pagans united all their endeavors, under
Julian the apostate, to baffie and <i>falsify</i> the
prediction.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To violate; to break by falsehood; as, to
<i>falsify</i> one's faith or word.</def>  <i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To baffle or escape; as, to <i>falsify</i>
a blow.</def>  <i>Butler.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To avoid or defeat; to prove
false, as a judgment.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Equity)</i> <def>To show, in accounting,
(an inem of charge inserted in an account) to be wrong.</def>
<i>Story. Daniell.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>To make false by multilation or addition;
to tamper with; as, to <i>falsify</i> a record or document.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"si*fy</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To tell lies; to
violate the truth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is absolutely and universally unlawful to lie and


<p><hw>Fals"ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which is
evidently false; an assertion or statement the falsity of which is
plainly apparent; -- opposed to <i>truism</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fal"si*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;<i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Falsities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>falsitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>fausset&eacute;</i>, OF. also, <i>falsit&eacute;</i>. See
<u>False</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
quality of being false; coutrariety or want of conformity to

<p><blockquote>Probability does not make any alteration, either in
the truth or <i>falsity</i> of things.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is false; falsehood; a lie; a
false assertion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men often swallow <i>falsities</i> for
truths.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Brown.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Falsehood; lie; deceit.  -- <u>Falsity</u>,
<u>Falsehood</u>, <u>Lie</u>. <i>Falsity</i> denotes the state or
quality of being false. A <i>falsehood</i> is a false declaration
designedly made. A <i>lie</i> is a gross, unblushing falsehood. The
<i>falsity</i> of a person's assertion may be proved by the evidence
of others and thus the charge of <i>falsehood</i> be fastened upon

<p><hw>Fal"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To thrash in
the chaff; also, to cleanse or sift, as barley.</def> [Prov. Eng.]

<p><hw>Fal"ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Faltered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faltering</u>.] [OE. <i>falteren</i>, <i>faltren</i>, prob. from
<i>fault</i>. See <u>Fault</u>, <pos><i>v. & n.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hesitate; to speak brokenly or weakly; to
stammer; as, his tongue <i>falters</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With <i>faltering</i> speech and visage
incomposed.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To tremble; to totter; to be
unsteady.</def> "He found his legs <i>falter</i>."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To hesitate in purpose or

<p><blockquote>Ere her native king<BR>
Shall <i>falter</i> under foul rebellion's arms.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To fail in distinctness or regularity of
exercise; -- said of the mind or of thought.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Here indeed the power of disinct conception of space
and distance <i>falters</i>.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To utter with
hesitation, or in a broken, trembling, or weak manner.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And here he <i>faltered</i> forth his last
farewell.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Mde me most happy, <i>faltering</i> "I am
thine."</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><! p. 541 !></p>

<p><hw>Fal"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Falter</u>,
<pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>] <def>Hesitation; trembling; feebleness; an
uncertain or broken sound; as, a slight <i>falter</i> in her

<p><blockquote>The <i>falter</i> of an idle shepherd's
pipe.</blockquote> <i>Lowell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fal"ter*ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Hesitating;
trembling.</def> "With <i>faltering</i> speech." <i>Milton.</i> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Falter; halting; hesitation.</def> --
<wf>Fal"ter*ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>||Fa`luns"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <i>(Geol.)</i>
<def>A series of strata, of the Middle Tertiary period, of France,
abounding in shells, and used by Lyell as the type of his Miocene

<p><hw>Fal"we</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & n.</i></pos> <def>Fallow.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Falx</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., a sickle.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>A curved fold or process of the dura mater or the
peritoneum; esp., one of the partitionlike folds of the dura mater
which extend into the great fissures of the brain.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fam"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>falmelen</i>; cf. SW. <i>famla</i> to grope, Dan. <i>famle</i> to
grope, falter, hesitate, Icel. <i>f&amacr;lma</i> to grope.  Cf.
<u>Famble</u>.] <def>To stammer.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Nares.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fam"ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Famble</u>,
<pos><i>v.</i></pos>] <def>A hand.</def> [Slang & Obs.] "We clap our
<i>fambles</i>."  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fame</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>fame</i>, L.
<i>fama</i>, fr. <i>fari</i> to speak, akin to Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?; a
saying, report, &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to speak. See <u>Ban</u>, and cf.
<u>Fable</u>, <u>Fate</u>, <u>Euphony</u>, <u>Blame</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Public report or rumor.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fame</i> thereof was heard in Pharaoh's
house.</blockquote> <i>Gen. xlv. 16.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Report or opinion generally diffused;
renown; public estimation; celebrity, either favorable or
unfavorable; as, the <i>fame</i> of Washington.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I find thou art no less than <i>fame</i> hath
bruited.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Notoriety; celebrity; renown; reputation.</p>

<p><hw>Fame</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Famed</u> (?),; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faming</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To report widely or

<p><blockquote>The field where thou art <i>famed</i><BR>
To have wrought such wonders.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make famous or renowned.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Those Hesperian gardens <i>famed</i> of
old.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fame"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Without fame or
renown.</def> -- <wf>Fame"less*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa*mil`iar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>familer</i>,
<i>familier</i>, F. <i>familier</i>, fr. L. <i>familiaris</i>, fr.
<i>familia</i> family. See <u>Family</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of
or pertaining to a family; domestic.</def> "<i>Familiar</i> feuds."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Closely acquainted or intimate, as a
friend or companion; well versed in, as any subject of study; as,
<i>familiar</i> with the Scriptures.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by, or exhibiting, the
manner of an intimate friend; not formal; unconstrained; easy;
accessible.</def> "In loose, <i>familiar</i> strains."

<p><blockquote>Be thou <i>familiar</i>, but by no means
vulgar.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Well known; well understood; common;
frequent; as, a <i>familiar</i> illustration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That war, or peace, or both at once, may be<BR>
As things acquainted and <i>familiar</i> to us.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>There is nothing more <i>familiar</i> than
this.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Improperly acquainted; wrongly
intimate.</def>  <i>Camden.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Familiar spirit</b></col>, <cd>a demon or evil spirit
supposed to attend at call.</cd>  <i>1 Sam. xxviii. 3, 7-9.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa*mil"iar</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An intimate; a companion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All my <i>familiars</i> watched for my
halting.</blockquote> <i>Jer. xx. 10.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An attendant demon or evil spirit.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Court of Inquisition)</i> <def>A
confidential officer employed in the service of the tribunal,
especially in apprehending and imprisoning the accused.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*mil`iar"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Familiarities</b></plw> (#). [OE. <i>familarite</i>, F.
<i>familiarit&eacute;</i>fr.  L. <i>faniliaritas</i>. See
<u>Familiar</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being
familiar; intimate and frequent converse, or association;
unconstrained intercourse; freedom from ceremony and constraint;
intimacy; as, to live in remarkable <i>familiarity</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything said or done by one person to
another unceremoniously and without constraint; esp., in the
<i>pl.</i>, such actions and words as propriety and courtesy do not
warrant; liberties.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Acquaintance; fellowship; affability; intimacy. See

<p><hw>Fa*mil`iar*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
act or process of making familiar; the result of becoming familiar;
as, <i>familiarization</i> with scenes of blood.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*mil"iar*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Familiarized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Familiarizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>familiariser</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make familiar or intimate; to habituate;
to accustom; to make well known by practice or converse; as, to
<i>familiarize</i> one's self with scenes of distress.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make acquainted, or skilled, by
practice or study; as, to <i>familiarize</i> one's self with a
business, a book, or a science.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"mil"iar*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a familiar

<p><hw>Fa*mil"iar*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Familiarity.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fa*mil"ia*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>familiaris</i>. See <u>Familiar</u>.] <def>Of or pertaining to a
family or household; domestic.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fam"i*lism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The tenets of
the Familists.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fam"i*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Family</u>.] <i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>One of afanatical
Antinomian sect originating in Holland, and existing in England about
1580, called the <i>Family of Love</i>, who held that religion
consists wholly in love.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fam"i*lis*ter*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Familisteries</b></plw> (&?;). [F.
<i>familist&egrave;re</i>.] <def>A community in which many persons
unite as in one family, and are regulated by certain communistic laws
and customs.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fam`i*listic</hw> (?), <hw>Fam`i*lis"tic*al</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to Familists.</def>

<p><hw>Fam"i*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Families</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>familia</i>, fr.
<i>famulus</i> servant; akin to Oscan <i>famel</i> servant, cf.
<i>faamat</i> he dwells, Skr. <i>dh&amacr;man</i> house, fr.
<i>dh&amacr;</i>to set, make, do: cf. F. <i>famille</i>.  Cf.
<u>Do</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, <u>Doom</u>, <u>Fact</u>,
<u>Feat</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The collective body of persons
who live in one house, and under one head or manager; a household,
including parents, children, and servants, and, as the case may be,
lodgers or boarders.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The group comprising a husband and wife
and their dependent children, constituting a fundamental unit in the
organization of society.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The welfare of the <i>family</i> underlies the welfare
of society.</blockquote> <i>H. Spencer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Those who descend from one common
progenitor; a tribe, clan, or race; kindred; house; as, the human
<i>family</i>; the <i>family</i> of Abraham; the father of a

<p><blockquote>Go ! and pretend your <i>family</i> is
young.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Course of descent; genealogy; line of
ancestors; lineage.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Honorable descent; noble or respectable
stock; as, a man of <i>family</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A group of kindred or closely related
individuals; as, a <i>family</i> of languages; a <i>family</i> of
States; the chlorine <i>family</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>A group of organisms,
either animal or vegetable, related by certain points of resemblance
in structure or development, more comprehensive than a genus, because
it is usually based on fewer or less pronounced points of likeness.
In zo&ouml;logy a family is less comprehesive than an order; in
botany it is often considered the same thing as an order.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Family circle</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Circle</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>Family man</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A man who
has a family; esp., one who has a wife and children living with him
andd dependent upon him.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A man of
domestic habits.</cd> "The Jews are generally, when married, most
exemplary <i>family men</i>." <i>Mayhew.</i> -- <col><b>Family
of</b></col> <col><b>curves or surfaces</b></col> <i>(Geom.)</i>,
<cd>a group of curves or surfaces derived from a single
equation.</cd> -- <col><b>In a family way</b></col>, <cd>like one
belonging to the family.</cd> "Why don't we ask him and his ladies to
come over <i>in a family way</i>, and dine with some other plain
country gentlefolks?" <i>Thackeray.</i> -- <col><b>In the family
way</b></col>, <cd>pregnant.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fam"ine</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>famine</i>, fr.
L. <i>fames</i> hunger; cf. Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; want, need, Skr.
<i>h&amacr;ni</i> loss, lack, <i>h&amacr;</i> to leave.] <def>General
scarcity of food; dearth; a want of provisions; destitution.</def>
"Worn with <i>famine</i>."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>There was a <i>famine</i> in the land.</blockquote>
<i>Gen. xxvi. 1.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Famine fever</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>typhus

<p><hw>Fam"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Famished</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Famishing</u>.] [OE. <i>famen</i>; cf. OF. <i>afamer</i>, L.
<i>fames</i>. See <u>Famine</u>, and cf. <u>Affamish</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To starve, kill, or destroy with
hunger.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To exhaust the strength or endurance of,
by hunger; to distress with hanger.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And when all the land of Egypt was <i>famished</i>,
the people cried to Pharaoh for bread.</blockquote> <i>Cen. xli.

<p><blockquote>The pains of <i>famished</i> Tantalus he'll
feel.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To kill, or to cause to suffer extremity,
by deprivation or denial of anything necessary.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And <i>famish</i> him of breath, if not of
bread.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To force or constrain by famine.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He had <i>famished</i> Paris into a
surrender.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fam"ish</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To die of hunger; to starve.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To suffer extreme hunger or thirst, so as
to be exhausted in strength, or to come near to perish.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You are all resolved rather to die than to
<i>famish</i>?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To suffer extremity from deprivation of
anything essential or necessary.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Lord will not suffer the soul of the righteous to
<i>famish</i>.</blockquote> <i>Prov. x. 3.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fam"ish*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State of
being famished.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*mos"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>famositas</i> infamy: cf. F. <i>famosit&eacute;</i>. See
<u>Famous</u>.] <def>The state or quality of being famous.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"mous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>famosus</i>, fr.
<i>fama</i> fame: cf. F. <i>fameux</i>. See <u>Fame</u>.]
<def>Celebrated in fame or public report; renowned; mach talked of;
distinguished in story; -- used in either a good or a bad sense,
chiefly the former; often followed by <i>for</i>; as, <i>famous</i>
for erudition, for eloquence, for military skill; a <i>famous</i>

<p><blockquote><i>Famous</i> for a scolding tongue.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Noted; remarkable; signal; conspicuous; celebrated;
renowned; illustrious; eminent; transcendent; excellent.  --
<u>Famous</u>, <u>Renowned</u>, <u>Illustrious</u>. <i>Famous</i> is
applied to a person or thing widely spoken of as extraordinary;
<i>renowned</i> is applied to those who are named again and again
with honor; <i>illustrious</i>, to those who have dazzled the world
by the splendor of their deeds or their virtues. See

<p><hw>Fa"moused</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Renowned.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"mous*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a famous
manner; in a distinguished degree; greatly; splendidly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Then this land was <i>famously</i> enriched<BR>
With politic grave counsel.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"mous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being famous.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fam"u*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. L.
<i>famularis</i> of servants.] <def>Domestic; familiar.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fam"u*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [L.
<i>famulatus</i>, p. p. of <i>famulari</i> to serve, fr.
<i>famulus</i> servant.] <def>To serve.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fam"u*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>famulus</i>
servant.] <def>A collegian of inferior rank or position,
corresponding to the <i>sizar</i> at Cambridge.</def> [Oxford Univ.,

<p><hw>Fan</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fann</i>, fr. L.
<i>vannus</i> fan, van for winnowing grain; cf. F. <i>van</i>.  Cf.
<u>Van</u> a winnowing machine, <u>Winnow</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An instrument used for producing artificial currents of air, by
the wafting or revolving motion of a broad surface</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An instrument for cooling the person, made
of feathers, paper, silk, etc., and often mounted on sticks all
turning about the same pivot, so as when opened to radiate from the
center and assume the figure of a section of a circle.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>Any revolving vane or vanes
used for producing currents of air, in winnowing grain, blowing a
fire, ventilation, etc., or for checking rapid motion by the
resistance of the air; a fan blower; a fan wheel.</def>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>An instrument for winnowing grain, by moving
which the grain is tossed and agitated, and the chaff is separated
and blown away.</def> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <def>Something in the form
of a fan when spread, as a peacock's tail, a window, etc.</def>
<sd><i>(e)</i></sd> <def>A small vane or sail, used to keep the large
sails of a smock windmill always in the direction of the

<p><blockquote>Clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the
shovel and with the <i>fan</i>.</blockquote> <i>Is. xxx. 24.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which produces effects analogous to
those of a fan, as in exciting a flame, etc.; that which inflames,
heightens, or strengthens; as, it served as a <i>fan</i> to the flame
of his passion.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A quintain; -- from its form.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Fan blower</b></col>, <cd>a wheel with vanes fixed on a
rotating shaft inclosed in a case or chamber, to create a blast of
air (<i>fan blast</i>) for forge purposes, or a current for draft and
ventilation; a fanner.</cd> -- <col><b>Fan cricket</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a mole cricket.</cd> -- <col><b>Fan
light</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>a window over a door; -- so
called from the semicircular form and radiating sash bars of those
windows which are set in the circular heads of arched doorways.</cd>
-- <col><b>Fan shell</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>any shell of
the family <i>Pectinid&aelig;</i>. See <u>Scallop</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 1.</cd> -- <col><b>Fan tracery</b></col>
<i>(Arch.)</i>, <cd>the decorative tracery on the surface of fan
vaulting.</cd> -- <col><b>Fan vaulting</b></col> <i>(Arch.)</i>,
<cd>an elaborate system of vaulting, in which the ribs diverge
somewhat like the rays of a fan, as in Henry VII.'s chapel in
Westminster Abbey. It is peculiar to English Gothic.</cd> --
<col><b>Fan wheel</b></col>, <cd>the wheel of a fan blower.</cd> --
<col><b>Fan window</b></col>. <cd>Same as <i>Fan light</i>

<p><hw>Fan</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fanned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fanning</u> (?).] [Cf. OF. <i>vanner</i>, L. <i>vannere</i>. See
<u>Fan</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, <u>Van</u> a winnowing machine.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To move as with a fan.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The air . . . <i>fanned</i> with unnumbered
plumes.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cool and refresh, by moving the air
with a fan; to blow the air on the face of with a fan.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To ventilate; to blow on; to affect by air
put in motion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Calm as the breath which <i>fans</i> our eastern
groves.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To winnow; to separate chaff from, and
drive it away by a current of air; as, to <i>fan</i> wheat.</def>
<i>Jer. li. 2.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To excite or stir up to activity, as a fan
excites a flame; to stimulate; as, this conduct <i>fanned</i> the
excitement of the populace.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fanning machine</b></col>, <i>or</i>  <col><b>Fanning
mill</b></col>, <cd>a machine for separating seed from chaff, etc.,
by a blast of air; a fanner.</cd></p>

<p><hw>||Fa`nal"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A
lighthouse, or the apparatus placed in it for giving light.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*nat"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fanaticus</i>
inspired by divinity, enthusiastic, frantic, fr. <i>fanum</i> fane:
cf. F. <i>fanatique</i>. See <u>Fane</u>.] <def>Pertaining to, or
indicating, fanaticism; extravagant in opinions; ultra; unreasonable;
excessively enthusiastic, especially on religious subjects; as,
<i>fanatic</i> zeal; <i>fanatic</i> notions.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>But Faith, <i>fanatic</i> Faith, once wedded fast<BR>
To some dear falsehood, hugs it to the last.</blockquote> <i>T.

<p><hw>Fa*nat"ic</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person affected by
excessive enthusiasm, particularly on religious subjects; one who
indulges wild and extravagant notions of religion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There is a new word, coined within few months, called
<i>fanatics</i>, which, by the close stickling thereof, seemeth well
cut out and proportioned to signify what is meant thereby, even the
sectaries of our age.</blockquote> <i>Fuller (1660).</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fanatics</i> are governed rather by imagination
than by judgment.</blockquote> <i>Stowe.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa*nat"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Characteristic of, or relating to, fanaticism; fanatic.</def> -
<wf>Fa*nat"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fa*nat"ic*al*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa*nat"i*cism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf.
<u>Fanatism</u>.] <def>Excessive enthusiasm, unreasoning zeal, or
wild and extravagant notions, on any subject, especially religion;
religious frenzy.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Superstition</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fa*nat"i*cize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fanaticized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fanaticizing</u> (?).] <def>To cause to become a

<p><hw>Fan"a*tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fanatisme</i>.  Cf. <u>Fanaticism</u>.] <def>Fanaticism.</def>
[R.]  <i>Gibbon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cied</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fancy</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>Formed or conceived by the fancy;
unreal; as, a <i>fancied</i> wrong.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ci*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who is governed by fancy.</def> "Not reasoners, but
<i>fanciers</i>."  <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who fancies or has a special liking
for, or interest in, a particular object or class or objects; hence,
one who breeds and keeps for sale birds and animals; as, bird
<i>fancier</i>, dog <i>fancier</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ci*ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Full of fancy; guided by fancy, rather than by reason and
experience; whimsical; as, a <i>fanciful</i> man forms visionary

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conceived in the fancy; not consistent
with facts or reason; abounding in ideal qualities or figures; as, a
<i>fanciful</i> scheme; a <i>fanciful</i> theory.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Curiously shaped or constructed; as, she
wore a <i>fanciful</i> headdress.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Gather up all <i>fancifullest</i> shells.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Imaginative; ideal; visionary; capricious;
chimerical; whimsical; fantastical; wild.  -- <u>Fanciful</u>,
<u>Fantastical</u>, <u>Visionary</u>. We speak of that as
<i>fanciful</i> which is irregular in taste and judgment; we speak of
it as <i>fantastical</i> when it becomes grotesque and extravagant as
well as irregular; we speak of it as <i>visionary</i> when it is
wholly unfounded in the nature of things. <i>Fanciful</i> notions are
the product of a heated fancy, without any tems are made up of oddly
assorted fancies, aften of the most whimsical kind; <i>visionary</i>
expectations are those which can never be realized in fact.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Fan"ci*ful*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -
<wf>Fan"ci*ful*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><! p. 542 !></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ci*less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no
fancy; without ideas or imagination.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A pert or bluff important wight,<BR>
Whose brain is <i>fanciless</i>, whose blood is white.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fan"cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fancies</b></plw> (#). [Contr. fr. <i>fantasy</i>, OF.
<i>fantasie</i>, <i>fantaisie</i>, F. <i>fantaisie</i>, L.
<i>phantasia</i>, fr. Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; appearance,
imagination, the power of perception and presentation in the mind,
fr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to make visible, to place before one's
mind, fr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to show; akin to &?;&?;&?;&?;,
&?;&?;&?;, light, Skr. <i>bh&amacr;</i>to shine.  Cf. <u>Fantasy</u>,
<u>Fantasia</u>, <u>Epiphany</u>, <u>Phantom</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The faculty by which the mind forms an image or a representation
of anything perceived before; the power of combining and modifying
such objects into new pictures or images; the power of readily and
happily creating and recalling such objects for the purpose of
amusement, wit, or embellishment; imagination.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In the soul<BR>
Are many lesser faculties, that serve<BR>
Reason as chief. Among these <i>fancy</i> next<BR>
Her office holds.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An image or representation of anything
formed in the mind; conception; thought; idea; conceit.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>How now, my lord ! why do you keep alone,<BR>
Of sorriest <i>fancies</i> your companoins making ?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An opinion or notion formed without much
reflection; caprice; whim; impression.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I have always had a <i>fancy</i> that learning might
be made a play and recreation to children.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Inclination; liking, formed by caprice
rather than reason; as, to strike one's <i>fancy</i>; hence, the
object of inclination or liking.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To fit your fancies to your father's
will.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>That which pleases or entertains the taste
or caprice without much use or value.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>London pride is a pretty <i>fancy</i> for
borders.</blockquote> <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A sort of love song or light impromptu
ballad.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>The fancy</b></col>, <cd>all of a class who exhibit and
cultivate any peculiar taste or fancy; hence, especially, sporting
characters taken collectively, or any specific class of them, as
jockeys, gamblers, prize fighters, etc.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>At a great book sale in London, which had congregated
all <i>the fancy</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Imagination; conceit; taste; humor; inclination;
whim; liking. See <u>Imagination</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fancied</u> (?), <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fancying</u> (&?;).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To figure to one's
self; to believe or imagine something without proof.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If our search has reached no farther than simile and
metaphor, we rather <i>fancy</i> than know.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To love.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To form a conception of; to portray in the mind; to

<p><blockquote>He whom I <i>fancy</i>, but can ne'er
express.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To have a fancy for; to like; to be
pleased with, particularly on account of external appearance or
manners.</def> "We <i>fancy</i> not the cardinal."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To believe without sufficient evidence; to
imagine (something which is unreal).</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He <i>fancied</i> he was welcome, because those
arounde him were his kinsmen.</blockquote> <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Adapted to please the fancy or taste; ornamental; as,
<i>fancy</i> goods.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Extravagant; above real value.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This anxiety never degenerated into a monomania, like
that which led his [Frederick the Great's] father to pay <i>fancy</i>
prices for giants.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fancy ball</b></col>, <cd>a ball in which porsons appear
in fanciful dresses in imitation of the costumes of different persons
and nations.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy fair</b></col>, <cd>a fair at
which articles of fancy and ornament are sold, generally for some
charitable purpose.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy goods</b></col>,
<cd>fabrics of various colors, patterns, etc., as ribbons, silks,
laces, etc., in distinction from those of a simple or plain color or
make.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy line</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a line
rove through a block at the jaws of a gaff; -- used to haul it
down.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy roller</b></col> <i>(Carding
Machine)</i>, <cd>a clothed cylinder (usually having straight teeth)
in front of the doffer.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy stocks</b></col>, <cd>a
species of stocks which afford great opportunity for stock gambling,
since they have no intrinsic value, and the fluctuations in their
prices are artificial.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy store</b></col>, <cd>one
where articles of fancy and ornament are sold.</cd> -- <col><b>Fancy
woods</b></col>, <cd>the more rare and expensive furniture woods, as
mahogany, satinwood, rosewood, etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy-free`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Free from the
power of love.</def> "In maiden meditation, <i>fancy-free</i>."

<p><hw>Fan"cy*mon`ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
lovemonger; a whimsical lover.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy-sick`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Love-
sick.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"cy*work`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Ornamental
work with a needle or hook, as embroidery, crocheting, netting,

<p><hw>Fand</hw> (?), obs. <def><pos><i>imp.</i></pos> of
<u>Find</u>.</def>  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan*dan"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fandangoes</b></plw> (#). [Sp. A name brought, together with
the dance, from the West Indies to Spain.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
lively dance, in 3-8 or 6-8 time, much practiced in Spain and Spanish
America. Also, the tune to which it is danced.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A ball or general dance, as in
Mexico.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fane</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fanum</i> a place
dedicated to some deity, a sanctuary, fr. <i>fari</i> to speak. See
<u>Fame</u>.] <def>A temple; a place consecrated to religion; a
church.</def> [Poet.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Such to this British Isle, her Christian
<i>fanes</i>.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fane</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Vane</u>.] <def>A
weathercock.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>||Fa*ne"ga</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Sp.] <def>A dry
measure in Spain and Spanish America, varying from 1&?; to 2&?;
bushels; also, a measure of land.</def>  <i>De Colange.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"fare`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.  Cf.
<u>Fanfaron</u>.] <def>A flourish of trumpets, as in coming into the
lists, etc.; also, a short and lively air performed on hunting horns
during the chase.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fanfare</i> announcing the arrival of the
various Christian princes.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fan"fa*ron</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. Sp.
<i>fanfarron</i>; cf. It. <i>fanfano</i>, and OSp. <i>fanfa</i>
swaggering, boasting, also Ar. <i>farf&amacr;r</i> talkative.] <def>A
bully; a hector; a swaggerer; an empty boaster.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fan*far`on*ade"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>fanfaronnade</i>, fr. Sp. <i>fanfarronada</i>. See
<u>Fanfaron</u>.] <def>A swaggering; vain boasting; ostentation; a
bluster.</def>  <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"foot`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A species of gecko having the toes expanded
into large lobes for adhesion. The Egyptian fanfoot (<i>Phyodactylus
gecko</i>) is believed, by the natives, to have venomous toes.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Any moth of the genus

<p><hw>Fang</hw> (f&abreve;ng), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>fangen</i>, <i>fongen</i>, <i>fon</i> (<i>g</i> orig. only in p.
p. and imp. tense), AS. <i>f&omacr;n</i>; akin to D. <i>vangen</i>,
OHG. <i>f&amacr;han</i>, G. <i>fahen</i>, <i>fangen</i>, Icel.
<i>f&amacr;</i>, Sw. <i>f&aring;</i>, <i>f&aring;nga</i>, Dan.
<i>fange</i>, <i>faae</i>, Goth. <i>fahan</i>, and prob. to E.
<i>fair</i>, <i>peace</i>, <i>pact</i>.  Cf. <u>Fair</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To catch; to seize, as
with the teeth; to lay hold of; to gripe; to clutch.</def> [Obs.]

<p><blockquote>He's in the law's clutches; you see he's
<i>fanged</i>.</blockquote> <i>J. Webster.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To enable to catch or tear; to furnish
with fangs.</def> "Chariots <i>fanged</i> with scythes."

<p><hw>Fang</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Fang</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos>; cf. AS. <i>fang</i> a taking, booty, G. <i>fang</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The tusk of an animal, by
which the prey is seized and held or torn; a long pointed tooth;
esp., one of the usually erectile, venomous teeth of serpents. Also,
one of the falcers of a spider.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Since I am a dog, beware my <i>fangs</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any shoot or other thing by which hold is

<p><blockquote>The protuberant <i>fangs</i> of the
yucca.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The root, or one of the
branches of the root, of a tooth. See <u>Tooth</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>A niche in the side of an
adit or shaft, for an air course.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>A projecting tooth or
prong, as in a part of a lock, or the plate of a belt clamp, or the
end of a tool, as a chisel, where it enters the handle.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
valve of a pump box.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A bend or loop of
a rope.</def></p>

<p><col><b>In a fang</b></col>, <cd>fast entangled.</cd> --
<col><b>To lose the fang</b></col>, <cd>said of a pump when the water
has gone out</cd>; hence: <col><b>To fang a pump</b></col>, <cd>to
supply it with the water necessary to make it operate.</cd>

<p><hw>Fanged</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having fangs or
tusks; as, a <i>fanged</i> adder. Also used figuratively.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Fang</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>; hence, prop., a taking up a new thing.]
<def>Something new-fashioned; a foolish innovation; a gewgaw; a
trifling ornament.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"gle</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To fashion.</def>

<p><blockquote>To control and new <i>fangle</i> the
Scripture.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"gled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>New made; hence,
gaudy; showy; vainly decorated. [Obs., except with the prefix
<i>new</i>.] See <u>Newfangled</u>.</def> "Our <i>fangled</i> world."

<p><hw>Fan"gle*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being fangled.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>He them in new <i>fangleness</i> did
pass.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fang"less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of
fangs or tusks.</def> "A <i>fangless</i> lion."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"got</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. It.
<i>fagotto</i>, <i>fangotto</i>, a bundle.  Cf. <u>Fagot</u>.] <def>A
quantity of wares, as raw silk, etc., from one hundred

<p><hw>Fan"ion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fanon</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A small flag sometimes carried
at the head of the baggage of a brigade.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A small flag for marking the stations in

<p><hw>Fan"like`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Resembling a
fan;</def> -- specifically <i>(Bot.)</i>, <def>folded up like a fan,
as certain leaves; plicate.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"nel</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Dim., from same source
as <i>fanon</i>.] <def>Same as <u>Fanon</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who fans.</def>  <i>Jer. li. 2.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fan wheel; a fan blower. See under

<p><hw>Fan"-nerved`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot. &
Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having the nerves or veins arranged in a
radiating manner; -- said of certain leaves, and of the wings of some

<p><hw>Fan"on</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fanon</i>, LL.
<i>fano</i>, fr. OHG. <i>fano</i> banner cloth, G. <i>fahne</i>
banner. See <u>Vane</u>, and cf. <u>Fanion</u>, <u>Gonfalon</u>.]
<i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>A term applied to various articles, as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> A peculiar striped scarf worn by the pope at
mass, and by eastern bishops. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> A maniple.</def>
[Written also <i>fannel</i>, <i>phanon</i>, etc.]</p>

<p><hw>Fan" palm`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Any palm tree having
fan-shaped or radiate leaves; as the <i>Cham&aelig;rops humilis</i>
of Southern Europe; the species of <i>Sabal</i> and <i>Thrinax</i> in
the West Indies, Florida, etc.; and especially the great talipot tree
(<i>Corypha umbraculifera</i>) of Ceylon and Malaya. The leaves of
the latter are often eighteen feet long and fourteen wide, and are
used for umbrellas, tents, and roofs. When cut up, they are used for
books and manuscripts.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"tail`</hw> (f&abreve;n"t&amacr;l`), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Zool.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A variety of the domestic
pigeon, so called from the shape of the tail.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Any bird of the Australian genus
<i>Rhipidura</i>, in which the tail is spread in the form of a fan
during flight. They belong to the family of flycatchers.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"-tailed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having an expanded, or fan-shaped, tail; as,
the <i>fan-tailed</i> pigeon.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan*ta"si*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See
<u>Fancy</u>.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A continuous composition, not
divided into what are called movements, or governed by the ordinary
rules of musical design, but in which the author's fancy roves
unrestricted by set form.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ta*sied</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From
<u>Fantasy</u>.] <def>Filled with fancies or imaginations.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"tasm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Phantasm</u>,
<u>Fancy</u>.] <def>Same as <u>Phantasm</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"tast</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One whose manners
or ideas are fantastic.</def> [R.]  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>fantastique</i>, fr. Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; able to
represent, fr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to make visible. See
<u>Fancy</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Existing only in imagination;
fanciful; imaginary; not real; chimerical.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having the nature of a phantom;
unreal.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Indulging the vagaries of imagination;
whimsical; full of absurd fancies; capricious; as, <i>fantastic</i>
minds; a <i>fantastic</i> mistress.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Resembling fantasies in irregularity,
caprice, or eccentricity; irregular; oddly shaped;

<p><blockquote>There at the foot of yonder nodding beech,<BR>
That wreathes its old <i>fantastic</i> roots so high.</blockquote>
<i>T. Gray.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Fanciful; imaginative; ideal; visionary;
capricious; chimerical; whimsical; queer. See <u>Fanciful</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person given to
fantastic dress, manners, etc.; an eccentric person; a fop.</def>

<p><blockquote>Our <i>fantastics</i>, who, having a fine watch, take
all ocasions to draw it out to be seen.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fanciful;
unreal; whimsical; capricious; fantastic.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas`ti*cal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Fantastically.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
fantastic manner.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>the letter A, in scarlet, <i>fantastically</i>
embroidered with gold thread, upon her bosom.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic-al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being fantastic.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"ti*cism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
quality of being fantastical; fancifulness; whimsicality.</def>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Fantastically.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fan*tas"tic*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Fantasticalness.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>||Fan*tas"ti*co</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It.] <def>A
fantastic.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ta*sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fantasies</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Fancy</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Fancy; imagination; especially, a whimsical
or fanciful conception; a vagary of the imagination; whim; caprice;

<p><blockquote>Is not this something more than <i>fantasy</i>
?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A thousand <i>fantasies</i><BR>
Begin to throng into my memory.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fantastic designs.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Embroidered with <i>fantasies</i> and flourishes of
gold thread.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fan"ta*sy</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To have a fancy
for; to be pleased with; to like; to fancy.</def> [Obs.]

<p><blockquote>Which he doth most <i>fantasy</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Robynson (More's Utopia).</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fan`toc*ci"ni</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [It., dim.
fr. <i>fante</i> child.] <def>Puppets caused to perform evolutions or
dramatic scenes by means of machinery; also, the representations in
which they are used.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fan"tom</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><col><b>Fantom corn</b></col>, <cd>phantom corn.</cd>

<p><hw>Fap</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fuddled.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fa*quir"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Far</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Farrow</u>.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A young pig, or a litter of pigs.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<u>Farther</u> (#) and
<u>Farthest</u> (#) are used as the <pos><i>compar.</i></pos> and
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> of <i>far</i>, although they are
corruptions arising from confusion with <i>further</i> and
<i>furthest</i>. See <u>Further</u>.] [OE. <i>fer</i>, <i>feor</i>,
AS. <i>feor</i>; akin to OS. <i>fer</i>, D. <i>ver</i>, OHG.
<i>ferro</i>, adv., G. <i>fern</i>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, Icel.
<i>fjarri</i>, Dan. <i>fjirn</i>, Sw. <i>fjerran</i>, adv., Goth.
<i>fa&imacr;rra</i>, adv., Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; beyond, Skr.
<i>paras</i>, adv., far, and prob. to L. <i>per</i> through, and E.
prefix <i>for-</i>, as in <i>for</i>give, and also to <i>fare</i>.
Cf. <u>Farther</u>, <u>Farthest</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Distant
in any direction; not near; remote; mutually separated by a wide
space or extent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They said, . . . We be come from a <i>far</i>
country.</blockquote> <i>Josh. ix. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The nations <i>far</i> and near contend in
choice.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Remote from purpose; contrary to design or
wishes; as, <i>far</i> be it from me to justify cruelty.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Remote in affection or obedience; at a
distance, morally or spiritually; t enmity with; alienated.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They that are <i>far</i> from thee ahsll
perish.</blockquote> <i>Ps. lxxiii. 27.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Widely different in nature or quality;
opposite in character.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He was <i>far</i> from ill looking, though he thought
himself still farther.</blockquote> <i>F. Anstey.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The more distant of two; as, the
<i>far</i> side (called also <i>off side</i>) of a horse, that is,
the right side, or the one opposite to the rider when he

<p>&fist; The distinction between the adjectival and adverbial use of
<i>far</i> is sometimes not easily discriminated.</p>

<p><col><b>By far</b></col>, <cd>by much; by a great difference.</cd>
-- <col><b>Far between</b></col>, <cd>with a long distance (of space
or time) between; at long intervals.</cd> "The examinations are few
and <i>far between</i>." <i>Farrar.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To a
great extent or distance of space; widely; as, we are separated
<i>far</i> from each other.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To a great distance in time from any
point; remotely; as, he pushed his researches <i>far</i> into

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>In great part; as, the day is <i>far</i>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>In a great proportion; by many degrees;
very much; deeply; greatly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Who can find a virtuous woman ? for her price is
<i>far</i> above rubies.</blockquote> <i>Prov. xxxi. 10.</i></p>

<p><col><b>As far as</b></col>, <cd>to the extent, or degree, that.
See <i>As far as</i>, under <u>As</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Far
off</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>At a great distance,
absolutely or relatively.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Distant in
sympathy or affection; alienated.</cd> "But now, in Christ Jesus, ye
who some time were <i>far off</i> are made nigh by the blood of
Christ." <i>Eph. ii. 13.</i> -- <col><b>Far other</b></col>,
<cd>different by a great degree; not the same; quite unlike.</cd>
<i>Pope.</i> -- <col><b>Far and near</b></col>, <cd>at a distance and
close by; throughout a whole region.</cd> -- <col><b>Far and
wide</b></col>, <cd>distantly and broadly; comprehensively.</cd>
"<i>Far and wide</i> his eye commands." <i>Milton.</i> --
<col><b>From far</b></col>, <cd>from a great distance; from a remote

<p>&fist; <i>Far</i> often occurs in self-explaining compounds, such
as <i>far</i>-extended, <i>far</i>-reaching, <i>far</i>-spread.</p>

<p><! p. 543 !></p>

<p><hw>Far"-a*bout`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A going out
of the way; a digression.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"ad</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From Michael
<i>Faraday</i>, the English electrician.] <i>(Elec.)</i> <def>The
standard unit of electrical capacity; the capacity of a condenser
whose charge, having an electro-motive force of one volt, is equal to
the amount of electricity which, with the same electromotive force,
passes through one ohm in one second; the capacity, which, charged
with one coulomb, gives an electro-motive force of one

<p><hw>Far*ad"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining
to Michael <i>Faraday</i>, the distinguished electrician; -- applied
especially to induced currents of electricity, as produced by certain
forms of inductive apparatus, on account of Faraday's investigations
of their laws.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Far"a*dism</hw> (?), <hw>Far`a*di*za"tion</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The treatment with faradic or
induced currents of electricity for remedial purposes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"and</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Farrand</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>Far"an*dams</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fabrik made
of silk and wool or hair.</def>  <i>Simmonds.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"ant*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Farrand</u>.] <def>Orderly; comely; respectable.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Farce</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Farced</u> (?), <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Farcing</u> (&?;).] [F. <i>Farcir</i>, L. <i>farcire</i>; akin to
Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to fence in, stop up.  Cf. <u>Force</u>
to stuff, <u>Diaphragm</u>, <u>Frequent</u>, <u>Farcy</u>,
<u>Farse</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To stuff with forcemeat;
hence, to fill with mingled ingredients; to fill full; to
stuff.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The first principles of religion should not be
<i>farced</i> with school points and private tenets.</blockquote>
<i>Bp. Sanderson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>His tippet was aye <i>farsed</i> full of
knives.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To render fat.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>If thou wouldst <i>farce</i> thy lean
ribs.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To swell out; to render pompous.</def>

<p><blockquote><i>Farcing</i> his letter with fustian.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Farce</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>farce</i>, from L.
<i>farsus</i> (also sometimes <i>farctus</i>), p. p. pf
<i>farcire</i>. See <u>Farce</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Cookery)</i> <def>Stuffing, or mixture of
viands, like that used on dressing a fowl; forcemeat.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A low style of comedy; a dramatic
composition marked by low humor, generally written with little regard
to regularity or method, and abounding with ludicrous incidents and

<p><blockquote><i>Farce</i> is that in poetry which "grotesque" is in
a picture: the persons and action of a <i>farce</i> are all
unnatural, and the manners false.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Ridiculous or empty show; as, a mere
<i>farce</i>.</def> "The <i>farce</i> of state."  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farce"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Stuffing;
forcemeat.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>They spoil a good dish with . . . unsavory
<i>farcements</i>.</blockquote> <i>Feltham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"ci*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
farce; appropriated to farce; ludicrous; unnatural; unreal.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They deny the characters to be <i>farcical</i>,
because they are &?;&?;tually in in nature.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>Far"ci*cal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -
<wf>Far"ci*cal*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Far"ci*cal</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to
the disease called farcy. See <u>Farcy</u>,

<p><hw>Far"ci*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Farce</i>+-
<i>lite</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>Pudding stone.</def> [Obs.]

<p>{ <hw>Far"ci*men</hw> (?), <hw>Far"cin</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Far.)</i> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Far"cing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Cookery)</i>
<def>Stuffing; forcemeat.</def></p>

<p><hw>Farc"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>farctus</i>,
p. p. of <i>farcire</i>. See <u>Farce</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Stuffed; filled solid; as, a <i>farctate</i> leaf,
stem, or pericarp; -- opposed to <i>tubular</i> or
<i>hollow</i>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Far"cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>farcin</i>; cf.
L. <i>farciminum</i> a disease of horses, fr. <i>farcire</i>. See
<u>Farce</u>.] <i>(Far.)</i> <def>A contagious disease of horses,
associated with painful ulcerating enlargements, esp. upon the head
and limbs. It is of the same nature as glanders, and is often fatal.
Called also <i>farcin</i>, and <i>farcimen</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Farcy</i>, although more common in horses, is
communicable to other animals and to human beings.</p>

<p><col><b>Farcy bud</b></col>, <cd>a hard, prominent swelling
occurring upon the cutaneous surface in farcy, due to the obstruction
and inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, and followed by
ulceration.</cd>  <i>Youatt.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fard</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., prob. fr. OHG.
gi<i>farit</i>, gi<i>farwit</i> p. p. of <i>farwjan</i> to color,
tinge, fr. <i>farawa</i> color, G. <i>farbe</i>.] <def>Paint used on
the face.</def> [Obs.] "Painted with French <i>fard</i>."  <i>J.

<p><hw>Fard</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [F. <i>farder</i> to paint
one's face.] <def>To paint; -- said esp. of one's face.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>||Far`dage"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See
<u>Fardel</u>.] <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>See <u>Dunnage</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"del</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>fardel</i>, F.
<i>fardeau</i>; cf. Sp. <i>fardel</i>, <i>fardillo</i>, <i>fardo</i>,
LL. <i>fardellus</i>; prob. fr. Ar. <i>fard</i> one of the two parts
of an object divisible into two, hence, one of the two parts of a
camel's load.  Cf. <u>Furl</u>.] <def>A bundle or little pack; hence,
a burden.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A <i>fardel</i> of never-ending misery and
suspense.</blockquote> <i>Marryat.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"del</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make up in
fardels.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"ding-bag`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Of uncertain
origin; cf. <u>Fardel</u>.] <def>The upper stomach of a cow, or other
ruminant animal; the rumen.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ding*dale</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
farthingale.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Far"ding*deal</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Farthing</u>, and <u>Deal</u> a part.] <def>The fourth part of an
acre of land.</def> [Obs.] [Written also <i>farding dale</i>,
<i>fardingale</i>, etc.]</p>

<p><hw>Fare</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fared</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faring</u>.] [AS. <i>faran</i> to travel, fare; akin to OS.,
Goth., & OHG. <i>faran</i> to travel, go, D. <i>varen</i>, G.
<i>fahren</i>, OFries., Icel., & Sw. <i>fara</i>, Dan. <i>fare</i>,
Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; a way through, &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; a ferry,
strait, &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to convey,
&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to go, march, &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; beyond,
on the other side, &?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to pass through, L. <i>peritus</i>
experienced, <i>portus</i> port, Skr. <i>par</i> to bring over.
&radic;78.  Cf. <u>Chaffer</u>, <u>Emporium</u>, <u>Far</u>,
<u>Ferry</u>, <u>Ford</u>, <u>Peril</u>, <u>Port</u> a harbor,
<u>Pore</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To go; to
pass; to journey; to travel.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>So on he <i>fares</i>, and to the border comes<BR>
Of Eden.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be in any state, or pass through any
experience, good or bad; to be attended with any circummstances or
train of events, fortunate or unfortunate; as, he <i>fared</i> well,
or ill.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>So <i>fares</i> the stag among the enraged
hounds.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I bid you most heartily well to
<i>fare</i>.</blockquote> <i>Robynson (More's Utopia).</i></p>

<p><blockquote>So <i>fared</i> the knight between two
foes.</blockquote> <i>Hudibras.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be treated or entertained at table, or
with bodily or social comforts; to live.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There was a certain rich man which . . . <i>fared</i>
sumptuously every day.</blockquote> <i>Luke xvi. 19.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To happen well, or ill; -- used
impersonally; as, we shall see how it will <i>fare</i> with

<p><blockquote>So <i>fares</i> it when with truth falsehood
contends.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To behave; to conduct one's self.</def>

<p><blockquote>She <i>ferde</i> [fared] as she would
die.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fare</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.  <i>faru</i> journey,
fr. <i>faran</i>. See <u>Fare</u>, <pos><i>v.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A journey; a passage.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>That nought might stay his <i>fare</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The price of passage or going; the sum
paid or due for conveying a person by land or water; as, the
<i>fare</i> for crossing a river; the <i>fare</i> in a coach or by

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Ado; bustle; business.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The warder chid and made <i>fare</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Condition or state of things; fortune;
hap; cheer.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>What <i>fare</i>? what news abroad ?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Food; provisions for the table;
entertainment; as, coarse <i>fare</i>; delicious <i>fare</i>.</def>
"Philosophic <i>fare</i>."  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>The person or persons conveyed in a
vehicle; as, a full <i>fare</i> of passengers.</def>  <i>A.

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>The catch of fish on a fishing

<p><col><b>Bill of fare</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Bill</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fare</b></col> <col><b>indicator or register</b></col>, <cd>a
device for recording the number of passengers on a street car,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fare wicket</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A
gate or turnstile at the entrance of toll bridges, exhibition
grounds, etc., for registering the number of persons passing it.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>An opening in the door of a street car for
purchasing tickets of the driver or passing fares to the
conductor.</cd>  <i>Knight.</i>

<p><hw>Far"en</hw> (?), obs. <def><pos><i>p. p.</i></pos> of
<u>Fare</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos></def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fare`well"</hw> (?), <pos><i>interj.</i></pos> [<i>Fare</i>
(thou, you) + <i>well</i>.] <def>Go well; good-by; adieu;  --
originally applied to a person departing, but by custom now applied
both to those who depart and those who remain. It is often separated
by the pronoun; as, <i>fare</i> you <i>well</i>; and is sometimes
used as an expression of separation only; as, <i>farewell</i> the
year; <i>farewell</i>, ye sweet groves; that is, I bid you

<p><blockquote>So <i>farewell</i> hope, and with hope,
<i>farewell</i> fear.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fare</i> thee <i>well</i>! and if forever,<BR>
Still forever <i>fare</i> thee <i>well</i>.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; The primary accent is sometimes placed on the first
syllable, especially in poetry.</p>

<p><hw>Fare`well"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A wish of happiness or welfare at parting; the parting
compliment; a good-by; adieu.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Act of departure; leave-taking; a last
look at, or reference to something.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And takes her <i>farewell</i> of the glorious
sun.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Before I take my <i>farewell</i> of the
subject.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fare"well`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Parting;
valedictory; final; as, a <i>farewell</i> discourse; his
<i>farewell</i> bow.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Leans in his spear to take his <i>farewell</i>
view.</blockquote> <i>Tickell.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Farewell rock</b></col> <i>(Mining)</i>, <cd>the Millstone
grit; -- so called because no coal is found worth working below this
stratum. It is used for hearths of furnaces, having power to resist
intense heat.</cd>  <i>Ure.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"fet`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Far</i> +
<i>fet</i>, <pos><i>p. p.</i></pos> of <u>Fette</u>.]
<def>Farfetched.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>York with his <i>farfet</i> policy.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Far"fetch`</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<i>Far</i> +
<i>fetch</i>.] <def>To bring from far; to seek out studiously.</def>

<p><blockquote>To <i>farfetch</i> the name of Tartar from a Hebrew
word.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"fetch`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Anything brought
from far, or brought about with studious care; a deep
strategem.</def> [Obs.] "Politic <i>farfetches</i>."

