Infomotions, Inc.King Alfred's Old English version of Boethius De consolatione philosophiae / edited from the MSS., with introduction, critical notes and glossary, by Walter John Sedgefield. / Boethius, d. 524




Author: Boethius, d. 524
Title: King Alfred's Old English version of Boethius De consolatione philosophiae / edited from the MSS., with introduction, critical notes and glossary, by Walter John Sedgefield.
Publisher: Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1899.
Tag(s): boeth; ealle; hio; consolatione philosophiae; hwaet; aem; yfel; heora; eft; maeg; saem; eall; buton; consolatione; peah; nauht; magon; anwald; pon; xxvi; ponne; meaht; ofer; xxix; philosophiae; glossary; worulde; swi; fonne; seo; nis; comp; sceal; willan; sume; sint; bion; wolde; hwa; xxviii; waere; waes; mod; extra; wat; pees; pone; aes; xxv; boethius; ara; xxiv; xiii; ser; sonne; xxii; sup; xxi; xxvii; xxxi
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Identifier: kingalfreds00boetuoft
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^fr 






KING ALFRED S 

OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF 

BOETHIUS 

SEDGEFIELD 



HENRY FROWDE, M.A. 

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 




LONDON, EDINBURGH, AND NEW YORK 



KING ALFRED S 

OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF 

BOETHIUS 



DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 



EDITED FROM THE MSS., WITH INTRODUCTION 
CRITICAL NOTES AND GLOSSARY 



BY 



WALTER JOHN SEDGEFIELD 

M.A. MELB., B.A. CANTAB. 
LATE SCHOLAR OF TRINITY COLLEGE, MELBOURNE 



AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1899 




MAY 1 4 *1956 



PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY HORACE HART, M.A. 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



TO 
PROFESSOR EDWARD ELLIS MORRIS 

M.A., LITT. D. 

THIS BOOK IS GRATEFULLY DEDICATED 
BY HIS OLD PUPIL 



ic pilnobe peoptSpulhce co libbanne (5a hpile (5e ic lipbe, 
7 sepcep mmum life (5aem monnum co laepanne, (5e aepcep 
me paejien, mm ^emynb on gobum peopcum/ 

King Alfred concerning himself. 



PREFACE 



THIS edition of King Alfred s most personal and 
therefore most important work, may be regarded as 
a compromise, aiming as it does at meeting the wants 
of the scientific investigator of Old English on the 
one hand, and of the student of our literature on the 
other. The former has long been calling for a text 
which should faithfully reproduce the Cotton MS., 
and in offering him such a text I ask him to bear in 
mind the difficulty of the task. Even when MSS. 
are in perfect condition it is almost impossible to 
avoid errors in copying, as will be readily granted by 
those who have had experience of this kind of work ; 
but when, as in the case of the chief MS. of the Old 
English Boetkius, fire and water have played havoc 
with almost every page, the labour of deciphering and 
the liability to error are immensely increased. Indi 
vidual pages of this MS. have received as much as an 
hour s scrutiny, and this scrutiny was repeated three 
or even four times in a few instances. By taking 
advantage of the rare intervals of London sunshine 
during the winter and spring months, I found much 
decipherable which in ordinary light would have re 
mained hidden. 



PREFACE 

A fresh examination of this MS. by better eyes than 
mine may show that a few more letters and words can 
be made out, but I have made it a rule throughout 
only to print as clear what I could see really distinctly. 

It may be remarked here that as Professor Bright 
in his Anglo-Saxon Reader gives some passages from 
King Alfred s Boethius based on a fresh collation 
with the Cotton MS., I have made a special re-colla 
tion of his text with that MS. 

A complete edition of the Old English Boethius 
would include not only the text of both the English 
MSS., but also the Latin text, and perhaps a full 
collection of marginal scholia and passages from Latin 
Commentaries, to illustrate in detail King Alfred s 
obligations to the work of others. In default of such 
completeness it is hoped that the analysis by chapters 
and sections given in the Introduction will be useful 
in showing how far the King departs from his original. 
The copious extracts from the article by the late 
Dr. Schepss, whose untimely death removed one of the 
chief authorities on the textual criticism of Boethius, 
require but slight apology, as they throw what must 
to many be a new light on King Alfred considered as 
a maker of books. The facts known about this work 
are not many, and such as they are will be found col 
lected in the Introduction, varied with a discussion of 
theories in the case of the Cotton Metra. These Metra, 
though included in the complete glossary forming 
part of Grein s Bibliothek der angelsachsischen Poesie, 
are also indexed in the Glossary of the present work, 
for the sake of completeness, especially as a number 
of new readings of the Cotton MS. are now given for 
the first time. 



PREFACE ix 

The Glossary, too, I have tried to make useful to 
the student of Old English who requires help in his 
reading, as well as to the phonologist, for whom it is 
primarily meant. 

The interesting question of the dialect of the Boethius 
has not received more than a short notice, as it requires 
for its proper elucidation more room and time than 
I have been able to give. 

My best thanks are due to Professor York Powell 
for kind assistance in collating parts of the Bodleian 
MS., and much sound advice ; to Professor A. S. Napier 
for supplying me with some valuable notes on several 
points; to Professor Eduard Sievers for a communi 
cation on the subject of dialect ; to Ernst Kramer of 
Bonn for the loan of his collation of the Cotton Metro, ; 
to Fran Professor Schepss of Speyer for kindly sending 
me some notes by her late husband ; to Sir Edward 
Maunde Thompson, and to Dr. Henry Sweet. Valu 
able help was given in verifying the references in the 
Glossary by tw r o ladies whose names I am asked not 
to mention. Finally, I heartily thank the Rev. Dr. 
W. W. Skeat, whose kindly criticism and encourage 
ment have been invaluable to a junior worker in his 
own field, who esteems himself fortunate to belong to 
the University and College so long adorned by the 
Ellington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon. 



CHRIST S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. 
November 5, 1898. 



INTRODUCTION 



i. MSS. 

THE Old English version of Boethius treatise De 
Consolatione Phiiosophiae is preserved, as far as is 
known, in three MSS., one of which is but a small 
fragment, and in one paper transcript. 

1. The Cotton MS. (C) Otho A. vi (Wanley, p. 
217) in the British Museum, bound up with a Latin 
life of Edward the Confessor, per Ailredum, Abb. 
Rievallisl contains a prose version of the Latin prose, 
and an alliterating version of the Latin carmina. 
It was injured in the fire which proved so disastrous 
to the Cotton library in 1731, but the loose leaves 
were rather more than a century later collected and 
carefully mounted in an album. Wanley thus describes 
this MS. as it was before the fire : * Codex membr. 
in octavo grandiori, ex duobus simul compactis, 
confectum (sic), in qtto continetur I fol. i Boethius de 
Consolatione Phiiosophiae^ Saxonice per ^Elfredum 



xn INTRODUCTION 

Regent versus, quo vivente^ aut salteni panllo post 
obitnm eius^ hunc codicem scrip turn credo! 

At the present time about three-quarters of the 
whole remain, mostly legible, though some leaves can 
only be properly read in a good light, and for a few 
even direct sunlight is necessary. The leaves vary in 
size from charred fragments a square inch or so in area 
to almost perfect specimens ; but not one has quite 
escaped the action of fire or water. It seems that the 
latter element is responsible for most of the oblitera 
tion, for parts merely charred are generally easy to 
read by a strong transmitted light. There are now 
1 29 leaves in C, the size of the most perfect being, on 
the average, about yi by 4^ inches. The first three 
leaves are missing, as well as one between fols. 79^ 
and 80 #, and two between fols. 127 b and 128 a. The 
usual number of lines to the page is 26 or 27, but 
occasionally 28 ; and about 7 words go to the line. 
The MS. is in one distinct and neat handwriting, 
generally written with a fine pen. The writing varies 
considerably in size, perhaps in part owing to the 
unequal shrinking of the vellum under the influence 
of intense heat, as it is frequently small at the top of 
a page, and grows larger towards the bottom. There 
is no formal division into chapters, but each of the 
Metra begins a fresh line, with a large space left for 
the initial capital, which has, however, not been 
written. Illumination is entirely absent. Paragraphs 
are generally marked by the use of small or medium 
capitals, but these, like the marks of punctuation, are 
not always logically used. Words are not run together, 
but letters are frequently combined, especially certain 
groups with the letter e, which has two forms, the short 



MANUSCRIPTS xiii 

and the tall. A few prefixes, especially ge- and be-, 
are often separated from the main word ; and some 
common proclitics, such as ne^ are merged in the 
following word, thus : nemceg. 

Contractions are on the whole infrequent, especially 
at the beginning of the book, though they increase in 
number towards the end. The principal ones are 
cw$=cwa$ (once or twice cwfi], ceftcefter, and now 
and then fonn=fonne. The letter m is not seldom 
replaced by a stroke over the preceding vowel, espe 
cially in dative forms. Punctuation, represented only 
by the dot or full stop, is fairly frequent in the prose, 
marking paragraphs rather than sentences ; but is 
rarer in the verse, which is externally in no way 
distinguished from prose. Of individual letters it 
may be noticed that y has a short tail curved to the 
left, and there is no dot above it ; s is either f or f, 
the form S only occurring as a capital. As a final. 
d is used with few exceptions ; medially and initially 
I probably predominates, except in pronominal forms. 
Accents are rare, and occur chiefly on the adverb a, 
the verbal prefix a-, and on god, good, which however 
is generally written good. 

Sir Edward Maunde Thompson believes C to have 
been written shortly after the middle of the tenth 
century, about 960-970 A.D. Dr. Henry Sweet, in 
his Anglo-Saxon Reader, ascribes it to the beginning 
of the tenth century, agreeing with Wanley, who saw it 
before it was injured, and referred it, as we have seen, 
to King Alfred s lifetime, or the period immediately 
following his death. 

2. The Bodleian MS. (B) ; (Wanley, p. 64), formerly 
lettered on the back NE. .3. n, now numbered 180 



xiv INTRODUCTION 

(2079), contains 94 leaves of vellum. The 1 2 fragments 
of another work formerly bound up with this MS. 
were in 1884 taken out of the binding, and are now 
numbered Bodl. Add. D. 98. The vellum pages, 
which have been much pared in parts, measure about 
nj by 7f inches, and the written page fills a rectangle 
of about 9 by 6 \ inches. With few exceptions there 
are 24 lines of writing to the page, though as many as 
27 lines have been frequently ruled,, and about 11 or 
1 2 is the average number of words to the line. The 
gatherings are of five or six plies each, and are generally 
numbered for the binder, the numerals i, ii, iiii, v, vii 
being marked on fols. io#, 110, 31 a, 41*2, 6ia respec 
tively. B is written and corrected in a bold English 
hand hardly earlier than the beginning of the twelfth 
century. The text has initials in red, blue, purple and 
green, at the beginning of chapters, and occasionally 
of sections, but these colours have not lasted as well 
as the ordinary ink, which is of a very legible dark 
brown. The writing grows rougher, and the vellum 
worse towards the end of the book. The text-writer 
has occasionally left small initials in the margin as 
guides to the rubricator. 

The text is divided into forty-two chapters by 
Roman numerals written after the last word of the 
preceding chapter on the same line, while sections 
and paragraphs are marked by initial capitals of 
medium size. Punctuation, represented by the dot, 
is frequent, but not always logical. The mark of 
interrogation occurs once or twice, closely resembling 
the modern form (?). Accents are rare, except on 
one or two pages, where they have been sprinkled in 
profusion in an undecided manner, perhaps by a later 



MANUSCRIPTS xv 

hand. The chief contractions are a stroke over vowels 
denoting an omitted m, and the form Jjon for fionne, 
both being very common. A curly mark above the 
line represents -ris in the words Papinianus and Apol- 
linus (p. 66, 1. 30 and p. 116, 1. 1). Wester (p. 80, 1. 18) 
is written wcet with a mark over the / denoting -er. 
The proper names Cancaseas (p. 43, 1. 9), Boetius 
(p. 58, 1. 29), and Orfens (p. 101, 1. 25), are written 
with initial capitals. 

The original spelling is fairly well preserved in B 
for so late a MS., but a number of errors have crept in, 
letters and words being often omitted. In its text 
B agrees on the whole pretty closely with C, of which 
however it seems independent, and has moreover a table 
of contents at the beginning. A prayer is added at 
the end, written in a hand resembling that of the main 
text, of which it may have been an imitation 1 . A 
close examination decides against the identity of the 
two hands, which however may belong to the same 
school of handwriting. This prayer seems hastily 
written with a hard pen. One example of the con 
tinental g occurs. 

It may be here noticed that the fragments (Bodl. 
MSS. Add. D. 98), formerly in the binding of 
MS. 1 80, are part of a folio double-column digest, 
apparently written in England in the beginning of the 
fourteenth century, with glosses. The writing on one 
of them in a sixteenth-century hand runs * Boetius de 
consolatide philosophiae translated into the Saxonic tug 
by King A elf red 

3. A fragment (N) of a third MS. was discovered 

This prayer is entered by Wanley in his Catalogue as a separate 
work distinct from B, under the heading Oratio ad Deum. 



xvi INTRODUCTION 

in 1886 by Professor A. S. Napier, of Oxford, whose 
transcript is printed with some words of introduction 
(in German) in the Zeitschrift fiir deutsches Alter thum, 
vol. xxxi. pp. 52-54 (vol. xix. part I, new series, 
1887). Professor Napier says The following frag 
ment of the Alfredian translation of Boethius in 
a hand of the first half of the tenth century forms 
the last leaf of MS. Bodl. 86. This leaf, which 
evidently has been used previously in the binding, 
was placed in its present position by the binder, and 
originally belonged to a small folio Boethius MS. 
The fragment formed the lower half of a leaf, and 
judging by the part missing between the two sides 
each page must have contained about thirty-eight 
lines. The writing is in parts very indistinct, as the 
letters are frequently blurred ; the parchment is also 
perforated here and there, so that some letters are 
quite gone. 

Some years ago N was taken out and bound 
separately, but it has since been temporarily mislaid, 
so that the present editor has not been able to see it. 
The words in Professor Napier s transcript, which 
accurately represents the MS., are much run together, 
and no capitals are used. Contractions and accents 
are relatively frequent. The vowels a and o, following 
h, m, and ;z, are in some cases formed by a looped 
prolongation of the last stroke of these consonants 
below the line, a characteristic of the age of the 
fragment. 

The relations of the MSS. are conjecturally repre 
sented in the following diagram, where A represents 
the archetype of B, C, and perhaps of N, and A 1 
stands for the archetype of the Cotton Metra. 



PRESENT EDITION 



xv 



A W. Saxon. 
"\895-9oo * 
-... Prose 

" ... only. 



A. t 



W. Saxon or 
Kentish ? 
895-930 ? 
Allit. verse 



Kentish in- 
fluence. 
i no? 
Prose 
only. 



N 



W.Saxon. 

93? 
Prose 
only ? 



Kentish influence. 960? 
Prose from A. 
Verse from A lt 



4. In the Bodleian library there is also a transcript 
(Jun. 12) of B, made by Franciscus Junius, with his 
selection of the more notable C variants in the margin ; 
also a good copy which he made of the Cott. Metra. 
As Junius made these excerpts and copy of C before 
the latter MS. was injured by fire, his readings are 
often our only authority for it. The whole of the 
transcript with the printed Latin text pasted in, and 
occasional notes by Junius, are bound up in one large 
folio volume. Wanley (Catalogue, p. 80) states that 
among the MSS. presented to the chapter of Exeter 
Cathedral by Bishop Leofric in the eleventh century 
was an Old English version of the De Consolatione, 
known as Boeties boc on englisc. Of its subsequent 
history we know nothing, unless perchance it was one 
of the MSS. just described. It is probable that such 
a popular work as the De Consolatione would have 
been frequently copied in its English dress during the 
tenth and eleventh centuries, so that it is somewhat 
surprising that only two perfect MSS. have reached 
modern times. 

ii. Present Edition. 

The present edition contains the three parts of the 
extant Old English version of the De Consolatione, 
viz. : 






xvui INTRODUCTION 

1. The prose version of the Latin prose original, 
common to B and C. 

2. The prose version of the Latin carmina, only 
found in B. 

3. The alliterating metrical version of the Latin 
carmina, only found in C. 

As regards (i), the text adopted is that of C. 
Where C is uninjured and legible, the chief variants of 
B are given in footnotes, but variations constantly 
recurring, such as B s mihte for C s meahte, B s dam 
for C s dam^ &c., are not reproduced. Where C is 
injured or at all illegible, the text of B is printed, and 
the C readings preserved by Junius are given in foot 
notes marked J. If part of a word is visible in C the 
word is completed from B, or from J where available; 
for this the footnotes should be consulted. All 
words in the text not in C,, or illegible in C, are in 
italics ; all parts now missing from C are in square 
brackets, while words and letters not in C from the 
first are in round brackets. Words and letters in 
italics, but not in brackets, do occur in C but are not 
legible. In short, it may be assumed that all words 
in italics are from B, unless otherwise stated in the 
footnotes. 

As regards (2) the text of B is printed, and these 
prose Metra are printed (in italics) just where they 
occur in B. 

For (3), the Metra are printed together after the 
prose, though they occupy in C the places filled by 
(2) in B. The text is that of C, supplemented (in 
italics) where deficient from the transcript of the 
C Metra made by Junius, and also referred to as J in 
the footnotes. The numbering of these Metra was 



PRESENT EDITION xix 

first made by Fox, and is here retained. Grein s 
arrangement of the lines is generally followed. 

C is in parts much injured with holes in the parch 
ment, which is also creased to such an extent that it 
is often impossible to indicate in a printed text exactly 
what is missing and what illegible. In such cases the 
passage is enclosed in square brackets, and a note is 
added to the effect that part is gone, part illegible in C. 

Contractions are not expanded, but given as they 
occur, except in two or three instances noted above in 
the description of B. The wavy mark (~) over the 
/ in ceft (= after) and one or two other words is 
intended to stand for exactly the same sign as the 
straight mark printed in other cases, such as don., da, 
&c., which in the MSS. is generally straight but 
occasionally somewhat wavy. The letters of the 
MSS. are not specially reproduced as to form, except 
that d and J) are given as they occur in B, C, and 
J. The abbreviation J ( = and) is after a full stop 
printed as a capital, but does not occur as such in the 
MSS. When a bracket bisects the digraph (B the 
latter is written ae. 

Accents are marked where they occur in the MSS. 

The particles corresponding to the German separable 
particles, and used in Old English either as adverbs or 
prepositions, such as fram, of, on, &c., are generally 
treated as prepositions when following their cases, if 
there is a regimen ; and as adverbs, where there is no 
regimen. In either case they are printed separately. 
Occasionally, however, they form true compounds with 
verbs, and are then printed as such both in the text 
and the glossary. 

Emendations and conjectures, which occur chiefly 

b 2 



xx INTRODUCTION 

in the text of B, are mostly self-evident corrections of 
errors made by the scribe in copying. Many of these 
had already been made by Junius, and reproduced by 
later editors. In this edition only the more important 
emendations and conjectures suggested by Junius, and 
Grein (in the verse), and one by Professor Napier, are 
specially acknowledged. In addition to these, however, 
a considerable number have been made by the present 
editor, where they seemed necessary to an intelligible 
text. All emendations and conjectures are marked as 
such in the footnotes. The division of the prose text 
into sections was first made by Junius, who also supplied 
the references to the Latin original. A few corrections 
and alterations have been made in the former, and the 
latter have been carefully verified from Peiper s text 
(Leipzig 1871, Teubner). Where the beginning of 
a section does not coincide with a Latin section, the 
corresponding page and line in Peiper are given in 
a footnote. For the punctuation of the text the editor 
is responsible. That of the prose part is modernized 
for the first time, for convenience in reading. In the 
Metra, Grein s punctuation is followed on the whole, 
but with numerous exceptions. In Old English 
writings it is not always easy to clearly mark by 
punctuation the correlation of words and sentences, 
and the MSS. are frequently unsatisfactory and even 
misleading in this respect. 

The fragment N is printed from Professor Napier s 
text as an appendix on pp. 205-206, but with modern 
punctuation and words separated ; contractions are left 
unexpanded except in the case of the looped h> m, 
and , where the vowels are printed in italics (v. supra). 

The Glossary is intended to give every word occur- 






BIBLIOGRAPHY xxi 

ring in the text, and every instance, except of constantly 
recurring words. In these cases the first instance of 
the word s occurrence is given from the prose, and 
generally from the verse, and an &*c. added. As the 
Glossary aims at being phonological rather than syn 
tactical or lexicographical, a full record of forms is 
given, rather than of shades of meaning, though these 
latter have not been neglected. The prepositions 
indeed have been treated with some fullness, in view 
of their high syntactical importance and the interesting 
light they throw on the ways of thought of the early 
users of our language. It should be remembered that 
as the B text is here not printed in full, the Glossary 
is incomplete as a register of B forms. 

iii. Bibliography. 

i. Previous Editions, (a) By Christopher Rawlin- 
son, Oxford, 1698, containing the whole text of B, 
the C variants, and the Cotton Metra ; printed, with 
no additions (except a Latin preface and a number of 
quotations from early writers concerning King Alfred s 
authorship of the Old English Boethius), directly from 
the transcript by Junius above described. There is 
a full-page engraved portrait of Junius facing the 
title-page, after the picture by Van Dyck. The 
imprimatur of John Meare, Vice-Chancellor of the 
University of Oxford, is dated April 2, 1698. There 
are further a small copper engraving representing 
Boethius in his dungeon, with a female figure at his 
side, crowned with a halo and pointing upwards, and 
also a portrait of King Alfred, with the legend Al- 
uredus R. ex Lapide in Coll. Aenei Nasi. 

(b) By J. S. Cardale, London, 1829. The B text is 



xxii INTRODUCTION 

given, embodying emendations and conjectures, with 
English translation and explanatory notes, and a speci 
men of the Cotton Metra. 

(c) King Alfred s Anglo-Saxon version of the Metra 
of Boethius, with an English prose translation and 
explanatory notes, by the Rev. Samuel Fox, M.A., 
of Pembroke College, Oxford. William Pickering, 
London, 1835. 

(d) Complete edition by the Rev. Samuel Fox, 
Bohn, London, 1864. The text of the prose is that 
of B, apparently copied from Rawlinson s edition 
without collation with B itself. Up to Chapter xxix, 
only the readings from C excerpted by Junius and 
printed in Rawlinson s edition are given in footnotes ; 
afterwards these latter are supplemented by some 
more variants taken directly from C. A literal English 
translation faces each page of the original. The Metra 
of C are collected at the end of the book,, apparently 
copied from the Junius transcript, or from Rawlinson, 
without fresh collation with C. An English rhymed 
translation of the Metra, by Martin F. Tupper, is 
printed side by side with the text ; there are some 
explanatory notes and a word-list at the end. 

(e) The Cotton Metra are printed with critical notes 
and emendations in C. W. M. Grein s Bibliothek der 
angelsachsischen Poesie. 

Hickes in his Thesaurits had printed some extracts 
from these Metra, using Rawlinson s edition. 

Extracts from the prose and verse parts of the Old 
English Boethius are given in various Readers and 
Analecta, a list of which will be found in Wiilker s 
Grundriss zur Geschichte der angelsachsischen Lite- 
ratur. Professor Bright in his Anglo-Saxon Reader 



BIBLIOGRAPHY xxni 

has printed portions of the prose, embodying a fresh 
collation of C ; in the other Readers the text of the 
editions is followed. 

A facsimile of a page of Cott. MS. Otho A 6 is 
given in the Jubilee edition of the Works of King 
Alfred the Great, p. 515. 

2. Translations. In addition to the translations 
given in the editions of Cardale and Fox, the latter s 
version of the Old English prose and Tupper s 
rhyming paraphrase of the verse are printed in the 
Jubilee edition of the Whole Works of King Alfred 
the Great. Tupper also published his version sepa 
rately in 1850. A good deal of Alfred s Boethius is 
translated in Sharon Turner s History of the Anglo- 
Saxons (vol. ii. ch. ii, seventh edition, 1853), accom 
panying a full analysis of the work and a commentary, 



with a literal translation of the corresponding passages 
in the original Latin added in the footnotes. 

In his Proeve eener geschiedenis der dichtkunst en 
fraaje letter en onder de Angel- Saksen (Amsterdam, 1 842) 
J. P. Arend has some notes on Alfred s Boethius, 
followed by a Dutch translation of some passages 
(pp. 130-180). A part of the fable of Orpheus and 
Eurydice is translated into French in H. Taine s 
Histoire de la litterature anglaise (vol. i. pp. 59~^3, 
eighth edition, 1892); and Grein gives an alliterating 
German version in his Dichtungen der Angelsachsen. 

3. Literature. The question of the authorship of 
the Cotton Metra has been fully discussed by A. Leicht 
in Anglia, vi. 126-170; by M. Hartmann in Anglia, 
v. 411-450; and by O. Zimmermann in a dissertation 
published at Greifswald in 1882. Wulker in his 
Grundriss gives a precis of the researches and argu- 



xxiv INTRODUCTION 

ments of these writers, and his own summing up. 
Leicht also wrote an article in Anglia, vii. 178-202, 
supplementing his first one, and containing notes on 
the MSS. (as represented in Fox s edition) and their 
phonology, and a comparison of the Old English 
version with the original Latin. In Boethius, an 
Essay, by H. F. Stewart (pp. 170-178), there is an 
interesting appreciation of Alfred s translation. 

In a very suggestive article in the Archiv filr das 
Studium der neueren Sprachen 94 (2 and 3), pp. 149- 
160, the late Dr. Georg Schepss showed that many 
illustrations and amplifications found in the Old 
English version of the De Consolatione and hitherto 
credited to King Alfred, especially those of a marked 
Christian tendency, are undoubtedly derived from Old 
Latin commentaries, belonging to two types, now 
represented by (i) a complete separate commentary 
bound up with the Boethius MS. written by Froumund 
in the tenth century and now belonging to the 
Ottingen-Wallerstein library at Maihingen ; and (2) 
the marginal Scholia of the Munich MS. no. 19452, 
written in the tenth or the eleventh century. 

J. W. Tupper, in a dissertation published in Balti 
more, U.S.A., in 1897, investigates the tropes and 
figures in the prose of the Boethius. 

In Modern Language Notes for 1894 (no. 6), pp. 
321-342, there is an article on the close connexion 
between the Alfredian Boethius and the Alfredian 
Soliloquies or Blooms. 

Max Rieger gives an analysis of the metre of the 
Cott. verses in his Die alt- und angelsdchsische Vers- 
kunst (Halle, 1876), first published as an article in 
Zacher s Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie. 



RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL xxv 

A Latin MS. of the De Consolatione with Old 
English glosses (Corp. 214, Camb.) is described by 
Professor W. W. Skeat in the American Journal of 
Philology, v. (4) p. 488 ; but, as Dr. Skeat remarks, 
these glosses are in no way connected with Alfred s 
Boethius. 

In Richard Wiilker s Grundriss zur Geschichte der 
angdsdchsischen Liter atur will be found further in 
formation about the literature of the Boethius. 

iv. Relation to Latin Original. 

The following analysis by chapters and sections 
will serve to show the degree of correspondence 
between the Old English version and its Latin 
original, as represented in R. Peiper s text. It may 
be premised that the words close or literal have 
a looser sense than usual, as here applied to our 
version. Even in his most faithful translation, that 
of the Ctira Pastor alis, King Alfred is by no means 
what would in these days be called literal ; while in 
his Boethius it is the exception to find a passage of 
even a few lines rendered word for word. 

ABBREVIATIONS. 

ab. = abridged. nL. = not in the Latin original. 

add. = addition(s), added. ps. = passage (s). 

ch. chapter. r. = rather, fairly. 

d. = close, literal. ref. = refers, referring. 

ex. = expanded, expansion. st. = sentence. 

f. = free. trs. transposed. 

/. = line, lines. v. very, greatly. 

L. = the Latin original. vv. = very greatly. 

i nL. ii r. cl. iii = i, ii, iii, iv of L. trs. and vv. ab. Ch. 
iv of L. om. Metr. iii and iv om. iv r. cL In v i (Saere 



xxvi INTRODUCTION 

heofoncundan Jerusalem nL. 2 r, cl., but simpler than L. 
v, vi r. cl. vii 1,2 r.f. Metr. ii i om. 3 v.f. and ex. 
especially at end. After smyltra y(Sa (/. 17 /. 26) is om. nunc 
procellis ac fluctibus inhorrescere. After the allusion to 
Croesus and Cyrus, a ref, to Paulus and the Persian King 
is om. 5 nL. viii vv.f. ix gives the sense, x Beginning 
and end ex. The ps. ref. to Symmachus and the wife and 
sons of Boethius is cl. xi gives sense, but is loose and full. 
The last words, $ waeron ealle ]?a halgan martiras, are nL. 
xii is more detailed than L. The application of the moral is 
nL no mention in L. of Christ and God. xiii r. cl. on the 
whole, xiv First part r. cl., the latter half of i (p. 30 /. 3 
to end} is v. ex. In 3 the passage Gif (5u nu wasre 
wegferend etc. (p. 33 /. 8) = Tu igitur qui nunc contum 
gladiumque sollicitus pertimescis, si uitae huius callem uacuus 
uiator intrasses, coram latrone cantares. xv r. cl. The 
words ac nu . . . forbaern S (p. 34 /. 7-10) = Sed saeuior 
ignibus Aetnae Feruens amor ardet habendi. xvi vv. ex. 
The ref. in 1/0 Theodoric is nL. The explanation se is 
on Sicilia <5sem ealonde . . . wass (p. 34 /. 28-30) is nL. 
Tarquin (I. 31) is not named in L. In 2 the allusions 
to gnats and the flea are nL. (p. 36 /. 8 and 1 1). The Latin 
words liberum quemdam are mistranslated romaniscum 
aetSelinge, se wses haten Liberius (p. 36 /. 17). The story of 
Busiris (1. 29 et seq.} rests on Busiridem accipimus necare 
hospites solitum ab Hercule hospite fuisse mactatum. That 
of fiegulus=Regu\us plures Poenorum bello captos in 
uincla coniecerat, sed inox ipse uictorum catenis manus 
praebuit. The division between Books i and ii is wrong 
(p. 38 A 6). 3 isvv. ex. ; the latter half (p. 38 /. 14 to end] 
is ex. from 13 /. of L. 4 is more detailed than L., where 
there is no mention of the heavenly power, xvii is nL. except 
the first 5 lines, xviii In i the words (p. 41 /. 23) on 
(5xre bee <5e Astralogium hatte = astrologicis demonstra- 
tionibus, and se towrat . . . anre bee (/. 27) is nL. The rest 



RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL xxvn 

of this is r. <:/., as also are the remaining of the ch. 
except the words f ge naefre . . . manega (Sioda (p. 42 /. 25), 
the ref. to the Scythians (p. 43 /. 10), the blame cast on careless 
historians (p. 44 /. i 8) and the concluding sentence of 3, 
none of which are in L. xix r. cl. The bones of Weland 
is suggested by ossa Fabricii. The error ocSre naman Cassius 
(p. 46 /. 22) should be noted. Cato in L. is rigidus Cato. 
xx r. cl. ; frontem is mistaken for fontem (/. 47 /. 9). 
The words Ac seo orsorhnes . . . windes pyf illam uideas 
uentosam fluentem suique semper ignaram. xxi v. ex. 
God = caelo imperitans amor, xxii ex. Last $/.!== talia 
sunt quippe quae restant, ut degnstata quidem mordeant, 
interius autem recepta dulcescant. xxiii r. cl. xxiv i is 
f. after the first few I. ; God (p. 52 /. 20) = bonum. The 
last st. about the brooks and the sea is nL. 2 is r. cl. 
3 has add. of slight importance ; the words buton (5aes 
getreowan freondes . . . crseftas (p. 54 /. 15-22) are nL. 
The latter part of 4, wenst <5u etc. (p. 55 /. 31), is f. and 
ex. The ps. on p. 55 /. 28-31 is nL, xxv r. cl., except 
the last part, seo raest etc. (p. 57 /. 31 to end], which is nL. 
englum (/. 8) is also nL. xxvi i r. cl., but $ is God 
(p. 58 /. 8) is nL. 2 r. cl. except last part (p. 60 /. 15 to 
end}. 3 r. cl., but the words j (5eah he erige his land mid 
ftusend sula oneret bacis colla rubri litoris. xxvii i r. 
ex. The ps. about Catulus (p. 61 /. 16 to end} = unde 
Catullus licet in curuli Nonium sedentem strumam tamen 
appellat. (One Latin MS. has here Catulus.) 2 has add. 
The words (5aes unrihtwisan cyninges Diodrices = Decorate. 
The ps. on p. 62 /. 24-31 is nL. In 3 the last part 
(p. 63 /. 27 to end) is nL. 4 f. Hit wses gio . . . senig is 
(p. 64 /. n-i6) = atqui praefectura magna olim potestas 
nunc inane nomen et senatorii census grauis sarcina : si quis 
populi quondam curasset annonam, magnus habebatur, nunc 
ea praefectura quid abiectius ? xxviii f. but not ex. xxix 
The first 15 I. of i are an ex. of 4 in L. The sent, for (Sam 



xxvm INTRODUCTION 

cwsecS gio etc. (p. 65 /. 27) = expertus sortis suae periculorum 
tyrannus regni metus pendentis supra uerticem gladii terrore 
simulauit. The last part, beginning Ac ic wat (p. 66 L 4 to 
end], is v. ex. In 2 the allusion to Seneca in L. is simply 
Nero Senecam familiarem praeceptoremque suum ad eligendae 
mortis coegit arbitrium (cf. p. 66 L 23-29); and the sent, 
relating to Papinianus = Papinianum diu inter aulicos poten- 
tem militum gladiis Antonius obiecit. The rest of the is ex. 
3 r. cl., but the Ultima Thyle of L. is ex. (p. 67 /. 32 etc.}. 
xxx In i sum sceop . . . nane eart = tragicus exclamat 

d) oa &oa popiotffl 8rj ftpQT&v ovdtv ycyaxnv ftyKov wyKwcras peyav. 

(The Latin MSS. vary here.} The ps. ealle men . . . meder 
(p. 68 /. 30)= uidetur namque esse nobilitas quaedam de 
mentis ueniens laus parentum. The rest of the is r. ex. 
In 2 forcSam hi ealle comon of anum fseder 7 of anre 
meder (/. 69 /. 18) is r.f., and the word God is nL. xxxi 
The chief add. in i are, 7 hu micele . . . (Surhteah (p. 70 
/. 10-13), Gif nu hwa cwicS . . . wraennesse (/. 14-18), and 
forftsemfte manig wif . . . daed waes (/. 21-27). 2 r - c ^- 
xxxii i mostly r. cl. ; but the last part, 7 (Seah (Su etc. 
(p. 72 /. 8 to end of ) is add. In 2 swa swa Aristotelis 
. . . lox (p. 73 /. 1-3) Quod si, ut Aristoteles ait, lynceis 
oculis homines uterentur. 3 r. cl. ; se weg is God (/. 73 
/. 24) is nL. xxxiii i is r. cl. 2 and 3 f. and v. ex. 
4 f- 5 vv - ex - from 28 /. in L. xxxiv The first half 
of i is f., and last part ex. swa swa sum micel aewelm . . . 
ri(5a of (p. 82 /. 27) = quidam omnium fons bonorum. 
2 r. cl. The middle part of 3 (/. 84 /. 18 p. 85 /. 2) is 
nL. except the st. ac we sculon . . . betst. 4 r. cl. except 
that the last few lines (p. 85 /. 22 to end} = ueluti geometrae 
solent demonstratis propositis aliquid inferre quae porismata 
ipsi uocant. The middle part of 5, se is stemn . . . afsered 
(p. 86 /. 2-1 o) is nL. 6 v. ex. The chief add. are, swa 
swa of (5aere sab . . . eft to sse (p. 86 /. 18-22), swa swa nu 
saul . . . crseftas (/. 86 /. 29 -p. 87 /. 9). 7 r. cl. 8 f. 



RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL xxix 

The allusions in L. to Tagus, Hermus, and Indus are not 
rendered. gf. 10 r. cl. Hwa maeg . . . anwald (p. 92 
/. 7-10) is nL. In ii the ps. gif &u (Sonne . . . ser waes 
(/. 92 /. 25), and (Su meaht \vitan . . . asyndred (p. 92 /. 32 
p. 93 /. 6) are nL. In 12 there are considerable but 
unimportant add. xxxv i gives the sense fairly. 2 f. 
but not v. ex. The last sent. (5one god etc. (p. 96 /. 22) = 
Hoc quidquid est quo condita manent atque a^itantur usitato 
cunctis uocabulo deum nomino. In 3 the last part, Nu ic 
c5e andette etc. (p. 97 /. 13 to end] is nL. In 4 the first 
half is r. cl., except the allusion to <5a \vic5erweardan englas 
(p. 98 /. 13), which is nL. But the latter half, beginning 
H wast, ic wset ...(/>. 98 /. 26 to end] is an ex. of Accepisti, 
inquit, in fabulis lacessentes caelum gigantas : sed illos 
quoque, uti condignum fuit, benigna fortitude deposuit. 5. 
r. cl. In 6 the quotation from Parmenides is navrodev 

VKVK\OV a(f)aipr)s evaXiyKtov oy<u (cf. p. IOI /. 3 et seq^). In 

7 the story of Orpheus has numerous add. explanations, the 
chief of which are: Sio \vses on Creca rice . . . Orfeus 
(p. loi /. 24); Sio . . . Eurudice (/. 26); j (5a stanas . . . 
swege (/. 27); Da ssedon hi ... dseges 7 nihtes (p. 102 
/. 1-5) ; Da (5ohte he ... swicSe oreald (/. 10-18). These 
last 2 ps. = Infernas adiit domos, and stupet tergeminus 
ianitor. Next follow (5e folcisce men hata(5 Parcas (/. 22); 
Da hi secgaft . . . wyrde (/. 24) ; Da code he ... Se he baed 
(/. 26-29); wges to gebunden . . . scylde (/. 30); (5e hine 
aer . . . hearpode (p. 103 /. 1-4) ; Da eode . . . (5ses wifes 
(/. 11-13). xxxvi 1-5 r. cl. In 3 the words tfe we 
hata S Saturnus . . . tungol are nL. (p. 105 /. 12-14). ^ n 
6 hwaet, (5a cild . . . ealdum monnum is nL. (p. 108 
/. 8-12) ; also $ is God ... to lufianne (/. 19-21), and $ ilce 
. . . Code (/. 24) are nL. 7 ex. 8 v. f. Swa swa 
aelces .. . hrof ge flor (p. no /. 22-25) is nL. xxxvii 
v. f. and ex. 2 r. f. The ps. Nis -f eac . . . gebyret5 
(p. 112 /. 20-27) * s an ex - y uti currendi (al. currenti) in 



xxx INTRODUCTION 

stadio propter quam curritur iacet praemium corona. 3 
r. d. Swa swa an mon . . . aer waes (p. 114 /. 4-9) is nL. 
4 r. d. The ps. (5e symle . . . tSaeron (/>. 115 /. 6-10) 
nL. xxxviii i is much more detailed than L. The first 
part, as far as the mention of Circe (to p. 116 /. 2) is in L. 
* Vela neritii ducis Et uagas pelago rates Eurus appulit insulae. 
2/. ; swa swa great beam . . . swicSe earme (p. 117 /. 29-31) 
is Z. The first part of 3 is r. cl. (to p. 119 /. 9); the rest 
is ex. 4 ex. 5 _/ ; unhale eagan (/. 121 /. 9) = oculos 
tenebris assuetos, and ne magon . . . willan (/. 9-13) is nL. ; 
also fortSaem hi ne lyst . . . lichoman (/. 19-29) is nL. The 
last part is v. ex. 6 r. cl. 7 not ex., but f. in parts. 
xxxix i r. cl. but the st. lufie . . . maeg (p. 124 /. 16) is 
nL. 2 r. cl. Se selmehtega God (p. 125 /. 14) = deus 
rector. 3 ex. in the astronomical part at the beginning ; 
Saturn is not mentioned in L. In 4 the ps. (Sa race . . . fyre 
(p. 127 /. 4-14) is an ex. of tails namque materia est, ut una 
dubitatione succisa innumerabiles aliae uelut hydrae capita 
succrescant. The ps. ForcSaem hit . . . langan spell (p. 127 
/. 26-29) 2S n ^" The last part of 5 is f. ; deus does not 
occur in L. but only diuina ratio and diuinae mentis. 6 r. cl. 
7 v. ex. from about 10 /. in L. In 8 the ps. sume 
ucSwiotan . . . heora scylda (p. 131 /. 8-15) with the allusion 
to cristene men is nL. 9 r. cl. 10 f. ; a quotation from 
Luc an is om. Se godcunda . . . eagan (/>. 133 /. 11-13) = 

avdpbs 617 ifpou dt pas aidepes (pKob6fj.r)(rai>. 1 1 r. cl. Ac hwaet 

. . . goodan willan (p. 134 /. 9-13) nL. ; also se gooda Isece 
}) is God (/. 1 6) is nL. 12 f. A quotation from the Iliad 
(in Greek) is om. 13 r. cl. ; ocS domes dseg (p. 136 /. 8) is 
nL. xl i r. ex. 2 r. cl. 3 f. In 4 nearly all L. 
om. ; here there are a number of mythological allusions in 
L. 5 r. cl. ; last part condensed. The last part of 6 
condensed. Lib. v carm. i om. In 7 englas (p. 140 /. 28) 
= supernis diuinisque substantiis, and the further ref. (I. 31) 
is nL. An gelmihtig God (p. 141 /. 7) = ille ab aeterno 



RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL xxxi 

cuncta prospiciens. xli In i se gooda sceop . . . selest 
(p. 141 /. 11-13) is nL., otherwise the is r. cl. 2 
condensed and feebler than L. Lib. v car??i. 3 and 4 are om. 
3 v.f. The account of Cicero (p. 143 /. 5) and what follows 
(to L 15) is nL. There is no ref. to God in L. The simile of 
the steersman at the end is nL. 4 gives the sense. Sio 
gesituS (p. 145 /. 24) = ratio or intelligentiae celsior oculus. 
In 5 only the first 5 /. correspond to L. The rest is nL. 
Lib. v carm. 4 and 5 om. 6 gives the bare sense, xlii 
Here the L. is laid aside, except in God ece is (p. 147 /. 19), 
and Hwaet is ecnes (/. 22) ; all the rest to the end of the book 
is nL. 

It may here be convenient to supply some notable 
instances of the use, in the Old English version, of 
early Latin commentaries. They are taken from the 
article by Dr. Schepss, mentioned above. 

The mention of the heavenly Jerusalem (p. u, 
1. 17), which is not in the Latin text, is taken from 
the commentary, which runs : (hoc) tarn ad Romae 
civitatem quam ad ecclesiam seu ad caelestem Hieru- 
salem referripotest (Lib. i. prosa 5, Peiper, p. 19, 1. 14). 

The allusion to the holy martyrs (p. 26, 1. 21) 
comes from the Froumund MS. commentaries (F), 
which have hie sanctos mar tires vult intellegi, qui, ut 
beatiludinem perennem acciperent, diversa potius tor- 
menta quam simplicem mortem desiderabant (Lib. ii. 
prosa 4, P. 35. 91). 

The words perennis sedes and humili saxo (Lib. ii. 
metr. 4, 1. i and 1. 15) are in the Munich commentary 
MS. (M), explained in a Christian sense, and in deo 
is written over saxo. F has saxo id est in Chris to. 
The Old English has Crist (p. 27, 1. 7). 

In the account of Nero s crimes (Lib. ii. metr. 6, 



xxxn INTRODUCTION 

P. 43, v. i ff.) F and M explain urbe flammata 
with the remark that Nero set Rome on fire, volens 
mdere quantum fuerit incendium Troiae. The Old 
English has cefter dcere bisene de gio Trogia burg barn. 
Hine lyste eac geseon hti seo burne, hu lange, 7 hu 
leohte be dczre oderre (p. 39, 1. 20). 

The passage on the elements and seasons (/. 49, /. 5 
et seq.) does not occur in Boethius, but F and M give 
explanatory notes to which the Old English version 
closely corresponds. 

In Lib. iii. met. 9 (Peiper 70, v. I et seq.) the word 
numeris is annotated at some length, and here too the 
Old English version closely follows the commentary 
(/. 80, /. 5 et seq.). In the commentary to the same 
poem (v. 13 et seq.), we find a note explaining that by 
the words triplicis mediam naturae animam we are to 
understand anima rationabilis> together with anima 
irascibilis and anima concupiscibilis. The Old English 
runs (/. 8 1, /. 17-19) An dor a gecynda is f heo bid 
wilnigende. oder f hio bid irsiende, flridde f hio bid 
gesceadwis. 

At the end of this poem the commentaries add the 
words per quem (per)veniamus ad te ; the Old English 
has de ealle men to fundiad. 

To the words of Boethius (Lib. iii. prosa 12, P. 83. 
52) nihil est quod naturam seruans deo contraire 
conetur, Alfred adds buton dysig mon^ odfie eft da 
widerweardan englas (p. 98, 1. 12, 13). This seems 
to be taken from the commentary, which, in speaking 
of the devil, mentions that he was good in sui natura 
but that he voluntate deo re sis tit. 

In Lib. iii. prosa 12 (P. 84. 65) occur the words 
lacessentes caelum gigantas. In M. we find loquitur 



RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL xxxm 

secundum fidem gentilium vel veritatem tangit, qnando 
divisio linguarttm facta est. This biblical allusion is 
not lost on King Alfred (p. 99, 1. 6). 

In Lib. iv. prosa i (P. 89. 33) M. annotates domum 
thus: ad apicem pristinae intelligentiae mentisque 
secretum sen ad paradysum, ubi damns est naturahs. 
The Old English version has (p. 104, 1. 27) to Zare 
heofonlican byrig de du <zr of come. 

The gelidi senis of Boethius in Lib. iv. metr. i 
(P. 90. n) is explained as Saturnus in the commen 
taries. 

In Lib. iv. metr. 5 (P. v. 1-3 ff.) Arcturi . . . Bootes, 
the commentaries explain Bootes Stella est in temone 
p laus tri qnae graece arctofilax vocatur, id est, custos 
plaustri . . . sidera quanta viciniora stint cardmi, tanto 
tardiores habent occasus et celer lores or fas, quoniam diu 
videntur, parmnn autem occultantur. Unde Bootes 
quia primus (proximus?) est cardini, parvo tempore 
occultatur, ergo semper tardius ad occasum quam ad 
or turn venit . . . Rursus, qtianto longius fuerint sidera 
a car dine, celerius occldunt et tardius oriuntur. Com 
pare with this the Old English (p. 126, 1. i ff.). 

The elaborate simile of the wheel contained in 
Chapter xxxix. 7 of the Old English version (p. 139, 
1. 19) seems also to owe something to the words of the 
commentary. 

Finally, the simile of the egg (Metr. xx. 169), which 
has generally been ascribed to King Alfred, is to be 
found indicated in the marginal scholia of the Frou- 
mund Codex in the words Caelum et terrain mareque 
In modum ovi figurari. 

Dr. Schepss further shows that Alfred might have 
avoided certain errors if he had been able to make 



xx xiv INTRODUCTION 

consistent use of the commentaries above described. 
Thus Alfred speaks of sumum romaniscum cedelinge^ 
se wees haten Liberius (p. 36, /. 17), where the Latin 
text has liber quidam ; but the commentaries refer the 
allusion to Anaxagoras, Zeno, or Anaxarchus. 

Alfred s error se wisa Catuhis for Catullus (p. 61, 
1. 17) may have been due to a faulty reading in his 
MS., or perhaps to the mention of Catulus in Orosius, 
but the commentary M has a note nobilis et veronensis 
poeta. The identification of Brutus with Cassius 
(p. 46, /. 22) seems to show carelessness or ignorance 
on Alfred s part, but at the same time he avoids some 
blunders which we find in the commentaries. For 
example, he does not regard Alcibiades as nomen 
mulieris famosae pidchritudiniS) as is gravely set forth 
in the commentary F. The curious mistake which 
makes Ulysses a prince of Rhaetia (p. 115, 1. 16 and 
Metr. xxvi. 8) is due to the reading velani retii for 
vela neritii. 

Alfred seems to have left unused a mass of material 
contained in the commentaries regarding matters 
metrical, grammatical, and etymological, but eagerly 
availed himself of any hints and information he could 
get on Biblical, mythological, and historical questions, 
and all that related to what we now call natural science. 

Dr. Schepss has undoubtedly made out a strong 
case, and has indicated a new field of inquiry which 
may lead to still further interesting discoveries of the 
same nature, as he has only dealt with the more 
notable of the explanations and expansions of the 
Latin text which have been generally ascribed to 
King Alfred. In this connexion William of Malmes- 
bury s statement that Asser sensuiti librarian Boetii 



DIALECT OF TEXT xxxv 

de consolatione planioribus verbis enodavit is of interest, 
as it almost looks as if Asser were the author of the 
above-mentioned commentaries F and M ; but, as 
Dr. Schepss points out, it is safer to believe that in 
the written and oral explanations which he gave the 
king, Asser made use of commentaries already in 
existence. 

v. Dialect of text. 

The following short note kindly communicated to 
the Editor by Professor Eduard Sievers will be of 
interest. The dialect question (of the O. E. Boethius) 
is rather puzzling. The Bodl. MS. contains a good 
many Kenticisms, and so does Cott. The latter is 
evidently copied from an Early W. Saxon source, 
but the scribe has introduced Kentish forms here and 
there, especially his Kentish e for E. W. S. ie, and, 
what is perhaps of greater weight, Kentish io for 
E. -W. S. (or O. E.) eo, as in swwr, diof ; also weoruld 
for W. S. woruld (on the latter see Beitr. xxii. 255). 
It is only the Go which represents W. Germ, eit or e 
that is replaced by Kent, io, not the eo which stands 
for W. Germ, iu or i, and written io in E. W. S. too, 
as far as it exists. Then the Metra are so full of 
Kentish forms that I cannot but believe that they 
were done in Kent, and probably the versifier worked 
from a Kentish copy of the prose text. I have a short 
note on this question in Beitr. x. 197, but without 
amounting to proof I consider the following observa 
tion rather convincing. The prose text (p. 136, /. 23) 
reads thus : panon he welt dam gewealdlederum ealle 
gesceaftu. The versifier makes dam gewealdlederum 
(Metr. xxix. 76) a regular half line ; consequently he 

c 2 



xxxvi INTRODUCTION 

had to alter the words immediately preceding, and 
I believe he did it this way : 



/ / ivaldefi 

danon he ^velt 



flam gewealdlederutn. 



Then he, or some scribe, copied out what he found 
before him, but his eye was caught by the welt, and 
so he wrote what we find in the Metra : he donan 
iv aided ^ $am geweltletirum. So the Kentish welt evi 
dently was in the (original) prose text from which the 
man worked. There are numerous other Kenticisms in 
the text of both B and C, and this question of dialect 
is one that calls for detailed investigation, as it may 
throw light on the source of these two MSS. An 
examination of the Cott. Metra from this point of view 
would probably lead to results regarding their author 
ship of greater value than those hitherto obtained by 
other methods (v. infra). The fragment N, which is 
older than the other two MSS., is West Saxon, with 
no important admixture of Kentish or other dialect. 

vi. Authorship and date of the Work. 

That King Alfred translated into English the De 
Consolatione of Boethius is testified by several early 
writers of varying authority. ./Ethel weard in his 
Chronicle (Lib. iv. cap. 3 ad 901 A. D.) has this 
passage : Divinis quippe super omnia documentis im- 
btitus, nam ex Latino rhetorico fasmate in propriam 
verterat linguam volumina, numero ignoto, ita varie, 
it a praeopime, ^lt non tantum expertioribns sed et 
audientibus liber (librum ?) Boetii lachrymosus quodam- 
modo suscitaretur motus. 

William of Malmesbury says (De Gestis Regum 

1 Cott. MS. has he done anwald ded. Ed. 



AUTHORSHIP AND DATE OF THE WORK xxxvil 

Angliae, Lib. ii. cap. 4, 122), Hie (i. e. Asser) sensum 
librorum Boetii de Consolatione Philosophiae planioribns 
verbis eno davit, quos ipse rex in anglicain linguam con 
fer tit ; and a little further on he again speaks of Alfred s 
translation of thework. In his GestaPontificum Angliae, 
ii. 248 (page 177 of Hamilton s edition), occurs this pas 
sage, Asser us. . .non nsqiieqnaqne contempnendae scien- 
tiae fuit, qui librum Boetii de consolatione pJiilosopJtiae 
planioribus elucidavil, labor e illis diebns necessario, nos- 
tris ridicnlo. Sed enim iussu regis factum est, ut levins 
ab eodem in anglicnm transfer re tin- sermonem. 

Robert Plot in his Historia Natnralis Comitatns 
Oxon. (cap. x, 118) remarks that there seems to 
have formerly existed at Woodstock (Wudestoc) 
a Royal residence, dating from King Alfred s time, 
as it appears from a Cotton MS. (sub Othone A) 
that that King translated at Woodstock the De Conso 
latione of Boethius into Saxon. Plot probably refers 
to MS. Cott. Otho Ax, now destroyed except for 
a few charred fragments. Wanley in his Catalogue 
makes no mention of this statement alleged to be 
contained in the MS. 

In the Liber monasterii de Hyda (edited by Edwards 
1866) it is stated that Alfred caused the De Conso 
latione of Boethius as well as Gregory s Dialogues 
to be translated into the Saxon tongue by Bishop 
Wirefrith (i. e. Werfrith of Worcester). Several other 
early writers from whose works extracts are printed 
in the preface to Rawlinson s edition^ such as Bromton, 
Polydorus Vergilius, Leland, and Bale, refer to 
Alfred s translation of the De Consolatione in nearly 
the same words as those just quoted. 

Most modern critics have seen no reason to doubt 

c 3 



xxxvm INTRODUCTION 

the tradition of antiquity and the express statement in 
the prefaces to the Old English version of Boethius, 
that King Alfred was its author. At least there has 
been no doubt as to his authorship of the prose 
rendering of the prose and verse of the original. 
The whole of this version bears the strong personal 
impress of its author, and in the views of life expressed, 
especially of a king s life, with its manifold cares and 
duties, we can hardly fail to recognize the great king s 
voice. Often groping darkly after the sense of his 
original and failing to find it, he is always earnestly 
trying his utmost to utter in his simple speech the 
high thoughts that surge within him. 

But with regard to the authorship of the Cotton 
Metra there is not this unanimity. This question has 
been exhaustively treated in the articles already 
referred to, by Leicht, Hartmann, and Zimmermann, 
and nothing has since been contributed to its dis 
cussion. Ingenious arguments for and against Alfred s 
authorship have been brought forward, but it cannot 
be said that the question is settled. However, certain 
facts and conclusions have emerged from the dis 
cussion, and may be here shortly stated. 

It is established beyond doubt that the Cotton 
Metra are based directly on the corresponding prose 
version found in B, without further reference to the 
Latin original. They reproduce in metrical dress the 
prose version, omitting little, and adding few thoughts 
of any importance ; and they seem to have been 
composed by rearranging the words of the prose 
version, and inserting poetical commonplaces or tags/ 
to bring the lines into an alliterating form, much as a 
schoolboy might use a Gradus in making Latin verses. 



AUTHORSHIP AND DATE OF THE WORK xxxix 

It has been remarked that certain of the Latin 
Metra are translated in B, but omitted in C (Metra 
i. 6, ii. 2, iv. 7), and that it is precisely these Metra 
that in B lack the formulae which generally introduce 
and dismiss a metrum. This fact is used as an 
argument against the King s authorship of the Cotton 
Metra. But, on the other hand, it is pointed out that 
the prose version of Metr. i. 7 has also no formulae, 
but is nevertheless versified in C. 

Leicht, who has investigated the question most 
thoroughly, shows that none of the usual arguments 
against the King s authorship amount to proof, 
whether those of an a priori nature, or those drawn 
from certain discrepancies observed in the corre 
spondence between the B and C versions of the Metra. 
He himself, however, after carefully comparing one 
version with the other, finds that the alliterating Metra 
of C * offer nothing fresh, such as we should expect of 
Alfred, but only a weak dilution of the terse and 
vigorous prose ; and accordingly he decides against 
the King s authorship. The consensus of critical 
opinion seems to be against Alfred s authorship of 
the prose and metrical prefaces, on the authority of 
which the authorship of the Cotton Metra is often 
ascribed to him ; but nothing has been clearly proved 
one way or the other. The prose preface which is found 
in both B and C closely resembles certain passages 
in Alfred s preface to his translation of Gregory s 
Cur a Pastor alis. It clearly states that King Alfred 
; translated this book from Latin into English prose., 
and afterwards into verse (leode). The metrical 
preface makes the same assertion in more words. 

Leicht shows that the prose preface could not have 



xl INTRODUCTION 

been prefixed to the original version containing the 
prose translation of the Metra, but must have accom 
panied C only, or its archetype, and was afterwards 
added to later copies of the first edition, such as B. 
The Cotton Metra have been compared with the 
verses in the preface to Alfred s Cura Pastoralis, 
which Dr. H. Sweet in his edition of the latter work 
with some justice styles doggerel/ but they seem 
to stand on a rather higher level than these latter. 
They share certain characteristics with the West 
Saxon verse of the tenth century, and clearly belong 
to a period when the rules of Old English prosody, 
observed so carefully in the golden age of Cynewulf 
and in the Beowulf, were neglected, and perhaps 
almost forgotten. Thus the laws of alliteration of 
the classic poetry are often transgressed. Provided 
he has one or two words in the first half line allite 
rating with one in the second, or vice versa, the 
versifier does not much care what words bear the 
stress, while proclitics are at times divorced from 
their main words in a most inelegant manner. 

In conclusion we may say that it lies with the oppo 
nents of the King s authorship of the Cotton Metra to 
prove their case, and this they have not done. An 
investigation of the language of these Metra may, 
however, throw some further light on the question. 
The King, we are told by Asser, was fond of the 
poetry of his native land, and learned much of it by 
heart, and we can well believe that he would please 
both himself and his people by adding a metrical 
version. His hearers, for readers were few in those 
days, would find even a rude rhythm more impressive 
and more easily remembered than the terser prose ; 



REFERENCES xli 

and Alfred himself might perhaps, as an unpoetical, 
practical West Saxon, have regarded these Metra 
with considerable satisfaction. On the other hand, 
he may perhaps have commissioned some skilled 
leodwyrhta, possibly a Kentish clerk, to undertake 
the versification, and the latter s version when in 
corporated into Alfred s prose may conceivably have 
passed from the first under the name of the King *. 

As regards the date when Alfred translated the De 
Consolatione no certain conclusion is possible. Critics 
vary greatly in their chronological arrangement of the 
King s literary works, arguing chiefly from a priori 
grounds, unfortunately almost the only grounds avail 
able. Walker s view, that Alfred translated Boethius 
treatise after the Handboc, the Cur a Pastoralis, and 
the Orosius 3 about the year 897, seems reasonable, 
as our work does not look like the production of 
a novice in composition, but bears the stamp of 
a mature mind wielding the language with the ease 
that could only come from practice. 


vn. 

The references to B are given here in order not to 
further burden the margin of the text. Page and line 
of this edition are printed opposite each folio number. 



la = 12. 30 
Tb 13. 24 
Sa = 14. 18 



Sb = 15. 16 
9<2 = 16. 14 
9b 17. 7 



= 17. 31 
I0b= 18. 26 
Ila = 19. 20 



1 Professor E. Sievers, in Beitr&ge (Paul and Braune), x. 197 note, 
declares against Alfred s authorship of these Metra, and says that he 
believes they were originally written in the Kentish dialect by a Kentish- 
man, and based on a Kentish version of the prose text. Our MSS., B 
and C, according to Prof. Sievers. represent this Kentish text partially 
re-converted into W. Saxon. 



xlii 



INTRODUCTION 



113 = 20. 15 


323 = 53. 10 


533 = 85. 8 


12(2 = 21. 10 


33# = 54. 2 


54a = 86. 3 


123 = 22. 8 


333 = 54. 27 


543= 86. 28 


13<2 = 23. 2 


34(2 = 55. 22 


55<2 = 87. 23 


183 = 23. 27 


343 = 56. 17 


553 = 88. 17 


14<2 = 24. 21 


35(2 = 57. 10 


56a = 89. 10 


143 = 25. 15 


353 = 58. i 


563 = 90. 3 


15<2 = 26. 7 


36a = 58. 27 


57 = 90. 30 


153 = 26. 31 


363 = 59. 24 


573 = 91. 24 


16(2 = 27. 23 


37a 60. 15 


58(2 = 92. 21 


163 = 28. 21 


373 = 61. 10 


583 = 93. 16 


Via 29. 15 


3Sa 62. ii 


59(2 = 94. 10 


173 = 30. ii 


383 = 63. 4 


593= 95. 4 


180 = 31. 5 


39<2 = 63. 30 


60tf = 95. 27 


183= 31. 31 


393 = 64. 24 


603 = 96. 19 


19 a = 32. 23 


40 = 65. 16 


61a = 97. 12 


193 = 33. 17 


403 = 66. 12 


613 = 98. 6 


2Qa = 34. 8 


4:1 a = 67. 3 


62tf = 98. 31 


203 = 35. 2 


413 = 67. 26 


623 = 99. 26 


21^ = 35. 26 


42a = 68. 16 


63(2 = IOO. 21 


213 = 36. 20 


423 = 69. 10 


633 = 101. 16 


22# = 37. 12 


43# = 70. i 


64(2 = IO2. 12 


223 = 38. 3 


433 = 70. 24 


643=103. 5 


23a = 38. 28 


44<2 = 71. 19 


65<2 = 103. 29 


233 = 39. 18 


443 = 72. 15 


653 = 104. 25 


24<2 = 40. 9 


45^=73. 8 


66(2 = 105. 18 


243 = 41. 6 


453= 73. 32 


663 = 106. 15 


25(2 = 41. 28 


46<2 = 74. 24 


67# = 107. 6 


253 = 42. 25 


463 = 75. 18 


673 = io8. 3 


26fl = 43. 18 


47 tf = 76, 5 


68# = 108. 30 


263 = 44. 10 


473 = 76. 27 


683 = 109. 25 


27^ = 45- 3 


48# = 77. 17 


69 = no. 19 


273 = 45. 27 


483 = 78. 10 


693 = in. 8 


28a = 46. 18 


49<2 = 79. 2 


70# = 112. 2 


283 = 47. 7 


493 = 79. 23 


703 = 112. 26 


29# = 48. 4 


50a = 80. 9 


7la = 113. 22 


293 = 48. 27 


5O3 = 80. 32 


713 = 114. 14 


30a = 49. 19 


51<2 = Si. 19 


72<z = 115. 8 


303 = 50. 7 


513 = 82. 7 


723 = 116. 4 


31tf = 50. 28 


52(2 = 82. 30 


73(2 = 116. 26 


313 = 51. 22 


523 = 83. 24 


733 = 117. 17 


32a = 52. 16 


53a = 84. 16 


74<2 = 118. n 






REFERENCES 



xliii 



74$ = 119. 4 


81$ = 129. 24 


88a= 139. 25 


75<2 119. 27 


82<2 = 130. 18 


88$ = 140. 20 


75$ = 120. 18 


82$= 131. 13 


89(2 = 141. ii 


76tf = 121. II 


83(2 = 132. 6 


89$ = 142. 3 


76$ = 122. 4 


83$ = 132. 29 


90# = 142. 30 


77# = 122. 30 


84<2 = 133. 21 


90$ = 143. 27 


77$ = 123. 21 


84$= 134. 13 


91(2 = 144. 20 


78<2 124. 12 


86^=135. 7 


91$ = 145. 12 


78$ =125. 7 


85$= 135. 30 


92a = 146. 6 


79# = 125. 31 


86tf = 136. 19 


92$ = 146. 29 


79$ = 126. 21 


86$ = 137. 10 


93a = 147. 18 


80a = 127. 14 


87tf = 138. 6 


93$ = 148. 14 


80$ = 128. 5 


87$= 138. 30 


94# = 149. 5 


8la = 128. 31 







ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS 



On p. 32, 1. 16, read dierran domte. MSS. omit fionne. 

On p. 89, 1. 22, the em. ftsesternes was suggested by E. Thomson ; see 
Fox, p. 358, n. 44. 

On p. 94, 1. 7, B has ealle gesceafte j ealle wuhta\ 1. 22, B has ic 
wite with ic erased. 

On p. 190, n. 3, for wyrst read wyr } st. 

Metr. xxix, 1. 7, read fyrcne ne mot ; C om. ne ; 1. 8, read monan for 
C s monna, as Leicht suggests (Anglia^ vi. 151). 

GLOSSARY. Diminish by one each line-number of p. 91 and of p. 112 
after 1. II. 

Several references to p. 50 are a line out. 

s.v. dbedecian, for 71. 12 read 71. 17. 

s.v. ascierpan, the pp. ascerped, p. 47, 1. 27, had better perhaps be 
taken as connected with sceorp, and = equipped, prepared ; the Latin has 
succinetam, 

s.v. dsturan, dele astyrest and aslyrast which belong to dstyrian. 

s.v. dom, add domes dag 120. 31. 

s.v. dysilic, dele 42. 10. 

s. v. far, for aspect ? read motion. 

s.v. forbugan, dele prevent. 

s.v. gier-wan, add pp. gegyrewod 32. 27. 

s.v. hwelc, for us read usual. 

For locian read locian, and for lucude n. i read locude n. I. 

j. . gemynd-wiefQe, supply worthy of mention! 

s. v. six stream, for seaman read water of the sea. 



PROEM 



ALFRED KUN1NG IVCBS wealhstod fosse dec, 7 hie of 
bodtzdene^ on englisc wende, swa hio nu is gedon. Hwilum 
he sette word be worde, hwilum andgit of andgite, swa swa he 
hit pa sweotolost 7 andgitfullicast gereccan mihte for pam 
mistlicu 2 7 manigfealdum weoruldbisgum 3 pe hine oft cegder 5 
ge on mode ge on lichoman bisgodan. f)a bisgu us sint 
swipe earfoprime^ pe on his dagum on pa ricu becoman pe 
he underfangen hcefde, 7 peah ffa pas boc hcefde^ geleornode 
7 of Icedene to engliscu spelle gewende^ 7 geworhU* hi eft 
to leoffe e , swa swa heo nu gedon is ; 7 nu bit 7 for Godes 10 
naman he halsad 1 <zlcne para pe pas boc rcedan lyste, p he 
for hine gebidde, 7 him ne wite gif he hit rihtlicor ongite 
ponne he mihte 8 / forpampe celc mon sceal be his andgites 
made 7 be his cemettan sprecan p he sprecff, 7 don p ptzt 
he dep. 15 

1 So also J, where the first vowel is apparently e turned into o. 

2 mislicum J. 3 So J, wordu j bisgum B. * earfoSrimu J. 

5 em. hcefe B. 6 J>a geivorhte he hi efter to leoSe J. 1 healsad J. 
9 meahte J. 



B 



HEADINGS OF CHAPTERS 



/. sErest hu Gotan geivunnon Romana rice, 7 hu Boetius 
hi wolde eft^ bercedan, 7 Beodric pa p anfunde^ 7 him het on 
care erne gebringan. 

II. Hu Boetius on pam carcerne his sar seofiende wees. 

III. Hu se Wisdom com to Boetie cerest inne on pa carcerne, 5 
7 hine ongan frefrian. 

IV. Hu Boetius hine singende gebced, 7 his earfofiu to Gode 
mcende. 

V. Hu se Wisdom hine eft rete 7 rihte mid his andsworum. 

VI. Hu he him rehte bispell bi pcere sunnan 7 bi ofirum 10 
tunglum 7 be wolcnum. 

VII. Hu se Wisdom scede pa Mode p him naht swiff or were 
ponne hit forloren hcefde pa woruldsceloa pe hit cer to gewunod 
hcefde ; 7 scede him bispell hu he hit macian sceolde gif he 
heora pegen beon sceolde ; 7 be pcss scipes segele, 7 hu his 15 
godena weorca ealra wolde her on worulde habban lean. 

VIII. Hup Mod andsworede peer e Gesceadwisnesse, 7 scede 
p hit hit ceghwonan ongeate scyldig ; eac scede p hit wcere 
ofseten mid flees lapes sare, p hit ne mihte him geandsworian. 

pa cwcBcf se Wisdom : p is nu git pinre 2 unrihtwisnesse p $u 2 o 
eartfulneahforpoht*; tele nu pa gescelpa wid pam sorgum. 

IX. f)a ongan se Wisdom eft secgan bispell be pcere m sunnan, 
hu heo oferliht ealle opre steoran, 7 gepiostrap mid hire leohte. ; 
7 hu pone smyltan see pees windes yst. . . 

1 eft above line. 2 J)ire B. 3 em.fofoht B. 

B 2 



4 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 

X. Hu Boeiius scede hu swytole ongiten hcefde p hit call 
so$ wcere pcet se Wisdom scede ; 7 seo orsorhnes, 7 pa scelda 
pe he cer wende pcet ges&Wa beon sceoldan, nauhtas nceran ; 
7 hu se Wisdom scede p he ne mihte gereccan p he ungescelig 

5 ware ; scede p his ancor wcere pa gitfcest on eorpan. 

XI. Hu seo Gesceadwisnes him andsworede 7 cw<zp p heo 
wende ficet heo hine hwcethwegnunges up ahafen hcefde 7 fulneah 
gebroht at pam ilcan weorpscipe l pe he cer hcefde ; 7 acsode 
hine hwa hafde eall p he wolde on pi sse worulde ; sume habbaS 

10 cBpelo 7 nab bap are. 

XII. Hu se Wisdom hine Icerde, gif he fcest hus timbrian 
wolde, p he hit ne setle up on pone hehstan cnoll. 

XIII. Hu se Wisdom scede p hie meahtan i fta smealicor 
sprecan, forpampe seo lar hwcethwegnunges eode on his 

15 andgit. 

XIV. Hu p Mod cwced hwi him ne 3 sceolde lician fceger 
land ; 7 hu se Wisdom ahsode hwcet him belupe to hira 

fcegernesse. 

XV. Hu seo Gesceadwisnes scede hu gescclig seo forme 
20 eld wees. 

XVI. Hu se Wisdom scede p hi hi woldon ahebban for 
pam anweald 0$ done heofen; 7 be -Deodrices anwealde* 7 

Nerones. 

XVII. Hu p Mod scede p him ncefre seo mcegp 7 seo 
25 gitsung forwel ne licode, buton to lape he tilade. 

X VIII, XIX. Be hlisan. Be hlisan. 

XX. Be peer e wifierweardan wyrde, 7 be pcere orsorgan. 

XXI. Be pees celmihtigan Godes anwealde ; hu he welt 
eallu his gesceaftu. 

30 XXII. Hu se Wisdom 7 seo Gesceadwisnes hcefdon p 
Mod aret <zgj>er ge mid smealicre sprcece ge mid wynsuman 
sange. 

XXIII. Hu se Wisdom Icerde pone pe he wolde wcest?nbcere 
land sawan,p he atuhge of cerest pa pornas, ypafyrsas, -/pa 
35 unnyttan weod ; 7 hu he scede gif hiua biter es hwes onberede, 
p him puhte beobread fri swetre. 

e 

1 weo}scipe B. 2 era. median B. 3 ne above line. 4 anweald B. 



DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 5 

XXIV. Hu menn willniad purh l ungelice gearnunga cuman 
to anre eadignesse. 

XXV. Hu God welt ealra gesceafta mid pam bridlu his 
anwealdes, 7 hu ale gesceaft wrigacf wid hire gecyndes, 7 
wilnaS p hit cume pider fionan pe hit ar com. 5 

XX VI. Hu se Wisdom sade p men mihton be Gode swelce 
hi mate ; 7 hwaper se wela mihte pone mon gedon swa iveline 
p he maran ne porfte ; j hwaper Boetie eall his woruld licode 
pa he gesalgost wees 2 . 

XXVII. Hu se weorfiscipe mag gedon tu* ding: done 10 
dysegan pam ofirii dysegu weorpne ; 7 hu Nonius wees for- 
cweden for pam gyldenan scridwane ; 7 hu alces monnes 
yfel bid py openre gif he anwald hcefd*. 

XX VIII. Be Nerone Sam casere. 

XXIX. Hwceder 5 peas cyninges neawest 7 his freondscipe 15 
mcege (Bnigne mon zveligne 7 zvaldendne gedon; 7 hu pa 
ofire friend cumafi mid pa welan, 7 eft mid pam welan 
gewitad. 

XXX. Hu se scop sang p ma manna fcegnodon dysiges 
folces gedwolan ponne hie fcegnedon sopra spella, p is p hi 20 

wcndon his beteran ponne he ware ; ponne fcegniad hi pas 
pe hi sceamian sceolde. 

XXXI. Hu se sceal fela nearanessa gepolian pe pees 
lichoman lustas forltztan nele* ; 7 hu mon mceg <ty ilcan 
weorce cwepan p netenu send gescelige, gif man cwifi p pa 25 
men sen gescelige pa heora lichoman lustum fulgad 1 . 

XXXII. Hu pes anwearda ivela merfi pa men pe beop 
atihte to pa so5um ges&Wum ; 7 hu se wisdom is an anlipe 
craft 8 pare sawle, 7 is peak betera ffonne ealle pas -lichoman 
craftas ; 7 peah hwa gegaderie ealle pas andweardan god, 30 
ponne ne mag he no pe rafior beon swa welig swa he wolde, 
ne he eft him naf$ p pat he ar wende. 

XXXIII. Hu se Wisdom hafde getaht pa Mode pa anlic- 
nessa para socfena salpa ; wolde hi pa selfe getacan, 7 be 
bam fif gesaWum 9 : p is wela 7 anweald 7 voeortiscipe 7 35 

foremarnes 7 willa. 



1 luh B. 2 wens above line in B. 3 fit* B. 4 em. 

le fulgal 

5 em. ffwSer B. 6 sceal B. 1 fyligaX B. 8 em. crcef B. 

9 em. gesaftum B. 10 em. andweald B. 



6 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 

XXXI V. Hu se Wisdom h&fde gerehi hwcel p hehste god 
wees ; wolde him pa gereccan hwcer hit wees, 7 hu of pam 
mycelan gode cumafi^ pa Icessan. 

XXXV. Hu se Wisdom leer de peel Mod ft hit sohte oninnan 
5 him p hit <zr ymbutan hit sohte, 7 forl&te unnytfe ymbhogan 

siva he sivifiost mihte ; 7 hu God wealt ealra gesceafta 7 eallra 
goda mid pa steorrofire his godnesse. 

XXXVI. Hu p Mod scede pa Wisdome p hit ongeate p him 
God reahte purh hine pcet p he rehte ; 7 forhwy se goda God 

10 Iccte cenig^ yfel beon ; 7 hu seo Gesceadwisnes bad p Mod p 
hit scete on hire scridwcene, 7 heo sceolde beon his ladteaw ; 

7 hu heo scede p tu^ fling wceren, willa 7 anweald ; gif hwam 
para aupres wana wcere, p heora ne mihte naffer buton oprum 
nauht don. 

1 5 XXXVII. Be pa?n ofermodan rican 7 unryhtwisan, 7 hu 
moti hehp pone heafodbeah eel pees cerneweges ende, 7 hu mo?i 
sceolde celcne mon hatan be pam deore pe he gelicost wcere. 

XXXVIII. Be Troia gewinne ; hu Eulixes se cyning 
hcefde 3 twa deoda under pam casere, 7 hu his pegnas wurdan 

mforsceapene to wildeoru. 

XXXIX. Be ryhtre^ fiounge 7 be unrihfre, 7 be ryhtum 
eadleane, 7 hu mistlicu witu 5 7 mam gfeald earfofiu 6 oft cumdd 
to pam godu swa hi to pam yfelu sceoldan ; 7 be pare for eteo- 
hunga Godes 7 be peer e wyrde. 

25 XL. Hu celc wyrd beofi god, sam heo mannu god pince, 
sam heo him yfel pince. 

XLI. Hu Omerus se goda sceop herede pa sunnan, 7 be 
pdfreodome. 

XLI I. Hu we sceoldan eallon mcegne spyrian czfter Gode, 
3 celc be his andgites mcepe. 



tji 

1 em. camaft B. 2 tit B. 3 hcef B. * em. ryhre B. 

5 em. mistlicum witu B. 6 em. earfoftum B. 



*la. * 3 bB. 

ON ficere tide de Gotan of Scidfiiu mczgfie wicJ Romana rice 

gewin up ahofon, 7 mid 1 hear a cyningu, Rcedgota 7 Eallerica 

wcEron hatne, Romane burig abrcscon. 7 call Italia rice p is 

betwux pam muntu 7 Sicilia pam ealonde in anwald 2 gerehton, 

5 7 pa after paforesprecenan cyningu peodric feng to pam ilca?i 

rice. Se f)eodric WCES Amulinga ; he was cristen, peak he on 

pa arrianiscan gedwolan purhwunode. He gehet Romanu his 

freondscipe, swap hi moslan heora ealdrihta wyrfie beon. Ac 

he pa gehat swifie yfele gelcEste 3 , 7 swicfe wrafie geendode mia 

10 manegu mane, p WCES to eacan oftru unarimedu yflu p he 4 

lohannes pone papan het ofslean. pa WCES sum consul, p we 

heretoha hatad., Boetius WCES gehaten 5 ; se WCES in boccrcEftu 7 

on woruldpeawum se rihtwisesta. Se pa ongeat pa manig- 

fealdan yfel pe se cyning f)eodric wicf pa cristenandome 7 wifi 

-1$ pa romaniscu witum dyde. He pa gemunde para ednessa 7 

para ealdrihta pe hi under pa caseru hcEfdon heora ealdhlafordu. 

pa ongan he smeagan 7 leornigan on him selfu hu he p rice pa 

unrihiwisan cyninge aferran mihte, 7 on ryhtgeleaffulra 7 on 

rihtwisra anwealde 6 gebringan. Sende pa digellice 7 cErend- 

20 gewritu to pa kasere to Constentinopolim, pcEr is Creca heahburg 
7 heora cynestol, forpa se kasere WCES heora ealdhlafordcynnes ; 
bcEdon hine pcet he him to heora cristendome 7 to heora ealdrihtu 
gefultumede. pa p ongeat se wcElhreowa cyning )eodric, pa 
het he hine * gebringan 8 on carcerne 7 pcErinne belucan. pa * 4 a - 

2 5 hit da gelomp p se arwyrcJa WCES on swa micelre nearanesse 

a Cott. Metr. i. 

d 

1 em. mid B. 2 anwal B. 3 em. gelczst B. * he above line B. 

ge e I r 

" haten B. B aniveald B. r digelice B. K gebingan B. 



8 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [I 

becom, pa WCBS he swa micle swiff or on his mode gedrefed swa 
his mod cer swiff or to pa woruldscelpu gewunod WCBS ; 7 he pa 
nanre frofre beinnan pa carcerne ne gemunde ; ac he gefeoll 
niwol of dune on pa flor, 7 hine astrehte swiffe unrot, 7 ormod 
hine selfne on gan wepan 7 pus singend cwceff : 5 

II a. 

f)A Hod pe ic wrecca geo luslbcerlice song ic sceal nu heofiende 
singan, 7 mid swipe^ ungeradu wordu gesettan, peah ic geo 
hwilu gecoplice funde ; ac ic nu wepende 7 gisciende ofgeradra 
worda mi s/b. Me ablendan pas ungetreowan woruldscclpa, 7 
me paforletan swa blindne on pis dimme holj me* pa bereafodon 10 
celcere lustbcernesse pa da ic hi cefre betst truwode ; pa wend on 
hi me heora bcec to, 7 me mid ealle from gewitan. To hwon 
sceoldan la mine friend seggan p ic gescelig mon wcere ? Hu 
mceg se beon gescelig se pe on pa gescdpu purhwunian* ne mot? 



i. pA ic pa pis leoff, cwceff Boetius, geomriende asungen J 5 
hcefde, pa com peer gan in to me heofencund Wisdom, 7 p min 
murnende mod mid his wordu gegrette, 7 pus cwcecf : Hu ne 
eart du se mon pe on minre scale wcere afed^ 7 gelcered ? Ac 
hwonon wurde pu mid pis su woruldsorgu pus swiff e geswenced? 
buton ic watp pu hcefst para wcepna to hrdde forgiten pe ic pe 20 
cer sealde, f)a clipode 5 se Wisdom 7 cwceff : Gewitap nu 
awirgede woruldsorga of mines pegenes mode, for pa ge sind pa 
* 4b B. mcestan sceapan. * Lcetap hine eft hweorfan to minu laru. 
f)a eode se Wisdo near, cwceff Boetius, minu hreowsiendu 
gepohte^ 7 hit swa niowuP pa hwcethwega 1 up arcerde; adrigde 25 
pa mines* modes eagan, 7 hit f ran blipu^ wordu hwceffer hit 
oncneowe his fostermodor^. Mid pa fre ffa p Mod wiff his 11 

a Boeth. i. met. i. Carmina qui quondam, &c. Cott. Metr. ii. 
b Boeth. i. pr. i. Haec dum mecum/ &c. 

T em. swi B. ! 7 me ab. 1. 3 em. foihwunian B. 4 afeded J. 

5 deopode J. 6 From J, niowoul B, written over niwoll. 1 hwcBt- 

h^uugu J. 8 From J, minenes B. 9 fr<zgn lifiu J. 10 fcester- 
modor J. u his from J, om. B. 



III. 4] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 9 

bewende, pa gecneow hit swifie sweoteh his ague" 1 modor ; 
P WCES se Wisdom fie hit lange cer tyde 7 Icerde. A c hit ongeat 
his lare swifie totorenne 2 7 siviSe tobrocene 3 mid dysigra hondu, 
7 him pa f ran* hu p gewurde. f)a andwyrde^ se Wisdom hi 
5 7 s&de p his gingran hafdon hine swa totorenne, peer peer hi 
teohhodon p hi hine eallne habban sceoldon ; ac hi gegaderiad 
monifeald* dysig on dcere fortrnwunga 7 on pa gilpe, butan 
heora hwelc eft to hyre 1 bote gecirre. 

ii c . f)a ongan se Wisdom hreowsian for pees Modes tyder- 

10 nesse, 7 ongan pa giddian 7 pus cw&fi : Eala on hu grundleasum 
seafie p mod drigfi, pon hit bestyrmad pisse worulde ungepwcer- 
nessa 8 . Gif hit pon forget his ahgen 9 leoht, p is ece gefea, 7 
tiringd on pa fredan pislro, p sind woruldsorga, swa swa fa s 
Mod nu defi, nu hit nauht elks nat butan gnornunga. 

15 iii. pa se Wisdo pa 7 seo Gesceadwisnes pis leod asungen 
htzfdo, pa ongan he eft sprecan 7 cwced to pan Mode : Ic geseo 
P pe is nufrofres mare pear f pon unrotnesse. 

iv. Forpa gifpu pe ofsceamian 10 wilt pines gedwolan, pon 
onginne ic }>e sona beran 7 bringe mid me to heofonu. pa 

20 andsworode him p unrote Mod 7 cwceff : HwcEt la hwcet, sint 
pis *nu pa god n 7 pa edlean pe pu ealne weg gehete pa monnu * 5 a 
>e pe heorsumian woldan ? Is pis nu se cwide pe pu me geo 
s cedes t p se wisa Plato cwaide^p was p nan anweald n&re riht 
butan rihtu peawu? Gesihst pu nup pa rihtwisan sint lade 7 

i*)forprycte,forpd hi pinu willan woldan fu/gdn, -/pa unryht- 
wisan seondan 1 * up ahafene purh heora won dcedaj purh heora 
selflice? p hi oy e$ mcegen heora unriht gewill forfibringan hi 
sind mid gifu 7 mid gestreonu gefyrfirode. Forpa ic nu wille 
geornlice to Gode cleopian. Ongan ffa giddien, 7 pus singende 

30 c 



c Boeth. i. met. 2. Heu, quam praecipiti, &c. Cott. Metr. iii. 

1 agene J. 2 totorene J. 3 7 s. t. ab. 1. B, tobrogdene J. 4 frcegn J. 

s jwyrde B. 6 em. monifeal B. 7 rihtre J. 8 em. un- 

gefihcernessa B. 9 So B. 10 onsceamian J. u good J. 
12 siendon J. 13 gestrodum J. 



* -1 



10 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [IV 

IV a. 

EALA pu scippend heofones 7 eorpan, pu pe on pa ecan 
setle ricsast,pu pe on hrcedu f&relde pone heofon ymbhweorfest, 
7 pa tunglu pu gedest pe gehyrsume, 7 pa sunnan pu gedest p 
heo mid heore beorhtan sciman pa peostro adwcEscd pcere 
sweartan nihte. Swa de$ eac se mona mid his blacan leohte 5 
p pa beorhtan steorran dunniao* on pa heofone, ge eac hwilum 
pa sunnan heore leohles bereafap, ponne he betwux us j hire 
wyrd ; ge eac hwilu pone beorhtan steorran pe we hatafi 
morgensteorra, pone ilcan we hatdd off re naman afensteorra 1 . 
pu pe da?n winter dagu selest scorte tida 7 pczs sumeres dahu 10 
langran ; pu pe pa treowu 2 purh pone stearcan wind norpan 
7 eastan on hcerfesttid heora leafa hereof ast, 7 eft on lencten 
opru leaf sellest purh pone smyltan sufianwesternan wind. 
B. Hwcet, pe * ealle gesceafta heorsumiafi, 7 pa gesetnessa binra 
beboda healdafi, butan men anu ; se pe oferheorfi. Eala pu 15 
celmihtiga scippend 7 rihtend eallra gesceafta, help nu pinu 
earmum moncynne. Hwy pu la Drihten afre woldest p seo 
wyrd swa hwyrfan sceolde ? heo preat pa unscildigan 7 nauht 
ne dreap pam scildigu. Sittafi manfulle on heahsetlu, 7 halige 
under heora fotu pry cad ; sticidS gehydde beorhte* crtzftas, 7 20 
pa unrihtwisan tcelad pa rihtwisan. Nauht ne deregaff monnu 
mane apas, ne p lease lot pe beo3 mid pa wrencu bewrigen^. 
Forpa went nufulneah eall moncyn on tweonunga, gif seo wyrd 
swa hweorfan mot on yfelra manna gewill. 7 pu heore nelt 
stir an. Eala min Drihten^ pu pe ealle gesceafta ofersihsf*, 25 
hawa nu mildelice* on pas earman eorpan, 7 eac on eall moncyn, 
forpa hit nu eall wind on paytium pisse worulde. 

ye. 

i. pA p Mod pa pillic sar cwedende WCBS, 7 pis leofi sin- 
gende wczs, se Wisdom pa 7 seo Gesceadwisnes him blifium 

d Boeth. i. met. 5. O stelliferi conditor, &c. Cott. Metr. iv. 
6 Boeth. i. pr. 5. Haec ubi continuato dolore delatraui, &c. 

1 em. (zfenfieorra B. 2 em. treowa B. 3 em. beorte B. 

* berigen B. 5 em. ofersiht B. em. midelice B. 



V. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE II 

eahum on locodon 1 j 7 he for pees Modes geomerunge 1 ness 

nauht gedrefed, ac cwceff to pa Mode : Sona swa ic fie cerest 

on pisse unrolnesse geseah pus murciende 8 ic ongeat p pu wcere 

ut afar en 4 of pi ne s feeder effele,p is for ^ minum larum. peer 

5 flu him fore of* pa pu 7 pine fastrcednesse 8 forlete, 7 wendest 

p seo weord* pas woruld wende heore agenes fionces buton 

Godes gepeahte j his pafunge 10 7 monna gewyrhtu. Ic wiste n 

p pu ut afar en wcere, ac ic nysste hufeor, cer ffu pe self hit me 

gerehtest mid *pinii sarcwidu. Ac peah pti nu fyr seo 12 don * 6a B. 

10 pu wcere, ne eart pu peah ealles of pa earde adrifen, ffeah pu 
pceron gedwolode. Ne gebrohte pe eac nan offer man on pa 
gedwolan butan pe sylfum purh pine agene gemeleste . Ne 
sceolde pe eac nan man swelces to gelefan peer pu gemunan 
woldest hwylcra gebyrda pu wcere 7 hwylcra burgwara for 

15 worulde ; offffe eft gastlice hwilces geferscipes pu wcere on pinu 
mode, 7 on ffinre u gesceadwisnesse ; p is p PU eart an para 
rihtwisena j para ryhtwillendra ; pa beoff pcBre heofencundan 
Jerusalem bur gw are. Of ficere ncpfre nan, buta l5 he self 
wolde, ne wearfi adrifen, p is of his godan willan 16 ; wccre per 

20 he wcsre, simle he hcefde pone mid him ; pon he fione^ 1 mid him 
hcefde, ware pair he ware, pon wce.re 18 he mid his agnu cynne 
7 mid his agnu burgwaru on his agnu earde pon he WCES on 
dara ryhtwisena gemanan. Swa hwa pon swa pees wyrfie biff 
p he on heora peowdome^ beon mot, pon biff he on ffam hehstan^ 

i$freodome. Ne onscunige ic no pees neoperan y pees *unclaenan * Here be- 
stowe gif ic pe geradne ^mete; ne me [no]* 1 ne lyst mid glase S ins ^ 
\geworht\\z. waga ne 22 [^^Jhsetla mid golde [7] mid gimmu 
gerenodra, ne boca mid golde awritenra me swa swiSe ne lyst 
swa me lyst on pe rihtes willan. Ne secQ ic no her pa bee, ac 

30 f tfeet pa bee /brstent, tSaet is, \pin\ gewit. Swi Se ri[/^]te pu 
seofodes[/ /]a woon wyrd aegper ge on <5a|Y<2 ^/2r]ihtwisra 



1 eagum onlocude J. 2 geomntnga J. 3 murcniende J. 

1 utadrifen J. 5 of J. ti em. hof>. 7 pu from J, om. B. 

5 Qm.f(ztrtzdnesse>. 9 sioivyrd]. 10 gedaftmga J. n ivisse B. 
12 fier sie J. 13 giemelieste J. u From J, ivinne B, orig. ftinne B. 
3 buton ]. 1(i em. willa B. 1T em. don B. 18 wees J. 

19 peawdome 20 em. hehtan B. 21 no J. - 2 ne om. B. 



* I 



- 



12 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE [V. i 

anwaldftf] heanesse [ge on wjinre unweo[r/>] nesse 7 for- 
se[fc/]sse ge on fara manfulra fortSforlsetnesse on (5as 
weoruldspeda. Ac forf on f e f e is swa * micel unrotnes 
nu get 2 getenge ge of f inum irre ge of f inre gnornunga, ic 
f e ne maeg nu giet geandwyrdan aerfon <5aes tiid wyrtS ; foitSon 5 
call f mon untiidlice ongyntS nsefS hit no aeltaewne ende. 

ii f . ponne tfeere sunnan scima on Agu^tes 3 montSe 
hatost stintS cSonne dysegaft se (Se fonne wile hwelc saed 
otSfaestan f aem drygu furum. Swa de<S eac se tSe wintregum 
wederu[V] wile blostman [^<?]can. Ne meaht f u win wringan 10 
b C. on \mide 4 ] winter, peah *[fc wel lyste wearmes mustes. 

iii s. i?a clipode se Wisdojm 7 cwae?5 : Mot ic nu cunnian 
[>^]won 5 finre fa^traed[w]se, f ic fonan ongietan maege 
hwonon ic fin tilian scyle 7 hu ? Da andwyrde f Mod 7 
cwsetJ : Cunna swa )?u wille. Da cwaetS seo Sceadwisnes 6 : 1 5 
Gelefst <5u 7 $ sio wyrd weald*? [/z ]sse worulde, [o^J Se auht 
godes s[wa] geweor^an maege [<5^/]an fasm wyrhtan 8 ? Da 
andwyrde [/ Modjcw]&& . Ne gelyfe 9 ic no f hit ge[atf<?r/a] 
meahte swa endebyrdlice, \ac /]o so^um ic wat Sastte God 10 
rihtere is his agenes weorces, 7 ic no ne weanS of fam socSan 20 
gelea(/w) n . Da andwyrde se Wisdom eft 7 cwaecS : Ymb ^ 
ilce J?u giddodest nu hwene aer 7 cwaede ^ aelc wuht from 
Code wisse his rihttiman 7 his rihtgesetnesse fuleode, butan 
men anum. FonSae ic \vundrige switSe ungemetlice hwaet fie 
sy o^cSe hwaet J^u maene nu Ipu Sone geleafan haefst. Ac wit 25 
sculon J?eah giet dioplicor ymb "Saet bion. Ic nat ml geare 
ymb hwaat ]pu giet tweos/; gesege me, nu >u cwist j> (Su noht 
ne tweoge fte God [/z Jsse worul^ rihtwisige 2 , hu h[<? 
2a C./^ne wolde ^ heo waere. *[^^ andwyrde p Mod 7 <rz;^ : 
Uneape\ ic maeg forstandan 13 fine zcsunga, 7 cwyst f e[^] ^ ic 30 

andwyrdan scyle. Se Wisdom fa cwaeft: Wenstu ]> ic nyte 



f Boeth. i. met. 6. Cum Phoebi radiis grave, &c. 
s Boeth. i. pr. 6. Primum igitur paterisne me, &c. 

1 swife B. 2 ^/ om. B. 3 augustus B. 4 midne J. 

5 /^ztwz B. 6 gesceaCwistus B. 7 ^ lefsfiu B. 8 wyrhtum B. 
9 gdifdt B. 10 6W above line C. n ^/m occurs at end of line 

in C ; /a omitted. 12 rihtere sie B. 3 The .r above line in C. 



V. 3] DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE 13 

[fione] dem l pinre gedrsefednesse Ipe pu [mid] ymbfangen 
eart ? ac saege me hwjV/tef] endes aelc angin wilnige. Da 
andwirde Saet Mod 7 cwae<5: Ic hit 2 gemunde gio, ac me 
haef<5 pios gnornung Saere [~v?]mynde benumen. Da cwaecS 

5 se Wisdo[w] : Wast pu hwonan aelc wuht cume ? D[#] and- 
wyrde f Mod 7 cwaeft : Ic wat f aelc wuht from Gode com. 
Da cwaecS se Wisdom : Hu maeg paet bion, nu Ipu (Sae[/] angin 
wast, paet (5u eac (5one ende nyte ; forSaem sio gedrefednes 
maeg $ mod 3 onstyrian*, ac hio hit ne maeg his gewittes 

10 ^reafian. Ac ic wolde paet pu me saedej/ hwae^er (5u wisse 
hwaet ]?u self waere. Hit f>a andwyrde 7 cwaeS : [Ic wat\ $ 
ic on libbendum men 7 on gescead[wz ]sum eom 7 f>eah on 
deadlicum. Da andwyrde se Wisdom 7 cwaecS : Wastu 
[^^/ 5 ] oj?res bi >e selfum to secganne buton j? J?u nu saedest ? 

15 Da cwae<5 ^ Mod: Nat ic nauht o<5res. Da cwsecS se Wisdom : 

Nu [ic] haebbe ongiten fine ormodnesse, *[ 3u self nast * 2b C. 
hwd-t pu self earl, ac ic wat hu frin man tilian^ sceaL Forfram 
>u seediest $ Ipu wraeccea waere 7 berea[yW] aelces godes 
for^on J?u [?2,?]stes hwaet \pti\ waere. pa J?u cyddest f Su 

20 nystes hwe[/c]es endes aelc angin wilnode, pa (5u wen[^/]est 
cSaette stiorlease men 7 recelea[Y]e waeren gesaelie 7 wealdendas 
Jisse [ze]orulde ; 7 7 Saer pu cyddest 8 eac -f fu nys[/]es mid 
hwelcere 9 gerece God wilt (Sisse [wjorulde, oSpe hu he wolde 
f hio waere, [/]a Su saedest -J> Su wende f pios sli^ne [w]yrd 

2 5 Sas worul(^) 10 wende buton Godes ge[/]eahte. Eac f waes 
swicSe micel pleoh $ p]u swa wenan sceoldes ; naes hit no 
p an [/] Ipu on ungemetlicum ungesaelSum waere, ac eac f J?u 
fulneah mid ealle forwurde. Donca nu Gode J he Se geful- 
tumade f ic fin gewit mid ealle ne forlet. We habbaS nu 

3 giet lp one maestan dael faere tyndran finre haek, nu (Su 
geliefaest f sio wyrd ]:urh [^/]e selfe <fo/an Godes gefeahte 
fas [w]eoruld wendan ne maege. Nu tm ne fefajrft f e nauht 
ondraedan, forcSaem[/]e of Saem lytlan spearcan fe f u mid 



1 iool B. 2 hit om. B. 3 From B, w<?^? C. 4 astyrigan J. 
5 From J, aht B. 6 getilian B. 7 7 om. B. 8 cyddest B. 

9 hwilcan B. 10 From B, ^vorul C. 






14 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [V. 3 

ftaere tyndran gefenge lifes leoht ]?e onlyhte 1 . Ac hit nis 
3a C. giet se tima * $ ic Ipe \healicor mage onbryrdan, _/0r](5aem hit 
[z Js 2 selces modes wis^ -j)te [tttow] swa hit forlset sotScwidas, 
swa folga[/] hit leasspellunga. Of Seem (Sonne onginnatS 
weaxan J>a mistas Se ^ mod gedrefaS, 7 mid ealle fordwilmacS 5 
(5a soSan gesihtfe swelce mistas swe[/]ce nu on pinum mode 
sindon. Ac [ic] hi sceal seraest gejMnnian, f ic si(5(5[tf72] (Sy 
ec5 msege ^ s[^] leoht on ]?e gebringan. 

VIA 

(Loca nu be peer e sunnan 7 eac be offru tunglu; fion swear tan 
wolcnu him beforan gaff ne mahon hi fion heora leoht sellan. I0 
Swa eac se siiderna wind hwilu mid* miclum storme gedrefed J)a 
see fce cBr WCES smylte wedere gl&shlutru on to seonne. pon heo 
fion swa gemenged wyrcf mid flan jyfium, pon wyrff heo swifie 
hrafie ungladu, peah heo cer gladu ware on to locienne. Hwcet, 
eac se &roc 4 , peah he swife 5 of his rihtryne^ ffon par micel stan !5 
wealwiende of pa heohan munte oninnan feaW 7 hine todcelfi 
7 hi his rihtrynes widstent. Swa dofi nu ffa peostro pinre 
gedrefed nesse wiSstandan minu leohtu laru. Ac gif ffu wilnige 
on rihtu geleafanp socfe leoht oncnawan, afyr frd pe fiayfelan 
scelpa 7 pa unnettan, 7 eac 3a unnettan ungesalpa j pone yflan 20 
ege pisse worulde, p is pent pu pe ne anhebbe on ofermetto on 
pinre gesundfulnesse 7 on fiinre orsorgnesse, ne eft pe ne 
geortrywe nanes godes on nanre widerweardnesse. Forcfam 
p mod siemle bid gebunden mid gedrefednesse, peer pissa twega 
yfela auder 6 n csaff.) 2 5 

VII i. 

i. Da geswigode se Wisdom ane lytle hwile o S ^ he 
ongeat J?ses Modes ingej^oncas. Da he hi J?[a] ongiet^ 

he : Gif ic f>ine unrotn[ on\ riht 



h Boeth. i. met. 7. Nubibus atris, &c. Cott. Metr. v. 
1 Boeth. ii. pr. i. Post haec paulisper opticuit, &c. 

1 onliehte B. 2 is conj. om. B. 3 mid above line. * Some 
words appar. omitted here, vid. Metr. 5 em. swiQe B. c em. au&es B. 



VII. 2] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 15 



ongieten haebbe, J?onn[^ m s pe ]oh[/] l swiSor fonne <5aet 
Ipu fo[rtoren hcefst /]a woruldsaelcSa fe fu [<^r hce/dest, 7 
w]mrast nu foro"aem f>e hio [Vjnhwyrfed is. Ic ongiete 
genoh sweotwle $ fa woruldsaelcSa mid switSe monigre swetnesse 
5 swicSe lytelice olecca(5 faem modu (5a 2 hie on last willacS swi- 
Ipost beswican; 7 fonne aet nihstan, ]?onn[V hy] laes[/] wenac5 3 , 
hi on ormodnesse * forlaetacS on faem maestan sare. Gif J>u 
[]u witan wilt hwonan hi 6 cuma S, ]?onne meaht fu ongietan 
f hi cuma S of woruldgidsunga. Gif )?u fonne heora J? eawas 

10 witan wilt, fonne meaht fu ongietan f hie ne beoc5 nanii 
men getreowe 6 . Be faern f>u meaht ongietan ftset fu f>aer 
nane myrh^e on nsefdest *[^a pa JJH hie hcefdest, ne eft nane * 4 b c - 
ne forlure fid\ Sa J>u hi forlur[V. Ic wende p ic pe\ geo 
gelaered haefde \_p pu hi oncnawa]n cuSe 7 , 7 ic wisse ^ \pu hi 

15 ow^w^Jdest Sa Sa J>u.hi hsefdest, Seah J?u hiora bruce. Ic 
wisse Jjget t5u mine cw[z"^/]as witJ hiora willan oft saedest, 
ac [zV] wat ^ nan gew[flj ne m[^] nanum men 8 bion 
[^^] f mod ne sy ^ sumu [dale onstyred]. For- 
Ipu [<?]art eac [w of pinre jjtilnesse ahworfen. 

20 ii k. Eala [Mod, hwcEt ^Jwearp Ipe on (Sas 9 care 7 on 
}?as g[^]rnunga ? Wenst 10 J?u -p hit hwset niwes sie ofJ?e 
hwaethwugu ungewunelices u ^ J?e 12 on becumen is, swelce 
ofrum monr\\\ aer -p ilce ne eglede? G\t pu fonne wenst $ hit 
on Ipe gelong sie ls [;] Sa woruldsael(5a on Se swa onwenda 

25 sint, fonne eart Su on gedw^lan, ac swylce u hiora J:ea[z;]as 
sint ; hi beheoldon on t$e hiora agen gecynd, 7 on hiora 
wandlunga hy gecy (Scion hiora unfsestrsednesse 15 . Swylce 
hi waeron rihte t5a hi t5e maest geolectan 16 swilce hi nu sindon, 
feah Se hi Se liolcen 17 on fa leasan saelSa 18 . Nu Su haefst 39 

30 ongiten Sa wanclan *[lruwa pees blindan lustes. pa triowa * 5a C. 
k Boeth. ii. pr. i. 1. 24 P. Quid est igitur, o homo/ &c. 

1 nauht B. 2 /<? B. 3 wcenad B. * ofermodnesse B. 

3 Ajj/ B. 6 w^ treowe B, for getreowe. 7 cutest B. 8 waw B. 

a /a B. 30 Instead of Wenst . . . ungewislices B has only /^zwztf hwega 
ungewunelices. u iingewislices J. 12 9^ from B, te C. 13 ^^ B. 
14 In B swelce follows sint. 15 w above line C, fastrcednesse B. 

6 geolettan B. 17 ^<r<ra B. 18 leasii sceldu B. 19 From B, 

haft C. 2 /r^ze/a J. 



16 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [VII. 2 

pe pe nu sindon opene hi sindon git mid manegu ofiru behelede. 

Nu pu wast hwelce peawas pa woruldsaWa habbad 7 hu hi 

hwearfiafi, Gif pit pon heora pegen beon wilt 7 pe heora 

peawas lictaff, to hwon myrnst pu swa swiff e ? Him ne 

hwearfost pu\ eac m.[id him ? Gifpu ponne heora] untrio[wa 5 

onscunige, oferhoga l ht\ J?onne [7 adrifhifra pe\ ; hi 2 spanacS 

\pe to pinre unfiearefe. f)a] ilcan f>e )?e \_gedydon nu pas 

gnornunga] for (Seem ]?e ]DU hi [hcpfdest^pa ilcan pe] wseren on 

stilness[^ gif pu hi na ne\ underfenge. Da [ilcan pe habbad 

nu JMO]TSL agnes (Sonces [forlceten*, nales 3ines\, <5a ^e nsefre 10 

nan[^ mon buton sor]gQ ne forlaetaS. \j7yne^fi& }?e nu swi^e 

diore 4 7 swi^e le[<?]fe Sa Sing <2a Se naw Ser 5 ne sint ne 

getr^w^ to habbanne, ne eac ieSe to forlaetanne? ac "Sonne 

hi hwaem fro hweorfende bioS he hi sceal mid <5sem maestan 

sare his modes forlaetan? Nu Su hi tfonne sefter )?inum 15 

^5 b c - . willan J?e getrewe \\zbban ne meaht, 7 hy pe willacS *\pn 

point to the m urcun g a 6 gebringan pon hie pe fram hweorfad, to hwcem 

next square cumaff hi pon elks butan to tacnunge sorges 7 anfealdes sares ? 

bracket ^ sindon pa woruldsalpa ana ymb to pencenne pe mon pon 
more than r r 

half is gone hczffi, ac celc gleaw mod behealt hwelcne" 1 ende hi habbao, 7 nil 20 
fro " 1 Cott. ggwarenaS cegfier ge wid heora preaunga ge wi$ olecunga. Ac 



illegible. gtf\ ]> u wl l[^ beon heora pegn\ 8 J3on[7Z scealt pu georne gefiolian 
^]hw3et [_p(F,s pe to heora penungu~\ 7 to hiora \_peawu 7 to 
heora willan] belipet. Gif [ pu pon wilnast p~\ hi for 
f>inu %>\\\[gu opre ffeawas] nimen o Ser hiora [wi lla 7 heora 2 5 
gewun\p. is, hu ne \m[weorpast pu pon] (5e selfne, ^ (5u [winsfi* 
wid pa 7;/<2/"]ordscipe J?e Su [self gecure, 7 swdffie&h ne 11 
meaht hiora [jz ]du 7 hio[rtf] ^cynd onwendan. Hwast, ]^u 
[zw.5/] gif Ipu Ip mes scipes segl ongean f>one wind tobraedest, 
j> )?u ]^onne laetaest call eower fsereld to Saes windes dome. Swa 3 
eac 11 gif ]?u Ipe selfne to anwalde J^aem woruldsaelSum gesealdest 

* 6a C. hit is riht J>get Ipu. eac hiora f>eawu fulgonge. Wenst Ipu *$ 
Su -f \hwerfende\ hweol f>onne [>^// ^/z] ryne [wyrfi mage] 



1 oferhige J. 2 forticem hi B. 3 em.fortetan B. 4 ^r^ B. 

5 nauder B. 6 From J, murnuga B. 7 em. hwelne B. 8 /^f 7 
J. 9 So J, ze/*7/ B. 10 ne om. B. u ^?<7C B. 



VII. s] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 17 



oncerran? Ne rm ^[//]u f>on ma j?ara woruldsaelcSa hwe[0r]- 
funga onwendan. 

iii J . Ic wolde nu giet (5aet wit ma 1 spraecen emb 2 <Sa 
woruldsaelfta. To hwaem aetwit(^) (5u me aer j> J?u hi for 
5 minum <?/>;gu forlure 3 ? Hwi murc[^<2^/ 4 ] tSu wtffmin, swelce f>u 
for min[// ffmgu] sie ^zf j tfgnes [benumen, (Egper ge pin\i& 5 
welona ge [pines we orpscipes ? cegper] J?ara |?e com \cer^ from 
me pa hi fie onl&nde 1 wceron. Ute nu tellan beforan swilcum 
deman swilce }>u wille ; gif ffu gesepan miht p cenig deafilic 

10 man swelces hwcet agnes ahte, ic hit pe eft eal agife p pu 
gereccan miht p pines agnes ivcere. Dysine j ungelceredne 8 
ic pe under feng pa pu (Brest to monnu become, 7 pa pe getydde 
7 gelcerde, 7 pe pa snytiro on gebroh]te, pe pu pa woruld\are 
mid begeate,pe pu nu] ^oig[iende anforlete\. pu meaht ]:aes 

15 habban \panc pat pii\ minra gifa wel bruc[^. Ne mihi\ }:u no 
gereccan ]> J?u [pines auht _/^r]lure. Hwset siofast f>u [wifi 



me ? Habbe\ ic be awer benumen binrf^ s ifena para *<7e from * ^b C 

about here. 
me comon ? sElc sop wela 7] so]? weor]?scip[^ sindan\ mine 



e J>eowas, 7 swa hwaer swa ic beo hie bio(5 mid me. 

20 Wite ]m for socS, gif -f J?ine agne welan waeron ]?e f>u maendest 
f Ipu forlure, ne meahtes[/ pu] hi na forleosan. Eala, [A]u 
yfele [me do]<S maenige weoruldw.?^^ mid )?e \p ic ne mot 
wealdan mi n]ra. agenra ]?ea[z&a. Se heofen mot re]nga.n 
leohte [dagos j eft p leoht mid] feostrum \behelian ; p gear 

25 mot] brengan b\ost[man 7 py ilcan gear]e eft geniman ; [seo 
see mot brucan\ smyltra y]?a, [7 ealk gesceafta] motan hiora 
ge[wunan 7 heora zw7/]an bewitigan, \butan me anum\. Ic 
ana com benu[men minra peawa 7] eom getogen to [_fremdu 
peawu purh p]& ungefylledan [gitsunge 9 woruldmon^. 

30 purh Sa gid[sunga hi me 10 habbaff\ benumen mines [naman 
pe ic mid] rihte habban sceolde. [pone naman ic] scolde 

1 Boeth. ii. pr. 2. Vellem autem pauca tecum, &c. 

1 mare B. 2 ymbe B. 3 In B forlure follows hi. * So J, 

murcas B. 5 em. fora B. 6 From here to next square bracket 

more than half gone from Cott, rest illegible. 7 em. 

onlande B. 8 Dysigne 7 unlcsredne J. 9 gitsunga J. 10 w^ 

conject. om. B. 






l8 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [VII. 3 

mid rihte hab[<5<2# P ic ware weld] 7 weorSscipe, ac hy [hine 
habbafi] on me genumen, 7 hi [me habbafi ^Jsealdne l hiora 

" 7a C. wlencu [7 getehhod] to heora leasu welu, f ic *ne mot [mid] 
minum (Seo[zm/wJ min[r^ y5>/]nunga f[&/gv77z]gan swa ealla 
of ra [^Jsceafta moton. Da mine f eowas si[W]on wisdomas 5 
7 craeftas 7 so(5e welan ; mid f aem f eowum waes on symbel 
min plega ; mid f aem f eowu ic eom ealne f one hefon ymb- 
hweorfende, 7 fa nuSemystan ic gebringe aet f aem hehstan, 
7 fa hehstan aet Saem ni(Semaestan ; (5aet is f ic gebringe 
eadmodness[<?] on heofonum, 7 <5a hefonlican god aet f sem 10 
eac5modu. Ac f onne ic up gefere mid minum f eowu [/<?]nne 
forseo we fas styrmendan woruld swa se earn (5onne he up 
gewz / bufan <5a wolcnu styrmendu wedru, p him /a stormas 
derigan ne maegm 2 . Swa ic wolde, la \Mod\ $ fu fe fore 
up to us gif fe lyste, on fa gerad z p fu eft mid us fa eorSan 15 
secan wille for godra manna, f earfe. Hu ne wastu mine 
f eawas, hu georne ic symle waes j/mbe godra m<2^na f earfe ? 
Wast f u hu ic gew#nd ymb Croeses 4 f earfe Creca cj/ninges, 
fa fa hine Cirus Pcersa cyning gefangen haefde 7 hine 
forbaer#<27/ wolde? Da hine mon on faet fyr wearp fa alysde 20 

* 7l> C. ic *[hme mid heofonlicon rene. Ac fiu foforfritwttjdest for 
f inre rjjr#/rm]nesse 7 \_fo]i f inum godan willan ; wendest 
faet fe nanwuht unrihtlices on becuman ne meahte, swelce 
f u wolde 5 fa lean eal f inra godena weorca on f isse weoruld 
habban. Hu meahtest fu sittan on middu gemaenu rice 25 
}? <Su ne sceolde 6 ^ ilce gef olian $ o<5re men ? Hu meahtes 
f u bion on midre f isse hwearfunga j> 7 c5u eac mid ne 
hwearfode 7 ? Hwaet singacS fa leo^wyrhtan o^res be <5isse 
woruld buton mislica hwearfunga f isse worulde ? Hwaet is 
f e (Sonne f f u f aermid ne hwearfie ? Hwaet recstu hu ge 30 
hwearfigen nu ic \siemle mid pe bed] ? (5e waes f ios hwe[^]rfung 8 
betere for^aem ^ Se Sissa woruldsaelcSa to wel ne lyste, 7 faet 
(5u f e eac betre na gelefde 8 . 

1 geheldene B. 2 mahan B. 3 From B, geard C. * Croesos B. 
5 woldest B. 6 sceoldest B. \-p J>u eac mid earefofie su eofel ne 

gef eldest B. 8 hwearfung salfia to wel gelyste. 7 "p }u eac betera ne 

gelefdest B. na in text is from J. 



VIII] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 19 

iv m . Seah f>ae l feohgitsere cume swa fela welena swa 
J?ara sondcorna bio" be j^isum s^clifum o^e }?ara steorrena 
Se }?iostru nihtum scinaS, ne forlaet he J>eah no "Sa seofunga 
j> he ne seofige his ermSa. peah nu God gefylle J^ara weligra 
5 monna willan *\ge mid golde ge mid seolfre ge mid eallu * 8a C- 
flfc<?rz0/]r<5nessum, swaSeah [him 2 ne beod se~] Surst gefylled 
hiora git[sunga, ac s]io grundlease swelgend haefS 
maenegu westu holu s on to gadrianne. Hwa maeg 
wedendan gietsere geno[>] forgifan? Swa him mon mare 
10 selS, swa hine ma lyst. 

v n . Hu wilt J?u nu andwyrdan faem woruldsaelSu gif hi 
cwetSatS 4 to pe : Hwaet witst J>u, la Mod, us ? Hwi yrsast 
Ipu wit5 us ? On hwaem abulgon we J>e ? Hwaet, J?e ongan 
lystan ure, nales us J)in ; /w settest us on $ setl Sines sc [<?<?/]- 
15 pendes J?a <5u [wjilnodest to us ]?aes godes <5e Su to hi[/] 
sceoldes. pu cwist 5 (Saet we haebban J?e beswicenwf, ac we 
mag an cwelp&n. ma J?aet f>u haebbe us be[swtcene], nu us Surh 
j^ine lust 7 >ur[^ pin\e gitsunga 6 onscunian sceal ea[/r<z 
^Isceafta sceppend. Nu \J>u eart scyldig\T& ]?onne we, a3gf>er 
20 \_ge for fiinu ag~]ti\i unrihtlustum ge eac forSaem]?e we ne 
moton for Se fulgan ures sceppendes willan; forSaemSe he 
ure Se onlaende aefterhis bebodu to brucanne, *[nallas 1 fiinre * 8b C 
unrihtgitsunga gewili /<?/z//]fremmanne. [Andwyrde unc mi\, 
cwseS se Wisdom, swa swa Ipu [wille] ; wit geanbidiaS ]^inre 

VIII. 

Da cwaeS f Mod : Ic me ongite [agkw6}n2.Ti s[^y]ldigne, 
ac ic eom mid fi&& laSes sare swa swiSe ofSrycced )?get [ic] 
inc geandwyrdan ne maeg. pa cwaet$ se Wisdom eft : ]) is 
nu giet f>inre unrihtwisnesse ^ Su eart fuh^Ha. forfoht. Ac 
30 ic nolde p ]^u J?e forj^ohte, ac ic wolde ^ 3e sceamode swe\ces 
gedwolan ; forSaem se se Se hine forJ?enctS se biS ormod, ac 

m Boeth. ii. met. 2. Si quantas rapidis flatibus incitus/ &c. 
n Boeth. ii. pr. 3. His igitur, &c. 

1 Jxzni om. B. 2 em. hi B. manega weste hola B. 4 cwQan B. 
5 wilt B. 6 lustgitsunga B. 7 a/^j J. 

C 2 



20 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [VIII 

se se Se hine sceamaft se biS on hreowsunga. Gif f u nu 
gemunsin wilt ealra Sara arwyrSnessa f e Su for f isse weoruld[<? 
h(E/dest\ siSSan Su aerest [geboren ware off] fii sne dceg : gif 
f u nu \_atelan *] zw7/ ^<2//<? fa blif nessa wiS [ AZ] unro/nessu, ne 
meaht Su fu[/l?^ omfa] f f u earm sie 7 unges[/z- y 5 
forpam ic\ Se geon^ne 2 underfeng untydne 7 unlaeredne, 7 
me to bearne genom, 7 to minum tyhtu getyde. Hwa maeg 
ponne auht otfres cweSan but(2n ^ ]?u waere se ge*saelg^sta, 
fa j?u me waerJV r leof J>on\\\e cuf, 7 aer f>on f>a 3 Su cuSe 
min^] tyht 7 mine feawas, 7 ic J?e giongne gelaerde swylce 10 
snytro swelc m^n^gum oSrum eldran gewittum oftogen is, 7 
ic J>e gefyrSrede mid minum larum to Son j3 fe 4 mon to 
domere geceas ? Gif f>u nu fonSaem cww/ f J?u gesaelig ne 
sie fe ]?u nu nsefst Sa hwilendlican awyrSnessa 7 Sa 
bltyuessa B fe )?u aer haefdest, J?onne neart Su feah ungesaelig, 15 
forSasmSe 6 fa unrotnessa fe fu nu on eart swa ilce 7 ofergaS 
swa Su cwist Saet )?a blissa aer dydon. Wenstu nu f f>e 
anum fellecu hwearfung 7 f illecu unrotn^s <? becume 7 nan 

mode swelc [ne on] become, ne aer fe [<? te/^r] fe? 

wenst fu ^te on cenegu menm scii mode maege auht 20 
fsestraedlices bion buton hwearfu[^^? 0#](5e gif hit on 
aenegum \cenige hwile\ faestlice wunaS^ [se deap hit\ huru 
aferreS ^ hit bion ne m<zg J>aer hit aer z^aes. Hwaet syndon Sa 
woruldsaelS^ oftres buton d^Ses tacnung? Forpam se deaS 
ne cymS to nanu *o(?ru cfingu butan fi he p lif afyrre* ; swa 25 
eac pa woruldscelcfa c^macS to See mode to fid $ hi hit benjYmjen 
faes (Se him leofas/ biS Sisse \veom\de; faet biS fonne fonne 
hie Mvm. f ram gewitaS. Ges^g^, la Mod, hwaeSer fe betere 
fince, nu nanwuht woruldlices 9 faestes 7 un[/]wearfiendes 
bion ne mae^-/ HwaeSer Se Su hiforseo, 7 fines agnes ponces 30 
hi forlete buton sar^, fe fu gebide hwonne hi Se sorgiendne 
forlaeten ? 

Boeth. ii. pr. 3. 1. 13 P. Verumtamen ne te/ &c. 

1 atellan J. 2 C has either geoncne orgeonene, giungne B. 3 ^<? B. 
4 From B,^/ C. 5 7 ffa W?^. ab. 1. in C. 6 Se ab. 1. in C. 7 ^/c^ B. 
8 aferre J. 9 nauht zvoruldrices B. 



X] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 21 

IX P. 

f)a ongan se Wisdom singan 7 giddode pus: J?ON seo 
sunne on hadru heofone beorhtost * seme!?, pon apeostriaff ealle 
steorran 2 , forpdpe hear a beorhtnes ne beofi nan beorhtnes 3 for 
hire, pon smylte blaweS supanwestan wind, pon weaxad 
5 swifie hraSe feldes blosman ; ac pon se stearca wind cyniS 
norfianeastan, pon toweorpfi lie swicfe hrape pare 4 rosan wlite ; 
swa oft pone to smylton see. PCES nordawindes yst onslyrefi. 
Eala p nanwuht nis fceste stondendes weorces a wuniende on 
worulde. 



10 pa* cwsecS Boetius 5 : Eala, Wisdom, pupe rar/modor 6 eallra * ioa C. 
mcegena, ne mceg ic na widcwefian ne andsaa^tfTZ p pe " pu me 
cer s&dest.forponpe hit is eall soft ; forpa ic nu h&bbe ongiten 
p da mine scefiSa. 7 sio orsorgnes,pe ic <zr wende p gesael Sa beon 
sceoldan, nane sceWa ne sint,for^am hi swa rcedlice gewitaj?. Ac 

15^ me hcefd eallra swicfost gedrefedpon icymbe swek ^mealicost 

pence, p ic nu sweotole ongiten haebbe p pczt is seo mceste 

unsaslcS on }?} r s andweardan Hfep mon (Brest weorcfe* gescelig, 

7 after pa unges?e\ig. pa axidszuorede se Wisdom 7 sio 

Gesceadwisnes, 7 cw<z$ : Ne meaht pu no mid so"Se getcelan 

20 pine wyrd 7 pine ges&tiSz, swa swa pu wens t, for pa leasu 
ungescelpu 9 pe pu ffrowast. Hit is /^sung j> ]?u wenst Saet 
Su sie ungesxlig. Ac gif Ipe nu -f swa swi^e gedref<?d/ 7 
g(?#?zrotsad hsefS (pie pu for lure pa leasan ges&lpa), ponn mseg 
ic pe openlice gereccan $ tSu swwtole ongitsS tye pu gt et 

25 haefst * \3one mcestan d<zl\ Jpara 10 gesaelcSa J^e \_pu cer~\ hsefdest. * iob C. 
Saga me nu h\vse[$?r] J>u mid rihte maege siofian \pin\a 
unssel Sa, swelce (5u eallunga [/^jaabbe forloren J)ina gesaelcfo ; 

P Eoeth. ii. met. 3. Cum polo Phoebus, &c. Cott. Metr. vi. 
Boeth. ii. pr. 4. Turn ego, Vera, inquam, &c. 

1 em. beohtost B. 2 em.faorroft B. 3 em. beohtnes B. * em. 
))<zr~&. 5 beotitis>. 6 modur~&. 1 andsacigian Jxzs ]>e J. 

g Jxzra 

sy J. 9 unsczlftum J. fiinra B. 



22 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [X 

ac Su haefst get gesund gehealden eall -f ^eorwyrSoste Saette 
fu Se b^sorgost haefdes. Hu meaht fu f onne maenan f 
wyrse 7 }> laSre nu Su Saet leofre haefst gehealden ? Hwaet, 
fu wast sio duguS ealles moncynnes 7 Se se [#z<^]sta 
weorSscipe get leofaS, -j> is [iSYjinachus Sin swior. Hwaet, he 5 
is giet [&z]l 7 gesund, 7 haefS aelces godes ge[V]og ; forSon 
Se ic wat j Su auht * ne forslawode $ te f u fin agen feorh 
_/0r hi?z<? TZ<? scalded 2 ^ f f u hine gejtfzw on hwelcum earfoSu, 
forSaem [se] wer is domes 3 7 craefta full, 7 geno[^] orsorg 
nu get aelces eor (Slices eges. Se is swicSe sarig for "Sinu 10 
earfoSum 7 for 6inu wraecsicSe. Hu ne liofaS fin \wif eac, 
pees ilcan] Simaches dohtor ? 7 sio is swicSe [we/] gerad 7 
swuSe gemetfaest ; sio hsef <5 eall of ru wif ofertmngen 4 mid 
claennesse. Eall hire god ic fe maeg mid feam wordum 
* 1 1 a C. areccan ; *f aet is Saet hio is on ealu \Jyeawu hiere\ faeder gelic. 15 
Sio liofacS [nu fie, fie anum,forj?em$e hio nanwuht ell[^ ne 
lufa$\ buton f e. ^Elces godes hio hae[/^ 5 genoh on] "Sys 
andweardan life, [ac heo hit /i&fff] eall forsawen ofer t5e 
\anne 6 / eall heo hit] onscunacS, forSaemf e [heo fie cenne] 
naefS ; f aes anes hire is [nu wana. For] f inre aefweardnesse 20 
hire f inc"S [eall] noht f hio haefcS, for^aem hio is \_for\ f> inum 
lufum ormod 7 fulneah [dead] for tearum 7 for unrotnesse. 
\Hw&t\ wille we cwe^an be fiinum twam 7 [sunu] ? <5a ^zw/ 
ealdormen 7 gecSeahtera[j y w/] faem is swiotolsio gif&7ealla 8 
Sa 9 d[^z^]fa heora faeder 7 heora eldran fader, swa swa 25 
geonge men magon gelicoste \beon\ ealdum monnum. py 
ic wundrige \rnoi Su ne maege ongietan f Su eart nu git 
swiSe gesaelig, nu Su git liofost 7 eart hal. Hwaet, f is sio 
m^ste ar deafflicra, monna (p hie libban) 7 sien hale; 7 fu 
haefst nu giet to eacan eall f ic Se aer tealde. Hwaet, ic wat 3 
$ p is giet diorwyrf re fonne mon[nes li ]f, forSaem maenegum 
men is \eo[fre fiat] he aer self swelte ser he gesio his wif 7 

1 naht E. 2 Between sealdest and^z/B has inserted ab. 1. 7 hu 

ne leofod J>in wif eac Jxzs ilcan Simaches dohter 7 sio is siviSe (repeated 
below). 3 wisdomes B. * A letter appar. erased, between the 9 

and u of ofetSungen, in C ; oferdtmgen B. 5 em. hceft B. B cenne J. 

J. 8 m/a C. 9 /a C. 10 giunge J. 



XI. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 23 

his beam swelt[d]de. Ac hwi * \tilast 1 pu pdn\ to wepanm? * nb C. 
buto[n andweorce ? Ne\ meaht (5u nu giet Ip mre \wyrde 
nauht] oSwitan ne 1pm lif no \getcelan, ]e eart )?u no eallunga 
to \nauhte ge]don swa swa Ipu wenst. [Nis pe nu git] nan 

5 z/Tzaberendlic [broc getenge], for<5on (din) ancer is giet [on 
eorffan fcE]s\. ; sint tfo ealdor[0z*] }>e we ser ymb spraecon. 
pa (5e ne [AzJetatS geortrewan 2 be Ipys andftttfarjdan life ; 7 
eft ]}in agna treow# [7 seo] godcunde lufu 7 se tohopa, \_pa 
^rleo be ne IsetacS geortr^zf^w be pam ecan life. *oa and- 

10 swt>rode pat unrote Mod 7 cwced : Eala, \v2eran pa ancras 
swa trume 3 7 swa fturhwum ende, ge for Code ge for worulde, 
swa swa pu segst ; ponne mihte we micle py e$ 4 gepolian swa 
hwcet earfoj>nessa swa us on become. Eall hie us j^yncacS >y 
leohtran Sa \\wile pe ]^a oncrasyfe^ bioS. Ac J?u miht }?eah 

15 ongitan hu J?a mina saelfta 7 se min weonSscipe (her for 
worulde] is oncerred. 

XI r. 

i. Da andswarode se Wisdom 7 seo Gescead[f0w#], 7 

cwae S: Ic wene J?eah f ic hwsethwugununges *Q^ up ahofe of*nb ends, 

/^r<? unrotnesse 7 fulneah gebrohte at pam ilcan weorfiscipe pe ne . x V o1 -. 
J r r missing in 

20 pu cer hcefdes, buton pu git to ful sy pees pe pe Icefed^ is, p pe c. 

foroy wlatige. Ac ic ne mceg adreohan* pine seofunga for 

pam lytlan pe pu forlure ; forpa pu simle mid wope 7 mid 

unrotnesse ?ncenst gif pe cenies willan wana bid, peak hit lytles 

hwcet sie. Hwa wees cpfre on pis andweardan life, oode hwa 

25 wyrd get cefter us on pisse worulde, p him nanwuht wid his 
willan ne sie, ne lytles ne miceles ? Swicfe near ewe sent 7 7 swiSe 
heanlice 8 pa menniscan gescelpa, forpam oper twega o$$e hie 
ncefre to nanu men ne becumap, oode hi deer ncefre fcestlice 9 ne 
ourhwuniacJ swelca swelce hi cer to coman. pcet ic wille her 

r Boeth. ii. pr. 4. 1. 34 P. Et ilia, Promouimus, inquit, &c. 

1 tiolast J. 2 geortr cowan B. 3 em. rume B. 4 ie$ J. 5 alyfed J. 
6 adreogan}. 1 nearwa sint J. 8 heanlica}. 9 em., fatlice B. 



24 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XI. i 

beczftan sweotolor gereccan. We wilon p 1 monige habbad 
celces woruldivelan genog \ ac hi habbad sceame pees welan gif 
hi ne beod swa cepele on gebyrdu swa hi woldon. Sume beod 
swide cepele 7 widcude on heora gebyrdu^ ac hi beop mid wcedle 
7 mid hende 2 ofprycte 7 geunrotsode, p hi wcere leofre pat hie 5 
wceran uncepele pan swa ear me, gif hit on heora anwealde wcere. 
Manege beod peah (Egder ge full cedele gefull welt ge, 7 beod peak 
full unrole, pdn hi offer twega odde wif habbad 3 him gemcec, odde 
him gemede nab bad 3 . Manige s habbad genog gescelilice * gewifod, 
ac for bearnleste ea line pone welan fie hi gegaderigafi hi l&tad 1 10 
frcemdu to brucanne, 7 hi beop forpam unrote. Sume habbad 
beam genoge, ac pa beop hwilu unhale offie yfele j unweorpe 6 , 
odde hrade ge/araff, p pa eldran forfiam gnorm ad ealle heora 
woruld. Forfia ne mccg nan man on pys andweardan 7 life 
eallunga gerad beon wiff his wyrd. peah he nu nanwuht elles \ 5 
ncebbe ymbe to sorgienne, p him mceg to sorge pcet he nat hwcet 
him toweardbid, hwcscfer pe god pe yfel, don ma pe pu wistest ; 
7 eac pcet p he pon gescellice b?yc$ he ondrcet p he scyle forlcetan. 
C. GetcBC ??ie nu sumne mann para fie pe gescelegost }>ince~\ * 7 on 
his $\Jfwille sy swifiost gewiten~\ ; ic }>e gerecce swi^e \\rape 20 
p du <?;/gitst p he bi S for swi(5e \y\lum }?ingu oft swi(5e 
ungemetlice ge^r^fed, gif him senig wuht biS wi S his willan 
o S Se witS his gewunan, J^eah hit nu lytles hwaet sie, buton he 
to [<2?/]cum men msege gebecnan j3 he zrne 8 on his willan. 
Wundrum lytel mag gedon f>one ealra gesaelgostan mon her 25 
on 9 worulde ^ he wenS (5aet his ^sselcSa sien o S Se swicSe 
gewanode oftffe mid ealle forlorena. pu wenscS (nu) j> Ipu [seo] 
swi^e ungesaelig, 7 ic wat Saet monegu men j?uhte p he wsere 
to hefonum ahaefen gif he senigne dael haefde J^ara ]^inra 
gesselSa 10 Ipe ]?u nu giet haefst. Ge furSum sio stow f>e Su nu 30 
on gehseft n e[]rt 12 7 J?u cwist Saet J>in wraecstow sie 13 , hio is 



s Boeth. ii. pr. 4. 1. 45 P. Ille nuptiis felix, &c. 

1 monige habbad alces woroldwillan genog J, p mceg habbaft ales 

woruldivelan genog B. 2 hceriSe J. 3 nabbaQ o88e him gemcec 

o&de gemede nabbad J. 4 gescellice J. 5 IcefaQ J. 6 unweord J. 

I em. aniveardan B. 8 ierne J. 9 for B. 10 ungesceffia B. 

II haft B. 12 ar</ B. ]3 Conject. C has []> B ^- 



XI. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 25 



faem monnum ebel fe ftaeron geborene wseron, 7 eac fam 
hiora willum fseron eardiatS. Ne nanwuht ne bi<5 jyfel aer 
mon wene $ hit yfel sie, 7 J?eah hit nu hefig sie 7 wicSerweard, 
beah hit bicS gesaelS gif hit mon lustlic^ [de]^> 7 gefyldelice 
5 araefne(5. Feawe sint 1 to /asm gesceadwise, *\gifhe wyrcf on * i2b C. 
ungedylde,p he ne wilnige 2 / yfoj] sael(5[V] weorSen onwen[<] 
Wit? swiSe monige biternesse is gemenged sio swetnes bisse 
worulde; <5eah hio hwaem wynsumu Synce, ne maeg he hi 
no gehabban 3 gif hio hine flion ongincS. Hu ne is hit f>aer 

10 swiSe swiotol hu werelica * fas woruldsselSa sint, nu hi ne 
magon jxme earman gefyllan, for[/]asm he 5 symle wilna<5 
hwaeshwugu [/Jses Se he J?onne naefS; ne hi J?sem [^-]ef>yld- 
egum 7 faem gemetfaestum [Vjymle ne wuniatS. 

ii *. Hwy sece ge bonn j/mbutan eow f>a gesael^a }>e ge 

15 [Vjninnan iow habba S furh fa godcundan mieht geset ? Ac 
ge nj/ton hwaet ge doid ; ge sint on gedwolan. Ac ic eow maeg 
mid feawum wordum gereccan hwcet se hrof is ealra gessel^a ; 
wi S >as ic wat fu wilt higian f on aer f e (Su ^z>ze ongitest ; $ 6 
is fonne good. Meaht f u nu ongitan hwaecSer f u auht f e 7 

20 deorwyrSre haebbe fonne f e selfne ? Ic wene feah f Su 
wille cw[^/]an ^ fu nauht deorwyrtSre naebbe. Ic wat, gif f u 
nu *haefde s fulne [anweald frines selfes,pdn\ haefde fu hwaet- * isa C. 
hwugu on (5e se]/um faes (Se fu naefre f inum willu alaetan 
noldes 9 , ne sio wyrd Ipe on geniman ne meahte. ForSaem 

25 ic c5e mindgige f f u ongite f te nan gesaelcS nis on fis and- 
weardan life 10 Sonne seo gesceadwisnes, forSaem hio fur^ nan 
f ing ne m<zg ^aem men /<?an ; for^y z> betere pcet feoh f te 
Wi2/r^ losian ne w^g Sonne -f te mseg 7 sceal. Hu ne is )?e 
nu geno/$ jw^otole gesaed ^ sio wyrd fe ne mceg nane 

30 ges^l^a sellan ? forjjgem/f ^/^r z> unfast, ge j<fo wyrd ge seo 
ges&lfi ; forpam sint switie tedre 7 swiffre hreosende pas gescefya. 

* Boeth. ii. pr. 4. 1. 67 P. Quid igitur, o mortales, &c. 



B. 2 em. he wilnige B. 3 habban B. * hwerflice B. 
1 From B. /^ C. 6 ^ B. 7 )e om. B. 8 nafdest B. 9 woldest B. 
In B between /?)9 and donne are the words flt<: onget feet nauht nis 
betere on fits andweardum life. 



26 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XI. 2 

Hwcet, <zlc para fie pas woruldge,$Y^d: hceffi oper twega offffe 
he wat p hi^ himfromwearde beofi, ofide he hit pon nat. Gif he 
hit pon nat, hwelce gescelpa haefS he ^i pa ivelan gif he bid swa 
dysig 7 swa ungewiss 2 p he pat witan ne mceg . p Gif he hit 
pon wat, f onne ondrae/ he him $ hi losien, 7 eac geara wat fy 5 
i3b C. he hi alsetan sceal. *[*$"<? singala ege ne Icet nonne mon gesce- 
7m]ne bion. Gif fonne hwa ne reccS hwsetSer he fa gesaelf a 
hgebbe f e 3 nsebbe f e he fonne haef<5, hwaet, f f>onne 3fotS for 
lytla ssel^a of>]?e nane, /^/ #20/2 swa eacSe forlaetan maeg. Ic 
wene nu $ ic |?e 4 hasfde ser geno^" sweotole gereaht be monegum 10 
i&cnum pie monna sawla 5 sint und&dlica, 7 e<r<? 6 , 7 /is is 
genog sweotol f te naenne mon f>aes [/Jw^gan ne peaii f te ealle 
men geendiaS 7 on }?<2m deaSe, 7 eac heora welan. ^ \ic\ 
wundrige hw/ men sien swa [uy^fr^aldwise f hi wenen J?set 
te})is \andu)ar\&t lif [w<2Jege f>one mon[w^^ </]<? 8 gesaeligne 15 
fa hwile J>e he \Uofa\> fonne hit hine ne maeg \cefter\ py 
life earmne gedon. \Hwce/\ t we gewislice witonunrim [^z]ra 
monna \pe\ fa ecan gesaelfta sohton nalles furh -f an -)3 hi 
wilnodon Saes [&:>4]omlican dea Ses, ac eac manegra sarlicra 
wita hi ge\vi\[nodon wiff\ f 3am [^]an life ; f aet waeron ealle 9 20 
fa h[tf]lgan martiras. 

XII". 



*i^aC,top *[^^ ongan se Wisdom gliowian j geoddode pus ; ecte pcet 

one J^><?// mid leotie p he <zr scede, 7 cwced :] (^ /<? z^z //^ yfej 1 / ^j 

timbrian ne sceal he hit no settan up on fione hehstan cnoll, 7 se 

(!e wille godcundne wisdom sec an ne mceg he hine wifiofermetta / 25 

7 eft se pe wille fast hus timbrian ne sette he hit on sondbeorhas. 

Swa eac gif pu wisdom timbrian wille, ne setepu hine on uppan 

pa gitsunga,forpa swa swa sigende sond pone ren swylgfi, swa 

swylgfi seo gitsung pa dreosendan welan pisses middangeardes, 

for pa hio hiora simle bid purstegu. Ne mceg hus naht lange 30 

standan on pa hean munte gif hit full ungemetlic^ wind 

u Boeth. ii. met. 4. Quisquis uolet, &c. Cott. Metr. vii. 

1 em. he B. 2 unwis ]. 3 J>e he B. 4 }e om. B. 5 sa-wula B. 
6 eca J. 7 geendi ad C, with space between i and a. 8 monn andon B. 
9 ealle om. B. 10 em. unearrutlic B. 



XIII] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE 27 

gestent ; ncefff 1 fiat pte on ffam sigendd sonde stent for 

swifilicu rene. Swa eac p mennisce mod bid under eten j aweged 

of his stede fron hit se wind strongra geswinca astyroff ooffe se 

ren ungemetlices ymbhogan. Ac se fie wille habban fia ecan 

5 ges&lfia he sceal fleon pone frecnan wlite pises middaneardes 

7 timbrian p hus his 2 modes on pam f&sta stane eddmetta, 

forbade Crist earddS on pare dene eadmodnesse 7 on pa 

gemynde wisdomes. Forpam simle se wisa mon call his lif Icet 

on gefean unonwendendlice 7 orsorg, pan he forsihp cegfier ge 

10 pas eorfilican god ge eac pa yflu, 7 hopdS to pa towearda ; p 

sint pa ecan. Forpape God hine gehelt ceghwonan singallice 

wuniendne on his modes ges<zWum, ffeahpe se wind par a earfopa 

7 seo singale gemen pissa woruldscelcfa him on blawe.} 

XIII v. 

>a se Wisdom fa 7 seo Gesceadwisnes Ipis Ieoc5 a[j]ungen 

J 5 haefde 3 ,/^ ongon he e[y?] secgean spel 7 f>u[j cwa?fi : Me pined 
[nu] $ wit maegen \smealicor sprecan 7 diogolran\ wordum, 
ior[pam ic ongite p min\ lar hwaethwu^w in gad on pin 
ondgif\ 7 Ipu genoh wel \under stenst p ic pe /0] sprece. Ge- 
})enc [nu hwcct pines agnes] sie ealra fa ssa \woruldcehta 4 7 

20 welena, oficfe hwcet pu frczron age unandergildes, gif pu him 
sceadwislice 5 after jt^yjrest. Hwset hcefst pu \&t pam gifu\ 
J>e J>u cwyst f seo wyrd eow [gtfe, 7 cef\ Saem welan, ]?eah hy 
nu ece W(E\rori\ ? Saege me nu hw<er se j^in wela [pines] 
t5ances swa diore seo, pefor his agenre gecynde. Hwaet^r ic 

2 5 pe secge peah Sset hit is of his agenre gecynde, naes of jrinre. 
Gif hit pon his agenre gecynde is, nas of pinre, hwi eart pu 
ponne a fry betera for his gode 6 / *SVge me [nu hwtzt his pe 
deorast 1 ^ J>ince, \w^3er pe gold J>e hwcet]. Ic watf>eah gold. 
[Ac freah hit nu god*\ sie 7 diore, <5eah [bid hliseadigra] 7 

3 leofwendtt se t^e hit *[selff pon se $e hit gaderad 7 on ofiru 

v Boeth. ii. pr. 5. Sed quoniam rationum/ &c. 

1 em. naft B. 2 his above line B. 3 hafdon B. * In C the words 
in square brackets are partly gone ; rest illegible. 5 gesccadwislice J. 
6 goode J. " diorust J. 8 From J, gold B. 



28 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XIII 

reafafi. Ge eac pa we/an] bio(5 hliseadfi^raw] 7 leofte/ran 
]x>nne J?onne * hi mon sel<5 ^onne hi bion (5onne hi mon 
gadr[<2#] 7 hilt 2 . Hwaet, sio gitsung gedetS [fo0r* gif\seras 
\lade\ segj?er ge \Gtide ge monnu, 7 pa cysia\ gedo<5 \pa simle 
leoft<z.le 7] hliseadige 7 we[#r$? agper ge Gode ge] monnum (5e 5 
[/zz<? lufiad. Nu p feoh pdn\ cegper ne [#2^ beon ge mid pa 
pe~\ hit selcS ge \rnid pam pe hit mon j]el(S 3 , nu is io>\\pa celc 
feoh betere] 7 deorwyr^re \geseald pon ^^^Jalden. Gif nu call 
\pises middaned]Tdes wela come to [anu men], hu ne waeren 
j^onne ealle \ppre men] wtzdlan buton him 4 anum 1 \Genoh\ 10 
sweoiol $ is f>aette god word 7 [god hlisa] selces wonnes biS 
betra 7 [^rr<2 5 pdn cenig~\ wela ; hwaet, }?set [z^]ord gefyltS 
[/c<?j 6 /]ara earan J>e hit gehen5, 7 ne bi[^ /^]ah na py 
laesse mid f>sem Ipe hit spr[z <r^. Z^Jis heortan diegelnesse hit 
geopen[tf# 7 , j pees oJSres \heor f]z.\\ belocena hit \purhf <zr$, 7 15 
on p([\ fserelde f)3erbetvvyjf [ne bid hit no] gew^anod ; n[^ mag 
* i6a C. hit mon mid sweorde *0]fslean ne mid rape gebindan, [ne hit 
^]sefre ne 8 acwylS. Ac J>aeowre welan, \peah hi\ ealne weg 
mid eow sien 9 , ne ^incS cow no Ipy hra Sor hiora genoh ; 7 
Seah ge hi ]?onne oj^rum monnum sellen 10 , ne magon ge no 20 
pe ma mid J^sem hiora waedle 7 heora gitsunge gefyllan. peah 
<5u hi smale u todczle swa dust, ne miht pu fieah ea\\e men 
emnli ce mid ge heal dan ; 7 pdn J>u ealle ged&Ide hcefst pdn hist 
Ipu Se j^wsedla. Sint p werilice 12 welan pisses middangeardes, 
pdn hi nan mon fullice habban ne m<zg, ne hie nanne mon 25 
gewelegian ne magon, buton hie ocSerne gedon to wcedlan. 
Hwcc])T u nu gimma wlite eowre eagan to him [^/Jtio hiora 
to wundriganne ? Swa ic w[tf/] $ hi dotS. Hwaet, sio duguS 
J?onne j?aes wlites J?e on J^aem gimmum bi<5, biS heora, naes 
eower. py ic eom swiSe ungemetlice ofwundrod hwi eow 30 
J)ince ]?3ere ungesceadwisan o^sceafte godweb b[^]re J>onne 
eower \agen\ god ; hwi ge swa un^metlice Vfu[ndrigen] para 

1 fonne once B. 2 healt B. 3 em.fe hit niniS B, mon seffi J. 

4 him om. B. 5 diorra J. 6 From J, eallra B. 7 idelnesse hit openaS B. 
8 ^^ above line. 9 eowre sin B. 10 sellan B. u smale B, 
smealice J. 12 iverelice J. 13 J, hwar B. 



XIV. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 29 



gimm[V| Q])])[e ceniges] f>ara [deadh ce]na Singa >e [gescead- 

wisnesse ncef$\; forSaem hi *[mid nanu ryhte ne magon] * 

gearni^^j^^-,? /z/]ora wundrien. peah hi Codes \gescea\faa 

sien, ne sint hi no wift eo[w /]o metanne J , forcSaem 2 f>e oj)er 

5 twega oc5(Se hit nan god nis for e0w selfe, ot5(5e J>eah for- 

lytel god wi(5 <?ow to metane 3 . [^]o swi(5e we herwatS [us 

selfe /o]ne we [j# 4 ] ma lufia(5 fte [**#d?r] us is on us[jfflm] 5 

anwalde, })onne us selfe ot5(Se [/<?]e drihten J>e us [^Jsceop, 

7 us eall [&a] god forgeaf. Hw[^])?er J>e nu licien [/"Jsegru 6 

10 lond ? 

XIV w. 

i. Da andsworode f Mod [/a]ere Gesceadwisnesse 7 
cwae S : Hwi ne [VJeolde me lician faeger lond ? Hu ne is 
[/<^]t se fsegeresta dsel Codes gesceaf[/^/ Ge], ful oft we 
fageniatS smyltre sse, [7 <?]ac wundriatS J>3es wlites J?aere sunnan 

3 5 [/] J 3968 nionan 7 ealra )?ara steorrena. fS]a andswarode se 
Wisdom 7 seo Gesceadwisnes ]?aem Mode 7 >us cwaecS : 
Hwset belimpS >e to hiora fegernes[^]a ? Hwae^er 7 jm 
dyrre gilpan J?set [^Jiora faegern[ /]in sie ? Nese, nese. 
[7/]u ne was[/] J?u \f ffu] hiora nan ne worhtest 8 ? [Ac gtf 

20 /] gilpan wille, gilp 9 Codes. Hwse Ser J?u n[z^ fcegerrd\ 
\AQS\JmcEna} faegnige on eas[/r7Z, swelce pu hie g esc ope ? 
* H-wceder ffu nu swelces auht wyrcan m<zge, offffe geworhtes * iya C. 
habbe ? 7V^<?, nese. Ne do pu swa 10 . HwcEper hit nu pines 
gewealdes se n p se hcerfest sie swa welig] on wae[j//w ? ^w 

25 /? z^<2/ /(fj^ /^//] nis no [_J>ines gewealdes? Hwi eart J>u\ 

}?onne [onceled mid swa idele gefean\, oSSe hwi \lufast pu $a 

fremdan god] swa unge[z^//^, swelce hi sen pine get nu]? 

Wenst )?u msege [jfo wyrd pe gedon f\ pa jMng J?in agnu 13 

[sen pa 3e heora agene u ] gecynd >e ge&[on 15 fremde ? Nese, 



w Boeth. ii. pr. 5. 1. 30 P. Quidni ? Est enim pulcherrimi, &c. 



1 Second n above line. 3 of pa B. 3 metanne B. * ^ from J, 
lufiaS B. 5 ussum J, urtim B. 6 f&gre C.fczgeru B. 7 Uwcer B. 
s nanne ne geworhtest B. 9 ^z /^ above line. 10 jwa J. n So B. 
12 for ^ nu J. 13 o/^ a^ww C. 14 agnu J. 15 gedydon J. 



30 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XIV. i 

nese]. Nis hit l no Ipe gecynde \pte pu hi age] ; ne him nis 
gebyrde \p hi fiefolgien], Ac ]?a hefoncu[w^w ping fie sint 1 *] 
gecynde, nses Ipcss [eorfilican. pas eordlic&n wsestmas sin[V 
gesceapene nete]wxm 3 to andlifene ; [7 pa woruldwelan\ sin/ 
gesceapene to \)i\swice\pa mon[] Ipe, biocS neatum 4 gelic[V, p 5 
beoS w]rih[/] wise 7 ungemetfaesf/^. 7b] f><^m hi ea[<r] becumacS 
oftost. Gif [pu] f>onne j>ae[/] gemet habban wille, 7 5 pa 
nydp earf[>] witan wille, /<? *j // mete and [dry]nc 7 
cla^as [7 /^/ to\ swelcu craefte [swelce pu cunne p pe is] 

* i7b C. gecynde 7 f [/^ is riht to habbenne]. Hwilc fremu i[j* pep 10 

pcet pu wilnige pissa andweardena gescelpa of er gemet ^ pon hie 
naper 6 ne magon ne pin gehelpan, ne heora self r a ? On swifie 
lytlon hiera hceffi seo gecynd genog ; on swa micl\ u hio [hceffi 
genog swa we <zr sprceco]n. Gif Su [heore mare selest, oper 
Jwe]ga. oSSe \hit pe derad, offie hit fie /]eah 7 unwyn[.yw biff, 15 
offffe ungeijszse, o^Se fre[cenh c, eall p pu nu <?]fer gemet dest. 
\_Gif ffu nu ofer gemet\ itst, o^Se drin[/, offffe clafia pe* ma 
on] hehst 9 ]?onne \pu purfe, seo 30 ] oferinc n Ipe wyrc5 oSSe [to 
sare, ocffie to\ wlaettan, oplpe to uu[gert senu, o$de~] to plio. Gif 
}?u nu wenst jite [wundorlice] gegerela 12 hwelc weo[r]cSmy72^ 20 
sie,pon\KQ telle ic ]?a weor S[^]ynd^/^ wj/]rhtan J?e hi worhte, 
nealles ls /<?. Se wyrhta is God u ; faes craeft ic J?aer [^Jerige 
on. Wenst fm f sio menigo [dinra] monna J?e rnaege don 
gesseligfw^]? Nese nese. Ac gif hi yfele sint [7 lytige^ 
jxmne sint hi lp& pliolicran [7 ^wzw Jncfulran hae/^ 16 c^onne 25 
naefd 17 ; [^^Jaem yfele Jjf^&ij] bioS simle [heora] hlafo[r^ 

* i8a C fiend]. Gif hi |^onne [gode beoff 7 hlaford* holde 7 untwifealde, 
about here. ^ w ne beod ft pon heora godes, nces pines P Hu miht pu pon pe 

agnian heora god P Gif pu nu pees gilpst, hu ne gilpst pu 
pon heora godes, nces pines ? 30 

ii x . Nu pe is genoh openlice gecyped //]te na[ para 



* Boeth. ii. pr. 5. 1. 51 P. Ex quibus omnibus, &c. 

1 hit om. B. * sendan J. 3 nytenum J. 4 neatenum B. 

7 conj. om. B. * nawder ]. 7 Conj. J>eah. om. B. 8 clafte ma J. 
hcefst B. jz<? J. 1] ofering B. J2 gerela B. 13 <?j w^ B. 
14 g od C, an o appar. erased. ,p6/ B. 15 7 /j/^ from T, om. B. I6 gehcefd 

-R 17 rrt^^fj ft 



XIV. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 31 

goda pin nis,pe we cer] ymb 1 sprsecon, 7 [pu ieohhodest* p hi 
$ine] bion sceolden. Gif \9onne* fosst zwjrulde vvlites 7 wela 
[to wilnienne nis], hwaet murcnast 4 lp[u pon after pa~\ J>e }?u 
forlure, ot$[& /0 hwon fag\m,<$>t f>u f>aes J?e (5u [r hcefdest 5 ? 
5 Gif hif\ faeger is, f is of hio[r<z ag7z gecynde], naes of J>inum; 
hior[<z yfe^w & / z>, a.f] J>in. Hwaet faegnast [pupon heora] 
faegres ? Hwaet belimp S f) [his to fie ? Ne pu hit] ne 7 
gesceope, ne hi \\ine agene ne sent]. Gif hi nu gode sint 
[/ fag**^ >on\ waeron hi swa gesceap^<?/ 7 swcelce hi 

10 zw]ldan bion, Jeah )?u h[z ^/r^ nahtesi}. Wenst fu f hi a 
Sy feQ\rwyrdran seon* pe hi] to f>inre note gelaefW* wceran? 
Ac /"JorJ^aem^e h^ra d[j/^^ /f wafidd 7 ^2 ] him ^incaS 
fe\ore,for};a pu hi gaderast 7] heist 9 * o[ /zw ^r^fe. Hwcet * l8a c 
wilnast pu pon p pu hccbbe cet swelcere gelicnesse 10 ? Gelef^ rest gon e. 