<p><hw>Far"fetched`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Brought from far, or from a remote place.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Every remedy contained a multitude of
<i>farfetched</i> and heterogeneous ingredients.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Studiously sought; not easily or naturally
deduced or introduced; forced; strained.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*ri"na</hw> (f&adot;*r&imacr;"n&adot; <i>or</i>
f&adot;*r&emacr;"n&adot;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., meal, flour, fr.
<i>far</i> a sort of grain, spelt; akin to E. <i>barley</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A fine flour or meal made from cereal grains
or from the starch or fecula of vegetables, extracted by various
processes, and used in cookery.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Pollen.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Far`i*na"ceous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>farinaceus</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Consisting or made of
meal or flour; as, a <i>farinaceous</i> diet.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Yielding farina or flour; as,
<i>ffarinaceous</i> seeds.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Like meal; mealy; pertaining to meal; as,
a <i>farinaceous</i> taste, smell, or appearance.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far`i*nose"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>farinosus</i>: cf. F. <i>farineux</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Yielding farina; as, <i>farinose</i> substances.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot. & Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Covered with a
sort of white, mealy powder, as the leaves of some poplars, and the
body of certain insects; mealy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Farl</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>Same as
<u>Furl</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"lie</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>ferlish</i>
wonder, as adj., strange, sudden, fearful, AS.
<i>f&aemacr;rl&imacr;c</i> sudden. See <u>Fear</u>.] <def>An unusual
or unexpected thing; a wonder. See <u>Fearly</u>.</def> [Obs. or
Prov. Eng.]  <i>Drayton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>ferme</i> rent,
lease, F. <i>ferme</i>, LL. <i>firma</i>, fr. L. <i>firmus</i> firm,
fast, <i>firmare</i> to make firm or fast.  See <u>Firm</u>,
<pos><i>a. & n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The rent of land,
-- originally paid by reservation of part of its products.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The term or tenure of a lease of land for
cultivation; a leasehold.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>It is great willfulness in landlords to make any
longer <i>farms</i> to their tenants.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The land held under lease and by payment
of rent for the purpose of cultivation.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Any tract of land devoted to agricultural
purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.</def></p>

<p>&fist; In English the ideas of a lease, a term, and a rent,
continue to be in a great degree inseparable, even from the popular
meaning of a <i>farm</i>, as they are entirely so from the legal
sense.  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A district of country leased (or farmed)
out for the collection of the revenues of government.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The province was devided into twelve
<i>farms</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(O. Eng. Law)</i> <def>A lease of the
imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar <i>farm</i>, the silk

<p><blockquote>Whereas G. H.  held the <i>farm</i> of sugars upon a
rent of 10,000 marks per annum.</blockquote> <i>State Trials

<p><hw>Farm</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Farmed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Farming</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To lease or let for an
equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to

<p><blockquote>We are enforced to <i>farm</i> our royal
realm.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To give up to another, as an estate, a
business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a
percentage of what it yields; as, to <i>farm</i> the taxes.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>farm</i> their subjects and their duties toward
these.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To take at a certain rent or

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To devote (land) to agriculture; to
cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To farm let</b></col>, <col><b>To let to farm</b></col>,
<cd>to lease on rent.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Farm</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To engage in the
business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.</def></p>

<p><hw>Farm"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being farmed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Farm"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fermier</i>.] <def>One who farms</def>; as: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>One who hires and cultivates a farm; a cultivator of leased
ground; a tenant.</def> <i>Smart.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>One
who is devoted to the tillage of the soil; one who cultivates a farm;
an agriculturist; a husbandman.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>One
who takes taxes, customs, excise, or other duties, to collect, either
paying a fixed annuual rent for the privilege; as, a <i>farmer</i> of
the revenues.</def> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>The lord
of the field, or one who farms the lot and cope of the

<p><col><b>Farmer-general</b></col> [F. <i>fermier-general</i>],
<cd>one to whom the right of levying certain taxes, in a particular
district, was <i>farmed out</i>, under the former French monarchy,
for a given sum paid down.</cd> -- <col><b>Farmers' satin</b></col>,
<cd>a light material of cotton and worsted, used for coat
linings.</cd> <i>McElrath.</i> -- <col><b>The king's farmer</b></col>
<i>(O. Eng. Law)</i>, <cd>one to whom the collection of a royal
revenue was farmed out.</cd>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farm"er*ess</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A woman who

<p><hw>Farm"er*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Skill in

<p><hw>Farm"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The buildings
and yards necessary for the business of a farm; a homestead.</def>

<p><hw>Farm"house`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A dwelling house
on a farm; a farmer's residence.</def></p>

<p><hw>Farm"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
agriculture; devoted to, adapted to, or engaged in, farming; as,
<i>farming</i> tools; <i>farming</i> land; a <i>farming</i>

<p><hw>Farm"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The business of
cultivating land.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"most`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Most distant;

<p><blockquote>A spacious cave within its <i>farmost</i>
part.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farm"stead</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A farm with the
building upon it; a homestead on a farm.</def>  <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>With its pleasant groves and
<i>farmsteads</i>.</blockquote> <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farm"stead*ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
farmstead.</def> [Scot.]  <i>Black.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farm"yard`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The yard or
inclosure attached to a barn, or the space inclosed by the farm

<p><hw>Far"ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Far</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>The state of being far off; distance;
remoteness.</def> [R.]  <i>Grew.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"o</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Said to be so called
because the Egyptian king <i>Pharaoh</i> was formerly represented
upon one of the cards.] <def>A gambling game at cards, in which all
the other players play against the dealer or banker, staking their
money upon the order in which the cards will lie and be dealt from
the pack.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Faro bank</b></col>, <cd>the capital which the proprietor
of a faro table ventures in the game; also, the place where a game of
faro is played.</cd>  <i>Hoyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa`ro*ese`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. sing. & pl.</i></pos> <def>An
inhabitant, or, collectively, inhabitants, of the Faroe

<p><hw>Far"-off`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Remote; as, the
<i>far-off</i> distance.  Cf. <i>Far-off</i>, under <u>Far</u>,

<p><hw>Far*rag*i*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Farrago</u>.] <def>Formed of various materials; mixed; as, a
<i>farraginous</i> mountain.</def> [R.]  <i>Kirwan.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A <i>farraginous</i> concurrence of all conditions,
tempers, sexes, and ages.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Far*ra"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>farrago</i>,
<i>-aginis</i>, mixed fodder for cattle, mash, medley, fr. <i>far</i>
a sort of grain. See <u>Farina</u>.] <def>A mass composed of various
materials confusedly mixed; a medley; a mixture.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A confounded <i>farrago</i> of doubts, fears, hopes,
wishes, and all the flimsy furniture of a country miss's
brain.</blockquote> <i>Sheridan.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"rand</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>farand</i>
beautiful; cf. Gael. <i>farranta</i> neat, stout, stately; or perh.
akin to E. <i>fare</i>.] <def>Manner; custom; fashion; humor.</def>
[Prov. Eng.] [Written also <i>farand</i>.]  <i>Grose.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far`re*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>farreatio</i>.] <def>Same as <u>Confarreation</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ri*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>farrour</i>,
<i>ferrer</i>, OF. <i>ferreor</i>, <i>ferrier</i>, LL.
<i>Ferrator</i>, <i>ferrarius equorum</i>, from <i>ferrare</i> to
shoe a horse, <i>ferrum</i> a horseshoe, fr. L. <i>ferrum</i> iron.
Cf. <u>Ferreous</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A shoer of horses; a
veterinary surgeon.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ri*er</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To practice as a
farrier; to carry on the trade of a farrier.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Far"ri*er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The art of shoeing horses.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The art of preventing, curing, or
mitigating diseases of horses and cattle; the veterinary

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The place where a smith shoes

<p><! p. 544 !></p>

<p><hw>Far"row</hw> (f&abreve;r"r&osl;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>fearh</i> a little pig; a akin to OHG. <i>farh</i>, <i>farah</i>,
pig, dim. <i>farheli</i> little pig, G. <i>fercel</i>, D.
<i>varken</i> pig, Lith. <i>parszas</i> OIr. <i>orc</i>, L.
<i>porcus</i>, Gr. <grk>po`rkos</grk>.  Cf. <u>Pork</u>.] <def>A
litter of pigs.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"row</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Farrowed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Farrowing</u>.] <def>To bring forth (young); -- said only of
swine.</def>  <i>Tusser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"row</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. Scot. <i>ferry cow</i>
a cow that is not with calf, D. <i>vaarkoe</i>, <i>vaars</i>, heifer,
G. <i>f&auml;rse</i>, AS. <i>fearr</i> bull, G. <i>farre</i>.  Cf.
<u>Heifer</u>.] <def>Not producing young in a given season or year; -
- said only of cows.</def></p>

<p>&fist; If a cow has had a calf, but fails in a subsequent year,
she is said to be <i>farrow</i>, or to go <i>farrow</i>.</p>

<p><hw>Far"ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A farrow.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Perry.</i></p>

<p><hw>Farse</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Farce</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>An addition to, or a
paraphrase of, some part of the Latin service in the vernacular; --
common in English before the Reformation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"see`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Able to see to a great distance; farsighted.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having foresight as regards the

<p><hw>Far"sight`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Seeing to great distance; hence, of good judgment regarding the
remote effects of actions; sagacious.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Hypermetropic.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"sight`ed*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Quality of bbeing farsighted.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Hypermetropia.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"-stretched`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Stretched
beyond ordinary limits.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ther</hw> (f&auml;r"&thlig;&etilde;r),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>, <pos><i>compar.</i></pos> of <u>Far</u>.
[<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Farthest</u> (-&thlig;&ebreve;st). See
<u>Further</u>.] [For <i>farrer</i>, OE. <i>ferrer</i>, compar. of
<i>far</i>; confused with <i>further</i>.  Cf. <u>Farthest</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>More remote; more distant than something

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Tending to a greater distance; beyond a
certain point; additional; further.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Before our <i>farther</i> way the fates
allow.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Let me add a <i>farther</i> Truth.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Some <i>farther</i> change awaits us.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Far"ther</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>At or to a greater distance; more remotely; beyond; as, let us
rest with what we have, without looking <i>farther</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Moreover; by way of progress in treating a
subject; as, <i>farther</i>, let us consider the probable

<p><col><b>No farther</b></col>, <cd>(used elliptically for) go no
farther; say no more, etc.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>It will be dangerous to go on. <i>No farther</i>
!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"ther</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To help onward.
[R.] See <u>Further</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ther*ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See

<p><hw>Far"ther*more`</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]
<def>See <u>Furthermore</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"ther*most`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Most
remote; farthest.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"thest</hw> (f&auml;r"&thlig;&ebreve;st),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <pos><i>Superl.</i></pos> of <u>far</u>. [See
<u>Farther</u> and cf. <u>Furthest</u>] <def>Most distant or remote;
as, the <i>farthest</i> degree.  See <u>Furthest</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"thest</hw> <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>At or to the
greatest distance. See <u>Furthest</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Far"thing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>furthing</i>,
AS. <i>fe&oacute;r&eth;ung</i>, fr. <i>fe&oacute;r&eth;a</i> fourth,
<i>fe&oacute;r</i>, <i>fe&oacute;wer</i>, four. See <u>Four</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The fourth of a penny; a small copper coin of
Great Britain, being a cent in United States currency.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A very small quantity or value.</def>

<p><blockquote>In her cup was no <i>farthing</i> seen of
grease.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A division of land.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Thirty acres make a <i>farthing</i> land; nine
<i>farthings</i> a Cornish acre; and four Cornish acres a knight's
fee.</blockquote> <i>R. Carew.</i></p>

<p><hw>Far"thin*gale</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>vardingale</i>, <i>fardingale</i>, fr. OF. <i>vertugale</i>,
<i>verdugade</i>, F. <i>vertugade</i>, <i>vertugadin</i>, from Sp.
<i>verdugado</i>, being named from its hoops, fr. <i>verdugo</i> a
young shoot of tree, fr. <i>verde</i> green, fr. L. <i>viridis</i>.
See <u>Verdant</u>.] <def>A hoop skirt or hoop petticoat, or other
light, elastic material, used to extend the petticoat.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>We'll revel it as bravely as the best, . . . <BR>
With ruffs and cuffs, and <i>farthingales</i> and
things.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fas"ces</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.,
<pos><i>pl.</i></pos> of <i>fascis</i> bundle; cf. <i>fascia</i> a
band, and Gr. <grk>fa`kelos</grk> a bundle.], <i>(Rom. Antiq.)</i>
<def>A bundle of rods, having among them an ax with the blade
projecting, borne before the Roman magistrates as a badge of their

<p><hw>Fas"cet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Glass Making)</i>
<def>A wire basket on the end of a rod to carry glass bottles, etc.,
to the annealing furnace; also, an iron rod to be thrust into the
mouths of bottles, and used for the same purpose; -- called also
<i>pontee</i> and <i>punty</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fas"ci*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fasci&aelig;</b></plw> (#). [L., a band: cf. It.
<i>fascia</i>. See <u>Fasces</u>, and cf. <u>Fess</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A band, sash, or fillet; especially, in
surgery, a bandage or roller.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>A flat member of an order
or building, like a flat band or broad fillet; especially, one of the
three bands which make up the architrave, in the Ionic order. See
<i>Illust.</i> of <u>Column</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The layer of loose tissue,
often containing fat, immediately beneath the skin; the stronger
layer of connective tissue covering and investing all muscles; an

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A broad well-defined
band of color.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ci*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Pertaining to the fasces.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Relating to a

<p>{ <hw>Fas"ci*ate</hw> (?), <hw>Fas"ci*a`ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fasciatus</i>, p. p. of <i>fasciare</i>
to envelop with bands, fr. <i>fascia</i> band. See <u>Fasces</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Bound with a fillet, sash, or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Banded
or compacted together.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Flattened and
laterally widened, as are often the stems of the garden

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Broadly banded with

<p><hw>Fas`ci*a"tion</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act or
manner of binding up; bandage; also, the condition of being

<p><hw>Fas"ci*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fasciculus</i>, dim. of <i>fascis</i>. See <u>Fasces</u>.] <def>A
small bundle or collection; a compact cluster; as, a <i>fascicle</i>
of fibers; a <i>fascicle</i> of flowers or roots.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ci*cled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Growing in a
bundle, tuft, or close cluster; as, the <i>fascicled</i> leaves of
the pine or larch; the <i>fascicled</i> roots of the dahlia;
<i>fascicled</i> muscle fibers; <i>fascicled</i> tufts of

<p><hw>Fas*cic"u*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining
to a fascicle; fascicled; as, a <i>fascicular</i> root.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas*cic"u*lar*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
fascicled manner.</def>  <i>Kirwan.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fas*cic"u*late</hw> (?), <hw>Fas*cic"u*la`ted</hw> (?),}
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Grouped in a fascicle; fascicled.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fas*cic"u*lus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fasciculi</b></plw> (#). [L. See <u>Fascicle</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A little bundle; a fascicle.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A division of a book.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ci*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fascinated</u> (?), <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos>. <u>Fascinating</u> (&?;).] [L. <i>fascinare</i>; cf.
Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to slander, bewitch.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To influence in an uncontrollable manner; to
operate on by some powerful or irresistible charm; to bewitch; to

<p><blockquote>It has been almost universally believed that . . .
serpents can stupefy and <i>fascinate</i> the prey which they are
desirous to obtain.</blockquote> <i>Griffith (Cuvier).</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To excite and allure irresistibly or
powerfully; to charm; to captivate, as by physical or mental

<p><blockquote>There be none of the passions that have been noted to
<i>fascinate</i> or bewitch but love and envy.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To charm; enrapture; captivate; enchant; bewitch;

<p><hw>Fas`ci*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fascinatio</i>; cf. F. <i>fascination</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of fascinating, bewitching, or enchanting; enchantment;
witchcraft; the exercise of a powerful or irresistible influence on
the affections or passions; unseen, inexplicable influence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Turks hang old rags . . . upon their fairest
horses, and other goodly creatures, to secure them against
<i>fascination</i>.</blockquote> <i>Waller.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state or condition of being

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which fascinates; a charm; a

<p><blockquote>There is a certain bewitchery or <i>fascination</i> in
words.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fas*cine"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>fascina</i> a bundle of sticks, fr. <i>fascis</i>. See
<u>Fasces</u>.] <i>(Fort. & Engin.)</i> <def>A cylindrical bundle of
small sticks of wood, bound together, used in raising batteries,
filling ditches, strengthening ramparts, and making parapets; also in
revetments for river banks, and in mats for dams, jetties,

<p><hw>Fas"ci*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fascinum</i>
witchcraft, akin to <i>fascinare</i>. See <u>Fascinate</u>.]
<def>Caused or acting by witchcraft.</def> [Obs.] "<i>Fascinous</i>
diseases."  <i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fas*ci"o*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;<i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fasciol&aelig;</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Fasciole</u>.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>A band of gray matter bordering the fimbria in
the brain; the dentate convolution.</def>  <i>Wilder.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ci*ole</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fasciola</i>
a little bandage. See <u>Fascia</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A band
of minute tubercles, bearing modified spines, on the shells of
spatangoid sea urchins. See <u>Spatangoidea</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fash</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fashed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fashing</u>.] [OF. <i>faschier</i>, F. <i>f&?;cher</i>, to anger,
vex; cf. Pr. <i>fasticar</i>, <i>fastigar</i>, fr. L.
<i>fastidium</i> dilike. See <u>Fastidious</u>.] <def>To vex; to
tease; to trouble.</def> [Scot.]</p>

<p><hw>Fash</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Vexation; anxiety;
care.</def> [Scot.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Without further <i>fash</i> on my part.</blockquote>
<i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fasoun</i>,
<i>facioun</i>, shape, manner, F. <i>facon</i>, orig., a making, fr.
L. <i>factio</i> a making, fr. <i>facere</i> to make. See
<u>Fact</u>, <u>Feat</u>, and cf. <u>Faction</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The make or form of anything; the style,
shape, appearance, or mode of structure; pattern, model; as, the
<i>fashion</i> of the ark, of a coat, of a house, of an altar, etc.;
workmanship; execution.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fashion</i> of his countenance was
altered.</blockquote> <i>Luke ix. 29.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I do not like the <i>fashion</i> of your
garments.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The prevailing mode or style, especially
of dress; custom or conventional usage in respect of dress, behavior,
etiquette, etc.; particularly, the mode or style usual among persons
of good breeding; as, to dress, dance, sing, ride, etc., in the

<p><blockquote>The innocent diversions in
<i>fashion</i>.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>As now existing, <i>fashion</i> is a form of social
regulation analogous to constitutional government as a form of
political regulation.</blockquote> <i>H. Spencer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Polite, fashionable, or genteel life;
social position; good breeding; as, men of <i>fashion</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Mode of action; method of conduct; manner;
custom; sort; way.</def> "After his sour <i>fashion</i>."

<p><col><b>After a fashion</b></col>, <cd>to a certain extent; in a
sort.</cd> -- <col><b>Fashion piece</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>one
of the timbers which terminate the transom, and define the shape of
the stern.</cd> -- <col><b>Fashion plate</b></col>, <cd>a pictorial
design showing the prevailing style or a new style of dress.</cd>

<p><hw>Fash"ion</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fashioned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fashioning</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>faconner</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To form; to give shape or figure to; to mold.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Here the loud hammer <i>fashions</i> female
toys.</blockquote> <i>Gay.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Ingenious art . . . <BR>
Steps forth to <i>fashion</i> and refine the age.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To fit; to adapt; to accommodate; -- with

<p><blockquote>Laws ought to be <i>fashioned</i> to the manners and
conditions of the people.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To make according to the rule prescribed
by custom.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fashioned</i> plate sells for more than its
weight.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To forge or counterfeit.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Fashioning needle</b></col> <i>(Knitting Machine)</i>,
<cd>a needle used for widening or narrowing the work and thus shaping

<p><hw>Fash"ion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Conforming to the fashion or established
mode; according with the prevailing form or style; as, a
<i>fashionable</i> dress.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Established or favored by custom or use;
current; prevailing at a particular time; as, the <i>fashionable</i>
philosophy; <i>fashionable</i> opinions.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Observant of the fashion or customary
mode; dressing or behaving according to the prevailing fashion; as, a
<i>fashionable</i> man.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Genteel; well-bred; as, <i>fashionable</i>

<p><blockquote>Time is like a <i>fashionable</i> host<BR>
That slightly shakes his parting guest by the hand.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fash"ion*a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person who
conforms to the fashions; -- used chiefly in the plural.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State of
being fashionable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion*a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
fashionable manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ioned</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a
certain style or fashion; as old-<i>fashioned</i>; new-

<p><hw>Fash"ion*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
fashions, forms, ar gives shape to anything.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fashioner</i> had accomplished his task, and
the dresses were brought home.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An obsequious
follower of the modes and fashions.</def> [R.]  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no

<p><hw>Fash"ion-mon`ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
studies the fashions; a fop; a dandy.</def>  <i>Marston.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fash"ion-mon`ger*ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Behaving
like a fashion-monger.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fas"sa*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A
variety of pyroxene, from the valley of <i>Fassa</i>, in the

<p><hw>Fast</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fasted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fasting</u>.] [AS. <i>f&aelig;stan</i>; <i>akin to D</i>.
<i>vasten</i>, OHG. <i>fast&emacr;n</i>, G. <i>fasten</i>, Icel. &
Sw. <i>fasta</i>, Dan. <i>faste</i>, Goth. <i>fastan</i> to keep,
observe, fast, and prob. to E. <i>fast</i> firm.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To abstain from food; to omit to take nourishment in whole or in
part; to go hungry.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fasting</i> he went to sleep, and <i>fasting</i>
waked.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To practice abstinence as a religious
exercise or duty; to abstain from food voluntarily for a time, for
the mortification of the body or appetites, or as a token of grief,
or humiliation and penitence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou didst <i>fast</i> and weep for the
child.</blockquote> <i>2 Sam. xii. 21.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fasting day</b></col>, <cd>a fast day; a day of

<p><hw>Fast</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>faste</i>,
<i>fast</i>; cf. AS. <i>f&aelig;sten</i>, OHG. <i>fasta</i>, G.
<i>faste</i>. See <u>Fast</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Abstinence from food; omission to take

<p><blockquote>Surfeit is the father of much
<i>fast</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Voluntary abstinence from food, for a
space of time, as a spiritual discipline, or as a token of religious

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A time of fasting, whether a day, week, or
longer time; a period of abstinence from food or certain kinds of
food; as, an annual <i>fast</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fast day</b></col>, <cd>a day appointed for fasting,
humiliation, and religious offices as a means of invoking the favor
of God.</cd> -- <col><b>To break one's fast</b></col>, <cd>to put an
end to a period of abstinence by taking food; especially, to take
one's morning meal; to breakfast.</cd>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fast</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos>
<u>Faster</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Fastest</u> (?).]
[OE., firm, strong, not loose, AS. <i>f&?;st</i>; akin to OS.
<i>fast</i>, D. <i>vast</i>, OHG. <i>fasti</i>, <i>festi</i>, G.
<i>fest</i>, Icel. <i>fastr</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>fast</i>, and perh. to
E. <i>fetter</i>. The sense <i>swift</i> comes from the idea of
keeping close to what is pursued; a Scandinavian use.  Cf.
<u>Fast</u>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>, <u>Fast</u>,
<pos><i>v.</i></pos>, <u>Avast</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Firmly
fixed; closely adhering; made firm; not loose, unstable, or easily
moved; immovable; as, to make <i>fast</i> the door.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There is an order that keeps things
<i>fast</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Firm against attack; fortified by nature
or art; impregnable; strong.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Outlaws . . . lurking in woods and <i>fast</i>
places.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Firm in adherence; steadfast; not easily
separated or alienated; faithful; as, a <i>fast</i> friend.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Permanent; not liable to fade by exposure
to air or by washing; durable; lasting; as, <i>fast</i>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Tenacious; retentive.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Roses, damask and red, are <i>fast</i> flowers of
their smells.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Not easily disturbed or broken; deep;

<p><blockquote>All this while in a most <i>fast</i>
sleep.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Moving rapidly; quick in mition; rapid;
swift; as, a <i>fast</i> horse.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>Given to pleasure seeking; disregardful of
restraint; reckless; wild; dissipated; dissolute; as, a <i>fast</i>
man; a <i>fast</i> liver.</def>  <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fast and loose</b></col>, <cd>now cohering, now disjoined;
inconstant, esp. in the phrases <i>to play at fast and loose</i>,
<i>to play fast and loose</i>, to act with giddy or reckless
inconstancy or in a tricky manner; to say one thing and do
another.</cd> "<i>Play fast and loose</i> with faith." <i>Shak.</i> -
- <col><b>Fast and loose pulleys</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>two
pulleys placed side by side on a revolving shaft, which is driven
from another shaft by a band, and arranged to disengage and
re&euml;ngage the machinery driven thereby. When the machinery is to
be stopped, the band is transferred from the pulley fixed to the
shaft to the pulley which revolves freely upon it, and <i>vice
versa</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Hard and fast</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>,
<cd>so completely aground as to be immovable.</cd> -- <col><b>To make
fast</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to make secure; to fasten firmly,
as a vessel, a rope, or a door.</cd></p>

<p><! p. 545 !></p>

<p><hw>Fast</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [OE. <i>faste</i>
firmly, strongly, quickly, AS. <i>f&aelig;ste</i>.  See <u>Fast</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In a fast, fixed, or
firmly established manner; fixedly; firmly; immovably.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>We will bind thee <i>fast</i>.</blockquote> <i>Judg.
xv. 13.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In a fast or rapid manner; quickly;
swiftly; extravagantly; wildly; as, to run <i>fast</i>; to live

<p><col><b>Fast by</b></col>, or <col><b>Fast beside</b></col>,
<cd>close or near to; near at hand.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>He, after Eve seduced, unminded slunk<BR>
Into the wood <i>fast by</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fast by</i> the throne obsequious Fame
resides.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fast</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which fastens or
holds; especially, <i>(Naut.)</i> a mooring rope, hawser, or chain; -
- called, according to its position, a <i>bow</i>, <i>head</i>,
<i>quarter</i>, <i>breast</i>, or <i>stern fast</i>; also, a post on
a pier around which hawsers are passed in mooring.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ten</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fastened</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fastening</u> (?).] [AS. <i>f&aelig;stnian</i>; akin to OHG.
<i>festin&omacr;n</i>. See <u>Fast</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To fix firmly; to make fast; to secure, as by
a knot, lock, bolt, etc.; as, to <i>fasten</i> a chain to the feet;
to <i>fasten</i> a door or window.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cause to hold together or to something
else; to attach or unite firmly; to cause to cleave to something , or
to cleave together, by any means; as, to <i>fasten</i> boards
together with nails or cords; to <i>fasten</i> anything in our

<p><blockquote>The words Whig and Tory have been pressed to the
service of many successions of parties, with very different ideas
<i>fastened</i> to them.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To cause to take close effect; to make to
tell; to lay on; as, to <i>fasten</i> a blow.</def> [Obs.]

<p><blockquote>If I can <i>fasten</i> but one cup upon
him.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To fasten</b></col> <col><b>a charge, or a
crime</b></col>, <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to make his guilt
certain, or so probable as to be generally believed.</cd> --
<col><b>To fasten one's eyes upon</b></col>, <cd>to look upon
steadily without cessation.</cd> <i>Acts iii. 4.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To fix; cement; stick; link; affix; annex.</p>

<p><hw>Fas"ten</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To fix one's self;
to take firm hold; to clinch; to cling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A horse leech will hardly <i>fasten</i> on a
fish.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ten*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, makes fast or firm.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fas"ten*ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Anything that
binds and makes fast, as a lock, catch, bolt, bar, buckle,

<p><hw>Fast"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who abstains
from food.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fast"-hand`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Close-
handed; close-fisted; covetous; avaricious.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>||Fas"ti</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The Roman calendar, which gave the days for
festivals, courts, etc., corresponding to a modern almanac.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Records or registers of important

<p><hw>Fas*tid`i*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Fastidiousness; squeamishness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fas*tid"i*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fastidiosus</i> disdainful, fr. <i>fastidium</i> loathing,
aversion, perh. fr. <i>fastus</i> arrogance (of uncertain origin) +
<i>taedium</i> loathing.  Cf. <u>Tedious</u>, <u>Fash</u>.]
<def>Difficult to please; delicate to a fault; suited with
difficulty; squeamish; as, a <i>fastidious</i> mind or ear; a
<i>fastidious</i> appetite.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Proud youth ! <i>fastidious</i> of the lower
world.</blockquote> <i>Young.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Squeamish; critical; overnice; difficult;
punctilious.  -- <u>Fastidious</u>, <u>Squeamish</u>. We call a
person <i>fastidious</i> when his taste or feelings are offended by
trifling defects or errors; we call him <i>squeamish</i> when he is
excessively nice or critical on minor points, and also when he is
overscrupulous as to questions of duty. "Whoever examines his own
imperfections will cease to be <i>fastidious</i>; whoever restrains
his caprice and scrupulosity will cease to be <i>squeamish</i>."

<p>-- <wf>Fas*tid"i*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fas*tid"i*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fas*tig"i*ate</hw> (?), <hw>Fas*tig"i*a`ted</hw> (?), }
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fastigium</i> gable end, top, height,
summit.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Narrowing towards the top.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Clustered, parallel, and
upright, as the branches of the Lombardy poplar; pointed.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>United into a conical
bundle, or into a bundle with an enlarged head, like a sheaf of

<p><hw>Fast"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Rather fast;
also, somewhat dissipated.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fast"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Firmly;

<p><hw>Fast"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>f&aelig;stnes</i>, fr. <i>f&aelig;st</i> fast. See <u>Fast</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being fast
and firm; firmness; fixedness; security; faithfulness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All . . . places of <i>fastness</i> [are] laid
open.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fast place; a stronghold; a fortress or
fort; a secure retreat; a castle; as, the enemy retired to their
<i>fastnesses</i> in the mountains.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Conciseness of style.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The state of being fast or

<p><hw>Fas"tu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fastuosus</i>, from <i>fastus</i> haughtiness, pride: cf. F.
<i>fastueux</i>.] <def>Proud; haughty; disdainful.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Barrow.</i> -- <wf>Fas"tu*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[Obs.]  <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Vat</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A large tub, cistern,
or vessel; a vat.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fats</i> shall overflow with wine and
oil.</blockquote> <i>Joel ii. 24.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A measure of quantity, differing for
different commodities.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Hebert.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos>
<u>Fatter</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Fattest</u> (?).]
[AS. <i>f&aemacr;tt</i>; akin to D. <i>vet</i>, G. <i>fett</i>,
<i>feist</i>, Icel. <i>feitr</i>, Sw. <i>fet</i>, Dan. <i>fed</i>,
and perh. to Gr. <grk>pi^dax</grk> spring, fountain,
<grk>pidy`ein</grk> to gush forth, <grk>pi`wn</grk> fat, Skr.
<i>pi</i> to swell.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Abounding with
fat</def>; as: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Fleshy; characterized by
fatness; plump; corpulent; not lean; as, a <i>fat</i> man; a
<i>fat</i> ox.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Oily; greasy; unctuous;
rich; -- said of food.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal;
coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Making our western wits <i>fat</i> and
mean.</blockquote> <i>Emerson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Make the heart of this people <i>fat</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Is. vi. 10.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Fertile; productive; as, a <i>fat</i>
soil; a <i>fat</i> pasture.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Rich; producing a large income; desirable;
as, a <i>fat</i> benefice; a <i>fat</i> office; a <i>fat</i>

<p><blockquote>Now parson of Troston, a <i>fat</i> living in
Suffolk.</blockquote> <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Abounding in riches; affluent;
fortunate.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Persons grown <i>fat</i> and wealthy by long
impostures.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Typog.)</i> <def>Of a character which
enables the compositor to make large wages; -- said of matter
containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.; as, a <i>fat</i> take; a
<i>fat</i> page.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fat lute</b></col>, <cd>a mixture of pipe clay and oil for
filling joints.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fat</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>An oily liquid or greasy substance
making up the main bulk of the adipose tissue of animals, and widely
distributed in the seeds of plants. See <i>Adipose tissue</i>, under

<p>&fist; <i>Animal fats</i> are composed mainly of three distinct
fats, <i>tristearin</i>, <i>tripalmitin</i>, and <i>triolein</i>,
mixed in varying proportions. As olein is liquid at ordinary
temperatures, while the other two fats are solid, it follows that the
consistency or hardness of fats depends upon the relative proportion
of the three individual fats. During the life of an animal, the fat
is mainly in a liquid state in the fat cells, owing to the solubility
of the two solid fats in the more liquid olein at the body
temperature. Chemically, fats are composed of fatty acid, as stearic,
palmitic, oleic, etc., united with glyceryl. In butter fat, olein and
palmitin predominate, mixed with another fat characteristic of
butter, butyrin. In the vegetable kingdom many other fats or
glycerides are to be found, as myristin from nutmegs, a glyceride of
lauric acid in the fat of the bay tree, etc.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The best or richest productions; the best
part; as, to live on the <i>fat</i> of the land.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Typog.)</i> <def>Work. containing much
blank, or its equivalent, and, therefore, profitable to the

<p><col><b>Fat acid</b></col>. <i>(Chem.)</i> <cd>See <i>Sebacic
acid</i>, under <u>Sebacic</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fat series</b></col>,
<col><b>Fatty series</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>the series of the
paraffine hydrocarbons and their derivatives; the marsh gas or
methane series.</cd> -- <col><b>Natural fats</b></col>
<i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>the group of oily substances of natural
occurrence, as butter, lard, tallow, etc., as distinguished from
certain fatlike substance of artificial production, as paraffin. Most
natural fats are essentially mixtures of triglycerides of fatty

<p><hw>Fat</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fatted</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>atting</u> (?).] [OE. <i>fatten</i>, AS. <i>f&aemacr;ttian</i>.
See <u>Fat</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, and cf. <u>Fatten</u>.] <def>To
make fat; to fatten; to make plump and fleshy with abundant food; as,
to <i>fat</i> fowls or sheep.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>We <i>fat</i> all creatures else to <i>fat</i>
us.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To grow fat, plump, and

<p><blockquote>An old ox <i>fats</i> as well, and is as good, as a
young one.</blockquote> <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"tal</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fatalis</i>, fr.
<i>fatum</i>: cf. F. <i>fatal</i>. See <u>Fate</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Proceeding from, or appointed by, fate or
destiny; necessary; inevitable.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>These thing are <i>fatal</i> and
necessary.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It was <i>fatal</i> to the king to fight for his
money.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Foreboding death or great disaster.</def>

<p><blockquote>That <i>fatal</i> screech owl to our house<BR>
That nothing sung but death to us and ours.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Causing death or destruction; deadly;
mortal; destructive; calamitous; as, a <i>fatal</i> wound; a
<i>fatal</i> disease; a <i>fatal</i> day; a <i>fatal</i>

<p><hw>Fa"tal*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fatalisme</i>.] <def>The doctrine that all things are subject to
fate, or that they take place by inevitable necessity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"tal*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fataliste</i>.] <def>One who maintains that all things happen by
inevitable necessity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa`tal*is"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Implying, or
partaking of the nature of, fatalism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*tal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;<i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fatalities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>fatalitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>fatalit&eacute;</i>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being
fatal, or proceeding from destiny; invincible necessity, superior to,
and independent of, free and rational control.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The Stoics held a <i>fatality</i>, and a fixed,
unalterable course of events.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being fatal; tendency to
destruction or danger, as if by decree of fate; mortaility.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The year sixty-three is conceived to carry with it the
most considerable <i>fatality</i>.</blockquote> <i>Ser T.

<p><blockquote>By a strange <i>fatality</i> men suffer their
dissenting.</blockquote> <i>Eikon Basilike.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is decreed by fate or which is
fatal; a fatal event.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"tal*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>In a manner proceeding from, or determined by, fate.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In a manner issuing in death or ruin;
mortally; destructively; as, <i>fatally</i> deceived or

<p><hw>Fa"tal*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of being
fatal.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fa"ta Mor*ga"na</hw> (?). [It.; -- so called because this
phenomenon was looked upon as the work of a fairy (It. <i>fata</i>)
of the name of <i>Morg&aacute;na</i>. See <u>Fairy</u>.] <def>A kind
of mirage by which distant objects appear inverted, distorted,
displaced, or multiplied. It is noticed particularly at the Straits
of Messina, between Calabria and Sicily.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fat"back`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The menhaden.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fat"-brained`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Dull of

<p><hw>Fate</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fatum</i> a
prophetic declaration, oracle, what is ordained by the gods, destiny,
fate, fr. <i>fari</i> to speak: cf. OF. <i>fat</i>. See <u>Fame</u>,
<u>Fable</u>, <u>Ban</u>, and cf. 1st <u>Fay</u>, <u>Fairy</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A fixed decree by which the order of things
is prescribed; the immutable law of the universe; inevitable
necessity; the force by which all existence is determined and

<p><blockquote>Necessity and chance<BR>
Approach not me; and what I will is <i>fate</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Beyond and above the Olympian gods lay the silent,
brooding, everlasting <i>fate</i> of which victim and tyrant were
alike the instruments.</blockquote> <i>Froude.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Appointed lot; allotted life; arranged or
predetermined event; destiny; especially, the final lot; doom; ruin;

<p><blockquote>The great, th'important day, big with the
Of Cato and of Rome.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Our wills and <i>fates</i> do so contrary run<BR>
That our devices still are overthrown.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The whizzing arrow sings,<BR>
<i>And bears thy fate</i>, Antinous, on its wings.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The element of chance in the affairs of
life; the unforeseen and unestimated conitions considered as a force
shaping events; fortune; esp., opposing circumstances against which
it is useless to struggle; as, <i>fate</i> was, or the <i>fates</i>
were, against him.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A brave man struggling in the storms of
<i>fate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Sometimes an hour of <i>Fate's</i> serenest weather
strikes through our changeful sky its coming beams.</blockquote>
<i>B. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> [L. <i>Fata</i>, pl. of
<i>fatum</i>.] <i>(Myth.)</i> <def>The three goddesses, Clotho,
Lachesis, and Atropos, sometimes called the <i>Destinies</i>, or
<i>Parc&aelig;</i>who were supposed to determine the course of human
life. They are represented, one as holding the distaff, a second as
spinning, and the third as cutting off the thread.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Among all nations it has been common to speak of
<i>fate</i> or destiny as a power superior to gods and men -- swaying
all things irresistibly.  This may be called the <i>fate</i> of poets
and mythologists.  Philosophical <i>fate</i> is the sum of the laws
of the universe, the product of eternal intelligence and the blind
properties of matter. Theological <i>fate</i> represents Deity as
above the laws of nature, and ordaining all things according to his
will -- the expression of that will being the law.  <i>Krauth-

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Destiny; lot; doom; fortune; chance.</p>

<p><hw>Fat"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Decreed by fate; destined; doomed; as, he was
<i>fated</i> to rule a factious people.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>One midnight<BR>
<i>Fated</i> to the purpose.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn>  <def>Invested with the power of determining
destiny.</def> [Obs.] "The <i>fated</i> sky."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn>  <def>Exempted by fate.</def> [Obs. or R.]

<p><hw>Fate"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. .</i></pos> <def>Having the
power of serving or accomplishing fate.</def> "The <i>fateful</i>
steel."  <i>J. Barlow.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn>  <def>Significant of fate; ominous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fateful</i> cawings of the crow.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>Fate"ful*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>-
<wf>Fate"ful*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fat"head`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A cyprinoid fish of the Mississippi valley
(<i>Pimephales promelas</i>); -- called also <i>black-headed
minnow</i>.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A labroid food fish of
California; the redfish.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther</hw> (f&auml;"&thlig;&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[OE. <i>fader</i>, AS. <i>f&aelig;der</i>; akin to OS. <i>fadar</i>,
D. <i>vader</i>, OHG. <i>fatar</i>, G. <i>vater</i>, Icel.
<i>fa&eth;ir</i> Sw. & Dan. <i>fader</i>, OIr. <i>athir</i>, L.
<i>pater</i>, Gr. <grk>path`r</grk>, Skr. <i>pitr</i>, perh. fr. Skr.
<i>p&amacr;</i> protect. &radic;75, 247.  Cf. <u>Papa</u>,
<u>Paternal</u>, <u>Patriot</u>, <u>Potential</u>, <u>Pablum</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who has begotten a child, whether son or
daughter; a generator; a male parent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A wise son maketh a glad <i>father</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Prov. x. 1.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn>  <def>A male ancestor more remote than a
parent; a progenitor; especially, a first ancestor; a founder of a
race or family; -- in the plural, <i>fathers</i>,

<p><blockquote>David slept with his <i>fathers</i>.</blockquote> <i>1
Kings ii. 10.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Abraham, who is the <i>father</i> of us
all.</blockquote> <i>Rom. iv. 16.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn>  <def>One who performs the offices of a parent
by maintenance, affetionate care, counsel, or protection.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I was a <i>father</i> to the poor.</blockquote> <i>Job
xxix. 16.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He hath made me a <i>father</i> to Pharaoh, and lord
of all his house.</blockquote> <i>Gen. xiv. 8.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A respectful mode of address to an old

<p><blockquote>And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him
[Elisha], . . . and said, O my <i>father</i>, my
<i>father</i>!</blockquote> <i>2 Kings xiii. 14.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A senator of ancient Rome.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A dignitary of the church, a superior of a
convent, a confessor (called also <i>father confessor</i>), or a
priest; also, the eldest member of a profession, or of a legislative
assembly, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Bless you, good <i>father</i> friar !</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>One of the chief ecclesiastical
authorities of the first centuries after Christ; -- often spoken of
collectively as <i>the Fathers</i>; as, the Latin, Greek, or
apostolic <i>Fathers</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>One who, or that which, gives origin; an
originator; a producer, author, or contriver; the first to practice
any art, profession, or occupation; a distinguished example or

<p><blockquote>The <i>father</i> of all such as handle the harp and
organ.</blockquote> <i>Gen. iv. 21.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Might be the <i>father</i>, Harry, to that
thought.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>father</i> of good news.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>The Supreme Being and Creator; God; in
theology, the first person in the Trinity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our <i>Father</i>, which art in heaven.</blockquote>
<i>Matt. vi. 9.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Now had the almighty <i>Father</i> from above . . .
Bent down his eye.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Adoptive father</b></col>, <cd>one who adopts the child of
another, treating it as his own.</cd> -- <col><b>Apostolic
father</b></col>, <col><b>Conscript fathers, etc.</b></col> <cd>See
under <u>Apostolic</u>, <u>Conscript</u>, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Father
in God</b></col>, <cd>a title given to bishops.</cd> --
<col><b>Father of lies</b></col>, <cd>the Devil.</cd> --
<col><b>Father of the bar</b></col>, <cd>the oldest practitioner at
the bar.</cd> -- <col><b>Fathers of the city</b></col>, <cd>the
aldermen.</cd> -- <col><b>Father of the Faithful</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>Abraham.</cd> <i>Rom. iv.</i> <i>Gal. iii. 6-
9.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Mohammed, or one of the sultans, his
successors.</cd> -- <col><b>Father of the house</b></col>, <cd>the
member of a legislative body who has had the longest continuous
service.</cd> -- <col><b>Most Reverend Father in God</b></col>, <cd>a
title given to archbishops and metropolitans, as to the archbishops
of Canterbury and York.</cd> -- <col><b>Natural father</b></col>,
<cd>the father of an illegitimate child.</cd> -- <col><b>Putative
father</b></col>, <cd>one who is presumed to be the father of an
illegitimate child; the supposed father.</cd> -- <col><b>Spiritual
father</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A religious teacher or
guide, esp. one instrumental in leading a soul to God.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i> <cd>A priest who hears
confession in the sacrament of penance.</cd> -- <col><b>The Holy
Father</b></col> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i>, <cd>the pope.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fathered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fathering</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make one's self the
father of; to beget.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Cowards <i>father</i> cowards, and base things sire
base.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To take as one's own child; to adopt;
hence, to assume as one's own work; to acknowledge one's self author
of or responsible for (a statement, policy, etc.).</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Men of wit<BR>
Often <i>fathered</i> what he writ.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To provide with a father.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Think you I am no stronger than my sex,<BR>
Being so <i>fathered</i> and so husbanded ?</blockquote>

<p><col><b>To father on</b></col> or <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to
ascribe to, or charge upon, as one's offspring or work; to put or lay
upon as being responsible.</cd> "Nothing can be so uncouth or
extravagant, which may not be <i>fathered on</i> some fetch of wit,
or some caprice of humor." <i>Barrow.</i></p>

<p><! p. 546 !></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther*hood</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being a father; the character or authority of a father;

<p><hw>Fa"ther-in-law`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fathers-in-law</b></plw> (&?;). <def>The father of one's
husband or wife; -- correlative to <i>son-in-law</i> and <i>daughter-

<p>&fist; A man who marries a woman having children already, is
sometimes, though erroneously, called their <i>father-in-law</i>.</p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther*land"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Imitated fr. D.
<i>vaderland</i>. See <u>Father</u>, and <u>Land</u>.] <def>One's
native land; the native land of one's fathers or ancestors.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther-lash`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A European marine fish (<i>Cottus
bubalis</i>), allied to the sculpin; -- called also <i>lucky

<p><hw>Fa"ther*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Destitute of a living father; as, a <i>fatherless</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Without a known author.</def>  <i>Beau. &

<p><hw>Fa"ther*less*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being without a father.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther*li*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Fatherly</u>.] <def>The qualities of a father; parantal kindness,
care, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther long"legs`</hw> (?). <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>See
<u>Daddy longlegs</u>, 2.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther*ly</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Like a father in affection and care; paternal; tender;
protecting; careful.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You have showed a tender, <i>fatherly</i>
regard.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to a father.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"ther*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being a father; fatherhood; paternity.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fath"om</hw> (f&abreve;&thlig;"&ubreve;m),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fadme</i>, <i>fa&eth;me</i>, AS.
<i>f&aelig;&eth;m</i> fathom, the embracing arms; akin to OS.
<i>fa&eth;mos</i> the outstretched arms, D. <i>vadem</i>,
<i>vaam</i>, fathom, OHG. <i>fadom</i>, <i>fadum</i>, G. <i>faden</i>
fathom, thread, Icel. <i>fa&eth;mr</i> fathom, Sw. <i>famn</i>, Dan.
<i>favn</i>; cf. Gr. &?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; to spread out,
&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?;&?; outspread, flat, L. <i>patere</i> to lie open,
extend.  Cf. <u>Patent</u>, <u>Petal</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
measure of length, containing six feet; the space to which a man can
extend his arms; -- used chiefly in measuring cables, cordage, and
the depth of navigable water by soundings.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The measure or extant of one's capacity;
depth, as of intellect; profundity; reach; penetration.</def>

<p><blockquote>Another of his <i>fathom</i> they have none<BR>
To lead their business.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fath"om</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fathomed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fathoming</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To encompass with the arms
extended or encircling; to measure by throwing the arms about; to
span.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Purchas.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To measure by a sounding line; especially,
to sound the depth of; to penetrate, measure, and comprehend; to get
to the bottom of.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The page of life that was spread out before me seemed
dull and commonplace, only because I had not <i>fathomed</i> its
deeper import.</blockquote> <i>Hawthotne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fath"om*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being fathomed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fath"om*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Fath"om*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Incapable of being fathomed; immeasurable; that can not be

<p><blockquote>And buckle in a waist most
<i>fathomless</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Incomprehensible.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fathomless</i> absurdity.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fa*tid"i*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatidicus</i>; <i>fatum</i> fate + <i>dicere</i> to say, tell.]
<def>Having power to foretell future events; prophetic; fatiloquent;
as, the <i>fatidical</i> oak.</def> [R.] <i>Howell.</i> --
<wf>Fa*tid"i*cal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa*tif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatifer</i>; <i>fatum</i> fate + <i>ferre</i> to bear, bring.]
<def>Fate-bringing; deadly; mortal; destructive.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fat"i*ga*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatigabilis</i>: cf. F.  <i>fatigable</i>. See <u>Fatigue</u>.]
<def>Easily tired.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"i*gate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatigatus</i>, p. p. of <i>fatigare</i>. See <i>Fatigue</i>.]
<def>Wearied; tired; fatigued.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Requickened what in flesh was
<i>fatigate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"i*gate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To weary; to
tire; to fatigue.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Elyot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat`i*ga"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatigatio</i>: cf. OF. <i>fatigation</i>.] <def>Weariness.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>W. Montaqu.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa*tigue"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr.
<i>fatiguer</i> to fatigue, L. <i>fatigare</i>; cf. L. <i>affatim</i>
sufficiently.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Weariness from bodily labor or
mental exertion; lassitude or exhaustion of strength.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The cause of weariness; labor; toil; as,
the <i>fatigues</i> of war.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The weakening of a metal when subjected to
repeated vibrations or strains.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fatigue call</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>a summons, by
bugle or drum, to perform fatigue duties.</cd> -- <col><b>Fatigue
dress</b></col>, <cd>the working dress of soldiers.</cd> --
<col><b>Fatigue duty</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>labor exacted from
soldiers aside from the use of arms.</cd> <i>Farrow.</i> --
<col><b>Fatigue party</b></col>, <cd>a party of soldiers on fatigue

<p><hw>Fa*tigue"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fatigued</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fatiguing</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] [Cf. F. <i>fatiguer</i>. See
<u>Fatigue</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To weary with labor or any
bodily or mental exertion; to harass with toil; to exhaust the
strength or endurance of; to tire.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To jade; tire; weary; bore. See <u>Jade</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fa*til"o*quent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Fatiloquist</u>.] <def>Prophetic; fatidical.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fa*til"o*quist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatiloquus</i> declaring fate; <i>fatum</i> fate+ <i>Loqui</i> to
speak.] <def>A fortune teller.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fat"i*mite</hw> (?), <hw>Fat"i*mide</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Hist.)</i> <def>Descended from Fatima, the
daughter and only child of Mohammed.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>A descendant of Fatima.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*tis"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fatiscense</i>, p. pr. of <i>fatiscere</i> to gape or crack open.]
<def>A gaping or opening; state of being chinky, or having
apertures.</def>  <i>Kirwan.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"-kid`neyed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Gross;

<p><blockquote>Peace, ye <i>fat-kidneyed</i> rascal !</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fat"ling</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Fat</i> + <i>-
ling</i>.] <def>A calf, lamb, kid, or other young animal fattened for
slaughter; a fat animal; -- said of such animals as are used for

<p><blockquote>He sacrificed oxen and <i>fatlings</i>.</blockquote>
<i>2 Sam. vi. 13.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Grossly;

<p><hw>Fat"ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fattens.
[R.] See <u>Fattener</u>.</def>  <i>Arbuthnit.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The quality or state of being fat, plump, or full-fed;
corpulency; fullness of flesh.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Their eyes stand out with <i>fatness</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Ps. lxxiii. 7.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hence; Richness; fertility;

<p><blockquote>Rich in the <i>fatness</i> of her plenteous
soil.</blockquote> <i>Rowe.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which makes fat or fertile.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The clouds drop <i>fatness</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fat"ten</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fattened</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fattening</u> (?).] [See <u>Fat</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make fat; to feed for slaughter; to make
fleshy or plump with fat; to fill full; to fat.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make fertile and fruitful; to enrich;
as, to <i>fatten</i> land; to <i>fatten</i> fields with blood.</def>

<p><hw>Fat"ten</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To grow fat or
corpulent; to grow plump, thick, or fleshy; to be pampered.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And villains <i>fatten</i> with the brave man's
labor.</blockquote> <i>Otway.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"ten*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or
that which, fattens; that which gives fatness or fertility.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fat"ti*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State or
quality of being fatty.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fat"tish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Somewhat fat;
inclined to fatness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Coleridge, a puffy, anxious, obstructed-looking,
<i>fattish</i> old man.</blockquote> <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Containing fat, or
having the qualities of fat; greasy; gross; as, a <i>fatty</i>

<p><col><b>Fatty acid</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>any one of the
paraffin series of monocarbonic acids, as formic acid, acetic, etc.;
-- so called because the higher members, as stearic and palmitic
acids, occur in the natural fats, and are themselves fatlike
substances.</cd> -- <col><b>Fatty clays</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Clay</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fatty degeneration</b></col>
<i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a diseased condition, in which the oil globules,
naturally present in certain organs, are so multiplied as gradually
to destroy and replace the efficient parts of these organs.</cd> --
<col><b>Fatty heart</b></col>, <col><b>Fatty liver</b></col>,
<cd>etc. <i>(Med.)</i>, a heart, liver, etc., which have been the
subjects of fatty degeneration or infiltration.</cd> -- <col><b>Fatty
infiltration</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a condition in which there
is an excessive accumulation of fat in an organ, without destruction
of any essential parts of the latter.</cd> -- <col><b>Fatty
tumor</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a tumor consisting of fatty or
adipose tissue; lipoma.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fa*tu"i*tous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Stupid;

<p><hw>Fa*tu"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fatuitas</i>,
fr. <i>fatuus</i> foolish: cf. F. <i>fatuit&eacute;</i> Cf.
<u>Fatuous</u>.] <def>Weakness or imbecility of mind;

<p><blockquote>Those many forms of popular
<i>fatuity</i>.</blockquote> <i>I Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fatuus</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Feeble in mind; weak; silly; stupid; foolish;
fatuitous.</def>  <i>Glanvill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Without reality; illusory, like the
<i>ignis fatuus</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thence <i>fatuous</i> fires and meteors take their
birth.</blockquote> <i>Danham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fat"-wit`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Dull;
stupid.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fau`bourg"</hw> (f&omacr;`b&oomac;r"; E.
f&omacr;"b&oomac;rg), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A suburb of a
French city; also, a district now within a city, but formerly without
its walls.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fau"cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fauces</i>
throat.] <def>Pertaining to the fauces, or opening of the throat;
faucial;</def> esp., <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>produced in the fauces, as
certain deep guttural sounds found in the Semitic and some other

<p><blockquote>Ayin is the most difficult of the
<i>faucals</i>.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor (The Alphabet).</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fau"ces</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The narrow passage from the
mouth to the pharynx, situated between the soft palate and the base
of the tongue; -- called also the <i>isthmus of the fauces</i>.  On
either side of the passage two membranous folds, called the
<i>pillars of the fauces</i>, inclose the tonsils.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The throat of a calyx,
corolla, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>That portion of the
interior of a spiral shell which can be seen by looking into the

<p><hw>Fau"cet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fausset</i>,
perh. fr. L. <i>fauces</i> throat.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A fixture
for drawing a liquid, as water, molasses, oil, etc., from a pipe,
cask, or other vessel, in such quantities as may be desired; --
called also <i>tap</i>, and <i>cock</i>. It consists of a tubular
spout, stopped with a movable plug, spigot, valve, or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The enlarged end of a section of pipe
which receives the spigot end of the next section.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fau"chion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Falchion</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fau"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to the fauces; pharyngeal.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faugh</hw> (?), <pos><i>interj.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Foh</u>.]
<def>An exclamation of contempt, disgust, or abhorrence.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faul"chion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Faul"con</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>See <u>Falcon</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fauld</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The arch over the
dam of a blast furnace; the tymp arch.</def></p>

<p><hw>Faule</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fall or falling
band.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>These laces, ribbons, and these
<i>faules</i>.</blockquote> <i>Herrick.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fault</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>faut</i>,
<i>faute</i>, F. <i>faute</i> (cf. It., Sp., & Pg. <i>falta</i>), fr.
a verb meaning <i>to want</i>, <i>fail</i>, freq., fr. L.
<i>fallere</i> to deceive. See <u>Fail</u>, and cf. <u>Default</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Defect; want; lack; default.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>One, it pleases me, for <i>fault</i> of a better, to
call my friend.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything that fails, that is wanting, or
that impairs excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>As patches set upon a little breach<BR>
Discredit more in hiding of the <i>fault</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A moral failing; a defect or dereliction
from duty; a deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Geol. & Mining)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>A dislocation of the strata of the vein.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by
impurities in the seam; as, slate <i>fault</i>, dirt <i>fault</i>,
etc.</def>  <i>Raymond.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Hunting)</i> <def>A lost scent; act of
losing the scent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have
With much ado, the cold <i>fault</i> cleary out.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Tennis)</i> <def>Failure to serve the ball
into the proper court.</def></p>

<p><col><b>At fault</b></col>, <cd>unable to find the scent and
continue chase; hence, in trouble or embarrassment, and unable to
proceed; puzzled; thrown off the track.</cd> -- <col><b>To find
fault</b></col>, <cd>to find reason for blaming or complaining; to
express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by <i>with</i>
before the thing complained of; but formerly by <i>at</i>.</cd>
"Matter <i>to find fault at</i>."  <i>Robynson (More's

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- -- Error; blemish; defect; imperfection; weakness;
blunder; failing; vice.  -- <u>Fault</u>, <u>Failing</u>,
<u>Defect</u>, <u>Foible</u>. A <i>fault</i> is positive, something
morally wrong; a <i>failing</i> is negative, some weakness or falling
short in a man's character, disposition, or habits; a <i>defect</i>
is also negative, and as applied to character is the absence of
anything which is necessary to its completeness or perfection; a
<i>foible</i> is a less important weakness, which we overlook or
smile at. A man may have many <i>failings</i>, and yet commit but few
<i>faults</i>; or his <i>faults</i> and <i>failings</i> may be few,
while his <i>foibles</i> are obvious to all. The <i>faults</i> of a
friend are often palliated or explained away into mere
<i>defects</i>, and the <i>defects</i> or <i>foibles</i> of an enemy
exaggerated into <i>faults</i>. "I have <i>failings</i> in common
with every human being, besides my own peculiar <i>faults</i>; but of
avarice I have generally held myself guiltless." <i>Fox.</i>
"Presumption and self-applause are the <i>foibles</i> of mankind."

<p><hw>Fault</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Faulted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faulting</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To charge with a fault; to
accuse; to find fault with; to blame.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>For that I will not <i>fault</i> thee.</blockquote>
<i>Old Song.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>To interrupt the continuity
of (rock strata) by displacement along a plane of fracture; --
chiefly used in the p. p.; as, the coal beds are badly

<p><hw>Fault</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To err; to blunder,
to commit a fault; to do wrong.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>If after Samuel's death the people had asked of God a
king, they had not <i>faulted</i>.</blockquote> <i>Latimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fault"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who commits a
fault.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Behold the <i>faulter</i> here in sight.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fault"-find`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
makes a practice of discovering others' faults and censuring them; a

<p><hw>Fault"-find`ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
finding fault or blaming; -- used derogatively. Also

<p><hw>Fault"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of faults
or sins.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fault"i*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a faulty

<p><hw>Fault"i*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality or state
of being faulty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Round, even to <i>faultiness</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fault"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>The
state or condition of being faulted; the process by which a fault is

<p><hw>Fault"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Without fault; not
defective or imperfect; free from blemish; free from incorrectness,
vice, or offense; perfect; as, a <i>faultless</i> poem.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whoever thinks a <i>faultless</i> piece to see,<BR>
Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Blameless; spotless; perfect. See

<p>-- <wf>Fault"less*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>-
<wf>Fault"less*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fault"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Containing faults, blemishes, or defects; imperfect; not fit for
the use intended.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Created once<BR>
So goodly and erect, though <i>faulty</i> since.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Guilty of a fault, or of faults; hence,
blamable; worthy of censure.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The king doth speak . . . as one which is
<i>faulty</i>.</blockquote> <i>2 Sam. xiv. 13.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faun</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>Faunus</i>, fr.
<i>favere</i> to be favorable. See <u>Favor</u>.] <i>(Rom. Myth.)</i>
<def>A god of fields and shipherds, diddering little from the satyr.
The fauns are usually represented as half goat and half

<p><blockquote>Satyr or <i>Faun</i>, or Sylvan.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fau"na</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.: cf. F.
<i>faune</i>. See <u>Faun</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The animals
of any given area or epoch; as, the <i>fauna</i> of America; fossil
<i>fauna</i>; recent <i>fauna</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fau"nal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Relating to

<p><hw>Fau"nist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who describes
the fauna of country; a naturalist.</def>  <i>Gilbert White.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fau"nus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;<i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fauni</b></plw> (#). [L.] <i>(Myth.)</i> <def>See

<p><hw>Fau"sen</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. W. <i>llysowen</i>
eel, <i>ll</i> sounding in Welsh almost like <i>fl</i>.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A young eel.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>||Fausse`-braye"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fausse-
braie</i>.] <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A second rampart, exterior to, and
parallel to, the main rampart, and considerably below its

<p><hw>||Fau`teuil"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See
<u>Faldistory</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An armchair; hence
(because the members sit in fauteuils or armchairs), membership in
the French Academy.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Chair of a presiding officer.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fau"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., contr. fr.
<i>favitor</i>, fr. <i>favere</i> to be favorable: cf. F.
<i>fauteur</i>. See <u>Favor</u>.] <def>A favorer; a patron; one who
gives countenance or support; an abettor.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The king and the <i>fautors</i> of his
proceedings.</blockquote> <i>Latimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fau"tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fauutrix</i>:
cf. F. <i>fautrice</i>.] <def>A patroness.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>||Fau`vette"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., dim. fr.
<i>fauve</i> fawn-colored.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A small singing
bird, as the nightingale and warblers.</def></p>

<p><! p. 547 !></p>

<p><hw>||Faux</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fauces</b></plw> (#). [L.] <def>See <u>Fauces</u>.</def></p>

<hw>||faux` pas"</hw> (?). [F. See <u>False</u>, and <u>Pas</u>.]
<def>A false step; a mistake or wrong measure.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*vag"i*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>favus</i>
a honeycomb.] <def>Formed like, or resembling, a honeycomb.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vas</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Favus</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2.</def>  <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vel</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF. <i>fauvel</i>,
<i>favel</i>, dim. of F. <i>fauve</i>; of German oigin. See
<u>Fallow</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Yellow; fal&?;ow;
dun.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Wright.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vel</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A horse of a favel or
dun color.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To curry favel</b></col>. <cd>See <i>To curry favor</i>,
under <u>Favor</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></cd></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vel</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>favele</i>, fr. L.
<i>fabella</i> short fable, dim. of <i>fabula</i>. See <u>Fable</u>.]
<def>Flattery; cajolery; deceit.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Skeat.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fa*vel"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., prob. from L.
<i>favus</i> a honeycomb.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A group of spores
arranged without order and covered with a thin gelatinous envelope,
as in certain delicate red alg&aelig;.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*ve"o*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>favus</i>
honeycomb.] <def>Honeycomb; having cavities or cells, somewhat
resembling those of a honeycomb; alveolate; favose.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa*vil"lous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>favilla</i>
sparkling or glowing ashes.] <def>Of or pertaining to ashes.</def>

<p><blockquote>Light and <i>favillous</i> particles.</blockquote>
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa*vo"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Favonius</i>
the west wind.] <def>Pertaining to the west wind; soft; mild;

<p><hw>Fa"vor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>favour</i>.] [OF. <i>favor</i>, F. <i>faveur</i>, L. <i>favor</i>,
fr. <i>favere</i> to be favorable, cf. Skr. <i>bh&amacr;vaya</i> to
further, foster, causative of <i>bh&umacr;</i> to become, be.  Cf.
<u>Be</u>. In the phrase <i>to curry favor</i>, <i>favor</i> is prob.
for <i>favel</i> a horse. See 2d <u>Favel</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Kind regard; propitious aspect; countenance; friendly
disposition; kindness; good will.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Hath crawled into the <i>favor</i> of the
king.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of countenancing, or the condition
of being countenanced, or regarded propitiously; support; promotion;

<p><blockquote>But found no <i>favor</i> in his lady's
eyes.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in
<i>favor</i> with God and man.</blockquote> <i>Luke ii. 52.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A kind act or office; kindness done or
granted; benevolence shown by word or deed; an act of grace or good
will, as distinct from justice or remuneration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Beg one <i>favor</i> at thy gracious
hand.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Mildness or mitigation of punishment;

<p><blockquote>I could not discover the lenity and <i>favor</i> of
this sentence.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The object of regard; person or thing

<p><blockquote>All these his wondrous works, but chiefly man,<BR>
His chief delight and <i>favor</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A gift or represent; something bestowed as
an evidence of good will; a token of love; a knot of ribbons;
something worn as a token of affection; as, a marriage <i>favor</i>
is a bunch or knot of white ribbons or white flowers worn at a

<p><blockquote>Wear thou this <i>favor</i> for me, and stick it in
thy cap.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Appearance; look; countenance; face.</def>

<p><blockquote>This boy is fair, of female <i>favor</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Partiality; bias.</def>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>A letter or epistle; -- so called in
civility or compliment; as, your <i>favor</i> of yesterday is

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>Love locks.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Challenge</b></col> <col><b>to the favor or for
favor</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>the challenge of a juror on grounds
not sufficient to constitute a principal challenge, but sufficient to
give rise to a probable suspicion of favor or bias, such as
acquaintance, business relation, etc. See <i>Principal challenge</i>,
under <u>Challenge</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>In favor of</b></col>,
<cd>upon the side of; favorable to; for the advantage of.</cd> --
<col><b>In favor with</b></col>, <cd>favored, countenanced, or
encouraged by.</cd> -- <col><b>To curry favor</b></col> [see the
etymology of <u>Favor</u>, above], <cd>to seek to gain favor by
flattery, caresses, kindness, or officious civilities.</cd> --
<col><b>With one's favor</b></col>, or <col><b>By one's
favor</b></col>, <cd>with leave; by kind permission.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>But, <i>with your favor</i>, I will treat it
here.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Kindness; countenance; patronage; support; lenity;
grace; gift; present; benefit.</p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Favored</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Favoring</u>.] [Written also <i>favour</i>.] [Cf. OF.
<i>favorer</i>, <i>favorir</i>. See <u>Favor</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To regard with
kindness; to support; to aid, or to have the disposition to aid, or
to wish success to; to be propitious to; to countenance; to treat
with consideration or tenderness; to show partiality or unfair bias

<p><blockquote>O happy youth! and <i>favored</i> of the
skies.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He that <i>favoreth</i> Joab, . . . let him go after
Joab.</blockquote> <i>2 Sam. xx. 11.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>[The painter] has <i>favored</i> her squint
admirably.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To afford advantages for success to; to
facilitate; as, a weak place <i>favored</i> the entrance of the

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To resemble in features; to have the
aspect or looks of; as, the child <i>favors</i> his father.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The porter owned that the gentleman <i>favored</i> his
master.</blockquote> <i>Spectator.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>favourable</i>.] [F. <i>favorable</i>, L. <i>favorabilis</i>
favored, popular, pleasing, fr. <i>favor</i>. See <u>Favor</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Full of favor;
favoring; manifesting partiality; kind; propitious;

<p><blockquote>Lend <i>favorable</i> ears to our
request.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Lord, thou hast been <i>favorable</i> unto thy
land.</blockquote> <i>Ps. lxxxv. 1.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conducive; contributing; tending to
promote or facilitate; advantageous; convenient.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A place very <i>favorable</i> for the making levies of
men.</blockquote> <i>Clarendon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The temper of the climate, <i>favorable</i> to
generation, health, and long life.</blockquote> <i>Sir W.

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Beautiful; well-favored.</def> [Obs.]

<p>-- <wf>Fa"vora*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fa"vor*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>sdv.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>faborableness</i> of the present times to all
extertions in the cause of liberty.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vored</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Countenanced; aided; regarded with kidness; as, a <i>favored</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having a certain favor or appearance;
featured; as, well-<i>favored</i>; hard-<i>favored</i>,

<p><hw>Fa"vored*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a favored
or a favorable manner; favorably.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Deut. xvii. 1.

<p><hw>Fa"vored*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Appearance.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who favors;
one who regards with kindness or friendship; a well-wisher; one who
assists or promotes success or prosperity.</def> [Written also

<p><blockquote>And come to us as <i>favorers</i>, not as
foes.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*ess</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A woman who
favors or gives countenance.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>Fa"vor*ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That favors.</def>
-- <wf>Fa"vor*ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>favorit</i>
favored, F. <i>favori</i>, fem. <i>favorite</i>, p. p. of OF.
<i>favorir</i>, cf. It. <i>favorito</i>, frm. <i>favorita</i>, fr.
<i>favorire</i> to favor. See <u>Favor</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A person or thing regarded with peculiar favor; one treated with
partiality; one preferred above others; especially, one unduly loved,
trusted, and enriched with favors by a person of high rank or

<p><blockquote>Committing to a wicked <i>favorite</i><BR>
All public cares.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>Short curls dangling over the
temples; -- fashionable in the reign of Charles II.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Sporting)</i> <def>The competitor (as a
horse in a race) that is judged most likely to win; the competitor
standing highest in the betting.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*ite</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Regarded with
particular affection, esteem, or preference; as, a <i>favorite</i>
walk; a <i>favorite</i> child.</def> "His <i>favorite</i> argument."

<p><hw>Fa"vor*it*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>favoritisme</i>.] <def>The disposition to favor and promote the
interest of one person or family, or of one class of men, to the
neglect of others having equal claims; partiality.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A spirit of <i>favoritism</i> to the Bank of the
United States.</blockquote> <i>A. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa"vor*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Unfavored; not regarded with favor; having no countenance or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unpropitious; unfavorable.</def> [Obs.]
"Fortune <i>favorless</i>."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fa*vose"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>favus</i>
honeycomb.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Honeycombed. See

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the
disease called favus.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fav"o*site</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Like or pertaining to the genus Favosites.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fav`o*si"tes</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Favose</u>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>A genus of fossil corals
abundant in the Silurian and Devonian rocks, having polygonal cells
with perforated walls.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fa"vus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., honeycomb.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A disease of the scalp,
produced by a vegetable parasite.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A tile or flagstone cut into an hexagonal
shape to produce a honeycomb pattern, as in a pavement; -- called
also <i>favas</i> and <i>sectila</i>.</def>  <i>Mollett.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fawe</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Fain</u>.]
<def>Fain; glad; delighted.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fawk"ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Falconer</u>.]
<def>A falconer.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fawn</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>faon</i> the young
one of any beast, a fawn, F. <i>faon</i> a fawn, for <i>fedon</i>,
fr. L. <i>fetus</i>. See <u>Fetus</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A young deer; a buck or doe of the first
year. See <u>Buck</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The young of an animal; a whelp.</def>

<p><blockquote>[The tigress] . . . followeth . . . after her
<i>fawns</i>.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A fawn color.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fawn</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the color of a fawn;

<p><hw>Fawn</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>faonner</i>.]
<def>To bring forth a fawn.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fawn</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fawned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fawning</u>.] [OE. <i>fawnen</i>, <i>fainen</i>, <i>fagnien</i>,
to rejoice, welcome, flatter, AS. <i>f&aelig;gnian</i> to rejoice;
akin to Icel. <i>fagna</i> to rejoice, welcome. See <u>Fain</u>.]
<def>To court favor by low cringing, frisking, etc., as a dog; to
flatter meanly; -- often followed by <i>on</i> or

<p><blockquote>You showed your teeth like apes, and <i>fawned</i>
like hounds.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou with trembling fear,<BR>
Or like a <i>fawning</i> parasite, obeyest.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Courtiers who <i>fawn</i> on a master while they
betray him.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fawn</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A servile cringe or bow;
mean flattery; sycophancy.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fawn"-col`ored</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the
color of a fawn; light yellowish brown.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fawn"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fawns; a

<p><hw>Fawn"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fawning

<p><hw>Faxed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>feaxede</i>
haired, fr. <i>feax</i> hair.  Cf. <u>Paxwax</u>.] <def>Hairy.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>amden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fay</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>f&eacute;e</i>. See
<u>Fate</u>, and cf. <u>Fairy</u>.] <def>A fairy; an elf.</def>
"Yellow-skirted <i>fays</i>."  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fay</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>fei</i>, F. <i>foi</i>.
See <u>Faith</u>.] <def>Faith; as, by my <i>fay</i>.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fay</hw> (f&amacr;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>fayed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Faying</u>.] [OE. <i>feien</i>, v.t. & i., AS. <i>f&emacr;gan</i>
to join, unite; akin to OS. <i>f&omacr;gian</i>, D. <i>voegen</i>,
OHG. <i>fuogen</i>, G. <i>f&uuml;gen</i>, Sw. <i>foga</i>. See
<u>Fair</u>, and cf. <u>Fadge</u>.] <i>(Shipbuilding)</i> <def>To
fit; to join; to unite closely, as two pieces of wood, so as to make
the surface fit together.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fay</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <i>(Shipbuilding)</i>
<def>To lie close together; to fit; to fadge; -- often with
<i>in</i>, <i>into</i>, <i>with</i>, or <i>together</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Faying surface</b></col>, <cd>that surface of an object
which comes with another object to which it is fastened; -- said of
plates, angle irons, etc., that are riveted together in

<p><hw>Fay"al*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called from the
island <i>Fayal</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A black, greenish, or
brownish mineral of the chrysolite group. It is a silicate of

<p><hw>||Fa`y*ence"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fay"tour</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Faitour</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Faze</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Faz"zo*let`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It.
<i>fazzoletto</i>.] <def>A handkerchief.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fea"ber*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. Prov. E.
<i>feabe</i>, <i>theabe</i>, <i>thape</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A
gooseberry.</def> [Prov. Eng.]  <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feague</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. G. <i>fegen</i>
to sweep, Icel. <i>f&aelig;gia</i> to cleanse, polish, E.
<i>fair</i>, <i>fay</i>, to fit, <i>fey</i> to cleanse.] <def>To beat
or whip; to drive.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Otway.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF. <i>feal</i>,
<i>feel</i>, <i>feeil</i>, <i>fedeil</i>, F. <i>fid&egrave;le</i>, L.
<i>fidelis</i> faithful, fr. <i>fides</i> faith. See <u>Faith</u>.]
<def>Faithful; loyal.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Wright.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"al*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>faute</i>, OF.
<i>faut&eacute;</i>, <i>fealt&eacute;</i>, <i>feel&eacute;</i>,
<i>feelteit</i>, fr. L. <i>fidelitas</i>, fr. <i>fidelis</i>
faithful. See <u>Feal</u>, and cf. <i>Fidelity</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Fidelity to one's lord; the feudal obligation
by which the tenant or vassal was bound to be faithful to his lord;
the special oath by which this obligation was assumed; fidelity to a
superior power, or to a government; loyality. It is no longer the
practice to exact the performance of fealty, as a feudal
obligation.</def>  <i>Wharton (Law Dict. ). Tomlins.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fidelity; constancy; faithfulness, as of a
friend to a friend, or of a wife to her husband.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He should maintain <i>fealty</i> to God.</blockquote>
<i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Makes wicked lightnings of her eyes, and saps<BR>
The <i>fealty</i> of our friends.</blockquote> <i>tennyson.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Swore <i>fealty</i> to the new
government.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Fealty</i> is distinguished from <i>homage</i>, which is
an acknowledgment of tenure, while <i>fealty</i> implies an oath. See
<u>Homage</u>.  <i>Wharton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Homage; loyality; fidelity; constancy.</p>

<p><hw>Fear</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A variant of
<u>Fere</u>, a mate, a companion.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fear</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fer</i>, <i>feer</i>,
<i>fere</i>, AS. <i>f&?;r</i> a coming suddenly upon, fear, danger;
akin to D. <i>vaar</i>, OHG. <i>f&amacr;ra</i> danger, G.
<i>gefahr</i>, Icel. <i>f&amacr;r</i> harm, mischief, plague, and to
E. <i>fare</i>, <i>peril</i>. See <u>Fare</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A painful emotion or passion excited by the expectation of evil,
or the apprehension of impending danger; apprehension; anxiety;
solicitude; alarm; dread.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The degrees of this passion, beginning with the most
moderate, may be thus expressed, -- <i>apprehension</i>, <i>fear</i>,
<i>dread</i>, <i>fright</i>, <i>terror</i>.</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fear</i> is an uneasiness of the mind, upon the
thought of future evil likely to befall us.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Where no hope is left, is left no
<i>fear</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Script.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>Apprehension of incurring, or solicitude to avoid, God's wrath;
the trembling and awful reverence felt toward the Supreme
Belng.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Respectful reverence for men of
authority or worth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I will put my <i>fear</i> in their
hearts.</blockquote> <i>Jer. xxxii. 40.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I will teach you the <i>fear</i> of the
Lord.</blockquote> <i>Ps. xxxiv. 11.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>render therefore to all their dues; tribute to whom
tribute is due . . . <i>fear</i> to whom <i>fear</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Rom. xiii. 7.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which causes, or which is the object
of, apprehension or alarm; source or occasion of terror; danger;

<p><blockquote>There were they in great fear, where no <i>fear</i>
was.</blockquote> <i>Ps. liii. 5.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fear</i> of your adventure would counsel you to
a more equal enterprise.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>For fear</b></col>, <cd>in apprehension lest.</cd> "For
<i>fear</i> you ne'er see chain nor money more."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fear</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feared</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fearing</u>.] [OE. <i>feren</i>, <i>faeren</i>, to frighten, to be
afraid, AS. <i>f&?;ran</i> to terrify. See <u>Fear</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To feel a painful
apprehension of; to be afraid of; to consider or expect with emotion
of alarm or solicitude.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I will <i>fear</i> no evil, for thou art with
me.</blockquote> <i>Ps. xxiii. 4.</i></p>

<p>With subordinate clause.</p>

<p><blockquote>I greatly <i>fear</i> my money is not
safe.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I almost <i>fear</i> to quit your hand.</blockquote>
<i>D. Jerrold.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To have a reverential awe of; to
solicitous to avoid the displeasure of.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Leave them to God above; him serve and
<i>fear</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be anxious or solicitous for.</def>

<p><blockquote>The sins of the father are to be laid upon the
children, therefore . . . I <i>fear</i> you.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To suspect; to doubt.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Ay what else, <i>fear</i> you not her
courage?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To affright; to terrify; to drive away or
prevent approach of by fear.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>fear</i> their people from doing evil.</blockquote>
<i>Robynsin (More's utopia).</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Tush, tush! <i>fear</i> boys with bugs.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To apprehend; dread; reverence; venerate.</p>

<p><hw>Fear</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be in apprehension
of evil; to be afraid; to feel anxiety on account of some expected

<p><blockquote>I exceedingly <i>fear</i> and quake.</blockquote>
<i>Heb. xii. 21.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fear"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
fars.</def>  <i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fear"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Full of fear, apprehension, or alarm; afraid;

<p><blockquote>Anxious amidst all their success, and <i>fearful</i>
amidat all their power.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>inclined to fear; easily frightened;
without courage; timid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>What man is there that is <i>fearful</i> and faint-
hearted?</blockquote> <i>Deut. xx. 8.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Indicating, or caused by, fear.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Cold <i>fearful</i> drops stand on my trembling
flesh.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Inspiring fear or awe; exciting
apprehension or terror; terrible; frightful; dreadful.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This glorious and <i>fearful</i> name, <u>The Lord thy
God</u>.</blockquote> <i>Deut. xxviii. 58.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Death is a <i>fearful</i> thing.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>In dreams they <i>fearful</i> precipices
tread.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Apprehensive; afraid; timid; timorous; horrible;
distressing; shocking; frightful; dreadful; awful.</p>

<p><hw>Fear"ful*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fearful

<p><hw>Fear"ful*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being fearful.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fear"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Free from

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Bold; courageous; intrepid; valorous; valiant;
brave; undaunted; dauntless; heroic.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Fear"less*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fear"less*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fear"naught`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A fearless person.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A stout woolen cloth of great thickness;
dreadnaught; also, a warm garment.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fear"some</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Frightful; causing fear.</def> [Scotch] "This <i>fearsome</i>
wind."  <i>Sir W. Scott</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Easily frightened; timid; timorous.</def>
"A silly <i>fearsome</i> thing."  <i>B. Taylor</i></p>

<p><! p. 548 !></p>

<p><hw>Fea"si*bil*ity</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Feasibilities</b></plw> (-tiz). [from <u>Feasible</u>]
<def>The quality of being feasible; practicability; also, that which
is feasible; as, before we adopt a plan, let us consider its

<p><blockquote>Men often swallow falsities for truths, dubiosities
for certainties, possibilities for <i>feasibilities</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fea"si*ble</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>faisable</i>,
fr. <i>faire</i> to make or do, fr. L. <i>facere</i>. See
<u>Fact</u>, <u>Feat</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being
done, executed, or effected; practicable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Always existing before their eyes as a thing
<i>feasible</i> in practice.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It was not <i>feasible</i> to gratify so many
ambitions.</blockquote> <i>Beaconsfield.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fit to be used or tailed, as land.</def>
[R.]  <i>R. Trumbull.</i></p>

<p><wf>Fea"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>  --
<wf>Fea"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Feast</hw> (f&emacr;st), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>feste</i> festival, holiday, feast, OF. <i>feste</i> festival, F.
<i>f&ecirc;te</i>, fr. L. <i>festum</i>, pl. <i>festa</i>, fr.
<i>festus</i> joyful, festal; of uncertain origin.  Cf. <u>Fair</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, <u>Festal</u>, <u>F&ecirc;te</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A festival; a holiday; a solemn, or more
commonly, a joyous, anniversary.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The seventh day shall be a <i>feast</i> to the
Lord.</blockquote> <i>Ex. xiii. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the
<i>feast</i> of the passover.</blockquote> <i>Luke ii. 41.</i></p>

<p>&fist; Ecclesiastical <i>feasts</i> are called <i>immovable</i>
when they always occur on the same day of the year; otherwise they
are called <i>movable</i>.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A festive or joyous meal; a grand,
ceremonious, or sumptuous entertainment, of which many guests
partake; a banquet characterized by tempting variety and abundance of

<p><blockquote>Enough is as good as a <i>feast</i>.</blockquote>
<i>Old Proverb.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Belshazzar the King made a great <i>feast</i> to a
thousand of his lords.</blockquote> <i>Dan. v. 1.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is partaken of, or shared in,
with delight; something highly agreeable; entertainment.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>feast</i> of reason, and the flow of
soul.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Feast day</b></col>, <cd>a holiday; a day set as a solemn
commemorative festival.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Entertainment; regale; banquet; treat; carousal;
festivity; festival.  -- <u>Feast</u>, <u>Banquet</u>,
<u>Festival</u>, <u>Carousal</u>. A <i>feast</i> sets before us
viands superior in quantity, variety, and abundance; a <i>banquet</i>
is a luxurious feast; a <i>festival</i> is the joyful celebration by
good cheer of some agreeable event. <i>Carousal</i> is unrestrained
indulgence in frolic and drink.</p>

<p><hw>Feast</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feasted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Feasting</u>.] [OE. <i>festen</i>, cf. OF. <i>fester</i> to rest
from work, F. <i>f&ecirc;ter</i> to celebrate a holiday. See
<u>Feast</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To eat
sumptuously; to dine or sup on rich provisions, particularly in large
companies, and on public festivals.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And his sons went and <i>feasted</i> in their
houses.</blockquote> <i>Job. i. 4.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be highly gratified or

<p><blockquote>With my love's picture then my eye doth
<i>feast</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feast</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
entertain with sumptuous provisions; to treat at the table
bountifully; as, he was <i>feasted</i> by the king.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To delight; to gratify; as, to
<i>feast</i> the soul.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Feast</i> your ears with the music a
while.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feast"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who fares deliciously.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who entertains magnificently.</def>

<p><hw>Feast"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Festive; festal;
joyful; sumptuous; luxurious.</def> "<i>Feastful</i> days."

<p>-- <wf>Feast"ful*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Feat</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fet</i>, OF.
<i>fet</i>, <i>fait</i>, F. <i>fait</i>, <i>factum</i>, fr. L.
<i>facere</i>, <i>factum</i>, to make or do.  Cf. <u>Fact</u>,
<u>Feasible</u>, <u>Do</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An act; a deed;
an exploit.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The warlike <i>feats</i> I have done.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A striking act of strength, skill, or
cunning; a trick; as, <i>feats</i> of horsemanship, or of

<p><hw>Feat</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To form; to
fashion.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To the more mature,<BR>
A glass that <i>feated</i> them.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feat</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos>
<u>Feater</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Featest</u>.] [F.
<i>fait</i> made, shaped, fit, p. p. of <i>faire</i> to make or do.
See <u>Feat</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>Dexterous in movements or
service; skillful; neat; nice; pretty.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><blockquote>Never master had a page . . . so
<i>feat</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And look how well my garments sit upon me --<BR>
Much <i>feater</i> than before.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feat"-bod`ied</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a
feat or trim body.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feat"e*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>faitis</i>, <i>faitice</i>, <i>fetis</i>, well made, fine, L.
<i>facticius</i> made by art.] <def>Dexterous; neat.</def> [Obs.]

<p>-- <wf>Feat"e*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er</hw> (f&ebreve;&thlig;"&etilde;r),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fether</i>, AS. <i>fe&eth;er</i>; akin
to D. <i>veder</i>, OHG. <i>fedara</i>, G. <i>feder</i>, Icel.
<i>fj&ouml;&eth;r</i>, Sw. <i>fj&auml;der</i>, Dan.
<i>fj&aelig;der</i>, Gr. <grk>ptero`n</grk> wing, feather,
<grk>pe`tesqai</grk> to fly, Skr. <i>pattra</i> wing, feather,
<i>pat</i> to fly, and prob. to L. <i>penna</i> feather, wing.
&radic;76, 248.  Cf. <u>Pen</u> a feather.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One of the peculiar dermal appendages, of several kinds,
belonging to birds, as contour feathers, quills, and down.</def></p>

<p>&fist; An ordinary feather consists of the quill or hollow basal
part of the stem; the shaft or rachis, forming the upper, solid part
of the stem; the vanes or webs, implanted on the rachis and
consisting of a series of slender lamin&aelig; or barbs, which
usually bear barbules, which in turn usually bear barbicels and
interlocking hooks by which they are fastened together. See
<u>Down</u>, <u>Quill</u>, <u>Plumage</u>.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Kind; nature; species; -- from the
proverbial phrase, "Birds of a feather," that is, of the same
species.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>I am not of that <i>feather</i> to shake off<BR>
My friend when he must need me.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The fringe of long hair on the legs of the
setter and some other dogs.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A tuft of peculiar, long, frizzly hair on
a horse.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>One of the fins or wings on the shaft of
an arrow.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Mach. & Carp.)</i> <def>A longitudinal
strip projecting as a fin from an object, to strengthen it, or to
enter a channel in another object and thereby prevent displacement
sidwise but permit motion lengthwise; a spline.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A thin wedge driven between the two
semicylindrical parts of a divided plug in a hole bored in a stone,
to rend the stone.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>The angular adjustment of an oar or
paddle-wheel float, with reference to a horizontal axis, as it leaves
or enters the water.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Feather</i> is used adjectively or in combination,
meaning <i>composed of</i>, or <i>resembling</i>, <i>a feather or
feathers</i>; as, <i>feather</i> fan, <i>feather</i>-heeled,
<i>feather</i> duster.</p>

<p>   <col><b>Feather alum</b></col> <i>(Min.)</i>, <cd>a hydrous
sulphate of alumina, resulting from volcanic action, and from the
decomposition of iron pyrites; -- called also
<i>halotrichite</i>.</cd> <i>Ure.</i> -- <col><b>Feather
bed</b></col>, <cd>a bed filled with feathers.</cd> --
<col><b>Feather driver</b></col>, <cd>one who prepares feathers by
beating.</cd> -- <col><b>Feather duster</b></col>, <cd>a dusting
brush of feathers.</cd> -- <col><b>Feather flower</b></col>, <cd>an
artifical flower made of feathers, for ladies' headdresses, and other
ornamental purposes.</cd> -- <col><b>Feather grass</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a kind of grass (<i>Stipa pennata</i>) which has a
long feathery awn rising from one of the chaffy scales which inclose
the grain.</cd> -- <col><b>Feather maker</b></col>, <cd>one who makes
plumes, etc., of feathers, real or artificial.</cd> --
<col><b>Feather ore</b></col> <i>(Min.)</i>, <cd>a sulphide of
antimony and lead, sometimes found in capillary forms and like a
cobweb, but also massive. It is a variety of Jamesonite.</cd> --
<col><b>Feather shot</b></col>, or <col><b>Feathered shot</b></col>
<i>(Metal.)</i>, <cd>copper granulated by pouring into cold
water.</cd> <i>Raymond.</i> -- <col><b>Feather spray</b></col>
<i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>the spray thrown up, like pairs of feathers, by
the cutwater of a fast-moving vessel.</cd> -- <col><b>Feather
star</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See <u>Comatula</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Feather weight</b></col>. <i>(Racing)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>Scrupulously exact weight, so that a feather would turn the
scale, when a jockey is weighed or weighted.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<cd>The lightest weight that can be put on the back of a horse in
racing.</cd> <i>Youatt.</i> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>In wrestling,
boxing, etc., a term applied to the lightest of the classes into
which contestants are divided; -- in contradistinction to <i>light
weight</i>, <i>middle weight</i>, and <i>heavy weight</i>.</cd> --
<col><b>A feather in the cap</b></col> <cd>an honour, trophy, or mark
of distinction.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To be in full
feather</b></col>, <cd>to be in full dress or in one's best
clothes.</cd> [Collog.] -- <col><b>To be in high feather</b></col>,
<cd>to be in high spirits.</cd> [Collog.] -- <col><b>To cut a
feather</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Naut.)</i> <cd>To make the
water foam in moving; in allusion to the ripple which a ship throws
off from her bows.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To make one's self
conspicuous.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To show the white
feather</b></col>, <cd>to betray cowardice, -- a white feather in the
tail of a cock being considered an indication that he is not of the
true game breed.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feathered</u> (#); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Feathering.</u>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To furnish with a feather
or feathers, as an arrow or a cap.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>An eagle had the ill hap to be struck with an arrow
<i>feathered</i> from her own wing.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To adorn, as with feathers; to

<p><blockquote>A few birches and oaks still <i>feathered</i> the
narrow ravines.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To render light as a feather; to give
wings to.</def>[R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The Polonian story perhaps may <i>feather</i> some
tedious hours.</blockquote> <i>Loveday.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To enrich; to exalt; to benefit.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They stuck not to say that the king cared not to plume
his nobility and people to <i>feather</i> himself.</blockquote>
<i>Bacon.</i>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To tread, as a cock.</def>

<p><col><b>To feather one's nest</b></col>, <cd>to provide for one's
self especially from property belonging to another, confided to one's
care; -- an expression taken from the practice of birds which collect
feathers for the lining of their nests.</cd> -- <col><b>To feather an
oar</b></col> <i>(Naut)</i>, <cd>to turn it when it leaves the water
so that the blade will be horizontal and offer the least resistance
to air while reaching for another stroke.</cd> -- <col><b>To tar and
feather a person</b></col>, <cd>to smear him with tar and cover him
with feathers, as a punishment or an indignity.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To grow or form feathers; to become feathered; -- often with
<i>out</i>; as, the birds are <i>feathering</i> out.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To curdle when poured into another liquid,
and float about in little flakes or "feathers;" as, the cream
<i>feathers</i>.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To turn to a horizontal plane; -- said of

<p><blockquote>The <i>feathering</i> oar returns the
gleam.</blockquote> <i>Tickell.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Stopping his sculls in the air to <i>feather</i>
accurately.</blockquote> <i>Macmillan's Mag.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To have the appearance of a feather or of
feathers; to be or to appear in feathery form.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A clump of ancient cedars <i>feathering</i> in
evergreen beauty down to the ground.</blockquote> <i>Warren.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The ripple <i>feathering</i> from her
bows.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-brained`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Giddy;
frivolous; feather-headed.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Feath"ered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Clothed, covered, or fitted with (or as with) feathers or wings;
as, a <i>feathered</i> animal; a <i>feathered</i> arrow.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Rise from the ground like <i>feathered</i>
Mercury.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Nonsense <i>feathered</i> with soft and delicate
phrases and pointed with pathetic accent.</blockquote> <i>Dr. J.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Furnished with anything featherlike;
ornamented; fringed; as, land <i>feathered</i> with trees.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having a fringe of
feathers, as the legs of certian birds; or of hairs, as the legs of a
setter dog.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Having feathers; -- said of
an arrow, when the feathers are of a tincture different from that of
the shaft.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-edge`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The thin, new growth
around the edge of a shell, of an oyster.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any thin, as on a board or a

<p><hw>Feath"er-edged`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a
feather-edge; also, having one edge thinner than the other, as a
board; -- in the United States, said only of stuff one edge of which
is made as thin as practicable.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-few</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>

<p><hw>Feath"er-foil`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Feather</i>
+ <i>foil</i> a leaf.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>An aquatic plant
(<i>Hottonia palustris</i>), having finely divided leaves.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-head`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A frivolous
or featherbrained person.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>H. James.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-head`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Giddy;
frivolous; foolish.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-heeled`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Light-
heeled; gay; frisky; frolicsome.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Feath"er*i*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
or condition of being feathery.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er*ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Foliation</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of turning the blade of the oar,
as it rises from the water in rowing, from a vertical to a horizontal
position. See <i>To feather an oar</i>, under <u>Feather</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A covering of feathers.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Feathering float</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>the float
or paddle of a feathering wheel.</cd> -- <col><b>Feathering
screw</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a screw propeller, of which the
blades may be turned so as to move edgewise through the water when
the vessel is moving under sail alone.</cd> -- <col><b>Feathering
wheel</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a paddle wheel whose floats turn
automatically so as to dip about perpendicularly into the water and
leave in it the same way, avoiding beating on the water in the
descent and lifting water in the ascent.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of

<p><hw>Feath"er*ly</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like
feathers.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-pat"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Feather-
headed; frivolous.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feath"er-veined`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>Having the veins (of a leaf) diverging from the two sides of a

<p><hw>Feath"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to,
or resembling, feathers; covered with, or as with, feathers; as,
<i>feathery</i> spray or snow.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Ye <i>feathery</i> people of mid air.</blockquote>
<i>Barry Cornwall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feat"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [From <u>Feat</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Neatly; dexterously; nimbly.</def>

<p><blockquote>Foot <i>featly</i> here and there.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Feat"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Skill;
adroitness.</def> [Archaic]  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fea"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>feture</i> form, shape, feature, OF. <i>faiture</i> fashion, make,
fr. L. <i>factura</i> a making, formation, fr. <i>facere</i>,
<i>factum</i>, to make. See <u>Feat</u>, <u>Fact</u>, and cf.
<u>Facture</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The make, form, or outward
appearance of a person; the whole turn or style of the body; esp.,
good appearance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>What needeth it his <i>feature</i> to
descrive?</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Cheated of <i>feature</i> by dissembling
nature.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The make, cast, or appearance of the human
face, and especially of any single part of the face; a lineament.
(<i>pl.</i>) The face, the countenance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It is for homely <i>features</i> to keep
home.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The cast or structure of anything, or of
any part of a thing, as of a landscape, a picture, a treaty, or an
essay; any marked peculiarity or characteristic; as, one of the
<i>features</i> of the landscape.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And to her service bind each living creature<BR>
Through secret understanding of their <i>feature</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A form; a shape.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>So scented the grim <i>feature</i>, and upturned<BR>
His nostril wide into the murky air.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fea"tured</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Shaped; fashioned.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>How noble, young, how rarely
<i>featured</i>!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having features; formed into

<p><blockquote>The well-stained canvas or the <i>featured</i>
stone.</blockquote> <i>Young.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fea"ture*less</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having
no distinct or distinctive features.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fea"ture*ly</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having features;
showing marked peculiarities; handsome.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote><i>Featurely</i> warriors of Christian
chivalry.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feaze</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feazed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Feazing</u>.] [Cf. OE. <i>faseln</i> to ravel, fr. AS.
<i>f&aelig;s</i> fringe; akin to G. <i>fasen</i> to separate fibers
or threads, <i>fasen</i>, <i>faser</i>, thread, filament, OHG.
<i>faso</i>.] <def>To untwist; to unravel, as the end of a
rope.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feaze</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See <u>Feese</u>.]
<def>To beat; to chastise; also, to humble; to harass; to
worry.</def> [Obs.]  <i>insworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feaze</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A state of anxious or
fretful excitement; worry; vexation.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Feaz"ings</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [See
<u>Feaze</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>The unlaid
or ragged end of a rope.</def>  <i>Ham. Nav. Encyc.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*bric"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [L.
<i>febricitare</i>, fr. <i>febris</i>. See <u>Febrile</u>.] <def>To
have a fever.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*bric"u*lose`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>febriculosus</i>.] <def>Somewhat feverish.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Feb`ri*fa"cient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>febris</i> fever + <i>faciens</i>, p. pr. of <i>facere</i> to
make.] <def>Febrific.</def>  <i>Dunglison.</i></p>

<p>-- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which causes fever.</def>

<p><hw>Fe*brif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>febris</i> fever + <i>-ferous</i>.] <def>Causing fever; as, a
<i>febriferous</i> locality.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*brif"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>febris</i>
fever + <i>ficare</i> (in comp.) to make. See <u>fy</u>-.]
<def>Producing fever.</def>  <i>Dunglison.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*brif"u*gal</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Febrifuge</u>.] <def>Having the quality of mitigating or curing
fever.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feb"ri*fuge</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>febris</i>
fever + <i>fugare</i> to put to flight, from <i>fugere</i> to flee:
cf. F. <i>f&eacute;brifuge</i>. see <u>Febrile</u>, <u>Feverfew</u>.]
<i>(Med.)</i> <def>A medicine serving to mitigate or remove
fever.</def> -- <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Antifebrile.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"brile</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>f&eacute;brile</i>, from L. <i>febris</i> fever. See
<u>Fever</u>.] <def>Pertaining to fever; indicating fever, or derived
from it; as, <i>febrile</i> symptoms; <i>febrile</i> action.</def>

<p><hw>Feb"ru*a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>Februarius</i>, orig., the month of expiation, because on the
fifteenth of this month the great feast of expiation and purification
was held, fr. <i>februa</i>, pl., the Roman festival or purification;
akin to <i>februare</i> to purify, expiate.] <def>The second month in
the year, said to have been introduced into the Roman calendar by
Numa. In common years this month contains twenty-eight days; in the
bissextile, or leap year, it has twenty-nine days.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feb`ru*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>februatio</i>. See <u>february</u>.] <def>Purification; a
sacrifice.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"cal</hw> (f&emacr;"k<i>a</i>l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf.
F. <i>f&eacute;cal</i>. See <u>Feces</u>.] <def>relating to, or
containing, dregs, feces, or ordure; f&aelig;cal.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fec"che</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To fetch.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ces</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>dregs;
sediment; excrement. See <u>F&AElig;ces</u>.</def></p>

<p><! p. 549 !></p>

<p><hw>Fe"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fetialis</i>
belonging to the <i>fetiales</i>, the Roman priests who sanctioned
treaties and demanded satisfaction from the enemy before a formal
declaration of war.] <def>Pertaining to heralds, declarations of war,
and treaties of peace; as, <i>fecial</i> law.</def>  <i>Kent.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ci*fork`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Feces</i> +
<i>fork</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The anal fork on which the
larv&aelig; of certain insects carry their f&aelig;ces.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feck"less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Perh. a corruption
of <i>effectless</i>.] <def>Spiritless; weak; worthless.</def>

<p><hw>feck"less*ness</hw> <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>absence of
[WordNet 1.5]</p>

<p><hw>Fecks</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A corruption of the
word <i>faith</i>.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fec"u*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fecul&AElig;</b></plw> [L. <i>faecula</i> burnt tartar or
salt of tartar, dim. of <i>faex</i>, <i>faecis</i>, sediment, dregs:
cf. F. <i>f&eacute;cule</i>.] <def>Any pulverulent matter obtained
from plants by simply breaking down the texture, washing with water,
and subsidence.</def> Especially: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
nutritious part of wheat; starch or farina; -- called also
<i>amylaceous fecula</i>.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The green
matter of plants; chlorophyll.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fec"u*lence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>faeculentia</i> dregs, filth: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;culence</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being feculent;
muddiness; foulness.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is feculent; sediment; lees;

<p><hw>Fec"u*len*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Fec"u*lent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>faeculentus</i>, fr. <i>faecula</i>: cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;culent</i>. See <u>Fecula</u>.] <def>Foul with extraneous
or impure substances; abounding with sediment or excrementitious
matter; muddy; thick; turbid.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Both his hands most filthy
<i>feculent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fec"und</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fecundus</i>,
from the root of <i>fetus</i>: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;cond</i>. see
<u>Fetus</u>.] <def>Fruitful in children; prolific.</def>

<p><hw>Fec"un*date</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fecundated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fecundating</u> (?).] [L. <i>fecundare</i>, fr.
<i>fecundus</i>. See <u>Fecund</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make
fruitful or prolific.</def>  <i>W. Montagu.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>To render fruitful or
prolific; to impregnate; as, in flowers the pollen <i>fecundates</i>
the ovum through the stigma.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fec`un*da"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;condation</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The act by which,
either in animals or plants, material prepared by the generative
organs the female organism is brought in contact with matter from the
organs of the male, so that a new organism results; impregnation;

<p><hw>Fe*cun"di*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<i>Fecund</i>
+ <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To make fruitful; to fecundate.</def>

<p><hw>Fe*cun"di*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fecunditas</i>: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;condit&eacute;</i>. See
<u>Fecund</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or power of
producing fruit; fruitfulness; especially <i>(Biol.)</i>, the quality
in female organisms of reproducing rapidly and in great

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The power of germinating; as in

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The power of bringing forth in abundance;
fertility; richness of invention; as, the <i>fecundity</i> of God's
creative power.</def>  <i>Bentley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fed</hw> (?), <def><pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> of

<p><hw>Fed"a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A feodary.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>foedus</i>
league, treaty, compact; akin to <i>fides</i> faith: cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;ral</i>. see <u>Faith</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Pertaining to a league or treaty; derived from an agreement or
covenant between parties, especially between nations; constituted by
a compact between parties, usually governments or their

<p><blockquote>The Romans compelled them, contrary to all
<i>federal</i> right, . . . to part with Sardinia.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> Specifically: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Composed
of states or districts which retain only a subordinate and limited
sovereignty, as the <i>Union</i> of the United States, or the
<i>Sonderbund</i> of Switzerland.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>Consisting or pertaining to such a government; as, the
<i>Federal</i> Constitution; a <i>Federal</i> officer.</def>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>Friendly or devoted to such a government;
as, the <i>Federal</i> party. see <u>Federalist</u>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Federal Congress</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>Fed"er*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fed"er*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;ralisme</i>.] <def>The principles of Federalists
or of federal union.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;raliste</i>.] <def>An advocate of
confederation;</def> specifically <i>(Amer. Hist.)</i>, <def>a friend
of the Constitution of the United States at its formation and
adoption; a member of the political party which favored the
administration of president Washington.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Federalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Federalizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;raliser</i>.] <def>To unite in compact, as
different States; to confederate for political purposes; to unite by
or under the Federal Constitution.</def>  <i>Barlow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Federal</u>.] <def>A partner; a confederate; an accomplice.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>hak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>foederatus</i>, p. p. of <i>foederare</i> to establish by treaty
or league, fr. <i>foedus</i>. See <u>Federal</u>.] <def>United by
compact, as sovereignties, states, or nations; joined in confederacy;
leagued; confederate; as, <i>federate</i> nations.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fed`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;ration</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of
uniting in a league; confederation.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A league; a confederacy; a federal or
confederated government.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fed"er*a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;d&eacute;ratif</i>.] <def>Uniting in a league; forming a
confederacy; federal.</def> "A <i>federative</i> society."

<p><hw>Fed"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>foeditas</i>,
fr. <i>foedus</i> foul, filthy.] <def>Turpitude; vileness.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee</hw> (f&emacr;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fe</i>,
<i>feh</i>, <i>feoh</i>, cattle, property, money, fief, AS.
<i>feoh</i> cattle, property, money; the senses of "property, money,"
arising from cattle being used in early times as a medium of exchange
or payment, property chiefly consisting of cattle; akin to OS.
<i>fehu</i> cattle, property, D. <i>vee</i> cattle, OHG. <i>fihu</i>,
<i>fehu</i>, G. <i>vieh</i>, Icel. <i>f&emacr;</i> cattle, property,
money, Goth. <i>fa&iacute;hu</i>, L. <i>pecus</i> cattle,
<i>pecunia</i> property, money, Skr. <i>pa&ccedil;u</i> cattle, perh.
orig., "a fastened or tethered animal," from a root signifying <i>to
bind</i>, and perh. akin to E. <i>fang</i>, <i>fair</i>, a.; cf. OF.
<i>fie</i>, <i>flu</i>, <i>feu</i>, <i>fleu</i>, <i>fief</i>, F.
<i>fief</i>, from German, of the same origin. the sense <i>fief</i>
is due to the French. &radic;249.  Cf. <u>Feud</u>, <u>Fief</u>,
<u>Fellow</u>, <u>Pecuniary</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>property;
possession; tenure.</def> "Laden with rich <i>fee</i>."

<p><blockquote>Once did she hold the gorgeous East in
<i>fee</i>.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Reward or compensation for services
rendered or to be rendered; especially, payment for professional
services, of optional amount, or fixed by custom or laws; charge;
pay; perquisite; as, the <i>fees</i> of lawyers and physicians; the
<i>fees</i> of office; clerk's <i>fees</i>; sheriff's <i>fees</i>;
marriage <i>fees</i>, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To plead for love deserves more <i>fee</i> than
hate.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Feud. Law)</i> <def>A right to the use of a
superior's land, as a stipend for services to be performed; also, the
land so held; a fief.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>An estate of inheritance
supposed to be held either mediately or immediately from the
sovereign, and absolutely vested in the owner.</def></p>

<p>&fist; All the land in England, except the crown land, is of this
kind. An <i>absolute fee</i>, or <i>fee simple</i>, is land which a
man holds to himself and his heirs forever, who are called <i>tenants
in fee simple</i>. In modern writers, by <i>fee</i> is usually meant
<i>fee simple</i>. A <i>limited fee</i> may be a <i>qualified</i> or
<i>base fee</i>, which ceases with the existence of certain
conditions; or a <i>conditional fee</i>, or <i>fee tail</i>, which is
limited to particular heirs.  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Amer. Law)</i> <def>An estate of
inheritance belonging to the owner, and transmissible to his heirs,
absolutely and simply, without condition attached to the

<p><col><b>Fee estate</b></col> <i>(Eng. Law)</i>, <cd>land or
tenements held in fee in consideration or some acknowledgment or
service rendered to the lord.</cd> -- <col><b>Fee farm</b></col>
<i>(Law)</i>, <cd>land held of another in fee, in consideration of an
annual rent, without homage, fealty, or any other service than that
mentioned in the feoffment; an estate in fee simple, subject to a
perpetual rent.</cd> <i>Blackstone.</i> -- <col><b>Fee farm
rent</b></col> <i>(Eng. Law)</i>, <cd>a perpetual rent reserved upon
a conveyance in fee simple.</cd> -- <col><b>Fee fund</b></col>
<i>(Scot. Law)</i>, <cd>certain court dues out of which the clerks
and other court officers are paid.</cd> -- <col><b>Fee
simple</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>an absolute fee; a fee without
conditions or limits.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>Buy the <i>fee simple</i> of my life for an hour and a
quarter.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p>-- <col><b>Fee tail</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>an estate of
inheritance, limited and restrained to some particular heirs.</cd>

<p><hw>Fee</hw> (f&emacr;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Feed</u> (f&emacr;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Feeing</u>.] <def>To reward for services performed,
or to be performed; to recompense; to hire or keep in hire; hence, to

<p><blockquote>The patient . . . <i>fees</i> the doctor.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>There's not a one of them but in his house<BR>
I keep a servant <i>feed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee"ble</hw> (f&emacr;"b'l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Feebler</u> (-bl&etilde;r);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Feeblest</u> (-bl&ebreve;st).] [OE.
<i>feble</i>, OF. <i>feble</i>, <i>flebe</i>, <i>floibe</i>,
<i>floible</i>, <i>foible</i>, F. <i>faible</i>, L. <i>flebilis</i>
to be wept over, lamentable, wretched, fr. <i>flere</i> to weep.  Cf.
<u>Foible</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Deficient in physical
strength; weak; infirm; debilitated.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Carried all the <i>feeble</i> of them upon
asses.</blockquote> <i>2 Chron. xxviii. 15.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting force, vigor, or efficiency in
action or expression; not full, loud, bright, strong, rapid, etc.;
faint; as, a <i>feeble</i> color; <i>feeble</i> motion.</def> "A
lady's <i>feeble</i> voice."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee"ble</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make feble; to
enfeeble.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Shall that victorious hand be <i>feebled</i>
here?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee"ble-mind"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Weak in
intellectual power; wanting firmness or constancy; irresolute;
vacillating; imbecile.</def> "comfort the <i>feeble-minded</i>."
<i>1 Thess. v. 14.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fee"ble-mind"ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fee"ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or
condition of being feeble; debility; infirmity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That shakes for age and
<i>feebleness</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee"bly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a feeble

<p><blockquote>The restored church . . . contended <i>feebly</i>, and
with half a heart.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feed</hw> (f&emacr;d), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fed</u> (f&ebreve;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Feeding</u>.] [AS. <i>f&emacr;dan</i>, fr.
<i>f&omacr;da</i> food; akin to OS. <i>f&omacr;dian</i>, OFries.
<i>f&emacr;da</i>, <i>f&omacr;da</i>, D. <i>voeden</i>, OHG.
<i>fuottan</i>, Icel. <i>f&aelig;&eth;a</i>, Sw. <i>f&ouml;da</i>,
Dan. <i>f&ouml;de</i>. &radic;75.  See <u>Food</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To give food to; to supply with nourishment;
to satisfy the physical huger of.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If thine enemy hunger, <i>feed</i> him.</blockquote>
<i>Rom. xii. 20.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Unreasonable creatures <i>feed</i> their
young.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To satisfy; gratify or minister to, as any
sense, talent, taste, or desire.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I will <i>feed</i> fat the ancient grudge I bear
him.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Feeding</i> him with the hope of
liberty.</blockquote> <i>Knolles.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To fill the wants of; to supply with that
which is used or wasted; as, springs <i>feed</i> ponds; the hopper
<i>feeds</i> the mill; to <i>feed</i> a furnace with coal.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To nourish, in a general sense; to foster,
strengthen, develop, and guard.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou shalt <i>feed</i> my people Israel.</blockquote>
<i>2 Sam. v. 2.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Mightiest powers by deepest calms are
<i>fed</i>.</blockquote> <i>B. Cornwall.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To graze; to cause to be cropped by
feeding, as herbage by cattle; as, if grain is too forward in autumn,
<i>feed</i> it with sheep.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Once in three years <i>feed</i> your mowing
lands.</blockquote> <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To give for food, especially to animals;
to furnish for consumption; as, to <i>feed</i> out turnips to the
cows; to <i>feed</i> water to a steam boiler.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To
supply (the material to be operated upon) to a machine; as, to
<i>feed</i> paper to a printing press.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>To produce progressive operation upon or with (as in wood and
metal working machines, so that the work moves to the cutting tool,
or the tool to the work).</def></p>

<p><hw>Feed</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
take food; to eat.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Her kid . . . which I afterwards killed because it
would not <i>feed</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Foe.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To subject by eating; to satisfy the
appetite; to feed one's self (upon something); to prey; -- with
<i>on</i> or <i>upon</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Leaving thy trunk for crows to <i>feed</i>
upon.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be nourished, strengthened, or
satisfied, as if by food.</def> "He <i>feeds</i> upon the cooling
shade."  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To place cattle to feed; to pasture; to

<p><blockquote>If a man . . . shall put in his beast, and shall
<i>feed</i> in another man's field.</blockquote> <i>Ex. xxii.

<p><hw>Feed</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which is eaten; esp., food for beasts; fodder; pasture;
hay; grain, ground or whole; as, the best <i>feed</i> for

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A grazing or pasture ground.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An allowance of provender given to a
horse, cow, etc.; a meal; as, a <i>feed</i> of corn or

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A meal, or the act of eating.</def>

<p><blockquote>For such pleasure till that hour<BR>
At <i>feed</i> or fountain never had I found.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The water supplied to steam

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
motion, or act, of carrying forward the stuff to be operated upon, as
cloth to the needle in a sewing machine; or of producing progressive
operation upon any material or object in a machine, as, in a turning
lathe, by moving the cutting tool along or in the work.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The supply of material to a machine, as
water to a steam boiler, coal to a furnace, or grain to a run of
stones.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The mechanism by which the
action of feeding is produced; a feed motion.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Feed bag</b></col>, <cd>a nose bag containing feed for a
horse or mule.</cd> -- <col><b>Feed cloth</b></col>, <cd>an apron for
leading cotton, wool, or other fiber, into a machine, as for carding,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Feed door</b></col>, <cd>a door to a furnace, by
which to supply coal.</cd> -- <col><b>Feed head</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A cistern for feeding water by gravity to a
steam boiler.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Founding)</i> <cd>An
excess of metal above a mold, which serves to render the casting more
compact by its pressure; -- also called a <i>riser</i>,
<i>deadhead</i>, or simply <i>feed</i> or <i>head</i></cd>
<i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Feed heater</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<i>(Steam Engine)</i> <cd>A vessel in which the feed water for the
boiler is heated, usually by exhaust steam.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<cd>A boiler or kettle in which is heated food for stock.</cd> --
<col><b>Feed motion</b></col>, or <col><b>Feed gear</b></col>
<i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>the train of mechanism that gives motion to the
part that directly produces the feed in a machine.</cd> --
<col><b>Feed pipe</b></col>, <cd>a pipe for supplying the boiler of a
steam engine, etc., with water.</cd> -- <col><b>Feed pump</b></col>,
<cd>a force pump for supplying water to a steam boiler, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Feed regulator</b></col>, <cd>a device for graduating the
operation of a feeder.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Feed
screw</b></col>, <cd>in lathes, a long screw employed to impart a
regular motion to a tool rest or tool, or to the work.</cd> --
<col><b>Feed water</b></col>, <cd>water supplied to a steam boiler,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Feed wheel</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>a kind
of feeder. See <u>Feeder</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 8.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Feed"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who, or that which, gives food or supplies nourishment;

<p><blockquote>A couple of friends, his chaplain and
<i>feeder</i>.</blockquote> <i>Goldsmith.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who furnishes incentives; an
encourager.</def> "The <i>feeder</i> of my riots."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>One who eats or feeds; specifically, an
animal to be fed or fattened.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With eager feeding, food doth choke the
<i>feeder</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>One who fattens cattle for

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A stream that flows into another body of
water; a tributary; specifically <i>(Hydraulic Engin.)</i>, a water
course which supplies a canal or reservoir by gravitation or natural

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A branch railroad, stage line, or the
like; a side line which increases the business of the main

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Mining)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A
small lateral lode falling into the main lode or mineral vein.</def>
<i>Ure.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A strong discharge of gas from a
fissure; a blower.</def> <i>Raymond.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>An auxiliary part of a
machine which supplies or leads along the material operated

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <i>(Steam Engine)</i> <def>A device for
supplying steam boilers with water as needed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feed"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>the act of eating, or of supplying with food; the process of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is eaten; food.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which furnishes or affords food,
especially for animals; pasture land.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Feeding bottle</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>Fee`-faw`-fum"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
nonsensical exclamation attributed to giants and ogres; hence, any
expression calculated to impose upon the timid and ignorant.</def>
"Impudent <i>fee-faw-fums</i>."  <i>J. H. Newman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fee"jee</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & n.</i></pos> <i>(Ethnol.)</i>
<def>See <u>Fijian</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feel</hw> (f&emacr;l), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Felt</u> (f&ebreve;lt); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Feeling</u>.] [AS. <i>f&emacr;lan</i>; akin to OS.
<i>gif&omacr;lian</i> to perceive, D. <i>voelen</i> to feel, OHG.
<i>fuolen</i>, G. <i>f&uuml;hlen</i>, Icel. <i>f&amacr;lma</i> to
grope, and prob. to AS. <i>folm</i> palm of the hand, L.
<i>palma</i>.  Cf. <u>Fumble</u>, <u>Palm</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To perceive by the touch; to take cognizance of by means of the
nerves of sensation distributed all over the body, especially by
those of the skin; to have sensation excited by contact of (a thing)
with the body or limbs.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Who <i>feel</i><BR>
Those rods of scorpions and those whips of steel.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To touch; to handle; to examine by
touching; as, <i>feel</i> this piece of silk;</def> hence, <def>to
make trial of; to test; often with <i>out</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Come near, . . . that I may <i>feel</i> thee, my
son.</blockquote> <i>Gen. xxvii. 21.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He hath this to <i>feel</i> my affection to your
honor.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To perceive by the mind; to have a sense
of; to experience; to be affected by; to be sensible of, or sensitive
to; as, to <i>feel</i> pleasure; to <i>feel</i> pain.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Teach me to <i>feel</i> another's woe.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Whoso keepeth the commandment shall <i>feel</i> no
evil thing.</blockquote> <i>Eccl. viii. 5.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He best can paint them who shall <i>feel</i> them
most.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Mankind have <i>felt</i> their strength and made it
<i>felt</i>.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To take internal cognizance of; to be
conscious of; to have an inward persuasion of.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>For then, and not till then, he <i>felt</i>
himself.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To perceive; to observe.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>To feel the helm</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to obey

<p><! p. 550 !></p>

<p><hw>Feel</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To have perception by the touch, or by contact of anything with
the nerves of sensation, especially those upon the surface of the

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To have the sensibilities moved or

<p><blockquote>[She] <i>feels</i> with the dignity of a Roman
matron</blockquote>. <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And mine as man, who <i>feel</i> for all
mankind.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be conscious of an inward impression,
state of mind, persuasion, physical condition, etc.; to perceive
one's self to be; -- followed by an adjective describing the state,
etc.; as, to <i>feel</i> assured, grieved, persuaded.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I then did <i>feel</i> full sick.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To know with feeling; to be conscious;
hence, to know certainly or without misgiving.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Garlands . . . which I <i>feel</i><BR>
I am not worthy yet to wear.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To appear to the touch; to give a
perception; to produce an impression by the nerves of sensation; --
followed by an adjective describing the kind of sensation.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Blind men say black <i>feels</i> rough, and white
<i>feels</i> smooth.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To feel after</b></col>, <cd>to search for; to seek to
find; to seek as a person groping in the dark.</cd> "If haply they
might <i>feel after</i> him, and find him."  <i>Acts xvii.