15 /^, z<r ^z /^ ^r^: ncefst pupczr nauht cet, butonppu tilast^ 

wcEdle to flionne, 7 forpy gaderast mare pon pu ffurfe 13 . Ac 

ic wat peak swifie gear a pte eall p ic her sprece is wifi pinu 

willan. Ac eowra gestzWa ne sint no p ge wenafi pat] hi [sen, 

forpd se pe micef] *mm erfe 14 7 mislic \agan wile, he bedea]rf* ^b C 

20 eac miceles M[famts. Se ealda cwt]de is switJe soS J?e [mon 
gefyrn fwa<f], f>sette J>a micles be[^f/w! /^ zz ^/ #]gan gone. 
willat5, 7 J)a jsurf^w jze;z^ /j/// /<?] maran ne wilnia S 
genoges. But]an hi wilnien mid ofer[? ^(? y^/or^ gi/st 
gefyllan, f hi nae[/r<? ne gedofi. 7]c 15 wat ^ ge wenaS pset 

25 ge [nan gecundlic ]6 ] god ne gesaeljm omu[nan eow selfu] 
naebben 17 , for Saem ge hi \secdS butan eow] to fremdu gesceaftu. 
[Swa hit is mis]kweorfed $ faem men JjincS, \peah he se god\- 
cundlice gescea^/s, [p he on him sel\fu naebbe saelj?a ge\noge, 
buton he] mare gegaderz^-e }>ara \ungesceadwisene 18 ] ge^^afta 

30 fonne \he bepurfe o ode him] gemetlicre 19 sie ; \J pa ungescead- 
wisan neotena 20 ] ne wil[za^ nanes ofires feos 21 , ac pined him 
genog on pa pe hi binnan heora cegenre hyde habbafi to eacan 



1 b ab. 1. 2 tiohhodes J. 3 done B. * murhast C. 5 /^r hcefst ]. 

G be above line C. 1 ne om. B. 8 deorran sun J. 9 heltst B. 

5 So B, gesalignesse J. n gelief]. ^ tiolast J. 13 d>^ J. 

From J, inerfe B. 15 em. Ac B. lfi gecyndelic J. " o^^8f B. 
8 So B. 19 gemetlic B. 2o ^a/ J. 21 ^ftw J. 



32 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XIV. 2 

* i9a C pdfodrepe him gecyndelic bid. * Hwcet , ge pon peah hwcethwega 

e godcundlices on eowerre saule habbdfi,p is andgit 7 gemynd, 7 se 
gesceadwislica willa p him para twega /jyste. [Se pe pon pas 
ftreo hcefff], ]xmne hsef <5 [he his sceoppendes 0/*<r]nesse swa 
for (5 [swa swa cenegu gesceaff] fyrmest - 1 mgeg [hiere sceppendes 5 
on\licnesse habban. \_Ac ge secdS pcere~\ hean gecynde 
[gescelpa 7 heore weorff\scipe to Seem m$erlicum 2 7 /<? 
hreosendlicum 3 [jringu. Ac ge ne] ongitatS hu mic 
teonan ge doff] Code eowru scippejVkfe, forpape] he 
wolde ^te ealle [w^w w&ran ?<?/]ra oj?erra gescea[y?tf I0 
wealdendas\ ; ac ge underj^eoda S [^oz^rf hehstan\ medemnesse 
under [/a ^a//ra y^r]mestan gesceafta ; [mid pa ge] habbatS 
gecycSed \_p after eowru] agnum dome ge [docf eow selfe 
ze^rjsan ]?onne eowra \agne^ cehta, nu ge wJenacS -f eowre 

* iga C v^auht welan 5 send eowre gesd^pz,* [7 teohhiad pcet call eoivre J 5 

ends, woruldgod sien die r ran 6 ^ ^//^. *Sw<2 ^// ^c wyrfi pdn ge swa 

rest gone. 



iii y. ^^j* menniscan lifes gecynd is p hi py anan seon 7 

beforan eallu offru gesceaftum py hi hie selfe ongiion hwcet hie 

send 91 7 hwonan hi send* ; j pi hi send* wyrsan pon nytenu, 20 

py hi nellaS witan hwcet hi sint, ofifie hwonan hi sint. J?a 

* 195 C neatu\ *is gecynde [fi hi nyton hwcet hie] send*\ ac $ is 

begins, first ^[ra monna urideaw\ bset hi niton \hwcet hie sen. Nu pe\ 

part gone, f J r j. / T u *. r J 

is swipe sweotol \^pcetge oeop on geawolan^ ponne ge wenao \_p 

cem g] mceg mid frem[<^ ze;^ beon geweorpod. Gif hwa nu 25 
bicf mid hwelcu\ welu geweorpod [7 mid hwelcu~] deorwyrpu 
cehtu [gegyrewod 11 , hu ne ^Jelim/) 1 ^ se weorcSscipe [pon to 
pd~\ pe hine ^vweortSatS ? [J?cet is to heriann\e hwene n\\th cor. 
[Ne pcet ne beop\ no Sy fsegerre f mid \_elleshivd 
bi(S, }?eah J? ge\renu fcegru] sien pe hit mid gerenod [biff. 
hit] aer scandlic wses, w^ [3z ^ hit no oy _/^]egerre. Wite 
fm fo[r .yc ^j^ ^</ ]e dereS J^aem [/^ ^/V ^. Hwcet, pu 



y Boeth. ii. pr. 5. 1. 81 P. Humanae quippe naturae/ &c. 

1 furemest B. 2 em. ntyerlicam B. 3 hreorendii B. 4 agna J. 
5 noht welan J. 6 diorran J. 7 sie J. 8 sien J. 9 sint J. 
10 em. nytena B. 11 gearod J. 



XV] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE 33 



wast nu] f ic \pe ne leoge, 7 eac wast p&t pa welan oft deriad 
pani\* )?e hi agon on ma.negum Ipingu, [7 on\ Sasm swi(5ost $ * 2oa C. 
te men weon5a(S [swa #/>]ahaefene for (Saem welan x >set oft [se] 
ealra wyrresta 7 se ealra unw[^r](5esta mon wencS $ he sie 
5 ealles [pees] welan wynSe ]?e on Jrisse 2 woruljVi?] is, gif he 
wisse hu he him to cuman meahte. Se <5e micelne we[/<27z] 
haefcS, he him ondraet monige 3 \_feond f \\ gif he nan^ sehta 
naefde, ne J?[0r]fte he him naenne ondraeda[#]. Gif Jm nu 
wsere wegferend 7 haefd[/] micel gold on ^e, [7] Ipu ]^onne 

10 beco[me] on J?iofscole, f>onne ne wendes Ipu Ipe J?ines feores, 
})onne 5 gif Su p[onne] swelces nanwuht naefde, }?onne n[<?] 
tSorftes f>u "Se nanwuht ondraed[(2], ac meahtes f>e gan 
singende J?o[^] ealdan cwide ]?e mon gefyrn sa[ng~\, $ se 
nacoda wegferend him nanw[A/] ne ondrede. ponne f>[w] 

15 J?onne orsorg waere, 7 )^a J^eofas J?e from gewiten waen?//, 
]?onne meahtes f>u ^zsmrian }?ses andweardanwelan,[7 w^Jhtes 
cwefan : Eala f hit is god [7 z#yttflK] f mon micelne 
welan hae[^, ] se naefre ne wyr$ orsorg f>e hine 
underfehS. 



20 [j^<2 seo Gesceadwisnes pa pis spell asced hcefde, pa ongan 

heo sing an 7 pus cwcefi :~\ (JEala, hu ges&lig seo forme eld was 

pises midangeardes, ffa celcum men puhte genog on pcere 

eorpan wcestmu. Nceron pa welige hatnas, ne mis f lice swot- 

met tas, ne drincas, ne diorwyrffra hrcegla hi ne girndan, 

i^forpam hi pa git nceran, ne hio nanwuht ne gesawon, ne ne 
geherdon. Ne gemdon hie nanes fyrenlustes, bulon swiffe 
gemetlice pa gecynd beeodan ; ealne weg hi (Eton <zne on dceg, 
7 p was to afennes. Treowa wcestmas hi czton 7 wyrta, nalles 
scir win hine druncan, ne nanne wcetan hi ne cupon wiff hunige 

30 mengan ; ne seolocenra hrcegla mid mist lieu bleowu hi ne 
gimdon. Ealne weg hi slepon ute on triowa sceadu ; hluterra 

z Boeth. ii. met. 5. Felix nimium, &c. Cott. Metr. viii. 

1 welan from B, C has simply la. 2 fosse om. B. 3 monigne B. 
4 fynd J. 5 J)onne om. B. 

D 



34 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XV 

wella wceter hi druncon. Ne geseah nan cepa ealand ne werofi, 
ne geherde non mon pa get nanne sciphere, ne furpon ymbe nan 
gefeoht sprecan. Ne seo eorfie pa get besmiten mid ofslcegenes 
monnes blode, ne mon furfium gewundod ; ne monn ne geseah 
pa git yfelwillende men ; ncenne weorfiscipe ncefdon, ne hi non 5 
mon ne lufude. Eala p ure tida nu ne mihtan weorpan swilce. 
Ac nu manna gitsung is swa byrnende swa p fyr on p<zre 
he lie, seo is on pd munte pe sEtne hatte, on pam ieglande pe 
Sicilia hatte ; se munt bi$ simle swefle birnende, 7 ealla pa 
neahstowa p&rymbutan forb&rriS. sEala, hwcet se forma 10 
gitsere ware, pe <zrest pa eorpan ongan delfan after golde, 
7 cefter gim?nu, jpafrecnan deorwyrfinesse : funde pe (zr behyd 
WGBS 7 behelod mid dare eorpan.} 

XVI a. 



i. pa se Wisdom )m J)is leo^ asz/^en hgefde, Ja ongan 
he eft spellian 7 f>us cwsef) : Hwset mseg ic Jy 2 mare secgan 15 
be J?sem weor^scipe 7 be pcem anweMe J>isse worulde? 
For Ssem anwealde ge eow [zf;]oldon ahebban up oc$ Sone 
heq/^n, gif ge s meahten. "p is forSsem/f ge ne gemunon ne 
eac ne ong7 /<2#/one heofoncundan anwe<2/^7 ]x>ne weorSscipe; 
se is eower agen, 7/^nan ge comon 4 . Hw&t, se eower wela 20 
f>onne 7 se eower anweald, pe ge nu weorftscipe hatacf, gif he 
becymcf to pd eallra wyrrestan men, 7 to pd pe his eallra 
* 22a C. unweorfiost bid, swa he nu dyde to pis ilcan */7eodriC(?, 7 iu 5 cer 
to Neron^ J>aem [rjasere, 7 oft eac to mseneg&m hiora gelicum, 
hu ne wile he (Sonfi don swa hi dydon 7 get doS, ealle da 25 
ricu Ipe him under bzbcS otSSe awer on neaweste, forslean 7 
forheregian, swse swa fyres leg dec5 drigne haeSfeld, o SSe eft 
se byrnenda swefel (Sone munt baernS J?e we hatacS Etne 6 , se 
is on Sicilia (5aem ealonde ; swit5e onlic (5aem miclan flode t5e 
giu on Noes dagum waes. Ic wene ^aet Ipu maege gemunan 30 
tSaette eowre eldran gio Romans witan on Torcwines 

a Boeth. ii. pr. 6. Quid autem de dignitatibus, &c. 

1 em. deorwyrdnessa B. 2 ic ]>e mi B. 3 Az B. 4 noman B. 
5 ^<: B. 6 fg/wa B. 



XVI. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 35 

dagum J?aes ofermodan cyninges for his ofermettum Jxme 
cynelican naman of Romebyn^- aerescS adydon. Ond eft 
swa ilce f>a heretogan <Se hine l ser ut adrifon hi wolden eft 
ut adrifan for hiora ofermettu ; ac hi ne meahton, forSaempe 
5 se asftera anweald ]?ara heretogena }?aem romaniscum 
witum get wyrs \\\code pon se\ serra Jmra cyn[tnga. Gif hit] 
j^onne sefre gewir(5, [swa hit swide] seldon gewyrcS, ]33et [se 
anwea]ld 7 se weorcSscipe becume *to godum men 7 to wisum, * 22b C 
hwaet [bid p]?er j^onne licwyrcSes buton his god 7 his weonS- 

10 scipe, J^aes godan cyninges, naes ]?3es "scnwealdes ? Forpape 
se anwald ncefre ne bid good buton se god s\e Ipe hine ^bbe ; 
(5y 2 hit b i<5fi<2s monnes god 3 naes \ces anwealdes, gif se anweald 
god bid. Forpa hi/ bit) ^<^tte na w<2 for his rice ne 
cymc5 to craffam 7 to medemnesse, ac for his craeftum 7 for 

15 his medfltt -^^ cymd to rice 7 /6 4 anwealde. pi ne bid nan 
man for his anwealde na pe betera, ac for his crceftu he beofi 
good, gif he god 5 bid, 7 for his craeftum he bid anwealdes 
weorde, gif he his w<?<?r(5e bid. Leorniad fonSaem wisdom, 7 
j^onne ge hine geleornod haebben, ne forhyczpS 6 hine J?onne. 

ao^onne secge ic eow buton aelcum tweonj^^ magon purh hine 

becum<2 to anwealde, peah ge no pees anwealdes ne wilnigan. 

Ne purfon ge no hogian 1 on pam anwealde, ne him after 
pringan. *Gif ge wise beocS 7 gode, he wile folgi an eow, * 233 C 
/eah ge his no ne wilnigen. Ac [sege me] nu hwaet eower 

25 deoi ivyr fiesta wela 7 anwald sie, ]?e ge swidost girnap. Ic 
wat j^eah -^ hit is pis andwearde* lif 7 Ses brosnienda vsela de 
we 32r ymbe spraecon. 

ii b . Eala, hwae Ser ge netenlican 9 men ongiten hwilc se 
wela sie, 7 se anwald, 7 <5a woruldszeffia. ? pa sint eowere 

30 hlafordas 7 eowere waldendas, nags ge heora. Gif ge nu 
gesawan hwelce mus p WCBYQ hlaford ofer odre mjys, 7 sette 
him domas, 7 nedde hie after gafole, hu wunderlic wolde eow 

b Boeth. ii. pr. 6. 1. 14 P. * Nonne o terrena animalia, &c. 

1 hi B. 2 J>e B. 3 ^^^/ J. * ^ from J, om. B. 5 ^y^ J. 
s From ],forhogiafi B. 7 hongian J. 8 em. anwearda B. 

9 net die an B. 

D 2 




36 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XVI. 2 

(Saet J?incan; hwelce ^hettung* ge -woldan J?aes habban, 7 
mid hwelce hleahtn? ge woldon bion astered. Hu micle 
man? is ftonne >aes monn.es lichoma to metenne wifi p mod 
])onne seo mus wicS <5one mon. Hwaet, [ge ponne\ magon 
eafte gej^encan, \gifgt hit georne\ymbe smeagau willacS 7 \cefter 5 
spyrigati) p l nanre wuhte lichoma ne bead pon tederra pon p<zs 

C. monnes. paem magon derian pa */<^]stan fleogan, ge tSa 
gnaettas mid swyfte lytlum sticelum \\\[m\ deriaS, 7 eac "Sa 
smalan v?\_yrmas] Se ^Sone mon segcSer ge innan ge utan 
wyrdaft, 7 hwilum {\\lneah deadne gedocS; ge fur^um f>ios 10 
lytle loppe hine deadne 2 gedeS. Swilca wuhta him deriga S 
aegtfer [^]e innan ge utan. On hwsem mseg [<^]nig mon 
o(5rum derian buton on his lichoman, o"5Se eft on hiora 
welum, pe ge hatzfo gesselSa ? Ne nan mon ne mseg (Ssem 
gesceadwisan mode ^<?derian, ne him gedon f hit sie 3 Saet 15 
t5set hit ne 4 bi(S. "Sset is swi^e sweotol to ongitan n.e be 
sumum romanz sr#w sejelinge, se waes haten Liberius 5 ; se 
waes to man<?^m witu geworht, forSaem^e he nolde meldian 
on his geferan Ipe mid \him~\ siredon ymb Sone cym ng \pe 
hie cer\ mid unrihte gewun^ \hcefdon 6 . ^Ja he (Sa beforan 20 
tSone \graman\ cyning gelaed waes, [7 he hine hef\ secgan 
hwaet hi[j geferan wceron\ (5e mid him [ymfa sieredon 7 , pa\ 

C. foresaw he [^/j tungan 7] *wearp hine mid (Saere tung[w 8 6>w 
// ?z]eb foran. ForSaem hit ge[w<?ar^^ #]aem wisan men 
com to lofe [7 to wyr^scipe $ se unrihtwisa [cyning him] 25 
tiohhode to wite. \HwcRt is p~\ demma 9 Saet aenig mon maege 
o^rum do[w], ^ he ne maege him don (Saet ilce ? Gif he ne 
maeg, ocSer mon maeg. We leornodon eac be (5aem waelreo- 
wan Bosiridem, se waes on Egyptum. "Saes leodhatan 
gewuna waes ^ he wolde aelcne cuman swi"Se arlice underfoon 30 

7 switfe swaeslice witS gebseran, c5onne he aerescS him to com. 
Ac eft, aer he him from cerde, he sceolde bion ofslaegen. 
Ond (5a geberede 10 hit <5aet Erculus [7]obes junu co[/w] to 

1 ftatte J. 2 hine hwilum deadne B. 3 hit ne sie B. * ne 

om. B. 5 tiberius B. 6 hcefde J. 7 ymbe hine syredon J. 

8 fitzrmid for w. 9 1 . /. B. 9 em. demma B. 10 getydde B. 



XVI. 3] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 37 

him. pa wolde he do[] ymbe hine swa s\va he ymbe 
m[amgne] cuman ser dyde ; wolde hine [Vjdrencan on }?3ere 
ea fte Nilus [fiat]te. $a wearft he strengra, [7 adre]ncte 
hine swifte rihte [&? Godes dome], swa swa he manign^ 
5 ofierne <zr </y]de. Hwaet, eac Regul.r, [^] foremaera [/for/]og[fl, 
yfo ^ feaht\ wift Africanas *, [^ ^<z/~]de \^fulneah\ *unasec- * 24b C 
gendlicne sige of[er pa Afn c]anzs 2 ; j?a he (&) }?a swiftest about here 
\_forslagen\ hasfde, fta het he hi bind[<2 7 on <fo]lcan lecgan. 
Sa gebyrede \hit swf8i\ hrafte ^ (he) wearft gebunden \jnid 

10 hira\ racentum. Hwcet wenst \>u pon\ hwaet godes se 3 

anweald [st e, pon\ he 4 on nane wisan his agenes crseftes ne 

maeg forbugan f he ftaet z /r^ yfel ne geftafige oftrum monnu 

f he aer ofiru dyde ? Hu ne is se -zweaXd pon par nauht ? 

iii c . Hwset wenst pit ? ^"z/"^ weorftscipe 7 se anweald* his 

15 agnes ponces god WCETC 7 ^z> j^/&r anweald hcefde, hwce^er he 

viQ\de pa forciidestu monnu folgian ^w^z ^ z<; hwilum 6 deft? 

Hu ne wast pu p hit nis nauht gecynde ne nauht gewunelic 

P cenig widerweard ping bion gemenged wid offru wifierweardu, 

odfie (Enige geferrcedenne ivid habban ? Ac seo gecynd hit 

20 onscunad\ &\.M\ ne magon zmrftan togaedere gemeng^, [/<? 7 ] 
ma fte ^ good 7 ftset _> fel magon (^/gaedere bion. Nu }?e is 
swide openlice ^cyfted ^ \>\\s andwearde rice] 7 pas weoruld- 
gesalpa 7 pes anweald of heora 8 agnu gec\_jynde 7 ^^or<2 ^^ 
-<?]wealdes nauht *\_gode ne sie]iti, ne heora selfr[<2 nanne * 

25 tfjnwald ^^bbaft, nu hi willaft cl[7)f<2;/J 9 on pam \vyrrestan 
monnum, 7 him gepafiafi pcet hi bioft hiora \i\dfordas. Nis 
$(BS nu nan tweo ftaet oft pa 10 eallraforcupestan men cumacf to 
parnanwealdej to pam weorftscipe. Gif se anzuea.\d ftonne of 
his zgenre gecynde 7 his agnes gewealdes god wcere, ne 

30 underfenge he Tzaefre ]?a yfelan ac pa godan. pses ilcan is to 
wenanne to eallu ftaem gesaelj^um ]?e s^o wyrd bren^ft pisses 

c Boeth. ii. pr. 6. 1. 38 P. Ad haec, si ipsis dignitatibus/ &c. 
1 em. Affricanus C, Affricanas B. 2 em. ~\amts C, Africas B. 



J se godes i>. 4 ^^ from B, /i^^ C. 5 em. anweal B. hwilcil B. 
7 /i?w J. 8 /^^ anwealdes hiora J. y cliofian J. 10 oft pa from 
J, of pam B. 



38 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XVI. 3 

andweardan lifes ge on crseftum ge on <zhtu ; forp<Q mfye hi 
hwilum becumad to pa forciiSestum. Hwaet, we l gen\_og georne\ 
witon (Saet n<2nne mon pees m tweoff $ se sie string on his 
mcEgene pe mon gesih(5 $ stnmglic vteorc wyrccS ; nepon ma, gif 
he hwcEt bi<5, ne tweo(S nsenne mon p he hwaet ne sie. Her 2 5 

* 25b C. endacS sio forme hoc Boetius 7 ongz>me(S sio aftere*. **$\va 

maeg 3 eac se faeamcrceft (Sset se mon bi(5 dreamefW], 7 se 
laece^rraeft ^ he $/ # laece, 7 m> r#<:& <&# 4 j:aet he bi(5 reccere. 
Swa deS eac se gecynda crceft selcum #2;z cSaet / ^^ ^ 7/2^ 
<5^on witS Sae/ yfel gemenged, ne $ yfel wi"S $ god ; _^<?0/& /^/<? 10 
buta on anum men sien, J>eah biS segSer him onsundran. p 
gecynd nyle nsefre nanwuht z^ztSerweardes laetan gemengan, 
for Ssem heora aeg^er onscunad ofter, 7 aeg(5er wile bion fi ^set 
hit bi$. Ne mseg se wela gedonp se gitsere ne sie gitsere, ne 
(Sa grundleasan gitsunga gefyllan; ne se ^\[weald\ ne maeg 15 
gedon his waldend wealdenfa\&. Nu f)onne nu selc [^if<:]eaft 
onscuna^ Saet Sset hiie wi^erweard bi"S, 7 swi^e georne 
tiolac$ f hit him f from as^rufe, hwylce twa sint fonne 
wi Serweardran \\etwuh him] J?onne god 7 yfel? Ne 
\weorpad hi\ nsefre tosomne ge\_feged. Be\ Ipsem Ipu meaht 20 

* a6a C. ong[z /3, gif pa *ges(jelpa discs andweardan lifes pur h hie selfe 

heora selfra geweald ahton, 7 of heora agnu gecynde gode 
war on, pon woldon hi simle on pa clifian 5 pe him god\ mid 
wo[r^, nalces 6 yfel. Ac] fleer (Saer [hi gode beoff, pon be]<tfS 
hi purh \pcBs godan monnes~]god gode Ipe [him god midwyrcfi\, 25 

7 se bi(S ]?urh God go[_d. Gif hine~] fonne yfel mon \h(zf$, 
poii\ biS he yfel furh [pees monnes] yfel >e him yfel [mid de$, 
7 purh\ dioful 7 . Hwxt godes is [se wela] (Sonne, Sonne he ne 
mceg pa grundleasan gitsunga afyllan ]?aes gitseres ; o(5(5e 

se anweald, Sonne he ne mseg his waldend waldendne gedon ? 3 
Ac hine ^vbindatS ]?a won welnunga mid hiora unabindendli- 
cum racentum. $eah mon nu yfelu men anwald selle, ne gedeS 
se anwald hine godne ne mJy<?]mne 8 , gif he ser naes, ac 

1 we om. B. 2 This sentence, omitted by B, is coniDleted from J. 

s gedeQ B. * gedeS J. 5 deofian J. 6 // J. 7 ^>/ B. 

8 From J, meodiimne B. 



XVI. 4 ] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE 39 

ge[6>/>]ena(5 his yfel, gif he aer yfel [zf/jaes, 7 ged<?(5 hit (Sonne 

sweo[/]ol, gif hit aer naes. FortSaem *peah 1 he cer yfel wolde, * 26b C. 

pbn nysste he hu he hit swa fullice acyfide 2 , <zr he fullne 

anweald hcefde. fleet gewyrfi for pam dysige pe ge f&gnidd 

5 pcet ge moton sceppan pone 3 na?nan, hatan p scelpa p nane ne 

beod, 7 p<zl medumnes p nan medomnes 4 ne beofi ; forpd hi 

gecyfiafi on heora endunge, pon hie endiafi^ p hie nauficr ne 5 di off, 

forpcem nawfier 5 ne se wela ne se anweald ne se weorfisctpe ne 

beofi to wenanne p hit seo sope gesaild sie. Swa hit is nu hrddost c 

10 to secganne 1 be eallum pa \vomldges<zld u??i s pe seo wyrd brengd, 
p nan wuht on nis (Saes peer to wilnianne seo, forpafto. J^aer 
nan wuht gecyndeh ces godes on nis f33S (5e of him cume. J) is 
on (5aem sweot^l -p hi hi symle to Saem godu ne <5eod#(5 9 , 
ne Sa yfelan gode ne gedofi }>Q hi hie oftosS to geJ)ioda S. 

15 iv d . f)a se Wisdom Sa ]?is [spell] Sus areaht haefde, (5a 

ong[an he\ eft giddian 7 ]?us cwaeS : *(Hwcet, we witon * 2 7 a c - 
hwelce wcelriownessa 7 hivilce hryras 7 unryhth&medu 7 hwilc 
man 7 hwilce arleasnesse se unrihtwisa n kasere Neron weorhte. 
Se het at sumum cyrre forb&rnan cealle Romeburg on anne sicf 

20 cefter pcere bisene pe gio Trogiaburg barn. Him lyste eac 
geseon hu seo burne, hu lange, 7 hu leohte be pcere offerre ; 7 eft 
he het ofslean ealle pa wisestan wilan Romana, ge furfion his 
agene ??iodor, 7 his agene brodor ; ge fur$d his agen wif he 
of slog mid siveorde ; 7 for ffyllecu nces he nanwuht geunroisod, 

25 ac wczs py blip r a 7 fagenode pees. Ond peah betwuh pyllecum 

unrihtu wees l2 him no py ICES underpeod eall pes middangeard 

from easteweardu op westeweardne, 7 eft from sufieweardu off 

norfieweardne ; eall he was on his anwealde. Wenst $u p se 

godcunda anweald ne mihte afyrranpone anweald pa unrihtwisan 

30 kasere, 7 him pcere wuhhunge gesteoran, gif he wolde /> Gise, 
la, gese ; w wat pcet he mihte, gif he wolde. Eala, eaw, hu 

d Boeth. ii. met. 6. Nouimus quantas, &c. Cott. Metr. ix. 

1 Only a few words legible on fol. 26b. 2 gecyfide J. 3 wane J. 
4 -p nan medomnes from J, om. B. 5 ne . . . nawder from J, om. B. 

6 em. hradost B. 1 em. secgange B. 8 stzffium J. 9 gedeodad B. 
10 he conject. om. B. 11 em. unrihwisa B. 12 nces B. 



40 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XVI. 4 

hefig geoc he beslepte l on 2 eallce pa pee on his tidu libbende 
wceron on eorfian ; 7 hu oft his sweord war on besyled on 
unscyldegu blode. Hu ne was peer genog sweotol p se anweald 
his agenes fionces god ness, pa se god nces pe he to co?} 

XVII e. a; ,.,;, 

)& se Wisdom fta pis /eocS asungen /^aefde, (Sa gesugode 3 5 
he ; 7 fa andswarode 4 fast Mod 7 f us cwaeS : Eala, Gescead- 

* 28b C. wisnes, hwaet, lp u [z^^Jst f *\me ncE/re seo gitsung 7 seo gem&gfi 

pisses eorfilican anwealdes forwel ne licode, ne ic ealles for- 
swifie ne girnde pisses eorfilican rices, bulon tola 5 ic wilnode peah 
7 andweorces to pa weorce pe me beboden was to wyrcanne ; p 10 
ivas p ic unfracodlice 6 7 gerisenlice mihte steoran 7 reccan 
pone] <2#wald f e me \se\_fcest wees. Hw<zt, pii\ wast ^ nan 
\rnon ne mceg~] waenne craeft cy San [ne ncsnne an~\weald reccan 
ne Stto[ran butu 1 ^ tolu 7 andweoirf. [ft biff celces~\ crasftes 
andvveorc \J> mon\pone craeft buton* wyrcan \ne* mceg. J)~\ 15 
bit5 fonne cyninges \andweorc 7] his tol mid to ricsmnne,^ 
he ^aebbe his lond fullmonnad ; he sceal habbtfrc gebedmen 7 
fyrdmen u 7 weorcmen. Hwaet, Jm wast pcetie butan lp issan 
tolan 12 nan cyning his rrae/V ne mag cyfian. ty is eac his 
ondweorc, .p he habban sceal to Saem tolu pa prim geferscip^ 20 
biwz>/^. p is pon heora biwist : land to bugianne, 7 gifta, 7 

* 2Qa C. wcepnu, 7 mete, 7 *ealo u , 7 clapas, 7 gehwcet pees fie pa pre 
about here. g e j~ ersc jp as behofiaS. Ne mceg he butan pisu pas tol gehealdan, 

ne buton pisu tolu nan para pinga wyrcan pe him beboden is to 
wyrcenne. Forpy ic wilnode andweorces pone anweald mid to 25 
reccenne,p mine crcsftas 7 anweald ne wurden l6 forgitene 7 
forholene 16 . Forpd celc crceftj celc amwdd bi"5 sonaforealdod 
7/orsugod 17 , gif he bi(5 buton \wisdome\ ; fon5aem ne masg 

6 Boeth. ii. pr. 7. Turn ego, Scis, inquam, &c. 

1 The second e of beslepte is altered to y. 2 7 on B. s geswigode B. 
4 andsivorede B. 5 From J, la B. unfracodlice J. 7 butan J. 
3 butan J. 9 w^ B. 10 From J, weorc 7 iveorc B. n ferdmen J. 
12 disum tolum B. 13 ^^/a J. 14 m/w J. The greater part of fol. 

2Qa illeg. 15 behofigen J. J6 From J ; wurde forgifen j forholen B. 
17 forswugod B. 



XVIII. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE 41 



[non mon n&nne] crseft bringan l buton [wisdome~\ ; 
swa hwcet [swa purh ^/]sig 2 gedon bi(5, e mceg [hit mon] 
naefre to crcefte [gerecan s . p is nu] hra<5ost to secganne, [p ic 
wtlnode] weoroTullice to \\bb[anne pa hivi^Q fe ic lifde, 7 
5 [after minu] life )?sem monnum [to l<xfanne\ J)e 4 Defter me 
ivceren min 5 g-mywdig 6 on godum weorcum. 

XVIII *. 

i. :?<2 (5is )?a gesprecen was, pa gesugode 7 j? Mod, 7 .sw 
Gesceadwisn.e& ongon sprecan 7 /ZAT ^^^ : Eala, Mod, eala 8 ; 
an * yfel is swiSe 10 to ^nscunianne ; p is fi file swicSe singallice 

10 7 swi^e hefiglice bejw^ealra *[fiara monna mod pe beocf n * 
^? heora gecynde gecorene, 7 ^^(2^ TZ^ (5^0^ /6> ^cz hrofe pon git 
cumen fulfremedra mcsgena ; p is pon wilnung leases gilpes 
7 unryhles anwealdes 7 ungemetlices hlisan godra weorca ofer 
eallfolc. Forpam 12 wilnigad monige men 13 anwealdes pe hie. 

15 woldon habban godne hlisan, peah\ hi his 34 unwyr[^ sien ; ge 

fur(F]um se ealra {forcupesta z^z /JnaS f>aes ilcan. Ac \se pe 

wile wisli^ce 7 geornlice [fzf/er pani\ hlisan spyrian, \pon\ 

ongit he s\vit5e hrge Se [hu lytel\ he bi S, 7 hu laene, 7 hu [tedre, 

7 >^]u bedaeled selces godes. \Gif pu nu] ^eornlice smeagan 

20 wilt [7 wz /tfTz zw7/]_^mb ealrse }?isse eorcSan ym[^]hwyrft from 
easteweard^^ ffisses 15 middangeard(<?j) oS wetewear[^/]ne, 7 
from su Seweardum oS norSeweardne 16 , swa (swa) ]^u 
liornodest on j^sere bee J>e Astralogium hatte, ^onne meaht 
Ipu ongetan f he is eal wiS f>one heofon to metanne 17 

25 swilce an lytlu price 18 on bradum brede 19 7 ot5}?e rondbeag 

on scelde, seft^r *[wz!rra monna 20 ^w^ 1 . Z^ ^^ wast pup $u * 3oa C. 
leornodest on Ptolomeus docfi, se towrat ealles pises middangeardes 
g erne t on anre bee P ficer pu miht ongeseonp eallmoncynn 7 ealle 

1 Boeth. ii. pr. 7. 1. 4 P. Et ilia : Atqui hoc unum est, &c. 

J fordbringan B. 2 dysige B. 3 gereccan J. * ^ om. B. 5 min from 
J, om. B. 6 From J, gemynd B. 7 geswigode B. 8 m J. 9 ;/. om. B. 
swide swiSe J. u em. fieofi B. ^ forjton J. 13 wortildmen J. 
14 ^zV om. B. 15 Conject.^w B. ie From B, norftewcardum C. 

11 metane C. 18 lytel pricu B. 19 brddan brede B. 20 From J, 
B. 



42 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [XVIII. i 

netenu ne notigafi nawer neah *] feonSan z [dceles pisse eorftan] 
<5aes J?e men ge[/aran 3 magan, for~]fwntyt hy hit ne 
[magon fa//^<?]bugian, sum [/<?r hato, sum for} cile 4 ; 7 ]?one 
maesta/z [d#/ &j] hseftS sae oferseten 5 . [Z>0 <?/" &*] 
feonSan daele an tynu [mode] call J> seo see Ms \ofseten hcefft], 7 5 
eal fa sceard fe hio [/& 0#*]numen haefS, 7 call f his fennas 
7 moras genumen htf^acS, 7 call on eallum piodum wastes 
ligetS, fonne meaht Ipu o[ngtfa]n $ te J>aes ealles nis monnum 
fionne mare laefed to bugianne, []uton swelce on 6 lytel 
cauertun 7 . Is f fonne fordyslic geswinc f ge winna S 10 
[eow]i-e woruld to Son faet ge wil[]ia(S eowerne hlisan 
ungemet[//]ce to braedanne 8 ofer swelcne cauertun 7 ; swelce 

3ob C. J is Saette men *[bugiaft pisse worulde fulneah swilce an 
prica* for pcet ofier. Ac hwcet rumedlices ofide micellices ofide 
weorfifullices h&fd se eower gilp pe ge par dogiaff ] on pa 15 
fiftan dcele healfu londes 7 unlondes, mid see, mid fcenne, 
mid ealk, swa hit is 11 genejrwed. \To hwon wilnige ge] 
fonne to \\v\gemetlice p ge] eowerne naman \tobrcedan ofer] 
pone teoSan dael, \nu his mare nis] mid sae, mid [fcenne, 
mid eal]le ? 20 

ii s. Ge(5enca(S eac \p on #V]sum lytlan pear[roce pe\ we 
aer ymb spraecon [dugiaft] swiSe manega feoda 7 swi&e mis- 
/z ca 12 , 7 swi^e ungelica aegfer ge on spraece ge on J>eawum 
ge on eallum sidum, ealra para p^oda IpQ ge nu wilniatS swicSe 
ungemetlice \p ge scyloii\ eowerne naman ofer tobnzxlan. ^ 25 
ge nsefre gedon ne m<2gon, forcSon 13 hiora spraec is todaeled 
on twa 7 (on) hundseofontig, 7 aelc para spraeca is todaeled on 
m^negafioda 14 ^]?^ 15 ^)//] toiegena/todaelda mid sae 7 16 \mid\ 
wudum 7 mid muntum 7 (mid) _/ennuw 17 , 7 mid manegum 7 

; 3ia C. (mid) mislicum weste[;/z//?2] *y ungeferum 18 londum, ]> hit 30 
furt5[] cepemen ne gefanSS. Ac hu mag 



Boeth. ii. pr. 7. 1. 23 P. Adde quod hoc ipsum, &c. 

urtiitm nawer J. 2 feorftan B. 3 geferan J. * cfle B. 
r> ^ oferseten B. 6 a B. 7 cafertnn B. 8 /f gebradanne B. 
9 /nVtf J. 10 bugiad J. u /^V w from J, his B. ** mislica from 
J, mistlice B. ^ for^am B. 14 em./zW C, fieoda B. 15 /a conject. 
om. B. 16 7 om. B. 1T f annum B. 18 ungefcerum B. la /Jw B. 



XVIII. 3] DE CONSOLATION E PHILOSOPHIAE 43 

synderlice anes rices monnes nama cuman, ]x>nne J^aer mon 
furcSum pare burge nam&n ne gehenS ne ]?aere peode pe he on 
hafaest bi(5 ? J)y ic nat for hwilcon * dysige ge girnacS 2 ]> ge 
woldon eozveme naman tobraedan g#nd ealle eor)?an ; }> ge 
5 naefre gedon ne magon, ne furcSum nawer neah. Hwaet, f>u 
wast hu micel Romana [rici\ waes on Marcuses dagu pees he\e- 
togan ; se waes oc5re naman haten Tullius, 7 priddan Cicero. 
Hwaet, he cySde on sumre his boca Saette 3 f>a get Romana 
(nama ne) come ofer ]^a muntas, )?a 4 we hatacS Caucaseas, ne 

10 (Sa SciSSeas }>e on <?Sre healfe f>ara munt[<2 bugf\& fur Sum 
J^aere burge naman ne }?aes folces ne geherd[0]n, ac J>a he 
com aerest to Paro"//w 5 , 7 waes (par} switSe niwe ; ac he waes 
f>eah fo&Tym6uta.n manegum folce swi Se egeful. Hu ne 
ongite ge nu hu nearo se eower hlisa bion wile J>e ge )?aer 

15 ymb swincaS *[/ awrjihtlice tioliatS to ^brsedanne ? \Hwd\& * 3^ C. 
wenstu hu micelne hlisan 7 hu micelne weonSscipe an 6 
romanisc man maege habban on pa l^nde J>aer mon iurfium 
fare burge naman ne geherde, ne ealles Saes /bices hlisa ^ 
^w ? j^eah nu h\\elc mon ungeme/lice 7 ungedafenlice 

20 wilnige / he scyle his hlisan tobr^dan ofer ealle eorf>an, he ne 
fortSbringan, ior])[ampe] }?ara (Seoda f>eawas sint 
ungelice, 7 hiora gesetenjVmi] swiSe mislica 1 , swa 
Saette \p\ on ot5[rw] te^fe 3^/j/ // <r^ 8 f te f bio" hwilum on 
Saem o Srum taelwyrolicos S, 7 eac micles wites wyrcSe. 

25 Fort&em ne maeg nan mon habb^w gelic lof on aelcum londe, 
\for]>onfo on] aelcum londe ne licaS j? on oSrum licatS. 

iii h . ForSy sceolde aelc mf?n bion on 9 c5aem wel ge- 
healden f he o his agnum earde licode. peah he nu maran 
wilnig*, he ne maeg furSum f for^f7gan, forfaemfe 

30 seldhwonne bitS f te auht monegum monnum anes hwaet 

] forpy wyrcf off *[godes monnes lof alegen inne on 11 * 3 2a C. 
pe he on hamfcest bid, 7 eac forpdpe hit oft 



h Boeth. ii. pr. 7. ]. 40 P. Erit igitur peruagata, &c. 

1 nat hwelce J. 2 geomaft B. 3 f B. 4 ^<? B. 5 parQQum B. 
6 <? B. 7 From J, ;;//rf/ B. 8 licode J. 9 o;z above line in C. 
10 licige ...oft concealed under the paper mounting. n in J. 



44 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XVIII. 3 



swide sarlice gebyrede purh pd\ heard[j^fl /#rtf writerd] 
<5aet hi for [&0ra slcewde 7 for gi]me\este 7 eac * [/0r recceleste 
for~]leton unwriten [/ara monna fieawas] 7 hiora daeda, f e o[n 
hiora dagum\ formaeroste [7 weorfigeornuste] waeron. 7 f eah 
hi [a <?#// &0ra] lif 7 hira daeda awr[//^ hcefdon\, swa swa 5 
hi sceoldtf [^j/~ hi dohton\, hu ne forealdodon fa g[*zwY/] 
f eah 7 losodon foneoz/z [/^ ^// z^d?r^], swa some swa fa 
wri[&r<w ^/^, 7] eac f>a Se 2 hi ymb wri[/<?. 7 eow pinc$\ 
feah f ge haebben ece \aregifge m<z]gen on ealre eowerre 
\worulde ^Jearnigan f ge haebben [godne hlisan\ aefter 10 
eowrum dagum. \Gif J>u nu] getelest fa hwila fisses 
\andwear dan\ lifes 7 fisses hwilendh can 3 [zi /^ /^j] ungeen- 
dodan lifes hwi/a, [^ze;^/ bi$~\ hit fonne ? Tele nu fa lengu 4 
f [cere hwile] f e f u fin eage on beprewarc 5 maege wicS ten 6 
32b C. Susend wintra ; fon7z<? habba"S fa hwila hwaethwugu *\pnlices, 15 
peak hit lytel sie ; p ispm p heora cegfier hafd ende. Tele nupon 
P ten fiusend geara, ge peak pu ma wille, wifi p ece 7 pczt 
ungeendode lif ; pon ne finst pu par nauht angelices 1 ,fordani\ 
]> ten 6 (Susend [geara, peak hit lan]g Since, ascor[/#/, 7 pees 
odrei\ ncztiQ 8 ne cymS [nan ende. Forpce]m 9 hit nis no to 20 
[metanne p gee]n.do&\\CQV!\ ; $ (5aet \ungeendodlice. ^<?Jahfu nu 
telle [from pises wjiddangeardes fru[man o$ done ] ende, 
7 mete f onne [pa gear wi3"\ j> Se naenne ende naefS, [ponne~\ 
ne bic5 faer nauht anlices. [Swa &#] eac se hlisa fara 
for[ema:rena 10 monn\& ; f eah he hwilum [langsie, yfe]\a. geara 25 
furhwu[wz^, he ^z ^/Jeah swiSe scort to \metanru wiffi "Sone 
f e naefre [ne geendafi. 

^ v J - 7\ S e ne reccaS (5eah [kwefter ge a]uht to gode don 
\vi(5 [cenegu opru] fingum buton \Wi3 pam lytlan\ lofe f aes 
folces, [7 wtd] faem scortan hlisan fe we aer j/mb spraecon. 30 
EarniaS f aes, 7 _/0rsio(5 fa craeftas eoweres ingecSonces 7 

1 Boeth. ii. pr. 7. 1. 60 P. Vos autem, nisi ad populates auras, &c. 



om. B. 2 3^ om. B. 3 J>ises hwihvendlican B. * lenge B. 
5 So J ; B. has beprenan with the first w altered to w. 6 tin B. 

7 anlices J. s nczfre follows rj/;/^ in B. 9 erci.foj>am B. 

10 formcera J. 



XVIII. 4 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 45 

eowres andgietes 7 eowre gescead *wisness<?, [7 wo!d]on * 333. C. 

habban eowerra godena weorca mede aet fremdra monna 

cwiddunge. Wilnigaft 1 J>aerto >aere w^ A"^ t Gode sceolden. 

Hwcet, pu gehyrdest pcstte gio dagu gelomp p an swiffe wis 

5 mon 7 switSe rzh? ongan fandigan 2 dTzes ucSwitan 7 hine 

bismrodej/tfrftaem he hine swa orgellice up ahof, 7 bodo&Q faes 

f he uftwita waere ; ne tyffde he hit mid naenum craftu, ac 

mid leasum 7 okimodlicu ^elpe 3 . pa wolde se wisa ?#<? his 

/andian, hwae Ser he swa wis w<zr swa he self wende f he 

10 waere. Ongon hine j?a hyspan, 7 hearmcwidian 4 . pa 
geherde se uSwita swi^e gej)yldelice J?aes wisan monnes word 
sume hwile ; ac suSSan he his hispinge gehered haefde, J?a 
j^ylde 5 he ongean swi(Se ungefyldelice 6 , J?eah he aer li/te f 
he ucSwita waere. (Ahsode hine pa eft hwceder him puhte p he 

15 upwita w&re} J>e naere. ^ a and.warode se wisa mon him 7 

cwaecS: Ic wolde cwe}?[<7] $ ]?u utJwita waere, gif j?u 

ge[^>7^ W<Z\TQ 7 gesugian meahte 7 . [^7^ /a^fjsum waes 

him se hlisa, J?a [^] aer mid leasungum wilnode. *[Hu ne * 33b C. 

/br]baerst \he pa pcerri^ite for cSaem anum andze^/rde. Hwaet 

20 forstod f>[0#]e f>aem betstum monnum/^ ^r w.y wczronfl hi 
swa swicfe wilnodon /^,r z ^/ ^-z ^j 8 7 faes hlisan aefter 
heora deaj)e ? oSSe \m<Bt forstent hit J?ae/ f>e nu sindo^ ? py 
waere aelcum [men] mare ]?e[^/// ^] wilnode godra craefta 
pon leases hlisan. Hwae/ haefS he / / hlisan aefter /aes 

25 \\choman v?dale 7 J?aere sawle ? [ZTw ^] witon we -f ealle 
me[] lichom/z ftf sweltatS, 7 ]?eah sio sawl bicS libb[^w^] ? ^<: 
sio sawl faer^ swi(5e friolice to hefonum, si S San hio ontiged 
bitS, 7 for 9 )?aem careers /aes lichoman onlesed bitS. Heo 
forsihtS 10 )?onne call [ffas eorfflt]c2in fing, 7 faegnacS 11 f>aes $ 

30 hio 0z0/ brucan faes heofonlican, si^cSan 12 hio bitS abrogden 
from (Saem eor Slican. ponne -p mod him selfum gewita bi 
willan. 



1 wilniad J. 2 fandian J. 3 ^ ^ B. * hearmcwiddigan B. 
5 From J, sealde B. 6 tyldelicc B. 7 mihtest B. 8 P*/A?J T. 

9 o/B. 1U forseohS B. " /a^watf B. 12 ^^ B. 



46 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XIX 

v XIX k. 

Da se Wisdom J?a [A J ] spel areaht haefde, (5a ol/^wz ^] 

34a C. gyddian 7 (5us singende \cw&$i\ *(Swa hwa swa wilnige to 

habbenne pone idelan hlisan 7 pone unnyttan gilp, behealde he on 

feower healfe his hu widgille pas heofones hwealfa bid, 7 hu 

neara pcere eorfian siede is, peah heo us rum pince. ft on mczg 5 

him scamigan l pare brcedinge his hlisan, forpam he hine ne 

rncsg furfium tobr&dan ofer pa nearwan eorffan ane. j&ala, 

ofennodan, hwi ge wilnigen p ge underlutan mid eowru swiran 

p deadlice geoc / offffe hwi ge seon on swa idelan geswince p ge 

woldon eowerne hlisan tobr&dan ofer swa manega peoda ? peah 10 

hit nu gebyrigep da uiemestan fiioda eowerne naman up ahebban, 

7 on manig peodisc eow herigen, 7 peah hwa wexe mid micelre 

(Epelctmdnesse his gebyrda, 7 peo on eallu welu 7 on eallu 

wlencu, ne se deap peah swelces ne recfi. Ac he forsiehd pa 

cepelo, 7 pone rican gelice 7 pone heanan ofswelgft 2 , 7 swa 15 

geemnet pa rican 7 pa heanan. Hwcp.t synl nu fas fnre.meran 

7 ptzs zvisan goldsmiffes ban We/ondes ? Forpi ic cwcefi pees 

wisan forpy pa crceftegan ne mceg ncefre his crcpft losigan, ne 

hine mon ne mtzg pon e$ on him geniman $e mon mceg pa sunnan 

awendan of hiere siede. Hwcer synt nu p^^J^i^nd^^^j^o^e^ 20 

//7tw wat nu hwccr hi war on ? OfW> hw&r ix nu seforemcera 

7 se ar&da Romwara hereioga, se wees haten Brutus, ofire 

naman Cassius ? 0<5c!e se wisa 7 fastrceda Cato, se wczs eac 

Romana heretoga ; se WCES openlice udwita. Hu ne wceran 

pas gefyrn forfigewitene ? 7 nan mon nat hwcer hi nu sint. 25 

HwcEt is heora nu to lafe, butan se lytla hlisa 7 se nama mid 

feaum stafu awriten ? 7 pcet git wyrse is, p we witon manige 

foremcEre 7 gemyndwyrpe weras forfigewitene pe swiffe feawa 

manna a ongit. Ac manige licggafi deade mid ealle forgitene, 

p se hlisa hiefurfiu cupe ne gedefi. peah ge nu wenen 7 wilnian 30 

p ge lange libban scylan her on worulde, hw<zt bid eow pon py 

bet ? Hu ne cymfi se dead peah, peah he 3 late cume, 7 adefi eow 

k Boeth. ii. met. 7. Quicumque solam, &c. Cott. Metr. x. 



1 scamian B. 2 em. ofsivelfS B. 3 dead ab. 1., over he erased. 



XX] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 47 

of disse worulde ? 7 hwat forstent eow pon se gilp, hum pa pe 
se cef terra dead gegripfi j on ecnesse gehtzffi V) 



XXI. 

se Wisdom fa \_pis leo$\ asungen haefde, tSa \ongan\ he 
spillian 7 tSus cwae<5 : Ne wen tSu no -f ic to #mvillice winne 

5 witS tSa wyrd ; forft&m ic hit no self nauht ne ondrsede, 
for[7>tf Az / o/7] gebyretS f sio lease [z^yr^ nauj>]er ne m^g 
faem men [don] ne fultum ne eac naenne de. \Forpd~\ hio 
nis nanes lofes wyrtSe, \forpd} hio Azh? sejT/^JecytS / ^ * 35b C. 
nanz&ttA/ ne bz?y ac heo onwrihfi hire aewelm lpon[ne l heogeop- 

10 end$\ hiore Jjeawas. Ic [z^f]ne *z\ahp $u~\ neforstande nu get 
hwset ic pe to cwetie ; forpam hit is wundor/z <r pat ic secgan 
wille, 7 ic hit mag uneafte mid wordum ar^<ran 2 swa swa ic 
wolde; $ is Saet (z <r 3 ) wa/ 4 (Saette 5 sio w&erwearde wyrd 
b$S aelcum men nytwyr^r<? >J sio orsorge. For&em wo 

15 orsorge jimle lihtS 7 licet ^ ^o/z jry/^ wenan $ hio is 6 sio socfe 
gesaW ; ac sio wiSerwearde is sio so$e gescelp, f>eah hwaem 
swa ne Ipynce, forftaem heo is fees tried 7 gehat simle f te socS 
bitS. Sio o Sru [w /<?j] 7 beswictSra//^ hire [^^r^^j/^ 
Aw A/ / 7 ^cytS s^ [wi/ A/ir<? Aowjr/ ulnesse f hio bitS 

20 z;a^/]; ac sio witSerweardf ge[<fc//] gelseretS selcne fara ]?e 
hio hi /p gefiet. Sio otSru gebinS selc tSara moda (Se hire 
bryctS mid tSaere hiwunga Ipe (hio] licet -p hio sie god ; sio 
wiSerwearcU \_pori] onbin S 8 7 ge/r^otS aelc \_para pe\ hio to 
gefaet, mid tSaem fe \hio hint] geopenaft hu tiedre* *[fices * s6a C 

25 andweardan gesalda sint, Ac seo orsorhnes gad scyrmcelu about here> 
swafcr a ze;/^j .^l/ 12 / sio widerweardnes pdn bid simle 
untcelu 7 waru^, ascirped mid pare styringe hire agenre 

1 Boeth. ii. pr. 8. Sed ne me inexorabile, &c. 

1 Conj. Son B. 2 gereccan B. 3 Conject. om. C and B. 4 Apparently 

wa C. 5 te om. B. 5 seo 13. r ^V om. B. 8 a^// B. 9 tedra J. 

8 em. orsohnes B. L ^w ^r J. 12 em. suggested by Prof. 

Napier; ffj/B; no reading in J. 13 From J, wraf B. u Orig. 

ascirred in B, but the second r changed to p ; J has ascerped. 



48 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [XX 

frecennesse. Ac sio lease gesceld hio tihd on last neadinga pa fie 
hiere to geffeodatf f]rom f>asm sot>[ T ges&Wum mid hiere ^ 
oliccunge 3 ; sio v$S[erweardnes 4 pdn ful\ oft ealle <5a (5e 
[hiere underpeodde biod Headings, getyhS to ^>[am sodum 
ges(zldum\, swa swa mid 2xi$[e fisc gefangen bOf}. DinccS (5e 5 
nu $ \lytel gestreon 7 lytel\ eaca f>inra gesselpa patte cfeos 
rede 7] J>ios egeslice witferweardnes [pe Mngjf\ ? f is f hio 
switSe hratSe tSa [mod fie geope\i^S J>inra getreowra f[r]eonda 
[7 fflf] J>inra fionda, -f fu hi mz ht switfe sw^otole 5 tocnawan ? 
Ac ])&[s leasan ^vjsseffia, J^onne hi tSe from gewz /ac5, f onne 10 
nima S hi hiora ;;/<? mid him, 7 laetaS 6 J^ine feawan getreowan 
mid t$e. Hu woldes tSu nu gebycf^aw /a] J>u gesselegost 
wsere 7 \[e puhte p se]o wyrd swi^ost \onpinne willan wode~\ ? 
mid hu m\_icelan 7 feo woldest pu pa habban geboht p ffu switole 
* 36b C w^/ tocnawan pine frind 8 7 dine fynd 9 ? */<r wat dean p 1 5 
about here. $u hit woldest habban mid miclan feo 10 geboht p <?u hi cufiest 
wel toscadan. peah pe nu pince p $u deorwyrfie feoh n forloren 
habbe, pu hafst peah micle diorwyrfire mid geboht ; p sint 
getreowe friend ; pa 3u mihtnu tocnawan, 7 wast hwcetpu hiora 
hcefst], Hwaet 3 ^ [isp eallra deonveojrttoste fioh. 20 

XXI m. 

[)a se Wisdom pa fa s] spell assed hsefde, \_pa ongan he 
giddigan 12 ] 7 J>us singende [cwce^ : (An sceppend is buton 
celcum tweon, 7 se is eac wealdend heofones 7 eorfian 7 ealra 
gesceafta, gesewenlicra 7 eac ungesewenlicra ; p is God cel- 
mihtig. pa fieoiviafi ealle pa pe tieowiaS, ge da pe cunnon ge pa 25 
pe ne cunnon, ge pa fie hit witonp hie him deowiafi ge pa de hit 
nyton. Se ilca gesette unawendendlicne sido 7 peawas 7 eac 
gecyndelice sibbe eallu his gesceaftu, da pa he wolde, 7 swa swa 
he wolde, 7 swa lange swa he wolde ; pa nu sculon standan to 
worulde. f)ara unstillena gesceafta styring ne mceg no 30 

Boeth. ii. met. 8. Quod mundus, &c. Cott. Metr. xi. 

1 soj>an J. 2 ]>&re J. 8 olecunge B. 4 em. witictwerdnts B. 
5 From J, swutele B. 6 From B, lasdaS C. 7 micle J. s frend J. 
9 fiend}. 10 micle fio}. U /^J. 2 giddian]. 



XXI] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 49 

weordan ges filled, ne eac onwend of pam ryne 7 of pare 
endebyrdnesse pe him geset is ; ac se anwealda hafd ealle his 
gesceafta swa mid his bridle befangene 7 getogene 7 gemanode 
swa p hi nauper ne gestillan ne moion, ne eac swiffor styrian 
5 pon he him pat geru his wealdlefferes to for lat. Swa haf5 se 
almihtiga God geheadorade ealle his gescefta mid his anwealde 
peel heora celc wind wiff offer, 7 peah wr ceded offer, p hie ne moton 
toslupan, ac bioff l gehwerfde eft to pa ikan ryne pe hie ar urnon, 
7 swa weorffaff eft gcedniwade. Swa hi hitfagiadp pa wider - 

10 wear dan gesceafta agffer ge hie betwux hi winnaff, ge eacfaste 
sibbe betwux 2 him healdad. Swa nu fyr deff, 7 water 7 see 7 
eorde, 7 manega offra gesceafta pe beoff a swa ungedwara 
betwux him swa swa hi beoff ; 7 peah hi beoff swa gepwara 
patte no p an pat hi magon geferan beon, ac py furdor p heora 

\$furdum nan buton odru beon ne mceg. Ac a scealp widerwearde 

p offer widerwearde gemetgian. Swa nu hcefd se almihtega 

God swide gesceadwislice 7 swifie limplice geset p gewrixle eallu 

his gesceaftu. Swa nu lencten 7 hcerfest : on lencten hit 

grewff, 7 on hcerfest hit wealwad. J eft sumer 7 winter : on 

20 sumera hit bid wearm, 7 on wintra ceald. Swa eac sio sunne 

bringd leohte dagas, 7 se mona liht on niht, purh pas ilcan 

Godes miht. Se ilca forwyrnd peer a sa p heo ne mot pone 

peorscwold oferstceppan pare eorpan*. Ac he hafd heora 

mearce swa gesette p hie ne 4 mot heore mearce gebrcedan ofer 

25 pa stillan eorpan. Mid pa ilcan gerece is gereaht swiff e anlic 

gewrixle pas flodes 7 pas ebban. pa gesetennesse 5 pa he lat 

slandan pa hwile pe he wile. Ac ponne ar pe he p gewealdleder 

for lat para bridla pe he da gesceafta nu mid gebridlode haffi : p 

z s 6 seo widerweardnes pe we ar ymbe spracon : gif he pa lat 

30 toslupan, pon forlatad hi pa sibbe ffe hi nu healdaff, 7 wind 
heora ale on offer after his agenu willan, 7 forlatad heora 
geferradenne, 7 fordod ealne ffysne middaneard, 7 weorffaff him 
selfe to nauhte. Se ilca God gefegd mid freondradenne folc 



B. 2 em. betwx B. 3 mtzru follows eordan above line. 

* ne conj. om. B. 5 em. gesetennes B. 6 is conj. om. B. 

E 



50 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXI 

togadere, 7 sinhigscipas gesamnafi mid clanlicre lufe. He 
gegccderafi frind 7 geferanfi hie getreowlice heora sibbe 7 heora 

freondradenne healdao. Eala pte pis money n ware gesalig, gif 
heora mod ware swa riht 7 swa gestafielod 7 swa geendebyrd 
swa swa pa offre gesceafta smdon.) Her end## nu seo afire 5 

/roferboc 1 Beetles, 7 onginS sio fridde. Se Boetius wses 
o Sre naman haten 2 Seuennus ; se wses heretoga Romana. 

XXII n. 

i. i9a se Wisdom fa Sis lio$ asungen hsefde, fa hsefde 
he me gebundenne mid pare wynsumnesse his san[^<?j, p ic 
his] wses switSe wafiende 7 swi[& /z/]stb<2?re (^/f) to geheranne 10 
mid [/(?] wearde mode, 7 fa fulhrse Se [5i?j ic] cleopode to 
him 7 f us cwaetS : [^z/, PFw]dom, f u t$e eart sio heh[ ste 
fro]fer ealra werigra moda 3 ; hu f u me hsefst afrefredne seg- 
f er ge mid f inre smealican sprsece, ge mid f inre wynsum 
nesse fines sanges. To fsem fu me hsefst n[] aretne 4 is 
7 ofercumene mid fin[r*] gesceadwisnesse, ^ me nu SinctS 
39a C. c5[/]te no f an f ic [fc] unwyrd arssf[w^ *w^- ^<? me on 
lecumen is, ac peah me] giet mare frecenes 5 on becume,ne cwffie 
ic nse/re ma f hit butan g[^z^r^/w <?] ; forSsem ic wat f ic 
\maran 7 hefigran\ wyrtSe wsere. [^4r zV wolde ymbe pone] 20 
laecedom [/^r<3 // r<7 /^r<2 hwene mare] geheran. ty\eah pu 
nu hwene ar s&]de f f u wende ^z woldon me swifte bitere 
f incan, ne ondrade 6 ic hi me nu nauht 7 , ^^ ic heora eom swi^e 
gifre segcSer g[^] to geheranne ge eac to gehealdenne, 7 f e 
switSe georne bidde f fu hi me gelseste, s\wa swa 3u me] nu 25 
lytle aer gehete. p[ <rz^^^ w] Wisdom : Ic ongeat sona [># 
^w jw^z w^/] geswugodes 7 swa lustlic[<? ^A^rjdest mina lara, 
f f u woldest [tfzz#] innewearde mode hi ong[ate] 7 smea- 
gean. ForSaem z <r gean^z ^de swiSe wel of ic wisse hwaet 
[pu woldest] 7 hu fu hit understandan woldest, 7 eac f y 30 
furtSur ic tiolode swiSe geornfullice f fu hit forstandan 



n Boeth. iii. pr. i. lam cantum ilia finiuerat, &c. 
1 afterre frofrboc J. 2 gehaten B. 3 doma B. * gerctne B. 
5 frecennes B. 6 em. ondrade B. 7 m^ wawA/ nu B. 



XXIII] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 51 

meah[/<?] l . Ac ic J>e nu wille secgan hwilc se [/^Jcecraeft is 
minre lare Ipe ])u me nu bitst. He is swi<5e biter on muffe, 7 
he Ipe tin5 on (5a J^rotan *\J>on cfu his cerasl fandast ; ac he] * 39^ 
weredatS 2 si(5(5an he innan bitS 7 3 jzwiife 4 //tSe on cSaem ifenotSe, 

5 7 [jzw JtSe switSe [swete] to bealcetenne 5 . 

ii. n * Aer [/<zr flu ongeate Ajwider ic Se [] tiohige [/<? 
l&denne 6 , zV ze;<2/] (Sset >u wold^r/ [swiff e georne pider fundian 
7 swide swidlice beon onccled mid /]sere gitsunge, forfia ic 
geherde p <$u czr scedest f ]>u swifte geornfull z^aere hit to 

\Qgehyranne. Da cwsetS ^ Mod: Hwi^/er wilt Su me (nu 
swidosf) laedan ? Da andwyrde sio Gesceadw[w]nes 7 
cwaetS : To [^]aem so Sum gesselSum ic tiohige <5set [zV ^ 
fade], pser 7 f>in mod oft ymb [raswdt 7 ^<r] maet 8 ; 7 f>u ne 
meahtes gyt ful rihtn\z weg aredian to <5aem [J-^^OT 

i5^vj<ij.eltSum, for^on 9 jrin mod [w^j- <23w]god mid (5aere 
ansene :0 f)issa \leasend\ gessel&a. Da cwaetS ^ Mod : Ic 
]?u me o^ewe butan [<^/<r^ /w]eon hwset sio 
sie. Da <rwae(5 sio Gesceadwisnes : Ic wille forlustlice 
for <5inum lufum; [ac] ic sceal be sumre bysene sume 

20 anlicnesse J?aere wisan (^<?) getaecan, [off] "Se J>aet )?ing cu^re 
sie, to (Saem f ]^u j?a bisne sweotole n gesceaw[z^ 3 7 /cwjne 
be J^aere anlicnesse jmnz \so$ena *ges<zl}>a ffu mcege ongitan fra * 4 oa 
s off an gescelffa, j forlcztan ** pcette him zw &rjweard bi^ ; f sint 
f>a leasan gesa[^/^fl y 7 ]?onne mid ealles modes geornfulla[] 

25 ingeftonce higie 13 f fu msege becuman /o/a ^^aelSum f)e ece 



XXIII o. 

)A se Wisdom (5a Sis spell arced** hcefde, pa ongan he eft 
giddian, 7 ffus^ cwceff : (Swa hwa swa wille sawan westmbcere 
land, atio arest of ffa pornas 7 pa fyrsas 7 p fearn 7 ealk pa 

D<v Boeth. iii. pr. I. 1. 14 P. Sed quod tu te audiendi, &c. 

Boeth. iii. met. i. Qui serere, &c. Cott. Metr. xii. 

1 From J, mihtest B. 2 &e ^vereda$ J, werodaQ B. 3 innaS 7 

bid B. * em.-swde B. s belcentan B. 6 ladanne J. 7 J>e B. 

8 hrces w&d 7 cac meet J, rceswed 7 eadniet B. 9 forfiam B. 10 ansine B. 

11 sweole C. 12 From ],for!cet B. 13 higige]. " From J, arM/ 1 B. 

15 yi^/o /f^yo "R 

E 2 



52 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXIII 

weod pe he gesio p pa aceru derigen, p se hwate mage py bet 
weaxan. Eac is ffeos bisen to geffencenne, p is p alcu men 
Pined hum ges biobread py weorodra gif he hwene ar biteres 
onbirigff. J eft smylte weder biff py pancwyrffre gif hit hwene 
ar biff stearce stormas 7 norffanwindas 7 micle renas 7 snawas. 5 
7 Pancwyrffre bid eac Pas dcrges leohtfor Pare egeslican piostro 
pare nihte, pon hit ware gif nan niht nare. Swa biff eac 
micle pe winsumre sio soffe gesalff to habbenne efter pa eormffum 
hisses andweardan lifes. J eac micle ffi eff pu miht Pa soffan 
gesalffa gecnawan 7 to hiora cyffffe becuman, gif ffu arest 10 
awyrtwalast of pinu mode ffa leasan gesalff a, 7 hi of atiht off 
ffonegrund. Siffffan pti hi pon gecnawan miht, ffonne wat ic p 
ffu ne wilnast nanes off res pinges o/er pa.) 

, - " ,.. XXIV P. . 

i. \__pa he }>d\ >is leotS asungen \\afde, forlet he 
fone sang, [7 gesw]ugode ane hwile, 7 on[gann\ smealice 15 
pencan on his modes mgtyance, 7 t5a cwsetS : ^Elc dearie 
nwn swenctS hine s^//ne [mid ;;^///]cum 2 7 mxnigfealdum 
ym&Wgum, 7 feah wilniaS ea//^ \Vurh mist]\icz 3 pa^as 
cuman to anu ende ; \_P w] $ hi wilniaS j^urh ungelic. 
earnunga cuman to anre w^nesse ; f is ponne 
is fruma 7 ende xlces goodes, 7 he is sio hehste gessel^. 
4 ia C. cwseS *t5aet Mod : 4 D^t me inct5 sie f hehste good 4 , [>^/]te 
mon 5 ne [^r/^ fl offres godes\ ne eac [-? recce ofer p, 
siffffan] he $ hsebbe [/ w /^ ^/ 6 z//ra flftrra] good[^ 
hit call offru god*] utan be/Z^, [7 ^// ^ ^ OT J 
Nre ^/ [fl p hehste god 7 ] gif him ^nig [butan ware, for] 
hxm hit JjonnW heefde 8 t[o zw1&]ne sumes goodes >e hit 
[self] naefde. pa andswarode sw [GW]adwisnes 7 cwaecS 
Dset is 9 swi% www/o/] f ^aet is sio hehste ges[^, >r]Saem 
hit is *gt>er ge hrof [ge flor] ealles goodes. iwaet is &et 30 
buton sio seleste ges[>0; A ^] ^ ra ^ S3el ^ a ealla on ~ 



P Boeth iii. pr. 2. * Turn defixo paululum uisu, &c. 

B 2 WMffrww J- s mislice J. 4 to/ . good gone from 

derr hand. 



tots B 2 WMffrww J- s mislice J. 
of fol. 4 ia, but writt 
ft* man B. J. 



ts - . 

top of fol. 4 ia, but written at bottom of fol 4 ob m a moderr 

7 ! B. 



XXIV. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 53 

[innan him] ^gadera^, 7 hi utan ymb[h(zfcf^, 7] oninnan 
him gehelt, 7 him nanes ne bi<5 wana, ne he nanes nedfearfe 
naefS, ac hi cumacS call of him r 7 eft eall to him, swa swa 
eall waetru cumao 1 of <5aere sae, [7] eft cumat) ealle 2 to ftaere 

5 sae ? Nis nan to (5aes lytel aewylm s f he f>a sae ne [g/]sece ; 
7 eft of (5aere sae he gelent in on pa eorfian, [7 sw]& he bi(5 
smugende geond )?a eoiftjjofi <?# he] eft cymcS to (Saem *ilcan* * 4 lb c - 
&we[/mefa he ar ut fleow, 7 swa eft to pare see. 

ii Q. ^z> z> w]u bysen frara \_sopena gescelfia ; fiard\ wilmaff 

10 [ealle dead lice men to begilanne, peak hi fiurh mislice wegas 
dencan to cumanne. Forpa cegh]welc man haefS \_gecyndelic god 
on him] selfum, for[/ ale mod wilnafi j^]^es godes to \begi- 
tanne ; ac hit bid] amerred mid \_pd Icenum] godum 5 , forSaem 
hit [/#] ofd&lre 6 Saerto. FortS[a sume menn wenafi pcet p se 

15 seo seleste. gesceld p mon seo swa welig p he nanes tinges mar an 
ne fiurfe, 7 wilniafi hiora] woruld aefter \_pd. Sume men wenafi 
p p sie p<xt hehte god p he sie his gefern his geferena weorfiost, 

7 eallon wialegene ^aes tiolatS. Sume z^^natS ^ Saet hehste 
good sie on pa hehs/an anwalde; ]?a \\i\maff offer twega, 

20 him selfe ricsian, o(5($e hi to (5aera ricena iuondscipe ^^>\ 

Sume ponne tiohiacS ^ Saet betst sie mon sie foremaere 7 
widmsere, 7 haebbe godne 7 hlisan j tiliac5 j^onne ]?aes aeg(5er ge 
on sibbe ge on gevvinne. [Manege tella^S $ t[0] maest[]m 
goode [7 to mcBstere ^Jesaei Se * \_p mon sie simle blifie on pis * 4 2a 

25 andweardan life, 7 fulga eallum his lusiu. Sume ponne pa pe 

das welan wilniad, hi his wilniacf forpa pcet hi* woldean c[y 

maran anweald habban, p he mihte* py orsorglicor fiissa 

woruldlusta brucan, 7 eac pas welan. JManejgSL 10 sint ]>[ara pe 

forpi wilniad a]waldes ]pe hie \woldon ormcete feoh n gega~]- 

30 derian; ocSS e [eft pone hlisan heo]i& naman hi \wilnid9 p hi 
gebrcedari\. 

i Boeth. iii. pr. 2. 1. 13 P. Est enim mentibus hominum, &c. 

1 ymbfehQ J. 2 ealle cumaft B. s cewelnt B. 4 z /raw w^[ 

written at bottom of fol. 413 in a modern hand, cf. p. 52, note 4. 
5 goodum J. 6 em. by Junius, oftficelre ],of$(zlre B. 7 7/^a/i be gone B. 

8 em. /^^ B. 9 meahte J. lu maneges B. u yf^/f J. 



54 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXIV. 3 



rr, i 



:. 



iii r . On swilcum 7 [on o<Jrum sivelcu /fejnum 7 hreosendu 
\weordscipu] aelces mennisces [modes ingepanc bi$~\ ^swenced 
mid (Saere geor[nfu/nesse 7] mid Saere tilunr^a 2 ; wentS [/#] 
/ ^z / hccbbe sum healic [gW 3 gestryned] j^onne hit haefS 
genumen 4 [pees folces] o/^unga ; 7 5 me J>inc(S f hit [h&bbe 5 
ge]boht sume swifte leaslice \mttr$c\* Sume /ZliatS mid 
micelre [gwjrnfulnesse wifa, fortSaem -p he }>urh Saet maege 
msest bearna be[^f/jan, 7 eac wynsumlice libban. D[ 
^/r]ie\van friend ]?onne ic secgge sie t5set deorwytfSeste "Sing 
ealra )?issa \veo[rz//^-?j > ^/] 5a ; J?a ne sint furSum 6 [/<? woruld- 10 

42b C. W /o /^Jllanne, ac to godcundum ; *[forfidseo lease wyrd hi 
. naforfi ne ormgff, ac se God fie hi gecyndelice gesceop to gemagu. 
Forfiamfie crlces odres fiinges on fosse worulde mon wilnad, 
ofiffe forpdpe he mceg Jmrh p to anwealde cuman, ocfde to sumu 
woruldluste, butan pees getreowan freondes ; pone] mon \u[faff 15 
hwilu for lufu 7] for \.no[wum , peak he him] nanra otSerra 
\_lcena 7 ne wene. p~\ gecynd gefaegS 8 [7 gelimS pa friend] 
togadre mid \swiSe untodeledlicre /]ufe. Ac \mid pissii 
z^(9]ruldges3el^um 7 \niid pis andzve^ardzn welan mon 
\wyrc$ of]tor fiond Sonne fr^nd. \Be $isan g 7 be] maenegum 20 
pillicum ma^g \beon eal\lu monnum cu"S Saette \ealle pa 
/zVjumlican 10 good biot5 ^or[cucfran] "Sonne "Saere sawle crddttas. 
\Hwcct, we~\ wena S Saet mon bio py strencr^z 1: J>e he bi<5 
micel on his \\choman. Seo faegernes Sonne 7 sio hwaet 
})a[] lichoman geblissa S Sone mon 7 ar[^]t, 7 sio haelo hine 25 
gede S lustSbserne. On eallum "Sissum Hc[tt/w]licQ 12 ge- 
saeli[^]nessu men s[eca$ anfealde\ eadignesse Saes %[e him 

4 in C. (fined, forfia */^ 13 ceghwelc man swa hwcet swa he ofer ealle 
ofire ping swifiost lufao, p he teohhacf u p him sie betst, 7 pest 
bid his hehste god 15 ; pon he pcet flon begiten hafff, pon 30 
tihhafi he p he mcpge beon swifie gestzlig]. Ne 17 onsac[^ 

r Boeth. iii. pr. 2. 1. 28 P. In his igitur ceterisque, &c. 

1 hi reosendu B. 2 From J, tiolunga B. 8 good J. * gewunnen B. 
5 ond B. 6 furdon B. 7 leana J. 8 gefehQ B. 9 tfw J. 

10 From J, lichamlican B. u From J, strangra B. 12 From 

J, licamlicum B. 13 Top of fol. 43a C partly gone, partly illegible. 

14 tiohhati J. 15 ,f^/ J. 16 /zW^a^f J. 17 C. 



XXIV. 4 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 55 

ic nauht p ffa gescelfia] 7 (seo] ! eadignes [sie pat hehste 2 
god z pises] andweard[a lifes; forpa ffe* <zg-]hwilc mon 5 
tiohh[tf# 6 p p ding betsi] sie f he swiSust [pfer o^re ping 
/]fa$ ; 7 ]?onne he \tiohhdS p he sie\ switfe gesselig gif [he 
5 pat begitan mceg] ftaet he forme swijxis[/ wiUnafi. Hu ne] is 
7 nu genoh openlice g[eeowad] (?ara leasena gesaeltSa <2/z <r- 
[nes,~\ p is fonne sehta 7 weortfecip[* 7 anjweald 7 gielp 7 
woruldlust? [Be pa\ woruldluste Epeccurus 8 \se ufan\\& 
saede, }?a he ymb ealle [pas 0#]ra ges?elSa smeade J;e we 

10 \cer nem\don ; f>a ssede he f se lust \ware\ f hehste good, 
fortJsem eall[<? /a o^rw] good J>e we aer nemdon olec[m^^] 
mode 7 hit retaft 9 ; se lust tfo[<? 10 ^^ o/(?f]tS (Ssem lichoman 
an[w swifiost. 

ivs. ^4c z;^ w]ill[^j nu giet sprec[j^w^ zafl gecynd 

15 7 ymbe heora tilunga. *pa nu peak heora mod 7 heor a gecynd * 43 b C 
jz> adimmad, 7 hi sien on p of dale asigen to yfeh 7 pider healde, n 
peak hiwilniad pas ffe hi cunnon 7 magon pees hehstan^ godes. 
Siva swa oferdruncen man wat p he sceoldi\ to his huse [7 to 
his rceste, 7 ne mceg peci]li Sider \aredian, swa bid eac p&\ 

20 mode \_pon hit bid ahefigad\ mid Ssem \_ymhogu pisse~\ worulde ; 
hit biS \rnid pa hwilu <^r]drenced 7 gedwe[!od to pa^ p hit 
ne mceg\Q full rihte 14 \aredian to gode\. Ne fincS feah J^ 
\monnup hi\ auht mearrigen }?e {pees 15 wilniafi} to begitanne, 
f hi maran [ne 3urfon\ tilian ; ac wenatS f hi m<z{gen 16 ^//<? 17 ] 

25 f>as good gegadrian togcedere, \_patte nan] butan faere gesom- 
w^^<2 [ne sie]. Nylon fonne nan herre 18 good [pon\ eallra 
]?ara deorwyrtfestea [^?]ga gegadrunga to hiora \anwealde] 
c5aet he nanes (Singes buton \_pam 19 ^] )>yrfe. Ac tSaet nis 
nan [0z<z# //]e sumes eacan ne Syrfe, [buton Go]de anum ; 

3 o he hsef<5 on his [agenu gen]og, ne Searf he nane[^ pinges 
buton] Saes J?e [he on him selfu hcefff]. We[^^/ pu nu p da 



8 Boeth. iii. pr. 2. 1. 49 P. Sed ad hominum studia reuertor/ &c. 

1 em.feo B. 2 em. ^A^ B. 3 good J. * // J. 5 wflw B. 
6 /^ad B. 7 fo B. 8 epiccurus B. 9 em. re^ C, j/aflf B. 

10 Conj. &J B. u em. hehtan B. 12 goodes J. 13 gedweald to (Son } . 
14 rj/^/B. 15 mearrigende Jxzs B. 16 em. fo w a^w B. r eall]. 
18 em. hereC, heora Q. 19 conj. but am for buton lam. B. 



56 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXIV. 4 

C dysegian )>e l *wenad ptep ding sie czlces iveorfiscipes 2 betst wyr- 
aut here. y e pt e fas medemast ongiton magon ? Nese, nese. Icwatp hit 
nis no to forseone. Hu mceg p yfel beon pie celces monnes 
ingepanc wend p]te good s[te, 7 cefter higad, 7 wilnafi to 
fojgitanne? Nese, [nis hit na yfel ; p is p\ hehste good. 5 
[Hwi nis nu amveald to] tellanne to [sumu para hehstend\ 
goda jesses [andweardan lifes ? Hw&fier] ty nu sie to 
talia[<? ivaclic 7 unnyt] (Saette nytwyr<5os[/ is eallra piss a] 
woruldf>inga, f is &\nwecdd? Hwcefier* nu] good hlisa 7 
foTema.[ernes seo 5 for] nauht to tellenne? Nese, nes[^y nis 10 
hit nan ] cyn f mon Saet for nau[/^/ telle], for Ssem Se aelc 
mon wenS \p p betst] sie f he swicSost lufatJ. Hu ne 



we f nan nearones 7 ne nan e[flf^?r^] ne nan unrotnes ne 
nan sar ne [nan] hefignes nis nan gesaelS ? Hwaet purfon 8 
we nu ma ymbe J?a gesael(5a sprecan ? Hu ne wat selc mon 15 
hwaet <5a biocS, 7 eac wat -p hi 9 bioS ^ hehste goo;// 7 J:^ 
j^cS (fulneafi) aelc mon on swi"Se lytlum ]?ingum \fia j-Jelestan 
gesasl Sa ; for}?3em he \wenfi p he] hi ]?onne ealle haebbe, gif he 
C. \hcef $ p p he pon swi^ost wilnatS *\Jo begitanne. p is flon p 
hi swifiost wilniad to begitanne: we I a 7 weorfiscipe 7 rice 7 20 
pisse worulde ivuldor 7 gilp 7 woruldlust. f)isses ealles hi 
wilniafi, forpape hi wenafi p hie purh pa ping scylon begitan p 
him ne seo 10 nanes willan wana, nader lx ne zwtfnfjscipes ne 12 
\anwealdes neforemsrne]sse ne blisse. Dass ealles hi wilnia S, 
7 wel do}? ^ hi ]?aes \wilniad\ J)eah hi mis[//* l3 ^z> wilnigen. 25 
Be p&\ ]?ingum [;;z<? w^ sweotole ongitan] $ aelc mon [/<T.F 
wilnad p he mcege] hehste god u [begitan peer hi hit] 
gecnawan mea[^/(2w, offie on rihi] secan cu^en ; ac [hi 
hit ne secaff on] ]?one rihtestan weg ; [hit nis on] pisse 
worulde. 3 

1 dysiende J. 2 em. ^veorscipes B. 3 te hi from J, om. E. 

* em. hwczder B. 5 ^zV J. 6 ?z om. J. 7 nearanes B. 8 )>urfe B. 
9 ^f B. V J. n nauder J. 12 ^ om. B. 13 mislice J. 

14 Appar. ^</, but accent not clear. 



XXV] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 57 

XXV t. 

Da se Wis[dom pa $is\ spel assed haefde, J?a origan he eft\ 
singan 7 }ms cwaetS: (/<: ze;/ //* mid giddu gecydan hu wundor- 
lice Drihten welt eallra gesceafta mid pa bridlu his anwealdes, 
7 mid hwilcere endebyrdnesse he gestadolad j gemetgad ealk 
5 gesceafta ; 7 hu he hi hafd geheadorade 7 gehafte mid his 
unanbindendlicu racentu, p ale gesceaft bid healdon locen wid 
hire gecynde, pare gecynde pe heo to gesceapen wes, buion monnu 
7 sumu englu ; pa weordad hwilu of hiora gecynde. Hivczt, 
seo leo, peah hio wel tarn se, 7 fceste racentan habbe 7 hire 

10 magister swiffe lufige 7 eac ondrcede, gif hit Gefre gebyred pat 
heo blodes onbtrigfi, heo forgit sona hire niwan taman, 7 
gemorid pees wildan gewunan hire eldrana. Ongin d pon ryn 
7 hire racentan brecan, 7 abit czrest hire ladteow, 7 siffian 
cpghwcBt pees pe heo gefon mceg, ge monna ge neata. Siva dod 

15 eac wudufuglas x ; peah hi beon wel atemede, gif hi on pam 

wuda weordad, hi forseofi heora lareowas 7 wuniad on heora 

gecynde. peah heora lareowas him pon bio dan pa ilcan mettas 

pe hi <zr tame mid gewenedon, don ne reccafi hi para metta, gif 

hi pees wuda benugon ; ac pined him wynsure p him se weald 

20 oncweSe 7 hi gehiran ofierra fugla stemne. Swa bid eac pa 
treoivu pe him gecynde bid up heah to standanne. peahpu teo 
hwelcne boh ofdune to pare eordan swelce pu began mage, 
swa pu hine alatst, swa sprincd he up 7 wrigafi wid his 
gecyndes. Siva ded eac seo sunne ; peah heo ofer midne dag 

25 onsige 7 lute to pare eorpan, eft heo seed hire gecynde 7 stigd on 

pa daglan wegas wid hire uprynas, 7 swa hie ufor 7 ufor 

odde hio cymd swa up swa hire yfemest gecynde bid. Swa ded 

ale gesceaft ; wrigad wid his gecyndes, 7 gefagen bid gif hit 

of re to cuman mag. Nis nan gesceaft gesceapen dara pe ne wil- 

30 nigep hit pider cuman mage ponan pe hit ar com,p is to raste 
7 to orsorgnesse. Seo rast is mid Gode, 7 pat is God. Ac ale 
gesceaft hwearfad on hire self re swa swa hweol ; 7 to pa heo swa 

1 Boeth. iii. met. 2. Quantas return/ &c. Cott. Metr. xiii. 

1 em. ivudufugas B. 



58 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXV 

hwearfaop heo eft cume peer heo ar wees, 7 Ico p ilcep heo czr 
was, ftonecan tie heo utan behwerfed sie p p Mo ar wees, 7 do 
p p heo ar dyde.} 

* < XXVI". 

i. >a se Wisdom Sa [fits leo$ asun]gen l hsefde, }>a on\gan 
he eft] spellian 7 J>us cwsecS : [2fo/a, /$]wset, ge eortSlican 5 
men 2 , Sean g[<? >]w selfe nu don neatum gelice f[or e;]re 
dysige, hwaet, ge J?eah magon hwaethwugu ongitan swelce 
eow m[<2/]e be eovvrum frumsceafte, f is God ; (5one sottan 
fruman 7 j^one sotSan [en]de [/c]re gesael^e ge ongitaS, 
feah ge [A/^ fulltce} ne oncnawen 3 ; 7 swatfeah [sw ge- 10 
C. cynd eow tihtf] to tSsem andgite, *[tz^ ^ze; /^^ 4 JZ&/% manig- 
feald gedwola of pa andgite. Gedencafi nu hwcefier men mcEgen 
cuman to pa sopum ges&ttum purh pa 5 andweardan gesalfia ; 
forpade fullneah ealle mm cwefiafi p se seo 6 se ges&lgosla se pe 
pas eordlican gescelda} ealla haefS. [Hwafor nu micel\feoh 15 
oSSe weorS[j^ o^l? call] tys andwearda wela \mcege anigne 
mon\ don swa gesaeligne [p he nanes pinges w]aran ne fyrfe? 
[Nese, nese ; ic wat pat p\ hi ne magon. Hwy \nis hit 
pon on] Ipy swiSe sweotol \_p pas andwea]i&z.n good ne sint 
no \_pa sodan go~]d \ fonSsem^e hi ne [magon ^//]an J?set 20 
hi gehataS ? (Ac licet tad p hi gelcestan ne magon, pon hi 
gehatad] f>36 \pe hi lufian] willa^ Sa socSan gesaelf/ay 7 
aleogap] him J?eah ma Sonne [/^/ ^/ w *]lsesten, for Ssem Se 
hi heo[ra nabbap] ma }?6n hi heora hsebben. \Gepenc pii\ 
nu b^ Se selfum, la, Boetius, hwceder Ipu aefre auht unrot 2 5 
waere ]?a )?a |?u gesselegost wsere, otuSe hwaetfer ]?e aefre 
xniges welan 8 wawa waere )?a (5u maestn^ ze;^/a hafdest, 

* 47a C (?^ hwcEoer pin ivoruld *pa eall ware after pinu willan ? 

about here. p a an ^ swor0( i e Boetius j cwad : Nese, la, nese; nas ic 

nafre git nane hwile swa emnes modes, pas pe ic gemunan mage, 3 

Q Boeth. iii. pr. 3. Vos quoque o terrena animalia, &c. 
1 asuncgen J. 2 hwce ]>xs weorftlican men B. 3 gecnawan B. 

J. 5 fas J. 6 V J. 7 ^^ J. 3 w/7/a B. 



XXVI. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 59 

p ic eallunga ivcere orsorg, p ic swa orsorg ware p ic nanc 
gedrefednesse ncefde; ne me ncefre git ne lie ode eallp ic wisste *, ne 
me ncefre nces ealles swa ic wolde,peah ic his mide]. Da and- 
swo[rode se Wisdom 7 cwced: Hwi~\ naere Su %o[nne* genog earm 
5 7 genog] unhydig 3 , \\eah pe duhte p du welig w<z]re, ]> onne 
[du oder twega, odde hcefdest] f t$u noldes oc5(5e \nafdest P du 
woldest\1 Da andswarode Boet[zkr 7 cwced : jtf// w<?] wses 
swa swa (5u saed[^/]. (i?(2 cz^^ w Wisdom : hu ne bid celc 
mon genog earm pees fie he ncefcf, J>on hit him lyst habban ? 

10^ is soft, cwczd Boetius. pa cwcefi se Wisdom: Gif he ft on 
earm bid, ne he pon ne bid eadig ; forfii he eac wilna dp he habbe 
p he ncefd.py he wolde genog habban. pa cwcecf Boetius : p 
is eall sod p cfu segst.} [f)a cwcecf se Wis]&om : Hu ne 
hcefdest \_J?u pon pa _yr]mc5e 4 , f5a Sa Su welgost \ware ? 

15 f)a a^]swarode ic 7 cwaft : Ic wat f )?u [sod segsi], f ic hi 

hsefifc. Da cwsetS se Wis[^ : Hu~\ ne fincS me tfonne nu 

p \ealle pa 2X>]elan pisses middaneardes [ne mcegori\ gedon 

genne mon weligne, [swa weligne] f he genog hsebbe 7 no 

[mar an ne] Syrfe ? 7 swafteah ^/ [>^z / gehataS (zktt]m Sara 

20 |?e hi h(B\fd.* pa cwced ic : Nis nan ping 5 sodre pon p du * 4;a C 

ends, rest 

se S stm _ gone. 

ii v . pa cwced se Wisdo : Ac hwi ne eart pu pon his 

gedafa ? Hu ne miht pu geseon czlce dceg p da strengran 
nimad pa welan of*pa unstrengu 1 P Hivi bid elles celce dcpg 

25 swelc seofung 7 swelce geflitu 7 gemot 7 domas. but on p celc 

bit pees reaflaces pe him on genumen bid, odde eft odres git sad ? 

pa andswarode 8 ic 7 cwced : Genoh ryhte pu spyrast ; swa 

hit is swapu segst. pa cwced he : For 3isu pingu bedearf celc 

men fultumejs *[to eacan him selfu.pcet he] msege gefaa[ldan * 471 C 

30 his welan. -Ba cwce^ ic : Hwa o\scecd pees ? )a cwced he : fi j 
Gif he nau]ht nsefde [pees de he ondrede p\ he forleosan \porfte, gone. 
pon ne 9 ] Sorfte he no maran [fultomes pon] his selfes. Da cwaecS 
[ic : Sod pu segsi]. Da onsac se Wisdom [sarlice 7 civa] : 

T Boeth. iii. pr. 3. 1. 32 P. Quidni fateare, &c. 
1 wisse J. 2 Conj. %on B. 3 unhidy B. * From J, earmde B. 
5 J>ara J. 6 on J. 7 em. unfrstrengum B. 8 andwyrde J. 

9 J>on he ne B. 



60 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XX VI. 2 



Eala, $ me ]rync(S \vtiS[erweard fang] se/ces monnes gewunan 
7 te\[tS monnes] willan, pe 1 ic nu secgan wille ; [p is pie] 
]?on<2n J:e hi tiohhiacS ]> h[Y scylan m/]igran weorStf/z, $ hi 
weortSffl^/oawij mjrmran 7 eargran. ForSaem [gif hi lytles] 
hwaet habbaS, ponne be[purfon hi p hi\ oleccen psem aefter 5 
[friffe"* pe (zm gr]e wuhte mare \\[abba$ ; sam hi pjyrf]en, 
sa [#z >fo ne purfon, hi willad peah . Hwcer ispon seo gemet gung, 

48a C. odfo hwa hcpfS hi, oficfe hwonne cymfi heo,p heo mage "Wr/jfan 
yrm"Sa from ^?e[m 3 welegum] eall[tt]ga ? Swa he mare 
/"^, ^7^(2] he ma monna 4 oleccan sceal. [ffwts^Ser ]?a 10 
welegan nu naefre ne [hingrige 5 ], ne ne ]?yrste, ne ne \cale 6 ? 
Ic wene] J:eah j? Ipu wille nu [nw^iz p da ze^/Jgan haebben 
mid \i\wd hi mcegen J>cet\ call gebetan. [Ac peak $u nu swa\ 
cwsede, hit ne mago\n ffa welan ellun\<g& gebetan, ]?eah [hi 
sume hwile] maegen. For^sem]?^ hi sculon celce dcEg~\ yean f 15 
mon aelce dceg \wanad ; forpamtyz sio mennisce \vaedl \_ffe 
ncefre ^Jfylled ne biS wilnatS selce [dceg y^w^hwugu 7 J>ysses 
woruldwelan, [crgffer] ge hraegles ge metes ge fttfynces ge\ 
monegra j^inga to eacan \_pd. ForJ&iem nis nan mon swa 
welig [p he\ maran ne }?yrfe. Ac sio [gitsung~\ ne con 20 
gemet 8 , ne naefre ne bitS g[^]healden on ^aere nedc^earfe, ac 
wilnaS symle maran J>on/ze he /rfe. Ic nat hwi ge 
fultruwiatS Saem hreo[V]endan welan, nu hy ne magon eowre 
[zf]sedle eow from ad[V]n ; ac [ge ecafi eowre] waedle 9 mid 
Saem <5e hi eow [to cumad. . 25 

48b C. iii vv . f)a j]e Wisdom (5a pis spel * \asad hcefde, pa ongan 
he eft giddian 10 , 7 pus] singende cwaeft : (Hwelc fremu bycf 
pa welgan gitsere p he gegaderige ungeri pissa welena 7 calces 
gimcynnes genog begite P 7 peah he erige his land mid pusend 
sula. 7 peah call $es middaneard sie his anwealde undercfeoded, 30 
ne IcBi he his nanwuht of pis middanearde mid him mare p on 
he brohte hider.} 

w Boeth. iii. met. 3. Quamuis fluente, &c. Cott. Metr. xiv. 
1 p B. 2 em.frde B. 3 Qccm conj. om. B. * maran B. 5 hingre]. 
6 kale J. 7 So J, hwcEthweg B. 8 gemet B. 9 ermSe B. 10 giddigan J. 



XXVII. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 6 1 



XXVII *. 



i. \Ba l ] se Wisdom $a (Sis lio$ a[j]gen haifde, 
ongan he [y?] spellian 7 cwseS : Tu 2 fing [&# se] weor<5- 
scipe 7 se anwald [gedoti], gif he becymt) to J^aem dy^flft / 
^]e maeg hine gedon weortSne [7] andrysne o(5rum dysegum. 

5 Ac }>onecan J>e (A*) (5one anwald forlaet, (pfide z se anweald 
hine.pon ne biff he nauder pa dysegan ne weor$ ne andrysne^. 
HwaetSer nu se anwald haebbe f>one J>eaw (5aet he astificige 5 
un^eawas 7 awyr[/]walige 6 of ricra monna [w]ode, [7] 
plaritige Saer craeft[<w (?/ /<: z^/] Seah ^ se eor Slica 

10 [anweald nczfre *ne scewd }>a crceftas, ac 7 h sff 7 gadrafi 49 a c - 
urideawas ; 7 ponne hi gegadrad hcefd 1 , pon* eowdS he hi, 
nallas ne hiW ; forfid ffara ricra monna uncfeawas manige men 
geseoff, forpafle hi manige cunnon, 7 manege him mid beo^\. 
we sy[mle seofiafi ymbe] Sone anwald [7 hine eac 
on]YLQ we ges[^j^ he cymfi to pa ^]rrestum 7 to 
])[d pe us unweorposte~\ biocS. For Ssem \_pingu WCES gio pcet 
se] wisa Catulus hine [gebealg 7 ^z^<2 tt]gefraeglice forcwaecS 
N[oniu] )?one rican, for"S3em he hine gemette sittan on gere- 
nedum scridwsene ; for^sem 9 hit waes Sa swi^e 9 micel sido 

20 mid Romwarum f 10 ]?aer nane oftre an u ne sseton buton ]?a 
weor^estan. / ^ forseah se Catulus hine, _/0n5y he J^seran 
sittan sceolde ; forSsem he hine wiste swifte ungesce[a^/w]isne 

7 switSe ungemetfaestne. pa ong&n. se Catulus him spigettan 
on; se Catulus wses heretoga on Rome, swicSe [^Jsceadwis 

25 mon. Ne forsawe he \nopon\z o^erne swa swi<5e gif he nan 
\rice ne w^Jnne anwald [wajefde. 

ii y. Hwae[/<?r pu nu mcege ongitan\ hu micelne 12 *[- 
weorfiscipe se] anwald breng S [/<2 unmedeman\ gif he hine 

x Boeth. iii. pr. 4. Sed dignitates, &c. 

y Boeth. iii. pr. 4. 1. 7 P. Videsne quantum malis, &c. 

1 Da . . . cwced supplemented from J, om. B. 2 tiva B. 5 Between 

forlcet and hwceder a line erased in C. * em. andysne B. 

5 astyfecige B. 6 ivyrtwalige B. 7 a<: . . . /^^/"^ from J, om. B. 

8 jj)5n B. 9 fordtzm . . . sze/z fo om. B. 10 wasp B. u From 

J, on B. 12 wzV/" C. Top of fol. 49b left blank. 



62 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXVII. 2 

under[y^]h(5 ? forfem aelces monnes yfel bi<5 py openre gif 
he anwald haefS. Ac gesege me nu, ic ascige (Se, pu Boetius, 
hwz pu swa 7?z#?feald yfel haefde 7 swa micele une[##]esse 
on p#m rice, pa hwile pe (5u [^z / ^Jaefdest, oft Se forhwy pu 
hit [<?/?] pinum unwillum forlete ? Hu ne wastS pu -j> hit nses 5 
for nanu otfrum "Singum buton forftaempe pu nolde[r/] on 
eallum (Singum bion gepwaere paes unrihtwisan cyn[z>z]ges l 
willan piodrices? fon5aem(5e $\u] hine ong[<?<2/]e on eallum 

* 49 b c [/z w-//] unwyn5[;2<?] paes * an[w<?<2/^>?, jze;/ ^? sceamleasne 7 
g-one ungefiwcerne 2 , buton czlcu godu*J>eawe. Forpa we ne magon I0 

nauht eade secgan p pa yfelan sien gode*, peak hi anweald 
habban. Ne wurde pu fieah na adrifen from f)eodrice, ne he 
fie na ne forsawe, gif\ }>e \licode his dysig 7 his w?/]rihtwisnes 
sw[<2 wel swa his dysegu] deorlingum dyde. \Gif pu nu 
gesa]\\e sumne swit5e \wisne man pe ^<^/"]de swi^e gooda X 5 
\oferhyda, 7 wcere ] ]?eah swit5e earm 7 s[wiffe ungescelig\, 
hwaetSer Su wolde cwe San [/ he w&re} unwyrcSe anwealdes 
7 \veo\fffsctpes~\ ? Da andswarode "Boetius [7 cwce-cf: IVese, 
/a,] nese; gif ic hine swilcne [gemete 5 ne] cwae^e ic naefre 
c5aet he sie \m[weor$e\ anwaldes 7 weor Sscipes, ac \celces] me 20 
SincS f he sie wytfS[eJK on\ ]?isse worulde is. Da \cw&fi se] 
Wisdom : ^lc craeft haefS his [.rz/wjdorgife, 7 pa 6 gife 7 
pone 6 weoJVfoa Jpe pe he haefS he forgifS [jze%] hrae^e 
paem 7 pe hine lufaS. Sw[a swa ^z Jsdom is se hehsta craeft, - 
[7 se 8 hceffl on hi]m feower oSre craeftas ; %>[ara is an w<zrscipe\ 2 5 

* 5oa C oc5er gemetgung 9 , ^[ridde* is ellen, feorfie rihtwisnes. Se 
ends, rest Wisdom geded his lufiendas wise 7 weorfie 10 7 gemetfcEste 7 

gepyldige 7 rihtwise, 7 celces godes ll peawes 12 he gefyllfi pone 13 
fie hine lufafi. pcet ne magon don pa tie pone anweald habbad 
pisse worulde ; ne magon hi nanne craft for gif an pa fie hine^ 3 
lufidd of hiora welan, gif hi hine] on [heora] ge[cynde nabbao. 
j&/]3em is switSe sweo[/^// cfa rican on p\^m woruld welan 
[nabbad ncenne J7/]dorcraeft ; ac [him bid se wela /]ane 

1 pines B. 2 em. tingeuwrne B ; the w was orig. /. 3 goodtim J. 
4 goode J. *mette]. 6 pafigt ]>one B. 7 <zlcu ]>ara B. Atf J. 
9 metgung B. ll} w^r<? J. u ^w^ J. 12 em. feawas B. 



em. 



B. 14 ^ J. I5 Wff from J, om. B. 



XXVII. 3] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 63 

cumen, 7 he [ne mceg utan\Q nauht agnes habban. \Ge3enc 
nu ^wJaecSer senig mon bio a 8e a \iinweor$rd\ J?e hine manige 
men \_forseon 2 ; gi]f J>onne aenig mon a [_pe unweor^&n. bi(5, 
fonne bi(5 aslc \dysig 3 ] w^ 4 J>y unweonSra J>e he [mare ] 
5 r/<r<? &gft$ aelcum wisu [/*. jfff /]aem is genoh sweotol 
[/ w] anweald 7 se wela ne ma?g his \wealde\i\A 5 gedon no 
(5y weorcSran, \ac he] hine gedeft <5y unweortSran 6 [/<? ^] 
him to cymcS, gif he 3er ne \dohte. Swa bi~J& eac se wela 7 
se anwaljV//] wyrsa, gif se ne deah )?e hi[n ah; 



10 hiora biS Jy [forcudra gif hi hi gemetafi. * * 



h 
iii z . ^4<r zV /^ TW^ m/^ gereccan be sumere bisne,p ffu 

miht genoh sweotole ongiton p fiis andwearde lif is swtfte anlic 
sceade, 7 7 on pcere sceade nan mon 7 ne mceg begitan pa sofian 
gesalfia. Hu wenst 3u nu ? gif hwelc swiff e rice mon wyrfi 

15 adrifen of his earde o$3e on his hlafordes cerende fcerfi, cym^> 
lpo[nne 8 on ceWeodig folc peer peer] hine [nan man ne can ne he 
ne cenn\z 9 mon, ne \_furdv fi gefieode ne\ can, wenstu msege 
\his rice 10 ] hine ]?3er on lond[^ wyrfine gedon ? Ac] ic wat -Jj 
he ne mseg. Gif \_pon se weorff^scipe ]?aem welan gecy[nde 

20 wcere, 7] he his agen waere, o?SSe eft [se wela dees ] welegan 
agen waere, lpon[ne ne w/Jahte n he hine no forlapt[a. Wcere] 
se mon on swelcum lande s\v[eke he] wsere J>e hi ahte, Sonne 
wse[rf his] wela 7 his weortJscfpe mid \\\[m. Ac forty&mpe 
se wela 7 se anwald his [agene ne] bio^, forSy hi hine 

25 forlaetacS ; [7 forftype] hi nan gecyndelic good on hi[/ 
^/]fum nabbaS, forSy hi losi[<7^ swa swa] sceadu ofttfe 
smec. peah s[e leasa wena~] 7 sio raedelse j?aia dysi[gena 
motmjsL tiohhige ^ se anwald [7 j^ ze;<?/^ 12 ] sie ^ hehj/<? good, 
ac [hit bid *eall offer. J?on pa rican beoff offer twega, offffe on * 5ib C 

30 ce/ffeode 13 offffe on hiora agenre gecyffffe^ 4 mid gesceadwisu monnu, 
pan bid cegfier ge pa wisan ge pa (Eldeodegan his wela for 

z Boeth. iii. pr. 4. 1. 27 P. Atque ut agnoscas, &c. 

1 Vy B. 2 forsioti J. 3 tfyli B, dysig J. 4 w J. 

5 From J, anweald B. e 3 1 above line in C, wyrsan B. 7 forf&m 
on $am nan mon J. 8 Conject./0tt B. e nanne J. 10 his we/a 7 
^zV rice J. u Conject. mihte B. 12 7 ^ zt-^/a from J, om. B 

18 dlende J. u rj5^ J. 



64 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXVII. 3 

nauht, siddan hi ongitafi p hi nceronfor nanu crafte gecorene 1 , 
buton for dysges folces Ii cringe. Ac peer hi cenige wuht] 
2.g[?ies ocfffe gecyndelices godes an 2 ^<?]ra \anwealde hcefdon,pon 
h<zfderi\ hi ]> mid \\\im,peah hi pat rice forle~\tQi\ ; neforlet[<?w 
hi no p gecyndelice go]od 3 , ac simle him [wolde p fylgean\ 7 hi 5 
symle weonSe [gedon, wceron hi 0]n swelcum lande swylce 



iv a . Nu <5u meaht ongitan f se \wela 7 ^<? tzjnwald nsenne 
mon ne magon [on ellende\ \veon5ne gedon. Ic nat feah 
<5u [wene peel hi\ on hiora agenre cy(5(5e ealne[w^ mcsgen] ; 10 
ac Seah ]^u his wene, ic wat [/ /fo ^^ w^Jgon. Hit wges gio 
giond ealle Ro[mana wjearce f heretogan 7 domeras, [7 pa 
/w<z#]mhirdas J>e f fioh hioldon J>e [wow /a]m ferdmonnum 
on geare sella[w sceolde, 7] pa wisestan 4 witan, haefdon msest[^^ 
W(?0r^]scipe ; nu ponne ofter twe[^, o^] para nan nis, o<5(5e 15 
hi naenn[^ weorpscipe] nabbaS, gif hiora genig [is. Swa hit 
52a C. bid be[ selcum para pinga (5e 2.g[en god* 7 *gecyndelic nabbac! 
on him selfu ; offre hwile hit bid to tcelenne, ofire hwile hit bi$ 
to heriganne. Ac hwcet pincfi pe pon on pa welan 7 on anwealde 
wynsumes oftffe nyfwyrpcs, nu hi nanes tinges genog nabbap, ne 20 
hi nauht agnes\ goodes nabba^, \ne nauht pur hwunigencT^s 
hiora weald[<??z<2 sellan na magon] ? 

[* 

9 : , . . xxviii b 

Da se Wisdom pa [ffis spell as&d hafde], ^a ongan he eft 
giddigan 5 7 pus cwced :\ (Beah nu se unrihtwisa cynig* Neron 
him gescyrpte mid eallu pam wlitegestu wcedu 7 mid celces cynnes 25 
gimmu geglengde, hu ne wes he peah celcu, witu lad 7 unweorff, 
7 calces wideawes 7 fir enlustes full / Hwoet, he peah wear cf ode 
his deorlingas mid miclu welu ; ac hwcet was him oy bet P 
Hwelc gesceadwis mon mihte ewe}) an p he a fly weorfira w&re 
peah he hine weorfiode /) 30 

a Boeth. iii. pr. 4. 1. 37 P. Sed hoc apud exteras nationes, &c. 
b Boeth. iii. met. 4. Quamuis se tyrio, &c. Cott. Metr. xv. 

1 gecorenne J. 2 goodes on J. 8 good J. 4 westan B. 

5 gieddian J. G So B. 



XXIX. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 65 

XXIX o. 



i. )a se W[z>]dom [/#] >is leo<5 a[./]gen 

he ef[/ *spelligan^ j pus cwczfi : Hwefier pu nu wene * 52b C. 
/ pees cyninges geferrceden 7 .$-<? wela 7 j* anweald pe he gifcf 
his deorlingu mce.ge cznigne mon gedon weh gne o$3e wealdendne ? 
5 f)a andsworede ic 7 cwcst : Forhwi ne magon hi ? Hwcet 
is on <fis andivea]rdan lif[> wynsure 7 befere] ponne J^aes 
\cyninges folgad 7 his\ ^eawest, 7 sitySafw wela 7 anweald? 
f)d\ andswarode se \Wisdo 7 cwcefi : Sege] me nu hwse^er 
[/w <^/r^ gehyrdesf\ ]> he sengum ^a[r<2 /<? <X 
10 eallunga tya\wunode; offie] wenstu hwas S er hine 

[^Jalne weg habban maege \_}>e hine] nu haefS? Hu ne wastS 
f [/<? ealle <5]ec sind fulla ]?ara biesena \_par d\ monna J>e 
us waeren? 7 aelc [wo wat] J>ara j?e nu leofa^ Ssette 
cyninge onhwearf se 2i^[weald \ 7 se wela [0]S Saet 2 
J 5 he eft wear^ \wadla\ t Eala ea, is -p 3 J^onne forweor 1 5[/^//z <r] 
wela $ 4 nau]?er ne mseg ne hin[^ ^^<? ^-Jehealdan ne his 
hlaford, \to pon\ $ he ne ]?yrfe maran ful[/w]mes, otJSe hi 
begen forheal[^fe] ? Hu ne is paet ]?eah sio eowru 

gesselS [para ] cyninga anweald ? *7 J>e[a^ gif POL * 5Sa C. 
20 cyninge (sniges wiUan\ wana bit5, ]?onne lytlatS Saet his 
an[ojftz/</], 7 eccS his erm Sa ; for^y bioS simle J>a [^]ow[r]a 
gesael^a on sumum J?ingum unsael^a 6 . Hwaet, pa cyningas, 
J>eah hi maenig ger 6 pioda wealden, ne wealdaS hi )?eah 
ealr[a] Jara J>e hi wealds woldan, ac 7 bioS forcSDem switJe 8 
25 earme on hiora mode fonSy hi nabbacS sume Jara J>e hi 
habban vvolden 7 ; for^gem ic wat f se [ryjning Ipe gitsere 
bitS, -f he haefS mar[^]n 9 erm^e J>onne anwald. Forcfom 
cwseS gio s^m cyning Ipe unrihtlice feng to rice : Eala, hwaet 
Saet biS gesaelig mon Ipe him ealne weg ne hangaS nacod 
3 sweor[<f <?]fer "Sae heafde be smale 10 Jrsede, [jze;<2 jw]a me n 



c Boeth. iii. pr. 5. An nero regna, &c. 

1 spellian], 2 oddep B. 3 /ab.l. in C. 4 }e B. ungesaltia B. 
8 manegra for nucnigger B. 7 ac . . . wolden erased and written afresh 
in C, but not on the erased portion, where the writing is still faintly 
visible. 8 swa B. 9 mar on J. lu smalan B. u w^ B. 



F 



66 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXIX. i 

git symle 1 dyde? Hu J>inc(S [fie nu], hu Je se wela 7 se 
anwald licig*, [nu hi] 2 naefre ne bio(5 buton ege [7] earfotSu 7 
sorgum ? Hwaet, Ipu wgest 8 f ae[/<r <ry]ninc wolde bion butan 
fissum, [7 hdbb~]px\. feah anwald gif he meahte ; ac ic wat ^ 
he ne maeg ; J>y ic wundrige forhwy hi gilpen swelces an- 5 
waldes. HwaecSer fe nu fince f se mon 4 m[Y<r<?/;z Anwald 

53b C. *h(zbbe 7 .rzi? swiffe gescelig pe smile willnad }>CB\?> J>e he begitan 
ne maeg ? O(5(5e [WJnstu ^ se sie swicSe gesaelig J>e symle 
mid micle 5 werede faen5, o(5(5e eft s[e] (5[Y] seg^er ondrsed ge 
Jone ]?e hine ondrae[/] ge ]?one J>e hine no ne ondraet ? 10 
Hw3e^e[r] J>e nu ]?i[]ce f se mon micelne anwald hsebbe 
Je him selfum Sine s f he naenne nsebbe, (swa swa nu manegu 
men ffinci?, p he ncenne ncebbe) buton he haebbe msenigne man 
J>e him here ? Hwset wille we ma nu 6 sprecan be "Saem 
cininge 7 be his folgerum, butan f selc gesceadwis man maeg 15 
witan f [^/] bioS full earme 7 ful un^zTitig*? ? Hu magon 
]?a 7 cyningas o<5sa[V]an o^Se forhelan heora unmeahte, 
}>[V]nne hi ne magon naenne weorSscipe for^brengan buton 
hiora [/^]ria fultume? 

ii d . Hwaet wille we (nu) e[/Ies 8 ^rjggean be Ssem J^egnum 20 
but[o p~\ $> Sasr oft gebyreS f hi weo[r^^] bereafode aelcre 
are, ge fur (Sum fses feores, from hiora leasan cyni[nge] ? 
Hwaet, we witon f se unrihtwisa [cyning] Neron wolde hatan 
his agenne magister 7 his fostorfseder acwellan, Jaes nama 
wses Seneca ; se waes u^wita. pa he fa onfunde -p he dead 25 

54a C. bion [sceolde], Ja bead ^^ ealla his aehta *\wtfi his feore ; fia 
nolde se cyning Jxzs ow]fon, ne him his feores geunnan. Da 
[hefia] f ongeat, fa geceas he (hi) fone deacS "Saet /^zne 9 mon 
oflete blodes on (Saem earme ; 7 <$a dyde mon swa. Hwset, 
we eac geherdon \_p(B f\ Pap(m)ianus wass Antoniose 10 Saem 30 
casere u eal[ra] his dyrlinga 12 besorgost, 7 ealles his folces 
[mcestne] anwald haefde ; ac he hine het gebindan [7 stfdan 

d Boeth. iii. pr. 5. 1. 23 P. Nam quid ego de regum familiaribus, &c. 

1 simle git B. 2 em. he B. 3 So C, wast B. * men om. B. 

5 micelon B. 6 ww wa B. 7 /a om. B. 8 elles from J, om. B. 
9 From J, hi B. 10 ontoniose B. u ^a^^ B. 12 dcorlinga B. 



XXIX. 3] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 67 

ofslean\. Hwaet, ealle men witan faet se Seneca wae[j 
TVJerone 7 Papinianus Antonie fa weorS^j/jan 7 fa leofostan, 
7 [m&sfne] anwald haefdon ge on hiora hirede ge buton, 7 
feah buton aelcre scylde wurdon fordo[*. Hwcet], hi wil- 
5 nedon begen (eallon mcegene) $ <5a hlafordas n[V]man swa 
hwaet swa hi haefden, 7 leten hi libban; ac hi ne meahten 
$ begitan, forSaem f ara cyninga waslhreownes waes i[o] <5sem 
heard f hiora eaSmetto ne meaht[0]n nauht forstandan, ne 
hum heora of[erme/]to dydon ; swa hwaeSer swa hi dydon 
10 [ne do]\\tQ him tJa nawSer, feah hi scold[0] f feorh aelsetan 1 . 
For Saem se Se his \cer tid\e ne tiola<5, J?onne biS his on tid 
untilad 2 . Hu HcacS J>e nu se anwald 7 se wela, nu <5u gehered 
haefst ^ hine mon naw<5er ne 8 butan ege /fo^ban ne maeg ne 
forlsetan ne mot, J^eah he \v[i /Ie] ? O(5<5e hwaet forstod *[seo * 54b C, 
15 menigu para freonda pa deorlingu 4 para\ cyninga? oSe 
hwaet forstent hio aenegu men ? ForSon 5 fa frend cumaS 
[??/] faem welum 7 eft mid Saem welan [^w//<2^] buton 
switJe feawa. Ac Sa frend [/^ >fo ]ne aer for Saem welan 
lufiaS fa ge[?m /^^] eft mid faem welan, 7 weor^aS [^?]ne 
20 to feondum, buton fa [feawan] Se hine aer for lufum 7 fo[r] 
treowum lufedon ; fa hine woldo/z /eah lufian Seah he earm 
waere ; ]>[a /^]im wuniaS. Hwylc is wirsa wol o(5(5e aenegum 
men mare daru f onne (he) haebbe on his geferraedenne [7 0]n 
h[z ]s neaweste feond 7 6 freondes anlzrnesse ? 
25 iii e . Da se Wisdom (5a 7 Sis spell areaht haefde, fa ongan 
he eft singan 7 f us cwaeS : (Se 8 J>e wille fullice anweald agan, 
he sceal tiligan 9 (Brest p he heebie anweald his agenes modes., 7 
ne sie to ungerisenlice underdeod his unfieawii, 7 ado of his 
mode ungerisenlice ymbhogan, j forltete pa seofunga his eormpa. 
^peah he nu ricsige ofer eallne middang ear d from easteweardu 
ofi wesleweardne, fro Indeu, p is se sufieastende pisses mid- 
daneardes, o$ fiat Hand pe we hatafi Tyle, p is on pa nordwest- 

6 Boeth. iii. met. 5. Qui se uolet, &c. Cott. Metr. xvi. 

L So C, alcetan B. J unlod B. 3 ne om. B. * diorlingum J. 

5 forQam B. 6 So B and C. 7 da om. B. 8 em. Se B. 9 tilian B. 




F 2 



68 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXIX. 3 

ende fosses middaneardes, par ne fa ff nawper ne on sumera 
niht, ne on wintra dag : peak he nu pees ealles wealde, naffi 
he no pe maran anweald gif he his ingepances anweald nceffi 
7 tf ne hi ne ne warenafi wid pa unpeawas pe we cer ymb 
sprcecon^) 

xxx f. - 

i. )& se Wisdom fa fas fitte asungen haefde, fa ongon 
he eft seggan spell 7 cwaeS : Is f ungerisenlic wuldor f isse 
worulde 7 swiSe leas ; be (5aem waes gio singende sum sceop. 
pa he forseah f is andwearde lif, Sa cwaeft he : Eala, wuldur 
fisse weorulde, ea, forhwy fe haten dysz ge men mid leasre 10 
stemne wuldor, nu Su uane neart ? FortSaemtfe ma manna 
haef(5 micelne gielp 7 micel 1 wuldor 7 micelne weorcSscipe 
for dysiges folces wenan, lp onne [he /z^jebbe for his gewyrh- 
tum. Ac sege 2 me nu hwaet ungerisenlicre sie fconnfV] 
f, ot5Se forhwy hi (ne) maegen hiora [ma] scamian fonne 15 
fegnian, fonne h[z ^JheraS f him man on lihcS ? peah mon 
*55 bc nu *\hwone godra* mid rihte herige\ 7 4 so^ an segge 5 , ne 
sceal he n# \pe] 6 hraef or to ungemetlice faegnian %\_<zs] folces 
worda ; ac fses he sceal f3egn[/<z#] 1 (5aet hi him soc5 an 8 seggacS. 
peah he nu [pees] fsegnige f hi his naman braeden, ne [biff] 20 
he no J>y hraetSor swa brad (swa) hi tihhatS, [/]ort5aem (hi) 
hine ne magon tobrsedan g^nd ealle eorSan, feah hi on 
sumu lande maegen ; forSsem feah he sie anum gehered 9 , 
f onne bitS he oftrum unhered 10 ; lp eah he on lp am land^ sie 
maere, f onne bicS he on o$n\um wwjmaere n . ForcSaem is f aes 25 
folces h[/z]sa 33lcum men for nauht to habbanne for^aem he 
to aelcum (men) ne cymc5 be his gewyrhtum, ne hum nanum 
ealne weg ne wunacS. Gefenc nu aerest be J> aem gebyrdum, 
gif hwa fass gilptS, hu idel 7 hu unnet (se) gylp biS ; for$[a] 
fe aelc mon wat $ ealle men of 12 anum faeder comon 7 of anre 3 
meder. OS(5e eft be J> aes folces hlisan 7 be hiora heringe ; 

Boeth. iii. pr. 6. Gloria uero, Sec. 

1 micelne B. 2 gesege B. 3 goodra }. * 7 conject. om. B and C. 
5 j0<5 an segge om. B. 6 J>y J. 7 From J. 8 on B. 9 geherod B. 
10 unherod B. " From J, tow B. 2 Appar. 



XXX. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 69 

ic nat hwaes l we J>8er fyegri^aSS. peah (5a 2 nu foremaere sien 
]?e [folcisce men /fjeriacS, feah bioS Ja foremserran 7 
rihtlicran to heriann[/ pd\ fe bio(5 mid craeftum ge- 
weort$[0flk] ; for<5sem j)e nan mon ne bi(S mid r[Y/^ 3 *for ofires * s6a C . 
5 Y?flk <? for his crceftu no py mcerra ne no py geheredra 4 , gif 
he him self naffi. Hwceder pu beo a py fcegerra for ofires 
mannes fcegere ? Bid men ful lytle py bet peah he godne 
feeder hcebbe, gif he self to nauhte ne mceg. Forpd ic Icsrep $u 
fcBgenige ofierra] monna good[^ 5 7 heora cedelo to pon\ swiSe 

10 f J>u ne \tilige $e self urn agues], for(5aem]>e &\[ces monnes god* 
7 his] aef>elo bioS 7 ma o[n pa mode pdn\ on fsem flsesf^. p 
an ic watpeah godes s ~\ on J>a se Selo, f ni3enig[w^ mon sceamap\ 
$ he wiort5e wyrsa ]>on[ne his eldran] waeron, 7 fortJaem 
higatS eall[0tt 9 mcegne] Saet he wolde J>ara betst[w j/] 

15 }:eawas 7 his craeftas gefon J0 . 

iis, \_pa se\ Wisdom (5a Jis spell areah[/ n hcsfde\ fa 
ongan he singan ymb ]> \\Jce lz 7 cwcefi :~\ (Hwcet, ealle men 
hcefdon gelicne fruman,forpa hi ealle coman of anu feeder 7 of 
anre meder, 7 ealle hi beofi git gelice acennede. Nis p nan 

20 wundor,forpape an God is feeder eallra gesceaflaforpa he hi 
ealle gesceop 7 ealra welt. Se seW pccre sunnan leoht, 7 pa 
monan, 7 ealle tungl a geset. He gesceop men on eorpan ; 
gegaderode _/ a saula 7 pone lichoman mid his pa anwealde, 7 
ealle menn gesceop emncepele on pare frnman gecynde. Hwi 

25 ofermodige ge pon ofer offre men for eowru gebyrdu buton 
anweorce, nu ge nanne ne magon metan uncepelne ? ac ealle sint 
emncepele, gif ge willad pone fruman sceaft gepencan, 7 pone 
scippend, 7 sitiflan eoweres celces acennednesse. Ac pa ryht- 
cepelo bid on pa mode., nces on pam flcesce, swa swa we cer 

30 scedon. Ac celc mon pe allunga underpeoded bid unpeawu 
forleet his sceppend 7 his fruman sceaft 7 his cedelo, 7 ponan 
wyrfi ancepelad off ficet he wyrff uncepelel} 

s Boeth. iii. met. 6. Omne hominum, &c. Cott. Metr. xvii. 

1 wat hwat B. 2 From B, du C. 3 mid rihtefor rihte B. 

* heredra ]. 5 So J, godes B. 6 good J. 7 Inod om. B. 8 goodes ]. 
9 ealle J. 10 gepeon B. u So J, are/it B. 12 em. ilke B ab. 1. 



70 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XXXI. i 

XXXI * 

i. [f)a s]e Wisdom Ja pis lie s a[j]ngen hsefde, pa 
ongan he \eft /Jeggan spell 7 pus cwaecS: \Hwcet -]odes 
magon we seggan [on pa flcescli^yn unpeawas? For[/ 
swa hwa j]wa hi forlsetan wile, [he sceal gepoltati] micle 

57a C. nearanesse [7 *manige gearfofiu ; forpa seo oferfyll simle fet 5 
unpeawas, 7 /# unpeawas habbacf oferSearfe hreowsunga, 7 seo 
hreowsung ne bead na butan sorge 7 butan nearonesse. Eala, 
eaw, hu manega adla 7 hu micel sar 7 hu micele T wceccan 7 hu 
micle unrotnesse se h&fcf pe ^>]ne w[<?w willan h<zfd on pisse 
worul\fe. 7 hu micele m[ wenst flu p hi scylon\ habban 10 
sefter ])i[sse worulde edlean\ hiora earnun[^<2 2 ; swa swa 
bearneacen 3 ] wif (acerid beam 7) SrowaS [micel earfofiu, after 
pci] f>e hio (<zr) imctlne \lust purhteah. Fortyy ic nat 4 hwset 
)?a wor[W/w/<w] myrges bringaS hiora \\&\igendu\. Gif nu 
(hwa] cwiS ^ se sie ges[^/z- se pe~\ his woruldlustum eallu[ 15 
fulgce$\ hwi nele he cwecSan eac (p &a) ne[fenu seon\ 
gesselegu, fortSaetn(^) hior[<2 willa to~] nanum o^rum Singum 
n[z> apenod\ buton to gifernesse 7 to \vi;[cennesse] ? SwitSe 
gewynsum 5 hit biS f>aet [mon wif] hsebbe 7 beam ; ac c5eah 
w[anige 6 bear]n. bioS gestrined to hiora [eldrena~] forwirde, 20 
for Scempe manig [wif~] forswilt 7 for hire bearne aer [heo hit] 
brengan 8 msege. 7 we leorno[^] eac f?aet h[ze;i/]um geberede 

57b C. swi(5e *[ungewunelic 7 ungecyndelic yfel, p $a beam getreowedon 
betwuh him 7 sieredon ymbe pone feeder ; ge furcfon 9 p wyrse 
wees, we geheordon 10 geo gear a on ealdu spellup su sunu ofsloge 25 
his feeder ; ic nat humeta, buton we witon p hit unmennisclic n 
deed WCES. Hwcct, celc mon mceg witan hu hef^ig so[rg men 
beocf seo gemjtn his bearna ; ne [pearf ic pe peah p j]ecgan, 
for^sem [_J>u hit hcefst afunden 12 ] be J>e selfum. \Be pare 

^ gemennehis\ bearna cwae(S [min mcEgister Eurupides\ 3 



h Boeth. iii. pr. 7. Quid autem de corporis uoluptatibus, &c. 
1 micla J. 2 From J, geearnunga B. 3 bearneacen from J, om. B. 

4 wat B. 5 w ynsum C, gewunsu B. 6 J>eah mon manige B. 7 sivelt B. 
8 fordbringan B. 9 furjmm J. 10 herdon J. u umennisclicu J. 
1 - afandad J. 13 hefegan J. 



v..- 



XXXII. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 71 



f> hwilu ge[byrede pa\ heardsaelgan $ him wse[r^ betere] $ he 
beam naefde \_pon he hcefde]. 

ii i. pa se Wisdom (5a pis spel \areht /foz/*]de, pa ongan 
he eft giddian [7 /ZAT ^>z^]ende cwaeS : (ffwcet, se yfela 
5 willa unrihthcBmedes gedrefd fulneah celces libbendes monnes 
mod. Swa swa seo beo sceal losian pon heo hwcst irringa 
stingfi, swa sceal ale sawl forweorfian after pa unrihthcemede, 
buton se mon hweorfe to gode.) 

XXXII k 

i. )& se Wisdom pa pis leocS asungen [^<^/"]de, pa 

10 ongan he eft spellian 7 pus cwsecS : ForSaem nis nan tweo f 
pes andwearda wela myrS 7 let pa men pe biocS [<2Jtehte to 
Ipam softum gesaelSum ; 7 he []aenne ne maeg gebringan 1 
paer he him gehet, -^ is set psem heAr/<2n goode. Ac ic pe 
maeg mid feaum word[^ ^Jsecgan hu manegra yfela pa 

15 \welan sini\ gefylde. Hwaet pu ponn[^ 2 m<zne mid J?O\QIQ 
gidsunge paes [feos, nu pu hit nahu elks begitan ne miht 
buton pu hit] forstele o^Se gereafige ocSSe abepecige, 7 paer 
(peer) hit pe wex(5, ponne wanaS hit ^/rum ? Du woldest 
nu bion foremsere on weorftscipe ; ac gif pu j? habban wilt, 

20 ponne scealt (5u oleccan swi^e earmlice 7 (swipe) eadmodlice 
psem "Se (pe] to p3em gefulteman 3 maege. Gif pu pe wilt 
don manegra beteran 7 weonSran, ponne scealt pu pe laetan 
anes wyrsan. Hu ne is f ponne sum dael yrrnSa f mon 
swa \wereli\cQ 4 scyle culpian to paem pe him gifan [V]cyle ? 

2sAnwaldes 5 (5u wilnast? Ac pu ^ine naefre orsorgne ne 
begitst 6 for [V]l<5eodegum 7 git ma for Sinum agnum 
monnum 7 maegum. Gilpes pu girnst ? [^4<r] pu &he ne 
meaht habban orsorgne, *\_forpa cfu scealt habban simle * s8b C. 
hwcethweg 1 wi(f]eTv?eardes 7 ungetseses. pu woldest nu 

30 brucan ungemetlicre wraennesse ? Ac ffe willaS ponne for- 

1 Boeth. iii. met. 7. Habet omnis, &c. Cott. Metr. xviii. 
k Boeth. iii. pr. 8. Nihil igitur dubium est, &c. 



tan 



1 mcege bringan J. 2 Conj. J>on B. 3 gefultume B. * From 
5 anwealdes B. 6 begist C. 7 hwcethwitgu J. 




72 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXII. i 

sion goode l Codes f e0was, fon5aemf e fin werie - ^flaesc 
hafaff fin a^wald, []ales f u his. Hu mseg mon earmlicor 
gebaeron 3 f o[//]ne mon hine uwderolede 4 his were[^<2 
flcesce, j nel]le his gesceadvvisan \saule? HwcEper ge n\u 
sien maran on \eowru lichoman\ f onne elpend, otuSe s/rengran 5 
\J>on\ leo o(5c5e fear, oo15e swiftra[] f onne tigris ? peah 5 (5u 
nu waere mara f onne elpend 7 strengra f onne leo otStJe fear 
and 6 swiftra Sonne tigris j> deor 5 , 7 f eah pu ware eallra 
manna faegrost on wlite, 7 pon (woldesf) geornlice aefter 
wisdome spyrian ofttSaet fu fullice riht ongeate, fonne 10 
meahtes Su sweotole ougiion Saet ealle fa maegno 7 fa 

r] f e we aer ymb spraecon ne sint to metanne 7 
sawle craef/<2 aenne. Hwaet nu, wisdom is an an 
craeft faere sawle, 7 fea[>] we witon ealle j> he is betera 
^o\nne\ 8 ealle fa 9 oc5re craeftas f e we aer \_y?nbe\ spraecon. 15 
59a C. ii \ BehealdaS nu fa widgielne[j^ *7 f&stnesse 7 pa 
hrcedfernesse pisses heofen\t$\ t^onne magon ge <9gitan ^ he 
\is ealles na]uht witS his sceppend to metanne [7 wifi his 
z^^jaldendl Ac hwi ne \&te ge eow \_pon] apreotan p ge ne 
wundrigen 7 ne \herigen\ $ te un\_nyttre is, p is pes] eotfSk ca 20 
\wela ? Swa] swa se heofon [fs beterd\ 7 ^<f<2licra 7 _/aegerra 
fonne eal/ -his innung buton monnum anum, [swa is] pees 1 
monnes lichoma betera 7 dtot[wyr$ra] fonne ealle his aehta. 
Ac [humicelepin]cft n ])Glponne siosawl 12 bti[ere /deoru)yrcfre 1 ^] 
fonne se lichoma? y*[/<r] gesceaft is to arianne be hire 25 
andefn[^, 7 sym~]le u sio hehste swiSost ; fortSaem u is s^ 
[godc]\H\fa. anwald to arianne 7 to wyndrianne 7 to weortS- 
ianne ofer ealla 15 o Sra gesceafta. Se wlite faes lichoman is 
switSe flionde 16 7 switSe tedre 7 switSe anlic eor San blostmum. 
Deah nu hwa sie [swa] faeger swa swa Alcibiadis se aef elincg 30 
waes; [gifti]w& $2$ swa scearpsiene j> he maege \hine\ furhsion, 



1 Boeth. iii. pr. 8. 1. 16 P. Respicite caeli spatium, &c. 

1 gode above line B. a werige B. 3 So also B. * tinderSeode 

hine B. 5 J>eah . . . deor om. B. 6 So C. 1 widmetanne B. 

8 Conj. Son B. u ealle fa om. B. 10 Jxzs from J, om. B. u From B, 
~\nd C. 12 saw I om. B. 13 em. deorwyrre B. u symk from J, 

symle . . ./ordasm om. B. 15 From J, ealle B. flowende B. 



XXXII. 3] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 73 



swa swa Aristotelis l se uSwita saede f an 2 dior wsere (Se 3 

meahte aelc wuht [/Jurhsion (ge treowu 4 gefurdum stanas] : ]> 

dior we hatatS lox : gif ]x>n[#] hwa wsere swa scearpsiene 

j> he m[ihte pone cni~\ht j^urhsion J?e we aer ym[be spr<con\, 

5 }x)nne ne (5uhte he him *[no innon 5 swa fag er swa he utan * 59^ 

puhte. peah\ J>u () hwaem faeger Since, ne & # [& / no] ]>y 

hrsetSor swa ; ac sio ungescead\wisnes\ hiora eagena. hi myr(5 6 

j> ^z ne \rnagon otijgi/ffD. $ hi "Se scfawia S utan, [w^j innan\. 

Ac ge])en[caff nu swifie georti^ice, \j gescead]\\\?>\\ce \smeagd 1 

10 hwe^c J333S fl3esli[ra^] good sie[, 7 pa g^]saeltSa Je ge nu 
ungemetlice \wilnid9\ ; J>onne mag<2 ge sweotole o[^^/(2] 
^ ]?32S lichoman faeger 7 his strengo 8 [/<z magon beon 9 ] 
afyrred mid ]^reora [dla^a^^rf 10 ]. FortJaem ic Ipe recce ^// f 
ic J>e aer r[m^/^] n ibrSgem ic Se wolde 12 openl[z c<?^]reccan on 

15 Saem ende pisses capit[/a] fte call J>as andweardan good 
ne magon gelaestan hiora lufiendum p hi him gehataS ; f is 
^ hehste good ]> hi him gehatacS. peah hi nu gegaderien 
eal[/<?] ]?as andweardan good, nabbaS hi no Sy hra[/or 13 ] 
fulfremed good on tSaem, ne hi ne \magon~] gedon hiora 

20 lufiendas swa welige [swa sw]& hi woldon. 

iii m . Da se Wisdom (5a J?is sp[if//] areaht hsefde, ]?a 
ongon he ef[/] gieddigan 7 J?us singinde cwsetS: (Eala wa, 
hu hefig 7 hu frecendlic p dysig is pe da ear man men gedwelafi 
7 #/</ ^/"/^ rihtan wege. Se weg is God. Hwcefier ge nu 

25 sec an gold on treowu P ic w at peah p ge hit peer ne sec ad, ne 
Jinde ge hitno,forpafie ealle men witon pcet hit p<zr ne weaxd 
pe ma de gimmas weaxad on wingeardu. Hwcefler ge nu 
self an eower nett on pa hehstan dune, pbn ge fiscian willafi ? Ic 
wat peah p ge hit par ne settad. Hwceffer ge nu eower hundas 

30 7 eower net ut on pa SCE Itzdon, pon ge huntian willacf ? Ic 
wene peah p ge hi pon set/on up on dunu 7 innon wudum. 
HwcEt, p is wundorlic p geornfulle men witon p hi sculon 

m Boeth. iii. met. 8. Eheu, quae miseros/ &c. Cott Metr. xix. 

1 aristodelis B. 3 an om. B. 3 $ B. * em. treowa B. 

5 innan J. 6 eagan hi amerrad B. 7 smeageaft J. 8 streon B. 
9 bion J. 10 Second /erased, B. " From J, rehte B. 12 wolde h B. 
13 ralor B. 



74 DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE [XXXII. 3 

sec an be scswarofie j be ceaofru cegfier ge hwite gimmas ge 
reade j celces cynnes gimcyn ; 7 hi witon eac on hwelcu wceleru 
7 on csghwelcra ea mupu hi sculon secan fiscas ; j ealne pisne 
andweardan welan hi witon hwcer hi secan sculon^ 7 pone swifie 
unadrotenlice sec ad. Ac hit is swiff e ear mlic ping p da dysegan 5 
men sint celces domes swa blinde p hi nyton hwcer pa sofian 
gescelpa sint gehydde, ne furfiu nane lustbcernesse nabbdfi hi to 
secanne ; ac wenadp hi mcegon on pissu Icenan 7 on $isu deadlicu 
pingu findan pa sofian gesceWa, p is God. Ic nat nu hu ic 
m<ge heora dysig eall swa sweotole areccan 7 swa switfe gelcelan 10 
swa ic wolde,forpa hi sint earmran 7 dysigran 7 ungesceligran 
pon ic hit arecan mcEge. Welan 7 iveorfiscipes hi willniad, 7 
pbn hi hine habbafi pbn wendfi hi swa ungewitfulle p hi habban 
pa sodan gesczltfa.) 

. XXXIII". 

i. \_pa\ J se Wisdom J?a ]?is leoS asun[^w] hsefde, (5a 15 
ongan he eft spellian 7 J^us cwaeS x : Genog ic J?e haebbe nu 
gereaht ymb (5a anlicnessa 7 emb <5a scead^wa 2 )>aere so^an 
gessel Se. Ac gif ]3u nu sweotole gecnawan meaht jm anlic- 
nesse }?3ere so^an ges[<^/^] ]?onne is siSSan 3 <5earf ^ ic ]>e 
\hi sel^Q getsece. pa and\v^rde ic 7 \_cwcecf : Nii\ ic ongite 20 
genog 4 openlice ^>^t\Je celces] goodes genog nis on (Sissum 
[woru/d]wel\im, ne aeltsewe anwald nis [on nanu] weoruldrice, 
ne se so<5a \weor$scipe\ nis on J?isse weoruld[^, ne pa m&s/an] 
maerSa ne ^\int on fiysse woruldgylpe, ne\ sio heh[^ blis nis 
* 6ia C *on pd flcesclicu lustu. f)a and^sworede se Wisdom 7 (Vz^JseS: 25 
about here. Hwse)w/# nu fullice ongite forhwy hit J?onne swa sie? Da 
andswarede ic 7 cwsecS : pe[#A] ic his nu hwaethwugu ongite, 
ic wolde hit J?eah fullicor 7 openlicor of (5e ongitan. Da 
andsworode se Wis[<2^7#] 7 cwaeS : Genog sweotol hit is *fte 
(rod is anfeald 7 untotffe/endlic, ]?eah hine dysige men on 30 
msenig tcdselen 5 , [/Jonne hi dwoliende 6 secaS $ hehste 

D Boeth. iii. pr. 9. Hactenus mendacis formam/ &c. 

1 J>a se Wisdom . . . CWCE om. B. [/^] and \_gen~] conject. 
1 Conject. letter between d and w in C, sceadwa B. * siddan is B. 

* genog om. B. 5 dcelan B. 6 duveligende B. 



XXXIII. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 75 



god on (Sa ssemran l gesceafta. Hwaefer Ipu \nu~\ wene f se 
nauhtes maran ne ]>yT/e se ]?e maestne anwald h^fS J>isse 
zwrulde ? pa andsworede ic eft 7 cwaet) : Ne secge ic no j> 
he nauhtes maran ne (5yrfe, forSaem ic wat ]> nan nis J?ses 2 
5 welig he sumes eacan ne Ipyrfe. Da andsvvarode se Wisdom 
7 cwaecS : [Genog] ri[^]te >u saegst ; ]?eah hwa anwal[V &^fo], 
gif o(5er haef(5 maran, jxmne \j\efrearf~\ se unstrengra j^aes 
strengr[#]n fultumes. Da cwaecS ic : Eall hit is swa J?u 
saegst. Da cwaecS se Wisdom : peah mon nu [<wwete]ald 

10 7 genyht to twaem )?ingu ;zemne, \_J>ea~fti hit is an. pa cwaeo" 
ic : Swa me JrinccS. [)a he cwce$^\ : Wenstu nu [/] se 
anwald 7 \_p geniht j]ie to fd[rseonne] ofe Se eft *[swiffor * 6ib C 
to weor dianne pon ocfre 3 ] good ? pa cwaeS ic : Ne m[<^ Jg 
naenne mon J>ses tw^ogan ^te anwald 7 genyht is to weorSi- 

15 anne. Da cwaecS he: Uton nu, gif <$e swa ]?ince, ecan 4 
]?one anwald 7 -f geniht, donfitsr weorSscipe to, 7 gereccan 
Jxmne J?a ]?r^ to anum. Da andswarode ic 7 cwce ff : Uton 
]?3ss, for Saem hit is soo\ Da cw&d he : Hwefier IpQ 5 ]?onne 
Ipince unweorS 7 unmaerlic sio gegaderunc j^ara Sriora j^inga 

20 J>onne )?a J>rio bioS to anum gedon, oSSe hwseSer hit J>e eft 
J?ince eallra finga weorj)licos(5 7 maerlicost ? Gi[_/] J>u nu 6 
aanigne mon cuSe Jara pe hseto aelces ]?inces 7 anwald 
7 aelcne weor^scipe haefde, swa foi-ft $ he na maran ne (5orfte, 
ge)?enc nu hu weor<51ic 7 hu foremcsrlic Tpe wolde se man 

25 ]?incan ; 7 ]?eah he nu Ipa. ])[_reo /^Jsefde, gif he naere hliseadig, 
\_pon w]aere him )?eah sumes weorSscipef^ wano], pa cwseS 
ic : Ne mseg ic fses o$sav[a]. pa cwaet) he : Hu ne is p 
fionne 8 genog jz^otol f we sculon don ]?a hlis^di^/zesse to 
[/Jaem }?rim, 7 don J?a feovver to anum? Da cwaetS ic : $ is 

30 cyn. pa cwseS he : Hwaa^er J>u n[] wene f se auht 
sie Se ealle J?as fe\_ower~\ hsefS ? Fifte biS seo blis, 7 

eall pcei\ he wile, 7 nane[j J>ing~\QS mara[w ne bej^earf 
] he \h(Bfd. f)a cwced ic: Ne mceg ic ncefre ^]]?encan, * 623. C 
gif he swylc wsere 7 f [m// hcefde], hwonan him aenig unrotnes about 



1 samran B. - swa B. 3 (?3>w J. 4 geecan B. 5 /<? from 
B, / C. 6 z^ om. B. 7 J)inges B. 8 ^ww^ from J, om. B. 



76 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XXXIII. I 



cuman sceolde. Da c\vae(5 he : Swa>eah is * to ge)?encanne 
(5a fif >ing Ipe we aer } 7 mb spr[^]con, }?eah hi tonemde sien 
mid wordum, j> hit is call an >ing, j^onne hi gegaderede biotS ; 
j? is anwald 7 genyht 7 foremaernes 7 weor&scipe 7 blis. pa 
fif ((Kng\ Jxmne hi ealle gegaderade bio<5, Jxmne bi(S f God ; 5 
forSaem J>a fif eall nan mennisc man fullice habban ne maeg 
(5a hwile J>e he on J?isse worulde bi(S. Ac )?onne ]?a fif f>ing, 
swa we aer cwasdon, eall gegadorede bio<5, f>onne bi<5 hit eall 
an J>ing, 7 ^ an Sing bi(S God ; 7 he bi(S anfeald untodaeled, 
J>eah he asr [0]n maenig tonemned waere. Da andsw^rede ic 10 
7 cwaeS : pisses ic eom ealles gej?afa. 

ii. pa cwaeS he : peah nu God anfeald ^sie 7 untodasled, 
swa swa he is, se mennisca gedwola hine todaelecS on msenig 
mid heora unnjttum wordum. JE\c mon tiohhacS him ^ to 
selestum goode 2 (5set ^ he swicSust lufa"S; }?onne \ufa sum 15 
tSset, sum elles hwset. "p bi(5 J?onne his god j> he J^asr swiSost 
lufa S. ponne hi jxmne heoiz. God on swa monige dselas 
C. tO*[dfe/(^, /ow metdd hi naupe\p ne God selfne ne ]3one dasl 
godes (Se hi switfor lufiatJ. ponne hi hine selfne don ealne 
aetgasdere, nabbaft J?onne nau Ser ne hine ealne ne >one dael 20 
J>e hi paerof dydon. FortJy ne fint aelc mon f he seccS forSy 
he hit on riht ne sec"S. Ge secacS f 3 ge findan ne magon, 
f)onne ge seca S eal good on anum go[0]de 4 . \f)a cw&$\ ic : 
p is soS. Da cwastS he : ponne se mon waedla bi(5 ne wilnatS 
he nanes anwealdes, ac he 5 wilnacS 6 welan 7 flihS f>a waedle ; 25 
ne swin[<r](S he nauht aefter faem hu he foremaerost sie, ne 
nan man eac ne begit -f he aef t ne swincS. He ]?onne winc5 1 
ealle his weoruld aefter J?aem welan, 7 forlaet maenigne weor- 
uldlust wiS J>aem J>e he ):one welan begete 7 gehealde, forfaem 
J>e his hine lyst ofer eal o Sm f>ing. Gif he hine J>onne beget, 30 
jxmne ]?inc^ him j> he naebbe genog buton he haebbe (eac) 
anwald ]?aerto, forj>aemj)e him JincS f he ne maege J>one 
welan buton amvalde gehealdan. Ne him eac naefre genog 

Boeth. iii. pr. 9. 1. 43 P. Hoc igitur, quod est unum, &c. 

1 is above line. 2 gesalestu B, om. goode. 3 Jxz B. 4 From J, 
B. 5 he om. B. 6 zy/7/afif B. 7 jw/w<r0 B. 



XXXIII. 3 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 77 



5 



ne JpincS aer he haebbe eal f hine lyst, fonSon 7 fe fone welan 2 
lyst anwaldes, y fone anwald lyst weonSscipes, j fone weorcS- 
scipe lyst maer<5a. *Si(5(5an [he pees welan full bid, pon fimcff] * 6 3 a c - 
him ]> he haebbe aelcne willan gif he hae[$]be anwald ; j 

5 gesaelf s ealne fone welan aeft; f aem anwalde, buton he hine 
mid laessan begitan maege ; j forlaet aelcne ocSerne [ze;]eorSscipe 
witS cSaem fe he msege to (Saem [anweal]de cuman. 7 fonne 
gebyreS 4 oft, fonn|Y] he call wi^ anwalde geseald haef<5 (p p 
he hcEfde), $ he naef (5 nau^er ne )?one anwald ne eac f ( 

10 he wi"S sealde, ac [o/jyrtS ponne swa earm f he naefS furfum 
nedfearfe ane ; f is wist 7 waeda. WilnatS J>eah lp onne 

nedSearfe, naes J>aes anwaldes. 

iii P. We spraecon ser be psem fif gesaelfum ; f is wela 
7 anwald 7 weortSscipe 7 formaernes 7 willa. Nu haebbe 

J 5 we gereaht be welan 7 be anwalde, 7 f ilce we m[tfW/J reccan 
be faem Jrim c5e we \\\nareht^\ habbaS; f is weonSscipe 
7 foremaernes 7 willa. pa 7 J)rio fincg, 7 J>a tu ]?e we ser 
nedon, feah hwa wene f he on hiora anra hwylcum maege 
habban fulla gesael Sa, ne bi(5 hit no Sy hraefor swa, (Seah 

20 hi his wilnigen, buton hi J>a fif ealle habben 8 . Da andsworede 
ic 7 cwaecS : Hwaet sculon we fonne don, nu Ipu cwist $ we 
ne msegen on Sara anra hwylcum $ hehste good habban 7 fa 
fullan gesaelSa, ne we huru *\ne wenad p ure anra hwelc }>a Ji~\f 
call aetgaedre begite? Da andsworede he 7 cw(5: Gif hwa 

2 5 wilnacS f he fa fif call haebbe. fonne wilnaS he fara hehstena 
gesaelS[^] ; ac he ne maeg (5a fullice begitan on <5isse weorulde, 
forSaem feah he ealle f [a] fif gesaelSa begite, fonne ne bi<S 
\hii\ f eah f hehste good ne fa selestafrc] gesae[/]Sa ; forSaem 
hi ne bio^ ece. pa andswarode ic (7 cwcefi : Nii) ic ongite 

30 genog sweotole f Sa selestan gesaelcSa ne sint on f isse 
weorulde. pa cwaeS he : Ne f earf nan mon on tSys and- 
weardan life spyrian aeft fsem so^um gesaelSum, ne faes 

P Boeth. iii. pr. 9. 1. 59 P. Similiter ratiocinari, &c. 

1 forfiam B. 2 welegan B. s geseld B. * getideQ B. 5 furdon B. 
6 unreht ]. 7 J>as B. 8 So C. 



78 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIII. 3 

Q 

wenan tSset he aer J msege good genog findan. Da cwaeS ic : 
SocS )?u saegst. 

iv q. pa cwaecS he : [/<r w]ene () f ic J>e hsebbe genog 
gessed [j/^]b (5a leasan gesselfta, ac ic wolde nu f tSu wende 
}?in ingej^onc fro J>sem leasum gesaelftum ; jxmne ongitst J>u 5 
switSe hraetfe J>a socSan gesselSa J>e ic t5e ser gehet -p ic Je 
eowian wolde. pa cwsej) ic : Ge furcSum }?a 2 dysegan 8 men 
ongitaft f te fulla gessel&a sint, J> eah hi ]?3er ne sien >a3r hi 
heora wenacS. pu me gehete nu lytle ser f tSu hi wolde me 
getsecan ; ac ))3es 4 me ^incS Sset -f bio sio softe j sio ful- 10 

C. fremede gesselS *?5e w^ [^/<:w hirefolgera sellan ~dur1i\^N\m\- 
gendne welan 6 7 ecne anwald 7 singalne weorc5scipe 7 ece 
msertSa 7 fulle geniht. Ge fur Sum f ic cwetfe sie sio so^e 
geseelS J>e an 6 Sissa fifa mseg fullice forgifan, fortSaemJe on 
selcum anum hi sint call. Fortfem ic secge J>as word tSe 15 
for^y ic wille f (5u wite c5ast se cwide [jze/]itSe fasst is on minum 
mode, swa fsest f his me nan mon gedwellan 7 ne mseg. pa 
cwaetS he: Eala, cniht, J>y 8 J?u eart gesaelig f J>u hit swa 
ongiten hsefst ; ac ic wolde f wyt spyredon get sef t ]?3em J?e 
J>e wana is. Da cwaej) ic : Hwaet is f Sonne ? pa cwsecS 20 
he : Wenst Su hwaeSer aenig Jissa andweardana 9 gooda J>e 10 
msege sellan fulle ges^elcSa ? Da andswarode ic 7 [cw~]<e8 : 
Nat ic nan wuht 10 on (Sys andweard[tf] life J>e swilc gifan 
msege. Da cwset5 [^: /tar] andweardan good sint an- 
licn[(?w /fl?j] ecan goodes, nses ful goode, [forfd~\ hi ne 25 
magon so(5 good 7 ful good forgifan hiora folgerum. pa 
cwaetS ic : Ic eom genog wel gefafa ^ses J>e Ju saegst. Da 
cwaeS he : Nu Su })onne wast hwaet #a leasan gessel^a sint 
7 hwset J>a so[/]an ges[^]FSa sint, nu ic wolde J>set J>u 

C. *\leornodest hu pu mihtest becuman to pa ^oj^um gesaelSum. 30 
Da cwseS ic : Hu ne gehete n )>u me gefyrn ser f t$u hit 1! 
wolde me getaecan, 7 me lyste nu f switSe georne geheran. 

i Boeth. iii. pr. 9. 1. 70 P. Habes igitur, inquit, &c. 

1 her B. 2 /a om. B. 3 dysige B. * So K,J><zsJ><; C. 5 rA- 
wunigendne welan om. B, &M- from J. 6 From B, <? C. 7 gedweli- 
gan B. 8 7?w^ B. 9 andwearda B. 10 /^ . . . w^/ om. B. 

11 From B, ^rf C. 12 A?V om. B. 



XXXIII. 5] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 79 



Da cwaeS he : Hwset sculon we nu don to ]?on l $ we maegen 
cuman to j^sem (soffum) gesaelcSum ? Hwaej^er we scylen 
biddan jxme godcundan fultum segfter ge on laessan ge on 
ma[r^7], swa swa ure liSwita saede, Plato? pa cwaeo" 
5 ic : Ic wene f we scylen biddan J>one faeder ealra Jringa ; 
for&aem se (Se hine biddan nyle J^onne ne gemet he hine, 
ne furj^um 2 ryhtne weg \vit5 his ne aredaS. Da cwaeS 
he: SwitSe rihte 8 Ipu sjfegst; 7 ong#n fca s[z]gan 7 J>us 



Jo v r . (Eala, Dryhten, hu micel 7 ^ wuderlic Jm ear t, fin 

$e ealle pine gesceafta gesewenlice 7 eac ungesewenlice wun- 

derlice gesceope 7 gesceadwislice heora weltst ; ffu fte iida frd 

middaneardes fruman od done ende endebyrdlice gesettest, swa 

pie hi cEgper ge ford farad ge eft cumafi ; fiu fie ealle pa 

15 unstillan gesceafta to pinu willan astyrast, 7 J?u self simle stille 
7 unawendedlic purhwunast ; forpa tie nan mihtigra pe m s, 
ne nan pin gelica, ne pe nan neodpearf ne Icerde to wyrcanne p 
p 3u worhtest ; ac mid pinu agenu willan 7 mid pinu agenu 
anwealde pu ealle ping geworhtest, fieah $u heora nanes ne 

20 beporfte. Swifie wunderlic is p gecynd pines godes, forpafie 
hit is eall an, pu 7 pin godnes ; p god na uton cumen to pe, 
ac hit is 3in agen. Ac eall p we godes habbad on pisse 
worulde, p us is uton cumen ; p is from pe. N&fstpu nanne 
andan to nanum pinge, forpape nan crczftigra nis ponne pu, 

25 ne nan pin gelica ; forpam flu ealle god mid fanes anes gepeahte 
gepohtest 7 geworhtest. Ne bisnode pe nan man, forpape nan 
cer pe nces para pe auht offie nauht worhte. Ac pu ealle ping 
geworhtest swiff e gode 7 swifte fcegere, 7 pu self ear tp hehste* god 
j pfcegereste. Swa swa pu self gepohtest pu geivorhtest pisne 

30 middangeard, 7 his iveltst swa swa pu wilt, 7 pu self dcelst 
eall god swa swa pu wilt. J ealle gesceafta pu gesceope him 
gelice, 7 eac on sumu ffingu ungelice. peak pu pa ealle 
gesceafta ane naman genede, elle pu nemdest togedere 7 hete 
woruld ; 7 peah pone anne noman pu todcrtdest on feower 

r Boeth. iii. met. 9. *O qui perpetua mundum/ c. Cott. Metr. xx. 
1 J>ant B. 2 furSon B. 3 ryht B. 4 em. hehte B. 