<p> -- <col><b>To feel of</b></col>, <cd>to examine by

<p><hw>Feel</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Feeling; perception.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To intercept and have a more kindly <i>feel</i> of its
genial warmth.</blockquote> <i>Hazlitt.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A sensation communicated by touching;
impression made upon one who touches or handles; as, this leather has
a greasy <i>feel</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The difference between these two tumors will be
distinguished by the <i>feel</i>.</blockquote> <i>S. Sharp.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feel"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who, or that which, feels.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the sense
organs or certain animals (as insects), which are used in testing
objects by touch and in searching for food; an antenna; a

<p><blockquote>Insects . . . perpetually feeling and searching before
them with their <i>feelers</i> or antenn&aelig;.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Anything, as a proposal, observation,
etc., put forth or thrown out in order to ascertain the views of
others; something tentative.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feel"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Possessing great sensibility; easily affected or moved; as, a
<i>feeling</i> heart.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Expressive of great sensibility; attended
by, or evincing, sensibility; as, he made a <i>feeling</i>
representation of his wrongs.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feel"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The sense by which the mind, through certain nerves of the body,
perceives external objects, or certain states of the body itself;
that one of the five senses which resides in the general nerves of
sensation distributed over the body, especially in its surface; the
sense of touch; nervous sensibility to external objects.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Why was the sight<BR>
To such a tender ball as the eye confined, . . . <BR>
And not, as <i>feeling</i>, through all parts diffused?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An act or state of perception by the sense
above described; an act of apprehending any object whatever; an act
or state of apprehending the state of the soul itself;

<p><blockquote>The apprehension of the good<BR>
Gives but the greater feeling to the worse.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The capacity of the soul for emotional
states; a high degree of susceptibility to emotions or states of the
sensibility not dependent on the body; as, a man of <i>feeling</i>; a
man destitute of <i>feeling</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Any state or condition of emotion; the
exercise of the capacity for emotion; any mental state whatever; as,
a right or a wrong <i>feeling</i> in the heart; our angry or kindly
<i>feelings</i>; a <i>feeling</i> of pride or of humility.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A fellow <i>feeling</i> makes one wondrous
kind.</blockquote> <i>Garrick.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Tenderness for the <i>feelings</i> of
others.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>That quality of a work of art which
embodies the mental emotion of the artist, and is calculated to
affect similarly the spectator.</def>  <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Sensation; emotion; passion; sentiment; agitation;
opinion. See <u>Emotion</u>, <u>Passion</u>, <u>Sentiment</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Feel"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a feeling
manner; pathetically; sympathetically.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feere</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fere</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>A consort, husband or wife; a companion; a
fere.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Feese</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OE. <i>fesien</i> to
put to flight, AS. <i>f&emacr;sian</i>, <i>f&ymacr;sian</i>,
<i>f&ymacr;san</i>, fr. <i>f&umacr;s</i>, prompt, willing.] <def>The
short run before a leap.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Nares.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Feet</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Feat</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>Fact; performance.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Feet"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of feet;
as, <i>feetless</i> birds.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feeze</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [For sense 1, cf. F.
<i>visser</i> to screw, <i>vis</i> screw, or 1st E. <i>feaze</i>,
v.t.: for sense 2, see <u>Feese</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
turn, as a screw.</def> [Scot]  <i>Jamieson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To beat; to chastise; to humble; to
worry.</def> [Obs.] [Written also <i>feaze</i>, <i>feize</i>,
<i>pheese</i>.]  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To feeze up</b></col>, <cd>to work into a passion.</cd>

<p><hw>Feeze</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Fretful excitement.
[Obs.] See <u>Feaze</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Feh"ling</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>See <i>Fehling's solution</i>, under <u>Solution</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feh"mic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Feign</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feigned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Feigning</u>.] [OE. <i>feinen</i>, F. <i>feindre</i> (p. pr.
<i>feignant</i>), fr. L. <i>fingere</i>; akin to L. <i>figura</i>
figure,and E. <i>dough</i>. See <u>Dough</u>, and cf. <u>Figure</u>,
<u>Faint</u>, <u>Effigy</u>, <u>Fiction</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To give a mental existence to, as to something not real or
actual; to imagine; to invent; hence, to pretend; to form and relate
as if true.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There are no such things done as thou sayest, but thou
<i>feignest</i> them out of thine own heart.</blockquote> <i>Neh. vi.

<p><blockquote>The poet<BR>
Did <i>feign</i> that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and
floods.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To represent by a false appearance of; to
pretend; to counterfeit; as, to <i>feign</i> a sickness.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To dissemble; to conceal.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Feigned</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not real or
genuine; pretended; counterfeit; insincere; false.</def> "A
<i>feigned</i> friend."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Give ear unto my prayer, that goeth not out of
<i>feigned</i> lips.</blockquote> <i>Ps. xvii. 1.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Feign"ed*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Feign"ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Her treacherous sister Judah hath not turned unto me
with her whole heart, but <i>feignedly</i>.</blockquote> <i>Jer. iii.

<p><col><b>Feigned issue</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>an issue
produced in a pretended action between two parties for the purpose of
trying before a jury a question of fact which it becomes necessary to
settle in the progress of a cause.</cd> <i>Burill.</i>

<p><hw>Feign"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who feigns or

<p><hw>Feign"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That feigns;
insincere; not genuine; false.</def></p>

<p>-- <wf>Feign"ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Feine</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>To
feign.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feint</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>feint</i>, p. p.
of <i>feindre</i> to feign. See <u>Feign</u>.] <def>Feigned;
counterfeit.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Dressed up into any <i>feint</i> appearance of
it.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feint</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>feinte</i>, fr.
<i>feint</i>. See <u>Feint</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which is feigned; an assumed or false
appearance; a pretense; a stratagem; a fetch.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Courtley's letter is but a <i>feint</i> to get
off.</blockquote> <i>Spectator.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A mock blow or attack on one part when
another part is intended to be struck; -- said of certain movements
in fencing, boxing, war, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feint</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To make a feint, or
mock attack.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fei`tsui"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i>
<def>The Chinese name for a highly prized variety of pale green jade.
See <u>Jade</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Feeze</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>Fel"an*ders</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>See

<p>{ <hw>Feld"spar`</hw> (?), <hw>Feld"spath`</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [G. <i>feldspath</i>; <i>feld</i> field +
<i>spath</i> spar.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A name given to a group of
minerals, closely related in crystalline form, and all silicates of
alumina with either potash, soda, lime, or, in one case, baryta. They
occur in crystals and crystalline masses, vitreous in luster, and
breaking rather easily in two directions at right angles to each
other, or nearly so. The colors are usually white or nearly white,
flesh-red, bluish, or greenish.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The group includes the monoclinic (<i>orthoclastic</i>)
species <i>orthoclase</i> or common potash feldspar, and the rare
<i>hyalophane</i> or baryta feldspar; also the triclinic species
(called in general <i>plagioclase</i>) <i>microcline</i>, like
orthoclase a potash feldspar; <i>anorthite</i> or lime feldspar;
<i>albite</i> or soda feldspar; also intermediate between the last
two species, <i>labradorite</i>, <i>andesine</i>, <i>oligoclase</i>,
containing both lime and soda in varying amounts. The feldspars are
essential constituents of nearly all crystalline rocks, as granite,
gneiss, mica, slate, most kinds of basalt and trachyte, etc. The
decomposition of feldspar has yielded a large part of the clay of the
soil, also the mineral kaolin, an essential material in the making of
fine pottery. Common feldspar is itself largely used for the same

<p>{ <hw>Feld*spath"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Feld*spath"ose</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or consisting of,

<p><hw>Fele</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fela</i>,
<i>feola</i>; akin to G. <i>viel</i>, gr. &?;. See <u>Full</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Many.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*lic"ify</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>felix</i>
happy + <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To make happy; to felicitate.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fe*lic"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>felicitatus</i>, p. p. of <i>felicitare</i> to felicitate, fr.
<i>felix</i>, <i>-icis</i>, happy. See <u>felicity</u>.] <def>Made
very happy.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><blockquote>I am alone <i>felicitate</i><BR>
In your dear highness' love.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*lic"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Felicitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>felicitating</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>f&eacute;liciter</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make very happy; to delight.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>What a glorious entertainment and pleasure would fill
and <i>felicitate</i> his spirit.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To express joy or pleasure to; to wish
felicity to; to call or consider (one's self) happy; to

<p><blockquote>Every true heart must <i>felicitate</i> itself that
its lot is cast in this kingdom.</blockquote> <i>W. Howitt.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Congratulate</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fe*lic`i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;licitation</i>.] <def>The act of felicitating; a wishing
of joy or happiness; congratulation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*lic"i*tous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Characterized by felicity; happy; prosperous; delightful;
skillful; successful; happily applied or expressed;

<p><blockquote><i>Felicitous</i> words and images.</blockquote> <i>M.

<p>-- <wf>Fe*lic"i*tous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fe*lic"i*tous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fe*lic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Felicities</b></plw> (#). [OE. <i>felicite</i>, F.
<i>f&eacute;licit&eacute;</i>, fr. L. <i>felicitas</i>, fr.
<i>felix</i>, <i>-icis</i>, happy, fruitful; akin to <i>fetus</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being happy; blessedness;
blissfulness; enjoyment of good.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Our own <i>felicity</i> we make or find.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Finally, after this life, to attain everlasting joy
and <i>felicity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Book of Common Prayer.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which promotes happiness; a
successful or gratifying event; prosperity; blessing.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>the <i>felicities</i> of her wonderful
reign.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A pleasing faculty or accomplishment; as,
<i>felicity</i> in painting portraits, or in writing or
talking.</def> "<i>Felicity</i> of expression."  <i>Bp.

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Happiness; bliss; beatitude; blessedness;
blissfulness. See <u>Happiness</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fe"line</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>felinus</i>, fr.
<i>feles</i>, <i>felis</i>, cat, prob. orig., the fruitful: cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;lin</i>. See <u>Fetus</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Catlike; of or pertaining to the genus
Felis, or family <i>Felid&aelig;</i>; as, the <i>feline</i> race;
<i>feline</i> voracity.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characteristic of cats; sly; stealthy;
treacherous; as, a <i>feline</i> nature; <i>feline</i>

<p><hw>||Fe"lis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., cat.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A genus of carnivorous mammals, including
the domestic cat, the lion, tiger, panther, and similar

<p><hw>Fell</hw> (?), <def><pos><i>imp.</i></pos> of

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fel</i>, OF.
<i>fel</i> cruel, fierce, perfidious; cf. AS. <i>fel</i> (only in
comp.) OF. <i>fel</i>, as a noun also accus. <i>felon</i>, is fr. LL.
<i>felo</i>, of unknown origin; cf. Arm <i>fall</i> evil, Ir.
<i>feal</i>, Arm. <i>falloni</i> treachery, Ir. & Gael. <i>feall</i>
to betray; or cf. OHG. <i>fillan</i> to flay, torment, akin to E.
<i>fell</i> skin.  Cf. <u>Felon</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Cruel;
barbarous; inhuman; fierce; savage; ravenous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>While we devise <i>fell</i> tortures for thy
faults.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Eager; earnest; intent.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>I am so <i>fell</i> to my business.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. L. <i>fel</i> gall, bile,
or E. <i>fell</i>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Gall; anger;
melancholy.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Untroubled of vile fear or bitter
<i>fell</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fell</i>; akin to D.
<i>vel</i>, OHG. <i>fel</i>, G. <i>fell</i>, Icel. <i>fell</i> (in
comp.), Goth <i>fill</i> in &thorn;ruts<i>fill</i> leprosy, L.
<i>pellis</i> skin, G. &?;.  Cf. <u>Film</u>, <u>Peel</u>,
<u>Pell</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>A skin or hide of a beast
with the wool or hair on; a pelt; -- used chiefly in composition, as

<p><blockquote>We are still handling our ewes, and their
<i>fells</i>, you know, are greasy.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fell</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Icel. <i>fell</i>,
<i>fjally</i>; akin to Sw. <i>fj&auml;ll</i> a ridge or chain of
mountains, Dan. <i>fjeld</i> mountain, rock and prob. to G.
<i>fels</i> rock, or perh. to <i>feld</i> field, E. <i>field</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A barren or rocky hill.</def>  <i>T.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A wild field; a moor.</def>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Felled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Felling</u>.] [AS. <i>fellan</i>, a causative verb fr.
<i>feallan</i> to fall; akin to D. <i>vellen</i>, G.
<i>f&auml;llen</i>, Icel. <i>fella</i>, Sw. <i>f&auml;lla</i>, Dan.
<i>f&aelig;lde</i>. See <u>Fall</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>] <def>To
cause to fall; to prostrate; to bring down or to the ground; to cut

<p><blockquote>Stand, or I'll <i>fell</i> thee down.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>The finer
portions of ore which go through the meshes, when the ore is sorted
by sifting.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. Gael. <i>fill</i> to
fold, plait, Sw. <i>f&aring;ll</i> a hem.] <def>To sew or hem; --
said of seams.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Sewing)</i> <def>A form of seam joining two pieces of cloth, the
edges being folded together and the stitches taken through both

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Weaving)</i> <def>The end of a web, formed
by the last thread of the weft.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fit to be

<p><hw>||Fel"lah</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> Ar.
<plw><b>Fellahin</b></plw> (#), E. <plw><b>Fellahs</b></plw> (#).
[Ar.] <def>A peasant or cultivator of the soil among the Egyptians,
Syrians, etc.</def>  <i>W. M. Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fell"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, fells, knocks or cuts down; a machine for felling

<p><hw>Fell"er</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An appliance to a
sewing machine for felling a seam.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell"fare`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. AS.
<i>fealafor</i>, and E. <i>fieldfare</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The fieldfare.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fel*lif"lu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fellifuus</i>; <i>fel</i> gall + <i>fluere</i> to flow.]
<def>Flowing with gall.</def> [R.]  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel*lin"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fel</i>,
<i>fellis</i>, gall.] <def>Of, relating to, or derived from, bile or
gall; as, <i>fellinic</i> acid.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell"mon`ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A dealer in
fells or sheepskins, who separates the wool from the pelts.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fell"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fell</u> cruel.]
<def>The quality or state of being fell or cruel; fierce
barbarity.</def>  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"loe</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fel"lon</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Variant of
<u>Felon</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Those two were foes the <i>fellonest</i> on
ground.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>felawe</i>,
<i>felaghe</i>, Icel. <i>f&emacr;lagi</i>, fr. <i>f&emacr;lag</i>
companionship, prop., a laying together of property; <i>f&emacr;</i>
property + <i>lag</i> a laying, pl. <i>l&ouml;g</i> law, akin to
<i>liggja</i> to lie. See <u>Fee</u>, and <u>Law</u>, <u>Lie</u> to
be low.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A companion; a comrade; an
associate; a partner; a sharer.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fellows</i> of his crime.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>We are <i>fellows</i> still,<BR>
Serving alike in sorrow.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>That enormous engine was flanked by two <i>fellows</i>
almost of equal magnitude.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p>

<p>&fist; Commonly used of men, but sometimes of women.  <i>Judges
xi. 37.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A man without good breeding or worth; an
ignoble or mean man.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Worth makes the man, and want of it, the
<i>fellow</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An equal in power, rank, character,

<p><blockquote>It is impossible that ever Rome<BR>
Should breed thy <i>fellow</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>One of a pair, or of two things used
together or suited to each other; a mate; the male.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When they be but heifers of one year, . . . they are
let go to the <i>fellow</i> and breed.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>This was my glove; here is the <i>fellow</i> of
it.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A person; an individual.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>She seemed to be a good sort of
<i>fellow</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dickens.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>In the English universities, a scholar who
is appointed to a foundation called a <i>fellowship</i>, which gives
a title to certain perquisites and privileges.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>In an American college or university, a
member of the corporation which manages its business interests; also,
a graduate appointed to a fellowship, who receives the income of the

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>A member of a literary or scientific
society; as, a <i>Fellow</i> of the Royal Society.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Fellow</i> is often used in compound words, or
adjectively, signifying <i>associate</i>, <i>companion</i>, or
sometimes <i>equal</i>. Usually, such compounds or phrases are self-
explanatory; as, <i>fellow</i>-citizen, or <i>fellow</i> citizen;
<i>fellow</i>-student, or <i>fellow</i> student; <i>fellow</i>-
workman, or <i>fellow</i> workman; <i>fellow</i>-mortal, or
<i>fellow</i> mortal; <i>fellow</i>-sufferer; bed<i>fellow</i>;
play<i>fellow</i>; work<i>fellow</i>.</p>

<p><blockquote>Were the great duke himself here, and would lift
My head to <i>fellow</i> pomp amongst his nobles.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fel"low</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To suit with;
to pair with; to match.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low-com"mon*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
student at Cambridge University, England, who <i>commons</i>, or
dines, at the Fellow's table.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low-crea"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One
of the same race or kind; one made by the same Creator.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Reason, by which we are raised above our <i>fellow-
creatures</i>, the brutes.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low*feel"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To share
through sympathy; to participate in.</def> [R.]  <i>D.

<p><hw>Fel"low-feel"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Sympathy; a like feeling.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Joint interest.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fel"low*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Without fellow or
equal; peerless.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whose well-built walls are rare and
<i>fellowless</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low*like`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like a
companion; companionable; on equal terms; sympathetic.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fel"low*ly</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fellowlike.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low*ship</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Fellow + -ship.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or relation of being or

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Companionship of persons on equal and
friendly terms; frequent and familiar intercourse.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In a great town, friends are scattered, so that there
is not that <i>fellowship</i> which is in less
neighborhods.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Men are made for society and mutual
<i>fellowship</i>.</blockquote> <i>Calamy.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A state of being together; companionship;
partnership; association; hence, confederation; joint

<p><blockquote>The great contention of the sea and skies<BR>
Parted our <i>fellowship</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fellowship</i> in pain divides not
smart</blockquote>. <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fellowship</i> in woe doth woe
assuage</blockquote>. <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The goodliest <i>fellowship</i> of famous knights,<BR>
Whereof this world holds record.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Those associated with one, as in a family,
or a society; a company.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The sorrow of Noah with his
<i>fellowship</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>With that a joyous <i>fellowship</i> issued<BR>
Of minstrels.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. & Amer. Universities)</i> <def>A
foundation for the maintenance, on certain conditions, of a scholar
called a fellow, who usually resides at the university.</def>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Arith.)</i> <def>The rule for dividing
profit and loss among partners; -- called also partnership, company,
and distributive proportion.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Good fellowship</b></col>, <cd>companionableness; the
spirit and disposition befitting comrades.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>There's neither honesty, manhood, nor good
<i>fellowship</i> in thee.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><! p. 551 !></p>

<p><hw>Fel"low*ship</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fellowshiped</u> (&?;); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos>. <u>Fellowshiping</u>.] <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>To
acknowledge as of good standing, or in communion according to
standards of faith and practice; to admit to Christian

<p><hw>Fel"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fell or
cruel manner; fiercely; barbarously; savagely.</def>

<p><hw>Fel"ly</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fellies</b></plw> (&?;). [OE. <i>feli</i>, <i>felwe</i>,
<i>felow</i>, AS. <i>felg</i>, <i>felge</i>; akin to D. <i>velg</i>,
G. <i>felge</i>, OHG. <i>felga</i> felly (also, a harrow, but prob. a
different word), Dan. <i>felge</i>.] <def>The exterior wooden rim, or
a segment of the rim, of a wheel, supported by the spokes.</def>
[Written also <i>felloe</i>.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Break all the spokes and <i>fellies</i> from her
wheel.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fe"lo-de-se`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Felos-de-se</b></plw> (#). [LL. <i>felo</i>, E. <i>felon</i>
+ <i>de</i> of, concerning + <i>se</i> self.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>One
who deliberately puts an end to his own existence, or loses his life
while engaged in the commission of an unlawful or malicious act; a
suicide.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"on</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE., adj., cruel,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, villain, ruffian, traitor, whitlow, F.
<i>f&eacute;lon</i> traitor, in OF. also, villain, fr. LL.
<i>felo</i>. See Fell, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Law)</i> <def>A person who has committed a felony.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A person guilty or capable of heinous

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A kind of whitlow; a painful
imflammation of the periosteum of a finger, usually of the last

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Criminal; convict; malefactor; culprit.</p>

<p><hw>Fel"on</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Characteristic of a
felon; malignant; fierce; malicious; cruel; traitorous;

<p><blockquote>Vain shows of love to vail his felon
hate.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*lo"ni*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the
quality of felony; malignant; malicious; villainous; traitorous;
perfidious; in a legal sense, done with intent to commit a crime; as,
<i>felonious</i> homicide.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>O thievish Night,<BR>
Why should'st thou, but for some <i>felonious</i> end,<BR>
In thy dark lantern thus close up the stars?</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>Fe*lo"ni*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fe*lo"ni*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fel"o*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>feloneus</i>.  Cf. <u>Felonious</u>.] <def>Wicked;
felonious.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fel"on*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A body of
felons; specifically, the convict population of a penal colony.</def>

<p><hw>Fel"on*wort`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>The bittersweet nightshade (<i>Solanum Dulcamara</i>). See

<p><hw>Fel"o*ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Felonies</b></plw> (#). [OE. <i>felonie</i> cruelty, OF.
<i>felonie</i>, F. <i>f&eacute;lonie</i> treachery, malice. See
<u>Felon</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Feudal
Law)</i> <def>An act on the part of the vassal which cost him his fee
by forfeiture.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(O. Eng. Law)</i> <def>An offense which
occasions a total forfeiture either lands or goods, or both, at the
common law, and to which capital or other punishment may be added,
according to the degree of guilt.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A heinous crime; especially, a crime
punishable by death or imprisonment.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Forfeiture for crime having been generally abolished in the
United States, the term <i>felony</i>, in American law, has lost this
point of distinction; and its meaning, where not fixed by statute, is
somewhat vague and undefined; generally, however, it is used to
denote an offense of a high grade, punishable either capitally or by
a term of imprisonment. In Massachusetts, by statute, any crime
punishable by death or imprisonment in the state prison, and no
other, is a <i>felony</i>; so in New York.  the tendency now is to
obliterate the distinction between felonies and misdemeanors; and
this has been done partially in England, and completely in some of
the States of the Union. The distinction is purely arbitrary, and its
entire abolition is only a question of time.</p>

<p>&fist; There is no lawyer who would undertake to tell what a
<i>felony</i> is, otherwise than by enumerating the various kinds of
offenses which are so called. originally, the word <i>felony</i> had
a meaning: it denoted all offenses the penalty of which included
forfeiture of goods; but subsequent acts of Parliament have declared
various offenses to be felonies, without enjoining that penalty, and
have taken away the penalty from others, which continue,
nevertheless, to be called <i>felonies</i>, insomuch that the acts so
called have now no property whatever in common, save that of being
unlawful and purnishable.  <i>J. S. Mill.</i></p>

<p><col>To compound a felony</col>. <cd>See under <u>Compound</u>,
<pos><i>v. t.</i></pos></cd></p>

<p><hw>Fel"site</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Feldspar</u>.]
<i>(Min.)</i> <def>A finegrained rock, flintlike in fracture,
consisting essentially of orthoclase feldspar with occasional grains
of quartz.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fel*sit"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>relating to,
composed of, or containing, felsite.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fel"spar`</hw> (?), <hw>Fel"spath`</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>See

<p><hw>Fel*spath"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fel"stone`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From G.
<i>feldstein</i>, in analogy with E. <i>fel</i>spar.] <i>(Min.)</i>
<def>See <u>Felsite</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Felt</hw> (?), <def><pos><i>imp. & p. p. or a.</i></pos> from

<p><hw>Felt</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>felt</i>; akin to
D. <i>vilt</i>, G. <i>filz</i>, and possibly to Gr. &?; hair or wool
wrought into felt, L. <i>pilus</i> hair, <i>pileus</i> a felt cap or
hat.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A cloth or stuff made of matted fibers
of wool, or wool and fur, fulled or wrought into a compact substance
by rolling and pressure, with lees or size, without spinning or

<p><blockquote>It were a delicate stratagem to shoe<BR>
A troop of horse with felt.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A hat made of felt.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A skin or hide; a fell; a pelt.</def>

<p><blockquote>To know whether sheep are sound or not, see that the
<i>felt</i> be loose.</blockquote> <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><col>Felt grain</col>, <cd>the grain of timber which is transverse
to the annular rings or plates; the direction of the medullary rays
in oak and some other timber.</cd>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><hw>Felt</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Felted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Felting</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make into felt, or a
feltike substance; to cause to adhere and mat together.</def>  <i>Sir
M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cover with, or as with, felt; as, to
<i>felt</i> the cylinder of a steam engine.</def></p>

<p><hw>Felt"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To clot or mat
together like felt.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His <i>feltered</i> locks that on his bosom
fell.</blockquote> <i>Fairfax.</i></p>

<p><hw>Felt"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The material of which felt is made; also, felted cloth; also,
the process by which it is made.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of splitting timber by the felt

<p><hw>Fel"try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>feltre</i>.]
<def>See <u>Felt</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fe*luc"ca</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>feluca</i>
(cf. Sp. <i>faluca</i>, Pg. <i>falua</i>), fr. Ar. <i>fulk</i> ship,
or <i>harr&amacr;qah</i> a sort of ship.] <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A
small, swift-sailing vessel, propelled by oars and lateen sails, --
once common in the Mediterranean.</def> Sometimes it is constructed
so that the helm may be used at either end.</p>

<p><hw>Fel"wort`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Probably a
corruption of <i>fieldwort</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A European herb
(<i>Swertia perennis</i>) of the Gentian family.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"male</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>femel</i>,
<i>femal</i>, F. <i>femelle</i>, fr. L. <i>femella</i>, dim. of
<i>femina</i> woman. See <u>Feminine</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An
individual of the sex which conceives and brings forth young, or (in
a wider sense) which has an ovary and produces ova.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The male and <i>female</i> of each living
thing.</blockquote> <i>Drayton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant which produces only
that kind of reproductive organs which are capable of developing into
fruit after impregnation or fertilization; a pistillate

<p><hw>Fe"male</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Belonging to the sex which conceives and gives birth to young,
or (in a wider sense) which produces ova; not male.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>As patient as the <i>female</i> dove<BR>
When that her golden couplets are disclosed.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Belonging to an individual of the female
sex; characteristic of woman; feminine; as, <i>female</i>
tenderness.</def> "<i>Female</i> usurpation.'b8  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To the generous decision of a <i>female</i> mind, we
owe the discovery of America.</blockquote> <i>Belknap.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having pistils and no
stamens; pistillate; or, in cryptogamous plants, capable of receiving

<p><col>Female rhymes</col> <i>(Pros.)</i>, <cd>double rhymes, or
rhymes (called in French <i>feminine</i> rhymes because they end in
<i>e</i> weak, or <i>feminine</i>) in which two syllables, an
accented and an unaccented one, correspond at the end of each

<p>&fist; A rhyme, in which the final syllables only agree
(<i>strain</i>, <i>complain</i>) is called a male rhyme; one in which
the two final syllables of each verse agree, the last being short
(<i>motion</i>, <i>ocean</i>), is called <i>female</i>.  <i>Brande &

<p>-- <col>Female screw</col>, <cd>the spiral-threaded cavity into
which another, or male, screw turns.</cd> <i>Nicholson.</i> --
<col>Female fern</col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a common species of fern
with large decompound fronds (<i>Asplenium Filixf&aelig;mina</i>),
growing in many countries; lady fern.</cd></p>

<p>&fist; The names <i>male fern</i> and <i>female fern</i> were
anciently given to two common ferns; but it is now understood that
neither has any sexual character.</p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Female</u>, <u>Feminine</u>.  We apply
<i>female</i> to the sex or individual, as opposed to <i>male</i>;
also, to the distinctive belongings of women; as, <i>female</i>
dress, <i>female</i> form, <i>female</i> character, etc.;
<i>feminine</i>, to things appropriate to, or affected by, women; as,
<i>feminine</i> studies, employments, accomplishments, etc.
"<i>Female</i> applies to sex rather than gender, and is a
physiological rather than a grammatical term. <i>Feminine</i> applies
to gender rather than sex, and is grammatical rather than
physiological."  <i>Latham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"mal*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
gallant.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Courting her smoothly like a
<i>femalist</i>.</blockquote> <i>Marston.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"mal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make, or
to describe as, female or feminine.</def>  <i>Shaftesbury.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Feme</hw> (f&ebreve;m <i>or</i> f&abreve;m),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>feme</i>, F. <i>femme</i>.] <i>(Old
Law)</i> <def>A woman.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Feme covert</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>a married woman.
See <u>Covert</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>, 3.</cd> -- <col><b>Feme
sole</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>a single or unmarried woman; a woman
who has never been married, or who has been divorced, or whose
husband is dead.</cd> -- <col><b>Feme sole</b></col> <col><b>trader
or merchant</b></col> <i>(Eng. Law)</i>, <cd>a married woman, who, by
the custom of London, engages in business on her own account,
inpendently of her husband.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fem"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Arch.)</i>
<def>See <u>Femerell</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fem"er*ell</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>fumeraille</i> part of a chimney. See <u>Fume</u>.] <i>(Arch.)</i>
<def>A lantern, or louver covering, placed on a roof, for ventilation
or escape of smoke.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Feminine.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>West.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fem`i*nal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>feminatus</i>
effeminate.] <def>Feminine.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fem`i*ne"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>femineus</i> womanly.] <def>Womanliness; femininity.</def>  <i>C.

<p><hw>Fem"i*nine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>femininus</i>, fr. <i>femina</i> woman; prob. akin to L.
<i>fetus</i>, or to Gr. <grk>qh^sqai</grk> to suck, <grk>qh^sai</grk>
to suckle, Skr. <i>dh&amacr;</i> to suck; cf. AS. <i>f&aemacr;mme</i>
woman, maid: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;minin</i>. See <u>Fetus</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to a woman, or to women;
characteristic of a woman; womanish; womanly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Her letters are remarkably deficient in
<i>feminine</i> ease and grace.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having the qualities of a woman; becoming
or appropriate to the female sex; as, in a good sense, modest,
graceful, affectionate, confiding; or, in a bad sense, weak,
nerveless, timid, pleasure-loving, effeminate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Her heavenly form<BR>
Angelic, but more soft and <i>feminine</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Ninus being esteemed no man of war at all, but
altogether <i>feminine</i>, and subject to ease and
delicacy.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><col>Feminine rhyme</col>. <i>(Pros.)</i> <cd>See <i>Female
rhyme</i>, under <u>Female</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Female</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nine</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A woman.</def> [Obs. or Colloq.]</p>

<p><blockquote>They guide the <i>feminines</i> toward the
palace.</blockquote> <i>Hakluyt.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Any one of those words
which are the appellations of females, or which have the terminations
usually found in such words; as, <i>actress</i>, <i>songstress</i>,
<i>abbess</i>, <i>executrix</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>There are but few true <i>feminines</i> in
English.</blockquote> <i>Latham.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nine*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a feminine
manner.</def>  <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nine*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of
being feminine; womanliness; womanishness.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fem`i*nin"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or nature of the female sex;

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The female form.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>O serpent under <i>femininitee</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fe*min"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Womanliness;
femininity.</def> [Obs.] "Trained up in true <i>feminity</i>."

<p><hw>Fem`i*ni*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of feminizing, or the state of being feminized.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;miniser</i>.] <def>To make womanish or effeminate.</def>
<i>Dr. H. More.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fem"i*nye</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>femenie</i>,
<i>feminie</i>, the female sex, realm of women.] <def>The people
called Amazons.</def> [Obs.]  "[The reign of] <i>feminye</i>."

<p><hw>||Femme</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A woman.
See <u>Feme</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><col><b>Femme de chambre</b></col> (?). [F.] <cd>A lady's maid; a

<p><hw>Fem"o*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>femur</i>,
<i>femoris</i>, thigh: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;moral</i>.] <def>Pertaining
to the femur or thigh; as, the <i>femoral</i> artery.</def>
"<i>Femoral</i> habiliments." <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fe"mur</hw> (f&emacr;"m&ubreve;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>;
<i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Femora</b></plw> (f&ebreve;m"&osl;*r&adot;). [L.
thigh.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The thigh bone.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The proximal segment of the hind limb
containing the thigh bone; the thigh. See <u>Coxa</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fen</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fen</i>,
<i>fenn</i>, marsh, mud, dirt; akin to D. <i>veen</i>, OFries.
<i>fenne</i>, <i>fene</i>, OHG. <i>fenna</i>, G. <i>fenn</i>, Icel.
<i>fen</i>, Goth. <i>fani</i> mud.] <def>Low land overflowed, or
covered wholly or partially with water, but producing sedge, coarse
grasses, or other aquatic plants; boggy land; moor; marsh.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>'Mid reedy <i>fens</i> wide spread.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; <i>Fen</i> is used adjectively with the sense of
<i>belonging to</i>, or <i>of the nature of</i>, <i>a fen</i> or

<p><col><b>Fen boat</b></col>, <cd>a boat of light draught used in
marshes.</cd> -- <col><b>Fen duck</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>a wild duck inhabiting fens; the shoveler.</cd> [Prov. Eng.] --
<col><b>Fen fowl</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>any water fowl
that frequent fens.</cd> -- <col><b>Fen goose</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the graylag goose of Europe.</cd> [Prov.
Eng.] -- <col><b>Fen land</b></col>, <cd>swamp land.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Abbrev. from defence.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which fends off attack or danger; a
defense; a protection; a cover; security; shield.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let us be backed with God and with the seas,<BR>
Which he hath given for <i>fence</i> impregnable.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A <i>fence</i> betwixt us and the victor's
wrath.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An inclosure about a field or other space,
or about any object; especially, an inclosing structure of wood,
iron, or other material, intended to prevent intrusion from without
or straying from within.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Leaps o'er the <i>fence</i> with ease into the
fold.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>&fist; In England a hedge, ditch, or wall, as well as a structure
of boards, palings, or rails, is called a <i>fence</i>.</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Locks)</i> <def>A projection on the bolt,
which passes through the tumbler gates in locking and

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Self-defense by the use of the sword; the
art and practice of fencing and sword play; hence, skill in debate
and repartee. See <u>Fencing</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Enjoy your dear wit, and gay rhetoric,<BR>
That hath so well been taught her dazzing <i>fence</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Of dauntless courage and consummate skill in
<i>fence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A receiver of stolen goods, or a place
where they are received.</def> [Slang]  <i>Mayhew.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fence month</b></col> <i>(Forest Law)</i>, <cd>the month
in which female deer are fawning, when hunting is prohibited.</cd>
<i>Bullokar.</i> -- <col><b>Fence roof</b></col>, <cd>a covering for
defense.</cd> "They fitted their shields close to one another in
manner of a fence roof." <i>Holland.</i> -- <col><b>Fence
time</b></col>, <cd>the breeding time of fish or game, when they
should not be killed.</cd> -- <col><b>Rail fence</b></col>, <cd>a
fence made of rails, sometimes supported by posts.</cd> --
<col><b>Ring fence</b></col>, <cd>a fence which encircles a large
area, or a whole estate, within one inclosure.</cd> -- <col><b>Worm
fence</b></col>, <cd>a zigzag fence composed of rails crossing one
another at their ends; -- called also <i>snake fence</i>, or
<i>Virginia rail fence</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To be on the
fence</b></col>, <cd>to be undecided or uncommitted in respect to two
opposing parties or policies.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><! p. 552 !></p>

<p><hw>Fence</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.
Fenced (&?;); p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Fencing</u> (?).]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To fend off danger from; to give security to;
to protect; to guard.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>fence</i> my ear against thy
sorceries.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose with a fence or other
protection; to secure by an inclosure.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>O thou wall! . . . dive in the earth,<BR>
And <i>fence</i> not Athens.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A sheepcote <i>fenced</i> about with olive
trees.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To fence the tables</b></col> <i>(Scot. Church)</i>,
<cd>to make a solemn address to those who present themselves to
commune at the Lord's supper, on the feelings appropriate to the
service, in order to hinder, so far as possible, those who are
unworthy from approaching the table.</cd> <i>McCheyne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fence</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To make a defense; to guard one's self of anything, as against
an attack; to give protection or security, as by a fence.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Vice is the more stubborn as well as the more
dangerous evil, and therefore, in the first place, to be
<i>fenced</i> against.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To practice the art of attack and defense
with the sword or with the foil, esp. with the smallsword, using the
point only.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He will <i>fence</i> with his own shadow.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence, to fight or dispute in the manner
of fencers, that is, by thrusting, guarding, parrying, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They <i>fence</i> and push, and, pushing, loudly
Their dewlaps and their sides are bat&?;ed in gore.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>As when a billow, blown against,<BR>
Falls back, the voice with which I <i>fenced</i><BR>
A little ceased, but recommenced.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fence"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Affording
defense; defensive.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Congreve.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fence"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Without a fence;
uninclosed; open; unguarded; defenseless.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"cer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fences;
one who teaches or practices the art of fencing with sword or

<p><blockquote>As blunt as the <i>fencer's</i> foils.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fen"ci-ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being defended, or of making or affording defense.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>No fort so <i>fencible</i>, nor walls so
strong.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"ci*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A
soldier enlisted for home service only; -- usually in the

<p><hw>Fen"cing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The art or practice of attack and defense with the sword, esp.
with the smallsword. See <u>Fence</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>,

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Disputing or debating in a manner
resembling the art of fencers.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The materials used for building
fences.</def> [U.S.]</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The act of building a fence.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The aggregate of the fences put up for
inclosure or protection; as, the <i>fencing</i> of a farm.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fen" crick`et</hw> (?). <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The mole
cricket.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fend</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fiend.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fend</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fended</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fending</u>.] [Abbrev. fr. <i>defend</i>.] <def>To keep off; to
prevent from entering or hitting; to ward off; to shut out; -- often
with <i>off</i>; as, to <i>fend</i> off blows.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With fern beneath to <i>fend</i> the bitter
cold.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To fend off a</b></col> <col><b>boat or vessel</b></col>
<i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to prevent its running against anything with too
much violence.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fend</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To act on the
defensive, or in opposition; to resist; to parry; to shift

<p><blockquote>The dexterous management of terms, and being able to
<i>fend</i> . . . with them, passes for a great part of
learning.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"der</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Fend</u>,
<pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos>, cf. <u>Defender</u>.] <def>One who or
that which defends or protects by warding off harm</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A screen to prevent coals or sparks of an
open fire from escaping to the floor.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>Anything serving as a cushion to lessen the shock when a vessel
comes in contact with another vessel or a wharf.</def>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>A screen to protect a carriage from mud
thrown off the wheels: also, a splashboard.</def> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd>
<def>Anything set up to protect an exposed angle, as of a house, from
damage by carriage wheels.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fend"liche</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Fiendlike.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [L.
<i>faeneratus</i>, p. p. of <i>faenerari</i> lend on interest, fr.
<i>faenus</i> interest.] <def>To put money to usury; to lend on
interest.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Cockeram.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>faeneratio</i>.] <def>The act of fenerating; interest.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fen`es-tel"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., dim. of
<i>fenestra</i> &?; window.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Any small windowlike
opening or recess, esp. one to show the relics within an altar, or
the like.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fe*nes"tra</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fenestr&aelig;</b></plw> (#). [L., a window.] <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>A small opening; esp., one of the apertures, closed by
membranes, between the tympanum and internal ear.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*nes"tral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fenestra</i>
a window.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Pertaining to a
window or to windows.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to a

<p><hw>Fe*nes"tral</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>A
casement or window sash, closed with cloth or paper instead of
glass.</def>  <i>Weale.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*nes"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fenestratus</i>, p. p. of <i>fenestrare</i> to furnish with
openings and windows.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having numerous
openings; irregularly reticulated; as, <i>fenestrate</i> membranes;
<i>fenestrate</i> fronds.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having transparent
spots, as the wings of certain butterflies.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*nes"tra*ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Having windows; characterized
by windows.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Same as <u>Fenestrate</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fen`es*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The arrangement and
proportioning of windows; -- used by modern writers for the
decorating of an architectural composition by means of the window
(and door) openings, their ornaments, and proportions.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The state or condition of
being fenestrated.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*nes"trule</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fenestrula</i> a little window, dim. of <i>fenestra</i> a window.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the openings in a fenestrated

<p><hw>Fen"gite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A
kind of marble or alabaster, sometimes used for windows on account of
its transparency.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From the
<i>Finians</i> or <i>Fenii</i>, the old militia of Ireland, who were
so called from <i>Fin</i> or <i>Finn</i>, <i>Fionn</i>, or
<i>Fingal</i>, a popular hero of Irish traditional history.] <def>A
member of a secret organization, consisting mainly of Irishmen,
having for its aim the overthrow of English rule in

<p><hw>Fe"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
Fenians or to Fenianism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ni*an*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
principles, purposes, and methods of the Fenians.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fenks</hw> (f&ebreve;&nsm;ks), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
refuse whale blubber, used as a manure, and in the manufacture of
Prussian blue.</def>  <i>Ure.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"nec</hw> (f&ebreve;n"n&ebreve;k), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[Ar. <i>fanek</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A small, African,
foxlike animal (<i>Vulpes zerda</i>) of a pale fawn color, remarkable
for the large size of its ears.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fen"nel</hw> (f&ebreve;n"n&ebreve;l), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[AS. <i>fenol</i>, <i>finol</i>, from L. <i>feniculum</i>,
<i>faeniculum</i>, dim. of <i>fenum</i>, <i>faenum</i>, hay: cf. F.
<i>fenouil</i>.  Cf. <u>Fenugreek</u>. <u>Finochio</u>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A perennial plant of the genus
<i>F&aelig;niculum</i> (<i>F. vulgare</i>), having very finely
divided leaves. It is cultivated in gardens for the agreeable
aromatic flavor of its seeds.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Smell of sweetest <i>fennel</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A sprig of <i>fennel</i> was in fact the theological
smelling bottle of the tender sex.</blockquote> <i>S. G.

<p><col><b>Azorean, or Sweet</b></col>, <col><b>fennel</b></col>,
<cd>(<i>F&aelig;niculum dulce</i>). It is a smaller and stouter plant
than the common fennel, and is used as a pot herb.</cd> --
<col><b>Dog's fennel</b></col> <cd>(<i>Anthemis Cotula</i>), a foul-
smelling European weed; -- called also <i>mayweed</i>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fennel flower</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>an herb
(<i>Nigella</i>) of the Buttercup family, having leaves finely
divided, like those of the fennel. <i>N. Damascena</i> is common in
gardens. <i>N. sativa</i> furnishes the fennel seed, used as a
condiment, etc., in India. These seeds are the "fitches" mentioned in
Isaiah (xxviii. 25).</cd> -- <col><b>Fennel water</b></col>
<i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>the distilled water of fennel seed. It is
stimulant and carminative.</cd> -- <col><b>Giant fennel</b></col>
<cd>(<i>Ferula communis</i>), has stems full of pith, which, it is
said, were used to carry fire, first, by Prometheus.</cd> --
<col><b>Hog's fennel</b></col>, <cd>a European plant (<i>Peucedanum
officinale</i>) looking something like fennel.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fen"nish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Abounding in
fens; fenny.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fen"ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fennig</i>.]
<def>Pertaining to, or inhabiting, a fen; abounding in fens; swampy;
boggy.</def> "<i>Fenny</i> snake."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"owed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fynig</i>
musty, <i>fynegean</i> to become musty or filthy: cf. <i>fennig</i>
fenny, muddy, dirty, fr. <i>fen</i> fen.  Cf. <u>Finew</u>.]
<def>Corrupted; decayed; moldy. See <u>Vinnewed</u>.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Dr. Favour.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"si-ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fencible.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"-sucked`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Sucked out of
marches.</def> "<i>Fen-sucked</i> fogs."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fen"u*greek</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>faenum
Graecum</i>, lit., Greek hay: cf. F. <i>fenugrec</i>.  Cf.
<u>Fennel</u>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant (<i>trigonella F&oelig;num
Gr&aelig;cum</i>) cultivated for its strong-smelling seeds, which
are</def> "now only used for giving false importance to horse
medicine and damaged hay." <i>J. Smith (Pop. Names of Plants,

<p><hw>Feod</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A feud. See 2d
<u>Feud</u>.</def>  <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feod"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Feudal. See

<p><hw>Feo*dal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Feudal
tenure; the feudal system. See <u>Feudality</u>.</def>

<p><hw>Feod"a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>An accomplice.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Art thou a <i>feodary</i> for this act?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>An ancient officer of
the court of wards.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feod"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Feoff</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Feoffed</u> (#); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos>. <u>Feoffing</u>.] [OE. <i>feffen</i>, OF.
<i>feffer</i>, <i>fieffer</i>, F. <i>fieffer</i>, fr. <i>fief</i>
fief; cf. LL. <i>feoffare</i>, <i>fefare</i>. See <u>Fief</u>.]
<i>(Law)</i> <def>To invest with a fee or feud; to give or grant a
corporeal hereditament to; to enfeoff.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feoff</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A fief. See

<p><hw>Feof*fee"</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>feoff&eacute;</i>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>The person to whom a
feoffment is made; the person enfeoffed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feoff"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>feoffement</i>, <i>fieffement</i>; cf. LL. <i>feoffamentum</i>.]
<i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The grant of a feud or
fee.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>A gift or
conveyance in fee of land or other corporeal hereditaments,
accompanied by actual delivery of possession.</def>

<p><sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The instrument or deed by which corporeal
hereditaments are conveyed.</def> [Obs. in the U.S., Rare in

<p>{ <hw>Feo"for</hw> (?), <hw>Feof"fer</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>feoour</i>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>One who
enfeoffs or grants a fee.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos> <def>Far.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*ra"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferax</i>,
<i>-acis</i>, fr. <i>ferre</i> to bear.] <def>Fruitful; producing
abundantly.</def> [R.]  <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*rac"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>feracitas</i>.] <def>The state of being feracious or
fruitful.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beattie.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fe"r&aelig;</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L., wild
animals, fem. pl. of <i>ferus</i> wild.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A
group of mammals which formerly included the Carnivora, Insectivora,
Marsupialia, and lemurs, but is now often restricted to the

<hw>||Fe"r&aelig; na*tu"r&aelig;</hw> (?). [L.] <def>Of a wild
nature; -- applied to animals, as foxes, wild ducks, etc., in which
no one can claim property.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferus</i>. See
<u>Fierce</u>.] <i>(Bot. & Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Wild; untamed;
ferine; not domesticated; -- said of beasts, birds, and plants.</def>

<p><hw>Fe"ral</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>feralis</i>,
belonging to the dead.] <def>Funereal; deadly; fatal;
dangerous.</def> [R.] "<i>Feral</i> accidents."  <i>Burton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ferde</hw> (?), obs. <def><pos><i>imp.</i></pos> of
<u>Fare</u>.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fer`-de-lance"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., the iron
of a lance, lance head.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A large, venomous
serpent (<i>Trigonocephalus lanceolatus</i>) of Brazil and the West
Indies. It is allied to the rattlesnake, but has no rattle.</def>

<p><hw>Fer"ding</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Farthing</u>.]
<def>A measure of land mentioned in Domesday Book. It is supposed to
have consisted of a few acres only.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Ferd"ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>ferd</i>
fear. See <u>Fear</u>.] <def>Fearfulness.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fere</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fere</i>
companion, AS. <i>gef&emacr;ra</i>, from <i>f&emacr;ran</i> to go,
travel, <i>faran</i> to travel. &radic;78. See <u>Fare</u>.] <def>A
mate or companion; -- often used of a wife.</def> [Obs.] [Written
also <i>fear</i> and <i>feere</i>.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And Cambel took Cambrina to his
<i>fere</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><col><b>In fere</b></col>, <cd>together; in company.</cd> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fere</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. L. <i>ferus</i> wild.]
<def>Fierce.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fere</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fire</u>.]
<def>Fire.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fere</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fear</u>.]
<def>Fear.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fere</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>To fear.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer`e*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>feretrum</i>
bier, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to bear, akin to L. <i>ferre</i>, E.
<i>bear</i> to support.] <def>A portable bier or shrine, variously
adorned, used for containing relics of saints.</def>

<p><hw>Fer"forth`</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Far
forth.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><col><b>As ferforth as</b></col>, <cd>as far as.</cd> --
<col><b>So ferforth</b></col>, <cd>to such a degree.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer"forth`ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Ferforth.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"gu*son*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i>
<def>A mineral of a brownish black color, essentially a tantalo-
niobate of yttrium, erbium, and cerium; -- so called after Robert

<p><hw>||Fe"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Feri&aelig;</b></plw> (&?;). <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>A week day,
esp. a day which is neither a festival nor a fast.</def>

<p><hw>Fe"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Fe"ri*al</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL. <i>ferialis</i>, fr.
L. <i>ferie</i> holidays: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;rial</i>. See 5th
<u>Fair</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to
holidays.</def> [Obs.]  <i>J. Gregory.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Belonging to any week day, esp. to a day
that is neither a festival nor a fast.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe`ri*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>feriari</i>
to keep holiday, fr. <i>ferie</i> holidays.] <def>The act of keeping
holiday; cessation from work.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"rie</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>ferie</i>, fr.
L. <i>ferie</i> holidays. See 5th <u>Fair</u>.] <def>A holiday.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Bullokar.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ri*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>,
<def><pos><i>compar.</i></pos> of <u>Fere</u>, fierce.</def>

<p><blockquote>Rhenus <i>ferier</i> than the cataract.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fe"rine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferinus</i>, fr.
<i>ferus</i> wild. See <u>Fierce</u>.] <def>Wild; untamed; savage;
as, lions, tigers, wolves, and bears are <i>ferine</i> beasts.</def>
<i>Sir M. Hale.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A wild beast; a
beast of prey.</def> -- <wf>Fe"rine*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -
- <wf>Fe"rine*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>||Fer*in"gee</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Per.
<i>Farang&imacr;</i>, or Ar. <i>Firanj&imacr;</i>, properly, a
Frank.] <def>The name given to Europeans by the Hindos.</def>
[Written also <i>Feringhee</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>feritas</i>,
from <i>ferus</i> wild.] <def>Wildness; savageness; fierceness.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Woodward.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>f&?;rlic</i>
sudden, unexpected. See <u>Fear</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>]
<def>Singular; wonderful; extraordinary.</def> [Obs.] --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A wonder; a marvel.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Who hearkened ever such a <i>ferly</i>
thing.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ferm</hw>, <hw>Ferme</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> }[See
<u>Farm</u>.] <def>Rent for a farm; a farm; also, an abode; a place
of residence; as, he let his land to <i>ferm</i>.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Out of her fleshy <i>ferme</i> fled to the place of
pain.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ma*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. See
<u>Pharmacy</u>.] <def>Medicine; pharmacy.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fer"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fermentum</i>
ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for <i>fervimentum</i>, fr.
<i>fervere</i> to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F.
<i>ferment</i>.  Cf. 1st <u>Barm</u>, <u>Fervent</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which causes fermentation, as yeast,
barm, or fermenting beer.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Ferments are of two kinds: (<i>a</i>) Formed or organized
ferments. (<i>b</i>) Unorganized or structureless ferments. The
latter are also called <i>soluble or chemical ferments</i>, and
<i>enzymes</i>. Ferments of the first class are as a rule simple
microscopic vegetable organisms, and the fermentations which they
engender are due to their growth and development; as, the <i>acetic
ferment</i>, the <i>butyric ferment</i>, etc. See
<u>Fermentation</u>. Ferments of the second class, on the other hand,
are chemical substances, as a rule soluble in glycerin and
precipitated by alcohol. In action they are catalytic and, mainly,
hydrolytic. Good examples are pepsin of the dastric juice, ptyalin of
the salvia, and disease of malt. </p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Intestine motion; heat; tumult;

<p><blockquote>Subdue and cool the <i>ferment</i> of
desire.</blockquote> <i>Rogers.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>the nation is in a <i>ferment</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A gentle internal motion of the
constituent parts of a fluid; fermentation.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Down to the lowest lees the <i>ferment</i>
ran.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><col><b>ferment oils</b></col>, <cd>volatile oils produced by the
fermentation of plants, and not originally contained in them. These
were the <i>quintessences</i> of the alchenists.</cd>

<p><hw>Fer*ment"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fermented</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fermenting</u>.] [L. <i>fermentare</i>, <i>fermentatum</i>: cf. F.
<i>fermenter</i>. See <u>Ferment</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To
cause ferment of fermentation in; to set in motion; to excite
internal emotion in; to heat.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ye vigorous swains! while youth <i>ferments</i> your
blood.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ment"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To undergo fermentation; to be in motion, or to be excited into
sensible internal motion, as the constituent particles of an animal
or vegetable fluid; to work; to effervesce.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be agitated or excited by violent

<p><blockquote>But finding no redress, <i>ferment</i> and
rage.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The intellect of the age was a <i>fermenting</i>
intellect.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ment`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>Capability of fermentation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ment"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fermentable</i>.] <def>Capable of fermentation; as, cider and
other vegetable liquors are <i>fermentable</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ment"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Fermentative.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><! p. 553 !></p>

<p><hw>Fer`men*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fermentation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The process of
undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a
wider sense <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i>, the transformation of an organic
substance into new compounds by the action of a ferment, either
formed or unorganized. It differs in kind according to the nature of
the ferment which causes it.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A state of agitation or excitement, as of
the intellect or the feelings.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It puts the soul to <i>fermentation</i> and
activity.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A univesal <i>fermentation</i> of human thought and
faith.</blockquote> <i>C. Kingsley.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Acetous, or Acetic</b></col>,
<col><b>fermentation</b></col>, <cd>a form of oxidation in which
alcohol is converted into vinegar or acetic acid by the agency of a
specific fungus or ferment (<i>Mycoderma aceti</i>). The process
involves two distinct reactions, in which the oxygen of the air is
essential. An intermediate product, aldehyde, is formed in the first

C2H6O  +  O =  H2O  +  C2H4O
 Alcohol.       Water.   Aldehyde.</p>

C2H4O   +  O =  C2H4O2
 Aldehyde.       Acetic acid.</p>

<p>-- <col><b>Alcoholic fermentation</b></col>, <cd>the fermentation
which saccharine bodies undergo when brought in contact with the
yeast plant or Torula. The sugar is converted, either directly or
indirectly, into alcohol and carbonic acid, the rate of action being
dependent on the rapidity with which the Torul&aelig; develop.</cd> -
- <col><b>Ammoniacal fermentation</b></col>, <cd>the conversion of
the urea of the urine into ammonium carbonate, through the growth of
the special urea ferment.</cd></p>

<p>CON2H4 + 2H2O = (NH4)2CO3
    Urea.  Water.   Ammonium carbonate.</p>

<p>Whenever urine is exposed to the air in open vessels for several
days it undergoes this alkaline fermentation. -- <col><b>Butyric
fermentation</b></col>, <cd>the decomposition of various forms of
organic matter, through the agency of a peculiar worm-shaped vibrio,
with formation of more or less butyric acid. It is one of the many
forms of fermentation that collectively constitute putrefaction. See
<i>Lactic fermentation</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fermentation by
an</b></col> <col><b>unorganized ferment or enzyme</b></col>.
<cd>Fermentations of this class are purely chemical reactions, in
which the ferment acts as a simple catalytic agent. Of this nature
are the decomposition or inversion of cane sugar into levulose and
dextrose by boiling with dilute acids, the conversion of starch into
dextrin and sugar by similar treatment, the conversion of starch into
like products by the action of diastase of malt or ptyalin of saliva,
the conversion of albuminous food into peptones and other like
products by the action of pepsin-hydrochloric acid of the gastric
juice or by the ferment of the pancreatic juice.</cd> --
<col><b>Fermentation theory of disease</b></col> <i>(Biol. &
Med.)</i>, <cd>the theory that most if not all, infectious or zymotic
disease are caused by the introduction into the organism of the
living germs of ferments, or ferments already developed (organized
ferments), by which processes of fermentation are set up injurious to
health. See <u>Germ theory</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Glycerin
fermentation</b></col>, <cd>the fermentation which occurs on mixing a
dilute solution of glycerin with a peculiar species of schizomycetes
and some carbonate of lime, and other matter favorable to the growth
of the plant, the glycerin being changed into butyric acid, caproic
acid, butyl, and ethyl alcohol. With another form of bacterium
(<i>Bacillus subtilis</i>) ethyl alcohol and butyric acid are mainly
formed.</cd> -- <col><b>Lactic fermentation</b></col>, <cd>the
transformation of milk sugar or other saccharine body into lactic
acid, as in the souring of milk, through the agency of a special
bacterium (<i>Bacterium lactis</i> of Lister). In this change the
milk sugar, before assuming the form of lactic acid, presumably
passes through the stage of glucose.</cd></p>

<p>C12H22O11.H2O     =      4C3H6O3
 Hydrated milk sugar.     Lactic acid.</p>

<p>In the lactic fermentation of dextrose or glucose, the lactic acid
which is formed is very prone to undergo butyric fermentation after
the manner indicated in the following equation: 2C3H6O3 (lactic acid)
= C4H8O2 (butyric acid) + 2CO2 (carbonic acid) + 2H2 (hydrogen gas).
-- <col><b>Putrefactive fermentation</b></col>. <cd>See

<p><hw>Fer*ment"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fermentatif</i>.] <def>Causing, or having power to cause,
fermentation; produced by fermentation; fermenting; as, a
<i>fermentative</i> process.</def></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fer*ment"a*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fer*ment"a*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fer"mer*ere</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>enfermerier</i>, fr. <i>enfermerie</i> infirmary. See
<u>Infirmary</u>.] <def>The officer in a religious house who had the
care of the infirmary.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer"mil*let</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF., dim. of
<i>fermeil</i>, <i>fermail</i>, clasp, prob. fr. OF. & F.
<i>fermer</i> to make fast, fr. <i>ferme</i> fast. See <u>Firm</u>.]
<def>A buckle or clasp.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fern</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Long ago.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fern</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fyrn</i>.]
<def>Ancient; old. [Obs.] "Pilgrimages to . . . <i>ferne</i> halwes."
[saints].</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fern</hw> (f&etilde;rn), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>fearn</i>; akin to D. <i>varen</i>, G. <i>farn</i>,
<i>farn</i>kraut; cf. Skr. <i>parn.a</i> wing, feather, leaf, sort of
plant, or Lith. <i>papartis</i> fern.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>An order of
cryptogamous plants, the <i>Filices</i>, which have their
fructification on the back of the fronds or leaves. They are usually
found in humid soil, sometimes grow epiphytically on trees, and in
tropical climates often attain a gigantic size.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The plants are asexual, and bear clustered sporangia,
containing minute spores, which germinate and form prothalli, on
which are borne the true organs of reproduction.  The brake or
bracken, the maidenhair, and the polypody are all well known

<p><col><b>Christmas fern</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Christmas</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Climbing fern</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a delicate North American fern (<i>Lygodium
palmatum</i>), which climbs several feet high over bushes, etc., and
is much sought for purposes of decoration.</cd> -- <col><b>Fern
owl</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The
European goatsucker.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The short-eared
owl.</cd> [Prov. Eng.] -- <col><b>Fern shaw</b></col>, <cd>a fern
thicket.</cd> [Eng.] <i>R. Browning.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fern"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A place for
rearing ferns.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fern"ti*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A freckle on
the skin, resembling the seed of fern.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fern"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Abounding in

<p><hw>Fe*ro"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferox</i>,
<i>-ocis</i>, fierce: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;roce</i>. See
<u>Ferocity</u>.] <def>Fierce; savage; wild; indicating cruelty;
ravenous; rapacious; as, <i>ferocious</i> look or features; a
<i>ferocious</i> lion.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The humbled power of a <i>ferocious</i>
enemy.</blockquote> <i>Lowth.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Ferocious</u>, <u>Fierce</u>, <u>Savage</u>,
<u>Barbarous</u>.  When these words are applied to human feelings or
conduct, <i>ferocious</i> describes the disposition; <i>fierce</i>,
the haste and violence of an act; <i>barbarous</i>, the coarseness
and brutality by which it was marked; <i>savage</i>, the cruel and
unfeeling spirit which it showed. A man is <i>ferocious</i> in his
temper, <i>fierce</i> in his actions, <i>barbarous</i> in the manner
of carrying out his purposes, <i>savage</i> in the spirit and
feelings expressed in his words or deeds.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Fe*ro"cious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fe*ro"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>It [Christianity] has adapted the <i>ferociousness</i>
of war.</blockquote> <i>Blair.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe*roc"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferocitas</i>, fr. <i>ferox</i>, <i>-ocis</i>, fierce, kin to
<i>ferus</i> wild: cf. F. <i>ferocit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Fierce</u>.]
<def>Savage wildness or fierceness; fury; cruelty; as,
<i>ferocity</i> of countenance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The pride and <i>ferocity</i> of a Highland
chief.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fer*o"her</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Arch&aelig;ol.)</i> <def>A symbol of the solar deity, found on
monuments exhumed in Babylon, Nineveh, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"rous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferus</i>. See
<u>Fierce</u>.] <def>Wild; savage.</def> [R.]  <i>Arthur

<p><hw>-fer*ous</hw> (?). [L. <i>-fer</i>. fr. ferre to bear. See
<u>Bear</u> to support.] <def>A suffix signifying <i>bearing</i>,
<i>producing</i>, <i>yielding</i>; as, auri<i>ferous</i>, yielding
gold; chyli<i>ferous</i>, producing chyle.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ran"dine</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.; cf. OF.
<i>ferrant</i> iron-gray, from L. <i>ferrum</i> iron.] <def>A stuff
made of silk and wool.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I did buy a colored silk
<i>ferrandine</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ra"ra</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A sword bearing
the mark of one of the Ferrara family of Italy. These swords were
highly esteemed in England and Scotland in the 16th and 17th

<p><hw>Fer`ra*rese"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
Ferrara, in Italy.</def> -- <pos><i>n., sing. & pl.</i></pos> <def>A
citizen of Ferrara; collectively, the inhabitants of

<p><hw>Fer"ra*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferraria</i>
iron works. See <u>Ferreous</u>.] <def>The art of working in
iron.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferrum</i>
iron.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A salt of ferric acid.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fer"re</hw> (?), <hw>Fer"rer</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. &
adv.</i></pos> } Obs. <def><pos><i>compar.</i></pos> of

<p><hw>Fer"re*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferreus</i>,
fr. <i>ferrum</i> iron.  Cf. <u>Farrier</u>, <u>Ferrous</u>.]
<def>Partaking of, made of, or pertaining to, iron; like iron.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"rest</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos> Obs.
<def><pos><i>superl.</i></pos> of <u>Fer</u>.</def>

<p><hw>Fer"ret</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>furet</i>, cf.
LL. <i>furo</i>; prob. fr. L. <i>fur</i> thief (cf. <u>Furtive</u>);
cf. Arm. <i>fur</i> wise, sly.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An animal of
the Weasel family (<i>Mustela or Putorius furo</i>), about fourteen
inches in length, of a pale yellow or white color, with red eyes. It
is a native of Africa, but has been domesticated in Europe. Ferrets
are used to drive rabbits and rats out of their holes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ret</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Ferreted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Ferreting</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>fureter</i>. See <u>Ferret</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To drive or hunt out of a lurking place,
as a ferret does the cony; to search out by patient and sagacious
efforts; -- often used with <i>out</i>; as, to <i>ferret</i> out a

<p><blockquote>Master Fer! I'll fer him, and firk him, and
<i>ferret</i> him.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ret</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Ital. <i>foretto</i>, dim.
of <i>fiore</i> flower; or F. <i>fleuret</i>.  Cf. <u>Floret</u>.]
<def>A kind of narrow tape, usually made of woolen; sometimes of
cotton or silk; -- called also <i>ferreting</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ret</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>feret</i>, dim. or
<i>fer</i> iron, L. <i>ferrum</i>.] <i>(Glass Making)</i> <def>The
iron used for trying the melted glass to see if is fit to work, and
for shaping the rings at the mouths of bottles.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ret*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
ferrets.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ret-eye`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The spur-winged goose; -- so called from the
red circle around the eyes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ret"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>ferretto</i>
di Spagna, dim. of <i>ferro</i> iron, fr. L. <i>ferrum</i>.]
<def>Copper sulphide, used to color glass.</def>  <i>Hebert.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ri-</hw> (&?;). <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A combining form
indicating <i>ferric iron</i> as an ingredient; as,

<p><hw>Fer"ri*age</hw> (?; 48), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<u>Ferry</u>.] <def>The price or fare to be paid for passage at a

<p><hw>Fer"ric</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferrum</i> iron:
cf. F. <i>ferrique</i>. See <u>Ferrous</u>.] <def>Pertaining to,
derived from, or containing iron. Specifically <i>(Chem.)</i>,
denoting those compounds in which iron has a higher valence than in
the <i>ferrous</i> compounds; as, <i>ferric</i> oxide; <i>ferric</i>

<p><col><b>Ferric acid</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>an acid,
H<sub>2</sub>FeO<sub>4</sub>, which is not known in the free state,
but forms definite salts, analogous to the chromates and
sulphates.</cd> -- <col><b>Ferric oxide</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>,
<cd>sesquioxide of iron, Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>; hematite. See

<p><hw>Fer`ri*cy"a*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ferri-</i>
+ <i>cyanate</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A salt of ferricyanic acid; a

<p><hw>Fer`ri*cy*an"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ferri-</i>
+ <i>cyanic</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or derived from,
a ferricyanide.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Ferricyanic acid</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>a brown
crystalline substance, H<sub>6</sub>(CN)<sub>12</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>,
obtained from potassium ferricyanide, and regarded as the type of the
ferricyanides; -- called also <i>hydro-ferricyanic acid</i>,
<i>hydrogen ferricyanide</i>, etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ri*cy"a*nide</hw> (?; 104), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[<i>Ferri-</i> + <i>cyanide</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>One of a
complex series of double cyanides of ferric iron and some other

<p><col><b>Potassium ferricyanide</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>red
prussiate of potash; a dark, red, crystalline salt,
K<sub>6</sub>(CN)<sub>12</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>, consisting of the
double cyanide of potassium and ferric iron.  From it is derived the
ferrous ferricyanate, <i>Turnbull's blue</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ri*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
ferryman.</def>  <i>Calthrop.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*rif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferrum</i> iron + <i>-ferous</i>: cf. F. <i>ferrif&egrave;re</i>.]
<def>Producing or yielding iron.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ri*prus"si*ate</hw> (? or ?; see <u>Prussiate</u>, 277),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ferri-</i> + <i>prussiate</i>.]
<i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A ferricyanate; a ferricyanide.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer`ri*prus"sic</hw> (? or ?; see <u>Prussik</u>, 277),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ferri-</i> + <i>prussic</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>Ferricyanic.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer"ro-</hw> (&?;). <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A prefix, or combining
form, indicating <i>ferrous iron</i> as an ingredient; as,

<p><hw>Fer`ro*cal"cite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ferro-</i>
+ <i>calcite</i>.] <def>Limestone containing a large percentage of
iron carbonate, and hence turning brown on exposure.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ro*cy"a*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ferro-</i>
+ <i>cyanate</i>: cf. F. <i>ferrocyanate</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A
salt of ferrocyanic acid; a ferrocyanide.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ro*cy*an"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ferro-</i>
+ <i>cyanic</i>: cf. F. <i>ferrocyanique</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, a

<p><col><b>ferrocyanic acid</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>, <cd>a white
crystalline substance, H<sub>4</sub>(CN)<sub>6</sub>Fe, of strong
acid properties, obtained from potassium ferrocyanide, and regarded
as the type of the ferrocyanides; -- called also <i>hydro-ferrocyanic
acid</i>, <i>hydrogen ferrocyanide</i>. etc.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ro*cy"a*nide</hw> (? or ?; 104), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[<i>Ferro-</i> + <i>cyanide</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>One of a series
of complex double cyanides of ferrous iron and some other

<p><col><b>Potassium ferrocyanide</b></col> <i>(Chem.)</i>,
<cd>yellow prussiate of potash; a tough, yellow, crystalline salt,
K<sub>4</sub>(CN)<sub>6</sub>Fe, the starting point in the
manufacture of almost all cyanogen compounds, and the basis of the
ferric ferrocyanate, <i>prussian blue</i>. It is obtained by strongly
heating together potash, scrap iron, and animal matter containing
nitrogen, as horn, leather, blood, etc., in iron pots.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer`ro*prus"si*ate</hw> (&?; or &?; or &?;; see
<u>Prussiate</u>, 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ferro-</i> +
<i>prussiate</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A ferrocyanate; a
ferocyanide.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer`ro*prus"sic</hw> (? or ?; see <u>Prussic</u>, 277),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ferro-</i> + <i>prussic</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i>

<p><hw>Fer*ro"so-</hw> (&?;). <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>See <u>Ferro-

<p><hw>Fer"ro*type</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferrum</i>
iron + <i>-type</i>.] <def>A photographic picture taken on an iron
plate by a collodion process; -- familiarly called

<p><hw>Fer"rous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>ferreux</i>. See <u>Ferreous</u>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining
to, or derived from, iron; -- especially used of compounds of iron in
which the iron has its lower valence; as, <i>ferrous</i>

<p><hw>Fer*ru"gi*na`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Ferrugo</u>.] <def>Having the color or properties of the rust of

<p><hw>Fer`ru*gin"e*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Ferruginous.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer*ru"gi*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferruginus</i>, <i>ferrugineus</i>, fr. <i>ferrugo</i>, <i>-
ginis</i>, iron rust: cf. F. <i>ferrugineux</i>. See <u>Ferrugo</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Partaking of iron; containing particles of
iron.</def>  <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Resembling iron rust in appearance or
color; brownish red, or yellowish red.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fer*ru"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., iron rust, fr.
<i>ferrum</i> iron.] <def>A disease of plants caused by fungi,
commonly called the <i>rust</i>, from its resemblance to iron rust in

<p><hw>Fer"rule</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Formerly
<i>verrel</i>, F. <i>virole</i>, fr. L. <i>viriola</i> little
bracelet, dim. of <i>viriae</i>, pl., bracelets; prob. akin to
<i>viere</i> to twist, weave, and E. <i>withe</i>. The spelling with
<i>f</i> is due to confusion with L. <i>ferrum</i> iron.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A ring or cap of metal put round a cane,
tool, handle, or other similar object, to strengthen it, or prevent
splitting and wearing.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Steam Boilers)</i> <def>A bushing for
expanding the end of a flue to fasten it tightly in the tube plate,
or for partly filling up its mouth.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ru"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferruminatus</i>, p. p. of <i>ferruminare</i> to cement, solder,
fr. <i>ferrumen</i> cement, fr. <i>ferrum</i> iron.] <def>To solder
or unite, as metals.</def> [R.]  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ru`mi*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferruminatio</i>: cf. F. <i>ferrumination</i>.] <def>The soldering
or uniting of metals.</def> [R.]  <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Ferried</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Ferrying</u>.] [OE. <i>ferien</i> to convey, AS. <i>ferian</i>,
from <i>faran</i> to go; akin to Icel. <i>ferja</i> to ferry, Goth.
<i>farjan</i> to sail. See <u>Fare</u>.] <def>To carry or transport
over a river, strait, or other narrow water, in a boat.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ry</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To pass over water
in a boat or by a ferry.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They <i>ferry</i> over this Lethean sound<BR>
Both to and fro.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ry</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ferries</b></plw> (#). [OE. <i>feri</i>; akin to Icel.
<i>ferja</i>, Sw. <i>f&auml;rja</i>, Dan. <i>f&aelig;rge</i>, G.
<i>f&auml;hre</i>. See <u>Ferry</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A place where persons or things are carried
across a river, arm of the sea, etc., in a ferryboat.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It can pass the <i>ferry</i> backward into
light.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To row me o'er the <i>ferry</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A vessel in which passengers and goods are
conveyed over narrow waters; a ferryboat; a wherry.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A franchise or right to maintain a vessel
for carrying passengers and freight across a river, bay, etc.,
charging tolls.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Ferry bridge</b></col>, <cd>a ferryboat adapted in its
structure for the transfer of railroad trains across a river or
bay.</cd> -- <col><b>Ferry railway</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>Fer"ry*boat`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A vessel for
conveying passengers, merchandise, etc., across streams and other
narrow waters.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ry*man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ferrymen</b></plw> (&?;). <def>One who maintains or attends a

<p><hw>Fers</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fierce.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Ferthe</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fourth.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"tile</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fertilis</i>, fr. <i>ferre</i> to bear, produce: cf. F.
<i>fertile</i>. <i>See</i> <u>Bear</u> to support.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Producing fruit or vegetation in abundance;
fruitful; able to produce abundantly; prolific; fecund; productive;
rich; inventive; as, <i>fertile</i> land or fields; a <i>fertile</i>
mind or imagination.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Though he in a <i>fertile</i> climate
dwell.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Capable
of producing fruit; fruit-bearing; as, <i>fertile</i> flowers.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Containing pollen; -- said of

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>produced in abundance; plenteous;

<p><blockquote>Henceforth, my early care . . . <BR>
Shall tend thee, and the <i>fertile</i> burden ease<BR>
Of thy full branches.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Fertile</u>, <u>Fruitful</u>.  <i>Fertile</i>
implies the inherent power of production; <i>fruitful</i>, the act.
The prairies of the West are <i>fertile</i> by nature, and are turned
by cultivation into <i>fruitful</i> fields. The same distinction
prevails when these words are used figuratively. A man of
<i>fertile</i> genius has by nature great readiness of invention; one
whose mind is <i>fruitful</i> has resources of thought and a
readiness of application which enable him to think and act

<p><! p. 554 !></p>

<p><hw>Fer"tile*ly</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In
a fertile or fruitful manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>fer"tile*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Fertility.</def>
<i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*til"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To
fertilize; to fecundate.</def>  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*til"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fertilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>fertilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or
quality of being fertile or fruitful; fruitfulness; productiveness;
fecundity; richness; abundance of resources; fertile invention;
quickness; readiness; as, the <i>fertility</i> of soil, or of
imagination.</def> "<i>fertility</i> of resource."  <i>E.

<p><blockquote>And all her husbandry doth lie on heaps<BR>
Corrupting in its own <i>fertility</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thy very weeds are beautiful; thy waste<BR>
More rich than other climes' <i>fertility</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fer`ti*li*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of rendering

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The act of fecundating or
impregnating animal or vegetable germs; esp., the process by which in
flowers the pollen renders the ovule fertile, or an analogous process
in flowerless plants; fecundation; impregnation.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Close fertilization</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the
fertilization of pistils by pollen derived from the stamens of the
same blossom.</cd> -- <col><b>Cross fertilization</b></col>,
<cd>fertilization by pollen from some other blossom. See under
<u>Cross</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></cd></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ti*lize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fertilized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fertilizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>fertiliser</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make fertile or enrich; to supply with
nourishment for plants; to make fruitful or productive; as, to
<i>fertilize</i> land, soil, ground, and meadows.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And <i>fertilize</i> the field that each pretends to
gain.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To fecundate; as, to <i>fertilize</i>
flower.</def>  <i>A. R. Wallace.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ti*lizer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who fertilizes; the agent that carries the fertilizing
principle, as a moth to an orchid.</def>  <i>A. R. Wallace.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which renders fertile; a general name
for commercial manures, as guano, phosphate of lime, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fer"u*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ferula</i>
giant fennel (its stalks were used in punishing schoolboys), rod,
whip, fr. <i>ferire</i> to strike; akin to OHG. <i>berjan</i>, Icel.
<i>berja</i>.  Cf. <u>Ferule</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
ferule.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The imperial scepter in the Byzantine or
Eastern Empire.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer`u*la"ceous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferulaceus</i>, fr. <i>ferula</i> rod: cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;rulac&eacute;</i>.] <def>Pertaining to reeds and canes;
having a stalk like a reed; as, <i>ferulaceous</i> plants.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"u*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A ferule.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ule</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>ferula</i>: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;rule</i>. See <u>Ferula</u>.]
<def>A flat piece of wood, used for striking, children, esp. on the
hand, in punishment.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fer"ule</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Feruled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Feruling</u>.] <def>To punish with a ferule.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*ru"lic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to, or derived from, asafetida (<i>Ferula
asaf&oelig;tida</i>); as, <i>ferulic</i> acid.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>Fer"vence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Heat;
fervency.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fer"ven*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OF.
<i>fervence</i>. See <u>Fervent</u>.] <def>The state of being fervent
or warm; ardor; warmth of feeling or devotion; eagerness.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When you pray, let it be with attention, with
<i>fervency</i>, and with perseverance.</blockquote> <i>Wake.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer"vent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>fervent</i>, L.
<i>fervens</i>, <i>-entis</i>. p. pr. of <i>fervere</i> o the boiling
hot, to boil, glow.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Hot; glowing; boiling;
burning; as, a <i>fervent</i> summer.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The elements shall melt with <i>fervent</i>
heat.</blockquote> <i>2 Pet. iii. 10.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Warm in feeling; ardent in temperament;
earnest; full of fervor; zealous; glowing.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Not slothful in business; <i>fervent</i> in
spirit.</blockquote> <i>Rom. iii. 11.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>So spake the <i>fervent</i> angel.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>A <i>fervent</i> desire to promote the happiness of
mankind.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fer"vent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fer"vent*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><blockquote>Laboring <i>fervently</i> for you in
prayers.</blockquote> <i>Col. iv. 12.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fer*ves"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fervescens</i>, p. pr. of <i>fervescere</i> to become boiling hot,
incho., fr. <i>fervere</i>. See <u>Fervent</u>.] <def>Growing

<p><hw>Fer"vid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fervidus</i>,
fr. <i>fervere</i>. See <u>Fervent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Very
hot; burning; boiling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The mounted sun<BR>
Shot down direct his <i>fervid</i> rays.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Ardent; vehement; zealous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fervid</i> wishes, holy fires.</blockquote>

<p>-- <wf>Fer"vid*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fer"vid*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fer"vor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>fervour</i>.] [OF. <i>fervor</i>, <i>fervour</i>, F.
<i>ferveur</i>, L. <i>fervor</i>, fr. <i>fervere</i>. See
<u>Fervent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Heat; excessive

<p><blockquote>The <i>fevor</i> of ensuing day.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Intensity of feeling or expression;
glowing ardor; passion; holy zeal; earnestness.</def>

<p><blockquote>Winged with <i>fervor</i> of her love.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Fervor</u>, <u>Ardor</u>.  <i>Fervor</i> is a
boiling heat, and <i>ardor</i> is a burning heat. Hence, in metaphor,
we commonly use <i>fervor</i> and its derivatives when we conceive of
thoughts or emotions under the image of ebullition, or as pouring
themselves forth. Thus we speak of the <i>fervor</i> of passion,
<i>fervid</i> declamation, <i>fervid</i> importunity, <i>fervent</i>
supplication, <i>fervent</i> desires, etc. <i>Ardent</i> is used when
we think of anything as springing from a deepseated glow of soul; as,
<i>ardent</i> friendship, <i>ardent</i> zeal, <i>ardent</i>
devotedness; burning with <i>ardor</i> for the fight.</p>

<p><hw>Fes"cen*nine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>Fescenninus</i>, fr. <i>Fescennia</i>, a city of Etruria.]
<def>Pertaining to, or resembling, the Fescennines.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A style of low, scurrilous, obscene poetry
originating in fescennia.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fes"cue</hw> (f&ebreve;s"k&usl;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>festu</i>, OF. <i>festu</i>, F. <i>f&eacute;tu</i>, fr. L.
<i>festuca</i> stalk, straw.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A straw, wire,
stick, etc., used chiefly to point out letters to children when
learning to read.</def> "Pedantic <i>fescue</i>."  <i>Sterne.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To come under the <i>fescue</i> of an
imprimatur.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An instrument for playing on the harp; a
plectrum.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The style of a dial.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A grass of the genus

<p><col><b>Fescue grass</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a genus of
grasses (<i>Festuca</i>) containing several species of importance in
agriculture. <i>Festuca ovina</i> is <i>sheep's fescue</i>; <i>F.
elatior</i> is <i>meadow fescue</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fes"cue</hw> (f&ebreve;s"k&usl;), <pos><i>v. i. & t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fescued</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. &
vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Fescuing</u>.] <def>To use a fescue, or teach
with a fescue.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"els</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>fasels</i>.] <def>See <u>Phasel</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>May

<p>{ <hw>Fess</hw>, <hw>Fesse</hw>  } (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>fesse</i>, <i>faisse</i>, F. <i>fasce</i>, fr. L. <i>fascia</i>
band. See <u>Fascia</u>.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>A band drawn
horizontally across the center of an escutcheon, and containing in
breadth the third part of it; one of the nine honorable

<p><col><b>Fess point</b></col> <i>(Her.)</i>, <cd>the exact center
of the escutcheon. See <u>Escutcheon</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fes"si*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fessus</i>
wearied, fatigued.] <def>Weariness.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bailey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fess"wise</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the manner
of fess.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fest</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fist</u>.]
<def>The fist.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fest</hw>, <hw>Fes"te</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> }
<def>A feast.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>festum</i>
holiday, feast. See <u>feast</u>.] <def>Of or pertaining to a holiday
or a feast; joyous; festive.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You bless with choicer wine the <i>festal</i>
day.</blockquote> <i>Francis.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"tal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Joyously;
festively; mirthfully.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fes"ten*nine</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A

<p><hw>Fes"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Festered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Festering</u>.] [OE. <i>festern</i>, fr. <i>fester</i>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>or fr</i>. <i>OF</i>. <i>festrir</i>, fr.
<i>festre</i>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> See <u>Fester</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To generate pus; to
become imflamed and suppurate; as, a sore or a wound

<p><blockquote>Wounds immedicable<BR>
Rankle, and <i>fester</i>, and gangrene.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Unkindness may give a wound that shall bleed and
smart, but it is treachery that makes it <i>fester</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Hatred . . . <i>festered</i> in the hearts of the
children of the soil.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be inflamed; to grow virulent, or
malignant; to grow in intensity; to rankle.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fes`ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cause to fester
or rankle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>For which I burnt in inward, swelt'ring hate,<BR>
And <i>festered</i> ranking malice in my breast.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fes"ter</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>festre</i>, L.
<i>fistula</i> a sort of ulcer.  Cf. <u>Fistula</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A small sore which becomes inflamed and
discharges corrupt matter; a pustule.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A festering or rankling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fester</i> of the chain their
necks.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"ter*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A
festering.</def> [R.]  <i>Chalmers.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fest"eye</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>festier</i>, <i>festeer</i>, F. <i>festoyer</i>.] <def>To feast;
to entertain.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"ti*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>festinatus</i>, p. p. of <i>festinare</i> to hasten.] <def>Hasty;
hurried.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Fes"ti*nate*ly</wf>,
<pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes`ti*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>festinatio</i>.] <def>Haste; hurry.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Fes"ti*val</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF.
<i>festival</i>, fr. L. <i>festivum</i> festive jollity, fr.
<i>festivus</i> festive, gay. See <u>Festive</u>.] <def>Pertaining to
a fest; festive; festal; appropriate to a festival; joyous;

<p><blockquote>I cannot woo in <i>festival</i> terms.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fes"ti-val</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A time of feasting
or celebration; an anniversary day of joy, civil or

<p><blockquote>The morning trumpets <i>festival</i>
proclaimed.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Feast; banquet; carousal. See <u>Feast</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fes"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>festivus</i>,
fr. <i>festum</i> holiday, feast. See <u>feast</u>, and cf.
<u>Festivous</u>.] <def>Pertaining to, or becoming, a feast; festal;
joyous; gay; mirthful; sportive.</def> -- <wf>Fes"tive*ly</wf>,

<p><blockquote>The glad circle round them yield their souls<BR>
To <i>festive</i> mirth and wit that knows no gall.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fes*tiv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Festivities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>festivitas</i>: cf. F.
<i>festivit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition of
being festive; social joy or exhilaration of spirits at an
entertaintment; joyfulness; gayety.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The unrestrained <i>festivity</i> of the rustic
youth.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A festival; a festive celebration.</def>
<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"ti*vous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See
<u>Festive</u>.] <def>Pertaining to a feast; festive.</def> [R.]
<i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fest"lich</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Feast</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>Festive; fond of festive occasions.</def>
[Obs.] "A <i>festlich</i> man."  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes*toon"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>feston</i>
(cf. Sp. <i>feston</i>, It. <i>festone</i>), prob. fr. L.
<i>festum</i> festival. See <u>Feast</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
garland or wreath hanging in a depending curve, used in decoration
for festivals, etc.; anything arranged in this way.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Arch. & Sculp.)</i> <def>A carved ornament
consisting of flowers, and leaves, intermixed or twisted together,
wound with a ribbon, and hanging or depending in a natural curve. See
<i>Illust.</i> of <u>Bucranium</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fes*toon"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Festooned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Festooning</u>.] <def>To form in festoons, or to adorn with

<p><hw>Fes*toon"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to,
consisting of, or resembling, festoons.</def>  <i>Sir J.

<p><hw>Fes*tu*cine</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>festula</i> stalk, straw.  Cf. <u>Fescue</u>.] <def>Of a straw
color; greenish yellow.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A little insect of a <i>festucine</i> or pale
green.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"tu*cous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Formed or
consisting of straw.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fes"tue</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fescue</u>.]
<def>A straw; a fescue.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <i>feat</i>, F.
<i>fait</i>, and It. <i>fett&?;</i> slice, G. <i>fetzen</i> rag,
Icel. <i>fat</i> garment.] <def>A piece.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fet</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fetten</i>,
<i>feten</i>, AS. <i>fetian</i>; akin to AS. <i>f&aelig;t</i> a
journey, and to E. <i>foot</i>; cf. G. <i>fassen</i> to seize.
&radic; 77. See <u>Foot</u>, and cf. <u>Fetch</u>.] <def>To
fetch.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>And from the other fifty soon the prisoner
<i>fet</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet</hw>, <pos><i>p. p.</i></pos> of <u>Fette</u>.
<def>Fetched.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fetus</u>.]
<def>Pertaining to, or connected with, a fetus; as, <i>fetal
circulation</i>; <i>fetal</i> membranes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The formation
of a fetus in the womb; pregnancy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fetch</hw> (f&ebreve;ch; 224), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fetched</u> 2; <pos><i>p. pr. &
vb. n.</i></pos>. <u>Fetching</u>.] [OE. <i>fecchen</i>, AS.
<i>feccan</i>, perh. the same word as <i>fetian</i>; or cf.
<i>facian</i> to wish to get, OFries. <i>faka</i> to prepare. &radic;
77.  Cf. <u>Fet</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To bear toward the person speaking, or the person or thing from
whose point of view the action is contemplated; to go and bring; to

<p><blockquote>Time will run back and <i>fetch</i> the age of
gold.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He called to her, and said, <i>Fetch</i> me, I pray
thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink. And as she was
going to <i>fetch</i> it he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray
thee, a morsel of bred in thine hand.</blockquote> <i>1 Kings xvii.
11, 12.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To obtain as price or equivalent; to sell

<p><blockquote>Our native horses were held in small esteem, and
<i>fetched</i> low prices.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To recall from a swoon; to revive; --
sometimes with <i>to</i>; as, to <i>fetch</i> a man to.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fetching</i> men again when they
swoon.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To reduce; to throw.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The sudden trip in wrestling that <i>fetches</i> a man
to the ground.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To bring to accomplishment; to achieve; to
make; to perform, with certain objects; as, to <i>fetch</i> a
compass; to <i>fetch</i> a leap; to <i>fetch</i> a sigh.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I'll <i>fetch</i> a turn about the
garden.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He <i>fetches</i> his blow quick and
sure.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To bring or get within reach by going; to
reach; to arrive at; to attain; to reach by sailing.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Meantine flew our ships, and straight we
The siren's isle.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>To cause to come; to bring to a particular

<p><blockquote>They could n't <i>fetch</i> the butter in the
churn.</blockquote> <i>W. Barnes.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To fetch a compass</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to make a
sircuit; to take a circuitious route going to a place.</cd> --
<col><b>To fetch a pump</b></col>, <cd>to make it draw water by
pouring water into the top and working the handle.</cd> -- <col><b>To
fetch</b></col> <col><b>headway or sternway</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>,
<cd>to move ahead or astern.</cd> -- <col><b>To fetch out</b></col>,
<cd>to develop.</cd> "The skill of the polisher <i>fetches out</i>
the colors [of marble]" <i>Addison.</i>  -- <col><b>To fetch
up</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To overtake.</cd> [Obs.] "Says
[the hare], I can <i>fetch up</i> the tortoise when I please."
<i>L'Estrange.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To stop suddenly.</cd></p>

<p><hw>fetch</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To bring one's self;
to make headway; to veer; as, to <i>fetch</i> about; to <i>fetch</i>
to windward.</def>  <i>Totten.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To fetch away</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>to break
loose; to roll slide to leeward.</cd> -- <col><b>To fetch and
carry</b></col>, <cd>to serve obsequiously, like a trained

<p><hw>Fetch</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
stratagem by which a thing is indirectly brought to pass, or by which
one thing seems intended and another is done; a trick; an

<p><blockquote>Every little <i>fetch</i> of wit and
criticism.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The apparation of a living person; a

<p><blockquote>The very <i>fetch</i> and ghost of Mrs.
Gamp.</blockquote> <i>Dickens.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fetch candle</b></col>, <cd>a light seen at night,
superstitiously believed to portend a person's death.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fetch"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fetches
or brings.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fete</hw> (f&emacr;t), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>feat</u>.]
<def>A feat.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fete</hw>, <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [See <u>Foot</u>.]
<def>Feet.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>||F&ecirc;te</hw> (f&asl;t), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See
<u>Feast</u>.] <def>A festival.</def></p>

<p><col><b>F&ecirc;te champ&ecirc;tre</b></col> (&?;) [F.], <cd>a
festival or entertainment in the open air; a rural festival.</cd></p>

<p><hw>F&ecirc;te</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>F&ecirc;ted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>F&ecirc;ting</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>f&ecirc;ter</i>.] <def>To feast; to
honor with a festival.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fe"tich</hw>, <hw>Fe"tish</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
}[F. <i>f&eacute;tiche</i>, from Pg. <i>feiti&ccedil;o</i>, adj.,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, sorcery, charm, fr. L. <i>facticius</i> made by
art, artifical, factitious. See <u>Factitious</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A material object supposed among certain
African tribes to represent in such a way, or to be so connected
with, a supernatural being, that the possession of it gives to the
possessor power to control that being.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any object to which one is excessively

<p>{ <hw>fe"tich*ism</hw>, <hw>Fe"tish*ism</hw> (? or ?); 277),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> }[Cf. F. <i>f&eacute;tichisme</i>.] [Written
also <i>feticism</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The doctrine or
practice of belief in fetiches.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Excessive devotion to one object or one
idea; abject superstition; blind adoration.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The real and absolute worship of fire falls into two
great divisions, the first belonging rather to <i>fetichism</i>, the
second to polytheism proper.</blockquote> <i>Tylor.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fe"tich*ist</hw>, <hw>Fe"tish*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
} <def>A believer in fetiches.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He was by nature a <i>fetichist</i>.</blockquote>
<i>H. Holbeach.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fe`tich*is"tic</hw> (?), <hw>Fe`tish*is"tic</hw>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>} <def>Pertaining to, or involving,

<p><blockquote>A man of the fifteenth century, inheriting its strange
web of belief and unbelief, of epicurean levity and
<i>fetichistic</i> dread.</blockquote> <i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ti*cide</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Written also
<i>f&oelig;ticide</i>.] [<i>Fetus</i> + L. <i>caedere</i> to kill.]
<i>(Med. & Law)</i> <def>The act of killing the fetus in the womb;
the offense of procuring an abortion.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ti*cism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fet"id</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fetidus</i>, <i>foetidus</i>, fr. <i>fetere</i>, <i>foetere</i>,
to have an ill smell, to stink: cf. F. <i>f&eacute;tide</i>.]
<def>Having an offensive smell; stinking.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Most putrefactions . . . smell either <i>fetid</i> or
moldy.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet*id"i*ty</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Fet"id*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or
state of being fetid.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe*tif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Fetus</i> +
<i>-ferous</i>.] <def>Producing young, as animals.</def></p>

<p><! p. 555 !></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tis</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF. <i>fetis</i>,
<i>faitis</i>.  Cf. <u>Factitious</u>.] <def>Neat; pretty; well made;
graceful.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Full <i>fetis</i> was her cloak, as I was
ware.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tise*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Neatly;
gracefully; properly.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tish</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, <hw>Fe"tish*ism</hw>
(&?; or &?;; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, <hw>Fe`tish*is"tic</hw>
(&?;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Fetich</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, <u>Fetichism</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>,
<u>Fetichistic</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></def></p>

<p><hw>Fet"lock</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fetlak</i>,
<i>fitlock</i>, cf. Icel. <i>fet</i> pace, step, <i>fit</i> webbed
foot of water birds, akin to E. <i>foot</i>. &radic;77. See
<u>Foot</u>.] <def>The cushionlike projection, bearing a tuft of long
hair, on the back side of the leg above the hoof of the horse and
similar animals. Also, the joint of the limb at this point (between
the great pastern bone and the metacarpus), or the tuft of

<p><blockquote>Their wounded steeds<BR>
Fret <i>fetlock</i> deep in gore.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fetor</i>,
<i>foetor</i>. See <u>Fetid</u>.] <def>A strong, offensive smell;
stench; fetidness.</def>  <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"te</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp.</i></pos> <u>Fette</u>, <pos><i>p. p.</i></pos>
<u>Fet</u>.] [See <u>Fet</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>To
fetch.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"ter</hw> (f&ebreve;t"t&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[AS. <i>fetor</i>, <i>feter</i>; akin to OS. <i>feter&omacr;s</i>,
pl., OD. <i>veter</i>, OHG. <i>fezzera</i>, Icel.
<i>fj&ouml;turr</i>, L. <i>pedica</i>, Gr. <grk>pe`dh</grk>, and to
E. <i>foot</i>. &radic; 77. See <u>Foot</u>.] [Chiefly used in the
plural, <plw><b>fetters</b></plw>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A chain
or shackle for the feet; a chain by which an animal is confined by
the foot, either made fast or disabled from free and rapid motion; a
bond; a shackle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>[They] bound him with <i>fetters</i> of
brass.</blockquote> <i>Judg. xvi. 21.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything that confines or restrains; a

<p><blockquote>Passion's too fierce to be in <i>fetters</i>
bound.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fettered</u> (&?;); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fettering</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To put fetters upon; to
shackle or confine the feet of with a chain; to bind.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>My heels are <i>fettered</i>, but my fist is
free.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To restrain from motion; to impose
restraints on; to confine; to enchain; as, <i>fettered</i> by

<p><blockquote>My conscience! thou art <i>fettered</i><BR>
More than my shanks and wrists.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"tered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Seeming as if fettered, as the feet of certain animals which
bend backward, and appear unfit for walking.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fet"ter*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
fetters.</def>  <i>Landor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"ter*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Free from
fetters.</def>  <i>Marston.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"tle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. & Prov. E., to
fettle (in sense 1), <i>fettle</i>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, order,
repair, preparation, dress; prob. akin to E. <i>fit</i>. See
<u>Fit</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To repair;
to prepare; to put in order.</def> [Prov. Eng.]  <i>Carlyle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Metal.)</i> <def>To cover or line with a
mixture of ore, cinders, etc., as the hearth of a puddling

<p><hw>Fet"tle</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To make
preparations; to put things in order; to do trifling business.</def>
[Prov. Eng.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fet"tle</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of
fettling.</def> [Prov. Eng.]  <i>Wright.</i></p>

<p><col><b>In fine fettle</b></col>, <cd>in good spirits.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fet"tling</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Metal.)</i> <def>A mixture of ore, cinders, etc., used to line
the hearth of a puddling furnace.</def> [Eng.] [It is commonly called
<i>fix</i> in the United States.]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Pottery)</i> <def>The operation of shaving
or smoothing the surface of undried clay ware.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fet"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Neat;
feat.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Herrick.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"tus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fetuses</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>fetus</i>, <i>foetus</i>, a
bringing forth, brood, offspring, young ones, cf. <i>fetus</i>
fruitful, fructified, that is or was filled with young; akin to E.
<i>fawn</i> a deer, <i>fecundity</i>, <i>felicity</i>,
<i>feminine</i>, <i>female</i>, and prob. to <i>do</i>, or according
to others, to <i>be</i>.] <def>The young or embryo of an animal in
the womb, or in the egg; often restricted to the later stages in the
development of viviparous and oviparous animals, <i>embryo</i> being
applied to the earlier stages.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>||Fet"wah</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Ar.] <def>A written
decision of a Turkish mufti on some point of law.</def>

<p><hw>Feu</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See 2d <u>Feud</u>, and
<u>Fee</u>.] <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>A free and gratuitous right to
lands made to one for service to be performed by him; a tenure where
the vassal, in place of military services, makes a return in grain or
in money.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feu"ar</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From Feu.] <i>(Scots
Law)</i> <def>One who holds a feu.</def>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feud</hw> (f&umacr;d), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>feide</i>,
AS. <i>f&aemacr;h&eth;</i>, fr. <i>f&amacr;h</i> hostile; akin to
OHG. <i>f&emacr;hida</i>, G. <i>fehde</i>, Sw. <i>fejd</i>, D.
<i>feide</i>; prob. akin to E. <i>fiend</i>. See Foe.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A combination of kindred to avenge injuries
or affronts, done or offered to any of their blood, on the offender
and all his race.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A contention or quarrel; especially, an
inveterate strife between families, clans, or parties; deadly hatred;
contention satisfied only by bloodshed.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Mutual <i>feuds</i> and battles betwixt their several
tribes and kindreds.</blockquote> <i>Purchas.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Affray; fray; broil; contest; dispute; strife.</p>

<p><hw>Feud</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>feudum</i>,
<i>feodum</i> prob. of same origin as E. <i>fief</i>. See
<u>Fief</u>, <u>Fee</u>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>A stipendiary estate in
land, held of superior, by service; the right which a vassal or
tenant had to the lands or other immovable thing of his lord, to use
the same and take the profists thereof hereditarily, rendering to his
superior such duties and services as belong to military tenure, etc.,
the property of the soil always remaining in the lord or superior; a
fief; a fee.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"dal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.
<i>f&eacute;odal</i>, or LL. <i>feudalis</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Of or pertaining to feuds, fiefs, or feels; as, <i>feudal</i>
rights or services; <i>feudal</i> tenures.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting of, or founded upon, feuds or
fiefs; embracing tenures by military services; as, the <i>feudal</i>

<p><hw>Feu"dal*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;odalisme</i>.] <def>The feudal system; a system by which
the holding of estates in land is made dependent upon an obligation
to render military service to the kind or feudal superior; feudal
principles and usages.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"dal*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An upholder of

<p><hw>Feu*dal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>f&eacute;odalit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being
feudal; feudal form or constitution.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feu`dal*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act
of reducing to feudal tenure.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"dal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Feudalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Feudalizing</u> (?).] <def>To reduce to a feudal
tenure; to conform to feudalism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"dal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a feudal

<p><hw>Feu"da*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>feudarius</i>, fr. <i>feudum</i>. See 2d <u>Feud</u>.] <def>Held
by, or pertaining to, feudal tenure.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"da*ry</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
tenant who holds his lands by feudal service; a feudatory.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A feodary. See <u>Feodary</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feu"da*ta*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>feudatarius</i>: cf. F. <i>feudataire</i>.] <def>See

<p><hw>Feu"da*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Feudatories</b></plw> (&?;). <def>A tenant or vassal who held
his lands of a superior on condition of feudal service; the tenant of
a feud or fief.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The grantee . . . was styled the <i>feudatory</i> or
vassal.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>[He] had for <i>feudatories</i> great
princes.</blockquote> <i>J. H. Newman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feu"da*to*ry</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Held from another
on some conditional tenure; as, a <i>feudatory</i> title.</def>

<p><hw>||Feu` de joie"</hw> (?). [F., lit., fire of joy.] <def>A fire
kindled in a public place in token of joy; a bonfire; a firing of
guns in token of joy.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feud"ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>feudiste</i>.] <def>A writer on feuds; a person versed in feudal
law.</def>  <i>Spelman.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Feu`illants"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> <def>A
reformed branch of the Bernardines, founded in 1577 at
<i>Feuillans</i>, near Toulouse, in France.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feuille"mort`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>feuille
morte</i> a dead leaf.] <def>Having the color of a faded leaf.</def>

<p><hw>||Feu`ille*ton"</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., from
<i>feulle</i> leaf.] <def>A part of a French newspaper (usually the
bottom of the page), devoted to light literature, criticism, etc.;
also, the article or tale itself, thus printed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Feuill"ton*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.
<i>feuilletoniste</i>.] <def>A writer of feuilletons.</def>  <i>F.