8o DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIII. 5 

gesc eafta ; an freer a is eorfie, offer wafer, firidde lyft,feorpefyr. 
slcu para pu gesettest his agene sunders fowe, 7 peak ale is 
wiff ofire genened 7 sibsulice gebunden mid pinu bebode, swa p 
heora nan ofires ruearce ne ofereode, 7 se die geprowode wiff da 
hato, 7 p wat wifi pa drygu. Eorfian gecynd 7 water es is 5 
ce aid ; sie eortie is dryge 7 c eald, j p water wat 7 ce aid. Sie 
lyft l ponne is genemned p hio is cegper ge ceald ge wat ge 
wearm. Nis hit nan wunder,forpa fie hio is gesceapen on pa 
midle betwux 2 pare drygan j pare cealdan eorpan 7 pa hatd 
fyre. p fyr is yfemest ofer ellu pissu woruldgesceaftu. * 
pundorlic is p pin gefieaht, p ffu hafst <zgper gedon : ge pa 
gesceafta gemcersode betwux him, ge eac gemengde pa drigan 
j eorfian 7 pa cealdan under pa cealdan wcEtere 7 pa 3 wcetan, 
p pcBt hnesce 7 flowende water h&ble flor on pare fasl- 
an eorfian ; forpape hit ne mceg on him selfu gestandan. Ac seo 15 
eorde hit helt 7 4 be sumu dale sivilgfi, 7 for pa sype heo bid 
geleht p hio grewfi 7 blewfi 7 westmas bringfi ; forpa gif p 
wal hi ne gefiwande, pan drugode hio 7 wurde todrifen mid 
pam winde swa swa dust odfie axe. Ne mihte nanwiiht 
libbendes pare eorpan brucan ne pas wateres, ne on nauSru 20 
eardigan for die, gif pu hi hwathwegununga wicf fir ne 
gemengdest. Wundorlice crafte pu hit hafst gesceapen pat p 
fyr ne forbarrid p water j pa eorpan, nu hit gemenged is wifi 
agder ; ne eft water 7 seo eorde eallunga ne adwasced p fyr. 
pas water es agnu cyfi is on eorpan, 7 eac on lyfte, 7 eft bufan 25 
pa rodore. Ac pas fyres agen stede is ofer eallu woruld- 
gesceaftu gesewenlicu, 7 peah hit is gemenged wifi ealle 
gesceafta; j peah ne magnaneparagesceaftaeallungaforcuman , 
forpampe hit naffi leafe pas almihtigan. Sio eorpe pbn 
is hefigre 7 piccre pon odra gesceafta, forpa hio is niocfor 3 
pon anig o$ru gesc ea ft buton pa rodore ; forpa se rodor hine 
hafd alee dag utane, peah he hire nawer ne genealace; on 
alcere stowe he is hire emnneah, ge ufan ge motion. slc para 
gesceafta pe we gefyrn ar ymbe spracon hafS his agenne 
eard onsundron ; 7 peah is ale wifi otier gemenged, forfiampe 35 
1 em. /j/B. 2 em. betiax B. 3 em./B. * 7 Conject. om. B. 5 em. orctiman B. 



XXXIII. 5] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 8 1 

nan dara gesceafta ne mag bion buton oderre, deah hio unsiveotol 

sie on peer e oderre. Siva swa nu eorde is 7 water sint swide 

earfode to geseonne odde to ongitonne dysgu monnu on fyre, 7 

swafieah hi sint darwid gemengde. Swa is eac peer fyr on 

5 dam stanu 7 on fid watere, swide earfodhawe^, ac hit is peak 

para, pu gebunde p fyr mid swide unanbindendlicu racentu, 

p hit ne mag cuman to his agenu earde, p is to pa mcsstan 

fyre de ofer us is, pylas hit forla.te pa eordan ; 7 ealle odre 

gesceafta aswindad for ungemetlicu die, gif hit eallunga 

10 from gewite. f)u gestafloladest eorcfan sivifie wundorlice 7 

fcEstlice, p heo ne helt on nane healfe ne on nanum eorfilicu 

pinge ne stent ; ne nanwuht eorfilices hi ne healt p hio ne sige, 

7 nis hire peah pon e$re to feallanne of dune pon up. pu eac 

pa firiefealdan sawla on geSwceru limit styrest, swa p dare 

15 sawle py Icesse ne bid on dam Ices fan fingre de on eallu pa 

lichoman. Forpi ic cwad pcet sio sawul ware preofeald, 

forpape udwitan secgad p hio habbe prio gecynd. A n dara 

gecynda is p heo bid wilnigende, oder p hio bid irsiende, 

pridde p hio bid gesceadwis. Twa para gecynda 2 habbad netenu 

20 swa same swa men ; oder para is wilnung, oder is irsung. 

Ac se mon ana hafd gesceadwisnesse, nalles nan odru gesceaft ; 

fordi he hcpfd oferpungen ealle pa eordlican gesceafta mid 

gedeahte 7 mid andgite. Forpa seo gesceadwisnes sceal wealdan 

agder ge pare wilnunga ge pas yrres, forpa hio is synderlic 

25 craft pare saule. Swa du gesceope pa saule pat hio sceolde 
ealne weg hwearfian on hire self re, swa swa eall pes rodor 
hwerfd, odde swa swa hweol onhwerfd, smeagende ymb hire 
sceoppend, odde ymbe hi selfe, odde ymbe pas eordlican ge 
sceafta. pon hio pon ymbe hire scippend smead, pon bid hio 

30 ofer hire self re ; ac pon hio ymbe hi selfe smead, pon bid 
hio on hire self re ; 7 under hire self re hio bid pon don hio 
lufad pas eordlican ping, 7 para wundrad. Hwat pu, 
Drihten, forgeafe pa sawlum eard on hiofonu, 7 him par 
gif si weordlice gif a, alcere be hire geearnunge ; 7 gedest p 

35 hi scinad swide beorhte, 7 peah swide mistlice birhtu, sume 

1 em. tarfdhawe B. 2 em. gecyndu B. 
G 



82 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIII. 5 

beorhtor sume unbyrhtor, swa swa steorran, <zlc be his geear- 
nunga. Hwcet pu, Drihfen, geg&derast pa hiofonlican saw la 
7 pa eordlican lichoman, 7 hi on $isse worulde gemengest, 
Swa swa hi from pe hider comon, swa hi eac to pe hionan 

fundiafi. pu fyldest $as eorfian mid mistlicu cynrenu netena, 5 
7 hi sififian aseowe mistlicu scede treowa 7 wyrta. Forgif nu, 
Drihfen, uru modu p hi moton to pe astigan purh pas earfodu 

pisse worulde, 7 of pissu bisegu to pe cuman, 7 openu eagum 
ures modes we moten geseon pone cepelan cewelm ealra goda ; p 
eart ffu. Forgif us pon hale eagan ures modes, p we hi pon 10 
moton af&stnian on pe ; 7 todrif done mist pe nu hangdd 
beforan ures modes eagu, 7 onliht pa eagan mid fiinu lebhte ; 

forpa ffu eart sio birhtu fices so~dan leohtes, 7 pu eart sio sefte 
rcest sofif&stra, 7 ou gedest pat hi ffe gesioo. pu eart ealra 

pingafruma 7 ende. f>u brist e all e ping buton geswince. pu 15 
eart agfier ge weg, ge ladpeow, ge sio stow 3e se weg to 
8e ealle men 



XXXIV s. 

i. >a se Wisdom fa tSis leotS 7 Jis gebed asungen haefde, 
fa ongan he eft spellian 7 fus cwset5 : Ic wene f hit sie nu 
serest J>earf f ic Se gere[Yr]e hwaer f hehste good is, nu ic Se 20 
ser [hcefde ^-Jereaht hwaet hit wses, oSSe \\[wylc p medeme} 
6ob C. g od wffis hwylcf [unmedeme. *Ac anes pinges ic pe wolde 
(Brest acsian 1 : //JwseSer fu wene f senig fing on fisse 
worulde swa good sie f hit Se maege forgifa[] fulla gesselSa ? 
De 3 ic tSe ascige ]>[y ic] nolde f unc beswice senegu leas 25 
a[/*]cnes for sotSa gesaelSa. ForSy []an \mon\ ne mjeg 
oSsacan f sum good ne sie f hehste, swa swa sum micel 
gewelm 7 diop, 7 irnen maenege 4 brocas 7 riSa of. ForSy 
mon cwicS be sumu goode f hit ne sie ful good, for&E him 
bitS hwaeshwugu wana ; 7 J? eah ne bitS ealles butan, fortSaem 30 
]?e aelc fing wyrS to nauhte gif hit nauht goodes on him 

6 Boeth. iii. pr. 10. Quoniam igitur, &c. 

1 hivylc . . . ac om. B, unmedeme ac from J. 2 ascian J. 3 )>i B. 
4 em. magene C, manige B. 



XXXIV. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 83 

naefcS. Be Ipy (5u meaht ongittf;/ p of \am maestan goode 
cuma(5 (ffa) Izessan god, naes of (Saem /sessan j> mseste, \on l 
[ma] J)e sio ea m^ weonSan to aewelme. Ac se aewelm 
m^ weonSan to ea, 7 /mh sio ea Gym s eft to <5aem gewelme ; 
5 swa cym(5 selc good of Code 7 eft to him, 7 he is f fulle 
god 2 7 f fullfremede, f nanes willan wana ne bi(5. Nu J>u 
meaht sweotole ongitan f f is good 3 self. Hwz ne meaht 
(5u ge)?encan, gi[_/~ nan~\\vuht full naere, jx)nne [ncere 72#;z 
wuhf\ wana, 7 gif nan wuh[/ wana ncere], *1pon[ne n<zre * 7 a c 

1 nan wuht full ? Forty bid^\ senig J?ing full 4 f>e sum biS a 
wana, (7) forc5y biS senig )?ing wana (Se sum biS full; selc 
]?ing biS fullest on his agnum earda 5 . Hwy ne meaht )m 
|)onne ge^encan, gif on senegum >issa eorcSlicena gooda 
aeniges willan 7 seniges goodes wana is, ]x>nne is sum good 

I s full aelces willan, 7 nis nanes goodes wana ? Da andsworede 
ic 7 cwaecS : SwicSe rihtlice 7 (swide) ^jr<?adwislice J>u haefst 
me ofercumen 7 gefangen, ]> ic ne maeg no witScwe^an ne 
furSum 6 ongean tSaet fencan 7 , buton f hit is call swa swa 
Ju saegst. 

2 ii t. p a cw36(5 se Wisdom : Nu ic wolde f Su Sohte 
geornlice oc5 f Su ongeate hwaer sio fulle gesaelS sie. Hu 
ne wast J>u nu (Saette call moncyn is anmodlice ge]?afa f God 
is fruma ealra gooda 7 waldend ealra gesceafta ? He is f 
hehste good, ne naenne mon nu faes ne tweoS ; fonSse J?e hi 

25 nauht niton betere, ne funSu nauht emngoodes. FonSaem 

us saegS aalc gesceadwisnes 7 ealle men f ilce andettaS 8 f 

God 9 sie f hehste good, for^aem^e hi tacniaS f te eall good 

on him sien 10 ; forSaem gif hit swa naere, )?onne *[ncere he ft * ;ob C. 

p he gehaten is ; odfie (zni~\g J>ing aer waere O(5<5e aeltaewre, ]?onne 

30 wsere f betere ]?onne he. Ac fonSaem]}e nan ]?ing naes aer 
ponne he ne aeltaewre fonne he ne diorwyrSre fonne he, 
forcSaem he is fruma 7 aewelm 7 hrof eallra gooda. Genog 

4 Boeth. iii. pr. 10. 1. 21 P. Quo uero, inquit, habitet, &c. 

1 From J, j&? B. 2 Accent not quite clear. 3 god B. 4 full fiing B. 
5 earde B. 6 furd B. 7 ge}encan B. 8 From B, andetteS C. 

9 From B, good C. 10 jy B. 

G 2 



84 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE [XXXIV. 2 



sweotol hit is <5aet f fulle good waes sertSsem )?e f wana 1 . "J3 
is to gelefanne f se hehsta God 2 sie 3 aelces godes fullast, 
]) ylaes we leng 4 sprecen ymb J^onne we ne J>yrfen. Se ilca 
God is, swa swa we aer ssedon, hehste good 7 J>a selestan 
gesaelfta, nu hit is openlice cucS $ (5a selestan gesaelSa on 5 
nanum ocSrum gesceaftum ne sint buton on Code, pa cwse<5 
ic : Ic eom gej^afa. 

iii u . Da cwaetS he : Ic Ipe healsige f (5u gesceadwislice 
ongitQ fte God is full aelcere fullfremednesse 7 aelces go</es 
7 aelcere gesaelcSe. Da cwaej? ic : Ic ne maeg fullice ongitan 10 
forhwy (5u eft saegst ^ ilce ]> <5u aer saedest. pa cwseS he : 
FonSy ic (hit) J)e secge eft, J?y ic nolde -f Su wende f se 
God * J?e fseder is and fruma eallra gesceafta, j> him ahwonan 
utan come his 5 sio hea goodnes ]?e he full is. Ne ic eac 
C. nolde f (Su wende *-})te [^^?r ze/d?r<? his god 7 &> gescelfi, 
he self; fortSaem gif (5u wenst -p him ahwonan vA.an come 
good f>e he haefS, J?onne waere f Sing bet re f>e hit him fro 
come J>onne he, gif hit swa waere. Ac is swiSe dyjlic 7 
swit5e micel syn f mon J?aes wenan scyk. be Gode, ocScSe eft 
wenan J>get aenig Jring jer him waere ot5^e betre (5onne he 20 
o^Se him gelic. Ac we sculon bion gefafan f te se G God 
sie ealra pinga betst. Gif jm nu gelyfst f te an 7 God sie, 
swa swa on monnum bicS : otter bit5 se mon, f bicS saul 7 
lichoma, o Ser bi(S his godnes; f>a gegadera^ 8 God 7 (<?/?), 
aetg^dre gehelt 7 gemetgacS: gif fu fonne gelefst -p hit swa 25 
sie on Gode 9 , )?onne scealt J>u nede gelefan -f sum anwald 
sie mara f?onne his, f J^onne his swa gesomnige swa he ]?one 
urne de(5. Hwaet, aelc fing )?e tosceaden biS from o Srum 
biS oc5er, (ofrer) J>aet ping, peah hi <^tgaedre sien ; gif }?onne 
hwylc ^>ing tosceaden biS from paem hehstan goode, ponne 30 
ne bitS j3 no f hehste good, "p is (peak) micel syn to geSen- 
canne be Gode, jjte aenig god sie buton on him, oc5(Se aenig 

u Boeth. iii. pr. 10. 1. 37 P. Sed quaeso, inquit, te, &c. 



1 For wana B has wene. 2 From B, ^wof C. 3 w B. 

* len& om. B. 5 his is B. 6 se om. B. 7 aw above line in B. 

_ 

8 gegadraQ C. 9 From B, goode C. 



XXXIV. 5 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 85 

from him adaeled, forSaem^e nan wuht nis be/ere *\_pdn he, ne * ;ib C. 
emngodhim. Hiuilc ping mceg be~\<m betre Jxmne his sceppend? 
ForSse ic secge mid ryhtre gesceadwisnesse f f sie hehste 
good on his agenre gecynde $te fruma is eallra J?inga. Da 
5 cwaetS ic : (Nu) J?u haefst me mi switSe rihte oferreahtne. 
pa cwaetS /fo: .//waet, ic ponne aer saede }> j> hehste good 7 
sio hehste gesaelcS an waere. Da cwaecS ic : Swa hit is. pa 
cwsetS he : Hwaet, \ville we f>onne secgan hwaet ^ sie elles 
buton God ? Da cw ic : Ne maeg ic <5aes ocSsacan, forSaem 

10 J>e ic his wses aer gefafa. 

iv \ Da cwaetS he : Hwaetfer Ipu hit a sweotolor ongitan 
maege gif ic J>e sume bisne g^t ma secge ? Gif nu tu good 
waeren J^e ne meahton setsomne bion, 7 waeren ]?eah buto 
goode, hu ne wcere hit fonne genog sweotol f hiora x naere 

15 naucSer f o Ser? for^y ne mseg ]> fulle ^<?d bion no toddled. 
Hu maeg hit bion \cegper ^]e full ge wana? ForcSaem we 
cwetSaS f sio _/ulle gesaelS 7 god f hi sien an good, 7 -f sie 
j> hehste ; f>a ne magon naefre weortSan todaelede 2 . Hu ne 
sculon we ]?onne nede bion gejmfan ^te sio hehste gesaelS 

20 7 sio hea godcundnes a[] sie ? pa cwsetS ic : Nis nan J?ing 

so(5re j^onne fset; *ne ma[^ we nanwuht findan lie/ere 3 ]* ;2a C. 
fonne God. ()# <:-z^^^" ^ 4 ) : Ac ic wolde giet (mid) sumre 
dims f>e behwerfan utan f J>u ne mihtst naenne weg findan 
ofer; swa swa \tfSvritena gewuna is p hi willatS simle hwaet- 

25 hwugu niwes 7 ^/^/cuj^es eowian, j) hi maegen midy^ <2Z;^ccan 
f mod J?ara geherendra. 

v w . Hu ne hsefdon we aer gereaht f Sa gesa?l]?a 7 sio 
godcundnes an wsere ? Se J>e Jonne ]?a gescefSz, haeftS, J>onne 
haefS he aegj>er, ^ J>e J>one aegfer haefS. Hu ne bi<S ^ J)onne 

3 full eadig ? Hu ne wast Ipu nu f we cwe(5ac5 f jf bio wz> J>e 
wisdom haefS, 7 rihtwis J?e rihtw/^nesse haefS? Swa w<? 
eac f f sie God f>e f>a godcundnesse 5 haefS 7 



v Boeth. iii. pr. 10. 1. 63 P. Respice, inquit, an hinc/ &c. 
w Boeth. iii. pr. 10. 1. 79 P. < Nam quoniam beatitudinis, &c. 

lacide 

1 j? Az ^ra om. B. 2 todcelede B. 5 medemre J. 4 S 

conject. by Junius, om. C and B. 5 godnesse B. 



86 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIV. 5 

V 

gesaelcSa, 7 aelc gesae/z g (mon) bi(5 God; //eah is an God 1 , 
se is stemn 7 sta<5ol eallra goda 2 ; of J>aem cumacS call 
good, 7 eft hi fundiatS to him, 7 he welt ealra. peah he nu 
sie se fruma 7 se staSol 3 ealra goodra 7 ealra gooda, J>eah 
is msenig good J>e of him cymcS 3 ; swa swa ealle steorran 5 
weorcSatS onlihte 7 gebirhte of J?aere sunnan, sume ))eah 
beorhtor, sume unbeorhtor. Swa eac se mona, swa micl(w) 

72b C. he lyht swa sio sunne hine gescint) ; *[pon hio him ealne 
geondscirifi, pon\ biS he eall beorht. Da ic pa >is spell 
ongeat, ]?a wearS ic * agaelwed 7 swi(5e afaered, 7 cwae(5 : Is 10 
]?is la wundorlic 7 wynsum 7 gesceadwislic 5 spell f <5u nu 
saegst. Da cwaecS he : Nis nan wuh t wynsure ne gewisre 
Jxmne f Sing f }?is 6 spell ymbe is 7 we nu embe sprecan 
willacS ; forftsem me J^incS good *f we hit gemengen to <5aem 
^rran. Da cwaeS ic : Hvvset is f , la ? 15 

vi x . Da cwaeS he : Hwaet, Ipu wast <5aet ic J>e ^r saede f 
sio so Se 7 gesaeltS waere good, 7 ofpzere soSan gesaeltSe cumaS 
eall ^a o^ru good J>e we ser 8 embe spraecon, 7 eft to ; swa 
swa of )?aere see cymtS ^ waeter tnnon (Sa eor San, 7 ]?33r 
afer^ca S ; cyrn5 ]?onne up 9 aet Ipzem aewelme, wyr"S ]?onne 20 
to broce, J>onne to ea, ]?onne andlang 10 m, oc5 hit wyrS eft to 
sse. Ac z c wo/^? J>e nu ascian hu f>u J>is spell undertfan&tn 
haefd^/ ; hwae]?er J>u wene j^ /^ yf/" god Ipe we oft ser ymbe 
sprcscan, p is anwald 7 weorftscipe 7 foi emcernes 7 genyht 
7 blis, ic wolde witan hwceder pu wende ^ ]?as X1 good waeren 25 
limu pare sopan gesaeij^e, swa swa monegu limu 12 beo% on 

73a C. anum men, 7 weoroVS J>eah *[^//<? /<? anu lichoman ; offfe pu 
wendest] $ hwylc an ]?ara fif god(a) worhte J>a soc^an gesaelSe, 
7 si}?]?an "Sa feower good waeren hire good ; swa swa nu saul 
7 lichoma wyrcatS anne mon, 7 se an mon haefcS maenig 13 lim, 3 

* Boeth. iii. pr. ro. 1. 89 P. Cum multa, inquit, beatitude, &c. 



1 7 se }>eah is god B. 2 goda B. 3 Instead vi ealra . . . 

B has simply eallra goda Qe of him cumaS. 4 he B. 5 gesceadlic B. 
6 ^m B. 7 B has/,? for .wdte. 8 <zr om. B. 9 From B, u6 C. 
10 From B, which has 7 lang. 11 /j from B, fas C. 12 For 

monegu limit B has #/<z /%?<</ lima ; limu from J. 13 Orig. manige 
B, but the e erased. 



XXXIV. 6] DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE 87 



7 f eah to f aem twaem, f is to f aere saule 7 to f aem lichoman. 
belimpaS ealle fas 1 faes monnes good ge gastlicu ge 
lichomlicu. "}) is mi faes lichoman good -p mon [j]ie faeger 
[7 ,r/r]ang 7 lang 7 brad, 7 m[<2^]gu [<^]ru good (70) 2 eac 
5 f aem ; 7 ne bit) hit feah se lichoma self, forSaem feah he 
para gooda hwylc forleose, feah he bit) f he aeror wass. 
ponne is (Saere saule good waerscipe 7 gemetgung 7 gefyld 7 
rihtvvisnes 7 wisdom, 7 manege 3 swelce craeftas ; 7 swafeah 
biS of er sio saul, o(5er biocS hir<? cr&ftas. Da cwaet) ic : Ic 

10 wolde $ <5u me sczdest get sweotolor ymb fa oftru good Ipe to 
<5sere soSan gesaelSe belimpa^. )a cwse(5 he : Ne saede ic 
fe 33r f sio gescslft good waere ? Gyse 4 , cwaeS ic, ge f u p 
scEdest p hio f hehste good waere. f)a cwafihe: Eart J>u 
nu 5 get gefafa f te anweald 7 weor Sscipe 7 forem&rnes 7 

15 genyht 7 blis 7 sio eadignes 7 $ hehste ^^ *[; ^<2 sien eall G * 73 b 
an, j p an pon sie god? f)a <r]waeS ic : Hu wille ic nu 
lp aes o Ssacan ? _/?# cwset5 he : Hwaafer fincS J>e fonne f 
fa fincg sien, Se Sara soSena gesaelSa limu, fe sio gesaelS 
self? Da cwaeS ic: Ic wat nu hwaat fu woldest witan ; ac 

20 me lyste bet jj Su me saede sume hwile ymb f, fonne f u me 
ascode. pa cwaeS he : Hu ne meaht J> u geSencan ? gif fa 
good wae[r<9 /<z]ere sof a[w] gesselSe limu, f onne wcsron hi 
hwcethwegu^ todceled ; swa swa monnes lichoman limu 8 bioS 
hw&thwugu. todaeled. Ac fara lima gecynd is/ hi gewercaS 

25 senne lichoman, 7 feah ne bio S eallunga gelice. pa cwaeS ic: 
Ne fearft fu ma 9 swincan ymbe f ; genog sweotole (5u haefst 
me gesaed f (5a good ne sint nanw[]ht todaeled from Saere 
soSan gesaal^e. pa cwaeS he : Genog rihte f u hit on[ gitst, 
nu~\ fu ongitst f fa good ealle sint \_p\ ilce f gesaelS is, 7 

30 sio gesaelS is (5aet [^Jhste good, 7 f hehste good is God 10 , 
7 se [GW] is semle on anum untodaeled. Da \cw<E9 ic : 
Nis\ f aes n nan tweo ; ac ic wolde nu [/ fiu\ me scedest 
hwaethwugu uncuSes. 

1 ]>as om. B. 2 to above line in B. 3 From B, manega C. 

4 From B ; the letter foil, g very faint in C, but apparently not y. 

5 nu om. B. 6 ealle J. 7 hwathwugu J. 8 From B, C has lieu. 
mare B. 10 From B, good C. " / B. 



88 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIV. 7 



vii y. Da \cwafi he : p~\ is l nu sweotol f te eall fa good 
7 4 a C. ^p e we <z~\r ymbe spraecon belimpatS to (See *hehstan goode, 
\j pi men secap god ge]nog J>e hi wenatS f tSaet sie f hehste 
good, py 2 hi secaS anwald 7 eac eall 3 0#r good ]?e we aer 
ymb spraecon, <Sy hi w*a/& $ hit sie f hehste good. Be }>y 5 
Ju meaht witan $ j hehste good is hrof eallra "Sara o(5ra 
gooda fe men wilniaS 7 hi lyst, fortSsemfe naenne mow ne 
lyst nanes Binges buton goodefj 0#]t5e hwaeshwugu J>ses Se 
(goode gelic bid. Maniges pinges hi urilniap pees ffe) full good 
ne bitS, ac hit haefS feah hwaethwugu gelices goode. FortSaem 10 
we cwetSatS f f hehste good sie se hehsta hrof eallra gooda 
7 sio hior Se 4 eall 5 good on hwearfatS, [7 ^r] Sset J>ing fe 
mon eall good fore deS ; for Ssem finge men lyst selces fara 
gooda J>e hi lyst. ^ J>u meaht switSe sweotole ongitan be 
faem J>e nsenne mon ne lyst fses Binges J>e hine 6 lyst ne 15 
faes J>e he deS, ac faes Je he mid cSaem earnaS; fortSaemtSe 
he wentS, gif he fonne lust begite 7 f furhtio f he fonne 
^tiohhad haefS, $ he J> onne hse[^^ /w/]le gesael^a. Hu ne 
wast J>u / w^ mon fortSy ne rit fe hine rida?/ lyst, ac rit for 
tSy J>e he mid Saere rade [^r]naS sume earnunga ? Sume 1 20 
74b C. mid fsere *[r6?<? earndft sume p hie sien py hair an, sume 
earniafi p~\ hie sien tSy cafran, s[^]me f hy woldon cuman 
to sumre Jara stowa Ipe hi fene to [y^jndiaS. Hu ne is tSe 
]xmne 8 genog sweotol f te men nanwuht swiSor ne lufiaS 
fonne hi doS f hehste god ? forSaemfe aelc wuht }xzs Se hi 25 
wilniaS ocSS^ ^^ ^z dofi forpype hi woldon habban f hehste 
good on Saem. Ac hi dwoliatS sume on Ssem J>e hi wenatS 
Sset hi msegen habban full g^?d 7 fulla [gesceltid] on fisum 
andweardum godu ; [ac p~\<a fullan gesselSa 7 $ hehste good 
\is~] God self, swa swa we oft aer ssedon. )a cwsetS ic : Ne 30 

iV 1 

maeg ic no gefencan hu ic pees ohacan maege. Da cwaeo 
he: Uton latan fonne bion J>a 9 spraece, 7 bion f (fe 
orsorge, nu Su swa fullice ongi/en haefst -fte God simle bi5 

y Boeth. iii. pr. 10. 1. 112 P. Ad bonum uero cetera referri, &c. 



1 is conj. om. B. 2 ft B. 3 a// om. B. 4 Awr 9^ fr. B, eorSe C. 
5 From B, ealla C. c /^^ B. 7 mr/z. jw^ om. B. s nu B. 9 /rtj B. 



XXXIV. 9 ] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE 89 

\mtodaledlic 7 full good, 7 f his good 7 sio \_his gesceffi] him 
nahwonan utane ne com, ac vvaes symle on him selfum, 7 nu 
is, 7 a bi(5. 

viii z . Da se Wisdom fa Sis spell #ssed haefde, fa ongan 

5 he eft singan 7 fus cwsetS : * (Wella, men, wel ; ale para tie *74b C 

freo * "<? fundige to pa goode 7 A? pa gesaWu ; 7 j* $e nu 

gehaft sie mid pare unnyttan lufe pisses 2 middaneardes sece 

him freedom hu he mage becuman to pa gesaWum,forpamp 

is sio an rcEst eallra urra geswinca ; sio an hyd bid simle 

10 smyltu* after eallu pa ystuj paydum urra geswinca. p is seo 
an f rid stow 7 sio an frofer erminga after pa ermdu fosses 
andweardan lifes. Ac pa gyldenan s tanas, 7 pa seolfrenan, 
7 (Bices cynnes gi?nmas, 7 call pes andwearda wela, ne onlihta^ 
hi nauht pas modes eagan, ne heora scearpnesse nauht gebetad 

1 5 to pare sceawunga pare sodan gesalde ; ac get swiSor hi 

ablendad pas modes eagan p on hi hi ascirpan. Forpa ealle pa 

ding pe her liciad on pisum andweardum life sint eordlice, 

forpy hi sint fleonde*. Ac sio wundorlice beorhlnes pe ealle 

ding gebirht 7 eallu welt, nyle p $a sawla forweorfian, ac wile 

20 hi onlihtan. Gif pon hivelc mon mage gesion pa birhtu pas 
heofenlican leohtes mid hluttru eagu-his modes, pon wile he 
cwefian p sio beorhtnes 5 pare 6 sunnan sciman sie pesternes 7 to 
metanne wifi da ecan birhtu Godes.} 

ix a . Da se Wisdom (5a Sis leoS asungen haefde, 

2 5 cwxS ic : Ic eom gej> afa faes f e J>u ssegst, forSaemf e 
hit haefst geseSed mid ge^m^/wislicere race. Da cwaeS 
he : Mid hu micle feo woldest ]?u nu habban geboht $ f u 
meahte ongitan hwaet \f soffe] god waere, 7 hwylc hit waere. 
[)a cwad ic\ : Ic wolde fgegnian mid swi(5e \ungemetlic^ 

30 gefesth, 7 ic wolde mid \unarime\du feo 8 gebyr^an ^ ic hit 

*moste gesion. Da cwgeS he : Ic hit fe fonne wille * 76a C. 
getaecan ; ac f an ic fe bebiode, f ]?u feah for Saere 



z Boeth. iii. met. 10. Hue omnes pariter, &c. Cott. Metr. xxi. 
a Boeth. iii. pr. n. Assentior, inquam, &c. 

y 
1 em.feor B. 2 em. ]>isse>. 3 smiltu>. l tm.Jlffwondeo, 

5 em. beortnes B. 6 em. ware B. 7 em./^^ cer nes B. 8 fio J. 



90 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIV. 9 



taecinge l ne forgite )> f ic (Se 2 aer taehte. Da cwae<5 ic : 
Nese, ne forgite ic hit no. Da cwaecS he : Hu ne scsdon 
we ]?e aer f J>is andwearde lif >e we her wilniacS naere no 
f hehste good, fonSaem hit wsere mislic 7 tw swa rmmigfeald 
todaeled 3 , f hit 4 nan mon ne maeg eall habban f him ne sie 5 
sumes Binges wana ? Ic $e taehte J>a p faer waere Saet 
hehstae god ]?aer J?aer J>a good (ealle) gegadrade blotS, sw^/ce 
hi sien to anum wegge 5 gegoten. ponne Ipcer bicS full good 
j^onne ]?a good call* J>e we aer ymb spraecon beoff to anum 
goafc gvjgadrad ; J>onne ne b$ [iter] nanes goodes wana ; 10 
J>onne J?a good ^//<? on annesse bioS, 7 sio annes biS on 
ecw^jse. Gif hi on ecnesse naeren 6 , ]x>nne naere hiora sw r a 
swi"5e to girnanne. Da cwaecS ic : ]) is gesaed ; ne maeg 
ic no ]?aes 7 twiogean. pa cwaetS he : JEr ic J>e haefde gesaed f f 
naere full good j> eall <ztg(z&ere HCBTQ, for^aem is f fulle 8 good 15 
f eall aetgaedre is untodaeled. Da cwaeo" ic : Swae me cSincS. 
76b C. Da nvaeo" he : Wenstu nu )> eall *[^<2 /z^ de gode sint 
onpisse z^Jeorulde forSy goode sien 9 J)e 10 hi ^<z#ben u hwaet- 
hwugu goodes on him ? Da cwtS ic : Hwaes maeg ic elles 
wenan ? hu ne is hit swa ? Da cwaetS he : pu scealt J?eah 20 
gelyfan t5aet sio annes 7 sio good[;z/]s an c5ing sie. Da cwaeS 
ic : Ne masg ic f>aes oSsacan. pa cwaet5 he : Hu ne meaht 
Ipu ge]?encan ^ aelc J)ing mseg bion, ge on fisse weorulde 
ge on ]?sere toweardan, J>a hwile f>e hit untodaeled bit5 ? fonne 
ne biS hit eallunga swa swa hit aer wses. pa cwaetS ic : Sege 25 
me p sweo/<?/<?r ; ne maeg \ic\ fullice ongitan aefter hwa Ipu 
spyras/. >a cwceti he : Wast >u hw&t mon sie / Da cwaec5 
ic : Ic wat $ hi/ bi(5 12 sawl 7 lichoma. [)a cwceJS he : 
[/JTttJJaet, ]?u wast p hi/ biS mon, J?a hwile Ipe sio saul 7 se 
lichoma untodaelde 33 bio"S ; ne biS hit nan mon siot>an hi 30 
todaelde biocS. Swa eac se //rhoma bi(5 lichoma J?a hwile 
J>e he his limu ealle haeftS ; gif he f>onne hwile lim forlyst, 
\J>on ne] bitS he eall swa he aer waes. p ike f>u meaht 



5 
It 



1 tacninge B. 2 ^ om. B. 3 gedceled B. 4 ^zV om. B. 

wecge B. 6 w^ ^z>w B. 1 Jxzs no>. 8 _/// B. 9 jz w/ B. 

B. !! From J, AaWaflf B. 12 M B. 13 undelete B. 



XXXIV. i o] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 91 



gefencan be aelcum fiinge, ty nan f>ing ne bi$ swilce hit 
waes siftftan hit wanian ongimS. Da cwS * ic : Nu ic (hit) * 77 a C 
wat. Da cwseS he : Wenst Ipu hwaecSer aenig gesceaft sie J>e 
hire willum nylle ealne weg bion, ac wHl[*] hire agn willum 
5 forzewr]t$an ? 

x b . Da cwaetS ic : Ne mseg ic nane cwuce [o;]uht 
ongitan fara J>e wite hwaet [A]it wille, o(5(5e [>]waet hit nylle, 
J>e ungened lyste 1 forweor&m / forSaemJ^e aelc wuht wolde 
bion hal 7 libban, J?ara J>e me cwuco (5inc(5 ; bute ic nat be 

10 treowum 7 (be) wyrtum, 7 be swelcum gesceaftum svvelce 
nane sawle nabbacS. Da smearcode he 7 cwaetS : Ne ]>earft 
Ipu no be ]?aem gesceaftum tweogan }?on 2 ma J>e be tSsem 
oSrum. Hu ne meaht fu gesion f selc wyrt 7 aelc wudu 
wile weaxan on J?sem lande selest J>e him betst gerist 7 him 

15 gecynde biS 7 gewunlic, 7 Jser Jj^r hit gefret j> hit hra^ost 
weax[#7z] mseg 7 latost wealowian ? Sumra wyrta oS"5e 
sumes wuda card bi(S on dunu, sumra on merscum, sumra 
on morum, sumra on cludum, sumra 3 on [3ar]um sondum. 
Nim <5onne \_swa zvuda*] swa wyrt, swa hwaetSer \_swa pn 

20 wille, of pare stowe f>i\ his card \j &pelo bid^\ *on to wexanne, * 775 C 
7 sete 5 on ungecynde 6 stowe him ; ]?onne ne g[<? r r]ewS hit 
ger nauht, ac forsearaS ; fojYJ&em aelces landes ge[ry]nd is 7 
hit \hirn g-]elica 8 wyrta 7 gelicne wudu tydr[<? 9 3 7 hit] swa 
detS. Fri Sa S 7 fyrSra S swi(5[w]rne, swa lange swa hiora 

25 gecynd \bi~d p~\ hi grow r an 10 moton. Hwaet wenst J>u, forhwy 
aelc ssed creope n inon 12 J>a eor San, 7 to citm 7 to wyrtru- 
mum weonSe (on pare eorffan), buton forcSy 13 ]?e hi tiohhiaS 
j> se stemn 7 se helm u mote J?y fasstor 7 f>e leng stondan ? 
Hwy ne meaht J?u ongitan, J>eah J>u hit gesion ne maege, fy 

30 eall se dael se (5e 15 ]?aes treowes on twelf mon Sum gewexS 16 , 
he onginS of J^aem wyrtrumum 7 swa upweardes grewcS 
Sone stemn, 7 siSSan an^lang j^aes pi San, 7 andlang 



b Boeth. iii. pr. n. 1. 43 P. Si animalia, inquam, considerem, &c. 

1 lust B. 2 J>e B. 3 JOT^ B. 4 ze/afw J. 5 ^^ B. 

uncynde B. 7 w om. B. 8 Conject. , gelica om. B. 9 From J, 

tydrige B. l! From A^growen C. n greowe B. 

B. 13 J>y B. " w^/w B. 15 9e om. B. 1G geweaxd B. 



12 



92 DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE [XXXIV. Jo 



>sere rinde 05 (5one helm, 7 sicScSan sef t >sem bogu[i], 
hit ut aspringecS on leafum 7 on blostmum 7 on bledum ? 
Hwi ne meaht J?u ongitan Jte selc wuht cwuces bi(S inuan- 
weard hnescost 7 unbroc[^]eardost ? Hwset, pu meht 
gesion h[ ^ /]reow bi(5 utan gescerped 1 7 be[w^^ 2 mid] 5 
]?aere rinde wit) (Sone \a\inter 7 z0z<f <fo j/feajrcan stcfrflfctt 1 

78a C. 7 eac wifi p(zre\ *sunnan haeto on sumera. Hwa maeg f he 
ne wundrie swel[<rr]a gesceafta ures scyppendes, 7 huru J^aes 
scyppendes? 7 ]?eah we his nu wundrigen, hwilc ure maeg 
areccan medemlice ures scyppendes willan 7 anwald, hu his I0 
gescea[y/] \vexac5 7 eft \wama]$, J^onne J?ses tim[a] cymS, 
7 of hiora ssede wior Sa S ef[/ ^Jedriiwode, swylce hi fonne 
weort$[^w 3 td\ edsceafte ? Hwset, hi J>onne eft bzbtS, 7 eac 
hwaethwugu anlice bioS swz lce hi a bion, fortSaem hi selce 
geare weor^SatS to edsceafte. J 5 

xi c . Hwse]?er J>u giet ongite f Sa uncwe^endan gesceafta 
wilnodon to bionne on ecnesse swa ilce swa me, gif hi 
meahten ? HwsetSer Ju nu ongite forhwy f fyr fundige up, 7 
sio eorc5e ofdune ? Forhwy is f buton forj?ytfe God gesceop 
his card / 7 hire ofdune ; fortSy fundiaS 4 selc gesceaft Jider 20 
switSost J>ider his eard 7 his halo 5 switSost bio^, 7 flihcS fte 
him wiSerweard bi(5 7 ungebyrde 7 ungelic. Hwset, ]^a 
stanas, foi Ssem [^ ] sint stillre gecynde 7 heardre, [^w^] 
earfotfe to tedaelenne 6 ; 7 eac un[m$? tosomne cumaJS, gif hi 

78b C. todselde 7 *weorfia$. Gif J>u Jonne senne Stan toclifst, ne wyr[# 25 
A]e nsefre gegadrod swa he aer waes ; ac -p wseter 7 sio lyft 
bio"S hw[**] hnescran gecynde ; hi [5]iotS swiSe e Se 8 to 
tedaelenne 9 , ac hi bioS \_eft~\ sona setgaedre. ")) fyr f>onne ne 
\mceg~\ nsefre weortSan [/00fe/]ed. Ic ssede \_}>eah\ nu hwene 
aer fte nanwuht his [dgw*]um willum no/de forweor^an ; ac 3 
/r ^z ?m ma ymb [/] gecynd J>onne yb J>one willan, fortSaem 
hi hwilum willatS on tu 10 . pu meaht \vitan 11 be manegum 

Boeth. iii. pr. u. 1. 69 P. Ea etiam quae inanimata esse, &c. 

1 gescyrped B. 2 From J, bewerod B. 3 em. weord(_ C, 
weordon B. * fundaQ B. 5 Appar. aQelu in C. 6 From B, tedcelcnde C. 
7 gedatlede B. 8 ^^ B. 9 So also B. 10 /7/a B. " w//aw om. B. 



XXXIV. 12] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE 93 



fingum -f f gecynd is swifte micel ; is f formicel gecynd (5aet 
urum lichoman cym<$ call his maegen of (Saem mete Ipe we 
figgacS, (7) )?eah faerS se mete ut J?urh J?one lichoman ; ac his 
swaec 1 (Seah 7 his craeft gecynu5 on 2 aelcre aedre, swa swa mon 

5 meolo seft ; Saet meolo (SurgcrypS aelc tSyrel, 7 }?a syfeSa R 
weoroVS asyndred. Swa eac ure gast bitS switSe wide 
farende 4 urum unwillum 7 ures ungewealdes for his ge- 
c[V]nde, nalles for his willan ; f bitS fonne J?onne we 
slapacS. Hwaet, \_J>a\ nytenu <5onne 7 eac fa otSra 

10 ges[cea/ta~] ma wilniacS \>[as fie hi wtlm acf for gecynde\ 

* o 1 onne for willan. Ungecyndelic is 5 cslcre wuhte ^ hit * 7ga C. 
wilnige frecennesse o S Se deaftes, ac peah maenig }>ing bicS to 
faem gened f hit wilnatS J?ara aegSres ; fort5aem se willa biS 
)?onne strengra fonne f gecynd. Hwilum biS s^ wil/ 

TS switSra fonne ^ gecynd, hwilum // gecynd ofercymcS fone 
willan. Swa nu wraennes deS ; sio biS aslcuw men gecynde, 
7 hwilum 6 /m^ /^/ r^ biS forwerned hi[re gecyndes }mrh\ ]?aes 
monnes willan. Eall sio lufu \^PCBS~\ haemedfinges biS for 
gecynde, \nallas 7 ] for willan. 

20 xii d . Be faem J>u meaht [qzte/z]lice witan f se sceppend 8 
ealra [^Jsceafta haefS forgifen ^nne \lusf\ 7 an gecynd 
eallum his gesceaftu; J?aet is ^ hi woldon a 9 bion. 
wuhte is gecynde ^ hit wilnige $ hit a sie be faem dasle 
^// 10 ] his gecynde healdan mo/ [7 m&g\> Ne J>earft "Su no 

25 tweogan [j^^^ /] J>e J>u ser tweodest, f is be [/a 
^Jsceaftum J>e nane sawle i_abbatf\ ; aelc fara gesceafta Ipe 
\sawle hafff, ge] eac ]?a J?e nabba S, \willniad simle to bionne. 
f)a civczfi ic : Nu ic\ *ongite $ ^aet ic aer ymbe tweode ; ^ is * 79b C. 
(5aet aelc gesceaft wilnacS symle to bionne ; ^ is swi Se sweo- 

30 tol on (Saere tidringe. pa cwaetS he : Hwaefer J?u fonne 
[<?]ngite -f aelc J>ara wuhta Je him u beon ]?enc[^], f hit 
fenc S aetgaedere bion, gehal, untodaeled 12 ? fonSaem gif hit 

d Boeth. iii. pr. n. 1. 92 P. Dedit enim providentia, &c. 

1 spr&c B. 2 on om. B. 3 siofoSa B. 4 From >, farende C. 5 <5?3 
B. 6 gehwilcu B. 7 wa/^ J. 8 em. seppend C. 9 a om. B. 

10 /$// from J, om. B. " him om. B. 12 undated B. 



94 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIV. 12 

1 todseled biS, Ipoune ne bi(5 hit no hal l . Da cwcS ic : "}) is 
sotS. Da cwae<5 he : (p is\ call fing hab<fo/ [J>eati\ senne 
willan, tteet is tSset hi woldon [a bion ; /#r]h J>one asnne 
wi}[/#] hi wilnia(5 (Saes anes goodes J>e a 3z ^, j? is God 2 . 
Da cwaetS ic : Swa hit is \_swa #]u saegst 3 . Da cwae(5 he : 5 
Hwaet, Ipu m[z$/] openlice ongitan -^ <5aet is form/iV*] good 
f>ing J>e ealra 4 wuhta 7 ealk gesceafta wilnia<5 to habban;^. 
Da cwaeS ic : Ne mseg nan mon so^re secgan, fonSaem ic 
ongite ^ ealla ge^mz/fo] toflowen 5 swa swa waeter, 7 \nanne^\ 
sibbe ne nane endebyrd[^^] ne heolden, ac swi(5e unge- 10 
rec[/z ^ 6 /0]slupen 7 7 to nauhte wurden, [jze ^ swa] we 
lange aer saedon on Sisse \ikan bec~\, gif hi naefdon senne 
* 79b C God 8 \_J>e him <?]allum stiorde 7 recede *[/ rcedde. Ac nu 
ends, next f or finft e we W t/on p an wealdend is eallra pinga, we sceolon 9 
missing. beon nede gepafan, sam we willan sd we nyllan, p he sie se 15 
hehsta hr of eallra goda. f)a smercode 10 he wiff mm 7 cwxfi : 
Eala ll , min a ld, ea 12 / hw&t, fiu eart swtcfe gescelig, 7 ic 
swifie bliSe, for minit 13 andgite. Swide neah pu ongeate pa p 
riht, 7 p ike p pu <zr scedest p 3u ongiton ne mihtest, pees pu 
wcere nu gepafa. )a CWCBO* ic : Hw<zt wees p p ic cer scede 20 
p ic nyssle^ ? )a cwced he: Nu pu s cedes t p fiu nyslest^ 
celcre gesceafte ende ; ac wite nu p p is celcre gesceafte ende 
p $u self ar nemdest, p is GW 15 ; to pam fundiafi ealle^ 
gesceafta. Nabbacf hi nan god oferp to secanne, ne hi nanwuht 
ne magon ne ufor ne utor findan. 25 

XXXV e. 

i. f)a he pa pis spell asced hcefde,pa ongan he eft sing an 
7 pus cwcE(f 7\ (Swa hwa swa wille dioplice spirigan mid 
inneweardan mode cefter ryhte, 7 nylle p hine cenig mon olffe 
cenig ping mage amerran, onginne pon secan oninnan him 

e Boeth. iii. met. 1 1. Qnisquis profunda mente, &c. Cott. Metr. xxii. 

1 untod<z!ed bid , J>on bid hit gehal>. 2 From B f ^90df C. 3 swa 

Su sczgst J, om. B. 4 ealk B. 8 tofleowon B. 6 From J, ungelice B. 
7 7 ... wurden om. B. 8 From B, good C. s sculon J. 10 smear- 
code J. " ea J. 12 Orig. call in B, but // erased. 13 titnutn J. 
14 nesse J. I5 j? is god from J, om. B. 16 ealla J. 



XXXV. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 95 

selfu,p he cer ymbuton him sohte, 7 forlcete unnytte ymbhogan 

swa he swidost mcege ; 7 gegcederige to ft am anum, 7 gesecge 

pon his anu mode p hit mceg findan oninnan him selfum ealle 

pa god pe hit ute sec$. pon mceg he swifie rape ongitan eall 1 p 

5 yfeljp unnet p he cer on his mode hcefde; swa sweotole swa 3u 

mihtpa sunnan geseon, 7 pu ongitst pin agen ingepanc,p hit 

bid micele beorhtre^ 7 leohtre pon seo sunne. Forpa nan hcefignes 

PCBS lichoman ne nan undeaw ne mceg eallunga ation of his 

mode pa rihtwisnesse 3 , swap he hire hwcethwegu nabbe on his 

10 mode ; peak sio swcernes dees lichoman 7 pa unpeawas oft 

abisegien p mod mid ofergiotulnesse, 7 mid pa gedwolmiste hit* 

fortio p hit ne mcEge swa beorhte scinan swa hit wolde. 

7 peak bid simle corn pcere sofifcestnesse seed on pcere sawle 

wunigende, pa hivile pe sio sawl 7 se lichoma gederode biofi. 

^p corn sceal bion aweht mid ascunga 7 mid lare, gif hit 
growan sceal. Hu mceg pon cenig man ryhtwislice 7 gescead- 
wislice acsigan 5 , gif he nan grot rihtwisnesse on him ncefdP 
Nis nan swa swiSe bed&led ryhtwisnesse p he nan ryht and- 
wyrde nyte, gif mon acsaff. Forpd hit is swide ryht spell 

20 p Plato se ufiwita scede ; he cwce^ : swa hwa swa ungemyndig 
sie rihtwisnesse*, gecerre hine to his gemynde ; pon fint he peer 
pa ryhtwisnesse gehydde mid pees lichoman hcEfignesse 7 mid 
his modes gedrefednesse 7 bisgunga.} 

ii f . \f)a cwcefl ic : Ic eom gedafa p p was soft spell p 

2 5 Plato scEde. Hu ne mynegodest 1 pu me eac nu tuwa pcere 
ilc an sprcece P ceres t pu cwcedep ic hcefdeforgitenp gecyndelice 8 
god p ic oninnan me selfu hcefde, for $CES lichoman hefig- 
nesse. sEt ofiru cerre pu me scedest p $u hcefdest ongitenp me 
selfufiuhtep ic hcefde eallunga for lor en p gecyndelice god p ic 

30 oninnan me selfu sceolde habban, for pare ungemetlican unrot- 
nesse pe ic h&fde for fia forlcetenan welan. f)a cwcefi he : 
peer pu gemyndest pa word pe ic pe scede on pcere for man bee, 

1 Boeth. iii. pr. 12. Turn ego, Platoni, inquam/ &c. 

1 Orig. ealle, but e erased. 2 em. beortre B. 3 em. unrihtwisnesse B. 
4 Orig. hig B, g turned into t. 5 em. acsigen B. 6 em. rihtwissesse B. 
7 myndgodest J. 3 em. gecynielic B. 



g6 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XXXV. 2 



p on miht l pu be pa wordu genog sweotole ongitan p ft ?u cer 
scedest p flu nysstest*. -Da cwcefl ic : Hwcet was p, hwcet scede 
ic p ic nyste 3 ? )a cwceft he : f)u s&dest on pcere ilcan bee P 
ffu ongeate pte God weolde pisses middangeardes, ac pu scedest 
p fou 4 ne mihte ivitan humeta he his weolde, o$$e hu he his 5 
weold. f)a cwcefi ic : Ic geman genog gear a 5 min agen djysig, 
7 ic his was cer pe gepafa.~\ *$eah ic hit (5a be sumum 

* 8oa C. daele ongeate, ic wolde giet his mare set >e geheran. Da 
cwset) he : Ne t5e nauht ser ne tweode tfoette God rsedde 
7 wiolde ealles middangeardes. Da cwae(5 ic : Ne me giet 10 
nauht ne tweo(5, ne nu nsefre ne twioS ; ic Se wille eac sona 
sec[gan~\ be hwsem ic hit 6 aerest ongeat. Ic Gtfypaf] $ Ses 
middangeard wses of swi"5e [maneg^m 7 mislicum j^ingum 
gega[derod, 7 swjfte faeste tosomne gelim[^ 7 g^/]angod. 
Naere(^) 7 Se (hi) gegaderode 7 geradod[<?], swa wi^erwearda 15 
gesceafta, ]?on[w^] 8 ne wurdon hi naefre ne geworht[<?] ne eac 
gegaderod ; 7 gif he hi ne gebunde mid his unanbindendli- 
cum 9 racen[/^], (Sonne toslupen hi ealla ; 7 nse[r* 10 no\ swa 
gewislice ne swa endebyr[tf7z ^] ne swa gemetlice hiora 
stede 7 hiora ryne funden on hiora stowu 7 on hiora 20 
tidum, gif an unanwendendlic God (ncere pe heora^ weolde. 
pone God], Saet f he is, ic hate God, swa swa ealle 
gesceafta hatacS. 

iii e. Da cwag<5 he : Nu 8u f swa openlice ongiten 
haefst, ne ^earfe ic nu nauht switJe ymb "Sset swincan $ ic 8e 25 

"SobC. ma be Code recce ; forlp[dpu ea]rt nufulneah *cumen in on 12 
t5a ceastre faere soSan gessel^e, J>e fu lange 13 3er ne meahtest 
aredian. Ac wit sculon swaj>eah secan f -f wit ser mynton. 
pa cwaetS ic : Hwaet is ^aet ? Da cwaeS he : Hu ne tealdon 
wit ser f te genyht wseren 14 gesael^a, 7 J?a gesa3lSa [ze^rjen 30 
God? Da cwaetS ic : Swa hit is [swap ju. sasgst. Da (cwced) 
he : God ne bepearf [w^]es ooVes fultomes buton hi s [se/fes~\ 

e Boeth. iii. pr. 12. 1. 25 P. Turn ilia, cum haec, inquit, &c. 



1 meahte J. 2 nesse J. 3 _yj^ J. 4 Conject. om. B. 

geare J. 6 ^/V om. B. 7 Last erased in B. Conj./J;/ B. 
unabindendlicu B. lo nceron no J. n /(? /%^ra conj. om. B. 

B. 13 lang C. M ware B. 



XXXV. 4] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE 97 

, his gesceafta mid to wezldanne, [fie] 1 ma fe he aer forfte 
to 2 [fid] weorce; fonSaem gif he aeniges [/&]ltomes on 
aenegum f ingum bet$orf[/*], forme naefde he (0) self geno[^]. 
Da cwsetS ic : Swa hit is swa tSu [gvr/]. Da cwaeS he: 
5 purg hine selffra ^*] gesceop eall Sing 7 ealra wylt. Da 
[cw&JS ic : Ne maeg ic f aes oSsacan. Da cwaj^JS he : yr 
we fe haefdon $ gereaht f God waere furh hine selfne good. 
Da cwaecS ic : Ic :geman f Su swa 3 saedest. Da cwaeS he : 
purg good God gesceop eal 4 Sing, forSaem he wilt furh hine 

10 self[*] ealles faes fe we aer cwaedon Saet good wsere; 7 he 
is ana staSolfaest wealdend 7 stiora 7 st^orroSer 7 helma 5 , 
fonSaem he riht 7 [r/ eallu] gesceaft[ww], *swa swa good * 8ia C. 
stiora anum scipe. [ffo] cwaetS ic : Nu ic (Se 6 andette ic 
h[afo] funden duru ]?aer faer ic aer ge[w^ ane] lytle cinan, 

15 swa Saet ic uneaoj^ 7 OTZ ^/P] gesion swicSe lytelne scima[ 
kohtes] of fissum fiostrum ; 7 feah [/ OT<?] taehtest aer fa 
duru, ac ic [^/r^ f] meahte mare aredian, b[ufon p ic hire} 
grapode ymbutan [f fie ic pat /j//]le leoht geseah ivr\inclian. 
Ic fie scede] gefyrn ser on ]>iss[e ikan bee p ic] nysse (hwcet 

20 se) fruma waere ealra \_gesceafta] ; fa gerehtest f u me f 8 hit 
[z^,y G/]. Da nysse ic eft ymb f one [ende, cer] f u me eft 
gereahtes -p Sset [z^dEr^ eac God\. Da saede ic f e f ic nysse 
hu he [^/r<2 /ar] gesceafta wiolde ; ac J> u hit [#z<?] haefst nu 
swiSe sweotole ge[r^/] 9 , swylce f u haebbe fa duru *[broden] 10 

25 f e ic aer sohte. Da andswarode [he me] 7 cwaetS : Ic wat f 
ic Se aer myndgjW*] .Saere ilcan spraece, 7 nu me %\[ncf> p} 
f u ongite swa swa u leng swa bet \_ymbe\ fa soSfaestnesse ; 
ac (ic) wolde [gif fie] eowian sume bysne, (ac) swa sweo[M?] 
swa sio waas f e ic (fie) aer saede. D[ cw&d ic] : Hwaet [ w b ^ 

30 iv h . ?] cwaeS he : Ne *[mag ncznne monfics]s twiogean * 8ib C. 
fte ealra gesceafta [agnu] willum God ricsaS ofer hi, 
7 eaS[w^/z ^] hiora willan wendaS to his willan. [Be fiam 



* Boeth. iii. pr. 12. 1. 44 P. Cum deus, inquit, omnia, &c. 

1 /^ J. 2 to B. 3 jwa om. B. " ^ B. 5 

om. B. s 8e om. B. 7 ungeaQe B. 8 //w^/ B. 8 gereaht ]. 
9 anbroden B. l swa only once B. 



H 



98 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXV. 4 

is] swicSe sweotol Saette God aeghwass \wealt mid /]aem 
helman 7 mid Saem stior[ro#r* /fo>] goodnesse ; fortSaemfe 
ealla [^^^/"/] gecyndelice hiora agnu [willum fundiaff} 
to cumanne to Code, [JMKZ swa we 1 0/7 <^r] saedon on <5isse 
ilcan [foe. )a cwced ic : Hwi ne 2 ] mseg (z <r) faes twiogan ; 5 
[forfid Godes anwe~\z\d naere full eadig[/& gif pa ^Jsceafta 
hiora unwillu him \herden* \ 7 eft] fa gesceafta naeren nanes 
[ponces ne wjanes weortSscipes wyr<5e gif [^ ^zbra #7z]willum 
hlaforde herden. Da [cwced he~] : Nis nan gesceaft Je 4 tiohhie 
[j^ ^zb] scyle winnan witS hire scippen[</ wi /la~\u gif hio hire 10 
cynd 5 healdan wille 6 . [i?a cw(B$\ ic : Nis nan gecynd 7 J?e 
vvi S hire \$rippenfa& willan winne buton dys[?^- mon., o]St5e eft 
fa witSerweardan engla^. [*a <rw^] he : Hwaet wenst t5u ? 
gif senegu [gesceaft 8 ] tiohhode ^ hio witS his willan \_sceolde~] 
wmna.ii, hwaet hio meahte wiS [swa wz /^Jtigne swa we hine 15 
gereahtne \habbad~\\ Da cwaeS ic: Ne magon hi nauht, 
* 823 C. [peak hi willon. f)a wundrode he 7 cwced : Nis^ *nanwuht 
maege o^e wille swa heaum Gode 9 witScwetSan. Da 
ic : Ne wene ic -f aenig wuht sie tSe wiS winne, buton 
wit aer spraacon. Da smearcade he 7 cwaeS : Wite geare 20 
Sset is f hehste god, (5aet hit eall swa mihtiglice macacS 
7 eall Sing gesceop 7 eallu swa [^Jreclice racaS 7 swa 
ecSelice buton ^_elcu\ geswince hit eall set. Da cwaeS \ic : 
Wei] me licode (Sset Ipu aer saedes, 7 1p[ises me lyst nu~\ giet 
bet; ac me sceamacS nu %[cet lQ ic hit cer] ne ongeat. Da 25 
cwae S he : (Hwcet), ic wat \p ftu ^Jherdest oft reccan on 
ealdum [leasu] spellum Jte lob Saturnes J [sunu sceo^ldQ 
bion se hehsta god of[^r ealle offre 12 ] godu 13 , 7 he sceolde bion 
pses heo[_/^w^] sunu, 7 sceolde ricsian on \\eo[fenu]} 7 
sceolden u gigantes 15 bion eonSan [suna], 7 "Sa sceolden ricsian 3 
ofer eor[/0 ; 7 /a] sceolden hi bion swelce hi waeren 
[geswys^LQiTxa. 16 beam, forSaemfe he sce[o/0(? ^<?w] heofones 
sunu, 7 hi eortSan. 7 Ja [sceolde ] J>2em gigantum off incan 
1 w from J, om. B. 2 hwone J. 3 From J, herdest B. 

4 /< A^ B. 5 gecynd B. 8 wzV^ C. 7 gesceaft B. 8 em. gesceaft, 
9 goode B. 10 &/ conject.,;? B. " saturnus C. 12 odrw J. 

13 godas B. " em. sceolde C, scoldon B. 15 gigantas B. I6 geswystrena B. 



XXXV. 5 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 99 



he haefde hiera rice ; woldon J>a tobrecan lpo[ne] heofon 
under him ; fa sceolde he sendan funras 7 ligeta 1 7 windas, 
7 toweorpan [eall\ hira ^?weor|V] mid, 7 hi selfe ofslean. 
*[:ty/]lica leasunga hi worhton, 7 meahton eacSe seggan * 82b C. 
5 soSspell, gif 2 him fa leasunga naeren swetran, 7 feah swiSe 
gelic Sisum. Hi meahton seggan hwylc dysig Nefrod se 
gigant worhte; se Nefrod waes Chuses sunu; Chus w^s 
Qhames* sunu, Cham 4 Noes. Se Nefrod het \\[yrca]n 
aenne tor on Saem felda Se Nen[jar] 5 hatte, 7 on cSsere f iode 

10 Se Dezra 6 \hatte, swtJSe neah ]> aere byrig \J>e mon nu hat 
#03]ilonia. "p hi dydon [for pa & ]ngum f e 7 hi woldon 
witan hu heah {hit ware] to (fern heofone, 7 hu Sicce se 
[he/on w]aere 7 hu faest, oftSe hwset J>aer[0/&r ze*z?r<?]. Ac hit 
gebyrede, swa hit [cynn* was], $ se godcunda wald 9 hi 

J5 tostenc[/^ 10 #?r ^z ] hit fullwyrcan mosten, 7 to[zmzr/>] Sone 
tor, 7 hiora monigne of[slog, 7 hiora .rjprsece todaalde on tu 
7 hund [seo/onh ]g gef ioda. Swa gebyreS aelcu [para >]e 
wintS wicS ftaem godcundan anwal[^; ne] gewyxtS him 
nan weortfecipe on [^FW, a~]c wyrS se gewanod J>e hi aer 

20 hsefdon. 

v i. Ac loca nu hwaec5er J>u wille cSaet [w//] giet spyrigen " 
aeft aenigre gescezdwt snesse furffur, nu wit tJset funden 12 
habba<5 ^ wit ser sohton. Ic wene J>eah, gi/" wit giet uncru 
word tosonmQ sleaS, p deer *asprunge sum spearca up soft- * 8 3a C. 
25 faestnesse J? ara Je wit aer ne gesawon. Da cwsefc ic : Do 
(swa) swa cSu wille. Da cwseft he : Hwaet, naenne mon nu 
ne tweotS $ God sie swa mihtig f he maege wyrcan f f he 
wille. Da cwsetS ic : Ne tweotS Saes naenne 13 mon Se auht 
wat. Da cwaecS he : HwaeSer aenig mon wene 14 f [auht sie 
] fe God don ne maege l5 . Da cw[^/]c: Ic hit 16 wat 
Saet nauht nis faes J>e he [don] ne msege. Da cwaecS he : 

1 Boeth. iii. pr. 12. 1. 66 P. < Sed uisne rationes, &c. 

1 lygetu B. 2 ^/ above line C. 3 From J, chaames B. 

4 r^ B. From J, sennar B. 6 Looks like dera in C. 7 -p B. 
8 fy J- 9 anweald B. 10 tostente B. " gespyrigen B. 

2 afunden B. 3 B. 14 / B. 15 /w B. 16 AzV om. B. 



H 2 



100 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXV. 5 



Wenstu hwaeSer [he tfzjaege senig l yfel don ? Da cwaeS ic : 
Ic wa[/ /] he ne maeg. Da cwaeS he : SoS Ipu saegst, 
forSaem hit is nauht ; }?aer yfel auht wsere, jxmne meahte hit 
God wyrcan ; forSy hit is nauht. Da cwaeS ic : Me ]}incS 
f Su me dwelle 7 dydre 2 , swa mon cild deS; laedst me hidres 5 
7 Sidres 3 on swa J>icne w&du Saet ic ne maeg ut aredian. 
ForSaem Su a ymbe sticce fehst (eft} on Sa ilcan [^>]raece ]?e 
}?u aer spraece, 7 forlsetst eft Sa aer Su hi geendod haebbe, 7 
fehst on uncuSe ; Jy ic nat (#) hwaet >u wilt. Me })inct5 
j> Su ^werfe ymbeutan sume wundorlice 7 seldcu/e spraece 10 
ymbe (5a anf^dnesse 4 ]?aere godcundnesse. Ic geman ^ tSu me 
asr reahtes j^ wundor/?V spell be t$<2 /a Su me reahtes f hit 5 
C. *waere eall an gesaelcSa 7 f hehste god, 7 cwaede f ^a gessel Sa 
wseren on Sasm hehste goode faeste, 7 f hehste good wsere 
God self, 7 he wsere full aelcre gesaelSe; 7 u cwaede j> aslc 15 
gesaelig mon waere God. ~j eft Ipu saedes f Godes goodnes 6 
7 his gesaslignes [7] he self cSaet tJaet waere 7 eall an, 7 
Son[i] 8 \\ sere se hehsta God ; 7 to (5aem god[<? <?<2/]la (/ 
gesceafta fundiacS Se hiorcz [^Jcynd healdaS, 7 wilniacS ^ hy 
to c[umon\ 9 . y eac }?u saedes ftaette God wiolde ea[//]ra (his] 20 
gesceafta mid Saem stiorrbcSre his goodnesse ; 7 eac saedes ]> 
ealla gesceafta hiora agnum willum ungenedde him waeren 
underSiodde. ~j nu on las/ }~u saedes ^ yfel naere nauht. 
7 eal[/] pis Ipu gereahtes to softe swi^e gesceadwify/rjce, 
buton aelcre leasre raedelsan. 25 

vi k . [i?<2] cwaeS he : pu saedes aer -f ic ] Se dwealde n ; 
ac me Sine s selfum f ic J>e nauht ne dwelle ", ac Se saede 12 
swiSe lang spell 7 wundorlic, 7 13 swiSe gesceadlice be Saem 
Gode Se wit unc gefyrn to gebaedon ; 7 nu giet ic tiohhie j> ic 
Se hwaethwugu uncuSes gerecce be Saem ilcan Gode. Hit is 30 
g[^]ynd Jraere godcundnesse ^ hio maeg bion ungemenged 



k Boeth. iii. pr. 12. ]. 93 P. Turn ilia, Minima, inquit, &c. 

1 cenig om. B. 2 dwelige j dydcrie B. 3 l<ztst me hider 7 fiider B. 
4 andfealdnesse B. 5 ^zV om. B. e em. goodes C, godness B. 

7 /$ w^r^ B. 8 Conject. J>on B. 9 tocumeu ]. ic om. B. 

11 dwelode B. 12 Aafe Se B. 13 7 om. B. 



XXXV. 7] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE IOI 



wi?) otSr[f] l gesceafta *buton ofterra gesceafta fultome, * 84a C. 
swa swa nan o(Ser gesceaft ne maeg. Ne maeg nan otfru 
gesceaft be him selfum bion, swa swa (gio) Parmenides se sciop 
giddode j cwtS : Se selmihtega God 2 is eallra finga reccend, 
5 7 he ana unanwendendlic 3 wunaft, 7 ealra (5ara anwendend- 
licra welt. ForSaem (5u ne J>earft nauht sw/Jfo \vundrian. (5eah we 
spyrien aefter (5aem (5e z#<? ongutmon, swa mid laes worda swa 
m\idma~\ swaefter we hit gereccan magon. Deah \we\ nu scylen 
manega 7 mislica bisna 7 bispell reccan, (Seah hangatS ure mod 

10 ealne weg on J>3em J?e we aefterspyria(5. Ne fo we noon 4 <5a bisna 
7 on (5a 5 bispel for "Sara leasena spella lufan, ac for(5aem<5e 
we woldon mid gebecnan 6 ]?a so Sfsestnesse, 7 woldon (Sset hit 
wurde to nytte (5am geherendum. Ic gemunde nu ryhte J3es 
wisan Platones lara suma, hu he cwseS Sset te 7 se mon se Se 

15 bispell secgan wolde, ne sceolde fon on to ungelic bispell (5ae re 
spraece ]?e he (Sonne sprecan wolde. Ac geher nu geftylde- 
lice hwaat ic nu sprecan wille, Seah hit/*? 8 gefyrn aer ^^^yt 
J>uhte, hw3S(5er/ 8 J<? ende a be/ lician wille. 

vii 1 . Ongon (5a *singan 7 cwaeS 9 : (Gcscelig 6i? se mon * 84!) C. 

20 pe mceg geseon pone hluttran CEwellm pees hehstan godes, 7 
of him selfu aweorpan mceg pa piostro his modes. We scidon 
get of ealdu leasit spellu fie su bispell reccan^] H\i gelamp 
gio Saette an hearpere wses on Saere Siode (5e Dracia n hatte, 
sio waes on Creca rice; se hearpere waes swiSe ungefraeglice 

25 good, Saes nama waes Orfeus ; he haefde an swicSe aenlic wif, 
sio waes haten Eurudice 12 . Da ongon mon secgan be (Sam 
hearpere ^ he meahte hearpian j> se wudu wagode, 7 ]?a 
stanas hi styredon ls for Sy u swege, 7 wildu dior (5aer woldon 
to irnan 7 stondan swilce hi tamu waeren, swa stille, (Seah him 

30 men oSSe hundas wi S eoden, (5aet hi hi 15 na ne onscunedon. 



1 Boeth. iii. met. 12. Felix qui potuit boni, &c. Cott. Metr. xxiii. 



J. ! God om. B. 3 unawendenlic B. * From B, 7 C. 
5 da om. B. 6 gebeacnian B. 7 te om. B. 8 fie both from J, 

om. B. 9 After cw<zQ (in C) there is a letter (apparently g), then a 

blank space of about two-thirds of the line. The allit. verse begins next 
line. 10 em. hehtan B. u racia B. 12 eurudice B also. 

" hirgedon B. 14 fid B. 13 fo" once B. 



102 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXV. 7 



Da saedon hi f Saes hearperes \_wif ~\ sceolde acwelan, 7 hire 
8 5 a C. saule mon sceolde *laedan to helle. Da sceolde se ^arpere 
weorSan swa sarig f he ne meahte ongemong oSrum 
monnum bion, ac teah to wuda, 7 saet on Saem muntum 
aegSer ge dseges ge nihtes ; weop 7 hearpode Saet Sa wudas 5 
bifedo[] l 7 Ipa ea sfodon, 7 nan heort ne onscunode nanne 
Icon, ne nan hara naenne hund, ne nan neat nyste nsenne 
andan ne naenne ege to oSrum for Saere mergSe 2 Saes sones. 
Da Saem hearpere Sa Suhte Saet hine (J>a) nanes Singes ne 
lyste on Sisse worulde, Sa Sohte he Saet he wolde gesecan 10 
helle godu 3 , 7 onginnan him oleccan mid his hearpan, 7 
biddan f hi him ageafan 4 eft his wif. pa he Sa "Sider com, (5a 
sceolde cuman Sasre helle hund ongean hine, J>aes nama waes 
Ceruerus 5 , se G sceolde habban J>rio heafdu ; 7 (ongan) 
onfsegnian 7 mid his steorte, 7 plegian wi(5 hine for his 15 
hearpunga. Da waes Sser eac swi^e egeslic geatweard, Saes 
nama sceolde bion Caron ; se haafde eac J?rio heafdu, 7 (se) 
waes switSe oreald. Da ongon se hearpere hine biddan f he 
hine gemundbyrde (5a hwile J>e he Saer waere, 7 hine 
8$b C. gesundne eft Sonan *brohte. Da gehet he him "Saet, for^aa 20 
he wses oflyst t5aes seldcutSan sones. Da code he funSur, oc5 
he (^)mette Sa graman metena 8 Se folcisce men hataS 
Parcas, Sa hi secgaS Saet on nanum men \\yi\_on nd]i\Q are, 
ac selcu men wrecen \be his~\ gewyrhtu ; J>a hi secgaS Sset 
walden [a]elces mannes wyrde. Da ongon he biddan heora 25 
blisse 9 ; Sa ongunnon hi wepan mid him. Da eode he 
furSur, 7 him urnon ealle hellwaran ongean, 7 laeddon hine 
to hiora cininge, 7 ongunnon ealle sprecan mid him 7 biddan 
)?3es Se 10 he baed. 7 f unstille hweol Se Ixion waes n to 
gebunden Leuita 12 cyning for his scylde, Saet oSstod for his 30 
hearpunga. 7 Tantulus se cyning Se on Sisse worulde un- 
gemetlice gifre waes, 7 him Sser Saat ilce yfel filgde 13 Ssere " gi- 
fernesse, he gestilde. 7 se ultor 15 sceolde forlaatan Saet he ne 16 

1 bifodon B. 2 mirhfe B. 3 gatu B. 4 From B, agefan C. 
5 em. cenieruerus C, aruerus B. 6 se om. B. "* fagenian B. 

8 gydena B. miltse B. i0 tie om. B. " votes om. B. 12 lauita B. 
3 fyligd* B. " em. fas C and B. 13 So B also. 16 ne om. B. 



XXXVI. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 103 

slat <5a lifre Sticces 1 J>aes cyninges Se hine aer mid Sy 
witnode. 7 call hellwara witu ges/zldon Sa hwile >e he 
beforan Sam cyninge h[^]arpode. Da he <5a *longe 7 longe * 86a C. 
hearpode, <5a cleopode se hellwara cyning 7 cwaeS : Wutun 

5 agifan cSsem esne his wif, forSaem he hi haefS geearnad mid 
his hearpunga. Behead him Sa f he geare wisse [ p h]z 2 
hine naefre underbaec ne besawe, [.rz jSSan 3 he Sonanweard 
waere ; 7 saed[/] gif he hine underbaec besawe j> he sceolde 
forlaetan "Saet wif. Ac (Sa lufe mon maeg swiSe unease oSSe 

10 na 4 forbeodan; weilawei, hwset, Orpheus Sa laedde his wif 
mid him O(5 5 he com on jj gemaere leohtes 7 (Siostro. pa code 
f wif sef t him. Da he furSum 6 on ^ast leoht com, Sa beseah 
he hine underbsec wiS "Sees wifes ; (Sa losade hio him sona. 
Das leasan (spell) laeracS gehwylcne mon Sara (5e wilna S helle 

15 Siostro to flionne 7 to (53es so San godes liohte to cumanne, 
f he hine ne besio to 7 his ealdan 8 yflum, swa ^aet he hi eft 
swa fullice fullfremme swa he hi aer dyde. ForcSgem swa hwa 
swa mid fulle willan his mod went to Sse yflum Se he aer 
forlet, 7 hi "Sonne fullfremecS, 7 hi him fonne fullice liciatS, 7 

20 he hi naefre forlaetan ne )?ence(5, "Sonne forlyst he call his 
gerraw good, buton he hit eft gebete. Her endat5 nu sio 
*J?ridde boc Boeties, 7 onginnetS 9 sio fiorSe. * 86b C. 

XXXVI m. 



i. >a se Wisdom tSa Sis leo^ swiSe lustbaerlice 7 gescead- 
wislice asungen haefde, Sa hsefde ic t5a giet hwylchwugu 10 

25 [^wjynd on minum mode Ssere unrotnes[w] J?e ic (r) haefde, 
7 cwsetS : Eala Wisdom, Su [/] eart boda 7 forerynel <5ses 
soSan kohtes, hu wundorlic me SincS -f Saat Ju me recst; 
forSsem ic ongite f te eall <5a3t J>u me ser reahtes me reahte n 
God purhSe,7 ic m>t wisse eac ser be sumum daele j ac me haefde 

30 J>ios unrotnes amerredne, f ic hit haefde mid ealle forgiten. 7 f 

m Boeth. iv. pr. l. Haec cum Philosophia, &c. 

1 dcdes B. 2 ^^ conject. om. B. 3 From ],forfd B. 4 ^^ a 
om. B. s ^ B. 8 for} B. 7 /<7 om. B. 8 ^/^7 B. 

9 ongCnQ C. 10 hwcethwega B. " For w ra/^ B has mihte. 



104 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVI. i 



is eac minre unrotnesse se msesta dael, f ic wundrige forhwy 
se gooda God laete aenig yfel bion, oSSe gif hit feah bion l 
scyle, 7 he hit gej>afian wille, forhwy he hit (pon) sona ne 
wrece. Hwaet, Ipu meaht Se self ongitan }> Sset is to wun- 
drianne, 7 eac oSer Sincg me SincS giet mare wundor ; f is f te 5 
dysig 7 unrihtwisnes nu rixsaS ofer eallne middangeard, 7 se 
wisdom 7 eac oSre craeftas nabbaS nan lof ne naenne weorS- 
scipe on Sisse worulde, ac licgaS forsewe[^] swa (swa) miox 
under feltune ; 7 yfele men o[ ^Jelcum l[a]de sindon nu 

* 8ja C. *weorj>e 7 J?a goodan habbaS manigfeald witu. Hwa maeg 10 

forberan -f he f ne siofige 7 swelcre waefSe ne wundrige, Saet 
te aefre swylc yfel geweorSan sceolde under Saes selmihtgan 
Codes anwalde, nu we witon f he hit wat 7 aelc good wile ? 

ii n . [a0]a cwaeS he : Gif hit swa is swa ftu ssegst, 
(Sonne is f egeslicre "Sonne senig ocSer broga, 7 is endeleas 15 
wundor, (Saem gelicost (5e on sumes cyninges hirede sien 
gyldenu fatu 7 selfrenu 2 forsewen, 7 treowenu mon weorcSige. 
Nis hit 3 no swa swa (5u wenst ; ac gif <5u call Saet gemunan 
wilt f we ser spraecon, mid (5ses Godes fultume (5e we nu 
embe spreca S, (Sonne meaht "Su ongitan $ (5a godan beoS 4 20 
symle waldende, 7 J?a yfelan nabbacS nsenne anwald ; 7 tfoet 
J?a crasftas ne bioS nasfre buton heringe ne buton edleane, 
[ne] J>a un^eawas nasfre ne bio(5 unwitnode, ac Sa goodan 
bio"S symle gesselie, (7 pa yfelan ungescelige}. Ic Se maeg 
eowian Saes swiSe manega bisena, Sa Se magon getrymian 25 
to Son 5 "Saet Ipu nast hwaet Ju leng siofige. Ac (ic) J>e wille 
nu giet getsecan Sone weg <5e Se gelaet to J>aere heofonlican 

* 8;b C. byrig Ipe Su \csr~\ of come, siSSan Su ongitst *[/]urh mine 

lare hwaet sio soSe gesaelS biS, 7 hwaer hio biS. Ac ic sceal 
serest Sin mod gefeSeran 6 , Saet hit maege hit Se yS up 30 
ahebban aer Son hit fleogan onginne on Sa heanesse, j> hit 
maege hal 7 orsorh fleogan to his earde, 7 forlaetan selce 
Sara gedrefednessa Se hit nu SrowaS. Sitte him on minu 

n Boeth. iv. pr. i. 1. 19 P. Turn ilia, Et esset, inquit, &c. 

1 bion om. B. 2 sylfrenu B. 3 hit nis B. * bioS B. 

8 }d B. 6 gejiderian B. 



XXXVI. 4] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 105 

hraedwsene; Socrige him on minne weg; ic bio his lad- 
fteow. 

iii . Da se Wisdom (Sa >is spell areaht haefde, (5a ongort 

he singan 7 c\vse(5 : (Ic hcebbe swifie swifte fepera, p ic mceg 

5 fliogan ofer pone hean hr of pecs heofones. Ac peer ic nu 

moste pin mod gefifierigan mid pa fifieru, p ffu mihtest mid me 

fliogan, pon miht pu ofersion ealle pas eordh can ping. Gif 

pu mihtest pe fligon ofer pa rodore, pon mihtest pu gesion pa 

ivolcnu under pe, 7 mihtest pe fliogan ofer pa fyre pe is 

10 belwux pa rodore 7 pare lyfte; 7 mihtest pe fer an mid p<zre 
sunnan betwyx pa tunglu, 7 ponon weorpan on pa rodore, 7 
sififian to pa cealdan stiorran pe we hatafi Satumes steorra. Se 
is eall isig ; se wandrafi ofer offru steorrii ufor pon amig offer 
tungol. Sidfion pu pon ford ofer pone hist aferod *, pon list pu 

J 5 bufan pa swiftan rodore, 7 Icetst pon behindan pe pone hehstan 

heofon. SiftSan pu miht habban pinne d&l pees sodan leohtes. 

peer ricsdd an cyning ; se hczfd anweald eallra odra cyninga; 

se gemetgad pone bridel 7 p gewealdleper ealles ymbhweorftes 

hiofenes 7 eorpan ; se an dema is, gestcefidigj beorht ; se stiorfi 

20 pa hr&dwczne eallra gesceafta. Ac gif pu of re cymst on pone 
weg 7 to pcere stowe pe $u nu geot forgilen hafst, Pon wilt $u 
cwepan : pis is min riht efiel ; hionan ic was &r cumen, 7 
hionan ic was acenned ; her ic wille nu standan fceste ; nelle ic 
nu ncefre hionon. Ic wat peah, gif pe csfre gewyrti p fttt wilt 

25 offfo most eft fandian^ para piostra pisse worulde,pon gesihst 
pu nu 3 pa unrihtwisan cyningas 4 7 ealle pa ofermodan rican 
bion swifie unmihtige 7 swifie earme wreccan, pa ilcan pe pis 
earme folc nu heardost ondrtzt.} 

iv P. :a cwae S (ic) : Eala, Wisdom, micel is ?Saet 7 

30 wundorlic ^ "Su gehaetst, 7 ic eac nauht ne tweoge ^aet "Su 
hit maege gelsestan. Ac ic J>e halsige tSset Su me no leng ne 
lette 5 , ac getsec me Jone weg ; fonSsem Ipu meaht ongitan 

Boeth. iv. met. I. Sunt etenim pennae/ &c. Cott. Metr. xxiv. 
P Boeth. iv. pr. 2. Turn ego, Papae, inquam, &c. 

1 aferod written over an erased word. 2 fundian B. 3 nu partly 
erased. 4 em. B has cyning, with an indistinct letter following. 
5 lade B, with t written above the d. 



106 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVI. 4 



me lyst "Sees weges. Da cwaecS he : pu sceal[/] aerest 
ongitan f cSa goodan [/fo^JbaS sy[/w]le anweald, 7 pa yfelan 
a c - ncB/re nanne, *ne nsenne craeft ; forSaem hiora nan ne ongit 
f te good 7 yfel bioS symle gewinnan. Gif <5a goodan 
"Sonne syle habbacS anwald, f>onne nabbaS }?a yflan naefre 5 
naenne ; forSaem f good 7 f yfel sint swicSe unsamwraede. 
Ac ic (ffe) wolde giet be aegSru Sara hwaethwugu sweotolor 
gereccan, -f <Su maege cSy bet gelefan cSe ic Se ocSre hwile 
recce be Saem o(5rum, o Sre hwile [be] Saem o(5ru. Twa 
^Sing sindon (5e aelcej^] monnes ingec^onc to fundaS, f is 10 
Sonne willa 7 anwald; gif tSonne hwaem Sara twega 
hwaeSres wana bi"S, J?onne ne maeg he mid <5aem 
nanwuht fullfremman a . Forftaem nan nyle onginnan 
he nyle, buton he nede 2 scyle ; 7 <5eah he eall wille, he ne 
maeg, gif he (Saes (Singes anwald naefS. Be Saem <5u meaht 15 
sweotole ongitan, gif (Sti aenigne mon gesihst wilnian <5aes Se 
he naefS, (5aet (pa bi3) anwaldes wana. Da cwaecS ic : f) is 
so^ ; ne maeg ic J>aes o^sacan. Da cwaeft he : Gif (5u "Sonne 
hwone 3 gesihst (5e maeg don -f f he don wile, ne <5e Sonne 
nauht ne tweocS ^ se haebbe anwald. Da cwaeS ic : Ne tweo(5 20 
C. me (5aes nauht. Da cwaetS he : *^Elc mon biS waldend 
Saes <5e he 4 welt ; (naif ft he nanne anweald pees ffe he ne welt}. 
Da cwaecS ic : paes ic com geSafa. Da cwae S he : HwaecSer 
f)u nu giet maege gemunan f ic <5e ser reahte; f wxs fte 
selces monnes ingeSanc wilnaS to faere soSan gesael Se to 25 
cumanne, (5eah hi 5 ungelice hiora earnien 6 . Da cwaeft ic : 
^ ic geman ; genog sweotole me is Saet gesaed. Da cwaecS 
he : Gemunst Su f ic cSe (cer) saede ]> [hif\ waere eall an good 
7 gesaelSa ; se pe gesaelcSa secS, he sec^ good. Da cwaecS ic : 
f) ic haebbe genog faeste on gemynde. Da cwaecS he : Ealle 30 
men ge goode ge yfele wilniacS to cumanne to goode, f>eah 
hi his mislice wilnien. Da cwaecS ic : "}) is socS f J?u saegst. 
Da cwaecS he : Genog sweotol f is cSaet te 7 forSy sint gode 
men goode, Se hi god gemetacS. Da cwae S ic : Genog open 

1 fremman B. 2 ne B. 3 hw<zne B. 4 he om. B. 5 he B. 
6 earnige B. 7 te om. B. 



XXXVI. 6] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 107 



hit is. Da cwaeS he : pa goodan begitaS f good f hi 
wilniaS. Da cwaeS ic : Swa me SyncS. Da cwaeS he : pa 
yfelan naeron \na l yfek g\i hi gemetten Saet good Saet hi 
wilniaS ; ac forSy hi sint yfle J?e 2 hi hit ne metaS 3 , 7 forSy 
5 hi hit ne metaS 3 Se hi hit on riht ne secaS. Da cwaeS ic : 
Swa hit is swa Su saegst. Da cwaeS he : ForSaem *hit is 4 * 9 oa c - 
nan tweo f ta 5 goodan beoS syle waldende, 7 J>a yflan 
nabbaS naenne anwald; forSy Sa goodan Saet god on riht 
secaS, 7 (da) yflan on woh. Da cwaeS ic : Se Se ne 6 wenS 

10 $ Sis soS sie 7 , Sonne ne gelyfS he nanes soSes. 

v q. Da cwsecS he : HwaeSer wenstu nu ? ^z/" twegen 
men fundiacS to anre stowe, 7 habbaS emnmicelne willan to 
to cu[w^]nne ; 7 o^er hsefS his fota 8 anweald f he mseg gan 
Saer he wile 9 , swa swa eallum monnum gecynde waere f hi 

15 meahten, o<5er naefS his fota geweald f he maege gan, 7 
wilnacS Seah to feranne 10 , (7) onginS creopan on ]x>ne ilcan 
weg ; hwaecSer "Sara twega n fincS 12 Se mehtigra ? Da cwaecS 
ic : Nis f gelic ; se buS mehtigra se Se gseS J>onne se Se criepS, 
forSaem he maeg cuman eS Sider Se he wile ponne se oSer ; 

20 saga elles $ Su wille, Saet wat aalc mon. Da cwseS he : Swa 
ilce ]3 biS Saem goodum 7 Saem yflum ; 3eg]?er heora wilnaS 
for gecynde f he cume to Saem hehstan goode. Ac se 
gooda maeg cuman Sider he wilnaS, forSaem he his on riht 
wilnaS, 7 se yfla ne maeg cuman to Saem >e he wilnaS, 

25 *forSaem hi 14 hit on wog secaS 15 . Ic nat Seah )?e elles hwaet * 
Since 16 . Da cwseS ic : Ne SincS me nauht oSres of Sinum 
spellu. pa cwaeS he : Genog rihte Su hit ongitst, 7 f is eac 
tacn pinre haelo ; swa swa laeca gewuna is fy hi cweSaS Sonne 
hi siocne mon ge[^ ]oS, gif hi hwilc ungefaeglic 17 tacn on 

30 him 18 gesioS. Me SincS nu f 1pm gecynd [7] Sin gewuna 
flite swiSe swiSlice wiS Saem dysige. 

vi r . Ic haebbe nu ongiten f Su eart gearo to ongitanne 

Boetb. iv. pr. 2. 1. 42 P. Rursus, inquit, si duo sint, &c. 
r Boeth. iv. pr. 2. 1. 69 P. Sed quoniam te ad intellegendum, &c. 
1 no J. 2 / B. 3 gemetaS ^B. 4 nis B. 5 da B. 

6 ne om. B. 7 ne sie B. 8 foda C. s J><zr he wile om. B. 

10 farenne B. " twegra B. 12 JtinG C. 13 gelice B. 14 he B. 
15 serf B. 16 From B, ffence C. 1T unfaglic B. 18 him on B. 



108 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVI. 6 

mina lara; fonSy ic t$e wolde gegaderian manzgu spell 7 
manega bisna be (5aem f tfti meahte (5y ecS ongitan hwaet 
ic .s^an wille. Ongit nu hu unmehtige J?a yflan men bio<5, 
nu hi ne magon cuman "older "older (5a ungewittigan ge- 
jreafta wilnia S to to 1 cumanne ; 7 hu micle unmihtegran 2 hi 5 
waeren gif hi his nan gecynde naefden. Beheald nu mid hu 
hefigre racentan dysiges 7 ungej/t5a hi sint gebundene. 
Hwaet, >a cild, (5onne hi furSum gan magon, 7 eac (Sa 
ealdan ceorlas, J>a hwile J>e hi gan magon, wilni[a]S sumes 
weorcSscipes 7 sumre maer(5e. Da cild ridacS on hiora 10 
C. stafiiflz 7 rntfnz^fealde plegan plegia<5 3 * (5aer hi hyria(5 4 ealdum 
monnu. 7 ^a dysfgan nanwuht nella S onginnan Saes c5e hi 5 
him awSer 6 maegen to wenan o S Se lofes ot5(5e leana, ac doS f 
wyrse is ; irnacS hidres Sidres 7 dwoligende under Ipsem hrofe 
eallra ges^afta; 7 fte (5a ungewitte\^gan~\ 8 gesceafi^ witon, $15 
niton tSa dysegan men. ForcSy sint ]^a wee/fas betera/z (Sonne 
)?a unt5eawas, fortSaamfte selc mon sceal bion ge}?afa, sam he 
wille sam he nylle, f se sie anwald^gost 9 (5e maeg becuman to 
]?a heh^/a hrofe eallra gesceafta, p is God ; pa nis nanwuht 
beufan 10 w^ nanwuht benypan ne jwz^utan, ac ealle J>ing sint 20 
binnan him on his anwalde. Se God is swicSe to /wfianne. 
Hu ne cvvaede/^ cer $ se waere anfetSe mihtigost se pe meahte 
gan (fieah he wolde} o"S (5isse eorpan ende, swa ^te nan n dael 
fiisse eorlpan ofer ^ ^^re ? ^ ilce j^u meaht ge^encan ^ God^, 
swa s\va we asr cwsedon, $ se bi S meahtegost }?e to him 25 
cuman maeg, forSaem he noh wider ofer ^ cuman ne maeg. 

vii s . Be eallu Sissu racu J>u meaht ongitan ^ (Sa goodan 

9ib C. bioS simle *mrttige, 7 Sa yflan beoft aelces maegnes 7 aelces 

craeftes bedaelde. Hwy wenstu Sonne j> hi forlaeten "5a 

craeftas 7 folgien cSaem un^eawum ? Ic wene <5eah ^ Su 30 

wille secgan f hit sie for dysige f hi hi ne cunnen tocnawan. 



8 Boeth. iv. pr. 2. 1. 86 P. Ex quo fit, quod huic obiacet/ &c. 

1 to once B. 2 ungemihran B. 3 plegan plegiaS in small 

characters beneath last line of page. * Orig. onhyriaQ B, on crossed 
out and ofer written above. 5 From B, hit C. 6 czgper B. 

7 hider 7 pider B. 8 gewittigan J. 9 From J, anwealde hegost B. 
llj Conject. biifan B. ll an C. 



XXX VI. 8] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 109 



Ac hwaet saegst Su ]>[onne] $ sie forcuSre forme sio un- 
g[m"jeadwisnes ? hwy geSafiaS hi Saet hi bioS dysige ? 
hwy nyllaS hy spyrian aef t craeftum 7 aef t wisdome ? Ic wat 
feah Saet swongornes hi ofsit 7 hi mid slaewSe ofercymS, 7 

5 gitsung hi ablent. Wit cwsedon ]) eah aer f nanwuht naere 
wyrse fonne ungesceadwisnes. Ac hwaet willaS wit nu 
cweSan *, gif J?a gesceadwisan habbaS unSeawas 7 nyllatS 
spyrian seft wisdome 7 aef t craeftum ? Ic wat feah f Su wilt 
cweSan f wrsennes 7 ungemetfaestnes hi ofsitte ; ac hwaet is 

10 fonne unstrengra Sonne se mon f>e bi^ to ungemetlir^ 
oferswitfed mid "Saem tedran flaesce, buton he eft geswice 7 
winne \vit5 f>a uncSeawas swa he swi Sost maege ? Ac hwset 
wilt "Su ]?onne cwetSa[], gif hwa nanwuht nyle wi(5 winnan, 
ac mid fulle willan forlaet aelc good *7 fulgae S Saem yfle, 7 * 92a C. 

J 5 bitS (5eah gesceadwis 2 ? Ic secge sie unmehtig 7 eac ealles 
nauht ; fortSaem swa hwa swa cSone ^maenan God 3 eallra 
goda 4 forlaet, buton tweonne ne bit? se nauht, Ac hwa 
swa 5 willnatS $ he craeftig sie, he wilna<5 ^ he wis sie ; swa 
hwa swa cSonne craeftig bi^, he bi(S wis, 7 se (Se wis biS, he 

20 b;tS good ; se Ipe ]x>nne good biS, se bi(S gesaelig, 7 se (Se 
gesaelig biS, se biS eadig, 7 se Ipe eadig bitS, se biS god, be 
(Saem daele (Se we aer reahton on (Sisse ilcan bee. Ac ic wene 
nu hwonne f dysige men willen wundrian f>aes Se ic aer 
saede ; (Saet waes Saette yfle men naeren nauhtas, fortSaem 

25 (pe] Sara is ma ]?onne }>ara otSra. Ac Seah hi his nu nsefre 
ne gelefen, (Seah hit is swa; ne magon we naefre gereccan 
tSone yflan mon claenne 7 untwifealdne, Son 6 ma Se we 
m<2-on hatan oSSe habban deadn^ mon for cwucone 7 ; ne 
biS se 8 cwuca Sonne nyttra Se se deada, gif him his yfel 

30 ne hreoiud ; ac se pe ungereclice \iofa 7 his gecynd nyle 
healdan, ne biS se nauht. 

viii*. Ic wene J>eah ]> Su wille cweSan ^ hit ne sie *ralles * 
swa gelic, Saet se yfla maege don yfel Seah he good 9 ne 

* Boeth. iv. pr. 2. 1. 106 P. Sed possunt, inquies, mail/ &c. 

1 From B, wit nu wit cw<zdan C. 2 em. gesceadwise C and B. 

1 From >.godC. From B, gooda C. 5 swa hwa swa B. 

* J>e B. 7 Half the u of cwucone gone. 8 se om. B. 9 good above line in C. 



110 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVI. 8 



f 



maege, 7 se deada ne maege naufter don ; ac ic fte secge f se 
anwald "Sara yflena ne cymft of nanum craefte, ac of unftea- 
wum ; ac gif fta yflan symle goode waeren, J>onne ne dyden 
hi nan yfel. Ne bioft 1 ftaet nane mehta f mon maege yfel 
don, ac bioft unmeahta ; gif (fi) soft is f we aer gefyrn 5 
reahton, -p f yfel nauht ne sie, ftonne ne wyrcft se nauht, 
(se) fte yfel wyrcft. Da cwaeft ic : Genog soft $ is $ tfa 
saegst. Da cwaeft he : Hu ne reahton we aer f nanwuht 
naere mehtigra ftonne -J? hehste good ? Da cwft ic : Swa 
hit is swa ftu saegst. Da cwaeft he: Ne hit J>eah ne maeg 10 
nan yfel don. Da cwaeft ic : Dset is soft. Da cwft he : 
Hwaefter aeni mon 2 wene f senig mon sie swa meahtig 
f he maege don call ftset ftaet he wille ? Da cwseft ic : Ne 
wenft $zes nan mon J>e his gewit hsefft. Da cwaaft he : 
Hwaet, yfle men magon fteah yfel don. Da cwasft ic : Eala, 15 
ftser hi ne meahton. Da cwaeft he : Hit is sweotol f hi 
magon don yfel, 7 ne magon nan good ; is forftaem^e 
93 a C. ^yfel nis nauht ; *ac })a goodan, gif hi fulne anwald ^<2<5baft, 
hi magon don to goode f f hi willaft. Forfty is se fulla 
anwald to tellanne to ftaem hehstum goodum, forftaem aegper 20 
ge se anwald ge J>a oftru good 7 fta crasftas fte we longe aer 
nemdon sindon faeste on ftaem hehstan goode. Swa swa 
aelces huses wah <5ift faest aegfter ge on ftaere flore ge on ftaem 
hrofe, swa bift aelc good on Gode faest ; forftaem he is aelces 
godes aegfter ge hrof ge flor. Dy is a to wilnianne J^aes 25 
anwaldes j3 mon maege good don ; forftaem ftaet is se betsta 
anwald f mon maege 7 wille wel don, swa laessan spedum 
swa maran, swaefter he haebbe. Forftaem swa hwa swa 3 
wilnaft 4 good to donne, he wilnaft good to habbanne 7 mid 
goode to bionne. Forfty 5 is se Platones cwide genog soft (pe) 30 
he cwaeft : Da wisan ane magon don to goode f hi wilniaft ; 
fta yflan magon onginnan -f hi willaft 6 . Ic nat nu fteah ftu 7 
wille cwetS[0#j] pa goodan onginnen hwilu f hi ne magon 
forftbrengan ; ac ic cwefte $ 8 hi hit bringaft symle forft ; 



1 bid B. 2 (znimon C. 3 swa above line C. 4 ivillafi B. 

5 for bis B. 6 wilniaQ B, apparently ivillad orig. 7 $u om. B. 8 }eah B. 



XXXVII. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE III 

oeah hi ftaet weorc ne msegen fullfremman, *hi habbaS Sean * 9 3b C. 
fullne 1 willan, 7 se untw^fealda willa bicS to tellanne 2 for 
fullfremed weorc. ForSaem he nagfre ne forlist 3 Seem 
leanum ocSSe her oScSe Seer oSSe ^egSer 4 . peah willatS Sa 

5 yflan wircan $ f hi lyst, Seah hit nyt ne sie 5 ; ne forleosaS hi 
eac Sone willan, ac hab&^ his wite oSSe her oSSe elleshwser 
oSSe aegSer ; se yfla willa to donne 6 hiora welt. ForSy hi ne 
magon begitan f good f hi wilniaS, forSy hi hit Surg Sone 
willan secaS, nales J?urg rihtne 7 weg. Se yfla willa 

10 naenne geferscipe wicS J?a gesaelcSa. Da se Wisdom (5a 
spell areaht hsefde, Sa ongan he eft singan 7 fus cwaetS: 

XXXVII". 

i. (Geher nu an spell be pa ofermodu 7 J>am unrihlwisu 
cyningu. pa we gesiofi sittan on pa hehstan heahsetlu; pa scinad 
on manegra cynna hrceglu, 7 beofi uton ymbstandene* mid 

15 miclon geferscipe hiora pegna ; 7 pa biod mid fetlum 7 mid 
gyldenu hyltsweordu 7 mid manigfealdu heregealwit gehyrste, 
7 preatiafi eal moncynn mid hiora pry mme. 7 se pe hiora welt 
ne myrnti* nauper ne friend ne fiend pe ma pe wedende hund, ac 
biofi swiSe ungefrcEglice up ahafen on his mode for pa unge- 

20 metlican anwealde. Ac gif him mon pon awint of pa clap as, 7 
him oftihd para penunga 7 pees anwealdes, pon miht pu geseon 
$ he bioti swifie anlic para his pegna sumu pe hi par peniati, 
buton he forcuftra 10 sie. 7 gif him nu weas u gebyrefi p him 
wyrd sume hwile para penunga of token, 7 para clapa, 7 pas 

25 anwealdes 12 , pon pined him p he sie on carcerne gebroht, offie on 
racentu. Forpd of pa unmcetan 13 7 pam ungemetlican gegerelan, 
of pa swetmettu 7 of mistlicu dryncu pees lipes onwcscnad sio 
wode prag pcEre wrannesse, 7 gedrefd hiora mod swide swid- 
lice. pon weaxad eac pa ofermelta 7 ungepwcernes ; 7 pon hi 

30 weordafi gebolgen.ponne wyro p mod beswungen mid pa welme 

* Boeth. iv. met. 2. Quos uides sedere/ &c. Cott. Metr. xxv. 

1 fulle C. 2 em. dallanne C, tellenne B. 3 So also B. 4 agBar B. 

5 peak hit nu ne sie nyt B. ! From B, fonne C. 7 B basfurhtne for 

])urg rihtne. 8 em. ymbstandende B. 8 orig. murriQ in B, u altered to y. 

Qm.fordra B. " em. hives B. 12 em. anweades B. 13 em. unmetta B. 



112 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVII. i 

pare hatheortnesse, ofificet hi weorpafi gerapte mid pare un- 
rotnesse, 7 swa gehcefte. Sifidan p pon gedon bid, fionne 
ongirifi him leogan se tohopa pare wrcece, 7 swa hwces swa his 
irsung wilndfi^ ,pon gehet himpashisreccelest. Ic pe sade gefyrn 
cer on pisse ilcan bee p ealle gesceafta willnodon sumes godes 5 
for gecynde ; ac pa unrihtwisan cyngas ne mag on nan god don, 
forpd icpe nu sccde. Nis p nan wundor, forpa hi hi underpiodafi 
eallu pa unpeawum pe ic pe cer nemde. Sceal (Forme nede to para 
hlaforda dome pe he hine ar underpeodde, 7 pte wyrse is, p he hi 
nylefurfiu wi$ winnan. peer he hit a anginnan wolde, 7 pon on- 10 
pam gewinne purhwiinian ne mihte,pdn ncefde he his nane scylde^ 
ii v . )a se Wisdom (Sa "Sis leoS asungen haefde, pa 
ongon he eft spellian 7 pus cwseS : Gesihst pu nu on hu 
miclum 7 on hu diopum 7 on hu piostrum horoseacSe para 
uncSeawa "Sa yfelwillendan sticia S, 7 hu "Sa goodan scina S 15 
beorhtor ponne sunne ? ForcSsem pa goodan naefre ne beoc$ 
bedaelde para edleana hiora goodes, ne ^a yflan naefre para 
wita "Se hi geearniga S. y^Elc Sing Se on pisse worulde gedon 
biS haefS edlean ; wyrce hwa f Saet he wyrce, oSSe do f 2 he 
do, a he haefS f f he geearnaS 3 . Nis f eac nauht unriht; 20 
swa swa gio 4 Romana peaw waes 5 , 7 giet is on manegum 
piodum, f mon hehS aenne heafodbeag gyldenne 6 aet sumes 
serneweges ende ; fsertS Sonne micel folc to, 7 yrnacS ealle end- 
emes 7 , t5a (5e hiora aerninge trewatS. 7 swa hwelc swa serest 
to paem beage cymtS, ponne mot se hine habban him. ^Elc 25 
95b C. wilnatS f he scyle *[]res/ to cuman 7 hine habban, ac anum 
he peah gebyrecS. Swa deft eall moncyn on Sis andweardan 
life ; irnaS 7 onettaS 7 wilniaS ealle 8 pses hehstan goodes ; 
ac hit nis nanum anum men getiohhod, ac is eallum monnu. 
ForSaem is selcu tJearf f he higie ealle maegene asft Saere 30 
mede ; Saere mede ne wyrcS (ncpfre) nan good man bedaeled. 
* Ne maeg hine mon no mid rihte hatan se gooda, gif he bi(5 

T Boeth. iv. pr. 3. Videsne igitur, &c. 

1 em. willaS B. 2 // B. s earnaS B. " gio om. B. 

5 J>eawas for faaw wees B. 6 gyldene C- 1 endemest C. 3 ealles B. 
8 N . bedceled om. B. 






XXXVII. 3] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 113 

c5aes hehstan goodes bedaeled, forSaem nan good (5eaw ne 
bi(5 buton goodu edleanu. Don J>a yflan -f f hi don, syle 
bi(S se beag goodes edleanes (5aem godu gehealden on 
ecnesse. Ne maeg .J>ara yflena yfel fa 1 goodan beniman 
5 heora goodes 2 7 hiora wlites ; ac gif hi (5aet good 2 buton 
\\irn selfum haefden 3 , <5onne meahte hi mon his 4 beniman, 
oc5er twega, oftcSe se J>e hit aer sealde, oftcSe o(5er mon 5 . Ac 
"Sonne forlyst good man his leanu <5onne he his good forlset. 
Ongit mi ^te aelcum men his agen good gifS good edlean, 

10 ty good fte oninnan him selfu bicS. Hwa wisra manna wile 
cwe<San ]> <znig god man sie bedaeled J>aes hehstan goodes, 
fonSaem he syle as ft ]?aem swine (5? Ac gemun (Su syle J>se[.f] 
miclan 7 ]^3es fasgran *edleanes, for Saem -f edlean is ofer eal *Q6a C. 
otSr[] 6 lean to lufianne ; 7 do "Saes lean to (Saem for- 

15 sprecenan 7 goodu Ipe ic J>e aer tealde on J>aere j^riddan bee. 
ponne hi ]^on()e gegaderudu bio<5, Sonne meaht ]?u ( 
ongitan J "Sa gesaelSa 7 -p hehste good [^??] call an, 7 -f 
God. 7 jxmne J>u meaht eac ongitan ^ aelc good man bi(S 
eadig, 7 f ealle gesaelige men biocS godas, 7 habba S ecu 

20 edlean heora goodes. 

iii w . For Saem ne j^earf naenne wisne mon tweogan j> cSa 
yflan naebben eac ecu edlean hiora yfles ; f biS ece wite. peah 
tSu nu wene $ hiora hwylc 8 gesaelig 9 sie her for weorulde, he 
haeF($ J?eah symle his yfel mid him, 7 eac f aes yfles edlean (5a 

25 hwile Ipe hit hi licaS 10 . Nis nu nan wis mon f nyte f te good 
7 yfel bio<5 syle ungej?waere betweox him, 7 syle on tu willatS ; 
7 swa swa Saes godan godnes bi(5 his agen good, 7 his agen 
edlean, swa bi(S eac (Saes yfelan yfel his agen yfel 7 his edlean 7 
his agen wite. Ne t\veoc5 naenne mon, gif he wite haef <5, $ he 

30 nsebbe (jyfet). Hwaet wenac5 ]?a yfelan $ hi bion bedaelde tSara 
wita, 7 sint fulle aelces yfles ? Nalles no f an -f hi bio^ afylde, 
ac forneah *[/0] nauhte gedone. Ongit nu be "Saem godu hu 

w Boeth. iv. pr. 3. 1. 30 P. Quae cum ita sint, &c. 

1 From B,^z C. 2 ^^f B, 7 /z^ra . . . good om. B. 3 nafden B. 
4 /fo" B. 5 ma B. 5 ^5r?/ J, ^&;r B. 7 foresprecenan B. 



om. B. 8 gescefye B. 10 i? /zVatf B. 



114 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVII. 3 

micel wite J?a yfelan syle habbacS ; 7 gehere l get sum bispell, 
7 geheald J?a wel Ipe ic <$e aer saede. Eall j> j>te annesse 
haef(S, f we secgaft ^ te 2 sie ]?a hwile J>e hit 3et[,r]omne bi(5 ; 
7 ]:a samwraednesse we hatacS good. Swa swa an mon bit5 
man ]^a hwile (5e sio saul 7 se lichama aetsomne biot>, ]?onne 5 
hi 3 (Sonne gesindrede biocS, Jxmne 3 ne bi(S (he) Saet f he aer 
waes. f) ilce )?u meaht gef?encan be J^asm lichoman 7 be his 
limu ; gif ]wa lima 4 hwylc of bi S, Jxmne ne biS hit no full 
man swa hit aer waes. Gif eac hwylc good man from gode 
gewit, fonne ne bicS he J?on 5 ma fullice good, gif he eallunga 10 
fro gewit 6 ; fonan hit gebereS f (5a yflan forlaetac5 f f hi 
aer 7 t5a dydon, 7 8 ne beo^ j> ^ hi aer waeron. Ac jxmne hi ^ 
good forlaetacS 7 weortSatS yfle, ponne ne bio<5 hi nauhtas 
butan anlicnes ; ^ mon maeg gesion ^ hi gio men waeren, 
ac hi habbat5 J>aes mennisces Jxmne fone betstan dael for- 15 
loren, 7 ]?one forcuj?estan 9 gehealden. Hi forlaeta S $ 
97a C. gecyndelice good, j5 sint mennisclice ]?eawas ; *7 habbaS 
feah mannes anlicnesse <5a hwile }>e hi libbaS. 

iv x . Ac swa swa m<znna goodnes hi ahefS ofer t$a 
menniscan gecynd to Son 10 ^ hi bioS godas genemde n , swa 20 
eac hiora yfelnes awirpS (hi) 12 under ]?a mennis[r<2 ^<r]ynd 
to J?on 13 ^ hio bioS yfle gehatene ; ^ we cwe<5a(5 sie nauht. 
For^xm gif tSu swa gewlaetne mon metst ]> he biS ahwerfed 
from goode to yfle, ne meaht ]?u hine na mid ryhte nemnan 
man ac neat. Gif J>u on hwilcum men ongitst j> he bi<S 25 
gitsere 7 reafere, ne scealt )xi hine na 14 hatan mon, ac wulf ; 
7 ]x)ne re^an Ipe biS J>\veorteme Su scealt hatan hund, nalles 
mon ; 7 fone leasan lytegan J>u scealt hatan fox, naes man ; 
7 ]x>ne ungemetlice modgan 7 yrsiendan J?e to micelne 
andan haef <5 }m scealt hatan leo 15 , naes man ; 7 Jxme saenan 3 
buS swa 16 slaw [/ ^Jcealt hatan assa ma }?onne man; 7 



Boeth. iv. pr. 3. 1. 50 P. Sed cum ultra homines, &c. 



V 



1 geher B. 2 /^ om. B. 3 Az" . . .fionne om. B. * /z wtf om. B. 
* fa B. 8 y^o/w ^7^ ge-wite B. 7 ^r om. B. 3 7 ow. B. 

9 Orig. forcuSesan in B, the s altered to r. 10 fid B. " genemnedc 
B. 12 Conject. om. B and C. 13 J>d B. 14 a om. B. 15 Ho B. 
16 /<? B. 



XXXVIII. i] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 115 



)x)ne ungemetlice eargan fe him ondrset ma l fonne he 
fyrfe (5u meaht hatan hara ma forme mon; 7 faem un- 
gestse(5($egan 7 faem galan 2 ]?u meaht 3 secgan <5set he bi<5 
winde gelicra 4 oc5(5e *uustillu fugelum fonne gemetfsestu * 97 b 

5 monnum ; 7 fsern J>e (Su ongitst fte 5 ligcS on his lichoman 
lustum, f he bi(5 anlicost fettum swinu Je syle willa 5 licgan 
on fulum [ j0/]um, 7 hy nsefre 6 nellatS zspy\_ltgan 7 o] 
hluttru[/n] waetru ; ac J>eah hi seldu hw[<?]nne beswemde 
weorSen, fonne slea^ hi eft on <Sa solu 7 bewealwiaS hi 8 

lojoenm 9 . Da se Wisdom J>a Sis spe// areaht hsefde, ]?a 
ongon he eft 10 smgan 7 /us cwaeft : 

xxxvin y. 

i. (/C #<? n mcBg reccan of ealdu leasu spellu sum swifte 
anlic spell Jxzre sprcEce }>e wit nu ymbe sprczcon. Hit geby- 
rede gio on Troiana gewinne ft pair wees an cyning Jxzs nama 

J5 Aulixes ; se h<zfde twa pioda under fia kasere. pa fiioda 

wceron hatene Ipacige 7 Retie, 7 pees kaseres na?na wees 

Agamenon. f)a se Aulixes mid pam kasere to pa gefiohte 

for, pa hcsfde he sume hundred scipa ; pa wceron hi sume ten 

gear on pa gewinne. pa se cyning eft ha cerde fro pa kasere, 

20 7 hi p land hcefdon gewunnen, pa ncefde he na 12 ma scipa pon 
an; p was peah prerefire. )a gestod hine heah weder 7 
stormscE. Wearfi pa fordrifen en an iglond ut on fleer e Wendel- 
sce. pa wees peer Apollines dohtor lobes suna ; se lob was 
hiora cyning, 7 licette p he sceolde bion se hehsta god ; 7 p 

25 dysigefolc him gelyfde,forpa$e he was cynecynnes ; 7 hi nyston 
neenne oflerne god on pcene timan, buton hio^a cyningas hi 
weorpodon for godas. pa sceolde pees lobes feeder bion eac 
god ; pees nama wees Saturnus ; 7 his suna swa ilce eelcne 13 hi 

y Boeth. iv. met. 3. Vela Neritii duels, &c. Cott. Metr. xxvi. 

1 mare B. 2 h&lgan B. 3 em. meah C. * From B, gelicran C. 
5 B has he for te. 6 nizfre om. B. 7 asfylian ]. * hi om. B. 
Looks likefaran in C. 10 eft om. B. u Conject. the vowel in 
B is a mixture of a and e. 12 he na above line. 18 em. <zlcine B. 

I 2 



Il6 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVIII. i 

heefdon for god. pa was hiora an se Apollinus l pe we cer 
ymb sprcecon. pees Apollines dohtor 2 sceolde lion gydene, 
pcere nama wees Kirke. Sio hi seedon sceolde bion swide dry 
er czfh gu, 7 sio wunode on pa iglande pe se cyning onfordrifen 
wearci, pe we cer ymbe sprcecon. Hio hcefde peer swide mide 5 
werode hire fiegna, 7 eac ofierra mcedena. Sona swa hio 
geseah pone fordrifenan cyning 3e we cer ymb sprcecon, pees 
nama wees Aulixes, pa ongan hio hine lufian, 7 hiora 
cegper ofierne swide ungemetlice^ swa pte he for hire lufan 
for let his rice eall 7 his cynren, 7 wunode mid hire ofi 10 
done first p his degnas him ne mihton leng ??iid gewunian, ac 
for hiora eardes lufan 7 for pcere wrcece tihodon hine to 
forlcetenne. )a ongunnon lease men wyrcan spell, 7 seedon p 
hio sceolde mid hire dry craft pa men forbredan, 7 3 we or pan hi 
an wildedeora lie, 7 sioffan slean on pa racentan 7 on cospas. I 5 
Sume hi seedon p hio sceolde for sceoppan to leon, 7 pon seo 
sceolde spree an, pon ryde hio. Sume sceoldan bion eforas, 
7 bon hi sceoldan hiora sar siofian, pon grymetodan hi. Sume 
wurdon to wulfan ; pa fiuton^pon hi sprecan sceoldon. Sume 
wurdon to pa deorcynne pe mon hat tigris. Swa wearff* eall 20 
se geferscipe forhwerfed to mistlicui?i deorcynnu, eelc to sumu 
diore, buton pa cyning e anu. ALlcne mete hi onscunedon pe 
men etad, 7 wilnodon para pe deor etap. Ncefdon hi nane 
anlicnesse manna ne on lichoman ne on stemne, 7 eelc wisste 
peah his gewit swa swa he cer wisste. p gewit was swide 25 
sorgiende for pa ermfium fie hi drogan. Hwcet, pa menn pe 
3isu leasungu gelef don, peah wisstonp hio mid pa drycrcefte ne 
mihte para monna mod onwendan, peah hio pa lichoman 
onwende. Eala p hit is micel crceft* pees modes for pone 
lichoman. Be swilcu 7 be swylcu pu miht ongitan p se crceft 30 
pees lichoman bid on pa mode, 7 pte celcu men ma deriafi his 
modes unpeawas. -Bees modes unpeawas 6 tiod eallne pone 
lichoman to hi, 7 pees lichoman mettrumnes 7 ne mceg p mod 
eallunga to him 



m B. 2 em. dohdor B. 5 em. B has ft. 4 em. weorcd B. 
5 em. crcefB. 6 unj>eaiuas conject. om. B. 1 mettrumnes B. 



XXXVIII. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE 117 



ii z . f)a, cwaetS ic : Ic eom ge]?afa ^ ^ is soft ^ (5u aer 
saedest ; j> wses (5aet hit nauht unriht naere j> mon J)a yfel- 
willendan men hete ne[/]enu oc5(5e wildior, >eah hi mannes 
[0]nlicnesse haebben ; ac gif ic haefde [.yzw Jlcne anwald swilce 
5 se aelmihtiga l [ God hce~y$, J^onne ne lete ic no Sa [jyfe!a~\n 
derigan |)aem goodum swa swicSe swa hi nu do (5. Da cwaecS 
he : Nis hit him no swa longe alefed swa (Se (SinccS ; ac (5u 
meaht ongitan tfeet him bi(5 switfe hraedlice gestiored \hior a\ 
orsorgnesse, swa ic *J?e nu rihte 2 secgan wille, f>eah ic get * iooa C. 

10 asmettan nsebbe for o Sre spraece. paer hi fone unnettan 
anwald naefden (5e hi wenaS $ hi haebben, jwnne naefden hi 
swa micel wite swa hi habban sculon. Da yflan biocS S} 7 mle 3 
ungesasligran J>onne fonne hi magon (Surgtion f yfel f hi 
lyst, (Sonne hi fonne * bion tfonne hi hit don ne magon, )?eah 

15 his dysige men ne gelefen. Hit is swicSe yfel ^ mon yfel 
wille 6 , 7 hit is J)eah micle wyrse -f hit mon maege (don) 7 ; 
for Saem se yfla willa biS tostenced swafaer rec 8 beforan 
fyre, gif mon (Saet weorc Jurgdon ne 9 maeg. Ac (5a yflan 
habbaS hwilum <5rio unsaaltSa 30 ; an is f hi yfel willacS, o^er 

20 j) ^ hi magon, f>ridde $ hi hit ]?urgtiotS ; forSaetncSe God 
haefS ge[/zb]hhod to sellanne witu 7 ermSa \_fia j Jflum 
monnii for u hiora yflu^ w?orcum. Da cwaeS ic : Hit is 
swa 12 [swa] Su saegst ; 7 j^eah ic wolde gewyscan, gif ic 
meahte, ]> hi naefden (5a heardssel Sa f hi meahten yfel don. 

25 Da cwaecS he : Ic wene <5eah f *him losige se anwald aer * ioob C 
J>onne Ju wolde o^Se hi wenen ; forSaem nanwuht (nis) long- 
faeres on tSys andweardan life, >eah monnum tSynce f hit 
long sie. Ac swicSe oft se micla anwald Sara yflena gehrist 
swiSe faerlice, swa (swa} great beam on wuda wyrcS hludne 

3 dynt ]?onne men laest wenatS ; 7 for (5aem ege hi beoS simle 
swifte earme. Gif hi ponne hiora yfel earme gedeS, hu ne 
Sonne semle ^ lange yfel wyrse J>onne (5aet scorte ? 



z Boeth. iv. pr. 4. Turn ego, Fateor, inquam, &c. 

1 celtnihtga C, czlmihtega B. 2 From B, ruhte C. 3 micle B. * ^on 
])on hi B. From B, C has mon p instead oi p mon. 6 wile C. 

7 don above line in B. 8 swa )e recels B. 8 ne om. B. 10 ungesceljia 
B. " for om. B. I2 swa hit is B. 



Il8 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVIII. 2 

peah nu <Sa yflan naefre ne wurden deade, >eah (ic) wolde 
cwetkn f hi waeren earmoste 7 ungesaelgoste *. Gif fa 
yrmcSa ealla so<5a sint >e we longe aer ymbe reahton -f (5a 
yflan her on weorulde habban scolden, fonne is tSse[/] 
sweotol f (Sa yrrnSa biocS [dfe/*]ase J>e ece 2 bio(5. Da cwaeft 5 
[zV : j^/ z>] wundorlic f t$u saegst, 7 swiftf/] earfocSlic 
dysegum monnu to ongitanne ; ac ic ongite J>eah f hit 
belimpt) genog wel to (Saere spraece (5e wit aer ymbe spraecon. 

* ioia C. Da cwaeS he : Ic ne sprece nu 3 no to *dysegum monnum, 

ac sprece to <5am f>e we[/] wilniaS wisdom ongitan ; 10 
forSaem f bi"5 tacn wisdomes f hine mon welnige geheran 7 
ongitan. Ac gif dysegra hwone tweoge seniges }?ara spella fe 
we 3er ymb sprsecon on fisse ilcan bee, Sonne gerecce he gif 
he msege o^er twega, o^Se Jara spella sum leas, o^Se ungelic 
faere sprsece fe wit sefterspyriaS ; o^e fridde wend, ongite 15 
7 gelefe faet wit on riht spyrigen. Gif he ]?ara nan nyte 4 , 
fonne nat he hwset 5 he msenS. 

iii a . Ac ic fe mseg giet tsecan o(5er Ip mg Se dysegum 
monnum wile (Sincan giet ungelefedlicre 6 , 7 is J>eah genog 
gelic J?am spelle Se wit sefterspyria S. Da 7 cwaeS ic : Hwset 20 
is Saet la Singa 7 ? Da cwae S he : (Hit} is f "Saet J>a yflan 
bioS 8 micle gesaeligran J>e on Sisse weorulde habbac5 micelne 
wean 7 manigfeald witu for hiora (yfelu\ <5onne J>a sien Se 
nane wraece nabbacS ne nan wite on <5isse worulde for hiora 
yfle. Ne wene feah nan mon -f ic for Saem anum Syllic 25 

* loib C. sprece (Se ic wolde un^eawas taelan *7 goode herian 7 mid 

(Saere bysne men Sreatigan 7 tyhtan to godu feawu for J>aem 
ege faes wites ; ac for ocSru Sincgum ic hit sprsec 9 get 10 swiSor. 
DacwaecS ic : For hwylcum ocSrum tSingum woldes )?u f sprecan 
buton for (Saem J>e fu nu saedes ? Da cwaeS he : Gemanst 30 
fu hwaet 11 wit aer sprascon ? j) wses fast (Sa goodan haefdon 12 
syle anwald 7 gesaelcSa, 7 J>a yflan naefden naefre nau<5er. 

a Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 37 P. Nam hoc quoque quod dicam/ &c. 



1 7 ungesalgoste om. B. 2 From B, eac C. 3 ww above line C. 

4 w<? deft B. 5 aw Sara between he and /;?wtf C. " ungekfendlicrc 
B. 7 f)a . . . Unga bm." B. 8 P>om B, ^?W C. 9 j/r<? B. 
above line. " B. 12 ^5? B. 



XXXVIII. 3] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 119 

Da cwaeS ic : f) ic geman. Da cwse(5 he : Hwset wenst (5u 
nu ? gif >u gesihst hwylcne swi(5e ungesseligne mon, 7 
ongitst (5eah hwaethwugu goodes on him, hwsecSer he sie swa 
ungesaelig swa se <5e nanwuht goodes naefcS ? Da cwaetS ic : 

5 Se me (5incc5 gesasligra J?e hwaethwugu haefS. Da cw2et5 he : 
Ac hu J>inc<5 J>e Sonne be Saem >e nanwuht goodes naef(5, 
gif he haefS * sumne eacan yfeles ? se }?u wilt secgan j^onne 
giet sie ungesseligra fonne se o(5er, for <5aes yfles eacan. 
Da cwsecS ic : Hwy ne sceolde me swa fyncan ? (f)a cwceff 

10 he^ : Telo ponne p ffe swa pinc3}\ ongit 2 ]?onne mid 
innewearde ; mode j> f Sa yflan habbacS syle hwaethwugu 
godes on gemong *hiora yfle 4 ; j> is hiora wite ; ^ mon maeg * io2a C. 
swiSe eatSe gereccan mid rihte him to goode. Ac fa f>e him 
bi S (unwitnode) call hiora yfel on fisse worulde habbacS su 

15 yfel hefigre 7 frecenlicre fonne senig wite swa 5 on fisse 
worulde ; f f is -f him bi(S unwitnod 6 hiora yfel on })isse 
weorulde, tSaet is -f sweotoloste tacen J?ses maestan yfeles on 
fisse weorulde, 7 lp aes wyrrestan edleanes aefter J)isse worulde. 
Da cwse S ic : Ne 7 mseg ic f ses oftsacan. Da cwS he : 

20 ForSaem sint ungesaeligran Sa yflan forSaem him biS buton 
gewyrhtu forgifen hiora yfel J?onne (5a sien Se him bi S hiora 
yfel geleanod be hiora gewyrhtum. ForcSsem hit is riht 
f mon (pa) yflige Sa yflan, 7 hit is wog f hi mon kete 
unwitnode. Da cw<$ ic : Hwa otfeaecS J>aes ? Da cwaa S 

25 he : Ne maeg nan mon oftsacan f hit ne sie call good f te 
riht (bid), 7 call yfel Jte woh bi(5. Da cwae S ic : Ic com 
swifte gedrefed mid <5isse sprsece, 7 wundrie forhwy swa 
rihtwis dema senige unrihte gife wille forgifan. Da cw(5 he : 
Be hwaem (cwest pu pczt ? )a cwcefi ic : Forpafit Su aer 

30 cwaede Sset he unriht dyde f he lete unwitnod (5a *yflan. * io2b C. 
Da cwgeft he : ]) is his weorSscipe ^ he swa giful is, 7 swa 
rumedlice gifS ; <5aet is micel gifo j> he gebit ocSj) Sa yflan 
ongitaS hiora yfel 7 gecierratS to goode. Da cwsetS ic : Nu 

b Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 58 P. Habent igitur improbi/ &c. 

1 ncefd B. 2 From B, nu git C. 8 inneweardan B. 

4 yfel B. 5 sie B. 6 ungewitnode B. 7 ne om. B. 



120 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XXXVIII. 3 



ic (0)gite hit ()is ecu gifu f he gift? faem yflum, ac is 1 
hwilchwugu 2 eldcung 3 7 andbid 4 J> aes hehstan deman. For 
Saem andbide 7 for Saem gefylde me "SinccS f he sie <5e 
switfor forsewen ; 7 feah me licatS J>is spell genog wel, 7 
<5inc(S me genog gelic (5aem (Se tfti ser saedes. 5 

iv c . Ac ic (5e healsige giet Saet fu me secge hwaeSer t$u 
wene f fa yflan habban 6 aenig wite aefter fisse weorulde ; 
oc5(5e fa (godan) aenig edlean hiora goodes. Da cwaetS he : 
Hu ne saede ic <5e ser f <Sa goodan habba S edlean heora 
goodes aegfer ge her 6 ge on ecnesse, 7 (Sa yflan eac habbaS 10 
edlean hiora yfles, 3egJ)er ge her ge eft on ecnesse. Ac ic 
wille daelan fa yflan (J>d yfelu] nu on twua 7 ; for^aef e o Ser 
dael fara yflena hseftS ece wite, forSse hi nane mildheortnesse 
ne geearnodon ; ocSer dael sceal beon geclaesnod 8 , 7 (fia) 
io3aC. amered on Saem *heofonlican fyre, swa her biS seolfor, 15 
fon5aem he haef "S sume geearnungag sumre mildheortnesse ; 
for Saem he mot cuman aeft Saem earfo^um to ecre are. Giet 
ic (/<?) meahte mare reccan aeg Ser ge be Saem goodum ge 
be J>aem yflum, fser 9 ic nu asmettan haefde. Ac ic ondraede 
"p ic forlaete 10 ^ wyt 33r aeftspyredon ; fy waes ^ wit woldon 20 
gereccan f f u ongeate (5aet "5a yflan naefden naenne anwald 
ne nsenne weorSscipe ne on fisse weorulde ne on faere 
toweardan. ForSaem f>e f uhte aer ^ eallra Singa wyrrest f 
wendes f hi hasfden to micelne ; 7 (Saet eallneg 11 siofodes 
hi eallneg 11 naeron on wite ; 7 ic Se saede eallne weg f hi 25 
naefre ne bioc^ buton wite, (Seah fe swa ne fince. Ac ic wat 
lp eah f Su wilt siofian (Saet hi swa longne fyrst habbaS leafe 12 
yfel to donne ; 7 ic (5e saede ealne weg ^ se (fyrst} bi<5 
swi^e lytle hwile ; 7 ic fe secge giet, swa swa 13 he lengra 
bi(5 swa hi bioS ungesaeligran ; f him waere eallra maest 3 
C. unsaeltS u (p) $ se *fyrst waere oS domes daeg. 7 ic f e saede 
eac f <Sa wasren ungesaeligran f>e him unrihtlice hiora yfel 

c Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 70 P. Sed quaeso, inquam, te, &c. 



1 From B, ic C. 2 h-watkwegu B. 3 eldung B. 4 0/to/ B. 5 So 
C and B. 6 ge her om. B. 7 /wa B. 8 geclansod B. 9 ^/B. 
forlete"&. ll ealne weg K. 12 /m/B. 13 ^wa once B. " M j<?/d C. 



XXXVIII. 5] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 121 

/ 

forboren waere f onne fa waeren f e him l heora yfel rihtlice 
on gevvrecen waere. Git hit gebyrecS f (5e olnc(5 (Saet fa 
orsorgan bioc5 ungesaeligran f onne f onne fa gewitnodan. 

v d . Da cwaeo 1 ic : Ne f inc(5 me naefre nanwuht swa 
5 soolic swa me f inca(5 fine spell (Saem tidum 2 "Se ic (5a 
gehere. Ac gif ic me wende to f ises folces dome, f onne nis 
hit no (Saet an $ hi nyllatS fisse finre race gelefan, ac hi hit 
nyllaS furSum geheran. Da cwaecS he : Ni(j) f nan wundor ; 
hwaet, f u wast ]> fa men f e habbatS unhale eagan ne magon 

10 full eac5e locian ongean fa sunnan f onne hio beortost 3 
scin(5, ne furtSum on 4 fyr ne on nanwuht beortes 5 hi ne lyst 
locian, gif se aeppel lef bitS. Swa beotS t$a synfullan mod 
ablend mid heora yflan willan ^ hi ne magon gesion ^ leoht 
f sere beorhtan sooTaestnesse, f is se hehsta wisdom. Ac him 

15 bitS swa faem fug[/]m 7 fsem dioru* tSe magon bet locian * IC M a c - 
on niht f onne on G dgeg ; se daeg blent 7 f iostratS heora 
eagan, 7 f aere nihte tSiostro hi onlyhta S. FonSy wenatS "Sa 
ablendan mod f fast sie sio maeste gesaeltS f men sie alefed 
yfel to donne, 7 sio dae^ hi mote bion unwitnod. FortSaem 

20 hi ne lyst spyrian aefl aelcre spraece swa longe ocS hi -f riht 
witen, ac wenatS 7 on hiora unnettan 8 willan 7 spyriatS seft 
Saem. pe 9 ic nat hu nyt fu me taehst to "Saam dysegu 
monnurn, fa I0 naefre aeft me ne spyriatS ; ic ne sprece naefre 
to t5aem, ac ic sprece to f e, fonSaem f u tiohhast ^ f u spyrie 

25 aeft me, 7 swi(5or swincst u on Saem spore f onne hi don. Ne 
recce ic hwaet hi demen ; ic laete nu to finu dome ma f onne 
to hiora, forcSaem hi call 12 Iociac5 mid baem eagum on fas 
eorSlican Sincg, 7 hi him liciaS eallunga faer 13 , ge (on pens 
modes eagum ge) on f aes lichoman. Ac fu ana hwilum 

3 bescylst mid otSre eagan on fa heofonlican fincg, mid otfre 
fu locast nu giet on fas eorolican. FortSaem wenacS fa 
dysegan ^ aelc mon sie blind swa hi sint, 7 ^ nan mon ne 



d Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 85 P. Turn ego, Cum tuas, &c. 
1 le him om. B. 2 timum B. 3 So C, berrhtost B. 4 on from 

nyttan 

B, ofyr C. 5 beorhtes B. 6 on om. B. 7 wendati B. 8 unrihtan B. 
9 Sy B. 10 }e B. " From B, swtncG C. 12 ealle B. 13 <rgj>er B. 



122 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVIII. 5 



* io4b C. maege ^gesion 1 f hi gesion ne magon. f) dysi is anlicost 
Ipe sum cild sie full hal 7 ful aeltaewe geboren, 7 swa fullice 
Sionde on eallum cystum 7 craeftu ]?a hwile Ipe hit on cniht- 
hade bi(5 ; 7 swa forcS eallne giogoShad 2 , ocS 3 he wyrcS aelces 
craeftes medeme, 7 (5onn lytle aer his midferhcSe weortSe * baem 5 
eagum blind, 7 eac J>aes modes eagan weorSan swa ablende 
j? he 5 nanwuht ne gemune Ip&s (5e (>#<?) aefre aer geseah 
o<5(5e geherde, 7 wene )?eah tSaet he sie aelces Binges swa 
medeme swa he aefre medomest 6 waere, 7 wenS $ aelcum men 
(sie swa swa Ki si, 7 celcum meii) Since swa swa him J?inc(5. 10 
peah (5e 7 he ]x>nne swa dysig sie j) he ]?aes wene, hwsecSer 
we "Sonne willen ealle wenan Tpzes "Se he wenS ? Ic wene "Seah 
we nyllen ; ac ic 8 wolde witan hu }>e ]?uhte be J>3sm monnum 
wit aer cwaedon f unc Suhte -f waeren wildiorum gelicran 
]?onne monnu, hu micelne wisdom J>a haefden ; me J^incS 15 
J>eah <5 hi naebben naenne. 

vi e . Ic (5e wolde giet reccan sume swi(5e 9 rihte raca 10 ; ac 
C. ic wat }> Ipis folc his nele gelyfan ; ^ is ]> Sa bioc^gesselig*ran 
]?e mon witnaft, J>onne ]^a bion ]?e hi " witniaS. Da wundrode 
ic Saes 7 cwaetS : Ic wolde ]? )?u me gereahte hu hit swa bion 12 20 
meahte. Da cwaeS he : Hwaefter J?u ongite j? aelc yfel- 
willende mon 7 yfelwyrcende sie wites wyrc5e ? Da cwaecS 
ic : Genog sweotole ic ^ ongite. Da cwaecS he : Hu ne is se 
(5onne yfelwillende 7 yfelwyrcende (Se ]?one unscyldigan 
witnacS? Da cw"S ic : Swa hit is swa (5u ssegst. Da CwaetS 25 
he : HwaetSer J>u wene f "Sa sien earme 7 ungesselige J>e 
wites wyr"Se bioS ? Da cwaeft ic : Ne wene ic his no, ac wat 
geare. Da cwaetS he : Gif J>u nu deman moste, hwaeSerne 
woldes Ipu deman wites wyrtfran, Ipe Sone J>e Sone l3 un- 
scyldgan witnode, Se Sone ]?e ^ wite >olade ? Da cwaetS 3 
ic : Nis ^ gelic ; ic wolde helpan ]?aes (5e Saer unscyldig 
waere, 7 henan jpone fe hine yflode. Da cwsetS he : ponne 

e Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 107 P. Nam ne illud quidem adquiescent, &c. 

1 seon B. 2 eallne J>onne giogoShad B. 3 c?3^ B. 4 weorde 

om. B. 5 From B, /> C. 6 medemast B. 7 /^A 6e om. B. 

8 V om. B. 9 swide om. B. 10 race B. " From B, hit C. 

12 bion om. B. " ^ none for/. 3. /. &. B. 



XXXVIII. 7] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 123 



)?e <5inc(5 se earmra se f yfel de(5 cSonne se J?e hit )?afa(5. 
Da cwaecS ic : J)aes ic gelefe f te selc unriht witnung sie f>aes x 
yfel Je hit dec5, naes J>aes (5e hit (5afaec5, forSaem *his yfel hine * io?b C. 
gedecS earmne ; 7 ic ongite (Sset J>is is swicSe 2 riht racu ]> ]>u nu 
5 recst, 7 swicSe anlic paem J?e J>u 3er reahtes ; ac ic wat }?eah $ 
Ipis folce swa ne )}inc(5. 

vii f . Da cwaetS he : Wei ]m hit ongitst ; ac <5a J>ingeras 
)?ingia(S nu hwilum lp aem ]?e laessan J>earfe ahton ; fingia S Jaem 
(J>e) j^ser man yflaS, 7 ne )?ingiac5 ]?aem )>e ^ yfel docS 3 . pae 

10 wsere mare Searf J>e ]^a ocSre unscyzdige yflaS -^ him mon 
)?ingode to J)aem ricum, 7 bsede f him mon dyde swa micel 
\vite swa hi J>aem o^ru unscyldgum dydon. Swa swa se 
sioca ah )?earfe j> hine mon Isede to ]?aem loece, ^ he his tilige, 
swa ah se (jbe) "Sset yfel det5 ^ hine mon laede to ]^3em ricum, 

15 j> mon ]?ser maege sni San 7 basrnan his un]?eawas. Ne cwe- 
"5e ic na f f yfel sie f mon helpe fees unscyldgan 7 him 
fore]?ingie ; ac ic 4 cweSe ^ hit is betere ^ mon wrege ]x>ne 
scyldgan ; 7 ic secge ]> sio forespraec ne dyge nau"Ser ne 
scyldgan ne S asm ]?e him fore)?inga<5, gif hi J>3es wilniaS 

20 him heora yfel unwrecen sie be (Saes gyltes andefne. *Ac ic * T 6a C. 
wat gif Sa scyldgan senigne spearcan wisdomes hasfden 7 be 
aenegum daele ongeaten f hi meahten heora scylda furg -f 5 
wite gebetan, ]?e him her on weorulde on become, j^onne 
noldon hi na cwecSan ^ hit waere wite, ac woldan cwecSan ^ 

25 hit waere heora claensung, 7 heora betrung ; 7 noldon naenne 
j^ingere gesecan 6 , ac lustlice hi woldon laetan }?a rican hi 
tucian aeft hiora agnum willan. For Saem ne scyle nan wis 
man naanne mannan hatian ; ne hata S nan mon Jxme godan, 
butan se eallra dysgosta ; ne f nis nan riht f mon 

3 fone yflan hatige, ac hit is rihtre -f him mon miltsige. 
f) is J>onne hiora 7 mildsung f mon wrece hiora unSeawas be 
hiora gewyrhtum 8 . Ne scyle 9 nan mon siocne monnan 7 70 
gesargodne swencan, ac hine mon seel n laedan to J>aem laece 

f Boeth. iv. pr. 4. 1. 123 P. Atqui nunc, ait, contra faciunt/ &c. 

1 Jxzs om. B. _ 2 swa B. 3 de$ C. 4 ic om. B. 5 / om. B. 
8 secanE. 7 hbraC. 8 From B, umvyrhtum C. 9 sceal R. 

10 7 om. B. " sceolde B. 



124 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXVIII. 7 

f he his tilige. Da se Wisdom )?a pis spell areaht hsefde, (5a 
ongan he eft l singan 7 }ms cw(5 : 

XXXIX g. 

i. (Forhwi drefe ge eowru mod mid unrihtre fiounge, swa 
swa y$a for winde pa see hrerafi ? o$ffe 2 forhivy celwite ge 
eowerre wyrde p hio nan geweald nah ? odfie hwy ne 3 magon 5 
ge gebidan gecyndelices deafies 4 , nu he eow celce dceg toweardes 
onet ? Hwi ne magon ge gesion p he spy rod (Bice dceg cefter 

fuglum 5 7 after dioru 7 cefter monnu, 7 ne for Ice t nan 
swcefi cer he gefehfi p p he cefter spy red. Walawa p $a unge- 
sceligan menn ne 6 magon gebidon hwonne he him to cnme, ac 10 

forsceotdS hine foran, swa swa wilde deor willnafi octer to ac- 
wellenne. Ac hit ncere no manna ryht p hiora ocnig oderne 

fiode ; ac p wcsre ryht p hiora celc guide odru edlean celces 
weorces cefter his gewyrhtu, p is p mon lufode pone godan, 
swa swa riht is p mon do, 7 mildsige pam yfelum^ swa we cer 15 
civcedon ; lufie 1 pone man, 7 hatige his unpeawas ; ceorfe him 
of siva he swiftest mceg.} 

ii k. Da he f>a f>is licS asungen haefde, fa geswugode he 
ane hvvile. ?a cwaeS ic : Nu ic ongite openlice cSset sio 

gesaelcS stent on godra monna geearnunga, 7 sio 20 

stent on yfelra monna geearnunga 8 . Ac ic secge 
get $ me ne 9 }>ync(5 nauht lytel good fisses andweardan 
lifes gesselSa, ne 9 eac nauht lytel yfel his ungessel Sa 10 ; 
fonSaem ic naefre ne geseah ne geherde nsenne wisne mon J?e 
ma wolde bion wrecca 7 earm 7 el<5iodig 7 forsewen, fonne 25 
welig 7 weonS 7 rice 7 foremsere on his agnu earde. 
For^aem hi secgatS ^ hi msegen n Ipe 12 y"S 13 hiora wisdome 
fulgan 7 hine gehealdan 14 , gif hiora anwald bi(5 fullice ofer 

e Boeth. iv. met. 4. Quid tantos, &c. Cott. Metr. xxvii. 
h Eoeth. iv. pr. 5. * Hie ego : Video, inquam, &c. 

1 eft om. B. 2 em. odd B. 3 em. ne ne B. 4 em. by J, 

ficawes B. 5 em. fugum B. 6 ne conject. om. B. T em. lufien B. 
8 B has geearnungum, the second last letter of which is a blend of a 
and u. g ne om. B. 10 From B, ungcsalfta C. n hi magen om. B. 

J>y B. 13 ed B. " fullgehealdan C. 



12 



XXXIX. 3 ] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 125 



folc f e him under bi(S ; 7 eac be sumum daele ofer (Sa f e 
him on neaweste biocS ymbutan, forSaem f hi maegen henan 
<Sa yflan / fyrSran (Sa goodan. ForSaem se gooda bicS syle 
arwyrcSe, aegfer ge on fis andweardan life ge on f aem 

5 *[toweardan; 7 se yfela fie mon his yfel l ^\ gestioran ne maeg * I0 7b C. 
bi(5 syle wites wyrfe, ge on fisse worulde ge on faere 
toweardan. Ac ic wundrie swicSe swiSlice forhwi hit swa 
went swa hit (nu) oft deft, f is f te 2 mislicu witu 7 maenig- 
feald earfo<5u cumacS to lp aem godu swa hi to (fern yflum 

losceoldon, 7 J?a good J>e sc[^]oldon beon edlean godii 
monnu go^/ra weorca cuma^ to yflum monnum. ForcSaem 
ic wolde witan nu set fe hu (Se licode f gewrixle. Ic his 
wundrode micle f>y laes, gif ic wisse -f hit weas gebyrede 
buton Codes willan 7 buton his gewitnesse ; ac se aelmehtega 

15 God haefS geeced mihne ege 7 mine wafunga mid (5isu 
J?ingum. FortSsem he hwilu selS f>a gessel^a f>aem goodu, 7 
)}3em yflum unssel^a, swa hit riht wasre f he syle dyde ; 
hwilum he eft gej>afa(5 -p fa goodan habbacS unsaelcSa 7 
ungelimp on maenegum J>ingum, 7 fa yflan 3 habbacS 

20 gesaelSa, 7 him limp^ 4 oft sefter hiora agnum willan. py 
ic ne maeg nan ofer gef encan buton hit weas swa gebyrige, 
buton fu me get fy *gesceadh cor 5 offer gerecce. Da and- * loSa C. 
swarode he ymbe long 7 c \vset5 : Nis hit nan wundor f eah 
hwa wene ^ swelces gehwaet 6 nu 7 unmyndlinga geberige, 

25 Sonne he ne con ongitan 7 gereccan forhwy swylc God 8 
gefafa<5. Ac tSu ne scealt no 9 twiogan f swa good sceppend 
7 waldend eallra gesceafta rihtlice gesceop 10 eall ^ he 
gesceop 10 , 7 rihte demS 7 welt 11 ealles, feah fu nyte forhwy 
he swa 7 swa do. 

3 o iiii 1 - Da he (Sa fis spell areaht haefde, fa ongan he 

singan, 7 cwaecS : (Hwa unlceredra ne wundrafi PCBS roderes 

fcereldes 7 his swif/nesse, hu he celce d<xg uton ymlhwyrffi 

i Boeth. iv. met. 5. Si quis Arcturi, &c. Cott. Metr. xxviii. 







1 yflcs J. 2 te om. B. 3 y//7agfw C. " gelimft B. 5 em. 

gesceadlior B. 6 hivcet>. 7 nu om. B. 8 B has ,^w/ wry/c 

for -mj/<: 6"^. 9 From B, C. 10 j^J B. " wait B. 2 em. 
ymbhwyrft B. 



126 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIX. 3 

ealne pisne middangeard^ P ofide hwa ne wundraS pte sume 
iunglu habbad scyrtran hwyrft pon sume habban, swa swa 
tunglu habbad pe we hatafi wanes disla ? Forty hi habbad 
swa sceorlne ymbhwyrft 2 forpi hi sint swa neah pa nordende 
pare eaxe pe eall pes rodor on hwerfd z . Odde hwa ne wafad 5 
pees, buton pa ane pe hit witon, pcet sume tunglu habbad 
lengran ymbhwyrft pon sume habban, 7 pa lengestne pe ymb 
cfa eaxe middewearde hwearfafi, swa nu Boeties deft, 7 
Saturnus 4 se steorra ne cymd peer eer ymb dritig wintra peer 
he cer wees ? Offie hwa ne wundrao* fitzs p sume steorran 10 
gewitaS under pa see, swa swa sume men wenap p sio sunne do 
pon hio to setle gcefi f> Ac hio ne bid peah py near pcere see 3e 
hio bid on midne dceg. Hwa ne wafafi pees pon se fulla mona 
wyrfi ofertogen mid piostrum, offie eftpcet pa steorran scinad 
beforan pa monan, 7 ne scindS beforan peere sunnan ? pises 15 
hi wundriafi 7 mantes pyllices, 7 ne wundriafi na pte men 7 
ealle cwuca wuhta habbafi singalne 7 unnytne andan betwuh 
him. Odde hwy ne imindriad hi pees p hit hwilu punrafi, 
hwilu na ne onginfi, oWe eft gewinnes see 7 winda 7 ypa 
7 landes, odffe hwy p is weorfie 7 eft for pcere sunnan 5 sciman 20 
to his agnum gecynde weorffe ? Ac p ungestcedfage 6 folc 
wundrad 1 pees pe hit seldost* gesiehfi^peah hit leesse wundor si e, 
7 wenad P p ne 9 sie eald gesceaft, ac se 10 weas geworden 
niwane. Ac pa 3e firwetgeorne weorpad^ 7 onginnafi pon 
leornian, gif him God alrit of pa mode p dysig p hit eer mid 25 
oferwrigen was, pon ne wundriafi hi no fela pees pe hi nu 
wundriafi.} 

iv k . i?a se Wisdom f>a >is leoS asungen hsefde, ]?a 
geswugode he ane lytle hwile. Da cwseS ic : Swa hit is swa 
]m ssegst ; ac ic 12 wolde get ^ )m me hwaethvvugu openlicor 30 
gereahte be (Saere wisan }>e min mod swi^ost gedrefed hasfS ; 
j> is j> ic Se ser ymb acsode ; forSaem hit wass syle giet fin 



k Boeth. iv. pr. 6. Ita est, inquam, &c. 

1 middatuard B. 2 em. ymbhwyft B. * em. hzvefd B. 

4 em. satusnus B. 5 em. sunna B. 6 em. ungesceSbige B. 1 em. 
ne wundraS no B. 8 em. seldos B. ne conject. om. B. 10 em. 
s<x B. n em. -weorpa^aQ B. 12 ic om. B. 



XXXIX. 5] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE 127 



gewuna $ Ipu woldest selcu mode deglu "Sing taecan j sel<5- 

cutS l . Da ongon he smearcian 7 cwaec5 to me : Du spaenst 

me on (5a maestan spraece 7 on j^a earfocSestan to ge*reccanne. * IIOa C. 

pa race sohton ealle ucSwiotan, 7 swifte swic51ice ymb swuncon, 

5 7 unease aenig com to ende ]?aere sprsece ; fonSaem hit is 
feaw J>aere spraece 7 f>aere ascungse ^te symle ]?onne (5aer 
an tweo of adon bi(5, Jxmne bi(S }?aer unrim astyred ; swa 
swa mon on ealdspellum saeg<5 f an naedre waere f>e haefde 
nigon heafdu, 7 syle gif mon anra hwelc of aslog, ]x>nne 

10 weoxon j^aer siofon on 2 (5aem anum heafde. pa geberede 
hit f J^aer com se foremaera Erculus to, se waes lobes sunu ; 
]^a ne 3 meahte he ge]?encan hu he hi mid aenige craefte 
ofercuman sceolde, aer he hi bewaeg mid wuda utan 7 for- 
baernde ]^a mid fyre. Swa is ftisse spraece fe )m me 

15 aeft acsast 4 ; uneafte hire Gym s aenig mon of, gif he aerest 
an cemcS 5 ; ne cym^ he naefre to openum ende, buton he 
hsebbe swa scearp andgit swaSaer 6 fyr. For Saem se <5e 
yb ^ acsian wile, he sceal aerest wz /<m hwaet sie sio anfealde 
foresee wung Godes, 7 hwaet wyrd sie, 7 hwaet weas ge^ergie 7 , 

20 7 hwaet sie godcund andgit 7 [^]dcund foretiohhun[g-], 7 

hwaet monna *freodom sie. \_Nu $u~] miht ongitan hu hefig * Ilob c - 
7 hu earfoSe 8 Jris is call to gerecanne 9 ; ac ic sceal feah 
hwaethwugu his onginnan f>e to taecanne, fonSaem ic haebbe 
ongiten f hit is switSe micel laecedom pinre sorge, gif }>u 

^5 ]}ises auht ongitst, J^eah hit me lange to laeranne sie. 
ForSaem hit is neah faere tide ]>e ic getiohhod haefde on ocSer 
weorc to fonne, 7 get naebbe J>is gedon ; 7 me J?inc<5 eac f 
]^u sadige hwaethwugununges, 7 )?e (Syncen to aelenge 10 ]?as 
langan spell, swelce ]?e nu lyste lio(5a. Ic wat eac f ]?e 

3 hiora lyst, ac (5u scealt ]?eah gej>olian sume hwile ; ic ne 

maeg hit nu swa hracSe asingan, ne aemettan naebbe, for Saem 

hit is swi<Se long spell. Da cwaetS ic: Do swae Ser (5u wolde 11 . 

v i. pa ongan he sprecan swu5e fiorran ymbutan, swelce 

1 Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 20 P. Turn uelut ab alio orsa principle/ &c. 

1 sedcutie B. 3 of>. 3 ne om. B. 4 tsft asast C, after ascast B. 
on cymft B. 6 swap B. 1 gebyrige B. 8 gearfoQe B. 

gereccanne B. I0 alengo B. n tuille B. 



128 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPH1AE [XXXIX. 5 

he na J?a spraece ne maende, 7 tiohhode hit 1 (5eah ]?iderweardes 
7 cwaecS : Ealla gesceafta, gesewenlica 7 ungesewenlica, stillu 
7 unstillu, onfo(5 set J>aem stillan 7 set J>aem gestaetSSegan 7 set 

* ma C. ]?3e anfealdan God[<?] endeberdnesse 7 %n\_dwlttan] *y gemet- 

gung^ ; [7 forficem 2 M $200] gesceapzn waes, for (Saem he wat 5 
hwy he gesceop call -f he gesceop. Nis him nanwiht unnyt 
fses J>e he gesceop. Se God wuna(5 syle on j^aere hean 
ceastre his anfaldnesse 7 bilewitnesse ; J?onan he daelt) manega 
7 misleca gemetgunga eallum his gesceaftu, 7 ponan he welt 
eallra. Ac (Saet tfeette we hataft Codes foregone 7 his 10 
foresceawung, f bicS Ja hwile J>e hit (5aer mid him 3 biS on 
his mode, serene J?e hit gefremed weonSe, f>a hwile Se hit 
gefoht biS; ac si S San hit fullfremed biS, J>onne hata S we 
hit wyrd. Be f>y mseg selc mon witan -f hit sint aegf>er 4 
ge twegen naman ge twa fincg, foregone 7 wyrd. Se fore- 15 
jxxac is sio godcunde gesceadwisnes ; sio is faest on j^sem 
hean sceppende 5 )?e eall fore wat hu hit geweonSan sceall ser 
ser hit geweorcfe. Ac f f we wyrd hata S, ^ biS Godes 
weorc f 6 he aelce dseg wyrctS, segf>er ge J^ses ( ffe) we gesioft 
ge j^ses J>e us 7 ungesewenlic biS. Ac se godcunda foregone 20 

* i nb C. heac5era(5 ealle *[gesceaffaj p hi ne moion loslupan of~\ hiora 

endebyrdnesse 8 . Sio wyrd Jonne dsel S eallum gesceaftum 
anwlitan 7 stowa 7 tida 7 gemetgunga ; ac sio wyrd cyc5 of 
(5sem gewitte 7 of (5sem forefonce faes aelmehtigan Godes. 
Se wyrccS sefter his unasecgendlicum fore]?once (/<?^) swa 25 
hwset swa he 9 wile. 

vi m . Swa swa selc crseftega 10 Senc S 7 mearca(5 his weorc 
on his mode aer aer he hit wyrce, 7 wyrcc5 siS^an eall, J)ios 
wandriende wyrd J)e we wyrd hatacS faerS aefter his forj?once 
7 n 3ef t his gefjeahte, swa swa he tiohha^ $ hit sie. peah hit 30 
us manigfaldlic "Since, su good, sum yfel, hit is fteah him 
anfeald good ; forcSaem he hit eall to godum ende brengS, 7 

m Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 42 P. Sicut enim artifex, &c. 

1 hit om. B. 2 em.fohwam B. 3 him om. B. * &J>er C. 

5 seppende C. 8 / B. T j om B. 3 wyrdnesse B. 9 /$ from B, 

C. 1J crceftga C. " 7 om. B. 



XXXIX. 7] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 129 



for goode deft call ^ f he decS. SicScSan we hit hatatS wyrd 
siSSan hit geworht bi(S; aer hit waes Codes 1 forefanc j his 
foretiohhung. Da wyrd he Jxmne wyrccS ocScSe purh (Sa 
goodan e[g-]las oScfe lp urh monna sawla, o<5($e }?urh o(Serra 
5 gesceafta lif, o(5<5e furh heofones tungl, oSSe (Surh ]?ara 
scuccena 2 mislice lotwrencas; hwilu ]:urh an (Sara, hwilu 
J?urh eall *(Sa. Ac f is openlice cucS f sio godcunde fore- * ii2a C. 
tiohhung is anfeald j unandwendlic 3 , j welt aelces Binges 
endebyrdlice, 7 eall }>ing gehiwacS. Sumu J>ing jxmne on 

10 ]?isse weorulde sint undercSied f)aere wyrde, sume hire nanwuht 
under Sied 4 ne sint ; ac sio wyrd 7 eall Sa J>ing J)e hire 
undercSied sint, sint underftied ftsem godcundan forefonce. 
Be ^sem ic <5e maeg sum bispell secgan, f J?u meaht ]?y 
sweotolor ongitan hwilce men bkxS underSied f>aere wyrde, 

i5hwylce 5 ne bio^. Eall (5ios unstille gesceaft 7 >ios hwear- 
fiende hwearfaS on (5aem stillan Code, 7 on (5sem gestaeS- 
Segan, 7 on <$aem anfealdan ; 7 he welt eallra gesceafta swa 
swa he set fruman getiohhod haefde 7 get haefS. 

vii n . Swa swa on waenes eaxe hwearfiaS ]?a hweol 7 sio 

20 eax stint stille 7 bynS f eah 6 ealne f>one waen, (7) welt 
ealles J^aes faereltes ; $ hw[<f^]l hwerfcS ymbutan 7 sio nafu 
nex[/ /^]re eaxe sio faert5 micle fae[j//zh?r] 7 orsorglicor 
Jonne (Sa fe[tgan 7 don], swelce sio eax sie f hehste g[W pe 
toe] *nemna (5 (7^, 7 [/# selestan men y^zjren nehste 8 Code, * nab C. 

2 5 swa swa sio 9 nafu fsenS neahst |?aere eaxe, 7 J?a midmestan 
swa swa c$a 10 spacan ; for Saemf e aelces spa(^)n biS o^er 
ende fasst on Saere nafe, o Ser on }?aere felge. Swa bi S J>aem 
midlestan monnum ; o^re hwile he smeaS on his mode yb 
J?is eorSIice (lif}, oc5re hwile ymb Saet godcundlice, swilce 

30 he locie mid ocSre eagan to heofonum, mid ocSre to eor]?an. 
Swa swa ]?a n spacan sticiaS o Ser ende on J>aere felge oj>er 
on }>aere nafe, middeweard se spaca 12 bitS aeg Srum emnneah, 

n Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 6 1 P. Nam ut orbium circa eundem cardinem, &c. 

1 From B, goodes C. 2 From B, scnccena C. 3 unawendendlic B. 
4 underfiiede B. 5 hwylce om. B. 6 eal B. 7 /^/^a J. 8 wMj/ B. 
9 sio om. B. 10 <Sa om. B. " Jxzs B. I2 middeweardre spaca B. 



K 



130 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIX. 7 

Seah ofter ende bio faest on faere nafe, otSer on f aere felge ; swa 
bio(5 fa midmestan 1 men onmiddan f am spacan, 7 fa 
betran near faere nafe, 7 fa 2 maetran near (Saem felgum ; 
biocS f eah faeste on (Saere n#/ 3 , 7 se nafa 4 on (5aere eaxe. 
Hwaet, fa [/>]lga f eah hongiat5 on faem spacan, [/]eah hi 5 
eallunga wealowigen on f aer[<? <?]or(5an ; swa dot5 fa maete- 
stan 5 [men <?]n f aem midmestum 6 , 7 fa mid[^/^/^] on f aem 
betstan, 7 fa betstan [0 <SW]e. peah fa maetestan 5 ealle 

* lisa C. hio[r0 ltif~\Q wenden to "Sisse weorulcle, \hi ne magon\ faer- 

on wunigan, ne to nauhte ne weor Sa S, gif hi be nanum daele 10 
ne beoS gefaestnode to Code ; f on ma f e f aes hweoles felga 
magon bion on 7 Saem faerelte, gif hi ne biocS faeste on f aem 
spacum, 7 fa spacan on faere eaxe. pa felgea bio"S fyrrest 
Saere eaxe ; for Saem hi faracS ungeredelicost. Sio nafu 
faenS neaxst faere eaxe ; fonSy hio faer S gesundlicost 8 . Swa 15 
docS (Sa selestan men ; swa hi 9 hiora hife near Code laeta S, 
(7 swifior pas eordlicon ping forsiofi}, swa hi beocS orsorgran, 
7 laes reccaS hu sio wyrd wandrige, o S Se hwaet hio u brenge. 
Swa swa sio nafu bi(S syle swa la gesund, hnaeppen fa felga 
on j> Se hi hnaeppen, 7 f eah bi(5 sio nafu hwaethwugu 20 
todaeled from f asre eaxe. Be f y f u meaht ongitan se 13 vvaen 
bi(5 mzVle leng gesund f e laes bi<5 todaeled f[rom~\ faere eaxe ; 
swa biotS fa men eallra orsorgestae aeg(5er ge fisses 
andwea(r)dan lifes earfotSa u , ge f aes tow[^r]dan, fa f e 
faeste bio<5 on Code ; ac swa hi swicSur biocS asyndr^de 15 fro 25 
Code, swa hi swi(5ur biot5 gedrefde 7 geswencte, aegf er ge 

* ii3b C. on mode ge *on lichoman. 

viii . Swylc is pat p we wyrd hatdd be f aem godcundan 
forefonce, swylce (sio] smeaung 7 sio gesceadwisnes is to 
metanne wi(5 f one gearowitan le , 7 17 swylce fas laenan f ing 30 
biot) to metanne wit5 <5a ecan 17 , 7 swilce f hweol bi(5 to 



Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 74 P. Igitur uti est ad intellectual, 1 &c. 
1 For midmestan B has mcestan. 2 J>a om. B. 3 From B, nafe J. 
4 So also B. 5 mcestan B. 6 midmestam C. 7 on om. B. 8 gesund- 

fullicost B. 9 hi om. B. 10 forseoO B. " From B, hi C. 12 swa om. B. 
13 From B, /<? C. " From B, ear/ode C. 15 From J, asyndrode biod B. 
18 geare juiton B. 17 7 swylce . . . ecan om. B. 



XXXIX. 9] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 131 

metanne wi(5 c5a eaxe ; forSasm sio eax welt ealles f ass wasnes. 
Swa decS se godcunda foregone ; he astereS T f one rodor 7 
fa tunglu, 7 fa eorSan gedecS stille, 7 gemetgaft fa feower 
gesceafta ; $ is waster 7 eorfte 7 fyr 7 lyft. Da he getSwseratS 7 
5 wlitegaft 2 , hwilum eft unwlitegacS, 7 on ocSru hiwe gebrengtS, 
7 eft geedniwacS, 7 tidrecS aslc tudor, 7 hi eft gehyt 7 
gehelt fonne hit forealdod bitS 7 forsearod, 7 eft geewS 7 
geedniw[<j#] fonne fonne (he wile}. Sume ufcwiotan [fie]ah 
secgacS f sio wyrd 3 wealde 4 asgf er ge gesaslSa ge ungesaslSa 

10 aslces monnes. Ic fonne secge, swa swa ealle [rrwjtene men 
secgac5, f sio godcunde foretiohhung his walde, nass sio 
wyrd; 7 ic wat $ hio demtS eall fing switfe rihte, feah 
ungesceadwisum men 5 [swa] ne f ince. Hi wenatS f }n[ra] 
ael[f] *sie go[^ /^ hiora will\2a\ fulg^tS ; nis hit nan wundor. * ii4a C 

15 forSasm hi beocS ablende mid Sasm f iostrum heora scylda. 
Ac se godcunda forefonc hit understent eall swiSe rihte, 
feah us f ince for urum dysige f hit on woh fare ; forSasm we 
ne cunnon -f riht understandan. . He demS feah eall switSe 
rihte, feah us hwilum swa ne Since. 

20 i x P. Ealle men spiriacS asf t f asm hehstan goode, ge 
goode ge yfle ; ac forcSy ne magon f(a) yflan cuman to 
Sasm hean hrofe eallra gooda, forcSasm hi ne spyriaft on riht 
as ft. Ic nat 6 feah f u cwaetfe 7 nu hwonne to me : hwylc 
unriht masg beon mare fonne gef afige 8 f hit geweortfe, 

25 swa hit hwilum gewyrtS, $ f asm goodum becymS anfeald yfel 
on fisse weorulde, 7 fasm yflum anfeald g0d, 7 ocSre 9 
hwile asgSer gemenged, asgf er ge cSse goodum ge fasm yflum ? 
Ac ic fe acsige hwasSer fu wene f asnig mon sie swa 
andgitfull f he masg* ongitan aslcne mon on ryht hwylc he 

3 sie, f he nawcSer ne sie ne betra ne wyrsa fonne he his wene. 

Ic wat \peah p hi ne magan. Ac wyrd swifc] oft on * ii4bC. 
w^on se sido f e sume men secgaS f sie mede wyrfte, sume 



Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 92 P. Nihil est enim quod mali causa, &c. 



B. 2 ^raraff 7 gewlitegad B. 3 From B, w^r9 C. 

From B, wold C. 5 monnum B. 6 // B. 7 ^ze/^c)^ B. 

8 fa gtftafig* B. 9 ?iJ^ C. 10 em. weortaQ B] 



K 2 



132 DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE [XXXIX. 9 

men secgacS }> he 1 sie wites wyrcSe. peah hwa maege ongitan 
hwaet otter do, he ne maeg witan hwaet he ]?enc<5; ]?eah he 
maege sume his willan ongitan, }?onne ne (mcBg] he eallne. 
Ic f>e maeg eac reccan sum bispell be paem $ ]>u hit 2 meaht 
lp e sweotolor ongitan, (Seah h[z"/] ungesceadwise men ongitan 5 
ne mcegen ; ^ is forhwi se gooda laece selle Ipam halu men 
seftne drenc 7 swetne, 7 ocSru halum biterne 7 strangne ; 
7 hwilu eft pam unhalum, sumu licSne, (sumu] strangne, 
sumum swetne, sumum biterne. Ic wat f aelc f>ara fe f>one 
craeft ne can wile j^aes wundrian forhzvy hi swa don. Ac his 10 
ne wundriacS j?a laecas 3 nauht, fortfaem hi wi[/0] -f (Sa ocSre 
nyton; fortfeem hi cunnon aelces hiora medtrymnesse ongiton 
7 0;?rnawan 4 , 7 eac (Sa craeftas Ipe ^aerwitS sculon. Hwaet is 
sawla haelo buk rihtwisnes ? oc5(5e hwae/ is hiora u/;j/mnes 

* H5a C. b&& un^AZZ&AT? \_Hiva is pon betera Icsce pare sawle~\ ! 5 

j^onne se ~pe hi gesceop, ^ is God ? He arac5 ]^3em 5 goodan, 
7 witnacS Sa yflan ; he wat hwaes aelc wyrt5e bicS. Nis 
hit nan wundor, forftaem he of ]:aem hean hrofe hit call 
gesihcS, 7 f>onan misca^ 7 metga S aelcum be his gewyrhtum. 

x Q. "p we ]?onne hataS 6 wyrd, Iponne se gesceadwisa 20 
God, Ipe aelces monnes Searfe wat, hwaet wyrccS offie gepafaS 
f>aes f>e we (f ^natS. 7 git ic >e maeg sume bisne feaum 
wordum secgan be ]:aem daele f>e sio mennisce gesceadwisnes 
maeg ongitan f>a godcundnesse. f is |?onne f 7 we ongita S 
hwilu (mon] on ocSre wisan, on o"Sre hine God ongit 8 . 25 
Hwilum we tiohhiat) -f he sie se betra 9 , 7 >onne wat God f 
hit swa ne bi S. ponne hwaem hwaet cym(5 o^cSe goodes 
oc^Se yfles mare ]?onne "Se fine s ^ he wyr^e sie, ne bi(5 sio 
unrihtwisnes no on Gode, ac sio ungleawnes biS on t$e selfum, 
^ fu hit ne canst on riht gecnawan. Oft gebyrecS feah fte 30 
men ongita<5 man on 10 (Sa ilcan wisan J?e hine God ongit. Oft 

* ii5b C. hit 11 ge^recS ]?te manige \rnen *biod swa ungetrume 1 * cegper 



<J Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 117 P. Hie iam fit illud fatalis ordinis, &c. 

1 hi B. 2 ^// om. B. ! From B, laces C. 4 From J, tocnawan B. 
5 fa B. 6 t rom B, ^fod C. 7 p om. B. 8 From B, andgitC. 
9 B. 10 on om. B. " hit om. B. " untrume J. 



XXXIX. n] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 133 



ge on mode\ ge on lichoman $ hi ne magon nan good don, 
ne nan yfel nyllaft unnedige, 7 bio(5 eac swa ungej?yldige * j? 
hi ne magon nan earfocSu ge^yldelice aberan. ForSaem hit 
gebyreS oft $ God nylle for his mildheortnesse nan unabe- 

5 rendlice broc him an settan, J?y laes hi forlaeten hiora unsceft- 
fulnesse 7 weortfen wyrsan, gif hi asterede 2 biocS 7 geswencte 3 . 
Sume men beocS aelces craeftes full craeftige, 7 full halige weras 
7 rihtvvise. ponne jMncS f Code unriht f he swylce swence ; 
ge furSum j?one deac5 j^e eallum monnum 4 is gecynde 5 to 

10 J^olianne, he him gedecS seftran j^onne ocSrum monnum ; swa 
swa gio (sum) wis mon cwaeft -f se godcunda anwald ge- 
frioftode his deorlingas under (his) fi(5ra sceate 6 , 7 hi scilde 
swa geornlice swa (sivd) man de"5 J?one aeppel on his eagan. 
Manige tiliatS Code to cwemanne to J?on georne f hi wilniaS 

15 hiora agnum willum manigfeald earfo^u to f>row*anne, for- 
tSsem hi w/7/w/atS maran are 7 ma[ra:] hlisan 7 (mar an) 
weortSscipe mid Gode to *\habbanne J>on a habbacf 1 pesoftor\ * n6a C. 
libbaS. 

xi r . Oft eac becymcS se anwald f>isse worulde to switSe 

20 goodum monnum, for Ssem f se anwald J?ara yfelana weortSe 
toworpen. Sumu monnum God seleS aeg(5er ge good ge 
yfel gemenged, forSaem hi aegf>res earniatS ; sume he bereafaS 
hiora welan swicSe hra Se, |:3es Ipe hi 8 aerest gesselige weortSat5, 
j>y laes hi for longum gesaelcSum hi 9 to up ahsebben, 7 p)onan 

25 on ofermettum weortfen ; sume he 9 Iset p>reagan mid heardum 
broce, f hi leornigen ]?one craeft gej?yldelice 10 on Saem langan 
geswince. Sume him ondraadaS earfocSu swicSor ]:onne hi 
j^yrfen, ]?eah hi hi n ea Se adreogan maegen ; sume hi gebycgat) 
weortSlicne hlisan )?isses andweardan lifes mid hiora agnum 

30 dea^e, forc5sem hi wenat5 f hi naebben nan o^er fioh }?aes 
hlisan 12 wyrtSe buton hiora agnum fiore. Sume men waeron 
gio unoferswiSedlio?, swa f hi nan ne meahte mid nanum 

r Boeth. iv. pr. 6, 1. 138 P. Fit autem saepe uti bonis, &c. 



5 



1 unfiyldige B. 2 astyred B. 3 geswenced B. 4 monnum om. B. 
gecynde is B. 6 sceade B. 7 Juzbben J. 8 hi om. B. 9 hi . . . 
<? om. B. 10 gefylde B. ll hi once, B. 12 hliosan B. 



134 DE CONSOLAT1ONE PHILOSOPHISE [XXXIX. 11 

wite oferswi/an ; j^a bisncdon hiora seftergeng&#2 j> hi naeren 
*ii6bC. mid witum oferswiftde. On }:aem waes sweotol *\p hi for 
heora godum weorcum ^<z/~]den (5one craeft j> hi * mon ne 
meahte oferswicSan. Ac J:a yflan for hiora yflum weorcum 
waeron gewitnode 7 2 oferswuSde, forSaem f (5a witu gestirden 5 
ocSrum j> (^z) swa gedon 3 ne dorsten, 7 eac f>a gebetan ]:e 
hi J?onne brociacS. p is swi(5e sweotol tacn sem wisan ]> he 
ne sceal lufian to ungemetlice (5as woruldgessel<5a, forSaem 
hie oft cuma"S to ftaem wyrrestum 4 monnum. Ac hwset wille 
we cwe&an be j^sem andweardan welan f>e oft cy$ to Saem 10 
goodu, hwaet he 5 elles sie buton tacn }?aes toweardan 
welan, 7 ]?aes edleanes angin ]?e him God tiohhod 6 hasfcS for 
his goodan willan ? Ic wene eac -pte 7 God selle msenegum 
yfelu men 8 ge? sel Sa for^semj^e he wat hiora gecynd 7 hiora 
willan swa geradne j? hi for nanum ermcSum ne byotJ no f>y 15 
betran ac f>y 9 wyrsan. Ac se gooda Isece, f is God, 
lacnaS hiora mod mid (Ssem welan ; wile f (^/) ongiten 
hwonon him se wela come 7 olecce f>sem fe n laes he him 
}?one welan afyrre, o S Se hine (/a) welan, 7 wende his 
* 1173 C. *[feawas to gode, 7 forlczte $a unpeawas\ 7 }?a yfel J?e he 3er 20 
(_/^r) his ermtmm dyde. Sume bioS J?eah J?y wyrson gif 
hi welan habbat), forSsem hi n ofermodiga S 2 for Ssem welan 
7 his ungemetlice bruca S. 

xii s . Manegu men bio^ eac forgifene for^aem ]:as 
weoruldgesael Sa f> he scile J^aem goodum leania/z hiora good, 25 
7 ]93em yflum hiora yfel. For^aem syle bioS J?a goodan 7 
yflan ungej^were 13 betwuh him, ge eac hwilum >a yflan 
ungerade betwuh him selfu; ge fur^um an yfel man bi(5 
simle J4 ungef>wsere him selfum, fbftfcem J?e 15 he wat f he 
untela de(5, 7 wen"S him J?ara 16 leana, 7 nyle f>eah Jrses 30 
geswican, ne hi[/] furtSum him ne laet hreowan ; 7 }>onne 
for Ssem singalu ege ne maeg no weorSan gej?waere on him 

8 Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 168 P. Alios in cladem meritam, &c. 

1 From B, him C. 2 7 om. B. 3 don B. 4 wyrstan B. 5 /^^ om. B. 
6 getihhod B. 7 te om. B. 8 monnum B. 9 B has w^ nafiy for 
ac py. 10 /j B. n /zz om. B. 12 ofermodgian B. 5 

B. H hivilum B. 15 ^ om. B. 18 maran B. 



XXXIX. 13] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 135 



selfu. Oft hit (eac) ge[y]reft $ se yfla forlaet his yfel [/or] 
sumes oftres yfles mannes andan, [_/0r]ftaem he wolde mid 
f y taelan 1 lpo[ne offer]ne $ he onscunode his f eawas ; 
[swifted] fonne ymb f swa he swiftest maeg \_p he\ tiolaft 

5 ungelic to bionne f aem c&[rum], forftaem hit is f aes godcundan 
anw[<f/]des gewuna f he wircft of yfle good. *[Ac hit ms * uyb C. 
nanum men alefed pat he mage\ witan call f God 2 getiohhod 
haefS, ne eac areccan f $ he geworht haefS. Ac on f aem hi 
habbaft genoh to ongitanne f se scippend 7 se waldend 

10 eallra gesceafta welt, 7 rehte gesceop call f he gesceop, 
7 nan yfel ne worhte ne get ne wyrcft, ac aelc yfel he 
adrifft of eallu his rice. Ac gif f u aef t f aem hean 3 anwalde 
spyrian wilt f aes aelmehtigan Godes, f onne ne 4 ongitst f u 
nan yfel on nanum J?inge, f eah Ipe 5 nu ftince f her micel on 

15 fys middangearde sie ; forftaem hit is riht f fta goodan 
haebben good edlean hiora godes, 7 fa yflan haeb[^fl] 6 wite 
hiora yfles; ne bift f nan yfel [/]te riht bift, ac bift good. 
Ac ic ongite ftaet ic J-e haebbe aftretne 7 (nu) mid fy 8 langan 
[jr/^]lle 9 , forftaem f e lyst nu leofta ; ac on[/~0/] hiora nu, 

20 forftaem hit is se laece[V00z] 7 se drenc J>e J? u lange wilnodest, 
[fat 10 3u py~\ eft maege (pare] lare onfon. 

xiii *. Da se [ Wt sdo]m fa f is spell areaht haefde. \_pa 
o]ngon. he eft " singan 7 fus cwaeft : (Gif pu willnige mid 
hlutrum mode ongitan pone hean anweald, beheald pa tunglu 

25 pas hean heofnes. Healdafi pa tunglu pa ealdan sibbe pe hi on 
gesceapne waron, swa p sio fyrene sunne ne on/irinff no pas 
dales pas heofenes pe se mona on irnfi, ne se mona no ne 
onhririd pas dales pe sio sunne on irncf, pa hwile fie hio par on 
bid. Ne se steorra pe we hatad Ursa ne cymct nafre on pam 

30 westdale, peah ealle o$re steorran far en mid pa rodore after 
pare sunnan on pa eorpan. Nis hit nan wundor,forpa he is 
swifie neah pam upende pare eaxe. Ac se steorra pe we hatad 

* Boeth. iv. met. 6. Si uis celsi iura tonantis, &c. Cott. Metr. xxix. 

1 Icetan B. 2 From B, good C. hean om. B. 4 ne om. B. 
5 be om. B. 6 So J, habban B. 7 em. aretne C, apriet B. 8 pis B. 
a From B, spell C. 10 em./ B. " eft om. B. 12 em. V/W^T. 



136 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XXXIX. 13 

cefensteorra, pon he bid west gesewen, pon tacnnafi he cefen. 
Fcercf pon cefter pcere sunnan on fieere eorcfan sceade off he 
ofirnfi pa sunnan hindan ; cymff wiff/bran pa sunnan up. 

pon hate we him morgensteorra, forpa he cymfi eastan up ; 
bodafi pcere sunnan cyme. Sio sunne 7 se mona habbdfi 5 
todceled betwuht him pone dceg 7 pa niht szviffe emne, 7 swiffe 

gepwcerlice * ricsiafi purh godcundan foresceawunga, 7 unap- 
rotenlice piowiafi pa celmihtigan Gode off domes dceg. Forpi 
hi ne leet God on ane healfe pees heofones bion, py ICES hi 

fordon offra gesceafta. Ac gesibsuma God gemetgad ealla 10 

gesceafta 7 gepw&rafi pa ffe betwuh him wuniafi. Hwilu 

flihti se wceta fi dryge ; hwilu 2 he gemengeff p fyr wiff pam 
die 3 / hwilu p leohte fyr 7 pest beorhte up gewit, 7 sio hefge 
eorffe sit peer nidere. Be pees cyninges gebode orengff eorffe 
celcne* westm 7 celc tudor celce geare, 7 se hata sumor drygff 7 15 
gearwaff seed 7 bleda, 7 ivestmbcera heerfest oryngff 5 ripa 
bleda. Heeglas 7 snawas 7 se oftreeda ren leccal pa e or dan on 
wintra ; forpd underfehd sio eorfie pcet seed 7 gedeff peet hit 

grewff 6 on lengten. Ac se metod eallra gesceafta fet on eorfian 
ealle growende westmas 7 ealle forffbrengcf ; 7 gehyt pon he 20 
wyle, 7 eowaff pon he wile, 7 nimfi pon he wile, pa hwile pe 
ffa gesceafla piowiafi, sit se hehsta sceoppend on his heahsetle ; 

panon he welt pa gewealdlederu ealle gesceaftu. Nis nan 
wundor, forpdfie he is cyning 7 dryhten 7 cewelm 7 fruma 
7 (P. 7 wisdom 7 rihtwis dema. He sent ealla gesceafta 7 on his 2 5 
eerendo, 7 he het ealle eft cuman. peer se an gesteeppega 
cyning gif he 8 ne stapelode ealla gesceafta , pon wurdon hi ealle 
toslopene 7 tostencte, 7 to nauhte wurdon ealle gesceafta 9 . peah 
habbafi gemeenelice pa ane lufep hi peowian swilcu hlaforde, 7 

feegniad pees peet he hiora wealt. Nis p nan wundor, forpam 10 3 
hi ne mihton elles own, gif hi ne ffwwedon hiora fru?nan.] 
forlet se Wisdom ]> leotS, 7 cwseS to me : 



1 Orig. geSw&relice, but middle e erased. 2 em. hylu B. 3 ero. 
lice B. * em. celne B. 5 em. brynS B. e em. grewad B. 7 em. 
gesceaftu B. 8 gif he ab. 1. s em. gesceafa B. I0 em.ftfan B. 



XL. 2] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 137 

XL. 

i. Hwaatfer c5u nu ongite hwider f>ios sprasce wille ? 
Da cwsetS ic : Sege me hwider sio wille. Da cwaetS he : Ic 
wille secgan f aelc wyrd bio good, sam hio monnii good 
J?ince, sam hio him yfel J^ince. Da cwastS ic : Ic wene j> hit 
5 ea<5e swa bion msege, f>eah us hwilu ofter J?ynce. Da cwaecS 
he : Nis Ipsds nan t\veo Saet selc wyrd bi(5 good Jara (5e 1 riht y 
nytwyrSe bi(5; forcSsem aelc wyrd, sa hio bio 2 wynsu sam 
hio sie unwynsu, forfty cyf> to ftaem goodan f hio ocSer twega 
do, ot5(5e hine j^reatige to Son ^ he bet do j?onne he aer dyde, 

10 o(5t5e him leanige ]? he aer tela dyde. 7 eft selc wyrd J?ara ]?e 
to cSsem yflu cyS, cymc5 for J)33m tw33m ]?ingu, sam hio sie 
recSe, sam hio sy wynsu. Gif to Saem yflum cymcS reSu 
wyrd, |:onne r^/w^" he to edleane his yfla, O(5(5e to J^reunge 3 
7 to laere ^ he eft 4 swa ne ^/o. pa ongann ic wundrian, 

15 7 cwsecS : Isfforinweardhce rihtracu 5 f J?u Saar *recst. pa * i2oa C. 
CWCB$ he : Swa hit is swa (5u ssegst ; ac ic wolde, gif (5u 
wolde, c^33t wit 6 unc wenden sume hwile to J?ises folces 
spraace, Jjylses hi cwefan 7 f wit sprecan 8 ofer monnes 
gemet 9 . Da cwaa? ic : Spree ;J> Su wille. 

20 ii v. ) a cwaeS he : Wenst Ipu cSset f ne sie good f nit 
biS ? Da cwaeS ic : Ic wene f hit sie. Da cwae<5 he : 
(wyrd) is nyt fara )?e au Ser de^ 10 , o S Se laerS, o^cSe 
Da cwsec5 ic : j) is soft. Da cwaaft he 12 : Sio wifterwearde wyrd 
is ftaam 13 good J^e winnaft wift unfteawas 7 wendaft hi to goode. 

2 5 Da cwgeft ic : Ne maeg ic f>aes oftsacan. Da cwaetS he : Hwoet 
wenst J?u bi J>aere goodan wyrde t5e oft cymft to goodu monnu 
on <5isse weorulde, swylce hit sie foretacn ecra u gooda ? 
hwsej?er ]?is folc maege cweftan f hit sie yfel wyrd ? Da smear- 
code (ic) 7 cwaaft : Ne cvvitS j> nan mon, ac cwift f hio sie swifte 



n Boeth. iv. pr. 7. lamne igitur uides/ &c. 

v Boeth. iv. pr. 7. 1. 17 P. Nonne igitur bonum censes/ &c. 
1 Se above line in C. 2 sie B. 3 fireatunge B. 4 get B. 

5 racu B. 6 wit om. B. 7 So C, ciucedon B. 8 So C, sprcecon B. 
9 andget B. 10 B has awerdeQ for awfcr ^5. u te/r/c3 B. 12 For 
words here omitted in text see p. 149 note. ! From B, is <$czm is 
good C. " From B, celcra C. 



138 DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XL. 2 

good, swa hio eac bi(S. Da cwaec5 he : Hwaet wenst J>u be faere 
unwenlicran x wyrde J>e oft freatat? fa yflan to witnianne ? 
hwaefter fis folc wene $ ty good wyrd sie ? Da cwaecS ic : 

4 i2ob C. Ne \venac5 hi no j> j) god *\wyrd sie, ac wenafip hio sie earm\- 
lico. Da cwaec5 he : Uton healdan unc f wit ne wenen swa 5 
swa >is folc wencS ; gif wit faes wenacS (5e fis folc wen(5, 
]x>nne forlaete wit aelce gesceadwisnesse 7 aelce rihtwisnesse. 
Da cwae(5 ic : Hwy forlaete z wit hi (a) J>a 3 ma ? Da [cwceft 
/fo :] ForcSy J?e 4 folcisce men secgacS j> aelc recSu wyrd 7 
unwynsumu sie yfel; ac we ne sculon J>aes gelefan, forc^aem 10 
IpQ 5 aslc wyrd bi(5 good, swa we aer spraecon, sam hio sy 
re(5e, sam hio sie 6 wynsum. Da wearS ic afaered 7 cwaecS : 
f) is soft f Ipu saegst; ic nat feah hwa hit dyrre secgan 
dysegu monnu, for Saem his ne masg 7 nan dysi man gelefan 8 . 

iii w . Da onsac se Wisdom sarlice, 7 cwaecS : ForSy ne 15 
scyle nan wis mon (forhigan ne) to swi^e yb j? 9 gnornian, 
to hwaem his wise weor<5e 10 , o(5Se u hwaeSer him cume f>e ret5u 
w[_y]rd f>e li Su, Son ma fe se hwata esne scyle ymb ji 
gnornian, hu oft he fiohtan scyle. Ne biS (his) lof na (5y l2 
laesse, ac is wen $ hit sie f>y 12 mare ; swa bicS eac faes wisan 20 

* i2ia C. med >e mare, }?e him wra^re wyrd 7 retSre to becyS. *J?i ne 
[j^^yS? 1 * ^w] wis man wilnian seftes lifes, gif he aenigra 
craefta recS o SSe aeniges weorcSscipes her for weorulde oc5(Se 
eces lifes aefter ]?isse weorulde. Ac aelc wis man scyle 
a winnan aeg^er ge wicS )?a re^an wyrd[V] ge wi<5 ]?a wyn- 25 
suman, fy laes he hine for (5aere \vynsumanwyrde fortruwige, 
o^Se for 14 (Saere re San for^ence. Ac him is (Searf $ he aredie 
]?one midmestan weg betweoh 15 faere recSan wyrde 7 c5aere 
liSan, ^ he ne wilnige wynsuran wyrde 7 maran orsorgnesse 
Sonne hit gemetlic sie, ne 16 eft (to) re<5re 17 , for^aem he ne so 
maeg naufres ungemet adriogan. Ac hit is on hiora agnum 
anwealde hwaec5re >ara hi geciosen. Gif hi >onne fone mid- 

w Eoeth. iv. pr. 7. 1. 37 P. Quare, inquit, ita uir sapiens/ &c. 



unsewenlican B. ~ forlete B. 3 }y B. 4 }e om. B. 5 3 B. 
zV om. B. 7 B has ^/^ for ne nuzg. s gelefan om. B. 9 /i? swide 
yb p om. B. 10 wyrfian scyle B. n <?d5<? om. B. 12 /^ B. 13 scyle J. 
14 _/2?r om. B. 15 betivyhs B. )8 ne om. B. 17 From B, hredre C. 



XL. 5] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE 139 

mestan weg aredian willacS, J>onne sculon hi selfe him selfu 
gemetgian 1 J?a wynsuman wyrde 7 fa 2 orsorgan ; f onne 
gemetgaS 3 him God fa recSan wyrde ge on f isse weorulde 
ge on f aere toweardan, swa swa hi eaSe 4 adreogan 5 magan. 
5 iv x. Wella, wisan men, wel ; gacS ealle on f one weg 
*<5e eow [t&raff] fa {{oremaran btsna] fara godena gumena 7 * I2lb c - 
fara weorSgeornena wera f e aer eow waeron. Eala, ge 6 
eargan 7 idelgeofnan ; hwy ge swa unnytte sien 7 swa 
aswundne ? Hwy ge nyllen ascian aefter f aem wisum 

10 monnu 7 aeft f aem weor<5geornum, hwylce hi waeron fa fe 
aer eow waeron? 7 hwy ge fonne nyllen, si(5(5an ge hiora 
feawas geascod haebben, him onhirian, swa ge swiSost 
maegen? forSaem hi wunnon aeft weortSscipe on fisse 
worulde, 7 tiolodon goodes hlisan mid goodum weorcu, 

15 7 worhton goode bisne ]?sem Je Defter him waeron. For^aem 
hi wuniacS nu ofer Saem tunglum on ecre eadignesse for 
hiora godum weorcum. Her endaS sio fiorSe boc Boeties, 
7 ongin^ sio fifte. 

v y. Da se Wisdom ]?a ]>is spell areaht haefde, J>a cwaetS 

20 ic : SwicSe riht is Jrin lar ; ac ic wolde J>e nu myndgian faere 
maenigfealdan lare J?e }?u me aer gehete be ]?aere Codes fore- 
tiohhunge. Ac ic wolde aerest witan aet Ipe hwaet^er *f auht * i22a C. 
sie f we oft geheratS f men cwedad be sumum ))ingum f hit 
scyle weas gebyrian. Da cwaecS he : Me wsere leofre ^ ic 

25 onette wicS j^aes ]> ic f>e 7 moste gelaestan f ic J?e 7 aer gehet, 
7 J>e mos[/?] getaecan swa scortne weg swa ic scyrtestne 
findan meahte to (5inre cytStSe. Ac hit is switfe 8 feor 9 of 
uncrum wege, of J^aem wege }?e wit getiohhod habbacS on to 
farenne; f j> ]m me aer baede (hit) waere ]?eah nyttre to 

30 gecerranne 7 (/<?) ongitanrie. Ac ic ondraede $ ic )?e laede 
hidres J^idres on Sa pa^as of J>inu wege, f ]?u ne maege 
eft pinne weg aredian. Nis hit nan wundor ]^eah j^u getiorie, 
gif ic J>e laede bi Saem wege. Da cwaecS ic : Ne fear ft (/) no 

1 Boeth. iv. met. 7. Bella bis quinis operatus annis, &c. 

y Boeth. v. pr. i. 1. 2 P. Turn ego, Recta quidem, inquam, &c. 

1 gemetgan C. 2 }a om. B. 3 gemegaQ C. 4 /^z eaSe om. B. 
5 <<? adrygan B. 6 ^? om. B. 1 le om. B. 8 swa B. 8 ^r B. 



140 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XL. 5 



ondraedan ; ac ic bio swi(5e swi(5e gefaegen l gif J?u me lae Jst 
]Mder ic <Se bidde. Da cwaecS he : Ic f>e wille laeran bispellum, 
swa ic }?e ealne weg dyde, 7 J^e J?eah secgan wille 2 J^set hit nis 
nauht f mon cwitS, $ aenig J?ing weas gebyrige. FonSae aelc 
f>ing cim(5 of sumu ]Mngu, fonSse 3 hit ne bi(5 weas gebyred ; 5 
ac (Saer hit of 4 nauhte ne come }?onne waere hit weas gebyred 5 . 

vi z . Da cwaecS ic : Ac hwonan com se (namd] serest ? 

* i22bC. Da cwaecS he: Aristoteles min diorlmg hit *gerehte on peer e 

bee pe Fisica hatte. pa cwaifi ic : Hu rehte he hit ? Da 
cw33(5 he : Men cwsedon gio ]?onne him hwast unwenunga 6 10 
gebjYra&J, $ $ waere weas gebyred ; swylc[^ hwa\ nu 7 delfe 
eorSan, 7 finde tSaer }?onne goldhord, ond secge Sonne fy 
sie weas gebered. Ic wat jjeah gif se delfere J>a eortSan n[o 
ne delfe, ne nan mon aar $ gold f)a3r ne hydde, f>onne ne 8 
funde he hit no. Forc5y hit naas na weas funden ; ac sio 15 
godcunde foretiohhimg laerde J?one fe he wolde $ he 9 gold 
hydde, 7 eft one J>e he wolde f hit funde. 

vii a . Da cwsetS ic : Daet z c ongite -p hit is swa swa pu 
saegst ; ac ic J?e wolde 10 acsian hwae Ser we aenigne freodom 
haebben o S Se cenigne amveald, hwaet we don, hwcet we ne ne 20 
don,pe sio godcunde for etiohhung ofide sio zvyrd us nede to pa 
pe we willan. pa cwced he : We habbafi micelne anwald ; nis 
nan gzsceadwis ^sceaft j? naebbe fnbdom. Se J?e gescead- 
haefcS, se mseg deman 7 tosceadan hwaes n he wilnigan 
hw-aet he onscunian sceal. 7 aelc mon hcefd 12 pone 2 5 

* i23a C. freedom f he wat hwaet h[<?] wile, *hwaet he nele ; 7 J?eah 

nabbacS 13 ealla gescea[V]wisa gesceafta gelicne friodom. 
Englas habbatS rihte domas 7 goodne willan, 7 eall f 14 hi 
wilniatS hi begitaS swit5e ea Se, for"5aem)?e hi nanes wos 15 ne 
wilniaS. Nis nan 16 Ipe haebbe friodom 7 gesceadwisnesse 3 
buton englum 7 monnum ; J?a men habbaS simle freodom 

z Boeth. v. pr. I. 1. 32 P. An est aliquid, tametsi uulgus lateat, &c. 
a Boeth. v. pr. 2. Animaduerto, inquam, &c. 

1 fcegn B. 2 w///^ om. B. * forj>i B. 4 o/om. B. 5 From B, 

gebe C. 6 hwegmmga B. 7 ?^ om. B. 8 ne conject., om. B. 

* em. &e B. 1J wolde )e B. " hwcet B. 12 em. //^/"B. 13 7/a^aiJ B. 

14 hwcet B. 15 woges B. 16 Read waw gesceaft, nan om. B. 



7 



XLI. 2] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE 141 

Ipy maran J>e hi heora mod near godcundum Singum laetatJ, 
7 habbacS J?ses Ipy laessan friof^Jm )?e hi hiora modes 
willan l near j^isse weoruldare laetacS. NabbatS hi nsenne 
freodom J?onne hi heora agnum willum hi selfe un<5eawum 

5 undercSiodaft ; ac sona swa hi hiora mod on\vend[^] 2 from 
gode, swa weor(5ac5 hi ablende mid unwisdome. Swa]?eah 
is an aslmihtig God on his fsere hean ceastre; se gesihcS 
aelces monnes gej>oht 3 , 7 his word 7 his daeda toscead 4 , 7 
gilt aelcu sefter his gewyrhtum. Da se Wisdom a ]?is spell 

10 asaed haefde, j?a ongon he singan 7 j?us cwae(5 : 



i. (peak Omerus se go da sceop,pe mid Crecu selest was : 
se was Firgilies 5 lareow ; se Frigilius wees mid L&denwa- 
rum selest : peak Omerus on his leofiu swift e herede Jxzre sunnan 
gecynd 7 hiore crceftas 7 hiore biorhto, ne mcsg heo peak ealle 

15 gesceafta gescman, ne pa gesceafta fie heo gescinan m<zg ne 
mcBg hio ealle endemest gescinan, ne ealle innan geondscinan. 
Ac nis pa celmihtigan* Gode swa, pe is scyppend ealra 
gesceafla ; he geseohd 7 purhseohd ealle his 1 gesceafta (Ende 
mest. pone mon mceg hatan buton lease sope sunned) 

20 ii c . [f)a j]e Wisdom J?a J?is leoS asungen "haefde, ^5a 
geswugode he ane lytle hwile. Da cwas S ic : Sum tweo 
me 8 haefS swi Se gedrefed. Da cwaecS he : Hwaet is se ? Da 
cwaecS ic : Hit is f ^ tm saegst f God selle aelcu men 



freodom swa good to donne swa yfel, swaecSer he wille ; 7 
25 ssegst (eac] $ (God] wite aelc /ing aer 9 hit geweonSe ; 7 
soegst eac f nan |?ing ne geweortJe bute hit God wille 
ge(5afie ; 7 J>u saegst *f h[z / ^]cyle eall faran swa he getiohhod * I2 4 a 
haebbe. Nu wundrie ic |?aes hwy he ge]?afjge $ ]m yflan men 
hasbben })one freodom ^ hi maegen d[on swa ^]od swa yfel, 
30 swaec5er swa hi \\i\\\_an, J?on^ he aer wat ^ hi yfel don willaS. 



b Boeth. v. met. 2. Puroclarum luminePhoebum, &c. Cott. Metr. xxx. 
c Boeth. v. pr. 3. Turn ego, En, inquam, &c. 

1 From B, willa C. 2 awendaS B. 3 gefianc B. 4 toscat B. 
5 zm.jirgies B. 6 em. almiht B. 7 em. 4t B. 8 B has 

for tweo me. 9 cerer B. 



142 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XLI. 2 

Da cwaeft he : Ic ]?e maeg swi(5e ea<5e geandwyrdan >aes 
spelles. Hu wolde J?e nu lician l gif hwilc swiSe [rice 
ynijng waere 7 naefde nsenne freon[<? wow] on eallu his rice, 
ac waeren eall[e/]iowe ? Da cwaeS ic : Ne Jmhte me [A#] z 
no 3 [rjihtlic, ne eac nauht 4 gerisenlic, gif him sceolden 5 
Jriowe men >enian. Da cwaecS he : f> 5 waere uncynlicre 6 , 
gif God nsefde on eallum his rice nane frige gesceaft 7 under 
his anwalde. Forftaem. he gesceop twa gesceadwisa 8 ge- 
sceafta freo, englas 7 men ; pse he geaf micle gife freodomes, 
]> hi mosten don swa god swa yfel, swae(5er 9 swa hi wolden. 10 
He sealde swi(5e faeste gife 7 swicSe faeste se mid Saere gife 
selcum men oc5 10 his ende ; tSaet is se freodom (Sset se n mon 
mot don $ he wile, 7 f is sio se f he l2 gilt aelcu be his gewyrh- 
tum aeg Ser ge on j^isse worulde ge on faere toweardan swa 
good swa yfel, *swaetSer he dec5. 7 men magon be[gitan~] 15 
j^urh j^one freodom swa hwaet swa hi willa<5, buton deaS hi ne 
magon forcerran ; [ac hi hine\ magon mid goodu weorcum 
[gekttan^ he J?e 13 lator cym^; ge fur[/] o^ oreldo hi hine 
hwilu geletta S 14 . Gif men 15 to goodum weorce ne onhagie, 
haebbe 16 goodne willan; f is emngood 17 . D[a cwced ic :] 20 
Wei Su me \hcefst aretne on fid /]weon, 7 on ]^aere gedrefed- 
nesse \J>e ic\ aer (on) \vaes be ^aem freodome. [Ac ic eom\ 
nu giet on micle maran gedrefednesse geunrotsod, fulneah 
oc5 ormodnesse. Da cwaet5 he : 18 Hwset is sio micle un- 
rotnes 18 ? Da cwaetJ ic : Hit is ym Sa Codes foretiohhunge ; 25 
forc5aem we geheraS hwilum secgan f> hit scyle call swa 
geweor5an swa swa God aet fruman getiohhad haefde, j) hit 
he maege nan mon onwendan 19 . Nu (SincS me ]> he do woh 20 , 
]^onne he ara^ )?a goodan, 7 eac )3onne he 21 witnaft J?a 
yflan, gif f sotS is f (hit) him swa gesceapen waes f hi ne 30 
mosten elle[j] don. Unnytlice we swincaS J?onne we us 

1 he nu locian B. 2 hit me B. 3 nauht B. 4 nauht om. B. 
5 Hwcet B. 6 ungecyndlicre B. 7 sceaft B. 8 gescedwisan B. 

9 swasderom. B. 10 on B. n Ve B. 12 ^cm. B. 13 > B. "letta& R. 
15 W(?w B. 18 7za^<? B. n emn om. B. ls Hw<zt . . . unrotnes 
om. B. 19 awendan B. 2t) The A of zo<?A written over w C. 

21 From B, he hit C. 



XLL 3] DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE 143 

gebiddaft, 7 Sonne we faestaS, *o(5(5e selmessan sella(5, gif we his * 1 2.>a C. 
nabbatS (5y maran fane f e fa f e on eallum f ingum wadac5 on 
hiora (agenne willan, 7 after hiora] lichoman luste irnaft. 
iii d . Da cwae(5 he : pis is sio ealde siofung f e f u longe 

5 siofodes, 7 manige eac aer <Se ; f ara waes sum Marcus, oftre 
naman Tullius, f riddan naman he was gehaten Cicero ; se J 
waes Romana heretoga ; se waes uSwita. Se waes swicSe abisgod 
mid faere ilcan spraece, ac he hi ne meahte brengan to 
nanum ende. 2 FonSy he ne meahte, ne nan mon on f one 

10 timan, fa spraece to nanum ende bringan 2 , fortvy hiora mod 3 
wses abisgod on <5isse weorulde wilnunga. Ac ic fe secge, 
gif j) soc5 is $ ge 4 secgaft, j) hit waes unnet gebod on god- 
cundum bocum j> God bebead 5 j) mon sceolde forlaetan yfel 

7 don good ; 7 eft se cwide f e he cwaeS : swa mon ma 
15 swinc"5, swa mon 6 maran mede onfehcS. 7 ic wundrige hwy 

f u haebbe forgiten call j> wit aer spraecon. Da cwas(5 ic 7 : 

8 Hwaet haebbe ic forgiten f ses f e wit aer spraecon ? Da 

cwcS *he 8 : Wit saedon aer ^ sio godcunde f[0]retiohhung aelc * 125!) C. 
god worhte 7 nan yfel, (ne nan) ne tiohhode to wyrcanne, 

20 ne naefre ne worhte. Ge furcSum j> wi[/J gereahton to 
goodum 9 f aet folciscu monnu yfel f uhte ; j> waes ^ mon 
wr^ce 7 witnode hwone for his yfle. Hu ne saedon 10 wit eac 
aer ll on f isse ilcan bee God haefde getiohhod freodom to sel- 
lanne monnum, 7 swa dyde ; 7 gif hi 12 f one freodom tela ge- 

25 healdon 13 , f he hi wolde swi(5e weor Sian mid ece life 14 ; 7 
gif hi 15 (5one freodom forheolden, ^ he hi f onne wolde witnian 
mid deacSe. He tiohhode, gif hi hwaet gesyngoden on "Saem 
freodome, -f hi hit eft on "Saem freodome mid hreowsunga 
gebeten ; 7 gif hiora hwylc swa heardheort waere j> he nane 

3 hreowsunge ne dyde, j> he f onne haefde rihtlic wite. Ealla 
gesceafta he haefde getiohhod feowu 16 , buton englum 7 

d Boeth. v. pr. 4. Turn ilia, Vetus, inquit," &c. 

1 pe B. 2 orforj>y . . . bringan B has onlyonfione timan. 3 From 
B, med C. 4 ge om. B. 5 bead B 6 mon om. B. 7 he B. 8 Hwcet . . . 
he om. B. 9 gode B. u scede B. " cer om. B. 12 From B, 

he C. 13 From B, to lange heoldon C. H rice B. 15 hi om. B. 
" J)eoive B. 



144 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE [XLI. 3 

monnum. FonSyfe fa ocSra gesceafta feowe sint, hi 
healdacS 1 hiora f egnunga ocS domes daeg ; ac fa men 7 fa 

* 1 26a C. englas, f e freo 2 sint, forlaetacS hiora f egnunga. *Hwaet magon 
men cwecSan f sio godcunde foretiohhung getiohhod haefde 
f aes (Se hio ne f urhtuge ? ocSSe hu magon hi hi aladian f hi 5 
ne maegen good don, nu hit awriten is fy God gelde aelcum 
men be 3 his gewyrhtum ? Hwy sceall f onne aenig mon bion 
idel, tfeet he ne wyrce ? Da cwag(S ic : Genoh f u me haefst 
gefreolsod f aere tweounge mines modes be f aere ascunga f e 
ic fe ahsade 4 . Ac ic fe wolde giet acsian sumre 5 spraece I0 
Se me ymbe tweocS. Da cwaecS he : Hwaet is fast ? Da 
cwaetS ic : Genog cutS me is 6 f God hit wat eall beforan, 
ge good ge yfel, aer hit geweorcSe 7 ; ac ic nat hwaecSer hit eall 
geweortfan sceal unanwendendlice 8 f he wat 7 getiohhod haefS. 
Da cwaecS he : (Ne) (Searf hit no eall geweorcSan unanwen- J 5 
dendlice 8 ; ac sum hit sceal geweorcSan 9 unanwendendlice 8 ; 
f bit5 fte ure nedfearf bit5, 7 his willa bi& Ac hit is sum 
swa gerad f his nis nan nedf earf, 7 f eah ne deret) no f eah 
hit geweonSe ; ne nan hearm ne bitS, f eah (hi) no (ne) 
geweor Se. Gef enc nu be Se selfu hwae Ser f u aenig fing 20 

* i26b C. swa faest :0 getiohhod haebbe *faet fe fince $ hit naefre finu 
willu onwend ne weor Se n , ne ):u butan bion ne maege ; 
. * o S Se hwaeSer f u eft on aengum gef eahte swa twioraede sie 
f f e helpe hwaecSer hit geweorSe, Se hit no ne geweor^e. 
Fela is fara finga fe God aer wat 12 aer hit geweonSe, 7 wat 2 5 
eac f hit derecS his gesceaftum gif hit gewynS. Nat he hit 
no forSyf e he wille f hit geweorSe, ac forcSy 13 f e he wile 
forwernan f hit ne 14 geweortSe, swa swa good scipstiora ongit 
micelne wind on hreore sae 15 aer aer hit geweonSe 1G , 7 haet 
fealdan f segl 7 eac hwilum lecgan f one maest, 7 laetan fa 3 
baetinge; gif he aer fweores windes 17 baette, warenaS 33 (he 
hine] wi<S "Saet weder. 

1 habbaS B. 2 frige B. after B. 4 acsode B. 5 sume B. 

6 me is cu<5 B. 7 gewyrSe B. 8 unawendendlice B. wyrfan B. 

10 fceste B. n onwended weorde B. 12 cer ivat om. B, but space 

left instead. 13 for}e B. H ne om. B. T5 For on hreore sa B 

has 7 hreose. lfi wiotfe B. 1T wm^ B. 18 wcernad B. 



XLI. 5] DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 145 

iv e . Da cwaecS ic : SwicSe wel f>u min haefst geholpen set 
faere spraece, (7) ic wundrige hwy swa maenige wise men 
swa swicSe swuncen 1 mid faere spraece, 7 swa lytel gewis 
funden. Da cwaecS he : Hwses wundrast f>u faer swa switSe, 

5 swa etSe swa hit is to ongitanne ? Hu ne wast f>u f manig 
J?ing ne bi(S no ongiten swa swa hit bi(5, *ac swa swa faes * i27aC. 
andgites maecS bit) Ipe faeraeft spyrecS ? Swilc 2 is se wisdom 
j> hine 3 ne maeg nan mon of fisse weorulde ongitan swilcn*? 
swylce he is ; ac aelc winS be his andgites mae Se }> he hine 

10 wolde ongitan gif he meahte. Ac se wisdom maeg us eallunga 
ongitan swylce swylce we sint, feah we hine ne maegen 
ongitan eallunga swylcne swylc<? he is; forcSaem se wisdom 
is God. He gesihcS (ealt) ure weorc ge good ge yfel, aer hi 
gewordene 4 sien, ot$(5e furcSum gefoht ; ac he us ne ned no 

15 Ipy hratSor to f>aem f we nede scylen 5 good don T ne us ne 
werntS j> we yfel don, for^aem^e he us sealde freedom. Ic 
Ipe maeg eac taecan sume bisne }> Jm |?e } r< S ongitan meah[/^] 6 
t5a spraece. Hwaet 7 , ])u wast [/</ gesiti$\ 7 gehernes 7 
gefrednes onfgY/^/flJne lichoman J)aes monnes, [7/]eah ne 

20 ongitacS (hi hine no gelicne ; pa ear an ongitafr) j) hi geherat^, 
(7) ne ongitaS hi J?eah J?one lichoman eallunga swylcne 8 
swylce he bitS; sio gefrednes hine maeg 8 gegrapian 7 gefredan 
}?aet hit lichoma bit5, ac hio ne maeg gefredan hwaecSer he bitS 
f>e blaec 9 J?e hwit, *(Se faeger ^e unfaeger. Ac sio gesihtS aet * i27b C 

25 frumcerre 10 , swa J)a eagan on besio"S, hi ongitatS ealle J>one 
andwlitan (5aes lichoman. Ac ic wolde get reccan sume race, 
cSu wisse hwaes f>u wundrode. 

v f . Da cwaeS ic : Hwaet is f>aet ? Da cwaeS he : Hit is 
se an man ongit f f he (on) o^ru ongit synderlice ; he hine 

30 ongit >urh fa eagan synderlice n ; f>urh fa earan synderlice, 
furh his raedelsan synderlice, furh gesceadwisnesse synder 
lice, fmrh gewis and[^-]it. Manige sint cwucera gesceafta 

6 Boeth. v. pr. 4. 1. 69 P. < Cuius erroris causa est, &c. 
f Boeth. v. remainder of pr. 4 and whole of 5. 

1 gcswuncen B. 2 kwilc B. 3 p hine om. B. 4 geworden B. 
5 scylen om. B. From J, B miht. 7 f B. 8 swylcne . . . 

mag omit B. 9 blac B. 10 f rum an cerre B. " synderfc C. 



146 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XLL 5 

unstirende, swa swa nu scylfiscas l sint, 7 habbatS )?eah sumne 
dael andgites, fortfoem hi ne meahton elles libban, gif hi nan 
grot andgites naef[</]en. Sume magon gesion, sume \magon\ 
geheran, sume gefredan, sume [^"jestincan 2 . Ac J?a * 
styriendan neten[ j]int monnu gelicran, fon5aem \hy~\ 5 
habba(5 call ^ c$a unstyriendan ha<^ac5, 7 eac mare to ; $ is 
f hi onhyriatS 4 monnu ; lufiacS ]? hi lufiaS 7 hatiacS j? hi hatiatS, 
7 fliocS -f hi hatiacS 7 secacS $ hi lufiacS. Da men 8onne habbaS 
* i27b C eall we ser ymbe* Q^r<z > ( f(9^, 7 ^<r to eacan fid micle gife 
ends; next g esc eadwisnesse. Englas pon habbad gewiss andgit. For- 10 
missing, fta- sint $as sceafla 5 pus gesceapene p $a unstyriendan hi ne 
ahebben ofer pa styriendan^ ne him wifi ne winnan, ne pa 
styriendan ofer pa men, ne pa men ofer pa englas, ne pa englas 
wi$ God. Ac pest is earmlic p se mcesta d<zl monna ne seed no 
pp him for gif en is,p is gesceadwisness ; ne p ?te seed r6 pat him 15 
ofer is, p is pat englas habbad 7 wise men ; p is gewis andget. 
Ac mest monna nu 1 onhyrefi* nu neatu on pa poet hi willniad 
woruldlusta swa swa netenu. Ac gif we nu h<zfdon cenigne 
dcel uniwiogendes andgites swa swa englas habbad, pon mihte 
we ongiton p p andget bid micle betere pon uregesceadwisnes se *. 20 
peak we fela smean 10 , we habbad lifeline gearowitan buton 
tweon ; ac pa englum nis nan tweo nanes pcera pinga pe hi 
witon ; forpi is hiora gearotvifo swa micle betra pon ure 
gesceadwisnes se, swa ure gesceadwisnes u is betere pon nytena 12 
andgit sie, ofifie pas gewittes cenig dcel pe himforgifen is auper 25 
odce hrorum neatu odde unhrorum 13 . Ac uton nu habban ure 
moa it, f) swa swa we yfemest mcegen wifi pees hean hrofes PCBS 
hehstan andgites, p du mcege hrcedlicost cumon 7 edelicost to 
pinre agenre cydde ponan pe du <zr come. J?(Er ?nceg pin 
mod 7 pin gesceadwisnes geseon u openlice p p hit nu ymb tweod 3 
celcfs pinges, czgper ge be pare godcundan foresceawunge pe we 
nu oft ymb spracon, ge be urumfrydome^ \ge swa be eallu pingu, 

1 fiscas B. J For gestincan B hns^? foil, by space. 3 ]>a om. B. 
4 hyrigad B. 5 gcsceafta J. 6 seccift J. 7 nu from J, om. B. 

* From J, onstyrceft B. H gesceadwisnes sic J. smeagen J. 

11 em. gesceadivisnesse B. 12 netan J. 13 em. imrorum B. 

14 em. gesceon B. 15 freodome J. 



XLIT] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 147 

vi fa. f)a se Wisdom pa fits spell asced hcefde, pa ongan he 

singan j pus cw(R$ :] (Hwazt, pu miht ongitan p manig wyht 

is mistlice ferende geond * eorpan, j sint swiSe ungelices hiwes, 

j ungelice fara.fi. Sume licgafi mid eallon lichoman on 

5 eorpan, j swa smuhende 2 farad p him nauper ne fet ne fifieras 

ne fultumdS ; j sume bi$ tiviofete, sume fiowerfete, sume 

fleogende, 7 ealle peak biofi ojdune healde wifi pare eorffan, 

7 pider ivillniacf, oMe pas pe hi lyst odfie pees pe hi bepurfon. 

Ac se mann ana gcep uprihte ; p tacnafi p he sceal ma pencan 

10 up p on ny$er,pi ICES p mod sie niofioror pon fie h c/ioma.) Da 

se Wisdom (Sa 3 Sis leoS asungen haefde, (Sa cwaeS he : 

XLII fif. 

For^y we scoldon ealle msegene * spyrian sefter Code, ^ 
we wissen hwset he waere. Deah hit ure mseS ne sie -f we 
witen hwylc 5 he sie, we sculon J?eah be ]?3es andgites mae Se 

15 ]?e he us gifS fandian 6 ; swa swa we 3er cwsedon $ mon 
scolde selc f>ing ongitan be his andgites maej^e, for Ssem we 
ne magon selc Jring ongitan swylc swylce hit bitS. ^Elc 
gesceaft (5eah aeg^er ge gesceadwis ge ungesceadwis -f 
sweotolaS f God ece is, forftaem naefre swa *manega * ia8b C. 

20 gesceafta 7 swa micla 7 sw[a] 7 faegra hi ne undercSiodden 
laessan g[<?]sceafte 7 Isessan [a]walde )?onne (hf) ea[//<?] 
sindon, ne furtSum emnmiclum. Da cwseS ic : Hwaet is 
ecnes ? Da cwaecS he : pu me ahsast micles (7) earfo<5es to 
ongitanne ; gif Ipu hit witan 8 wilt, Su scealt habban aer J^ines 

25 modes eagan c/33ne 7 hlutor 9 . Ne maeg ic (5e nauht helan 
Saes <5e ic wat. Wast Ipu $ j?reo Sing sindon on Ipis mid- 
dangearde ? An is hwilendlic, Sset haeftS 10 segfter ge fruman ge 
ende; 7 (ic) nat Seah nanwuht Sses Se hwilendlic is, nauSer 
ne his fruman ne his ende. OSer Sing is ece, f haefS 



fa Boeth. v. met. 5. Quam uariis terras, &c. Cott. Metr. xxxi. 
g Boeth. v. pr. 6. Quoniam igitur, &c. 

1 em. geon B. 2 orig. snicende, c erased, ni turned into m, and uh 
written ab. 1. 3 8a om. B. 4 m//<?w mcegne B. 5 /zwy/^ om. B. 
fundigan B. 7 Conject. B has swcegm for swafagra. 8 ongitan B. 
B. 10 /^j ^ for ^/ 7/^/5 B. 



L 2 



148 DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE [XLII 

fruman 7 naeftS naenne ende ; 7 (tc) wat hwonne hit ongintS, 
7 wat f hit naefre ne geendatS ; f sint englas 7 monna saula. 
pridde "Sing is ece buton ende 7 buton anginne ; -f is God. 
Betweoh f>aem f>rim is switSe micel toscead. Gif wit f eall 
sculon tosmeagan 1 , j^onne cume wit late to ende f>isse bee, 5 
otStSe naefre. Ac an jring tSu scealt nede f>aeran 2 witan : 
forhwy God is gehaten sio hehste ecnes. Da cwaetS ic : 
Hvvy? Da cwaetS he: *For<5on >e 3 we witon swicSe lytel 
tSaes >e aer us waes buton be gemynde 7 be geaescum *, 7 get 
lassse ]?aes <Se aef t: us bitS. P an us is 5 gewislice andweard 10 
j> J?e 6 jxmne bitS ; ac him is eall andweard, ge $ te aer waes, 
ge $te nu is, ge j> te aefter us bi(S ; eall $ 7 is him andweard. 
Ne wex<S 8 his wela na, ne eac naefre ne wanaft. Ne ofman 
he naefre nane wuht, forcSaem he 9 naefre nauht ne 10 forgeat. Ne 
sectS he nanwuht, ne ne smeac5, fon533m)?e he hit wat eall. 15 
Ne sect? he nanwuht, forSy n he nanwuht ne forleas. Ne eht 12 
he nanre wuhte, fonSy hine nanwuht ne maeg flion; ne 
ondraet he him 13 nane wuht, for<5aem he naefcS naenne ricran 
ne furcSum naenne gelican. Simle he bi<5 gifende, 7 ne 
wana"S his naefre nauht. Symle he bic$ aelmihtig, for^aem he 20 
symle wile good 7 naefre nan yfel. Nis him nanes Binges ned- 
]?earf. Syle he bi<5 lociende, ne slaep S he naefre. Syle he bicS 
gelice manj^waere. Syle he biS ece, *fo/^aem naefre sio tid 
naes $ he naere, ne naefre ne wyrc5. Simle he bffi frwh, 
ne bit5 he to nanum weorce geneded. For his godcundlicum 25 
anwalde he is aeghwaer andweard. His micelntsse ne maeg 
nan man ametan ; nis ^ "Seah no liculice u to wenanne, 
ac gastlice, swa swa nu wisdom is 7 rihtwisnes, fonSaem 
he ]> is self. Ac hwaet ofermodie ge |?onne, o StSe hwy ahebbe 
ge eow wicS swa heane anwald ? /^rtSaem ge 15 nauht witS 30 
hine don ne magon ; forcSaem se eca 7 se aelmehtga syle sit 
on f>se heahsetle his anwaldes ; f>onan he maeg eall gesion, 7 
gilt aelcu (be fiam} switSe 16 rihte aef t his gewyrhtu. For^ae 

1 asmeagan B. 2 ]>cer czr B. J>e om. B. 4 geascunge B. 

is om. B. e U B. 7 hit B. From B, sceaxd C. 9 he om. B. 

19 he ne B. " forjtd B. 12 eft B, with s above line after/. 

13 him om. B. I4 lichomlice B. > fc hi B. ie swide om. B. 



XLII] DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE 149 



hit nis no unnet f we hopien to Gode, forSae he ne went l 
no swa swa we do(5. Ac biddacS 2 hine eadmodlice, fortteem 
he is swi<5e rumod 7 swi fte mildheort. HebbaS eower mod 
to him mid eowru hondu, 7 biddac5 ]}aes J?e riht sie 7 eower 
5 j^earf sie, for<5aem he eow nele wyr[w<2]. HatiatS yfel 
7 fleoc5 swa ge swi<5ost m[<z]gen 3 ; lufiacS craeftas, 7 folgiat) 
f>se. Ge habbao" micle nedtSearfe * j> ge syle wel dow, 
fortSagm ge syle beforan \a ecan 7 f>3em selmihtgan 5 Gode do<5 
call f ge do"S ; m// he hit \_gesihd, 7 ^// hi\ hit forgilt. 
10 FINIT 6 . 



DRIHTEN <zlmihtiga God, wyrhta 7 wealdend ealra 

gesceafla, ic bidde pe for pinre micelan mildheortnesse 1 J for 

pare halegan rode tacne, 7 for Sea Marian mcegfihade, 7 

for See Michaeles gehyrsunesse, j for ealra fiinra halgana 

15 lufan 7 heora earnungu, p pu me gewissige let ponne ic 

awyrhte to pe ; 7 gewissa me to pinu willan 7 to minre 8 saw le 

pearfe bet ponne ic sylf cunne ; 7 gestapela mm mod to pinu 

willan 7 to minre sawle pearfe ; 7 gestranga me wifi p&s 

deofles costnungu ; 7 afyrra fra me pa fulan galnysse 7 alee 

20 unrihtwisnysse ; 7 gescylde me wid minu wifferwinnu gese- 
wenlicu 7 ungesewenlicu ; 7 tac me pinne willan to wyrcenne, 
p ic mage pe inweardlice lufian toforon eallu pingum mid 
danu gepance 7 mid clanu lichaman ; forpon 9 pe pu eart 
min sceoppend, 7 min alesend, min fultu, min frofer, min 

25 trewneS) 7 min tohopa ; si pe lof 7 wylder nu 7 a a a to 
worulde buton aghwilcu ende. Amen & . 

* This prayer is only in B. See Introduction. 

1 welt B. s abiddaft B. * Conject. magon B. 4 J>earfe B. 

* em. almihgan C, almehtigan B. 6 Amen Finit B. T em. mild- 
heortnessan B. 8 em. mire B. " em.jb/ion B. 

NOTE (i) After 8a cwczd he : p. 137, 1. 23, read : call bid good pte nyt 
bid. -Da cwted ic : p is sod. -Ba cwced he : This passage om. B. 
(ii) Before water : p. 80, 1. 24, read : J)cet. 



THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF 
THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 



PROEM J 

Alfred us ealdspell reahte, 
cyning Westsexna, era: ft meldode, 
kodwyrhta list, him wees lust micel 
fiat he fiiossum leodurn leocf spellode, 
monnum myrgen, mislice cwidas, 5 

fiy Ices celinge ut adrife 
selflicne secg, ponne he swelces lyt 
gymd for his gilpe. ic sceal giet sprecan, 
fon on fitte, folccufine reed 
hceledum secgean ; hliste se pe wille. i o 

METRA 
la. 

Hit wees geara iu dcetie Gotan eastan 
of Scififiia sceldas Iceddon. 
preate geprungon peodlond monig. 
setton sudweardes sigefieoda twa ; 

Gotene rice gearmcelum weox. 5 

hcefdan him gecynde cyningas twegen^ 
Rcedgod j Aleric ; rice gepungon. 
pa wees ofer Muntgiop ??ionig atyhted 
Gota gylpes full, guSe gelysted 
folcgewinnes. fana hwearfode 10 

a Cf. p. 7. x The proem and first four metra are from J. 



152 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [I. n 

scir on sceafte ; sceotend pohlon 
Italia ealh * gegongan, 
lindwigende ; hi gelcestan swua 
efne from Muntgiop off pone mceran wearofi 
peer Sicilia scestreamum in 15 

eglond micel edel mcBrsdd. 
ffa wees Romana rice gewumien, 
abrocen burga cyst, beadurincum wees 
Rom gerymed. Rcedgot j Aleric 

for on on fiat fcesten. fleah c as ere 20 

mid p am CBpelingum ut on Crecas. 
ne meahte pa seo wealaf wige forstandan 
Gotan mid glide, giomonna gestrion 
sealdon unwillum epelweardas, 

halige ddas ; w<zs gehwcefieres waa. 25 

peak wees magorinca mod mid Crecum, 
gif hi leodfruman Icestan dorsten. 
stod prage on dam ; peod WCBS gewunnen 
winlra mcenigo, odp&t wyrd gescraf 
P P 6 peodrice pegnas j eorlas 30 

her an sceoldan. WCBS se heretema 
Criste gecnoden ; cyning self a 
onfeng fulluhtpeawum. fcegnodon ealle 
Romwara beam, 7 him recene to 

f rides wilnedon. he him fceste gehet 35 

ft hy ealdrihta celces mosten 
wyrfie gewunigen on pcere welegan byrig 
fienden God wuolde pcet he Gotena 2 geweald 
agan moste. he p eatt aleag ; 

WCBS pcem cepelinge Arrianes 40 

gedwola leofre ponne Drihtnes CB. 
het lohannes godne papan 
heafde beheawon ; nces 3cBt hcerlic deed, 
eac pam WCBS unrim odres manes 
p se Gota fremede godra gehwilcum. 45 

1 em. ealla J. 2 em. Godena J. 



I. 8i] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 153 

da wees ricra sum on Rome byrig 
ahefen heretoga, hlaforde leof, 
penden cynestole Creacas wioldon. 
peet was rihtwis rinc ; wees mid Romwarum 
sincgeofa sella, sidfian longe. 50 

he was for weorulde wis, weorfimyrida georn, 
beorn boca gleaw. Boitius 
se heele hatte ; se pone hlisan gepah. 
wees him on gemynde mcela gehwilce 
yfel 7 edwit p him eldeodge 55 

kyningas cyfidon. wees on Creacas hold ; 
gemunde para ara 7 ealdrihta 
pe his eldran mid him ahton longe, 
lufan 7 lissa. angan pa listum ymbe 
fiencean pear/Lice, hu he dider meahte 60 

Crecas oncerran, pcet se casere eft 
anwald ofer hi agan moste. 
sende cerendgewrit ealdhlafordum 
degelice, 7 hi for Drihtne bced, 

ealdum treowum, dcet hi ceft to him 65 

comen on pa ceasire, lete Creca witan 
rcedan Romwarum, rihtes wyrde 
lete pone leodscipe. (fa pa lare ongeal 
Deodric Amuting, 7 pone pegn oferfeng, 
heht fcestlice folcgesidas 7 

healdon pone her er inc. WCBS him hreoh se/a, 
ege from dam eorle. he hine inne heht 
on care erne cluster belucan. 
pa wees modsefa miclum gedrefed 

Boetius. breac longe cer 75 

wlencea under wolcnum ; he py wyrs meahte 
polian pa prage, pa hio swa pearl becom. 
WCBS pa ormod eorl, are ne wende, 
ne on pam fcestene frofre gemunde ; 
ac f& neowol astreaht nider of dune 80 

feol on pa flore. fela worda sprcec, 



154 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [I. 82 

forpoht fiearle ; ne wende ponan of re 
cuman of 3 am cla??imum. cleopode to Dr thine 
geomran stenme, gyddode pus. 



Boeth. i. met. I. Carmina qui quondam studio florente peregi. 

Hw&t, ic liofia fela lustlice geo 

sane on scelum. nu sceal siofigende, 

wope gewceged, wrecca giomor, 

singan sarcividas. me pios siccetung hafati 

agceled, ffes geocsa, p ic pa ged ne mceg 5 

gefegean swa fcegre, peak ic fela gio pa 

sette soffcwida, ponne ic on scelum WCBS. 

oft ic nu miscyrre cuffe sprcece, 

7 peak uncudre <zr hwilum fond. 

me pas woruldscelda welhwces blindne 10 

on fiis dimme hoi dysine forlceddon^ 

7 me pa berypton rcedes 7 frofre 
for heora untreowum, pe ic him cefre betst 

truwian sceolde. hi me to wendon 

heora bacu bitere, 7 heora blisse from. 15 

forhwam wolde ge, weoruldfrynd mine, 

secgan ofide singan p ic gestzllic mon 

wcere on weorulde ? ne synt pa word soft, 

nu pa gescelda ne magon simle gewunigan. 

111. 

Boeth. i. met. 2. Heu quam praecipiti mersa profundo. 

sala, on hu grimmum 7 hu grundleasum 
seafie swinceS pcet sweorcende mod, 
ponne hit pa strongan stormas beatafi 
weoruldbisgunga. ponne hit winnende 
his agen leoht anforlasteff, 5 

7 mid uua forgit pone ecan gefean, 

b Cf. p. 8. c Cf. p. 9. 



IV. 27] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 155 

3ring3 on pa fiiostro cftsse worulde, 

sorgum geswenced. swa is pissum nu 

mode gelumpen ; nu hit mare ne wat 
for Gode godes buton gnornunge 10 

fremdre worulde. him is frofre fiearf. 

IV d. 

Boeth. i. met. 5. O stelliferi conditor orbis. 

sEala, ffu scippend scirra tungla, 
hefones 7 eorfian ; flu on heahsetk 
ecum ricsast, 7 3u ealne hrcecfe 
hefon ymbhwearfest, 7 3urh dine halige miht 
tunglu genedest p hi fie to herafl. 5 

swylce seo sunne sweartra nihta 
fiiostro adwcesceS, }>urh fiine meht, 
blacum leohte, beorhte steorran 
mono, gemetgdd ; fiurh ffinra meahta sped 
hwilum eac pa sunnan sines bereafad 10 

beorhtan leohtes, ponne hit gebyrigan mceg 
pat swa geneahsne nede weorffaff. 
swelce pone m&ran morgensteorran 
pe we ofire naman cefensteorra 

nemnan her ad, flu genedest pone 1 5 

p he pcere sunnan siff bewitige ; 
geara gehwelce he gongan sceal, 
beforan feran. hwcei <?u, fader, wercest 
sumurlange dag as swifie hate ; 

})(Em winter dagum wundrum sceorta 20 

tida getiohhast. ffu p&m treowum selest 
sudan 7 westan, pa cer se swearta storm 
norfian 7 eastan benumen h<zfde 
leaf a gehwelces 3urh pone laSran wind, 
eala hwcet, on eorcfan ealla gesceafta 25 

hyrad fiinre hcese ; dofi on heofonum swa some 
mode- 7 mcegne, butan men anum ; 

d Cf. p. 10. 



156 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [IV. 28 

se wicf dinum willan wyrcefi of tost. 
wella, ffu eca 7 }>u (zlmihtiga 

ealra gcsceafta sceppend 7 reccend ; 30 

ara fiinum earmum eorcfan tudre, 
monna cynne, cfurh fiinra mehta sped. 
hwi $u ece God <zfre wolde 
p sio wyrd on gewill wendan sceolde 
yflum monnum ealles swa swifie ? 35 

hio ful oft derefi unscyldegum. 
sittdd yfele men giond eorfiricu 
on heahsetlum, halige priccdS 
under heora fotum. firum uncuti 

hwi sio wyrd swa wo wendan sceolde. 40 

swa sint gehydde her on worulde 
geond burga fela beorhle crceftas. 
unrihtwise eallum tidum 
habbafi on hospe 3a pe him sindon 
rihtes wisran, rices wyrfiran. ^5 

bid p lease lot lange hwile 
bewrigen mid wrencum. nu on worulde her 
monnum ne derido* mane acfas. 
gif flu nu, waldend) ne wilt wirde steoran, 
ac on selfwille sigan Iczfest, 50 

ponne ic wat pie wile woruldmen tweogan 
geond foldan sceat, buton fea ane. 
eala, min Dryhten, flu pe ealle ofersihst 
worulde gesceafta, wlit nu on money n 
mildum eagum, nu hi on monegum her 55 

worulde yfium wynnafi 7 swincatf, 
earme eorffwaran ; ara him nu $a. 



Boeth. i. met. 7. Nubibus atris. 

* middle of *^u meaht be Sasre sunnan sweotole gefencean, 
3* C. j be seghwelcum oSrum steorran 

Cf. p. 14. 



V. 37] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 157 

\ara J>e sefter burgum beortwt scineff; 
gif him wan fore wolcen hangatS, 
ne m^gen hi swa \eohfne leoman ansendan 5 

aer se ficca mist Jynra weorcSe. 
swa oft smylte sse suSerne wind, 
grsege glashlutre, grimme gedrefeS, 
Jxmne hie gemengatS micla 1 ysta, 
onhreraS hronmere; hrioh bitS fonne 10 

seo Je ser gladu onsiene waes. 
swa oft sespringe ut aweallet5 
of clife ham col j hlutor, 
7 gereclice rihte fiowe<5 ; 

irneS wi(5 his eardes, ot5 hi oninnan *[fel$ 15 

muntes magenstan, j him on] midda[ gelig\z, 
atrendlod 2 of (5aem \torre. he on] tu si S San 
tosceaden wyr(5; scir bi S gedrefed 
burna geblonden ; broc bi^ onwended 
of his rihtryne, rytrnm toflowen. 20 

swa mi ]?a Jiostro ]?inre ^eortan 
willaS minre leohtan lare z7#stondan, 
7 tSin wodgefonc miclu ^edrefan. 
ac gif (Su nu wilnast, f Su wel msege, 
paet so Se leoht siueotole oncnawan, 25 

leohte ge\[eafan, /]u forlsetan scealt 
idle ofers^/^z, unnytne gefe<m 
]?u scealt eac yfelne ege anforfe/tfw 
woruldearfot5a. ne most <Su wesan for ]?3em 
ealles to ormod, ne <5u Se sefre ne laet 30 

wlenca ^wsecan, J>e Ises ]^u weortSe for him 
mid <9/ermettu eft gercended, 
7 to upahafen for orsorgum 
woruldgesael Sum. ne eft to waclice 
geortreowe seniges godes, 35 

fonne Ipe for worulde wi^erweardra 3 maestS 
J?inga )?reage, 7 ]?[] Se selfum 
1 mtla C. 2 atren^lodC. 3 em. wflterwcarda C. 



158 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [V. 38 

swi(5ost onsitte. forcSaem simle bi(5 

se modsefa miclum gebunden 

mid gedrefnesse, gif hine dreccean mot 40 

J>issa } ; fla hwascSer, innan swencan. 

* 4 a C. forcSaem J>a twegen tregan teoc5 tosomne* 

\wid p mod for\?ci\ misffcr] dwolema[, 
p hit seo ece ne mof\ innan geondscinan 
\sunne for deem jwjeartum mistum, aer t$ae[z hi ge-] 
swicSrad weonSen. 

VIf - : 

Boeth. ii. met. 3. Cum polo Phoebus roseis quadrigis. 

f)a se Wisdom eft wordhord onleac, 

sang softcwidas, 7 "pus self a cwcecf: 

(5onne sio sunne sweotolost .srinecS, 

hadrost of hefone, hrcefie biocS affistroA 

ealle ofir [eorfian ofire steorrd]v\ ; 5 

for^aem hiora \>\irhtu ne biff] auht 

to gesettane wi(5 J>aere jt/nnan leoht. 

(Sonne smolte blaewS su^an 7 westan 

wind under wolcnum, ]x>n[w weax\fi$ l hrac5e 

feldes blostma[, fcegen p ] hi moton. 10 

ac se stearca sto[_rm, ponne h]e strong cymS 

nor^an 7 eas[/<??2, hi] genimeS hraSe 

J>aere rosan wlite ; 7 eac ]?a ruman sae 

nor]?erne yst [nede geb&~fi<$ 2 

* loa C. $ hio strange geonds tyred \on sfacfu] beate"S.* 15 

eala $ on eorffan auht \_fcestlices 
weorces on\ worulde ne wunaft <zfre. 

VII?. 

Boeth. ii. met. 4. Quisquis uolet perennem. 

\jBa ongon se Wisdom his gewunati] fylgan ; 
gliowordum gol, gyd cefl^ spelle. 
song socScwfYdTja sumne ]^a geta ; 

f Cf. p. 21. g Cf. p. 26. ! em. -weaxeft J. 2 em. -ded C. 3 em. j? J. 



VII. 37] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 159 



cwae(S J>aet he ne herde f on heane munt 
monna <znig T&zahte tf-rettan 5 

\healle hroff~\&s\.Q. ne ])[earf eac h&lefia nan 
wenan~\ ]?ses [weorces p he wisdom mcege 
wi$~\ oferme[//<z cefre gemengan. 
herdes~] ])U aefr[^ fite ccnig mon 

on sondbelpr%[as settan meahte 10 

fcEste heallef\ ne maeg eac fira nan 
wisdom timbran Jxzr deer woruldgitsung 
beorg\ oferbraede S. baru sond \willa$\ 
ren forswelgan ; j\v[<2] de^ \ricra mi\ 
gmndleas gitsung gilpe^ [7 cehta ; 15 

g-^Y/rz JncecS to dryggum dreo$[endne we!an,~\ 
7 Jeah paes ]?earfan ne bid \_purst <2^]led. 
ne mseg haelej^a ge\\[w<xm hus on~\ munte 
lange gelaesta[, for^cem] him lungre on 
swift [wind swapeflJ] ne bitS sond J>on m[a 20 

wicf micelne ren\ manna gengum, 
houses hirde ; ac hit ^r^o]san wile, 
sigan [sond after rene. swa biod anra gehwces 
monna modsefan miclum awegede* > p i4b C 

of hiora stede sty rede, ponne hi* strong drecefi 25 



wind under wolcnum 
o|?|?e hi 2 eft se retSa ren onhrereS 
[j]mes ymbhogan, ungemetgemen. 
ac se "Se ]?a ecan agan wille 

s[^<2] gesselcSa, h\_e ^<r]eal swi(5e f\\_ion 30 

pisse worulde wlite ; z^Jrce him \_si$J>an 
his modes hus, par he~\ msege \_findan 
eafimetta stan unigme~\t 3 faest[<f, 
grundweal gearone ; se /(?]glidan [ne pearf, 
peah hit wecge wind~\ woruld[?<2r/^<2 4 35 

odfie ymbhogena orme~\te [ren ; 
forpcem on pare dene Drihten self a 

1 em. he J. 2 em. hit C. 5 unig metfcestne J. 

From here to ltedaC(l. 40) C much damaged. 



160 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [VII. 38 

para eadmetta eardfcest wunigad, 

par se wisdom a wunafi on gemyndum. ] 

fortfon orsorg lif \ealnig tedafi 4 

woruldmen wise buton \wendinge ;~\ 

Jxmne he call forsihS \eorVlicu goo~]d 

7 eac f>ar# yfela o^jsorh wunaff, ] 

hopatS to J>aem ecum \}>e freer after] rtna$, 

hine Jxmne [ceghwonan o&nQhtig God 1 45 

singtfllice \simle gehealdecf] 

cwvvunigendne his [agenum 

modes gescelj>~\um, p>urh me[/<?^ ^^, 

/tfa^ & J^] tot nd [woruldearfofia 

swiffe swence, 7 ^ztf singale 5 

* i fa C W0<? ^/^ ponne him *grimme on 

about here. woruldscelpa wind wrafie blawe$^\ 

/eah J>e [^iw ^/^ se ymbhoga tyssa] 

woruldsaeltSa wratS^ [^]recce. 



VIII h. 

Boeth. ii. met. 5. Felix nimium prior aetas. 
*Sona swa se Wisdom pas word hcefde 
* aob C swetole areahte, he Ja si^fan ongan 

singan [jJo Scwidas 7 J>us selfa cwaetS : 
hwset, [jw] forme eld foldbuendum 
geond [<?^r^]an sceat geghwam dohte, 5 

J?a Ja anra gehwaem on eorcSwaestmum 
genoh [##]te; nis hit nu tSa swelc. 
nseron J>a [^^]nd weorulde welige hamas, 
ne mis[/zr<?] mettas ne driwcas, 

ne hi J?ara [>^r^]gla huru ne gemdon 10 

f>e nu driht[^w]an diorost Iseta S; 
forSaem hiora [n<sn~\\g nses Ja gieta, 
ne hi ne gesawon [j]dbuende, 
ne ymbutan hi awer ne [/$]erdon. 
hwset, hi /r^wlusta frece ne waeron, 15 

* Cf. p. 33. 1 em. ^3^ C. 



VIII. 49] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 161 

buton swa hi meahton gemet[/z ]cost 

c$a gecynd began J>e him Crist 

7 hi aene on daege seton 

on sefentid eor]mn waestmas, 

[ww]des 7 wyrta; nalles win druncon 20 

scir [<?/"] steape. nae[j] Ja s[]alca nan 

J>e mete [0]8tfe drin[<r] maengan cucSe, 

waeter wiS [/?]nige, ne h[<?]ora wseda ]x>n ma 

sioloce siowian x ; ne hi siarocrseftum 

godweb giredon, ne hi gimreced 25 

setto[ searolice^\ ac hi simle him 

eallu \tidum\ ute slepon 

under beamsceadf^. drunc^on burnan waeter, 



calde wil[& 2 . ncem g~\* cepa ne seah * end of 

ellend/z<? wearod, 30 " 



^ huru ymbe scz^hergas s^tilcas ne herdon, 
ne fur (Sum fir a nan ymb ge/M/ sprecan. 
naes (5eos ^r^i? besmtten awer J?a geta 
beor/zes <5/^^, /^ ^z ne billrude 

ne furffum wundne wer weoruldbuende 35 

gesawan under sunnan. ncem g sifidan wees 
weorfi on weor tilde, gif mon his willan ongeat 
yfelne mid eldum ; he waes ceghwcem laff. 
eala J>aer hit wurde, offffe wolde God, 
J>aet on eor^an nu ussa tida 40 

geond ]?as widan weoruld wceren ceghw&s 
swelce under sunnan. ac hit is scemre nu 
P fieos gitsunc hafafi gumena gehwelces 
mod amerred, p he mar an ne reed, 

ac hit on witte weallende byrno. 45 

efne sio gitsung fie ntznne grund hafafi 
swearte swtzfed sumes onlice 
efne pam munte pe nu monna beam 
Etne hatdd ; se on iglonde 

si-wicm C. 2 So J, C apparently has wyl-. Folio 2ia is almost 

illegible, the words being blurred. 



M 



162 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [VIII. 50 

Sicilia swefle byrned ; 5 

*2ibC Jy(Et mon helle fyr hate wide,* 

about here. forfsem hit symle []i(S sinbyrnend?, 

7 ymbutan \_hjt otfra stowa 

blate forbserntS biteran lege. 

eala, hwaet se forma feohgitsere 55 

wsere on w[0]rulde, se J>as wongstedas 

grof setter golde 7 sefter gimcynnu ? 

^z^/, he/recnu grstreon fumfe msenegum 

bewrigen on ze;f(?ruld^ wcettre ofide eorpan. 

IX i. 

Boeth. ii. met. 6. Nouimus qtiantas dederit ruinas. 

* 273 C. *[ffiv&t l , we eatte witon hwelce cerleste 

ge neah ge feor Neron worhte, 
Romwara cyning, pa his rice wees 
hehst under heofonum^ to hryre monegum. 
wcslhreowes gewed wees ful wide cu$, 5 

unrihthcBmed, arleasta fela, 
man 7 morftor t ~\ misdtzda worn, 
unrihtze;/ses \inwidponcas. 
he"] het him to gamene [geara /^r]b3ernan 
Ro[mana dung; sio his\ rices wses 10 

ealles ecfelstol. he for unsnyttrum 
wolde fandian gif f fyr meahte 
lixan swa leohte, 7 swa longe eac 
read rasettan, swse he Rom^^^ 
secgan geherde -p on sume [tide 15 

burg of<?rtogen haefde 
&0htost, lengest burne 

der hefonum. nses Jaet her//<r ^fe</ 
J> hine swelces gamenes gilpan lyste, 
J>a he ne earnade elles wuhte 20 

1 Cf. p. 39. ] Top of folio 2ya gone. 



IX. 53] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 163 



buton f he wolde ofer [wJercSiode 
his anes huru anwald \cypan. 
eac hif\ gesselde cet sumum cierre 
Ipzet se ilca het ealle acwellan 

*[pa^ ricostan Romana witan 25*2700 

7 pa (Epelestan eorlgebyrdum 
pe he on p<zm folce gefrigen hcefde, 
and 1 * 1 onuppan agene brofior 
7 his ??iodor mid meca ecgum, 

billum ofbeatan. he his bryde of slog 30 

self mid sweorde, 7 he symle wees 
micle pe blidra on breostcofan 
ponne he swykts\ monSres 3 maest [gefremede. 
mz/jles sorgode hwge^^r stifyan a 
wjihtig Drihten ametan wolde 35 

wrece be geivyrhtum wohfremmendum, 
ac he on ferSe faegn facnes 7 searuwa 
waelriow 4 vvunode. wiold emn^ swafieah 
ealles Jisses maeran middan^-eardes, 
swa swa lyft 7 /#gu land ym&dyppzft, 40 

garsecg embegyrt gumena rice, 
secggea 5 sitlu, suS east 7 west 
oc5 Sa norSmestan nasssan on eonSan ; 
eall -p Nerone nede |W](5e \\ustum, 
heacfo^rmca, gehw[Y/<r, her an sceolde. ^ 

he~\ haefde him [_to* gamene, ponne he on gylp astag, 
hu he eorficyningas yrmde 7 cwelmde. 

wenst $u p se anwald eafie ne meahte* * 28a C 

Godes (Elmihtiges Pone gelpscadan about here 

rice bercedan, 7 bereafian ^o 

his anwaldes fiurh pa ecan meaht, 
od$e him his yfeles elles\ gestioran ? 
eala gif he wolde, cf&t he wel meahte, 



Top of folio 2yb gone. 2 So J. 3 J s em. mrfres C. 

Top of final w vis. 5 em. secgge C. 6 Folio 28a much damaged. 



M 2 



164 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [IX. 54 

p&t unriht him ea$e forbiodan. 

eawla p se hlaford hefig gioc slepte 55 

sware on pa svryran sinra ftegena, 

ealra Sara hselecSa pe on his tidum 

geond pas laenan worold liban sceotdon. 

he on unscyldgum eorla <5/ode 

his sweord s^lede swicSe gelome. 60 

(5ser was swiSe sweotol, past we jmlon oft, 

}?aet se anwald ne deft awiht godes, 

gif se wel nele )?e his geweald hafac5. 

XJ. 

Boeth. ii. met. 7. Quicumque solam mente praecipiti. 
\Gif nu hceleda hwon\Q hlisa[ lyste, 



unnytne gelp agan wille, 
lponn[e ic hine wolde wordurn] biddan 
\p he hine cEghwonon] utan yw$J)epohte, 
sweotole _> ^2<5]sawe suS \_east 7 west 5 

hu ividgil j]int wolcnum \ymbutan 
heofones hwealfeJ] higesnotrum 
maeg \eafie dine an p~\ J>eos eor^ sie 
eall [for fleet ofier um g~\p\zt l lytel, 
peah \hio unwisum wid]ge\ J>ince, 10 

on stede [stronglic, j/^]rleasum men. 
lpe[ah mceg pone\ wisan on gewitlocan 
\_ficere gitsun]ge gelpes scamian, 
Son[^] hine J>aes hlisan heardost lystecS, 
[7 he] |)eah ne maeg pone tobredan 15 

ofer (5as nearowan, naenige Singa, 
eor^an sceatas; is <5aet unnet gelp. 
eala, ofermodan, hwi eow a lys& 
mid eowrum swiran selfra willum 

paet swaere gioc symle under lutan ? 20 

hwy ge ymb (5aet unn<?/ ealnig swincen, 

j Cf. p. 46. So J, cf. vii. 33. 



THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 165 

ge jxme hlisan habban tiliad 
ofer <5ioda ma ponne eow J>earf [ <?] ? 
]?eah eow nu gesaele ]> eow sucS [0$ 
ytmestan eort$bu[ofc 
monig diodisc] miclum herien, 

^z## eedele sie] eorlgebyrdu,* 
\welum\ geweort^a^/ 1 , 7 ow wlencum 
</w]guSum d[z <9r^ 5 <^a^ /<^j w^ frri ]fetS, 
]?onne [^z> rz/^ forlcel roddjfo wa\d\_end ; 30 



ivelegan 

^efnmixrne gede<F, ^/Jces Binges. 
[//^tEr jm/ /^J wisan\ Welandes [ban 
PCES goldsmtifes, pe\ waes [^^ mczrost ?] 
forj^y zV cwafi fi<zs wisan Welandes ban, 35 

forfiy ccngum ne mceg eorfibuendra 
se craft losian }>e him Crist onlczrid. 
ne mceg mon cefre py eft csnne wrceccan 
his craftes beniman, pe mon oncerran mceg 
sunnan onswtfan, 7 flisne swiftan rodor 40 

of his rihtryne rinca cenig. 
hwa wat nu pees wisan Welandes ban, 
on hwelcum hi* hlaewa hrusan peccen / 
hwser is nu se rica RomaTZtf wita 
7 se aroda, ]^e we ^mb sprecafi, 45 

hiora here fog a, se gehaten wees 
mid p am burgwarum, Brutus nemned ? 
hwcsr is eac se wisa 7 se \\eorftgeorna 
7 se fcestrceda Voices hyrde, 

se wees liSwita celces pinges 50 

cene 7 crceftig, pcem wees Caton nama ? 
\Jii weeron gefyrn _/i?r%<?]witene, 

\nat neenig mon hweer hi nu~\ sindon. 

* 
\hweet is hiora here buton^ se hlisa an ? 

jv is <?ac to lytel swetcra lariowa, 55 

1 em. geweordad J. 2 Grain s em. m J. 



166 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [X. 56 



pa magorincas maran wyrfo 
wceron on wmlde. ac hit is wyrse nu 
ficet geowd pas eorpan ccghwcEr sindon 
hiora gelican hwon ymb spraece, 

sume openlice, ealle forgitene, 60 

f hi se hlisa hiwcucSe ne maeg 
forem&re weras forcS gebrengan. 

ge nu wenen 7 wilnigen 
ge lange tid libban moten, 

hwaet iow cefre fry bet bio oc5(5e pince ? 65 

^^^^ forlet, J)eah hit lang ^^, 
dogorrime, ponne he h<xi Drihtnes leafe. 
hwaet ponne hcebbe haelepa aenig 
guma aet pcem gilpe, gif hine gegripan mot 
\se eca\ deacS aefter pissum \worulde ?\ 70 

XI k 

Boeth. ii. met. 8. Quod mundus stabili fide. 

\An sceppend is buffaxi aelc^u tweon ; 

\_se is eac zmzjldend vfoiu\dgc[_sceq/ /a~\ 

heofones 7 eonSan [7 heah^,& 

7 ealra "Sara pe Saeifiw wuniad, 

w]ngesaewenlicra, 7 eac swa \_same 5 

dara\ "Se we eagum on lociaft, 

\ealra gesceaffa. se is aelmihtig ; 
[w] oleccat$ ealle gesceafte 
J?aes ambehtes awuht cunnon, 

ge eac swa same pa (5aes auht nyton 10 

\hi PCBS ^<?]odnes peowas sindon. 

se [us gesette~\ sido 7 pea was, 

eallum \_gesceafium 

^jngallice sibbe 

* end of pa pa* \he wolde p p he wolde ; \ 5 

36 b C- JW /a^ JW^ ^^ wo/dfe j^ A/ / wesan sceolde, 



Cf. p. 48. em. -wendendne C. 



XI. 5 o] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 167 

swa hit eac to worulde sceal wum an 1 ford ; 
jorficEm (E/re ne mag on pa imst]^an\ 
woruldgesceafta weort5[rt gestilde^\ 
of <5aem ryne onwend, fte [him rodera] weard 20 

ende[by]rdes eallum ]jresette.~] 
hsefS se alwealda ealle [gesceafla 
gebcet] mid his bridle; hafa<5 butu gedon, 
ealle [gtmalpode, 7 eac getogen, 

p hi ne moten ofer metodes est 25 

aefre gestillan, ne eft eallunga 
swifter stirian, ftonne him 2 sigora weard 
his gewealdleper wille onlsetan 3 . 
he hafdS be bridle butu befangen 
heofon J eorTpzn, 7 eall holma begong. 30 

swa htzfd ^heacSaerod hefonrices weard 
mid his anwealde ealle gesceaf/0, 
p hiora seghwilc witS o^er winS, 
7 fieah winnen.de wrej^iaS faeste, 

(Eghwilc offer utan ymbclyppe S, 35 

py Ices hi /wwifen. forSaem hi sym/e sculon 
J?one ilcan ryne eft gecyimn. 
J?e set frymSe fseder ^<?/iode, 
7 swa edniwe eft gewiortSan ; 

swa hit nu fagaS, frean ealdgeweorc, 40 

j^te winnende wit5erweard gzsceaft 
fceste sibbe forS anhealdaS. 
swa nu fyr 7 waeter, folde 7 lagustream, 
mamgu 4 otSru gesceaft* \efnswiSe him 
giond pas widan 5 worulde] winnaS betweox him, 45 
7 swa ]?ea/ magon hiora >egnunga 
7 geferscipe faeste gehealdan. 
ww hit <? // an p swa ea^e maeg 
widerwcard ^sceaft wesan astgaadere 
symbel geferan, ac hit is sellicre 50 

1 em. wuniaQ J. 2 em. A? C. 3 em. onketen C. * So J ; not 
clear in C, but apparently either mcenigu or mamtgii. em. widas J. 



i68 



THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XL 51 



hiora aenig ne maeg butan ofrum bion. 
ac sceal wuhta gehwilc wi(5erweardes 
habban under heofonum, $ his hige 
durre gemetgian aer hit to micel weorSe. 
haefS se aelmihtiga eallum gesceaft^z 55 

fleet gewrixle geset pe nu "wum an sceal, 
wyrta growan, leaf grenian, 
j? on haerfest eft hrest 7 wealuwaS. 
winter bringeS weder ungemet cald, 
swifte windas. sumor after cyme^, 60 

wearm gewideru. [hwcet, pa\ wonnan niht 
mona [onlihteff, o^JSaet monnum dseg 
sunne bringeS giond J)as sidan gesceaft. 
htzffi se ilca God eonSan 7 waetere 
wearce gesette ; merestream ne dear 65 

ofer eor^an sceat eard gebraedan 
fisca cynne butan frean leafe ; 
ne hio aefre ne mot eor&an J)yrscwold 
up ^/ersteppan, ne Sa ebban J?on ma 

C. foldes *?nearce oferfaran moton. 70 

pa gesetnesi& sigora wealdend, 
lifes leohtfruma, last penden he wile, 
geond J>as maeran \_gesceaft mea]rce healden. 
ac ]x)nne \_se eca 7] se (zlmihtiga 

])& geweald/^r// wile onl&tan, ^ 

efne J>ara bridla pe he gebcette mid 
his agen weorc call cet frymfie, 
$ is witSerweardnes wuhte gehwelcre 
pe we mid J>aem bridle becnan tiliad : 
gif se Sioden laet pa toslupan, 80 

sona hi forlaetacS lufan 7 sibbe, 
Saes geferscipes freondraedf nne ; 
tila]? anra gehwilc agnes willan; 
woruldgesceafta winna S betweox him, 
oSf>aet fo os eonSe eall y^rz^eorc^eS, 85 

7 eac swa same oSra gesceafta 



XII. 1 6] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 169 



[z0?r])?a$ him selfe siSSan to 

ac se ilca God, se f call metgad, 

se v?feh(5 fela folca tosomw*, 

7 ffzztf freondscipe feste gega^/r^^; 90 

gesamnaS 1 sinscipas, sibbe gemengefi, 

claenlice lufe. swa se crczftga eac 

^eferscipas faeste gesamnacS, 

p A/ hiora freondscipe forS on sym[&/] 

untweofealde treowa gehealdacS, 95 

Mibbe samrade. eala, sigora God, 

^ * i f * 

waere }?is moncyn miclum gesaelig* 

\_Stf hi ra modsefa meahte weorfian 

j/]at5olfaest gereaht ]mrh ]?a strongan meaht, 

7 geendebyrd swa swa o Sra sint 100 

vrOTuldgesceaf/a. ware hit la Jxmne 

murge mid monnum gif hit meahte swa. 

XII 1. 

Boeth. iii. met. i. Qui serere ingenuum uolet agrum. 
-5V }>e wille wyrcan wccstmbadre lond, 
atio of flam cecere serest sona 
fearn and Ipornas 7 fyrsas swa same, 
wiod J>a J>e w/llat$ welhwaer derian 
o\?e\num hw<z]iQ, J>y laes he ci(5a [leas 5 

// ^ o dam] lande. is leoda gehw[^/;z 
fitos ofiru\ b^sen efabehefu ; 
/ w /<^//^ \9ynce9] fegna gehwelcum 
huniges [bibre^d. healfe ]?y swetre 
gif [^ ^w^^d 1 ] aer huniges teare 10 

bitres onbyrgeff. bi(5 eac swa same 
monna seghwilc micle J>y fasgenra 
litSes zveffres, gif hine lytle aer 
tormas [^]stondatS 7 se stearca wind, 

7 eastan. naenegum ]3uht 15 

on J>once gif sio dimme ni[^/] 

em. gesamniaQ C. r Cf. p. 51. 



170 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XII. 17 

aer [ofejr eldum egesan ne brohte. 
swa fincS anra gehwaem eonSbuendra 
: 4ob C. sio softe gesael<5 symle c5e betere* 

7 Ipy wynsumre 1 \pe he wita ma, 20 

heardra /<?]n(5a, her adreogeft. 

Ipu meaht [ea\c mycle Ipy eft on modsefan 

soda gesaelfta sweotolor gecnawan, 

7 /<? heora cyftfte 

gif J>u [/ tf/j/]hs 

7 ^ awyrtwalast of gewitlocan 

leasa ges&lda, swa swa londes ceorl 

of his (Ecere lycfi jy/ej. weod monig. 

siffian ic $e secge f J>u sweotole 

soffa gesaelfta sona onc^^wan, 30 

7 fu aefre ne recst aeniges ffmges 

ofer fa ane, gif Ipu hi ^/[/^ ongttst^ 

XIII m. 

Boeth. iii. met. 2. Quantas rerum flectat habenas. 
\_Ic wille] mid giddum get gecyftan 
\hu se ^/Jmihtga ealra gesceafta 
\hyr$~] mid his bridlum, begft ftider he \v[z /^] 
mid his anwalde, ge endebyrd 

[zfjundoiiice wel gemetgaft. 5 

hafaft swa geheaftorad heofona wealdend, 
utan befangen ealla gesceaf/(2, 

geraeped mid his racentan, \f] hi aredian ne magon 
j? \\[i hi afre\ him of aslepen. 

7 feah \wuhta ^Jhwilc wrigaft \toheald 10 

45a C. wV/ra gesceafta} *s\vi(5e onhelded 

wift faes \_gecyndes fie kirn 3 ] cyning [engla], 

faeder ae[/ frymffe, fceste\ getiode. 

swa nu J>in[^a gehwilc ^/^rjweard fundaft, 

ra Cf. p. 57. 

1 7 /j wynsumre written in a modern hand, apparently that of 
Junius, at bottom of folio 4oa. l From -est to yfe- (1. 28) part 

gone, rest illegible in C. 3 em. hi J. 






XIII. 49] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 171 

sidra [gesceafta t buloti] sumum englum 15 

7 mon\_cynne ; para] micles to feola, 
\tQT\oldwuniendr a ,] wincS wi(S gecynde. 
J?eah \nu on londe leon\ gemete 
wynsume \\\_iht wel atemede^\ 

hire magister miclum \lufige t 20 

7 eai\ ondraede dogora geh[zetf&*, 
gif hit\ aefre gesaelS $ hio \&ntges 
blodes\ onbyrgeS, ne Searf [^rfl ^a^] 
wenan ]?aere wyrde [p hio ivel siddan\ 
hire taman healde ; [ac ic tiohhie 25 

p~\ hio (Saes niwan taman 
ac Sone wildan gew[wa wille\ ge]?encan 
hire eldrena ; c^nginS 
racentan slitan, ryn, 
7 aerest abit hire agenes 30 

huses hirde, 7 hracSe si SSan 
hseletS[<z] gehwilcne J>e hio gehentan mag. 
nele hio forlaetan libbendes wuh[/, 
]eata ne monna ; nimtJ eall ^ hio fint. 
swa doc5 wudufuglas ; J>eah hi wel st en 35 

[/?]la atemede, gif hi on treowum [weorljpstiS 
holt[<] tomiddes, hrae^e bioS forsewzne 
heora lareowas }?e hi lange <sr 

tydon 7 temedon. hi on treowum* [wilde * 45^ C. 

ealdgecynde a ford sidfian 40 

willum wuniad, peak him~\ wolde hwi[/<r 
/^Jeora \lareowa listuni\ beodan 
J?one ilcan \rneie pe he hi\ aror mid 
tame gete[^. him pa lwigu\ j^incatS 
emne swa me[_rge p hi pees metes\ ne recS ; 45 

SincS 1 him [/<? ^i? zejyj]m ^ him se weald 
ponne hi\ geheratS hleo^rum \brcegdan 
ofire\ fugelas, hi heora ag[^^ 
stefne j/yJriaS ; stundd eal geado[r 

1 8tn8 C. 



172 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XIII. 50 



50 



welwinsum s~]anc ; wudu eallum o 
siva bid *]allum treowum Ipe [him on ceSeli\ bi(5 
}> hit on holte \\y\Jist geweaxe ; 
/]eah ]3u hwilcne boh [byge wifi e~\or]>an, 
he bi<5 upweardes [swa du an~\forfate\. 
widu on willan ; [went on ge\cynde. 55 

swa deS eac sio [sunne,~] fionne hio on sige weonSecS 
ofer midne dasg; merecondel 
scyf<5 on o/dsele, uncu^ne weg 
nihtes geneffed, noi eft 7 east; 

eldum oteweS, bre<r^ eorc5warum 60 

morgen meretorhtne ; hio ofer moncyn stihcS 
a upweardes, ocS hio eft cymeS 
IpsdT hir<? yfemesS biS eard gecynde. 
swa swa selc gesceaf/ ealle \mcegene\ 
geond Sas widan woruld vni^gad 7] higa S 65 

( ealle masgene, eft sj/mle on*[/y/ 

wifi his gecyndes, cyniS to fionne hit mceg. 
nis nu ofer eorfian anegu gesceaf t 
pe ne wilnie p hio wolde cuman 

to pam earde pe hio of becom ; 70 

p is orsorgnes 7 ecu ] rest x ; 
f is openlice \celmihti God, 
m s~\ nu ofer eonSan 2ene[gu gesceaf/ 
pe\ ne hwearfige swa [swa hweol defi 
on\ hire selfre, forpfow hio swa hwearfdd^ 75 

f hio eft cume \J>&r hio aror wees ; 
J>on~\ne hio serest sie \$Jan behwerfed, 
/<?]ne hio ealles w r yrS \utan becerred ;^\ 
hio sceal eft don ^ hio [<zr dyde, 
7 eac\ wesan -f hio aeror waes. So 



1 Above rest can be made out si- weoroda & in C. 



XV. 15] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 173 

XIV n. 

Boeth. iii. met. 3. Quamuis fluente diues auri gurgite. 

* J fi r waet bi<5 1 Jaem welegan woruld[7Vte]re * 48b C 

on his mode Se bet, \_faah~] he micel age near to P- 

goldes 7 gimma [7 gooda gi\ hwaes, 

aehta unrim, [7 him mon erigen j<r]yle 

aeghwelce daeg \cecera dusend, 5 

3eah} Ipes middangeard [7 pis manna cyn 

sy &]nder sunnan [suff west 7 east 

his} anwalde call Mx^derfiiededl 

ne mot} he J>ara hyrsta \_hionane Icedan 

of} "Sisse worulde \wuhte fion majre 10 

hordgestreona [donne he hi$e}i brohte. 

XV o. 

Boeth. iii. met. 4. Quamuis se tyrio superbus ostro. 



*:0eah hine \nu se yfela unrihflpnsa, * top of 

Nero[ cynincg niwan ^Jscerpte 52aC. 

wlitegum [wcedum, wund}or\ic.Q 
golde gegle[7^^]e [7 g2mcynn~\um, 
]?eah he wses on woru[/< wite^s. gehwelcum 5 

on his lifdag[ww lad} 7 unweorS, 
fierenfull. hwaet, s[^ feond} swatSeah 
his diorlingas dugu[/^w] stepte ; 
ne maeg ic ]?eah gehyf^an hwy} him on hige }?orfte 
a Sy [j<^/ wesan ;} J>eah hi sume hwile 10 

gecure [^^/<2//] craeftum cyninga dysegast, 
\n&ron} hy J>y weorSran witena aeneguPw. 
^i?<2^] hine se dysega do to cynin[^, 
maeg -J> gesceadwis scealc gere[<T(f^w 
he him c5y selra sie o^Se Ipmce? 15 



11 Cf. p. 60. o Cf. p. 64. 

above line in C. 



i?4 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XVI. i 

XVI P. 

Boeth. iii. met. 5. < Qui se uolet esse potentem. 

Se ])Q wille anwald agon, Sonne scea[/] he aerest tilian 
f he his [w/]fes on sefan age 
anwald [z Jnnan, J>y laes he gefre sie 
his un)>eaw[j] eall underftyded ; 
ado of his mode miJVz Jcra fela 5 

J>ara ymbhogona J>e him []nnet sie ; 
laete sume hwile siofun[g-#] 
and 1 erincSa f>inra. feah him eall sie 
fes middangeard swa swa merestreamas 
utan belicgad on seht gz fen, I0 

efne swa wid[V| swa swa westmest nu 
55 a c - an *\2glond ligd ut on garsecg, 

peer n&ngu bid nih\\. on sumera 

ne wuhte Ipon ma o[ w/]ntra daeg 

toteled tidum, / is Tile ha[/<?] : i 5 

J?eah nu anra hwa ealles wealde 

f3es [ijf/ajndes, 7 eac fonan 

o"S Indeas eastewe[<2r^]e, 

J^eah he nu f eall agan mote, 

hwy [h f\ his anwald auhte Sy mara 20 

gif he siSSan nah his selfes geweald 

ingeSances, 7 hine eorneste 

wel ne bewarenacS wordum 7 daedum 
<5a un)?eawas f>e we ymb sprecacS? 

XVII Q. 

Boeth. iii. met. 6. * Omne hominum genus in terris. 

eor Swaran ealle \\[cefden^\ 
foldbuende, fruma[^ gelicne f\ 
hi of anum twsem ea[//k comon,] 

p Cf. p. 67. Q Cf. p. 69. 

Conject. 7 J. 2 J s conject., -/S7 7 C, with large space for initial. 



XVIII. 6] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 175 

were 7 wife, on woruld [tnnan,] 

7 hi eac nu get ealle gelice 5 

[on woruld] cuma S, wlance 7 heane. 
[m s p nan wun(f\or, for(5aem witan eal[/<? 
p an God ii\ ealra gesceafta, 
fre[<2 moncynnes, fczde]\: 7 scippend. 

se ftsere [sunnan leoht* selefi of heofonum, 10 * 

monan 7 pys m<zrum steorrum. se gesceop men on eorffan, about here. 
7 gesamnade sawle to lice 
cet fruman cerest, folc under wolcnum 
emn&Seh gesceop, cBghwilcne mon. 

hwy ge ponne afre ofer ofire men 15 

ofermodigen buton andweorce, 
nu ge &*hzdi/]ne nsenigne l \rnetdd ? 
hwy ge eow for] se]?elum up [ahebben nu ? 
On poem ?n]ode bi S mon[<2 gehwilcum 
pa rz ]htse]?elo }?e \ic fie recce ymb, 20 

nales <?]n (5aem fae[sce foldbuendra. 
ac\ nu aeghwilc [mon pe mid ^Jalle bi S 
his unj?ea[zm^/j ?/^^]r Sieded, 
he forlaet serest [/z/^j _/r^]msceaft 
7 his agene ae}>e[/<? JW<2 jjelfe, 25 

7 eac J^one fasder J^e \hine cet] fruman gesceop. 
forage \hine <2/z]3ef>ela(5 selmihtig God, 
he [z^#]e]?ele a forS }?anan 

[on Wforu]lde, to wuldre ne cymcS. 



XVIII r. 
Eoeth. iii. met. 7. Habet omnis hoc uoluptas. 

[Eala\ tSset se yfla unrihta g 
wra Sa willa wohhsemetes, 
$ [^] mid ealle gedrsefft anra 
monna cynnes mod \fulneah /]on. 
hwaet, sio wilde beo, }?eah [zyw <?,] 
anunga sceal call forweo[r])?an 

r Cf. p. 71. x em. cenigne C. 



176 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XVIII. 7 



gif hio yrringa awuht 
swa sceal sawla gehwilc si(5t5an 
gif se lichoma forlegen weor}>[? 

z^Jrihthsemede, bute him aer cum[e\ 10 

5a C. hreow *to heortan, [<zr he hionan wended] 

XIX s. 

Boeth. iii. met. 8. Eheu, quae miseros tramite deuios. 
Zala, $ is hefig dysig, hygecS [j/w]be se tSe wile, 



7 f[r<?]cenlic fra gehwilcum, 
f (5a 2\rman men mid] ealle 
* 6oa C. of (Sasm \rihtan wege* recene alczded. 

L c* 

hwcefier ge willen on wudd\ secan 5 

gold (Saet reade [0] grenu triowu[w] ? 

Ic wat swatSeah ^ hit [iw /?]na nan 

]?ider [g seceff,] forc^asm [/^z / /]aer ne wex^, 

ne [on ze z ]ngeardum \wlitige\ gimmas. 

hwy [ge~] nu ne settan [on jz/Jme dune 10 

fisc[w^/] eowru, j?onne eo[<&] fon lysteo" 

leax [^]^e cyperan? me gelicost (SincS 

^te ealle witen eorSbuende 

]}oncolmode "Saat hi J?3er ne sint. 

h[z;<z])?er ge nu willen waejmn mid hundu[w] 15 

on sealtne sse, Sonne eow secan lyst 

heorotas [7] hinda? f>u gehicgan meaht 

^ ge will[<z]tS <5a on wuda secan 

oftor micl[^ /6>]nne ut on sae. 

is <53e t wundorlic, B we w[Y/lan ealle, 20 

1 J l_ _j * 

^ mon secan sceal be saewaro^e 

7 be eaofrum aep>ele gimmas 

hwite 7 reade 7 hiwa gehwaes. 

hwaet, hi eac witon hwaer hi eafiscas 

secan ]?urfa[^, 7] swylcra fela 25 

weoruldwelena ; hi }> wel 



* Cf. p. 73. 



XX. ID] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 



177 



geornfulle men, geara gehwilcf. 
ac\ Saet is earmlicost ealra fing[tf 
P J>a] dysegan sint on gedwolan word[*<? 
efne jz0]a blinde f hi on breostum n[e magon 30 

edSe\ gecnawan hwaer fa ec[an good, 
soda gestetySsL, sindon gehydda; 
\for)><Bm hi cefre ne lysf\ aefter spyri[w, 
secan pa gesceWa. wena]% sam[z0/j* 

J>(Rt hi on* dis Icenan mcegen life findan 35 * 6 ob c 

soda gesaWa, p is} selfa God. about here. 

\ic nai] hu ic msege ncemgz Singa 
ealles swa swicSe on sefan minum 
hiora dysig [fcelan] swa hit me don lystecS ; 
ne ic lp[e swa] sweotole [^j-^Jgan ne maeg, 40 

fa\rp<zm\ hig 1 sint earm[r^] 7 eac dysegran 
ungesaeligran, [/^]ne ic fe secgan maege. 
hi wilm tf^ [wfjlan 7 sehta 
7 weonSscipes to gewinnanne; 

fonne hi habbaft f hiora /^^ seceS, 45 

wenaS fionne swa gewitlease 
Saet hi fa soSan gesxlSa haebben. 

XX t. 

Boeth. iii. met. 9. O qui perpetua mundum ratione gubernas. 
-Eala, min Drihten, f fu eart 



z]icel, modilic, mserbum gefraej^,] 

7 wundorlic witena gehwylcum. 

[hwcet, ffu~] ece God ealra gesceafta 

Vf\m[dorh ce w]&\ gesceope 

ungesewenlica, [7 eac swa 

gesewenlicra softe wealdest, 

scirra gesceafta, mid gesceadwisum 

maegne 7 craefte. J>u bysne middangear[^J 

from fruman aerest forcS oc5 ende 



10 
1 Cf. p. 79. i em. hit C. 

N 



178 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XX. n 

tidum totaeldes, swa hit getaesosjY] waes, 
endebyrdes, f hi aeghwaeSer 
ge aer faracS ge eft cumacS. 
* 65.1 C, ])u Ipe unstilla* agna g[esceafta 

to fiinum willan wisltce] astyrest, 15 

7 f e self wunsest switSe stille 

unanwendendlic a fonS simle. 

nis nan mihtigra ne nan maerra, 

ne geond ealle fa gesceaft efnlica fm, 

ne fe aenig nedfearf nses aefre giet 20 

ealra fara weorca fe fu geworht hafast; 

ac mid J?inum willan fu hit worhtes call, 

7 mid anwalde )?inum agenum 

weorulde geworhtest 7 wuhta gehwaet, 

f)eah "Se nsenegu nedcSearf waere 25 

eallra fara maerfa. is (5aet micel gecynd 
fines goodes, fenc S ymb se "Se wile, 

for^on hit is call an selces fincges, 

J?u 7 $ "Sin good, hit is J>in agen, 

forcSaem hit nis 1 utan, ne com auht to (Se. 30 

ac ic georne wat -p "Sin goodnes.is 

selmihtig good, call mid t5e selfum. 

hit is ungelic urum gecynde ; 

us is utan cymen eall fa we habbatS 

gooda on grundu from Code selfum. 35 

naefst fu to aenegu andan genumenne, 

for Samfe nan f>ing nis fin gelica, 

ne huru aenig aelcrseftigre ; 

forSaem fu eal good anes gefeahte 

fines gefohtest, 7 hi fa worhtest. 4 

nses aeror Se 2 aenegu gesceaft 

fe auht o"5(Se nauht au?5er worhte. 

ac tSu butan bysne, brego moncynnes, 

aelmihtig 8 God, eall geworhtest 

* 6$b C. f ing f earle good ; eart f e* \selfa 45 

1 em. his C. 2 em. aworSe C. 



XX. 8i] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 179 



hehste good, hwat $u, hah g] faeder, 
aefter J?inum willan woruld gesceope, 
(5isne middangeard meahtu }?inu, 
weorada Drihten, swa f>u woldest self, 
7 mid Sinum willan wealdest ealles ; 50 

forcSaem }m, soSa God, selfa daelest 
gooda aeghwilc. for<5aem Ipu geara aer 
ealla gesceafta aerest gesceope 
swicSe gelice, sumes hwaecSre ]?eah 
ungelice ; nemdest eall swaSeah 55 

mid ane noman, ealle togsedre 
woruld under wolcnum. hwaet f>u, wuldres God, 
f>one anne naman eft todaeldes, 
faeder, on feower; waes f>ara folde an 
7 waeter oc5er worulde dseles, 60 

7 fyr is j?ridde, 7 feower Se lyft; 
J?aet is eall weoruld eft togaedere. 
habbaS )?eah )?a feower frumstol hiora, 
aeghwilc hiora agenne stede, 

j^eah anra hwi/<: wi S ofter sie 65 

miclum gemenged, 7 mid maegne eac 
faeder aelmihtiges fseste gebunden 
gesiblice softe togaedre 
mid bebode f>ine, bilewit faeder, 
jfte heora aenig o Sres ne dorste 
mearce ofergangan for metodes ege. 
ac gej^weorod sint (Segnas togaedre, 
cyninges cepan, cele wi(5 hasto, 
waet wiS drygum ; winn[a#] hwae Sre. 
waiter 7 eor^e waestmas brengaS. 7 5 

J?a sint on gecynde cealda batwa, 
waeter waet 7 ceald. wangas ymbelicgaS, 
eorcSe aePgreno, eac hw[^r<? ceald. * 66a C. 

lyft is gemenged, /0r]faem hio on middum wunat5 ; 
nis $ nan wundor f hio sie wearm 7 ceald, So 

waet wolcnes tier [wm]de geblonden, 

N 2 



ig uuicb nc uuisie 70 



l8o THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XX. 82 

forcSaem hio is on midle, [aW]e gefraege, 
fyres 7 eorfan. fel[of] mon[0] wat 
fte yfemest is eallra gesceafta 

fyr ofer eonSan, folde neocSemest. 85 

is $ wundorlic, weroda Drihten, 
f $u mid gefeahte finum wyrcest 
faet Su [ficem gesce]a.hum swa gesceadlice 
mearce [geset]test, 7 hi ne mengdest eac. 
hwset, fu faem waettere \vsetu[w 7 mz]ldum 90 

foldan to flore faeste gesettest, 
forcS^m hit unstille seghwider wolde 
wide toscricSan \vac 7 hnesce. 
ne meahte hit on him selfum, soft ic geare wat. 
aefre gestandan ; ac hit sio eor<5e hylt 95 

7 swelgeo 1 eac be sumum dsele, 
f hio slogan mseg for "Ssem sype weorSan 
geleht lyftum. for^sem leaf 7 gaers 
brasd geond Bretene, blowe^ 7 groweS 
eldum to are. eor5e sio cealde 100 

breng(5 waestma fela wundorlicra ] , 
forcSsem hio mid faam waetere weorSeS 2 gej^awened. 
gif p naere, f>onne hio wsere 
fordrugod to duste, 7 todrifen si^cSan 
wide mid winde, swa nu weorcSecS 2 oft 105 

axe giond eortSan call toblawen. 
ne meahte on Saere eorSan [w]uht libban, 
* 66b C. ne wuhte f/]on ma [zm]etre|> *brucan, 

on i\ardian aenige craefte 

for cele anum, gif J?u, cyning engla, no 

wi(5 fyre hwaethwugu foldan 7 lagustream 
ne 3 mengdest 4 /^gaedre, 7 gemetgodest 
cele 7 haeto craef[/^] fine, 
f f fyr ne maeg foldan 7 me[r^]stream 
blate forbaernan, feah hit witS batwa sie 115 

[/fejste gefeged, faeder ealdgeweorc. 

<ar 

1 witndortica C. 2 em. weortati C. 3 ne conject. om. C. 4 mendest C. 



XX. 1 50] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 181 

ne JrinoS me j> wundur wuhte f>e laesse 
f (5ios eonSe maeg 7 egorstream, 
swa ceald [gvjsceaft, craefta nane 
ealles tf^/waescan $ j> him oninnan sticatS 120 

fyres, gefeged mid frean cr[<e/&.] 
f?aet is agen craeft eagorstreames *, 
waetres 7 eor]?an 7 on wolcnuni eac, 
7 efne swa same uppe ofer rodere. 
jxmne is j^aes fyres frumstol on riht 125 

eard ofer eallum oftrum gesceaftum 
gesewenlicum geond f>isne sidan grund ; 
l^eah hit wi(5 ealla sie eft gemenged 
weoruldgesceafta, Ipeah waldan ne mot 
^ hit aenigjY] 2 eallunga fordo 530 

buton ]?aes leafe J?e us J?is lif tiode, 
f is se eca 7 se 3elmihtga. 
eortSe is hefigre oSrum gesceaftum, 
ficre gefruen 3 , fortSaem 4 hio forage stod 
ealra gesceafta under mSemaest, 135 

buton }?3em rodere, ]>e J?as ruman gesceaft 
asghwylce daege ulan ymbh[z^y]rfe 5, 

7 ]?eah J^aere eorj?[<2] * aefre ne ot$rin[*?#, * 6ya C. 

ne hire on nanre ne~\ mot near j^onne on oSre 
stowe gesteppan; strice S ymbutan 140 

7 neo($a/z<?, efenneah gehwae}?er. 
gesceaft f>e we ymb sprecacS 
[hafd ht]?> agenne eard onsundran, 
\bid peak wi^S Ipzem oSru eac gemenged ; 
ne maeg \_hira <^]ig butan o Srum bion. 145 

}?eah hi [Wjsweotole somod eardien, 
swa nu eonSe 7 waeter, earfoStaecne 
unwisra gehwaem, wuniacS on fyre, 
j^eah hi sindan 5 sweotole )?aem wisum. 
is fyr swa same faest on J)aem waetre 150 



1 em. eagorstreamas C. 2 So J, anig C, at extreme edge of folio. 

gefiruen C. 4 cm.for8amfam C. 3 Grein s em. sint an C. 



1 82 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XX. 151 

7 on stanum eac stille geheded 
earfocShawe, is hwaecSre J?ser. 
hafa<5 faeder engla fyr gebunden 
efne to j?on faeste f hit fiolan ne mseg 
eft set his etSle, ]?aer f o Ser fyr 155 

up ofer call jris eardfaest wunatS. 
sona hit forlaetetS" f>as laenan gesceaft 
mid cele ofercumen, gif hit on cy(5<5e gewit ; 
7 J?eah wuhta gehwilc wilnacS ]?iderweard 
)?aer his msegSe biS msest setgsedre. 160 

(5u gesta Soladest furh )?a strongan meaht, 
weroda wuldorcyning, wundorlice 
eor San swa faeste ^ hio on aenige 
healfe ne heldeS; ne mseg hio hider ne f>ider 
sigan f>e swi(5or f>e hio symle dyde. 165 

C. hwaet, hi f>eah eor^lices auht ne halde<5,* 

\ts peak efnede up 7 of dune 
to _/^<2//]anne fo\dan Sisse, 
}?aem anlicost )?e on aege b[/<^ 

^Jioleca onmiddan, glidecS hwae Sre 170 

aeg [.ymbuifai ; swa stent call weoruld 
stille on til[/fc, stream]^ ymbutan, 
la^floda gel[^ lyfte\ 7 tungla, 
7 sio scire scell scri S^ \_ymbui\an 
dogora gehwilce ; dyde lange swa. 175 

\hwcet\ fu, Sioda God, Sriefalde on us 
sawle gesettest, 7 hi suScSan eac 
styrest 7 stihtest f>urh ^a strongan meaht, 
$ hire f>y laesse on Saem lytlan ne biS 
anum fingre f>e hire on eallum biS 180 

J?aem lichoman. fonSaem ic lytle aer 
sweotole saede $ sio sau\ l waere 
}?riefald gesceaft }?egna gehwilces, 
fort5aem u"Switan ealle seggaS 
(5aette an gecynd aelcre saule 185 

1 saw! J, but there is no sign of w in C. 



XX. 220] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 183 

irsung sie, O(5er wilnung; 

is sio f>ridde gecynd )^aem twaem betere, 

sio gesceadwisnes. nis (5aet scandlic craeft, 

forSaem hit naenig hafaS neat buton monnum. 

haefS j?a o<5ra twa unrim-wuhta; 190 

haefS fa wilnunga welhwilc neten, 

7 j^a yrsunga eac swa selfe ; 

forSy men habbaeS geond middangeard 

eorSgesceafta ealla oferfmngen, 

for&emSe hi habbacS, }?3es Se hi nabbacS, 195 

bone aenne craeft be we aer nemdon. 

ifc ^CO 

sio gesceadwisnes* sceal on <gz\hwelcum 

pare wilnunge waldan\ semle, 

7 irsunge eac swa selfe ; 

hio sceal mid gej?eahte fegnes mode, 200 

mid zridgite, ealles waldan. 

hio is f maeste maegen monnes saule, 

7 se selesta sun[^r]craefta. 

hwaet, }?u Sa saule, sigora [waldend,] 

f>eoda f>rymcyning, J?us gesceop[Y] 205 

f \_hio] hwearfode on hire selfre 

hire utan ymb, swa swa eal decS 

rineswifte rodor, recene 1 ymbscritfetJ 

dogora gehwilce Drihtnes meahtum 

f>isne middangeard. swa de<5 monnes saul, 210 

hvveole geli[<r]ost; hwaerfecS ymbe hy selfe, 

oft smeagende ymb (5as eortSlican 

drihtnes gesceafta dagum 7 nihtum ; 

hwilum hi selfe secende smeaft, 

hwilum eft smeaS ymb j?one ecan God, 215 

sceppend hire. scricSende faerS 

hweole gelicost, hwserftS ymb hi selfe. 

J^onne hio ymb hire scyppend mid gescead smeac5, 

hio biS upahaefen 2 ofer hi selfe; 

ac hio biS eallunga an hire selfre 220 

1 recne C. 2 Faint mark over the u resembling accent. 



184 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XX. 221 

f>onne hio ymb hi selfe secende smeacS; 
hio bitS swi(5e fior hire selfre beneocSan, 
)?onne hio f>ses laenan lufacS 7 wundraS 
eorolicu fing ofer ecne raed. 

hwset f>u, ece God, card forgeafe 225 

saulu on heofonum, selest weonSlica 
ginfaesta gifa, God aelmihtig, 
* 68b C. be geearnunga anra gehwelcre.* 

\_ealle hi scinad fiurh pa sciran neaht\ 

hadre on heofonum, na hwaecSre f>eah 230 

e[alle] efenbeorhte. hwset, we oft gesiocS 

hadrum nihtum fte heofonsteorran 

ealle efenbeorhte asfre ne scinac5. 

\hwcei\ f>u, ece God, eac gemengest 

\_pa\ heofoncundan hider wi(5 eor^an, 235 

saula wi"S lice; si<5(5an wuniacS 

f>is eortSlice 7 f ece samod, 

saul in flaesce. hwaet, hi simle to Se 

hion fundiaS, fortSaem hi hider of <5e 

aeror comon; sculon eft to Se. 240 

sceal se \\chama last weardigan 

eft on eorSan, for^aem he aer of hire 

weox on weorulde. wunedon setsomne 

efen swa lange swa him lyfed waes 

from faem aelmihtigan J?e hi aeror gio 245 

gesomnade ; $ is socS cining, 

se fas foldan gesceop, 7 hi gefylde }?a 

swi(5e mislicum, mine gefraege, 

neata cynnum, nergend user. 

he hi su5(5an asiow saeda monegum 250 

wuda 7 wyrta weorulde sceatum. 

forgif nu, ece God, urum modum 

fiaet hi moten to f>e, metod alwuhta, 

j}urg j^as earfo Su up astigan, 

7 of fisum bysegum, bilewit faeder, 255 

feoda waldend, to fe cuman, 



XXI. 5] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 185 

7 ]x>nne mid openum eagum moten 

modes ures (Surh (Sinra 1 * maegna [sped * 693. C. 

(swelm gesion eallra gooda, 

p~\ f>u eart selfa, sigedrihten God, 260 

ge ]?a eagan hal ures modes, 

f we hi on (5e selfum si(5(5an moten 

afaestnian, faeder engla. 

todrif f>one JMccan [rnisf] Ipe frage nu 

wi(5 Sa eagan foran usses modes 265 

hangode hwyle he% 7 fystre. 

onliht nu fa eagan usses modes 

mid finum leohte, lifes waldend ; 

fonSaem J?u eart sio birhtu, bilewit feeder, 

so Ses leohtes, 7 fu selfa eart 270 

sio faeste raest, faeder aelmihtig, 

eallra socSfaestra. hwaet, ]> u softe gedest 

f hi t5e selfne gesion moten. 

(5u eart eallra f>inga, f>eoda waldend, 

fruma 7 ende. hwaet J?u, faeder engla, 275 

eall f>ing birest ec5elice 

buton geswince. Ipu eart jelfa weg 

7 latteow eac lifgendra gehwaes, 

7 sio wlitige j/^ze; Ipe se weg to Iigt5, 

f>e ealle to a fundia S 280 

men of moldan on J?a maeran gesceaf/. 

XXI . 

Boeth. iii. met. 10. Hue omnes pariter uenite capti. 



*[Wefla, monna beam geond ^zz ^Jdangeard, * 75 a 

friora aeghwilc fundie to 

f>aem ecum gode )?e we ymb sprecat), 

7 to f aem gesaelSum pe we secga S ymb. 

se $e /onne nu sie nearwe gehefted 5 

u Cf. p. 89. 

1 At the bottom of folio 68b are some words no longer legible in 
a very small modern handwriting, apparently by J. 



1 86 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXI. 6 

mid pisses mzeran middangeardes 
unnyttre lufe, sece him eft hrse(5e 
fulne friodom, $ he for(5 cume 
to J3sem gessel<5um saula rsedes. 

fon5sem $ is sio an rest eallra geswinca, 10 

hyhtlicu hycS heaum ceolum 
modes usses, meresmylta wic. 
is sio an hyc5 )?e sefre bi(5 

bam ycSum ura geswinca, 
ysta gehwelcre, ealnig smylte. 15 

f is sio fritSstoZfl 7 sio frofor an 
eallra yrminga sef t ]?issum 
weoruldgeswincum. p is ivynsum stow 
seft J>yssum ynriSwn to aganne. 

ac ic georne wat tye gylden ma^m, 20 

sylofren sincstan, searogimm* nan, 
middangeardes wela modes eagan 
sefre ne onlyhtaS, auh/ ne 
hiora scearpnesse to pare 
socra gessel^a; ac hi swidor get 25 

monna gehwelces modes eagan 
ablendaS on breostum, ]x>n[ hi hi ^rjhtran ged[<?. 

* 75^> C forSsem ?g\_hwtlc ding *fie on pys andweardan 

about here. ^ ^^ /(Bnu ^ sindon> 

eor^licu fing a fleondu. 3 

ac ^ is wundorlic wlite 7 beorhtnes 

f>e wuhta gehwaes wlite geberhteS, 

7 seft Jjsem eallum wealdeS. 

nele se waldend <5set forweor San scylen 

saula usse, ac he hi selfa wile 3r 

leoman 0/zlihtan, lifes wealdend. 

gif [?onne hselecSa hwilc hlutrum eagum 

modes sines maeg sefre ofsion 

hiofones leohtes hlutre btorhto, 

ponne wile he secgan $ (5sere sunnan sie 40 

beorhtnes J^iostro beortia gehwylcum 



XXII. 29] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 187 



to metanne wicS f micle leoht 

Codes selTwzhtiges ; f is gasta gehwaem 

ece butan ende, ezdegum saulum. 

XXII v. 

Boeth. iii. met. IT. Quisquis profunda mente uestigat uerum. 

*Se pe after rihte mid gerece wille * From J, 

inweardlice afterspyrian tw . : . 

y r " f . missing in 

swa deoplice pat hit todrifan ne mag C after 

monna am g, ne amerran huru 79 b - 

anig eorfilic fiincg, he arest sceal 5 

secan on him selfum p he sume hwile 
ymbutan hine aror sohte. 

sece pat siddan on his sefan mnan, 

7 forlate an swa he of tost mage 

alcne^ ymbhogan ffy him unnet sie, 10 

7 gesamnige swa he swifiost mage 

ealle to pam anum his ingedonc ; 

gesecge his mode 2 p hit mag findan 

eall on him innan p hit oftost nu 
ymbutan hit ealneg secetf, 15 

gooda aghwylc. he ongit siddan 
yfel 7 unnet eal p he hafde 

on his incofan aror lange, 

efne swa sweotole swa he on pa sunnan mag 

eagum andweardum on locian ; 20 

7 he* eac ongit his ingeponc 

leohtre j berhtre ponne se leoma sie 

sunnan on sumera, ponne swegles gim, 

hador heofontungol, hlutrost seined, 
fordam pas lichoman leahtras 7 hefignes 25 

7 pa unpeawas eallunga ne magon 

of mode ation monna anegum 

rihiwisnesse. deah nu rinca hwam 

pas lichoman leahtras 7 hefignes * 

v Cf. p. 94. l em. cslcre J. 2 em. mod J. 3 em. hi J. 



1 88 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXII. 30 

7 unpeawas oft bysigen 30 

monna modsefan nicest 7 swifiost 
mid pare yflan oforgiotolnesse, 
mid gedwolmiste dreorigne sefan 
fortihS mod for an monna gehwelces 
p hit swa beorhte ne mot blican 7 scinan 35 

swa hit wolde gif hit geweald ahte, 
peah bid sum corn sades gehealden 
symle on pare saule sodfastnesse, 
penden gadertang wunafi gast on lice, 
das sades corn bid symle aweaht 40 

mid ascunga, eac siddan 
mid goodre lare, gif hit grow an sceal. 
hu mag anig man andsware findan 
dinga fzm ges, pegen mid gesceade, 

peah hine rinca hwilc rihtwislice 45 

after frigne, gif he awuht nafdS 
on his modsefan mycles ne lytles 
rihtwisnesse a ne geradscipes ? 
nis peah cemg man pte ealles swa 

pas geradscipes swa bereafod sie 50 

p he andsware cenige ne cunne 
findan on ferhffe, gif he frugnen bid. 
fordam hit is riht spell p us reahte gio 
aid udwita, ure Platon ; 

he . cwad pte ceg hwilc ungemyndig 55 

rihtwisnesse hine hrozfie sceolde 
eft gewendan into sinum 
modes gemynde ; he mag siffian 
on his runcofan rihtwisnesse 

findan on ferhte faste gehydde 60 

mid gedrafnesse dog or a gehwilce 
modes sines mast 7 swifiosl, 
7 mid hefinesse his lichoman, 
7 mid pani bisgum pe on breostum sty red 
men on mode mala gehwylce. 65 

1 em. rihtwisnesses J. 



XXIV. 15] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 189 

XXIII w. 

Boeth. iii. met. 12. Felix qui potuit boni. 

6"ie* (5set la on eorcSan selces Singes * top of 

gesselig mon, gif he gesion msege 4 

j?one hlutrestan heofontorhtan stream, 

sefelne sewelm selces goodes, 

7 of him selfum tfone sweartan mist, 5 

modes J?iostro, mseg aweorpan. 

w[<?] scu\on tSeah gita mid Codes \_fylste 

ealdu~\c& 7 leasum <5inne ingef>onc 

be[/an ^z Jspellum, f Su <5e bet maege 

ar[^z ]an to rodorum rihte stige 10 

on (5one ecan eard ussa saula. 

XXIV x. 

Boeth. iv. met. I. Sunt etenim pennae uolucres mihi. 



/c hsebbe fiSru fugle swiftran, 

mid Saem ic fleogan maeg feor fra eonSan 

ofer heane hrof heofones pisses ; 

ac ^aer ic mi moste mod gefe<5ran, 

"Sinne ferolocan, fe Srum minum, 5 

o ScSset (5u meahte )?isne middan[,-]eard, 

sale eorolic "Sing, eallufw^a _/^]rsion. 

meahtes ofer rodorum gereclice 

fec5eru lacan 1 , feor up ofer 

wolcnu windan ; wlitan siSSan 10 

ufan ofer ealle. meahtes eac faran 

ofer psem fyre Se fela geara for 

lange fotweox lyfte 7 rodere, 

sw<z 2 him set frymcSe faeder getiode. 

meahtest t5e si(5(5an mid ficere sunnan* 15 * 88a C 



w Cf. p. 101. * Cf. p. 105. 

1 onlacan C, but the on prefixed to lacan seems in a different hand 
writing and ink. 2 So J, but in C looks more like swce, though faint. 



190 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXIV. 16 

faran betweox cx5rum tunglum ; 
meahtest (5e full recen on Saem rodere ufan 
sic5(5an weonSan, 7 Sonne samtenges 
set tSsem selcealdan anum steorran, 
se yfmest is eallra tungla; 20 

<5one Saturnus sundbuende 
hatacS under heofonum ; he is se cealda 
eallisig tungl, yfemest wandraft 
ofer eallum ufan o<5ru steorrum. 

si(5(San (Su (Sonne (5one up a hafast 25 

for<5 oferfarenne, <5u meaht feorsian ; 
(Sonne bist <5u su5(5an sona ofer uppan 1 
rodere ryneswiftum. gif cSu on riht faerest, 
p>e ]?one hehstan heofon behindan laetst ; 
"Sonne meaht Su si(5(5a so^es leohtes 30 

habban J?inne dael, Sonan an cyning 2 
rume ricsa<5 ofer roderum up, 
7 under swa same, eallra gesceafta, 
weorulde \valde<5; ^ is wis cyning; 
j? is se (5e walde S gio[^^/] wer^ioda 35 

ealra ocSra eor San cyninga ; 
se mid his bridle ymbebaeted [AzJfS 
ymbhwyrft ealne eorSan 7 heofones. 
he his gewatdteffer wel gemetgaS ; 
se stioreS a (5urg Sa strongan meaht 40 

(Saem hr^z^sene heofones 7 eorSan ; 
se \an\ dema is gestsec^z g, 
unawendendlic, \wlitig\ 7 mcere, 
gif "Su wyr^t 3 on \vege i\\\tum 

* 88b C. *up to Saem earde, f is aeSele stow, 45 

Seah tm hi nu geta forgiten haebbe : 
gif "5u aefre eft J^aeran cymest, 
Sonne wilt ]?u jecgan 7 sona cweSan : 
<5is is eallunga min agen cycS, 

1 ofipan C. 2 cynig C. 3 Conject. wyrst J. 



XXV. 1 6] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 191 

eard 7 elpel , ic vvaes aer hionan 50 

cumen 7 acenned tSurh kisses craeftgan meaht ; 

nylle ic aefre hionan ut witan, 

ac ic symle her softe wille 

mid faeder willan faeste stondan. 

gif (Se Sonne aefre eft geweorSetS 55 

f $u wilt ocSSe most weorolde Siostro 

eft fandian, (5u meaht eacSe gesion 

unrihtwise eorftan cyningas 

7 J>a ofermodan o(Sre rican 

f)is vverige folc wyrst tuciacS, 60 

hi symle bioft swiSe earme, 
unmehtige selces "Singes, 
emne Sa ilcan fe fis earme folc 
sume hwile nu swiSost ondraedaaS. 

XXV y. 

Boeth. iv. met. 2. Quos uides sedere celsos/ 

eher nu an spell be Ssem ofermodum 
unrihtwisum eorSan cyningum 
(5a her nu manegum 7 mislicum 
wsedum wlitebeorhtum wundrum scinaS 
on heahsetlum \hrofe\ getenge, 5 

golde gegerede 7 gimcynnum, 
utan ymbestandne mid unrime 
Segna 7 eorla. f>a biocS gehyrste 
mid herege[a]twum hildetorhtum, 

sweordum 7 fetel[w]m swicSe geglengde,* 10 * 943 C. 

7 J^egniatS Srymme micle 
aelc o])rum, 7 hi ealle him 
Sonan mid J?y ]>iymme freatiacS gehwider 
ymbsittenda ocSra "Seoda ; 

7 se hlaford ne jmfS, cSe Ssem here waldeS, 15 

freonde ne feonde, feore ne aehtum; 

> Cf. p. in. 



192 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXV. 17 



ac he reftigmod raest on gehwilcne, 
wedehunde \vuhta ^licost ; 
bicS to up ahagfen inne on mode 

for (5aem anwalde J>e him anra gehwilc 20 

his tirwina to fultematS. 
gif mon <5onne wolde him awindan of 
f>aes cynegerelan clafta gehwilcne, 
j him tfonne oftion ftara *egnunga 
7 J?ses anwaldes ]>Q he her haefde, 25 

(Sonne meaht (5u gesion ^ he bitS swiSe gelic 
sumum Sara gumena ]?e him geornost nu 
mid Segniingu Sringa S ymbeutan; 
gif he wyrsa ne bitS, ne wene ic his na beteran. 
gif him j?onne aefre unmendlinga 30 

weas geberede f him wurde oftogen 
}}rymmes j wseda j ]?egnunga 
j t53es anwaldes f>e we ymbe sprecaS, 
gif him aenig }?ara ofhende wyrtJ, 
ic wat ]> him JpyncecS ^ he >onne sie 35 

becropen on carcern, o^Se co Slice 
racentan gerasped. ic gereccan maeg 
f of ungemete selces Singes, 
94b C. wiste* j wseda, wingedrinces, 

j of swetmettum, swiSost weaxaS 40 

J^sere wrssnnesse \vodx5rag micel; 
sio swiSe gedraefS sefan ingehygd 
monna gehwelces ; J?onan maest cymecS 
yfla ofermetta, unnetta saca. 

J?onne hi gebolgene 1 weorJ^aS, him wyrS on breostu inne 
beswungen sefa on hreSre 2 mid (5aem swiSan welme 46 
hatheortnesse, j hraSe 3 sicSSan 
unrotnesse eac gerseped 4 , 
hearde gehsefted. him siSSan ongin(5 
su tohopa swi(5e leogan 50 

J332S gewinnes wraece ; wilnaS ^ irre 
1 em. gebogene C. 2 em. kradre C. 8 em. kredt C. 4 em. gere<zpe$ C. 



XXVI. 10] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 193 

anes 7 ocSres ; him j> call gehaet 

his recelest, rihtes ne scrife S. 

ic <5e saede aer on (Sisse selfan bee 

f sumes goodes sidra gesceafta f5 

anlepra aelc a wilnode 

for his agenum ealdgecynde. 

unrihtwise eon5an cyningas 

ne magon aefre }?urhtion awuht goodes 

for (5aem yfle >e ic (5e aer saede. 60 

nis tSaet nan wundor, forSaem hi willacS hi 

}?3em un Seawu J?e ic tSe aer nemde 

anra gehwelcu a under^eodan. 

sceal Sonne nede nearwe gebugan 

to Sara hlaforda haeftedome 1 , 6; 

D 

Ipe he hine eallunga aer underj^iodde. 

tJaet is wyrse get, $ he winnan nyle* * 95a C. 

wiS Saem anwalde aenige stunde. 

J?aer he wolde a winnan onginnan, 

7 f>onne on Saem gewinne J^urhwunian forcS, 70 

J?onne naefde he nane scylde, 

(5eah he oferwunnen weonSan sceolde. 

XXVI z. 

Boeth. iv. met. 3. Vela Neritii ducis. 

/c )?e maeg eac5e ealdum 7 leasu 
spellu reccan 2 spraece gelice 
efne Sisse ilcan Ipe wit ymb sprecaS. 
hit gesaelde gio on sume tide 

Aulixes under haefde 5 

casere cynericu twa; 
he waes pracia t5ioda aldor 
7 Retie rices hirde. 
waes his freadrihtnes folccuS nama 
Agamemnon, se ealles weold 10 

Cf. p. 115. em. heefdedome C. a j reccan C. 





194 THE OLD ^ N GLISH VERSION OF [xxvi. n 

Creca rices. cucS wses wide 
[on] f>a tide Troia 1 gewin 
wearS under wolcnu[w. fd\p wiges heard 
Creca drihten campsted secan ; 

Aulixes mid an hund scipa 15 

Isedde ofer lagustream; sset longe (Sser 
tyn winter full. (5a 2 sio tid gelomp 
f hi Sset rice gerseht haefdon ; 
diore gecepte drihten Creca 

Troia burg /zlu gesifu. 20 

9 8aC. tSa <Sa 3 Aulixes le[0]fe haefde,* 

Dracia cining, fy he ]?onan moste, 

he let him behindan hyrnde ciolas 

nigon 7 hundnigontig ; naenigne jxman 

merehengesta ma f>onne senne 25 

ferede on fifelstream, famigbor[^]n, 

SriereSre ceol; f biS Saet mseste 

[<r]reciscra scipa. fa weanS ceald weder, 

stearc storma gelac; stunede sio brune 

yS wic5 o Sre, ut feor adraf 30 

on Wendelsse wigendra scola 

up on f igland f>ser Apolines 

dohtor wunode daegrimes worn. 

wses se Apollinus se Seles cynnes, 

lobes eafora; se waes gio cyning. 35 

se licette litlum 7 miclum 

gumena gehwylcu f he god 4 waere, 

hehst 7 halgost. swa se hlaford f>a 

f dysige folc on gedwolan laedde, 

oc5c5aet him gelyfde leoda unrim, 4 

for Ssem he waes mid rihte rices hirde 

hiora cynecynnes 5 . cucS is wid[^] 

f on Sa tide feoda seghwilc 

hsefdon heora hlaford for fone hehstan [god], 

1 trioia C. 2 em. Se C. 3 em. $u C. 4 em. good C. 

5 cynecynes C. 



XXVI. 78] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 195 

7 weorSodon swa swa wuldres cming, 45 

gif he to <5aem rice waes on rihte boren. 

waes paes lobes fasder god eac swa he; 

Saturnus ftone sundbuende 

heton, haelejm beam, hagfdon <5a maeg<Sa 

aelcne aefter otfrum for ecne God 1 . 50 

sceolde eac wesa[]* Apollines * 98b C. 

dohtor diorboren, dysiges folces 

gumrinca gyden ; cuSe galdra fela 

drifan drycraeftas. hio gedwolan fylgde 

manna swi(5ost manegra j^ioda, 55 

cyning[ <?.$] dohtor, sio Circe waes 

haten for [^<?]rigum. hio ricsode 

on <Sse iglonde f>e Aulixes 

cining pracia co ane to 

ceole li^an. cuS waes sona 60 

eallre faere masnige pe hire mid wunode 

aef>[^/z ]nges siS. hio mid ungemete 

lissu lufode liSmonna frean 2 , 

7 he eac swa same ealle maegne 

efne swa swi^e hi on sefan lufode, 65 

j> he to his earde aenige nyste 

modes mynlan ofer maeg(5 giunge ; 

ac he mid ]?aem wife wunode si S San, 

otScSaet him ne meahte monna aenig 

f>egna 3 sinra J^aer mid wesan ; 70 

ac hi for <5aem yrm Sum eardes lyste, 

[;?y]nton forlaetan leofne hlaford. 

\_da~\ ongunnon wercan wer^eoda spell ; 

\_s(Edon\ f hio sceolde mid hire scinlace 

beornas _/^rbredan, 7 mid balo[c]raeftum 75 

wra^um weorpan on wildra [/Jic 

cyninges J?egnas, cyspan si<5(5an 

7 mid racentan eac raepan maenigne. 

1 godC. 2 em./reaC. * zm.fiegnraC. 