<p><hw>feu"ter</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. <i>feutre</i>
rest for a lance, OF. <i>feutre</i>, <i>fautre</i>, <i>feltre</i>,
felt, cushion, rest for a lance, fr. LL. <i>filtrum</i>,
<i>feltrum</i>; of German origin, and akin to E. <i>felt</i>. See
<u>Felt</u>, and cf. <u>Filter</u>.] <def>To set close; to fix in
rest, as a spear.</def>  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feu"ter*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Either fr. G.
<i>f&uuml;tterer</i> feeder, or corrupted fr. OF. <i>vautrier</i>,
<i>vaultrier</i>; fr. vaultre, viautre, a kind of hound, fr. L.
<i>vertragus</i>, <i>vertraga</i>, a greyhound. The last is of Celtic
origin.] <def>A dog keeper.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Massinger.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fever</i>,
<i>fefer</i>, AS. <i>fefer</i>, <i>fefor</i>, L. <i>febris</i>: cf.
F. <i>fi&egrave;vre</i>.  Cf. <u>Febrile</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Med.)</i> <def>A diseased state of the system, marked by
increased heat, acceleration of the pulse, and a general derangement
of the functions, including usually, thirst and loss of appetite.
Many diseases, of which fever is the most prominent symptom, are
denominated <i>fevers</i>; as, typhoid <i>fever</i>; yellow

<p>&fist; <i>Remitting</i> fevers subside or abate at intervals;
<i>intermitting</i> fevers intermit or entirely cease at intervals;
<i>continued</i> or <i>continual</i> fevers neither remit nor

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Excessive excitement of the passions in
consequence of strong emotion; a condition of great excitement; as,
this quarrel has set my blood in a <i>fever</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>An envious <i>fever</i><BR>
Of pale and bloodless emulation.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>After life's fitful <i>fever</i> he sleeps
well.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Brain fever</b></col>, <col><b>Continued fever</b></col>,
<cd>etc. See under <u>Brain</u>, <u>Continued</u>, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Fever and ague</b></col>, <cd>a form of fever recurring in
paroxysms which are preceded by chills. It is of malarial
origin.</cd> -- <col><b>Fever blister</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a
blister or vesicle often found about the mouth in febrile states; a
variety of herpes.</cd> -- <col><b>Fever bush</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the wild allspice or spice bush. See
<u>Spicewood</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fever powder</b></col>. <cd>Same as
<u>Jame's powder</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fever root</b></col>
<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>an American herb of the genus <i>Triosteum</i>
(<i>T. perfoliatum</i>); -- called also <i>feverwort</i> amd <i>horse
gentian</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fever sore</b></col>, <cd>a carious
ulcer or necrosis.</cd> <i>Miner.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fevered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fevering</u>.] <def>To put into a fever; to affect with fever; as,
a <i>fevered</i> lip.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The white hand of a lady <i>fever</i>
thee.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*et</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A slight
fever.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Ayliffe.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*few</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>feferfuge</i>, fr. L. <i>febrifugia</i>. See <u>fever</u>,
<u>Fugitive</u>, and cf. <u>Febrifuge</u>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A
perennial plant (<i>Pyrethrum, or Chrysanthemum, Parthenium</i>)
allied to camomile, having finely divided leaves and white blossoms;
-- so named from its supposed febrifugal qualities.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*ish</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Having a fever; suffering from, or affected with, a moderate
degree of fever; showing increased heat and thirst; as, the patient
is <i>feverish</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indicating, or pertaining to, fever;
characteristic of a fever; as, <i>feverish</i> symptoms.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hot; sultry.</def> "The <i>feverish</i>
north."  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Disordered as by fever; excited; restless;
as, the <i>feverish</i> condition of the commercial world.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Strive to keep up a frail and <i>feverish</i>
bing.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fe"ver*ish*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fe"ver*ish*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf.F.
<i>fi&eacute;vreux</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Affected with fever
or ague; feverish.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His heart, love's <i>feverous</i>
citadel.</blockquote> <i>Keats.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or having the nature of,
fever; as, a <i>feverous</i> pulse.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All maladies . . . all <i>feverous</i>
kinds.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Having the tendency to produce fever; as,
a <i>feverous</i> disposition of the year.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fe"ver*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>
<def>Feverishly.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Donne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*wort`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <i>Fever
root</i>, under <u>Fever</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fe"ver*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Feverish.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Few</hw> (f&umacr;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Fewer</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Fewest</u>.] [OE. <i>fewe</i>,
<i>feawe</i>, AS. <i>fe&aacute;</i>, pl. <i>fe&aacute;we</i>; akin to
OS. <i>f&amacr;h</i>, OHG. <i>f&omacr;</i> <i>fao</i>, Icel.
<i>f&amacr;r</i>, Sw. <i>f&aring;</i>, pl., Dan. <i>faa</i>, pl.,
Goth. <i>faus</i>, L. <i>paucus</i>, cf. Gr. <grk>pay^ros</grk>.  Cf.
<u>Paucity</u>.] <def>Not many; small, limited, or confined in
number; -- indicating a small portion of units or individuals
constituing a whole; often, by ellipsis of a noun, a few
people.</def> "Are not my days <i>few</i>?"  <i>Job x. 20.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Few</i> know and <i>fewer</i> care.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; <i>Few</i> is often used partitively; as, <i>few</i> of

<p><col><b>A few</b></col>, <cd>a small number.</cd> -- <col><b>In
few</b></col>, <cd>in a few words; briefly.</cd>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p>-- <col><b>No few</b></col>, <cd>not few; more than a few;
many.</cd>  <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p>-- <col><b>The few</b></col>, <cd>the minority; -- opposed to
<i>the many</i> or <i>the majority</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fe"wel</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fuel</u>.]
<def>Fuel.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><hw>Few"met</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Fumet</u>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Few"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The state of being few; smallness of number; paucity.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Brevity; conciseness.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fey</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>f&?;ga</i>, Icel.
<i>feigr</i>, OHG. <i>feigi</i>.] <def>Fated; doomed.</def> [Old Eng.
& Scot.]</p>

<p><hw>Fey</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fay</u> faith.]
<def>Faith.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fey</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Feague</u>.]
<def>To cleanse; to clean out.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Tusser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feyne</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To feign.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Feyre</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fair or
market.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fez</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. the town of
<i>Fez</i> in Morocco.] <def>A felt or cloth cap, usually red and
having a tassel, -- a variety of the tarboosh. See
<u>Tarboosh</u>.</def>  <i>B. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fia"cre</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A kind of
French hackney coach.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [F. <i>fiancer</i>.
See <u>Affiance</u>.] <def>To betroth; to affiance.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>||Fi`an`c&eacute;"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A
betrothed man.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fi`an`c&eacute;e"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.] <def>A
betrothed woman.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"ants</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fiente</i>
dung.] <def>The dung of the fox, wolf, boar, or badger.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"ar</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Feuar</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>One in whom the property
of an estate is vested, subject to the estate of a life

<p><blockquote>I am <i>fiar</i> of the lands; she a life
renter.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>The price of grain, as legally
fixed, in the counties of Scotland, for the current year.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fi*as"co</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fiascoes</b></plw> (#). [It.] <def>A complete or ridiculous
failure, esp. of a musical performance, or of any pretentious

<p><hw>Fi"at</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., let it be done, 3d
pers. sing., subj. pres., fr. <i>fieri</i>, used as pass. of
<i>facere</i> to make.  Cf. <u>Be</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An
authoritative command or order to do something; an effectual

<p><blockquote>His <i>fiat</i> laid the corner stone.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A
warrant of a judge for certain processes.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>An authority for certain proceedings given by the Lord
Chancellor's signature.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fiat money</b></col>, <cd>irredeemable paper currency, not
resting on a specie basis, but deriving its purchasing power from the
declaratory fiat of the government issuing it.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fi*aunt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Commission; fiat;
order; decree.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fib</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Prob. fr. <i>fable</i>;
cf. Prov. E. <i>fibble-fabble</i> nonsense.] <def>A falsehood; a lie;
-- used euphemistically.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They are very serious; they don't tell
<i>fibs</i>.</blockquote> <i>H. James.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fib</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fibbed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fibbing</u> (?).] <def>To speak falsely.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fib</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To tell a fib to.</def>
[R.]  <i>De Quincey.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fib"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who tells

<p>{ <hw>Fi"ber</hw>, <hw>Fi"bre</hw>  }, (&?;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[F. <i>fibre</i>, L. <i>fibra</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One of
the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and
animals are in part constituted; as, the <i>fiber</i> of flax or of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any fine, slender thread, or threadlike
substance; as, a <i>fiber</i> of spun glass; especially, one of the
slender rootlets of a plant.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Sinew; strength; toughness; as, a man of
real <i>fiber</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Yet had no <i>fibers</i> in him, nor no
force.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A general name for the raw material, such
as cotton, flax, hemp, etc., used in textile manufactures.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fiber gun</b></col>, <cd>a kind of steam gun for
converting, wood, straw, etc., into fiber. The material is shut up in
the gun with steam, air, or gas at a very high pressure which is
afterward relieved suddenly by letting a lid at the muzzle fly open,
when the rapid expansion separates the fibers.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiber
plants</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>plants capable of yielding fiber
useful in the arts, as hemp, flax, ramie, agave, etc.</cd></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fi"bered</hw>, <hw>Fi"bred</hw>  } (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Having fibers; made up of fibers.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fi"ber-faced`</hw>, <hw>Fi"bre-faced`</hw>  } (?),
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a visible fiber embodied in the
surface of; -- applied esp. to a kind of paper for checks, drafts,

<p>{ <hw>Fi"ber*less</hw>, <hw>Fi"bre*less</hw>  },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no fibers; destitute of fibers or

<p><hw>Fi"bri*form</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fibra</i> a fiber + <i>-form</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Having the
form of a fiber or fibers; resembling a fiber.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"bril</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fibrille</i>,
dim. of <i>fibre</i>, L. <i>fibra</i>.] <def>A small fiber; the
branch of a fiber; a very slender thread; a fibrilla.</def>

<p><hw>||Fi*bril"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fibrill&AElig;</b></plw> (#). [NL. See <u>Fibril</u>.] <def>A
minute thread or fiber, as one of the fibrous elements of a muscular
fiber; a fibril.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"bril*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or
pertaining to fibrils or fibers; as, <i>fibrillar</i>

<p><hw>Fi"bril*la*ry</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of of
pertaining to fibrils.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"bril*la`ted</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Furnished with fibrils; fringed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bril*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state
of being reduced to fibers.</def>  <i>Carpenter.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi*bril"lose</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Covered
with hairlike appendages, as the under surface of some lichens; also,
composed of little strings or fibers; as, <i>fibrillose</i>

<p><! p. 556 !></p>

<p><hw>Fi*bril"lous</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fibraleux</i>.] <def>Pertaining to, or composed of,

<p><hw>Fi"brin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>fibrine</i>.
See <u>Fiber</u>.] <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
white, albuminous, fibrous substance, formed in the coagulation of
the blood either by decomposition of fibrinogen, or from the union of
fibrinogen and paraglobulin which exist separately in the blood. It
is insoluble in water, but is readily digestible in gastric and
pancreatic juice.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The white, albuminous mass remaining after
washing lean beef or other meat with water until all coloring matter
is removed; the fibrous portion of the muscle tissue; flesh

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An albuminous body, resembling animal
fibrin in composition, found in cereal grains and similar seeds;
vegetable fibrin.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fibrin factors</b></col> <i>(Physiol.)</i>, <cd>the
albuminous bodies, paraglobulin and fibrinigen in the blood, which,
by the action of the fibrin ferment, are changed into fibrin, in
coagulation.</cd> -- <col><b>Fibrin ferment</b></col> <i>(Physiol.
Chem.)</i>, <cd>a ferment which makes its appearance in the blood
shortly after it is shed, and is supposed to be the active agent in
causing coagulation of the blood, with formation of fibrin.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bri*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Med.)</i>
<def>The state of acquiring or having an excess of fibrin.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"brine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Belonging to the
fibers of plants.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*brin"o*gen</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Fibrin</i> +
<i>-gen</i>.] <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>An albuminous substance
existing in the blood, and in other animal fluids, which either alone
or with fibrinoplastin or paraglobulin forms fibrin, and thus causes

<p><hw>Fi`bri*nog"e*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.
Chem.)</i> <def>Possessed of properties similar to fibrinogen;
capable of forming fibrin.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bri*no*plas"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Physiol.Chem.)</i> <def>Like fibrinoplastin; capable of forming
fibrin when brought in contact with fibrinogen.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bri*no*plas"tin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[<i>Fibrin</i> + Gr. &?; to form, mold.] <i>(Physiol.Chem.)</i>
<def>An albuminous substance, existing in the blood, which in
combination with fibrinogen forms fibrin; -- called also

<p><hw>Fi"bri*nous</hw> (? or ?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Having, or partaking of the properties of, fibrin; as,
<i>fibrious</i> exudation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bro*car"ti*lage</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fibra</i> a fiber + E. <i>cartilage</i>.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>A
kind of cartilage with a fibrous matrix and approaching fibrous
connective tissue in structure.</def> --
<wf>Fi`bro*car`ti*lag"i*nous</wf> (#), <pos><i>a.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bro*chon*dros"te*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fibra</i> a fiber + gr. &?; cartilage + &?; bone.] <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>Partly fibrous, partly cartilaginous, and partly osseous.</def>
<i>St. George Mivart.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"broid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fibra</i> a
fiber + <i>-oid</i>.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Resembling or forming
fibrous tissue; made up of fibers; as, <i>fibroid</i> tumors.</def> -
- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fibroid tumor; a fibroma.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fibroid degeneration</b></col>, <cd>a form of degeneration
in which organs or tissues are converted into fibroid tissue.</cd> --
<col><b>Fibroid phthists</b></col>, <cd>a form of pulmonary
consumption associated with the formation of fibrous tissue in the
lungs, and the gradual atrophy of the lungs, from the pressure due to
the contraction of this tissue.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fi"bro*in</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fibra</i>
a fiber.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A variety of gelatin; the chief
ingredient of raw silk, extracted as a white amorphous

<p><hw>Fi"bro*lite</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fibra</i> a fiber + <i>-lite</i>: cf. F. <i>fibrolithe</i>.]
<i>(Min.)</i> <def>A silicate of alumina, of fibrous or columnar
structure. It is like andalusite in composition; -- called also
<i>sillimanite</i>, and <i>bucholizite</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fi*bro"ma</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Fiber</u>, and <u>-oma</u>.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A tumor consisting
mainly of fibrous tissue, or of same modification of such

<p><hw>||Fi`bro*spon"gi*&aelig;</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos>
[NL., fr. L. <i>fibra</i> a fiber + <i>spongia</i> a sponge.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An order of sponges having a fibrous
skeleton, including the commercial sponges.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"brous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fibreux</i>.] <def>Containing, or consisting of, fibers; as, the
<i>fibrous</i> coat of the cocoanut; the <i>fibrous</i> roots of
grasses.</def> -- <wf>Fi"brous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fi`bro*vas"cu*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fibra</i> a fiber + E. <i>vascular</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>Containing woody fiber and ducts, as the stems of all flowering
plants and ferns; -- opposed to <i>cellular</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fib"ster</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who tells
fibs.</def> [Jocular]</p>

<p><hw>||Fib"u*la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fibul&AElig;</b></plw> (#). [L., clasp, buckle.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A brooch, clasp, or buckle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Mere <i>fibul&aelig;</i>, without a robe to
clasp.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The outer and usually the
smaller of the two bones of the leg, or hind limb, below the

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Surg.)</i> <def>A needle for sewing up

<p><hw>Fib"u-lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
the fibula.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fib`u*la"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fibularia</b></plw> (#). [NL. See <u>Fibula</u>.]
<i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The bone or cartilage of the tarsus, which
articulates with the fibula, and corresponds to the calcaneum in man
and most mammals.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fice</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A small dog; --
written also <i>fise</i>, <i>fyce</i>, <i>fiste</i>, etc.</def>
[Southern U.S.]</p>

<p><hw>Fi*ch&eacute;</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Her.)</i>
<def>See <u>Fitch&Eacute;</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fich"tel*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i>
<def>A white crystallized mineral resin from the Fichtelgebirge,

<p><hw>Fich"u</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., neckerchief.]
<def>A light cape, usually of lace, worn by women, to cover the neck
and throat, and extending to the shoulders.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fic"kle</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fikel</i>
untrustworthy, deceitful, AS. <i>ficol</i>, fr. <i>fic</i>,
<i>gefic</i>, fraud, deceit; cf. <i>f&amacr;cen</i> deceit, OS.
<i>f&?;kn</i>, OHG. <i>feichan</i>, Icel. <i>feikn</i> portent.  Cf.
<u>Fidget</u>.] <def>Not fixed or firm; liable to change; unstable;
of a changeable mind; not firm in opinion or purpose; inconstant;
capricious; as, Fortune's <i>fickle</i> wheel.</def>

<p><blockquote>They know how <i>fickle</i> common lovers
are.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Wavering; irresolute; unsettled; vacillating;
unstable; inconsonant; unsteady; variable; mutable; changeful;
capricious; veering; shifting.</p>

<p><hw>Fic"kle*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being fickle; instability; inconsonancy.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fic"kly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fickle
manner.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Pepys.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi"co</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Ficoes</b></plw> (#). [It., a fig, fr. L. <i>ficus</i>. See
<u>Fig</u>.] <def>A fig; an insignificant trifle, no more than the
snap of one's thumb; a sign of contempt made by the fingers,
expressing. <i>A fig for you</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Steal! foh, a <i>fico</i> for the phrase.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fic"tile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fictilis</i>.
See <u>Fiction</u>.] <def>Molded, or capable of being molded, into
form by art; relating to pottery or to molding in any soft

<p><blockquote><i>Fictile</i> earth is more fragile than crude
earth.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The earliest specimens of Italian <i>fictile</i>
art.</blockquote> <i>C. Wordsworth.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fictile ware</b></col>, <cd>ware made of any material
which is molded or shaped while soft; hence, pottery of any

<p>-- <wf>Fic"tile*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fic*til"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fic"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fiction</i>, L.
<i>fictio</i>, fr. <i>fingere</i>, <i>fictum</i> to form, shape,
invent, feign. See <u>Feign</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of
feigning, inventing, or imagining; as, by a mere <i>fiction</i> of
the mind.</def>  <i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is feigned, invented, or
imagined; especially, a feigned or invented story, whether oral or
written. Hence: A story told in order to deceive; a fabrication; --
opposed to <i>fact</i>, or <i>reality</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fiction</i> of those golden apples kept by a
dragon.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>When it could no longer be denied that her flight had
been voluntary, numerous <i>fictions</i> were invented to account for
it.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Fictitious literature; comprehensively,
all works of imagination; specifically, novels and

<p><blockquote>The office of <i>fiction</i> as a vehicle of
instruction and moral elevation has been recognized by most if not
all great educators.</blockquote> <i>Dict. of Education.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>An assumption of a possible
thing as a fact, irrespective of the question of its truth.</def>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Any like assumption made for convenience,
as for passing more rapidly over what is not disputed, and arriving
at points really at issue.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Fabrication; invention; fable; falsehood.  --
<u>Fiction</u>, <u>Fabrication</u>. <i>Fiction</i> is opposed to what
is real; <i>fabrication</i> to what is true. <i>Fiction</i> is
designed commonly to amuse, and sometimes to instruct; a
<i>fabrication</i> is always intended to mislead and deceive. In the
novels of Sir Walter Scott we have <i>fiction</i> of the highest
order. The poems of Ossian, so called, were chiefly
<i>fabrications</i> by Macpherson.</p>

<p><hw>Fic"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to,
or characterized by, fiction; fictitious;
romantic.</def>"<i>Fictional</i> rather than historical."

<p><hw>Fic"tion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A writer of
fiction.</def> [R.]  <i>Lamb.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fic"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<def>Fictitious.</def> [R.]  <i>Prior.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fic*ti"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fictitius</i>. See <u>Fiction</u>.] <def>Feigned; imaginary; not
real; fabulous; counterfeit; false; not genuine; as,
<i>fictitious</i> fame.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The human persons are as <i>fictitious</i> as the airy
ones.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fic*ti"tious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fic*ti"tious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fic"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fictif</i>.] <def>Feigned; counterfeit.</def> "The fount of
<i>fictive</i> tears."  <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fic"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>An artist who
models or forms statues and reliefs in any plastic material.</def>
[R.]  <i>Elmes.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi"cus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., a fig.] <def>A
genus of trees or shrubs, one species of which (<i>F. Carica</i>)
produces the figs of commerce; the fig tree.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Ficus Indica</i> is the banyan tree; <i>F.
religiosa</i>, the peepul tree; <i>F. elastica</i>, the India-rubber

<p><hw>Fid</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Prov. E. <i>fid</i> a
small, thick lump.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A square
bar of wood or iron, used to support the topmast, being passed
through a hole or mortise at its heel, and resting on the trestle

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A wooden or metal bar or pin, used to
support or steady anything.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A pin of hard wood, tapering to a point,
used to open the strands of a rope in splicing.</def></p>

<p>&fist; There are <i>hand fids</i> and <i>standing fids</i> (which
are larger than the others, and stand upon a flat base). An iron
implement for this purpose is called a <i>marline spike</i>.</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A block of wood used in
mounting and dismounting heavy guns.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*dal"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pg. See
<u>Hidalgo</u>.] <def>The lowest title of nobility in Portugal,
corresponding to that of <i>Hidalgo</i> in Spain.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle</hw> (f&ibreve;d"d'l), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>fidele</i>, <i>fithele</i>, AS. <i>fi&eth;ele</i>; akin to D.
<i>vedel</i>, OHG. <i>fidula</i>, G. <i>fiedel</i>, Icel.
<i>fi&eth;la</i>, and perh. to E. <i>viol</i>.  Cf. <u>Viol</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A stringed instrument of music
played with a bow; a violin; a kit.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A kind of dock (<i>Rumex
pulcher</i>) with fiddle-shaped leaves; -- called also <i>fiddle

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A rack or frame of bars
connected by strings, to keep table furniture in place on the cabin
table in bad weather.</def>  <i>Ham. Nav. Encyc.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fiddle beetle</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a
Japanese carabid beetle (<i>Damaster blaptoides</i>); -- so called
from the form of the body.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiddle block</b></col>
<i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a long tackle block having two sheaves of
different diameters in the same plane, instead of side by side as in
a common double block.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Fiddle
bow</b></col>, <cd>fiddlestick.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiddle fish</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the angel fish.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiddle
head</b></col>, <cd>an ornament on a ship's bow, curved like the
volute or scroll at the head of a violin.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiddle
pattern</b></col>, <cd>a form of the handles of spoons, forks, etc.,
somewhat like a violin.</cd> -- <col><b>Scotch fiddle</b></col>, the
itch. (Low) -- <col><b>To play</b></col> <col><b>first, or
second</b></col>, <col><b>fiddle</b></col>, <cd>to take a leading or
a subordinate part.</cd> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fiddled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fiddling</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To play on a

<p><blockquote>Themistocles . . . said he could not <i>fiddle</i>,
but he could make a small town a great city.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To keep the hands and fingers actively
moving as a fiddler does; to move the hands and fingers restlessy or
in busy idleness; to trifle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Talking, and <i>fiddling</i> with their hats and
feathers.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To play (a
tune) on a fiddle.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle*dee*dee`</hw> (?), <pos><i>interj.</i></pos> <def>An
exclamatory word or phrase, equivalent to <i>nonsense</i>!</def>

<p><hw>Fid"dle-fad`dle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A trifle;
trifling talk; nonsense.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Spectator.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle-fad`dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To talk
nonsense.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Ford.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dler</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>fi&eth;elere</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who plays on a
fiddle or violin.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A burrowing crab of
the genus <i>Gelasimus</i>, of many species. The male has one claw
very much enlarged, and often holds it in a position similar to that
in which a musician holds a fiddle, hence the name; -- called also
<i>calling crab</i>, <i>soldier crab</i>, and <i>fighting

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The common European
sandpiper (<i>Tringoides hypoleucus</i>); -- so called because it
continually oscillates its body.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fiddler crab</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See
<u>Fiddler</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle-shaped`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<def>Inversely ovate, with a deep hollow on each side.</def>

<p><hw>Fid"dle*stick`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The bow,
strung with horsehair, used in playing the fiddle; a fiddle

<p><hw>Fid"dle*string`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the
catgut strings of a fiddle.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fid"dle*wood`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Corrupted fr. F.
bois-<i>fid&egrave;le</i>, lit., faithful wood; -- so called from its
durability.] <def>The wood of several West Indian trees, mostly of
the genus <i>Citharexylum</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`de*jus"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fidejussio</i>, from <i>fidejubere</i> to be surety or bail;
<i>fides</i> faith + <i>jubere</i> to order: cf. F.
<i>fid&eacute;jussion</i>.] <i>(Civil Law)</i> <def>The act or state
of being bound as surety for another; suretyship.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`de*jus"sor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.: cf. F.
<i>fid&eacute;jusseur</i>.] <i>(Civil Law)</i> <def>A surety; one
bound for another, conjointly with him; a guarantor.</def>

<p><hw>Fi*del"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fidelitas</i>: cf. F. <i>fid&eacute;lit&eacute;</i>. See
<u>Fealty</u>.] <def>Faithfulness; adherence to right; careful and
exact observance of duty, or discharge of obligations.</def>
Especially: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Adherence to a person or party
to which one is bound; loyalty.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whose courageous <i>fidelity</i> was proof to all
danger.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The best security for the <i>fidelity</i> of men is to
make interest coincide with duty.</blockquote> <i>A.

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Adherence to the marriage contract.</def>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>Adherence to truth; veracity;

<p><blockquote>The principal thing required in a witness is
<i>fidelity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Faithfulness; honesty; integrity; faith; loyalty;

<p><hw>||Fi"des</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., faith.] <i>(Roman
Muth.)</i> <def>Faith personified as a goddess; the goddess of

<p><hw>Fidge</hw> (f&ibreve;j), <pos><i>n. & v. i.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Fidget</u>.</def> [R.]  <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fidg"et</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fidgeted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fodgeting</u>.] [From <u>Fidge</u>; cf. OE. <i>fiken</i> to
fidget, to flatter, Icel. <i>fika</i> to hasten, Sw. <i>fika</i> to
hunt after, AS. <i>befician</i> to deceive.  Cf. <u>Fickle</u>.]
<def>To move uneasily one way and the other; to move irregularly, or
by fits and starts.</def>  <i>Moore.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fidg"et</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Uneasiness; restlessness.</def>  <i>Cowper.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>A general nervous restlessness,
manifested by incessant changes of position; dysphoria.</def>

<p><hw>Fidg"et*i*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being fidgety.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fidg"et*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Restless;
uneasy.</def>  <i>Lowell.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fid"i*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., prob. fr. L.
<i>fidus</i> trusty.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A genus of small
beetles, of which one species (the grapevine Fidia, <i>F.
longipes</i>) is very injurious to vines in America.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*dic"i*nal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fidicinus</i>, fr. <i>fidicen</i>, <i>-inis</i>, a lute player.]
<i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to a stringed

<p><hw>Fi*du"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fiducia</i>
trust, confidence; akin to <i>fides</i> faith. See <u>Faith</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having faith or trust; confident; undoubting;
firm.</def> "<i>Fiducial</i> reliance on the promises of God."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having the nature of a trust; fiduciary;
as, <i>fiducial</i> power.</def>  <i>Spelman.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Fiducial edge</b></col> <i>(Astron. & Surv.)</i>, <cd>the
straight edge of the alidade or ruler along which a straight line is
to be drawn.</cd> -- <col><b>Fiducial</b></col> <col><b>line or
point</b></col> <i>(Math. & Physics.)</i>, <cd>a line or point of
reference, as for setting a graduated circle or scale used for

<p><hw>Fi*du"cial*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>With
confidence.</def>  <i>South.</i></p>

<hw>Fi*du"ci*a*ry</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fiduciarus</i>, fr. <i>fiducia</i>: cf. F. <i>fiduciaire</i>. See
<u>Fiducial</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Involving confidence or
trust; confident; undoubting; faithful; firm; as, in a
<i>fiduciary</i> capacity.</def> "<i>Fiduciary</i> obedience."

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Holding, held, or founded, in trust.</def>

<p><hw>Fi*du"ci*a*ry</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who holds a thing in trust for another; a trustee.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Instrumental to the conveying God's blessing upon
those whose <i>fiduciaries</i> they are.</blockquote> <i>Jer.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>One who depends for
salvation on faith, without works; an Antinomian.</def>

<p><hw>Fie</hw> (?), <pos><i>interj.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fi</i>; cf. D.
<i>fif</i>. G. <i>pfui</i>, Icel. <i>f&?;</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>fy</i>,
F. <i>fi</i>, L. <i>fi</i>, <i>phy</i>.] <def>An exclamation denoting
contempt or dislike. See <u>Fy</u>.</def>  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fief</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fief</i>; of German
origin, and the same word as E. <i>fee</i>. See <u>Fee</u>, and cf.
<u>Feud</u>, a tief.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>An estate held of a superior
on condition of military service; a fee; a feud. See under
<u>Benefice</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2.</def></p>

<p><! p. 557 !></p>

<p><hw>Field</hw> (f&emacr;ld), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>feld</i>, <i>fild</i>, AS. <i>feld</i>; akin to D. <i>veld</i>, G.
<i>feld</i>, Sw. <i>f&auml;lt</i>, Dan. <i>felt</i>, Icel.
<i>fold</i> field of grass, AS. <i>folde</i> earth, land, ground, OS.
<i>folda</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Cleared land; land suitable
for tillage or pasture; cultivated ground; the open

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A piece of land of considerable size;
esp., a piece inclosed for tillage or pasture.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Fields</i> which promise corn and
wine.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A place where a battle is fought; also,
the battle itself.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In this glorious and well-foughten
<i>field</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>What though the <i>field</i> be lost?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>An open space; an extent; an
expanse.</def>  Esp.: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Any blank space or
ground on which figures are drawn or projected.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The space covered by an optical instrument
at one view.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Without covering, save yon <i>field</i> of
stars.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Ask of yonder argent <i>fields</i> above.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>The whole surface of an
escutcheon; also, so much of it is shown unconcealed by the different
bearings upon it. See <i>Illust.</i> of <u>Fess</u>, where the
<i>field</i> is represented as gules (red), while the <i>fess</i> is
argent (silver).</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>An unresticted or favorable opportunity
for action, operation, or achievement; province; room.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Afforded a clear <i>field</i> for moral
experiments.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A collective term for all the competitors
in any outdoor contest or trial, or for all except the favorites in
the betting.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(Baseball)</i> <def>That part of the grounds
reserved for the players which is outside of the diamond; -- called
also <i>outfield</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Field</i> is often used adjectively in the sense of
<i>belonging to</i>, or <i>used in</i>, <i>the fields</i>; especially
with reference to the operations and equipments of an army during a
campaign away from permanent camps and fortifications. In most cases
such use of the word is sufficiently clear; as, <i>field</i> battery;
<i>field</i> fortification; <i>field</i> gun; <i>field</i> hospital,
etc.  A <i>field</i> geologist, naturalist, etc., is one who makes
investigations or collections out of doors.  A survey uses a
<i>field</i> book for recording <i>field</i> notes, <i>i.e.</i>,
measurment, observations, etc., made in <i>field</i> work (outdoor
operations). A farmer or planter employs <i>field</i> hands, and may
use a <i>field</i> roller or a <i>field</i> derrick. <i>Field</i>
sports are hunting, fishing, athletic games, etc.</p>

<p><col><b>Coal field</b></col> <i>(Geol.)</i> <cd>See under
<u>Coal</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Field artillery</b></col>, <cd>light
ordnance mounted on wheels, for the use of a marching army.</cd> --
<col><b>Field basil</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the Mint
family (<i>Calamintha Acinos</i>); -- called also <i>basil
thyme</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Field colors</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>,
<cd>small flags for marking out the positions for squadrons and
battalions; camp colors.</cd> -- <col><b>Field cricket</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a large European cricket (<i>Gryllus
campestric</i>), remarkable for its loud notes.</cd> -- <col><b>Field
day</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A day in the fields.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>A day when troops are taken
into the field for instruction in evolutions.</cd> <i>Farrow.</i>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>A day of unusual exertion or display; a gala
day.</cd> -- <col><b>Field driver</b></col>, <cd>in New England, an
officer charged with the driving of stray cattle to the pound.</cd> -
- <col><b>Field duck</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the little
bustard (<i>Otis tetrax</i>), found in Southern Europe.</cd> --
<col><b>Field glass</b></col>. <i>(Optics)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>A binocular telescope of compact form; a lorgnette; a race
glass.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A small achromatic telescope,
from 20 to 24 inches long, and having 3 to 6 draws.</cd>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>See <i>Field lens</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Field
lark</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The
skylark.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The tree pipit.</cd> --
<col><b>Field lens</b></col> <i>(Optics)</i>, <cd>that one of the two
lenses forming the eyepiece of an astronomical telescope or compound
microscope which is nearer the object glass; -- called also <i>field
glass</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Field madder</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>,
<cd>a plant (<i>Sherardia arvensis</i>) used in dyeing.</cd> --
<col><b>Field marshal</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>the highest
military rank conferred in the British and other European
armies.</cd> -- <col><b>Field mouse</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>a mouse inhabiting fields, as the campagnol and the deer
mouse.</cd> See <u>Campagnol</u>, and <u>Deer mouse</u>. --
<col><b>Field officer</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>an officer above
the rank of captain and below that of general.</cd> -- <col><b>Field
officer's court</b></col> <i>(U.S.Army)</i>, <cd>a court-martial
consisting of one field officer empowered to try all cases, in time
of war, subject to jurisdiction of garrison and regimental
courts.</cd> <i>Farrow.</i>  -- <col><b>Field plover</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the black-bellied plover (<i>Charadrius
squatarola</i>); also sometimes applied to the Bartramian sandpiper
(<i>Bartramia longicauda</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Field
spaniel</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a small spaniel used in
hunting small game.</cd> -- <col><b>Field sparrow</b></col>.
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A small American sparrow
(<i>Spizella pusilla</i>).</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The hedge
sparrow.</cd> [Eng.] -- <col><b>Field staff</b></col>> <i>(Mil.)</i>,
<cd>a staff formerly used by gunners to hold a lighted match for
discharging a gun.</cd> -- <col><b>Field vole</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the European meadow mouse.</cd> --
<col><b>Field of ice</b></col>, <cd>a large body of floating ice; a
pack.</cd> -- <col><b>Field</b></col>, or <col><b>Field of
view</b></col>, <cd>in a telescope or microscope, the entire space
within which objects are seen.</cd> -- <col><b>Field
magnet</b></col>. <cd>see under <u>Magnet</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Magnetic field</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Magnetic</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>To back the field</b></col>, or <col><b>To bet on the
field</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Back</u>, <pos><i>v.
t.</i></pos></cd> -- <col><b>To keep the field</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>To continue a campaign.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To maintain one's ground against all
comers.</cd> -- <col><b>To</b></col> <col><b>lay, or back</b></col>,
<col><b>against the field</b></col>, <cd>to bet on (a horse, etc.)
against all comers.</cd> -- <col><b>To take the field</b></col>
<i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>to enter upon a campaign.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Field</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fielded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fielding</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To take the field.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Ball Playing)</i> <def>To stand out in the
field, ready to catch, stop, or throw the ball.</def></p>

<p><hw>Field</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <i>(Ball Playing)</i>
<def>To catch, stop, throw, etc. (the ball), as a fielder.</def></p>

<p><hw>Field"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Engaged in the field;
encamped.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>To help <i>fielded</i> friends.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Field"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Consisting of
fields.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fielden</i> country also and
plains.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Field"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Ball Playing)</i>
<def>A ball payer who stands out in the field to catch or stop

<p><hw>Field"fare`</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>feldfare</i>, AS. <i>feldfare</i>; field + <i>faran</i> to
travel.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>a small thrush (<i>Turdus
pilaris</i>) which breeds in northern Europe and winters in Great
Britain. The head, nape, and lower part of the back are ash-colored;
the upper part of the back and wing coverts, chestnut; -- called also

<p><hw>Field"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Ball Playing)</i>
<def>The act of playing as a fielder.</def></p>

<p><hw>Field"piece`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A cannon
mounted on wheels, for the use of a marching army; a piece of field
artillery; -- called also <i>field gun</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Field"work`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Mil.)</i>
<def>Any temporary fortification thrown up by an army in the field; -
- commonly in the plural.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>All works which do not come under the head of
permanent fortification are called <i>fieldworks</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Field"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Open, like a
field.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Wyclif.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fiend</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fend</i>,
<i>find</i>, <i>fiend</i>, <i>feond</i>, fiend, foe, AS.
<i>fe&oacute;nd</i>; akin to OS. <i>f&imacr;ond</i>, D. <i>vijand</i>
enemy, OHG. <i>f&imacr;ant</i>, G. <i>feind</i>, Icel.
<i>fj&amacr;nd</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>fiende</i>, Goth. <i>fijands</i>;
orig. p. pr. of a verb meaning <i>to hate</i>, AS.
<i>fe&oacute;n</i>, <i>fe&oacute;gan</i>, OHG. <i>f&imacr;&?;n</i>,
Goth. <i>fijan</i>, Skr. <i>p&imacr;y</i> to scorn; prob. akin to E.
<i>feud</i> a quarrel. &radic;81.  Cf. <u>Foe</u>, <u>Friend</u>.]
<def>An implacable or malicious foe; one who is diabolically wicked
or cruel; an infernal being; -- applied specifically to the devil or
a demon.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Into this wild abyss the wary <i>fiend</i><BR>
Stood on the brink of Hell and looked a while.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>O woman! woman! when to ill thy mind<BR>
Is bent, all hell contains no fouler <i>fiend</i>.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fiend"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of fiendish
spirit or arts.</def>  <i>Marlowe.</i></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fiend"ful*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fiend"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like a fiend;
diabolically wicked or cruel; infernal; malignant; devilish;
hellish.</def> -- <wf>Fiend"ish*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fiend"ish*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fiend"like`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fiendish;
diabolical.</def>  <i>Longfellow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fiend"ly</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>fe&oacute;ndlic</i>.] <def>Fiendlike; monstrous; devilish.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi`e*ras"fer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A genus of small, slender fishes, remarkable
for their habit of living as commensals in other animals. One species
inhabits the gill cavity of the pearl oyster near Panama; another
lives within an East Indian holothurian.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fierce</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Fiercer</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Fiercest</u> (?).] [OE. <i>fers</i>,
<i>fiers</i>, OF. <i>fier</i>, nom. <i>fiers</i>, fierce, savage,
cruel, F. <i>fier</i> proud, from L. <i>ferus</i> wild, savage,
cruel; perh. akin to E. <i>bear</i> the animal.  Cf. <u>Feral</u>,
<u>Ferocity</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Furious; violent;
unrestrained; impetuous; as, a <i>fierce</i> wind.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His <i>fierce</i> thunder drove us to the
deep.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehement in anger or cruelty; ready or
eager to kill or injure; of a nature to inspire terror;
ferocious.</def> "A <i>fierce</i> whisper." <i>Dickens.</i> "A
<i>fierce</i> tyrant." <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fierce</i> foe hung upon our broken
rear.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Thou huntest me as a <i>fierce</i> lion.</blockquote>
<i>Job. x. 16.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Excessively earnest, eager, or

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ferocious; savage; cruel; vehement; impetuous;
barbarous; fell. See <u>Ferocious</u>.</p>

<p>-- <wf>Fierce"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fierce"ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>||Fi"e*ri fa"ci*as</hw> (?). [L., cause it to be done.]
<i>(Law)</i> <def>A judicial writ that lies for one who has recovered
in debt or damages, commanding the sheriff that he cause to be made
of the goods, chattels, or real estate of the defendant, the sum
claimed.</def>  <i>Blackstone. Cowell.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"er*i*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being fiery; heat; acrimony; irritability; as, a <i>fieriness</i>
of temper.</def>  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"er*y</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Formerly written
<i>firy</i>, fr. <i>fire</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Consisting of,
containing, or resembling, fire; as, the <i>fiery</i> gulf of Etna; a
<i>fiery</i> appearance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And <i>fiery</i> billows roll below.</blockquote>
<i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehement; ardent; very active;

<p><blockquote>Hath thy <i>fiery</i> heart so parched thine
entrails?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fiery</i> spirit of his
forefathers.</blockquote> <i>W. Irwing.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Passionate; easily provoked;

<p><blockquote>You know the <i>fiery</i> quality of the
duke.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Unrestrained; fierce; mettlesome;

<p><blockquote>One curbed the <i>fiery</i> steed.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>heated by fire, or as if by fire; burning
hot; parched; feverish.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The sword which is made <i>fiery</i>.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Fiery cross</b></col>, <cd>a cross constructed of two
firebrands, and pitched upon the point of a spear; formerly in
Scotland borne by a runner as a signal for the clan to take up
arms.</cd>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fife</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fifre</i>, OHG.
<i>pf&imacr;fa</i>, LL. <i>pipa</i> pipe, <i>pipare</i> to play on
the pipe, fr. L. <i>pipire</i>, <i>pipare</i>, to peep, pip, chirp,
as a chiken. See <u>Pipe</u>.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A small shrill
pipe, resembling the piccolo flute, used chiefly to accompany the
drum in military music.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fife major</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>a noncommissioned
officer who superintends the fifers of a regiment.</cd> --
<col><b>Fife rail</b></col>. <i>(Naut.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A
rail about the mast, at the deck, to hold belaying pins, etc.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A railing around the break of a poop

<p><hw>Fife</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fifed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>fifing</u>.] <def>To play on a fife.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who plays on a

<p><hw>Fif"teen`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fiftene</i>,
AS. <i>f&imacr;ft&ymacr;ne</i>, <i>f&imacr;ft&emacr;ne</i>. See
<u>Five</u>, and <u>Ten</u>, and cf. <u>Fifty</u>.] <def>Five and
ten; one more than fourteen.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"teen`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The sum of five and ten; fifteen units or objects.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A symbol representing fifteen units, as
15, or xv.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"teenth`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>fiftenthe</i>; cf. <i>fiftethe</i>, AS.
<i>f&imacr;fte&omacr;&eth;a</i>. See <u>Fifteen</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Next in order after the fourteenth; -- the
ordinal of fifteen.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting of one of fifteen equal parts
or divisions of a thing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"teenth`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One of fifteen equal parts or divisions; the quotient of a unit
divided by fifteen.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A species of tax upon personal property
formerly laid on towns, boroughs, etc., in England, being one
fifteenth part of what the personal property in each town, etc., had
been valued at.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A stop
in an organ tuned two octaves above the diaposon.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>An interval consisting of two

<p><hw>Fifth</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fifte</i>,
<i>fifthe</i>, AS. <i>f&imacr;fta</i>. See <u>Five</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Next in order after the fourth; -- the
ordinal of five.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting of one of five equal divisions
of a thing.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fifth monarchy men</b></col> <i>(Hist.)</i>, <cd>a
fanatical sect in England, of the time of the commonwealth, who
maintained that there would be a fifth universal monarchy, during
which Christ would reign on earth a thousand years.</cd> --
<col><b>Fifth wheel</b></col>, <cd>a horizontal wheel or segment
above the fore axle of a carriage and beneath the body, forming an
extended support to prevent careening.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fifth</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The quotient of a unit divided by five; one of five equal parts;
a fifth part.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>The interval of three tones
and a semitone, embracing five diatonic degrees of the scale; the
dominant of any key.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fifth"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the fifth place;
as the fifth in order.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"ti*eth</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>f&imacr;ftigo&eth;a</i>. See <u>Fifty</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Next in order after the forty-ninth; -- the ordinal of

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting of one of fifty equal parts or

<p><hw>Fif"ti*eth</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of fifty equal
parts; the quotient of a unit divided by fifty.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>f&imacr;ftig</i>; akin to OHG. <i>finfzug</i>, <i>fimfzuc</i>, G.
<i>f&uuml;nfzig</i>, <i>funfzig</i>, Goth. <i>fimftigjus</i>. See
<u>Five</u>, and <u>Ten</u>, and cf. <u>Fifteen</u>.] <def>Five times
ten; as, <i>fifty</i> men.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fif"ty</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fifties</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The sum of
five tens; fifty units or objects.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A symbol representing fifty units, as 50,
or l.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>figue</i> the fruit
of the tree, Pr. <i>figa</i>, fr. L. <i>ficus</i> fig tree, fig.  Cf.
<u>Fico</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A small fruit
tree (<i>Ficus Carica</i>) with large leaves, known from the remotest
antiquity. It was probably native from Syria westward to the Canary

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The fruit of a fig tree, which is of round
or oblong shape, and of various colors.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The fruit of a fig tree is really the hollow end of a stem,
and bears numerous achenia inside the cavity. Many species have
little, hard, inedible figs, and in only a few does the fruit become
soft and pulpy. The fruit of the cultivated varieties is much prized
in its fresh state, and also when dried or preserved. See

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A small piece of tobacco.</def> [U.S.]</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The value of a fig, practically nothing; a
fico; -- used in scorn or contempt.</def> "A <i>fig</i> for Peter."

<p><col><b>Cochineal fig</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Conchineal
fig</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fig dust</b></col>, <cd>a preparation of
fine oatmeal for feeding caged birds.</cd> -- <col><b>Fig
faun</b></col>, <cd>one of a class of rural deities or monsters
supposed to live on figs.</cd> "Therefore shall dragons dwell there
with the <i>fig fauns</i>." <i>Jer. i. 39. (Douay version).</i> --
<col><b>Fig gnat</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a small fly said
to be injurious to figs.</cd> -- <col><b>Fig leaf</b></col>, <cd>the
leaf tree; hence, in allusion to the first clothing of Adam and Eve
(Genesis iii.7), a covering for a thing that ought to be concealed;
esp., an inadequate covering; a symbol for affected modesty.</cd> --
<col><b>Fig marigold</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the name of several
plants of the genus <i>Mesembryanthemum</i>, some of which are prized
for the brilliancy and beauty of their flowers.</cd> -- <col><b>Fig
tree</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>any tree of the genus <i>Ficus</i>,
but especially <i>F. Carica</i> which produces the fig of

<p><hw>Fig</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See <u>Fico</u>,
<u>Fig</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To insult
with a fico, or contemptuous motion. See <u>Fico</u>.</def>

<p><blockquote>When Pistol lies, do this, and <i>fig</i> me like<BR>
The bragging Spaniard.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To put into the head of, as something
useless o&?; contemptible.</def> [Obs.]  <i>L'Estrange.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Figure; dress;
array.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Were they all in full <i>fig</i>, the females with
feathers on their heads, the males with chapeaux bras?</blockquote>
<i>Prof. Wilson.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi`ga`ro"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From the name of
the barber in Beaumarchais' "Barber of Seville."] <def>An adroit and
unscrupulous intriguer.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Corrupted fr.
<i>vagary</i>.] <def>A frolic; a vagary; a whim.</def> [Obs.]
<i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig"eat`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A large beetle (<i>Allorhina nitida</i>)
which in the Southern United States destroys figs.  The elytra are
velvety green with pale borders.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A
bird. See <u>Figpecker</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fidgety;
restless.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Such a little <i>figent</i> thing.</blockquote>
<i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig"gum</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Etymol. uncertain.]
<def>A juggler's trick; conjuring.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The devil is the author of wicked
<i>figgum</i>.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fight</hw> (f&imacr;t), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fought</u> (f&add;t); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fighting</u>.] [OE. <i>fihten</i>, <i>fehten</i>, AS.
<i>feohtan</i>; akin to D. <i>vechten</i>, OHG. <i>fehtan</i>, G.
<i>fechten</i>, Sw. <i>f&auml;kta</i>, Dan. <i>fegte</i>, and perh.
to E. <i>fist</i>; cf. L. <i>pugnare</i> to fight, <i>pugnus</i>
fist.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To strive or contend for victory, with
armies or in single combat; to attempt to defeat, subdue, or destroy
an enemy, either by blows or weapons; to contend in arms; -- followed
by <i>with</i> or <i>against</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You do <i>fight</i> against your country's
foes.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>fight</i> with thee no man of arms will
deign.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To act in opposition to anything; to
struggle against; to contend; to strive; to make

<p><col><b>To fight shy</b></col>, <cd>to avoid meeting fairly or at
close quarters; to keep out of reach.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fight</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
carry on, or wage, as a conflict, or battle; to win or gain by
struggle, as one's way; to sustain by fighting, as a cause.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He had to <i>fight</i> his way through the
world.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I have <i>fought</i> a good fight.</blockquote> <i>2
Tim. iv. 7.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To contend with in battle; to war against;
as, they <i>fought</i> the enemy in two pitched battles; the sloop
<i>fought</i> the frigate for three hours.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To cause to fight; to manage or maneuver
in a fight; as, to <i>fight</i> cocks; to <i>fight</i> one's

<p><col><b>To fight it out</b></col>, <cd>to fight until a decisive
and conclusive result is reached.</cd></p>

<p><! p. 558 !></p>

<p><hw>Fight</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fight</i>,
<i>feht</i>, AS. <i>feoht</i>. See <u>Fight</u>, <pos><i>v.
i.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A battle; an engagement; a
contest in arms; a combat; a violent conflict or struggle for
victory, between individuals or between armies, ships, or navies,

<p><blockquote>Who now defies thee thrice to single
<i>fight</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A struggle or contest of any

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Strength or disposition for fighting;
pugnacity; as, he has a great deal of <i>fight</i> in him.</def>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A screen for the combatants in
ships.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Up with your <i>fights</i>, and your nettings
prepare.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Running fight</b></col>, <cd>a fight in which the enemy is
continually chased; also, one which continues without definite end or

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Combat; engagement; contest; struggle; encounter;
fray; affray; action; conflict. See <u>Battle</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fight"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>feohtere</i>.]
<def>One who fights; a combatant; a warrior.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fight"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Qualified for war; fit for battle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>An host of <i>fighting</i> men.</blockquote> <i>2
Chron. xxvi. 11.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Occupied in war; being the scene of a
battle; as, a <i>fighting</i> field.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><col><b>A fighting chance</b></col>, <cd>one dependent upon the
issue of a struggle.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>Fighting
crab</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the fiddler crab.</cd> --
<col><b>Fighting fish</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a remarkably
pugnacious East Indian fish (<i>Betta pugnax</i>), reared by the
Siamese for spectacular fish fights.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fight"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>

<p><hw>Fight"wite`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Fight</i> +
<i>wite</i>.] <i>(O.Eng. Law)</i> <def>A mulct or fine imposed on a
person for making a fight or quarrel to the disturbance of the

<p><hw>Fig"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>figmentum</i>,
fr. <i>fingere</i> to form, shape, invent, feign. See <u>Feign</u>.]
<def>An invention; a fiction; something feigned or

<p><blockquote>Social <i>figments</i>, feints, and
formalism.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>It carried rather an appearance of <i>figment</i> and
invention . . . than of truth and reality.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fig"peck`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The European garden warbler (<i>Sylvia, or Currica,
hortensis</i>); -- called also <i>beccafico</i> and <i>greater

<p><hw>Fig"-shell`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A marine univalve shell of the genus <i>Pyrula</i>, or
<i>Ficula</i>, resembling a fig in form.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fig"u*late</hw> (?), <hw>Fig"u*la`ted</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>figulatus</i>, p. p. of <i>figulare</i>
to shape, fr. <i>figulus</i> potter, fr. <i>fingere</i> to shape.]
<def>Made of potter's clay; molded; shaped.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fig"u*line</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L.
<i>figulina</i> pottery, fr. <i>figulus</i>. See <u>Figulate</u>.]
<def>A piece of pottery ornamented with representations of natural

<p><blockquote>Whose <i>figulines</i> and rustic wares<BR>
Scarce find him bread from day to day.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fig`ur*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>figurabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being
figurable.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig`ur*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>figurare</i> to form, shape, fr. <i>figura</i> figure: cf. F.
<i>figurable</i>. See <u>Figure</u>.] <def>Capable of being brought
to a fixed form or shape.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Lead is <i>figurable</i>, but water is
not.</blockquote> <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ur*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Figure</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Represented by figure or delineation;
consisting of figures; as, <i>figural</i> ornaments.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Figurate. See

<p><col><b>Figural numbers</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Figurate
numbers</i>, under <u>Figurate</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fig"u*rant`</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n. masc.</i></pos> [F.,
prop. p. pr. of <i>figurer</i> figure, represent, make a figure.]
<def>One who dances at the opera, not singly, but in groups or
figures; an accessory character on the stage, who figures in its
scenes, but has nothing to say; hence, one who figures in any scene,
without taking a prominent part.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"u*rante`</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n. fem.</i></pos> [F.]
<def>A female figurant; esp., a ballet girl.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ur*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>figuratus</i>, p. p. of <i>figurare</i>. See <u>Figure</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of a definite form or figure.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Plants are all <i>figurate</i> and determinate, which
inanimate bodies are not.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Figurative; metaphorical.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Florid; figurative;
involving passing discords by the freer melodic movement of one or
more parts or voices in the harmony; as, <i>figurate</i> counterpoint
or descant.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Figurate counterpoint</b></col> or
<col><b>descant</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>that which is not
simple, or in which the parts do not move together tone for tone, but
in which freer movement of one or more parts mingles passing discords
with the harmony; -- called also <i>figural</i>, <i>figurative</i>,
and <i>figured counterpoint</i> or <i>descant</i> (although the term
<i>figured</i> is more commonly applied to a bass with numerals
written above or below to indicate the other notes of the
harmony).</cd> -- <col><b>Figurate numbers</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>,
<cd>numbers, or series of numbers, formed from any arithmetical
progression in which the first term is a unit, and the difference a
whole number, by taking the first term, and the sums of the first
two, first three, first four, etc., as the successive terms of a new
series, from which another may be formed in the same manner, and so
on, the numbers in the resulting series being such that points
representing them are capable of symmetrical arrangement in different
geometrical figures, as triangles, squares, pentagons, etc.</cd> In
the following example, the two lower lines are composed of
<i>figurate numbers</i>, those in the second line being
<i>triangular</i>, and represented thus: --</p>

<p>                        .              1, 2,  3,  4, etc.
              .        . .             1, 3,  6, 10, etc.
      .      . .     . . . .   etc.    1, 4, 10, 20, etc
 .   . .   . . . .  . . . . .

<p><hw>Fig"ur*a`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a
determinate form.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ur*ate*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
figurate manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig`u*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>figuratio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of giving figure
or determinate form; determination to a certain form.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Mixture of concords and

<p><hw>Fig"ur*a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>figurativus</i>: cf. F. <i>figuratif</i>. See <u>Figurative</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Representing by a figure, or by resemblance;
typical; representative.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This, they will say, was <i>figurative</i>, and
served, by God's appointment, but for a time, to shadow out the true
glory of a more divine sanctity.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Used in a sense that is tropical, as a
metaphor; not literal; -- applied to words and expressions.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Abounding in figures of speech; flowery;
florid; as, a highly <i>figurative</i> description.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Relating to the representation of form or
figure by drawing, carving, etc. See <u>Figure</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>They belonged to a nation dedicated to the
<i>figurative</i> arts, and they wrote for a public familiar with
painted form.</blockquote> <i>J. A. Symonds.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Figurative</b></col> <col><b>counterpoint or
descant</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Figurate</u>.</cd></p>

<p>-- <wf>Fig"ur*a*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fig"ur*a*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ure</hw> (f&ibreve;g"&usl;r; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[F., <i>figure</i>, L. <i>figura</i>; akin to <i>fingere</i> to form,
shape, feign. See <u>Feign</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The form of
anything; shape; outline; appearance.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Flowers have all exquisite
<i>figures</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The representation of any form, as by
drawing, painting, modeling, carving, embroidering, etc.; especially,
a representation of the human body; as, a <i>figure</i> in bronze; a
<i>figure</i> cut in marble.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A coin that bears the <i>figure</i> of an
angel.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A pattern in cloth, paper, or other
manufactured article; a design wrought out in a fabric; as, the
muslin was of a pretty <i>figure</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>A diagram or drawing; made
to represent a magnitude or the relation of two or more magnitudes; a
surface or space inclosed on all sides; -- called <i>superficial</i>
when inclosed by lines, and <i>solid</i> when inclosed by surfaces;
any arrangement made up of points, lines, angles, surfaces,

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>The appearance or impression made by the
conduct or career of a person; as, a sorry <i>figure</i>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I made some <i>figure</i> there.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>Gentlemen of the best <i>figure</i> in the
county.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Distinguished appearance; magnificence;
conspicuous representation; splendor; show.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That he may live in <i>figure</i> and
indulgence.</blockquote> <i>Law.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A character or symbol representing a
number; a numeral; a digit; as, 1, 2,3, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>Value, as expressed in numbers; price; as,
the goods are estimated or sold at a low <i>figure</i>.</def>

<p><blockquote>With nineteen thousand a year at the very lowest
<i>figure</i>.</blockquote> <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>A person, thing, or action, conceived of
as analogous to another person, thing, or action, of which it thus
becomes a type or representative.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Who is the <i>figure</i> of Him that was to
come.</blockquote> <i>Rom. v. 14.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <i>(Rhet.)</i> <def>A mode of expressing
abstract or immaterial ideas by words which suggest pictures or
images from the physical world; pictorial language; a trope; hence,
any deviation from the plainest form of statement.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To represent the imagination under the <i>figure</i>
of a wing.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>11.</b></sn> <i>(Logic)</i> <def>The form of a syllogism
with respect to the relative position of the middle term.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>12.</b></sn> <i>(Dancing)</i> <def>Any one of the several
regular steps or movements made by a dancer.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>13.</b></sn> <i>(Astrol.)</i> <def>A horoscope; the diagram
of the aspects of the astrological houses.</def>  <i>Johnson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>14.</b></sn> <i>(Music)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Any
short succession of notes, either as melody or as a group of chords,
which produce a single complete and distinct impression.</def>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A form of melody or accompaniment kept up
through a strain or passage; a musical phrase or motive; a florid

<p>&fist; Figures are often written upon the staff in music to denote
the kind of measure. They are usually in the form of a fraction, the
upper figure showing how many notes of the kind indicated by the
lower are contained in one measure or bar. Thus, <musfig>2/4</musfig>
signifies that the measure contains two quarter notes. The following
are the principal figures used for this purpose: --


<p><col><b>Academy figure</b></col>, <col><b>Canceled
figures</b></col>, <col><b>Lay figure</b></col>, etc. <cd>See under
<u>Academy</u>, <u>Cancel</u>, <u>Lay</u>, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Figure caster</b></col>, or <col><b>Figure flinger</b></col>,
<cd>an astrologer.</cd> "This <i>figure caster</i>." <i>Milton.</i> -
- <col><b>Figure flinging</b></col>, <cd>the practice of
astrology.</cd> -- <col><b>Figure-of-eight knot</b></col>, <cd>a knot
shaped like the figure 8. See <i>Illust.</i> under <u>Knot</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>Figure painting</b></col>, <cd>a picture of the human
figure, or the act or art of depicting the human figure.</cd> --
<col><b>Figure stone</b></col> <i>(Min.)</i>, <cd>agalmatolite.</cd>
-- <col><b>Figure weaving</b></col>, <cd>the art or process of
weaving figured fabrics.</cd> -- <col><b>To cut a figure</b></col>,
<cd>to make a display.</cd> [Colloq.] <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ure</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Figured</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Figuring</u>.] [F. <i>figurer</i>, L. <i>figurare</i>, fr.
<i>figura</i>. See <u>Figure</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To represent by a figure, as to form or mold;
to make an image of, either palpable or ideal; also, to fashion into
a determinate form; to shape.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>If love, alas! be pain I bear,</blockquote></p>

<p><blockquote>No thought can <i>figure</i>, and no tongue

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To embellish with design; to adorn with

<p><blockquote>The vaulty top of heaven<BR>
<i>Figured</i> quite o'er with burning meteors.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To indicate by numerals; also, to

<p><blockquote>As through a crystal glass the <i>figured</i> hours
are seen.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To represent by a metaphor; to signify or

<p><blockquote>Whose white vestments <i>figure</i>
innocence.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To prefigure; to foreshow.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In this the heaven <i>figures</i> some
event.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To write
over or under the bass, as figures or other characters, in order to
indicate the accompanying chords.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>To

<p><col><b>To figure out</b></col>, <cd>to solve; to compute or find
the result of.</cd> -- <col><b>To figure up</b></col>, <cd>to add; to
reckon; to compute the amount of.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ure</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To make a figure; to be distinguished or conspicious; as, the
envoy <i>figured</i> at court.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Sociable, hospitable, eloquent, admired,
<i>figuring</i> away brilliantly.</blockquote> <i>M. Arnold.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To calculate; to contrive; to scheme; as,
he is <i>figuring</i> to secure the nomination.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fig"ured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Adorned with figures; marked with figures; as, <i>figured</i>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not literal; figurative.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Free and
florid; as, a <i>figured</i> descant. See <u>Figurate</u>, 3.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Indicated or noted by figures.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Figured bass</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Continued bass</i>,
under <u>Continued</u>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ure*head`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>The figure, statue, or bust,
on the prow of a ship.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A person who allows his name to be used to
give standing to enterprises in which he has no responsible interest
or duties; a nominal, but not real, head or chief.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*gu"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Represented by
figure or delineation.</def> [R.]  <i>Craig.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi`gu`rine"</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F.,
<i>dim</i>. <i>of figure</i>.] <def>A very small figure, whether
human or of an animal; especially, one in terra cotta or the like; --
distinguished from <i>statuette</i>, which is applied to small
figures in bronze, marble, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fig"ur*ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who uses or
interprets figurative expressions.</def>  <i>Waterland.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fig"wort`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A
genus of herbaceous plants (<i>Scrophularia</i>), mostly found in the
north temperate zones. See <u>Brownwort</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"ji*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining
to the Fiji islands or their inhabitants.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A native of the Fiji islands.</def>
[Written also <i>Feejeean</i>, <i>Feejee</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fike</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fil</hw> (?), obs. <def><pos><i>imp.</i></pos> of <u>Fall</u>,
<pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> Fell.</def>  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi*la"ceous</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>filum</i> thread.] <def>Composed of threads.</def>

<p><hw>Fil"a*cer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>filace</i> a
file, or thread, on which the records of the courts of justice were
strung, F. <i>filasse</i> tow of flax or hemp, fr. L. <i>filum</i>
thread.] <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>A former officer in the English Court
of Common Pleas; -- so called because he <i>filed</i> the writs on
which he made out process.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"a*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>filament</i>,
fr. L. <i>filum</i> thread. See <u>File</u> a row.] <def>A thread or
threadlike object or appendage; a fiber; esp. <i>(Bot.)</i>, the
threadlike part of the stamen supporting the anther.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil`a*men"ta*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the
character of, or formed by, a filament.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"a*men*toid`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<i>Filament</i> + <i>-oid</i>.] <def>Like a filament.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil`a*men"tous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>filamenteux</i>.] <def>Like a thread; consisting of threads or
filaments.</def>  <i>Gray.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"an*der</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A species of kangaroo (<i>Macropus Brunii</i>), inhabiting New

<p><hw>Fil"an*ders</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [F.
<i>filandres</i>, fr. L. <i>filum</i> thread.] <i>(Falconry)</i>
<def>A disease in hawks, characterized by the presence of small
threadlike worms, also of filaments of coagulated blood, from the
rupture of a vein; -- called also <i>backworm</i>.</def>  <i>Sir T.