2 



196 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXVI. 79 

sume hi to wulfum wurdon, ne meahton fonne word 

fonSbringan, 
99a C. ac* hio fragmaelum Sioton ongunnon. 80 

sume waeron eaforas ; a grym^don l 

(Sonne hi sares hwaet siofian scioldon. 

fa <Se leon wseron ongunnon laSlice 

yrrenga ryn a fonne hi sceoldon 

clipian for corfre. cnihtas wurdon, 85 

ealde ge giunge, ealle forhwerfde 

to sumum diore swelcum he aeror 

on his lifdagum gelicoj//] waes, 

butan f>am cyninge J>e sio c[wen] lufode. 

nolde }?ara ofra senig onbitan 9 

mennisces metes, ac hi ma lufedon 

diora drohtacS, swa hit gedefe ne wses. 

nsefdon hi mare monnum gelices 

eorcSbuendum tfon[<?] ingefonc ; 

hsefde anra gehwy[/c] his agen mod ; 95 

p wes feah swi(5e so[r]gum gebunden 

for Ssem earfo(Su[w] }?e him onsseton. 

hwset, ^a dyse[^a] men J>e ^ysum drycraeftum 

lo[^] gelyfdon, leasum spellum, 

\_wisson~] hwxtSre $ $ gewit ne maeg 100 

mo[^ o]wendan monna senig 

mid drycraeftum, j>eah hio gedon meahte 

^ tSa lichoman lange frage 

onwend wurdon. is $ wundorlic 

msegencrseft micel moda \gehwilces~\ 105 

c 995 C. fe T lichoman* Isenne 7 ssenne. 

swylcum 7 swylcu J?u meaht sweotole ongitan 

f tSaes lichoman listas 7 craeftas 

of tSaem mode cumacS monna gehwylcum, 

senlepra selc. J?u meaht ea Se ongitan 

fte ma dere S monna gehwelcu 

modes unfeaw fonne mettrymnes 

1 gym . . . don C. 



no 



XXVII. 24] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 197 

Isenes lichom[a#]. ne f>earf leoda nan 

wenan \>y^ri\ wyrde f f werige flaesc 

f mod mon[0] aeniges maege x 115 

eallunga to him aefre onwendan ; 

ac f>a umSeawas aelces modes 

7 f inge]?onc aelces monnes 

f>one lichoman lit JMder hit wile. 

XXVII a. 

Boeth. iv. met. 4. Quid tantos iuuat excitare motus. 



ge aefre scylen unrihtfioungum 
eower mod drefan, swa swa mereflodes 

yf>a hrera S* iscalde saa, * J o6b C. 

wecggaS for winde ? hwy oc5wite ge 
wyrde eowre f hio geweald nafa S ? 
hwy ge J?ses dea Ses, fe eow Drihten gesceop, 
gebidan ne magon bitres gecyndes, 
nu he eow aelce daeg onet toweard ? 
ne magon ge gesion ]5 he syle spyreS 
aef? aeghwelcum eor^an tudre, 10 

diorum 7 fuglum ? deaS eac swa same 
aeft moncynne geond (5isne middangeard, 
egeslic hunta, a bi(5 on wa^e ; 
nyle he senig swaeS aefre forlaetan 
aer he gehede ^ he hwile aer 15 

aeff spyrede. is f earmlic f>ing 
]3 his gebidan ne magon burgsittende, 
ungesaelige men hine aer willat) 
foran tosciotan 3 , swa swa fugla cyn, 
o^Se wildu dior ; ]?a winnatS betwuh ; 20 

aeghwylc M r olde oSer acwellan. 
ac j> is unriht aeghwelcum men 
j^aet he o^erne inwitj^oncum 
fioge on faar^e, swa swa fugl o<5(5e dior. 

a Cf. p. 124. l Conject. om. C. 2 tostan C. 



198 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXVII. 25 



ac f wsere rihtost fte rinca gehwylc 25 

cxSru guide edlean on riht, 

weorc be geweorhtu weoruldbuendu 

J^inga gehwilces ; $ is $ he lufige 

godra gehwilcne swa he geornost msege, 

mildsige yflum, swa we sprascon. 30 

* io7a C. he sceal f>one monnan* mode lufian, 

j his unpeawas ealle hatian 

7 ofsni<5an swa he swiftest maege. 

XXVIII b 
Boeth. iv. met. 5. Si quis Arcturi sidera nescit. 

HW& is on eonSan nu unlaerdra 

f>e ne wundrige wolcna faereldes, 

rodres swifto, ryne timgla x , 

hu hy selce dsege utan ymbhwerfaS 2 

eallne middangeard ? hwa is moncynnes 5 

f ne wundrie ymb J>as wlitegan tungl, 

hu hy sume habbaS swi^e micle 

scyrtran ymbehwerft, sume scri(5a($ leng 

utan ymb eall Sis ? an J?ara tungla 

woruldmen hataS waenes fisla; 10 

f>a habba^ scyrtran scride 7 faerelt, 

ymbhwerft laessan, Sonne o^ru tungl, 

for^aem hi J?aere eaxe utan ymbhweorfacS 

* io8b C. j^one nor S*ende, nean [ymbcerraff ; 

on cfcere ilcan\ eaxe hwerfetS 15 

eall ruma rodor, recene scricSeS, 
sucSheald swifet5 swift untiorig. 
hwa is on weorulde J>set ne wafige, 
buton }?a ane J?e hit ser wisson, 

j>te msenig tungul maran ymbhwyrft 20 

hafacS on heofonum, sume hwile eft 
laesse geli(5a(S, ]?a }>e lacaS ymb eaxe ende, 
O(5(5e micle mare gefera S J>a hire middre 3 ybe 
b Cf. p. 1 25. em. tunglo C. 2 tto..ymbhwerfe9 C. 3 em. mid ore C. 



XXVIII. 58] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 199 

Dearie J?raega5 1 ? fara is gehaten 

Saturnus sum, se hsefS ymb fritig 25 

wint gerime[^ w]eoruld ymbcirred. 

Boetes eac beorhte scine<5, 

o Ser steorra ; cyme s efne swa same 

on fone ilcan stede eft ymb jmtig 

gear gerimes "Saer he gio <Sa waes. 3 

hwa is weoruldmonna f ne wafige 

hu sume steorran ocS <Sa sse fara<5 

under merestreamas, faes Se monnum olnccS? 

swa eac sume wenac5 $ sio sunne do, 

ac se wena n[z ]s wuhte }>e socSra. 35 

ne biS hio on sefe[^] ne on sermorgen 

merestreame ]>e near (Se on midne daeg, 

7 j?eah monnum fyncS f hio on mere gange, 

under sse swife, J?onne hio on setl glided. 

hwa is on weorulde f ne* wundrige .40 * ioga ( 

[fulles monan, ponne he yfejringa 

wyrS under wolcnu wlites bereafad, 

befeaht mid Rostrum ? hwa ]?egna ne mgege 

eac wafian selces stiorran, 

hwy hi ne scinen scirum wederu 45 

beforan (Ssere sunnan swa hi syle docS 

middelnihtum wiS J?one monan foran, 

hadrum heofone? hwset, nu haelecSa fela 

swelces 7 swelces swu5e wundraS, 

7 ne wundriacS fte wuhta gehwilc, 5 

men 7 netenu, micelne habba<5 

7 unnetne andan between him, 

swiSe singalne. is f sellic }?incg 

f hi ne wundriatS hu hit on wolcnu oft 

Dearie J^unraS, )?ragm3elu eft 55 

anforlgeteS ; 7 eac swa same 

yc5 wiS lande ealneg winnecS, 

wind 2 wit5 wsege. hwa wundracS |?ses, 

1 tm.J>rceged C. 2 em. wind C. 



200 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXVIII. 59 



ofres eft, hwi J?aet is maege 
weorSan of waetere ; wliletorht 1 scineo 1 60 

sunna swegle hat; sona gecerrecS 
ismere aenlic on his agen gecynd, 
weorSeS to waetre. ne J>inct$ f wundor micel 
monna senegum f he maegge gesion 
dogora gehwilce, ac Saet dysie folc 65 

faes hit seldnor gesihcS switfor wundraS, 
feah hit wisra gehwaem wundor Since 
* ioyb C. on his* \jnodsefan micle lasse. 

]stat5olfseste 2 ealneg wenaS 

f $ ealdgesceaft asfre ne wasre 7 o 

$ hi seldon gesiocS; ac svvifor giet 
weoruldmen wenatS J?aet hit weas come, 
niwan gesselde, gif hiora naengum hwylc 
aer ne ofteowde; is f earmlic J^inc. 
ac gif hiora aenig aefre wcoroeC 75 

to Son firwetgeorn -f he fela ongintS 
leornian lista, 7 him lifes weard 
of mode abrit f micle dysig 
Saet hit oferwrigen mid wunode lange, 
J?onne ic wat 3 geare j> hi ne wundriaS 80 

maehiges Binges J?e monnu nu 
wsefSo 4 7 wunder welhwaer fyncec5. 

XXIX c. 

Boeth. iv. met. 6. Si uis celsi iura tonantis. 

Gif Su nu wilnige weorulddrihtnes 5 
heane anwald hlutre mode 
on[^ /]an g/br/ze 6 , gem almaegene 
* iiSaC. heofones* \tunglu, hu hi him healdaS betwuh 

sibbe] singale; dydon swa lange 5 

swa hi gewenede wuldres aldor 
aet frumsceafte, f sio fyrene mot 



c Cf. p. 135. ! em. tvlitetorh C. 2 em. understcftolfasle J. 3 em. 
west C. 4 em. wterGo C. 5 iveorulddrihnes C. 6 em.gionne J. 



XXIX. 42] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 20 1 

sunne gesecan snawcealdes weg, 

monna gemsero. hwaet, (5a maeran tungl 

auc5er o(5res rene a ne gehrinecS 10 

aerj^aem j) cx5er of gewitet?. 

ne huru se stiorra gestigan wile 

westdael wolcna, J^one wise men 

Ursa nemna(5. ealle stiorran 

sigaft aefter sunnan samod mid rodere 15 

under eonSan grund ; he ana stent. 

nis J nan wundor ; he is wundrum faest l 

upende neah eaxe (5aes roderes. 

(Sonne is an steorra ofer cxSre beorht, 

cyme s eastan up aer Jxmne sunne ; 20 

J)one 2 monna beam morgenstiorra 

hatacS under heofonum, for Saem he hsele^um daeg 

bodaS aef t burgum ; brengeS 33ft 

swegeltorht sunne samad eallum daeg. 

is se forrynel faeger 7 sciene; 25 

cymeS eastan up aer for sunnan, 

7 eft aefter sunnan on setl glidecS, 

west under weorulde. werjwda 

his noman onwendat5 J?onne niht cymetJ, 

hataS hine ealle aefenstzbrra ; 30 

se biS j^aere sunnan swiftra ; siftcSan hi on setl gewitatS, 

ofirne S, fiat is aef>ele tungol,* * n8b C. 

\pfip he be eastan eft z weorfiefi 

eldum ofiewed\ aer J?onne sunne. 

habbaS D3)?ele tungol emne gedaeled 35 

daeg 7 nihte Drihtnes meahtum, 

sunna 7 mone, swiSe gejnvsere, 

swa him aet fry^e faeder getiohhode. 

ne f>earft J?u no wenan f Sa wlitegan tungl 

Saes f>eowdomes aj^roten weortSe 40 

aer domes daeg[^]. deS siSSan ybe 

moncynnes fruma swa him gemet JrincecS, 

. 2 em.fionneC. 3 Grain s conject. om. J. 



202 THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF [XXIX. 43 

fonSon hi be healfe heofones pisses 

on ane ne laet aelmihtig God, 

Ipy laes hi ooYa fordyden aej^ela gesceafta; 45 

ac se eca God ealla gemetgacS 

sida gesceafta, softa gej^werao 1 . 

hwilum (Sset drige drifS (Sone wsetan, 

hwylum hi gemengecS metodes craefte, 

cile wi<5 hseto ; hwilum cerrecS 50 

eft on uprodor aelbeorhta leg, 

leoht lyfte; ligecS him behindan 

hefig hrusan dsel, J?eah hit hwilan 1 aer 

eonSe sio cealde oninnan hire 

heold 7 hydde haliges meahtu. 55 

be ]3ses cyninges gebode cymeS geara gehwsem, 

eor Se bringeS seghwylc tudor, 

7 se hata sumor hselecSa bearnum 

geara gehwilce giereS 7 drigeo 1 

geond sidne grund ssed 7 bleda, 60 

hgerfest to honda herbuendu 

ripa rece<5. ren geft* )?3em 

Sw[_^/ hagal\ 7 snaw hrusan leccaS 

on wintres tid, weder unhiore ; 

for^aem eor^e onfehS eallum ssedu, 65 

gedecS ^ hi growatS geara gehwilce ; 

on lenctentid leaf up spryttatS. 

ac se milda metod monna bearnu 

on eorjmn fet eall fte groweo 1 , 

waestmas on weorolde; wel forSbrengecS hit 70 

J?onne he wile, heofona waldend, 

7 eowacS eft eorSbuendu ; 

f)onn he wile, nergende God ; 
hehste good on heahsetle 

siteS self cyning, 7 f>ios side gesceaft 75 

JjenaS 7 jriowacS ; he ponan waldecS 2 
f>sem geweltle^rum weoruldgesceafta. 

1 hwilan C. 2 Grein s em.fone anwald de<$ C. 



XXX. ii] THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 203 



nis f nan wundor; he is weroda God, 

cyning 7 Drihten cwucera gehwelces, 

aewelm 7 fruma eallra gesceafta, 80 

wyrhta 7 sceppend weorulde f>isse, 

wisdom 7 as \voruldbuendra. 

ealla gesceafta on hserendo 

hionane he sendeS, haet eft cuman 1 . 

gif he swa gestsecScSig ne staftolade 85 

ealla gesceafta, aeghwylc hiora 

wrafte tostencte weon5an sceolden, 

seghwilc hiora, ealle to nauhte ; 

weon5an sceoldon wra(5e toslopena, 

}?eah f>a ane lufe ealla gesceafta 90 

heofones 7 eorftan hzebben g-misene, 

f hi fdowien swilcu j}iodfrum<2, 

7 fsegniaS f hiora feeder w&[/tfjet$. 

nis ^ nan wundor,* foi\(f(Bm ivuhta nan 

ce/re ne meahte elles\ wunian, 95 

gif hi eallmaegene hiora ordfruman 

ne ]?iowoden, f>eodne maerum. 

XXX d. 

Boeth. v. met. 2. Puro clanim lumine Phoebum. 

Omerus waes east mid Crecum 

on (5aem leodscipe leo^a craeftgast,* *i23bC. 

Firgilies freond 7 lareow, 

|?3em mseran sceope magistra betst. 

hwaet, se Omerus oft 7 gelome 5 

j^aere sunnan wlite swicSe herede, 

ae Selo crasftas oft 7 gelome 

leotmm 7 spellum leodum reahte. 

ne mseg hio }>eah gescinan, )?eah hio sie scir 7 beorht, 

ahwaergen neah ealla gesceafta; 10 

ne fur (Sum J?a gesceafta (5e hio gescinan mseg, 

d Cf. p. 141. Line emended; C has hio nane ne sendaft 

eft cumad. See p. 136, 1. 25. The/ of pset was orig. an k. 



204 THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS 

endemes ne mseg ealla geondlihtan 

innan 7 utan. ac se selmihtega 

waldend [7 z#y]rhta weorulde gesceafta 

his agen weorc call geondwlitec5, 15 

endemes J?urhsyb(5 ealla gesceafta. 

(Saet is sio so(5e sunne mid rihte, 

be tSaem we magon singan swylc butan lease. 

XXXI e. 

Boeth. v. met. 5. Quam uariis terras animalia permeant figuris. 

\Hwcet 1 , pu meaht ongilan, gif his ffe geman lyst, 

pte mis lice manega wuhta 

geond eorfi an farad ungelice ; 

habbdS blioh 7 f&r, bu ungelice, 

7 mccgwlitas manegra cynna 2 5 

ctid 7 uncuff. creopad 7 sm caff, 

call lichoma eorfian getenge. 

nabbdfi hi cet fidrum fultum, ne magon hi mid fotu 

gangan, 

eorfian brucan, swa him eaden wees. 
sume fottmi twam foldan peddad, 10 

sume fierfete, sume fleogende 

*i28aC. windafi* under* zwjlcnum. bi S Seah wuhta gehwylc 

onhnigen to hrusan, hnipaS ofdune, 
on weoruld wlit[^y] wilna S to eon5an, 
sume nedj^earfe, sume neodfrsece ; 15 

man ana gaeft metodes gesceafta 
mid his andwlitan up on gerihte. 
mid Sy is getacnod ]? his treowa sceal, 
7 his modgej^onc, ma up J^onne ni^er 
habban to heofonum, J?y laes he his hige wende 20 
ni(5er swa^ser nyten. nis 4 f gedafenlic 
se modsefa monna seniges 
nicSerheald wese, 7 f neb upweard. 



6 Cf. p. 147. : From here to line 12 is part of the missing folio. 
em. cynnu C. 3 em. winded J. * em. is C. 



APPENDIX 



-+4- 



THE NAPIER FRAGMENT (N). 

For description see Introduction. The corresponding part 
of the Text begins on p. 32, /. 18. 

Jnniscan lifes [ 

] Sy hi hi selfe ongiten hwaet hi 

sin, 7 hwonan hi sien, 7 Sy hi sint wyrsan Son nie[ ]nu 20 
Sy hi nyllacS witan hwaet hi sint, oftSe hwanon hi sint. Daem 
neatu is gecynde Saet hi nyten hwaet hi sien; ac Saet is 
Sara monna uncSeaw J?aet hi nyten hwaet hi sien. N[ ] <Se 
is swicSe sweotol -j> ge bioS on gedwolan, ]?on ge wen^S f 
aenig Sing maeg mid f[ ] g[ JweorSod. Gif hwa nu 25 

biS mid hwelcu welu geweorSod [ ] mid h[ 
aehtu gearad, hu ne belimpS se weorSscipe Son [ ]o 
fse tSe hine geweo[ ]anne hwene ryhtlicor. 

Ne (5aet ne bitS no Sy faegerre $ mid elles hwa gerenod 
biS, Seah Sa gerenu faegru sin "Se hit midgerenod bi^. Gif 30 
hit ser sceondlic waes, ne b[ ] h[ ] Sy faegerre. Wite 
Su for so"S $ nan god ne derecS fae tSe hit ah; hwaet (Su 
wast nu f ic Se ne [ ]ge, 7 [ ] "Sa welan oft deriaS 33 

f>se Se hi agon on monegu SingQ, 7 on Sae swiSost -f 
[ ] men w[ ] S swa upahafene for Soe welan f oft se 

ealra wyrresta 7 se ealra unweorSusta m<?n wentS ]> he si 
ealles Saes welan wyrSe f>e on weorolde is, gif he 5 
wisse hu he hi tocum^n meahte. Se (5e micelne welan 



206 APPENDIX 

haefS, he hi ondraet monigne feond; gif he mzne aehta 

naefde ne Sorfte he hi nanne ondraedan. Gif Su nu 

waere wegferend[ ] 7 h[ ]de micel gold on Ipe 7 }?u f>on 

10 become on Seofscole, )?on ne wendes Su Se Sines 

(Other side of fragment?) 

34 [ Jgan 
be Saem weorSscip[ ]m anwalde Sisse weorolde. 
For Saem anwalde ge eow woldon ahebban up oS Sone 

]fon, gif ge meahten, Saet is forSaem J?e ge ne gemunon ne 
eac ne ongitaS f one heofoncundan anweald 7 fone weorSscipe 
20 se is eower agen, 7 }?onan ge comon. Hwaet, se eo\ve[ ]a 
}?on 7 se eower anweald Se ge nu weonSscipe htftaft, gif he 
becymS to J?ae ealra wyrrestan men, 7 to J?2e Se his ealra 
unweonSost biS, swa he nu dyde to Sys ilcan Diodrice, 7 gio aer 
to Nerone J?aem casere, 7 oft eac to m^negu hira gelicu 

swa 
25 hu ne wile he Son don swa hi dydon 7 git doS, eal Sa 

ricu Se hi underbioS, oSSe avver on neaweste forslean 7 
forheregian swa swa fyres lig deS drygne hseSfeld, oSSe eft 
se birnenda swefl f>one munt bsernS Se we h^taS Etne ; se 
is on Sicilia })se ealonde. SwiSe onlice Sae miclan flode Se 
30 gio on Noes dagu waes. Ic wene f Su mseg gemunon 
f te eowre ildran gio Rom#n<2 witan on Torcwines 

35 dagu Sses oferm^dan cyninges for his ofmetton 1 J>one 
cynelican naman of Romebyrg asrest adydon 7 eft 
swa ilce >e heretogan Se hine ser utadrifon ; hie woldon eft 
utadrifan for hira ofmettu, ac hi ne meahton ; forSse Se 

5 se seftre anweald ]?ara heretogena Saern romaniscu 
witu git wirs licode Ipon se asrra J^ara cyninga, gif hit 
Son aefre gewyrS swa hit swiSe seldon gwyrS 

1 The on indistinct. 



GLOSSARY 



EXPLANATION OF GLOSSARY. 

The order is strictly alphabetical ; 8 is used for both 5 and J> of the 
text. The main-words are normalised on an early West Saxon basis. 

Ordinary figures refer to page and line, Roman numerals to the Cott. 
Metra. Pr. = Proem ; MPr. = Metrical Proem, preceding the Metra. 
N. = Napier Fragment. 

Many of the references to the Bodleian MS. text are marked with 
an asterisk where attention is called to the forms. 

The Headings of Chapters, pp. 3-6, and the prayer on p. 149 are not 
considered in the Glossary. 

Verbs marked svi, sv2 &c. belong to the strong conjugation according 
to the classification given in Sievers Angelsachsische Grammalik, thus : 
aberan, sv^. bear. All parts and forms of the verb to be will be found 
under beon. 

Verbs with preteritive presents are entered under the present indica 
tive, e.g. mag, deah. When no examples of, but only the references to, 
a particular case of a noun or adjective are given, the form is identical 
with that last given. Words compounded with the prefix ge- will be 
found under the simple forms. In adjectives the masculine of each case, 
being given first, is not marked as such ; weak forms in -an have not 
usually the gender indicated. 

In text e as root-vowel often = ie in Glossary, io often = eo, o before 
nasal a. 



a. = accusative. 
ab. = about. 
absol. = used absolutely. 
anv. = anomalous 

verb. 

comp. comparative. 
conj. = conjunction. 
d. = dative. 
esp. = especially. 

f. immediately following 

a main word= strong 
feminine ; otherwise 
= feminine. 
fq. = frequently. 

g. = genitive. 
gen. generally. 
imp. = imperative. 
ind. = indicative. 
inst. = instrumental. 
interj. = interjection. 



m. immediately follow 


pup. 


ing a main word= 


q.v. 


strong masculine ; 


rflx. 


otherwise mascu 


rv. 


line. 




n. immediately follow 


s. 


ing a main word = 


sv. 


strong neuter ; follow 
ing a reference - see 


sbj. 
sbst. 


footnote; otherwise 


sup. 


neuter or nominative. 


swv. 


perh. perhaps. 




pl. = plural. 


t. 


pp. = past participle. 


V. 


pred. = predicate. 


vb. 


prep. = preposition. 


w. 


prs. = present. 


wk. 


prs.p. = present parti 


wm. 


ciple. 




pst. = past. 


wv. 



= participle. 
= quod vide. 
= reflexive. 
= reduplicating 

verb. 

= singular. 
= strong verb. 
= subjunctive. 
= substantive. 
= superlative. 
= strong-weak 

verb. 
= times. 
= vide, or verb. 
= verb. 

wither weak. 
= weak. 

= weak mascu 
line substantive. 
= weak verb. 



208 



GLOSSARY 



A. 

a, adv. ever, always ; fq. 21. 8 
&c. ; w. comp. a fty betera 27. 
2 7> (/ 3 1 - I0 j 6 3- 2, 64. 29, 69. 
6&c. ; withoMtftySs. 11,101. 18. 
a > 9 2 - 14, 93- 22,23,94.4, 110.25, 

vii. 39 CJ) ix - 34. xiii - 4 (J), 62, 

xxv. 69, xxvi. 81, xxix. 10. 
abedecian, wv. get by begging ; 

prs. sbj. abeftecige 71. 12. 
abelgan, ^3. make angry, offend ; 

ind.pst.pl. abulgon 19. 13. 
aberan, sv\. bear, endure ; 133. 3. 
abitan, sv\. bite, devour; ind.prs. 

3.j. abit 57. 13*, xiii. 30. 
ablendan, wv. blind ; ind.prs. 3. .y. 

ablent 109. 5 ; //. ablendaS 89. 

16, xxi. 27; pst.pl. ablendan 8. 

9* ;//.ablend 121. 13 ; n.pl. m. 

ablende 131. 15, 141. 6; n. 

122. 6; wk. ablendan 121. 18. 
abrecan, sv\. break down, take by 

storm ; ind. pst. pi. abrsecon 7. 

3 ; pp. abrocen i. 18. 
abregdan, sw$. remove; ind.prs. 

3.J. abrit 126. 25*, xxviii. 78; 
pp. abrogden 45. 30 ; pull open, 

Sa duru abroden (anbroden B) 

97. 24. 
abysgian, wv. occupy, trouble ; 

sbj. prs. pi. abisegien 95. n*; 
pp. abisgod 51. 15, 143. 7, u. 
ac, conj. but ; fq. 7. 8, i. 80 &c. 
acelan, wv. cool; pp. aceled vii. 

17- 

acennan,wz>. bring forth, give birth 

to ; ind. prs. %.s. acenS 70. 1 2* ; 

pp. acenned 105. 23, xxiv. 51 ; 

n. pi. acennede 69. 19. 
acennednes,/". birth; a. acenned- 

nesse 69. 28. 
acwelan, sv^. die ; 102. i ; ind. 

prs. 3-j. acwylS 28. 18. 
acwellan, wv. kill ; 66. 24, ix. 24, 

xxvii. 21 ; to acwellenne 124. 

n*. 
acytSan, wv. make known, reveal ; 

sbj. pst. 3.J-. acySde 39. 3*. 
adselan, wv. separate ; //. adseled 

85.1. 



adimmian, wv. grow dim ; pp. 

adimmad 55. 16. 
adl, / disease, infirmity; a. pi. 

adla 70. 8. 

adon,a^. remove, banish; 60. 24; 
ind. prs. %.s. adeS 46. 32 ; pst. 
pi. adydon 35. 2 ; sbj. prs. ado 
67. 28, xvi. 5 ; pp. of adon 
127. 7. 

adrencan, wv. trans, drown; 37. 
2 ; ind. pst. 3.^. adrencte 37. 3. 
adreogan, sv2. bear, endure; 23. 
21, 133- 28, 139. 4 (adrygan 
B) ; adriogan 138. 31 ; ind.prs. 
3.^. adreogeS xii. 21. 
adrlfan, svi. drive away, banish ; 
35. 4, 60. 8 ; ind.prs. $.5. adrifS 
135. 12; pst. adraf xxvi. 30; 
pi. adrifon 35. 3 ; imp. adrif 
16. 6; pp. adrifen n. 4, 10, 
19, 62. 12, 63. 15. 
adrygan, wv. wipe dry ; ind. pst. 

adrigde 8. 25*. 

adwJBscan, wv. extinguish, 

quench ; xx. 1 20 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

adwaesceS 80. 24* ; Siostro ad- 

wsesceS iv. 7 ; adwsescS 10. 4*. 

&, f. law ; 136. 25, i. 41 ; & 142. 

II, 13, xxix. 82. 

aecer, m. field ; d. aecere xii. 2,28; 
//. g. secera xiv. 5 ; d. secerum 
52. i. 

eedr,/. vein, sinew; d. 3edre93. 4. 
ffifen, m. evening; g. to sefennes 
33. 28*; a. sefen 136. i; on 
sefen xxviii. 36. 

eefensteorra, wm. evening star ; 
10. 9, 136. i ; sefenstiorra xxix. 
30. 
eefentid,/. eventide ; a. on gefentid 

viii. IQ. 

fre, adv. ever ; used in interrog. 
neg. and hypoth. sentences, 8. 
n, i. 82, vii. 9, xiii. 22 &c. 
sefter, 1) prep. w.d. fq. written 
seft. in C. a) place, behind, 
along; sefter burgum v. 3, xxix. 
23 ; motion along, sefter Saem 
bogum 92. i. b) time, after, 
about 36 times, 7. 5, vii. 2 &c. ; 
efter 52.8; adv. sefter ft am , after 
wards 21. 18; conj. sefter Sam 



GLOSSARY 



209 



Se 70. 12. c] following^ accom 
paniment, 103. 12, 135. 30, 136. 
2. </) pursuit, aim, obj. of verb ; 
34- ". 12, 35. 22, 32, 60.5, 77. 
5, 143. 3, viii. 57, xxii. i, xxvii. 
12; z^af ?>z M ascian 127. 
I5> ^Q- 9> Io : higian 56. 4, 
112. 31 ; murcnian 31. 3; swin- 
can 76. 26, 27, 113. 12; wilnian 
53. 16; winnan 76. 28, 139. 13; 
ze/. spyrian about 25 times, 27. 21 
&c. <?) according to, 16. 15, 19. 
22, 32- 13, 39- 20, 41. 26, 
49. 31, 125. 20, 128.25; setter 
Sinum willan 58. 28, cf. 123. 27, 
xx. 47 ; sefter his gewyrhtum 
124. 14, 141. 9, 148. 33. 2) 
adv. afterwards, after Pr. 9 (J). 

seftergenga, ivm. successor; d. pi. 
seftergengum 134. i. 

aefterra, comp. adj. following, 
second 47. 2 ; seftera 35. 5 ; f. 
sefterre, seftre* 50. 5 ; seftere 
38.6. 

sefweardnes, f. absence; d. 
sefweardnesse 22. 20. 

eeg, n. egg; xx. 171; d. sege xx. 
169. 

seghwa, pron. each one ; g. 
aeghwaes 98. I ; used as adv. 
in every respect viii. 41 ; a. n. 
seghwset 57. 14 ; pi. d. seghwsem 
viii. 38 ; eeghwam viii. 5. 

seghweer, adv. everywhere ; 148. 

26, x. 58. 

seghwsefter, pron. either, each ; 
xx. 12 ; gegSer the prose form 
38. 13 &c.; aegSer ge . . . . ge 
Pr. 5, ii. 3_i & c- ; g. segSres 93. 
13; d. segSrum 129. 32. 

Sghwanon, adv. from all sides, 
everywhere; seghwonan 19. 26, 

27. II, vii. 45; ceghwonon 
x. 4. 

eeghwelc, pron. each (one) ; 53. 
ii*, 54. 28*; seghwilc 55. 2, xi. 
33> 35> xii - I2 , xvii. 22, xxi. 2, 
xxii. 55 ; /. (pi. vb. in each case] 
aeghwilc xxvi. 43, xxix. 88 ; 
seghwylc xxix. 86 ; n. geghwilc 
xx. 64, 142, xxi. 28 ; seghwylc 
xxvii. 21 ; d. seghwelcum v. 2, 



xxvii. 10, 22; seghwilcum 149. 

26* ; a. m. aeghwilcne xvii. 14 ; 

n. aeghwilc xx. 52 ; seghwylc 

xxii. 1 6, xxix. 57 ; inst. geghwelce 

daeg xiv. 5 ; seghwylce daege 

xx. 137; aeghwelcra 74. 3 

= hwelcra? 
seghwider, adv. in every direction, 

everywhere ; xx. 92. 
seglSer, v. seghwae Ser. 
eeht, f. possession, property; 

power ; a. on seht gifen ; //. n. 

sehta 55. 7, 72. 23 ; g. sehta vii. 

15, xiv. 4, xix. 43 ; d. sehtum 

32. 27, 38. i, xxv. 16; a. sehta 

33. 7, 66. 26 ; sehte 32. 14*. 
selbeorht, adj. very bright ; wk. 

selbeorhta xxix. 51. 
Sic, pron. adj. Pr. 13 &c. ; xxv. 

12, 56, xxvi. no;/ aelc,/^. w. 

gesceaft 92. 20 &c. and xiii. 64; 

g. selces 13. 1 8 &c., i. 36; /. 

aelcere 8. n*, 84. 9; selcre66. 21 

&c. and ^xx. 185 ; d. aelcum 24. 24 

&c. and xi. i ; selcum anum, to 

each separately ; f. selcere 80. 

33*, 81. 34* ; selcre 67. 4 &c. ; a. 

selcne Pr. n &c., xxii. 10, xxvi. 

50 ; n. selc xxiv. 7 ; inst. selce 

dseg59. 23, 60. 15, 17, 80. 32, 

124. 6, 125. 32, 128. 19. xxvii. 

8 ; aelce dsege xxviii. 4 ; selce 

geare 92. 14, 136. 15. 
selceald, adj. very cold ; d. wk. 

selcealdan xxiv. 19. 
selcraeftig, adj. all-powerful; comp. 

n. s. n. selcrseftigre xx. 38. 
selenge, 1) adj. tedious ; n. pi. n. 

selengo*, selenge 127. 28. 2) 

sbs 4 . tediousness; selinge MPr. 

6. 
selgrene, adj. all-green ;/.selgreno 

xx. 78. 
selmesse, wf. alms ; a. selmessan 

MS- i- 

selmihtig, adj. almighty, only 
used of God; 48. 24, vii. 45 &c. ; 
selmihti xiii. 72 (J) ; wk. selmih- 
tiga aboiit 8 times, 49. 6 &c. ; 
Su aelmihtiga scippend 10. 16, 
iv. 29; selmihtega 49. 16*, 101. 
4, 117. 5*; aelmehtega 125. 14; 



2IO 



GLOSSARY 



jelmehtga 148. 31 ; selmihtga 
xiii. 2 ; n. selmihtig xx. 32 ; g. 
selmihtiges ix. 49, xx. 67, xxi. 
43 ; wk. aelmihtigan 80. 29 ; 
aelmihtgan 104. 12 ; aelmehti- 
gan 128. 24, 135. 13; d. wk. 
selmihtigan 136. 8*, 141. 17*, 
xx. 245. 

selteewe, adj. perfect, sound; 74. 
22; n. 122. 2; a. aeltaewne 12. 
6 ; comp. n. s. n. aeltsewre 83. 

29, 31- 

selSeod, v. elSeod. 
eelSeodig, v. elfteodig. 
semetta, wm. leisure ; d. semettan 

Pr. 14; a. 117. 10, 120. 19, 127. 

3i- 
eene, adv. once (semeD ; sene on 

dseg 33- 27, r/i viii. 18 ane 
xxvi. 59. 

amig, pron. adj. any (one); 32. 
25, vii. 5 &c. ; aeni no. 12 ; f. 
senega 32. 5*, 82. 25, 98. 14, 
xiii. 68, 73, xx. 41 ; elsewhere 
senig; . seniges 83. 14, xxvi. 
115 &c. ; senies 23. 23*; d. 
senegum 20. 20*, 22, 67. 16, 

22, 83. 13, 123. 22, XV. 12, XX. 

36, xxii. 27, xxviii. 64; aengum 
144. 23, vii. 2i,x. 36 ;/. senigre 
60. 6, 99. 22 ; a. senigne 24. 29 
&c. ;f. aenige 20. 22,xx. 130 &c. ; 
aenig 37. 19* ; n. senig xxvii. 
14 &c. ; inst. aenige 127. 12, xx. 
109 ; //. g. aenigra 138. 22 ; d. 
senegum 44. 29*, 97. 3. 

eenlic, unique, matchless; xxviii. 
62 ; a. n. 101. 25. 

seppel, m. apple of eye, eyeball ; 
I2T. 12 ; a. 133. 13. 

fflr, 1) adv. before, formerly ; fq. 
8. 2 &c. ; comp. seror 87. 6, xiii. 
43, 76, 80, xx. 41 n., 240, 245, 
xxii. 7, 1 8, xxvi. 87; aer 20. 9, 
83. 30; .w^. aerest u. 2, xii. 2 
&c. ; aeresS 35. 2 ; 36. 31 ; aerast 
51. 3*; aersest 14. 7. 2) ^_/ . 
before, w. sbj. or occasionally 
ind. 25. 2, u. 8, iv. 22 &c. ; aer 
aer 128. 17, 28, 144. 29; Son 
aer Se, as soon as ever 25. 18, 
cf. 49. 27. 3) prep. iv. d. ; time, 



before ; w. pers. prons. 20. 1 9, 

45. 20,65. 9 J 3, 79- 27, T 39-7, 
n, 143. 5, 148. 9; aer tide 67. 

1 1 . cf. xii. 10, xxix. 41 ; forming 
conjunctions, aerSaem t> e 84. i, 
128. 12, v. 45, xxix. n ; aerCon 

12. 5, 104. 31 ; aerfton fte 20. 9. 
serende, n. errand ; d. on his 

hlafordes aerende 63. 15 ; a. pi. 

aerendo 136. 26*; haerendo 

xxix. 83. 
eerendgewrit, n. letter ; a. i. 63 ; 

a. pi. aerendgewritu 7. 19. 
sermorgen, m. early morning ; a. 

on aermorgen xxviii. 36. 
serneweg, m. race-course ; g. aer- 

neweges 112. 23. 
serning, f. running, racing ; d. 

aerninge 112. 24. 
jerra, comp. adj. former; 35. 6; 

d. aerran 86. 15 ; a. pi. 103. 

21. 
gesesce, f. inquiry, investigation ; 

d. pi. be geaescum 148. 9. 
sespringe, m. spring, fountain ; 

v. 12. 
set, prep. w.d. a) place, near, at, 

86. 20, 112. 22, xxiv. 19. b} 

* circumstance, m; aet fiaere spnece 

145. i. c) motion, to; xx. 155; 

w. bringan 18. 8, 10, 23. 19, 71. 

13. d) source, origin of gain 
or loss, from; 26. 3, 27. 22, 
27. 21, 31. 14, 15, 45- 2, 24, 
96. 8, 125. 12, 128. 3, 139. 
22, x. 69, xxxi. 8. e} point of 
time; aet sumum cyrre 39. 19, 
ix. 23 ; aet ofirum cerre 95. 28 ; 
set fruman 129. 18, 142. 27,xvii. 
13, 26; set frymfte xi. 38, 77, 
xxiv. 14, xxix. 38; set frum- 
sceafte xxix. 7 ; aet frumcerre 
145. 24 ; aet nihstan 15. 6. 

eetgsedere, adv. together; 37. 21, 
76. 20, 90. 15, 93. 3 2 > xi - 49; 
aetgtedre 77. 24, ^4. 25, 29, 90. 
16, 92. 28, xx. 160. 

setsamne, adv. together ; aetsomne 

85. 13, 114.3, 5, xx - 2 43- 
setwitan, svi. reproach ; ind. prs. 
2. pi. setwite ge 124. 4; pst. 2.s. 
setwit(^) 17. 4. 



GLOSSARY 



211 



eeftelcundnes, f. nobility ; d. 
seftelcundnesse 46. 13. 

eeflele, adj. noble by birth or 
nature; x. 27 ; f. xxiv. 45 ; n. 
xxix. 32 ; -. asSeles xxvi. 34 ; a. 
seSelne xxiii. 4 ; 2^. seSelan 82. 
9 :_ . //. ffiSele 24. 3, 4, 7, 
xxix. 35 ; _/. aeSela xxix. 45 ; a. 
aeSele xix. 22 ; sup. a. pi. wk. 
seSelestan ix. 26. 

eetteling, m. prince, nobleman ; 
seftelincg 72. 30 ; g. seSelinges 
xxvi. 62; d. eeSelinge 36. 17, 
40 ; d. pi. geSelingum i. 21. 

aetJelu, /. a) noble birth ; ) 
nobility of nature ; c} habit, 
nature; 92. 21 ?/. (<:?), sefielo 
69. n (), 91. 20 (V) ; -. seftelo 
69. 9 ($) ; d. seSele xiii. 51 (c] ; 
a. seftelo 46. 15 (a), 69. 12 (a), 
69. 31 (l>\ xvii. 25 (3), xxx. 7 
(c) ; aT.//. seSelum xvii. 1 8 (a}. 

sewielm, m. spring of water ; 
source ; aewelm 82. 28, 83. 3, 
32, 136. 24, xxix. 80 ; sewylm 
53. 5 ; d. oewelme 53. 8, 83. 4 ; 
a. gewelm 47. 9, 82. 9, xx. 259, 
xxiii. 4; aewellm 101. 20*. 

afeeran, wv. terrify ; pp. afoered 
138. 12 ; afsered 86. 10. 

afeestnian, wv. make firm, fix ; 
82. u, xx. 263. 

afandian, wv. experience ; pp. 
afandad 70. 29. 

afaran, rv. go away; pp. afaren 
11.4. 

afedan. wv. feed, nourish ; pp. 
afeded, afed* 8. 18. 

aferian, wv. carry away ; pp. 
aferod 105. 14. 

aferscian, wv. become fresh ; ind. 
prs. %.s. afer(j-)caS 86. 20. 

afierran, wv. remove; aferran 7. 
1 8* ; afyrran 39. 29* ; hid. prs. 
3-r. aferreS 20. 23; imp. aferre 
20. 25 ; afyr 14. 19*; sbj. prs. 
afyrre 134. 19; pp. afyrred 73. 

13- 
afindan, sv$. experience; //. 

afunden 70. 29*. 
afrefrian, wv. comfort; pp. a. s. 

m. afrefredne 50. 13. 



afyllan, a) wv. fill ; b} satisfy ; 

38. 29 () ; pp. n. pi. afylde 

M3. 31 (d). 
agselan, wv. hinder ; //. agaeled 

ii. 5. 
agselwan, wv. astonish, dismay ; 

//. ageelwed 86. 10. 
agan, anv. possess; 31. 19, 21, 

67. 26, i. 39, 62, vii. 29, x. 

2, xvi. 19 ; to aganne xxi. 19 ; 

agonxvi. I ; ind. prs. 3.^. ah 32. 

32, 63. 9, 123. 13, 14; w^-.nah 

124. 5, xvi. 21 ; pi. agon 33. 2 ; 

pst. pi. ahton 38. 22, 1 23. 8 ; sbj. 

prs. age 27. 20, 30. i,xiv. 2, xvi. 

2 ; pst. ahte 17. 10, 63. 22. 
agen, adj. own; 34. 20, xx. 122 

&c. ; /. agnu 29. 29, 80. 25 ; 

agen xxiv. 49; n. agen iii. 5 &c. ; 

g. agenes n. 6*, 12. 20, 37. 

n, xiii. 31 ; agnes 16. 10 

&c. ; f. agenre 27. 26, 47. 27 ; 

d. agenum xx. 23, xxv. 57; 

agnum n. 21 &c. ; /. agenre 37. 

29, 146. 29; segenre 31. 32*; 

a. agenne 66. 24, 80. 34, 143. 3, 

xx. 64, 143 ; agene 39. 23*, ix. 

28 ; f. agene n. 12, 39. 23, So. 

2, iv. 30 ; agne 9. i* ; n. agen 

15. 26, xi. 77 &c. ; ahgen 9. 12* ; 

//. agene 63. 24*; agne 17. 

20 ; f. agna 23. 8 ; n. agnu 

29. 27, 28 ; agene 31. 8*; g. 
agenra; d. agenum vii. 47; ag 
num ii. 22*; a.f. agna 32. 14, 
xx. 14. 

agiefan, sv$. give up, restore ; 

agifan 103. 5 ; ind. prs. i.s. 

agife 17. 10*; sbj. pst. pi. 

ageafan*, agefan 102. 12. 
agnian, wv. appropriate, claim ; 

30. 29. 

ahebban, sv6. raise ; exalt ; gen 
erally w. up ; 46. ii, 104. 31 ; 
ahebban 34. 17 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 
ahefS 114. 19; pi. ahebbe ge ; 
pst. ahof 45. 6 ; pi. gewin up 
ahofon 7. 2; sbj.prs.pl. ahebben 
146. 12, xvii. 18 ; ahaebben 133. 
24 ; pst. ahofe 23. 18 ; //. ahafen 
in. 19*, v. 33; ahsefen 24. 
29, xx. 219; ahsefen xxv. 19; 



P 2 



212 



GLOSSARY 



ahefen i. 47; n. pi. ahafene 9. 
26* ; ahsefene 33. 3. 

ahefigian, wv. weigh down, op 
press ; pp. ahefigad 55. 20*. 

ahweer, adv. anywhere, in any 
way; awer 17. 17, 34. 26*, viii. 

M, 33- 
ahweetSer. pron. either; auSer 14. 

25*, xx. 42 ; awSer . . . oSSe 

. . . oftSe (segfter B) 108. 13; 

auSer offSe . . . oSSe 146. 25*. 
ahwanon, adv. from anywhere, 

on any side ; ahwonan 84. 1 6 ; 

ahwonan 84. 13. 
ahweorfan, sv^. remove, alter ; 

pp. ahworfen 15. 19. 
ahwergen, adv. anywhere ; 

ahwaergen neah xxx. 10. 
ahwierfan, wv. turn aside ; pp. 

ahwerfed 114. 23. 
aladian, wv. excuse ; 144. ?. 
alsedan, wv. lead away ; ind. prs. 

$.s. alret of 5am rihtan wege 

73. 24* ; pp. alseded xix. 4. 
alaitan, rv. let go, give tip ; 25. 

23, 26. 6 ; selsetan 67. 10 ; ind. 

prs. 2.s. alsetst 57. 23*. 
aleogan, sv2. belie, disappoint; 

3.//. aleogaft 58. 23 ; pst. Sset 

call aleag i. 39. 
alicgan, sv$. diminish ; pp. alegen 

43- 3 1 - 
aliefan, wv. allow, permit ; pp. 

alefed 117. 7, 121. 18, 135. 7; 

alyfed 23. 20. 
aliesan, wv. release, rescue ; ind. 

pst. alysde 18. 20. 
ambiht, n. service ; g. ambehtes 

xi. 9. 
amerian, wv. purify ; //. amered 

120. 15. 

ametan, sv$. measure; 148. 27, 

iv" 3 C 

1X - 00* 
amierran, wv. hinder ; amerran 

94. 29, xxii. 4 ; pp. amerred 53. 

13, viii. 44; a. amerredne 103. 

30. 
an, num. and adj. one; only, alone, 

ii. 16, x. 54 &c. ; on 42. 9; 

se an man 145. 29; wk. ana, 

alone 17. 28, 55. 12, 81. 21, 97. 
i n, 101. 5, 121. 29, 147. 9, 



xxix. 16, xxxi. 16 ; f. an 41. 25, 
xxi. 10, 13, 16; iv. art. 89. 9, 
ii ; n. an 100. 13, xi. 48 &c. ; 
no Sset an Sset . . . ac, not 
only . . . but 13. 27 &c. ; g. 
anes 22. 20, xxv. 52 ; Sines anes 
gefteahte, of thee alone 79. 25, 
xx. 39 ; his anes, of himself 
alone ix. 22 ; d. anum 10. 15, 
iv. 27 &c. =one 97. 13; on 
anum untodseled, single 87. 
31 ; wk. Sy anan, in this one 
respect ; f. anre 41. 28, 68. 30, 
107. 1 2 ; a. anne 39. 19*, 79. 34*, 
86. 30, xx. 58 ; senne 22. 19, 
59. 18, 87. 2*5, 92. 25, x. 38; 
xx, 196, xxvi. 25 ; f. ane 14. 26 
&c. ; n. an 69. 12, xxv. i &c. ; 
inst. ane 79. 33, xx. 56 ; pi. n. 
m. ane no. 31, xxviii. I9;/. 
ana 1 6. 19 ; g. anra, w. hwelc, 
gehwelc, gehwa 77. 18, 23, vii. 
23, viii. 6 &c. ; d. of anum 
twcem, from two only xvii. 3 ; 
a. ane iv. 52, xii. 32. 
anbid, n. waiting, expectation ; 
1 20. 2* (andbid C) ; d. andbide 

120. 3. 

geanbidian, wv . wait, await ; ind. 

prs. T-.pl. (w. -.) geanbidia 5 19. 

24; pst. i.s. geanbidode 50. 

28. 
ancor, m. anchor; ancer 23. 5; 

n. pi. ancras 23. 10*; oncras 

23. 14. 
and, conj. and ; passim, always 

written 7, except and 30. 8, 72. 

8, 84. 13; ond 35. 2, 36. 33, 

39. 25*, 54. 5*, 140. 12. 
anda, wm. malice, anger; d. an- 

dan 135. 2 ; a. 79. 24, 102. 8, 

114. 30, 126. 17, xx. 36, xxviii. 

52. 
andefn, f. proportion, amount ; 

d. be hire andefne 72. 26 ; be 

Sses gyltes andefne 123. 20. 
andettan, wv. confess ; ind. prs. 

i.s. andette ; //. andettaS 83. 

26* (andetteS C). 
andgiet, n. intellect, reason ; and- 

git 32. 2*, 127. 20, 146. 25*; 

andget 146. 20*; gewis andget 



GLOSSARY 



213 



146. 16*; g. andgietes 45. i; 
andgites Pr. 13 &c. ; d. andgite 
Pr 3, 58. n, 12*, 81. 23*, 94. 
1 8*, xx. 201 ; a. andgit Pr. 3, 
127. 17 ; gewis andgit 145. 32, 
146. io*; andget 137. 19*; 
ondgit 27. 1 8*. 

andgietfull, adj. intelligent ; 
andgitfull 131. 29. 

andgietfulliee, adv. intelligibly ; 
sup. andgitfullicast Pr. 4. 

andlang, prep. w.g. along; 86. 

21, 91. 3 2 - 
andleofen,/. sustenance, support ; 

d. andlifene 30. 4. 
andrysne, adj. awe-inspiring ; 61. 

6 n. ; a. 61. 4. 
andsacian, wv. deny ; w.g. and- 

sacigan 21. n*. 
andswarian, wv. answer ; ind. 

pst. andswarode 23. 17 &c. ; 

andswarede 74. 27*; andswo- 

rode 9. 20*, 23. 9, 29. n, 58. 

29, 59. 4, 74. 29 ; andsworede 

21. 18, 65. 5, 74. 25, 75. 3, 76. 

io, 77. 20, 24, 83. 15. 
andswaru,/. answer ; g. ondswore 

19. 25* ; a. andsware xxii. 43, 

5 1 - 
andweard, adj., often with lif, 

wela, actual, present ; 148. 26; 
wk. andweard a 58. 16 &c. ; 
n. wk. andwearde 26. 15 &c. ; 
g. d. and a. wk. andweardan 33. 
1 6 &c. and xxi. 28 ; d. andwear- 
dum 89. 17 ; a. n. wk. andwearde 

68. 9 ; pi. n. wk. andweardan 
47. 25 &c. ; g. wk. andwear- 
dena 30. n ; andweardana 78. 
21 ; d. andweardum 88. 29 ; 
eagum andweardum, bodily eyes 
xxii. 20 ; a. wk. andweardan 73. 
18. 

andweorc, n. material ; 40. 15, 
1 6 ; ondweorc 40. 20 ; g. and- 
weorces 40. io, 25 ; d. andweorce 
40. 14; d. buton andweorce, 
cause 23. 2 ; xvii. 16 ; anweorce 

69. 26*. 

andwlita wm. form, shape ; a. 
andwlitan 128. 4, 145. 26, 
xxxi. 17; anwlitan 128. 23. 



andwyrdan, wv. answer, rarer 
than andswarian, 12. 31, 19. II ; 
geandwyrdan 12. 5, 19. 28, 
142. i ; ind. pst. andwyrde g. 4 
&c. ; andwirde 13. 3; imp. 
andwyrde 19. 23*. 

andwyrde, n. answer ; d. 45. 19 ; 
a. 95. 18. 

anfeald, adj. single, undivided ; 
74. 30, 76. 9, 12; /. anfeald 
129. 8; wk. anfealde 127. 18 ; 
n. anfeald 128. 32, 131. 25, 26 ; 
g. anfealdes 16. 18 ; d. wk. an- 
fealdan 128. 4, 129. 17 ; a. f. 
anfealde 54. 27. 

anfealdnes, f. singleness, unity ; 
g. anfaldnesse 128. 8 ; a. an- 
fealdnesse 100. II*. 

anforlsetan, rv. forsake, abandon ; 
v. 28 ; ind. prs. 2.s. anforlaetst 
xiii. 54 ; 3.^. anforlaeteS iii. 5, 
xxviii. 56 ; pst. 2.s. anforlete 
17. 14 ; sbj. prs. forlsete an 
xxii. 9. 

angel, m. fish-hook ; d. angle 
48. 5. 

anginn, n. beginning ; angin 13. 
2, 20, 134. 12 ; d. anginne 148. 
3 ; a. angin 13. 7. 

anllc, adj. w. d. similar ; 72. 29, 
in. 22 ; /. 123. 5 ; n. 49. 25, 
63. 12 ; onlic 34. 29 ; g. anlices 
44. 1 8, 24; onlices 44. 15 ; a. n. 
anlic 115. 13 ; sup. anlicost 115. 
6, xx. 169; anlicost Se 122. i. 

anllce, adv. similarly; 92. 14; 
onlice viii. 47. 

anlicnes,/. likeness, portrait ; il 
lustration ; 55. 6, 82. 26, 114. 
14; a. anlicnesse 51. 20, 67. 
24, 74. 18, 114. 18, 116. 24 ; on- 
licnesse 32. 4, 6, 117. 4; pi. 
n. anlicnessa 78. 24; a. 74. 17. 

anliepe, adj. single, individual ; 
an anlepe crseft 72. 13 ; g. pi. 
used as sbst. senlepra selc xxvi. 
i io ; anlepra selc xxv. 56. 

anmodlice, adv. unanimously ; 

8 3 . 22. 

ann, swv. grant ; inf. geunnan 

66. 27. 
annes,/". oneness, unity ; 90. n, 



214 



GLOSSARY 



21 ; d. annesse 90. n ; a. an- 
nesse 114. 2. 

anslen, f. face, appearance, as 
pect ; d. ansene 51. 16 ; onsiene 
v. ii. 

anweald, m. authority, power ; 

fq ; B has forms with ea ; C 

with a, but the foil, have ea : 

35- 5> I2 > 55- 7, 65. 19; g. 
anwealdes 37. 23 (J), 53. 29, 
62. 17, 76. 25; d. anwealde 
138. 32, xi. 32 ; a. his fota an 
weald 107. 13 ; anweald 39. 29*; 
g. pi. anwalda 12. i. 

anwealda, wm. ruler ; 49. 2*. 

anwealdig, adj. powerful ; sup. 
anwaldegost 108. 18. 

anwillice, adv. obstinately ; 47. 4. 

ar, f. honour, dignity; 22. 29; 
g. are 66. 22, i. 78 ; d. 120. 17, 
xx. 100 ; a. 44. 9, 102. 23, 133. 

16 ; g.pl. ara i. 57. 
arseda, v. arod. 

arsedan, wv. utter, deliver (a 

speech) ; //. arged 51. 27. 
areefnan, wv. endure, bear ; 50. 

17 ; ind. prs. $.s. arsefneS 25. 5. 
arseran, wv. lift up, raise ; ind. pst. 

arserde 8. 25. 
areccan, wv. tell, relate, explain ; 

22. 15, 47. 12, 92. 10, 74. 10, 

135. 8 ; arecan 74. 12* ; ind. pst. 

areahte viii. 2 ; pp. areaht 39. 

15,46. i ; areht 51. 27*, 71.3*. 
aredian, wv. find the way, go ; w. 

weg 51. 14, 139. i, 32 ; ind. prs. 

3.J-. aredaS 79. 7 ; sbj. prs. are- 
die 138. 27 ; without weg : inf. 

55. 19, 96. 28, 97. 17, 100. 6, 

xiii. 8, xxiii. 10. 
aretan, wv. cheer, comfort ; ind. 

prs. 3.J-. aret 54. 25 ; //. a. s. m. 

aretne 50. 15, 142. 21. 
arian, wv.w. d.ora. honour; spare, 

pity; to arianne 72. 25; ind. 

prs. 3..?. avaS 132. 16, 142. 29; 

imp. ara iv. 31, 57 ; //. geared 

32- 27. 
arianisc, adj. Arian ; d. wk. 

arrianiscan 7. 7. 
arleasnes, /. wickedness ; a. ar- 

leasnesse 39. 18. 



arleast,/". wickedness, cruelty ; a. 

aerleste ix. I ; g.pl. arleasta ix. 6. 
arlice, adv. honourably ; 36. 30. 
arod, adj. energetic, bold ; wk. 

se aroda x. 45 ; miswritten 

araeda ? 46. 22*. 
arweorflnes, /. honour, dignity ; 

pi. g. arwyrSnessa 20. 2 ; a. 

20. 14. 

arwiertSe, adj. honourable, vener 
able ; arwyrfte 125. 4; wk. ar- 

wyrfta 7. 25*. 
asawan, rv. sow ; ind. pst. 2.s. 

aseowe 82. 6* ; 3.^. asiow xx. 

250. 

asce,yi ashes ; axe 80. 19*, xx. 106. 
ascian, wv. ask, inquire ; 82. 23, 

86. 22, 139. 9; acsian 127. 18, 

140. 19, 144. 10 ; acsigan 95. 

17*; ind. prs. 2.s. acsast 127. 

15 ; ahsast 147. 23 ; 3.^. acsaS 

95.19*; pst. ascode 87. 21; 

acsode 126. 32 ; ahsode 45. 14* ; 

ahsade 144. 10 ; sbj. prs. ascige 

62. 2, 82. 25 ; acsige 131. 28. 
geascian, wv. learn by inquiry, 

ascertain ; pp. geascod 139. 12. 
ascierpan, wv. sharpen (sight) ; 

sbj. prs. pi. ascirpan 89. 16*; 

//. ascerped 47. 27. 
ascortian, wv. fall short, fail ; 

ind. prs. %.$. ascortaft 44. 19. 
ascufan, sv2. push away, repel ; 

sbj. prs. asctife 38. 18. 
ascung,_/~. inquiry, investigation ; 

g. ascungas 127. 6; d. ascunga 

95- J 5*, 144- 9, xxii - 4 1 5 geas- 
cunge 148. 9 ; a. acsunga 12. 30. 

asecgan, wv. say, deliver (a dis 
course), used w. spell ; pp. assed 
33. 20,48. 21, 57. i, 60. 26,89. 
4, 94. 26. 

asettan, wv. place ; vii. 5. 

asigan, svi. sink down ; //. asigen 
55- 16. 

asingan, sv^. sing, recite; used 
w. leoS ; 127. 31 ; pp. asungen 
8. 15 &c. ; w. gebed 82. 18; 
asungen 61. I, 70. i, 103. 24; 
asuncgen 58. 4. 

aslean, sv6. cut off (head) ; ind. 
pst. of aslog 127. 9. 



GLOSSARY 



215 



aslupan, sv2. slip away ; sbj. pst. 
rflx. hi hi of aslepen xiii. 9. 

asmeagan, wv. examine, investi 
gate ; 148. 5*. 

aspringan, sv$. spring up ; ind. 
prs. 3..y. aspringeS 92. 2 ; sbj. 
pst. asprunge 99. 24. 

aspylian, wv. wash oneself ; 115. 

7- 

assa, ww. ass ; 1 1 4. 3 1 . 
astleran, wv. rule, govern ; ind. 
prs. 2.s. astyrest xx. 15 ; astyrast 
79. 15*; 3..?. astereS 131. 2. 
astigan, svi. ascend; 82. 7, xx. 

254 ; ind. pst. astag ix. 46. 
astreccan, wv. stretch out ; ind. 
pst. astrehte 8. 4* ; //. astreaht 

i. 80. 

astyfician, wv. extirpate ; sbj. 
prs. astyfecige 61. 7* (astificige 

C). 
astyrian, wv. move, agitate, 

rouse; astyrigan 13. 9; ind. 
prs. 3.^. astyrotJ 27. 3*; //. 

astyred 127. 7 ; astered 36. 2 ; 

n. pi. asterede 133. 6. 
aswindan, sv$. languish, grow 

enervated ; ind. prs. pi. aswin- 

daS 81. 9 ; pp. n. pi. m. as- 

wundne 139. 9. 
asyndran, wv. separate ; pp. asyn- 

dred 93. 6 ; n. pi. m. asyndrede 

130. 25. 

atellan, wv. reckon up ; 20. 4. 
atemian, wv. tame ; pp. a. s. f. 

atemede xiii. 19; n. pi. m. 

57. 15, xiii. 36. 
ateon, svi. pluck away, remove ; 

ation 95. 8*, xxii. 27 ; ind. prs. 

2.s. atyhsS xii. 25 ; 3.^. atiht 

52. ii*; sbj. prs. ateo xii. 2; 

atio 51. 29*. 
atrendlian, wv. trans, roll ; //. 

atrendlod v. 17. 
atyhtan, wv. entice ; pp. atyhted 

i. 8 ; n. pi. m. ntehte 71. n. 
afl, m. oath; //. aSas 10. 22, iv. 

48 ; a. i. 25. 

axeman, wv. stretch, make in 
tent (of the mind) ; pp. a Senod 

70. 18. 
aSeostrian, wv. grow dim; ind. 



prs. pi. aSeostriao 1 21. 2*; pp. 
aSistrod vi. 4. 
attreotan, svi. be weary ; 72. 19 ; 

pp. aSroten xxix. 40. 
aftrietan, wv. trans, weary ; pp. 

a. s. m. aftretne 135. 18 n. 
aweallan, rv. well up ; ind. prs. 

$.s. awealleS v. 12. 
aweccan, wv. arouse, awaken ; 
85. 25 ; //. aweaht xxii. 40 ; 
aweht 95. 15*. 

awecgan, wv. move, remove ; pp. 
aweged 27. 2 ; n. pi. m. awe- 
gede vii. 24. 

aweiidan, wv. turn away, avert; 
46. 20; =onwendan 142. 28*; 
ind. prs. pi. awendaS 141. 5. 
aweorpan, sv^. cast away, expel ; 
101. 21, xxiii. 6 ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
awirpS 114. 21. 
awiergan, wv. curse ; pp. n. pl.f. 

awirgede 8. 22*. 

awiht, 1) pron. anything ; ix. 62 ; 

awuht xi. 9, xviii. 7, xx. 107, 

xxii. 46, xxv. 59 ; auht vi. 6, 

16, xi. 10, xx. 30, 166, xxi. 23 ; 

so always in the prose, 12. 16 

&c. ; d. used as adv. auhte Sy 

mara xvi. 20. 2) adv. at all, in 

any degree ; auht 22. 7 &c. 

awindan, sv^. strip off; xxv. 22 ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. awint of in. 20*. 

awrltan, svi. write, compose ; 

//. awriten 44. 5, 46. 27, 144. 

6 ; g- pl> awritenra n. 28. 

awyrcan, wv . do ; ind. pst. 

awyrhte 149. 16. 

awyrtwalian, wv. root up ; ind. 

prs. 2.s. awyrtwalast 52. II, xii. 

26 ; sbj. prs. awyrtwalige 61. 8. 



B. 

bsec, n. back; a. S. 12; a. pi. 

bacu ii. 15. 
bSdan, wv. compel ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

nede gebsedeS vi. 14 n. 
bseftan, adv. behind ; her beaeftan 

24. i*. 
beer, adj. bare ; n. pi. n. baru sond 

vii. 13 ; d. barum sondum 91. 18. 



2l6 



GLOSSARY 



gebSran, -wv. behave; 36. 31; 

gebseron 72. 3. 
beernan, wv. trans, burn ; 123. 15 ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. bsernft 34. 28. 
beetan, wv. bridle ; ind. pst. 3.-$-. 

gebsette xi. 76; of a ship, make 

fast pst. sbj. 3..y. bsette 144. 31 ; 

pp. gebset xi. 23. 
beeting, f. cable of a ship; a. 

bsetinge 144. 31. 

balca, rum. heap ; a. balcan 37. 8. 
ban, n. bone; n. pi. 46. 17, 20, 

x- 33> 35> 42. 

be, /r<?/. w/. </. 1) actual juxta 
position, by, near ; 19. 2, 74. I, 
xix. 2 1 ; be healfe xxix. 43 ; along, 
Isede bi o^eni wege 139. 33. 2) 
mental juxtaposition a) com 
pared with. 39. 21. ^) manner, 
by ; hanga S be smale tSroede 65. 
30 ; be nanum dsele, in no degree 
130. 10; be senegum daele 123. 
22 ; be sumum dsele 15. 18 &c. ; 
be Seem dsele 109. 21 ; be Ssem 
dsele Se, in so far as 93. 23 ; be 
him selfum bion, by himself 
101. 3. c) standard, means, 
judging by, by reference to, 
by; Pr. 3, 26. 10, 51. 19, 22, 
54. 20, 56. 26, 63. u, 92. 32, 
96. i, 108. 27, 116. 30, 148.9; 
be ftsem, thereby 38. 20 &c. ; be 
Sy 83. i &c. rf) in connexion 
with, in the case of 36. 16, 28, 
64. 17, 70. 29, 113. 32, 114. 7, 
130. 28, 146. 31, 32, v. i ; be 
hwaem, in what connexion 96. 
12, 119. 29; be Ssem Se, by 
reference to the fact that 88. 14 ; 

, in order that 108. 2, 132. 4. e) 
forming obj. of vb. concerning, 
nearly ymb, fq. 23. 7 &c. and 
xxv. i, xxx. 17 ; bi 13. 14, 137. 
26. /) in proportion to, accord 
ing to ; be his semettan Pr. 14 ; 
be Codes dome 37. 4; be Sses 
cyninges gebode 136. 14; be 
hire andefne 72. 25 ; be Sses 
gyltes andefne 123. 20 ; be hire 
gearnunge 81. 34 ; cf. 82. I ; be 
his andgites mseSe Pr. 13, 145. 
9; cf. 147. 14, 16; be his ge- 



wyrhtum 68. 27 &c. ; cf. 119. 

22, 123. 31, ix. 36, xx. 96, 228, 
xxvii. 27, xxix. 56. 

beacnian, v. biecnan. 
beadorinc, m. warrior ; d. pi. 

beadurincum i. 18. 
beag, m. crown ; 113. 3 ; d. beage 

112. 26. 
bealcettan, wv. belch, bring up ; 

to bealcetenne 51. 5 n. 
bealocreeft, m. evil art, sorcery ; 

d. pi. balocrseftum xxvi. 75. 
beam, m. tree; 117. 29. 
beamsceadu, f. tree-shade ; d. 

beamsceade viii. 28. 
beam, n. child ; d. bearne 20. 7,70. 

2 1 ; a. beam 70. 12; //. beam 

70. 20, 23, 98. 32, i. 34, viii. 

48, xxi. i, xxvi. 49, xxix. 21 ; 

g. bearna 54. 8, 70. 28, 30 ; d. 

bearnum xxix. 58, 68 ; a. beam 

23. i, 24. 12, 70. 19, 71. 2. 
bearneacen, adj. pregnant ; n.s.n. 

70. 12. 
bearnliest, f. childlessness; d. 

bearnleste 24. 10*. 
beatan, rv. wv. beat ; ind. prs. 

3.^, intrans. beateS on staftu vi. 

15; //. trans, beataft, belabour, 

attack iii. 3. 
bebeodan, sv2. enjoin, command; 

ind. prs. i.s. bebiode 89. 32 ; 

pst. 3.s. bebead 103. 6, 143. 13 ; 

pp. beboden 40. 10, 24. 
bebod, n. command ; d. bebode 

80. 3, xx. 69; pi. g. beboda 

10. 15 ; d. bebodum 19. 22. 
becierran, wv. trans, turn; pp. 

becerred xiii. 78. 
becreopan, sz>2. creep; pp. he sie 

becropen xxv. 36. 
becuman, sv<\. come ; arrive, hap 
pen, befall; 1 8. 23&c.a?z</xii.24; 

ind. prs. 3.^. becymfi 34. 22, 61. 

3, 131. 25,133. 19; //. becumaS 

23. 28, 30. 6, 38. 2 ; pst. 2.s. 

to monnum become, came into 

the world, became a man 17- T 2 ; 

3.j. becom 8. i, i. 77, xiii. 70; 

pi. becoman Pr. 7 ; sbj. prs. 

becume 20. 18, 35. 8. 50. 18; 

pst. 2.s. become on Siofscole, 



GLOSSARY 



217 



fall among 33. 10 ; 3.^. 20. 19, 

23. 13, 123. 23; pp. becumen 

15. 22, 50. 18. 
gebed, n. prayer ; a. 82. 18. 
bedselan, wv. deprive ; w. a. &g. 

pp. bedaeled 41. 19, 95. 18, 

112. 32, 113. i, TI ; n. pi. m. 

bedselde 108. 29, 112. 18,113.30. 
gebedmann, m. priest ; a. pi. 

gebed men 40. 17. 
befeestan, wv. entrust, commit ; 

pp. befsest 40. 12*. 
befon, rv. surround, encompass ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. befehft 52. 25 ; pp. 

befangen xi. 29, xiii. 7 ; a. pl.f. 

befangene 49. 3. 
beforan, 1) prep, a) w.d. before, 

in front of, in the presence of; 

14. 10, 17. 8, 32. 19, 82. 12, 
103. 3, 117. 17, 126. 15, 149. 
8, xxviii. 46. b) w.a. to the 
presence of 36. 20. 2) adv. 
before, in front iv. 18 ; time, 
beforehand 144. 12. 

began, anv. observe, fulfil ; fta 

gecynd b. viii. 1 7 ; ind. pst. pi. 

Sa gecynd beeodan 33. 27*. 
begang, m. circuit ; a. holma be- 

gong xi. 30. 
begen, adj. both ; 65. 1 8, 67. 5 ; 

n. ba twa xx. 76, 115; buta 

38. II ; buto 85. 13; butu xi. 

23, 29; d. baem 121. 27, 122. 

5 ; a. n. bu xxxi. 4. 
begietan, sv^. get, obtain ; be- 

gitan, 12 times, 55. 5 &c. ; beget, 

engender 54. 8 ; tobegitanne 53. 

10, 12, 55. 23, 56. 5, 56. 19; 

ind. prs. 2.s. begitst 71. 26 n. ; 

3-j. begit 76. 27 ; beget 76. 30 ; 

//. begitaS 107. I, 140. 29 ; pst. 

2.s. begeate 17. 14; sbj. prs. 

begite 60. 29, 77. 24, 27, 88. 

17 ; begete 76. 29; pp. begiten 

54- 30- 

behealdan, rv. a) keep, observe ; 
fr) behold, look at ; ind. prs. $.s. 
behealt 16. 2o(/>) ;//. behealdaft 
72. 1 6 (b} ; pst. pi. beheoldon 

15. 26 (a) ; imp. beheald 108. 6 ; 
135. 24 (#) ; sbj. prs. behealde 
46. 3 



beheawan, rv. behead; heafde 

beheawon i. 43. 
behefe, adj. suitable, becoming ; 

n. s.f. behefu xii. 7. 
behelian, wv. cover, conceal ; 

17. 24 ; pp. behelod 34. 13; n. 

pl.f- behelede 16. i*. 
behindan, 1) prep. w. d. behind ; 

105. 15, xxvi. 23, xxix. 52. 2) 

adv. behind xxiv. 29. 
behofian, wv. need, require ; ind. 

prs. pi. behofiaS 40. 23* ; sbj. 

prs. pi. behofigen 40. 23 n. 
behwierfan, wv. turn round ; be- 

hwerfan utan, to encompass 85. 

23 ; pp. behwerfed 58. 2, xiii. 77. 
behydan, wv. hide, conceal ; pp. 

behyd 34. 12*. 
belgan, sv^. swell with anger, 

grow angry ; ind. pst. ^.s. rflx. 

hine gebealg 61.17 \pp. gebolgen 

in. 30; n. pi. m. gebolgene 

xxv. 45 n. 
belicgan, sv$. surround ; ind. prs. 

pi. belicgaS xvi. 10. 
belimpan, SVT,. w. prep, to ; con 
cern, pertain, belong ; ind. prs. 

3.S. belimpet 16. 24 ; belimpS 

32. 27, 118. 8; w. to and g. 

29. 17, 31. 7 ; pi. belimpaS 87. 

2, II, 88. 2. 

belucan, svi. lock up; 7. 24, i. 
73 ; pp. a. pl.f. belocena 28. 15. 

beneah, swv. w. g. enjoy ; //. 
benugon 57. 19. 

beneo San, prep. w. d. beneath ; 
xx. 222 ; benySan 108. 20. 

beniman, sv^. deprive ; w . a. & 
g. 113. 4, 6, x. 39 ; sbj.prs.pl. 
benimen 20. 26 ; pp. benumen 
13.4, 17. 6, 17, 28, 30, iv. 23. 

beo, wf. bee ; 71.6, xviii. 5. 

beobread, n. honeycomb ; bio- 
bread 52. 3 : bibread xii. 9. 

beodan, sv2. offer ; xiii. 42 ; ind. 
pst. 3.J-. bead 66. 26, 143. 13*; 
sbj. prs. pi. biodan 57. 17*. 

beon, anv. be ; usual form in B, 

fq. 16.3 &c. ; but bion occurs also 

bion is the usual form in C, 

12. 26 &c. ; but beon 93. 31, 

120. 14, 125. 10, 131. 24; 



2l8 



GLOSSARY 



wesan v. 29, xi. 16, 49, xiii. 80, 
xv. 10, xxvi. 51, 70; bion xi. 
51, xx. 145; to bionne, to 
beonne 92. 17 &c. ; ind. prs. i.s. 
usual form eom 13. 12 &c. ; 
beo 1 8. 31*; w. fut. meaning 
bio 105. I, 140. i ; 2.s. itsual 
form eart 8. 18 &c., xx. I, 45. 
&c. ; neg. neart 20. 15 &c. ; bist 
28. 23, 105. 14, xxiv. 27; 3.j. 
is and biS indifferently : is 
Pr. 2 &c. ; neg. nis 14. I &c. ; 
biS ii. 24 &c. ; beod 10. 22*, 
19. 6*, 21. 3*, 32. 29*, 35. 16*, 
36. 6*, 39. 6*, 70. 28* ; bioS 
in. 22* ; by<5 60. 27* ; //. bioft 
& sint equally often ; beoS about 
15 times in C, 15. 10 &c. ; in 
B beoS most common, n. 17 
&c. ; ^z// bioS #&?/ 7 times, 
39. 7 &c. ; byoS 134. 15 ; sint 
usual form, 9. 20 &c. ; to^ sind 

8. 22*, 9. .13*, 28*, 65. 12; 
sient 37. 24; sent 31. 8*; send 
32. 15*, 20*, 22*; synt ii. 18 ; 
sindon about 15 times in C, 14. 
7, iv. 44 &c. ; in B, 16. i*, 
19*; sindan 17. 18*; siendon 

9. 26 ; sendan 30. 2 ; seondan 
9. 26*; syndon 20. 23* ; pst. i 
and $.$. wees 10. 28 &c.: often 
was m B, 7. 6 &c. ; neg. rises 

11. 2 &c. ; ne wses 40. 3, xxvi. 
92; 2.s. wsere ii. 3 &c. ; pi. 
waeron 7. 3 &c. ; nseron 33. 23 ; 
sbj. prs. s. itsually sie 1 1 . 9 &c. ; 
se 15. 24*, 31. 27*, 35. 29*, 57. 
9*, 126. 23* n. } 146. 20*; sy 

12. 25, 15. 18, 21. 17, 23. 20*, 
137. 12, 138. n, xiv. 7; si 33. 
4 N, 122. 10*; seo n. 9*, 24. 
27*, 27. 24*, 39. ii*, 53. 14*, 
56. 10*, 23*, 58. 14* ; beo 17. 
19, 69. 6*, 58. i*; bio 63. 2, 

78. 10,85. 3, i3-ii37-3,7, 
x. 65 ; wese xxxi. 23 ; //. sien 
22. 29 &c. ; sin 28. 19*, 32. 20, 
30 N; sen 29. 27*, 29*, 31. 18*, 
32. 23*; seon 31. ii*, 32. 18*, 
46. 9*, 70. 16*; beon 57. 15*; 
bion 28. 2, 37. 1 8*, 92. 14, 101. 

* wsere 



ii. 19 &c. ; //. wseren 13. 21 

&c. ; waeran 23. 10*, 24. 6*. 
beorg, m. hill; a. vii. 13. 
beorht, adj. bright; 86. 9, 105. 

19, xxix. 19; f. pred. beorht 

xxx. 9 ; n. wk. beorhte 136. 13 ; 

g. beortes, beorhtes* 121. n ; 

wk. beorhtan 121. 14, iv. II ; 

a. wk. 10. 4 ; a. wk. 10. 8 ; pi. 

n. m. beorhte, beorte* 10. 20, 

iv. 42 ; wk. beorhtan 10. 6; a. 

m. beorhte iv. 8 ; comp. n. s. n. 

beortre95. 7*;a.j i .w.berhtrexxii. 

22 ; a. pi. m. beorhtran xxi. 27. 
beorhte, adv. 81. 35, 95. 12, xxii. 

35, xxviii. 27 ; comp. beorhtor 

82. i, 86. 7, 112. 17; sup. 

beorhtost 21. 2, v. 3; beortost 

121. 10 (berrhtost B). 
beorhtnes, f. brightness; 21. 3*, 

89. 18*, xxi. 31, 41. 
beorn, m. warrior, (brave) man ; 

i. 52 ; g. beornes viii. 34 ; pi. g. 

beorna xiii. 23, xxi. 41 ; a. 

beornas xxvi. 75. 
bepriewan, wv. wink ; cage be- 

prewan 44. 14* n. 
bersedan, wv. deprive; rice b. 

ix. 50. 
beran, sv<\. bear, support ; ind. 

2.s. birest xx. 276 ; brist 82. 15*; 

3.^. byrS 129. 2o\pp. boren = 

natus xxvi. 46 ; geboren 20. 3*, 

122. 2 ; n.pl. m. geborene 25. i. 
bereafian, wv. rob, deprive ; 13. 

10, ix. 50 ; ind. prs. 2.s. berea- 
fast 10. 12 ; 3.^. bereafao 1 10. 7, 
133. 22, iv. 10 ; pst. pi. berea- 
fodon 8. 10; pp. bereafod 13. 
18, xxii. 50; bereafad xxviii. 42 ; 
n. pi. m. bereafode 66. 2 1 . 

beriepan, wv. rob, deprive; ind. 
pst. pi. berypton ii. 12. 

bescielan, wv. look, gaze; ind. 
prs. 2.s. bescylst ... on 121. 30. 

beseon, sv$. look, gaze; ind. 
prs. pi. on besioS 145. 25 ; pst. 
s. rflx. beseah he hine, looked 
round 103. 12; sbj. prs. hine 
besio to ... 103. 1 6 ; pst. s. hine 
underbaec besawe 103. 7, 8. 

besliepan, wv. slip, place; ind. 



GLOSSARY 



219 



pst. 3.*. hu hefig geoc he beslepte 
40. i*. 
besmltan,^ i. defile ;//. besmiten 

34- 3, vili - 33- 
besorg, adj. deserving care, dear, 

precious ; sup. besorgost 66. 31 ; 

a. s. n. 22. 2. 
bestyrman, wv. assail, disturb ; 

ind.prs. pi. bestyrmaS 9. n. 
beswemman, wv. make swim ; 

//. n. pi. m. beswemde 115. 8. 
beswic, m. deceit, deception ; d. 

biswice 30. 5. 
beswican, svi. deceive; 15. 6; 

ind. prs. z.s. beswicS 41. 10, 

47. 18 ; sbj.prs. beswice 82. 25 ; 

//. a. s. m. beswicenne 19. 16 ; 

a. pi. m. beswicene 19. 17- 
beswingan, sv^. beat, scourge ; 

pp. beswungen in. 30, xxv. 46. 
besylian, wv. soil, stain ; //. 

besyled on blode 40. 2*. 
bet, v. wel. 
betan, wv. improve ; xxiii. 9 ; 

gebetaii 60. 13, 14, 123. 23, 

134. 6 ; ind. prs. ^.s. gebet 47. 

20 ; pi. gebetaS 89. 14, xxi. 23 ; 

sbj. prs. gebete 103. 21 ; //. 

gebeten, atone for 143. 29. 
betera, v. god. 

betrung,/! improvement; 123.25. 
betst, betsta, v. god, wel. 
betweox, prep. w. d. between, 

among; xi. 45, 84, xxiv. 13, 16; 

betwux 7. 4*, 10. 7*, 49. io*, 

II*, 13*, 80. 9*, 12*, 105. io*; 

betweox 113. 26; betwyx 105. 

ii*; betwuh 38. 19*, 39. 25*, 

70. 24*, 126. 17*, 134. 27, 28, 

136. ii*, xxix. 4; adv. xxvii. 

20; betweoh 138. 28, 148. 4, 

xxviii. 52 ; betwuht 136. 6*. 
beftearf, swv. w. g. need ; ind. 

prs. s. 31. 19, 59. 28, 75. 7, 32, 

96. 32 ; //. beSurlon 31. 21, 60. 5, 

147. 8 ; pst. 3-y. beSorfte 97. 3 ; 

sbj. prs. 3-j. beSurfe 31. 30 ; pst. 

2.s. beftorfte 79. 20. 
befleccan, wv. cover ; //. betJeaht 

xxviii. 43. 
beweefan, wv. wrap up ; pp. be- 

wsefed 92. 5. 



bewarenian, wv. beware, guard ; 

ind.prs. 3.^. ;j#*:.hine bewarenatf 

xvi. 23. 
bewealwian, wv. wallow; ind. prs. 

pi. rflx. bewealwiaS hi 115. 9. 
bewegan, sv$. cover; ind. pst. ^.s. 

bewaeg 127. 13. 
bewendan, sv$. intrans. turn; 

ind. pst. 3-s. bewende 9. i. 
beweorpan, sv^. throw, plunge ; 

ind. pst. 3.J. hwset bewearp 5e 

on Sas care 15. 20. 
bewerian, wv. defend ; pp. be- 

weroS 92. 5*. 
bewitian, wv. observe, perform ; 

bewitigan 17. 27 ; sbj. prs. $.s. 

siS bewitige iv. 16. 
bewreon, ^^1.2. wrap up, conceal ; 

//. bewrigen io. 22, iv. 47, 

viii. 59. 
bidan, ^z^i. w. g. wait, await ; ge- 

bidan 124. 6, xxvii. 7, 17; ge- 

bidon 124. io; ind. prs. $.s. 

gebit 119. 32 ; sbj. prs. gebide 

20. 31. 
biddan, sv$. pray, pray for ; 79. 

3, 5, 6, 102. 12, 1 8, 25, 28, 

x. 3 ; ind. prs. i .s. bidde 140. 2 ; 

2.s. bitst 51. 2; 3.j. bit Pr. io, 

59. 26; pi. rflx. we us gebiddaS 

143. i ; pst. 2.s. bsede 139. 29 ; 

3. s. baed 102. 29, i. 64 ; //. bsedon 

7. 22 ; 0e wit unc to gebsedon 

100. 29; sbj. prs. bidde 50. 25 ; 
gebidde Pr. 12; pst. bsede 123. 
ii. 

blecnan, wv. denote, signify ; bee- 
nan xi. 79 ; gebecnan 24. 24, 

101. 12 ; gebeacnian 101. 12*. 
biegan, wv. trans, bend ; began 

57. 22*; ind. prs. 3.^. beg S 

xiii. 3 ; sbj.prs. byge xiii. 53. 
gebierhtan, wv. make bright ; 

ind.prs. 3.^. gerberhteff xxi. 32 ; 

gebirht 89. \G^ \ pp. n. pi. m. 

gebirhte 86. 6. 
bierhto, f. brightness ; birhtu 

81. 35, 82. 13, vi. 6, xx. 269 ; 

a. 89. 20*, 23*; beorhto xxi. 

39 ; biorhto 141. 14*. 
biernan, sv$. burn, be on fire ; 

ind. pres. 3.5. byrneS viii. 50 ; 



22O 



GLOSSARY 



byrnft viii. 45; pst. 3.5. barn 
39- 2 ; sbj. 3-s 1 - burne 39. 21, 
ix. 17; /r.y. /. birnende 34. 9*, 
28 N; byrnende 34. 7*; KM^ 
aj 1 <z^ . wk. m. byrnenda 34. 28. 

bifian, wv. tremble ; ind. pst. ^.pl. 
bifedon 102. 6. 

bilewit, adj. gentle, kind ; xx. 69, 
255, 269. 

bilewitnes, f. gentleness, kind 
ness ; g. bilewitnesse 128. 8. 

bill, n. sword ; d.pL billum ix. 30. 

billrudu,/. red sword-dye, blood? 
a. billrude viii. 34. 

bindan, sv^. bind, fetter, 37. 8 ; 
gebindan 28. 17, 66. 32; ind. 
prs. 3.J-. gebinS 47. 21 ; pi. ge- 
bindaS 38. 31 ; pst. 2.s. gebivnde 
81. 6; sbj. psl. 3.j. gebunde 
96. 17 ; pp. gebunden 14. 24, 37. 
9, 80. 3, 102. 30, v. 39, xx. 67, 
153, xxvi. 96; a. s. m. ge- 
bundenne, captivated 50. 9 ; n. 
pL m. gebundene 108. 7. 

binnan, prep. w. d. within ; 31. 
32, 108. 21 ; beinnan 8. 3. 

bisgian, wv. occupy, trouble ; ind. 
pst. Z-pl- bisgodan Pr. 6* ; sbj. 
prs. 3.//. bysigen xxii. 30. 

bisgo, /. occupation, trouble;//. 
n. bisgu Pr. 6* ; d. bisgum Pr. 
5*, xxii. 64; bisegum 82. 8*; 
bysegum xx. 255. 

bisgung, / affliction ; d. bisgunga 

95- 2 3*- 
bisraerian, wv. revile, mock ; w. 

g. bismrian 33. 1 6 ; ind. pst. 

3.5. w. a. bismrode 45* 6. 
bisn, f. example; bisen 52. 2* ; 

bysen 53. 9, xii. 7 ; g. bisne 63. 

II*; bisene 39. 20*; d. bisne 

85. 23* ; bysne 118. 27, xx. 43 ; 

bysene 51. 19; a. bisne 51. 21, 

85.12,132. 22,139.15,145.17; 

bysne 97. 28 ; //. bisna 139. 6*; 

g. biesena 65. 12 ; a. bisna 101. 

9, 10, 108. 2 ; bisena 104. 25. 
bisnian, wv. set an example ; ind. 

pst. 3.J-. bisnode 79. 26 ; pi. 

bisnodon 134. i. 
blspell, n. example, parable ; a. 

101. 15, 22, 114. i, 126. 13 ; pi. 



d. bispellum 140. 2, xxiii. 9; a. 

bispell 101. 9; bispel 101. II. 
biter, adj. bitter; 51. 2; g. 

biteres 52. 3*; bitres xii. u, 

xxvii. 7 ; d. wk. biteran viii. 54; 

a. m. biterne 132. 7, 9 ; pi. n.f. 

bitere 50. 22. 

bitere, adv. bitterly; ii. 15. 
biternes, f. bitterness; a. biter- 

nesse 25. 7. 
biwlst, f. sustenance, food ; 40. 

21 ; a. biwiste 40. 21. 
blac, adj. bright ; d. blacum iv. 8 ; 

wk. blacan 10. 5. 
blsec, adj. black; 145. 24. 
blandan, j-v. mix, blend ; pp. 

geblonden v. 19, xx. 81. 
blate, adv. lividly, with livid 

flame ; blate forbaernS ; viii. 

54; b. forbsernan xx. 115. 
blawan, rv. intrans. blow (of the 

wind) ; ind. prs. 3.^. blawetS 

21. 4*, vii. 52 ; blaewS vi. 8 ; 

sbj. prs. 3.J-. blawe 27. 13. 
bled,/! shoot, branch, fruit ; //. d. 

bledum 92. 2 ; a. bleda 136. 16, 

17, xxix. 60. 
blendan, wv. blind ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

blent 121. 16. 
bleo, n. colour, appearance ; a. 

blioh xxxi. 4 ; d. pi. bleowum 

33- 30. 
blican, sv\. shine ; xxii, 35. 

blind, adj. blind; 121. 32, 122. 

6 ; g. wk. blindan 15. 30 ; a. 

blindne 8. 10, ii. 10 ; pi. n. m. 

blinde xix. 30 ; selces domes swa 

blinde 74. 6. 
bliss,/, joy; blis 74. 24*, 75. 

31, 76. 4, 86. 25, 87. 15; g. 

blisse 56. 24 ; a. blisse, favour 

102. 26, ii. 15 ; n. pi. blissa, 

joys 20. 17. 
blissian, wv. gladden ; ind. prs. 

3.^. geblissaS 54. 25. 
blTSe, adj. joyful, glad ; 53. 24, 

75. 30, 94. 1 8 ; d. pi. bliSum 

\vordum 8. 26 ; blitmm eagum 

10. 29 ; comp. bliftra 39. 25, ix. 

32. 
bir&nes, /. joy ; a. pi. bli Snessa 

20. 4, 15. 



GLOSSARY 



221 



blod, n. blood ; g. blodes 57. 
u, xiii. 23; oflete blodes, let 
blood 66. 29 ; </. blode 34. 4, 
40. 3, viii. 34, ix. 59. 

blostma, wm. blossom, flower ; 
pL n, blostman vi. 10 ; bios- 
man 2i. 5*; g. blostmsena 29. 
21* ; d. blostmum 7 2 - 2 9> 9 2 - 
2 ; #. blostman 12. 10, 17. 25. 

blowan, rv. bloom ; ind. prs. 3.^. 
bloweft xx. 99 ; blewS 80. 



17*. 



boc,/. book; 38. 6, 103. 22, 139. 

17 ; d. bee about 15 times, 

Pr. i. &c. <2<^ xxv. 54 ; bee 

41. 28* ; a. boc Pr. 8, 1 1 ; //. 

bee 65. 12; g. boca n. 28, 

43. 8, i. 52 ; d. bocum 41. 27, 

143. 13 ; a. bee IT. 29, 30. 
boccreeft, m. book learning, litera 
ture ; d. pi, boccrseftum 7. 12. 
bocleeden, n. written Latin ; d. of 

boclsedene Pr. 2. 
gebod, n. command ; 143. 12 ; d. 

gebode 136. 14, xxix. 56. 
boda, ivm. messenger, herald ; 

103. 26. 
bodian, wv. proclaim, herald ; 

ind. prs. $.s. bodaS 136. 5; he 

dseg bodaS xxix. 23 ; pst. ^.s. 

bodode w. g. 45. 6. 
bog, m. bough, branch ; a. boh 

57. 22*, xiii. 53 ; d. pi. bogum 

92. i. 
bot,y. improvement, cure ; d. bote 

9.8. 
brad, adj. broad 87. 4 ; widely 

known 68. 21 ; d. bradum 41. 

25; wk. bradan 41. 25*. 
brsedan, wv. extend ; gebrsedan 

49. 24, xi. 66 ; to brsedanne 42. 

12 ; togebr0edanne43. 15 ; ind. 

prs. $.$. intrans. brsed xx. 99 ; 

sbj. prs. %.pl. brseden 68. 20 ; 

gebrsedan 53. 31*. 
breeding, f. widening, extension ; 

g. brsedinge 46. 6*. 
brecan, sv\. break ; 57. 13. 
bred, n. board ; d. brede 41. 25 

(brede B). 
bregdan, sv^. hleoftrum brsegdan, 

modulate their song xiii. 47. 



brego, m. chief, king ; xx. 43. 
breost, n. breast, heart, mind ; 

d. pi. breostum xix. 30, xxi. 

27, xxii. 64, xxv. 45. 
breosteofa, wm. mind, heart ; d. 

breostcofan ix. 32. 
bridel, m. bridle ; d. bridle 49. 3, 

xi. 29, 79, xxiv. 37 ; a. bridel 

105. 18 ; pL g. bridla 49. 28, xi. 

76; d. bridlum 57. 3, xiii. 3. 
bridlian, wv. bridle, curb ; //. 

a.pl.f. gebridlode 49. 28*. 
bringan, wv. bring, lead ; 7 1 - 12, 

143. 10; for forSbringan 41. I ; 

gebringan 7. 19, 24, 14. 8, 16. 

17,71. 12*; brengan 17. 23*, 

25,143.8; give birth to 70. 22 ; 

ind. prs. i.s. bringe 9. 19 ; 

gebringe 18. 8, 9; 3..?. bringeS 

xi. 59, 63, xxix. 57 ; bringS 48. 

7, 49. 21 ; =forSbringS 80. 17 ; 

brengeS xxix. 23 ; brengS 37. 

31, 39. 10, 61. 28, 128. 32, 136. 

14, xx. 101 ; gebreng 5 131. 5; 

brencft xiii. 60 ; bryngS 136. 

1 6* ; pi. bringa<5 70. 14 ; bren- 

gaS xx. 75 ; pst. brohte 60. 32 ; 

gebrohte n. u, 17. 13 ; sbj. 

prs. brenge 130. 18 ; pst. 

brohte 23. 19, 102. 20, xii. 17, 

xiv. II ; pp. gebroht ill. 25. 
broc, m. brook ; 14. 15, v. 19 ; d. 

broce 86. 21 ; n. pi. brocas 82. 

28. 
broc, n. affliction, evil ; 23. 5 ; 

d. broce 133. 26 ; a. broc 133. 5. 
brocian, wv. afflict, harm ; ind. 

prs. $.pl. brociaS 134. 7. 
broga, wm. terror; 104. 15. 
brosnian, wv. decay, perish ; prs. 

p. used as adj. 15 es brosnienda 

wela 35. 26. 
broSor, m. brother ; a. 39. 23, ix. 

28. 
brucan, sv2.w. g. enjoy, use ; 17. 

26, 45. 30, 53- 28, 71. 30, 80. 

20, xx. 108, xxxi. 9; to brucanne 

19. 22, 24. ii ; ind. prs. $.5. 

brycS 24. 1 8, 47. 22 ; //. bru- 

caS 134. 23; pst. 2.s. bruce 15. 

15 ; 3.J. breac* i. 75 ; sbj. prs. 

bruce. 



222 



GLOSSARY 



briin, adj. brown ; n. s. f. brune 

xxvi. 29. 

bryd,/. bride, wife; fl.bryde ix. 30. 
bryrdan, wv. incite, urge on ; 

ind. prs, ^.s. bryrS xiii. 3. 
bufan, prep, above, 1) w. d. 80. 

25, 105. 15 : be ufan 108. 20 . 

2) w. a. motion, 18. 13. 
bugan, sv2. intrans. bow down, 

stoop ; gebugan xxv. 64. 
bugian, wv. dwell, inhabit ; ge- 

bugian 42. 3 ; to bugianne 40. 

21, 42. 9 ; ind. prs. pi. bugiaS 

42. 13, 22, 43. 10 ; bogiaS 42. 

15*. 
burg,/, fortified town, town; g. 

burge 43. 2, n, 43. 1 8; d. 

byrig 99. 10, 104. 28, i. 37; 

Rome byrig i. 46 ; a. Troia 

burg xxvi. 20 ; bung 7. 3*, ix. 

10 (J) ; pi. g. burga i. 18, iv. 

42 ; d. burgum v. 3 ; xxix. 23. 
burgsittend, m. town-dweller, 

citizen ; n. pi. burgsittende 

xxvii. 17. 
burgware, m. pi. town-dwellers ; 

II. 18 ; g. burgwara n. 14; 

d. burgwarum n. 22, x. 47. 
burna, tvm. brook ; v. 19 ; g. 

burnan viii. 28. 
buton, 1) adv. outside, 67. 3. 

2) prep. w.d.\ a) outside, 113. 
5 ; butan 31. 26, 55. 25. 3) 
without (sine) ; buton about 
38 times, ii. 6 &c. ; butan 
about 20 times, 12. 17 &c. ; 
used as adv. butan 82. 30, 
144. 22. c) except, buton 10 
times, 28. 10 &c. and xiii. 15, 
xx. 136, 189 ; butan 5 times, 
9. 24 &c. and iv. 27, xxvi. 89. 

3) conj. w. no construction, ex 
cept, fq. buton about 40 times, 
1 8. 29 x. 54&c.; butan about 10 
times. 16. 18 &c. ; bute 132. 15. 

4) adversative conj. but ; buton 
8. 20, 33. 26, 40. 9, 70. 26; 
bute 91. 9. 5) conj. w. sbj. 
unless; buton about 18 times, 
23. 20 &c. ; butan 9. 7, 31. 
23; bute 141. 26, xviii. 10; 
buta n. 1 8*. 



bycgan, wv. acquire by purchase, 
acquire the power ; gebycgan f 
ic mote 89. 30 ; gebycggan 48. 
12* ; ind. prs. pi. gebycgaS 
133. 28 ; //. gebohtSaet $u . . . 
48. 14, 1 6, 18, 54. 6, 89. 27. 

gebyrd, /. birth, descent; pi. g. 
gebyrda II. 14, 46. 13; d. ge- 
byrdum 24. 3, 4, 68. 28, 69. 25. 

gebyrde, adj. natural ; n. s. n. ne 
him nis gebyrde 1> . . . 30. 2*. 

gebyrian, wv. happen ; 139. 24; 
gebyrigan iv. n ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
gebyred 47. 6, 57. 10, 66. 21, 
77. 8, 99. 17, in. 23, 121. 2, 
132. 30, 32, 133. 4, 135. i ; 
falls to, belongs 112. 28; ge- 
bereS 114. n ; pst. gebyrede 
37.9*,44. i*, 7i.i*, 99 . 14, 115. 
13*, 125. 13; geberede 36. 33, 
70. 22, 127. 10, xxv. 31 ; ge- 
birede 140. 11*; sbj. prs. ge- 
byrige 46. u, 125. 21, 127. 19*, 
140. 4; geberige 125. 24; ge- 
bergie 127. 19 ; pp. biS weas 
gebyred 140. 5, 6 n. ; wsere weas 
gebyred 140. ii; sie weas ge- 
bered 140. 13. 



C. 

caf, adj. active, vigorous; comp. 
n. pi. cafran 88. 22. 

cafortun, m. courtyard, enclosure ; 
cafertun 42. 10* ; cauertun ib. ; 
a. cafertun 42. 12*; cauertun 
ib. 

calan, sv6. be cold ; impers. w. a. 
sbj. prs. cale*, kale 60. 1 1 . 

campstede, m. battlefield; a. 
campsted xxvi, 14. 

cann, swv. a) w. a. recognize, 
know ; b} w. inf. know how, 
be able; ind. prs. 2.s. canst 
132. 30 (); 3.j. can 63. 16, 
17 (a), 132. 10 (0) ; con 60. 
20 (a), 125. 25 (3); //. cunnon 
55. 17 (a\ 61. 13 (a), 131. 18 
(*), 132. 12 (6\ xi. 9 (a] con 
trasted w. witon 48. 25 (a] : pst. 
2.s. cutest 48. 16 () ; 3.^. cu?ie 
viii. 22 (^) ; xxvi. 53 () ; //. 



GLOSSARY 



223 



33. 29 (//); sbj.prs.curme 

xxii. 5 1 (b} ; Su cunne t . . . 30. 9 ; 

//. cunnen 108. 31 (); /^/. 

cuSe 75. 22, 20. 9 (a), 15. 14 

(b] ; pi. cuSen 56. 28 (). 
capitula, ww. chapter; -. capi- 

tulan 73. 15. 
carcern, n. prison, dungeon; d. 

carcerne 8. 3, 45. 28, i. 73 ; a. 

carcerne 7. 24, in. 25 ; carcern 

xxv. 36. 

cam, f. sorrow, grief; a. care 15.20. 
casere, 7/z. emperor ; i. 20, 61 ; 

kasere 7. 21 ; . kaseres 115. 

16*; d. casere 34. 24, 66. 31, 

xxvi. 6; kasere 66. 31*, 115. 

15*, 17*, 19*; kasere 39. 18*, 

30*; d. pi. caserum 7. 16. 
ceahhettung, f. laughter; a. 

cehhettunge 36. i. 
ceald, adj. cold ; xx. 78 ; wk. 

cealda xxiv. 22 ; ceald 80. 6*, 

7*, xx. 80 ; ceald gesceaft xx. 

1195/1 wk. cealde xx. 100, xxix. 

54 ; n. ceald 49. 20, 80. 6, xx. 

77, xxvi. 28; d. cealdum xx. 

90; wk. cealdan 80. 9, 13, 105. 

12; a. f. calde viii. 29; wk. 

cealdan 80. 13 ; n. cald xi. 59 ; 

//. n.f. cealda xx. 76. 
ceaster, f. city; d. ceastre 128. 

8, 141. 7 ; a. 96. 27, i. 66. 
cempa, wm. soldier ; n. pi. cem- 

pan xx. 73. 

cene, adj. bold; x. 51. 
ceol, m. ship ; d. ceole xxvi. 60 ; 

a. SriereSre ceol xxvi. 27 ; pi. 

d. ceolum xxi. 1 1 ; a. ciolas 

xxvi. 23. 
ceorfan, sv$. cut; sbj. prs. %.s. 

ceorfe him of 124. 16. 
ceorl, m. free man, man; xii. 27; 

n. pi. ceorlas 108. 9. 
ceosan, sv2. choose; ind. pst. 

2.s. gecure 16. 27; 3.$. geceas 

20. 13, 66. 28; sbj. prs. $.pl. 

geciosen 138. 32 ; pst. gecure 

xv. 1 1 ; pp n. pi. m. gecorene, 

chosen, distinguished 41. u, 

64. i* (gecorenne J). 
ciele, m. cold; cile 80. 4; cele 

xx. 73; d. cile 42. 3, 80. 21*, 



81.9*, 136. 13*; cele xx. no, 

158; cyle 42. 3*; a. cile xxix. 

50; cele xx. 113. 
ciepa, wm. trader; cepa 34. i, 

viii. 29. 
ciepan, wv. buy; ind. pst. %.$. 

diore gecepte xxvi. 19. 
ciepemann, m. merchant, trader ; 

n. pi. cepemen 42. 31. 
cierr, m. time, occasion ; d. set 

sumum cierre ix. 23 ; set sumum 

cyrre 39. 19* ; set oSrum cerre 

95- 28*. 
cierran, wv. intrans. turn, return ; 

gecyrran xi. 37; to gecerranne 

139. 30; ind prs. 3.^. cerreS 

xxix. 50; gecerreft xxviii. 61 ; 

//. gecierraS, gecyrrat)* 119. 

33 ; pst. 3.J. cerde 36. 32 ; ham 

cerde 115. 19*; sbj. prs. gecirre 

9. 8*; gecerre hine 95. 21. 
cild, n. child; 94. 17, 122. 2 ; a. 

100. 5 ; n. pi. cild 108. 8, 10. 
cine, wf. chink, crack ; a. cinan 

97. 14. 
clB, m. sprout, shoot ; pi. g. ciSa 

xii. 5 ; d. ciSum 91. 26. 
clsene, adj. clean, pure ; d. clsenum 

149. 23, xii. 5 ; a. m. clsenne 

109. 27 ; pi. a. n. clsene 147. 25. 

clsenlic, adj. pure ; d. s. f. 

clsenlicre 50. i ; a. s.f. claenlice 

xi. 92. 
clsennes, f. purity ; d. clsennesse 

22. 14. 
clsensian, wv. purify ; pp. ge- 

claensod*, geclsesnod 120. 14. 
clsensung, /. purifying; 123. 25. 
clamm, m. bond, chain ; d. pi. 

clammnm i. 83. 
cla^as, pi. m. clothes ; 30. 9, 40. 

22; g. claSa 30. 17, in. 24, 

xxv. 23. 

clif, n. cliff ; d. clife v. 13. 
clifian, wv. adhere, cleave ; w. 

on 37. 25, 38. 23 ; cleofian 

38. 23 (J) ; cliofian 37. 25 (J). 
clipian, wv. call ; xxvi. 85 ; to 

Gode cleopian 9. 29* ; ind. 

pst. clipode 8. 21*, 12. 12 ; 

cleopode 8. 21, 103. 4, i. 83; 

cleopode to him 50. 10. 



224 



GLOSSARY 



elud, n. rock ; d. pi. cludtim 91. 

18. 
cluster, n. lock, bar, prison ; a. 

cluster i. 73. 
gecnawan, rv. know, recognize, 

understand ; 52. 10, 12, 56. 28, 

74. 1 8, 132. 30, xii. 23, xix. 

31 ; ind. pst. 3~r. gecneow 9. i. 
cniht, m. boy, young man ; 78- 

1 8 ; a, 73. 4 ; n. pi. cnihtas, 

retainers, followers xxvi. 85. 
cnihthad, m. youth ; d. on cniht- 

hade 122. 3. 
cnodan, rv. assign, attribute ; pp. 

gecnoden i. 32. 

cnoll, m. hillock, hill ; a. 26. 24. 
col, adj. cool ; n. v. 13. 
consul, m. consul ; 7. n. 
gecoplice, adv. fittingly, well; 8. 8. 
corn, n. grain, seed ; 95. 13, 15, 

xxii. 37, 40. 
corner, n. troop, company ; d. 

corffre xxvi. 85. 
cosp, m. fetter ; a. pi. cospas 

116. 15. 
co SlIce, adv. foully, miserably ; 

xxv. 36. 
crseft, m. skill, faculty, virtue, 

power ; 38. 9, x. 37 &c. ; g. crseftes 

108. 29 &c. and x. 39 ; art, 37. 
II, 40. 14; d. craefte 30. 9, xx. 
9 &c. ; a. crseft 30. 22 &c. and 
xx. 196; pi. gen. = virtues, n. 
crseftas 10. 20, iv. 42 &c. ; g. 
crsefta 22. 9 &c. and xx. 119 ; 
d. crseftum 35. 14 &c. and xv. 
ii ; a. crseftas 44. 31 &c. and 
xxx. 7. 

erseftig, adj. skilful, powerful ; 

109. 18 ; aelces Singes c. x. 51 ; 
ivk. selc craeftega 128. 27; 
crasftga xi. 92 ; g. wk. crseftgan 
xxiv. 51 ; d. ivk. crseftegan 46. 
18* ; pi. n. crseftes full crseftige 
I 33- 7 comp. crseftigra 79. 24 ; 
sup. crseftigast xxx. 2. 

crecisc, adj. Greek ; g. pi. cre- 

ciscra xxvi. 28. 
creopan, sv2. creep; 107. 16 ; 

ind. prs. ^.s. criepS 107. 18 ; 

pi. creopaft xxxi. 6 ; sbj. prs. 

creope 91. 26. 



cristen, adj. Christian ; 7. 6 ; n. 

pi. m. cristene 131. 10. 
cristendom, m. Christianity ; d. 

cristendome 7. 22* ; cristenan- 

dome 7. 14*. 
culpian, wv. cringe, fawn ; w. to 

71. 24. 
cuma, wm. new arrival, stranger ; 

a. cuman 36. 30, 37. 2. 
cuman, sv\. coine ; 33. 6, i. 83 

&c. ; to cumanne 53. n &c. ; 

ind. prs. 2.s. cymest xxiv. 47 ; 

cymst 105. 20* ; %.s. cymeS xi. 

60, xiii. 62, xxv. 43, xxviii. 28, 

xxix. 20, 29, 56 ; usual form in 

the prose cym<5 20. 25 &c. and 

vi. n, xvii. 29 ; gecymft 93. 4 ; 

cimft 140. 5 ; cemS 127. 16 ; 

//. cumaS 15. 8, vii. 44 &c. ; 

cume wit 148. 5 ; pst. 2.s. come 

104. 28, 146. 29 ; 3..T. com 13. 

6, xx. 30 &c. ; com ftser gan 8. 
1 6 ; //. comon 17. 18 ; xvii. 3 
&c. ; coman 23. 29*, 69. 18* ; 
sbj. prs. cume 13. 5, xiii. 76 &c. ; 
pst. come 43. 9, 84. 14, 16, 18, 

140. 6, xxviii. 72 ; //. comen i. 

66 ; pp. cumen 41. 12, xxiv. 51 

&c. ; cymen xx. 34. 
cunnian, wv. examine, test ; w. 

g. 12. 12 ; imp. cunna 12. 15. 
ctiS, adj. known, evident, famous ; 

20. 9, xxvi. 60 ; f. cuSe xxvi. 

53 ; n. cuS 54. 21, 84. 5, 129. 

7, 144. 12, ix. 5, xxvi. n, 42 ; 
a. f. cuSe ii. 8 ; n. pi. n. cuS 
xxxi. 6 ; a. m. cuSe 46. 30 ; 
comp. n. s. n. cuSre 51. 20. 

cweman, zuv. iv.d. please ; to 

cwemanne 133. 14. 
cwen,/". queen; xxvi. 89. 
cweftan, sv$. say, speak ; 20. 5, 8, 

22. 23, xxiv. 48 ; cwseSan 109. 

7; ind. prs. i.s. cweSe 78. 13, 

123.15,17; cwiSe 50. 1 8*; 2.s. 

cwist 12. 27, 19. 16, 20. 13, 17, 

24. 31, 77. 21 ; cwyst 12. 30, 

27. 22; cvvest 119. 29*; 2,.s. 

cwi 70. 15, 82. 29, 137. 29, 140. 

4 ; pi. cweSaS 19. 12, 58. 14, 85. 

30, 32, 88. n, 107. 28, 114. 22 ; 
pst. i.s. cwseS 46. 17, x. 35 &c. 



GLOSSARY 



225 



cwset 65. 5* ; 2.s. cwsede 12. 22 
&c. ; 3-J. cwreS, very fq. esp. in 
phrases, Sa cwseS he, Sus cwaeS 
&c., 8. 5, vi. 2 &c. ; in C. fq. 
contr. to cwft 77. 24 &c. ; //. 
cwsedon 76.8, 124. 16, 140. 10; 
sbf. prs. cwe Se 47. n ; cwsefte 
perh. confusedw. cwsede 62. 19, 
131. 23; pi. cwe San, cwgeSon* 
137. 1 8 ; pst. cwsede 9. 23 ; prs. 
p. cweSende 10. 28. 

cwic, adj. living, alive ; wk. 
cwuca 109. 29 ; f. cwuco 91.9; 
g. cwuces 92. 3 ; a. cwucone, 
cwucene* 109. 28 ; f. cwuce 91. 
6 ; pi. n.f. cwuca 126. 17 ; g. 
cwucera 145. 32, xxix. 79- 

cwiddung, f. saying, report ; d. 
cwiddunge 45. 3. 

cwide, m. saying ; 9. 22, 31. 20, 
no. 30, 143. 14 ; principle, 78. 
16 ; a. 33. 13 ; a. pi. cwidas 15. 
16, MPr. 5. 

cwielman, wv. kill ; sbj. pst. 
cwelmde ix. 47. 

cyme, m. coming, advent ; a. 1 36. 5. 

gecynd, f. n. nature, kind ; f. 30. 

J 3. 37- 19? 5 8 - I0 > xx - l8 7 ; 

about 8 times, 38. 12 &c. ; 

uncert. about 7 times, 32. 18 
&c. ; g. gecyndes 57. 24, 28, 
xiii. 12, 67, xxvii. 7; natural 
function 93. 17 ; gecynde 27. 26, 

32. 6, 92. 23 ; d. gecynde f. about 
6 times, 27. 24 &c. ; n. about 

5 times, 31. 5 &c. and xx. 33; 
iincert. abotit 13 times, 41. n 
&c. #w</ xx. 76 ; a. gecynd f. 

33. 27; natural desire 114. 20, 
21, viii. 17 ; n. 15. 26, 92. 31, 
93. 21, xxviii. 62 ; uncert. about 

6 times, 16. 28 &c. ; cynd 
98. ii ; gecynde 57. 25, 93. 24, 
108. 6, xiii. 55 ; n. pi. n. gecynd 

29. 29; g. gecynda 81. 18, 19. 
a. ?8i. 17. 

gecynde, adj. natural, suitable ; 

30. 10, 63. 19, 133. 9; wk. 
gecynda 38. 9 ; / gecynde 93. 
16 ; n. about 7 times, 30. i &c. ; 
a. f. xi. 14; //. n. gecynde 30. 
3 ; a. i. 6. 



gecyndelic, adj. natural, fitting ; 
n. 32. i ; g. gecyndelices 39. 12, 

64. 3, 124. 6 ; a.f. gecyndelice 
48. 28 ; n. gecyndelic 31. 25, 
53. n, 63. 25, 64. 17 ; wk. 
gecyndelice 64. 5, 95. 29, 114. 
17 ; Sset gecyndelic god 95. 26. 

gecyndelice, adv. naturally, suit 
ably ; 54. 12, 98. 3. 

cynecynn, n. royal family ; g. 
cynecynnes 115. 25, xxvi. 42. 

cynegierela, turn, royal robe; g. 
cynegerelan xxv. 23. 

cynelic, adj. royal ; a. ivk. cyne- 
lican 35. 2. 

cynerice, n. kingdom ; a. pi. 
cynericu xxvi. 6. 

cynestol, m. royal seat, throne ; 
7. 21 ; d. cynestole i. 48. 

cyning, ;;/. king; 7. 14, M.Pr. 2 
&c. ; cyninc 66. 3 ; cynincg xv. 
2 ; cining xxvi. 22 ; kuning Pr. I ; 
g. cyninges 35. i, xx. 73 &c. ; 
d. cyninge 7. 18, xv. 13 &c. ; 
cininge 66. 15, 102. 28; a. cin 
ing xxvi. 45 ; pi. n. cyningas 

65. 22, 66. 17, xxv. 58; kyn- 
ingas i. 56; cyngas 112. 6*; g. 
cyninga 35. 6, xv. n &c. ; d. 
cyningum 7. 2, 5, in. 13, xxv. 
2 ; a. cyningas 105. 26, 115. 26, 
i. 6, xxiv. 58. 

cynn, n. kind, species ; cyn xiv. 6, 
xxvii. 19 \g. gelces cynnes 64. 25, 
89. 13, 74. 2, xviii. 4, xxvi. 34; 
d. cynne iv. 32, xi. 67;=kin 
ii. 21 ; pi- g. cynna in. 14, 
xxxi. 5 n. ; d. cynnum xx. 249. 

cynn, adj. natural, fitting ; n. cyn 
56. ii, 75. 30, 99. 14 (cynn B). 

cynren, n. kind, kin ; a. 116. 10; 
d.pl. cynrenum 82. 5. 

cypera, wm. spawning salmon ; 
a. cyperan xix. 12. 

cyspan, ivv. fetter; xxvi. 77. 

cyst, f. choice, pick, best ; burga 
cyst i. 1 8 ; //. virtues, good 
qualities, n. cysta 28. 4; d. 
cystum 122. 3. 

cyfian, ivv. make known, declare ; 
4.- J 3 !9> ix. 22 ; gecyffan 57. 2, 
xiii. i ; ind. prs. 3.^. gecyft 47. 



Q 



226 



GLOSS AR Y 



8, 19 ; pi. gecySaft 39. 7 ; pst. 
2.s. cySdest 13. 22*; cyddest 
13. 19, 22; 3.j. cySde 43. 8, 
45. 7 ; pi cySdon i. 56 ; gecyS- 
don 15. 27 ; pp. gecySed 30. 31, 

3 2 - 13. 37-. 22 - 
cyftS, f. native place, home ; cyS 

80. 25, xxiv. 49 ; d. cySSe 52. 
10, 63. 30, 64. 10, 139. 27, 146. 
29, xii. 24 ; a. xx. 158. 



D. 

deed,/, deed; 70. 27, 121. 19, i. 
43, ix. 1 8 ; pi. d. daedum xvi. 
23 ; a. dreda 44. 3, 5, 141. 8. 

daeg, m. day; 68. 2, xii. 16; g. 
dseges 52. 6; adv. by day 102. 
5 ; d. dasge viii. 18, xxix. 41 ; 
used in adverbial phrases, aelce 
dsege xxviii. 4; selce daeg, TO 
limes, 59. 23 &c. ; seghwylce 
dsege xx. 137 ; seghwelce dseg 
xiv. 5 ; a. dseg 20. 3, xi. 62 &c. ; 
on daeg 33. 27, 121. 16 ; midne 

deg 57- 2 4> I26 - J 3; pi- g- 
daga 73. 13 ; d. dagum Pr. 7, 

34- 3. 35- i, 44- n, xx - 2I 3; 
on ... dagum 43. 6, 44. 4; gio 

dagum 45. 4 ; dahum 10. 10 ; a. 
dagas 17. 24, 49. 21, iv. 19. 

deegrim, w. number of days ; g. 
dsegrimes xxvi. 33. 

diel, m. part, portion, share ; 29. 
13 &c. and xxix. 53 ; g. dseles 42. 
i, 135. 28, xx. 60 ; d. dsele 42. 
5, 16 ; w. be, extent, degree ; be 
sumum dsele, in some degree, 
partly 15. 1 8 &c. and xx. 96; 
be ftsem dsele Se, to the extent 
that, so far as 93. 23, 109. 22, 
132. 23; be nanum dsele, in no 
respect 130. io ; be senegum 
daele, in any degree 123. 22 ; 
a. dsel 13. 30 &c. and xxiv. 31 ; 
a. pi. daelas 76. 17. 

dtelan, ivv. divide, distribute, 
assign; 120. 12; ind. prs. 2.s. 
dselest xx. 51 ; dselst 79. 30 ; 3.-$-. 
dselS 128. 8, 22; pp. gedseled 
90. 5*, xxix. 35; pi m. ge- 



daelede 92. 25* ; a. gedselde 28. 

23*. 
gedafenlic, adj. proper, fitting ; is 

^ g. xxxi. 21. 
gedal, n. separation ; d. gedale 

45- 2 5- 
daru,/". harm, injury ; 67. 23. 

dead, adj. dead ; d. bion, to die 

66. 25 ; w^.deada 109. 29, no. 

i ; f. pred. dead 22. 22 ; a. 

deadne 36. io, u, 109. 28 ; //. 

deade 46. 29 ; wurden deade, 

died 1 1 8. i. 
deadlic, adj. subject to death, 

mortal; deaSlic 17. 9*, 52. 16; 

d. deadlicum 13. 13 ; a. n. zvk. 

deaSlice 46. 9 ; pi. n. deaS- 

lice 53. io* ; g. deaolicra 22. 

29 ; wk. deadliceria 29. i* ; d. 

deadlicum 74. 8*. 
deah., swv. be of use, be good, 

avail ; ind. prs. ?>.s. 63. 9 ; pst. 

3-j. dohte 63. 8, 67. io, viii. 5 ; 

pi. dohton 44. 6 ; sbj. prs. dyge 

123. 18. 
dearr, swv. dare, venture ; prs. 

ind. $.$. dear xi. 65 ; pst. 3.^. 

dorste xx. 70 ; sbj. prs. dyrre . 

29. 18, 138. 13; durre xi. 54; 

pst. pi. dorsten 134. 6, i. 27. 
deatS, m. death ; 20. 22, x. 29 &c. ; 

g. deaSes 20. 24 &c. and xxvii. 

6 ; d. dea15e 26. 13 &c. ; a. deaff 

66. 28 &c. 
gedefe, adj. fitting, seemly ; n. s. 

n. xxvi. 92. 
delfan, sv$. dig ; 34. 1 1 ; sbj. prs. 

delfe 140. u, 14. 
delfere, m. digger; 140. 13 
dema, win. judge ; 105. 19, 119. 
28, 136. 25, xxiv. 42 ; g. deman 
120. 2 ; d. 17. 9. 

deman, iw. judge, deem; 122. 
28, 140. 24 ; ind. prs. 3.-$-. demo 
125. 28, 131. 12, 18 ; sbj. prs. 

^.pl. demen 121. 26. 
demm, m. harm, loss ; a. dem 13. 

i, 47- 7- 
denu, /. valley; d. dene 27. 7, 

vii. 37. 

deofol, m. devil ; a. dioful, deo- 
fel* 38. 28. 



GLOSSARY 



227 



deop, adj. deep; diop 82. 28; 

d. diopum 112. 15. 
deoplice, adv. deeply ; xxii. 3 ; 

dioplice 94. 27* ; comp. diop- 

licor 12. 26. 
deor, n. wild animal ; 72. 8 ; 

wilde d. 124. n ; dior 73. I, 

xxvii. 24; d. diore 116. 22, 

xxvi. 87 ; a. dior 73. 3 ; pi. 

deor 116. 23 ; dior 101. 28, 

xxvii. 20 ; g. cliora xxvi. 92 ; 

d. diorum 121. 15, 124. 8, xxvii. 

11. 
deorboren, adj. of noble birth ; 

f. diorboren xxvi. 52. 
deorcynn, n. species of animal ; 

d. deorcynne 116. 20; d. pi. 

deorcynnum 116. 21*. 
deorwierfte, adj. precious ; a. n. 

deorwyrSe 48. 17*; d. pi. 

deorwyrSum 32. 26* ; comp. 

deorwyrSra 72. 23; f. deor- 

wyrSre 72. 24 n.; n. 28. 8; 

diorwyrtJre 22. 31, 83. 31 ; 

a. n. deorwyrftre 25. 20, 21 ; 

diorwyrfire 48. 18* ; g. pi. dior- 

wyrftra 33. 24* ; sup. wk. 

deorwyrSesta 35. 25 ; n. wk. 

deorwyrSeste 54. 9; deorweor- 

Soste 48. 20 ; a. n. wk. deor- 

wyrftoste 22. I ; g. pi. wk. 

deorwyr&estena 55. 27. 
deorwier Snes, f. precious thing, 

treasure ; pi. d. deorwyrSnessum 

19. 6; a. deorwyrftnessa 34. 12. 
derian, wv. w. d. harm, injure; 

36. 7, 13, xii. 4; gederian 36. 

15; derigan 18. 14, 117. 6; 

ind. prs. %.s. dera<5 30. 15 ; 

dereS 32. 32, 144. 18, 26, iv. 

36; xxvi. in; pi. deriaS 33. T, 

36. 8, 116. 31, iv. 48; derigaS 

36. n; deregaS lo. 21*; sbj. 

prs. pi. derigen 52. i*. 
diegellice, adv. secretly; digellice 

7. 19* ; degelice i. 64. 
diegelnes,/. secret; a. diegelnesse 

28. 14. 
diegle, adj. secret, hidden ; //. a. 

wk. dseglan 57. 26 ; n. deglu 

127. i; comp. d. pi. diogolran 

27. 1 6*. 



diere, 1) adj. dear, precious ; 
diore 27. 24, x. 29; n. 27. 29; 
pi. deore 31. 13 ; n. diore, dyre* 
16. 12; comp. diorra, deorra* 
28. 12; //. dierran 32. 16*; 
deorran 31. n ; sup. diorust, 
deorast* 27. 28. 2) adv. dearly, 
at a dear price : diore gecepte 
xxvi. 19; sup. diorost viii. n. 

dierling, m. favourite ; diorling 
140. 8 ;//.^-.dyrlinga,deorlinga* 

66. 31; d. deorlingum 62. 14; 
65. 4*, 67. 15* ; diorlingum 

67. 15 ; a. deorlingas 64. 28*, 
133. 12 ; diorlingas xv. 8. 

dimm, adj. dark, dim ; f. w. 

dimme xii. 16 ; a. n. wk. dimme 

8. 10, ii. ii. 
dogor, n. day ; g. pi. dogora 

xiii. 21, xx. 175, 209, xxii. 61, 

xxviii. 65. 
dogorrim, n. number of days ; d. 

dogorrime x. 67. 
debtor, f. daughter; 22. 12, 115. 

23, 116. 2, xxvi. 33, 52. 
dom, m. a) freewill ; b] judgement, 

opinion ; c) authority, power : 

d"} reputation, glory ; g. domes 

22. 9 (d\ 74. 6 (6) ; domes 

dreg, doomsday 144. 2, xxix. 

41 ; d. dome 16. 30 (c]. 12. 

*3 W, 37- 4 00 41- 26 (), 

112. 9 (c\ 121. 6 (&}, 121. 26 

(b}; pi. n. clomas, decrees 59. 
2 5, 35- 3 2 (a), 140. 28. 

domere, = demere, m. judge ; d. 
20. 13 ; n. pi. domeras 64. 12. 

don, anv. a} do, perform ; &) act . 
c} make, render ; d} cause ; e] 
put, set ; _/) used to avoid re 
peating another vb. = do. a} Pr. 
14 &c. />) 37. i &c. c] 26. 15 &c 
d} 47. 7 &c. e) don Sasr weorf- 
scipe to 75. 1 6, cf. 75 28 et inf. 
/) 9. 14 &c. ; don 117. 14, 24 ; 
gedon, effect, bring to pass, 
render 24. 25, 36. 15, xxvi. 
102 &c. = do 134. 6; to donne 
no. 29 &c. ; ind. prs. i.s. dest 
30. 1 6 ; gedest 10. 3 &c. andxx. 
272; 3.^. deS Pr. 15; vii. 14 
&c. ; gedeS 28. 3 &c. ; //. do5 14. 



Q 2 



228 



GLOSSARY 



1 7, iv. 26 &c. ; gedoS 28. 4 &c. ; 

pst. dyde 7. 15, xiii. 79 &c. ; //. 

dydon 20. 17 &c. and xxix. 5 ; 

Sserof dydon, took away 76. 21 

(e) ; gedydon 16. 7, 29. 29 ; 

z;;z/. do 29. 23, 99. 25 ; do nu 

of, take away 42. 4 (V) ; do ... 

to, add 113. 14 (e} sbj. prs. 

do 58. 2, xv. 13 &c. ; pi. don 44. 

28 &c. ; don ealne setgsedere 76. 

19 (e] ; don 113. 2 ; gedon 28. 

26, xxi. 27; pst.pl. dyden no. 

3 > /A gedon Pr. 2 &c. a;z^/ xi. 

23; n.pt. m. gedone 113.32. 
dreamcreeft, m. music ; 38. 7. 
dreamere, w. musician ; 38. 7. 
dreccan, wv. vex, torment ; 

dreccean v. 40 ; maf. /rc.. 3.^. 

dreceS vii. 25 ; sbj. prs. $.s. 

drecce vii. 54. 
cirefan, wv. stir up, confuse, 

trouble ; xxvii. 2 ; gedrefan v. 

23; ind. prs. 3.J 1 . gedrefeS 14. 

IT, v. 8; gedref.5 71. 5, in. 

28 ; gedrsefft xviii. 3, xxv. 42 ; 

pi. drefe ge 124. 3; gedrefat) 

14. 5 ; pp. gedrefed 9 times, 

8. i &c. tf7Z<2? i. 74, v. 18; n. 

pi. m. gedrefde 130. 26. 
gedrefedn.es ,/". confusion, trouble ; 

r 3- 8 ; g. gedrefednesse 14. 18 ; 

gedraefednesse 13. I ; d. gedrefed 
nesse 14. 24, 95. 23, 142. 21, 

23 ; a. 59. 2 ; g.pl. gedrefednessa 

104- 33- 
gedrefnes, f. confusion, trouble ; 

d. gedrefnesse v. 40 ; gedrsefnesse 

xxii. 61. 
drenc, m. drink; 135. 20; a. 

132. 7. 
dreogan, sv2. suffer, endure ; ind. 

prs. 3.J. drig 5 9. n * ; pst. $.pl. 

drogan 1 16. 26*. 
dreorig, adj. sad, sorrowful ; a, 

dreorigne xxii. 33. 
dreosan, svi. fall, perish ; prs. p. 

perishable, a. dreosendne vii. 16 ; 

a. pi. wk. dreosendan 26. 29. 
drifan, svi. a} drive away, expel ; 

/>) practise ; drifan drycrreftas 

xxvi. 54 (/O ; ind. prs. ^.s. 

drifS xxix. 48 (a). 



drincan, sv$. drink ; ind. prs. 2.5. 
drincst 30. 17; 3.^. gedrinceS 
vii. 16 ; pst. pi. druncon 34. i, 
viii. 20, 28 ; druncan 33. 29*. 

drohtao 1 , m. manner of life ; a. 
xxvi. 92. 

drugian, vvv. intrans. dry tip ; 
sbj. pst. 3-.r. drugode 80. 18. 

drycreeft, m. magic, sorcery; d. 
drycrsefte 116. 27; a. drycrseft 
116. 14 ; pi. d. drycrseftum xxvi. 
98. 102 ; a. drycrceftas xxvi. 54. 

drycrseftig, adj. skilled in sorcery ; 

f. drycraeftigu 116. 3. 
drygan, u>v. trans, dry ; ind. prs. 

3.J. drygS 136. 15 ; drigefi xxix. 

59- 
dryge, adj. dry ; f. pred. 80. 6* ; 

n. absol. Sset drige, dryness 
xxix. 48 ; d. absol. drygum, 
dryness xx. 74 ; drince~5 to 
dryggum, drinks to dryness vii. 
16; "wk. drygan 80. 9; a. 
drygne N.; drigne 34. 27 ; fwk. 
drigan 80. 12 ; n. dryge 136. 
12 ; d. pi. drygum 12. 9. 

dryhten, m. lord ; always tised 
of God except Creca drihten xxvi. 
14, 19; dryhten 79. 10, 136. 
24, iv. 53; drihten 12 times, 
lo. 17, vii. 37 &c. ; g. drihtnes 
i. 41, x. 67, xx. 209, 213, xxix. 
36 ; a. drihten 29. 8. 

dryhtguma, ivm. retainer, soldier ; 
n. pi. drihtguman viii. n. 

drync, m. drink, potion ; 30. 8 ; 

g. drynces 60. 18; a. drinc viii. 
22 ; pi. drincas 33. 24, viii. 9; 
d. dryncum in. 27. 

duguS, f. a) flower, best ; d) ex 
cellence, virtue ; c] benefit, 
favour; 22. 4 (a}, 28. 28 (l>}; 
pi. duguffa (b} ; d. duguSum 
x. 29 (<5), xv. 8 (c]. 

dun, f. hill ; d. dune, in adv. of- 
dune (q.v.} ; a. dune 73. 28, xix. 
10 ; d. pi. dunum 73. 31, 91. 17. 

dunnian, wv. intrans. obscure ; 
ind. prs. ?>.pl. dunniaS 10. 6. 

duru,y~. door; a. 97. 14, 17, 24. 

dust, n. dust; 80. 19; d. duste 
xx. 104 ; a. dust 28. 22. 



GLOSSARY 



229 



dwelian, wv. lead astray ; ge- 

dweligan 78. 17*; ind. prs. 3.^. 

gedwelaS 73. 23*; pst. dwelode 

100. 27*; sbj. prs. dvvelige 100. 

5* 5 PP- gedwelod 55. 21*. 
dwelian, wv. lead astray ; ge- 

dwellan 78. 17 ; prs. ind. 3.^. 

gedwaeleft xix. 3 ; sbj. prs. dwelle 

105. 5, 27 ; pst. dwealde 100. 

26; pp. gedweald 55. 21. B 

has dwelian in all these cases. 
gedwola, wm. error, heresy ; 58. 

12, 76. 13, i. 41 ; g. gedwolan 

9. 18, 19. 31 ; d. 7. 7 &c. and 

xix. 29 ; a. xxvi. 39. 
dwolian, wv. stray, err ; ind. 

prs.pl. dwoliaft 88. 27; sbj. pst. 

2 .s. gedwolode 1 1 . 1 1 ; prs. p. 

dwoliende 74- 3 1 > dwoligende 

108. 14. 
dwolma, wm. confusion, chaos ; 

a. pi. mistes dwoleman v. 43. 
gedwolmist, m. mist of error ; d. 

gedwolmiste 95. ii, xxii. 33. 
dyderian, wv. deceive, mislead ; 

sbj. prs. 2.s. dyderie*, dydre 

100. 5. 
dynt, m. blow, crash; a. 117. 

30- 
dysig, (i) adj. foolish, unthinking ; 

26. 4, 63. 4, 98. 12, 122. ii ; 
dysi 138.14; wk. dysega xxv. 1 3 ; 
n. wk. dysige 115. 25 ; dysie 
xxviii. 65 ; g. dysiges 68. 13, xxvi. 
5 2 ; dysges 64. 2* ; d. wk. dysegan 
6 1. 6; dysgan 61. 3* ; a. dysine 
17. ii, ii. ii ; n. wk. dysige 
xxvi. 39 ; //. n. dysige 31. 12, 
68. 10, 74. 30, 78. 7, 109. 2, 23, 

117. 15; wk. dysegan 74.5, 78. 
7, 108. 12, 16, 121. 32, xix. 29, 
xxvi. 98 \g. dysigra 9. 3 ; dysegra 

118. 12; wk. dysigena 63. 27; 
d. dysegum 61. 4, 62. 14*, 118. 
7,9, 18,121.22,138, 14; dysgum 
81. 3*; a. dysige 41. 2 ; comp. 
n.pl. dysigran 74. ii* ; dysegran 
xix. 41 ; slip, dysegast xv. n ; 
wk. dysgosta 123. 29. (ii) sbst. 
n. folly; 62. 13, 73. 23, 104. 6, 
xix. i ; dysi 122. I ; g. dysiges 
108. 7 ; d. dysige 39. 4* &c. ; 



a. dysig 9. 7 &c. and xix. 39, 

xxviii. 78. 
dysigian, wv. be foolish ; ind. 

prs.pl. dysegaft 12. 8; sbj. prs. 

3-pl. dysegian* -56. i n. 
dysilic, adj. foolish ; n. dyslic 42. 

10,84. 18. 



E. 

ea,/. river; 83. 3, 4; g. 86. 21 ; 

d - 37- 3, S3- 4> 86. 21 ; pi. n. 

102. 6 ; g. 74. 3. 
ea, inter j. oh! ah ! 65. 15, 68. 10, 

94- 17- 
eac, adv. also, besides fq. ; w. ge 

10. 6 &c. ; eac swa same xi. 5 
&c. ; geac 16. 31*. 

eaca, wm. increase ; 48. 6 ; g. 
eacan 55. 29, 75. 5 ; d. to eacan, 
used as prep. w. d. in addition 
to 22. 30, 31. 32, 59. 29, 60. 

19, 146. 9; a. eacan 119. 7. 
eaden, ptcp. granted ; xxxi. 9. 
eadig, adj. fortunate, happy ; 59. 

1 1 &c. ; d. pi. eadegum xxi. 44 ; 

comp. n. pi. eadigran 60. 3. 
eadiglic, adj. prosperous, happy ; 

98. 6. 
eadignes,/. prosperity, happiness; 

55- i, 87. 15 ; d. eadignesse 52. 

20, 139. 16; a. 54. 27. 
eafisc, m. river- fish ; a. pi. eafiscas 

xix. 24. 

eafora, wm. son ; xxvi. 35. 
eage, wn. eye; d. eagan 121. 30, 

I 2 9- 3, 133- J 3; a eage 44- 
14; pi. n. eagan 122. 6, 145. 
2 5 ; g- eagena 73. 7 ; d. eagum 

11. i, iv. 55 &c. ; eahum ii. i*; 
a. eagan 8. 26, xx. 261 &c. 

eagorstream, m. sea, ocean ; 

egorstream xx. 1 1 8 ; g. eagor- 

streames xx. 122 n. 
eala, interj. oh ! alas ! 9. 10, iv. 

25 &c. ; e. ea 65. 15 ; e. eaw 39. 

31, 70. 7 ; e. wa 73. 22; seala 

34. 10*, 46. 7*, iii. i, iv. i ; 

eawla ix. 55. 
ealand, n. island ; d. ealonde 7. 

4*, 34. 29; a. ealand 34. i*. 



230 



GLOSSARY 



eald, adj. old ; aid xxii. 54 ; wk. 

ealcla 31. 20; n. eald 126. 23, 

xxviii. 70 ; a. wk. ealdan 33. 

13, 135. 25; //. n. ealde xxvi. 

86 ; wk. ealdan 108. 9 ; d. 

ealdum 22. 26, i. 65 &c. ; wk. 

ealdan 103. 16; comp. g. eldran 

feeder, grandfather 22. 25 ; d. 

pi. eldran 20. n ; v. also 

ieldran. 
ealdgecynd, n. original nature ; 

d. ealdgecynde xiii. 40, xxv. 

57- 

ealdhlaford, m. lord from old 
time; d. pi. ealdhlafordum 7. 

1 6, i. 63. J 
ealdhlafordcynn, n. hereditary 

lordship ; g. ealdhlafordcynnes 
7. 21. 

ealdor, m. chief, prince; aldor 
xxvi. 7> xxix. 6. 

ealdormann, ;. magistrate, dig 
nitary ; n. pi. ealdormen 22. 24, 
23. 6. 

ealdriht, n. ancient right ; pi. g. 
ealdrihta 7. 8, 16, i. 36. 57 ; d. 
ealdrihtum 7. 22. 

ealdspell, n. old story ; a. M. 
Pr. i ; d. pi. ealdspellum 
127.8. . 

ealdgeweorc, n. ancient work ; 
xi. 40, xx. 1 1 6. 

eall, 1) adj. all ; fq. xvi. 8 &c. ; 
eal 41. 24, xx. 207 ; f. eall 93. 
18, xx. 171 &c. ; n. eall, eal ix. 
44 &c. ; g. ealles 33. 5 &c. ; n. 
ealles used as adv. altogether, 
entirely n. 10, 40. 8, iv. 35, v. 
30 &c. ; f. ealre fq. ; ealrse 41. 
20 ; a. eallneg. 6, 24. 10, 104. 6, 
xxviii. 5 ; commoner form ealne 
18. 7, iv. 3 &c. ; ealne wegadv. 
always, fq. 9. 21 &c. ; eallne 
weg 1 20. 25; eallneg 120. 24, 
25 ; ealneg xxii. 15, xxviii. 57, 
69; ealnig vii. 40, 53, x. 21, 
xxi. 15; /. ealle 76. 28 &c. ; 
sealle 39. 19 ; n. eall 79. 31, xi. 
88 &c. ; eal 76. 23, 77. i, in. 

17, xxii. 17; z j/. ealle 69. 14, 
xiii. 64 &c. ; eall xxix. 96 ; 
eallon 53. 18*, 67. 5*, 69. 14*, 



147. 4*, 12*; mid ealle adv. 

altogether, quite 8. 12, xvii. 22 

&c. ; //. n. ealle vi. 5 &c. ; eall 

23. 13*, 121. 27;/. usual form 

ealla 18. 4, iv. 25 &c. ; ealle 

10. 14, iv. 53 &c. ; n. ealle 

about 10 times, 41. 28 &c. ; 

commoner form eall 32. 15 &c. ; 

g. eallra 10. 16, xx. 259 &c. ; 

eaira 24.. 25, xix. 28 &c. (both 

used about equally) ; eal Sinra 

godena weorca 18. 24 ; d. eallum 

xi. 21 &c. ; ealum 22. 15*; a. 

ealle ix. 24 &c. ; f. ealla and 

ealle 52.31, xi. 32, xiii. 7 &c. 

(aboiit eqiially] ; n. ealle 90. 

32, xx. 56 &c. ; eall 29. 9 &c. ; 

eal 42. 6 &c. 2) a</#. altogether, 

entirely ; fq. in Cott. Metra, 

of fen difficidt to distinguish from 

(1), x. 9, xi. 77 &c. 
eallisig, adj. all icy, very cold ; 

xxiv. 23. 
eallmsegen, ;/. all one s power ; 

d. eallmsegene xxix. 96 ; almse- 

gene xxix. 3. 
eallneg, v. eall. 
eallunga, adv. entirely; fq. 21. 

27, xi. 26 &c. ; allunga 69. 30* ; 

ellunga 60. 14. 
eallwealda, ivm. Almighty; al- 

wealda xi. 22. 
eallwihta, f. pi. all things ; g. 

alwuhta xx. 253. 
ealo, n. ale ; 40. 22* (ealu J). 
eaofer, m. river-bank ; d. pi. eao- 

frum xix. 22 ; oeaofrum 74. I*, 
eargebland, n. surge of the sea ; 

a. eargeblond viii. 30. 
eard, m. native place, home; 91. 

17, xiii. 63 &c. : g. eardes 116. 

12, v. 15, xxvi. 71 ; d. earde u. 

10, xiii. 70 &c. ; earda 83. 12 ; 

a. eard 80. 35, xi. 66 &c. 
eardfeest, adj. settled, abiding ; 

vii. 38 ; n. xx. 156. 
eardian, wv. dwell ; xx. 109 ; 

cardigan 80. 21 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

eardaS 27. 7 ; pi. eardiaS 25.2; 

sbj. prs. 3.//. eardien xx. 146. 
eare, wn. ear ; pi. n. earan 145. 

20; a. 28. 13, 145. 30. 



GLOSSARY 



231 



earfofle, 1) adj. troublesome, 
difficult; n. earfoSe 127. 22; 
g. earfoSes 147. 23 ; n. pi. 
earfoSe 81. 3, 92. 24 ; sup. 
a. f. w. earfoftestan 127. 3. 2) 
sbst. n. hardship, trouble ; d. 
earfoSe 130. 24 ; earefoSe 
18. 28 n. ; //. n. earfoSu 56. 13, 
125. 9; g. earfoSa 27. 12; d. 
earfoSum 22. 8, n, 66. 2, 120. 
17, xxvi. 97 ; a. earfoSu 70. 12, 

82. 7, 133- 3> J 5> 2 7> xx - 2 54! 

gearfoSu 70. 5. 
earfo"5hawe, ad/, hard to be seen ; 

n. 81. 5, xx. 152. 
earfolSlic, adj. difficult ; n. 118. 6. 
earfoflnes, f. hardship, trouble; 

g. pi. earfoftnessa 23. 13. 
earfoftrime, adj. hard to count, 

very numerous ; n. pi. n. 

earfoSrimu Pr. J. 
earfoiStsecne, adj. hard to be 

shown ; n. xx. 147. 
earg, adj. a} timid ; b] inert, 

lazy ; c] depraved ; a. wk. eargan 

115. I (a] ; n. pi. wk. ge eargan 

1 39. 8 (1)} comp. n. pi. eargran 

60. 4 (Y). 

earm, m. arm ; d. earme 66. 29. 
earm, adj. wretched, miserable ; 

20. 5 &c. ; poor 77. 10, 124. 

25; n. wk. earme 105. 28, xxiv. 

63 ; d. earmum 10. 17 ; a. 

earrnne 26. 17, 123. 4; wk. 

carman 10. 26, 25. u; //. n. 

earme 24. 6, iv. 57 &c. ; wk. 

carman xix. 3 ; d. earmum iv. 

31 ; a. earme 105. 27, 117. 31 ; 

wk. carman 73. 23 ; comp. 

earmra, 123. i ; n. pi. earm ran 

60. 4, 74. n, xix. 41 ; sup. n. 

pi. m. eaimoste 118. 2. 
earmlic, adj. miserable, wretched ; 

f. earmlico 138. 4; 11. earmlic 

74. 5, 146. 14, xxvii. 16, xxviii. 

74 ; slip, earmlicost xix. 28. 
earmlice, adv. miserably; 71. 

20 ; comp. earmlicor 72. 2. 
earn, m. eagle; 18. 12. 
earnian, wv. w. g. a. or Saet 

clause, deserve, earn ; geearni- 

gan 29. 3, 44. 10 ; ind.prs. ^.s. 



earnaS 88. 16, 20; pi. earniaS 
44- 3 1 , 133- 22; geearnigaS 
112. 19; earnaS 1> hie sien Sy 
halran, gain, effect 88. 21* ; 
pst. s.s. earnade ix. 20 ; pi. 
geearnodon 120. 14 ; sbj.prs. $.s. 
earnige* 106. 26; pi. earnien 
106. 26 ; pp. geearnad 103. 5. 

earnung,/". merit ; d. geearnunga 
82. I, 124. 20, 21, xx. 228 ; 
geearnunge 81. 34 ; a. earnunga, 
advantage 88. 20 ; geearnungae 
120. 16 ; pi. n. earnunga, 
geearnunga* 70. 1 1 ; a. earn 
unga 52. 20. 

east, adv. east ; ix. 42, x. 5, xiii. 
59, xiv. 7, xxx. i ; error for 
isest? xxix. 17. 

eastan, adv. from, in the east ; 
10. 12, 136. 4, i. i, iv. 23, vi. 
12, xii. 15, xxix. 20, 26; be 
eastan xxix. 33. 

easteweard, adj. east, used in 
adverbial phrases ; from easte- 
weardum 39. 27, 67. 30 ; from 
caste weardan 41. 21*. 

eastewearde, adv. eastward ; xvi. 
18. 

eastre, f. Easter, spring ; d. or a. 
on eastran 29. 21. 

eatSe, adv. easily; fq. 26. 9, ix. 
48 &c. ; comp. ie8 23. 12 ; eS 
9.27, 14. 8, 46. 19*, 52.9*, 107. 
19, 108. 2, 135. 21, x. 38, xii. 22 ; 
y 104. 30, 124. 27, 145. 17. 

eatSmetto, n. pi. humility ; 67. 8 ; 
g. eaSmetta 27. 6, vii. 33 ; eacl- 
metta vii. 38. 

eaSmod, adj. humble ; d. pi. ea$- 
modum 18. n. 

eaftmodlice, adv. humbly ; 97. 
32; eadmodlice 7 1 - 20, 149. 2. 

eaftmodnes, f. humility ; g. ead- 
modnesse 27. 7* ; a. eadmod- 
nesse 18. 10. 

eax, f. axle-tree, axis; 129. 20, 
23, 131. 1 ; g. eaxe 126. 5, 
xxviii. 22 ; d. 129. 19 &c. and 
xxviii. 13, 15, xxix. 18 ; a. 126 
8, 131. i. 

ebba, ivm. ebb, low tide ; g. 
ebban 49. 26 ; ;/.//. xi. 69. 



232 



GLOSSARY 



ece, adj. eternal; 9. 12, iv. 33 
&c. ; wk. eca 148. 31, iv. 29 
&c. ; /. ecu 120. i, xiii. 71; 
w&. ece v. 44; w. ece 113. 22, 
xx. 237 &c. ; g. eces 138. 24; 
wk. ecan 78. 25 ; </. ecum iv. 
3 ; to Ssem ecum gode xxi. 3 ; 
/. ecre 120. 17, 139. 16 ; z>. 
ecan 10. i, 23. 9, 149. 8 ; a. 
ecne 78. 12, xx. 224, xxvi. 50; 
wk. ecan 89. 23, iii. 6 &c. ; /. 
ece 44. 9; /z. ece 44. 17, 120. 
13 ; inst. ece 143. 25 ; //. ece 
2 7- 2 3 , / eca 26. ii ; ece 51. 
25, 77. 29; wJc. ecan 27. n, 
xix. 31 ; g. ecra 137. 27* ; d. 
to Saem ecum vii. 44 ; a. f. ece 
78. 12 ; wk. ecan 26. 18, 130. 
31, vii. 29; n. ecu 113. 19, 22. 

ecg,/". edge ; d. pi. ecgum ix. 29. 

ecnes, /. eternity; 147. 23, 148. 
7 ; d. on ecnesse, for ever, 
eternally 47. 2, 90. 12, 92. 17, 
113, 4, 120. 10, n. 

edlean, n. reward, retribution ; 
9. 21, 113. 13, 28, 125. 10; g. 
edleanes 113. 3, 13, 119. 18, 
134. 12 ; d. edleane 104. 22, 
I 37- I 35 a edlean 70. 11, 112. 
20, 113. 9, 24, 120. 8, 9, n, 
I2 4- r 3 5 !35- l6 , xxvii. 26 ; pi. 
g. edleana 112. 18 ; d. edleanum 
113. 2 ; a. edlean 113. 20, 22. 

ednlwe, adj. renewed ; n. pi. m. 
edniwe xi. 39. 

ednrwian, wv. renew, restore ; 
ind. prs. 3..$-. geedniwaft 131. 6, 
8; pp. n.pl.f. geedniwode 92. 
12 ; geedniwade 49. 9*. 

edsceaft, f. new creation ; d. 
edsceafte 92. 13, 15. 

edwit, n. reproach, disgrace ; 

i. 55- 

efen, 1) adj. even, level ; g. n. 
emnes 58. 30*. 2) adv. equally, 
just ; xx. 244. 

efenae Sele, adj. equally noble ; 
pi. n. emnaeSele 69. 27*; a. 
69. 24*. 

efenbehefe, adj. equally neces 
sary ; /. efnbehefu xii. 7. 

efenbeorht, adj. equally bright; 



n. pi. efenbeorhte xx. 233 ; f. 

xx. 231. 
efengod, adj. equally good; n. 

emngod w.d. 85. 2 ; emngood 

142. 20 ; g. emngoodes 83. 25. 
efemefle, adj. equally easy; n. 

efneSe xx. 167. 
efenlica, wm. equal ; efnlica xx. 

19. 
efenlice, adv. equally, alike ; 

emnlice 28. 23. 
efenrnJere, adj. equally famous ; 

a. s. m. efnmaerne x. 32. 
efenmicel, adj. equally great ; 

d. emnmiclum 147. 22 ; a. emn- 

micelne 107. 12. 
efenneah, equally near ; 1) adv. 

xx. 141. 2) prep. w. d. emn- 

neah 80. 33*, 129. 32. 
efenswlSe, adv. equally, to an 

equal degree ; efnswiSe xi. 44. 
efne, adv. equally ; i. 14, viii. 46, 

48, xi. 76, xvi. n, xix. 30, xx. 

124, 154, xxii. 19, xxvi. 65, 

xxviii. 28 ; emne 136. 6*, ix. 

38, xxiv. 63, xxix. 35. 
eft, adv. a second time, again ; 

Pr. 9, i. 61 &c. ; seft i. 65 

(J). 

ege, m. fear ; 26. 6, i. 72 ; g. 

eges 22. 10 ; d. ege 66. 2, 67. 

13, 117- 30, n8. 28, 134. 32, 

xx. 71 ; a. 14. 21, 102. 8, 125. 

15, v. 28. 
egefull, adj. terrible ; egeful 43. 

13- 

egesa, wm. fear ; a. egesan xii. 17. 
egeslic, adj. terrible; 102. 16, 

xxvii. 13 ; /. wk. egeslice 48. 

7 ; d. wk. egeslican 52. 6 ; 

comp. n. egeslicre 104. i.^. 
eglan, wv. w. d. trouble, ail ; 

ind.pst. 3.^. eglede 15. 23. 
ehtan, wv. w. g. pursue ; ind. 

prs. 3.^. eht 148. 16. 
elcung,/; delay; eldcung 120. 2n. 
ellen, n. courage ; 62. 26. 
ellende, 1) adj. foreign ; a. 

ellendne viii. 30. 2) sbst. on 

ellende, abroad 63. 30, 64. 9. 
elles, adv. otherwise, else ; often 

, nauht &c. 



GLOSSARY 



233 



9. 14, ix. 20 &c. ; elles hwset, 

something else 76. 16, 107. 25 ; 

d, elles hwam 32. 29. 
elleshweer, ^y. elsewhere ; 1 1 1 . 

6. 

elpend, ;. elephant ; 72. 5, 7. 
elfleod, f. foreign nation ; d. on 

3el5eode 63. 30*. 
elSeodig, adj. foreign ; elolodig 

124. 25 ; d. wk. selfteodegan 

63. 31* ; a. n. oel fteodig 63. 16* ; 

pL n. elfreodge i. 55 ; d. selSeo- 

degum 71. 26. 

emn-, emne, v. efen-, efne. 
emnettan, wv. level ; ind. prs. 

3-s. geemnet 46. 16*. 
ende, m. end, goal ; 44. 20 &c. 

and xx. 275 ; g. endes 13. 2, 20 ; 

d. ende 52. 19, xxi. 44 &c. ; a. 

12. 6 &c. aaf xx. 10, xxviii. 22. 
endebyrd, /. order ; a. ? xiii. 4. 
eiidebyrdan, wv. arrange, order ; 

pp. geendebyrd 50. 4, xi. 100. 
endebyrdes, adv. in order ; xi. 

2i, xx. 12 ; fy ,?r?-0r endebyrd 

xiii. 4 ? 
endebyrdlice, aofr. in due order ; 

12. 19, 79. 13, 96. 19, 129. 9. 
endebyrdnes,/. order ; d. ende- 

byrdnesse 49. 2, 57. 4, 128. 22 ; 
a. 94. 10 ; endeberdnesse 128. 4. 

endeleas, adj. endless ; n. 104. 
15; n.pl.f. endelease 118. 5. 

endemes, adv. equally, uniformly ; 
112. 23, xxx. 12, 16 ; endemest 
141. 16*; aendemest 141. 18*. 

endian, luv. intrans. end ; ind. 
prs. z.s. endaS 38. 6, 50. 5, 103. 
2I > 139- I 7: geendaS 44. 27, 
148. 2 ; //. endiad 1 39. 7 ; 
geendiaft 26. 13; /tf. 3.^. geen- 
dode 7.9; pp. trans, geendod 
100. 8. 

geendodlic, adj. finite ; n. wk. 
absol. Saet geendodlice, finite- 
ness 44. 21. 

endung, /. ending, end ; d. en- 
dunge 39. 7. 

engel, m. angel ; //. n. englas 
98. 13, 140. 28, 144. 3, 146. 10, 

13, 16, 19, 148. 2 ; g. engla 
xiii. 12, xx. no, 153,263, 275; 



d. englum 57. 8, 140. 31, 143. 
31, 146. 22, xiii. 15; a. englas 
129. 4, 142. 9, 146. 13. 
englisc, 1) adj. English; d. englis- 

cum spelle Pr. 9. 2) sbst. n. Eng 
lish language ; on e. wende Pr. 2. 
eofor, m. wild boar ; n. pi. eforas 

116. 17*; eaforas xxvi. 81. 
eorl, ;;/. nobleman, eminent man ; 

i. 78 ; d. eorle i. 72 ; pi. eorlas 

i. 30 ; g. eorla ix. 59, xxv. 8. 
eorlgebyrd, /. noble birth ; d. 

pi. eorlgebyrdum ix. 26, x. 27. 
eorneste, adv. earnestly, xvi. 22 ; 

fiercely, xiii. 28. 
eoiftbuend, m. earth-dweller; 

n. pi. eorSbuende x. 25, xix. 13 ; 

g. eorSbuendra x. 36, xii. 18; 

d. eorSbuendum xxvi. 94, xxix. 

72. 
eorflcyning, ;//. king ; a. pi. eorft- 

cyningas ix. 47. 
eorfle, w.f. earth, world ; fq. 49. 

12, viii. 33 &c. ; g. eorSan 10. 

i, x. 17 &c. ; d. 23. 6,iv. 25 &c. ; 

a. 10. 26. vi. 5 &c. 
eor Slic, adj. earthly; wk. eorS- 

lica 61. 9, 72. 20; n. eorSlic 

xxii. 5 ; wk. eorSlice xx. 237 ; 

g. eorolices 22. 10, 81. 12, xx. 

166 ; wk. eorSlican 40. 8, 9 ; 

d. eorSlicum 81. n ; wk. eorS- 

lican 45. 31 ; a. n. eorSlic xxiv. 

7 ; wk. eorSlice 129. 29 : n. pi. 

n. eorSlicu xxi. 30 ; eorSlice 89. 

17 ; wk. eorSlican 30. 3,45. 29, 

58. 5 ; g. wk. eorSlicena 83. 13 ; 

a. n. eorSlicu vii. 42, xx. 224 : 

wk. eorfilican 27. 10 &c. and 

XX. 212. 

eorftrlce, n. kingdom of the 

earth ; a. pi. eorSricu iv. 37. 
eorflgesceaft, f. earthly creature ; 

a. pi. eorSgesceafta xx. 194. 
eorttwsestm, m. fruit of the earth ; 

d. pi. eorSwaestmum viii. 6. 
eorftwaran, m. pi. dwellers on 

earth, mankind ; iv. 57, xvii. I ; 

d. eorSwarum xiii. 60. 
eow, pron. d. and a. of ge, you ; 

usual form 25. 14, x. 18 &c.; 

iow 25. 15, x. 65. 



2 34 



GLOSSARY 



eower, pess. adj. your ; fq. se 
eower 34. 20, 43. 14; /. sio 
eowru 65. 1 8 ; eower 28. 30, 
149. 4 ; n. 28. 32 ; g. eoweres 
44. 31 ; eoweres selces, of each 
of you 69. 28 ; eowres 45. i ; f. 
eowre 45. i ; d. eowrum 32. 9, 
13, 44. n, x. 19 ; f. eowerre 
32. 2, 44. 9, 124. 5; eowre 
xxvii. 5 ; a. eowerne 42. u, 18, 
25, 43. 4, 46. 10 ; /. eowre 32. 
ii ; n. eower 16. 30, xxvii. 2 ; 
inst. eowre 58. 6 ; pi. eowere 
35. 29, 30 ; eowre 28. 18, 34. 
31 ; /. eowra 31. 18 ; eowre 32. 
15 ; n. 32. 15 ; g. eowerra 45. 
2 ; d. eowrum x. 19; a. eower 
73- 29* ; / eowra 32. 14; . 
eowru xix. n ; eowre 28. 27. 

eowian, v. lewan. 

erian, iw. plough ; inf. erigen 
xiv. 4 (J) ; sbj. prs. $.s. erige 
60. 29. 

esne, m. retainer, soldier, man ; 
138. 18 ; d. 103. 5. 

est, m. grace, permission ; a. ofer 
metodes est xi. 25. 

etan, sv. eat; ind. prs. 2.s. itst 
30. 17 ; 3.//. etaS 116. 23 ; pst. 
-^.pl. seton 33. 27, 28, viii. 18. 

e$el, w. n. native land, home ; 
25. i, 105. 22, xxiv. 50; d. 
eSeleii. 4; eole xx. 155; a. 
eel i. 16. 

eflelstol, w. seat of government, 
capital ; ix, II. 

eftelweard, m. defender of country, 
chief man ; n. pi. eftelweardas 
i. 24. 



F. 

facen, n. fraud, deceit ; g. facnes 

ix. 37. 
feeder, m. father; 69. 20, iv. 18 

&c.; g. ii. 4, 22. 25, xx. 67, 

116, xxiv. 54; d. 22. 15, 68. 

30, 69. 18; a, 69. 8 &c. and 

xvii. 26, 1 1 6. 
feegen, adj. glad ; gefsegen, fsegn* 

140. i ; faegn ix. 37 ; gefagen 



57. 28 ; n. pi. m. ? faegen vi. 10 ; 
comp. faegenra xii. 12. 
feegenian, wv. absol. or w. g. 
rejoice; 102. 15 ; faegnian68. 16, 
18, 19, 89. 29; ind. prs. 2.s. 
faegnast 31. 6 ; fagnast 31. 4* ; 
3.^. faegna S, fagenaS* 45. 29 ; pi. 
faegeniaS 29. 14 ; faegnia 5 39. 4, 

69- *, J 3 6 - 3. xxix - 935 P st - 
3-j. fagenode 39. 25* ; //. 

faegnodon i. 33 ; sbj. prs. ^.s. 
fsegenige 69. 9 ; faegnige 29. 21, 
68. 20. 
feeger, 1) adj. beautiful; 72. 30, 

73- 5> 6 8 7- 3; 145- 2 4> xxix - 
25; n. 29. 12, 31. 5; g. wk. 

fsegran 113. 13; pi. n. f. faegra 

147. 20; n. faegru 29. 9, 32. 

30; fsegere 31. 9*; g. fsegerra 

29. 20 ; a. n. faegere 79. 28 ; 

comp. faegerra 69. 6, 72. 21 ; n. 

faegerre 32. 29, 31 ; sup. fasgrost 

72. 9; wk. faegeresta 29. 13; 

n. ivk. faegereste 79. 29. 2) 

sbst. n. beauty 31. 6, 73. 12; 

g. faegres 31. 7 ; d. fsegere 69. 7*. 
fsegere, adv. beautifully, well ; 

faegre ii. 6. 
fsegernes, f. beauty; 29. 18, 54. 

24; g. pi. faegernessa 29. 17. 
faer, n. aspect? a. xxxi. 4. 
faereld, n. motion, course, journey ; 

g. faereldes 125. 32*, xxviii. 2; 

faereltes 129. 21 ; d. faerelde 10. 

2*, 28. 16; faerelte 130. 12; a. 

faereld 16. 30; faerelt xxviii. n. 
fseringa, adv. quickly, suddenly ; 

xxviii. 41. 

fserlice, adv. suddenly; 117. 29. 
fsest, adj. firm, fixed ; 23. 6 &c. ; 

f. fsest 128. 16 ; -wk. faeste xx. 
271 ; n. faest no. 24, xx. 150; 

g. faestes 20. 29 ; d. wk. faestan 
27. 6, 80. 14; a. faestne vii. 33 ; 

f. fceste 49. 10, 142. n, xi. 
42 ; n. faest 26. 23, 26, 144. 
21 ; //. faeste 23. 14, no. 22, 
130. 4, 25; /. faeste 100. 14, 
130. 12; a. faeste racentan, 
strong 57. 9 ; f. faeste vii. n. 
fsestan, wv. go without food, fast ; 
ind. prs. \.pl. faestaS 143. i. 



GLOSSARY 



2 35 



fseste, adv. firmly; 21. 8, i. 35 

&c. ; comp. fsestor 91. 28. 
fsesten, n. fortress; a. i. 20; d. 

faestene i. 79. 
faestlic, adj. firm, fixed ; g. 

fcestlices vi. 16. 
faestlice, adv. firmly, steadily ; 

20. 22, 23. 28, Si. u, i. 70; 

comp. faestlicor 129. 22. 
faestnes, f. firmness, solidity ; a. 

fgestnesse 72. 16. 
faestnian, wv. fasten ; pp. n. pL 

m. gefaestnode 130. n. 
faestreed, adj. steadfast ; wk. 

faestraada 46. 23, x. 49 ; f. pred. 

fasstraed 47. 17. 
faestreedlic, adj. steadfast ; g. n. 

faestrgedlices 20. 21. 
faestrsednes, f. steadfastness ; d. 

fsestrcednesse 12. 13; a. n. 5. 
feet, n. vessel, cup ; n. pi. fatu 
_I04. 17. 

faett, adj. fat ; d.pl. fettvtm 115. 6. 
fagian, wv. vary, change ; ind. 

prs. 3 j. fagaS xi. 40 ; pi. fagiaS 

49.9. 
famigborda, wm. ship with foamy 

sides or deck ; a. famigbordon 

xxvi. 26. 

fana, wm. banner ; i. 10. 
fandian, wv. ^v. g. examine, test ; 

45. 9, 105. 25 //., 147. 15, ix. 

12, xxiv. 57; ind. prs. 2.5. 

fandast 51. 3. 
fangian, wv. join, fasten ; pp. ge- 

fangod 96, 14. 
faran, sv6. go, travel; 141. 27, 

xxiv. ii ; rflx. Se faran xxiv. 

16 ; to farenne 107. 16, 139. 

29; ind. prs. 2.s. fastest xxiv. 

28; 3.^. faerS 45. 27 &c. and 

xx. 216 ; pi. farao 1 79. 14, 130. 

i4>. H7- 4, 5, xxviii. 32, 

xxxi. 3 ; gefaraS trans, journey 

through 42. 31 ; die 24. 13; 

pst. 2.s. fore ii. 5 ; 3.^. for 115. 

18, xxiv. 12, xxvi. 13; pi. 

foron i. 20 ; sbj. prs. fare 131. 

17; pi. faren 129. 24, 135. 30; 

pst. rflx. fore 18. 14; prs. p. 

farende*, faerende 93. 7. 
gefea, wm. joy; 9. 12; d. gefean 



27. 9, 29. 26, 89. 30; a. iii. 
6, v. 27. 

fealdan, rv. fold, furl ; 144. 30. 
fealg, f. felly of a wheel ; d. felge 

J 29- 2 7> 3 1 , I3Q- 1 ; pl-n. felgea 
130. 13 ; felga 129. 23, 130. 5, 
ii, 19 ; d. felgum 130. 3. 
feallan, rv. fall ; to feallanne 81. 

13, xx. 168 ; ind. prs. 3.^. feal 5 

14. 16*; felS v. 15; pst. $.s. 
feol i. 8 1 ; gefeoll 8. 3. 

fearn, n. fern ; a. 51. 29, xii. 3. 
fearr, m. bull ; fear 72. 6, 7. 
feawe,//. adj. few; 25. 5 ; feawa 

67. 1 8 ; feawa manna ongit 46. 

28* ; fea iv. 52 ; ivk. Sa feawan 

67. 20*; d. feawum 25. 17*; 

feaum 46. 27*, 71. 14, 132. 22; 

feam 22. 14 ; a. feawan 48. ii. 
fedan, wv. feed ; ind. prs. 3.5. fet 

70. 5*, 136. 19*, xxix. 69. 
fefer, m. fever ; d. fefre 73. 13. 
fegan, wv. put together, join ; Sa 

ged gefegean ii. 6 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

gefego 1 49. 33; gefegS, gefehS* 

54. 17 ; pp. gefeged 38. 20, xx. 

116, 121. 
fela, adj. indecl. many, much ; 19. 

i, 44. 25, 126. 26, 146. 21, i. 81, 

ii. i, 6, iv. 42, ix. 6, xi. 89, xvi. 

5, xix. 25, xx. 101, xxiv. 12, 

xxvi. 53, xxviii. 48, 76 ; w. sing. 

vb. 144. 25, xx. 83; feola xiii. 

16. 
felan, wv. feel; ind. pst. 2.s. ge- 

feldest 1 8. 27 n. 
feld, m. field; g. feldes 21. 5, vi. 

10 ; d. felda 99. 9. 
feltun, n. privy ; d. feltune 104. 9. 
fenn, m. fen, swamp ; d. faenne 

42. 16*, 19* ; pi. n. fennas 42. 

6 ; d. fennum 42. 29. 
feoh, n. property, money; 25. 27, 

28. 6*, 8*, 58. 15*; fioh 4 8. 20; 
g. feos 71. 16*; feos*, fios 31. 
31; d. feo 4 8. 14*, 16*, 89. 27, 
30*; fio 48. 16, 89. 30 ; a. feoh 
48. 17*, 53. 29*; fioh 48. 17, 
53. 29, 64. 13, 133. 30. 

feohgitsere, m. miser ; viii. 55 ; 

d. feohgitsere 19. i. 
feoht, n. fight, war ; d. gefiohte 



2 3 6 



GLOSSARY 



115. 17*; a. gefeoht 34. 3*, 

viii. 32. 
feohtan, sv^. fight; fiohtan 138. 

19 ; ind. pst. 3-j. feaht 37. 6. 
feolan, ^^3. enter; fiolan set his 

eSle xx. 154. 
feon, u>v. hate ; ind. pst. ^.s. fiode 

124. 13*; sbj. prs. 3-j 1 . fioge 

xxvii. 24. 
feond, m. enemy ; xv. 7 ; d. 

feonde xxv. 16 ; a. feond 67. 

24 ; fiend in. 18* ; pi. n. fiend 

30. 27*; g. fionda 48. 9; d. 

feondum 67. 20 ; tf. feond 33. 

7* ; fiond 54. 20 ; fiend 48. 15 ; 

fynd 33. 7, 48. 15*. 
feorh, n. life ; g. feores 33. 10, 66. 

22, 27 ; d. feore 66. 26, xxv. 16 ; 

fiore 133. 31 ; a. feorh 22. 7, 

67. 10. 
feorr, adv. far; feor u. 8, 139. 

27, ix. 2, xxiv. 2, 9, xxvi. 30; 

fior xx. 222; fyrr 139. 27*; 

<?//. fier, fyr* u. 9; .m/. 

fyrrest 130. 13. 
feorran, adv. from afar ; fiorran 

ymbutan 127. 33. 
f eortSa, num. adj. fourth ; n. feorSe 

62. 26 ; feowerfte xx. 61 ; f. 80. 

i ; fiorSe 103. 22, 139. 17 ; g. 

feorSan, feorSan* 42. I ; d. 42. 

5- 
feoung,/". hatred; d. fiounge 124. 

3*- 
feower, num. four; 46. 4, 62. 25, 

75-29, 3i 79-34>8 6 - 2 9> I 3 I -3, 

xx. 59, 63. 
feowerfete, adj. fourfooted ; n. 

pi. n. fiowerfete 147. 6*; fier- 

fete xxxi. n. 
gefera, wm. companion, associate; 

//. n. geferan 36. 22, 49. 14; 

g. geferena 53. 17; d. geferum 

53- J 75 geferan 36. 19, 47. 
. 18, 50. 2. 
feran, wv. go, proceed; iv. 18 ; 

rflx. Se f. 105. 10 ; geferan xi. 

50; trans, travel over 42. 2; 

to feranne 107. 16 ; ind. prs. i.s. 

gefere 18. ii; ^.pl. geferaS 

xxviii. 23 ; prs. p. ferende 147. 3. 
fernS, m.n. mind, spirit ; d. ferhfte 



xxii. 52; ferhte xxii. 60 (J) ; 

ferSe ix. 37 ; fserSe xxvii. 24. 
ferhttloca, wm. breast, heart ; a. 

ferSlocan xxiv. 5. 
ferian, wv. carry, transport ; ind. 

pst. 3.^. ferede xxvi. 26. 
geferreeden, /. a) companionship, 

intercourse; b} retinue; 65. 3 

(^) > ^ geferraedenne 67. 23 (b} ; 

37- J 9 () ; 49- 3i (). 
geferscipe, m. a) association, 

companionship ; U) class of 

people ; c) company, retinue ; 

116. 21 (r) ; ^. geferscipes n. 

15 (a), xi. 82 () ; d. geferscipe 

in. 15 (c); a. in. 10 (0), xi. 

47 (#) ! / ^- geferscipas 40. 

2 3 (^) > ^- geferscipum 40. 20 (^) ; 

a. geferscipas xi. 93 (a~). 
fetel, m. belt ; d. pi. fetelum xxv, 

10; fetlum in. 15*. 
fe"5e, n. walking, locomotion ; d. 

108. 22. 
fetter, f. feather ; pi. wings ; d. 

feSerum xxiv. 9 ; feftrum xxiv. 

5 ; a. feSera 105. 4. 
fierdmann, m. soldier ; //. d. 

ferdmonnum 64. 13 ; a. ferdmen, 

fyrdmen* 40. 18. 
fiersian, wv. pass beyond ; feor- 

sian xxiv. 26. 
fif, num. five; 76. 2, 5, 6, 7, 

77. 13, 20, 23, 25, 27, 86. 23; 

g. Sara fif goda 86. 28 ; ffissa 

fifa 78. 14. 
fifelstream, m. ocean ; a. xxvi. 

26. 
fifta, num. adj. fifth ; /. fifte 75. 

31, 139. 18 ; d. fiftan 42. 16. 
findan, sv$. find; 74. 9, vii. 32 

&c. ; ind. prs. 2.s. finst 44. 18* ; 

3.^. fint 76. 21, 95. 21*, xiii. 34; 

pi. finde ge 73. 26 ; pst. i.s. 

fond ii. 9 ; funde 8. 8* ; 3.*. 34. 

12* ; sbj. prs. finde 140. 12 ; 

pst. funde 140. 15, 17, viii. 58; 

//. funden 145. 4 ; pp. funden 

96. 20, 97. 14, 99. 22, 140. 15. 

finger, m. finger; d. fingre 8l. 

15, xx. 180. 
firas, m. pi. men ; g. fira vii. ii, 

viii. 32, xix. 2 ; d. firum iv. 39, 



GLOSSARY 



237 



firenfull, adj. sinful ; fierenfull 
xv. 7- 

firenlust, m. sinful desire ; g. 
firenlustes 64. 27*; fyrenlustes 
33.26*; g.pl. firenlusta viii. 15. 

gefirn, adv. long ago ; gefyrn 

31. 21, 33. 13, 46. 25, X. 52; 

w. ser 78. 31, 80. 34, 97. 19, 

101. 17, no. 5, 112. 5. 
first, w. space of time ; fyrst 120. 

28, 31 ; a. first 116. n ; fyrst 

120. 27. 
firwitgeorn, adj. inquisitive ; 

firwetgeorn xxviii. 76 ; n. pi. 

m. firwetgeorne 126. 24. 
fisc, m. fish ; 48. 5 ; //. g. fisca 

xi. 67 ; a. fiscas 74. 3. 
fiscian, wv. fish ; 73. 28. 
fiscnett, n. fishing-net ; a. pi. 

fiscnet xix. n. 

fitt,/". song, poem ; a. fitte 68. 6. 
fiSere, m. n. wing ; pi. n. fiSeras 

!47- 5*5 g- nora 133. 12 ; d. 

fifterum 105. 6; fifirum xxxi. 

8 ; a. fiSru xxiv. i. 
gefiSerian, wv. provide with 

wings ; 104. 30* ; gefiSerigan 

105. 6*; gefeSeran 104. 30; 

gefeSran xxiv. 4. 
flsesc, n. flesh ; 72. i, xxvi. 114; 

d. flaesce 69. n, 29, 72. 4, 109. 

n, xvii. 21, xx. 238. 
flgesclic, adj. fleshly, carnal ; //. 

n. wk. liaesclican 73. 10 ; d. 

flsesclicum 74. 25 ; a. wk. 

flsesclican 70. 3. 
fleogan, sw2. fly; 36. 7, 104. 31, 

xxiv. 2 ; fliogan 105. 5*, 7* ; 

rflx. Se fliogan 105. g* ; ffe 

fligon 105. 8* ; prs. p. fleogende 

147. 7*, xxxi. n. 
fleon, SV2. fly from, avoid ; 27. 

5 ; flion 25. 9, 148. 17, vii. 30; 

to flionne 31. 16*, 103. 15 ; ind. 

prs. 3..f. flihS 76. 25, 92. 21, 

136. 12; pst. 3.s. fleah i. 20; 

imp. pi. fleoS 149. 6 ; prs. p. 

fleeting, transitory ; flionde 72. 

29 ; n. pi. n. fleondu xxi. 30 ; 

fleonde 89. 18*. 
geflit, ;/. strife ; n. pi. geflitu 59. 

25. 



flitan, sv\. struggle, contend ; 
sbj.prs. $.s. flite 107. 30. 

flod, m. n. flood, flood-tide ; g. 
flodes 49. 26 ; d. flode 34. 29. 

flor, f. floor, base; 52. 30, no. 
25; d. flore no. 23, xx. 91 ; 
a. flore i. 81 ; flor 8. 4, 80. 14. 

fiowan, rv. flow ; ind. prs. flowed 
v. 14; pst. 3.J. fleow 53. 8 ; prs. 
p. flowende 72. 29*, 80. 14. 

fodor, n. food, fodder ; d. fodre 
32. i. 

folc, n. people ; 105. 28 &c. and 
xxiv. 63, xxviii. 65 ; often w. 
Sis, or uncomplimentary epithet, 
ungestae SSig, dysig &c. 126. 21, 
64. 2 &c. ; g. folces 43. 1 1 &c. 
and x. 49, xxvi. 52 ; d. folce 
43- !3> 123. 6, ix. 27; a. folc 
41. 14 &c. and xvii. 13, xxiv. 
60 ; g. pi. folca xi. 89. 

folccu S, adj. well known, cele 
brated ; xxvi. 9 ; a. folccuSne 
MPr. 9. 

folcisc, adj. of the people, com 
mon, w. men ; //. n. folcisce 

69. 2, 102. 22, 138. 9; d. 

folciscum 143. 21. 
folcgesift, m. chief, noble ; a. pi. 

folcgesiSas i. 70. 
folcgewinn, n. battle, war; g. 

folcgewinnes i. 10. 
foldbiiend, m. earth-dweller, 

man ; pi. n. foldbuende xvii. 2 ; 

g. foldbuendra xvii. 21 ; d. 

foldbuendum viii. 4. 
folde, ivf. earth ; xi. 43, xx. 59, 

85 ; g. fold an iv. 52, xx. 91 ; 

d. foldan xx. 168 ; a. xx. in, 

247, xxxi. 10. 

foldes, error for Jlodes ? xi. 70 n. 
folga"5, m. service (as a courtier) : 

65.7. 
folgere, m. follower ; pi. g. 

folgera 78. 11 ; d. folgerum 
_ 66. 15, 78. 26. 
folgian, wv. w. d. follow ; 35. 23, 

37. 1 6 ; ind. prs. 3.^. folgaS 14. 

4 ; imp. pi. folgiaS 149. 6 ; sbj. 

prs.pl. folgien 30. 2, 108. 30. 
fon, rv. seize, take, receive ; 101. 

15, MPr. 9, xix. n ; gefon 



2 3 8 



GLOSSARY 



57. 14, 69. 15; on oSer weorc 
to fonne, take tip, begin 127. 
27 ; ind, prs, 2.s. fehst on ... 
100. 7, 9; 3.5. gefehS 124. 9, 
xi. 89; pi. fo we ... on 101. 
10 ; psf. 2.s. gefenge 14. i ; $.s. 
feng to rice 7. 5, 65. 28 ; pp. 
gefangen 18. 19, 48. 5, 83. 17. 
for, prep. ; 1) w. d. : a) place, 
before, in front of : for sunnan 
xxix. 26 ; for herigum xxvi. 57 ; 
clipian for corSre xxvi. 85. b] 
in the sight of, as regards : for 
Drihtne i. 64 ; for Gode iii. 10 ; 
for worulde n. 14, 20. 2, 23. 
ii, 15, TI 3- 23, 138. 23. 
cause, owing to, on account of : 
fa. Pr. 4 &c. ; fore, foil. c. 88. 13. 
d} purpose : for goode deft 1 29. 
i. ,2)= from, 45. 28 (of, B). 
2) iv.a. ; a) iv. vbs. of reckon 
ing, esteeming &c., for, as : for 
nauht to tellenne 56. 10 &c. 
and xxvi. 44, 50 ; wite Sit for 
soft 17. 20, 32. 32. ) instead 
of, 82. 26. (} compared with, 
29. 5, 42. 14, 116. 29, x. 9. d} 
benefit, on behalf of: for hine 
gebidde Pr. 12, cf. 22. 8. 3) 
Forming advs. and conjs. w. d. 
& inst. a) interrog. forhwy, 
why? 62. 4 &c. ; forhwi 124. 
3*, 125. 7, 132. 6 ; w. sbj. 68. 
15, 91. 25, 125. 28; forhwam 
ii. 1 6. />) adv. therefore, for- 
Saem, 12. 24, v. 29 &c. ; forfton 
vii. 40, xxix. 43 ; forfty 23. 21 
&c. c] conj. because, forffsem 
13. 8, v. 38 &c. ; forifgem ffe 13. 
33, x. 66 &c. ; forSsem $ 18. 32 ; 
forfton 12. 5, xiii. 75 &c. ; forSon 
Se 12. 3 &c. d} -w. sbj. 
forSsem, in order that 134. 5. 
e] combinations, forSaem . . for- 
Sgem, for this reason . . . be 
cause or because . . . therefore : 
forSsem . . . forSy 63. 24, 78. 
15, 89. 1 6 ; forSaem . . . forffon 
13. 17 ; forSy . forfty 76. 21 
&c. and x. 35 ; or Sy . . . for- 
8aem (tfe) 82. 28 &c. and xx. 
193 ; forSy . . . fte 88. 19 &c. ; 



forSy . . . j> 40. 25, 43. 27, 147. 

12. 
foran, (Z^. in front, before ; on 

Saet neb foran, in the face 36. 

24 ; wiS Saet mod foran v. 43 ; 

wi$ $a eagan foran xx. 265 ; 

wiS ^one monan foran xxviii. 

47 ; fortihS mod foran, draws 

in front of; forsceotaS hine 

foran, anticipate him 124, ii, 

cf. xxvii. 19. 
forbaernan, wv. trans, burn up ; 

18. 20, 39. 19, ix. 9, xx. 115 ; 

ind. prs. $.s. forbsernft 34. 10, 

80. 23, viii. 54; pst. $.s. for- 

bgernde 127. 13. 
forbeodan, sv2. forbid; 103. 10; 

forbiodan ix. 54. 
forberan, sv\. forbear, refrain 

from ; forberan 1> he ne . . . 104. 

ii ; //. forboren, borne with, 

forgiven 121. i. 
forberstan, sv^. collapse ; ind. 

pst. 3.^. forbaerst 45. 19. 
forbregdan, sv^. transform ; for- 

bredan 116. 14, xxvi. 75. 
forbugan, svi. avoid, prevent ; 

37- 12. 
forceowan, svi. bite off ; ind. pst. 

?,.s. forceaw 36. 23. 
forcierran, wv. avoid, escape ; 

forcerran 142. 17. 
forcuman, sv\. destroy ; 80. 28 n. 
forculS, adj. depraved, wicked, 

bad ; comp. forcuSra 63. 10, 

in. 23; n. forcuSre 109. i; 

n. pi. forcu^ran 54. 22 ; sup. 

wk. forcuSesta 41. 16 ; a. ivk. 

forcuSestan 114. 16 //. n. U k. 

37. 27 ; d. forcuSestum 37. 16, 

38. 2. 

forcwe^an, sv$. rebuke ; ind. pst. 

3.^. forcwoeS 61. 17- 
fordon, anv. destroy ; ind. prs 

$.pl. fordoS 49. 32 ; sbj. prs. 

3.j. fordo xx. 130; pi- fordon 

136. 10 ; pst. pi. fordyden 

xxix. 45 ; pp. n. pi. m. fordone 

67. 4. 
fordrifan, svi. drive out ot course ; 

pp. fordrifen 115. 22, 116. 4 ; a. 

wk. fordrifenan 116. 7. 



GLOSSARY 



239 



fordrugian, wv. intrans. dry up ; 
pp. fordrugod xx. 104. 

fordwylman, wv. confuse, ob 
scure ; ind. prs. ^.pl. fordwil- 
maS Sa soo an gesihfte 14. 5. 

fordysilic, adj. very foolish ; for- 
dyslic 42. 10. 

fore, prep. w. d. before, in front 
of ; him . . . fore . . . hangat? v. 

4- 

forealdian, wv. grow old, be 
come obsolete ; ind. pst. ^.pl. 
forealdodon 44. 6 ; pp. forealdod 
40. 2_7, 131. 7. 

foremsere, adj. eminent, famous ; 
53. 21 &c. ; wk. foremaera 37. 
5, 46. 21 ; g. wk. foremeran 46. 
1 6* ; pi. n. foremaere 69. i ; f. 
wk. foremseran 139. 6 ; g. wk. 
foremserena 44. 25* (formaera 
J) ; a. foremaere 46. 28, x. 62 ; 
comp. n. pi. foremaerran 69. 2 ; 
sup. foremaerost 76. 26 ; n. pi. 
forniEeroste 44. 4. 

foremeerlic, adj. eminent ; 75. 24. 

foremsernes,/. eminence, dignity ; 
56. 10, 76. 4, 77. 17, 86. 24, 
87. 14; formeernes 77. 14; g. 
foremaernesse 56. 24. 

forerynel, m. forerunner, harbin 
ger ; 103. 26 ; forrynel xxix. 25. 

foresceawung, /. providence ; 
127. 19, 128. n; d. forescea- 
wunge 146. 31 ; a. forescea- 
wunga 136. 7*. 

foresceotan, sv2. anticipate, fore 
stall ; ind. prs. ^.pl. forsceotaft 
hine foran 124. n. 

foresprsec, /. pleading, defence ; 
123. 18. 

foresprecen, adj. above men 
tioned ; d. pi. wk. foresprece- 
nan 7. 5*, 113. 14. 

foretacn, n. foretoken, presage ; 

137- 27- 

foreteohhung,/. predestination ; 
foretiohhung 127. 20, 129. 3,7, 
131. ii. 140. 16, 21, 143. 18, 
144. 4; d. foretiohhunge 139. 
21 ; a. 142. 25. 

foreftanc, m. forethought, provi 
dence ; 129. 2; foregone 128. 



10, 15, 20, 131. 2, 16 ; d. 
foreSonce 128. 24, 25, 29, 129. 
12, 130. 29. 

foreflingian, wv. w. d. plead for, 

defend ; ind. $.s. foreSingafl 

123. 19 ; sbj. prs. $.s. foretJingie 

123. 17. 
forewat, swv. know beforehand ; 

ind. prs. ^.s. 128. 17. 
forgiefan, sv$. give, grant ; for- 

gifan 19. 9, 62. 30, 78. 14, 26, 

82. 24, 119. 28; ind. prs. $.s. 

forgifS 62. 23 ; pst. 2.s. forgeafe 

81. 33, xx. 225 ; 3..y. forgeaf 29. 

9 ; imp. forgif 82. 6, 10, xx. 

2 5 2 ! PP- forgifen 93. 21, 146. 

1 5, 25; = forgiven 119. 21; n.pl. 
f. forgifene 134. 24. 
forgieldan, sv$. repay, requite ; 

ind. prs. $.s. forgilt 149. 9. 
forgietaii, svx,. forget ; ind. prs. 

i.s. forgite 90. 2 ; 3.^. forgit 57. 

1 1 , iii. 6 ; forget 9. 1 2 ; pst. $s. 
forgeat 148. 14 ; sbj. prs. forgite 
90. I ; pp. forgiten 8. 20 &c. 
and xxiv. 46 ; n.pl. m. forgitene 
40. 26, 46. 29, x. 60. 

forhealdan, rv. illtreat, misuse ; 

sbj. pst. %.pL forheolden 143. 26; 

pp. n. pi. m. forhealden 65. 18. 
forhelan, sv\. conceal; 66. 17; 

pp. n. pi. m. forholene 40. 27. 
forhergian, wv. lay waste ; for- 

heregian 34. 27. 
forhogian, wv. despise, neglect ; 

imp. pi. forhogiaft 35. 19*. 
forhwierfan, wv. transform ; pp. 

forhwerfed 116. 21*; n. pi. m. 

forhwerfde xxvi. 86. 
forhycgan, wv. despise, neglect ; 

forhigan 1 38. 1 6* ; imp. pi. 

forhycgaff 35. 19. 
forinllee, adv. thoroughly, ex 
ceedingly ; 94. 6. 
forinweardlice, adv. thoroughly, 
^ genuinely; 137. 15. 
forlaedan, wv. mislead ; ind. pst. 

^.pl. forlaeddon ii. n. 
forleetan, rv. leave, forsake ; 16. 

15, v. 26 &c. ; forfeit 103. 9; 

forlsetan t> he ne, desist from 

102. 33 ; to forlaetanne 16. 13; 



240 



GLOSSARY 



to forlaetenne 116. 13*; ind. 

prs. 2.s. forlsetest 100. 8 ; 3.^. 

forlreteS xx. 157; forlaet 14. 3 &c. 

and x. 30, xvii. 24 ; let go, relax 

49. 28; allow 49. 5; pi. for- 

IretatJ 15. 7 &c. and xi. 81 ; 

forlaete wit 138. 7 ; pst. i.s. 

forlet 13. 29 ; 2.s. forlete u. 5, 

20. 31, 62. 5 ; s.s. forlet 52. 14 

&c. and x. 66 ; //. forleton 44. 

3; forletan 8. 10*; sbj. prs. 

forlaete 67. 29 &c. ; //. forlteten 

20. 32, 108. 29, 133. 5 ; pst.pl. 

forleten 64. 4; //. forlaeten 16. 

ion. ; d. wk. forlsetenan 95. 31. 
forleosan, svi. lose; 17. 21, 59. 

31 ; ind. prs. $.s. forlyst 90. 32, 

103. 20; w.d. 113.8; forlist w. 

d. in. 3 ; //. forleosaft in. 5 ; 

/.tf. 2.J. forlure 15. 13 &c. ; %.s. 

forleas 148. 16; sbj. prs. for- 

leose 87. 6; /.tf. forlure 17. 21 ; 

//!>. forloren 15. 2 &c. ; n. pl.f. 

forlorena 24. 27. 
forlicgan, sv$ . commit fornicati on ; 

//. forlegen, adulterous, impure 

xviii. 9. 
forlustlice, adv. very cheerfully, 

willingly; 51. 18. 
forlytel, adj. very little : n. 29. 

5 ; n. pi. f. forlytla 26. 8 ; each 
written as one word in C. 

forma, wk. adj. first ; 34. 10, viii. 
55 ;/ forme 33. 21, viii. 4, 38. 

6 ; d. forman 95. 32. 
formicel, adj. very much, very 

great ; n. 93. I. 
forneah, adv. very nearly, almost ; 

US- 32. 

forscieppan, sv6. transform; for- 
sceoppan to Icon 116. 16*. 

forsearian, wv. intrans. wither; 
ind. prs. ^.s. forsearaS 91. 22 ; 
pp. forsearod 131. 7. 

forseon, sv$. despise, neglect; 
forsion 71. 30, xxiv. 7; to for- 
seonne 56. 3, 75. 12 ; ind. prs. 
%,$. forsiehS 46. 14; forsihft 27. 
9, 45. 29, vii. 42 ; forseo^ 
45. 29*; pi. forseoS 57. 16*, 
61. 15*; forsioS 44. 31, 63. 3, 
130. 17* ; forseo we 18. 12 ; pst. 



3..?. forseah 61. 21, 68. 9; 
/r.r. 2.j. forseo 20. 30*; pst. 
forsawe 61. 25, 62. 13 ; pp. for- 
sewen 104. 17, 120.4, I2 4- 2 5 
forsawen 22. 18; n. pi. -m. 
forsewene 104. 8, xiii. 37. 

forsewennes, f. contempt ; d. 
forsewennesse 12. i. 

forslawian, wv. hesitate, be loth ; 
sbj. pst. 2.s. forslawode 22. 7. 

forslean, sv6. kill ; 34. 26 ; //. 
forslagen 37. 8*. 

forstandan, sv6. ) understand ; 
b} avail ; 12. 30 (a) ; 50. 30 (a) 
67. 8 (7>) ; ind. prs. ^.s. forstent 
u. 30 (a), 45. 22 (6), 47. i (b), 
67. 16 (<^), pst. 3.^. forstod 45. 
20 (//>), 67. 14 (b}, sbj. prs. for- 
stande 47. 10 (a). 

forstelan, sv^. steal ; sbj. prs. 2.s. 
forstele 71. 17. 

forswelgan, sv$. swallow, absorb ; 
vii. 14. 

forsweltan, sv$. die ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
forswilt 70. 21. 

forswigian, wv. trans, pass over 
in silence, ignore ; pp. forsugod, 
forswugod* 40. 28. 

forswlfte, adv. very strongly; 
excessively 40. 8. 

forteon, sv2. a} cover ; b~) lead 
astray; ind. prs. ^.s. fortihS 
xxii. 34 (a) ; sbj. prs. %.s. fortio 
95. 12 (dj. 

fortru-wian, wv. be over-confident ; 
ind. pst. rflx. Su Se fortruwudest 
18. 21 *; sbj .prs. 3.^. fortruwige 
138. 26. 

fortruwung, f. presumption ; d. 
fortruwunga 9. 7*. 

fortS, adv. 1) motion, forth, 
forward; 79. 14, 103. 12, 105. 
14, xxiv. 26. 2) time, hence 
forth; xi. 17, 42, xxi. 8, xxv. 
70; a forS xiii. 40, xvii. 28, 
xx. 17; forS on symbel, for 
ever xi. 94 ; 7 swa forS, sub 
sequently 122. 4. 3) swa for?? 
swa swa ... as far as ... 32. 
4 ; swa forft ftset ... to such 
an extent that ... 75, 23. 

foiftbringan, wv. bring forth, 



GLOSSARY 



241 



produce, accomplish; 9. 27*, 

43. 21, 29; word f. utter xxvi. 

79; forSbrengan 66. 18, no. 

34 ; forSgebrengan x. 62 ; ind. 

prs. 3.J-. forS ne bring 5 54. 

12*; forSbrengeS xxix. 70; 

forSbrengS 136. 2O*;//. bringaS 

symle forft no. 34. 
for Sencan, ?<yz/. rflx. despair ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. hine forSencS 19. 

31 ; sbj. prs. %.s. hine for Sence 

138. 27 ; pst. Su 8e forSohte 19. 

30; //. forSoht, in despair 19. 

29, i. 82. 
fortJforleetennes, f. licence ; d. 

forSforlsetnesse 12. 2. 
foiftryccan, wv. oppress, afflict ; 

//. n. pi. m. forUrycte 9. 25. 
forage witan, svi. depart, die ; 

pp. m. pi. n. forSgewitene 46. 

25, x. 52 ; a. 46. 28. 
forwel, adv. very well ; 40. 8. 
forweorUan, sv$. perish; 71. 7 

&c. and xviii. 6, xxi. 34 ; zW. 

prs. 3.J-. forweorSeS xi. 85 ; pst. 

2.s. forwurde 13. 28; sbj. prs. 

$.pl. forweorftnn 89. 19. 
forweoi Sfullic, adj. very distin 
guished ; 65. 15. 
forwiernan, wv. w. d. and g. 

prevent, restrain ; forwernan 144. 

28 ; ind. prs. 3.^. forwyrnS 49. 

22*; pp. hire biS forwerned 

hire gecyndes 93. 17. 
forwyrd, /. destruction ; d. for- 

wirde 70. 20. 
fostorfseder, m. foster-father ; a. 

66. 24. 
fostormodor, f. foster-mother ; 

a. fostermodor*, fgestermodor 

8. 27. 
fot, m. foot ; //. n. fet 147. 5 ; g. 

fota 107. 13, 15; d. fotum 10. 

20, iv. 39, xxxi. 8, 10. 
fox, m. fox; 114. 28. 
gefrsege, 1) n. inquiry, informa 
tion ; d. mine gefrsege, as I 

have heard xx. 82, 248. 2) adj. 

famous ; xx. 2. 
fram, 1) prep. w.d. a) motion, 

from, 14. 19*, 16. 6*, 17*, 20. 

28*, xxiv. 2; from, fq. 17. 7 



&c. 3) separation from, 38. 18, 

60. 24, 78. 5, ii. 15; w . to- 

sceadan, todaelan &c. 84. 28 ; 

&c. c) sottrce, from Gode wisse 

12. 22, cf. 13. 6, 79. 23, i. 72, 

xx. 35. d} from ... 08: place, 

39. 27 &c. and \. 14; time, 44. 

22, 79. 12, xx. 10. e) agent, 

by, 62. 12, 66. 22,- xx. 245. 2) 

adv. away; 8. 12, 81. 10, 114. 

n. 
framweard, adj. ready to depart ; 

n.pl.f. fromwearde 26. 2*. 
frea, wm. lord ; xvii. 9 ; g. frean 

xi. 40, 67 ; a. xxvi. 63 //. 
freadryhten, m. lord ; g. frea- 

drihtnes xxvi. 9. 
free, adj. greedy, covetous ; n. pi. 

w.g. hi firenlusta frece ne weeron 

viii. 15. 
frecenlic, adj. dangerous ; n. 30. 

16, xix. 2; frecendlic 73. 23*; 

comp. a. n. frecenlicre 119. 15. 
frecennes, /. danger, hardship; 

frecenes, frecennes* 50. 17; g. 

frecennesse 48. I, 93. 12. 
frecne, adj. dangerous, wicked ; 

a. wk. frecnan 27. 5 ; //. a. wk. 

frecnan 34. 12; n. frecnu viii. 

58. 
gefredan, wv. feel, perceive ; 145. 

22, 23, 146. 4; ind. prs. 3.$. 

gefretQi. 15. 
gefrednes, f. feeling, perception ; 

145. 19, 22. 
fremde, adj. strange, foreign ; g. 

f. fremdre iii. n ; //. g. fremdra 

45. 2; d. fremdmn 17. 28, 31. 

26, 32. 25; frsemdum 24. n*; 
a. n. fremde 29. 29* ; wk. 
fremdan 9. 13, 29. 27. 

fremman, wv. perform, accom 
plish ; 1 06. T 3 ; ind. pst. $.s. 
fremede i. 45 ; gefremede ix. 33 ; 
PP gefremed 128. 12. 

freruu, f. advantage ; 30. 10, 60. 

27. 

freo, adj. free ; 89. 6 n. ; freoh 
148. 24; a, freone 142. 3; f. 
frige 142. 7 ; //. freo, frige* 
J 44- 3 > 8- friora xxi. 2 ; a. freo 
142. 9. 



R 



242 



GLOSSARY 



freedom, m. freedom; 127. 21, 

142. 12 ; g, freodomes 142. 9 ; 
d. freodome II. 25, 142. 22, 

143. 28, 146. 32 ; frydome 146. 
32*; a. freedom 89. 8 &c. ; 
friodom 140. 23, 27, 30, 141. 
2, xxi. 8. 

freogan, wv. set free ; ind. prs. 

3..y. gefreoo 1 47. 23. 
freollce, adv. freely; friolice 45. 

27. 
freolsian, wv. deliver ; pp. ge- 

freolsod 144. 9. 
freond, m. friend ; xxx. 3 ; g. 

freondes 54. 15, 67. 24; d. 

freonde xxv. 16 ; a. friend in. 

18*; pi. n. friend 8. 13*, 48. 

19*, 54. 9; frend 67. 16, 18 ; 

g. freonda 48. 8, 67. 15* ; a. 

freond 54. 20*; friend 54. 17*; 

frend48. 15; frind48. 15*,5O.2*. 
freondrseden, f. friendship ; d. 

freondrsedenne 49. 33, 50. 3 ; a. 

xi. 82. 
freondscipe, m. friendship ; d. 

53. 20 ; a. 7. 8, xi. 90, 94. 
friegan, sv$. inquire, learn; //. 

gefrigen ix. 27. 
frignan, sv$. ask, inquire ; ind. 

pst. 3.^. frsegn, fran* 8. 26, 9. 4 ; 

sbj.prs. 3.3. sefter frigne xxii. 46 

(or take as compound ?) ; pp. 

frugnen xxii. 52. 
fritt, m.n. ; d] protection ; <) peace ; 

g. friSes i. 35 (b} ; d. frioe 60. 

6 n. (a). 
friftian, ivv. protect ; ind. prs. %.s. 

friSa S 91. 24 ,pst. 3.-$-. gefrioSode 

133- ii. 
friftstow, f. refuge; 89. n, xxi. 

16. 
frofor, f. consolation : xxi. 16 ; 

frofer 50. 12, 89. n*; frofr 

(error for hrof) 52. 24 ; frofre 

8. 3, i. 79, ii. 12, iii. u ; masc. 

frofres 9. 17*. 
froforboc,/". book of consolation, 

translation of the Latin title De 

Consolatione ; froferboc*, frofr- 

boc 50. 6. 
fruma, 1) win. beginning, origin ; 

52. 21, xx. 275 &c. ; d. fruman 



79. 13, 136. 31 ; set fruman 129. 
18, 142. 27, xvii. 13, 26; from 
fruman xx. 10 ; a. 58. 9, 69. 18, 
147. 27, 29, 148. i, xvii. 2. 2) 
adj. = forma, first ; d. Sgere fru 
man gecynde 69. 24* ; a. fruman 
sceaft = frumsceaft 69. 27*, 31*. 

frumcierr, m. first time ; d. aet 
frumcerre, at once 145. 25. 

frumsceaft, f. creation, origin ; 
d. frumsceafte 58. 8, xxix. 7 ; & 
frumsceaft xvii. 24. 

frumstol, m. original seat, home ; 
xx. 125 ; a. xx. 63. 

frymtJ, f. origin, beginning ; d. 
set frymtSe xi. 38, 77, xiii. 13, 
xxix. 38. 

fugol, m. bird ; fugl xxvii. 24 ; d. 
fugle xxiv. i \pl.g. fugla 57. 20, 
xxvii. 19 ; d. fugelum 115. 4*; 
fuglum 121. 15*, 124. 8, xxvii. 
ii ; a. fugelas xiii. 48. 

ful, adj. dirty, foul ; d. pi. fulum 

115- 7- 
full, 1) adj. full, complete; 22. 

9 &c. and i. 9 ; full man, 
perfect 114. 8 ; ful 23. 20*, iv. 
36, ix. 5; wk. fulla no. 19, 
126. 13; /. wk. fulle 83. 21, 
85. 17 ; n. full 83. 8 &c. ; wk. 
fulle 83. _5, 84. i, 90. 15; g. 
fulles xxviii. 41 ; a. fullne 39. 3, 
in. 2; fulne 25. 22, no. 18, 
xxi. 8 ; /. fulle 78. 13 ; n. full 
88. 28 ; inst. fulle 103. 18, 109. 
14 ; pi. n. fulle 113. 31 ; f. fulla 
65. 12 ; wk. fullan 88. 29, 78. 8 ; 
a.f. fulla 77. 19, 82. 24, 88. 28 ; 
fulle 78. 22, 88. 18 ; wk. fullan 
77. 23 ; sup. fullast 84. 2 ; n. 
fullest 83. 12. 2) a</z/. fully, 
quite \fq. 24. 7 &c. and xxiv. 17, 
xxvi. 17 ; ful 12. 26 &c. (equally 
common]. 

fullfremman, wv. accomplish, 
complete; 106. 13, in. i; to 
fulfremmanne 19. 23 ; ind. prs. 
3.^. fullfremeS 103. 19 ; sbj.prs. 
3.J. fullfremme 103. 17; pp. 
fullfremed, complete, perfect 
in. 3, 128. 13; n. wk. full- 
fremede 83. 6 ; / wk. fulfremede 



GLOSSARY 



2 43 



78. 10; a. n. fulfremed 73. 19 ; 
g. pL fulfremedra 41. 12. 

fullfremednes, f. perfection ; g. 
fullfremednesse 84. 9. 

fullgan, anv. w. d. accomplish, 
perform ; fulgan 19. 21, 124. 28; 
fulgan 9. 25*5 fulgangan 18. 4; 
ind. prs. $.s. fulgaeS 70. 16, 
109. 14, 131. 14; j>j/. 3.^. fuleode 
12. 23; j^/. ^n\ 2.j. fulgonge, 
observe 16. 32 ; 3.5-. fulga 53. 
25*. 

fulHce, adz/, fully, perfectly ; fq. 
28. 25 &c. ; comp. fullicor 74. 28. 

fullmannod, adj. fully populated; 
a. n. fullmonnad 40. 17. 

fullneah, adv. very nearly, al 
most; 58. 14*; fulneah/^. 10. 
23 &c. and xviii. 4. 

fulltruwian, ze/z/. z<y. d. trust ; ind. 
prs. 2. pi. fultruwiaS 60. 23. 

fulluhtfteawas, m. pi. baptismal 
rite ; d. fulluhtfteawum i. 33. 

fullwyrcan, wv. complete ; 99. 15. 

fultum, m. help, support ; g. ful- 
tumes 31. 20, 59. 29, 65. 17, 
75. 8; fultomes 59. 32, 96. 32, 
97. 2 ; <af. fultume 66. 19, 104. 
19 ; fultome 101. i ; a. fultum 
47- 7> 79- 3, xxxi. 8. 

fultumian, fulteman, wv. w. d. 
help ; gefulteman 71. 21 n.; ind. 
prs. 3.j. fultumaS 147. 6; fulte- 
ma5 xxv. 21 ; /jtf. 3..$-. gefultu- 
made 13. 28; gefultumede 7. 23*. 

fundian, ze/z/.move (towards), tend 

to s; 5 1 - 7; "^ A^- 3-y- 

fundaS 106. 10, xiii. 14 ; pi. 
fundiaS fq. 82. 5 &c. and xx. 
239, 280 ; sbj. prs. 3.^. fundie 
xxi. 2 ; fundige 89. 6, 92. 18. 

furh,/. furrow ; d. //. furum 12.9. 

furttor, adv. further, more ; 49. 
14*; furSur 50. 30, 99. 22, 102. 
21, 27. 

furSum, adv. a) time, first, just, 
.103. 12, 108. 8. b) even, so 
much as, 42. 31 &c.;fq. w. ne 
34. 4, viii. 32 &c. ; ne furSon 
34. 2 ; ge furSum, aye, and even, 
fq. 24. 30 &c. ; ge furSon 39. 

22*, 23*, 70. 24*. 



fylgan, wv. w. d. follow ; vii. i ; 

fylgean 64. 5*; ind. pst. 3.^. 

fylgde xxvi. 54 ; filgde, fyligde* 

102. 32. 
gefyllan, wv. fill, satisfy ; 25. n, 

28. 21, 31. 24, 38. 15 ; ind. prs. 

3.s. gefylS 28. 12; gefyllft 62. 

28*; pst. 2.s. fyldest 82. 5*; 

3.^. gefylde xx. 247 ; sbj. prs. 

3.J-. gefylle 19. 4; pp. gefylled 

19. 6, 60. 17 ; n. pi. m. gefylde 

71. 15. 

fylst,/ help ; d. fylste xxiii. 7. 
fyr, n. fire ; 34. 7, ix. 12 &c. ; g. 

fyres 34. 27, 80. 26, xx. 83, 121, 

125 ; d. fyre 80. 10 &c. and xx. 

in, 148, xxiv. 12 ; a. fyr 18. 20 

&c. and xx. 153; fir 80. 21*. 
fyren, adj. fiery ; f. wk. fyrene 

135. 26, xxix. 7. 
fyrmest, adv. chiefly, most ; 32.5 

(furemest B). 
fyrs, m. furze, furze-bush; a. pi. 

fyrsas 51. 29, xii. 3. 
fyrftran, wv. advance, help on ; 

125. 3; ind. prs. $.$. fyrfrraS 

91. 24; pst. \.s. gefyrSrede 20. 

12 ; pp. n. pi. m. gefyrSrode 9. 

28*. 

G. 

gadertang, adj. united ; xxii. 39. 
gadrian, wv. bring together, 

collect, unite; gegadrian 55. 

25 ; gegaderian 53. 29, 108. l ; 

to gadrianne 19. 8 ; ind. prs. 

2.s. gaderast 31. 13* ; gaderast 

31. 16*; gegsederast 82. 2; 

3.J. gadraS 28. 3, 61. 10 ; 

gegadraS xi. 90 ; gaderaS 27. 

30* ; gegaderaS 53. 1, 84. 24;?. ; 

gegsederaS 50. 2* ; pi. gegad- 

eriaS 9. 6* ; gegaderigaS 24. 

10* ; pst. 3..r. gegaderode 69. 

23* ; sbj. prs. gegaderige 31. 

29, 60. 28* ; gegaederige, absol. 

or w. obj. omitted, concentrate 

(himself, his thoughts) 95. 2* ; 

pi. gegaderien 73. 17; pp. 

gegadrod 92. 26 ; gegadrad 61. 

II, 90. 10 ; gegaderod, ccm- 



R 2 



244 



GLOSSARY 



pacted 96. 14* ; n. pi. n. 

gegadrade 90. 7 ; gegaderode 

96. 1 5 ; gegaderade 76. 5 ; 

gegaderudu 113. 16 ; gega- 

derede 76. 3; gederode95. 14*; 

gegaderod 96. 17. 
gadrung, f. bringing together, 

collecting; gegaderunc 75. 19; 
jz. gegadrunga 55. 27. 
gselan, wv. hinder, impede ; sbj. 

prs. $.s. gsele vii. 51. 
geers, n. grass; xx. 98. 
gafol, n. tribute, tax ; d. gafole 

35- ? 2 - 
gal, adj. wanton, frivolous ; d. ivk. 

galan 115. 3. 
galan, sz>6. sing ; ind. pst. 3.5". 

gol vii. 2. 
gamen, n. amusement, sport ; g. 

gamenes ix. 19 ; d. him to 

gamene ix. 9, 46. 
gan,gangan, anv. go, walk ; 8. 16, 

107. 13, 15, 108. 8. 9, 23; rflx. 

8e gan 33. 12 ; gangan xxxi. 8 ; 

gongan iv. 17; ind. prs. ^s. 

gaeS 27. 17, 47. 25, 126. 12, 

147. 9, xxxi. 16 ; walks 107. 
18 ; pi. gaS 14. 10 ; pst. 3.^. 
code 8. 24, 102. 21, 26, 103. 
n ; imp. pi. gaS 139. 5 ; sbj. 

prs. 3-J. gange xxviii. 38 ; pst. 

pi. eoden 101. 30. 
gegartgan, anv. overrun, invade ; 

gegongan i. 12. 
garsecg,?/z. ocean ; ix. 41 ; d. ? ligS 

ut on garsecg xvi. 12. 
gast, m. spirit, soul ; 93. 6, xxii. 

39 ; g- P l - gasta xxi. 43. 
gastlic, adj. spiritual ; n. pi. n. 

gastlicu 87. 2. 
gastlice, adv. spiritually; n. 15, 

148. 28. 

ge, conj. and (atque), fq. ; often w. 

eac 10. 6, xi. 10 &c. ; ge . . . ge 

12. 4, ix. 2 &c. ; segSer ge . . . 

ge n. 31 &c. 
ge, pron. n. pi. you ; 8. 22, x. 63 

&c. See also eow. 
geador, adv. together ; xiii. 49. 
gealdor, n. incantation ; g. pi. 

galdra xxvi. 53. 
gear, n. year; 17. 24; d. geare 



17- 2 5, 9 2 - J 5; 136. 15; on 
geare, yearly 64. 14 ; #. ger 65. 
23; //. geara 44. 17, 19, 25, 
iv. 17, xix. 27,xxiv. 12, xxix. 56, 
59, 66; geo geara 70. 25 ; a. 
gear 44. 23, 115. 19, xxviii. 30. 

geara, adv. long ago ; i. i, ix. 9, 
xx. 52. 

gearmJelum, adv. year by year ; 
i. 5. 

gearo, adj. ready ; 107. 32 ; a. 
gearone vii. 34. 

gearowita, ivm. full, perfect 
understanding ; gearowito 146. 
2 3* > a - gearo witan, superior to 
gesceadwisnes 130. 30. 

gearwe, adv. completely, thor 
oughly ; gen. w. witan ; geare 1 2. 
26, 98. 20, 103. 6, 122. 28, xx. 
94, xxviii. 80; geara 26. 5, 31. 
17*; geare, geara*, once w. 
geman 96. 6. 

gearwian, wv. make ready, fur 
nish ; ind. prs. 3.^. gearwatJ 136. 
1 6* ; //. geared, gegyrewod* 32. 
27. 

geat, n. gate ; a. pi. gatu 102. n*. 

geatweard, ;;/. janitor; 102. 16. 

geo, adv. formerly, of old ; 8. 6*, 
7*, 9. 22*, 15. 13 ; geo geara 
70. 25*, ii. I, x. 34 ; iisual form 
gio 13. 3, ii. 6 &c. ; gio dagum 

45- 4 5 g iu 34- 3* 5 iu 34 2 3, 

i. i. 
geoc, n. yoke ; a. 46. 9 ; geoc 

40. i* ; gioc ix. 55, x. 20. 
geocsa, wm. sobbing ; ii. 5. 
geogofthad, m. (period of) youth ; 

a. giogofthad 122. 4. 
geoloca, ivm. yolk of egg ; gioleca 

xx. 170. 
geomann, m. man of old ; g. pi. 

giomonna i. 23. 
geomerian, wv. mourn, lament ; 

ind. prs. 2.s. geomrast 15. 3 ; 

prs. p. geomriende. 
geomerung,/". mourning, lamen 
tation ; </. geomerunge*, geom- 

runga ii. i. 
geomor, adj. sad, sorrowful ; 

giomor ii. 3 ; d. wk. geomran i. 

84- 



GLOSSARY 



2 45 



geond, prep. w. a. throughout, 
over ; w. eorSan x. 58, xxxi. 3, 
43-4, 53- 7, 68. 22. 147. 3.; 
g. burga fela iv. 42 ; g. foldan 
sceat iv. 52 ; g. eofSan sceat 
viii. 5 ; g. weorulde viii. 8, cf. 
viii. 41, ix. 58, xiii. 65 ; g. Sas 
masran gesceaft xi. 73, cf. xx. 
19; g. Bretene xx. 99; g. Sisne 
sidan grund xx. 127, cf. xxix. 
60 ; g. middangeard xx. 193, cf. 
xxi. i, xxvii. 12; giond : g. 
ealle Romana mearce 64. 12 ; 
g. eorSricu iv. 37 ; g. worulde 
xi - 45 g- gesceaft xi. 63; g. 
eorSan xx. 106 ; g. werSioda 
xxiv. 35. 

geondliehtan, wv. shine over, 
illuminate ; geondlihtan xxx. 
12. 

geondscinan, svi. illuminate ; 
141. 16, v. 44; ind. prs. %.s. 
geondscint? 86. 9*. 

geondstyrian, wv. stir up, agi 
tate ; pp. geondstyred vi. 15. 

geondwlitan, svi. see through, 
look over ; ind. prs. 3.^. geond- 
wlitetS xxx. 15. 

geong, adj. young; a. geongne, 
giungne* 20. 6 n. ; giongne 20. 

10 ; f. giunge xxvi. 67 ; n. pi. 
geonge 22. 26*; giunge 22. 
26, xxvi. 86. 

geongra, wm. young follower, 

disciple ; n. pi. gingran 9. 5*. 
georn, adj. desirous, eager ; i. 

georne, adv. eagerly, earnestly ; 

11 times, 16.22 and xx. 31, xxi. 
20; carefully 91. 24; gionne 
xxix. 3 ; sup. geornost xxv. 27, 
xxvii. 29. 

geornfull, adj. desirous, eager, 
earnest; 51. 9; d. wk. georn- 
fullan 51. 24 ; n. pi. geornfulle 
73- 32, xix. 27. 

geornfullice, adv. earnestly ; 50. 

geornfullnes,/. desire, eagerness ; 
d. geornfulnesse 54. 3, 7. 

geornllce, adv. earnestly, care 
fully ; 7 times, 9. 29 &c. 



geotan, sv2. pour, cast (metal) ; 
pp. to anum wegge gegoten 
90. 8. 

giedd, n. song, poem ; a. gyd vii. 
2 ; pi. ged ii. 5 ; d. giddum 
57. 2, xiii. i. 

gieddian, wv. sing, recite ; 64. 
24 ; gieddigan 73. 22 ; giddian 
9. 10*, 39. 16, 48. 22, 51. 28*, 
60. 27*, 71. 4; giddigan 48. 
22*, 60. 27, 64. 24* ; gyddian 
46. 2 ; giddien 9. 29* ; ind. pst. 
2.s. giddodest 12. 22 ; 3.^. gid- 
dode, used in formula, 21. I 
&c. ; gyddode i. 84 ; geoddode 
26. 22*. 

giefan, svfr. give; gifan 71. 24, 78. 
23; ind. prs. 2.s. gifst Si. 34 ; 
3.j. gifS 65. 3, 113. 9, 119. 32, 
120. i, 147. 15 ; pst. 3.j. geaf 
142. 9; sbj. prs. 3.j. gife 27. 
22 ; prs. p. gifende 148. 19 ; pp. 
gifen xvi. 10. 

giefol, adj. freely giving, liberal ; 
giful 119. 31. 

giefu,/". gift, grace; gifu 22. 24, 
120. i; gifo 119. 32; d. gife 
142. ii ; a. 62. 22, 119. 28, 
142. 9, n, 146. 9 ; //. n. gifa, 
gifta* 40. 21 ; g. 17. 15 ; gifena 
17. 17*; d. gifum 27. 21; a. 
gifa 8 1. 34, xx. 227. 

gieldan, sv$. pay, reward, requite ; 
ind. prs. %.s. gilt 141. 9, 142. 
13, H 8 - 33 ; sbj. prs. 3.*. gelde 
144. 6 ; pst. 3.j. guide 124. 13, 
xxvii. 26. 

gielp, in. boasting, glory, fame ; 

55- 7 ; gilp 42. i5*> 47- i*, 56. 
21* ; gelp x. 17 ; gylp 68. 29 ; 

g. gilpes 41. 12*, 45. 21*, 71. 

2 7> vii - 15; gelpes 45. 21, x. 

13; gylpesi. 9 ; d. gilpe 9. 7*, 

45. 8, MPr. 8, x. 69 ; gelpe 45. 

8 ; a. gielp 68. 12 ; gilp 46. 3* ; 

gelp x. 2 ; gylp ix. 46. 
gielpan, sv^. w. g. boast ; gilpan 

29. 18, 20, ix. 19; ind. prs. 2.s. 

gilpst 30. 29 ; 3.j. gilptS 68. 29 ; 

imp. gilp 29. 20 ; sbj. prs. 3-//. 

gilpen 66. 5. 
gielpscaUa, wm. boastful enemy 



246 



GLOSSARY 



or criminal ; a. gelpscaSan ix. 

49. 
gieman, wv. w. g. heed, care for ; 

geman xxxi. I ; ind. prs. 3.5. 

gymS MPr. 8 ; $.pl. gimdon 

33- 3 1 * ; gemdon 33. 26*, viii. 

10 ; imp. gem, observe xxix. 3. 
giemeleast.yi carelessness, negli 
gence ; d. gimeleste 44. 2 ; a. 

giemelieste, gemeleste* u. 12. 
giemen, f. care, heed ; gemen 

27. 13*, 70. 28, vii. 51 ; d. ge- 

menne 70. 30*. 
gierela, wm. dress, clothing ; 

gegerela 30. 20 n. ; d. gegerelan 

in. 26. 
giernan, wv. w. g. desire, long 

for ; to girnanne 90. 13; ind. 

prs. 2.s. girnst 71.27; pi. girnatJ . 

35- 25, 43. 3 ; geornaS 43. 3* ; 

pst. l.s. girnde 40. 9* ; pi. girn- 

dan 33. 24*. 
gierwan, wv. get ready, adorn ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. giere S xxix. 59 ; 

pst. 3-/>/. giredon viii. 25 ; pp. 

n. pi. m. gegerede xxv. 6. 
giese, adv. yes ; gise la gese 39. 

30*; gyse 87. 12. 
giet, adv. yet, still ; often w. comp. 

12. 26 &c. ; zf.nu, fta, 43. 8&c. ; 

giet usual form in C, 12. 26; 

xx. 20 &c., but hardly occttrs in 

B ; git about 6 times in C and 

about 12 times in B ; get about 

20 times in C and about 8 times 

in B; gyt 51. 14*; geot 105. 

21*; gieta viii. 12; gita xxiii. 

7 ; geta vii. 3, viii. 33, xxiv. 

46. 
gif, conj. if ; fq. ; gen. w. subj. Pr. 

12, i. 27 &c. ; w. ind. 9. 18, iv. 

49 &c. 
gifernes, f. greed ; g. gifernesse 

102. 32 ; d. 70. 1 8. 
gifre, adj. a) greedy ; b} desirous, 

eager ; 50. 23 (), 102. 32 (a). 
gift, v. giefu. 
gigant, m. giant; 99. 7; pi. n. 

gigantes, gigantas* 98. 30 ; d. 

gigantum 98. 33. 
gimm, m. gem, jewel; gim xxii. 

23 ; pi. n. gimmas 73. 27, 89. 



I 3>" " gimrna 28. 27, 29. i, xiv. 

3; d. gimmum u. 27, 28. 29, 

34. 12, 64. 26; a. gimmas 74. 

i, xix. 9, 22. 
gimmeynn, n. kind of jewel ; g. 

gimcynnes 60. 29 ; a. gimcyn 

74. 2 ; d. pi. gimcynnum viii. 

57, xv. 4, xxv. 6. 
gimmreced, n. jewelled hall, 

palace; a. gimreced viii. 25. 
ginfeest, adj. abundant, liberal ; 

a.pl.f. ginfsesta gifa xx. 227. 
giscian, wv. sob ; prs. p. gisciende 

8. 8. 

git, pron. you two ; d. inc 19. 28. 
gltsere, m. covetous person, 

miser; 34. n, 38. 14, 65. 26, 

114. 26; g. gitseres 38. 29; d. 

gitsere 60. 28; gietsere 19-9; 

a. pi. gitseras 28. 3. 
gltsian, wv. w. g. covet ; ind. $.s. 

gitsati 59. 26. 
gltsung, f, covetousness, greed ; 

26. 29, 28. 3, 34. 7, 40. 7, 60. 20, 

109. 5, vii. 15, viii. 46 ; gitsunc 

viii. 43 ; g. gitsunge x. 13 ; d. 

51.8; gidsunge 71. 16; a. 

gitsunga 17. 29, 19. 18, 26. 28 ; 

gitsunge 17. 29*, 28. 21* ; 

gidsunga 17. 30 ; //. g. gitsunga 

19. 7; a. 31. 23, 38. 15, 29. 
gleed, adj. bright, pleasant; f. 

gladu 14. 14, v. II. 
glees, n. glass; d. glase n. 26. 
gleeshluttor, adj. clear as glass ; 
f. glseshlutru 14. 12*; a. f. 

glashlutre v. 8. 
gleaw, adj. shrewd, wise; boca 

gleaw i. 52 ; n. 16. 20. 
glengan, wv. adorn ; ind. pst. 

3.J. geglengde 64. 26, xv. 4; 

pp. geglengde xxv. 10. 
glidan, svi. glide ; ind. prs. %.s. 

glided xx. 170, xxviii. 39, xxix. 

27. 
gliwian, wv. sing; gliowian 26. 

22*. 

glrwword, n. song, poem ; d. pi. 

gliowordum vii. 2. 
gnastt, m. gnat ; n. pi. gnaettas 

36.8. 
gnornian, wv. grieve; 138. j6, 



GLOSSARY 



247 



19; ind. prs. $.pl. gnorniaft 
24. 13. 

gnornung, f. grief, lamentation ; 
13. 4; d. gnornunga 12. 4; 
gnornunge iii. 10; a. gnornunga 
9. 14, 15. 21 ; 72.//. 1 6. 8. 

god, 1) adj. good ; v. fq. ; good 
is usual form in C, god in B ; 
xr. <T/" god in C are given; 
god 35. 13; -wk. gooda, goda 
104. 2 &c. ; f. good, god 47. 
22 ; god 138. 4 ; n. good, god 28. 
11 > & goodes, godes 38. 28, ix. 
49> 62; godes 119. 12; w. 
goodan, godan 35. 10* ; godan 
113. 27; d. goodum, godum 
128. 32 ; f. goodre xxii. 42 &c. ; 
wk. goodan, godan 18. 22 ; a. 
goodne, godne 38. 33, 53. 22, i. 
42 ; wk. godan 123. 28 ; pi. m. 
f. n. goode, gode 35. 23 ; gode 
1 06. 33 ; wk. goodan, godan 
104. 20; g. goodra, godra 18. 
1 6, 45. 23, 124. 20, 125. ii, 
i- 45 j godra xxvii. 29 ; wk. 
godena 45. 2, 1 39. 6 ; d. goodum, 
godum 41. 6, 125. 10; godum 
113. 32, 118. 27, 125. 9, 139. 
17 ; a. goode, gode 39. 14 ; wk. 
goodan, godan 37. 30 ; f. gooda 
62. 15 ; n. goode, gode 79. 
28*; good xx. 45 ; comp. betera 

27- 2 7> 35- l6 > 7 2 - J 4> 2I > 23, 
132. 15; betra 28. 12, 131. 30, 
132. 26, 146. 23 ;/ betere 18. 
32, 72. 24, 146. 24, xii. 19, xx. 
187 ; n. betere about 10 times, 
20. 28 &c. ; betre about 4 times, 
84. 17 &c. ; g. beteran xxv. 29 ; 
a. 71. 22 ; n. betere 83. 25, 85. 
21 ; betre 18. 33; n. pi. betran 
JS - 3> J 34- 1 6 ; sup. betstxxx. 
4; wk. betsta no. 26, 132. 26; 
;z. betst 53. 21 &c. ; a. wk. 
betstan 114. 15 ; pi. n. wk. 130. 
8; g. wk. betstena 69. 14; d. 
betstum 45. 20; wk. betstan 130. 
8. 2) sbst. n. good ; good usual 
form in C, 37. 21 &c. ; god 
about 12 times, 29. 6 &c. ; god 
29. 5, 83. 6, 98. 21 ; g. goodes 
52. 21 &c. ; godes 13. 18 &c. ; 



godes 76. 19, no. 25,135. 16; d. 
goode 71. 13, 89. 6* &c. ; gode 
44. 28, 114. 9, 141. 6, iii. 10 ; a. 
good; god 22. 14, 56. 27, 88. 
25; god 1 06. 34, 107. 8, 143. 
19 ; pi. n. good ; g. gooda ; goda 
56. 7 ; d. goodum, godum 39. 13, 
88.29; # good, god 18. 10, 29. 
9, 3 1 - 25 ; god 27. 10*. 

god, m. 1) god; 98. 28, 109. 21, 
115. 24, 28 ; a. 115. 26, 116. I ; 
pi. n. godas 113. 19, 114. 20; 
g. goda 109. 17; a. godas 115. 
27; godu 98. 28, 102. ii. 2) 
God ; 12. 19 &c., often difficult 
to distinguish from god (2) ; in 
C the t^vo are occasionally 
confused, God -being written 
good, or god 83. 27, 84. 2, 13, 
26, 87. 30, 94. 4, 109. 1 6, 17; 
occurs about 170-175 times in 
all ; g. Godes 11.7 &c. ; d. Gode 
9. 29 &c. ; a. God 38. 26 &c. 

godcund, adj. Godlike, divine ; 
wk. godcunda 39. 29 &c. ; f. 
godcund 127. 20 ; wk. godcunde 

128. 16 &c. ; n. godcund 127. 
20; g. wk. godcundan 135. 5; 
d. wk. 99. 1 8 &c. ; a. godcundne 
26. 25 ; wk. godcundan 25. 15 ; 
godcundan 79. 3 ; without arti 
cle, 136. 7; d.pl. godcundum 54. 

II, 141. I, 143. 12. 

godcundlic, adj. divine ; g. god- 
cundlices 32.2; ^.godcundlicum 
148. 25 ; a. n. ivk. godcundlice 

129. 29. 

godcundlice, adv. divinely; 31. 27. 
godcundnes, f. divine quality, 

Godhead ; 85. 28 ; g. godcund- 

nesse 100. ii, 31 ; a. 85. 32, 

132. 24. 
godnes, jf. goodness ; goodnes 100. 

16, 114. 19, xx. 31 ; godnes 79. 

21*, 84. 24, 90. 21 ; godnes 

113. 27; g. goodnesse 98. 2, 

100. 21. 
godwebb, n. fine cloth ; godweb 

28. 31 ; a. viii. 25. 
gold, n. gold; 27. 28, 29; g. 

goldes xiv. 3; d. golde n. 27, 

28, 19. 5, 34. n, viii. 57, xv. 4, 



248 



GLOSSARY 



xxv. 6; a. gold 33. 9, 73. 25, 

140. 14, 16, xix. 6. 
goldhord, mn. hoard of gold, 

treasure ; a. 140. 12. 
goldsmiS. m. goldsmith (Weland) ; 

g. goldsmiSes 46. 17, x. 34. 
grieg, a^ . grey ; . /. graege v. 8. 
grafan, sv6. dig ; ind. pst. 3.j. 

grof viii. 57. 
gram, adj. fierce, cruel ; a. wk. 

graman 36. 21 ; pi. a. wk. 102. 

22. 
grapian, wv. handle, touch ; 

gegrapian 145. 22 ; ind. pst. 

i.s. grapode, felt, groped 97. 

18. 

great, adj. stout, thick ; 117. 29. 
grene, adj. green ; d. pi. grenum 

xix. 6. 
grenian, wv. become green ; xi. 

57- 
gretan, wv. salute, greet ; ind. 

pst. z.s. gegrette 8. 17*. 
grimm, adj. terrible, grim ; d. 

grimmum iii. i. 
grimme, adv. fiercely; v. 8, vii. 

5 1 - 
gripan, sv\. seize ; gegripan x. 

69; ind.prs. 3.^. gegriptJ 47. 2. 
grot, n. grain, particle ; a. 95. 17, 

146. 3. 
growan, rv. grow ; 91. 25, 95. 1 6, 

xi. 57, xxii. 42 ; ind. prs. 3.5-. 

groweft xx. 99, xxix. 69 ; grewS 

49. 19*, 80. 17*, 91. 31, 136. 

19*; gegrewS 91. 21; //. 

growaS xxix. 66 ; sbj. pst. ^.s. 

greowe 91. 26 ; prs. p. growende 

136. 20. 
grand, m. bottom, ground, land ; 

a. viii. 46, xx. 127, xxix. 16, 60 ; 

ocS Sone grund, thoroughly 52. 

12 ; d. pi. grundum xx. 35. 
grundleas, adj. bottomless; f. 

vii. 15 ; f. wk. grundlease 19. 

7 ; d. grundleasum 9. 10, iii. i ; 

a. pi. wk. grundleasan, insatiable 

38. 15, 29. 
grundweall, m. foundation ; a. 

grundweal vii. 34. 
grymettan.grymetian ; wv. roar, 

grunt ; grymetigan xiii. 29 ; ind. 



pst. $.pl. grymetodan 116. 18*; 

grymetedon xxvi. 81. 
guma, wm. man ; x. 69 ; g. pi. 

gumena 139. 6, ix. 41, xxv. 27, 

xxvi. 37. 
gumrinc, m. man ; g.pl. gumrinca 

xxvi. 53. 

gu8S,f. war, battle ; d. guSei. 23. 
gyden, /. goddess ; xxvi. 53 ; 

gydene 116. 2*; a. pi. gydena 

102. 22. 
gylden, adj. golden xxi. 20; a. 

heafodbeag gyldenne 112. 23; 

n.pl. n. gyldenu 104. 17 ; m. wk. 

gyldenan 89. 12 ; d. gyldenum 

in. 16. 
gylt, m. guilt; g. gyltes 123. 20. 

H. 

habban, wv. a] have ; <) hold, 
regard; 17. 31, x. 22 &c., 109. 
8 (ft) ; gehabban, hold, retain 
25. 9; to habbanne 16. 13 &c., 
68. 26 () ; to habbenne 30. 10* 
&c. ; ind.prs. i.s. haebbe 13. 16 
&c. ; habbe 17. 17* ; neg. naebbe 
127. 27 ; 2.s. hafastxx. 21, xxiv. 
25 ; hseist 12. 25 &c. ; hafst 105. 
21*; neg. nsefst 31. 15 &c. ; xx. 
36 ; 3-j. hafaS 72. 2*, ii. 4, viii. 
43, 46, ix. 63, xi. 23, 29, xiii. 
6, xx. 153, 189, xxviii. 21 ; neg. 
nafaS xxii. 46, xxvii. 5 ; hsefS x. 
67, xi. 22, 31, 55,^64, xx. 143, 
190, xxiv. 37, xxviii. 25 ; usual 
form in prose 16. 20 &c. ; neg. 
naefS 53. 3 &c. ; gehsef^S, holds, 
possesses 47. 2*; pi. habbaft 
13. 29, iv. 44 &c. ; habbaeS 
xx. 193 ; neg. nabbaS 37. 25 
&c. and xx. 195, xxxi. 8 ; hsebbe 
we 77. 14 ; pst. 2.s. haefdest 15. 
2 &c.; haafdes 22. 2, 23. 20*; 
neg. nsefdest 15. 12; 3.J-. hoefde 
Pr. 8, iv. 23 &c.; = sceolde52.27; 
pl. hsefdon 7. 16, xxvi. 18 &c., 
1 1 6. i (b} ; neg. naefdon xxvi. 93 ; 
hsefdan i. 6 (J) ; sbj. prs. haebbe 
19. 17, x. 68 &c. ; habbe occas. 
in B, 29. 23* &c. ; neg. neebbe 



GLOSSARY 



249 



25. 21 &c. ; //. hsebben 35. 19 

&c. and xix. 47, xxix. 91 ; 

habben 77. 20 ; habban occas. 

in B, 62. 12* &c. and 120. 7 ; 

neg. ngebben 31. 26; /.tf. haefde 

25. 22 ; ?/<?. nsefde 33. n, xxv. 

71 ; //. hsefden 64. 4, 67. 6, 

xvii. i; neg. nsefdenii7. II, 118. 

32 ; pp. hsefd, gehaefd* 30. 25 ; 

neg. nsefd, gensefd* 30. 26. 
hador, adj. bright, clear ; xxii. 24 ; 

d. hadrum 21. 2*, xxviii. 48 ; 

//. n. f. hadre xx. 230 ; d. 

hadrum xx. 232. 
hadre, adv. brightly, clearly ; sup. 

hadrost vi. 4. 
hseftan, wv. bind, imprison ; pp. 

gehsefted xxv. 49 ; gehefted xxi. 

5 ; gehceft 24. 31, 89. 7 ; hseft 

24. 31*; pi. n. gehaefte 112. 2 ; 
a.f. g_ehaefte 57. 5*. _ 

hseftedom, m. captivity ; d. 
haeftedome xxv. 65. 

haele, m. man (vir) ; i. 53. 

heele 1 ^, m. man ; g. pi. hseleSa vii. 
6, 1 8, ix. 57, x. i, 68, xiii. 32, 
xxi. 37, xxvi. 49, xxviii. 48, 
xxix. 58 ; d. hseleSum MPr. 10, 
xxix. 22. 

hielig, adj. inconstant, variable; 
d. wk. hselgan 115. 3*. 

heelo, f. health, prosperity ; 54. 

25, 92. 21* n., 132. 14; g. haele 
13. 30; halo 107. 28. 

heemedSing, n. sexual intercourse; 

g. hgemedolnges 93. 18. 
hserfest, m. autumn ; 29. 24, 49. 

18, 136. 16, xxix. 61 ; a. on 

hserfest 49. 19, xi. 58. 
haerfesttid, f. autumn ; a. on 

hserfaestttd 10. 12. 
hses, f. command ; d. hsese iv. 

26. 
heeto,f. heat ; d. haeto xx. 73 ; a. 

80. 5, 92. 7, xx. 113, xxix. 50; 

heeto 42. 3*. 

hStSfeld, m. heathland ; a. 34. 27. 
hagol, m. hail ; hagal xxix. 63 ; 

n. pi. haeglas 136. 17*. 
h.a,l,ad/. unimpaired ,sound, healthy; 

22. 6, 28; n. 91. 9, 94. i, 104. 

32,122.2; gehal 93.32,94.1*; 



d. halum 132. 7 ; ftam halum 

men 132. 6 ; //. n. hale 22. 29 ; 

a. n. 82. 10 ; halxx. 261 ; comp. 

n. pi. halran 88. 21. 
halig, adj. holy ; xx. 46 ; f. halige 

iv. 4 ; g. haliges xxix. 55 ; pi. 

n. halige 133. 7 > w &- halgaii 

26. 21 ; a. halige 10. 19, i. 25, 

iv. 38 ; sup. halgost xxvi. 38. 
ham, 1) m. home, dwelling ; pi. n. 

hamas 33. 23, viii. 8; g. hama ix. 

1 8. 2) adv. homewards, ham 

cerde 115. 19. 
hamfaest, adj. resident, dwelling ; 

43- 3, 32- 
hand,/", hand ; d. honda xxix. 61 ; 

d. pi. hondum 9. 3*, 149. 4. 
hangian, wv. intrans. hang; 

hongian on 5am anwealde, cling 

to, 35. 22 ; ind. prs. ^.s. hangaS 

65. 29, 82. n*, v. 4 ; h. on Saem, 
depends on, 101. 9 ; $.pl. hon- 
giaS 130. 5 ; pst. 3.^. hangode 
xx. 266. 

har, adj. grey, hoar ; d. harum 
v. 13. 

hara, wm. hare; 102. 7, 115. 2. 

hat, adj. hot; wk. hata 136. 15, 
xxix. 58 ; n. hat xxviii. 61 ; d. 
wk. hatan 80. 9; #.//.hateiv. 19. 

gehat n. promise ; a. pi. 7. 9*. 

hatan, rv. call, name (w. the 
name in the noin. case) ; com 
mand ; fq. 39. 5 &c. ; command 

66. 23 ; ind. prs. i.s. hate 96. 22 ; 
3.J-. hateS viii. 51 ; haet 99. 10*; 
commands 144. 29 ; hat 1 16. 20* ; 
pi. hataSy^. 7. 12, viii. 49 &c. ; 
hsetaft 132. 20 ; hate we 136. 4 ; 
pst. 2.s. hete 79. 33; 3.*. het, 
commanded 7. II &c. and\. 42, 
ix. 9, 24 ; heht i. 70, 72 ; pi. 
heton, named xxvi. 49 ; relic of 
pass, voice ^.s. hatte, is or was 
called i. 53, 34. 8*, 9, 37. 3, 
41. 23, 99. 9, 10*, 101. 23, 140. 
9; sbj. prs. %.pl. haten 68. 10 ; 
pst. 3.^. hete 117. 3; pp. haten 
36. 17, 43. 7, 46. 22, 101. 26, 
xvi. 15, xxvi. 57; gehaten 7. 
12*, 50. 7*, 83. 29*, 143. 6, 
148. 7, x. 46, xxviii. 24; n. pi. 



250 



GLOSSARY 



hatene 115. 16; hatne 7. 3*; 
gehatene 114. 22. 
gehatan, rv. promise ; ind. firs. 
2.5. gehsetst 105. 30 ; 3.5. gehcet 
47. 17, xxv. 52;//. gehataft 58. 

21, 22, 59. 19, 73. 1 6, 17; /tf. 

i.j. gehet 78. 6, 139. 25; 2.5. 
gehete 9. 21, 50. 26, 78. 9, 31*, 
139. 215 3.j. gehet 7. 7, 71.13, 

102. 20, 112. 4, i. 35. 

hate, adv. hotly ; sup. hatost 12. 8. 
hatheortnes, f. violent temper, 

anger; g. hatheortnesse 112. i, 

xxv. 47. 
hatian, wv. hate ; 123. 28, xxvii 

32 ; ind.prs. 3.^. hataS 123. 28 ; 

pi. hatiaS 146. 7, 8 ; imp. pi. 

149. 5; sbj.prs. 3.j. hatige 123. 

30, 124. 1 6. 
hawian, wv. look upon, survey ; 

imp. hawa 10. 26. 
he, pron. he ; Pr. 3 &c. Obliqtie 

cases often reflx. g. his, gen. used 

as a poss. adj. his, Pr. 7 &c. ; 

w. article : his sio hea goodnes 

84. 14 ; sio his gesasl^ 89. I ; 

his "Sgere hean ceastre 141. 7 ; 

his Sam anwealde 69. 23 ; Sara 

his Segna in. 22 ; w. wk. adj. 

103. 16 ; d. him Pr. 12 &c. ; a. 
hine Pr. 12 &c. ; for pi. v. hie. 

heafod, n. head ; d. heafde 65. 30, 
127. 10, i. 43; a. pi. heafdu 
102. 14, 17, 127. 9. 

heafodbeag, m. crown; a. 112. 

2 3- 
heah, 1) adj. high, deep ; sublime ; 

/. wk. hea 84. 14, 85. 20 ; n. 
heah 99. 12; h. weder, rough, 
stormy 115. 21 ; g. wk. hean 
32. 6, 135. 25, 146. 27 ; d. heaum 
98. 18; wk. hean 26. 31 &c. ; 
heohan 14. 16*; ^.heane 148.30, 
vii. 4, xxiv. 3, xxix. 2 ; wk. hean 
105.5,135. 245/7. rf. heaum xxi. 
1 1 ; ft?w/. tf. j. . herre 55. 26 w. ; 
sup. hehst xxvi. 38 ; wk. hehsta 
62. 24 &c. ; f. wk. hehste 50. 
12 &c. ; n. hyhst xiii. 52 5 hehst 
ix. 45 wk. hehste 52. 22 &c. 
and xx. 46, xxix. 74; hehstae 
90. 7 ; g. wk. hehstan 55. 17 n. 



&c. ; * w. 1 8. 8 &c. and xxiv. 

29, xxvi. 44 ; inst. on Saem 

hehste goode 100. 14; pi. g. 

wk. hehstena 56. 6, 77. 25 ; a. 

wk. hehstan 18. 9. 2) odiy. on 

high 57. 21. 

heahburg,/". chief town; 7. 20. 
heahsee, _/i deep sea ; g. xi. 3. 
heahsetl, ?/. high seat, throne ; d. 

heahsetle 136. 22, 148. 32, iv. 2, 

xxix. 74 ; pl.g. heahsetla u. 27 ; 

d. heahsetlum 10. 19, in. 13, 

iv. 38, xxv. 5. 
heald, adj. leaning, inclined ; f. 

pred. 57. 6*; pi. n. healde 55. 

16*, 147. 7*. 
healdan, rv. hold, keep ; observe ; 

perform ; 93. 24, 98. II ; restrain 

109. 31, 138. 5; healdon i. 71 

(J) ; healden xi. 73 ? ; gehealdan 

40. 23, 59. 29, 65. 1 6, 76. 33, 

124. 28, xi. 47 5 support, satisfy 

28. 23 ; to gehealdenne 50. 24; 

ind.prs. 2.s. heist 31. 13; 3.^. 

haldeS xx. 166 ; gehealdeS vii. 

46 ; healt 81. 12* ; belt 80. 16* ; 

gehelt 27. ii*, 53. 2, 84. 25, 

131. 6 ; hilt 28. 3 ; hylt xx. 95 ; 

pi. healdaS 10. 15 &c. and xxix.. 

4 ; gehealdaS xi. 95 ; pst. 3.^. 

heold xxix. 55 ; pi. hioldon 64. 

13; imp. geheald 114. 2; sbj. 

prs. 3.J. healde xiii. 25 ; gehealde 

76. 29 ; pst. 3/7. heolden 94. 

10; geheoldon 143. 25; //. 

gehealden 22.1 &c. ; contented 

43. 27, 60. 21 ; healdon 57. 6*. 
healf, f. d] half; b} side ; d. healfe 

43. 10 (3) ; be healfe heofones 

6isses, in one part xxix. 43 ; 

adv. healfe Sy swetre, by half 

xii. 95 a. healfe 81. n (^), 136. 

9 (b), xx. 164 (b} ; pi. d. used as 

adv. healfum, half 42. 16 ; a. on 

feower healfe his, all round him 

46. 4* (b\ 
healic, adj. high, exalted ; a. n. 

54. 4; comp. healicra 72. 21. 
healice, adv. in a high degree ; 

comp. healicor onbryrdan 14. 2. 
heall,/". hall ; a. healle vii. 6 5 a. 

pi. vii. 11. 



GLOSSARY 



25 



healsian, TW. entreat, implore ; 

ind. prs. i.s. healsige 51. 17, 

84. 8, 120. 6 ; halsige 105. 31 ; 

3.*. healsa S, halsaS* Pr. n. 
hean, adj. lowly, humble ; a. wk. 

heanan 46. 15 ; pi. n. heane 

xvii. 6 ; a. ink. heanan 46. 16. 
heanes,/. height, high region ; d. 

heanesse 12. i ; a. 104. 31. 
heanlic, adj. abject, vile ; n. pl.f. 

heanlica 23. 27. 
heard, adj. a) hard ; ft) severe, 

ruthless ; c} hard to bear ; wiges 

heard, bold xxvi. 13; f. heard 

67. 8 () ; g.f. heardre (a) ; pi. 

g. heardra hen Sa xii. 21 (c) ; <^. 

heardum broce 133. 25 (f). 
hearde, adv. firmly, excessively ; 

xxv. 49 ; sup. heardost 105. 28, 

x. 14. 
heardheort, adj. hard-hearted ; 

143. 29. 
heardsselig, adj. unfortunate ; d. 

wk. heardsselgan 71. i. 
heardsselft, f. misfortune ; a. pi. 

heardsaelfta 1 1 7. 24 ; bad conduct, 

wickedness 44. I. 
hearm, m. injury, harm; 144. 19. 
hearmcwidian, wv. revile, abuse ; 

45. 10 ; hearmcwiddigan ib* 
hearpe, w. f. harp ; d. hearpan 

I O2. .II. 
hearpere, m. harp-player; 101. 23, 

24, 102. 2, 18 ; g. hearperes 

102. i ; d. hearpere 101. 27, 

102. 9. 
hearpian, wv. play on the harp ; 

101. 27; ind.pst. 3.3. hearpode 

102. 5, 103. 3, 4. 
hearpung,/ . playing on the harp ; 

d. hearpunga 102. 16, 102. 31, 

103. 6. 

heaftorian, wv. restrain, confine ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. heaffera S 128. 21 ; 

pp. gehea Sorad xiii. 6 ; ge- 

heaSserod xi. 31 ; a. pi. f. ge- 

heaSorade 49. 6, 57. 5. 
heaftorinc, m. warrior; g. pi. 

heaSorinca ix. 45. 
hebban, s&6. raise ; habban 146. 

26, xxxi. 1 8 ; imp. pi. hebbaS 

149- 3- 



hedan, wv. catch up, seize ; sbj. 
prs. 3-j. gehede xxvii. 15. 

hefig, adj. heavy ; grievous ; 70. 
27, xx. 266, xxix. 53 ; n. 25. 3, 
73. 23, xix. i ; difficult 127. 21 ; 

f. wk. hefige 136. 13; d. f. 
hefigre 108. 7 ; wk. hefegan 70. 
30 ; a. n. hefig 40. I, ix. 55 ; 
comp.f. hefigre So. 30, xx. 133 ; 

g. hefigran 50. 20 ; a. n. hefigre 
119. 15. 

hefiglice, adv. grievously; 41. 

10. 
hefigneSj/.heavinesSjSluggishness; 

xxii. 25, 29; melancholy 56. 14; 

hsefignes 95. 7*; d. hefignesse 

95. 27 ; hefinesse xxii. 63 ; hsefig- 

nesse 95. 22*. 
helan, sv^. conceal ; 147. 25 ; ind. 

prs. $.s. hilS 61. 12. 
hell,/ Hades, hell; g. helle 102. 

11, 13, 103. 14, viii. 51 ; d. 34. 

8, IO2. 2. 

hellware, pi. m. inhabitants of 
hell; wk. hellwaran 102. 27; 
g. hellwara 103. 2, 4; wk. 
hellwarana 103. 4*. 

helm, m. tree-top 591. 28; a. 92. i. 

helma, wm. helm of ship 597.11; 
d. helman 98. 2. 

helpan, sv$. w. g. or d. 122. 31 ; 
gehelpan 30. 12 ; imp. help 10. 
16 ; sbj. prs. ^.s. helpe 123. 16 ; 
impers. help, avail 144. 24; pp. 
geholpen 145. i . 

hentan, wv. catch, seize ; gehen- 
tan xiii. 32. 

}\eo,pron. she ; usual form in B, 
Pr. 10 &c. ; hio iisual form in 
C, 13. 9, i. 77 &c. ; about 20 
times in B, Pr. 2 &c. ; hi 130. 
1 8 ; hie 49. 24*, 57. 26* ; g. and 
d. hire ; g. often used as a possess, 
adj., her, its 22. 20, xiii. 20 
&c. ; often hiere in B, 22. 15* 
&c. ; heore 10. 4*, 7*, 24*, n. 
6*, 49. 24*; hiore 47. 10*, 141. 
14; hyre 9. 8*; a. hie, usual 
form Pr. i*, 13. 31, v. 9 &c. ; 
hi Pr. 9*, 25. 8 &c. and xx. 166, 
214, 217, 219, xxvi. 65 ; for pi. 
v. hie. 



252 



GLOSSARY 



heofian, wv. intrans. lament ; prs. 

p. heofiende 8. 6. 
heofon, m. sky, heaven; 72. 21; 

heofen 17. 23*; hefon 99. 13*; 

g. heofones 10. i, x. 7 &c. ; hio- 

fones xxi. 39; heofenes 72. 17, 

98. 29, 135. 27; hiofenes 105. 
19; heofnes 135. 25; hefones 
iv. 2 ; d. heofone 10. 6, 21. 2, 

99. 12, xxviii. 48 ; hefone vi. 4; 
a. heofon 10. 2, 41. 24, 99. i, 
105. 16, xi. 30, xxiv. 29 ; hefon 
1 8. 7, iv. 4 ; pi. g. heofona xiii. 
6, xxix. 71 ; d. heofonum 9. 19, 
18. 10, 129. 30, iv. 26 &c. ; 
heofenum 98. 29; hiofonum 81, 
33; hefonum 24. 29, 45. 27, ix. 
18. 

heofoncund, adj. heavenly ; heo- 
fencund 8. 16 ; g. wk. heofen- 
cundan 1 1. 1 7 ; a. wk. heofon- 
cundan 34. 19 ; pi. n. wk. he- 
foncundan 30. 2 ; a. wk. heo- 
foncundan xx. 235. 

heofonlic, adj. heavenly, celestial ; 
g: wk. heofonlican 45. 30; heo- 
fenlican 89. 21; d. wk. heofonlican 
104. 27, 120. 15 ; heofonlicon 
18. 21*; a. pi. wk. heofonlican 
121. 30; hiofonlican 82. 2 ; he- 
fonlican 18. 10. 

heofonrice, n. kingdom of hea 
ven ; g. hefonrices xi. 31. 

heofonsteorra, wm. star; n. pi. 
heofonsteorran xx. 232. 

heofontorht, adj. heavenly bright; 
a. wk. heofontorhtan xxiii. 3. 

heofontungol, n. heavenly body, 
sun ; xxii. 24. 

heonon, adv. hence ; hionon 105. 
24; hionan 82. 4, 105. 22, 23, 
xviii. n, xxiv. 50, 52; hion 
xx. 239 ; hionane xiv. 9, xxix. 
84 n. 

heor,/". hinge; hior 88. 12 n. 

heorot, m. stag ; heort 102. 6 ; a. 
pi. heorotas xix. 17. 

heorte, wf. heart; g. heortan 28. 
14, 15, v. 21 ; d. xviii. n. 

her, adv. here ; n. 29, iv. 41 &c.; 
her on worulde 24. 25, 46. 31, 
118.4, I2 3- 2 35 rf. w. 47; her for 



worulde 23. 15, 24. 25, 113. 23, 

138. 23. 
herbuende, m. dweller on earth ; 

d. pi. herbuendum xxix. 61. 
here, m. host, multitude : x. 54 (?); 

d. here xxv. 1 5 ; </. //. herigum 

xxvi. 57. 
heregeat, n. military dress ; d. pi. 

heregeatwum in. 16, xxv. 9. 
hererinc, m. soldier, hero; a. 

i. 71. 
heretlema, wm. commander, 

general ; heretema i. 31. 
heretoga, wm. general, leader, 

chief man 37. 5, 46. 22, 24, 50. 

7, 61. 24, 143. 7, i. 47, x. 46; 

heretoha, consul 7. 12 ; g. here- 

togan 43. 6 ; //. n. heretogan 

35. 3, 64. 12 ; g. heretogena 

35- 5- 
herian, wv. praise; 118. 26; to 

herianne 32. 28, 69. 3; to heri- 
ganne 64. 19 ; ind. prs. $.pl. 
heriao 69. 2 ; pst. 3.5. herede 
141. 13, xxx. 6 ; sbj. prs. hedge 
30. 22, 68. 17 \ pi. herien x. 26: 
herigen 46. 12, 72. 20 ; pp. used 
as adj. geherod*, gehered 68. 
23 ; comp. geheredra*, heredra 
69. 5. 

herlic, adj. martial, soldierly ; 
f. ix. 1 8 ; hserlic i. 43. 

herung, f. praise ; d. heringe 64. 
2*, 68. 31, 104. 22. 

hider, adv. hither; 60. 32, 82. 4, 
xiv. n, xx. 164, 235, 239. 

hidres, adv. hidres Sidres, hither 
and thither 108. 14 (hider 7 Sider 
B), 139- 31 ; hidres 7 Sidres 100. 

5- 

?w/. they ; n. & a. pi. of he, 

heo, hit ; usual form in C and 
B is hi ; hie is fq. in B, rarer 
in C, 15. 5, 15. 12* &c.; hy ab. 
15 times in C, 15. 27, i. 36 &c. ; 
in B, 15. 6*, 8*, 16. 16*, 146. 5*; 
hio 33. 25*, 114. 22; g. hira 

44- 5, 99- 3, xx - 145; 35- 4 N -; 
hiera 30. 13*, 99. i ; umalforrn 

in C is hiora, but heora is fq., 
28. 21, ii. 13 &c. ; heora is usual 
form in B, but hiora also occurs 



GLOSSARY 



2 53 



several times 26. 30 &c. ; heore 

28. 3*, 32. 7*; d. him. 
hieldan, wv. lean, incline ; ind. 

prs. 3.^. heldeS xx. 164; belt 

81. n*. 
hienan, tvv. bring low, humiliate; 

henan 122. 32, 125. 2. 
Men s, f. ignominy, humiliation ; 

d. hsenfte 24. 5 ; . //. henSa xii. 

21. 
hieran, iw. w. a. hear ; w. d. 

obey ; heran i. 31, ix. 45 ; gehe- 

ran 50. 21, 78. 32, 96. 8, 118. 

n, 121. 8, 146. 4; to geheranne 

50. 10, 24; to gehyranne 51. 

10* ; ind. prs. i.s. gehere 121. 

6 ; 3.5. gehero 1 28. 13, 43. 2 \ pi. 

heraS iv. 5, 15 ; geheraS 68. 16, 

139- 2 3> 145- 20 > xiii - 475 - 
inf. 142. 26; hyraS iv. 26; pst. 

i.s. geherde 51. 9, 124. 24; 2.s. 
geherdest 50. 26,98. 26 (w. inf.}; 
gehyrdest 45. 4*, 65. 9*; herdes 
vii. 9 ; 3.j. geherde 34. 2, 43. 
18, 45. n, 122. 8, ix. 15; pi. 
herdon 70. 25, viii. 14, 31 ; ge- 
herdon 33. 26, 43. n, 66. 30; 
geheordon 70. 25*; imp. gehere 
114. i n. ; geher 101. 16, in. 
12, 114. i*, xxv. i; sbj. prs. 
3.j. here w. d. 66. 14;//. gehiran 
57. 20* ; pst. 3.5-. herde vii. 4 ; 
pi. herden iv. d. 98. 7, 9; prs. p. 
used as noun : pi. g. geherendra, 
hearers 85. 26; d. geherendum 
101. 13; pp. gehered 45. 12, 

67. 12. 

hierde, m. shepherd, guardian ; 

hirde xxvi. 8, 41 ; hyrde x. 49 ; 

d. hirde vii. 22 ; a. xiii. 31. 
gehiernes, f. sense of hearing ; 

gehernes 145. 18. 
hiersum, adj. obedient ; a. pi. n. 

gehyrsume 10. 3*. 
hTersumian, wv. obey ; heorsu- 

mian 9. 22* ; ind. prs. ^.pl. 

heorsumiaS 10. 14*. 
hierwan, wv. despise, value 

lightly ; ind. prs. \.pl. herwaft, 

herewia<5* 29. 6. 
higian, tvv. hasten, strive to go, 

tend; 25. 18; ind. prs. $.s. 



higaS 56. 4, 69. 14, xiii. 65 ; sbj. 

prs. 3.j. higie 51. 25*, 112. 30; 

higige 51. 25. 
hildetorht, adj. shining in battle ; 

d. pi. hildetorhtum xxv. 9. 
hiltsweord, n. hilted sword ; d. 

pi. hyltsweordum in. 16. 
hind,/ female hart; a. pi. hinda 

xix. 17. 

hindan, adv. from behind ; 1 36. 3. 
hired, m. body of retainers, court; 

d. hirede 67. 3, 104. 16. 
hirgedon, B s reading for C s 

sty red on 101. 28. 
hit, pron. it; 7. 25 &c. ; g. his; 

d. him ; a. hit ; for pi. v. hie. 
hiw, n. appearance, form, shape ; 

g. hiwes 147. 3 ; d. hiwe 131. 5 ; 

g.pl. hiwa xix. 23. 
hrwcufl, adj. familiar ; a. pi. m. 

hiwcuSe x. 61. 
hrwian, wv. shape, form ; ind. 

prs. %.s. gehiwaS 129. 9. 
hiwnng,/". (false) appearance, dis 
simulation ; d. hiwunga 47. 22. 
hleew, m. mound, barrow ; g. pi. 

hlaewa x. 43. 
hlaford, m. lord ; 35. 31, ix. 55, 

xxv. 15, xxvi. 38 ; g. hlafordes 

30. 26, 63. 15 ; d. hlaforde 98. 

9, 136. 29, i. 47 ; a. hlaford 65. 

17, xxvi. 44, 72 ; pi. n. hlafordas 

35- 3, 37- 26, 67. 5 ; g. hlaforda 

xxv. 65. 
hlafordhold, adj. loyal, faithful ; 

n. pi. m. hlafordholde 30. 27. 
hlafordscipe, m. authority, supre 
macy ; d. 16. 27. 
hleahtor, m. laughter ; d. hleahtre 

36. 2. 
hleoflor, n. melody, song ; d. pi. 

hleoSrum xiii. 47. 
hlisa, -win. report, reputation ; 28. 

ii &c. and x. 54, 61 ; g. hlisan 

41. 13 &c. and^. i, 14 ; hliosan 

133- 3 1 *; d - hlisan 4 1 - 1 ? &c -; 

a. 41. 15 &c. and i. 53, x. 22. 
hliseadig, adj. of good repute, 
renowned 75. 25 ; a. pi. m. 
hliseadige 28. 5 ; comp. hlis- 
eadigra 27. 29; n. pi. hliseadig- 
ran 28. i. 



2 54 



GLOSSARY 



hliseadignes,/ renown ; a. hlis- 

eadignesse 75- 28- 
hlud, adj. loud; a. hludne 117. 

29. 
hlutor, adj. clear, pure ; n. v. 13; 

d. hlutrum 135. 24; a.f. hlutre 

xxi. 39 ; wk. hluttran 101. 20 ; 

inst. hlutre xxix. 2 ; pi. g. hluterra 

33. 31 ; d. hlutrum xxi. 37 ; 

hluttrum eagum 89. 21, 115. 8 ; 

a. n. hlutor, hlutre* 147. 25; s^^p. 

a. s. wk. hlutrestan xxiii. 3. 
hlutre, adv. clearly, brightly; sup. 

hlutrost xxii. 24. 
hlystan, wv. listen ; sbj. %.s. hliste 

MPr. 10. 
hnseppan, wv. intrans. strike, 

collide ; sbj. prs. ^pl. hneeppen 

130. 19, 20. 
hnesce, adj. soft, delicate ; n. h. 

wseter, fluid, yielding 80. 14, xx. 

93 ; compl. n. pi. hnescran, 

opposed to heard 92. 27 ; sup. 

hnescost 92. 4. 
hnipian, wv. droop ; ind.prs. 3.5. 

hnipaS xxxi. 13. 

hogian, wv. think (about), be in 
tent ; 35. 22. 
hoi, n. hole, cave ; dungeon ; a. 

8. 10, ii. ii ; a. pi. holu 19. 8. 
hold, adj. gracious, friendly ; i. 56. 
holm, m. ocean, sea ; g. pi. holma 

xi. 30. 
holt, nm. thicket, copse ; d. holte 

xiii. 37, 52. 
hon, rv. trans, hang, hang up ; 

ind.prs. 2.s. hehst 30. 18 ; 3.^. 

hehS 112. 23. 
hopian, wv. (w. to) ; hope, trust ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. hopaS 27. 10, vii. 

44 ; sbj. prs.pl. hopien 149. i. 
hord, n. hoard ; d. horde 31. 13. 
hordgestreon, n. hoarded wealth; 

g. pi. hordgestreona xiv. ii. 
horusea"8, m. pit, abyss ; d. horo- 

seafte 112. 15. 
hosp, m. insult, contumely ; d. 

hospe iv. 44. 
hrsed, adj. swift ; d. hrsechim 

IO. 2. 

hreedfernes,/. swiftness ; a. breed - 
fernesse 72. 17. 



hrsedllce, adv. swiftly, speedily 

117. 8; raedlice 21. 14*; sup. 

hrsedlicost 146. 28. 
hrsedwsen, m. swift car, chariot ; 

d. hraedwaene 105. I, 20, xxiv. 

41. 
hrsegl, n. dress ; g. hraegles 60. 18; 

pl.g. hraegla 33. 24, 30, viii. 10; 

d. hrgeglum in. 14. 
hranmere, m. whale pool/ oceanjv 

a. hronmere v. 10. 
hrafle, adv. quickly, soon ; usual 
form in B, 8. 20* &c., 48. 8, 127. 

3 1 , 133- 23, vi. 9, 12, xiii. 31 ; 

raSe 95. 4*; hraefte 41. 18, 62. 

23, 78. 6, iv. 3, vi. 4, xiii. 37, 

xxi. 7, xxii. 56 ; ful hrseSe Saes, 

immediately afterwards 50. 10 ; 

hreSe xxv. 47 , sup. hraSor 28. 

19, 145. 15 ; hraefior 68. 18, 

21 ; Sy hrse Sor, rather, more 

73. 7, 18 n., 77. 19 ; sup. hraSost 

3_9- 9^- 5 .4 I - 3.9 1 - X 5- 
hreoh, adj. stormy, fierce; i. 71 ; 

/. pred. hrioh v. 10 ; d.f. hreore 
144. 29. 
hreosan, SV2. fall ; decay, perish ; 

vii. 22 ; ind. prs. ^.s. hrest xi. 
58; gehrist 117. 28; prs. p. 

perishable, d. wk. hreosendan 

60. 23; pi. n. f. hreosende 25. 
31* ; d. hreosendum 54. i n. ; by 

error, hreorendum 32. 8*. 
hreosendlic, adj. perishable ; d. 

pi. hreosendlicum 32. 8. 
hreowan, svz. repent : impers. w. 

d. and g. 134. 31 ; ind.prs. 3.^. 

hreowS 109. 30. 
hreowsian, "zvv. sorrow, be sorry ; 

9. 9 ; prs. p. d. hreowsiendum 

8. 24. 
hreowsung,^ repentance : 70. 7 ; 

g. hreowsunga 70. 6* ; d. 20. i, 

143. 28 ; a. hreowsunge 143. 30. 
hreran, wv. stir up, agitate ; ind. 

prs. 3.//. hreraS 124. 4, xxvii. 3. 
hretSer, m. breast, heart ; d. hraSre 

xxv. 46 n. 
hrman, sv\. touch ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

gehrineS xxix. 10. 
hrof, m. roof, summit, gen. ttsed 

metaphorically, 25. 17 &c. ; g. 



GLOSSARY 



2 55 



hrofes 146. 27 ; d. hrofe 41. n 

&c. and xxv. 5 ; a. hrof 105. 5, 

xxiv. 3. 
hroffsest, #^ . with firm roof ; a.f. 

hroffgeste vii. 6. 
hror, adj. moving, active, d. pi. 

hrorum neatum 146. 26. 
hruse, wf. earth, ground ; g. 

hrusan xxix. 53 ; d. x. 43, xxix. 

63 ; xxxi. 13. 
hryre, m. fall, ruin, destruction ; d. 

ix. 4 ; a. pi. hryras 39. 17- 
hu, #<afo. interrog. direct and in 
direct, how ? 8. 17 &c. ; often w. 

ne Lat. nonne 18. 16 &c. 
humeta, adv. how? 70. 26*, 

96. 5*. 
hund, w. dog; 102. 13, in. 18, 

114, 27 ; a. hund 102. 7 ; //. n. 

hundas 101. 30 ; d. hundum 

xix. 15 ; a. hundas 73. 29. 
hund, n. hundred ; mid an h. 

scipa xxvi. 15. 
hundnigontig, num. ninety ; 

xxvi. 24. 
hundred, n. hundred; sume h. 

scipa 115. 1 8. 
hundseofontig, num. seventy ; 

42. 27, 99. 17. 
hunig, n. honey ; g. huniges 52. 

3, xii. 9, 10 ; d. hunige 33. 29, 

viii. 23. 

hunta, wm. hunter ; xxvii. 13. 
huntian, wv. hunt ; 73. 30. 
huru, adv. at least, at any rate ; 

20. 22, 47. I, 92. 8, ix. 22 ; ne 

huru, nor indeed, nor even 67. 

9, 68. 27, 77. 23, viii. 10, 31, 

xx. 38, xxii. 4, xxix. 12. 
hus, n. house ; 26. 30, vii. 18 ; g. 

huses no. 23, vii. 22, xiii. 31 ; 

d. huse 55. 18; a. hus 26. 23, 

26, 27. 6, vii. 32. 
hwa, pron. 1) interrog. who ? 60. 

8, x. 42 c. ; w. sbj. xxviii. 43 ; 

n. hwset, what? 34. 10 &c. = 

who 36. 22, =hwy 17. 16, 31. 

3, 6, 104. 26, 148. 29, used as 

an interj. ah! well ! whyij^. 10. 

14, ii. I &c. ; hwset la 9. 20 ; g. 

hwses 90. 19, 140. 24, 145. 4, 

27 ; d. hwsem 16. 17 ; inst. to 



hwon, why? 8. 12*, 16. 4*, 31. 
4*, 42. 17*. 2) indef. any one, 
some one,/^. 26. 7 See. and*.. 27, 
xvi. 1 6 ; neut. n. and a. hwset, 
anything, something 15. 21 &c. ; 
often w. part. g. swelces hwset, 
something of the sort 17. 10 ; 
lytles hwset, a little 23. 24, 60. 

5 ; d. hwsem 16. 14 &c. ; a. 
hwone 68. 17 &c. and x. i ; 
hwsene 106. 19* ; a. n. hwset ; 
gif hi hwset gesyngoden, in any 
way 143. 27. 3) swa hwa swa, 
whoever u. 23 &c. v. swa. 

gehwa,/;wz. 1) distributive; each, 
every, every one ; g. gehwaes 
xiv. 3, xix. 23, xx. 278, xxi. 32 ; 
anra gehwses monna, of each 
individual man vii. 23 ; d. 
gehwsem vii. 18, xii. 6, 18, xx. 
148, xxi. 43, xxviii. 67, xxix. 56 ; 
anra gehwsem, to each one viii. 

6 ; a. n. gehwset 16. 23, 40. 22. 
2) indef. swelces gehwset, any 
thing of the sort 125. 24. 

hweer, interrog. adv. where ? 46. 
20, x. 33 &c. 

hwset, adj. active, bold ; wk. 
hwata 138. 18. 

hwsete, m. wheat ; 52. i ; d. 
xii. 5. 

hwsethwegu, 1) pron. something, 
a little ; always hwsethwugu 
in C, 15. 22 &c. and xi. 52, xx. 
m; hwsethwega usual form in 
B, 32. i* &c. ; hwsethwegu 87. 
24*, 95. 9* ; hwaethweg 60. 17*, 
71. 29*; g. hwseshwugu 25. 12, 
60. 17, 82. 30, 88. 8. 2) adv. 
somewhat, a little,/^. 8. 25 &c. 

hweethweguningas, adv. some 
what, a little ; hwsethwugu- 
nunges 23. 18, 127. 28; hwset- 
hweganunges 23. 18* ; hwset- 
hwegununga 80. 21*. 

hwsetnes,y". activity ; 54. 24. 

hwse Ser, \}pron. which (of two) ; 
87. 17 &c. and v. 41 ; g. hwse- 
Sres 1 06. 12 ; a. hwseSerne 122. 
28 ; /. hwseSre 138. 32 ; n. 
hwseSer 107. n. 2) interrog. 
adv. direct and ind. ; gen. w. sbj. 



256 



GLOSSARY 



13. 10 &c. ; alternative question 

hwseSer Se . . . Se 20. 30 &c.; 

hweSer sometimes in B, 65. 2* 

&c. ; hwaeSer . . . Seah, never 
theless 27. 24. 
gehwsetter, pron. each of two, 

both ; . gehwaeSeres i. 25. 
IrweeiSre, a^z . nevertheless; xx. 54, 

74, 78, 152, 170, 230, xxvi. 100. 
hwanon, adv. whence ; 32. 21 N. ; 

hwonon 8. 19*, 12. 14, 134. 18 ; 

hwonan 13. 5, 15. 8, 32. 20*, 

32. 21*, 75. 34, 140. 7. 
hwealf,/. vault, arch ; 46. 4; //. 

hwealfa 46. 4; hwealfex. 7 (J). 
hwearfian, 7>z>. intrans. d) turn, 

revolve ; ) change, vary ; 8 1 . 

26 (a}; ind. prs. 2.s. hwearfost 

16. 5 () ; 3.J. hwearfatJ 57. 32 
(a), 58. i (), 88. 12 (a), 126. 
8 (a), 129. 1 6 (a), xiii. 75 (a) ; 
//. hwearfiaS 16. 3 (), 129. 19 
(a) ; /rf. 3.^. hwearfodei. 10, xx. 
206 ; sbj.prs. hwearne 18. 30 (); 
hwearfige xiii. 74 ; pi. hwear- 
figen 1 8. 31 (#) ; pst. hwearfode 
18. 28 (b} ; prs. p. hwear- 
fiende 129. 15 (a}. 

hwearfung, f. change; 18. 31, 
20. 18 ; d. hwearfunga 18. 27, 
20. 21 ; a. pi. 18. 29 ; motions 

17. i. 

Irwelc, pron. (hwylc usual form 
in C, but fq. hwilc, more rarely 
hwelc ; most usual forms in B 
are hwelc and hwilc, occas. 
hwylc) ; 1) interrog. direct and 
indirect, which, of what kind. 
2) indef. any (one), some (one). 
forms : m. f. and n. hwelc 9. 8* 

(2), 30. 20 (2), 43. 19 (2), 60. 
27* (I), 6 3 . I 4 (2), 6 4 . 2 9 * (I), 

77. 23* (2), 89. 20 (2) ; hwilc 
30. 10 (i), 35. 28 (i), 51. i (i), 
85. 2* (i), 92. 9 (i), 142.2 (2), 
xiii. 41 (i), xx. 65 (2), xxi. 37 
(2), xxii. 45 (2); hwylc in C 
ab. 6 times (i), 67. 22 &c.. and 
ab. 1 times (a), 84. 30 &c. in 
B, 82. 21*; g. hwelces 13. 2* 
(i), 20 (i) ; hwilces n. 15* 
(i) ; d. hwelcum x. 43 (i) ; 



hwilcum 114. 25 (2) ; hwylcum 
77. 18 (2), 77. 22 (a) ; hwilcon 
43- 3* C 1 ) ;/ hwelcere 13. 23 
(i); hwilcere 57. 4* (i) ; a. 
hwelcne 16. 20* (i), 57. 22* (2); 
hwilcne xiii. 53 (i) ; hwylcne 
119. 2 (a);/, hwelce 35. 31 
(2), ix. i (i) ; hwilce 39. 18* 
(i) ; n. hwelc 12. 8 (2), 127. 9 
(a) ; hwilc 90. 32 (2), 90. 32 (2), 
107. 29 (2), 39. 17* (i) ; hwylc 
87. 6 (2); inst. hwelce 36. 2 
(i) \pl.m. ; hwilce 129. 14(1) ; 
hwylce 129. 15 (i), 139. 10 (i) ; 
/. hwylce 38. 18 (i) ; n. 
hwelc 73. 10* (i); g. hwylcra 
ii. 14* (i) ; d. hwelcum 22. 8 
(2), 32- 26* (2), 74. 2* (i) ; 
hwylcum 118. 29 (i) ; a. hwelce 
16. 2* (i) ; hwilce 39. 17* (i) ; 
/ hwelce 26. 3* (i), 39. 17* 
(i) ; n. hwelc 64. 29* (i). 

gehwelc, pron. iv. g. each (one), 
every (one), only in Metr. 
except 103. 14 ; gehwilc 9 
times ix. 45 &c. ; gehwylc 
xxvi. 95, xxxi. 12 ; g. gehwelces 
6 times, iv. 24 &c. ; gehwilces 
xx. 183, xxvi. 105, xxvii. 28 ; 
gehwylces xviii. 3 ; /. ge- 
hwelcre xx. 228; d. gehwelcum 
5 times, xii. 8 &c. ; gehwilcum 
i. 45, xvii. 19, xix. 2 ; gehwyl- 
cum 4 times, xx. 3 &c. ; f. ge- 
hwelcre xi. 78, xxi. 15 ; a. 
gehwilcne 4 times, xiii. 32 &c. ; 
gehwylcne, not w. g. 103. 14 ; 
inst. gehwelce iv. 17, xiii. 21 ; 
gehwilce 6 times, i. 54 &c. ; ge- 
hwylce xxii. 65. 

h.welchwegu./r0;/. some ; hwilc- 
hwugu 120. 2 ; hwylchwugu 
103. 24. 

hwene, adv. somewhat, a little, 
w. comp. 32. 28, 50. 20, 92. 
27 ; hwene ser 5 times, 12. 22 
&c. and xii. 10. 

hweol, n. wheel ; 16. 33, 57. 32, 
81. 27, 102. 29, 129. 21, 130. 31, 
xiii. 74 ; g. hweoles 130. n ; d. 
hweole xx. an, 217; n. pi. 
hweol 129. 19. 



GLOSSARY 



2 57 



hweorfan, sv%. intrans. a) turn, 
move ; b} return ; 8. 23* (b\ 10. 
24* (a); ind. %.pl. hweorfaS 16. 
17* (a) ; sbj. prs. hweorfe 71. 8* 
(b} ; prs. p. hweorfende 16. 14 



hwider, ad#. whither; 51. 6 &c. 

hwierfan, wv. intrans. a) revolve; 
b) change; hwyrfan 10. 18* 
(<) ; ind. prs. ^.s. hwerfeft xxviii. 
15 (a); hwserfeft xx. 211 (a); 
hwerfS 81. 27* (a\ 126. 5 (0), 
129. 21 (a) ; hwserfS xx. 217 
(a) ; sbj. prs. hwerfe 100. 10 
(a) ; prs. p. hwerfende 16. 33* 
(a]. 

gehwierfan, wv. bring back, re 
store ; //. n. pi. f. gehwerfde 

49. 8*. 

hwierflic, adj. chan ging, transit 
ory ; n. pi. f. hwerflice 25. 10*. 

hwil, f. space of time, time ; g. 
hvvile 44. 14; a. fq. in adv. 
phrases: hwile ser, some time 
before xxvii. 15 ; hwyle xx. 266 ; 
sume hwile fq. 45. 12, xv. 10 
&c. ; ane hwile, for a while, 
for a time 52. 15, 124. 19, cf. 
14. 26, 120. 29, 126. 29, 141. 
21 ; senige h. 20. 22 ; nane h. 
58. 30 ; oSre hwile . . . oSre 
hwile, at one time ... at another 
64. 1 8 &c. ; Sa hwile Se, conj. 
while, fq. 23. 14 &c. ; //. g. 
hwila 44. 15 ; d. hwilum, used 
as adv. at times, occasionally, 
fq. 10. 8, ii. 9 &c. ; hwylum 
xxix. 49; hwilan xxix. 53; nu 
hwilum 123. 8 ; hwilum eft 132. 
8 &c. ; hwilum . . . hwilum, 
sometimes ... at other times 
Pr. 2, 3 &c. ; a. hwila, moments 

44- JI > !3- 
hwilwendlic, adj. temporary, 

transitory ; n. 147. 27, 28 ; g. 

wk. hwilwendlican*, hwilend- 

lican 44. 12; a. pi. wk. hwil- 

endlican 20. 14. 
hwit, adj. white; 145. 24; a. 

pi. m. hwite 74. i, xix. 23. 
hwon, adv. somewhat, a little ; 

12. 13, x. 59. 



hwonne, 1) interrog. when ? 60. 

8, 148. I. 2) conj. w, sbj. until, 

20. 31, 124. 10. 3) gives indef. 

meaning to advv. of time, nu 

hwonne 109. 23, 131. 23;seldum 

hwonne 115. 8. 
hwurf olnes,/. fickleness ; d. hwur- 

fulnesse 47. 19. 
hwy, inst. of hwset ; ^tsed as 

interrog. adv. w. sbj. or ind. 

why? 10. 17, x. 21 &c. ; fq. hwi 

in B and C, 17. 5 iv. 33 &c. 
hwyrft, m. revolution, orbit; a. 

126. 2*. 
hyegan, wv. think, imagine; ge- 

hycgan xv. 9 ; gehicgan xix. 

17; ind. prs. 3.^.; hygeS xix. 

i ; sbj. prs. 3.^-. gehicgge xiii. 

26. 
hyd, /. skin, hide; d. hyde 31. 

_32. 
hydan, wv. hide, conceal ; ind. 

prs. $.s. gehyt 131. 6, 136. 20; 

pst. 3.^. hydde xxix. 55 ; sbj. pst. 

hydde 140. 14, 17 ; //. geheded 

xx. 151; a. f. gehydde 95. 22, 

xxii. 60 ; n. pi. in. iv. 41 ; f. 

gehydda xix. 32 ; gehydde 74. 



7 * 



hyge, m. mind, heart ; hige xi. 53, 

xix. 45 ; d. xv. 9 ; a. xxxi. 20. 
hygesnottor, adj. wise; d. pi. 

higesnotrum x. 7. 
hyhtlic, adj. hoped for, pleasant ; 

f. hyhtlicu xxi. n. 
hyngran, wv. be hungry ; impers. 

sbj. prs. hingre, hingrige* 60. 1 1. 
hyrian, wv. w. d. imitate ; ind. 

prs. pi. hyriaS 108. u n. ; hyri- 
, gaS 146. 7*. 
hyrnede, adj. horned, beaked ; a. 

pi. m. hyrnde xxvi. 23. 
hyrst, f. ornament, trappings ; g. 

pi. hyrsta xiv. 9. 
hyrstan, wv. dress, adorn; pp. 

n. pi. m. gehyrste in. 16, xxv. 

8. 

hyspan, wv. revile; 45. 10. 
hysping, f. reviling ; a. hispinge 

45- 12. 

! port, haven; 89. 9, xxi. n, 



2 5 8 



GLOSSARY 



I. 



ic, pron. I ; 8.6, MPr. 8. &c. ; tc 
39. 31*; -.11111141. 6 &c. ; d. me 
8. 12 &c. ; a. 8. 9 &c. 

Idel, adj. useless, vain ; 68. 29 ; 
idle, lazy 144. 8 ; g. wk. idelan 

45, 21 ; d. wk. 46. 9 ; a. wk. 

46. 3 ; inst. idele 29. 26 ; a.pl.f. 
idle v. 27. 

Idelgeorn, adj. lazy, ease-loving ; 
n. pi. m. wk. ge idelgeornan 
139. 8. 

lecan, wv. increase, add to ; ecan, 

geecan* 75. 15; yean 60. 15; 

ind. prs. 3.*. ec$ 65. 21 ; pi. ecaS 

60. 24*; /y/. 3-J. ecte 26. 22*; 

//. geeced 125. 15. 

legland, n. island ; iglond xvi. 

12; eglond i. 16 ; . iglandes 

xvi. 17 ; d. ieglande 34. 8* ; 

iglande 116. 4*; iglonde viii. 

49, xxvi. 58 ; a. igland xxvi. 32 ; 

iglond 115. 22*; iland 67. 32*. 

ield,/. age, period ; eld 33. 21*, 

viii. 4. 

ielde, pi. men ; d. eldum viii. 38, 
xii. 17, xiii. 60, xx. 100, xxix. 
34. 

ielding, /delay; eldungi2O. 2*. 

ieldran, pi. parents, ancestors ; 

ildran 34. 21 N. ; eldran 24. 13*, 

34-31,69. 13*, 1.58; g. eldrena 

70. 20*, xiii. 28 ; eldrana 57. 

12*. 

ierman, wv. ill-treat ; ind.pst. ^.s. 

yrmde ix. 47. 

ierming, m. wretched person ; g. 
pi. erminga 89. n ; yrminga 
xxi. 17- 

ieririS,/. misery; a. ermSe 60. 24*, 
65. 27 ; yrmSe, earmSe* 59. 14 ; 
pi. n. yrmSa 118. 3, 55 g> 
ermSa xvi. 8; yrmSa 71. 23; 
eormSa 67. 29* ; d. ermtJum 
89. ii*, 116. 26*, 134. 15*, 
134. 21 ; yrmSum xxi. 19, xxvi. 
71 ; eormSum 52.8*; a. ermfta 
19. 4, 65. 21, 117. 21 ; yrmSa 
60. 9. 
iernan, ^3. run ; irnan 101. 29 ; 



ind. prs. ^.s. irneS v. 15 ; irnft 

135. 27*, 28* ; pi. irna S 108. 

14, 112. 29, 143. 3 ; yrnaft 112. 

24 ; pst. pi. urnon 49. 8, 102. 

27 ; sbj.prs. ierne, irne* 24. 24 ; 

pi. irnen 82. 28. 

ierre, n. anger; irre xxv. 51 ; g. 

yrres Si. 24* ; d. irre 12. 4. 
ierringa, adv. angrily; irringa 
71.6*; yrringa xviii. 7 ; yrrenga 
xxvi. 84. 

iersian, wv. be angry ; ind. prs. 
2.s. yrsast 19. 12 ; prs. p. irsiende 
81. 18* ; a. wk. yrsiendan 114. 
39. 

iersung, f. anger ; irsung 81. 20*, 
112. 4*, xx. 1 86 ; g. irsunge xx. 
199 ; a. yrsunga xx. 192. 
TetSe, adj. easy; n. eSe 145. 5 ; 
pi. n. iefte 16. 13 ; eSe 92. 27 ; 
comp. n. eSre 81. 13*. 
leSelice, adv. easily ; eSelice 98. 
23, xx. 276 ; sup. eSelicost 146. 
28*. 
leSnes, /. ease, comfort; g. pi. 

eSnessa 7. 15*. 

lewan, wv. show, reveal ; eowian 
78. 7, 85. 25, 97. 28, 104. 25 ; 
ind. prs. 3-y. geewft 131. 7; 
eowaS 61. n*, 136. 21*, xxix. 
72 ; pp. geeowad 55. 6. 
ilca, pron. adj. same; 48. 27, ix. 
24 &c.; n. ilce 15. 23 &c.; g.d.a. 
ilcan 7. 5, 10. 9, xi. 37 &c. ; a. n. 
ilce 12. 22 &c. ; //. ilcan 16. 7 
&c. and xxiv. 63. 
ilce, adv. swa ilce, in the same way ; 

35. 3 &c. 

in, prep, d) w. d. in, 7. 12*, xx. 
238; foil, case, i. 15. b} w. a. 
into, 7. 4*. 
inc, v. git. 
incofa, wm. breast, mind ; d. in- 

cofan xxii. 18. 
ingeliygd,/. n. mind, thoughts; a. 

xxv. 42. 
inierfe, n. household goods, 

valuables ; a. 31. 19. 
inn, adv. in ; in to 8. 16*, xxii. 
57; in geet5 on, enters 27. 17*; 
in on, into 53. 6*, 91. 26, 96. 
26. 



GLOSSARY 



2 59 



innan. 1) prep, a) w. d. in, 
within; innon 73. 31*. b} w.a. 
into ; innon 86. 19, 91. 26*, 96. 
26*. 2) adv. within, inside ; 36. 
9*, *2, 51. 4, 73. 5, 8*, 141. 
ID*, v. 41, 44; innon 73. 5*; inne 
43- 3 1 *, i- 7 2 > xxv. 19, 45. . 
0/.5Y? oninnan. 

innanweard, 1) a^? . inward, in 
ternal ; inst. mid innewearde 
mode 50. n, 28. 119. ii ; inne- 
weardan 94. 28*, 119. n*. 2) 
adv. within ; 92. 3. 

innian, wv. enter ; prs. ind. ^.s. 
innaS 51. 4 . 

i lino s, m. interior, inside (of 
body) ; d. innoSe 51.4. 

innung,/. contents ; 72. 22. 

inge Sanc, m. thoughts, mind ; 54. 
2*, 56. 4*, 106. 25 ; ingetfonc 
1 06. 10, xxvi. 118; g. ingeSan- 
ces 68. 3*, xvi. 22 ; ingeftonces 
44. 31 ; d. ingeSance 52. 16* ; 
ingeSonce 51. 25; a. ingetJanc 
95. 6* ; ingeftonc78. 5,xxii. 12, 
21, xxiii. 8, xxvi. 94; a. pi. 
ingeSoncas 14. 27. 

inweardlic, adj., v. forinweard- 
lic. 

inweardlice, adv. inwardly, ear 
nestly ; xxii. 2. 

inwitSanc, m. evil thought ; //. n. 
inwidSbncas ix. 8; d. inwitSon- 
cum xxvii. 23. 

is, n. ice ; 126. 20, xxviii. 59. 

isceald, adj. icy-cold ; a.f. iscalde 
xxvii. 3. 

Isig, adj. icy; 105. 13. 

ismere, m. frozen pool ; xxviii. 
62. 

L. 

la, inter j. oh! ah! why! 8. 13, 
xi. 101 &c. ; nese, la, nese 58. 
29, 62. 19. 

gelac, n. rapid movement, com 
motion ; lagufloda g. xx. 173; 
storma g. xxvi. 29. 

lacan, rv. a) intrans. move quickly, 
fly ; xxiv. 9 ; ind. prs. pi. lacaS 
xxviii. 22. b] trans, entice ; sbj. 



pst. pi. Se liolcen (oleccan B) 
15. 29. 

lacnian, wv. treat (a disease), 
cure; ind. prs. ^.s. lacnaS 134. 

lce, m. physician ; 38. 8, 132. 6, 
15, 134. 16; d. 123. 13, 33;//. 
n. lascas 132. n n.; g. keca 107. 
28. 

l^cecraeft, m. (art of) medicine; 
_remedy; 38. 8, 51. i. 

leecedom, m. remedy, medicine ; 
_ I2 7- 24, 135. 20; a. 50. 20. 

leedan, wv. lead; 51. u, 102. 2, 
I2 3- 33> xiv. 9; to laedanne 51. 
7; ind. prs. 2.s. laedst 100. 5, 
140. i; 3.j. Iget 27. 8*, 60. 31*; 
gelaet 104. 27 ; pi. laedaS 48. 1 1, 
vii. 40; pst. 3.J. laedde 103. 10, 
xxvi. 16, 39; pi. laeddon 102. 27, 
i. 2 ; sbj. prs. laede 51. 13, 123. 
J 3> 14. J 39- 3, 33; // Isedon 
73- 3*; pp. gelaed 36. 21. 

leeden, n. Latin language ; d. of 
_lsedene Pr. 9. v. also bocleeden. 

leefan, wv. leave ; bequeath ; to 
laefanne 41. 5 ; ind.prs.pl. lasfaS 

^24. 10 ; laefed 23. 20, 42. 9. 

leenan, wv. lend, grant; pp. n. pi. 

_gelsende 31. n. 

leene, adj. transitory, precarious ; 
41. 18; g. lanes xxvi. 113; d. 
wk. laenan xix. 35 ; a. laenne xxvi. 
1 06 ; wk. laenan ix. 58, xx. 157 ; 
//. n. laenu xxi. 29 ; d. lasnum 53. 
1 5> 54- J 5 ^k. laenan 74. 8*;* a. 
xx. 223. 

1 Jsran, wv. teach ; 1 40. 2 ; to laeranne 
127. 25 ; ind. prs. $.s. laerS 137. 
22; gelaereS 47. 20; //. laeraS 
I0 3- J 4> J 39- 6 ; pst. i.s. gelaerde 
17. 13, 20. 10; 3.5-. laerde 9. 2, 
79. 17, 140. 16; sbj. prs. latre 
^69. 8 ; pp. gelaered 8. 18, 15. 14. 

Isestan, wv. w. d. follow ; i. 27. 

gelffistan, wv. a) trans, perform, 
carry out; 58-21,73.16, 105.31, 
I 39- 25; ind. pst. gelaeste 7. 
9 n. ; pi. gelaestan, followed, 
marched i. 13; sbj. prs. gelaeste 
50. 24 ; pi. gelaesten 58. 23. b} 
intrans. last, endure ; inf. vii. 19. 



S 2 



260 



GLOSSARY 



leetan, rv. a) allow ; fr) leave ; 
leave behind ; c) think, deem ; 
d} cause; 38. 12 (a), 71. 22 (c\ 
123. 26 (a); 1. fia baetinge, let 
go 144. 30; 1. bion, let alone, 
drop 88. 32; ind. prs. i.s. ic 
loete nu to . . . set store by 121. 
26 ; 2.s. loetest iv. 50 (a) ; Isetsest 



29 (d) ; 3.^. laet 26. 6 (a", xi. 72 
(a; &c., 133- 25 (<*0 ; / 10eta$ 23. 

7, 9 (a), 24. 10 (), viii. n (V); 
place, 130. 16. 141. i, 3 ; Isetege 
72. 19 (a); pst. 3..r. let xxvi. 23 
(b) ; z?/>. Iset v. 30 (a) ; //. IsetaS 

8. 23 (a) ; J-fy . prs. Isete 119. 23 
(), xvi. 7 (); lte 104. 2 (a) ; 

//. Iseten 67. 6 (a); /jtf. lete 117. 

5 (a), 119. 30 (), i. 66 (a), 68 

(?); pi. leten 67. 6 (a). 
laf,/. remnant ; </. to lafe, remain 

ing, left over 46. 26. 
lagu, m. sea, flood ; ix. 40. 
laguflod, m. sea ; . //. lagufloda 

xx. 173. 
lagustream, m. sea; xi. 43; a. 

xx. in, xxvi. 16. 
land, n. land ; country ; 40. 2 1 ; 

lond 29. 12; g. landes 91. 22, 

126. 20*; londes 42. 16*, xii. 

27 ; d. lande about 9 times, 43. 1 7 

&c. and xii. 6, xxviii. 57 ; londe 

43. 25, 26, xiii. 18; a. land 51. 

29*, 60. 29*, 115. 20*, ix. 40; 

lond 40. 17, xii. I ; //. lond 29. 

10 ; d. londum 42. 30. 
lang, adj. ; gen. of time, long; 44. 

25; n. 44. 19, x. 66 ; of body, tall 

87. 4; long 117. 28, 127. 32 ; 

n. ?f. lange 117. 32 ; tf. w. 

langan 133. 26 ; a. longne 120. 

27 ; f. lange iv. 46, x. 64, xxvi. 

103 ; n. lang 100. 28 ; ymbe 

long, at great length 125. 23; 

pl.wk. langan 1 2 7. 29; dUongum 

133. 24 ; comp. lengra 120. 29 ; 

a. lengran 126. 7 ; //. a. langran 

10. ii*; sup. a. lengestne 126. 7. 
gelang, adj. dependent on, owing 

to ; n. on Se gelong 15. 24. 
lange, adv. of time, long, for a 

longtime; about 



i9&c.; longe about \Q times, 103. 

3, i. 50 &c. ; long xxvi. 99 ; comp. 

leng 84. 3 &c. and xxviii. 8 ; 

sup. lengest ix. 17. 
langfiere, adj. lasting, enduring ; 

g. longfseres 117. 26. 
langsum, adj. prolonged, tedious ; 

45- 17- 
lar, f. teaching, doctrine ; 27. 17, 

139- 2 ; g- !are 51. 2, 135. 21, 

139. 21 ; d. 95. 15, v. 22, xxii. 

42 ; Isere, lesson 137. 14; a. lare 

9. 3, 104. 29, i. 68 ; pi. d. larum 

8. 23, ii. 4, 14. 1 8, 20. 12; a. 

lara 50. 26, 101. 14, 108. I. 
lareow, m. teacher; 141. 12, xxx. 

3 ; pi. lareowas 57. 17, xiii. 38 ; 

g. lareovva xiii. 42 ; lariowa x. 

55 ; a. lareowas 57. 16. 
last, m. footprint, track ; a. last 

weardigan, remain behind xx. 

241 ; on last, in the end, at last 

15. 5, 48. i, ico. 23. 
late, adv. slowly, late; 46. 32, 148. 

5; comp. later 142. 18; sup. 

latest 91. 1 6. 
latteow, m. guide ; leader ; xx. 278; 

ladSeow 82. 1 6, 105. 2 ; a. lad- 

teow 57. 13. 
latJ, 1) adj. hostile ; hateful ; 64. 

26, viii. 38, xv. 6 ; //. laSe 9. 

24 ; a. 28. 4 ; comp. a. laoVan 

iv. 24 ; a. n. wk. laSre 22. 3. 2) 

sbst. n. offence ; g. latfes 19. 27. 
laflllce, adv. hatefully, horribly ; 

xxvi. 83. 
leaf,/! permission ; d. leafe xi. 67, 

xx. 131 ; a. 80. 29, 1 20. 27, x. 

67, xxvi. 21. 
leaf, n. leaf ; xx. 98 ; pi. xxix. 67 ; 

g. leafa 10. 12, iv. 24 ; d. leafum 

92. 2 ; a. leaf 10. 13, xi. 57. 
geleafa, wm. belief, faith; d. gelea- 

fan 12. 21 n., 14. 19, v. 26; a. 

12. 25. 
leahtor, m. vice, sin ; pi. leahtras 

xxii. 25, 29. 
lean, n. reward; a. 113. 14; pi. 

g. leana 54. 17, 108. 13, 134. 

30; Igena 54. 17*; d. leanum 

in. 4, 113. 8; a. lean 18. 24, 

113. 14. 



GLOSSARY 



261 



leaniaii, wv. w. d. reward; 134. 

25; sbj . prs. leanige 137. 10; 

pp. geleanod 119. 22. 
leas, 1) adj. a) w. g. devoid of; 

ciSa leas xii. 5. fr) false, feigned; 

wk. leasa 63. 27 ; f. leas 47. 18. 

82. 25 ; wk. f. lease 47. 6, 48. 

i ; 72. leas 68. 8 ; wk. lease 10. 

22, iv. 46 ; g. leases 41. 12, 45. 

24 ; d. leasum 45. 8, xxiii. 8 ; 

f. leasre 68. 10, 100. 25; wk. 

hiora leasan cyninge 66. 22 ; 

a. wk. 114. 28; //. lease, un 
truthful 1 1 6. 13 ; wk. leasan 48. 

10, 51. 24, 103. 14; g. wk. 

leasena 51. 16, 55. 6, 101. n ; 

d. leasum 18. 3 &c. and xxvi. 

i, 99 ; a. f. leasa xii. 27 ; wk. 

leasan 15. 29 &c. 2) sbst. n. 

falsehood; d. lease 141. 19, xxx. 

18 ; a. leas 118. 14. 
leaslic, adj. false, unreal ; a. f. 

leaslice 54. 6. 
leasspellung, f. false speech, 

falsehood ; d. leasspellunga 14. 

4- 
leasung,/". falsehood, false story; 

21. 21 ; pi. n. leasunga 99. 5 ; 

leasungum 45. 18, 116. 27; a. 

leasunga 99. 4. 
leax, m. salmon ; a. xix. 12. 
leccan, wv. wet, moisten ; ind. 

prs. pi. leccaS 136. 17, xxix. 63 ; 

//. geleht 80. 17*, xx. 98. 
lecgan, wv. place, lay; 37. 8 ; 1. 

one msest, lower 144. 30. 
lef, adj. diseased, weak ; 121. 12. 
lencten, m. spring (season) ; 49. 

18; a. on lencten TO. 12*, 49. 

1 8* ; on lengten 136. 19*. 
lenctentld, f. springtime ; a. on 

1. xxix. 67. 
lendan, wv. arrive ; ind. prs. %.s. 

gelent 53. 6. 
lengo,/. length (of time) ; a.lengu, 

lenge* 44. J 3. 
leo, wmf. lion, lioness ; 57. 9 (/.), 

72.6, 7, 114. 30; lio 114. 30*; 

d. leon 116. 16; a. 102. 7 (m.\ 

xiii. 18 (f.) , pi. n. leon xxvi. 

83 (m. ?). 
leode, pi. m. people; g. leoda 



xii. 6, xxvi. 40, 113 ; d. leodum 

MPr. 4, xxx. 8. 
leodfruma, wm. chief, leader ; d. 

leodfruman i. 27. 
leodhata, win. tyrant ; g. leod- 

hatan 36. 29. 
leodscipe, m. nation ; d. xxx. 2 ; 

a. i. 68. 
leof, adj. dear ; acceptable ; 20. 9, 

i. 47 ; a. leofne xxvi. 72 ; n. pi. 

n. leofe 16. 12 ; comp. n. leofre 

22. 32, 24. 5, 139. 24, i. 41 ; a. 

n. 22. 3 ; sup. n. leofast 20. 27 ; 

n. pi. wk. leofostan 67. 2. 
leoftsele, adj. acceptable, pleas 
ant ; a. pi. m. 28. 5 ; comp. n. 

pi. leoftselran 28. i. 
leofwende, &dj. amiable, popular; 

comp. leofwendra 27. 30. 
leogan, svi. tell a lie, make an 

erroneous statement; 112. 3, 

xxv. 50; ind. prs. i.s. leoge 33. 

i ; 3-s. lihS 47. 15 ; him on 

lihS, misrepresent him 68. 16. 
leoht, 1) sbst. n. light ; 14. I, 52. 

6 ; g. leohtes 10. 7, iv. n c. ; 

d. leohte 10. 5, iv. 8 &c.; liohte 

103. 15 ; a. leoht 9. 12, iii. 5 

&c. 2) adj. bright; xxix. 52; 

n. wk. leohte 136. 13; d. wk. 

leohtan v. 22 ; a. leohtne v. 5 ; 

inst. leohte v. 26 ; //. d. 

leohtum larum, metaph. 14. 18; 

a. leohte 17. 24, 49. 21 ; comp. 

n. leohtre 95. 7; a. n. xxii. 22 ; 

sup. leohtost ix. 17. 
leokt, adj. light (not heavy) ; 

comp. pi. metaph. leohtran 23. 

J 4- 
leohte, adv. brightly, brilliantly ; 

39. 21, ix. 13. 
leohtfruma, wm. creator of light ; 

xi. 72. 
leoma, wm. ray of light, radiance ; 

xxii. 2 2 ; d. leoman xxi. 36 ; a. 

v. 5. 
leornian, wv. learn, study; 126. 

25, xxviii. 77; leornigan 7. 17, 

ind. pst. 2.s. ; leornodest 41. 

27, 78. 30 ; liornodest 41. 

23 ; //. leornodon 36. 28, 70. 

22 ; imp. pi. leorniaS 35. 1 8 ; 



262 



GLOSS A R Y 



sbj. prs. pi. leornigen 133. 26; 

pp. geleornod 35. 19; a. f. ge- 

leornode Pr. 8. 
S, n. song, poem ; d. leofte Pr. 

10, 26. 23 ; a. leoS abottt 8 times 

B 0</ C, 8. 15 &c. 0flT MPr. 

4; lioS 50. 7, 70. i, 124. 18; 

//. g. leofta 135. 19, xxx. 2 ; 

lioSa 127. 29, ii. i ; d. leoSum 

141. 13, xxx. 8 ; a. lio S 8. 6. 
leoftwyrhta, ?ew. song maker, 

poet ; MPr. ; ^.pl. leoftwyrhtan 

18. 28. 
lesan, sv. gather ; ind. prs. 3.5. 

lists 61. 10. 
lettan, wv. hinder ; gelettan 142. 

18 ; ind. prs. 3.^. let 71. n ; 

pi. gelettaS 142. 19; sbj. prs. 

lette 105. 32. 
libban, wv. live, be alive ; 46. 31 

&c. and x. 64, xx. 107 ; liban 

ix. 58 (J); tolibbanne4i. 4; ind. 

prs. 2.s. liofost 22. 28*; ^.s. 

leofaS 22. 5, 26. 16*, 65. 13; 

liofaS 22. n, 16 ; liofaS 109. 

30*; pi. libbaS 114. 18, 133. 

1 8 ; pst. lifde 41. 4 ; sbj. prs. pi. 

libban 22. 29* ; prs. p. libbende 

45- 2 6; g- libbendes 71. 5, 80. 

20, xiii. 33 ; d. libbendum 13. 

1 2 ; //. libbende 40. i ; g. lif- 

gendra xx. 278. 
lie, n. body ; d. lice viii. 47, xvii. 

12, xx. 236, xxii. 39; a. lie 116. 

15*, xxvi. 76. 
gelic, adj. w. d. similar ; relevant, 

pertinent; xxv. 26 ; f. pred. 22. 

15 ; n. 84. 21 &c. ; g. gelices 

88. 10, xxvi. 93; a. gelicne 69. 

18, 91. 23, 140. 27, 145. 20, 

xvii. 2 ; f. gelice 79. 32, xxvi. 

2; n. gelic 43. 25, 99. 6; ivk. 

gelican 148. 19; pi. gelice 30. 

5, xvii. 5 ; n. 87. 25 ; a. f. ge 
lica 91. 23 ; gelice xx. 54 ; comp. 

gelicra 115. 4; n. pi. gelicran 

122. 14, 146. 5; sup. gelicost 

xxv. 1 8, xxvi. 88; n. xix. 12; 

n. pi. m. gelicoste 22. 26. 
gelica, wm. equal ; Sin gelica 79- 

17, 25, xx. 37 ; //. hiora gelican 

x - 59 ; d. gelicum 34. 24. 



gelice, adv. similarly, in the same 
way (as) ; alike ; 46. 15, 58. 6, 
69. 19, 148. 23, x. 31 ; svva ge 
lice 107. 21*; sup. gelicost 104. 
16, xx. 211, 217 (or adj.T). 

Hcettan, ivv. pretend ; ind. prs. 
3.j. licet 47. 15, 22 ; //. licettaS 
58. 21 ; pst. ?>.s. licette 45. 13, 
115. 24, xxvi. 36. 

licgan, sv^. lie, be placed ; 115.6; 
ind. prs. ^.s. ligeft 42. 8 ; ligS 
82. 16, 115. 5, xvi. 12, xx. 279, 
xxix. 52; geligeS v. 16 ; //. 
licgaft 104. 8, 147. 4 ; licgga<5 
46. 29 ; sbj. prs. liege xii. 6. 

lichama, wm. body; 114. 5, xx. 
241 ; lichoma/^. 36. 3 &c. and 
xviii. 9, xxxi. 7 ; g. lichoman 45. 
25, xxii. 25 &c. ; d. Pr. 6 &c. and 
xx. 181 ; a. 69. 23 &c. and 
xxvi. 106, 119; //. xxvi. 103; 
a. 82. 3, 116. 28. 

lichamlic, adj. of the body, carnal ; 
g. wk. lichomlican 26. 19 ; //. n. 
lichomlicu 87. 3; wit. lichamli- 
can*, licumlican 54. 22 ; d. li- 
camlicum*, licumlicum 54. 26. 

lich.am.lice, adv. in the body, 
corporeally ; lichoinlice 45. 26, 
148. 27* ; licumlice ib. 

Hcian, wv. w. d. please; 29. 12, 
101. 18, 142. 2 ; ind. prs. 3.5. 
licaS 43. 26 &c. ; //. liciat? 16. 
4 &c. ; pst. licode 35. 6 &c. ; 
sbj. prs. licige 66. 2 ; pi. licien 
29. 9 ; pst. licode 43. 28, 62. 13. 

gellcnes, f. similarity ; d. gelic- 
nesse 31. 14. 

licwier Se, adj. pleasing, praise 
worthy ; g. licwyrftes 35. 9. 

lidmann, m. sailor ; g. pi. liS- 
monna xxvi. 63. 

Hefan, wz>. allow ; pp. lyfed xx. 
244. 

geliefan, wv. w. g. d. or a., or 
clause, believe ; gelefan 84. 26, 
106. 8, 121. 7 (d.), 138. 10 (-.), 
14 (g.} $e . . . swelces to gelefan, 
believe such a thing of you n. 
13 ; gelyfan 90. 21, 122. 18 (g.} ; 
to gelefanne 84. 2 ; ind. prs. i.s. 
gelefe 123. 2 (g.\ gelyfe 12. 18; 



GLOSSARY 



263 



2.s. geliefsest 13. 31 ; gelefst 12. 
1 6, 84. 25 ; gelyfst 84. 22 ; 3.*. 
gelyfS 107. 10 (g.} ; pst. i.s. ge- 
lifde 12. 1 8*; ?>.s. gelyfde 115. 



1 1 6. 27 (</.) ; gelyfdon xxvi. 99 

(J.) ; *Vw/. gelief, gelef* 31. 14 ; 

sbj. prs. gelefe 118. 16 ; //. 

gelefen 109. 26 (.), 117. 15 (g.} ; 

/j/. gelefde 18. 33 (a.). 
Heg, 7/272. flame ; lig 34. 27 N.; leg 

34. 27, xxix. 51 ; d. lege viii. 

54\g.pl. legaix. 17. 
liegetu, /. lightning ; a. lygetu 

99. 2* ; a. pi. ligeta 99. 2. 
liehtan, wv. shine; ind. prs. %.s. 

lyht 86. 8. 
Hetan, wv. trans, bend, incline ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. lit xxvi. 119. 
liexan, wv. shine ; lixan ix. 13. 
Hf, n. life; 22. 31 &c. ; g. lifes 

14. i, xi. 72 &c. ; d. life, esp. in 

phrase on ftys andweardan life 

21. 17, xxi. 29 &c. ; a.lif2o.25, 
vii. 40 &c. ; a. pi. (or s.T] lif 
awriten 44. 5. 

Hfdeeg, m. day of life ; d. pi. 

lifdagum xv. 6, xxvi. 88. 
lifer,/! liver; a. lifre 103. i. 
lim, n. limb, member ; a. 86. 30, 

90. 32 ; //. limu 86. 26, 87. 18, 

22, 23 n. ; g. lima 87. 24, 114. 
8; d. limum 81. 14, 114. 8; a. 
limu 90. 32. 

llmian, wv. cement, join ; ind. 

prs. 3.j. gelimS 54. 17; pp. 

gelimed 96. 14. 
limpan, sv$. happen ; ind. prs. 

3.s. limpo", gelimpft* 125. 20 ; 

pst. z.s. gelamp 101. 22; gelomp 

7. 25*, xxvi. 17, 45. 4; //. ge- 

lumpen iii. 9. 
limplice, adv. suitably, fittingly ; 

49- 17- 
lindwigend, m. warrior ; n. pi. 

lindwigende i. 13. 
liss, f. kindness, favour ; pi. g. 

lissa i. 59 ; d. lissum xxvi. 63. 
list, m. cunning, skill ; art ; a. 

MPr. 3 ; //. listas xxvi. 108 ; g. 

lista xxviii. 77 ; d. listum i. 59, 

xiii. 42. 



11$, n. strong drink; g. HSes in. 

27. 

, svi, journey, sail ; xxvi. 60; 

ind. prs. pi. geliSao 1 xxviii. 22. 

e, adj. mild, pleasant ; 51. 4 ; 
/. liSu 138. 18 ; ". lioes xii. 13 ; 

d. wk. liSan 138. 29 ; a. liSne 

132. 8; d.pl. liSum 8. 26. 
locian, wv. (gen. w. on) look ; xxii. 

20 ; 1. ongean 121. 10 ; see, 121. 

15 ; to locienne 14. 14 ; ind. prs. 

2.j.locast 121. 31; //. lociaS 121. 

27, xi. 6; pst. lucude n. i ; //. 

locodon n. i* ; imp. loca 14. 9, 

99. 21 ; sbj. prs. locie to ... 129. 

30 ; prs. p. lociende 148. 22. 
lof, . praise ; 43. 31, 138. 19; g. 

lofes 47. 8, 108. 13; d. lofe 36. 