<p><hw>Fi"lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filum</i> a
thread.] <def>Of or pertaining to a thread or line; characterized by
threads stretched across the field of view; as, a <i>filar</i>
microscope; a <i>filar</i> micrometer.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fi*la"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. L.
<i>filum</i> a thread.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A genus of slender,
nematode worms of many species, parasitic in various animals. See
<u>Guinea worm</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>filatorium</i> place for spinning, fr. <i>filare</i> to spin, fr.
L. <i>filum</i> a thread.] <def>A machine for forming threads.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>W. Tooke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"a*ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>filatura</i>, fr. <i>filare</i> to spin: cf. F. <i>filature</i>.
See <u>Filatory</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A drawing out into
threads; hence, the reeling of silk from cocoons.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A reel for drawing off silk from cocoons;
also, an establishment for reeling silk.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"bert</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Perh. fr. <i>fill +
bread</i>, as filling the bread or husk; cf. G. <i>bartnuss</i>
(lit., bread nut) filbert; or perh. named from a St.
<i>Philibert</i>, whose day, Aug. 22, fell in the nutting season.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The fruit of the <i>Corylus Avellana</i> or hazel.
It is an oval nut, containing a kernel that has a mild, farinaceous,
oily taste, agreeable to the palate.</def></p>

<p>&fist; In England <i>filberts</i> are usually large hazelnuts,
especially the nuts from selected and cultivated trees. The American
hazelnuts are of two other species.</p>

<p><col><b>Filbert gall</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a gall
resembling a filbert in form, growing in clusters on grapevines. It
is produced by the larva of a gallfly (<i>Cecidomyia</i>).</cd></p>

<p><hw>Filch</hw> (f&ibreve;lch), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Filched</u> (f&ibreve;lcht);
<pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Filching</u>.] [Cf. AS.
<i>feolan</i> to stick to, OHG. <i>felhan</i>, <i>felahan</i>, to
hide, Icel. <i>fela</i>, Goth. <i>filhan</i> to hide, bury, Prov. E.
<i>feal</i> to hide slyly, OE. <i>felen</i>.] <def>To steal or take
privily (commonly, that which is of little value); to

<p><blockquote>Fain would they <i>filch</i> that little food
away.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>But he that <i>filches</i> from me my good name,<BR>
Robs me of that which not enriches him,<BR>
And makes me poor indeed.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Filch"er</hw> (f&ibreve;lch"&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
<def>One who filches; a thief.</def></p>

<p><hw>Filch"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By pilfering or
petty stealing.</def></p>

<p><! p. 559 !></p>

<p><hw>File</hw> (f&imacr;l), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>file</i>
row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. <i>fila</i>), LL. <i>fila</i>, fr. L.
<i>filum</i> a thread.  Cf. <u>Enfilade</u>, <u>Filament</u>,
<u>Fillet</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An orderly succession; a
line; a row</def>; as: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <sd><i>(Mil)</i></sd>
<def>A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; -- in
contradistinction to <i>rank</i>, which designates a row of soldiers
standing abreast; a number consisting the depth of a body of troops,
which, in the ordinary modern formation, consists of two men, the
battalion standing two deep, or in two ranks.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The number of <i>files</i> in a company describes its
width, as the number of ranks does its depth; thus, 100 men in "fours
deep" would be spoken of as 25 <i>files</i> in 4 ranks.

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>An orderly collection of papers, arranged
in sequence or classified for preservation and reference; as,
<i>files</i> of letters or of newspapers; this mail brings English
<i>files</i> to the 15th instant.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The
line, wire, or other contrivance, by which papers are put and kept in

<p><blockquote>It is upon a <i>file</i> with the duke's other
letters.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <def>A roll or list.</def> "A <i>file</i> of
all the gentry."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Course of thought; thread of
narration.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Let me resume the <i>file</i> of my
narration.</blockquote> <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p>

<p><col><b>File firing</b></col>, <cd>the act of firing by file, or
each file independently of others.</cd> -- <col><b>File
leader</b></col>, <cd>the soldier at the front of any file, who
covers and leads those in rear of him.</cd> -- <col><b>File
marching</b></col>, <cd>the marching of a line two deep, when faced
to the right or left, so that the front and rear rank march side by
side.</cd> <i>Brande & C.</i>  --<col><b>Indian file</b></col>, or
<col><b>Single file</b></col>, <cd>a line of men marching one behind
another; a single row.</cd> -- <col><b>On file</b></col>,
<cd>preserved in an orderly collection.</cd> -- <col><b>Rank and
file</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The body of soldiers
constituing the mass of an army, including corporals and
privates.</cd> <i>Wilhelm.</i> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Those who
constitute the bulk or working members of a party, society, etc., in
distinction from the leaders.</cd></p>

<p><hw>File</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filing</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To set in order; to arrange,
or lay away, esp. as papers in a methodical manner for preservation
and reverence; to place on file; to insert in its proper place in an
arranged body of papers.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I would have my several courses and my dishes well
<i>filed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bring before a court or legislative
body by presenting proper papers in a regular way; as, to <i>file</i>
a petition or bill.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To put upon the files or
among the records of a court; to note on (a paper) the fact date of
its reception in court.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To <i>file</i> a paper, on the part of a party, is to
place it in the official custody of the clerk. To <i>file</i>, on the
part of the clerk, is to indorse upon the paper the date of its
reception, and retain it in his office, subject to inspection by
whomsoever it may concern.</blockquote> <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>File</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>filer</i>.]
<i>(Mil.)</i> <def>To march in a file or line, as soldiers, not
abreast, but one after another; -- generally with

<p><col><b>To file with</b></col>, <cd>to follow closely, as one
soldier after another in file; to keep pace.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>My endeavors<BR>
Have ever come too short of my desires,<BR>
Yet <i>filed with</i> my abilities.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>File</hw> (f&imacr;l), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>fe&oacute;l</i>; akin to D. <i>viji</i>, OHG. <i>f&imacr;la</i>,
<i>f&imacr;hala</i>, G. <i>feile</i>, Sw. <i>fil</i>, Dan.
<i>fiil</i>, cf. Icel. <i>&thorn;&emacr;l</i>, Russ. <i>pila</i>, and
Skr. <i>pi&ccedil;</i> to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E.
<i>paint</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A steel instrument, having
cutting ridges or teeth, made by indentation with a chisel, used for
abrading or smoothing other substances, as metals, wood,

<p>&fist; A <i>file</i> differs from a <i>rasp</i> in having the
furrows made by straight cuts of a chisel, either single or crossed,
while the rasp has coarse, single teeth, raised by the pyramidal end
of a triangular punch.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything employed to smooth, polish, or
rasp, literally or figuratively.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Mock the nice touches of the critic's
<i>file</i>.</blockquote> <i>Akenside.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A shrewd or artful person.</def> [Slang]

<p><blockquote>Will is an old <i>file</i> in spite of his smooth
face.</blockquote> <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Bastard file</b></col>, <col><b>Cross file</b></col>,
<cd>etc. See under <u>Bastard</u>, <u>Cross</u>, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Cross-cut file</b></col>, <cd>a file having two sets of teeth
crossing obliquely.</cd> -- <col><b>File blank</b></col>, <cd>a steel
blank shaped and ground ready for cutting to form a file.</cd> --
<col><b>File cutter</b></col>, <cd>a maker of files.</cd> --
<col><b>Second-cut file</b></col>, <cd>a file having teeth of a grade
next finer than bastard.</cd> -- <col><b>Single-cut file</b></col>,
<cd>a file having only one set of parallel teeth; a float.</cd> --
<col><b>Smooth file</b></col>, <cd>a file having teeth so fine as to
make an almost smooth surface.</cd></p>

<p><hw>File</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
rub, smooth, or cut away, with a file; to sharpen with a file; as, to
<i>file</i> a saw or a tooth.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To smooth or polish as with a file.</def>

<p><blockquote><i>File</i> your tongue to a little more
courtesy.</blockquote>  <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>File</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fulen</i>,
<i>filen</i>, <i>foulen</i>, AS. <i>f&?;lan</i>, fr. f&?;l foul. See
<u>Foul</u>, and cf. <u>Defile</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>To
make foul; to defile.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>All his hairy breast with blood was
<i>filed</i>.</blockquote>  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>For Banquo's issue have I <i>filed</i> my
mind.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>File"fish`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Any plectognath fish of the genera <i>Monacanthus</i>,
<i>Alutera</i>, <i>balistes</i>, and allied genera; -- so called on
account of the roughly granulated skin, which is sometimes used in
place of sandpaper.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"e*mot</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Feullemort</u>.</def>  <i>Swift.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who works with
a file.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filialis</i>,
fr. <i>filius</i> son, <i>filia</i> daughter; akin to e.
<i>female</i>, <i>feminine</i>.  Cf. <u>Fitz</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Of or pertaining to a son or daughter; becoming to a child in
relation to his parents; as, <i>filial</i> obedience.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Bearing the relation of a child.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And thus the <i>filial</i> Godhead answering
spoke.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ial*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a filial

<p><hw>Fil"i*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To adopt as
son or daughter; to establish filiation between.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fil`i*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.
<i>filiatio</i>, fr. L. <i>filius</i> son: cf. F. <i>filiation</i>.
See <u>Filial</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The relationship of a son
or child to a parent, esp. to a father.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The relation of paternity and
<i>filiation</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>The assignment of a bastard
child to some one as its father; affiliation.</def>

<p><hw>Fil"i*beg</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gael.
<i>feileadhbeag</i>, <i>i. e.</i>, little kilt; <i>feileadh</i> kilt
+ <i>beag</i> little, small; cf. <i>filleadh</i> a plait, fold.]
<def>Same as <u>Kilt</u>.</def> [Written also <i>philibeg</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*bus`ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Sp.
<i>flibuster</i>, <i>flibustero</i>, corrupted fr. E.
<i>freebooter</i>. See <u>Freebooter</u>.] <def>A lawless military
adventurer, especially one in quest of plunder; a freebooter; --
originally applied to buccaneers infesting the Spanish American
coasts, but introduced into common English to designate the followers
of Lopez in his expedition to Cuba in 1851, and those of Walker in
his expedition to Nicaragua, in 1855.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*bus*ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fillibustered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Filibustering</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To act as
a filibuster, or military freebooter.</def>  <i>Bartlett.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To delay legislation, by dilatory motions
or other artifices.</def> [political cant or slang, U.S.]

<p><hw>Fil"i*bus`ter*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The
characteristics or practices of a filibuster.</def>

<p><hw>Fil"i*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Belonging to the
<i>Filices</i>, r ferns.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*lic"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filix</i>,
<i>-icis</i>, a fern.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or derived
from, ferns; as, <i>filicic</i> acid.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*cide</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>filius</i>
son, <i>filia</i> daughter + <i>caedere</i> to kill.] <def>The act of
murdering a son or a daughter; also, parent who commits such a

<p><hw>Fi*lic"i*form</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filix</i>,
<i>-icis</i>, fern + <i>-form</i>: cf. F. <i>filiciforme</i>]
<def>Shaped like a fern or like the parts of a fern leaf.</def>

<p><hw>Fil"i*coid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filix</i>,
<i>-icis</i>, fern + <i>-oid</i>: cf. F. <i>filicoi&iuml;de</i>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Fernlike, either in form or in the nature of the
method of reproduction.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*coid</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A
fernlike plant.</def>  <i>Lindley.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi*li"e*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>filietas</i>.] <def>The relation of a son to a father; sonship; --
the correlative of <i>paternity</i>.</def>  <i>J. S. Mill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi*lif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filum</i>
a thread + <i>-ferous</i>.] <def>Producing threads.</def>

<p><hw>Fil"i*form</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filum</i>
thread + <i>-form</i>: cf. F. <i>filiforme</i>.] <def>Having the
shape of a thread or filament; as, the <i>filiform</i> papill&aelig;
of the tongue; a <i>filiform</i> style or peduncle.  See
<i>Illust</i>. of <u>Antenn&AElig;</u>.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fil"i*grain</hw>, <hw>Fil"i*grane</hw>  } (?),
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Sp. <i>filigrana</i> (cf. It. <i>filigrana</i>,
E. <i>filigrane</i>), fr. L. <i>filum</i>a thread + <i>granum</i>
grain. See <u>File</u> a row, and <u>Grain</u>, and cf.
<u>Filigree</u>.] <def>Filigree.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><blockquote>With her head . . . touches the crown of
<i>filigrane</i>.</blockquote> <i>Longfellow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*graned</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Filigreed</u>.</def> [Archaic]</p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*gree</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Corrupted fr.
<i>filigrane</i>.] <def>Ornamental work, formerly with grains or
breads, but now composed of fine wire and used chiefly in decorating
gold and silver to which the wire is soldered, being arranged in
designs frequently of a delicate and intricate arabesque

<p><hw>Fil"i*gree</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Relating to,
composed of, or resembling, work in filigree; as, a <i>filigree</i>
basket. Hence: Fanciful; unsubstantial; merely decorative.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>You ask for reality, not fiction and <i>filigree</i>
work.</blockquote> <i>J. C. Shairp.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"i*greed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Adorned with
filigree.</def>  <i>Tatler.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A fragment or
particle rubbed off by the act of filing; as, iron

<p><hw>Fil`i*pen"du*lous</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>filum</i> a thread + <i>pendulus</i> hanging, fr. <i>pend&?;re</i>
to hang.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Suspended by, or strung upon, a thread;
-- said of tuberous swellings in the middle or at the extremities of
slender, threadlike rootlets.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fill</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Thill</u>.]
<def>One of the thills or shafts of a carriage.</def>

<p><col><b>Fill horse</b></col>, <cd>a thill horse.</cd>

<p><hw>Fill</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filling</u>.] [OE. <i>fillen</i>, <i>fullen</i>, AS.
<i>fyllan</i>, fr. <i>full</i> full; akin to D. <i>vullen</i>, G.
<i>f&uuml;llen</i>, Icel. <i>fylla</i>, Sw. <i>fylla</i>, Dan.
<i>fylde</i>, Goth. <i>fulljan</i>. See <u>Full</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make full; to supply
with as much as can be held or contained; to put or pour into, till
no more can be received; to occupy the whole capacity of.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The rain also <i>filleth</i> the pools.</blockquote>
<i>Ps. lxxxiv. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Jesus saith unto them, <i>Fill</i> the waterpots with
water. Anf they <i>filled</i> them up to the brim.</blockquote>
<i>John ii. 7.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To furnish an abudant supply to; to
furnish with as mush as is desired or desirable; to occupy the whole
of; to swarm in or overrun.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>And God blessed them, saying. Be fruitful, and
multiply, and <i>fill</i> the waters in the seas.</blockquote>
<i>Gen. i. 22.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The Syrians <i>filled</i> the country.</blockquote>
<i>1 Kings xx. 27.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To fill or supply fully with food; to
feed; to satisfy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness,
as to <i>fill</i>so great a multitude?</blockquote> <i>Matt. xv.

<p><blockquote>Things that are sweet and fat are more
<i>filling</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To possess and perform the duties of; to
officiate in, as an incumbent; to occupy; to hold; as, a king
<i>fills</i> a throne; the president <i>fills</i> the office of chief
magistrate; the speaker of the House <i>fills</i> the

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To supply with an incumbent; as, to
<i>fill</i> an office or a vacancy.</def>  <i>A. Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To
press and dilate, as a sail; as, the wind <i>filled</i> the
sails.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>To trim (a yard) so that the
wind shall blow on the after side of the sails.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Civil Engineering)</i> <def>To make an
embankment in, or raise the level of (a low place), with earth or

<p><col><b>To fill in</b></col>, <cd>to insert; as, he <i>filled
in</i> the figures.</cd> -- <col><b>To fill out</b></col>, <cd>to
extend or enlarge to the desired limit; to make complete; as, to
<i>fill out</i> a bill.</cd> -- <col><b>To fill up</b></col>, <cd>to
make quite full; to fill to the brim or entirely; to occupy
completely; to complete.</cd> "The bliss that <i>fills up</i> all the
mind." <i>Pope.</i>  "And <i>fill up</i> that which is behind of the
afflictions of Christ."  <i>Col. i. 24.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fill</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To become full; to have the whole capacity occupied; to have an
abundant supply; to be satiated; as, corn <i>fills</i> well in a warm
season; the sail <i>fills</i> with the wind.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To fill a cup or glass for

<p><blockquote>Give me some wine; <i>fill</i> full.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>To back and fill</b></col>. See under <u>Back</u>,
<pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> -- <col><b>To fill up</b></col>, <cd>to grow
or become quite full; as, the channel of the river <i>fills up</i>
with sand.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fill</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fyllo</i>. See
<u>Fill</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>A full supply, as much as
supplies want; as much as gives complete satisfaction.</def> "Ye
shall eat your <i>fill</i>."  <i>Lev. xxv. 19.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>I'll bear thee hence, where I may weep my
<i>fill</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fill"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, fills; something used for filling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>'T is mere <i>filler</i>, to stop a vacancy in the
hexameter.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>They have six diggers to four <i>fillers</i>, so as to
keep the <i>fillers</i> always at work.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fill"er</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From 1st <u>Fill</u>.]
<def>A thill horse.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fil"let</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>filet</i>,
<i>felet</i>, fr. OF. <i>filet</i> thread, fillet of meat, dim. of
<i>fil</i> a thread, fr. L. <i>filum</i>. See <u>Fille</u> a row.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A little band, especially one intended to
encircle the hair of the head.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A belt her waist, a <i>fillet</i> binds her
hair.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Cooking)</i> <def>A piece of lean meat
without bone; sometimes, a long strip rolled together and

<p>&fist; A <i>fillet</i> of beef is the under side of the sirlom;
also called <i>tenderloin</i>. A <i>fillet</i> of veal or mutton is
the fleshy part of the thigh. A <i>fillet</i> of fish is a slice of
flat fish without bone. "<i>Fillet</i> of a fenny snake."

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A thin strip or ribbon; esp.:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> A strip of metal from which coins are punched.
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> A strip of card clothing. <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> A
thin projecting band or strip.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>A concave filling in of a
re&euml;ntrant angle where two surfaces meet, forming a rounded

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>A narrow flat member;
especially, a flat molding separating other moldings; a reglet; also,
the space between two flutings in a shaft. See <i>Illust.</i> of
<u>Base</u>, and <u>Column</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>An ordinary equaling in
breadth one fourth of the chief, to the lowest portion of which it
corresponds in position.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The thread of a

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>A border of broad or narrow lines of color
or gilt.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>The raised molding about the muzzle of a

<p><sn><b>10.</b></sn> <def>Any scantling smaller than a

<p><sn><b>11.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>A fascia; a band of
fibers; applied esp. to certain bands of white matter in the

<p><sn><b>12.</b></sn> <i>(Man.)</i> <def>The loins of a horse,
beginning at the place where the hinder part of the saddle

<p><col><b>Arris fillet</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><hw>Fil"let</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filleted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filleting</u>.] <def>To bind, furnish, or adorn with a

<p><hw>Fil"let*ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The protecting of a joint, as between roof and
parapet wall, with mortar, or cement, where <i>flashing</i> is
employed in better work.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The material of which fillets are made;
also, fillets, collectively.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"li*beg</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A kilt. See

<p><hw>Fil"li*bus`ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fill"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which is used to fill a cavity or any empty space, or to
supply a deficiency; as, <i>filling</i> for a cavity in a tooth, a
depression in a roadbed, the space between exterior and interior
walls of masonry, the pores of open-grained wood, the space between
the outer and inner planks of a vessel, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The woof in woven fabrics.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Brewing)</i> <def>Prepared wort added to
ale to cleanse it.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Back filling</b></col>. <i>(Arch.)</i> <cd>See under
<u>Back</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></cd></p>

<p><hw>Fil"lip</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filliped</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filliping</u>.] [For <i>filp</i>, <i>flip</i>.  Cf.
<u>Flippant</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To strike with the nail of
the finger, first placed against the ball of the thumb, and forced
from that position with a sudden spring; to snap with the
finger.</def> "You <i>filip</i> me o' the head."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To snap; to project quickly.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The use of the elastic switch to <i>fillip</i> small
missiles with.</blockquote> <i>Tylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"lip</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
jerk of the finger forced suddenly from the thumb; a smart

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Something serving to rouse or

<p><blockquote>I take a glass of grog for a
<i>filip</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dickens.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"li*peen`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See

<p><hw>Fil"lis*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The rabbet on the outer edge of a sash bar to hold the glass and
the putty.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A plane for making a rabbet.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fillister screw had</b></col>, <cd>a short cylindrical
screw head, having a convex top.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fillies</b></plw> (#). [Cf. Icel. <i>fylia</i>, <i>fr</i>.
<i>foli</i> foal. See <u>Foal</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A female foal or colt; a young mare.  Cf.
<u>Colt</u>, <u>Foal</u>.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Neighing in likeness of a <i>filly</i>
foal.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A lively, spirited young girl.</def>
[Colloq.]  <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>Film</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>film</i> skin, fr.
<i>fell</i> skin; akin to <i>fylmen</i> membrane, OFries.
<i>filmene</i> skin. See <u>Fell</u> skin.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
thin skin; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity; hence,
any thin, slight covering.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He from thick <i>films</i> shall purge the visual
ray.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A slender thread, as that of a

<p><blockquote>Her whip of cricket's bone, the lash of
<i>film</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Film</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover with a thin
skin or pellicle.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It will but skin and <i>film</i> the ulcerous
place.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Film"i*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State of being

<p><hw>Film"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Composed of film or

<p><blockquote>Whose <i>filmy</i> cord should bind the struggling
fly.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil`o*plu*ma"ceous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having the structure of a

<p><hw>Fil"o*plume</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>filum</i> a
thread &?; <i>pluma</i> a soft feather.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A
hairlike feather; a father with a slender scape and without a web in
most or all of its length.</def></p>

<p><! p. 560 !></p>

<p><hw>Fi"lose`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>filum</i> a
thread.] <def>Terminating in a threadlike process.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>filtre</i>, the
same word as <i>feutre</i> felt, LL. <i>filtrum</i>, <i>feltrum</i>,
felt, fulled wool, this being used for straining liquors. See
<u>Feuter</u>.] <def>Any porous substance, as cloth, paper, sand, or
charcoal, through which water or other liquid may passed to cleanse
it from the solid or impure matter held in suspension; a chamber or
device containing such substance; a strainer; also, a similar device
for purifying air.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Filter bed</b></col>, <cd>a pond, the bottom of which is a
filter composed of sand gravel.</cd> -- <col><b>Filter
gallery</b></col>, <cd>an underground gallery or tunnel, alongside of
a stream, to collect the water that filters through the intervening
sand and gravel; -- called also <i>infiltration gallery</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filtered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filtering</u>] [Cf. F. <i>filter</i>. See <u>Filter</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, and cf. <u>Filtrate</u>.] <def>To purify or
defecate, as water or other liquid, by causing it to pass through a

<p><col><b>Filtering paper</b></col>, or <col><b>Filter
paper</b></col>, <cd>a porous unsized paper, for filtering.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ter</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To pass through a
filter; to percolate.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil"ter</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Filth</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>filthe</i>,
<i>ful&eth;e</i>, AS. <i>f&?;l&eth;</i>, fr. <i>f&umacr;l</i> foul;
akin to OHG. <i>f&umacr;lida</i>. See <u>Foul</u>, and cf.
<u>File</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Foul matter; anything that
soils or defiles; dirt; nastiness.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything that sullies or defiles the moral
character; corruption; pollution.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>To purify the soul from the dross and <i>filth</i> of
sensual delights.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p>

<p><col><b>Filth disease</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>a disease
supposed to be due to pollution of the soil or water.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Filth"i*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a filthy
manner; foully.</def></p>

<p><hw>Filth"i*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The state of being filthy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let us cleanse ourselves from all <i>filthiness</i> of
the flesh and spirit.</blockquote> <i>2 Cor. vii. 1.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is filthy, or makes filthy;
foulness; nastiness; corruption; pollution; impurity.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Carry forth the <i>filthiness</i> out of the holy
place.</blockquote> <i>2 Chron. xxix. 5.</i></p>

<p><hw>Filth"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Filthier</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Filthiest</u>.] <def>Defiled with filth,
whether material or moral; nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impure;
obscene.</def> "In the <i>filthy</i>-mantled pool."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He which is <i>filthy</i> let him be <i>filthy</i>
still.</blockquote> <i>Rev. xxii. 11.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Nasty; foul; dirty; squalid; unclean; sluttish;
gross; vulgar; licentious. See <u>Nasty</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fil"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Filtrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Filtrating</u>. (&?;)] [Cf. LL. <i>filtrare</i>. See
<u>Filter</u>.] <def>To filter; to defecate; as liquid, by straining
or percolation.</def>  <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fil"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which has
been filtered; the liquid which has passed through the filter in the
process of filtration.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fil*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>filtration</i>.] <def>The act or process of filtering; the
mechanical separation of a liquid from the undissolved particles
floating in it.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fim"ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, or <hw>Fim"ble
hemp`</hw> (f&ibreve;m"b'l h&ebreve;mp`). }[Corrupted from <i>female
hemp</i>.] <def>Light summer hemp, that bears no seed.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fim"bri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fimbri&aelig;</b></plw> (#). [L., fringe. See
<u>Fringle</u>.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>pl.</i> <def>A
fringe, or fringed border.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A band of
white matter bordering the hippocampus in the brain.</def> --
<wf>Fim"bri*al</wf> (#), <pos><i>a.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fim*bri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fimbriatus</i> fibrous, fringed, fr. <i>fimbria</i> fiber, fringe.
See <u>Fringe</u>.] <def>Having the edge or extremity bordered by
filiform processes thicker than hairs; fringed; as, the
<i>fimbriate</i> petals of the pink; the <i>fimbriate</i> end of the
Fallopian tube.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fim"bri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Fimbriated</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fimbriating</u>.] <def>To hem; to fringe.</def>

<p><hw>Fim"bri*a`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having a fringed border; fimbriate.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Having a very narrow border
of another tincture; -- said esp. of an ordinary or

<p><hw>Fim"bri*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Fringed; jagged; fimbriate.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>fringed, on one side
only, by long, straight hairs, as the antenn&aelig; of certain

<p><hw>Fin</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Finned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Finning</u>.] [Cf. <u>Fin</u> of a fish.] <def>To carve or cut up,
as a chub.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fine</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>End; conclusion; object.</def> [Obs.] "She
knew eke the <i>fin</i> of his intent."  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>[OE. <i>finne</i>, <i>fin</i>,
AS. <i>finn</i>; akin to D. <i>vin</i>, G. & Dan. <i>finne</i>, Sw.
<i>fena</i>, L. <i>pinna</i>, <i>penna</i>, a wing, feather.  Cf.
<u>pen</u> a feather.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An
organ of a fish, consisting of a membrane supported by rays, or
little bony or cartilaginous ossicles, and serving to balance and
propel it in the water.</def></p>

<p>&fist; Fishes move through the water chiefly by means of the
caudal fin or tail, the principal office of the other fins being to
balance or direct the body, though they are also, to a certain
extent, employed in producing motion.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A membranous, finlike,
swimming organ, as in pteropod and heteropod mollusks.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A finlike organ or attachment; a part of
an object or product which protrudes like a fin</def>, as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The hand.</def> [Slang] <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<i>(Com.)</i> <def>A blade of whalebone.</def> [Eng.]

<p><sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>A mark or ridge left on a
casting at the junction of the parts of a mold.</def>
<sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The thin sheet of metal
squeezed out between the collars of the rolls in the process of
rolling.</def>  <i>Raymond.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(e)</i></sd> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>A feather; a

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A finlike appendage, as to submarine

<p><col><b>Apidose fin</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See under
<u>Adipose</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></cd> -- <col><b>Fin
ray</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>one of the hornlike, cartilaginous,
or bony, dermal rods which form the skeleton of the fins of
fishes.</cd> -- <col><b>Fin whale</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>a finback.</cd> -- <col><b>Paired fins</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the pectoral and ventral fins, corresponding
to the fore and hind legs of the higher animals.</cd> --
<col><b>Unpaired, or Median</b></col>, <col><b>fins</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the dorsal, caudal, and anal fins.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fine</u>.]
<def>Liable or subject to a fine; as, a <i>finable</i> person or
offense.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"nal</hw> (f&imacr;"n<i>a</i>l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F.,
fr. L. <i>finalis</i>, fr. finis boundary, limit, end. See
<u>Finish</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to the end or
conclusion; last; terminating; ultimate; as, the <i>final</i> day of
a school term.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Yet despair not of his <i>final</i>
pardon.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conclusive; decisive; as, a <i>final</i>
judgment; the battle of Waterloo brought the contest to a
<i>final</i> issue.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Respecting an end or object to be gained;
respecting the purpose or ultimate end in view.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Final cause</b></col>. <cd>See under

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Final</u>, <u>Conclusive</u>, <u>Ultimate</u>.
<i>Final</i> is now appropriated to that which brings with it an end;
as, a <i>final</i> adjustment; the <i>final</i> judgment, etc.
<i>Conclusive</i> implies the closing of all discussion, negotiation,
etc.; as, a <i>conclusive</i> argument or fact; a <i>conclusive</i>
arrangement. In using <i>ultimate</i>, we have always reference to
something earlier or proceeding; as when we say, a temporary reverse
may lead to an <i>ultimate</i> triumph. The statements which a man
<i>finally</i> makes at the close of a negotiation are usually
<i>conclusive</i> as to his <i>ultimate</i> intentions and

<p><hw>||Fi*na"le</hw> (f&esl;*n&auml;"l&asl;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[It. See <u>Final</u>.] <def>Close; termination</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>The last movement of a
symphony, sonata, concerto, or any instrumental composition.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The last composition performed in any act of
an opera.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The closing part, piece, or
scene in any public performance or exhibition.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*nal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Finalities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>finalitas</i> the being
last.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being final, finished, or
complete; a final or conclusive arrangement; a settlement.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The relation of end or purpose to its
means.</def>  <i>Janet.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"nal*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>At the end or conclusion; ultimately; lastly; as, the contest
was long, but the Romans <i>finally</i> conquered.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Whom patience <i>finally</i> must crown.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Completely; beyond recovery.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Not any house of noble English in Ireland was utterly
destroyed or <i>finally</i> rooted out.</blockquote> <i>Sir J.

<p><hw>Fi*nance"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. LL.
<i>financia</i> payment of money, money, fr. <i>finare</i> to pay a
fine or subsidy (cf. OF. <i>finer</i> to finish, pay), fr. L.
<i>finis</i> end. See <u>Fine</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>,
<u>Finish</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The income of a ruler or of a
state; revenue; public money; sometimes, the income of an individual;
often used in the plural for funds; available money;

<p><blockquote>All the <i>finances</i> or revenues of the imperial
crown.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The science of raising and expending the
public revenue.</def> "Versed in the details of <i>finance</i>."

<p><hw>Fi*nan"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to
finance.</def> "Our <i>financial</i> and commercial system."

<p><hw>Fi*nan"cial*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A

<p><hw>Fi*nan"cial*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a
financial manner.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin`an*cier"</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>financier</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One charged with the
administration of finance; an officer who administers the public
revenue; a treasurer.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One skilled in financial operations; one
acquainted with money matters.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin`an*cier"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Financiered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Financiering</u>.] <def>To conduct financial

<p><hw>Fin"a*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Iron Works)</i>
<def>See <u>Finery</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Conclusive;
decisive; definitive; final.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Greene (1593).</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"back`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Any whale of the genera <i>Sibbaldius</i>,
<i>Bal&aelig;noptera</i>, and allied genera, of the family
<i>Bal&aelig;nopterid&aelig;</i>, characterized by a prominent fin on
the back. The common finbacks of the New England coast are
<i>Sibbaldius tectirostris</i> and <i>S. tuberosus</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Finch</hw> (f&ibreve;nch), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Finches</b></plw> (-&ebreve;z). [AS. <i>finc</i>; akin to D.
<i>vink</i>, OHG. <i>fincho</i>, G. <i>fink</i>; cf. W. <i>pinc</i> a
finch; also E. <i>spink</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A small
singing bird of many genera and species, belonging to the family

<p>&fist; The word is often used in composition, as in
chaf<i>finch</i>, gold<i>finch</i>, grass<i>finch</i>,
pine<i>finch</i>, etc.</p>

<p><col><b>Bramble finch</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Brambling</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Canary finch</b></col>, <cd>the canary bird.</cd> --
<col><b>Copper finch</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Chaffinch</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Diamond finch</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Diamond</u>.</cd> -
- <col><b>Finch falcon</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>one of
several very small East Indian falcons of the genus
<i>Hierax</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To pull a finch</b></col>, <cd>to
swindle an ignorant or unsuspecting person.</cd> [Obs.] "Privily a
<i>finch</i> eke could he <i>pull</i>."  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Finch"backed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Streaked or
spotted on the back; -- said of cattle.</def></p>

<p><hw>Finched</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Same as

<p><hw>Find</hw> (f&imacr;nd), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp.
& p. p.</i></pos> <u>Found</u> (found); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Finding</u>.] [AS. <i>findan</i>; akin to D.
<i>vinden</i>, OS. & OHG. <i>findan</i>, G. <i>finden</i>, Dan.
<i>finde</i>, icel. & Sw. <i>finna</i>, Goth. <i>fin&thorn;an</i>;
and perh. to L. <i>petere</i> to seek, Gr. <grk>pi`ptein</grk> to
fall, Skr. <i>pat</i> to fall, fly, E. <i>petition</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To meet with, or light upon, accidentally; to
gain the first sight or knowledge of, as of something new, or
unknown; hence, to fall in with, as a person.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Searching the window for a flint, I <i>found</i><BR>
This paper, thus sealed up.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>In woods and forests thou art
<i>found</i>.</blockquote> <i>Cowley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To learn by experience or trial; to
perceive; to experience; to discover by the intellect or the
feelings; to detect; to feel.</def> "I <i>find</i> you passing
gentle."  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The torrid zone is now <i>found</i>
habitable.</blockquote> <i>Cowley.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To come upon by seeking; as, to
<i>find</i> something lost.</def> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To
discover by sounding; as, to <i>find</i> bottom.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>To discover by study or experiment direct to
an object or end; as, water is <i>found</i> to be a compound
substance.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>To gain, as the object of
desire or effort; as, to <i>find</i> leisure; to <i>find</i>
means.</def> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <def>To attain to; to arrive at; to

<p><blockquote>Seek, and ye shall <i>find</i>.</blockquote> <i>Matt.
vii. 7.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Every mountain now hath <i>found</i> a
tongue.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To provide for; to supply; to furnish; as,
to <i>find</i> food for workemen; he <i>finds</i> his nephew in

<p><blockquote>Wages &pound;14 and all <i>found</i>.</blockquote>
<i>London Times.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Nothing a day and <i>find</i> yourself.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To arrive at, as a conclusion; to
determine as true; to establish; as, to <i>find</i> a verdict; to
<i>find</i> a true bill (of indictment) against an accused

<p><blockquote>To <i>find</i> his title with some shows of
truth.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><col><b>To find out</b></col>, <cd>to detect (a thief); to
discover (a secret) -- to solve or unriddle (a parable or enigma); to
understand.</cd>  "Canst thou by searching <i>find out</i> God?"
<i>Job. xi. 7.</i>  "We do hope <i>to find out</i> all your tricks."
<i>Milton.</i> -- <col><b>To find fault with</b></col>, <cd>to blame;
to censure.</cd> -- <col><b>To find one's self</b></col>, <cd>to be;
to fare; -- often used in speaking of health; as, how do you <i>find
yourself</i> this morning?</cd></p>

<p><hw>Find</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To
determine an issue of fact, and to declare such a determination to a
court; as, the jury <i>find</i> for the plaintiff.</def>

<p><hw>Find</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Anything found; a
discovery of anything valuable; especially, a deposit, discovered by
arch&aelig;ologists, of objects of prehistoric or unknown

<p><hw>Find"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of
being found; discoverable.</def>  <i>Fuller.</i></p>

<p><hw>Find"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that
which, finds; specifically <i>(Astron.)</i>, a small telescope of low
power and large field of view, attached to a larger telescope, for
the purpose of finding an object more readily.</def></p>

<p><hw>Find"fault`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A censurer or
caviler.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Find"fault`ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Apt to censure
or cavil; faultfinding; captious.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Whitlock.</i></p>

<p><hw>Find"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which is found, come upon, or provided; esp. (<i>pl.</i>),
that which a journeyman artisan finds or provides for himself; as
tools, trimmings, etc.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>When a man hath been laboring . . . in the deep mines
of knowledge, hath furnished out his <i>findings</i> in all their
equipage.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Support; maintenance; that which is
provided for one; expence; provision.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>The result of a judicial
examination or inquiry, especially into some matter of fact; a
verdict; as, the <i>finding</i> of a jury.</def>  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>After his friends <i>finding</i> and his
rent.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"dy</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [AS. <i>finding</i>
heavy; cf. Dan. <i>fyndig</i> strong, energetical, <i>fynd</i>
strength, energy, emphasis.] <def>Full; heavy; firm; solid;
substantial.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A cold May and a windy<BR>
Makes the barn fat amd <i>findy</i>.</blockquote> <i>Old

<p><hw>Fine</hw> (f&imacr;n), <pos><i>a.</i></pos>
[<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Finer</u> (?);
<pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Finest</u>.] [F. <i>fin</i>, LL.
<i>finus</i> fine, pure, fr. L. <i>finire</i> to finish; cf.
<i>finitus</i>, p. p., finished, completed (hence the sense
<i>accomplished</i>, <i>perfect</i>.) See <u>Finish</u>, and cf.
<u>Finite</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Finished; brought to
perfection; refined; hence, free from impurity; excellent; superior;
elegant; worthy of admiration; accomplished; beautiful.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The gain thereof [is better] than <i>fine</i>
gold.</blockquote> <i>Prov. iii. 14.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>A cup of wine that's brisk and
<i>fine</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Not only the <i>finest</i> gentleman of his time, but
one of the <i>finest</i> scholars.</blockquote> <i>Felton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>To soothe the sick bed of so <i>fine</i> a being
[Keats].</blockquote> <i>Leigh Hunt.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Aiming at show or effect; loaded with
ornament; overdressed or overdecorated; showy.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>He gratified them with occasional . . . <i>fine</i>
writing.</blockquote> <i>M. Arnold.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Nice; delicate; subtle; exquisite; artful;
skillful; dexterous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The spider's touch, how exquisitely
<i>fine</i>!</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The nicest and most delicate touches of satire consist
in <i>fine</i> raillery.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He has as <i>fine</i> a hand at picking a pocket as a
woman.</blockquote> <i>T. Gray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not coarse, gross, or heavy</def>; as:
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Not gross; subtile; thin; tenous.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The eye standeth in the <i>finer</i> medium and the
object in the grosser.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Not coarse; comminuted; in small
particles; as, <i>fine</i> sand or flour.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd>
<def>Not thick or heavy; slender; filmy; as, a <i>fine</i>
thread.</def> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <def>Thin; attenuate; keen; as, a
<i>fine</i> edge.</def> <sd><i>(e)</i></sd> <def>Made of fine
materials; light; delicate; as, <i>fine</i> linen or silk.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Having (such) a proportion of pure metal
in its composition; as, coins nine tenths <i>fine</i>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>(Used ironically.)</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Ye have made a <i>fine</i> hand, fellows.</blockquote>

<p>&fist; <i>Fine</i> is often compounded with participles and
adjectives, modifying them adverbially; a, <i>fine</i>-drawn,
<i>fine</i>-featured, <i>fine</i>-grained, <i>fine</i>-spoken,
<i>fine</i>-spun, etc.</p>

<p><col><b>Fine arch</b></col> <i>(Glass Making)</i>, <cd>the smaller
fritting furnace of a glasshouse.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Fine
arts</b></col>. <cd>See the Note under <u>Art</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fine cut</b></col>, <cd>fine cut tobacco; a kind of chewing
tobacco cut up into shreds.</cd> -- <col><b>Fine goods</b></col>,
<cd>woven fabrics of fine texture and quality.</cd> <i>McElrath.</i>
-- <col><b>Fine stuff</b></col>, <cd>lime, or a mixture of lime,
plaster, etc., used as material for the finishing coat in
plastering.</cd> -- <col><b>To sail fine</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>,
<cd>to sail as close to the wind as possible.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Fine</u>, <u>Beautiful</u>.  When used as a word
of praise, <i>fine</i> (being opposed to <i>coarse</i>) denotes no
"ordinary thing of its kind." It is not as strong as
<i>beautiful</i>, in reference to the single attribute implied in the
latter term; but when we speak of a <i>fine</i> woman, we include a
greater variety of particulars, viz., all the qualities which become
a woman, -- breeding, sentiment, tact, etc. The term is equally
comprehensive when we speak of a <i>fine</i> garden, landscape,
horse, poem, etc.; and, though applied to a great variety of objects,
the word has still a very definite sense, denoting a high degree of
characteristic excellence.</p>

<p><! p. 561 !></p>

<p><hw>Fine</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fined</u> (f&imacr;nd); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Fining</u>.] [From <u>Fine</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make fine; to refine; to purify, to
clarify; as, to <i>fine</i> gold.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>It hath been <i>fined</i> and refined by . . . learned
men.</blockquote> <i>Hobbes.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make finer, or less coarse, as in bulk,
texture, etc.; as. to <i>fine</i> the soil.</def>  <i>L. H.

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To change by fine gradations; as
<i>(Naut.)</i>, to <i>fine</i> down a ship's lines, to diminish her
lines gradually.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>I often sate at home<BR>
On evenings, watching how they <i>fined</i> themselves<BR>
With gradual conscience to a perfect night.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fine</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fin</i>, L.
<i>finis</i> end, also in LL., a <i>final</i> agreement or concord
between the lord and his vassal; a sum of money paid at the
<i>end</i>, so as to make an <i>end</i> of a transaction, suit, or
prosecution; mulct; penalty; cf. OF. <i>fin</i> end, settlement, F.
<i>fin</i> end. See <u>Finish</u>, and cf. <u>Finance</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>End; conclusion; termination;
extinction.</def> [Obs.] "To see their fatal <i>fine</i>."

<p><blockquote>Is this the <i>fine</i> of his fines?</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A sum of money paid as the settlement of a
claim, or by way of terminating a matter in dispute; especially, a
payment of money imposed upon a party as a punishment for an offense;
a mulct.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <i>(Feudal
Law)</i> <def>A final agreement concerning lands or rents between
persons, as the lord and his vassal.</def>  <i>Spelman.</i></p>

<p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Eng. Law)</i> <def>A sum of money or price
paid for obtaining a benefit, favor, or privilege, as for admission
to a copyhold, or for obtaining or renewing a lease.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fine for alienation</b></col> <i>(Feudal Law)</i>, <cd>a
sum of money paid to the lord by a tenant whenever he had occasion to
make over his land to another.</cd> <i>Burrill.</i> -- <col><b>Fine
of lands</b></col>, <cd>a species of conveyance in the form of a
fictitious suit compromised or terminated by the acknowledgment of
the previous owner that such land was the right of the other
party.</cd> <i>Burrill.</i> See <u>Concord</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>,
4. -- <col><b>In fine</b></col>, <cd>in conclusion; by way of
termination or summing up.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fine</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [From <u>Fine</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To impose a pecuniary penalty upon for an
offense or breach of law; to set a fine on by judgment of a court; to
punish by fine; to mulct; as, the trespassers were <i>fined</i> ten

<p><hw>Fine</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To pay a fine. See
<u>Fine</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 3 <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>.</def>

<p><blockquote>Men <i>fined</i> for the king's good will; or that he
would remit his anger; women <i>fined</i> for leave to
marry.</blockquote> <i>Hallam.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fine</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> [OF. <i>finer</i>, F.
<i>finir</i>. See <u>Finish</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>To
finish; to cease; or to cause to cease.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fine"draw`</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. &
p. p.</i></pos> <u>Finedrawn</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb.
n.</i></pos> <u>Finedrawing</u>.] <def>To sew up, so nicely that the
seam is not perceived; to renter.</def>  <i>Marryat.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fine"draw`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Fine"drawn`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Drawn out with
too much subtilty; overnice; as, <i>finedrawn</i>

<p><hw>Fi*neer"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To run in debt
by getting goods made up in a way unsuitable for the use of others,
and then threatening not to take them except on credit.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fi*neer"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To

<p><hw>Fine"less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Fine</i> end +
<i>-less</i>.] <def>Endless; boundless.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fine"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a fine or
finished manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fine"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Fine</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or
condition of being fine.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Freedom from foreign matter or alloy;
clearness; purity; as, the <i>fineness</i> of liquor.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fineness</i> of the gold, and chargeful
fashion.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The proportion of pure silver or gold in
jewelry, bullion, or coins.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The fineness of United States coin is nine tenths, that of
English gold coin is eleven twelfths, and that of English silver coin
is &frac925x1000;.</p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Keenness or sharpness; as, the
<i>fineness</i> of a needle's point, or of the edge of a

<p><hw>Fin"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fines or

<p><hw>Fin"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Fineness; beauty.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Don't choose your place of study by the <i>finery</i>
of the prospects.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Ornament; decoration; especially,
excecially decoration; showy clothes; jewels.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Her mistress' cast-off <i>finery</i>.</blockquote>
<i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> [Cf. <u>Refinery</u>.] <i>(Iron Works)</i>
<def>A charcoal hearth or furnace for the conversion of cast iron
into wrought iron, or into iron suitable for puddling.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fine"spun`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Spun so as to
be fine; drawn to a fine thread; attenuated; hence, unsubstantial;
visionary; as, <i>finespun</i> theories.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi`nesse"</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr.
<i>fin</i> fine. See <u>Fine</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Subtilty of contrivance to gain a point;
artifice; stratagem.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This is the artificialest piece of <i>finesse</i> to
persuade men into slavery.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Whist Playing)</i> <def>The act of
finessing. See <u>Finesse</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>, 2.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi*nesse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Finessed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Finessing</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To use artifice or
stratagem.</def>  <i>Goldsmith.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Whist Playing)</i> <def>To attempt, when
second or third player, to make a lower card answer the purpose of a
higher, when an intermediate card is out, risking the chance of its
being held by the opponent yet to play.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fine"still`</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To distill,
as spirit from molasses or some saccharine preparation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fine"still`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

<p><hw>Fin"ew</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Fenowed</u>.]
<def>Moldiness.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Fin"fish`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A finback whale.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
(<i>pl.</i>) <def>True fish, as distinguished from

<p><hw>Fin"foot`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A South American bird (<i>Heliornis fulica</i>) allied to the
grebes. The name is also applied to several related species of the
genus <i>Podica</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"-foot`ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Having palmate feet.</def>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Having lobate toes, as the coot and

<p><hw>Fin"ger</hw> (f&ibreve;&nsm;"g&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>
[AS. <i>finger</i>; akin to D. <i>vinger</i>, OS. & OHG.
<i>fingar</i>, G. <i>finger</i>, Icel. <i>fingr</i>, Sw. & Dan.
<i>finger</i>, Goth. <i>figgrs</i>; of unknown origin; perh. akin to
E. <i>fang</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One of the five terminating
members of the hand; a digit; esp., one of the four extremities of
the hand, other than the thumb.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Anything that does the work of a finger;
as, the pointer of a clock, watch, or other registering machine;
especially <i>(Mech.)</i> a small projecting rod, wire, or piece,
which is brought into contact with an object to effect, direct, or
restrain a motion.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The breadth of a finger, or the fourth
part of the hand; a measure of nearly an inch; also, the length of
finger, a measure in domestic use in the United States, of about four
and a half inches or one eighth of a yard.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A piece of steel three <i>fingers</i>
thick.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Skill in the use of the fingers, as in
playing upon a musical instrument.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>She has a good <i>finger</i>.</blockquote>

<p><col><b>Ear finger</b></col>, <cd>the little finger.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger alphabet</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Dactylology</u>.</cd> -
- <col><b>Finger bar</b></col>, <cd>the horizontal bar, carrying
slotted spikes, or fingers, through which the vibratory knives of
mowing and reaping machines play.</cd> -- <col><b>Finger
board</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>the part of a stringed instrument
against which the fingers press the strings to vary the tone; the
keyboard of a piano, organ, etc.; manual.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger</b></col> <col><b>bowl or glass</b></col>, <cd>a bowl
or glass to hold water for rinsing the fingers at table.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger flower</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the foxglove.</cd>
-- <col><b>Finger grass</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a kind of grass
(<i>Panicum sanguinale</i>) with slender radiating spikes; common
crab grass. See <i>Crab grass</i>, under <u>Crab</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger nut</b></col>, <cd>a fly nut or thumb nut.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger plate</b></col>, <cd>a strip of metal, glass, etc., to
protect a painted or polished door from finger marks.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger post</b></col>, <cd>a guide post bearing an index
finger.</cd> -- <col><b>Finger reading</b></col>, <cd>reading printed
in relief so as to be sensible to the touch; -- so made for the
blind.</cd> -- <col><b>Finger shell</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>a marine shell (<i>Pholas dactylus</i>) resembling a finger in
form.</cd> -- <col><b>Finger sponge</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>a sponge having finger-shaped lobes, or branches.</cd> --
<col><b>Finger stall</b></col>, <cd>a cover or shield for a
finger.</cd> -- <col><b>Finger steel</b></col>, <cd>a steel
instrument for whetting a currier's knife.</cd></p>

<p><col><b>To burn one's fingers</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Burn</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>To have a finger in</b></col>, <cd>to be
concerned in.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To have at one's fingers'
ends</b></col>, <cd>to be thoroughly familiar with.</cd>

<p><hw>Fin"ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fingered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fingering</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To touch with the fingers;
to handle; to meddle with.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Let the papers lie;<BR>
You would be <i>fingering</i> them to anger me.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To touch lightly; to toy with.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>To
perform on an instrument of music.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>To
mark the notes of (a piece of music) so as to guide the fingers in

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To take thievishly; to pilfer; to
purloin.</def>  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To execute, as any delicate

<p><hw>Fin"ger</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>To
use the fingers in playing on an instrument.</def>  <i>Busby.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"gered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Having fingers.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having leaflets like
fingers; digitate.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Marked with figures
designating which finger should be used for each note.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ger*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who
fingers; a pilferer.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ger*ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act or process of handling or touching with the

<p><blockquote>The mere sight and <i>fingering</i> of
money.</blockquote> <i>Grew.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The manner of using the fingers in playing
or striking the keys of an instrument of music; movement or
management of the fingers in playing on a musical instrument, in
typewriting, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The marking of the notes of a piece of
music to guide or regulate the action or use of the

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Delicate work made with the fingers.</def>

<p><hw>Fin"ger*ling</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Finger</i> +
<i>-ling</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A young salmon. See

<p><hw>Fin"gle-fan`gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From
<i>fangle</i>.] <def>A trifle.</def> [Low]  <i>Hudibras.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fin"gri*go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fingrigos</b></plw> (#). [So called in Jamaica.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A prickly, climbing shrub of the genus
<i>Pisonia</i>. The fruit is a kind of berry.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"i*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>finire</i> to
finish, end. See <u>Finish</u>.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The knot or
bunch of foliage, or foliated ornament, that forms the upper
extremity of a pinnacle in Gothic architecture; sometimes, the
pinnacle itself.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"i*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fine</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Affectedly fine; overnice; unduly
particular; fastidious.</def> "<i>Finical</i> taste."