25, 44. 29 ; a. lof 104. 7 ; re 
nown 43. 25. 

gelome, adv. frequently ; ix. 60, 

xxx. 5, 7. 

loppe, wf. flea; 36. n. 
losian, wv. be lost ; perish ; 25. 

27, 28, 71. 6, x. _37, xviii. 8 ; 

losigan 46. 18 ; ind. prs. pi. 

losiaS 63. 26 ; pst. 3.5. losade 

103. 13 ; pi. losodon 44. 7 ; sbj. 

prs. losige 117. 25; //. losien 

26. 5. 

lot, n. wile, deceit ; 10. 22, iv. 46. 

lotwrenc, m. wile, deceit ; a. pi. 
lotwrencas 129. 6. 

lox, m. lynx ; 73. 3. 

lucan, sv2. a) lock, fasten ; />) 
pluck, pull up; ind. prs. ^.s. 
lycS xii. 28 (b] ; //. locen wiS 
hire gecynde 57. 6 (a). 

lufian, wv. love ; 58. 22 &c. and 
xxvii. 31 ; to lunanne 108. 21, 
113. 14; ind. prs. 2.s. lufast 29. 
26; 3.^. lufaS 22. 17 &c. and 
xx. 223; pi. lufia 5 28. 6 &c. ; 
pst. 3.^. lufode 124. 14, xxvi. 63, 
65, 89 ; lufude 34. 6; //. lufedon 
67. 21, xxvi. 91 ; sbj. prs. lufie 
124. 16 ; lunge 57. 10, xiii. 20, 
xxvii. 28. 

lufigend, w. lover ; //. d. lufigen- 
clum 70. 14; lufiendum 73. 16 ; 
a. lufiendas 62. 27, 73. 20. 

lufu, swf. love; 23. 8, 93. 18; g. 



264 



GLOSSARY 



lufan i. 59; d. lufe 50. I, 54. 

1 8, 89. 7, xxi. 7 ; lufan 101. n, 
116. 9, 12; a. lufe 103. 9, 130. 
9, 1 6, 136. 29, xxix. 90 ; lufan 
xi. 81 ; d. pi. lufum, sake 22. 
22, 51. 19, 54. 16, 67. 20. 

lungre, adv. quickly, suddenly; 

vii. 19. 
lust, m. desire, pleasure ; 55. 10, 

12, MPr. 3 ; g. lustes 15. 30 ; d. 

luste 143. 3; a. lust 88. 17, 93. 

2i ; //. </. lustum 53. 25, 74. 25, 

115. 6, ix. 44. 
lustbsere, adj. pleased, glad ; 50. 

10 ; a. lus Sbaerne 54. 26. 
lustbserlice, adv. pleasantly ; 8. 6, 

103. 23. 
lustbsernes, f. desire ; pleasure ; 

g. lustbaernesse 8. 1 1 ; a. 74. 7- 
lustlice, adv. gladly, willingly; 25. 

4, 50. 27, 123. 26, ii. i. 
lutan.j^2. incline, sink (of the sun); 

sbj. prs. lute 57. 25. 
lyft. f. air, atmosphere; 80. I, ix. 

40 &c. ; g. lyfte xx. 173 ; d. 80. 

25, 105. 10, xxiv. 13, xxix. 52 ; 

d. pi. lyftum, clouds xx. 98. 
lystan, wv. impers. w. a. and g. 

19. 14; ind. prs. 3.^. lysteS x. 
14, xix. i f, 39 ; lyst II. 26, xix. 
1 6, 33, xxxi. i ; pst. lyste 18. 15 
&c. and ix. 19, xxvi. 71 ; sbj. 
prs. lyste Pr. 1 1 &c. and x. I . 

gelystan, wv. fill with desire, 

make glad ; pp. guSe gelysted 

i. 9. 
lytel, adj. little, small; 41. 18, 

x. 55; wk. lytla 46. 26; f. 

lytlu 41. 25 ; wk. lytle 36. n ; 

n. lytel 124. 22 &c. and x. 9 ; 

g. lytles 31. 22, xxii. 47 ; lytles 

hweet 23. 23, 24. 23 ; d. litlum 

xxvi. 36 ; wk. lytlan 13. 33 &c. 

and xx. 179 ; lytlon 30. 13* ; a. 

lytelne 97. 15 ; Iitellnei46. 21*; 

/lytle 14. 26 &c.;. lytel 148.8; 

wk. lytle 97. 1 8 ; //./. lytla 26. 

9; d. lytlum 24. 21 &c.\comp.f3 

Isesse xxviii. 22 ; n. 28. 14, xx. 

117 &c. ; d. laessan 77. 6 &c.; a. 

123. 8, 141. 2, xxviii. 12 ; n. 

Isesse 148. 10; //. laessan 83. 2 ; 



d. no. 27; .s^. <a?. wk. laestan 

81. 15; n.pl. 36. 7. 
lytelice, #/#. craftily ; 15. 5. 
lytig, adj. cunning, sly ; a. wk. 

lytegan 114. 28; n.pl. lytige 

_3- 2 4- 
lytle, adv. a little ; 50. 26 &c. 

and xii. 13, xx. 181 ; comp.lKS, 
less 101. 7, 130. 18, 22 (v. also 
Bylses) ; sup. laest, least 15. 6, 
_ii7 30. 

lytlian, zw. trans, diminish ; z ^. 
/r.y. 3.5. ly .laS 65. 20. 



M. 

macian, wv. arrange, manage ; 
ind. prs. $.s. macacS 98. 21. 

gemsec, adj. well matched, suit 
able ; a. n. 24. 8. 

mseg, jwz . be able ; avail ; ind. 
prs. i and $.s. maeg 13. 7, xv. 
9 &c. ; mag 42. 31 ; mseg t> 
he ne wundrie, can help 92. 7 ; 
to nauhte ne m., is good for 
nothing 69. 8 ; m. Saet, enables 
38. 7 ; m. to sorge, may be 
a care 24. 16 ; 2.s. meaht, 
miht* 12. 10 &c. ; meht 92. 4 : 
pi. magon 22. 26, ii. 19 &c. ; 
magan 131. 31*, 139. 4 ; mahon 

14, 10* ; pst. i and $.s. meahte 
12. 19 &c. ; mihte Pr. 4; 2.J. 
meahtest 17. 21, 18. 25, xxiv. 

15, 17 ; meabtes 18. 26, 33. 12, 

16, 51. 14, 72. TI, xxiv. 8, ii ; 
mihtest 48. 15* ; pi. meahton 
35. 4 &c. ; mibtan 34. 6* ; mihte 
we 23. 12*, 146. 19* ; sbj. prs. 
msege 12. 13 ; maegge xxviii. 
64 ; mage 94. 29* ; //. maegen 
9. 27 &c. ; magen 28. 26* ; 
masgon 59. 1 7*, 74. 8 ; mahan 
1 8. 14* \pst. meahte 45. 17 &c. ; 
absol. xi. 102 ; pi. meahten 34. 
iS&c. 

mseg, m. kinsman ; d. pi. maegum 
71. 27 ; gemagum 54. 12. 

maegden, n. maiden ; g. pi. 
maedena 116. 6. 

msegen, m. strength ; 93. 2, xx. 



GLOSSARY 



265 



202 ; g. maegnes 108. 28 ; d. 
maegene 38. 4 ; maegne iv. 27, 
xx. 9, 66 ; adv. ealle maegene, 
with might and main 112. 31, 
147. 12, xiii. 64, 66, cf. 69. 14, 
xxvi. 64, xxix. 96 ; eallon 
maegene 53. 18*, 67. 5* ; pi. n. 
m segno 72. n ; g. maegena, 
powers 21. n, 41. 12; maegna 
xx. 258. 

msegencreeft, m. strength, power ; 
xxvi. 105. 

meegenstan, m. great rock ; v. 
16. 

meegS,/! maiden ; a. xxvi. 67. 

msegtS, f. family ; tribe, nation ; 
msegSe xx. 160 ; d. 7. i ; n. pi. 
maegSa xxvi. 49. 

gemsegtS,/". power, grandeur ; 40. 
7*. 

msegwlite, m. appearance, as 
pect ; a. pi. msegwlitas xxxi. 5. 

rasel, n. time, occasion ; g. pL 
msela i. 54, xxii. 65. 

msenan, wv. a) mean, allude to ; 
U] complain (of) ; 22. 2 (b] ; 
ind.prs. 2.s. msenst 23. 23 () ; 
3.J-. maenS 118. 17 (a) ; pst. 2.s. 
maendest 17. 20 (<) ; 3.^. maende 
128. i (a) sbj. prs. maene 12. 

25_(); 7 1 - 15 () 

gemsene, adj. common ; d. gemae- 
num 18. 25 ; a. f. gemaene xxix. 
91 ; wk. gemaenan 109. 16. 

gemeeneliee, adv. in common ; 
^36. 29. 

msere n. boundary, borderland ; 
a. gemaere 103. n ; a. pi. ge- 
maero xxix. 9 ; mseru 49. 23 n. 

msere, adj. renowned, famous ; 68. 
25, xxiv. 43 ; g. wk. maeran ix." 
39, xxi. 6 ; d. maerum xxix. 97 ; 
wk. maeran xxx. 4 ; a. wk. i. 14, 
iv. 13, xi. 73, xx. 281 ; //. wk. 
xxix. 9; d. maerum xvii. u ; 
comp. maerra 69. 5, xx. 18 ; 
sup. marost x. 34. 

mserlic, adj. renowned, glorious; 
sup. maerlicost 75. 21. 

msersian, wv. proclaim, cele 
brate; ind. prs. 3.^. maersaS i. 
1 6 ; pp. a. pi. gemsersode, 



marked out, distinguished? 80. 
12. 

maJr 5, f. fame, glory ; g. maerSe 
Jo8. 10 ; a. 54. 6 ; //. maer Sa 
74- 2 4 ; g- 77- 3. xx. 26 ; d. 
maerSum xx. 2 ; a. maerSa 78. 

13- 
msest, m. ship s mast ; a. 144. 30. 

msetan, wv. impers. dream ; ind. 

prs. maet 51. 13 ; sbj. prs. maete 

58.8. 
meete, adj. unimportant ; comp. 

n. pi. maetran 130. 3 ; sup. pi. 

wk. maetestan 130. 6, 8 ; maes- 

tan 130. 8*. 
mselS, f. measure, capacity ; 145. 

7, 147. 13; d. Pr. 14, 145. 9, 

147. 14, 16. 
magister, m. master ; teacher ; 

70. 30 ; a. 57. 10, 66. 24, xiii. 

20 ; g. pi. magistra xxx. 4. 
magurinc, m. man, warrior ; pi. 

magorincas x. 56 ; g. mago- 

rinca i. 26. 
gernan, swv. w. a. org. remember ; 

inf. gemunan u. 13, 20. 2, 34. 

30, 58. 30, 104. 1 8, 106. 24 ; 

ind. prs. \.s. geman 96. 6, 97. 8, 

100. n, 106. 27, 119. i ; 2.s. 

gemanst 118. 30; gemunst 106. 

28 ; 3..T. gemon S 57. 12* ; pi. 

gemunon 34. 18 ; pst. i.s. ge- 

munde ; w. a. 13. 3, 101. 13 ; 

2.s. gemyndest 95. 32; $.s. w.g. 

gemnnde 7. 15, 8. 3, i. 57, 79 ; 

imp. gemun 113. 12 ; sbj. prs. 

gemune 122. 7. 
man, 1) sbst. n. wickedness, 

crime ; ix. 7 ; g. manes i. 44 ; 

d. mane 7. 10 ; a. man 39. 18. 

2) adj. false ; wicked ; n. pi. 

mane aSas 10. 22 ; mane iv. 

48. 
geniana, wm. intercourse, society ; 

d. gemanan II. 23. 
manfull, adj. sinful, wicked ; //. 

manfulle 10. 19; g. manfulra 

12. 2. 

gemang, n. on gemong prep. w. 

d. among 102. 3, 119. 12. 
manian, wv. warn, restrain; pp. 

a. pi. gemanode xi. 24 ; f. 49. 3. 



266 



GLOSSARY 



manig, adj. many a, many ; monig 
i. 8 ; f. manigu xi. 44 ; manig 
147. 2 ; n. 70. 21, 145. 5 ; nuenig 
86. 5, 93. 12 ; g. maniges 88. 9 ; 
manies 126. 16* ; d. manegum 
7. 10*, 43. 13, 65. 14*, 66. 12*, 
134. 24; monegum 24. 28; 
maenegum 22. 31, 134. 13; f. 
monigre 15. 4 ; a. manigne 37. 
2*, 4; monigne 99. 16 ; msenigne 
66. 13, 69. 12, 76. 28, xxvi. 78; 
f. monige 25. 7 ; . manig 46. 
12* ; mgenig 65. 23, 74. 31, 86. 
30 ; //. manige 24. 9*, 46. 29*, 

6l. 12*, 13*, 63. 2, 70. 20*, 82. 

28*, 132. 32, 133. 14, 143. 5; 

manege 24. 7*, 53. 23*, 61. 
13*, 87. 8* ; monige 24. I*, 41. 
14*; maenige 17. 22, 145. 2; 
mcenege 82. 28 ; f. manega 42. 
22*, 49. 12*, 147. 19; manige 
145. 32; n. manegu 87. 4; 
monegu 86. 26 ; g. manegra 26. 
19*, 65. 23*, 71. 14, 22, in. 
14* ; monegra 60. 19 ; d. mane- 
gum 16. i*, 20. n*, 33. 2, 36. 
18, 42. 29, 92. 32, 96. 13*, 112. 
22; monegum 26. 10, 43. 30; 
maenegum 34. 24, 54. 20, 125. 
19 ; a. manige 46. 27* ; monige 
33- 7> 76. 17 ;/ manega 42. 28, 
46. 10*, 70. 8*, 101. 9, 104. 25, 
108. 2, 128. 8; n. manigu 108. 
i ; maenegu 19. 8 ; msenig 76. 
10, 13. 

manigfeald,aa^ . manifold, various; 
58. II ; g. wk. maenigfealdan 
139. 21 ; a.n. manigfeald 62. 3, 
90. 4 ; monifeald 9. 7 .* ; pL n. 
msenigfeald 125. 8; pi. manig- 
fealdum Pr. 5*, 1 1 1. 16*; maenig- 
fealdum 52. 17 ; a. manigfealde 
1 08. ii ; n. manigfeald 104. 10, 
118. 23, 133. 15; wk. manig- 
fealdan 7. 13*. 

manigfealdlic, adj. various ; n. 
manigfaldlic 128. 31. 

mann, m. man, person ; mankind ; 
55. 2*, 147. 9* ; man about 24 
times, chiefly in B, ii. II &c. and 
xxii. 43, 49, xxxi. 16 ; monn 
34. 4*; mon usual form Pr. 13 



&c. and ii. 17, vii. 9, often used 
as indef. pron. one, they 13. 17*, 
18. 20, viii. 37 &c. ; g. mannes 
69. 7*, 114. 18, 135. 2 ; monnes 
usual form 38. 25 &c. ; d. men 
10. 15 &c. ; a. mann 24. 19*; 
man 62. 15*, 66. 13, 114. 25, 

31, 124. 16*; indef. 132. 31; 
mon 36. 9 &c. ; //. menn 53. 
14*, 116. 26*, 124. 10* ; men 
13. 21 &c. ; g. manna fq. in B, 
10. 24* &c. and 68. ii, vii. 21, 
xiv. 6, xxvi. 55 ; monna usual 

form in B and C, ii. 7, iv. 32 
&c. ; mona 41. 26* ; d. monnum 
9. 21, iv. 35 &c. ; a. menn 69. 
24* ; men xvii. ii. 
manna, win. man ; a. mannan 
123. 28; monnan 26. 15, 123. 

32, xxvii. 31. 

manneynn, n. mankind ; moncynn 

41. 28* ; moncyn 10. 23*, 50. 

3*, 83. 22, 112. 27, xi. 97; 

moncynnes 22. 4, xvii. 9 &c. ; 

moncynne 10. 17, xiii. 16, xxvii. 

12; a. moncynn in. 17*; 

moncyn 10. 26, iv. 54, xiii. 61. 
marmSwsere, adj. gentle, kind; 

148. 23. 
martyr, m. martyr ; n.pl. martiras 

26. 21. 

mattm, m. treasure ; xxi. 20. 
maftmiiierde, m. treasurer ; n.pl. 

maSmhirdas 64. 13. 
mearc, f. boundary, limit ; a. 

mearce 49. 24, 64. 12, 80. 4, xi. 

65* 7> 73, xx - /!> 89- 
mearcian, wv. mark out, design ; 

ind. prs. %.s. mearcaS 128. 27. 
mearrian, wv. go astray, err ; sbj. 

prs. $.pl. mearrigen 55. 23. 
mece, m. sword ; g. pi. meca ix. 

29. 
med, /. reward ; g. mede 45. 3, 

112. 32, 131. 32; d. 112. 32 ; 

o- 45- 2 > H3- 15- 

gemede, adj. acceptable, agree 
able ; a. n. 24. 9. 

mederne,a^ .; a) perfect, excellent; 
b) iv. g. capable (of); 122. 5 (), 
9 () ; n. wk. 82. 21 (a) ; a. 
medomne, medumne* 38. 33 (a); 



GLOSSARY 



267 



comp. a. n. medemre, more ex 
cellent 85. 21 ; sup. medomest, 
medemast* 122. 9; a. n. mede- 
mast 56. 2*. 

medemlice, adv. suitably, satis 
factorily; 92. 10. 

medemnes, f. excellence ; me- 
domnes, medumnes* 39. 6 ; d. 
medemnesse 35. 14* ; meclum- 
nesse 35. 15*; a. medemnesse, 
dignity, high estate 32. n. 

meldian, wv. a) declare, proclaim; 
/>) w. on, inform against; 36. 
18 (#) ; ind. pst. 3.^. meldode 
MPr. 2 0). 

melu, n. meal, flour ; meolo 93. 

5 ; 93- 5- 
mengan, wv. (often w. wiS) mix ; 

33. 30* ; gemengan 38. 12, vii. 

8; msengan viii. 22; ind. prs. 

2.s. gemengest 82. 3, xx. 234; 

3.j. gemenge S 136. 12, xi. 91, 

xxix. 49 ; pi. gemengaS v. 9 ; 

pst. 2.s. mengdest xx. 89, 112 ; 

gemengdest 80. 2 2 ; sbj. prs. pi. 

gemengen, join, connect 86. 14 ; 

pp. gemenged fq. 14. 13 &c. 

and xx. 66, 79, 128, 144; a. f. 

gemengde 80. 12 ; n. pi. 81. 4. 
menigo, f. multitude, host ; 30. 

23 ; menigu 67. 15 ; meenigo i. 

29 ; d. msenige xxvi. 61. 
mennisc, adj. human ; mennisc 

man, human being 76. 6 ; wk. 

mennisca 76. 13; f. wk. men- 

nisce 60. 16, 132. 23 ; n. wk. 

27. 2 ; g. mennisces xxvi. 91 ; 

n. 54. 2 ; Sses m. human nature, 

humanity 114. 15 ; wk. mennis- 

can 32. 18; d. menniscum 20. 

20; f. wk. menniscan 114. 20, 

2 1 ; pi. wk. 23. 27. 
mennisclic, adj. human ; n. pi. 

mennisclice 114. 17. 
meox, n. dung; miox 104. 8. 
mere, m. lake ; a. xxviii. 38. 
merecandel, f. sun ; merecondel 

xiii. 57. 
mereflod, m. ocean ; g. mereflodes 

xxvii. 2. 
merehengest, m. sea-horse, ship; 

g. pi. merehengesta xxvi. 25. 



meresmylte, adj. calm, undis 
turbed ; f. ? meresmylta wic xxi. 

12. 

merestream, m. sea ; xi. 65 ; d. 
merestreame xxviii. 37 ; pi. 
merestreamas xvi. 9 ; a. xxviii. 

33- 
meretorht, adj. (rising) bright 

from the sea ; a. meretorhtne 
xiii. 6 1. 

mersc, in. marsh ; d. pi. merscum 
91. 17. 

gemet, 1) sbst. n. measure ; limit, 
moderation; a. 30. 7, u, 16, 
17, 60. 21, 137. 19; Sises 
middangeardes gemet, measure 
ment 41. 28*. 2) adj. fit, proper, 
n. xxix. 42. 

metan, sv$. measure, compare ; 
to metanne wiS, compared with 
29. 4 &c. andyx\. 42 ; to metane 
29. 6; sbj. prs. mete 44. 23. 

metan, wv. meet with, find ; 69. 
26 ; to metanne xxi. 42 ; ind. 
prs. 2.s. metst 114. 23; $.s. 
gemet 79. 6 ; //. metaS 76. 18, 
107. 4, 5, xvii. 17; gemetaS 63. 
10, 106. 34, 107. 4*, 5* ; pst. 3.J. 
mette, gemette*iO2. 22; gemette 
hine sittan, found him sitting 61. 
18; sbj. prs. gemete n. 26, 62. 
19, xiii. 18? pst. mette 62. 19 ; 
//. gemetten 107. 3. 

mete, m. food 530. 8,40. 22, 93. 3; 
g. metes 60. 18, xiii. 45, xxvi. 
91 ; d. mete 93. 2 ; a. 116. 22, 
viii. 22, xiii. 43 ; pi. mettas, 
kinds of food viii. 9 ; g. metta 
57. 18 ; a. mettas 57. 17. 

gemetfeest, adj. temperate ; mo 
dest;^ 22. 13; pi. d. gemet- 
faestum 115. 4; a. gemetfeste 
62. 27. 

gemetgian, wv. measure out, 
assign ; regulate, control ; 49, 16, 
139. 2, xi. 54; ind. prs. $.5. 
metga8i32. i9,xi. 88; gemetgacS 
57. 4, iv. 9 &c. ; pst. i.s. gemet- 
godest xx. 112. 

gemetgung, f. d] moderation, 
temperance ; b*) regulation, or 
dinance; 60. 7 (/;) ; 62. 26 (a), 



268 



GLOSSARY 



87. 7 (a) ; a. gemetgunge 12*. 

4* () ; a. pi. gemetgunga 128. 

23(^,128.9^). 
gemetlic, adj. fitting, suitable ; n. 

31. 30*, 138. 30; comp. n. 

gemetlicre 31. 30. 
gemetlice, adv. moderately, regu 
larly ; 33. 27, 96. 19; sup. 

gemetlicost viii. 16. 
metod, 77i. Lord of destiny, God ; 

136. 19, xx. 253, xxix. 68 ; g. 

metodes vii. 48, xi. 25, xx. 71, 

xxix. 49, xxxi. 1 6. 
metten,j Fate ; a. pi. Sa graman 

metena Se folcisce men hataS 

Parcas 102. 22. 
mettmmnes,/". ill-health, sickli- 

ness ; 116. 33 ; mettrymnes xxvi. 

112; a. medtrymnesse 132. 

12. 
micel, adj. large; much ; 14. 15, 

xx. 2 &c. ; wk. micla 117. 28; 
f. micel 12. 3 &c. ; n. 13. 26, i. 

1 6 &c. ; wk. micle xxviii. 78; g. 

miceles 23. 26, 31. 20 ; micles 

31. 21, 147. 23; adv. xiii. 16 ; 

mycles xxii. 47 ; d. miclum 14. 

ii &c. ; used as adv. greatly, 

much, 86. 7, and% times in Metr. 

i. 74 &c. ; miclon nr. 15 ; f. 

micelre 7. 25 &c. ; ^vk. miclan 

34. 29 &c. ; a. micelne 33. 6, 

vii. 21 &c. ; f. micele 62. 3 ; 

micle 116. 5, 142. 9; n. micel 

xiv. 2 &c.; inst. micle xxv. u ; 

after mid, 48. 14, 16, 66. 9, 

89. 27 ; pi. f. micla 147. 20, v. 

9 ; d. miclum xxvi. 36 &c. ; a. 

f. micla, micele* 70. 8 ; comp. 

mara 72. 7, 84. 27, xvi. 20 ; f. 

mare 9. 17 &c. ; n. 36. 3 &c.; g. 

maran 31. 22, viii. 44 &c. ; d. 

79-4&C. ; a. 53. 27 &c. andxxviii. 

20; f. maran*, maron 65. 27 ; n. 

mare 19. 9, iii. 9 &c. ;//. maran 

72. 5 ; d. no. 28 ; sup. wk. 

msesta 22. 4 ; f. maest 120. 30 ; 

wk. mseste 21. 16, 121. 18 ; 

meste 22. 29* ; n. used as sbst. 

w. gen. most ; msest xxv. 43 ; 

maesS v. 36 ; mest 146. 17 ; wk. 

inseste 83. 2, xx. 202, xxvi. 27 ; 



g. wk. mrcstan ng. 17; d. 
msesttim 53. 23 ; f. msestere 53. 
24; wk. msestan 15. 7 &c. ; a. 
mgestne 58. 27 &c. ; wk. msestan 
13. 30 &c. ; 7i. m& &jsbst. 54. 
8, ix. 33 ; //. wk. msestan 8.23, 

74- 2 3- 
micellic, adj. great, grand ; g. 

micellices 42. 14. 

micelnes, f. greatness ; a. micel- 
nesse 148. 26. 

micle, adv. much;_/^. w. comp. 
8. i, ix. 32 &c. ; mycle xii. 22 ; 
micele 72. 24*, 95. 7*, comp. 
ma 17. 3, xxvi. 91 &c. ; w. g. 
fq. sbst. a greater number, 
more, 30. 17, x. 23 &c. ; Son 
ma Se, (not) any more than 24. 
17 &c. ; sup. maest 15. 28, xx. 
1 60 &c. 

mid, i) prep. 1) w.d. ; a) ac 
companiment, co-existence, to 
gether with, with, 7. 2, i. 21 
&c. ; among, 61. 20, 141. n, 12, 
viii. 38, x. 47, xxx. i ; in the 
case of 16. i, 28. 14. b) instru- 
ment, means, with, by, 8. 7, iv. 
47 &c. \fq.foll. case 32. 30 &c. 
and xi. 77, xiii. 43, xxviii. 79 ; 
swuncen mid Ssere sprsece, at, 
over 145. 3. c] manner, with, 
7. 9 &c. ; mid rihte, rightly, 
rightfully 17. 31 &c. and 
xxvi. 41, xxx. 17 ; mid unrihte 
36. 20 ; mid nanum ryhte 29. 
2 ; mid ungemete, exceedingly 
xxvi. 62 ; mid S0em, thereby, 
therewith 32. 13 &c. ; mid 
hwaem hi mgegen . . . the where 
withal to 60. 13 ; conj. mid 
Ssem , in that, inasmuch as 17. 
22, 47. 24, 60. 24; mid Ssem 
Se Sa, as soon as 8. 27. 2) iv. 
inst. ; same meanings as (1) ; mid 
ane noman xx. 56 ; mid bebode 
Sine xx. 69 ; mid Sy Srymme 
xxv. 13 ; adv. mid Sy, thereby, 
therewith 85. 25, 103. i, 135. 
2, xxxi. 1 8 ; mid ealle, v. ealle. 
3) w.a. ; a) accompaniment ; mid 
an hund scipa xxvi. 15. b~] 
manner ; mid gescead xx. 218. 



GLOSSARY 



269 



ii) adv. together, 18, 27 ; there 
with, 28. 23, 99. 3, Joi. 12. 
middangeard, m. earth, world ; 

39. 26, 96. 13, xiv. 6, xvi. 9 ; 
middaneard 60. 30* ; g. middan- 
geardes 26. 29*, 41. 21*, 27*, 
96. 4*, 10, ix. 39, xxi. 6, 22 ; 
midangeardes 33. 22* ; middan- 
eardesjfy. in B, 27. 5* &c. ; d. 
middangearde 135. 15, 147. 26 ; 
raiddanearde 60. 31 ; a. middan 
geard 67. 30*, 79. 30*, 104. 6, 
126. i*, and 8 times in Metr. 
xx. 9 &c. ; middaneard 49. 32*. 

midde, wf. middle ; d. on mid- 
dan, in the middle 130. 2, v. 
1 6, xx. 170. 

midde, adj. middle ; d. middum 
1 8. 25, xx. 79 ; f. middre xxviii. 
2372.; midre 1 8. 27 ; a. midne 
12. ii ; midne dssg, midday 57. 
24, 126. 13, xiii. 57, xxviii. 
37 ; sup. a. wk. midmestan 
138. 28, 32 ; pi. wk. average, 
medium 129. 25, 130. 2, 7 ; d. 
midmestum 130. 7. 

middel, 1) adj. intermediate ; 
sup. d. pi. wk. midlestan 129. 
28. 2) sbst. m. middle, midst ; 
d. on Sam midle 80. 9 ; on midle 
xx. 82. 

middelniht, f. midnight ; d. pi. 
middelnihtum xxviii. 47. 

middeweard, 1) adj. middle ; 
d. f. on tfcere nafe midde- 
weardre 129. 32* ; a. f. midde- 
wearde 126. 8*. 2) adv. in the 
middle ; 129. 32. 

middewinter, m. midwinter ; a. 
midewinter 12. ii*. 

midferh!5, m. middle age ; d. 
midferhSe 122. 5. 

mierran, wv. hinder ; ind. prs. 
myr5 71. n, 73. 7. 

miht,/". might, power ; a. 49. 22*, 
iv. 4 ; mieht 25. 15 ; meaht ix. 
51, xi. 99, xx. 161, 178, xxiv. 

40. 51 ; meht iv. 7 ; pi. mehta 
no. 4 ; g. meahta iv. 9 ; mehta 
iv. 32 ; meahtum xx. 48, 209, 
xxix. 36, 55. 

mihtig, adj. powerful, mighty ; 



99. 27, no. 12*, ix. 35 ; meahtig 
no. 12 ; a. mihtigne 98. 15; 
n. pi. mihtige 108. 28 ; comp. 
mihtigra 79. 16, xx. 18 ; mehtigra 
107. 17, 18, no. 9 ; sup. mihti- 
gost 1 08. 22* ; meahtegost 108. 

25- 
mihtiglice, adv. mightily ; 98. 21. 

milde, adj. gentle, kind, merciful ; 
wk. milda xxix. 68 ; d. mildum 

iv. 55- 
mildellce, adv. kindly, mercifully ; 

10. 26 n. 
mildheort, adj. gentle, merciful ; 

149- 3- 
mildheortnes,/. mercy ; g. mild- 

heortnesse 120. 16; d. 133. 4; 
a. 120. 13. 

milts, f. kindness ; a. miltse 102. 
26*. 

miltsian, wv. w. d. pity, have 
mercy on ; sbj. prs. miltsige 
123. 30; mildsige 124. 15*, 
xxvii. 30. 

miltsung, f. pity, mercy; mild- 
sung 123. 31. 

min, pass. adj. my ; iv. 53 &c. ; 
se min 23. 15 ; /. 27. 17, xxiv. 
49; n. 18. 7; g. mines 8. 22; 

f. minre 51. 2 ; d. minum xix. 
38; f. minre 8. 18, v. 22 ; a. 
minne 105. I, 125. 15 ; f. mine 
125. 15 ; minne 20. 10* ; n. Sset 
min mod 8. 16 ; inst. mine 
gefrsege xx. 82, 248 ; //. mine 8. 
13 &c. and ii. 16 ; Sa mine 18. 
5, 21. 13; /. $a mina 23. 15; 

g. minra 17. 15, 1 8. 4 ; d. minum 
8. 23; a.f. mina 50. 26, 108. i. 

miscian, wv. mix, apportion; 
ind. prs. 3.^. miscaS 132. 19. 

miscierran, wv. pervert, misuse ; 
ind. prs. i.s. miscyrre ii. 8. 

misdsed, f. misdeed, crime ; g. pi. 
misdseda ix. 7. 

misfon, rv. w.g. fail to find ; ind. 
prs. i.s. misfo 8. 9. 

mishwierfed, adj. perverted, per 
verse ; n. mishweorfed 31. 27. 

missenlic, adj. different, various ; 
n. mislic 90. 4 ; d. mistlicum 
82. 6* ; a. n. mislic 31. 19 ; //. 



270 



GLOSSARY 



mislice viii. 9 ; mistlice 33. 23* ; 
f. mislica 42. 22, 43. 22 ; mistlice 
42. 22*, 81. 35* ; mistle 43. 22*; 
n. mislicu 125. 8; ^.mislicraxvi. 
5 ; d. mislicum Pr. 5 &c. and 
xx. 248, xxv. 3 ; mistlicum Pr. 
5 &c. ; a. mislice 52. 18, 53. 
10*, 129. 6, MPr. 5; mistlice 
52. 18* ; f. mislica 18. 29, 101. 
9 ; misleca 128. 9. 
missenlice, adv. variously ; mislice 
56. 25, 106. 32, xxxi. 2 ; mistlice 

147. 3*- . 

mist, in. mist ; v. 6 ; g. mistes v. 
43; a. mist 82. II, xx. 264, 
xxiii. 5 ; //. mistas 14. 5, 6 ; d. 
mistum v. 45. 

ml5an, svi. conceal; sbj.prs. \.s. 
Seah ic his miSe, conceal the 
fact 59. 3. 

mod, n. mind, heart ; fq. ; i. 26, iii. 
2 &c. ; ^^.sed for Boelhius in the 
dialogue, zvhere it is printed ^v^th 
a capital M, 8. 27 &c. ; g, modes 
9. 9, vii. 32 &c. ; d. mode Pr. 
6, iii. 9 &c. ; a. mod 41. 10, 
v. 43 &c. ; pi. g. moda 47. 21, 
50. 12, xxvi. 105 ; d. modum 
15. 5, 82. 7, xx. 252 ; a. mod 
48. 8. 

modig, adj. headstrong, proud ; 
a. wk. modgan 114. 29. 

m6diglic,<2tf/. high-minded; modi- 
lie xx. 2. 

modor,/. mother; 21.10; modur 
21. 10*; d. meder 68. 31, 69. 
19 ; a. modor 9. I, 39. 23, ix. 
29. 

modsefa, wm. mind, heart; i. 74> 
v. 39, xi. 98, xxxi. 22 ; d. mod- 
sefan xii. 22, xxii. 47, xxviii. 
68 ; a. xxii. 31 ; n. pi. vii. 24. 

modgeftanc, m. thoughts, mind ; 
a. modgeftonc v, 23, xxxi. 19. 

molde, wf. earth ; d. moldan xx. 
281. 

mona, wm. moon; 10. 5, 49. 21, 

a6. 7, 135- 27, I3 6 - 5> iv - 9 xi - 
62, xxix. 37 n. ; se fullam. 126. 
13 ; g. monan 29. 15, xxviii. 41 ; 
^.69. 22, 126. 15, xvii. n ; a. 
xxviii. 47. 



mona 8, m. month; d. montSe 12. 
7 ; d. pi. monftum 91. 30. 

mor, m. moor, mountain ; pi. 
moras 42. 7 ; d. morum 91. 18. 

morgen, m. dawn, morning ; a. 
xiii. 61. 

morgensteorra, ivm. morning- 
star 10. 9*, 136. 4* ; morgen- 
stiorra xxix. 21 ; a. morgen- 
steorran iv. 13. 

mortJor, n. murder, crime ; ix. 7 ; 
g. morSres ix. 33. 

gemot, n. meeting, debate ; n. pi. 

_59- 25- 

mot, swv. be allowed, may ; ind. 
prs. i.s. 12. 12 &c. ; 2.s. most 
105. 25, v. 29, xxiv. 56 ; s.s. mot 
8. 14, v. 40 &c. ; //. moton 18. 
5 &c. and vi. 10, xi. 7 , motan 
17. 26; pst. moste 105. 6, 139. 

25, 26 ; //. mostan 7. 8* ; subj. 
prs. mote 91. 28, xvi. 19 ; //. 
moten 82. 9, x. 64 &c. ; pst. 
moste 89. 31, i. 39 &c. ; //. 
mosten 99. 15, i. 36. 

gemundbyrdan, wv. protect ; sbj. 

pst. 3.5. gemundbyrde 102. 19. 
munt, m. mountain, hill ; 34. 9 ; g. 

muntes v. 16 ; d. munte 14. 16, 

26. 31, 34. 8, vii. 18, viii. 48 ; 
. munt 34. 28, vii. 4 ; pi. g. 
munta 43. 10 ; d. muntum 7- 4> 
42. 29, 102. 4; a. muntas 43. 9. 

murcian, murcnian, wv. com 
plain, lament; ind. prs. 2.s. 
murcas 17. 5*; murcnast 17. 
5, 31. 3 ; prs. p. murciende*, 
murcniende n. 3. 

murcung, f. complaint, lament ; 
a. murcunga 16. 17. 

murnan, sv$. a} be anxious ; b] 
care about, heed ; ind. prs. 2.s. 
myrnst 1 6. 4 (a) ; 3.^. myrnS 
in. 1 8* () ; prs. p. a. n. wk. 
murnende 8. 17 (a). 

mus, /. mouse ; 36. 4 ; a. 35. 31 ; 
a. pi. mys 35. 31. 

must, m. grape-juice, must ; g. 
mustes 12. ii. 

mutt, m. mouth ; d. mu Se 51. 2 ; 
d. pi. ea muSum 74. 3. 

gemynd, f.n. memory, recollec- 



GLOSSARY 



271 



tion ; 32. 2 ; g. gemynde 13. 4; 
d. 27. 8, 95. 21, 106. 30, 148. 9, 
i. 54, xxii. 58 ; at. geinynd 103. 
25 ; ^/. //. gemyndum vii. 39. 

myndgian, wv. w. a. and g. re 
mind; 139. 20; m^. /rj. i.s. 
mindgige 25. 25 ;/.tf. i.s. mynd- 
gode 97. 26; 2.s. myndgodest, 
mynegodest 95. 25. 

gemyndig, adj. mindful, remem 
bering ; n.pl. pred. rnin gemyndig 
41. 6. 

gemyndwier Se, adj. ; a. pi. ge- 
myndwyrfte 46. 28*. 

mynle, wf. desire ; a. mynlan 
xxvi. 67. 

myntan, wz>. intend ; ind. pst. pi. 
mynton 96. 28, xxvi. 72. 

myrige, adj. pleasant, delightful ; 
n. murge xi. 102 ; g. myrges 70. 
14 ; n. pi. n. merge xiii. 45. 

myrigen, n. pleasure, joy ; a. 
rnyrgen MPr. 5. 

myrigfl, f. pleasure, delight ; d. 
mergSe, mirhSe* 102. 8 ; a. 
myrhfte 15. 12. 



na, adv. not; about 9 times mC,i 7. 

21 &c. and xx. 230, xxv. 29 ; no 

usual form in B and C, n. 29 

&c. and xi. 48. 
nacod, adj. naked ; wk. nacoda 

33. 14; n. nacod sweord 65. 
_2 9 . 

needre, wf. serpent; 127. 8. 
neefre, adv. never; n. 18 &c. 
nsenig, adj. no, none ; viii. 12, 29, 

3 6 > x. 53; /. naenegu xx. 25; 

nsengu xvi. 13; n. nsenig xx. 

189 ; d. nsenegum xii. 15 ; nsen- 

gum xxviii. 73; a. nsenigne xxvi. 

24; adv. nsenige Singa, in no 

way, not at all x. 16, xix. 37. 
nses, adv. not; fq. 27. 25 &c. ; 

nas 27. 26*, 31. 6*. 
neessa, wm. headland, promontory; 

a. pi. nsessan ix. 43. 
nafa, wm. nave of wheel; 130. 4. 
nafu, f. nave of wheel; 129. 21, 



25, 130. 14, 19, 20 ; d. nafe 129. 

27, 32, 130. i, 3, 4- 

nahu, adv. in no way ; nahu elles, 
in no other way 71. 16. 

nahwser, adv. nowhere ; nawer 
80. 32 ; nawer neah, nowhere 
near, nothing like 42. I, 43. 5. 

nahweefter, 1) pron. neither ; 
nawSer 67. 10; ^^s^tally nau Ser 
39. 7*, 85. 15 &c.; g. nauSres 
138. 31 ; d. nauSrum 80. 20. 
2) disjunct. nautJer ne . . . ne, 
neither . . . nor 47. 6 &c. ; naw- 
Ser 5 times in C, 16. 12 &c. 

iiahwanon, adv. from nowhere ; 
nahwonan 89. 2. 

nab. wider, adv. to no place ; no- 
hwider 108. 26. 

nama, win. name; 43. i &c. and 
x. 51, xxvi. 9; g. naman 17. 30 
&c.; d. Pr. ii &c. and iv. 14; 
noman xx. 56; a. 17. 31 &c. 
and xx. 58 ; noman xxix. 29. 

nan, adj. no, none ; 9. 23, vii. 6 
&c.; non 34. 2*, 5* ; /. always 
nan 25. 25 &c.; n. xvii. 7 &c. ; 
nan 29. 5 ; g. nanes 47. 8 &c. ; 

f. nanre 8. 3 &c.; d. nanum ; f. 
nanre 14. 23 &c. and xx. 139; a. 
nanne usual in B, 28. 25* &c. ; 
nsenne in C, 26. 12 &c. and\i\\. 
46 ; nonne 26. 6*;f. nane 37. n 
&c. andyixv. 71 ; inst. xx. 119 ; 
//. nane 61. 20; /. 26. 9 &c. ; 

g. nanra 54. 16; d. nsenum 45. 
7 ; a. nane x. 66 ; /. 25. 29, 33. 7. 

nanwiht, 1) pron. nothing; 128. 
6; nanwuht/^. 18. 23 &c. 2) 
ai/. not at all ; nanwuht 39. 24 
&c. 

nawiht, 1) pron. nothing, nought; 
n. and a. nauht 9. 14, 44. 24 &c. 
and xx. 42 ; ne biS se nauht, of 
no account, worthless 109. 31 ; 
cf. 109. 16, 17, no. 18; for 
nauht telle 56. n &c.; noht 15. 
i, 22. 21 ; used as indecl. adj., 
nauht welan, worthless wealth 
32. 15; g. nauhtes 75. 2, 4; d. 
nauhte about n times, 23. 4 &c. 
andxi. 87, xxix. 88 ; />/. nauhtas 
114. 13; of no account, worth- 



272 



GLOSSARY 



less 109. 24. 2) adv. not, not 
at all; 13. 32 &c. and xiii. 26; 
naht 26. 30* ; noht 12. 27. 

ne, adv. and conj. not, nor ; 8. 14 
&c. ; superfluous, ]>onne we ne 
Syrfen 84. 3. 

neadinga, z/. niedinga. 

neah., near. 1) adv. ix. 2 ; closely 
94. 18; nawer neah, not nearly 
42. I, 43. 5 ; ahwsergen neah, 
(not) anywhere near, (not) nearly 
xxx. 10 ; comp. near 8. 24. 2) 
used as prep, w, d. 99. 10 &c. 
awofxxix. 1 8 ; comp. near 126. 12 
&c. and xx. 139, xxviii. 37 ; stip. 
next 129. 22; neahst 129. 25. 
3) adj. sup. n. pi. nehste 129. 
24; set nihstan, finally 15. 6. 

gen.eah.sen, adj. near, close to 
gether ; pi. geneahsne iv. 12. 

neahstow, f. neighbouring place ; 
pi. neahstowa 34. 10. 

nealeecan, wv. w.d. approach ; 
sbj.prs. 3-j-. genealsece 80. 32. 

nealles, adv. not ; 30. 22 ; nalles 
26. 1 8, 33. 28*, 38. 24,81.21*, 
93. 8, 113. 31, 114. 27, viii. 20, 
ix. 34; nallas 19. 22*, 61. 12*, 
93. 19*; naloes 38. 24*; nales 
16. 10*, 19. 14, 22, 72. 2, 93. 
19, xvii. 21. 

nean, adv. from near, near ; xxviii. 
14. 

nearo, adj. narrow ; limited, 
cramped ; 43. 14 ; neara 46. 5 ; 
a. ivk. near wan 46. 7 ; pi. f. 
nearwa, nearewe* 23. 26 ; a. 
wk. nearowan x. 16. 

nearones, f. strait, distress ; 56. 
13 (nearanes B) ; d. nearonesse 
70. 7 ; nearanesse 7. 25 ; a. 

7- 5- 
nearwe, adv. tightly, closely ; 

xxi. 5, xxv. 64. 
nearwian, wv. narrow, limit ; 

pp. generwed 42. 17*. 
neat, n. ox ; animal ; 102. 7, 

114. 25, xx. 189; //. 31. 31 ; 

g. neata 57. 14*, xiii. 34, xx. 

249 ; d. neatum 30. 5, 32. 22, 

58. 6, 146. 17*, 26*. 
neawist, f. neighbourhood, pre 



sence ; neawest 65. 7 ; d. on 

neaweste 34. 26, 67. 24, 125. 2. 
nebb, n. face ; neb xxxi. 23 ; a. 

36. 24. 
nemnan, wv. name ; mention ; 

114. 24, iv. 15 ; ind. prs. pi. 

nemnaS 129. 24, xxix. 14; pst. 

i.s. nemde 112. 8, xxv. 62 ; 2.s. 

nemdest 79. 33, 94. 23, xx. 55 ; 

pi. nemdon 55. 10, n, 77. 18, 

no. 22, xx. 196; sbj.prs. to 

twaem Singum nemne, reckon as 

75. 10 ; pst. genemde 79. 33; 

pp. nemned x. 47 ; genemned, 

defined 80. 3, 7 ; pi. genemde 

114. 20. 
neodfracu, f. greed ; d. neod- 

fraece xxxi. 15. 
neofian, adv. beneath, below ; 

neoSon 80. 33. 
neowol, adj. prostrate ; i. 80 ; 

niwol 8. 4* ; a. n. niowul 8. 

25 . 
nergend, m. preserver, saviour ; 

xx. 249. 
nerian, wv. save, protect ; prs. p. 

nergende God xxix. 73. 
nese, adv. no ; 90. 2 ; nese nese/"^. 

29. 18 &c. ; nese la nese, why, 

no ! oh no ! 58. 29, 62. 18. 
nett, n. net ; a. 73. 28 ; a. pi. 

net 73. 30. 
neftan, wv. venture on ; ind. prs. 

3.5. geneSeS xiii. 59. 
niedan, wv. compel ; ind. prs. 

2.s. genedest iv. 5, 15 ; 3.^. ned 

145. 14 ; sbj. prs. nede 140. 21 ; 

pst. nedde, oppressed 35. 32 ; 
. geneded 148. 25; gened 93. 



niede, adv. of necessity, compul- 
sorily ; nede iv. 12, vi. 14, ix. 
44 ; iv. sceal, needs must 94. 
15 &c. and xxv. 64. 

niedinga, adv. by force ; neadinga 
48. i, 4. 

medSearf, f. necessity ; need ; 
(what is) necessary ; nedftearf 
144. 17 &c. and xx. 20, 25; 
neodSearf 79. 17; d. nedSearfe 
60. 21, xxxi. 15 ; a. 53. 2, 77. 
n, 149. 7 ; nyd8earfe 30. 8*. 



GLOSSARY 



2 73 



nieten, n. animal ; netenxx. 191, 

nyten xxxi. 21 ; //. netenu 42. 

i*, 70. 16, 81. 19*, 117. 3, 146. 

5, 1 8*, xxviii. 51 ; nytenu 32. 

20, 93. 9 ; neotena 31. 31* ; 

nytena 32. 20* ; g. netena 82. 

5* ; nytena 146. 24* n. ; d. 

netenum*, nytenum 30. 4 ; 

neatenum 30. 5*. 
nietenlic, adj. beast-like ; //. ge 

netenlican men 35. 28 (netelican 

B). 
nigon, num. nine ; 127. 9, xxvi. 

24. 
niht, / night ; 52. 7, xii. 16 &c. ; 

g. nihte 10. 5 &c. ; a. xxix. 36 ; 

niht 136. 6*, xi. 61 ; onniht, by 

night 49.21*, 121. 16 ; neaht 

xx. 229 ; pi. g. nihta iv. 6 ; d. 

nihtum 19. 3, xx. 213, 232. 
nihtes, adv. at night ; 102. 5, xiii. 

59- 

niman, sv^. take, take away ; 

receive; geniman 17. 25; w. on 
25. 24, 46. 19 ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
genimeS vi. 12 ; nimS 28. 7 ., 
136. 21, xiii. 34, xxix. 73; //. 
nimaS 48. II, 59. 24; pst. \.s. 
genom 20. 7 ;//. noman 34. 20*; 
imp. nim 91. 19; sbj.prs.pl. 
nimen 16. 25 ; pst. pi. naman 
67. 5*; pp. genumen 18. 2, 42. 

6 7> 54- 5> 59- 26 J a - g enu - 
menne xx. 36. 

nifter, adz/, downwards, down ; i. 

80, xxxi. 19, 21; nySer, below 

147. 10*. 
niBerheald, adj. bent downwards; 

xxxi. 23. 
niSerlic, a<^ . lowly, inferior ; d. 

pi. niSerlicum 32. 7 w. 
hiflerra, <:0w/. adj. lower ; f. 

niSere 136. 14*; g. neo oeran 

ii. 25* ; sup. niSemsest xx. 135; 

neoSemest xx. 85 ; d. wk. 

niSemsestan 18. 9; a. pi. wk. 

niSemystan 18. 8 ; nySemestan 

32. 12. 
ni^or, adv. lower ; nio ^or 80. 30* ; 

nio Soror 147. 10*. 
niwan, adv. recently; xv. 2, xxviii. 

73; niwane 126. 24*. 



rtlwe, adj. new; 43. 12; g. niwes 
15. 21, 85. 25; wk. niwan xiii. 
26 ; a. wk. 57. n. 

genog, 1) adj. enough, sufficient ; 
g. genoges 31.23; a. pi. genoge 
24. 12*, 31. 28*. 2) adv. 
enough, sufficiently, usual form 
genog 22. 6 &c. ; genoh about 
1 6 times, 15. 4 &c. and\\\i. 7. 

nortJ, adv. in the north; x. 24, 
xiii. 59. 

noxftan, adv. from the north ; 
norSan j eastan 10. u, iv. 23, 
vi. 12, xii. 15. 

nor Saneastan,a^. from the north 
east ; 21.6. 

norftanwind, m. north wind ; g. 
norSanwindes 21. 7 ; n. pi. 
norftanwindas 52. 5. 

norflemest, sup. adj. most north 
ern ; a. pi. wk. norSmestan ix. 

43- 
norftende, in. north end; d. 126. 

4; a. xxviii. 14. 
norflerne, adj. from the north, 

northern ; f. vi. 14. 
norfleweard, adj. north ; ztsed as 

sbst.; d. norSeweardum 41. 22 ; 

a. nor Seweardne 39. 28*, 41. 

22*. 
norftwestende, m. north-west end 

or part; d. 67. 32. 
notian, wv. w. g. make use of, 

enjoy ; ind. prs. ^.pl. notiaS, 

notigaS* 42. i. 

notu,/! use, profit; d. note 31. n. 
nu, 1) adv. d] time, now, at present; 

Pr. 10, xi. 40 &c. ; nu ryhte, 

just now 101. 13 ; nu hwene aer 

12. 22. b} inference, therefore, 

then ; fq. w. gif 15. 8 &c. ; ^v. 

Seah 24. 23, x. 63 &c. ; w. 

imperat. 8. 21 &c. ; w. interrog. 

9. 21, xxviii. 48 &c. ; nu Sonne 

64. 15. 2) conj. since; fq. 22. 

3, ii. 19 &c. 
genyht,?z/. sufficiency, abundance; 

75- J 4j 7 6 - 4> 86 - 2 4 8 7- i5,9 6 
30; geniht 75. 12 (.) ; a. genyht 

75. 10 ; geniht 75. 16 (n.}, 78. 

13 (/) 
nytt, 1) sbst.f. profit, advantage ; 



274 



GLOSSARY 



d. nytte 101. 13. 2) adj. useful, 
profitable ; f. nyt 137. 22 ; n. 
in. 5; nit 137. 20; a. n. nyt 
121. 22; comp. nyttra 109. 29; 
n. nyttre 139. 29. 
nytwierfte, adj. profitable ; f. nyt- 
wyr<5e 137. 7 ; g. nytwyrftes 64. 
20 ; comp. f. nytwyrSre 47. 14 ; 
sup. n. nytwyrSost 56. 8. 

O. 

of, 1) /r/. zy. d. ; <?/?<? _/0//. c. ; 
a) motion, from, away from ; fq. 
8. 22, i. 2 &c. b] starting-point, 
from, at ; he onginS of Seem 
wyrtrumum 91. 31, /". vi. 4. 
f) distance ; hit is swiSe feor of 
uncrum wege 139. 27, 28. d} 
removal, from ; 91. 20, xii. 2 &c. ; 
///. c. him awint of fta claSas 
in. 19, cf. xxv. 22 ; ceorfe him 
of 124. 17, cf. xiii. 9; of 
(boc)laedene on englisc (ge)- 
wende Pr. i, 9; sette andgit of 
andgite Pr. 3. e) source, origin, 
from; fq. 62. 31, xvii. 3 &c. ; 
Gotan of SciSSiu 7. i ; J>e is 
micel unrotnes getenge of Jrinum 
irre 12. 4; Saet is msege weorSan 
of wsetere xxviii. 60 ; wyrcS of 
yfle good, out of 135. 6; of 
ealdum leasum spellum, (taken) 
from 115. 12. /) opposition, 
opposed to; 12. 20, 57. 8. g) 
cause ; of his agenre gecynde 2 7. 
25, (/". 31. 5. k} concerning, 
about ; ne SincS me nauht oSres 
of Sinum spellum 107. 26. 2) 
fldz>. a) motion ; irnen msenege 
brocas 7 riSa of, therefrom 82. 
28. I)} deprivation, off, away ; 
of atiho 1 52. n, /! 51. 29; do 
nu of 42. 4, cf. 127. 7 ; of aslog 
127.9. absent, missing; gif 
Sara lima hwylc of biS 114. 8. 

ofbeatan, rv. slay ; ix. 30. 

ofdeel, adj. prone, inclined ; comp. 
hit biS ofdaelre Sserto 53. 14 n. 

ofdsele, n. downward course, 
descent ; a. on ftset ofdsele asigen 
55. 1 6, cf. xiii. 58. 



of dune, adv. down ; 8. 4, 57. 22, 
81. 13, 92. IQ, 20, 147. 7, i. 80, 
xx. 167, xxxi. 13. 

ofer, (ofir vi. 5) i) prep. 1) w. d. 
a) position, over, above ; 65. 30, 
xx. 124 &c. fy motion, over, 
across; 105.8, 9, 13, xii. 17, xxiv. 
8. 12, 24, 27. 2) w. a. a) 
position, above ; ofer call 5is 
wunaS xx. 156. ) extension, 
throughout, over ; 42. 12, 1 8, 43. 
20, 49. 24, 67. 30, 104. 6, viii. 
30, ix. 21, x. 16, 23, xi. 66, xiii. 
68, 73, xx. 85, xxiv. ii ; foil. c. 

42. 25. c] motion, above, beyond; 

43. 9, i. 8 &c. d} superiority, 
authority, over ; he hsefde sige 
ofer 8a Africanas 37. 7 ; hlaford 
ofer 35. 31, cf. 98. 28, 124. 28, 
125. i ; ricsaS ofer hi 97. 31, cf. 
98. 31, i. 62, xxvi. 67, 106. e) 
distance, beyond, farther than ; 
108. 24. f} excess, beyond, more 
than; 41. 13, xii. 32 &c. ; ofer 
gemet 30. n, 16, 17, cf. 137. 
1 8 ; time, past, ofer midne daeg 
57. 24, xiii. 57 ; besides, 52. 13, 
23. g) beside, in comparison 
with ; heo hit hsefS call forsawen 
ofer Se anne 22. 18. h} contrary 
to, ofer metodes est xi. 25. ii) 
adv. over, beyond ; nsenne weg 
findan ofer 85. 24. 

oferbraedan, tuv. cover ; ind. prs. 

3-j. oferbrasdeS vii. 13. 
ofercuman, sv^. overcome; 127. 

13 ; ind. prs. 3.^. ofercymS 93. 

15, 109. 4 ; pp. ofercumen 83. 

17, xx. 158 ; a. m. ofercumene 

50. 15- 
oferdrencan, wv. intoxicate ; pp. 

oferdrenced 55. 21. 
oferdruncen, adj. intoxicated ; 55 . 

18. 
oferfaran, sv6. pass over, beyond; 

xi. 70 ; pp. a. oferfarenne xxiv. 

26. 
oferfon, rv. seize ; ind. pst. 3.^. 

oferfeng i. 69. 
oferfyllo, f. superfluity, excess ; 

oferfyll 70. 5*. 
ofergan, anv. a) overstep ; ^) pass 



GLOSSARY 



275 



away, come to an end; ofergangan 
xx. 71 (a); ind.prs. ^.pl. ofergaS 
20. 16 (3) ; /.tf. 3.^. ofereode 80. 
4 (a). 

ofergietolnes, _/! forgetfulness ; d. 
ofergiotulnesse 95. n; oforgio- 
tolnesse xxii. 32 (J). 

oferhieran, wv. not listen to, dis 
regard ; ind. prs. 3.^. oferheorS 
10. 15*. 

oferiiogian, wv. despise ; imp. 
oferhoga 16. 6*. 

oferhycgan, wv. despise; imp. 
oferhige 16. 6. 

oferhygd, f. pride ; a. pi. oferhyda 
62. 16. 

ofering,/". excess; 30. 18* (oferinc 
C) ; d. oferinge 31. 23. 

ofermetto, f. pride; a. 14. 21; 
//. ofermetta in. 29; ofermetto 
67- 9 ; " ofermetta xxv. 44 ; d. 
ofermettum 35. i, 4, 133. 25, v. 
32 ; a. ofermetta 26. 25, vii. 8. 

oferrnod, <2y. proud, over-confi 
dent ; g. wk. ofermodan 35. i ; pi. 
n. wk. 46. 8, x. 1 8 ; d. ofermodum 
in. 12, xxv. i ; a. wk. ofermo 
dan 105. 26, xxiv. 59. 

ofermodian, wv. be proud, arro 
gant ; ind. prs. 2. pi. ofermodige 
ge 69. 25 ; ofermodie 148. 29 ; 
?,.pl. ofermodigaft 134. 22 ; sbj. 
prs.pl. ofermodigen xvii. 16. 

ofermodlic, adj. proud ; d. ofer- 
modlicum 45. 8. 

ofermodnes, f. pride, arrogance ; 
d. ofermodnesse 15. 7. 

oferreccan, wv. confute ; //. a. 
oferreahtne 85. 5. 

ofer-seelS, f. excessive enjoyment ; 
a. pi. ofersselSa v. 27. 

oferseon, sv^. look upon, survey; 
ofersion 105. 7 ; ind. prs. 2.s. 
ofersihst 10. 25, iv. 53. 

ofersittan, sv$. spread over, 
occupy; //. oferseten 42. 4 
(ofseten B). 

ofersteeppan, sv6. overstep ; 49. 23 ; 
ofersteppan xi. 69. 

oferswiftan, wv. overcome ; 1 34. i , 
4; pp. oferswiSed 109. u; pi. 
n. oferswiSde 134. 2, 5. 



oferteon, sv2. cover; //. ofertogen 

126. 14, ix. 16. 
ofeiUearf, f. great need ; a. ofer- 

Searfe 70. 6. 
ofertSeon, svi,^. surpass; pp. ofer- 

Sungen 22. 13, 81. 22, xx. 

194. 
oferwinnan, sv$. overcome ; pp. 

oferwunnen xxv. 72. 
oferwreon, svi,2. cover up; pp. 

oferwrigen 126. 26, xxviii. 79. 
ofhende, adj. out of one s posses 
sion, absent ; n. xxv. 34. 
ofiernan, sv$. overtake ; ind. prs. 

3.^. ofiineS xxix. 32 ; ofirnS 

136- 3- 
oflaatan, rv. let (blood) ; sbj. pst. 

^.s. hine (him B) oflete blodes 

66. 29. 
oflyst, adj. desirous ; he wses oflyst 

Sses seldcuSan sones 102. 21. 
ofman, swv. recollect ; ind. prs. 

3.j. 148. 13. 

ofgerad, adj. straightforward, sim 
ple ; //. g. ofgeradra worda misfo 

8. 8. 
ofscamian, wv. reflx. w. a. and g. 

ofsceamian 9. 18. 
ofseon, sv$. gaze on ; ofsion xxi. 

38. 
ofsittan, sv^. beset, assail; ind. 

prs. 3.J-. ofsit 109. 4; sbj. prs. 

3.s. ofsitte 109. 9; pp. ofseten = 

oferseten 42. 4. 
ofslean, sv6. kill; 7. u, 28. 17, 

39. 22, 67. i, 99. 3; ind. prs. 

3.5. ofslog 39. 24,99. 1 6, ix. 30 ; 

sbj. pst. ofsloge 70. 25 ; pp. 

olslsegen 36. 32 ; g. ofslaegenes 

34- 3- 
ofsniftan, svi. cut off; xxvii. 33. 

ofswelgan, sv$. swallow up ; ind. 

prs. $.s. ofswelgS 46. 15 n. 
oft, adv. often; Pr. 5, ii. 8 &c. ; 

comp. oftor 54. 20, xix. 19; sup. 

oftost 30. 7, iv. 28, xxii. 9, 14; 

oftosft 39. 14. 
ofteon, sv2. take away ; oftion 

xxv. 24 ; ind. prs. oftihft w. d. 

and g. in. 21 ; //. oftogen xxv. 

31 ; withheld 20. n ; him wyro" 

Sara Senunga oftohen in. 24*. 



T 2 



276 



GLOSSARY 



oftrsede, adj. frequent ; wk. se 
oftneda ren 136. 17. 

ofSryccan, wv. oppress, over 
whelm ; //. ofSrycced 19. 27 ; 
pi. n. ofSrycte 24. 5. 

ofSynean, wv. impers. w. d, be 
displeased ; ofSincan 98. 33. 

ofwundrian, wv. be astonished ; 
pp. ofwundrod 28. 30. 

oleccan, wv. w. d. propitiate, flat 
ter; 60. 10, 71. 20, 102. ii; ind. 
prs. 3..r. olecS 55. 12 ;//. oleccaS 
15- 5> 55- 11 * xi - 8 \pst.pl. geolec- 
tan 15. 28 ; sbj. prs. olecce 134. 
1 8 ; pi. oleccen 60. 5. 

oleccung,/. flattery; d. olecunga 
1 6. 21*; olecunge*, oliccunga 
48. 3 ; a. olecunga 54. 5. 

on (an 42. 5, 61. 20, 68. 17, 19, 116. 

15, 127. 16, 133. 5; 6n90. 12), 
i) prep. fq. foil. c. 1) w.d. a) 

p!ace,in;io. 27, i. 37 &c. \metaph. 

fq. 20. i, i. 54 &c.; on, upon, 10. 

19, i. ii &c.; metaph. 35. 22 &c.; 
on 8e, on your person 33. 9 ; 
among ix. 27. b} time, during, 
in;/^. Pr. 7, viii. 18 &c. ; on 
wintra 68. 2 &c. ; on sumera 49. 
20 &c. ; on geare 64. 14 ; on 
gewinne 53. 23 ; onsibbe 53. 23 ; 
on wite, undergoing punishment 
1 20. 25; on Ssem ende, at the 
end 73. 14. c] connexion, in 
respect of; 24. 3, xx. 76 &c.; 
faegrest on wlite 72. 9, cf. 54. 
24; on hwsem, in what respect 
19. 13, 36. 12 ; on Sy . . . for- 
Saem Se 58. 19; conj. on Ssem 
Se, in that 88. 27 ; on 0am f 
146. 17; w. genog: SincS him 
genog on Sam Se hi, think it 
sufficient that they 31. 3 2 > <f- 

33- 22 ? 55- 3; on aem we l 
gehealden, satisfied with 43. 27 ; 

mon him on lih.fi, concerning 68. 

1 6, cf. 64. 19; him soS an seg- 
gaS6S. ig,cf.68. 17, 70. 3. aQ 
in the shape of; on craeftum 
38. i ; on leafum 92. 2. e) de 
privation, from ; w. niman 18. 
2, 42. 6,46. 19, 59. 24, 26; w. 
reafian 27. 30. /) motion, into, 



to ; 1 1 . 1 1, 1 8. 10 ; w. gebrengan 
131.5 ; on ; him spigettan on 61. 
24 ; adv. phrases : on sige, set 
ting xiii. 56 ; on ryne, in motion 
16. 33 ; on him selfum, by him 
self xx. 94 ; on Sonce, satis 
factory xii. 1 6 ; on rihte, rightly 
xxvi. 46 ; on gerihte, upright 
xxxi. 17; habbaS on hospe, 
insult, revile iv. 44. 2)w.a.a) 
motion., into, to ; 7. 24, i. 20 &c. ; 
upon, on to, 19. 14, i. 81 &c. ; 
w. weg 56. 29, 57. 25, 107. 16, 
139. 28 ; metaph. fq. 14. 21, ix. 
46 &c. b] direction ; on feower 
healfe 46. 3, cf. 43. 10, 81. ii, 
136. 9, xx. 163. c} disposition, 
towards ; on Crecas hold i. 56. 
d} change of state, into ; weorpan 
hi an wilde deora lie 116. 15, 
cf. xxvi. 76 ; on englisc wende 
Pr. 2. e) against ; win S selc on 
oSer49. 31. f} partition, into; 
w. todaelan 42. 27, xx. 59 &c. ; 
on msenig tonemned 76. 10, cf. 
v. 17 ; willaS on tu, diversely 
92. 32, 113. 26. g] purpose, sent 
on his aerendo 136. 25, cf. 63. 15, 
xxix. 83 ; on sent gifen xvi. 10. 
K) place, in; 8. 10, 51. 3, 75. i, 
xvi. 12. i] in the case of, in ; 69. 
12; in respect to 12. 2. K] in 
conformity with, in accordance 
with; on yfelra manna gewill 10. 

24, cf. 24. 24, 48. 13, iv. 34, xiii. 

55. /) concerning ; 70. 3. m) w. 
fon, take up, take in hand ; 100. 
7 &c. and MPr. 9. n] adv. 
phrases, on last, at last, in the 
end; 15. 5, 48. I, 100. 23 ; on 
ecnesse, for ever 47. 2 &c. ; on 
Sa gerad j*, on condition that 
1 8. 15 ; on riht, rightly 14. 28, 

56. 28; on won, wrongly 131. 

J 7> c f- JS 1 - 3 1 5 on ane > con ~ 
tinuously xxix. 44 ; on nane 

wisan, in nowise 37. n,cf. 132. 

25, 31 ; on symbel, always xi. 
94 ; on manig Seodisc, in many 
tongues 46. 12. o] point of time , 
in, at; 39. 19, ix. 15 &c. ; on 
midne winter 12. n, cf. 126. 



GLOSSARY 



277 



13, xxviii. 37; on dgeg 121. 16 ; 
on niht 49. 21 ; on aermorgen 
xxviii. 36 ; on aefen ib., <r/i viii. 
19; on lencten 10. 12, 49. 18, 
136. 19, cf. xxix. 67 ; on hser- 
fest 49. 19, xi. 58, cf. 10. 12, 
on eastran 29. 21 ; on tid, when 
the time comes 67. u. ii) adv. 
w. similar sense to (i); 14. 14 &c. 

onselan, wv. inflame, inspire ; pp. 

onseled 29. 26, 51. 8. 
onbindan, sv^. unbind ; ind. 

prs. 3..T. onbinS, anbint* 47. 23. 
onbltan, svi. rv. g. taste, eat; 

xxvi. 90. 
onbregdan, sv$. pull open ; pp. 

Sa duru anbroden 97. 24. 
onbryrdan, wv. inspire, incite ; 

14. 2. 

onbyrigan, wv. w. g. taste ; ind. 

prs. 3-.r. onbyrgeS xii. n, xiii. 

23; onbirigS 52. 4*, 57. n*. 
oncierran, wv. turn, change ; 

oncerran 17. I, i. 61, x. 39; 

pp. oncerred 23. 16. 
oncnawan, rv. recognize, know ; 

understand ; 14. 19, 15. 14, 132. 

13, v. 25, xii. 30; sbj. prs. pi. 

oncnawen 58. 10 ; pst. oncneowe 

8. 27. 
oncweftan, sv$. answer, re-echo ; 

ind. prs. $.s. ; oncwyS xiii. 46, 

50; sbj. prs. oncweSe 57. 20. 
ondreedan, rv. rflx. dread, fear ; 

J 3- 33, 33- 8 > I2 > H - i 5 in*. 
prs. i.s. ondnede 47. 5, 50. 
23 n., 118. 19, 139. 30; 3.j. 
ondrsedse S xxiv. 64 ; ondrset 7 
times, 24. 1 8 &c. ; ondraed 66. 
9 ; //. ondrsedaS 133. 27 ; sbj. 
prs. {not reflx.} ondrasde 57. 10 ; 
xiii. 21 ; pst. ondrede 33. 14, 

59- 3 1 - 
onettan, wv. hasten ; ind. prs. 

3..?. onet 124. 7, xxvii. 8; pi. 
onettao 1 112. 29; sbj.pst.onQtte 
139. 25. 

onfeegnian, wv. show pleasure, 
greet ; o. mid his steorte 102. 

IS- 
onfindan, sv$. discover ; ind. pst. 

3.^. onfunde 66. 25. 



onfon, rv. receive, accept ; w. g. 

66. 27; ind. prs. 3.^. onfeho* 

143. 15, xxix. 65 ; //. onfoft 128. 

3 ; pst. onfeng i. 33 ; imp. w. g. 

onfoh 135. 19. 
ongean, 1) prep, a] w. d. towards; 

102. 27. $) w. a. towards, 102. 

13, 121. 10; against, contrary to, 

83. 1 8. 2) adv. in reply 45. 

13- 

ongietan, sv. perceive, under 
stand; 12. 13, 15. 8, 10, n, 22. 
27; usual form ongitan 23. 15, 
xxvi. 107 &c. ; ongiton 50. 28* ; 
ongetan 41. 24 ; ongeotan 73. 
II*; to ongitanne 36. 16 &c. ; 
to ongitonne 8 1. 3* ; ind. prs. 
i.s. ongiete 15. 3 ; ongite 19. 
26 &c. ; 2.s. ongitest 25. 18 ; 
ongitst 24. 21 &c. and xii. 32 ; 
ongitsS 21. 24; 3..y. ongit 41. 
18 &c. and xxii. 16, 21; and- 
git 132. 25 ; pi. ongitaS 32. 8 
&c. ; ongite ge 43. 14 ; pst. i 
and 3.^. ongeat n. 3 &c. and 
7. 13, i. 68, viii. 37; 2.s. on- 
geate 62. 8 &c. ; imp. ongit 
1 08. a, 113. 9, 22, 119. 10 ; 
ongite 1 1 8. 15 ; sbj. prs. ongite 
Pr. 12 &c. ; pi. ongiten 35. 28, 
134. 17; ongiton 32. 19* ; pst. 
ongeate 51.6 &c. ; pi. ongeaten 
123. 22 ; pp. ongiten 13. 16 &c. ; 
ongieten 14. 27, 15. i. 

onginnan, sv^. begin ; 102. 11 
&c. and xxv. 69 ; ind. prs. I .s. 
onginne 9. 19 ; 3.^. pnginne 5 
38. 6, 103. 22 ; onginS usual 
form 25. 9, xiii. 28 &c. ; on- 
gynS 12. 6; //. onginnaS 14. 4, 
126. 24;^^. 3.J-. ongan usual 
form in B and C, 7. 17 &c. and 
viii. 2 ; angan i. 59 ; ongann 
52. 15*, 137. 14* ; ongon about 
16 times in C, 27. 15 &c. and 
vii. i; //. ongunnon 101. 7, 
xxvi. 73 &c. ; sbj. prs. onginne 
94. 29; //. onginnen no. 33. 

onhagian, wv. impers. w. d. be 
convenient ; sbj. prs. gif men to 
goodum weorce ne onhagie, if 
a man do not find it convenient, 



278 



GLOSSARY 



in his power, to do a good 

work 142. 19. 
onhealdan, rv. keep ; ind, prs. 

pi. sibbe anhealdatS xi. 42. 
onhebban, sv6. raise, exalt ; sbj. 

prs. anhebbe 14. 21*. 
onbleldan, wv. bend down, in 
cline ; pp. onhelded xiii. n. 
onhnigan, svi. bend down, bow ; 

pp. onhnigen xxxi. 13. 
onhreran, wv. stir up, agitate ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. onhrereS vii. 27 ; 

pi. onhreraS v. 10. 
onhrinan, svi. touch, interfere 

with ; ind. prs. ^.s. onhrinS 135. 

26, 28. 
onhweorfan, sv^. intrans. change; 

ind.pst. $.s. onhwearf 65. 14. 
onhwierfan, wv. ind. prs. 3. .9. 

onhwerfS, revolves ; 81. 27 ; //. 

onhwyrfed, changed 15. 3. 
onhyrian, wv. w. d. imitate ; on- 

hirian 139. 12; ind. prs. ^.s. 

onhyreS 146. 17*; pi. onhyriatS 

146. 7. 
oninnan, 1) prep. w. d. inside, 

within ; 25.15 &c. and xxix. 54 ; 
foil. C.M. 15, xx. 120; on ... 

innan xvi. 3, xvii. 4, xxii. 8, 14, 

xxx. 13. 2) adv. 14. 1 6. 
onleenari, wv. lend, grant ; ind. 

prs. 3.^. onlsenS x. 37 ; pst. 3.$. 

w. d. and g. onlaende 19. 22 ; 

pp. n. pi. onlsende 17. 8*;z. 
onlsetan, rv. relax ; xi. 75 ; onlseten 

xi. 28. 
onliehtan, wv. illuminate ; onliht- 

an 89. 20, xxi. 36 ; ind. prs. pi. 

onlihtaS 89. 13; onlyhtaS 121. 

17, xxi. 23; pst. 3.5-. onlyhte, 

onlichte* 14. i ; imp. onliht Sa 

eagan, give sight to 82. 12, xx. 

267 ; //. onlihted xi. 62 ; n. pi. 

onlihte 86. 6. 
onliesan, wv. unloosen, deliver; 

pp. onlesed 45. 28. 
onlucan, svi. unlock; ind. pst. 

3-j. onleac vi. i. 
onliitan, sV2. intrans. bend down ; 

ind. prs. %.s. onlyt xiii. 66. 
onsacan, sv6. deny; ind. prs. i.s. 

onsace 54. 31 ; pst. $.s. onsac, 



expressed his disapproval 59. 

33> 138- 15- 
onscamian 7 wv. impers. be 

ashamed; onsceamian 9. 18. 
onscunian, wv. avoid, shun ; 19. 

1 8, 140. 25 ; to anscunianne 41. 

9; ind. prs. \.s. onscunige u. 

25 ; 3.^. onscunaS 22. 19, 37. 

20, 38. 13, 17; pst. 2.s. onscu- 

nedest 15. 15 ; 3.^. onscunode 

102. 6, 135. 3; pi. onscunedon 

101. 30, 116. 22; sbj. prs. OK- 

scunige 16. 6. 
onsendan, wv. send; ansendan 

v. 5. 
onsigan, svi. sink ; sbj. prs. onsige 

57- 25- 
onsittan, sv$. fear ; sbj. prs. on- 

sitte v. 38. 
onstyrian, wv. disturb, affect ; 13. 

9 ; ind. prs. ^.s. onstyreS 21.7*; 

pp. onstyred 15. 18. 
onsundran, adv. apart, separately ; 

38. n, xx. 143; onsundron 80. 

35*- 
onswifan, svi. trans, turn aside ; 

x. 40. 
onteon, sv2. untie ; //. ontiged 

45- 27- 
onuppan, 1) prep. w. d. upon ; 26. 

27. 2) adv. besides ; ix. 28. 
onweecnian, wv. intrans. awake ; 

ind. prs. %.s. onwaecnaS in. 
27. 
onwendan, wv. trans, change ; 16. 

28, 17. 2, 116. 28, 142. 28, 
xxvi. 101, 116; ind. prs. pi. 
onwendaS 141. 5, xxix. 29 ; pst. 
3.j. onwende 116. 29; pp. on- 
wended 15. l8*, 144. 22*, V. 

19; onwend 144. 22, xi. 20, 
xxvi. 104; diverted 49. i; pi. 

f. onwenda 15. 24; onwende 
25.6. 

onwendedlic, adj. changeable ; 

g. pi. anwendendlicra 101. 5. 
onwreon, svi,2. unfold, reveal; 

ind. prs. $.$. onwrihS 47. 9. 
onwunian, wv. dwell, abide; prs. 

p. a. anwunigendne vii. 47. 
open, adj. open ; clear, evident ; 

n. 106. 34; pi. f. opene 16. i ; 



GLOSSARY 



279 



d. openum 82. 8, 127. 16, xx. 
257 ; comp. n. openre 62. i. 
operdan, ivv. make clear, reveal ; 
ind. prs. 3.^. openati* 28. 15; 
geopenaS 28. 15, 39. I, 47. 9, 

24, 48. 8. 

openlice, adv. clearly, evidently ; 

fq. 21. 24 Sec. and x. 60, xiii. 

72 ; comp. openlicor 74. 28, 126. 

30- 

ordfruma, ivm. origin, originator; 

d. ordfruman xxix. 96. 

oreald, adj. very old, ancient ; 
102. 18. 

orgellice, adv. proudly, presump 
tuously ; 45. 6. 

orieldo, f. extreme old age ; a. 
oreldo 142. 18. 

ormsete, adj. excessive; ormetevii. 
36 ; a. n. ormaete 53. 29. 

ormod, adj. despondent, sad; 8.4, 
19. 31, i. 78, v. so;/. 22. 22. 

ormodnes, f. despondency ; de 
spair ; d. ormodnesse 15. 7; a. 
13. 16, 142. 24. 

orsorg, adj. free from care, un 
troubled; prosperous; 27. 9, 
33. 15, 1 8, 59. i ; orsorg gelces 
eorSlices eges, secure from 22. 
9 ; Sara yfela orsorh vii. 43 ; 
f. wk. orsorge 47. 14, 15 ; n. 
orsorh 104. 32 ; a. orsorgne 71. 

25, 28 ; f. wk. orsorgan 139. 2 ; 
n. orsorg vii. 40 ; pi. ivk. orsor 
gan 121.3; d. orsorgum v. 33 ; 
a. Sses orsorge 88. 33 ; comp. n. 
pi. orsorgran 130. 17 ; sup. n.pl. 

orsorgestae 130. 23. 

orsorglice, adv. securely; comp. 
orsorglicor 53. 27, 129. 22. 

orsorgne s,f. security, prosperity ; 
21. 13, xiii. 71 ; orsorhnes 47. 
25 n. ; g. orsorgnesse 117. 9, 
138. 29; d. 14. 22, 57. 31. 

geortriewan, iw. w. g. despair ; 
geortrewan 23. 7? 9> geortreo- 
wan 23. 7* > imp. geortreowe 
v. 35 ; sbj. prs. geortrywe 14. 

23*- 

ot5, 1) prep. iv. a.; a) extension and 
motion, up to, as far as, 34. 17, 
i. 14 &c. ; metaph. 08 ormod 



nesse 142. 24, b] time, until, 
20. 3 &c. and xx. 10. 2) conj. 
until; about IT times, 50. 29 &c. 
and v. 15, xiii. 62 ; ofiSe 57. 
27, 65. 17 ; o^Ki about i^ times, 
14. 26, i. 29 &c. 

ofter, pron. adj. second ; other ; 
ii. u, xx. 60 &c. ; /. oflru 47. 
1 8 &c. and xi. 44, xii. 7 ; otter 

80. i*; n. 63. 29, xx. 155 &c. ; 
o<5er twega oSiSe . . . oftSe, either 
. . . or 23. 27 &c. \g. oftres 13.14, 
i. 44 &c. ; pi. oSra 88. 6; /. oSre 
32. 12; d o<5rum 2o.i9,v. 2 &c. ; 

/".oSre43.io,xx.i39&c. ; o Serre 
39. 21*, Si. 2*; a. oSerne 28. 26 
&c. and xxvii. 23; f. oSre 32. 
14; n. oSer 38. 13, xx. 65 &c. ; 
inst. oS re naman 10. 9 &c. and 
iv. 14 ; iv. mid 121. 30, 129. 30 ; 
pi. oftre 61. 20 &c. andvi. 5 ; f. 
oftra 1 8. 5, viii. 53 &c. ; oSre 

81. 8* ; n. oSru 55. n &c. and 
xxviii. 12 ; g. oSerra 32. 10 &c. ; 
o&a 88. 6, xxiv. 36, xxvi. 90 ; d. 
ofirum 20. 25, xx. 126 &c. ; a. 
offre 1 6. 25, xiii. 48 &c. ; f. oSra 
52. 31 &c. and xxv. 14; oSre 
35. 31* ; n. oSru 10. 13 Sec. ; 
oSre 54. 29* &c. ; oSer . . . oSer, 
different 16. 25 &c. 

o^Sfsestan, wv. entrust, commit ; 

f2. 9. 

olShrinan, jz/i. w. g. touch; ind. 

prs. 3..?. oSrineS xx. 138. 
o"5iewan, w^. show ; appear ; zw</. 

prs. $.s. oteweS xiii. 60; pst. 3.5. 

oSeowde xxviii. 74 ; sbj. prs. 

oSewe 51. 17 ; pp oSewed xxix. 

34- 

o^Ssacan, sv6. w. g. or clause, 

deny; 12 times, 66. 17 &c. ; 

ind. prs. $.s. oSssec S 59. 30, 

119. 24. 
ot5standan, sv6. stand still, stop ; 

ind. pst. 3-j. oSstod 102. 30. 
dSSe, conj. or; n. 15, ii. 17 &c. ; 

otSer twegra oSSe . . . oSSe, 

either ... or 23. 27 &c. 
otSwitan, svi. w. d. reproach, 

taunt; 23. 3; ind. prs. 2. pi. 

oSwite ge xxvii. 4. 



280 



GLOSSARY 



P. 

pestf, m. path ; a. pi. paftas 52. 18, 

139- 3 1 - 
peeftSan, wv. walk over, traverse ; 

ind. prs. -$.pl. peSSaS xxxi. 10. 
papa, wm. pope; a. papan 7. u, 

i. 42. 
pearroc, m. enclosed space, tract ; 

d. pearroce 42. 21. 
piSa, wm. pith, core ; g. piSan 91. 

32. 
plantian, wv. plant ; j3/ . ^rx. 

plantige 61. g. 
plega, wm. game, sport ; 18. 7 ; 

a. pi. plegan 108. u. 
plegian, wv. play, frolic ; plegian 

wiS hine 102. 15; ind. prs. pL 

plegiaS 1 08. ii. 
pleoh, n. danger, risk; 13. 26; 

d. plio 30. 19. 
pleolic, adj. dangerous ; comp. n. 

pi. pliolicran 30. 25. 
prica, wm. point ; 42. 14*. 
price, wf. point; 41. 25 (pricu 

B), 42. 14. 
pyff, m. ? puff (of wind), gust ; 47. 

26 n. 

B. 

racente, wf. chain, fetter; d. ra- 
centan 108. 7, xiii. 8, xxv. 37, 
xxvi. 78 ; a. xiii. 29 ; d. pi. 
racentum 37. 10 &c. ; a. racentan 
57. 9 &c. and xxvi. 78. 

racian, wv. w. d. govern, rule ; 
ind. prs. 3.^. racaS 98. 22 ; pst. 
%.s. racode 94. 13. 

racu, f. explanation, argument ; 
123-4, 137- 15; rhetoric 38. 8; 
d. race 89. 26, 121. 7 ; a. 122. 
1 7*, 1 2 7. 4, 145. 26 ; pi. d. racum 
108. 27 ; a. raca 122. 17. 

rad, f. riding; d. rade 88. 20, 21. 

gerad, 1) sbst. n. condition ; on Sa 
gerad f>, on condition that 18. 
15. 2) adj. a} denoting con 
dition, circumstance ; gerad beon 
wicS, in opposition to 24. 15 ; f. 
wel gerad, of a good disposition 



22. 12 ; n. swa gerad, of such a 
kind 144. 18; a. swa geradne 
134. 15. b} wise, prudent ; a. 
geradne ii. 26. 

geradian, wv. arrange; pp.pl. n. 
geradode 96. 15. 

geradscipe, m. discretion, pru 
dence ; g. geradscipes xxii. 48, 
jo. 

reecan, wv. offer, present ; ind. 
prs. 3-J-. receS xxix. 62. 

gerascap, wv. win, gain ; pp. ge- 
rseht xxvi. 1 8. 

red, m. counsel, plan ; g. rsedes 
ii. 1 2, xxi. 9 ; a. raed MPr. 9, xx. 
224. 

rsedan, wv. d) w. d. govern, con 
trol ; b] read; Pr. ii (b }\ i. 67 
(a); ind. prs. ^.s. rset 97. 12 (a); 
pst. -$.s. rsedde 94. 13 (a); sbj. 
pst. 96. 9 (a). 

reedelse, wf. imagination, fancy ; 
63. 27 ; d. rsedelsan 100. 25 ; a. 

rsepan, wv. bind, fetter ; xxvi. 78; 
pp. geraeped xiii. 8, xxv. 37, 
48 n. n. pi. gerrepte 112. I. 

reesan, wv. rush ; ind. prs. 3.5. nest 
xxv. 17. 

raeswan, wv. conjecture ; ind. prs. 
3-j. rseswet?*, hrsesweS 51. 13. 

randbeag,w. boss of shield; rond- 
beag4i. 25. 

rap, m. rope ; d. rape 28. 17. 

rasettan, wv. rage (of fire) ix. 
14. 

read, adj. red ; a. n. ix. 14 ; wk. 
reade xix. 6 ; a. pi. reade 74. 2, 
xix. 23. 

reafere, m. robber ; 114. 26. 

reafian, wv. rob; ind. prs. ^.s. on 
oSrum reafa 5 28. i ; sbj. prs. 
gereafige 71. 17. 

reaflac, m. stolen property, plun 
der ; g. reaflaces 59. 26. 

rec, m. smoke ; 117. 17. 

gerec, n. rule, government ; d. ge- 
rece 49. 25, xxii. i. 

reecan, wv. d) direct, wield ; 40. 
ii, 13. b~) explain ; prove; nar 
rate; reckon ; about ii times, 77- 
1 5 &c. and xxvi. 2 ; gereccan 



GLOSSARY 



281 



about 1 8 times, Pr. 4, xv. 14 &c. 
to recenne 40. 26 ; to gereccanne 
127.3, 22*; to gerecanne 127. 
22 ; ind. prs. i.s. recce 73. 13, 
106. 9, xvii. 20; gerecce 24.20; 
2.j.recst 103. 27, 123.5, J 37- J 5; 
pi. reccaft 44. 28 ; pst. i.s. reahte 
73. 14, 106. 24 ; rehte 73. 14* ; 
2.s. reahtes 100. 12, 103. 28, 
123. 5 ; gereahtes 97. 22, 100. 
24 ; gerehtest 1 1. 9*, 97. 20 ; 3.^. 
reahte 103. 28, MPr. I, xxii. 53, 
xxx. 8 ; rehte 140. 9* ; gerehte 
140. 8* ; //. reahton 109. 22, 
no. 6, 8, 118. 3; gereahton, 
reckoned 143. 20 ; in anwald 
gerehton, subjugated 7.4*; sbj. 
prs. recce 96. 26 ; gerecce 82. 

20, 100. 30, 118. 13, 125. 22 ; 
pst. gereahte 122. 20, 126. 31 ; 
pp. gereaht about 9 times, 26. 10 
&c. and xi. 99 ; a. gereahtne 
habbaS 98. 16. 

reccan, wv. w. g. care for, reck ; 
ind. prs. 2.s. recst xii. 31 ; recstu 
18. 30; 3.j. red? 26. 7, 46. 14, 
138. 23, viii. 44 ; impers. w. a. 
xiii. 45 ; //. reccaS 57. 18, 130. 
18; sbj. prs. recce 52. 23, 121. 
26. 

recceleas, adj. careless, negli 
gent ; n. pi. recelease 13. 21. 

recceliest,/". negligence ; reccelest 
112. 4; recelest xxv. 53; d. 
recceleste 44. 2. 

reccend, m. ruler; 101. 4, iv. 

receere, m. reasoner, rhetorician ; 
38.8. 

recene, adv. at once, quickly ; i. 
34, xix. 4, xx. 208, xxviii. 16; 
recen xxiv. 17. 

gereclice, adv. a) straight (of 
direction) ; v. 14, xxiv. 8. b) 
in an orderly manner, methodi 
cally 98. 22. 

gerecu, f. rule, government ; d. 
gerece 13. 23. 

ren, m. rain; 27. 4, 136. 17, vii. 
27, 36, xxix. 62 ; d. rene 18. 

21, 27. 2, vii. 23 ; a. ren 26. 28, 
vii. 14, 21 ; n. pi. renas 52. 5. 



gerene, n. ornament ; n. pi. 

gerenu 32. 30. 
renian, wv. adorn, ornament ; 

pp. gerenod 32. 29, 30 ; d. 

gerenedum 61. 18; g. pi. gere- 

nodra n. 28. 
rest, f. rest, resting-place ; xiii. 

71, xxi. 10 ; rsest 57. 31*, 82. 

14*, 89. 9*, xx. 271 ; d. rceste 55. 

T 9* 57- 3*- 
retan, ivv. cheer, comfort ; ind. 

prs. 3.5. ret 55. 12 ; pp. a. geretne 

5- 15- 
refle, adj. fierce, unpropitious ; 

ivk. se reSa ren vii. 27 ; f. 

reSu ; w. wyrd 137. 12, 138. 9, 

17 ; pred. reSe 137. 12, 138. 12 ; 

wk. 48. 7 ; g.f. reftre*, hreSre 138. 

30 ; d. wk. reSan 138. 27, 28 ; 

a. ^vk. absol. Sone reSan 114. 

27 ; w. wyrd 138. 25, 139. 3; 

comp.f. reftre 138. 21. 
refligmod, adj. fierce, raging ; 

xxv. 17. 
rice, 1) adj. powerful, influential ; 

45- 5> 6 3- 14. I2 4- 26, 142. 2; 

tf/. rica x. 44 ; g. rices 43. i ; 

a. wk. rican 46. 15, 61. 18 ; pi. 

wk. 62. 32, 63. 29 ; g. ricra 

61. 8, 12, i. 46, vii. 14; 

wk. ricena 53. 20 ; d. ricum 

123. u, 14; a. wk. rican 46. 

16, 105. 26, 123. 26, xxiv. 59; 

comp. a. ricran 148. 18 ; sup. a. 
pi. wk. ricostan ix. 25. 2) sbst. 

n. power, authority ; kingdom ; 

37. 22, 63. 18, i. 5, 17, ix. 3 ; 
g. rices 40. 9, iv. 45, ix. 3, 10, 

xxvi. 8, n, 41 ; d. rice 7. i, i. 

7 &c. ; a. 7. 17, ix. 41 &c. ; a. 
pi. ricu Pr. 7, 34. 26. 
ricsian, wv. rule, reign; -53. 20, 

98. 29, 30 ; to ricsianne 40. 16 ; 

ind. prs. 2.s. ricsast 10. 2; 3.^. 

ricsaS 14. 25, 97. 31, 105. 17 ; 

rixaS 104. 6 ; pi. ricsiaS 136. 7 ; 
pst. 3-j. ricsode xxvi. 57; sbj. 
prs. ricsige 67. 30. 
ridan, ,yz>i. ride; 88. 19; ind. 
prs. 3.5-. rit 88. 19 ; pi. ridaft 

108. 10. 
riht, 1) adj. straight ; right, 



282 



GLOSSARY 



proper; 9. 23 &c. ; /. 123. 4, 

Z 37- 6 > ^Q-.. 20 ; l6 - 32 
&c. a^/ xxii. 52 ; ryht 95. 

19* ; g. rihtes II. 29 ; ^. 

rihtum 14. 19, xxiv. 44 ; wk. 

rihtan 73. 24, xix. 4 ; /". ryhtre 

85. 3 ; 0. rihtne 51. 14, in. 9 ; 

ryhtne 79. 7 ; /". rihte xxiii. 10 ; 

72. ryht 95. 1 8 ; pi. d. rihtum 9. 

24; a. rihte 122. 17, 140. 28; 

comp. n. rihtre 123. 30; sup. 

rihtost xxvii. 25 ; a. wk. rihtestan 

56. 29. 2) sbst. n. right, justice ; 

123. 29; ryht 124. 12*, 13*; 

g. rihtes i. 67, iv. 45, xxv. 53 ; 

d. rihte 94. 28, xxii. i ; mid 

rihte, rightly, properly fq. 17. 

31, xxvi. 41 &c. ; mid narmm 

ryhte 29. 2 ; on rihte, right 
fully xxvi. 46 ; a. riht 72. 10 

&c. ; on riht, rightly fq. 14. 

28, xx. 125 &c. 
rihteeftelo,/". true nobility ; n. pi. ? 

xvii. 20 ; ryhtgeffelo 69. 28*. 
rihtan, wv. .guide, control ; ind. 

prs. 3.5. riht 97. 12 ; pp. 50. 4. 
rihte, adv. a] of direction, 

straight; 55. 22, v. 14. 0) 

rightly; n. 30 &c. ; ryhte 59. 

27*; rehte 135. 10 ; rihte Ca, 

at the moment when 15. 28. 
gerihte, n. straight direction; up 

on gerihte, upright xxxi. 17. 
rihtend, m. ruler ; 10. 16. 
rihtere, m. director, ruler; 12. 

20, 28 n. 
rihtgeleaffull, adj. orthodox ; 

g- pi. ryhtgeleaffulra 7. 18*. 
rihtlic, adj. just, proper ; 142. 5 ; 

a. n. 143. 30 ; comp. n. pi. 

rihtlicran 69. 3. 
rihtlice, adv. justly, fairly ; 

correctly ; 83. 16, 121. i, 125. 

27; comp. rihtlicor Pr. 12; 

ryhtlicor 32. 28. 
rihtracii, f. correct explanation ; 

137- 15- 
rihtryne, m. right course ; g. 

rihtrynes 14. 17 ; d. rihtryne 14. 
15, v. 20, x. 41. 

rihtgesetn.es, /. correct course or 
function; d. rihtgesetnesse 12. 23. 



rihttima, wm. proper season ; a. 

rihttiman 12. 23. 
rihtwillende, adj. righteous ; g. 

pi. ryhtwillendra u. 17. 
rihtwis, adj. righteous; 85. 31, 

119. 28, 136. 25, i. 49; //. 

rihtwise 133. 8 ; wk. rihtwisan 

9. 24 ; g. rihtwisra 7. 19 ; ivk. 

rihtwisena n. 17; ryhtwisena 

ii. 23 ; a. rihtwise 62. 28 ; wk. 

rihtwisan 10. 21 ; sup. wk. 

rihtwisesta 7. 13*. 
rihtwisian, wv. direct, rule ; sbj. 

prs. rihtwisige 12. 28. 
rihtwisliee, adv. righteously ; xxii. 

45 ; ryhtwislice 95. 16*. 
rihtwlsnes, f. righteousness ; 62. 

26, 87. 8, 148. 28 ; g. rihtwis- 

nesse 95. 21 n., xxii. 48, 56 ; 

ryhtwisnesse 95. 17*, 18* ; d. 

rihtvvisnesse 18. 22 ; a. 85. 31, 

95. 9 n., xxii. 28, 56; ryhtwis 
nesse 95. 22*. 
gerlm, n. number ; g. ymb Sritig 

winter gerimes,in number xxviii. 

26 ; cf. xxviii. 30. 
rinc, m. man ; g. pi. rinca x. 41, 

xxii. 28, 45, xxvii. 25. 
rind,/", bark; g. rinde 92. I ; d. 

92. 6. 
ripe, adj. ripe ; a. pi. f. ripa 136. 

16, xxix. 62. 
gerisan, svi. w. d. suit, befit ; ind. 

prs. 3..?. gerist 91. 14. 
gerisenlic, adj. suitable, fitting ; 

n. 142. 5. 

gerisenllce, adv. suitably; 40. n. 
rT5, f. stream, rivulet ; pi. riSa 82. 

28 ; d. rySum v. 20. 
rodor, m. firmament; 126. 5*, 

xx. 208, xxviii. 1 6 ; g. roderes 

125. 31*, xxix. 18; rodres xxviii. 

3 ; d. rodore 80. 26* &c. ; rodere 

in Metr. xx. 1 24 &c. ; a. rodor 
131. 2, x. 40; pi. g. rodora x. 
30 ; rodera xi. 20 ; d. rodorum 

xxiii. 10, xxiv. 8 ; roderum xxiv. 

32. 

romanisc, adj. Roman; 43. 17; d. 
romaniscum 36. 17 ; d. pi. 7- 15, 

35- 5- 
rose, wf. rose \f. rosan 21.6, vi. 1 3. 



GLOSSARY 



283 



rum, 1) adj. spacious ; wk. call 
ruma rodor xxviii. 16 ; /. rum 
46. 5 ; a. f. wk. ruman vi. 13, 
xx. 136. 2) sbst. n. opportunity, 
free play; ft. x. 30; gerum 49. 5. 

rume, adv. far and wide; xxiv. 32. 

rumedlic, adj. ample, liberal; g. 
rumedlices 42. 14. 

rumedllce, adv. liberally; 119.32. 

rummod, adj. liberal, generous; 

149- 3- 
runcofa, wni. mind ; a\ runcotan 

xxii. 59. 
ryman, iw. clear, evacuate ; pp. 

gerymed i. 19. 
rjfn, wv. roar; 57. 12, xiii. 29, 

xxvi. 84 ; ind. pst. $.s. ryde 1 16. 

17- 
ryne, m. course ; orbit ; 96. 20 ; 

d. 49. i, 8, xi. 20, xxiv. 28 ; on 
ryne, in motion 16. 33; a. xi. 
37, xxviii. 3 ; rene xxix. 10. 
ryneswift, adj. swiftly moving ; 
rineswifte rodor xx. 208. 



S. 



sacu, f. dispute, quarrel ; g. pL 

saca xxv. 44. 
sadian, wv. become satiated, 

weary; sbj. prs. 2.s. sadige 127. 
_ 2 8. 
833, f. m. (18 times f. ; twice m. ; 

8 times uncert.} sea ; 17. 26 &c. ; 

g. 29. 14, 126. 19 ; d. 42. 16 &c. 

and xix. 19 ; sse 53. 5*, 86. 19 ; 

a. 14. 12 &c. a;/</xxvii. 3, xxviii. 

32, 39- 
ssed, n. seed; 91. 26, 95. 13 ; . 

ssedes xxii. 37, 40 ; d. ssede 82. 

6, 92. \2\ a. saed 12. 8, 136. 18, 

xxix. 60 ; pi. g. saeda xx. 250 ; 

d. ssedum xxix. 65 ; a. seed 136. 

16. 
seel, m. (prosperous) time ; d. pi. 

saelum ii. 2, 7. 
sselan, wv. happen ; ind. prs. ^.s. 

gesselS xiii. 22 ; pst. 3.^. gesaelde 

ix. 23, xxvi. 4; sbj. prs. gessele 

x. 24 ; pst. gesselde xxviii. 73. 



geseelig, adj. happy, prosperous ; 
8. 13 &c. a^xxiii. 2 ; /". 33. 21 ; 
n. 50. 3, 94. 17, xi. 97; a. gesse- 
ligne 26. 6, 15, 30. 24, 58. 17; 
gesselinne 26. 6* ; />/. gesselige 
113. 19, 133. 23 ; ges^lie 13. 21, 
104. 24; n. gesselegu 70. 17; 
^w/. gesaeligra 119. 5; //. 
gesseligran 118. 22, 122. 18; 
sup. gesaelegost 24. 19, 48. 12, 
58. 26 ; w^. gesaelgosta 58. 14*; 
gesaelgesta 20. 8 ; a. wk. gessel- 
gostan 24. 25. 
gesieliglic, a^/ . happy; gesaellic 

ii. 17. 

gesSliglice, adv. happily ; gesseli- 
lice 24. 9* ; gesaellice 24. 9, 18*. 
geseelignes, f. happiness, pros 
perity 100. 17 ; d. gesoelignesse 
31. 14; d. pi. geseelignessum 
54. 27. 

gesseltS, f. prosperity, wealth : 
happiness; fq. 25. 4 &c. and 
xii. 19 ; g. gesselSe 58. 9 &c.; d. 
53. 24 &c. ; a. 86. 28 ; //. more 
fq. than sing. 21.13 &c. and ii. 
19, xix. 32 ; sselSa 6 times, 21.13 
&c. j^.gesselSa/^. 2^.2^ Sec. and 
xxi. 25 ; </. gesselSum }^. 8. 14 
&c. orf vii. 48, xxi. 4, 9 ; a. 
. 21. 20, vii. 30 &c. ; 
14. 20, 15. 29. 
seemra, f^w/. adj. worse, bad ; n. 
ssemre viii. 42 ; a. pi. saemran, 
inferior 75. i. 
ssene, adj. sluggish ; a. ssenne 

xxvi. 106 ; wk. scenan 114. 30. 
ssestream, m. seaman ; d. pi. 

sgestreamum i. 15. 
seetilce, m. seaman ? pi. saetilcas 
viii. 31 (ftttt/scealcas w. Grein ?}. 
seewarolS, m. sea-shore ; d. sae- 

warofte 74. I, xix. 21. 
sam, conj. w. sbj. sam . . . sam 
whether ... or ; 60. 6, 94. 15, 
108. 17, 137. 3, 7, n, 138. n. 
same, adv. in the same way; xii. 
3 ; eac swa same, 8 times in 
Metr. xi. 5 &c.; efne swa same 
xx. 124, xxviii. 28; some iv. 26; 
swa same swa, just like 81. 20 ; 
conj. swa some swa, as 44. 7- 



284 



GLOSSARY 



gesamnian, wv. bring together, 

collect, unite ; ind. prs. 3..?. 

gesamnaS 50. i, xi. 91 n., 93 ; 

pst. $.s, gesamnade xvii. 12 ; 

gesomnade xx. 246 ; sbj. prs. 

gesamnige xxii. 1 1 ; gesomnige 

84. 27. 

gesamnung, f. gathering, assem 
blage ; d. gesomnunga 55. 25. 
samod, adv. together ; xx. 237, 

xxix. 15; samad xxix. 24; somod 

xx. 146. 
samrad, adj. united, unanimous; 

a. f. samrade xi. 96. 
sam tinges, adv. forthwith, im 
mediately ; samtenges xxiv. 18. 
samwls, adj. ignorant, foolish ; pi. 

samwise xix. 34. 
samwreednes, f. union ; a. sam- 

wraednesse 114. 4. 
sand, n. sand; sond 26. 28, vii. 

20, 23 ; d. sonde 27. 1 ; pi. sond 

vii. 13 ; d. sondum 91. 18. 
sandbeorg, ;//. sand-hill ; a. pi. 

sondbeorgas vii. 10 ; sond- 

beorhas 26. 26*. 
sandcorn, n. grain of sand ; g.pl. 

sondcorna 19. 2. 
sang, m. song ; sane xiii. 50 ; g. 

sanges 50. 9, 15; a. sang 52. 

15- 

sar, n. pain; sorrow, grief ; 56. 14; 

g. sares 16. 18, xxvi. 82 ; d. sare 

15. 7 &c. ; a. sar 10. 28 &c. 
sarcwide, m. plaint, lament; pi. 

d. sarcwidum II. 9 ; a. sarcwidas 

ii. 4. 
sargian, wv. trans, grieve, afflict; 

pp. a. gesargodne 123. 33. 
sarig, adj. grieved, sorrowful ; 

22. 10, 102. 3. 
sarlic, adj. painful ; g. pi. sarlicra 

26. 19. 
sarllce, adv. sorrowfully ; 59. 33, 

138. 15 ; lamentably 44. I. 
sawan, rv. sow ; 51. 28 ; ind. prs. 

3.j. ssewS 61. 10. 
sawol, f. soul ; sawul 81. 16* ; 

sawl 6 times in C, 45. 26 &c., 

twice in. B, 71. 7, 95. 14; saul 

6 times in C, not in B, 86. 29 

&c. and xx. 210, 238 ; g. sawle 



4 times in C, 45. 25 &c., twice 
in B, 81. 15, 132. 15; saule 81. 
27*, 87. 7, xx. 185, 202 ; d. 
sawle 95. 13* ; saule 32. 2*, 72. 
4*, 87. i, xxii. 38 ; a. sawle 91. 
11,93. 26, 27*, xvii. 12, xx. 177 ; 
saule 81. 25*, 102. 2, xx. 204 ; 
pi. sawula 26. n*; sawla 26. 
II ; saula 148. 2, xxi. 35 ; g. 
sawla 132. 14*, xviii. 8 ; saula 
xxi. 9, xxiii. n ; d. sawlum 81. 
33*; saulum xx. 226, xxi. 44; 
a. sawla 81. 14, 82. 2*, 129. 4 ; 
saula 69. 23*, xx. 236. 

gescad, n. discrimination, reason ; 
d. gesceade xxii. 44 ; a. gescead 
xx. 218. 

gescadlic, adj. rational, reason 
able; n. gesceadlic 86. n*. 

gescadlice, adv. with discrimina 
tion, rationally ; gesceadlice 100. 
28, xx. 88 ; comp. gesceadlicor 
125. 22. 

gescadwis, adj. discriminating, 
intelligent; gesceadwis 31. 28, 
61. 24, 64. 29, 66. 15, 109. 15 
and xv. 14 ; wk. gesceadwisa 
132. 20 ; f. gesceadwis 81. 19, 
n. 140. 23, 147. 1 8 ; d. ge- 
sceadwisum 13. 12, xx. 8 ; wk. 
gesceadwisan 36. 15, 72. 4; //. 
gescead wise 25. 5 ; wk. gescead 
wisan 109. 7 ; f. gesceadwisa 
140. 27 ; d. gesceadwisum 63. 
30; a.f. gesceadwisa 142. 8. 

gescadwislic, adj. rational, rea 
sonable ; wk. gesceadwislica 32. 
3 ; n. gesceadwislic 86. n ; d. 
f. gesceadwislicere 89. 26. 

gescadwislice, adv. rationally, 
reasonably ; gesceadwislice 27. 
21 &c. ; skilfully 103. 23. 

gescadwisnes, f. discrimination, 
intelligence ; gesceadwisnes 10 
times, 12. 15 &c. and xx. 188, 
197; sceadwisnes 12. 15*; g. 
gesceadwisnesse 45. i, 146. 10 ; 
d. 4 times, n. 16 &c. ; a. 5 times, 
29. i &c. 

scamian, wv. impers. w. g. be 
ashamed; 6 Q . 15, x. 13; scami- 
gan 46. 6* ; ind. prs. 3.5. 



GLOSSARY 



285 



sceamaS 20. I, 69. 12*, 98. 25; 

pst. sceamode 19. 30. 
scamleas, adj. shameless ; a. 

sceamleasne 62. 9*. 
ecamu, f. shame ; a. sceame 24. 2. 
scandlic, adj. disgraceful, in 
famous ; xx. 188 ; n. 32. 31. 
scaUa, wm. worker of harm, enemy; 

//. sceaSan 8. 23*. 
sceadu, f. shadow; 63. 26; d. 

sceade 63. 13, 133. 12; a. 136. 

2 ; //. </. sceadum 33. 31 ; a. 

sceaduwa 74. 17 w. 
sceaft, m. pole; ^. sceafte i. n. 
gesceaft,/". w. creation ; creature ; 

very fq. 32. 5, xi. 41 &c. ; g. 

gesceaite 28.31, 94. 2 2 ; gesceaftes 

2 9- 3 I d. gesceafte 147. 21 ; a. 

gesceaft 142. 7; sceaft 69. 27*, 

31*, 142. 7*; pi. gesceafta 10. 

14, iv. 25 &c. ; sceafta 146. n* ; 
gesceafte xi. 8 ; g. gesceafta 10. 
1 6, iv. 30 &c. ; d. gesceaftum 
31. 26 &c. andxi. 13, 55 ; a. 
gesceafta 10. 25, xi. 32 &c. ; 
gescefta 49. 6*; gesceaftu 136. 
23*. 

sceal, anv. denoting obligation, 
necessity, reasonableness, shall, 
must, ought, is to ; iv. niede 84. 
26, 85. 19, 94. 14, 106. 14, 145. 

15, 148. 6; absol. sceal necle to 
Sara hlaforda dome, is bound 
by, must obey 112. 8 ; denoting 
second-hand statement, fq. 98. 
27 &c. and xxvi. 51, 74 ; licette 
t> he sceolde bion, that he was 
115. 24; forms: ind. prs. i.s. 
51. 19, MPr 8 &c. ; i.s. scealt 
125. 26 &c. and v. 26, 28; %.s. 
sceal Pr, 13, vii. 30 &c. ; sceall 
128. 17, 144. 7; seel 123. 33; 

.//. sculon 12. 26, xxiii. 7 &c. ; 
sceolon 94. 14* ; pst. i and ^.s. 
scolde 17. 31, 147. 16, ii. 14; 
sceolde 115. 24, ii. 14 &c. ; 2.j. 
sceoldest 18. 26* &c. ; sceoldes. 
13. 26, 19. i6;//. scoldon 67.10, 
147. 12 ; sceoldon ix. 58, xxvi. 
84, xxix. 89 ; sceoldan 8. 13*, 
116. 1 8*, i. 31 (J); scioldon xxvi. 
82 ; sbj. prs. scyle 12. 14 &c. 



and~K.iv. 4; scile 134. 25; pi. 
scylen 79- 5 & c - ana xxi. 34 ; 
scylon42. 25*, 56. 22*, 70. 10* ; 
scylan 46. 31*, 60. 3*; pst. I 
and 3-j. like ind. sceolde 18. 26, 
iv. 35 &c. ; pi. sceolden 31. 2, 
45. 3, 142. 5, xxix. 87 ; scolden 
1 1 8. 4; sceoldon 9. 6* &c. 

scealc, m. servant ; man ; xv. 14 ; 
g. pi. scealca viii. 21. 

sceard, n. indentation, inlet ; a. pi. 
42. 6. 

scearp, adj. sharp, keen; 127. 17. 

scearpnes,/". keenness ; a. scearp- 
nesse 89. 14, xxi. 24. 

scearpsiene, adj. keen-sighted ; 

7 2 - 3 1 , 73- 3- 
sceat, m. a) region, quarter ; ) 

spread, shelter; d. sceate 133. 
12 (3) ; a. sceat iv. 52 (a), viii. 
5 (a}, xi. 66 (a) ; a. pi. sceatas 
x. 17 (a). 

sceawian, wv. see; ind. prs. $.pl. 
sceawiaS 73. 8; sbj. prs. gescea- 
wige 51. 21. 

sceawung, f. seeing, contempla 
tion ; d. sceawunga 89. 15, xxi. 
24. 

scendan, wv. put to shame ; pp. 
gescended v. 32. 

sceotend, m. warrior; //. i. u. 

scield, m. shield; d. scelde 41. 
26 ; a. pi. sceldas i. 2. 

scieldan, wv. protect ; ind. pst. 
3-j. scilde 133. 12 ; 0a scylde he 
ongean, defended himself 45. 13. 

sciell,/". shell; scell xx. 174. 

sciellfisc, m. shell-fish ; n. pi. 
scylfiscas 146. i. 

sciene, adj. beautiful ; xxix. 25. 

scieppan, sv6. create, make ; 
sceppan Sone naman 39. 5 ; ind. 
pst. 2.s. gesceope 31. 8, xx. 5 
&c. ; 3-J 1 . gcsceop 29. 8, viii. 17 
&c. ; sceop 125. 27*; sbj. pst. 
2.s. gescope 29. 21*; pp. ge- 
sceapen 57. 7 &c. ; him swa 
gesceapen wses, they were so 
fashioned, constituted 142. 30; 
pi. gesceapene 30. 5, 31. 9; /. 
146. ii*; n. 30. 4; gesceapne 
135- 26- 



286 



GLOSSARY 



scieppend, m. creator ; scippend 
10. i*, 16*, 135. 9, iv. i, xvii. 
9 ; sceppend 19. 19, 48. 22*, 

72. 18, 85. 2, 93. 20 ., 125. 26, 

iv. 30, xi. i, xxix. 8 1 ; scyppend 
141. 17* ; sceoppend 136. 22* ; 
g. scippendes 98. 10, 12* ; scep- 
pendes 19. 21, 32. 5*; scyp- 
pendes 92. 8, 9, 10 ; sceoppendes 
19. 14*, 32. 4* ; d. scippende 
32. 9; sceppende 128. 17; a. 
scippend 69. 28*, 81. 29*; 
sceppend 69. 31*, xx. 216 ; 
scyppend xx. 218 ; sceoppend 
81. 28*. 

scierpan, wv. clothe, deck ; ind. 
pst. 3.^. gescerpte xv. 2 ; ge- 
scyrpte 64. 25* ; //. gescerped 
92. 5. 

scima, /w. light, brightness; 12. 
7; ". sciman 89. 22 ; d. 10. 4, 
126. 20 ; a. 97. 15. 

scman, .wi. shine; 95. 12, xxii. 
35 ; ind.prs. ^.s. scineS 21. 2*, 
v. 3, vi. 3, xxii. 24, xxviii. 27, 
60; scinS 12. 8, 121. ii ; pi. 
scinaS 19. 3, 81. 35, in. 13, 

112. l6, 126. 14, 15, XX. 229, 

233, xxv. 4; sbj. prs. $.pl. 

scinen xxviii. 45. 

gescinan, svi. shine on, illumi 
nate; 141. 15, 16, xxx. 9, ii ; 

ind. prs. 3.$. gescinS 86. 8. 
scinlac, n. magic art ; d. scinlace 

xxvi. 74. 
scip, n. ship ; g. scipes 16. 29 ; d. 

scipe 97. 13; g. pi. scipa 115. 

18, 20, xxvi. 15, 28. 
sciphere, m. fleet ; a. sciphere 34. 

2 ; a. pi. sciphergas viii. 31. 
scipstiera, tvm. steersman ; scip- 

stiora 144. 28. 
scir, adj. bright, clear; i. ii, v. 

1 8 ; f. xxx. 9 ; wk. scire xx. 

174; a. f. wk. sciran xx. 229; 

n. scir win, pure 33. 29, viii. 

2 1 ; pi. g- scirra iv. i , xx. 8 ; d. 

scirum xxviii. 45. 
scolu, /. a) school ; b) troop, 

host ; d. scole 8. 18 (a) ; a. pi. 

scola xxvi. 31 (b}. 
scop, m. poet; sceop 68. 8, 141. 



ii*; sciop 101. 3; d. sceope 

xxx. 4. 
scort, adj. short ; 44. 26 ; n. wk. 

scorte 117. 32 ; d. wk. scortan 

44. 30; a. scortne 126. 4, 139. 

26 ; a. pi. f. scorte 10. 10* ; 

sceorta iv. 20 (J) ; comp. a. 

scyrtran 126. 2, xxviii. 8, II ; 

sup. a. scyrtestne 139. 26. 
scride, m. course, orbit ; a. 

xxviii. ii. 
scridwsen, n. carriage, chariot ; 

d. scridwsen e 61. 19. 
scrifan, svi. a) decree, ordain; 

b) care for, reck ; ind. prs. $.s. 

w. g. scrifeS x. 29 (b), xxv. 53 

(b) ; w. d. scrifS xxv. 15 (b) ; 

pst. 3..?. gescraf i. 29 (a). 
scrlSan, svi. glide, move; ind. 

prs. 3.3. scriSeo" xx. 174, xxviii. 

1 6 ; pi. scriSaS xxviii. 8 ; prs. 

p. scriSende xx. 216. 
scucca, wm. evil spirit, demon ; 

g. pi. scuccena 129. 6. 
seufan, svz. move, fall ; ind. prs. 

3-j. scyfS xiii. 58. 
seurmselum, adv. in gusts, 

stormily ; scyrmselnm 47. 25. 
scyld, /. guilt ; d. scylde 67. 4, 

102. 30; a. 112. 12, xxv. 71; 

//. g. scylda 131. 15; a. 123. 

22. 
scyldig, adj. guilty ; d. wk. 

scyldgan 123. 19; a. scyl- 

digne 19. 26 ; wk. scyldgan 123. 

i8;//. wk. scyldgan 123. 21; 

d. scildigum 10. 19*; comp. 

scyldigra, more to blame 19. 19. 
se, demon st. adj. (f. seo ; n. Sset) ; 

that, the; passim; w. proper 

names, 7. 6, xxvi. 34 &c. ; fq. 

used as pers. pron. 7. 13 &c. ; 

as rel. 19. 31 &c. ; esp. n. tfeet 

7. 3, xix. 3 &c. ; w. masc. antec. 

xxviii. 5, 18, 31 40 \fern. 35. 31 ; 

compd. that which Pr. 14, xiii. 79 

&c. ; call Saet 22. 30, xxii. 14 &c. ; 

Sect Sset 1 1 . 30, xx. 1 20 &c. ; fq. 

used as conj., v. tSset ; "Sses used 

as adv., v. "Sees; Ssem w. strong 

adj. 134. 32; inst. Son, fty ; 

Son only tised w. preps, or as 



GLOSSARY 



287 



adv. w. comp., v. "Son ; fty 17. 

25, 32. 18 ; also as adv., v. fly ; 

and w. preps. : w. be 83. i ; mid 

135. 18, xxv. 13, xxxi. 18 ; for 

101. 28 &c. ; on 58. 19 ; forms : 
f. sio usual in C, 12. 16, iv. 34 

&c.; seo 29. 16, i. 22 &c. ; seo 

usualin B, 23. 8 &c. ; sio about 

12 times, 22. 24 &c. ; sie 80. 

6* ; n. Saet ; g. gen. Saes in B 

and C, ii. 25 &c. ; Sas53. 26*, 

28*, in. 24*; /. Saere ; </. 

Saem m C, 12. 7, i. 40 &c. ; 

0am &?#/ 14 times, 12. 20, i. 

44 &c. ; Sam z>z B, 7. 20 &c. ; 

San 9. 1 6* ; y. Saere ; ftaerae 49. 

22*; a. Sone ; Saene 115. 26*; 

f. Sa ; w. Saet ; inst. Son, Sy ; 

Sy is usual form in C ; Si 138. 

21 ; Se 82. 25, 121. 22, xi. 29 

andfq. as a^fo., z\ "8e ; Sa 138. 

8 ; Si in B, 35. 15 &c. ; //. Sa ; 

ta after Saet 107. 7 ; g. Sara ; 

Saera 53. 20, 80. i*, 146. 22* ; 

d. Saem in C, 15. 5, iv. 20 &c. ; 

Sam about 7 times, 25. I, i. 21 

&c. ; Sam in B, Pr. 4 &c. ; 

San 14. 13* ; a. Sa; Sa 40. I. 
sealt, adj. salt ; a. sealtne xix. 

16. 
searo, w. device, wile ; . //. ? 

searuwa ix. 37. 
searocrseft, m. device, artifice ; d. 

pi. siarocrgeftum viii. 24. 
searogimm, m. precious stone ; 

g. pi. searogimma xxi. 21. 
searolice, adv. cunningly, clever 
ly ; viii. 26. 

seafi, m. pit ; d. seaSe 9. n, iii. 2. 
secan, wv. seek ; fq. 12. 10, xix. 

5 &c. ; gesecan 102. 10, xxix. 

8 ; to secanne 74. 8, 94. 24 ; 

ind.prs. i.s. sece n. 29; 3.^. 

seceS xix. 8, 45, xxii. 15 ; secS 

56. 17 &c. ; pi. secaS i fq. 31. 

26 &c. ; sece ge 25. 14 ; pst. 

i.s. sohte 97. 25 ; 3.*. 95. i, 

xxii. 7 ; pi. sohton 26. 18, 99. 

23, 127. 4; sbj. prs. sece 89. 7, 

xxi. 7, xxii. 8 ; gesece 53. 5 ; 

//. secan 73. 25* ; prs. p. 

secende xx. 214, 221. 



secg, m. man ; a. MPr. 7 ; g. pi. ? 

secgge/tfr secggea (?) ix. 42. 
secgan, ivv. say, tell; fq. 36. 21, 

ii. 17 &c. ; gesecgan 71. 14, xix. 

40; seggan 8. 13*, 68. 7, 70. 2, 

3, 99. 4, 6; secgean 27. 15, 

MPr. 10 ; secggean 66. 20; to 

secganne 13. 14, 39. 10*, 41. 

3* ; ind. prs. i.s. secge 27. 25 

&c. and xii. 29 ; seccge 54. 9 ; 

2.J. saegst usiial form in C, 75. 

6 &c. ; segst z>z B, 23. 12 &c. ; 

3.j. saegS 83. 26, 127. 8 ; //. 

secgaS 8 1. 17 &c. and xxi. 4 ; 

seggaS 68. 19, xx. 184 ; pst. i.s. 

saede xxv. 54, 60 ; 2.s. saedest 

usual form 9. 23 &c. ; saedes 8 

times in C, 98. 24 &c. ; 3.5-. saede 

9. 5 &c. ; //. saedon 143. 22, ix. 

61, xxvi. 74 ; saede wit 143. 22* ; 

imp. saga 21. 26, 107. 20; 

saege 13. 2, 27. 23 ; sege usual 

form 27.27 &c. ; gesege 12. 27, 

20. 28, 62. 2, 68. 14 ; sbj. prs. 

sec g e 75- 3, 120. 6, 140. 12 ; 

gesecge 95. 2, xxii. 13 ; pst. 

saede 50. 21, xx. 182 ; pp. 

gesaed 5 times, 25. 29 &c. 
sefa, wm. mind, heart ; i. 71 ; xxv. 

46; g. sefan xxv. 42 ; d. xvi. 2, 

xix. 38, xxii. 8, xxvi. 65 ; a. 

xxii. 33. 
sefte, adj. easy, mild ; f. ivk. 82. 

13 ; g. seftes 138. 22 ; a. seftne 

132. 7; w//>. a. seftran 133. 

10. 

segl, n. sail ; a. 16. 29, 144. 30. 
sel, adv. better; sael xv. 10; sup. 

selest 91. 14. 
seldan, adv. seldom ; seldon 35. 

7, xxviii. 71 ; seldum hwonne 

115. 8 ; comp. seldnor xxviii. 66; 

sup. seldost 126. 22. 
seldcu S, adj. rare, wonderful : g. 

seldcuSes 85. 25 ; wk. seldcuSan 

1 02. 21 ; a. f. seldcuSe 100. 10 ; 

a. pi. n. seldcuS 127. 2. 
seldhwoiine, adv. seldom; 43. 30. 
self, pron. self ; same ; ic . . . self 

47. 5 ; Su self 13. n, xx. 16 &c. ; 

Su Se self 11. 8, 28. 24, 104. 4 ; 

he self 22. 32, ix. 31 &c. ; hio . . . 



288 



GLOSSARY 



self 47. 19 ; sio geseelS self 87. 
19 ; n. good self 83. 7 ; wk. 
selfa 1 1 times in Met. i. 32 &c. ; 
eart Se selfa xx. 45 ; g. Sines 
selfes 25. 22 ; his selfes 37. 15, 
59. 32, xvi. 2, 21 ; d. Se selfum 

13. 14, v, 37 &c. ; fte selfum 
agnes 69. 10 ; Gode selfum xx. 
35 ; him selfum f. selfre xiii. 
75, xx. 206, 220, 222 ; wk. on 
Sisse selfan bee, same xxv. 54 ; 
a. Se selfne 16. 26 c. and xx. 
273 ; hine selfne 8. 5 &c. ; /. hie 
selfe 13. 31, xx. 2ii &c. ; //. ge 
selfe 32. 16; him selfe 49. 32, 
53. 20, xi. 87 ; g. selfra willum, 
by your own consent x. 19 ; 
heora selfra 30. 12, 38.22; d. 
eow selfum 31. 25; a. us selfe 
29. 6, 8; eow selfe 29. 5, 32. 
13 ; hie selfe 32. 19, 38. 21. 

selfe, adv. swa selfe, in the same 
way, also; xvii. 25, xx. 192, 199. 

selflice, 1) sbst. n. conceit, ego 
tism ; a. 9. 27. 2) adj. conceited; 
a. selflicne MPr. 7. 

selfwill, n. one s own will ; d. 
selfwille 24. 20, iv. 50. 

sellan, ivv. give; 14. 10, 25. 30, 
58. 20, 64. 14, 22, 78. n, 22 ; 
to sellanne 117. 21, 143. 23; 
ind. prs. 2.s. selest 10. 10, 30. 

14, iv. 21, xx. 226; sellest 10. 
13* ; 3.J. seleS 133. 21, xvii. 10; 
selS 19. 10, 27. 30, 28. 2, 7, 69. 
21, 1-25. 16 ; geselS*, gesaelS 77. 
5 ; pi. sellaS 143. i ; pst. i.s. 
sealde 8. 21 ; 2.s. sealdest 22. 8 ; 
gesealdest 16. 31 ; $.s. sealde 
113. 7, 142. n, 145. 16; pi. 
sealdon i. 24 ; sbj. prs. selle 38. 
32, 132. 6, 134.13, 141. 23;//. 
sellen 28. 20 ; pp. geseald 28. 8, 
77. 8; a. gesealdne 18. 2. 

sellic, adj. rare, wonderful ; n. 
xxviii. 53 ; comp. n. sellicre xi. 
50. 

selra, comp. adj. good ; better ; 
xv. 15 ; sella i. 50 ; sup. selest, 
best 141. ii, 13; wk. selesta 
xx. 203 ; /. wk. seleste 52. 31, 
53. 15; d. selestum, gesselestum* 



76. 15 ; //. wk. selestan 77. 28, 

30, 84. 4, 5, 129. 24, 130. 16; 

a. wk. 56. 17. 
sendan, wv. send ; 99. 2 ; ind. prs. 

3.s. sendeS xxix. 84 n. ; sent 136 

25 ; pst. 3.J, sende 7. 19, i. 63. 
seo, v. se. 
seoc, adj. ill, sick; wk. sioca 123. 

13 ; a. siocne 107. 29, 123. 32. 
seofian, wv. trans, and intrans. 

lament ; siofian 21. 26, 116. 18, 

1 20. 27, xxvi. 82 ; ind. prs. 2.s. 

siofast 17. 1 6 ; pi. seofiaft 61. 

14* ; pst. 2.s. seofodest n. 31 ; 

siofodes 120. 24, 143. 5; sbj. 

prs. seofige 19.4; siofige 104. 

II, 26 ; prs. p. siofigende ii. 2. 
seofon, num. seven; siofon 127. 

10. 

seofung, f. lamenting, lamenta 
tion; 59.25; siofung 143. 4 ; a. 

seofunga 19. 3, 67. 29; g. pi. 

siofunga xvi. 7. 
seolfor, n. silver; 120. 15 ; d. 

seolfre 19. 5. 
seolfren, adj. of silver; n. sylo- 

fren xxi. 21 ; pi. wk. seolfrenan 

89. 12 ; n. selfrenu, sylfrenu* 

104. 17. 

seoloc, m. silk ; d. sioloce viii. 24. 
seolocen, adj. of silk ; g. pi. 

seolocenra 33. 30. 
geseon, sv^. see; ^lsual form in 

B, 39. 21 &c. ; gesion 89. 20*, 

105. 8*, 124. 7*; seon 122. i*; 
gesion in C, 89. 31, xx. 259 &c. ; 
to seonne 14. 12*; to geseonne 
81. 3*; ind. prs. \.s. geseo 9. 
16* ; 2.s. gesihst 9. 24 &c. ; $.s. 
gesiehS 126. 22*; gesihff 38. 4 
&c. and xxviii. 66 ; geseohS 141. 
1 8 ; pi. geseoS 6i. 13* &c. ; 
gesioS 107. 30 &c. and xx. 231, 
xxviii. 71 > pst. J.s. geseah n. 3 
&c. ; 3.^. seah viii. 29 ; geseah 
34. i &c. ; pi. gesawon 33. 25, 
99. 25, viii. 13 ; gesawan viii. 
36 (J); sbj. prs. gesio 22. 32, 
52. i*; pst. gesawe 22. 8, 62. 
J 5: pl- gesawan 35. 31*; pp. 
gesewen 136. i*. 

setl, n. a) seat, abode ; fr) setting 



GLOSSARY 



289 



(of sun); d. setle 10. 2 (a), 126. 

12 (I?) ; #. setl 19. 14 (a) ; on 

setl xxviii. 39 (), xxix. 27 (), 

31 ($) ; a.//, sitlu ix. 42 (a). 

gesetnes, _/! institution ; decree, 

law; a. gesetennesse 49. 26 n.\ 

pi. gesetenessa 43. 22 a. geset- 

nessa 10. 14, xi. 71. 

settan, wv. place, set ; appoint, 

establish ; 26. 24, vii. 10 ; him 

an settan, inflict 133. 5 ; geset- 

tan, compose 8. 7 ; to gesettane 

y i- 7 (J) ; * n d. prs. 2,.s. set 98. 

23 ; geset 69. 22 ; pi. settaS 73. 

29; pst. i.s. sette ii. 7; 2.5. 

settest 19. 14; gesettest 79. 13, 

80. 2, xx. 89, 91, 177 ; 3.j. sette 

word be worde, translated Pr. 

3 ; gesette 48. 27 ; //. setton 

viii. 26 ; intrans. set out, i. 4 ; 

imp. sete 26. 27, 91. 21 ; sbj. 

prs. sette 26. 26 ; sette domas 

35- 31 ; gesette xi. 12, 21 ; pi. 

settan 73. 28*, xix. 10 ; setton 

73- 3i* 5 // geset 25. 15, 49. 2, 

49- I 7, xi - 5 6 ; / gesette 49. 

24, xi. 65. 

seflan, TW. prove: geseSan 17. 9; 

PP- geseSed 89. 26. 
gesewenlic, adj. visible ; pi. f. 
gesewenlica 128. 2 ; g. gesewen- 
licra 48. 24, xx. 7 ; d. gesewen- 
licum 80. 27, xx. 127; a.f. ge- 
sewenlice 79. n*. 
sibb./l peace ; d. on sibbe 53. 23 ; 

a. 48. 28, xi. 14 &c. 
gesibblice, adv. peacefully ; gesib- 

lice xx. 68. 
gesibbsum, adj. peaceable, mild ; 

wk. gesibsuma 136. TO. 
sibbsumlice, adv. peacefully ; sib- 

sumlice 80. 3. 
sicettung,/. sighing, lamentation; 

siccetung ii. 4 (J). 
sld, adj. spacious ; f. wk. side 
xxix. 75 ; a. sidne xxix. 60 ; 
wk. sidan xi. 63, xx. 127 ; pi. g. 
sidra xiii. n, xxv. 55 ; a.f. sida 
xxix. 47. 

sidu, m. custom, habit; sido 61. 
19 I 3 I - 32 5 a. 48. 27, xi. 12 ; 
sidu 16. 28 ; //. d. sidum 42. 24. 

u 



sierwan, wv. plot ; w. ymbe ; ind. 

pst. pi. sieredon 36. 19*, 22*, 

70. 24* ; siredon 36. 19 ; syredon 

36. 22. 
sife$a,/. pi, sittings, bran ; syfeSa, 

siofooa* 93. 5. 
siftan, wv. sift ; ind. prs. %.s. sett 

93- 5- 

sigan, svi. fall, sink; iv. 50, vii. 

23, xx. 165 ; ind. prs. pi. sigaS 

xxix. 15 ; sbj. prs. sige 81. 12; 

prs. p. sigende 26. 28 ; d. wk. 

sigendan 27. i. 

sige, m. setting (of sun); d. on sige 

xiii. 56; a. 37.7. 
sigedryhten, ;;/. victorious lord, 

king ; sigedrihten xx. 260. 
sigetteod,/". victorious nation ; n. 

pi. sigefteoda i. 4. 
sigor, m. victory, triumph ; g. pi. 

sigora xi. 27, 71, 96, xx. 204. 
gesiliS, f. sight, sense of sight; 

145. 1 8, 24 ; a. gesihfte 14. 6. 
simbel, adv. always ; on symbel 

1 8. 6, xi. 50, 94. 

simle, adv. always ; usual form 
in B, ii. 20 &c. ; about 15 times 
in C, 30. 26, ii. 19 &c. ; symle 
usual form in C, about 60 times, 
1 8. 17, viii. 1 8 &c. ; sometimes 
written syle 106. 5 &c. ; not in 
B ; siemle 14. 24*, 18. 31* ; 
semle 87. 31, 117. 32, xx. 198. 
sin, rflx. poss. adj. his, her, its ; g. 
sines iv. 10, xxi. 38, xxii. 62 ; d. 
sinum xxii. 57 ; g. pi. sinra ix. 
56, xxvi. 70. 
sinbiernende, adj. ever-burning ; 

n. sinbyrnende viii. 52. 
sincgiefa, wm. giver of treasure, 

lord ; sincgeofa i. 50. 
sincstan, m. jewel ; xxi. 21. 
singal, adj. continuous, lasting ; 
wk. singala 26. 6 ; f. singale vii. 
50; wk. 27. 13; d. singalum 134. 
32 ; a. singalne 78. 12, 126. 17, 
xxviii. 53 ; f. singale xxix. 5. 
singallice, adv. continually, con 
stantly ; 27. u, 41. 9, vii. 46, 
xi. 14. 

singan, sv$. sing ; recite ; 8. 7, ii. 
4 &c. ; ind. prs. pi. singaS 1 8 . 



290 



GLOSSARY 



28 ; pst. i.s. sane ii. 2 (J); song 

8. 6* ; 3.J. sang 33. 13, vi. 2 ; 

song vii. $; prs. p. singend 8. 5 ; 

singende 9. 29 &c. ; singende 

Sone ealdan cwede 33. 13 ; sin- 

ginde 73. 22. 
sinhiwscipe, m. marriage ; a. pi. 

sinhigscipas 50. i. 
sinscipe, m. marriage ; a. pi. sin- 

scipas xi. 91. 
sittan, SVK,. sit ; dwell ; 18. 25, 61. 

18, 22, in. 13 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 

siteS xxix. 75 ; sit 136. 14, 22, 

148. 31 ; //. sittaS 10. 19, iv. 

37 ; pst. 3-j 1 . saet 102. 4, xxvi. 

1 6 ; pi. sseton 61. 20 ; on saeton, 

attacked ; sbj. prs. rjlx. sitte 

him 104. 33. 
sift, m. a) journey ; xxvi. 62 ; a. 

iv. 1 6. b) time; on anne siS, 

all at once 39. 19. 
geslS, m. companion, warrior ; d. 

pi. gesiSum xxvi. 20. 
si B San, 1) adv. since, afterwards ; 

14. 7, v. 17 &c.; siSfta xxiv. 30. 

2) conj. after, since ; 20. 3, xxiv. 

25 &c. ; w. sbj. 52. 24, 139. ii ; 

siSSan i> 112. 2 ; siSses 45. 30*. 
siwian, wv. sew ; siowian viii. 24. 
slsepan, rv. sleep ; ind. prs. %.s. 

slaepS 148. 22 ; pi. slapaS 93. 

9 ; pst. pi. slepon 33. 31 ; rjlx. 

him slepon viii. 27. 
slaw s,/", sloth ; d slaewSe 44. 2, 

109. 4. 
slaw, adj. sluggish, slothful; 114. 

slean, sv6. a} strike ; b] cast ; c) 

intrans. plunge ; 116. 15 (b) ; 

ind. prs. pi. slea^ 99. 24 (a), 

115. 9 (c\ 
sliepan, wv. slip, put (on) ; ind. 

pst. 3.^. hefig geoc slepte ix. 55. 
slitan, svi. tear, rend; xiii. 29 ; 

ind. pst. 3.j. slat 103. i. 
slTSen, adj. severe, cruel ; f. wk. 

sliSne 13. 24. 
smsel, adj. narrow, slender ; inst. 

smale 65. 30 (smalan B) ; n. pi. 

wk. smalan 36. 9. 
smale, adv. finely ; smale todsele 

swa dust 28. 22. 



smeagan, wv. investigate, ex 
amine ; reflect; 7. 17, 36. 5, 
41. 19; smeagean 50. 28; ind. 

prs. 3.^. smeaS 8r. 29, 30, 129. 
28, 148. 15, xx. 214, 215, 221; 

pst. 3.^. smeade 55. 9 ; imp. pi. 
smeageaS, smeag 5* 73. 9 ; sbj. 

prs. pi. smeagen, smean* 146. 
21 ; prs. p. smeagende 81. 27, 

XX. 212. 

smealic, adj. searching, profound ; 
d. wk. smealican 50. 14. 

smealice, adv. searchingly, pro 
foundly ; 28. 22, 52. 15 ; comp. 
smealicor 27. 16 ; sitp. smealicost 
21. 15. 

smearcian, wv. smile; 127. 2; 
ind. pst. 3.^. smearcode 91. 11, 
94. 16, 137. 28 ; smearcade 98. 
20 ; smercode 94. 16*. 

smeaung, f. meditation, reflec 
tion ; 130. 29. 

smiec, m. smoke ; smec 63. 27. 

srnolte, adv. gently ; vi. 8. 

smugan, sv2. creep; prs. p. 
smugende 53. 7; smuhende 147. 

5*. 
smylte, 1) adj. calm, mild ; f. 

smyltu 89. 10 ; smylte xxi. 15 ; 

5 2 - 4; g-f- smyltre 29. 14; 

a. wk. smyltan 10. 13; smylton 

21. 7 j f- smylte v. 7 i inst. 14. 

12 5 g- pi" smyltra 17. 26. 2) 

adv. gently, softly ; 21.4. 
snaw, m. snow ; xxix. 63 ; pi. 

snawas 52. 5, 136. 17. 
snawceald, adj. cold as snow ; g. 

snawcealdes xxix. 8. 
smcan, svi. creep; ind. prs. $.pl- 

snicaS xxxi. 6 ; prs. p. snicende 

147. 5 n. 
sniSan, sv i. cutoff, remove ; 123. 

15- 
snytro, f. prudence, wisdom ; a. 

20. ii ; snyttro 17. 13. 
softe, 1) adj. quiet, gentle ; a. 

pi. f. softa xxix. 47. 2) adv. 

gently ; xx. 7, 68, 272, xxiv. 53 ; 

comp. softer, more comfortably, 

more easily 133. 17. 
sol, n. mire ; pi. dirty places ; d. 

solum 115. 7 ; a. solu 115. 9. 



GLOSSARY 



291 



son, m. sweet sound, music ; g. 
sones 1 02. 8, 21. 

sona, adv. immediately, at once ; 
9. 19, viii. I &c. ; sona svva, as 
soon as n. 2, 14. 3, 116.6, 141. 

5- 
sorg, _/. grief; affliction ; 70. 27 ; 

sorges 16. 18* ; sorge 127. 

24 ; d. 16. ii, 24. 16, 70. 7 ; d. 

pi. sorgum 66. 3, iii. 8, xxvi. 96. 
sorgian, iw. grieve, be troubled ; 

to sorgienne 24. 16* ; ind. pst. 

3.^. sorgode ix. 34; prs. p. sor- 

giende 17. 14, 116. 26; a. 

sorgiendne 20. 31. 
sotS, 1) adj. true, real ; 17. 1 8 &c. 

and xx. 246 ; wk. softa xx. 51 ; 
f. softe 141. 19* ; wk. 39. 9 &c. 

and xxx. 17; ;z. soft 21.12 &c. ; 

?e;/. softe 89. 28 ; g. softes xx. 

270, xxiv. 30; d. softum ; to 

softum, for a truth 12. 19 ; wk. 

softan 12. 20 &c. ; a. wk. 14. 6 

&c. ; n. soft 78. 26 &c. ; wk. 

soffe 14. 8 &c. <7af v. 25 ; //. 

sofie 18. 6 &c.; /. softa 118. 3 

&c. 0wdf xii. 23, xix. 32 ; n. soft 

ii. 1 8 ; g. softra xxi. 25 ; wk. 

softena 51. 22 &c. ; d. softum 

48. 2 (softan J) &c. ; a. f. softa 

82. 26, xii. 30 &c. ; wk. softan 

51. 23 &c. and vii. 30; comp. 

softra xxviii. 35 ; n. softre 59. 

20, 85. 21 ; a. n. 94. 8. 2) 

sbst. n. truth; d. softe 21. 19 

&c. ; a. soS 17. 20 &c. and xx. 

94 ; for soft, for a fact 17. 20* 
soflcwide, m. true saying, truth ; 

//. g. softcwida ii. 7, vii. 3 ; a. 

softcwidas 14. 3, vi. 2, viii. 3. 
so Sfsest, adj. truthful, just ; g. pi. 

softfsestra xx. 272. 
soflfsestnes, /. truth ; justice ; g. 

softfsestnesse 95. 13, 99. 24, 121. 

14, xxii. 38 ; a. 97. 27, 101. 12. 
sofclic, adj. true; n. 121. 5. 
soflspell, n. true narrative ; a. 99. 

5- 

spaca, wm. spoke of wheel; 129. 
32; g. spacan 129. 26 n. ; d. 
JSQ. 2, 5; pi. 129. 26, 31, 130. 
13 ; d. spacum 130. 13. 



spanan, rv. attract, allure; ind. 
prs. 2.s. spsenst 127. 2; pi. 
spanaft 16. 6. 

spearca, wm. spark ; 99. 24 ; d. 
spearcan 13. 33; a. trace, scin 
tilla 123. 21. 

sped, f. a) success ; b} power, 
means; a. iv. 9 (Ii), 32 (), xx. 
258 (b) ; d. pi. spedum no. 
27 (a). 

spell, n. narrative, tale ; discourse, 
argument ; 95. 19 &c. ; g. spelles 
142. 2 ; d. spelle 118. 20, 135. 
19 and v\\. 2 ; engliscum spelle, 
prose Pr. 9 ; a. spell, contrasted 
with leoft 26. 23 &c. and xxv. 
I, xxvi. 73; spel 27. 15, 60. 
26, 71. 3 ; pi. spell 103. 14 &c. ; 
g. spella 118. 12, 14 ; d. spellum 
70. 25, xxvi. 2 &c. ; a. spell 
108. i. 

spellian, wv. discourse; contrasted 
with singan; 34. 15 &c.; spelli- 
gan 65. 2* ; spillian 47. 4 ; ind. 
pst. $.$. spellode MPr. 4. 

spigettan, wv. spit ; 61. 23. 

spor, n. track; d. spore 121. 25. 

sprsec, /. speech; discourse, 
argument ; subject of dis 
cussion ; 42. 26; sprsece 137. 
i ; g. 97. 26, 127. 5, 6; d. 
42. 23. &c. ; a. 88. 32, ii. 8 &c.; 
g pi- sprseca, languages 42. 27. 

sprecan, sv^. speak ; fq. Pr. 14 
&c. and MPr. 8, viii. 32 ; con 
trasted iv. singan 9. 16 ; ind. 
prs. i.s. sprece 31. 17 &c. ; 3.^. 
spricft 28. 14* ; sprecft Pr. 14* ; 
//. sprecaft x. 45 &c. ; pst. I .s. 
sprsec 1 1 8. 28 ; 2.s. sproece 100. 
8 ; 3..?. spraec i. 81 ; pi. spraecon 
23. 6 &c. and xxvii. 30 ; imp.. 
spree 137. 19; sbj. prs. pi. 
sprecen 84. 3 ; sprecan 137. 18 ; 
pst. pi. sprsecen 1 7. 3 ; sprsecon 
137. 1 8* ; pp. gesprecen 41. 7. 

springan, sv$. spring; ind. prs. 
3.j. sprincft 57. 23*. 

spryttan, wv. sprout ; ind. prs. 
%.pl. spryttaft xxix. 67. 

spyrian, wv. (usually w. sefter) 
follow up, investigate; fq. 72. 



U 2 



292 



GLOSSARY 



io &c. and xix. 33, xxii. 2 ; 

spirigan 94. 27*; ind. prs. 2.s. 

spyrast 59. 27*, 90. 27*; spyrest 

27. 21 ; 3.^. spyreS 145. 7, xxvii. 

9 ; pi. spyriaS 121. 21 &c. ; 

spiriaft 131. 20 ; pst. 3.5. spyrede 

xxvii. 1 6 ; pi. spyredon 78. 19 ; 

sbj. prs. spyrie 121. 24; pi. 

spyrien 101. 7; spyrigen 99. 

21, 1 1 8. 1 6 ; gespyrigen 99. 

21*. 
stsef, m. a) stick ; /;) letter of 

alphabet; d. pi. stafum 46. 27 

(b\ 108. ii (a). 
stseppan, sv6. step, go; gestseppan 

xx. 140. 
st8e"S, n. shore ; a. pi. sta<5u vi. 

gestaeftSig, adj. steady, steadfast ; 
gestseSSig 105. 19, xxiv. 42, 
xxix. 85 ; ivk. gestceSSega 136 
26* ; d. wk. gestaeSSigan 128. 
3 ; gestseSftegan 129. 16. 

stan, 111. stone, rock ; 14. 15, 
xxi. 21 ; d. stane 27. 6 ; a. stan 
92. 25, vii. 33 ; //. stanas 92. 
23, 101. 28; precious stones 
89. 12 ; d. stanum 81. 5, xx. 
151 ; a. stanas 73. 2. 

staiidan, sv6. stand ; stand fast, 
abide; 26. 31*, 48. 29*, 49. 
27*, 105. 23*; gestandan 80. 
15* ; xx. 95 ; stondan 91. 28, 

101. 29, xxiv. 54 ; to standanne 
57. 21* ; ind. prs. %.$. stent 
27. i, Si. 12, xx. 171, xxix. 16 ; 
stent on, depends on 124. 20; 
stint 129. 20 ; pst. ^.s. stod i. 28, 
xx. 1 34 ; pi. stodon, stood still 

1 02. 6 ; prs. p. g. stondendes 
21. 8*. 

gestandan, sv6. attack, assail ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. gestent 27. i ; pi. 

gestondaS" xii. 14 ; pst. 3.5. 

gestod 115. 21. 

sta"Sol, m. foundation ; 86. 2, 4. 
staUolfeest, adj. firm, fixed ; 97. 

n, xi. 99. 
staftolian, ivv. fix, hold fast ; 

ind. 2,.s. gestaSolacS 57. 4 ; pst. 

2.s. gestaSoladest 81. io*, xx. 
, 161 ; 3.^. staftolade xxix. 85 ; 



staSelode 136. 27*; pp. gesta- 

Selod 50. 4*. 
steap, ;;/. drinking-vessel, bowl ; 

d. steape viii. 21. 
stearc, adj. rough, violent ; wk. 

stearca 21. 5, vi. n, xii. 14 ; 

n. stearc xxvi. 29 ; a. wk. 

stearcan 10. 11 ; pi. stearce 52. 

5 ; a. wk. stearcan 92. 6. 
stede, m. place, position ; 80. 

26, 96. 20 ; space, extent, 46. 

5 ; d. 27. 3 ; 46. 20, vii. 25, 

x. II ; a. xx. 64, xxviii. 29. 
stemn, f. voice ; d. stemne 68. 

ii, 116. 24, i. 84; a. 57. 20; 

stefne xiii. 49. 
stemn, m. trunk (of tree) ; 91. 

28, 32 ; foundation, base, 86. 2. 
steora, ivm. steersman ; stiora 97. 

", 13- 
steorleas, adj. uncontrolled ; 

misguided ; d. steorleasum x. 
\i\pl. stiorlease 13. 21. 

steorra, ivm. star ; 105. 12, xxviii. 
28 &c. ; g. stiorran xxviii. 44 ; 
d. steorran v. 2, xxiv. 19 ; stior 
ran 105. 12*; a. steorran 10. 
8 ; pi. 10. 6 &c. and vi. 5, 
xxviii. 32 ; stiorran xxix. 14 ; 
g. steorrena 19. 2, 29. 15 ; d. 
steorrum 105. 13, xvii. ii, 
xxiv. 24 ; a. steorran iv. 8. 

steorroftor, n. rudder ; steorrotfer 
97. II ; d. stiorroftre 98. 2, 
100. 21. 

steort, m. tail ; d. steorte 102. 

*5- 

sticel, m. sting, bite ; d. pi. 

sticelum 36. 8. 
stician, wv. stick fast, remain ; 

ind. prs. $.$. sticaft xx. 120 ; //. 

sticiaS 112. 16, 129. 31 ; sticiaS 

gehydde 10. 20. 
stiepan, ivv. raise, exalt ; ind. 

pst. $.$. stepte xv. 8. 
stieran, ivv. iv. a. or d. guide, 

wield, govern ; in. d. or a.and g. 

restrain (from) ; stiran 10. 25* 

(d.} ; steoran 40. ii* (a.\ iv. 

49; gesteoran 39. 30* (^/.and^.) ; 

stioran 40. 14* (a.} ; gestioran 

125. 5 (a. and g.}, ix. 52 (d. 



GLOSSARY 



293 



and g.} ; ind.prs. 2.s. styrestSi. 

14* (a.*); xx. 178 (a.}; 3.*. 

stioreS xxiv. 40 (d.} ; stiorS 105. 

19* (d.) ; pst. 3.^. stiorde 94. 13 

(</.) ; j^ . pst. pi. gestirden 134. 

5 (rf.) ; //. him biS gestiored 

hiora orsorgnessa 117- 8. 
stlg,/. path ; a. stige xxiii. 10. 
stigan, svi. ascend ; gestigan 

xxix. 12; ind. prs. $.$. stigS 

57. 25*; stihS xiii. 61. 
stihtan, ow. arrange, regulate ; 

ind.prs. 2.s. stihtest xx. 178. 
stillan., wv. cease from motion, 

become still ; gestillan 49. 4, 

xi. 26; ind.prs. %.$. gestilde 

102. 33 ; pi. gestildon 103. 2 ; 

pp. trans, gestilled 49. i ; pi. 
f. gestilde xi. 19. 
stille, adj. (often w. gesceaft) 

motionless, calm ; 79. 15, xx. 

16 ; f. 129. 20, xx. 172; n. 

xx. 151 ; g.f. stillre92. 23 ; wk. 

stillan 128. 3, 129. 16; a. f. 

stille 131. 3 ; wk. stillan 49. 

25; n. pi. stillu 128. 2 ; stille 

101. 29. 
stilnes, f. calmness ; d. stilnesse 

15. 19; on stilnesse, at rest 

16. 9. 

gestincan, sv^. trans, smell ; 146. 

4- 
stingan, sv%. sting ; ind.prs. $.$. 

stingeS xviii. 7; stingS 71. 7. 
storm, m. storm; iv. 22, vi. n ; 

d. storme 14. 11; pi. stormas 

18. 13, 52. 5, 92. 6, iii. 3, xii. 

14 ; g. storma xxvi. 29. 
stormsse, mf. stormy sea; 115. 

22. 

stow, f. place ; 24. 30, 82. 16, 

xx. 279, xxi. 1 8, xxiv. 45 ; d. 

stowe 80. 33, 91. 20, 105. 21, 

107. 12, xx. 140 ; a. n. 26, 91. 

21 ; //. stowa viii. 53 ; g. 88. 

23 ; d, stowum 96. 20 ; a. stowa 

128. 23. 
strang, adj. strong ; severe ; 87. 

4; strong 38. 3*, vi. II, vii. 

25 ; a. strangne 132. 7, 8 ; f. wk. 

Sa strongan meaht xi. 99, xx. 

i6ij 178, xxiv. 40; pi. wk. iii. 



3 ; g. strongra 27. 3* ; comp. 
strengra 37. 3, 72. 7, 93. 14; 
strencra, strsengra* 54. 23 ; g. 
strengran 75. 8 ; pi. 59. 23, 

7 2 - 5- 
strange, adv. strongly, violently ; 

vi. 15. 
stranglic, ad], strong, firm ; f. 

stronglic x. n ; a. n. 38. 4. 
stream, m. stream ; a. xxiii. 3 ; 

a. pi. streamas xx. 172. 
strengo,/. strength; 73. 12. 
gestreon, n. property ; 48. 6* ; 

gestrion i. 23 ; //. d. gestreonum, 

possessions 9. 28* ; a. gestreon 

viii. 58. 
streon, n. procreative power ? 73. 

12*. 
strican, svi . move, go ; ind. prs. 

^.s. striceS xx. 140. 
strlenan, wv. a) acquire ; b} 

beget ; pp. gestrined 70. 20 (o} ; 

gestryned 54. 4* (a). 
gestrod, n. plunder ; d. pi. ge- 

strodum 9. 28. 
stund,/". point of time, moment; 

d. stunde xxv. 68. 
stunian, wv. resound ; ind. prs. 

3.^. stunaS xiii. 49; pst. 3.^. 

stunede sio brune yS wiS o 5re, 

dashed with loud noise xxvi. 29. 
stycce, n. short space (of time) ; 

a. ymbe sticce, after a while 

100. 7. 
styrian, wv. trans, and intrans. 

move, stir ; 49. 4 ; stirian xi. 