<p><blockquote>The gross style consists in giving no detail, the
<i>finical</i> in giving nothing else.</blockquote>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Finical</u>, <u>Spruce</u>, <u>Foppish</u>.
These words are applied to persons who are studiously desirous to
cultivate finery of appearance. One who is <i>spruce</i> is
elaborately nice in dress; one who is <i>finical</i> shows his
affectation in language and manner as well as in dress; one who is
<i>foppish</i> distinguishes himself by going to the extreme of the
fashion in the cut of his clothes, by the tawdriness of his
ornaments, and by the ostentation of his manner. "A <i>finical</i>
gentleman clips his words and screws his body into as small a compass
as possible, to give himself the air of a delicate person; a
<i>spruce</i> gentleman strives not to have a fold wrong in his frill
or cravat, nor a hair of his head to lie amiss; a <i>foppish</i>
gentleman seeks . . . to render himself distinguished for finery."

<p>-- <wf>Fin"i*cal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --
<wf>Fin"i*cal*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fin`i*cal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality
of being finical; finicalness.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fin"ick*ing</hw> (?), <hw>Fin"ick*y</hw>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> } <def>Finical; unduly particular.</def>

<p><hw>Fi*nif"ic</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>finis</i>
end + <i>facere</i> to make.] <def>A limiting element or
quality.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><blockquote>The essential <i>finific</i> in the form of the
finite.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"i*fy</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<i>Fine</i>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> + <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To make fine; to dress
finically.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Hath so pared and <i>finified</i> them [his
feet.]</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"i*kin</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Fine</i>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> + <i>-kin</i>.] <def>Precise in trifles; idly
busy.</def> [Colloq.]  <i>Smart.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act of imposing a fin&?;.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The process of fining or refining;
clarification; also <i>(Metal.)</i>, the conversion of cast iron into
suitable for puddling, in a hearth or charcoal fire.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is used to refine; especially,
a preparation of isinglass, gelatin, etc., for clarifying

<p><col><b>Fining pot</b></col>, <cd>a vessel in which metals are
refined.</cd> <i>Prov. xvii. 3.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi"nis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>An end;
conclusion. It is often placed at the end of a book.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Finished</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Finishing</u>.] [F. <i>finir</i> (with a stem <i>finiss-</i> in
several forms, whence E. <i>-ish</i>: see <i>-ish</i>.),fr. L.
<i>finire</i> to limit, finish, end, fr. <i>finis</i> boundary,
limit, end; perh. for <i>fidnis</i>, and akin <i>findere</i> to
cleave, E. <i>fissure</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To arrive at the
end of; to bring to an end; to put an end to; to make an end of; to

<p><blockquote>And heroically hath <i>finished</i><BR>
A life heroic.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bestow the last required labor upon; to
complete; to bestow the utmost possible labor upon; to perfect; to
accomplish; to polish.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- To end; terminate; close; conclude; complete;
accomplish; perfect.</p>

<p><hw>Fin"ish</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>To come to an end; to terminate.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>His days may <i>finish</i> ere that hapless
time.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To end; to die.</def> [R.]

<p><hw>Fin"ish</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>That which finishes, puts an end to&?; or perfects.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The joiner work and other
finer work required for the completion of a building, especially of
the interior. See <i>Inside finish</i>, and <i>Outside

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The
labor required to give final completion to any work; hence, minute
detail, careful elaboration, or the like.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd>
<def>See <i>Finishing coat</i>, under <u>Finishing</u>.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The result of completed labor, as on the
surface of an object; manner or style of finishing; as, a rough,
dead, or glossy <i>finish</i> given to cloth, stone, metal,

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Completion; -- opposed to <i>start</i>, or

<p><hw>Fin"ished</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Polished to the
highest degree of excellence; complete; perfect; as, a
<i>finished</i> poem; a <i>finished</i> education.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Finished work</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>work that is
made smooth or polished, though not necessarily completed.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ish*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>One who finishes, puts an end to, completes, or perfects; esp.
used in the trades, as in hatting, weaving, etc., for the workman who
gives a finishing touch to the work, or any part of it, and brings it
to perfection.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>O prophet of glad tidings, <i>finisher</i><BR>
Of utmost hope!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Something that gives the finishing touch
to, or settles, anything.</def> [Colloq.]</p>

<p><hw>Fin"ish*ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act or process
of completing or perfecting; the final work upon or ornamentation of
a thing.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ish*ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to
complete or to render fit for the market or for use.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Finishing coat</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<i>(Plastering)</i> <cd>the final coat of plastering applied to walls
and ceilings, usually white and rubbed smooth.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Painting)</i> <cd>The final coat of paint,
usually differently mixed applied from the others.</cd> --
<col><b>Finishing press</b></col>, <cd>a machine for pressing
fabrics.</cd> -- <col><b>Finishing rolls</b></col> <i>(Iron
Working)</i>, <cd>the rolls of a train which receive the bar from
roughing rolls, and reduce it to its finished shape.</cd>

<p><hw>Fi"nite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>finitus</i>, p.
p. of <i>finire</i>. See <u>Finish</u>, and cf. <u>Fine</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>Having a limit; limited in quantity,
degree, or capacity; bounded; -- opposed to <i>infinite</i>; as,
<i>finite</i> number; <i>finite</i> existence; a <i>finite</i> being;
a <i>finite</i> mind; <i>finite</i> duration.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"nite*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Infinite.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Sir T. browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fi"nite*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a finite
manner or degree.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fi"nite*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of
being finite.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>finire</i>.
See <u>Finish</u>.] <def>Limitation.</def>  <i>Cheyne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"land*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A native or
inhabitant of Finland.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>destitute of fins.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"let</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Fin</i> + <i>-
let</i>.] <def>A little fin; one of the parts of a divided

<p><hw>Fin"like`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Resembling a

<p><hw>Finn</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>A native of Finland;
one of the Finn&?; in the ethnological sense. See

<p><hw>Fin"nan had"die</hw> (?). [See <u>Haddock</u>.] <def>Haddock
cured in peat smoke, originally at Findon (pron.
f&ibreve;n"<i>a</i>n), Scotland. the name is also applied to other
kinds of smoked haddock.</def> [Written also <i>finnan

<p><hw>Finned</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a fin, or
fins, or anything resembling a fin.</def>  <i>Mortimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A finback whale.</def></p>

<p><hw>Finn"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining
to the Finns.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fin"ni*kin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A variety of pigeon, with a crest somewhat resembling the mane
of a horse.</def> [Written also <i>finikin</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Finn"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining
to Finland, to the Finns, or to their language.</def> --
<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A Northern Turanian group of languages; the
language of the Finns.</def></p>

<p><hw>Finns</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos>; sing.
<singw><b>Finn</b></singw>. <i>(Ethnol.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<def>Natives of Finland; Finlanders.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A
branch of the Mongolian race, inhabiting Northern and Eastern Europe,
including the Magyars, Bulgarians, Permians, Lapps, and
Finlanders.</def> [Written also <i>Fins</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fin"ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having, or abounding in, fins, as fishes;
pertaining to fishes.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Abounding in fishes.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>With patient angle trolls the <i>finny</i>
deep.</blockquote> <i>Goldsmoth.</i></p>

<p><hw>||Fi*no"chi*o</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It.
<i>finocchio</i> fennel, LL. <i>fenuclum</i>. See <u>Fennel</u>.]
<i>(Bot.)</i> <def>An umbelliferous plant (<i>F&oelig;niculum
dulce</i>) having a somewhat tuberous stem; sweet fennel. The
blanched stems are used in France and Italy as a culinary

<p><! p. 562 !></p>

<p><hw>||Fi"nos</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [Sp., pl., fr.
<i>fino</i> fine.] <def>Second best wool from Merino sheep.</def>

<p><hw>Fin"pike`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The bichir. See <u>Crossopterygii</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fint</hw> (?), <def><pos><i>3d pers. sing. pr.</i></pos> of
<u>Find</u>, for <i>findeth</i>.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Chaucer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fin"-toed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>Having toes connected by a membrane; palmiped; palmated; also,

<p><hw>||Fiord</hw> (fy&?;rd; <i>i</i> or <i>y</i> consonant, &sect;
272), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Dan. & Norw. <i>fiord</i>. See
<u>Frith</u>.] <def>A narrow inlet of the sea, penetrating between
high banks or rocks, as on the coasts of Norway and Alaska.</def>
[Written also <i>fjord</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fi"o*rin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. Ir.
<i>fiothran</i> a sort of grass.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A species of
creeping bent grass (<i>Agrostis alba</i>); -- called also <i>fiorin

<p><hw>Fi"o*rite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A
variety of opal occuring in the cavities of volcanic tufa, in smooth
and shining globular and botryoidal masses, having a pearly luster; -
- so called from <i>Fiora</i>, in Ischia.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fio`ri*tu"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [It., pl. of
<i>fioritura</i> a flowering.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>Little flowers of
ornament introduced into a melody by a singer or player.</def>

<p><hw>Fip"pen*ny bit`</hw> (? or ?). [Corruption of <i>five penny
bit</i>.] <def>The Spanish half real, or one sixteenth of a dollar, -
- so called in Pennsylvania and the adjacent States.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p>&fist; Before the act of Congress, Feb. 21, 1857, caused the
adoption of decimal coins and the withdrawal of foreign coinage from
circulation, this coin passed currently for 6&frac14; cents, and was
called in New England a <i>fourpence ha'penny</i> or
<i>fourpence</i>; in New York a <i>sixpence</i>; in Pennsylvania,
Virginia, etc., a <i>fip</i>; and in Louisiana, a

<p><hw>Fip"ple</hw> (f&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [perh. fr. L.
<i>fibula</i> a clasp, a pin; cf. Prov. E. <i>fible</i> a stick used
to stir pottage.] <def>A stopper, as in a wind instrument of
music.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fir</hw> (f&etilde;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Dan. <i>fyr</i>,
<i>fyrr</i>; akin to Sw. <i>furu</i>, Icel. <i>fura</i>, AS.
<i>furh</i> in <i>furh</i>wudu fir wood, G. <i>f&ouml;hre</i>, OHG.
<i>forha</i> pine, <i>vereh</i>eih a sort of oak, L. <i>quercus</i>
oak.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A genus (<i>Abies</i>) of coniferous trees,
often of large size and elegant shape, some of them valued for their
timber and others for their resin. The species are distinguished as
the <i>balsam fir</i>, the <i>silver fir</i>, the <i>red fir</i>,
etc.  The <i>Scotch fir</i> is a <i>Pinus</i>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Fir</i> in the Bible means any one of several coniferous
trees, including, cedar, cypress, and probably three species of pine.
<i>J. D. Hooker.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire</hw> (f&imacr;r), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fir</i>,
<i>fyr</i>, <i>fur</i> AS. <i>f&ymacr;r</i>; akin to D. <i>vuur</i>,
OS. & OHG. <i>fiur</i>, G. <i>feuer</i>, Icel. <i>f&ymacr;ri</i>,
<i>f&umacr;rr</i>, Gr. <grk>py^r</grk>, and perh. to L. <i>purus</i>
pure, E. <i>pure</i> Cf. <u>Empyrean</u>, <u>Pyre</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The evolution of light and heat in the
combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The form of <i>fire</i> exhibited in the combustion of
gases in an ascending stream or current is called <i>flame</i>.
Anciently, <i>fire</i>, air, earth, and water were regarded as the
four elements of which all things are composed.</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a
hearth, or in a stove or a furnace.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The burning of a house or town; a

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Anything which destroys or affects like

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Ardor of passion, whether love or hate;
excessive warmth; consuming violence of temper.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>he had <i>fire</i> in his temper.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Liveliness of imagination or fancy;
intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and

<p><blockquote>And bless their critic with a poet's
<i>fire</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a

<p><blockquote>Stars, hide your <i>fires</i>.</blockquote>

<p><blockquote>As in a zodiac<BR>
representing the heavenly <i>fires</i>.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>Torture by burning; severe trial or

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <def>The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the
troops were exposed to a heavy <i>fire</i>.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Blue fire</b></col>, <col><b>Red fire</b></col>,
<col><b>Green fire</b></col> <i>(Pyrotech.)</i>, <cd>compositions of
various combustible substances, as sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc.,
the flames of which are colored by various metallic salts, as those
of antimony, strontium, barium, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
alarm</b></col> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A signal given on the
breaking out of a fire.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>An apparatus for
giving such an alarm.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire annihilator</b></col>,
<cd>a machine, device, or preparation to be kept at hand for
extinguishing fire by smothering it with some incombustible vapor or
gas, as carbonic acid.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire balloon</b></col>.
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy
of air heated by a fire placed in the lower part</cd>.
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A balloon sent up at night with fireworks
which ignite at a regulated height.</cd> <i>Simmonds.</i> --
<col><b>Fire bar</b></col>, <cd>a grate bar.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
basket</b></col>, <cd>a portable grate; a cresset.</cd>
<i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Fire beetle</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<cd>See in the Vocabulary.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire blast</b></col>,
<cd>a disease of plants which causes them to appear as if burnt by
fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire box</b></col>, <cd>the chamber of a
furnace, steam boiler, etc., for the fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
brick</b></col>, <cd>a refractory brick, capable of sustaining
intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or of
siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and used for
lining fire boxes, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire brigade</b></col>,
<cd>an organized body of men for extinguished fires.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire bucket</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Bucket</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire bug</b></col>, <cd>an incendiary; one who, from malice
or through mania, persistently sets fire to property; a
pyromaniac.</cd> [U.S.] -- <col><b>Fire clay</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Clay</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire company</b></col>, <cd>a company of
men managing an engine in extinguishing fires.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
cross</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Fiery cross</u>.</cd> [Obs.]
<i>Milton.</i> -- <col><b>Fire damp</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Damp</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire dog</b></col>. <cd>See
<u>Firedog</u>, in the Vocabulary.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
drill</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A series of evolutions
performed by fireman for practice</cd>. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>An
apparatus for producing fire by friction, by rapidly twirling a
wooden pin in a wooden socket; -- used by the Hindoos during all
historic time, and by many savage peoples.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
eater</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A juggler who pretends to
eat fire.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A quarrelsome person who seeks
affrays; a hotspur.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>Fire engine</b></col>,
<cd>a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels, for throwing water to
extinguish fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire escape</b></col>, <cd>a
contrivance for facilitating escape from burning buildings.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire gilding</b></col> <i>(Fine Arts)</i>, <cd>a mode of
gilding with an amalgam of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal
being driven off afterward by heat.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
gilt</b></col> <i>(Fine Arts)</i>, <cd>gold laid on by the process of
fire gilding.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire insurance</b></col>, <cd>the act
or system of insuring against fire; also, a contract by which an
insurance company undertakes, in consideration of the payment of a
premium or small percentage -- usually made periodically -- to
indemnify an owner of property from loss by fire during a specified
period.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire irons</b></col>, <cd>utensils for a
fireplace or grate, as tongs, poker, and shovel.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
main</b></col>, <cd>a pipe for water, to be used in putting out
fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire master</b></col> <sd><i>(Mil)</i></sd>,
<cd>an artillery officer who formerly supervised the composition of
fireworks.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire office</b></col>, <cd>an office at
which to effect insurance against fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
opal</b></col>, <cd>a variety of opal giving firelike
reflections.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire ordeal</b></col>, <cd>an ancient
mode of trial, in which the test was the ability of the accused to
handle or tread upon red-hot irons.</cd> <i>Abbot.</i> --
<col><b>Fire pan</b></col>, <cd>a pan for holding or conveying fire,
especially the receptacle for the priming of a gun.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire plug</b></col>, <cd>a plug or hydrant for drawing water
from the main pipes in a street, building, etc., for extinguishing
fires.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire policy</b></col>, <cd>the writing or
instrument expressing the contract of insurance against loss by
fire.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire pot</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<i>(Mil.)</i> <cd>A small earthen pot filled with combustibles,
formerly used as a missile in war.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The
cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a furnace.</cd>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <cd>A crucible.</cd> <sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>A
solderer's furnace.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire raft</b></col>, <cd>a raft
laden with combustibles, used for setting fire to an enemy's
ships.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire roll</b></col>, <cd>a peculiar beat of
the drum to summon men to their quarters in case of fire.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire setting</b></col> <i>(Mining)</i>, <cd>the process of
softening or cracking the working face of a lode, to facilitate
excavation, by exposing it to the action of fire; -- now generally
superseded by the use of explosives.</cd> <i>Raymond.</i> --
<col><b>Fire ship</b></col>, <cd>a vessel filled with combustibles,
for setting fire to an enemy's ships.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
shovel</b></col>, <cd>a shovel for taking up coals of fire.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire stink</b></col>, <cd>the stench from decomposing iron
pyrites, caused by the formation of sulphureted hydrogen.</cd>
<i>Raymond.</i> -- <col><b>Fire surface</b></col>, <cd>the surfaces
of a steam boiler which are exposed to the direct heat of the fuel
and the products of combustion; heating surface.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire
swab</b></col>, <cd>a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun in
action and clearing away particles of powder, etc.</cd>
<i>Farrow.</i> -- <col><b>Fire teaser</b></col>, <cd>in England, the
fireman of a steam emgine.</cd> -- <col><b>Fire water</b></col>,
<cd>ardent spirits; -- so called by the American Indians.</cd> --
<col><b>Fire worship</b></col>, <cd>the worship of fire, which
prevails chiefly in Persia, among the followers of Zoroaster, called
<i>Chebers</i>, or <i>Guebers</i>, and among the Parsees of
India.</cd> -- <col><b>Greek fire</b></col>. <cd>See under
<u>Greek</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>On fire</b></col>, <cd>burning; hence,
ardent; passionate; eager; zealous.</cd> -- <col><b>Running
fire</b></col>, <cd>the rapid discharge of firearms in succession by
a line of troops.</cd> -- <col><b>St. Anthony's fire</b></col>,
<cd>erysipelas; -- an eruptive fever which St. Anthony was supposed
to cure miraculously.</cd> <i>Hoblyn.</i>  -- <col><b>St. Elmo's
fire</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Saint Elmo</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>To
set on fire</b></col>, <cd>to inflame; to kindle.</cd> -- <col><b>To
take fire</b></col>, <cd>to begin to burn; to fly into a

<p><hw>Fire</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fired</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fring</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To set on fire; to kindle; as,
to <i>fire</i> a house or chimney; to <i>fire</i> a pile.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To subject to intense heat; to bake; to
burn in a kiln; as, to <i>fire</i> pottery.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To inflame; to irritate, as the passions;
as, to <i>fire</i> the soul with anger, pride, or revenge.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Love had <i>fired</i> my mind.</blockquote>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To animate; to give life or spirit to; as,
to <i>fire</i> the genius of a young man.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To feed or serve the fire of; as, to
<i>fire</i> a boiler.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>To light up as if by fire; to

<p><blockquote>[The sun] <i>fires</i> the proud tops of the eastern
pines.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>To cause to explode; as, to <i>fire</i> a
torpedo; to disharge; as, to <i>fire</i> a musket or cannon; to
<i>fire</i> cannon balls, rockets, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>To drive by fire.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Till my bad angel <i>fire</i> my good one
out.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <i>(Far.)</i> <def>To cauterize.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To fire up</b></col>, <cd>to light up the fires of, as of
an engine.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fire</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To
take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To be irritated or inflamed with

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To discharge artillery or firearms; as,
they <i>fired</i> on the town.</def></p>

<p><col><b>To fire up</b></col>, <cd>to grow irritated or angry.</cd>
"He . . . <i>fired up</i>, and stood vigorously on his defense."

<p><hw>Fire"arm`</hw> (-&auml;rm`), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A gun,
pistol, or any weapon from which a shot is discharged by the force of
an explosive substance, as gunpowder.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"back`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>One of several species of pheasants of the genus
<i>Euplocamus</i>, having the lower back a bright, fiery red. They
inhabit Southern Asia and the East Indies.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"ball`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A ball filled with powder or other combustibles,
intended to be thrown among enemies, and to injure by explosion;
also, to set fire to their works and light them up, so that movements
may be seen.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A luminous meteor,
resembling a ball of fire passing rapidly through the air, and
sometimes exploding.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"bare`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A beacon.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Burrill.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire" bee`tle</hw> (?). <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A very
brilliantly luminous beetle (<i>Pyrophorus noctilucus</i>), one of
the elaters, found in Central and South America; -- called also
<i>cucujo</i>.  The name is also applied to other species. See

<p><hw>Fire"bird`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The Baltimore oriole.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"board`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A chimney
board or screen to close a fireplace when not in use.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"bote`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(O. Eng. Law)</i>
<def>An allowance of fuel. See <u>Bote</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"brand`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A piece of burning wood.</def>  <i>L'Estrange.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who inflames factions, or causes
contention and mischief; an incendiary.</def>  <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire"crack`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See
<u>Cracker</u>., <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"crest`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A small European kinglet (<i>Regulus ignicapillus</i>), having a
bright red crest; -- called also <i>fire-crested wren</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"dog`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A support for
wood in a fireplace; an andiron.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"drake`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>f&ymacr;rdraca</i>; <i>f&ymacr;r</i> fire + <i>draca</i> a dragon.
See <u>Fire</u>, and <u>Drake</u> a dragon.] [Obs.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A fiery dragon.</def>  <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fiery meteor; an ignis fatuus; a

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A worker at a furnace or fire.</def>
<i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire"-fanged`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Fire</i> +
<i>fanged</i> seized.] <def>Injured as by fire; burned; -- said of
manure which has lost its goodness and acquired an ashy hue in
consequence of heat generated by decomposition.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"fish`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>A singular marine fish of the genus <i>Pterois</i>, family
<i>Scorp&aelig;nid&aelig;</i>, of several species, inhabiting the
Indo-Pacific region. They are usually red, and have very large
spinose pectoral and dorsal fins.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"flaire`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Fire</i> +
Prov. E. <i>flaire</i> a ray.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A European
sting ray of the genus <i>Trygon</i> (<i>T. pastinaca</i>); -- called
also <i>fireflare</i> and <i>fiery flaw</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"flame`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The European band fish (<i>Cepola rubescens</i>).</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"fly`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fireflies</b></plw> (&?;). <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any
luminous winged insect, esp. luminous beetles of the family

<p>&fist; The common American species belong to the genera
<i>Photinus</i> and <i>Photuris</i>, in which both sexes are winged.
The name is also applied to luminous species of
<i>Elaterid&aelig;</i>. See <u>Fire beetle</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Fire"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of

<p><hw>Fire"lock`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An old form of
gunlock, as the flintlock, which ignites the priming by a spark;
perhaps originally, a matchlock. Hence, a gun having such a

<p><hw>Fire"man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Firemen</b></plw> (-m<i>e</i>n). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
man whose business is to extinguish fires in towns; a member of a
fire company.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A man who tends the fires, as of a steam
engine; a stocker.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"-new`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fresh from the
forge; bright; quite new; brand-new.</def>  <i>Charles reade.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Your <i>fire-new</i> stamp of honor is scarce
current.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire"place`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The part a
chimney appropriated to the fire; a hearth; -- usually an open recess
in a wall, in which a fire may be built.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"proof`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Proof against
fire; incombustible.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"proof`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act or
process of rendering anything incombustible; also, the materials used
in the process.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fir"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who fires or
sets fire to anything; an incendiary.</def> [R.]  <i>R.

<p><hw>Fire"-set`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A set of fire
irons, including, commonly, tongs, shovel, and poker.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"side`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A place near
the fire or hearth; home; domestic life or retirement.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"stone`</hw> (?; 110), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS.
<i>f&ymacr;rst&amacr;n</i> flint; <i>f&ymacr;r</i> fire +
<i>st&amacr;n</i> stone.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Iron pyrites,
formerly used for striking fire; also, a flint.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A stone which will bear the heat of a
furnace without injury; -- especially applied to the sandstone at the
top of the upper greensand in the south of England, used for lining
kilns and furnaces.</def>  <i>Ure.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire"tail`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The European redstart; -- called also <i>fireflirt</i>.</def>
[prov. Eng.]</p>

<p><hw>Fire"ward`en</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An officer
who has authority to direct in the extinguishing of fires, or to
order what precautions shall be taken against fires; -- called also

<p><hw>Fire"weed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i>
<sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An American plant (<i>Erechthites
hiercifolia</i>), very troublesome in spots where brushwood has been
burned.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The great willow-herb
(<i>Epilobium spicatum</i>).</def></p>

<p><hw>Fire"wood`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Wood for

<p><hw>Fire"work`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A device for producing a striking display of light, or a figure
or figures in plain or colored fire, by the combustion of materials
that burn in some peculiar manner, as gunpowder, sulphur, metallic
filings, and various salts. The most common feature of fireworks is a
paper or pasteboard tube filled with the combustible material. A
number of these tubes or cases are often combined so as to make, when
kindled, a great variety of figures in fire, often variously colored.
The skyrocket is a common form of <i>firework</i>. The name is also
given to various combustible preparations used in war.</def><BR>
[1913 Webster]</p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>A pyrotechnic exhibition.</def>
[Obs. in the sing.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Night before last, the Duke of Richmond gave a
<i>firework</i>.</blockquote> <i>Walpole.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fire"worm`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The larva of a small tortricid moth which eats the leaves of the
cranberry, so that the vines look as if burned; -- called also
<i>cranberry worm</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fir"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
act of discharging firearms.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The mode of introducing fuel into the
furnace and working it.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The application of fire, or of a
cautery.</def>  <i>Dunglison.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The process of partly vitrifying pottery
by exposing it to intense heat in a kiln.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Fuel; firewood or coal.</def> [Obs.]

<p><col><b>Firing iron</b></col>, <cd>an instrument used in

<p><! p. 563 !></p>

<p><hw>Firk</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. OE. <i>ferken</i>
to proceed, hasten, AS. <i>fercian</i> to bring, assist; perh. akin
to <i>faran</i> to go, E. <i>fare</i>.] <def>To beat; to strike; to
chastise.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>I'll fer him, and <i>firk</i> him, and ferret
him.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Firk</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To fly out; to turn
out; to go off.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>A wench is a rare bait, with which a

<p><blockquote>No sooner's taken but he straight <i>firks</i>

<p><hw>Firk</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A freak; trick;
quirk.</def> [Obs.]  <i>Ford.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fir"kin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From AS.
<i>fe&oacute;wer</i> four (or an allied word, perh. Dutch or Danish)
+ <i>-kin</i>. See <u>Four</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A varying
measure of capacity, usually being the fourth part of a barrel;
specifically, a measure equal to nine imperial gallons.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A small wooden vessel or cask of
indeterminate size, -- used for butter, lard, etc.</def> [U.S.]</p>

<p><hw>Fir"lot</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Scot., the fourth part
of a boll of grain, from a word equiv. to E. <i>four + lot</i> part,
portion. See <u>Firkin</u>.] <def>A dry measure formerly used in
Scotland; the fourth part of a boll of grain or meal. The Linlithgow
wheat firlot was to the imperial bushel as 998 to 1000; the barley
firlot as 1456 to 1000.</def>  <i>Brande & C.</i></p>

<p><hw>Firm</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos>
<u>Firmer</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Firmest</u>.] [OE.
<i>ferme</i>, F. <i>ferme</i>, fr.L. <i>firmus</i>; cf. Skr.
<i>dharman</i> support, law, order, <i>dh&?;</i> to hold fast, carry.
Cf. <u>Farm</u>, <u>Throne</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Fixed;
hence, closely compressed; compact; substantial; hard; solid; --
applied to the matter of bodies; as, <i>firm</i> flesh; <i>firm</i>
muscles, <i>firm</i> wood.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not easily excited or disturbed;
unchanging in purpose; fixed; steady; constant; stable; unshaken; not
easily changed in feelings or will; strong; as, a <i>firm</i>
believer; a <i>firm</i> friend; a <i>firm</i> adherent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Under spread ensigns, moving nigh, in slow<BR>
But <i>firm</i> battalion.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>By one man's <i>firm</i> obediency fully
tried.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Solid; -- opposed to <i>fluid</i>; as,
<i>firm</i> land.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Indicating firmness; as, a <i>firm</i>
tread; a <i>firm</i> countenance.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Compact; dense; hard; solid; stanch; robust;
strong; sturdly; fixed; steady; resolute; constant.</p>

<p><hw>Firm</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>firma</i> the (firm,
sure, or confirming) signature or subscription, or Pg. <i>firma</i>
signature, firm, cf. Sp. <i>firma</i> signature; all fr. L.
<i>firmus</i>, adj., firm. See <u>Firm</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]
<def>The name, title, or style, under which a company transacts
business; a partnership of two or more persons; a commercial house;
as, the <i>firm</i> of Hope & Co.</def></p>

<p><hw>Firm</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fermen</i> to make
firm, F. <i>fermer</i>, fr. L. <i>firmare</i> to make firm. See
<u>Firm</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To fix; to
settle; to confirm; to establish.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>And Jove has <i>firmed</i> it with an awful
nod.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To fix or direct with firmness.</def>

<p><blockquote>He on his card and compass <i>firms</i> his
eye.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fir"ma*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>firmamentum</i>, fr. <i>firmare</i> to make firm: cf. F.
<i>firmament</i>. See <u>Firm</u>, <pos><i>v. & a.</i></pos>]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Fixed foundation; established basis.</def>

<p><blockquote>Custom is the . . . <i>firmament</i> of the
law.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The region of the air; the sky or

<p><blockquote>And God said, Let there be a <i>firmament</i> in the
midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the
waters.</blockquote> <i>Gen. i. 6.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>And God said, Let there be lights in the
<i>firmament</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gen. i. 14.</i></p>

<p>&fist; In Scripture, the word denotes an expanse, a wide extent;
the great arch or expanse over out heads, in which are placed the
atmosphere and the clouds, and in which the stars <i>appear</i> to be
placed, and are <i>really</i> seen.</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Old Astron.)</i> <def>The orb of the fixed
stars; the most rmote of the celestial spheres.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fir`ma*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining
to the firmament; celestial; being of the upper regions.</def>

<p><hw>Fir"man</hw> (? or ?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Firmans</b></plw> (#) <i>or</i> (#). [Pers.
<i>ferm&amacr;n</i>.] <def>In Turkey and some other Oriental
countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order
or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to
insure him protection and assistance.</def> [Written also

<p><hw>Firm"er-chis"el</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A chisel,
thin in proportion to its width. It has a tang to enter the handle
instead of a socket for receiving it.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><hw>Firm"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>firmitudo</i>. See <u>Firm</u>.] <def>Strength; stability.</def>
[Obs.]  <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Firm"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>firmitas</i>.]
<def>Strength; firmness; stability.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Firm"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Detached from substance.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><blockquote>Does passion still the <i>firmless</i> mind
control?</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Infirm; unstable.</def> "<i>Firmless</i>
sands."  <i>Sylvester.</i></p>

<p><hw>Firm"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a firm

<p><hw>Firm"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality
of being firm.</def></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Firmness</u>, <u>Constancy</u>.  <i>Firmness</i>
belongs to the will, and <i>constancy</i> to the affections and
principles; the former prevents us from yielding, and the latter from
fluctuating. Without <i>firmness</i> a man has no character; "without
<i>constancy</i>," says Addison, "there is neither love, friendship,
nor virtue in the world."</p>

<p><hw>Firms</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [From <u>Firm</u>,
<pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The principal rafters of a
roof, especially a pair of rafters taken together.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Fir"ring</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Arch.)</i>
<def>See <u>Furring</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fir"ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Made of fir;
abounding in firs.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>In <i>firry</i> woodlands making moan.</blockquote>

<p><hw>First</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>first</i>,
<i>furst</i>, AS. <i>fyrst</i>; akin to Icel. <i>fyrstr</i>, Sw. &
Dan. <i>f&ouml;rste</i>, OHG. <i>furist</i>, G. <i>f&uuml;rst</i>
prince; a superlatiye form of E. <i>for</i>, <i>fore</i>. See
<u>For</u>, <u>Fore</u>, and cf. <u>Formeer</u>, <u>Foremost</u>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Preceding all others of a series or kind; the
ordinal of one; earliest; as, the <i>first</i> day of a month; the
<i>first</i> year of a reign.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Foremost; in front of, or in advance of,
all others.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Most eminent or exalted; most excellent;
chief; highest; as, Demosthenes was the <i>first</i> orator of

<p><col><b>At first blush</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Blush</u>.</cd>
-- <col><b>At first hand</b></col>, <cd>from the first or original
source; without the intervention of any agent.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>It is the intention of the person to reveal it <i>at
first hand</i>, by way of mouth, to yourself.</blockquote>

<p>-- <col><b>First coat</b></col> <i>(Plastering)</i>, <cd>the solid
foundation of coarse stuff, on which the rest is placed; it is thick,
and crossed with lines, so as to give a bond for the next coat.</cd>
-- <col><b>First day</b></col>, <cd>Sunday; -- so called by the
Friends.</cd> -- <col><b>First floor</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>
<cd>The ground floor.</cd> [U.S.] <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The floor
next above the ground floor.</cd> [Eng.] -- <col><b>First</b></col>
<col><b>fruit or fruits</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The fruits
of the season earliest gathered.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Feudal
Law)</i> <cd>One year's profits of lands belonging to the king on the
death of a tenant who held directly from him.</cd>
<sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <cd>The first year's
whole profits of a benefice or spiritual living.</cd>
<sd><i>(d)</i></sd> <cd>The earliest effects or results.</cd></p>

<p><blockquote>See, Father, what <i>first fruits</i> on earth are
From thy implanted grace in man!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p>-- <col><b>First mate</b></col>, <cd>an officer in a merchant
vessel next in rank to the captain.</cd> -- <col><b>First
name</b></col>, <cd>same as <i>Christian name</i>. See under
<u>Name</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></cd> -- <col><b>First
officer</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>in the merchant service, same
as <i>First mate</i> (above).</cd> -- <col><b>First
sergeant</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>the ranking non-commissioned
officer in a company; the orderly sergeant.</cd> <i>Farrow.</i> --
<col><b>First watch</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>the watch from
eight to twelve at midnight; also, the men on duty during that
time.</cd> -- <col><b>First water</b></col>, <cd>the highest quality
or purest luster; -- said of gems, especially of diamond and

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Primary; primordial; primitive; primeval; pristine;
highest; chief; principal; foremost.</p>

<p><hw>First</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Before any other
person or thing in time, space, rank, etc.; -- much used in
composition with adjectives and participles.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Adam was <i>first</i> formed, then Eve.</blockquote>
<i>1 Tim. ii. 13.</i></p>

<p> <col><b>At first</b></col>, <col><b>At the first</b></col>,
<cd>at the beginning or origin.</cd> -- <col><b>First or
last</b></col>, <cd>at one time or another; at the beginning or

<p><blockquote>And all are fools and lovers <i>first or
last</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><hw>First</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>The upper
part of a duet, trio, etc., either vocal or instrumental; -- so
called because it generally expresses the air, and has a
pre&euml;minence in the combined effect.</def></p>

<p><hw>First"born`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>First brought
forth; first in the order of nativity; eldest; hence, most excellent;
most distinguished or exalted.</def></p>

<p><hw>First"-class`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the best
class; of the highest rank; in the first division; of the best
quality; first-rate; as, a <i>first-class</i> telescope.</def></p>

<p><col><b>First-class car</b></col> or <col><b>First-class railway
carriage</b></col>, <cd>any passenger car of the highest regular
class, and intended for passengers who pay the highest regular rate;
-- distinguished from a <i>second-class car</i>.</cd></p>

<p><hw>First"-hand`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Obtained
directly from the first or original source; hence, without the
intervention of an agent.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>One sphere there is . . . where the apprehension of
him is <i>first-hand</i> and direct; and that is the sphere of our
own mind.</blockquote> <i>J. Martineau.</i></p>

<p><hw>First"ling</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>First</i> + <i>-
ling</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The first produce or offspring; --
said of animals, especially domestic animals; as, the
<i>firstlings</i> of his flock.</def>  <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The thing first thought or done.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The very <i>firstlings</i> of my heart shall be<BR>
The <i>firstlings</i> of my hand.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>First"ling</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>

<p><blockquote>All the <i>firstling</i> males.</blockquote> <i>Deut.
xv. 19.</i></p>

<p><hw>First"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the first place;
before anything else; -- sometimes improperly used for

<p><hw>First"-rate`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the
highest excellence; pre&euml;minent in quality, size, or

<p><blockquote>Our only <i>first-rate</i> body of contemporary poetry
is the German.</blockquote> <i>M. Arnold.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Hermocrates . . . a man of <i>first-rate</i>
ability.</blockquote> <i>Jowett (Thucyd).</i></p>

<p><hw>First"-rate`</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A
war vessel of the highest grade or the most powerful class.</def></p>

<p><hw>Firth</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Scot. See <u>Frith</u>.]
<i>(geog.)</i> <def>An arm of the sea; a frith.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fir" tree`</hw> (?). <def>See <u>Fir</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fisc</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fisc</i>, fr. L.
<i>fiscus</i> basket, money basket, treasury; prob. akin to
<i>fascis</i> bundle. See <u>Fasces</u>.] <def>A public or state
treasury.</def>  <i>Burke.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fis"cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>fiscal</i>, L.
<i>fiscalis</i>, fr. <i>fiscus</i>. See <u>Fisc</u>.] <def>Pertaining
to the public treasury or revenue.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>fiscal</i> arreangements of
government.</blockquote> <i>A&gt;Hamilton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fis"cal</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
income of a prince or a state; revenue; exhequer.</def> [Obs.]

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A treasurer.</def>  <i>H.

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A public officer in Scotland who
prosecutes in petty criminal cases; -- called also <i>procurator

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The solicitor in Spain and Portugal; the

<p><hw>Fi*set"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i>
<def>Pertaining to fustet or fisetin.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis"e*tin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [G. <i>fisett</i>holz
a species of fustic.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A yellow crystalline
substance extracted from fustet, and regarded as its essential
coloring principle; -- called also <i>fisetic acid</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fish</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>fiche</i> peg,
mark, fr. <i>fisher</i> to fix.] <def>A counter, used in various

<p><hw>Fish</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fishes</b></plw> (#), <i>or collectively</i>,
<plw><b>Fish</b></plw>. [OE. <i>fisch</i>, <i>fisc</i>, <i>fis</i>,
AS. <i>fisc</i>; akin to D. <i>visch</i>, OS. & OHG. <i>fisk</i>, G.
<i>fisch</i>, Icel. <i>fiskr</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>fisk</i>, Goth.
<i>fisks</i>, L. <i>piscis</i>, Ir. <i>iasg</i>.  Cf.
<u>Piscatorial</u>. In some cases, such as <i>fish</i> joint,
<i>fish</i> plate, this word has prob. been confused with
<i>fish</i>, fr. F. <i>fiche</i>a peg.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A
name loosely applied in popular usage to many animals of diverse
characteristics, living in the water.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An oviparous,
vertebrate animal usually having fins and a covering scales or
plates. It breathes by means of gills, and lives almost entirely in
the water. See <u>Pisces</u>.</def></p>

<p>&fist; The true fishes include the Teleostei (bony fishes),
Ganoidei, Dipnoi, and Elasmobranchii or Selachians (sharks and
skates). Formerly the leptocardia and Marsipobranciata were also
included, but these are now generally regarded as two distinct
classes, below the fishes.</p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>The twelfth sign of the zodiac;

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The flesh of fish, used as food.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A
purchase used to fish the anchor.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A
piece of timber, somewhat in the form of a fish, used to strengthen a
mast or yard.</def></p>

<p>&fist; <i>Fish</i> is used adjectively or as part of a compound
word; as, <i>fish</i> line, <i>fish</i> pole, <i>fish</i> spear,

<p><col><b>Age of Fishes</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Age</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 8.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish ball</b></col>,
<cd>fish (usually salted codfish) shared fine, mixed with mashed
potato, and made into the form of a small, round cake.</cd> [U.S.] --
<col><b>Fish bar</b></col>. <cd>Same as <i>Fish plate</i>
(below).</cd> -- <col><b>Fish beam</b></col> <i>(Mech.)</i>, <cd>a
beam one of whose sides (commonly the under one) swells out like the
belly of a fish.</cd> <i>Francis.</i> -- <col><b>Fish crow</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a species of crow (<i>Corvus
ossifragus</i>), found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It
feeds largely on fish.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish culture</b></col>,
<cd>the artifical breeding and rearing of fish; pisciculture.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish davit</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Davit</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish day</b></col>, <cd>a day on which fish is eaten; a fast
day.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish duck</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>any
species of merganser.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish fall</b></col>, <cd>the
tackle depending from the fish davit, used in hauling up the anchor
to the gunwale of a ship.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish garth</b></col>, <cd>a
dam or weir in a river for keeping fish or taking them easily.</cd> -
- <col><b>Fish glue</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Isinglass</u>.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish joint</b></col>, <cd>a joint formed by a plate or pair
of plates fastened upon two meeting beams, plates, etc., at their
junction; -- used largely in connecting the rails of railroads.</cd>
-- <col><b>Fish kettle</b></col>, <cd>a long kettle for boiling fish
whole.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish ladder</b></col>, <cd>a dam with a series
of steps which fish can leap in order to ascend falls in a
river.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish line</b></col>, or <col><b>Fishing
line</b></col>, <cd>a line made of twisted hair, silk, etc., used in
angling.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish louse</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>,
<cd>any crustacean parasitic on fishes, esp. the parasitic Copepoda,
belonging to <i>Caligus</i>, <i>Argulus</i>, and other related
genera. See <u>Branchiura</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish maw</b></col>
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the stomach of a fish; also, the air
bladder, or sound.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish meal</b></col>, <cd>fish
desiccated and ground fine, for use in soups, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish oil</b></col>, <cd>oil obtained from the bodies of fish
and marine animals, as whales, seals, sharks, from cods' livers,
etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish owl</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a
fish-eating owl of the Old World genera <i>Scotopelia</i> and
<i>Ketupa</i>, esp. a large East Indian species (<i>K.
Ceylonensis</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Fish plate</b></col>, <cd>one of
the plates of a fish joint.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish pot</b></col>, <cd>a
wicker basket, sunk, with a float attached, for catching crabs,
lobsters, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish pound</b></col>, <cd>a net
attached to stakes, for entrapping and catching fish; a weir.</cd>
[Local, U.S.] <i>Bartlett.</i> -- <col><b>Fish slice</b></col>, <cd>a
broad knife for dividing fish at table; a fish trowel.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish slide</b></col>, <cd>an inclined box set in a stream at
a small fall, or ripple, to catch fish descending the current.</cd>
<i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Fish sound</b></col>, <cd>the air bladder
of certain fishes, esp. those that are dried and used as food, or in
the arts, as for the preparation of isinglass.</cd> -- <col><b>Fish
story</b></col>, <cd>a story which taxes credulity; an extravagant or
incredible narration.</cd> [Colloq. U.S.] <i>Bartlett.</i>  --
<col><b>Fish strainer</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A metal
colander, with handles, for taking fish from a boiler.</cd>
<sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A perforated earthenware slab at the bottom
of a dish, to drain the water from a boiled fish.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish trowel</b></col>, <cd>a fish slice.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish</b></col> <col><b>weir or wear</b></col>, <cd>a weir set
in a stream, for catching fish.</cd> -- <col><b>Neither fish nor
flesh</b></col> (Fig.), <cd>neither one thing nor the other.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fish</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fished</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fishing</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To attempt to catch fish; to
be employed in taking fish, by any means, as by angling or drawing a

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To seek to obtain by artifice, or
indirectly to seek to draw forth; as, to <i>fish</i> for

<p><blockquote>Any other <i>fishing</i> question.</blockquote> <i>Sir
W. Scott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [OE. <i>fischen</i>,
<i>fisken</i>, <i>fissen</i>, AS. <i>fiscian</i>; akin to G.
<i>fischen</i>, OHG. <i>fisc&?;n</i>, Goth. <i>fisk&?;n</i>. See
<u>Fish</u> the animal.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To catch; to draw
out or up; as, to <i>fish</i> up an anchor.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To search by raking or sweeping.</def>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To try with a fishing rod; to catch fish
in; as, to <i>fish</i> a stream.</def>  <i>Thackeray.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To strengthen (a beam, mast, etc.), or
unite end to end (two timbers, railroad rails, etc.) by bolting a
plank, timber, or plate to the beam, mast, or timbers, lengthwise on
one or both sides. See <i>Fish joint</i>, under <u>Fish</u>,

<p><col><b>To fish the anchor</b></col>. <i>(Naut.)</i> <cd>See under

<p><hw>Fish"-bel`lied</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Bellying or
swelling out on the under side; as, a <i>fish-bellied</i> rail.</def>

<p><hw>Fish"-block`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Fish-

<p><hw>Fish"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>fiscere</i>.]
<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who fishes.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A carnivorous animal
of the Weasel family (<i>Mustela Canadensis</i>); the pekan; the
"black cat."</def></p>

<p><hw>Fish"er*man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fishermen</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One whose
occupation is to catch fish.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A ship or vessel employed
in the business of taking fish, as in the cod fishery.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fish"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fisheries</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The
business or practice of catching fish; fishing.</def>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A place for catching fish.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>The right to take fish at a
certain place, or in particular waters.</def>  <i>Abbott.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Abounding with
fish.</def> [R.] "My <i>fishful</i> pond."  <i>R. Carew.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"gig`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A spear with
barbed prongs used for harpooning fish.</def>  <i>Knight.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"hawk`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>The osprey (<i>Pandion halia&euml;tus</i>), found both in Europe
and America; -- so called because it plunges into the water and
seizes fishes in its talons. Called also <i>fishing eagle</i>, and
<i>bald buzzard</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fish"hook`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>A hook for catching fish.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>A hook with a pendant, to
the end of which the fish-tackle is hooked.</def>  <i>Dana.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"i*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To change to
fish.</def> [R.]  <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"i*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or
quality of being fishy or fishlike.</def>  <i>Pennant.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The act, practice, or art of one who fishes.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A fishery.</def>  <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fish"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fishing</u>,
<pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery;
engaged in fishing; as, <i>fishing</i> boat; <i>fishing</i> tackle;
<i>fishing</i> village.</def></p>

<p><col><b>Fishing fly</b></col>, <cd>an artificial fly for
fishing.</cd> -- <col><b>Fishing line</b></col>, <cd>a line used in
catching fish.</cd> -- <col><b>Fishing net</b></col>, <cd>a net of
various kinds for catching fish; including the bag net, casting net,
drag net, landing net, seine, shrimping net, trawl, etc.</cd> --
<col><b>Fishing rod</b></col>, <cd>a long slender rod, to which is
attached the line for angling.</cd> -- <col><b>Fishing
smack</b></col>, <cd>a sloop or other small vessel used in sea
fishing.</cd> -- <col><b>Fishing tackle</b></col>, <cd>apparatus used
in fishing, as hook, line, rod, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Fishing
tube</b></col> <i>(Micros.)</i>, <cd>a glass tube for selecting a
microscopic object in a fluid.</cd></p>

<p><! p. 564 !></p>

<p><hw>Fish"like</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like fish;
suggestive of fish; having some of the qualities of fish.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>A very ancient and <i>fishlike</i> smell.</blockquote>

<p><hw>Fish"mon`ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A dealer in

<p><hw>Fish"skin`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The skin of a fish (dog fish, shark, etc.)</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>See

<p><hw>Fish"-tac`kle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A tackle or
purchase used to raise the flukes of the anchor up to the gunwale.
The block used is called the <i>fish-block</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fish"-tail`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like the of a
fish; acting, or producing something, like the tail of a

<p><col><b>Fish-tail burner</b></col>, <cd>a gas burner that gives a
spreading flame shaped somewhat like the tail of a fish.</cd> --
<col><b>Fish-tail propeller</b></col> <i>(Steamship)</i>, <cd>a
propeller with a single blade that oscillates like the tail of a fish
when swimming.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fish"wife`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A

<p><hw>Fish"wom`an</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>
<plw><b>Fishwomen</b></plw> (&?;). <def>A woman who retails

<p><hw>Fish"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>Consisting of fish; fishlike; having the qualities or taste of
fish; abounding in fish.</def>  <i>Pope.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Extravagant, like some stories about
catching fish; improbable; also, rank or foul.</def> [Colloq.]

<p><hw>Fisk</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. Sw. <i>fjeska</i>
to bustle about.] <def>To run about; to frisk; to whisk.</def>

<p><blockquote>He <i>fisks</i> abroad, and stirreth up erroneous
opinions.</blockquote> <i>Latimer.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fis`si*gem*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to split) + E.
<i>gemmation</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>A process of reproduction
intermediate between fission and gemmation.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis"sile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>fissilis</i>,
fr. <i>fissus</i>, p. p. of <i>findere</i> to split. See
<u>Fissure</u>.] <def>Capable of being split, cleft, or divided in
the direction of the grain, like wood, or along natural planes of
cleavage, like crystals.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>This crystal is a pellucid, <i>fissile</i>
stone.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fis`si*lin"gual</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to split) + E.
<i>lingual</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having the tongue

<p><hw>||Fis`si*lin"gui*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL.,
fr. L. <i>fissus</i> (p. p. o f <i>findere</i> to split) +
<i>lingua</i> tongue.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A group of Lacertilia
having the tongue forked, including the common lizards.</def>
[Written also <i>Fissilingues</i>.]</p>

<p><hw>Fis*sil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of
being fissile.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fissio</i>. See
<u>Fissure</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A cleaving, splitting, or
breaking up into parts.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>A method of asexual
reproduction among the lowest (unicellular) organisms by means of a
process of self-division, consisting of gradual division or cleavage
of the into two parts, each of which then becomes a separate and
independent organisms; as when a cell in an animal or plant, or its
germ, undergoes a spontaneous division, and the parts again
subdivide. See <u>Segmentation</u>, and <i>Cell division</i>, under

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A process by which
certain coral polyps, echinoderms, annelids, etc., spontaneously
subdivide, each individual thus forming two or more new ones. See

<p><hw>Fis`si*pal"mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to split) + <i>palma</i>
palm.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Semipalmate and loboped, as a grebe's
foot. See <i>Illust.</i> under <u>Aves</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fis*sip"a*ra</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See
<u>Fissiparous</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Animals which reproduce
by fission.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis*sip"a*rism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See
<u>Fissiparous</u>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Reproduction by spontaneous

<p><hw>Fis`si*par"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i>
<def>Quality of being fissiparous; fissiparism.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis*sip"a*rous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.
<i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to split) + <i>parere</i> to
bring forth: cf. F. <i>fissipare</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i>
<def>Reproducing by spontaneous fission. See <u>Fission</u>.</def> --
<wf>Fis*sip"a*rous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Fis`si*pa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i>
<def>Reproduction by fission; fissiparism.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Fis"si*ped</hw> (?), <hw>Fis*sip"e*dal</hw> (?) },
<pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>fissip&egrave;de</i>.]
<i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having the toes separated to the base. [See

<p><hw>Fis"si*ped</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>
<def>One of the Fissipedia.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fis`si*pe"di*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr.
L. <i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to cleave) + <i>pes</i>,
<i>pedis</i>, a foot.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A division of the
Carnivora, including the dogs, cats, and bears, in which the feet are
not webbed; -- opposed to <i>Pinnipedia</i>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis`si*ros"tral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F.
<i>fissirostre</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having the bill cleft
beyond the horny part, as in the case of swallows and

<p><hw>||Fis`si*ros"tres</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr.
L. <i>fissus</i> (p. p. of <i>findere</i> to cleave) + <i>rostrum</i>
beak.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A group of birds having the bill
deeply cleft.</def></p>

<p><hw>Fis"sur*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to a
fissure or fissures; as, the <i>fissural</i> pattern of a

<p><hw>Fis`su*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i>
<def>The act of dividing or opening; the state of being

<p><hw>Fis"sure</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>fissura</i>,
fr. <i>findere</i>, <i>fissum</i>, to cleave, split; akin to E.
<i>bite</i>: cf. F. <i>fissure</i>.] <def>A narrow opening, made by
the parting of any substance; a cleft; as, the <i>fissure</i> of a

<p><col><b>Cerebral fissures</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>the
furrows or clefts by which the surface of the cerebrum is divided;
esp., the furrows first formed by the infolding of the whole wall of
the cerebrum.</cd> -- <col><b>Fissure needle</b></col>
<i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>a spiral needle for catching together the gaping
lips of wounds.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>Fissure of
rolando</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>the furrow separating the
frontal from the parietal lobe in the cerebrum.</cd> --
<col><b>Fissure of Sylvius</b></col> <i>(Anat.)</i>, <cd>a deep
cerebral fissure separating the frontal from the temporal lobe. See
<i>Illust.</i> under <u>Brain</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Fissure
vein</b></col> <i>(Mining)</i>, <cd>a crack in the earth's surface
filled with mineral matter.</cd> <i>Raymond.</i></p>

<p><hw>Fis"sure</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cleave; to
divide; to crack or fracture.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Fis`su*rel"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., dim. of
L. <i>fissura</i> a fissure.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A genus of
marine gastropod mollusks, having a conical or limpetlike shell, with
an opening at the apex; -- called also <i>keyhole

<p><hw>Fist</hw> (f&ibreve;st), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.
<i>fist</i>, <i>fust</i>, AS. <i>f&ymacr;st</i>; akin to D.
<i>vuist</i>, OHG. <i>f&umacr;st</i>, G. <i>faust</i>, and prob. to
L. <i>pugnus</i>, Gr. <grk>pygmh`</grk> fist, <grk>py`x</grk> with
the fist.  Cf. <u>Pugnacious</u>, <u>Pigmy</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn>
<def>The hand with the fingers doubled into the palm; the closed
hand, especially as clinched tightly for the purpose of striking a

<p><blockquote>Who grasp the earth and heaven with my
<i>fist</i>.</blockquote> <i>Herbert.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The talons of a bird of prey.</def>

<p><blockquote>More light than culver in the falcon's
<i>fist</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(print.)</i> <def>the index mark [&fist;],
used to direct special attention to the passage which

<p><col><b>Hand over fist</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>rapidly; hand
over hand.</cd></p>

<p><hw>Fist</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.
p.</i></pos> <u>Fisted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>
<u>Fisting</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To strike with the
fist.</def>  <i>Dryden.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To gripe with the fist.</def> [Obs.]

<p><hw>Fist"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Fist</u>.]
<def>Pertaining to boxing, or to encounters with the fists;
puglistic; as, <i>fistic</i> exploits; <i>fistic</i> heroes.</def>

<p><hw>Fist"i*cuff</hw> (?), <pos&g