27 ; ind. prs. 3.^. styreS xxii. 

64 ; pL styriaS xiii. 49 ; pst. 

$.pl. rflx. hi styredon 101. 28; 

prs. p. n. pi. tvk. styriendan, 

endowed with motion 146. 5, 

13; a. 146. 12; //. n. pi. 

styrede vii. 25. 
styrman, wv. be stormy ; prs. p. 

a.f. tub. styrmendan 18. 12 ; d. 

pi. styrmendum 18. 13. 
sty rung, f. a} motion ; b} stirring, 

stimulus; styring 48. 30* (a); 

d. styringe 47. 27* (b}> 
sulh., f. plough ; g. pi. sula 60. 

30- 
sum, pron. adj. some, a ceitain 



294 



GLOSSARY 



(one) ; 7. u, i. 46 &c. ; n. 83. 

10 &c. and xxii. 37 ; g. sumes 
55. 29, vii. 28 &c. ; ttsedasadv. 
to some extent, viii. 47, xx. 54 ; 
df. sumum 15. 1 8, ix. 23 &c. ; /. 
sumere 63. n ; sumre 43. 8 &c. ; 
a. sumne 24. 19 &c. and vii. 
3 ; /. sume 85. 12, ix. 15 &c. ; 
. sum 54. 4 &c.; //. sume 24. 

11 &c. ; n. sumu 129. 9; sume 
126. i &c. and xxxi. 10 ; g. 
sumra 91. 16 &c. ; d. sumum 
57. 8, xiii. 15 &c. ; a. sume 78. 
16 &c. ; f. suma 101. 14; sume 
65. 25 &c. ; w. sume ten gear 
115. 1 8 ; sume hundred scipa 
ib. 

sume, adv. to some extent, par 
tially ; 132. 3 (or error for 

sumne?). 
suinor, m. summer; 136. 15, xi. 

60, xxix. 58 ; sumer 49. 19 ; g. 

sumeres 10. 10; d. on sumera 

49. 20, 68. i, 92. 7, xvi. 13, 

xxii. 23. 
sumorlang, adj. a. pi. sumurlange 

dagas, the long days of summer 

iv. 19. 
gesund, adj. uninjured, sound ; 

healthy; 22. 6, 130. 22 ; f. 130. 

19; a. gesundne 102. 20; 

n. gesund 22. i. 
sundbuende, mpl. sea-dwellers, 

men, people; viii. 13, xxiv. 21, 

xxvi. 48. 
gesundfullice, adv. safely; sup. 

gesundfullicost 130. 15*. 
gesundfulnes, f. prosperity ; d. 

gesundfulnesse 14. 22. 
gesundlice, adv. safely; stip. 

gesundlicost 130. 15. 
sundorcrseft, m. special art or 

power ; a. 62. 33 ; g. pi. sundor- 

crsefta xx. 203. 
sundorgiefu, f. special gift or 

grace; a. sundorgife 62. 22. 
sundorstow, f. special place; a. 

sunderstowe 80. 2*. 
sunna, wm. sun ; xxviii. 61, xxix. 

37- 
sunne, wf. sun ; fq. 21. 2 , iv. 6 

&c. ; g. sunnan 12. 7, iv. 16 



&c. ; d. 14. 9, v. i &c. ; a. 10. 

3, iv. 10 &c. 
sunu, m. son; 36. 33 &c. ; g. 

suna 115. 23; pi. suna 98. 30; 

. 115. 28; d. sunum 22. 23. 
suo", adv. southward, south ; ix. 

42, x. 5, 24, xiv. 7. 
suSan, adv. from the south ; iv. 

22, vi. 8. 
suflanwestan, adv. used as adj. 

from the south-west ; 21.4. 
suftanwesterne, adj. south-west ; 

a. wk. suSan western an 10. 13. 
sutteastende, m. south-eastern 

extremity; 67. 31. 
sutJerne, adj. southern ; v. 7 ; 

wk, suSerna 14. n. 
sufteweard, adj. southward ; g. 

suoVeardes, used as adv. i. 4; 

d. from suSeweardum, from 

the south 39. 27, 41. 22. 
suftheald, adj. southward ; xxviii. 

17- 

swa, 1) adv. so, thus; 12. 17, 

iii. 8 &c. ; swae 90. 16; swa nu, 
thus for instance xi. 43, xiii. 14 ; 
swa selfe, in the same way xvii. 
25, xx. 192, 199; swa ilce 20. 
16 &c. ; swa ilce swa 92. 17; 
swa swa xiii. 64 ; swa . . . -p, 
in such a way . . . that 7. 8 &c. ; 
swa 7 swa, in such ways 125. 
29 ; introducing simile, v. 7 &c. ; 
comparison, like, xxvi. 47 ; 
alternatives, swa . . . swa, either 
... or 141. 24, 29, 142. 10, 15; 
w. adj. 7. 25, i. 77 &c. ; w. adv. 
12. 19, ii. 6 &c. ; swua efne 
from . . . oft i. 13; swa longe 
. . . swse ix. 13; w. comp. swa 
swa leng swa bet, the longer 
the better 97. 27, cf. 8. i, 19. 
9, 60. 9, 130. 16; iv. stip. and 
sbj. of maeg, as ... as 149. 6, 
xxvii. 29 &c. ; w. ind. 135. 4. 
2) conj.: often doubled, and correl. 
w. preceding swa (1) ; manner, 
as, 18. 4, xi. 100 &c. ; swae ix. 
14; w. sbj. 12. 15; swa swa 19. 
24; swa swa Pr. 3 &c., cf. 32. 
5 ; time, as soon as, xiii. 54 ; 
sona swa 14. 3 &c. and viii. i ; 



GLOSSARY 



295 



swa . . . swa 57. 23 ; place, 
swa swa, wherever ix. 40 ; 
as reL pron. call swa swa, 
whatsoever xvi. 9 ; indef. swa 
hwa (hwaet) swa u. 23, 23. 12 
&c. ; swa hwses swa 112. 3; 
swa hwelc swa 112. 24; swa 
hwseSer swa 91. 19 ; swa hwser 
swa 17. 19. 

sweecc, m. taste, flavour ; 93. 4. 

sweefan, w#. burn ? ind. firs. $.$. 
swsefeS viii. 47. 

sweer, adj. heavy, burdensome ; 
a. n. wk. swsere x. 20. 

swsere, adfo. heavily, grievously; 
sware ix. 56. 

swsernes,y. sluggishness; 95. 10. 

swseslice, adv. affably, kindly; 

36- 3 1 - 
swasS, n. footprint, track; a. 124. 

9, xxvii. 14. 

sweeper, /nw, whichever (of two) 
w. swa . . . swa 101. 8 &c. 

swangornes, f. sluggishness, lan 
guor ; swongornes 109. 4. 

swap an, rv. intrans. sweep, rush ; 
ind. prs. ^.s. swapeS vii. 20. 

swaftiir, adv. like, used like swa 
swa; 47. 26, 117. 17, 127. 17, 
xxxi. 21 ; swseSer 47. 26*. 

swafteah, acfo. however, neverthe 
less ; 16. 27, ix. 38 &c. 

sweart, adj. black, gloomy ; wk. 
swearta iv. 22 ; g. f. wk. 
sweartan 10. 5 ; a. wk. xxiii, 5 ; 
//. wk. 14. 9 ; g. sweartra iv. 6 ; 
d. sweartum v. 45. 

swearte, adv. darkly; viii. 47. 

swefl, m. sulphur ; swefel 34. 28 ; 
d. swefle 34. 9, viii. 50. 

sweg, m. sweet sound, melody ; 
d. swege 101. 28. 

swegl, n. sky ; g. swegles xxii. 

23- 
swegle, adv. brightly, radiantly ; 

xxviii. 61. 
swegltorht, adj. heavenly bright ; 

f. xxix. 24. 
swelc, adj. pron. such ; often foil. 

by swelce, q. v. 17. 9 &c. ; 

swilc 145. 7 ; swylc 75. 34 ; /. 

swelc 20. 19, 59. 25 ; n. viii. 7 ; 



swylc 104. 12, 130. 28 : g. m. 
and n. swelces n. 13 &c. ; 
swelces j swelces, this and the 
like xxviii. 49 ; swylces ix. 33 ; 
f. swelcie 104. i.i ; d. m.andn. 
swelcum 30. 9*, 63. 22 &c. ; on 
swelcum lande swa hi wreron, 
in no matter what country 64. 
6 ; swilcum 17. 8*, 136. 29*, 
xxix. 92 ; swylcum 7 swylcum, 
by this and the like xxvi. 107, 
cf. 116. 30 ; f. swelcere 31. 14* ; 
a. swelcne 42. 12 ; swilcne 62. 
19 &c. ; swylcne 145. 12, 21 ; 
f. swylce 20. 10 ; n. swelc 21. 
15*; swilc 78. 23; swylc 125. 

25, 147. 17, xxx. 18; pi. swelce 
14. 6, 87. 8, viii. 42 ; swilce 34. 
6* ; swylce 15. 25, 27 ; f. swelca 
23. 29 ; swilca 36. 1 1 : n. swelce 
59. 25* ; swselce 31. 9* ; g. 
swelcra 92. 8. x. 55 ; swylcra 
xix. 25 ; d. swelcum 54. i*, 91. 
10; swilcum 54. i, 116. 30*; 
swylcum ib. ; a. swylce 133. 8, 
145. ii. 

swelce, 1) adv. d) like, as it 
were ; 42. 9 &c. ; swilce 41. 25, 
42. 13. #) also; iv. 13; swylce 
iv. 6, xxix. 63. 2) conj. a) w. 
ind. correl. w. preceding swelc 
17. 9 &c. ; swilce 91. i &c. ; 
swylce 145. 9 &c. b] w. sbj. as 
\i\fq. 15. 22 &c. ; swilce 92. 
14 ; swylce (4 times in C) 92. 
12 &c. 

swelgan, sv$. swallow ; absorb ; 
ind. prs. $.$. swelgeS xx. 96 ; 
swilg5 80. 16* ; swylgS 26. 28*, 
29*. 

swelgend,/. abyss; 19. 7. 

sweltan, sv$. die ; ind. ^.pl. 
sweltafi 45. 26 ; sbj. prs. swelte 
22. 32 ; prs. p. sweltende 23. i. 

swencan, wv. afflict, torment ; 123. 
33, v. 41 ; ind. prs. ^.s. swencS 
52.17; sbj. prs. swence 133. 5*, 
8, vii. 50 ; //. geswenced 8. 19, 
54. 2, iii. 8 ; //. geswencte 130. 

26, 133. 6. 

sweor, m. father-in-law; swior 

22. 5. 



296 



GLOSSARY 



sweora, wm. neck ; d. swiran 46. 

8*, x. 19 ; a. pi. swyran ix. 56. 
sweorcan, -5^3. grow dark ; prs. p. 

sweorcende iii. 2. 
sweord, n. sword; 65. 30; d. 

sweorde 28. 17, 39. 24, ix. 31 ; 

a. sweord ix. 60 ; n. pi. 40. 2*. 
gesweostran,/". pi. sisters ; g. ge- 

swysterna (geswystrena* B", 

beam, cousins 98. 32. 
sweotol, adj. evident, manifest; n. 
fq. 26.12 &c. and ix. 61 ; swiotol 

22. 24*, 25. 10; sup. n. wk. 

sweotoloste 119. 17. 
sweotole, adv. clearly, distinctly ; 

21. 16, v. i &c. ; sweotule 15. 

4* ; sweotele 9. I* ; swutole 21. 

24* ; swetole viii. 2 (J) ; switole 

48. 14* ; comp. sweotolor 24. 

I 8cc.and-x.ii. 23; sup. sweotolost 

Pr. 4, vi. 3. 
sweotolian, wv. reveal, declare ; 

ind. prs. %.s. sweotolaS 147. 

19. 
swete, adj. sweet ; 51. 5 ; a. swetne 

132. 7, 9 ; comp. n. swetre xii. 

9 ; pi. swetran 99. 5. 
swetmettas, m. pi. dainties, deli 
cacies ; swotmettas 33. 23*; d. 

swetmettum in. 27*, xxv. 40. 
swetnes, f. sweetness; 25.7; d. 

swetnesse 15. 4. 
sweflrian. wv. subside, cease ; pp. 

geswiSrad v. 45. 
geswican, svi. w. g. cease ; 134. 

31 ; sbj.prs. geswice 109. n. 
swifan, svi. intrans. move ; ind. 

prs. %.s. swifeS xxviii. 17; sbj. 

prs. swife 14. 15 n., xxviii. 39. 
swift, adj. swift; vii. 20, xxviii. 

17 ; d. swiftum xxiv. 28 ; a. wk. 

swiftan x. 40 ; pi. swifte xi. 60 ; 

a. f. 105. 4* ; comp. swiftra 72. 

8, xxix. 31 ; //. swiftran 72.6; 

a. n. xxiv. I. 
swiftnes, f. swiftness ; g. swift - 

nesse 125. 32. 

swifto,/. swiftness; g. xxviii. 3. 
swigian, wv. be silent ; gesugian 

45. 17; ind.pst. 2..y.geswugodes 

50. 27; 3J. geswigode 14. 26, 

40. 5*, 41. 7; geswugode52.i5, 



124. 18, 126. 29, 141. 21 ; ge- 

sugode 40. 5, 41. 7. 
swin, n. pig ; d.pl. swinum 115. 6. 
geswinc, n. toil, effort ; 42. 10 ; 

d. geswince 46. 9, 82. 15, 98. 

23, 133- 2 7, xx- 2 77; g- pl- 
geswinca, hardships, troubles 27. 

3, 89. 9, 10, xxi. 10, 14. 
swincan, sv$. labour, toil ; 87. 
26, 96. 25 ; ind. prs. 2.s. swincst 
121. 25 n. ; %.s. swince S iii. 2; 
swincS 76. 26, 27, 113. 12, 135. 
4> H3- J 5 5 P l - swincaS 43. 15, 
142. 31, iv. 56 ; pst.pl. swuncon 
127. 4; sbj. prs. pl. swincen x. 
21 ; pst.pl. swuncen, geswuncen* 

J 45- 3- 

geswiiicfull, adj. laborious, trou 
blesome ; comp. pl. geswincful- 
ran 30. 25. 

, adj. strong ; d. wk. swiSan 
xxv. 46 ; comp. swiftra 93. 15. 

, adv. strongly, much ; u. 
28 &c. and iv. 35, xix. 38 ; in 
tensive, w. adj. or adv. very \fq. 
Pr. 7, iv. 19 &c. ; swy fte 36. 8 ; 
swiSe swiSe, exceedingly 51.5, 
140. i ; comp. swiSor, more 8. 
i, xi. 27 &c. ; swiSur 130. 25, 
26 ; sup. swio^ost, most, especi 
ally 15. 5, xxii. u &c. ; swi- 
Sust 55. 3, 5, 76. 15 ; swa he 
swiSost maege, as hard as he 
can 109. 12, cf. 135. 4, 139. 12, 
149. 6. 

swTSlic, adj. excessive, violent ; d. 
swiolicum 27. 2. 

swlt5lice, adv. strongly ; exceed 
ingly, much; swilSe s. 51. 8, 
107. 31, in. 28, 125. 7, 127. 4. 

swlSrian, wv. grow stronger, 
prevail ; pp. geswiftrad v. 45. 

sylian, wv. stain, pollute ; ind. 
pst. ?).s. selede ix. 60. 

synderlic, adj. special, peculiar ; 
81. 24. 

synderllce, adv. separately ; spe 
cially ; 43. i, 145. 29, 30, 31. 

syndrian, wv. separate ; //. //. 
gesindrede 114. 6. 

synfull, adj. sinful ; pl. n. wk. 
synfullan 121. 12. 



GLOSSARY 



297 



syngian, wv. sin ; sbj. pst. ^.pl. 

gesyngoden 143. 27. 
synn,/". sin ; syn 84. 19, 31. 
sype, m. soaking, absorption ; d. 

80. 16, xx. 97. 



T. 

tacn, n. sign, token ; 107. 28, 

1 18. n, 134. 7, ii ; tacen 119. 

17 ; a. tacn 107. 29 ; d. pi. tac- 

num 26. n. 

tacnian, wv. mark, signify ; ind. 
prs. 3.J-. tacnaS 136. I, 147. 9; 

pi. tacniaS 83. 27. 
tacnuiig, f. indication, emblem ; 

20. 24 ; d. tacnunge 16. 18*. 
tsecan, wv. point out, show; 118. 

18, 127. i, 145. 17 ; getaecan 51. 

20, 78. 10, 32, 89. 32, I0 4 . 

27, 139. 26; to tsecanne 127. 23; 

ind. prs. 2.s. taehst 121. 22; pst. 

i.s. tsehte 90. i, 6 ; 2.s. taehtest 

97. 16 ; imp. getaec 24. 19, 105. 

32 ; sbj. prs. getaece 74. 20. 
tsecing, f. demonstration ; d. 

tseoinge 90. i. 
tsecning, f. demonstration ; d. 

tsecninge 90. i*. 
tselan, wv. blame; 118. 26, 135. 

3, xix. 39; getselan 21. 19, 23. 

3, 74. 10 ; to taelenne 64. 18*; 

ind. %.pl. taelaS 10. 21. 
teelwier Slic, adj. blameworthy ; 

sup. n. taelwyr dlicost) 43. 24. 
geteese, adj. fitting, convenient ; 

sup. n. getresost xx. n. 
talian, wv. reckon, account ; to 

talianne-56. 8. 
tain, adj. tame ; f. 57. 9 ; pi. n. 

tamu 101. 29; a. tame 57. 18, 

xiii. 44. 
tama, wm. tameness ; g. taman 

xiii. 26 ; a. 57. n, xiii. 25. 
tear, m. tear ; drop ; d. teare xii. 

10; d. pi. tearum 22. 22. 
tela, adv. well, satisfactorily ; 

137. 10, 143. 24, xiii. 36; ex 
pression of approval, telo Sonne 

p Se swa SincS 119. 10*. 
tellan, wv. reckon, reckon up ; 



account, consider ; absol. state 

the case, 17. 8 ; to tellanne 54. 

II, 56. 6, no. 20, in. 2 ; to 

tellenne 56. 10 ; ind. prs. i.s. 

telle 30. 21 ; 2.s. getelest 44. n; 

//. tellaS 53. 23 ; pst. i.s. tealde 

22. 30, 113. 15 ; pi. tealdon 96. 

29; sbj. prs. telle 44. 22, 56. 

n ; imp. tele 44. 13, 44. 16. 
temian, wv. tame ; ind. pst. $.pl. 

temedon xiii. 39. 
getenge, adj. w.d. a] close to ; 

/>) pressing on, afflicting ; xxxi. 

7 (a);/. 12. 4 ^) ; n. 23. 5 (); 

pi. xxv. 5 (a). 
teohhian, wv. consider; determine 

on, design, intend ; ind. prs. 

i -s. tiohhie xiii. 25 ; 2.s. tiohhast 

I21 - 2 4 5 getiohhast iv. 21 ; 3.^. 

teohhaS 54. 29* ; tiohhaS 54. 

2 9> 31, 55- 3, 4*, 76. H, 128. 
30 ; tehhaS 55. 3* ; tihhaS 54. 
31*, 68. 21 ; // . teohhiaS 32. 
15*, 53. 21* ; tiohhiaS 60. 3, 
91. 27, 132. 26 ; tiohia S 53. 21 ; 
pst. 2.s. teohhodest*, tiohhodes 
31. I ; 3.J-. tiohhode 98. 14, 
128. T, 143. 19, 27; him tioh 
hode to wite, determined to 
punish 36. 26 ; getiohhode 
xxix. 38 ; //. teohhodon 9. 6* ; 
tihodon 116. 12*; sbj. prs. 
teohhie 51. 6* ; tiohhie 51. 12*, 
98. 9, 100. 29 ; tiohhige 63. 
28; tiohige 51. 6, 12; pp. 
tiohhod 134. 12 ; getiohhod n 
times in C, 112. 30 &c. and 
117. 21*; getiohhad 88. 18, 
142. 27; getehhod 18. 3*; 
getihhod 134. 12*. 

teon, sv2. pull; attract, entice; 
train; getion 116. 34*; ind. 
prs. 3.5. teohS 58. n*; tihS 
48. i*, 58. ii ; getyhS 48. 4; 
//. teoS v. 42; tiofi 116. 32; 
pst. z.s. intrans. teah, with 
drew 102. 4 ; sbj. prs. teo 57. 
21 ; getio 28. 27; pp. getogen 
17. 28 ; trained, instructed, xi. 
24 and a. pl.f. getogene 49. 3*. 

teon, wv. make ; arrange, ordain ; 
ind. pst. 3.5-. tiode xx. 131 ; 



298 



GLOSSARY 



getiode xi. 38, xiii. 13, xxiv. 
14 ; getede xiii. 44. 

teona, wm. injury, wrong ; a. 
teonan 32. 9. 

teorian, wv. grow tired ; sbj.prs. 
2.s. getiorie 139. 32. 

teotSa, mini. adj. tenth ; a. teoSan 
42. 19. 

teran, sv. lacerate, cause to 
smart; ind. prs. 3.^. tirt> 51. 3. 

tid,/. time; season; 148. 23, x. 
64, xxvi. 17; tiid 12. 5 ; d. 
tide 7. I, 127. 26; ser tide, 
in good time 67. n; a. tide 
ix. 15, xxvi. 4, 12, 43; on tid, 
when the time comes 67. n ; on 
wintres tid xxix. 64 ; pi. tida 
34. 6, viii. 40 ; ^. tidum 40. i, 
iv. 43 &c. ; a. tida 10. 10, 79. 

12, 128. 23. 

tidan, wv. happen ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
getide S 77. 8* ; ps(. 3.5. getydde 

3 6 - 33*- 
tiedernes, f. frailty, delicacy ; d. 

tydernesse 9. 9*. 
tiedre, adj. frail, delicate ; tedre 

41. 18*, 72. 29; d.wk. tedran 

109. ii ; pi. f- tiedre*, tedra 

47. 24; tedre 25. 31*; comp. 

tederra 36. 6. 
tien, num. ten; tin 44. 14* ; ten 

44. 14, 115. 18* ; tyn xxvi. 17. 
tier = tioro, drop? xx. Si. 
tigris, in. tiger ; 72. 6, 8, 116. 

20. 
til, adj. good, brave ; d. pi. tilum 

xxvi. 20. 
tilian, wv.iv.g. strive after ; attend 

to ; look after ; w. supine or 

sbj. strive, endeavour; 12. 14, 

13. 17, 55. 24, xvi.i ; tiligan 
67. 27; ind. prs. 2.s. tilast 23. 
i, 31. 15* ; tiolast^. : 3.5-. tilaS 
xi. 83; tiolatS 38. 1 8, 53. 18, 

67- II > J 35- 45 pl- tiliaS 53- 
22, 54. 6, 133. 14, x. 22, xi. 
79; tioliafr 43. 15; pst. i.s. 
tiolode 50. 31 ; pi. tiolodon 
139. 14; sbj.prs. tilige 69. 10, 
123. 13, 124. i. 

till, n. point, place ; d. tille xx. 
172. 



tilling, f. striving, yearning ; d. 
tiluncga, tiolunga* 54. 3 ; a. 
tilunga 55. 15*. 

tima, iv/n. time, occasion ; 14. 2, 
92. ii ; a. timan 115. 26, 143. 
10 ; d. pi. timum 121. 5. 

timbrian, iw. build ; 26. 24, 
26, 27, 27. 6, vii. 12. 

tirwine, m. follower, retainer ; 
g. pi. tirwina xxv. 21. 

to, i) prep. 1) w. g. towards ; to 
gefennes 33. 28 ; to Sses lytel, 
adv. so, 53. 5. 2) w.d. often 
foil. c. a) motion, direction, 
towards, to, 9. 19, 103. 16, 
i. 65 &c. ; metaph. 8. 23 &c. b] 
in conformity with, 79. 15, 20. 

7, xx. 15. c] bringing together, 
55. 27, xvii. 12 &c. d) mental 
attitude, towards ; andan to 
manum Singe 79. 24, cf. 102. 

8, xx. 36, xxvi. 66. e) obj. ofvb. 
w. hopian 27. 10, 149. i, vii. 
44; belimpan 118. 8; sellan 
1 6. 31 ; sprecan 118. 9 ; cweSan 
131. 23; w. hieran, obey iv. 
5 ; clipian 9. 29, i. 83 ; foil 65. 
28 ; culpian 71. 24 ; bidclan 
100. 29. /) change of state, 
into, or not transl. : zv. for- 
scieppan 116. 16; forhwierfan 
1 1 6. 21, xxvi. 87; w. gebetaa 
xxi. 24; weorSan 49. 33, xi. 
87 &c. ; iv. don 23. 4 &c. 
and xv. 13; gewyrcan Pr. 10; 
to engliscum spelle gewende 
Pr. 9 ; hi gesceop to gemagum 
54. 12 ; fordrugod to duste 
xx. 104 ; gedrince 5 to drygguin 
vii. 1 6. g) w. vbs. of reckoning, 
considering &c. = as ; w. reccan 
41. 3 &c. ; tellan 53. 23 &c. ; 
teohhian 76. 14 ; to twsem 
Singum nemnan 75- IO> h] 
result, as, to ; him mseg to sorge 
24. 1 6 ; to hiora eldrena for- 
wyrde 70. 20, cf. 36. 25. /) 
purpose, for, as, 20. 25, xxv. 21 
&c. ; him to gamene ix. 9, 46 ; 
tol to swelcum craefte 30. 9 ; 
iv. d. of inf. 13. 14, vi. 7 &c. ; 
destination, to domere geceas 



GLOSSARY 



299 



20. 12, cf. xxvi. 46. ) con 
cerning, in the case of ; w. 
geliefan u. 13; wenan 27. 31 ; 
/) source, from, 45. 3 ; w. secan 
19. 15, 31. 26, 32. 7. m} 
addition, to Sam tolum 40. 20 ; 
to eacan 7. 10 ; to eac Saem 
87. 4 ; w. don 75. 16, 28 ; to 
Sam, moreover 57. 32. w) 
phrases : to worulde, for ever 48. 

29, xi. 17; to lafe, remaining, 
left 46. 26 ; to soSum, for 
a truth 12. 19. 0) w. prons. 
forming advs, or conjs. ; <z/.r0 w. 
inst. a) degree, so, to ^sem 25. 
5, 55. 21, 67. 7; to Son 55. 

21, 69. 9, 133, 14; to Son t,to 
such a degree that 42.11, xiii . 46 
&c.; to Sam t> 104. 26; $} p^ir- 
pose, to hweem, to what end 16. 

17, 17. 4 ; a>;z/. w. j^/. in order 

that, to Sam \> 20. 26, 51. 21 ; 

to Son 65. 17, 79. i, 137. 9. 

ii) adv. a) w. meaning of (i) ; 

motion : 23. 29, 86. 18, 101. 29, 

112. 23, 26, xiii. 67; 7 eac 

mare to, besides 146. 6. b] excess, 

too ; 8. 2C, v. 30 &c. 
toblawan, rv. blow away ; //. 

toblawen xx. 106. 
tobrsedan, wz;. trans, extend, 

spread; 42. 25, 43. 4, 20, 46. 7, 

10, 68. 22 ; tobredan x. 15 ; Vwf. 

/>r.y. 2.s. segl tobraedest 16. 29; 

sbj. prs.pl. tobraedan 42. 18*. 
tobrecan, sv^. break to pieces, 

destroy; 99. i ; pp. a. f. tobro- 

cene 9. 3. 
tobregdan, sv$. tear asunder ; pp. 

a.f. tobrogdene 9. 3. 
tocleofau, svi. cleave asunder; 

ind. prs. 2.s. toclifst 92. 25. 
tocnawan, rv. discern, distinguish; 

48. 9, 15, 19, 108. 31, 132. 

i3_- 

todaslan, wv. divide ; distribute ; 
to tedoelenne 92. 24, 28; ind. 
prs. 3y. todyeleS 76. 13; to- 
dselS 14. 1 6 ; pi. todaelaS 76. 



prt. J.O. lUUteiC ^U. .13; tO- 

dselft 14. 1 6 ; //. todselatJ 76. 

18; pst. 2.s. todaeldest 79. 

34 ; todseldes xx. 58 ; 3.^. 

todaelde 99. 16; sbj. prs. to- 



daele 28. 22 ; pi. todaelen 74. 

31; pp. todaeled u times, 42. 

26 &c. ; pi. todaelede 85. 18 ; 

todaelde 90. 31, 92. 25 ; f. to- 

daelda 42. 28. 
todrlfan, svi. disperse; xxii. 3; 

imp. todrif 82. u, xx. 264; pp. 

todrifen 80. 18, xx. 104. 
toflowan, rv. flow in different 

directions ; sbj. pst. toflowen, 

tofleowon* 94. 9 ; //. toflowen 

v. 20. 
togeedere, adv. together ; 37. 20, 

50. i, 55. 25, xx. 62, 68; togaedre 

xx. 56, 72, 112 ; togadre 54. 18 ; 

togedere 79. 33*. 
toglidan, svi. slip away, collapse ; 

vii. 34. 
toheald, adj. leaning, inclined ; n. 

xiii. 10. 
tohopa, wm. hope; 23. 8, 112.3, 

xxv. 50. 
tol, n. tool ; instrument ; 40. 16 ; 

tol 30. 9* ; //. g. tola 40. 9 ; d. 

tolum 40. 14, 19, 20, 24; tolan 

40. 19 ; a. tol 40. 23. 
tolicgan, sv^. separate; pp-pl.f. 

tolegena 42. 28. 
tomiddes, prep. w. d. in the midst 

of; xiii. 37. 

tonemnan, ivv. distinguish, separ 
ate verbally ; pp. tonemned 76. 

TO ; pi. n. tonemde 76. 2. 
torr, m. tower; cliff; d. torre v. 

17 ; a. tor 99. 9, 16. 
tosamne, adv. together; tosomne 

38. 20, 92. 24, 96. 14, 99. 24, v. 

42, xi. 89. 
toscad, n. distinction, difference ; 

toscead 148. 4. 
toscadan, rv . distinguish ; separate ; 

48. 17*; tosceadan 140. 24; ind. 
prs. 3.5 1 . toscoet*, toscead 141. 

8 ; pp. tosceaden 84. 28, 30, v. 

18. 
tosceotan, sv2. anticipate ; hine 

foran tosciotan xxvii. 19. 
toscrlftan, svi. flow in different 

directions, disperse; xx. 93. 
toslupan, sv2. be loosened, re 
laxed; 49. 8, 30, 128. 21, xi. 

80 ; sbj. prs.pl. toslupen 94, n. 



3 



GLOSSARY 



96. 1 8 ; //. //. f. toslopena xxix. 

89; toslopene 136. 28*. 
tosmeagan, wv. investigate mi 
nutely; 148. 5. 
tostencan, wv. disperse ; destroy ; 

ind. psl. 3.^. tostencte 99. 15 ; 
pp. tostenced 117. 17; pLf. 

tostencte 136. 28, xxix. 87. 
toswifan, svi . rush asunder ; sbj. 

prs. %-pl. toswifen xi. 36. 
totellan, wv. separate, distinguish; 

ind. pst. 2.s. totaeldes xx. II ; 

//. toteled xvi. 15. 
toteran, sv^. tear to pieces, de 
stroy ; pp. a. totorenne 9.5; f. 

totorene 9. 3. 
toweard, 1) adj. approaching ; 

about to happen, future; n. 24. 

J 7 > g w k. toweardan 130. 24, 

134. ii ; d. wk. 27. 10, 90. 24, 

120. 23, 125. 5, 7, 139. 4, 142. 

14. 2) prep. w. d. towards ; 

eow onet toweard xxvii. 8. 
toweard.es, prep. w. d. towards; 

eow toweardes onet 124. 6. 
toweorpan, sv%. disperse, destroy ; 

99. 3; ind. prs. 3.^. toweorpS 

21. 6; pst. 3.s. towearp 99. 15 ; 

pp. toworpen 133. 21. 
towritan, svi. describe; ind. pst. 

$.s. towrat 41. 27. 
trega, wm. grief, trouble ; n. pi. 

tregan v. 42. 
treow, n. tree ; 92. 5 ; g. treowes 

91. 30 ; pl.g. treowa 33. 28*, 82. 

6* ; triowa 33. 31* ; d. treowum 

57. 21*, 73. 25 *, QI. 10, iv. 21, 

xiii. 36, 39, 51 ; triowum xix. 6 ; 

a. treowa 10. ii*, 73. 2*. 
treow,/". faith, trust, faithfulness ; 

pi. treowa 23. 8, 15. 30*; d. 

treowum 67. 21, i. 65 ; triowum 

54. 1 6 ; a. treowa 15. 30, xi. 

95, xxxi. 18; truwa 15. 30*. 
treowen, adj. wooden ; a. pi. n. 

treowenu 104. 17. 
getreowlice, adv. faithfully, 

loyally; 50. 2. 
triewan, wv. w. d. trust ; ind. 

prs. $.pl. trewaft 112. 25; pst. 

$.pl. getreowedon betwuh him, 

conspired 70. 23. 



getriewe, adj. faithful, trusty ; 
g. wk. getreowan 54. 15*; //. 
getreowe 15. n, 48. 19*; 
treowe 15. u*; wk. getriewan 
54. 9; n. getrewe 16. 13*; g. 
getreowra 48. 8 ; a. wk. getreo 
wan 48. ii ; n. getrewe 16. 16. 

trum, adj. firm, strong ; pi. trume 
23. ii. 

truwian, wv. w. d. trust, believe 
in; ii. 14; ind. pst. i.s. tru- 
wode 8. n. 

trymman, wv. encourage ; getry- 
mian 104. 25. 

tucian, wv. ill-treat, torment; 123. 
27 ; ind. prs. ^.pl. tuciatS xxiv. 60. 

tuddor, n. offspring, fruit ; d. 
tudre iv. 31, xxvii. 10 ; a. tudor 
131. 6, 136. 15, xxix. 57. 

tunge, wf. tongue ; d. tungan 36. 
23 ; a. id. 

tungol, n. heavenly body, star, 
constellation ; 105. 14, xxix. 
32, 35 ; tungulxxviii. 20 ; tungl 
xxiv. 23; a. 129. 5 ; //. tunglu 

69. 22., 126. 2, 3, 6, 135. 25; 

tungl xxviii. 6, 12, xxix. 9, 39; 

g. tungla iv. I, xx. 173, xxiv. 

20, xxviii. 9 ; by error, tunglo 

xxviii. 3 ? d. tunglum 14. 9, 

105. n, 139. 16, xxiv. 16; a. 

tunglu 10. 3, 131. 3, 135. 24, 

iv. 5, xxix. 4. 
twegen, num. two ; 107. n, 128. 

15, v. 42 ; f. twa i. 4, xx. 190 ; 

n. 38. 18, 106. 9, 128. 15 ; tu 

77. 17, 85. 12 ; g. twega 14. 24, 

32. 3, 106. n, 107. 17; often 

in phrase, ofter twega oSo e . . . 

oSSe 23. 27 &c. ; twegra 107. 

17*; d. twaem 22. 23, 75. 10, 

87. i, xvii. 3, xx. 187; twam 

22. 23*, xxxi. 10; a. twegen i. 

6;/. twa 42. 27, 115. 15, 142. 

8; n. twa in B, Si. 19 &c. ; 

xxvi. 6; twua 120. 12; .tu 61. 

2, 99. 16 ; on tu, diversely 92. 

32, 113. 26; on tu tosceaden, 

in two v. 17. 

twelf, num. twelve ; 91. 30. 
tweo, wm. doubt; 37. 27 &c. ; 

d. tweon 35. 20 &c. and *\. i. 



GLOSSARY 



301 



tweogan, wv. w.g. ; pers. and 

impers, doubt; 26. 12 (i.\ 75. 

14 (?.), 9 i.i2(/.); 93- 2 5 C/0; 

113. 21 (z.) ; iv. 51 (t.} ; twio- 

gan 98. 5 (z.), 125. 26 (/>.); 

twiogean 90. 14 (/.), 97- 3 

(? .) ; zW. prs. i.s. tweost 12. 

27 ; 3.5. tweoS 9 /zVTZ^s 1 z w/>. 

38. 3 &c.; once pers. 146. 30*; 

twioS 96. ii (z.) ; pst. i.s. 

tweode 93. 28; 2.s. tweodest 

93. 25 ; 3.j. tweode 96. 9 (z.) ; 

sbj. prs. i.s. tweoge 105. 30; 

2.5. 12. 28; 3-j. 118. 12 (z.). 
tweogung. /. doubt ; g. tweounge 

144.9. 
tweoii, m. doubt ; d. tweonne 

109. 17. 
tweonung, f. doubt ; a. tweo- 

nunga 10. 23. 
twifete, adj. two-footed ; pi. n. 

twiofete 147. 6*. 
twig, n. twig, branch ; pi. twigu 

xiii. 44. 
twinclian, wv. glimmer, twinkle ; 

97.18. 
twireede, adj. irresolute; twio- 

raede 144. 23. 

twiwa, adv. twice ; tuwa 95. 25*. 
tydran, wv. bring forth, en 

gender ; ind.prs. i,.s. tidreS 131. 

6 ; sbj. prs. tydre, tydrige* 91.23. 
tydrung, f. procreation ; d. 

tidringe 93. 30. 
tyht, m. training, habit ; a. 20. 

10 ; d. pi. tyhtum 20. 7. 
tyhtan, wv. incite, persuade ; 

118. 27. 
tyn, wv. educate, train ; ind. pst. 

i.s. getyde 20. 7; getydde 17. 

12* ; 3-j. tyde 9. 2* ; pi. tydon 

xiii. 39. 
tyndre, wf. tinder; g. tyndran 

13. 30; d. 14. I, 

D. 



, 1) adv. at that time, then ; 
thereupon ; 7. 5, i. 8 &c. ; fta 
giet, up till then 43. 8 &c. 2) 
conj. then; 7.23, viii. 6 &c. ; Sa 
. . . 3a . . . t?a 7. 24 &c. 



, 1) adv. in that place, there 
7. 20, vii. 39 &c. ; Sser on londe, 
in that country 63. 18; com ftser 
gan 8. 1 6 ; in that instance ix. 
61 ; ftar in. 22*; 0er n. 19*; 
often w. preps., combined or sepa 
rate, 8ser zefter 145. 7 ; Sseibe- 
twyx 28. 16; Seerin xi. 4; 
Ssermid 18. 30, xxvi. 70; ffserof 
76. 21 ; ^asrofer 99. 13; ffaeron 
n. ii &c. and xxiv. 47; ^serto, 
besides 45. 3 &c. ; SserwiS 81. 
4, 132. 13; ?serymbutan 34. 10, 
43. 13 ; ftaerinne 7. 24. 2) conj. 
a) where, wherever, 14. 24, vii. 
32 &c. ; &er Sser 9. 5, vii. 12 
&c. ; ftner, at the time when ii. 
4, 13. 22. b] w. sbj. if, if only, 
about 14 times, ii. 13, viii. 39 
&c. 

tJeerrilite, adv. on the spot, imme 
diately ; 45. 19. 

Sees, adv. to such a degree, so ; 
75. 4; w. ftwz/. the xxviii. 66; 
Soes Sy 141. 2 ; Sees <5e, <r^;z/ . so 
far as 58. 30, 78. io, xxviii. 33 ; 
whereas xx. 195. 

$eet, 1) conj. passim, that; Pr. IT, 
i. 36 &c. ; fq. w. te 20. 20, iv. 5 1 
&c. ; Saet 0e i. 30. 2) demonst. 
adj., v. se. 

geftafa, ww. (w. beon a^^/ ^.) as 
sent to, grant ; fq. 59. 23 &c. ; 
pi. ge^afan 84. 21, 85. 19. 94. 

IS- 

"Safian, wv. consent to, permit ; 

endure; geSafian 104. 3; ind. 
prs. 3-j. Safa S 123. i; ftafaeS 
I 2 3- 3J geSafaS 125. 18, 26, 
132. 21 ; //. geSafia S 37. 26, 
109. 2 ; sbj. prs. geSafige 37. 
12, 131. 24, 141. 28; geftafie 
141. 27. 

tSafung,/. consent; d. geSafunga, 
Safunge* ii. 7. 

tSanc, m. a) thought ; b] favour, 
grace; c) accord, consent; d) 
thanks ; g. Sonces 98. 8 () ; 
Sines Dances, of your own accord 
27. 24, cf. (Sonces) ii. 6, 16. 
io, 20. 30, 37. 15, 40. 4; d. on 
ftonce, satisfactory, pleasant xii. 



302 



GLOSSARY 



16; a. Sane 17. 15 (//), 143. 2 

(</); geSanc 141. 8* (a). 
"Sancian, W7). w. d. thank ; imp. 

ftonca 13. 28. 
flancolmod, adj. thoughtful ; pi. 

Soncolmode xix. 14. 
Sancwierfte, adj. acceptable, 

pleasing ; comp. n. SancwyrSre 

52. 4*, 6*. 
"Kanon, adv. thence; 136. 23*; 

Sanan xvii. 28 ; Sonan fq. 

12. 13, i. 82 &c. ; Sonon 105. 

n*. 
Sanoirweard, adj. about to 

depart ; Sonanweard 103. 7. 
"Sawenian, ivv. moisten ; pp. 

geSawened xx. 102. 
tSe, 1) indecl. rel. pron. which, 

who ; generally nom. or a. 

Pr. 7, MPr. 10 &c. ; g. oe he 

full is 84. 14; Se ic, me who 

ii. 13; Sehim, to whom xiii. 51 ; 

te after ftset, fq. ; v. fleet ; but 

Se 148. ii, i. 30. 2) after comp. 

than ; 37. 2 1 , x. 39 &c. ; v. fly. 

3) alternatives: Se . . . Se, 

whether ... or 122. 29 &c. ; 

Se hi ne, nor did they viii. 34. 
fteah, 1) adv. yet, nevertheless; 

Pr. 8, i. 26 &c. ; gen. foil. 8eah 

(2), 25. 3, x. 12 &c. 2) conj. 

2V. sbj. though ; 7. 6, vii. 35 &c. ; 

Seah <5e 27. 12 &c. ; ic nat 

&eah, whether 64. 9 ; ge 8eah 

ftu ma wille, and more if you 

like 44. 17. 
getSearit, n. thought, counsel ; 

plan; 80. ii ; d. geSeahte ii. 

7, 13- 25, 31, 79- 25, 81. 23, 
128. 30, 144. 23, xx. 39, 87, 
200. 

geflearitere, m. councillor, sena 
tor; pi. gefteahteras 22. 24. 

"Kearf.y. need, necessity ; about ii 
times, 9. 17, iii. ii &c. ; d. 
Searfe 18. 16; a. 18. 17, 123. 

8, 13, 132- 21, 149. 7. 

ttearf, swv. w. g. or znf. require, 
need ; i.s. 70. 28 ; Searfe 96. 
25; 2.5. ftearft 13. 32 &c. and 
xxix. 39; 3.J. Searf 26. 12, vii. 
6 &c. ; //. Surfon 31. 22 &c. ; 



Surfan xix. 25; Stirfe we 56. 

14*; pst. 2.s. Sorftes 33. 12; 

3.J. Sorfte 75. 23, 97. I, xv. 9; 

^/ /rj. Syrfe 31. 16 &c. ; Surfe 

in B, ib. &c. ; //. Syrfen 60. 6, 

133. 28 ; pst. oorfte 33. 8 &c. 
flearfa, wm. person in need, poor 

man; g. ftearfan vii. 17. 
flearflice, adv. profitably, with 

good effect ; i. 60. 
"Bearl, adj. severe ; f. \. 77. 
flearle, adv. excessively; i. 82, 
, xx - 45, xxviii. 24, 55. 
oeaw, m. custom, habit; 112. 22 

&c. ; g. Seawes 62. 28; d. 

fteawe 62. TO; a. Seaw 61. 7 ; 

pi. qnalities, character, virtues, 

15. 25 &c. ; g. Seawa 17. 23, 28; 

d. Seawum 9. 24 &c. ; Seowum 

18. 4 &c. ; a. fteawas 15. 9 &c. 

and xi. 12. 
fleccan, ivv. cover ; sbj. prs. pi. 

freccen x. 43. 
"Segen, m. servant ; follower ; 

courtier ; (in Metr.} man ; 16. 

3, xxii. 44; Segn 16. 22 ; g. 

Segenes 8. 22 ; Segnes xx. 200 ; 

a. Segn i. 69 ; pi. Segnas 30. 

26, 116. ii, i. 30, xx. 72; g. 

Segena ix. 57 ; ftegna 66. 19, 

in. 15, ii 6. 6, xii. 8 &c. ; d. 

ffegnum 66. 20 ; a. Segnas 

xxvi. 77. 
flegnian, wv. w. d. serve ; Fenian 

142. 6 ; ind. prs. 3.^. Senao" 

xxix. 76 ; //. SegniaS xxv. n ; 
in. 22. 



flegnung, f. service* ; function ; 

d. Senunga 18. 4* ; a. Segnunga 

144. 2,3; pi. g. Segnunga xxv. 

24, 32; Senunga in. 21*, 24*; 

d. Segnungum xxv. 28 ; Senun- 

gum 1 6. 23* ; a. Segnunga xi. 

46. 
flencan, wv. think ; think of; w. 

in/in, determine, design ; 52. 

16, 53. n, 83. 18, 147. 9; 

Sencean i. 60; to Sencenne 16. 

19 ; ind. prs. i.s. Sence 21. 16 ; 

3-j. SenceS ; w. in/in. 103. 20 ; 

ftencft 93. 31, 32, 132. 2, xx. 

27; thinks out, plans 128. 27 ; 



GLOSSARY 



33 



pst. 3-j. Sohte 102. 10 ; //. 
Sohton i. II ; sbj. pst. Sohte 83. 
20, x. 4; //. geSoht 128. 13, 
145. 14. 

geftencan, wv. think of, imagine ; 
remember ; design, contrive ; fq. 
36. 5 &c. and xiii. 27; geSen- 
cean v. i ; to geSencanne 76. i, 
84. 31 ; to geSencenne 52. 2 ; 
ind. pst. 2.s. geSohtest 79. 26, 
29, xx. 40 ; z w/i. geSenc 27. 18 
&c. ; //. geSencaS 42. 21 &c. 

tSenden, conj. while, as long as ; 

i. 3 8 > 4 8 > xi - 7 2 > xxii - 39- 
"Ceod, f. nation, race ; i. 28 ; g. 

Sepde 43. 2 ; d. 43. 32 ; Siode 

99. 9, 101. 23 ; pi. Seoda 42. 

22 ; Sioda 46. u, 115. 15; g. 

Seoda 42. 24, 43. 21, xx. 205, 

256, 274; xxvi. 43; Sioda 65. 

2 3, x. 23, xx. 176, xxvi. 7, 55; 

d. Siodum 42. 7, 112. 23 ; a. 

Seoda 46. 10, xxv. 14; dialects, 

42. 28 n. ; Sioda 115. 15. 
geUeode, n. dialect; a. 63. 17; 

g. pi. geSioda 99. 17. 
ISeoden, m. lord, king; Sioden 

xi. 80 ; g. Seodnes xi. 1 1 ; 

d. Seodne xxix. 97. 
"Secdfruma, mom. prince, lord ; d. 

Siodfruman xxix. 92. 
fleodisc, n. language ; a. 46. 12 ; 

Siodisc x. 26. 
fteodland, n. country ; a. Seod- 

lond i. 3. 

fteof, m. thief ; -pi. Seofas 33. 15. 
"Seofscolu, f. band of thieves ; a. 

Siofscole 33. 10. 
"Seen, ^1,3. thrive, flourish ; pst. 

pi. geSungon i. 7 ; sbj. prs. 

Seo 46. 13 ; Sio x. 28 ; prs. p. 

Sionde 122. 3. 
fleosternes, f. darkness; Ses- 

ternes 89. 22 n. 
fteostrian, wv. darken ; ind. prs. 

$.s. SiostraS 121. 16. 
fteotan, sv2. howl ; "Sioton xxvi. 

80; ind. pst. 3.//. Suton 116. 19. 
Ueow, 1) sbst. m. servant, slave ; 

pi. Seowas 17. 19. 18. 5, xi. n ; 

d. Seowum 18. 4, 6, n ; pi. 

Seowas 72. i, xi. n. 2) adj. 



enslaved, not free ; pi. 5 iowe 
142, 4, 6 ; f. fteowe 144. i ; 
a. n. Seowu 143. 31. 

tSeowdom, m. servitude ; g. Seow- 
domes xxix. 40 ; d. tteowdome 
n. 24. 

tSeowian, wv. w. d. serve ; ind. 
prs. 3.^. "SiowaS xxix. 76 ; //. 
fteowiao" 48. 25, 26; SiowiaS 
136. 8, 22 ; pst. pi. Siowedon 
136. 31; sbj.prs.pl. Seowian 136. 
29* ; Siovvien xxix. 92 ; pst. pi. 
Siowoden xxix. 97. 

"Serscold, m. threshold ; a. Seor- 
scwold4Q. 23*; o"yrscwold xi. 68. 

t5es, demonst. adj. this; 35. 26, ii. 
5 &c. ; f. oios in C, 13. 4, ii. 4 
&c. ; Seos viii. 33, 43, x. 8 ; 
Seos in B, 48. 6 &c. ; n. Sis 9. 
13, 26. 15, xi. 97 &c. ; g. Sisses 
z w C, 37. 31, ix. 39 &c. ; ^ysses 
60.17; Sises in B, 27. 5 &c. ; 
f. ftisse iii. 7 &c. ; d. Sissum iii. 
8, x. 70; 0isum42. 21*, 89. 17*, 
99. 6; f. Sisse Pr. i, xiv. 10 
&c. ; a. Sisne 20. 3, x. 40 &c. ; 
Sysne 49. 32*, xx. 9 ; f. Sas Pr. 
8, viii. 41 &c. ; n. Sis 68. 9, ii. 
1 1 &c. ; inst. Sys about 7 times 
in C, 21. 17 Scc.and xxi. 28 ; 0is 
about 8 times, 25. 25 &c. and 
xix. 35 ; Sis 125. 4; pi. Sas ii. 
10 &c. ; Saes 30. 3*, 48. 10, 73. 
10, 86. 25 ; g. Sissa 14. 24, v. 
41 &c. ; Syssa vii. 53; d. Sissum 
8. 19, 66. 4, xxi. 17; Sisum 19. 
2, 40. 1 8 .*, 74. 8*, 88. 28, 
u 6. 27*, xx. 255; Sysum xxvi. 
98 ; Seossum MPr. 4 ; Sissan 
40. 18; Sys mserum steorrum 
xvii. ii ; a. Sas 8. 9, viii. i &c. 
?Sass xx. 223. 

tticce, adj. dense, thick ; 99. 1 2 
(Si eke B); wk. Sicca v. 6; a. 
Sicne 100. 6 ; wk. Siccan xx. 
264 ; co mp. f. Siccre 80. 30; Sicre 
xx. 134. 

Sicgan, sv$. take; partake of; 
ind. prs. \.pl. SiggaS 93. 3 ; pst. 
( 3.j. geSah i. 53. 

$ider, adv. thither; 51. 7, i. 60 
&c. ; rel. whither 140. 2 Sider 



34 



GLOSSARY 



Sider 108. 4; Sider . . . Sider 
92. 20. 

"Siderweard, adv. in that direc 
tion ; xiii. 14, xx. 159. 

"Kiderweardes, adv. in that direc 
tion ; 128. i. 

flidres, adv. thither ; hidres Sidres 
1 08. 14, 139. 31 ; hidres 7 Sidres 
100. 6. 

ftiedan, ivv. join, associate ; ge- 
Siodan 53. 20 ; ind. prs. 3.^. 
geSiet 47. 21, 24*; pi. SeodaS 
geSeodaS* 39. 13; geSiodaS 39. 
14 ; geSeodaS 48. 2*. 

ftiestre, 1) adj. dark, gloomy ; 
Systre xx. 266 ; d. Siostrum 112. 
15; d. pi. 19. 3. 2) sbst. n. 
darkness ; pi. Seostro 14. 17* ; 
Siostro 121. 17, v. 21 ; g. Siostra 
105. 25*; d. Seostrum 17. 24; 
Siostrum 97. 16, 126. 14*, 131. 

15, xxviii. 43; a. Siostro lor. 
21, 103. 15, iii. 7, iv. 7, xxiii. 6, 
xxiv. 56; Sistro 9. 13* ; Seostro 
10. 4*. 

ftiestro, f. darkness ; Siostro xxi. 
41; g. 103. ii ; d. 52. 6. 

"Sin, pass. adj. thy, your; 22. 5, 
xx. 37 &c. ; notes on forms : se 
Sin 27. 23 ; f. Sin 24. 31, xx. 31 
&c. ; n. Saet Sin 80. 1 1 ; . anes 
geSeahte Sines, of thee alone xx. 
40 ; inst. Sine xx. 69, 113; pi. 
f. Sin agna 23. 8 ; n. Sine 121. 
5 ; g. Sara Sinra 24. 29, 50. 21 ; 
d. Sinum lufum, love of thee 22. 
21 ; a. f. Sina 21. 26, 27 ; Sine 
79. n*; forms and uses other 
wise normal. 

tSing, n. thing ; in Metr. xx. 37 
&c. ; Sincg 104. 5, xxii. 5; Sine 
xxviii. 74 ; g. Singes 53. 1 5, x. 32 
&c. ; Sinces 75. 22 ; Sincges xx. 
28 ; d. Singe 79. 24 &c. ; a. 
Sing 25. 27, xxiv. 7 ; pi. Sing 

16. 12, 29. 28, 30. 2*, xxi. 30; 
Sincg 77. 17, 87. 18, 128. \$\g. 
Singa 29. i, v. 37 &c. ; d. Sin- 
gum 32. 8 &c. ; forswiSe lytlum 
Singum, reasons 24. 21, cf. 59. 
28 &c. ; for Saem Singum Se, 
because 99. 1 1 ; for Sinum 



Singum, for your sake 16. 25, 

cf. 17. 5, 6 ; a. Sing xx. 45, 224, 

276 ; Sincg 121. 28, 30. 
"Singere, m. advocate ; a. 123. 26 ; 

pi. Singeras 123. 7. 
"8ingian, wv. w. d. intercede, 

advocate; ind. prs. ^.pl. SingiaS 

123. 8, 9 ; pst. $.s. Singode 123. 

ii. 
flixl,/". waggon-shaft or pole ; pi. 

wsenes Sisla 126. 3, xxviii. 10. 
tSocerian, wv. run ; sbj. prs. rflx. 

Socrige him 105. i. 
gefloht, m. thought ; d. geSohte 

8. 25 ; a. geSoht 141. 8. 
"Solian, ivv. trans, and intr. suffer; 

endure, have patience ; i. 77 ; 

geSolian 16. 22, 18. 26, 23. 12, 

70. 4, 127. 30 ; to Solianne 133. 

10; ind. pst. ^.s. Solade 122. 

fton, inst. of se ; used fq. as adv. 
w. comps.; 17. i, vii. 20 &c. ; Son 
ma Se, (not) any more than 37. 
20 &c. ; (usually Se in B). 

ftoriecan, conj. whenever ; w. sbj. 
44. 7 ; Sonecan Se 58. 2 ; w. 
ind. 6 1. 5. 

"Sonne, (usually Son in B ; Sonii 
25. 14, 34. 25); 1) adv. a) time, 
then, 25. 12, xiii. 78 &c. b} 
sequence, next, 14. 4, xxv. 24 
&c. c) inference, then, there 
fore, 1 8. 30 &c. ; fq. correl. iv. 
preceding gif 20. 15, iv. 51 &c. 
w. Seah 68. 24. 2) conj. time, 
when, 9.11, ii. 7 &c. ;fq. doubled, 
14. 12, 20. 27, vi. 9 &c. 3) after 
comp. than; 15. I, i. 41 &c. ;fq. 
foil, by sbj. n. 9, x. 23 &c. 

"Sorn, m. thorny plant ; a. pi. 
Sornas xii. 3. 

"Breed, m. thread ; d. Srsede 65. 
30. 

"Sreegan, ivv. run; ind. prs. 3.^. 
SroegeS xxviii. 24 n. 

ftrag,/". a) space of time, interval; 
) attack, fit; ni. 28 (<J); a. Srage, 
for a time i. 28, xx. 134, 264, 
xxvi. 103 ; evil time i. 77. 

tSragmselum, adv. at intervals ; 
xxvi. 80, xxviii. 55. 



GLOSSARY 



35 



"Brian, wv. threaten; oppress, 
afflict; Sreagan 133. 25; ind. 
prs. 3..y. SreaS (w. </.) 10. 19*; 
ftreat 10. 18*; sbj. prs, Srqage 

v- 37- 
"Breat, m. crowd, throng ; d. Sreate 

% i- 3- 

Croatian, urge on ; threaten ; op 
press; Sreatigan 118. 27; ind. 

prs. 3.^. SreataS 138. 2 ; pi. 

SreatiaS in. 17, xxv. 13; sbj. 

prs. Sreatige 137. 9. 
"Breatung, f. reproof ; threat ; d. 

Sreatunge 137. 13*. 
"Breawung, f. reproof ; threat ; d. 

Sreunge 137. 13; a. Sreaunga 

16. 21*. 
"Breo, num. three; n. 23. 9, 147. 

26; Srio 75. 20, 77. 17; masc. 

Sre 40. 22*; g. ftreora 73. 13; 

Sriora 75. 19; d. Srim 40. 20 

&c. ; a.f. Srio 117. 19; n. ftreo 

32. 4*, 75. 17*, 25*; Srio 81. 

17*, 102. 14, 17. 
"Sridda, num. adj. third ; f. Sridde 

50. 6 &c. and xx. 187 ; n. 118. 

15, 148. 3, xx. 61; d. Sriddan 

43. 7 &c. 
"Brifeald, adj. threefold ; f. Sreo- 

feald 81. 16*; n. Siiefald xx. 

183 ; a. f. Sriefalde xx. 176 ; a. 

pi. wk. Sriefealdan 81. 14. 
BrireBre, adj. with three banks of 

oars; SriereSre xxvi. 27; n. 

ftrereSre 115. 21. 
"Bringan, sv$. intrans. press on, 

hurry; 35. 23; ind. prs. $.s. 

SringS 9. 13, iii. 7; pi. SringaS 

xxv. 28 ; trans. ge<5rungon, 

crowded into, oppressed i. 3. 
"Britig, num. thirty ; 126. 9, xxviii. 

25, 29. 

"Srote, wf. throat ; a. tfrotan 51. 3. 
tSrowian, wv. endure, suffer ; to 

ftrowianne 133. 15; ind. prs. 2.s. 

Srowast 21. 21 ; 3.5. ftrowaS 70. 

12, 104. ^\ pst. 3.3. geSrowode, 

was passive 80. 4. 
geflruen, v. "Sweran. 

, wv. trample ; ind. prs. 
l. GrycaS 10. 20; SriccaS iv. 

38. 



m. grandeur, magnifi 
cence, pomp ; g. oYymmes xxv. 
32; d. Srymme in. 17, xxv. II, 

J 3- 

Srymcyning, m. glorious king; 

xx. 205. 
"Su, pers. pron. thou, you; 8. 18, 

iv. i &c. ; g. Sin 12. 14 &c. ; d. 

Se 9. 17, v. 37 &c. ; a. 9. 19, v. 

36 &c. 
"Sunor, m. thunder, thunderbolt ; 

a. pi. Sunras 99. 2 . 
"Sunrian, wv. thunder; ind. prs. 

3-j. SunraS 126. 18, xxviii. 55. 
"Kuril, (Surg 5 times in C, 97. 5 

&c.) prep. w.a. a) motion, 

penetration, through, 93. 3 &c. 

V) metaph. by means of, through, 

9. 26, iv. 4 &c. 
"Surhcreopan, svi. creep through ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. SurgcrypS 93. 5. 
"Surhfaran, sv6. pass through, 

penetrate ; ind. prs. 3.^. Surh- 

ferS 28. 15. 
^urhseon, svs,. see through ; 

Surhsion 72. 31, 73. 2, 4; ind. 

prs. %.$. SurhsyhS xxx. 16. 
"Surhteon, sv2. carry out, accom 
plish ; Cnrhtion xxv. 59 ; Surg- 

tion 117. 13, 18; ind. prs. ^.s. 

SurhteoS 141. 18* ; pi. Ourgtio S 

117. w;pst. 3.5-. Surhteah 70. 

13 ; sbj. prs. Surhtio 88. 17 ; pst. 

"Surhtuge 144. 5. 

"Surliwunian, wv. continue, per 
sist ; 8. 14, 112. II, xxv. 70; 

ind. prs. 2.s. Surhwunast 79. 1 6 ; 

pi. SurhwuniaS 23. 29, 51. 26; 

pst. 3.3. Surhwunode 7. 7, 65. 

10 ; sbj. prs. Surhwunige 44. 26 ; 

prs. p. enduring, abiding ; g. 

Surhwunigendes 64. 21 ; a. Surh- 

wunigendne 78. n ; //. Surh- 

wuniende 23. II. 
"Burst, m. thirst ; 19. 6, vii. 17. 
"Burstig, adj. thirsty ; f. Surstegu 

26. 30. 

"Bus, adv. thus, so; refers to what 
precedes or follows, 26. 22, 39. 

15, i. 84 &c. 
"Busend, n.f. thousand; 44. 15, 17, 

19, 60. 29, xiv. 5. 



3 o6 



GLOSSARY 



flwaenan, wv, moisten ; ind. pst. 

Z.s. geftwaende 80. 18. 
gettwsere, adj. united, reconciled, 

harmonious ; 62.7; geSwsere on 

him selfum, at peace 134. 32 ; 

pi. xxix. 37 ; /. geoVaera 49. 13 ; 

d. ge<5w serum 81. 14. 
geftwaerian, wv. reconcile ; ind. 

prs. 3.-$-. geSwseraft 131. 4, 136. 

n, xxix. 47. 
geftwifirlice, adv. in agreement, 

harmoniously; 136. 7. 
"Sweorli, adj. adverse, contrary ; 

g. Sweores 144. 31. 
"Sweorian, wv. be opposed ; pp. 

geftweorod xx. 72. 
tSweortieme, adj. contentious, 

quarrelsome; Sweorteme 114. 

, 27< 
"Sweran, sv^. forge together, weld ; 

//. geSruen xx. 134 n. 

, 1) adv. a] therefore; 22. 26 

&c. ; Sy . . . Sy 32. 20 &c. 

&) w. comp. ; often w. a = the ; 

9. 27, i. 76 &c. ; Si in B, 52. 

9 &c. ; fq. Se m B and C, 63. 

3, 104. 30, ix. 32 &c. 2) conj. 

because ; 32. 21 &c. 

, v. pyff. 
"Sylees, conj. w. sbj. lest, in order 

that ... not; 39. 26, MPr. 6 

&c. ; fti loes 147. 10* ; Se laes 

134. 1 8. 
geftyld, /. patience; 87. 7; -. 

geSylde 133. 26 (?) ; d. 120. 3. 
ge Syldelice, aafe. patiently ; 25. 4, 

45. u, 101. 16, 133. 3, 26. 
geflyldig, #^/. patient ; 45. 17 ? 

//. </. geSyldegum 25. 12; a. 

ge Syldige 62. 28. 
^y\lic,pron. adj. such ; _/". Sillecu 

20. 18; Sellecu 20. 18 ; ^. 

Syllices 126. 16*; d. Syllecum 

39. 24; a. n. Syllic 118. 25; 

Sillic 10. 28 ; pi. d. Syllecum 

39. 25*; Sillicum 54. 21 ; a. f. 

tfyllica 99. 4. 
^5yncan, wv. w. d. seem, seem 

good; ftincan 36. i, 50. 22, 75. 

25, 1 1 8. 19, x. 8; ind. prs. %.$. 

SynceS xii. 8, xxv. 35, xxviii. 

82; SyncS 60. I, 107. 2, 124. 



22. xxviii, 38 ; Since S xxix. 42 ; 
olncS ^t.sual form 22. 21, xii. 
18 &c. ; pi. SyncaS 16. n*, 

23. 13; SincaS 31. 12, 121. 5, 
xiii. 44 ; pst. ftuhte 24. 28 &c. 
and viii. 7; sbj. prs. Synce 25. 
8, 47. 17*, 117. 27, 137. 5; 
Since 20. 29, x. 10 &c. ; pi. 
ftyncen 127. 28; pst. Suhte 48. 
13, xii. 15. 

"Synne, adj. thin ; comp. Synra 

v. 6. 
"Synnian, wv. make thin, dissipate; 

geSinnian 14. 7. 

ftyrel, n. hole, aperture; a. 93. 5. 
tSyrstan, wv. impers. w. a. be 

thirsty ; sbj. prs. 3.^. Syrste 

60. II. 

U. 

ufan, adv. from above, downwards ; 

80. 33, xxiv. n, 17, 24; ufane 

xx. 141. 
ufor, comp. adv. higher; 57. 26, 

94. 25, 105. 13; sup. yfemest 

146. 27. 

ultor, m. vulture ; 102. 33. 
unaberendlic, adj. intolerable ; 

n. 23. 5 ; a. n.wk. unaberendlice 

J 33- 4- 
unabindendlic, adj. indissoluble; 

d. pi. unabindendlicum 38. 31, 
96. 17*; unanbindendlicum 57. 
6*, 81. 6*, 96. 17. 
unsetfele, adj. not noble, mean ; 

24. 6, 69. 32, xvii. 28 ; a. 
unseSelne 69. 26, xvii. 17. 

unse Selian, wv. degrade, debase ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. anreffelaS xvii. 27 

(J) ; PP- anaeSelad 69. 32*. 
unandergildes, v. ununder- 

gielde. 
unareht, quasi ptcp. not explained; 

77. 16* (unreht J). 
unarlmed, adj. countless ; un- 

arimedum 89. 30; //. 7. 10. 
unasecgendlic, adj. ineffable ; d. 

unasecgendlicum 128. 25; una- 

secgendlicne 37. 7. 
unaflrotenllce, adv. unweariedly; 

74. 5, 136. 7. 



GLOSSARY 



307 



unawendedlic, adj. unchange 
able ; 79. 1 6*. 

unawendende, adj. unchange 
able ; a. unawendendne xi. 13. 

unawendendlic, adj. unchange 
able ; xxiv. 43; /. 129. 8*; 
unawendenlic 101. 5*; unan- 
wendendlic 96. 21, 101. 5, xx. 
17; a. unawendendlicne 48. 
27*. 

unawendendlice, adv. unchange 
ably, inevitably; 144. 14*, 15*, 
1 6* ; unanwendendlice ib. C ; 
unonwendendlice 27. 9*. 

unawendlic, adj. unchangeable ; 
f. unandwendlic 129. 8. 

unbeorhte, adv. ; comp. unbeorh- 
t or, less brightly 86. 7; unbyrhtor 
82. i*. 

unbrocheard, adj. delicate, 
tender; sup. w. unbrocheardost 
92. 4. 

ungebyrde, adj. uncongenial ; n. 
92. 22. 

unc, v. -wit. 

uncer, poss. adj. of us two ; d. 
uncrum 139. 28; a. pi. n. uncru 

99-_ 2 3- 
unclsene, adj. unclean; g. wk. 

unclsenan n. 25. 
uncutS, adj. unknown, not certain ; 

n. iv. 39; g. uncu Ses 87. 33, 

100. 30; d.f. uncuSre ii. 9; a. 

uncuSne xiii. 58 ; f. uncuSe 100. 

9 ; pi. n. uncu S xxxi. 6. 
uncwe Sende, adj. without speech, 

dumb ; pi. wk. uncweSendan 

92. 16. 
ungecynde, adj. not natural, 

alien; a. f. 91. 21 (uncynde B). 
ungecyndelic, adj. unnatural ; 

n. 70. 23*, 93. ii ; comp. n. 

ungecyndlicre 142. 6*. 
uncynlic, adj. unsuitable, impro 
per ; comp. n. uncynlicre 142. 6. 
undseled, adj. undivided ; n. 93. 

32* ; //. undselde 90. 30*. 
ungedafenlice, adv. unfittingly, 

immoderately; 43. 19. 
undeadlic, adj. immortal ; pi. f. 

undeadlica, undeaftlice* 26. ii. 
under, \) prep. \}w.d. a} place ; 



under, 10. 20, i. 76 &c. &} sub 
jection, under the authority of, 
under, 7. 16, 34. 26, 104. 12, 
115. 15, 125. i, 142. 7 ; beneath 
(in position) 29. 7. 2) -w. a. 

a) motion, under, 114. 21, 126. 
n, xxyiii. 33, 39, xxix. 16, 28; 

b) subjection, under, 32. 12. ii) 
adv. underneath, below, xxiv. 33. 

underb8ec,a^/z>. backwards, back; 

103. 7, 8, 13. 
underetan, sv. undermine, me- 

taph. ; pp. undereten 27. 2. 
underfon, rv. receive ; underfoon 

36. 30 ; ind. prs. $.s. underfehS 

33. 19, 62. i, 136. 18 ; pst. i.s. 

underfeng 17. 12, 20. 6 ; sbj.prs. 

underfenge 16. 9, 37. 30; pp. 

underfangen Pr. 8. 
underlutan, sv2. stoop under, 

submit to ; x. 20 ; sbj. prs. pi. 

46. 8*. 
understandan, sv6. understand ; 

50. 29, 131. 18; ind. prs. 2.s. 

understenst 27. 18* ; 3.^. under- 

stent 131. 1 6 ; //. understandea 

86. 22. 
understa Solfsest, v. unsta^Sol- 

feest. 
underlie dan, wv. subject ; ind. 

prs. pi. underSeodaS 32. ii ; 

underSiodaS 112. 8*, 141. 5; 

pst. 3..T. underSeodde 112. 9*; 

underSiodde xxv. 66 ; sbj. prs. 

underSiede, underSeode* 72. 3 ; 

ps:t. pi. underSiodden 147. 20 ; 

//. underSieded xiv. 8, xvii. 23 ; 

underSyded xvi. 4 ; undero"eoded 

60. 30*, 69. 30* ; underSied 129. 

10, n, 12, 14; under Seod 39. 

26*, 67. 28* ; //. underSeodde 

48. 4* ; f. underftiodde 100. 23. 
uneatJe, adv. with difficulty ; 7 

times, 12. 30 &c. ; ungeaSe 97. 

15*. 
ungeendod, adj. unending ; g. 

ivk. ungeendodan 44. 12 ; a. 

n. wk. ungeendode 44. 18. 
ungeendodlic, adj. endless, eter 
nal ; a. n. wk. ungeendodlice 44. 

21. 

unfeeger, adj. ugly ; 145. 24. 



X 2 



3 o8 



GLOSSARY 



unfteglic, adj. notfatal, not serious ; 
a. n. 107. 29* (ungefseglic C). 

unfeest, adj. not firm, unstable ; 
n. 25. 30. 

unfsestr8edn.es, f. instability, in 
constancy ; a. unfsestradnesse 
15. 27. 

ungefere, adj. impassable ; d. pi. 
ungeferum, ungefserum* 42. 30. 

unfraco Slice, adv. virtuously; 40. 
ii (unfracodlice B). 

ungefrseglice, adv. extraordinari 
ly; 61. 17, 101. 24, in. 19. 

ungefylled, adj. insatiable ; a. f. 
wk. ungefylled an 17. 29. 

ungleed, adj. cheerless, unpleasant; 

f. ungladu 14. 14. 
ungleawnes, f. obtuseness, stu 
pidity ; 132. 29. 

unhal, adj. unsound, diseased ; 

pi. w.unhale 24. 1 2* ; d. unhalum 

132. 8 ; a. n. unhale 121. 9. 
unnered, adj. not praised ; 68. 

24 (unherod B). 
unhiere, adj. fierce, cruel ; a. n. 

unhiore xxix. 64. 
unhror, adj. without motion ; d. 

pi. unhrorum 146. 26* n. 
unh.wearfi.ende, adj. unchanging ; 

g. unhwearfiendes 20. 29. 
unhyftig, adj. unhappy ; unhydig, 

unhiSy* 59. 5. 
unieflnes,/] difficulty, trouble; a. 

uneSnesse 62. 3. 
unlsered, adj. untaught, ignorant; 

a. unlceredne 17. n, 20. 6 ; un- 

gelseredne 17. II* ; g. pi. un- 

Igeredra xxviii. I. 
unland, n. waste or barren land ; 

g. unlondes 42. 16*. 
ungelic, adj. unlike, different ; 

135- 5 5 n - 9 2 - 22 > xx - 33 5 g. 

ungelices 147. 3 ; a. f. (or 

adv. ?) ungelice 106. 26 ; n. 

ungelic 101. 15, 118. 14; pi. 

ungelice 43. 22 n. \ f. xxxi. 3 ; 

a. f. 52. 19, 79. 32, xx. 55 ; n. 

xxxi. 4. 

ungelice, adv. differently; 147. 4. 
ungeliefedlic, adj. incredible ; 

comp, n. ungelefedlicre, ungele- 

fendlicre* 118. 19. 



ungelimp, n. misfortune; a. 125. 
i9._ 

unmsere, adj. not famous, obscure ; 
68._2 5 . 

unmserlic, adj. ignoble; f. 75. 
i9._ 

unmsete, adj. excessive ; d. wk. 
unmsetan in. 25/2. 

unmedome, adj. imperfect, un 
worthy ; n. wk. unmedeme 82. 
22*; d. wk. unmedeman 61. 
28*. 

ungemenged, adj. unmixed ; f. 
100. 31. 

unmennisclic, adj. contrary to 
human nature, unnatural ; f. un- 
mennisclicu 70. 26. 

ungemet, 1) sbst. n. excess ; d. 
ungemete xxv. 38, xxvi. 62 ; a. 
ungemet 138. 31. 2) adv. ex 
cessively xi. 59; unigmet vii. 33, 
x. 9. 

ungemetfsest, adj. immoderate, 
intemperate ; a. ungemetfsestne 
61. 23 ; //. ungemetfaeste 30. 6. 

ungemetfsestnes, f. intemper 
ance, incontinence ; 109. 9. 

ungemetgiemenn, f. excessive 
care ; ungemetgemen vii. 28. 

ungemetlic, adj. excessive ; enor 
mous ; 26. 31 ; g. ungemetlices 
27. 4, 41. 13; f. ungemetlicre 
71. 30 ; d. ungemetlicum 81. 9 ; 
ivk. ungemetlican 95. 30, in. 
IQ, 26 ; inst. ungemetlice 89. 
29 ; d. pi. ungemetlicum 13. 
27. 

ungemetlice, adv. excessively, 
immoderately ; about 17 limes, 
12. 24 &c. 

unmiht,/". feebleness ; a. unmeahte 
66. 17 ; //. unmihta*, unmeahta 
no. 5. " 

unmihtig, adj. weak ; unmehtig 
109. 15 ; pi. unmihtige 66. 16*; 
unmehtige 108. 3, xxiv. 62 ; a. 
unmihtige 105. 27* ; comp. pi. 
unmihtegran 108. 5. 

uiigemyndig, adj. w. g. unmind 
ful ; 95. 20, xxii. 55. 

unmyndlinga, adv. undesignedly; 
125. 24 ; umnendlinga xxv. 30. 







GLOSSARY 



39 



geunnan, v. ann. 

ungeniedd, adj. uncompelled ; 

ungened 91. 8 ; pl-f- ungenedde 

100. 22. 
unniedig, adj. uncompelled ; pL 

unnedige 133. 2. 

unnytlice, adv. in vain ; 142. 31. 
unnytt, 1) adj. useless, vain ; 

unnet 68. 29, xxii. 10 ; n. un- 

nytte 95. I* ; wk. unnettan 14. 

20*; comp. n. unnyttre 72. 20*. 

2) sbst. n. frivolity, folly; unnet 

xvi. 6 ; a. 95. 5*, x. 21, xxii. 

17- 

unoferswiSedlic, adj. invincible ; 
//. unoferswiftedlice 133. 32. 

ungerad, adj. discordant ; pi. un- 
gerade 134. 28; d. ungeradum 
wordum, unskilful, unsuitable 
8.7. 

ungersedelice, adv. irregularly, 
unstably ; sup. ungeredelicost 
130. 14. 

ungereclice, adv. in a disorderly 
manner ; intemperately ; 94. 10, 
109. 30. 

unri ht, 1) adj. wrong, unjust ; 
wk. unrihta xviii. i ; f. unriht 
123.2; n. 112. 21, 133.8, xxvii. 
22 ; g. unryhtes 41. 13*; d. f. 
unrihtre 124. 3; a. f. unrihte 
119. 28; n. unriht 9. 27. 2) 
sbst. n. wrong, injustice; 131. 
24; d. unrihte 36. 20; a. unriht 
119. 30, ix. 54; d.pl. unrihtum, 
acts of injustice, misdeeds 39. 26. 

unrihtfeoung, f. wicked hatred ; 
d. pi. unrihtfioungum xxvii. I . 

unrihtgitsung, f. covetousness ; 
g. unrihtgitsunga 19. 23. 

unrihtrisemed, n. fornication, 
adultery ; ix. 6 ; g. unrihthae- 
medes 71. 5; d. unrihthsemede 
71. 7, xviii. 10 ; a. pi. un- 
ryhthgemedu 39. 17*. 

unrihtlic, adj. wrong, unjust ; g. 
unrihtlices 18. 23. 

unrihtlice, adv. wrongly, wrong 
fully; 43. 15, 65. 28, 120. 32. 

unrihtlust, m. wrongful desire ; 
d. pi. unrihtlustum 19. 20. 

unrihtwis, adj. unjust, wicked; 



wk. unrihtwisa 36. 25 &c. and 
xv. i ; g. unrihtwises ix. 8 ; wk. 
unrihtwisan 62. 7 ; d. wk. 7. 18 ; 
unriht wTsan 39. 29 ; pi. unriht- 
wise 30. 6, iv. 43, xxv. 58 ; wk. 
unryhtwisan 9. 26* &c. ; g. un- 
rihtwisra 11.31; d. unrihtwisum 
in. 12, xxv. 2; a. unrihtwise 
xxiv. 58 ; wk. unrihtwisan 105. 
26. 

unrihtwisnes./". injustice, wicked 
ness ; 62. 13, 104. 6, 132. 29; 
g. unrihtwisnesse 19. 29. 

unrim, n. countless number; 127. 
7, i. 44, xx. 190, xxvi. 40; d. 
unrime xxv. 7; a. unrim 26. 17, 
xiv. 4; ungerim 60. 28. 

ungerisene, n. inconvenience; d. 
pi. ungerisenum 30. 19. 

ungerisenlic, adj. unsuitable, un 
seemly; n. 68. 7; a. pi. un- 
gerisenlice 67. 29; comp. n. 
ungerisenlicre 68. 14. 

ungerisenlice, adv . in an unseemly 
manner, disgracefully; 67. 28. 

unrot, adj. sad, despondent ; 8. 4, 
58. 25 ; n. wk. unrote 9. 20, 23. 
10 ; pi. 24. 8, II. 

unrotnes,/^ sadness, despondency; 

fq. 12. 3 &c.; g. unrotnesse 9. 

17 &c. ; d. ii. 3 &c. and xxv. 

48 ; a. 14. 28, 70. 9 ; pi. unrot- 

nessa 20. 16 ; d. unrotnessum 

20. 4. 

unrotsian, wv. make sad; pp. 

geunrotsod 39. 24*, 142. 23; 

geunrotsad 21. 23; pi. geunrot- 

sode 24. 5. 
ungeseelig, adj. unhappy ; 20. 5 

&c.; a. ungesseligne 119. 2 ; pi. 

ungesaelige 104. 24, 122. 26, 

xxvii. 18 ; wk. ungesseligan 124. 

9; comp. ungesseligra 119. 8; 

pi. ungtsseligran 74. 11 &c. and 

xix. 42 ; sup. pi. ungesaelgoste 

118. 2. 
unssel S,/ . unhappiness, misfortune; 

21. 17, 1 20. 31 ; pi. unsaelSa 65. 
22; ungesaelSa 65. 22*, 124. 
23* ; ungesalSa 124. 23 ; g. un- 
gesaelSa 24. 30*, 108. 7, 131. 9 ; 
d. unsaeltmm 21. 21; ungesael- 



310 



GLOSSARY 



Sum 13. 27, 21. 21 ; #. unsselSa 
21. 27, 117. 19, 125. 17, 18; 
ungesaelSa 14. 20*, 117. 19*. 

unsarrrwrSde, adj. not in agree 
ment, opposed ; pi. 106. 6. 

ungescadwls, a^ . unreasoning; 
irrational ; n. ungesceadwis 147. 
18;^". wk. tingesceadwisan 28. 
31; d. ungesceadwistim 131. 
13; a. ungesceadwisne 61. 22; 
//. ungesceadwise 26. 14, 132. 
5; ivk. ungesceadwisan 31. 30; 
g. wk. ungesceadwisene 31. 
29*. 

ungescadwisnes, f. want of dis 
cernment ; 73. 7, 109. 2, 6. 

unscelSfulnes, f. harmlessness, 
innocence ; a. unsceSfulnesse 

T 33-5- 
unscyldig, adj. innocent; 122. 

31 ; g. wk. unscyldgan 123. 16 ; 
d. nnscyldegum 40. 3* ; un- 
scyldgum ix. 59 ; a. wk. un- 
scyldigan 122. 24; unscyldgan 
122. 30 ; //. d. nnscyldegum iv. 
36; unscyldgum 123. 12; a. 
unscyldige 123. 10; wk. un- 
scildigan 10. 18*. 

ungesewenlic, adj. invisible; n. 
128. 20; d. wk. unsewenlican 
138. 2* ; pi. f. ungesewenlica 
128. 2; g. ungesewenlicra 48. 
24, xi. 5 ; a. f. ungesewenlica 
xx. 6; ungesewenlice 79. n*. 

unsnytro, f. folly ; d. pi. unsnyt- 
trum ix. 1 1 . 

ungesteelStSig, adj. unsteady, fickle; 
n. wk. ungestoeftftige 126. 21*; 
d. wk. ungestoe SSegan 115. 3. 

unstatSolfsest, adj. unsteady, ill 
balanced (in mind) ; pi. un- 
staSolfseste xxviii. 69 n, 

unstille, adj. endowed with 
movement ; constantly moving, 
restless; f. wk. 129. 15; n. 
102. 29, xx. 92 \ pi. wk. un- 
stillan xi. 1 8 ; n. unstillu 128. 
3; g. wk. unstillena 48. 30; 
d. unstillum 115. 4 ; a. f. un- 
stilla xx. 14 ; wk. unstillan 79. 

J 5- 
unstrenge, adj. weak ; d. pi. un- 



strengum 59. 24 n. ; comp. un- 
strengra 75. 7, 109. 10. 

unstyrigende, adj. motionless, 
stationary ; //. f. unstirende 
146. i ; wk. unstyriendan 146. 
6, ii. 

unsweotol, adj. not clear, not 
discernible; f. 81. i*; //. un- 
sweotole xx. 146. 

untsele, adj. blameless ; f. un- 
tselu 47. 27*. 

ungetsese, adj. inconvenient, un 
pleasant; n. 30. 1 6 ; g. unge- 
tseses 71. 29. 

untela, adv. evilly, wrongly ; 
134. 30. 

unteorig, adj. untiring, unceasing; 
untiorig xxviii. 17. 

untidllce, adv. unseasonably ; 
untiidlice 12.6. 

untilod, quasi ptcp.; ftonne biS 
his untilad, no provision will be 
made for him, no attention paid 
him 67. 12. 

untodseled, adj. undivided; 76. 
9 &c.; n. 90. 16 &c.; //. unto- 
dselde 90. 30. 

untodseledlic, adj. indivisible, 
inseparable; 89. i*; untodoe- 
lendlic 74. 30 ; d.f. untodeled- 
licre 54. 18*. 

untreow. f. unfaithfulness, per 
fidy ; pi. d. untreowum ii. 13 ; 
a. untriowa 16. 5. 

untriewe, adj. perfidious ; pi. 
wk. ungetreowan 8. 9*. 

untrum, adj. feeble, infirm ; pi. 
untrume, ungetrume* 132. 32. 

untweogende, adj. unhesitating, 
sure ; g. untwiogendes 146. 19*. 

untwifeald, adj. united ; simple, 

sincere; wk. untweofealda in. 

2*; a. untwifealdne 109. 27; 

pi. untwifealde 30. 27*; a. f. 

untweofealde xi. 95. 

untydd, adj. un instructed, un 
trained ; a. untydne 20. 6. 

unftearf, f. detriment, disadvan 
tage ; d. to Sinre unftearefe 16. 

7*- 
unfleaw, m. bad habit, vice; 32. 

2 3> 95- 8 > xxvi - II2 J un " 



GLOSSARY 



tSeawes 64. 27 ; //./^.unfteawas 
70. 6 &c. and xxii. 26, 30, xxvi. 
117; . unSeawa 112. 16 ; d. 
unfteawum 67. 28, xvi. 4 &c. ; 
<z. unSeawas 61. 8 &c. w^ xvi. 



24, xxvii. 32. 
ungettwsere, <7<//. at variance, 

discordant 134. 29 ; a. unge- 

Swaerne, turbulent 62. 10 n.\ 

pi. f. ungeftwaera 49. 12 ; w. 

ungeftweere 113. 26. 
unge Swsernes, f. variance, dis 

cord ; in. 29; pi. ungeSwser- 

nessa 9. n. 
ungeftyld, /. impatience; </. on 

ungeSylde 25. 6. 
ungeftyldelice, adv. impatiently ; 

45- T 3- 
ungeflyldig, adj. impatient ; //. 

ungeSyldige, untJyldige* 133.2. 
unundergielde, adj. not to be 

replaced, (in)valuable ; g. unan- 

dergildes 27. 20*. 
ungewealdes, g. used as adv. 

ures ungewealdes, without our 

control ; 93. 7. 
unwenlie, adj. unexpected; comp. 

d. unwenlicran 138. 2. 
unwenunga, adv. unexpectedly ; 

140. 10. 
unweortJian, wv. dishonour ; pro. 

ind. 2.s. unweorSast 16. 26. 
unweoi Sscipe, m. dishonour ; a. 

61. 27*. 
unwierfie, adj. without honour ; 

unworthy, ignoble ; unwyrSe62. 

17 ; unweorSe 62. 20* ; un- 

weorS 64. 26*, xv. 6 ; /. 75. 19 ; 

a. unwyrSne 62. 9 ; pi. unwyrSe 

41. 15 ; n. unweorSe*, unweoro" 

24. T 2 ; ffwz/. unweorOra 63. 2*, 

^3- 3*? 4 5 a - unweorSran 63. 

7 w. ; JM_^. unweorSost 34. 23* ; 

wk. unweorSesta 33. 4* ; pi. 

unweorSoste 61. 16*. 
unwiei^nes, f. disgrace; d. un- 

weorSnesse 12.1. 
unwilla, ivm. ; d. pi. unwillum, 

used as adv. unwillingly i. 24 ; 

w. pers.pron. Sinum unwillum, 

against your will 62. 5, cf. 93. 7, 

98. 7, 8. 



unwis, adj. foolish ; 26. 4 ; pi. g. 
unwisra xx. 148 ; d. unwisum 
x. 10. 

unwisdom, m. folly, ignorance; 
d. unwisdome 141. 6. 

ungewiss, adj. uncertain ; mys 
terious ; 26. 4 (unwis J) ; g. 
ungewislices 15. 22. 

ungewitfulle, adv. senselessly ; 

74- J 3- 
unwitnod, qiiasiptcp. unpunished ; 

n. 119. 16; f. 121. 19; pi. un- 
witnode 104. 23, 119. 14; un- 
gewitnode 119. 16* ; a. unwit- 
node 119. 24; lete unwitnod 
119.30. 

ungewittig, adj. unreasoning, 
irrational ; pi. wk. ungewittigan 
108. 4; ungewittegan 108. 15*. 

unwlitigian, wv. deprive of form 
or beauty ; ind. prs. 3.^. un- 
wlitegaS 131. 5. 

unwrecen, qztasiptcp. unpunished; 
n. 123. 20. 

unwriten, quasi ptcp. unwritten ; 
a. pi. forleton unwriten 44. 3. 

ungewunelie, adj. unusual, extra 
ordinary ; n. 70. 23 ; g. unge- 
wunelices 15. 22. 

unwynsum, adj. unpleasant; f. 
unwynsumu 138. 10 ; unwynsum 
137. 8; n. 30. 15. 

unwyrd, /! misfortune; a. 50. 16. 

unwyrht, n. be hioraunwyrhtum, 
without their deserving it 123. 

32. 

up, adv. (ub 86. 20; up 136. 4*, 
13*, xx. 156) ; a) res^ above, on 
high, 57. 21, 73. 31, 92. 20, xxiv. 
32, xxxi. 19. b) motion, up, up 
wards, 1 8. n, xii. 25 &c. ; up on 
26. 24. c} direction, xxxi. 17- 

iipende, m. upper end; d. 135. 
32, xxix. 1 8. 

uppan, prep. w. d. above; ofer 
uppan xxiv. 27. 

uppe, adv. on high; xx. 124. 

uprihte, adv. upright, erect; 147. 

9- 
uprodor, m. sky; a. xxix. 51. 

upryne, m. upward course ; g. 
uprynaes 57. 26*. 



312 



GLOSSARY 



frpweard, adv. upwards ; xxxi. 23. 
upweardes, adv. upwards; 91. 

31, xiii. 54, 62. 

ure, POSS. adj. our, ours; 79. 4, 
93. 6, xxii. 54 ; user xx. 249 ; f. 
ure 144. 17 &c. ; n. 101. 9; g. 
ures 19. 21 &c. and xx. 258, 
261 ; usses xx. 265, 267, xxi. 
12 ; d. urum 29. 7*, 93. 2, 146. 

32, xx. 33; ussum 29. 7; a. 
ftone urne, ours 84. 28 ; n. ure 
146. 26 ; //./". ure 34. 6* ; ussa 
viii. 40; usse xxi. 35; g. urra 
89. 9, 10; ura xxi. 14; ussa 
xxiii. ii ; d. urum 82. 7, xx. 
252; a. ure 145. 13. 

ut, adv. a] pi ace, out, 115. 22. ) 

motion, out, outside, 11.4, i. 21 

&c. 
utan, adv. outside, from outside ; 

fq. 36. 9, x..4 &c. ; uton $ times 

in B, 79. 21 &c. 
utane, adv. from outside, outside ; 

62. 33, 63. i, 80. 32, 89. 2. 
ute, adv. outside, out of doors ; 

33- 3 1 * 95- 4> viii. 27; ??/. 

utor 94. 25. 
utemest, sup. adj. outermost ; v. 

ytemest. 
uton, let us; let us do; w. inf. 

75- 15, 88 - 32, 138- 55 wutun 
103. 4; ute 17. 8*; w. . uton 
Sses 75. 17. 

uttwita, wm. philosopher, sage; 
45. 7 &c. and x. 50, xxii. 54; 
g. uSwitan 45. 5 ; //. 81. 17, xx. 
184; uftwiotan 127. 4, 131. 8; 
g. utJwitena 85. 24. 



W. 

wa, 1) sbst. n. suffering , hardship ; 

waa 1.25 (J) ; d. mid uua iii. 6 

(J). 2) inter j. oh ! alas ! 73. 22. 
wac, adj. unstable, yielding; n. 

xx. 93. 
waclic, adj. insignificant; n. 56. 

8. 

waclice, adv. weakly ; v. 34. 
wadan, sv6. go, proceed; ind. 



prs. %.pl. wadaS 143. 2 ; sbj.pst. 

wode 48. 13. 
weecan, wv. weaken ; gewaecan 

v. 31. 
weecce, wf. watching, vigil ; a. pi. 

wseccan 70. 8. 
weed, f. dress, clothes ; pi. weed a 

77. ii \g. xxv. 32, 39; d. wsedum 

64. 25, xv. 3, xxv. 4; a. wseda 

viii. 23. 
wsedl, f. poverty; 60. 16 ; d. 

weedle 24. 4 ; a. 28. 21, 31. 16, 

60. 24, 76. 25. 
W8edla,zy;;z. (gen. used as adj. ] poor 

man; 28. 24, 65. 15, 76. 24; d. 

wsedlan 28. 26; //. 28. 10 ; d. 

wsedlum x. 31. 
wsefS, f. wonderful spectacle, 

marvel ; wsefSo xxviii. 82 n. ; g: 

wsefSe 104. ii. 
wseg, m. wave ; d. waege xxviii. 

58. 
weegan, wv. afflict ; pp. geweeged 

ii. 3. 
wsegn, ///. carriage, waggon ; 

wse-n 130. 21 ; ^. wsenes 129. 

19, 131. i ; waenes Sisla, the 

Waggon-Shafts (Charles Wain) 

126. 3, xxviii. 10 ; a. wsen 129, 

20. 
weelhreow, adj. fierce, cruel ; 

wselriow ix. 38 ; ivk. wsslhreowa 

7. 23 ; g. wselhreowes ix. 5 ; d. 

wk. waslreowan 36. 28. 
weelhreownes^ fierceness, cruel 
ty; 67. 7 ; a. pi. wselriownessa 

39- J 7* 
weepen, w. weapon ; pi. waepnu 

40. 22 ; g. wsepna 8. 20. 
weer, adj. cautious ; f. waeru 47. 

27* n. ; a. pi. wsere 62. 27. 
wserscipe, m. caution; 62. 25, 

87.7. 

wserfto, v. weefS. 
weestm, m. crop, produce ; a. 

westm 136. 15* ; pi. wasstmas 

3- 3 > <?" wsestma xx. 101 ; d. 

wsestmum 29. 24, 33. 23* ; a. 

waestmas 33. 28*, viii. 19, xx. 

75, xxix. 70; westmas 80. 17*, 

136. 20*. 
wsestmbsere, adj. fertile; wk. 






GLOSSARY 



westmbaera 136. 16* ; a. waestm- 

bsere 51. 28, xii. I. 
wset, 1) adj. wet, moist; f. So. 7 ; 

w. 80. 6, 7, xx. 77, 81 ; d. 

wsetum xx. 90 ; wk. wsetan 80. 

13. 2} sbst. n. wetness, mois 
ture; 80. 5, xx. 74. 
wseta, wm. moisture ; 136. 12 ; a. 

wsetan 33. 29, xxix. 48. 
wseter, n. water; 49. II, xi. 43 

&c. ; g. wseteres 80. 5, 20, 25 ; 

waetres xx. 108, 123; d. wsetere 

80. 13, viii. 59 &c. ; wsettere 

xx. 90; waetre xx. 150, xxviii. 

63 ; a. wseter 34. i, viii. 23, 28 ; 

//. waetru 53. 4 ; d. wseterum 

74. 2*; waetrum 115. 8. 
wesftan, ivv. hunt; xix. 15. 
wafian, wv. w. g. be astonished, 

marvel at ; xxviii. 44; ind. prs. 

3.5-. wafaS 126. 5, 13; pi. 

wafiaS 31. 12 ; sbj. prs. wafige 

xxviii. 1 8, 31 ; prs. p. wafiende 

50. 10. 
wafu.ng,/l astonishment, wonder ; 

a. wafunga 125. 15. 
wag, m. wall; wah no. 23; g, 

pi. waga n. 27. 
wagian, wv. intrans. move, sway; 

ind. pst. 3.^. wagode 101. 27. 
wala, inter j. alas ! oh ! iv. 29, 

xxi. i ; wella . . . wel 89. 5, 

139- 5- 
walawa, interj. alas! 124. 9*, 

weilawei 103. 10. 
wana, wm. want, deficiency ; 22. 

20 &c. ; used as adj. deficient, 

83.9, 11,84. i, 85. 16. 
wancol, adj. wavering, fickle ; f. 

47. 20* ; a. pi. wk. wanclan 15. 

3- 

wandlung, /] changing, variable 
ness ; d. wandlunga 15. 27. 

wandrian, wv. wander ; vary ; 
ind. prs. 3.^. wandraS 105. 13, 
xxiv. 23; sbj. prs. wandrige 
130. 1 8 ; prs. p. wandriende 
128. 29. 

wang, m. plain, field ; pi. wangas 
xx. 77. 

wangstede, m. place; a. pi. 
wongstedas viii. 56. 



wanian, wv. trans, and intr. 

diminish; 91. 2 ; ind. prs. ^.s. 

wanaS 60. 16, 71. 18, 148. 13, 

20; pi. waniaS 92. II ; pp. 

gewanod 28. 16, 99. 19 ; pi. f. 

gewanode 24. 27. 
wann, adj. dark ; n. wan v. 4 ; 

a. wk. wonnan xi. 61. 
warnian, wv. rflx. w. wift; 

beware, guard ; ind. prs. 3.5. 

warenaS 68. 4, 144. 31 (wsernaS 

B) ; gewarena S 16. 21. 
warotS, n. shore ; a. wearoS i. 

14; wearod viii. 30; weroS 

34- I- 
wat, swv. know; inf. witan 15. 

10 &c. ; ind. prs. i.s. wat 
8. 20, iv. 51 &c. ; wret xxviii. 
80 ; neg. nat x. 53, xix. 37 ; 2.s. 
wast 13.5 &c. ; interrog. wastu 
13. 13, 18. 16 ; wasS Su 62. 5, 
65. n ; WDest 66. 3 ; neg. nast 
13. 16, 104. 26 ; 3.^. wat 26. 2, 
iii. 9 &c. ; neg. nat 9. 14 &c. ; 
pi. witon 24. I &c. and ix. i, 
xix. 24 ; witan 67. I, xvii. 7, xix. 
20; neg. niton 32. 23, 83. 25, 
108. 16; nyton 25. 16 &c. and 
xi. 10 ; pst. i.s. and %.s. wisse, 
wiste* 15. 14, n. 7*, 61. 22 
&c. ; neg. nysse, nys(s)te* 96. 
3 &c. and xxvi. 66 ; nesse 94. 
21 n. ; 2.s. wistest 24. 17* ; neg. 
nystes 13. 20, 22 ; nestes 13. 19 ; 
pi. wisson xxvi. 100, xxviii. 19 ; 
vvisston 1 1 6. 27*; neg. nyston 
115. 25 ; imp. wite 17. 20 &c. ; 
sbj. prs. 78. 1 6 &c. ; neg. nyte 
12. 31 &c. ; //. witen 121. 21, 
147. 14, xix. 13 ; pst. wisse 13. 
10 &c. ; neg. nysse 97. 19, 22 ; 
nesse 94. 21, 96. 2 ; pi. wissen 
147. 13. 
, f. hunting ; d. waSe xxvii. 



we, pers. pron. we; 13. 29, ix. I 

&c.; g. ure 19. 14 &c.; d.and 

a. us 29. 9, xi. 12 &c. 
wea, wm. misery, misfortune; a. 

wean 118. 23. 
wealaf,y. survivors of misfortune ; 

i. 22. 



314 



GLOSSARY 



weald, m. forest; 57. 19, xiii. 46. 

geweald, n. power, control ; g. 
used as adv. w. pers. prons. 
"Sines gewealdes, in your power 
29. 24, 25 ; heora agnes ge 
wealdes, of their own accord 

37. 24, cf. 37. 29 ; a. geweald 

38. 22, 107. 15, 124. 5, i. 38, 
xvi. 21, xxii. 36, xxvii. 5. 

wealdan, rv. (jv. g. ; except 89. 19 

(d.} and 136. 23 (a.}} ; wield, 

control ; govern ; 17. 23, 65. 24, 

81. 23; waldan xx. 129, 198, 

201; to weald anne 97. I ; ind. 

prs. 2.s. wealdest xx. 7, 50 ; 

weltst 79. 12*, 30* ; 3.J. weal- 

de<5 xxi. 33 ; waldeS xxiv. 34, 

35, xxv. I5,xxix.76.,93; wealt 

98. i*, 125. 28, 136. 30*; 

wilt 13. 23, 97. 9 ; welt 57. 3*, 

86. 3 &c.; causes in. 7 ; wylt 

97. 5 ; //. wealdaft 65. 23 ; 

pst. 3.5. weold 96. 6*, xxvi. 

10 ; wiold ix. 38 ; //. wioldon 

i. 48 ; sbj. prs. wealde 12.16 &c. 

and xvi. 16; walde 131. n ; 

pi. wealden 65. 23 ; walden 

1 02. 25 ; pst. weolde 96. 4, 

5, 96. 21 ; wiolcle 96. 10, 97. 

23, 100. 20; prs. p. waldende 

104. 2i, 107. 7. 

wealdend, 1) m. ruler, con 
troller; 48. 23, xi. 2 &c. ; 
waldend more iisiial 83. 23, 
iv. 49 &c. ; pi. wealdendas 13. 
21, 32. ii ; waldendas 35. 30; 
d. wealdendum 64. 22. 2) adj. 
powerful ; a. wealdendne 38. 
16, 30*, 65. 4; waldendne 

38. 30. 
gewealdletSer, n. rein, bridle ; g. 

wealdleSeres49. 5 ; a. geweald- 

leSer 49. 27, 105. 18, xi. 28 ; 

gewaldleSer xxiv. 39 ; pi. d. 

gewealdleSerum 136. 23; ge- 

weltleSrnm xxix. 77 > " S e " 

wealdleSeru xi. 75. 
wealhstod, m. interpreter ; Pr. i. 
weallan, rv. boil, seethe ; prs. p. 

weallende viii. 45. 
wealwian, wv. intrans. roll ; fade, 

wither; wealowian 91. 16; ind. 



prs. 3-j 1 . wealuwaS xi. 58 ; 

wealwaS 49. 19* ; sbj. prs. pi. 

wealowigen 130. 6 ; prs. p. 

wealwiende 14. 1 6. 
weard, m. guardian; xi. 20, 31, 

xxviii. 77. 
weardian, wv. keep ; last wear- 

digan, keep its place, remain 

xx. 241. 
wearm, adj. warm ; f. So. 8, xx. 

80 ; n. 49. 20 ; g. wearmes 12. 

II ; pi. n. wearm xi. 61. 
weas, adv. by chance; 125. 13 

&c. and xxv. 31, xxviii. 72. 
weaxan, rv. grow, increase ; 14. 

5 &c. ; to wexanne 91. 20 ; ind. 

prs. weaxS 73. 26*; wex ft 71. 

18, 148. I3*,xix. 8; geweaxS*, 

gewexS 91. 30; gewyxS 99. 

1 8 ; pi. vveaxaS 21. 4 &c. and 

vi. 9 n., xxv. 40 ; wexaS 92. 1 1 ; 

psl. weox i. 5, xx. 243 ; //. 

weoxon 127. 10 ; sbj. prs. ge- 

weaxe xiii. 52 ; wexe 46. 12*. 
wecg, m. lump, ingot ; d. wecge*, 

wegge 90. 8. 
wecgan, wv. trans, move ; ind. 

prs. $.pl. wecggaft xxvii. 4; sbj. 

prs. wecge vii. 35. 
wedan, wv. be mad ; prs. p. we- 

dende hund 1 1 1 . 1 8 ; d. wk. 

wedendan gietsere 19. 9. 
gewede, n. madness, frenzy; ge- 

wed ix. 5. 
wedehund, m. mad dog ; wede- 

hunde xxv. 18. 
weder, n. weather, season ; 52. 

4, 115. 21, xxvi. 28; g. weSres 

xii. 13 (J) ; d. wedere 14. 12 ; 

a. weder 144. 32, xi. 59, xxix. 

64; d. pi. wederum 12. 10, 

xxviii. 45; wedrum 18. 13. 
weg, m. way, path; 73. 24, 82. 
16, xx. 277, 279 ; g. weges 106. 
i ; d. wege 73. 24, 139. 28, 

31, xix. 4, xxiv. 44; a. weg 

fq. 51. 14 &c. and xiii. 58, 

xxix. 8 ; a. pi. wegas 53. 10, 
57. 26. 
wegferend, m. traveller; 33. 9, 

14. 
wel, adv. well; 12. n, v. 24 



GLOSSARY 



315 



&c. ; wel tarn, quite 57. 9, 

cf. xiii. 50 ; comp. bet 46. 32, 

x. 65 &c. ; sup. betst 8. n 

&c. awflfii. 13. 

wela, w m. prosperity, riches ; fq. ; 
plural more ustcal, i*j. 18 &c. 

and xxi. 22 ; -. welan 24. 2 &c. 

tfmz xix. 43 ; d. 26. 3 &c. ; 

a. 24. 10 &c. and vii. 16 ; //. 

17. 20 &c. ; g. welena 19. I, 

27. 20, 60. 28 ; welona 17. 7 ; 

a 7 , welum 18. 3 &c. #m/ x. 28; 

a. welan 59. 24, 60. 14. 
welhwaer, adv. nearly everywhere ; 

xii. 4, xxviii. 82. 

welhwses, adv. nearly ; ii. 10 (J). 
welhwel c.pron. adj. nearly every ; 

n. welhwilc xx. 191. 
\velig, adj. prosperous, wealthy ; 

29. 24 &c. ; g. wk. welegan 

63. 20; d. wk. xiv. i, i. 37; 

welgan 60. 28* ; a. weligne 

59. 18, 65. 4; wk. welegan 77. 

i*, x. 31 ; //. welige 24. 7, 

33. 23, viii. 8 ; wk. welgan 60. 

12 ; g. weligra 19. 4; d. wele- 

gum 60. 9 ; a. welige 73. 20 ; 

wk. welegan 60. n ; sup. wel- 

gost 59. 14. 
weligian, wv. enrich ; gewele- 

gian 28. 26. 
welwynsum, adj. very pleasant ; 

welwinsum xiii. 50. 
wen,/", hope, expectation; 138. 

20. 
wena, wm. hope, expectation ; 

opinion ; 63. 27, xxviii. 35 ; d. 

wenan 68. 13. 
wenan., wv. w. g. or sbj. hope for, 

expect; think, believe ; 13. 26, 

vii. 7 &c. ; to wenanne 37. 31 

&c. ; ind. prs. i.s. werie 23. 1 8 

&c. a/z^xxv. 29; 2.s. wenst 15. 

21 &c. and ix. 48; ftu.wensft 

24. 27 ; interrog. wenstujfy. 12. 

31 &c. ; 3.J-. wenS 107. 9, no. 

14; weno" him Sara 134. 30; 

//. wenaS 15. 6, xix. 34 &c. ; 

pst. i.s. wende 21. 13 &c. ; 2.s. 

wendest n. 5 &c. ; wendes 120. 

24 ; wendes Su Se 33. 10 ; 3.^. 

wende 15. 13, 45. 9, i. 78, 82 ; 



imp. wen 47. 4 ; sbj. prs. wene 
54. 17 &c. ; pi. wenen 26. 14 
&c. and x. 63 ; pst. 13. 24 &c. 

wend, n. course, alternative ; 
oftSe Sridde wend 118. 15. 

weiidan, wv. trans, and intr. 
turn, direct; go; 13. 32, iv. 34, 
40; gewendan xxii. 57; ind. 
prs. i.s. wende 121.6; ^.s. went 
10. 23, 103. 1 8, 149. i, xiii. 
55 ; turn out, come to pass, 125. 
8 ; //. wendaS 97. 32 &c. ; pst. 
on englisc wende, translated 
Pr. 2 ; gewende Pr. 9 ; pi. 
wendon 8. 11, ii. 14; sbj. prs. 
wende 78. 4 &c. and xviii. u, 
xxxi. 20; pi. wenden 130. 9, 

137- 17- 
wendung, f. alteration, change ; 

d. wendinge vii. 41. 
wenian, wv. accustom, train; ind. 

pst. ^.s. gewenede xxix. 6 ; //. 

gewenedon 57. 18. 
weod, n. weed ; a. xii. 28 ; a. pi. 

52. i* ; wiod xii. 4. 
weorc, ;/. work; 128. 19; g. 

weorces 12. 20 &c. and vi. 17, 

vii. 7 ; d. weorce 40. 10 &c. ; 

a. weorc 38. 4, xi. 77 &c. ; pi. 

g. weorca 41. 13 &c. and xx. 

21 ; d. weorcum 41. 6 &c. ; a. 

weorc 145. 13. 
geweorc, n. work, structure ; a. 

99- 3- 

weorcmann, m. workman, la 
bourer; a. pi. weorcmen 40. 18. 

weorpan,j-z>3. cast, throw; change; 
116. 14, xxvi. 76; ind. prs. 3.^. 
wearp 18. 20; wearp hine mid 
ftsere tungan, threw the tongue 
at him 36. 23. 

weorfJan, sv$. happen ; become ; 
fq. used as auxiliary vb. 37. 20, 
xi. 19 &c. ; fq. w. to, 83. 3 
&c. ; rflx. Se weorSan on, 
arrive at 105. n, xxiv. 18 ; ind. 
prs. 2.^.wyrstxxiv.44.; 3.^. we- 
orSeS xiii. 56, xviii. 9, xx. 102 ., 
xxviii. 63, 75, xxix. 33; wyrS 
usual form 10. 8 &c. ; 6 times 
in Metr. v. 18 &c. ; pi. weorSaS 
33- 3; xiii- 3^ &c. ; arrive, 57. 



3i6 



GLOSSARY 



16; wiorSaS 92. 12; 
wearS 12. 20 &c. ; 2.J. wurde 
8. 19 ; 3.^. wearS 37. 9 &c. a^ 
xxvi. 13, 28 ; pi. wurdon 67. 4, 
xxvi. 79 &c. ; sbj. prs. weorSe 
21. 1 7, v. 6 &c. ; is formed, 1 26. 
20; wiorSe 69. 13 ; //. weorffen 
25. 6 &c. #72^ v. 45 ; weorSan 
122. 6; pst. wurde 62. 12 &c. 
and viii. 39, xxv. 31 ; //. 
wurden 40. 26 &c. ; wurdon 96. 
16, 136. 27*; pp. geworden 
126. 23 ; pi. wordene xix. 29. 

geweorflan, sv^. happen, come to 
pass; 6 times, 12. 17 &c. ; 
gewiorSan xi. 39 ; ind. prs. ^.s. 
geweorSeo 1 xxiv. 55 ; gewyrS 5 
times, 39. 4 &c. ; gewirS 35. 7 ; 
pst. 3.^. gewearS 36. 24 ; ^ . 
prs. geweorSe n times, 128. 18 
&c. ; pst. gewurde 9. 4 ; //. //. 
n. gewordene 145. 14. 

weorftfullic, adj. honourable; g. 
weorSfullices 42. 15. 

weorftfullice, adv. honourably ; 
41. 4. 

weorftgeorn, adj. ambitious ; wk. 
weorSgeorna x. 48 ; //. g. wk. 
weorSgeornena 139. 7; d. 
weorSgeornum 139. 10 ; sup. 
pi. weorSgeornuste 44. 4*. 

weorflian., wv. honour ; esteem ; 
143. 25 ; to weortftanne 72. 27, 
75. 13, 14; ind. prs. pi. ge- 
weorftao 1 32. 28; pst. weorSode 
64. 27, 30; //. weorSodon 115. 
27, xxvi. 45 ; sbj. prs. weorSige 
104. 17 ; pp. geweorSod 32. 25, 
26 ; geweorSad x. 28 ; pi. ge- 
weorSode 69. 4. 

weor Slic, adj. valuable ; dis 
tinguished, glorious; 75. 24; 
a. weorolicne 133. 29; a.pl.f. 
weorSlica xx. 226; weorSlice 
81. 34*; stip. n. weorSlicosS 

75. 21. 

weorflmynd, f. honour, dignity ; 

30. 20; a. weor&mynde 30. 21 ; 

g. pi. weor 5myn0a i. 51. 
weorftscipe, m. dignity, honour 
fq. 17. 1 8 &c. ; g. weorSscipes 

17. 7 &c. and xix. 44 ; d. 



weorSscipe 23. 19 &c. ; wyr$- 
scipe 36. 25*; a. weorftscipe 
32. 7 &c. ; d. pi. weorSscipum 

54- 2. 
wepan, rv. weep; bewail; 102. 

26; rflx. 8. 5; to wepanne 23. 

i ; ind. pst. ^.s. weop 102. 5 ; 

prs. p. wepende 8. 8. 
wer, m. man : 22. 9 ; d. were xvii. 

4 ; a. wer viii. 35 ; pi. weras 133. 

7; g. wera 139. 7; a. weras 46. 

28, x. 62. 
werelic, adj. unsubstantial, paltry; 

//. werelice, werilice* 28. 24 ; 
/. werelica 25. ion. 
werelice, adv. abjectly, meanly; 

71. 24 (waerelice B). 

werig, adj. weary ; n. wk. werie 

72. i ; werige 72. i*, xxvi. 114; 
d. wk. weregan 72. 3 ; a. n. wk. 
werige xxiv. 60 ; g. pi. werigra 

5. 13- 
werod, n. host, troop ; d. werede 

66. 9 ; pi. g. weroda xx. 86, 162, 

xxix. 78 ; weorada xx. 49 ; a. 

werode 116. 6. 
werod, adj. sweet ; comp. weoro- 

dra 52. 3. 
werodan, wv. become sweet ; 

ind. prs. ^.s. werodaS*, weredaS 

51.4. 
werfleod, f. nation ; a. werolode 

ix. 2 1 ; //. werSeoda xxvi. 73 ; 

werSioda xxix. 28 ; a. xxiv. 35. 
wesan, wese, v. beon. 
west, adv. west, westwards; 136. 

i , ix. 42, x. 5, xiv. 7, xxix. 28. 
westan, adv. from the west; iv. 22, 

vi. 8. 
westdsel, m. west part ; d. west- 

daele 135. 30; #. westdsel xxix. 

J3. 

weste, adj. waste, uninhabited ; 

g. westes 42. 7 ; a. pi. n. westu 

holu 19. 8. 
westenn, n. desert; d. //.-weste- 

num 42. 30. 
westeweard, adj. western ; a. oS 

westeweardne 39. 27, 41. 21, 

67. 31. 
westmest. adj. westernmost ; n. 

xvi. ii. 



GLOSSARY 



317 



wio, n. bay, creek; xxi. 12. 
wid, adj. wide ; a. ivk. widan 

viii. 41, xi. 45, xiii. 65. 
widcuS, adj. widely known, 

famous ; //. widcuSe 24. 4. 
wide, adv. widely; 93. 6, viii. 51 

&c. 
gewider, n. weather ; pi. gewideru 

xi. 61. 
widgiell, adj. extensive ; f. widgel 

x. i o ; pi. f. widgille 46. 4* ; 

widgil x. 6. 
widgielnes, f. spaciousness ; a. 

widgielnesse 72. 1 6. 
widmsere, adj. far-famed; 53. 

22. 
wiell, m. spring, fountain ; g. pi. 

wella 34. i. 
wiella, wm. spring, fountain ; a. 

wellan viii. 29. 
wielm, m. boiling, surging ; d. 

welme in. 30*, xxv. 46. 
wierdan, wv. injure ; ind. prs. 

$.pl. wyrdaS. 

wiernan, ivv. a) prevent ; b) re 
ject, refuse; wyrnan 149. 5 () ; 

ind. prs. ^.s. werno 1 145. 16 (a). 
wiers, wiersa, wierst, v. yfel, 

yfle. 

wiei^e, adj. w. g. worthy ; hon 
oured ; weorfte 35. 18* ; wyrSe 

usual form u. 23*, 33. 5 &c. ; 

weorS 61. 6*, 124. 26, viii. 37; 
f. wyrSe 47. 8 ; n. 43. 24 &c. ; 

a. wyr Sne 63. 18* ; weorftne 61. 

4, 64. 9 ; pi. wyrSe 7. 8 &c. and 

i. 37, x. 56 ; weorSe 104. 10 ; 

f. wyrSe 98. 8 ; a. weorfte 28. 5, 
62. 27, 64. 6; wyr Se i. 67 ; comp. 
weor&ra 64. 29; a. wyrftran 122. 
29 ; weordYan 63. 7, 71. 22 ; //. 
xv. 1 2 ; wyrtJran iv. 45 ; .ra/. 
weorSost 53. 17; />/. w. weor- 
Sestan 61. 21, 67. 2. 

wif, n. woman; wife ; 22. II &c.; 

g. wifes 103. 13; d. wife xvii, 
4, xxvi. 68 ; a. wif 22. 32 ; pi. 
g. wifa 54. 7 ; a. wif 22. 13. 

wifian, wv. marry (a wife) ; pp. 

gewifod 24. 9. 
wig, n. war ; g. wiges xxvi. 1 3 ; 

d. wige i. 22. 



wigend, m. warrior ; g. pi. wigen- 
dra xxvi. 31. 

wiht, fn. thing; creature; xiii. 
19; wuht usual form 12. 22 
&c. ; wyht 147. 2*; g. (/.) 
wnhte 36. 6, 60. 6, 148. 17 ; d. 
(/.) 93. II, 23, xi. 78 ; used as 
adv. w. comp. wuhte Son mare 
xiv. 10, cf. xvi. 14, xx. 108, 
117, xxviii. 35; a. (/) wiht 
xiii. 19; wuht 91.6, 148.14, 18 ; 
pron. anything, xiii. 33 ; elles 
wuhte ix. 20 ; pi. wuhta 36. n, 
126. 17, xxxi. 2; g. 93. 31, 94. 
7, xi. 52 &c. 

wilde, adj. not tame, wild ; f. 
xviii. 5; n. 124. II ; g. tvk. 
wildan 57. 12 ; a. xiii. 27 ; //. 
wilde xiii. 39 ; w.wildu 101.28, 
xxvii. 20. 

wilder, n. wild beast ; pi. wildior 
1 J 7- 3 5 <" wildra xxvi. 76 ; 
wildedeora 116. 15*; d. wildio- 
rum 122. 14. 

gewill, n. will, wish; a. 9. 27, 
10. 24, 19. 23, iv. 34. 

willa, wm. will; desire; 16. 25 
&c. and xviii. 2 ; g. willan n. 
29 &c. and xi. 83 ; d. 9. 25, iv. 
28 &c.; a. 17. 27 &c. m<aT viii. 
37, xiii. 55 ; pi. d. w. prons. fq. 
hiora willum, of their own ac 
cord 25. 2, cf. 25. 23, 91. 4 
&c. ; selfra willum x. 19; adv. 
willum, joyfully xiii. 41. 

willan, anv. wish, be willing ; fq. 
used as auxil. will, would ; ind. 
prs. i.s. wille 9. 28 &c. and 
xiii. i, xxiv. 52; neg. nylle 
xxiv. 52 ; w. ellipse of inf. nelle 
105. 23 ; 2.J. wilt 9. 18 &c. tfT/tf 
iv. 49, xxiv. 48, 56 ; neg. nelt 
10. 24*; 3.^. wille fq. in B ? 26. 
23 &c. ; wile in C, 12. 8, iv. 51 
&c. ; wyle 136. 21*; neg. nylle 
91. 7 &c. ; nyle 38. 12*, 79. 6 
&c. and xxvii. 14; nele 70. 16, 
122. 18, 140. 26, 149. 5; xiii. 
33, xxi. 34; //. willaS^is. 5, v. 

22 &c. ; wille we 5 times, 22. 

23 &c. ; neg. nyllaS 109. 3 &c.; 
nellaS 32. 2i* } 108. \2\pst.\.s. 



3 i8 



GLOSSARY 



and 3..?. wolde 35. 32 &c. and 
ix. 12, xi. 15; wuolde i. 38; 
neg. nolde 84. 12 &c. and xxvi. 
90 ; 2.J. woldest 10. 17 &c. tm</ 
xx. 49 ; woldes 48. 12, 118. 29, 
122. 29; neg. noldes 25. 24, 59. 
6 ; //. woldon 34. 1 7 &c. ; 
woldan 9. 22*, 25, 31. 10; 
woldean 53. 26*; wolde ge ii. 
1 6 ; .Jv^/. /. wille 12. 15, xiii. 
27 &c. ; wile 60. 12, xiii. 3 &c. ; 
3f. nylle 91. 4 &c. ; nyle xxv. 
67; nelle 72. 4*; nele ix. 63; 
pi. willen 109. 23 &c. and xix. 
5, 15; willan in B, 94. 15* &c.; 
willon 98. 17 ; neg. nyllen 122. 
13, J 39- JI 5 nyllan 94. 15*; 
pst. wolde 1 8. 24, iv. 33 &c. ; 
pi. wolden 35. 3 ; woldan 36. 
i*, 65. 24; woldon 88. 22, 
26. 

wilnian, wv. w. g., a, sbj., or ger. 
inf. 1 06. 16; wilnigan 140. 24; 
to wilnianne 39. n &c.; to wil- 
nienne 31. 3*; ind. prs. 2.s. 
wilnast 16. 24 &c. and v. 24; 
3.5. wilnaS 25. n &c. and xx. 
159, xxv. 51 ; willnaS 55. 5*, 
66. 7*, 109. 18 ; //. wilniaS 31. 
22 &c. and xix. 43; w. sefter, 
yearn 53. 16; wilnigao" 41. 14*, 
45. 3*; willniao 1 74. 12*, 93. 
27 ; iv. ellipse of inf. older will- 
nia<5 147. 8* ; wilnige ge 42. 
17; pst. n.s. and %.s. wilnode 
40. 9, 13. 20 &c. and xxv. 56; 
2.5. wilnodest 19. 15, 135. 20; 
pi. wilnodon 26. 19 &c. ; gewil- 
nodon 26. 20 ; wilnedon 67. 4, 
i- 35 (J); sbj.^prs. wilnige 13. 
2 &c. and xxix. I ; wilnie xiii. 
69 ; willnige 135. 23*; welnige 
1 1 8. ii; //. welnigen 35. 24 
&c. and x. 63; wilnien 31. 23, 
106. 32; wilnigan 35. 21*; wil 
nian 46. 30* ; prs. p. wilnigende 
81. 18*. 

wilnung, f. desire; 41. 12, 81. 
20, xx. 1 86; g. wilnunga 81. 
24; wilnunge xx. 198; d. wil 
nunga 143. ii ; a. xx. 191 ; //. 
welnunga 38. 31. 



win, n. wine ; a. 12. 10, 33. 29, 

viii. 20. 
wind, m. wind ; 14. ii, v. 7 &c.; 

g. windes 16. 30 &c. ; d. winde 

80. 19, xx. 81 &c. ; a. wind 10. 

1 1 &c. and iv. 24 ; pi. g. winda 

126. 19; a. windas 99. 2, xi. 

60. 
windan, sv^. intrans. wind; fly; 

xxiv. 10 ; ind. prs. ^.pl. windao" 

xxxi. 1 2 n. ; pst. i .s. ic gewand 

ymb Croeses ffearfe, looked after 

his interests 18. 18. 
wingedrinc, n. wine-drinking ; g. 

wingedrinces xxv. 39. 
wingeard, m. vineyard ; d. pi. 

wingeardum 73. 27, xix. 9. 
gewinn, n. contest, war ; gewin 

xxvi. 12 ; g. gewinnes 126. 19, 

xxv. 51 ; d. gewinne 53. 23 &c. 

and xxv. 70 ; a. gewin 7- 2. 
gewinna, -wm. foe ; pi. gewinnan 

106. 4. 
winnan, sv^. strive, endeavour; 

struggle, contend; 98. 10 &c. 

and xxv. 67, 69 ; ind. prs. i.s. 

winsS 16.26; 3.^. winne S xxviii. 

57 ; winS 10. 27 &c. and xi. 33, 

xiii. 17; //. winnaS 42. 10, xi. 

45 &c.; wynnaS iv. 56 (J); pst. 

pi. iv. sefter wunnon 139. 13 ; 

sbj.prs. winne 98. 19 &c. ;//. 

winnan 146. 12*; prs. p. win- 

nende iii. 4, xi. 34, 41. 
gewinnan, sv^. attain; overcome, 

conquer ; to gewinnanne xix. 44 ; 

//.gewunnen 36. 20, 54. 5, 115. 

20, i. 17, 28. 
winter, m. winter; 49. 19, xi. 59 ; 

g. wintres xxix. 64 ; d. on wintra 

49. 20, 68. 2, 136. 18, xvi. 14; 

a. winter 12. n, 92. 6; //. g. 

wintra 126. 9, i. 29, 44. 15 ; a. 

winter xxvi. 17, xxviii. 26. 
winterdseg, m. winter day; d. pi. 

winterdagum 10. 10, iv. 20. 
wintrig, adj. wintry ; d. pi. win- 

tregum 12. 9. 
wis, adj. wise; 45. 4 &c. and i. 

51, xxiv. 34 ; wk. wisa 9. 23 &c. 

and x. 48 ; f. wis xviii. 5 ; g. wk. 

wisan 45. u, x. 33 &c. ; d. 



GLOSSARY 



319 



wisum 35. 8, 63. 5 ; wk. wisan 
36. 24 &c. ; a. wisne 62. 15 &c. ; 
wk. wisan x. 12 ; pi. wise 35. 23 
&c. and vii. 41, xxix. 13; wk. 
wisan 1 10. 31 ; abs. withoiit art. 
!39- 5 ; g- wisra 41. 26, 113. 10, 
xxviii. 67; </. wisum 139. 9, xx. 
149; a. wise 62. 27; comp. pL 
wisran iv. 45 ; sup. pi. wk. 
wisestan 64. 14; a. ^vk. 39. 22. 

wisdom, m. wisdom, philosophy; 
fq. ^lsedas the name of one of the 
two persons of the dialogue, 8. 16, 
vi. i &c.; g. wisdomes 22. 9 &c. ; 
d. wisdome 40. 28 &c. ; a. wis 
dom 35. 1 8, vii. 7 &c. ; a. pi. 
wisdomas 18. 5. 

wise, wf. manner ; state, con 
dition ; affair; 14. 3, 138. 17; 
g. wisan 51. 20 ; d. 126. 31, 132. 
25; a. 37. ii. 

wislice, adv. wisely; 41. 17, xx. 

15; 

gewiss, 1) adj. certain, sure; n. 

gewis 146. 16; a. 145. 32, 146. 

10 ; comp..n. gewisre 86. 12. 2) 
sbst. n. certainly; a. gewis 145. 

3- 
gewisslice, adv. with certainty, 

surely; gewislice 26. 17, 96.19, 

148. 10. 
wistj_/l provision, sustenance ; 77. 

1 1 ; g. wiste xxv. 39. 

wit, pers. pron. we two ; about 33 
times, 12. 25 &c. and xxvi. 3; 
wyt 78. 19; d. unc 19. 23, 122. 
14; a. 82. 25, 88. 32, 100. 29, 

.137- 7, 138. 5- 
wita, wm. councillor, senator ; x. 

44 ; pi. witan 34. 31, 64. 14 ; g. 

witena xv. 5, 12, xix. 7, xx. 3; 

d. witum 35. 6, 64. 26 ; a. witan 

39. 22, i. 66, ix. 25. 
gewita, wm. witness; 45. 31. 
witan, sv\ . blame, reproach ; ind. 

prs. 2.s. witst 19. 12 ; sbj. prs. 

wite Pr. 12. 
gewitan, svi. depart; witan xxiv. 

52 ; ind. prs. 3.^. gewiteft xxix. 

ii ; gewit 18. 13, 114. 10, n, 

J 36. 13, xx. 158; //. gewitaft 

20. 28 &c. and xxix. 31 ; pst. 



$.pl. gewitan 8. 12*; imp.pl. 
gewita S 8. 21 ; sbj. prs. gewite 
81. 10, 114. ii ; pp. gewiten 24. 
20, 33. 15. 

wite, n. punishment, torture ; fq. 
113. 22 &c. ; g. wites 43. 24 
&c. ; d. wite 36. 26 &c. ; on wite, 
undergoing punishment 120. 25 ; 
a. in. 6 &c. ; pi. witu 103. 2, 
125. 8, 134. 5 ; g. wita 26. 20 
&c. and xii. 20 ; d. witum 7. 15 
&c. ; a. witu 104. 10, 117. 21, 
118. 23. 

gewitleas, adj. senseless, foolish ; 
//. gewitlease xix. 46. 

gewitloca, wm. mind ; d. gewit - 
locan x. 12, xii. 26. 

gewitnes, f. cognizance, know 
ledge; d. gewitnesse 125. 14. 

witnian, wv. punish; 143. 26; 
to witnianne 138. 2 ; ind. prs. 
3.^. witnaS 122. 19, 25, 132. 17, 
142. 29; witniaS 122. 19; pst. 
3.s. witnode 103. 2, 122. 30, 143. 
22 ; pp. pi. gewitnode 134. 5 ; 
wk. gewitnodan 121. 3. 

wltnung,_/l punishment ; 123.2. 

gewitt, n. reason, understanding; 
gewit ii. 30, ii 6. 25 \ g. gewittes 
13. 9, 146. 25; d. gewitte 128. 
24 ; witte viii. 45 ; a. gewit 13. 
29, no. 14, 116. 25, xxvi. 100 ; 
d. pi. gewittum, minds 20. ii. 

gewittig, adj. rational ; //. wk. 
gewittigan 108. 15. 

wiS, i) prep. (fq. foil, c.} \}w.g. 
motion, direction, towards, aboiU 
14 times, 8. 27, v. 15 &c. ; smear- 
code wiS min 94. 16, cf. 17. 5 ; 
wiS Saes , with a view to 139. 
25. 2) w.d. a} relation, con 
duct, towards; 36. 31, 80. 5, cf. 
17. 1 6, 19. 13. ft) compared 
with; 20. 4, 29. 4, 6. c) in ex 
change for; 66. 26, 77. 8. d]aim, 
with a view to, to gain ; 26. 20, 
44. 29 ; wiS Ssem Se, in order 
to 76. 29, 77. 7. e) contrary to; 
23. 25, 24. 22, 23, 31. 17, iv. 
28. f} attack, defence, against; 
7. i, xiii. 17 &c. g) w. (ge)men- 
gan 33. 29 &c. ; w. lucan 57. 6. 



320 



GLOSSARY 



3) w.a. ; a) direction, towards; 
103. 13. 3) relation, attittide, 
towards; 80. 3,4; geferscipe w., 
with in. 10; plegian \v. 102. 
15. c) compared with \fq. 36. 3, 
vi. 7 &c. d) u>. (ge)mengan 
fq. 25. 7, vii. 8 &c. e] attack, 
defence, against ; fq. 37. 6 &c. 
and xi. 33, xvi. 24. ii) adv. ; a] 
towards; 9. i, 37. 19. 3) against; 
98. 19, 109. 13. f) in exchange; 
77- 10. 

wiScweflan, sv. contradict, deny ; 
21. n, 83. 17, 98. 18. 

wiSerweard, adj. adverse ; oppo 
site \fq.;f.wk. wiSerwearde 47. 
13 &c. ; n. wiSerweard 25. 3 
&c. and xt. 41, 49; wk. wiSer- 
wearde 49. 15 ; g. wiSerweardes 
38. 12, 71. 29, xi. 52 ; a. n. wk. 
wiSerwearde 49. 16 ; pl.f- wiSer- 
wearda 96. 1-1 ; n. wioerweard 
37. 1 8 ; wk. wiSerweardan 49. 9 ; 
Sa wifterweardan englas, rebel 
lious 98. 13 ; g. wiSerwearda 
v. 36 ; d. wiSerweardum 37. 
1 8 ; comf. pi. wiSerweardran 
38. 19. 

wifterweardnes, f. opposition ; 
adverseness; 47. 26, 48. 3, 7, 
49. 29, xi. 78 ; d. wiSerweard- 
nesse 14. 23. 

wittforan, prep. w. a. before ; 1 36. 
3; wiS . . . foran v. 43, xx. 265, 
xxviii. 47. 

wiflstandan, sv6. w.d. resist, 
oppose; 14. 18; wiSstondan v. 
22 ; ind. prs. %.s. w. d. and g. 
wi Sstent, prevents 14. 17. 

wlsetan, wv. debase, defile ; pp. 
a. gewlaetne 114. 23. 

wlStta, wm. disgust, nausea ; d. 
wlsettan 30. 19. 

wlanc, adj. proud, grand; //. 
wlance xvii. 6. 

wlatian, wv. impers. feel disgust ; 
sbj. prs. Se wlatige 23. 21. 

wlenco,/ prosperity, riches ; //. 
g. wlencea i. 76 ; d. wlencum 
18. 3, 46. 14, x. 28 ; a. wlenca 
v. 31. 

wlitan, svi. look ; xxiv. 10 ; ind. 



prs. 3.5. wlite S xxxi. 14 ; imp. 
wlit iv. 54. 
wlite, m. brightness, beauty ; 28. 

27, 72. 28, xxi. 31 ; g. wlites 

28. 29, 29. 14, 31. 2, 113. 5, 
xxviii. 42 ; d. wlite 72. 9 ; a. 
21. 6, 27. 5, vi. 13, vii. 31, xxi. 
32, xxx. 6. 

wlitebeorht, adj. beautiful, 

splendid ; d. pi. wlitebeorhtum 

xxv. 4. 
wlitetorht, adj. splendidly 

bright ; n. xxviii. 60 n. 
wlitig, adj. beautiful ; xxiv. 43 ; 

f. wk. wlitige xx. 279 ; pi. wk. 

wlitegan xxix. 39 ; d. wlitegum 

xv. 3 ; a. wlitige xix. 9 ; wk. 

wlitegan xxviii. 6 ; sup. d. pi. 

wlitegestum 64. 25. 
wlitigian, wv. form, fashion ; 

ind. prs. 3.^. wlitegaft, gewlite- 

ga$* 131. 5. 
wod, adj. mad, raging ; /. wk. 

wode in. 28. 
wodtSrag, f. fit of madness ; xxv. 

41. 
woh, 1) adj. wrong ; perverse ; 

f. w6 iv. 40; n. woh 119. 26; 



29 ; a. wk. won 70. 9 ; woon IT. 

31 ; pi. wk. won 38. 31 ; a. wk. 

9. 26. 2) sbst. n. wrong ; a. 

142. 28; on woh, wrongly 107. 

9, 131. 17; on wog 107. 25. 
wohfremmend, m. evil-doer ; d. 

pi. wohfremmendum ix. 36. 
wohhsemed, n. fornication, adul 

tery; g. wohhsemetes xviii. 2. 
wol, m. pestilence, calamity ; 67. 

22 ; a. 13. i n. 
wolcen, n. cloud ; v. 4 ; g. 

wolcnes xx. 81 ; //. wolcnu 

14. 10; g. wolcna xxviii. 2, 

xxix. 13 ; d. wolcnum i. 76 &c. ; 

a. wolcnu 18. 13, 105. 9, xxiv. 

10. 
wop, m. weeping; d. wope 23. 

22, ii. 3. 
word, n. word ; speech ; report, 

fame; 28. ii, 12; d. worde 

Pr. 3 ; a. word Pr. 3 ; pi. ii. 

18 ; g. worda 8. 9, 68. 19, i. 



GLOSSARY 



321 



8 1 ; d. wordum 8. 7 &c. and 
x. 3, xvi. 23; a. word 45. n 
&c. aw^viii. I, xxvi. 79. 

wordhord, w. store of words ; a. 
vi. i. 

worn, m. great number, multi 
tude ; ix. 7 ; a. xxvi. 33. 

woruld, f. (forms w. o most fq. 
in C, including compounds }, 
world; life, lifetime; 58. 28 
&c. ; weoruld xx. 62, 171 ; g. 
worulde 9. n, hi. 7 &c. ; 
weorulde 20. 27, xx. 251 &c. ; 
weorolde xxiv. 56 ; d. worulde 
II. 15, iv. 41 &c. ; to worulde 
48. 30 ; more usually weorulde 
20. 2, i. 51 &c. ; woruld 18. 29 ; 
a. worulde xi. 45 ; weorulde 
viii. 8, xx. 24, xxix. 28 ; 
woruld ii. 6, 13. 25, 18. 12, 
24. 14, 42. n, 53. 16, xiii. 65, 
xvii. 4, 6, xx. 47, 57 ; worold 
ix. 58 ; weoruld 13. 32, 18. 24, 
76. 28; viii. 41, xxviii. 26, xxxi. 
14. Nyte : eo forms rare in B. 

woruldseht,/". worldly possession ; 
g. pi. woruldaehta 27. 19. 

woruldar, /. worldly honour, 
good fortune ; d. weoruld are 
141. 3 ; a. woruldare 17. 13. 

woruldbisgo,/! worldly occupa 
tion ; d. pi. weoruldbisgum Pr. 

5- 

woruldbisgung, f. worldly trou 
ble ; g. pi. weoruldbisgunga 

iii. 4. 
woruldbuend, m. human being ; 

pi. weoruldbuende viii. 35 ; g. 

woruldbuendra xxix. 82 ; d. 

weoruldbuendum xxvii. 27. 
worulddryhten, m. Lord ; g. 

weorulddrihtnes xxix. i. 
woruldearfofl, n. worldly trouble ; 

g. pi. woruldearfoSa v. 29, vii. 

26, 35, 4_9. 
woruldfreond, m. earthly friend ; 

pi. weorulclfrynd ii. 16. 
woruldgielp, n. worldly boasting 

or pride ; d. woruldgylpe 74. 

34. 
woruldgitsere, m. covetous man ; 

d. xhv i. 



woruldgitsung, f. covetousness ; 
vii . 1 2 ; d. woruldgidsunga ; 15.9. 

woruldgod, n. worldly good ; pi. 
32. 1 6 ; d. woruldgodum 54. 10. 

woruldlic, adj. worldly ; g. 
woruldlices 20. 29. 

woruldlust, m. worldly desire or 
pleasure; 55. 8, 56. 21; d. 
woruldluste 54. 15, 55. 8; a. 
weoruldlust 76. 28; //. woruld- 
lustas 70. 14; g. woruldlusta 
53. 28, 146. 18 ; d. woruld- 
lustum 70. 15. 

woruldmann, m. man ; //. 
woruldmen 41. 14, vii. 41, 
xxviii. 10 ; weoruldmenn 17. 
22; weoruldmen xxviii. 72; 
g. woruldmonna 17. 29 ; 
weoruldmonna xxviii. 31 ; a. 
woruldmen iv. 51. 

woruldrice, n. earthly kingdom ; 
d. weoruldrice 74. 22. 

woruldseelS, /. worldly pros 
perity; //. woruldsaelSa 9 
times , 8. 9 &c. and ii. 10 ; 
weoruldgessel^a 37. 22, 134. 
2 5 > <" woruldsselCa 17. i, 18. 
32, 27. 13, vii. 52, 54 ; weoruld. 
gesaelSa 54. 10 ; d. woruld- 
saelSum 8. 2, 16. 31, 19. ii ; 
woruldgesselSum 39. 10, 54. 19, 
v. 34 ; a. woruldsoelSa 15. 3. 
17. 4; woruldgesael^a 26. I, 
134. 8. 

woruldgesceaft, f. earthly crea 
ture ; //. woruldgesceafta xi. 
19, 84, 101 ; g. xi. 2 ; weoruld- 
gesceafta xxix. 77 ; d. woruld- 
gesceaftum 80. 10, 26; a. 
weoruld gesceafta xx. 129. 

woruldsorg,/! worldly care ; pi. 
woruldsorga 8. 22, 9. 13; d. 
woruldsorgum 8. 19. 

woruldsped, f. worldly riches ; 
a. pi. weoruldspeda 12. 3. 

woruldgeswinc, n. earthly hard 
ship ; d. pi. weoruldgeswincum 
xxi. 1 8. 

woruldfteaw, m. worldly custom ; 
d. pi. woruldSeawum 7. 13. 

woruld Sing, n. worldly affair ; 
g. pi. woruldSinga 56. 9. 



3 22 



GLOSSARY 



womldwela, wm. worldly wealth 

or prosperity ; g. woruldwelan 

24. 2, 60. 18; d. 62. 32; pi. 

30. 4; g. weoruldwelena xix. 

26 ; d. woruldwelum 74- 22 - 
woruldwilla, wm. worldly 

desire ; g. woroldwillan 24. 2. 
woruldwuiiiende, adj. dwelling 

in the world ; g. pi. worold- 

wuniendra xiii. 17- 
wracu, /. revenge ; vengeance, 

punishment; g. wrcece 112. 3; 

xxv. 51 ; a. 1 1 8. 24. 
wrsec, n. exile ; d. wrrece 1 16. 

12. 
wrsecca, tvm. exile, outcast ; 

wraeccea 13. 18 ; wrecca 8. 

6*, 124. 25, ii. 3; a. wneccan 

x. 38; wreccan 105. 27*. 
wrsecsift, m. exile, misery ; d. 

wraecsiSe 22. u. 
wreecstow, f. place of exile or 

confinement ; 24. 31. 
wrsennes, /. lewdness, lechery ; 

93. 16, 109. 9 ; g. wraennesse 

71. 30, in. 28, xxv. 41; d. 

70. 18/71. 3- 
wrse San, ivv. support ; ind. prs. 

3.-$-. wrseSeS 49. 7*. 
wraft, adj. angry, hostile ; wk. 

wraSa xviii. 2; d. pi. wraSum 

xxvi. 76; comp. n. wraSre 138. 

21. 
wra^e, adv. fiercely; grievously; 

7. 9, vii. 52, 54, xxix. 87, 89. 
wrecaii, svs,. punish; sbj. prs. 

wrece 104. 4, 123. 31, ix. 36; 

wraece 143. 22 ; pi. wrecen 

102. 24 ; //. gewrecen 121. 2. 
wregan, wv. accuse ; sbj. prs. 

wrege 123. 17. 
wrenc, m. trick, wile ; d. pi. 

wrencum 10. 22, iv. 47. 
wreUian, wv. prop up, support ; 

ind. prs. %.pl. wreSiaS xi. 34. 
wrigian, wv. move forward, 

hasten, tend ; ind. prs. $.$. 

wrigaS 57. 23, 28, xiii. 10, 65. 
wringan, sv$. squeeze, press out; 

win wringan 12. 10. 
writan, svi. write ; sbj. pst. pi. 

writon 44. 8*. 



gewrit, n. writing ; //. gewritu 

4_4- 6. 
writere, m. writer; pi. writeras 

44. 8 ; g. writera 44. I. 
gewrixle, n. change, alternation ; 

49. 26, 125. 12 ; a. 49. 17, xi. 

56. 
wudu, m. wood, forest ; timber ; 

91. 13, 101. 27, xiii. 50; widu 

xiii. 55; g. wuda 57. 19; 

wudes viii. 20 ; d. wuda 57. 16 ; 

102. 4, 117. 29, 127. 13, xix. 

5, 18; a. 91. 19*; wudu 91. 

19, 23, ioo. 6; //. wudas 102. 

5 ; g. wuda 91. 17, xx. 251 ; 

d. wudum 42. 29, 73. 31. 
wudufugol, m. forest bird ; pi. 

wudufuglas 57. 15, xiii. 35. 
wuhlumg, f. fury, madness ; g. 

wuhhunge 39. 30*. 
wuldor, n. glory; 56. 21, 68. 7, 

u ; wuldur 68. 9 ; g. wuldres 

xxvi. 45, xxix. 6 ; d. wuldre 

xvii. 29,; a. wuldor 68. 12. 
wuldorcyning, m. king of glory ; 

xx. 162. 
wulf, ;;/. wolf; 114. 26; d. pi. 

wulfum xxvi. 79; wulfan 116. 

19*. 
gewuna, wm. habit, custom; 15. 

17 &c. ; g. gewunan 57. 12, 

60. i ; d. 24. 23, vii. i ; a. 17. 

27, xiii. 27. 
wund, adj. wounded ; a. wundne 

vi". 35- 
wundian, wv. wound ; //. ge- 

wundod 34. 4. 
wundor, n. wonder ; 69. 20, 

xvii. 7 &c. ; wundur xx. 117; 

wunder 80. 8*, xxviii. 82 ; d. 

pi. wund rum ^^sed as adv. 

wonderfully, 24. 25, iv. 20, xxv. 

4, xxix. 17. 
wundorlic, adj. wonderful; xx. 

3, xxi. 31 ; wunderlic 79- Io * 

n. wundorlic 47. n, xix. 20 

&c. ; wunderlic 35. 32*, 79. 

20*; a. f. wundorlice ioo. 10; 

n. wundorlic ioo. 12, 28; inst. 

wundorlice So. 22 ; g. pi. wun- 

dorlicra xx. 101. 
wundorlice, adv. wonderfully ; 



GLOSSARY 



3 2 3 



57. 2, xiii. 5 &c. ; wunderlice 
79. n*. 

wundrian, wv. iv.g. wonder (at), 
admire ; 101. 6 &c. ; to wundri- 
ganne 28. 28 ; to wundrianne 
104. 4 ; to wyndrianne 72. 27* ; 
ind. prs. i.s. wundrige 12. 24 
&c. ; 2.s. wundrast 145. 4; %.s. 
wundraS 81. 32, xx. 223 &c. ; 
//. wundriaS 29. 14, xxviii. 50 
&c. ; pst. i.s. wundrode 122. 
19; 3.J. 98. 17; sbj. prs. 
wundrige 104. n, 143. 15, 
145. 2, xxviii. 2, 40 ; wundrie 
92. 8, 119. 27, 125. 7, 141. 28, 
xxviii. 6 ; pi. wundrigen 28. 32, 
72. 20, 92. 9 ; wundrien 29. 3 ; 
pst. wundrode 125. 13. 

gewunelic, adj. customary, fam 
iliar ; n. 37. 17 ; gewunlic 91. 15. 

wunian, wv. dwell ; abide, remain ; 
xi. 17 n., 56, xxix. 95 ; gewunian 
116. ii ; wunigan 130. 10; 
gewunigan ii. 19; gewunigen 
(by error} i. 37 (J) ; ind. prs. 
2.s. wunsest xx. 16; %.s. wuna<5 
20. 22, vi. 17 &c. ; //. wuniaS 
25. 13, xi. 4 &c. ; wunigacS vii. 
38; pst. 3.3. wunode 116. 4, ix. 
38 &c. ; pi. wunedon xx. 243 ; 
prs. p. wuniende 21. 8, 27. 12; 
wunigende 95. 14 ; //. gewunod, 
accustomed 8. 2. 

wynsum, adj. pleasant ; /. wyn- 
sumu 25. 8; wynsum 137. 7, 
12, 138. 12, xxi. 18 ; n. wyn 
sum 33. 17, 86. ii ; gewun- 
sum 70. 19; g. wynsumes 64. 
20; d. wk. wynsuman 138. 26; 
a. f. wynsume xiii. 19 ; ivk. 
138. 25, 139. 2 ; comp. /. wyn- 
sumre xii. 20; n. 57. 19, 65. 
6, 86. 12; winsumre 52. 8*; g. 
wynsumran 138. 29. 

wynsumliee, adv. pleasantly ; 

54-8. 
wynsumnes, f. delightfulness, 

pleasantness ; d. wynsumnesse 

50. 8, 13. 
wyrcan, wv. make, construct ; 

cause; do; 29. 22 &c. and xii. 

i ; wircan 1 1 1 . 5 ; wercan xxvi. 



73; to wyrcanne 40. 10 &c. ; 
to wyrcenne 40. 25*; ind. prs. 
2.s. wyrcest xx. 87 ; wercest iv. 
18; s.s. wyrceS iv. 28; wyrc<5 
38. 4 &c. ; wire 135. 6; pi. 
wyrcaS 86. 30 ; gewercaS 87. 
24; pst. 2.s. worhtest 29. 19, 
79. 1 8, xx. 40; worhtes xx. 22 ; 
geworhtest 29. 19* &c. and xx. 
24, 44; 3.^. worhte 30. 21 &c. 
and ix. 2 ; geworhte Pr. 9 ; 
weorhte 39. 18* ; //. worhton 
99.4, 139. 15; sbj. prs. wyrce 
112. 20 &c. and vii. 31; pp. 
geworht 129. 2, 135. 8, xx. 21 ; 
to witum geworht, subjected 
36. 18; g. geworhtes 29. 22; 
//. n. geworhte 96. 16 ; g. ge- 
worhtra 1 1. 27. 

wyrdj f. fate; fq. 10. 18, i. 29 
&c. ; weord 1 1 . 6* ; g. wyrde 
102. 25, xiii. 24 &c, ; d. 23. 2 
&c. and xxvii. 5 ; a. 138. 25, 
J 39- 2 > 3> wirde iv. 49; wyrd 
^ls^^alform ii. 31 &c. 

gewyrht, n. desert, merit ; only in 
d. pi. gewyrhtum 1 1 . 7 &c. ; 
butan gewyrhtum, undeservedly 
50. 19 &c. ; be his gewyrhtum 
68. 27 &c. ; cf. ix. 36 ; be 
geweorhtum xxvii. 27 ; sefter 
his gewyrhtum 124. 14 &c. 

wyrhta, wm. maker, creator ; 
30. 22, xxix. 81, xxx. 14; d. 
wyrhtan 12. 17, 30. 21. 

wyrm, m. reptile ;//. wyrmas 36. 9. 

wyrt,/. vegetable, plant; 91. 13.; 
a. 91. 19; //. g. wyrta 82. 6, 
91. 16, viii. 20, xx. 251 ; d. 
wyrtum 91. 10 ; a. wyrta 33. 
28, 91. 23, xi. 57. 

wyrtruma, win. root ; d. pi. 
wyrtrumum 91. 26, 31. 

wyrtwalian, wv. uproot ; sbj. 
prs. wyrtwalige 61. 8*. 

gewyscan, wv. wish; 117. 23. 

Y. 

yfel, 1) adj. bad, evil ; ivk. yfela 
71. 4 *, 125. 5*, xv. i ; yfla 107. 
24 &c. and xviii. I ; /. yfel 137. 



Y 2 



324 



GLOSSARY 



28; g. yfles 132. 28 &c. ; wk. 
yfelan 113. 28; d. yfelum 38. 
32, 124. 15, 134. 14 ; wk. yflan 

121. 13, xxii. 32 ; a. yfelne v. 
28, viii. 38 ; wk. yflan 14. 20, 
123. 30; n. yfel xii. 28; //. 
yfele 24. 12 &c. and iv. 37 ; 
yfle commoner form in C, 
107. 4 &c. ; wk. yfelan 62. n 
&c. ; yflan more fq. in C, 106. 
5 &c. ; g. yfelra 10. 24 ; wk. 
yflena no. 2 &c. ; yfelana 133. 
20; d. yflum 107. 21 &c. and 
iv. 35, xxvii. 30; yfelum 120. 
12*; a. wk. yfelan 14. 19 &c. ; 
comp. vvyrsa 63. 9*, 69. 13, 131. 
30, xxv. 29; vvirsa 67, 22 ; n. 
wyrse 46. 27 &c. and x. 57, 
xxv. 67 ; a. wyrsan 63. 7 n., 71. 
23 ; n. wyrse 22. 3 ; pi. wyrsan 

32. 20 &c. ; wyrson 134. 21 ; 
a. wyrsan 32. 14; STip. wyrresta 

33. 4 ; n. wyrrest 120. 23 ; g. 
wk. wyrrestan 119. 18 ; d. wk. 

34. 22, 37. 25 ; d. pi. wyrrestum 
61. 15, 134. 9 (wyrstan B) ; 
wyrrestan 37. 25. 2) sbst. n. 
evil; 37. 21 &c. and i. 55; g. 
yfeles 119. 7, 17, ix. 52 ; yfles 

113. 22, 31, 120. n ; d. yfle 
109. 14 &c. and xxv. 60; a. 
yfel 37. 12 &c. and xxii. 17; 
eofel 18. 27*^.; //. g. yfela 14. 
25*, 71. 14, vii. 43; yfla 137. 
13, v. 41, xxv. 44; d. yfelum 
118. 23*; yflum 7. 10 &c. ; a. 
yflu 27. 10*; yfel 7. 14*, 134. 

20. 

yfele, adv. badly, wrongly ; 7. 9, 
17. 12 ; comp. wyrs 35. 6 ; sup. 
wyrst xxiv. 60. 

yfelnes, f. badness, wickedness ; 

114. 21. 

yfelwillende, adj. evilly disposed, 
wicked; 122. 21, 24; //. wk. 
yfelwillendan 112. 16 ; a. 
yfelwillende 34. 5 ; wk. yfel 
willendan 117* 2. 

yfelwyrcende, adj. evil-doing ; 

122. 22, 25. 

yfemest, adj. sup. of uferra ; 
xxiv. 23; yfemesft xiii. 63; 



yfmest xxiv. 20 ; f. yfemest 57. 

27 ; n. So. 10, xx. 84. 
yflian, wv. ill-treat, injure ; ind. 

prs. 3-J-. yflaS 123. 9, 10; pst. 

%.$. yflode 122. 32 ; sbj. prs. 

yflige 119. 23. 
ymb (ymb more fq. in C than 

ymbe ; ym 31. I ., 142. 25; 

emb 17. 3, 74. 17; embe 86. 13, 

1 8, 104. 20), 1) prep. w.a. 

a) motion, round ; 126. 7, xxviii. 

9, 22 ; ymbe xx. 211. b] con 

cerning, about (the usual mean- 



.. 

ymbe 18. 17 &c. and viii. 31. 

f) ##2^; ymb Sritig wintra, every 

thirty years 126. g, cf. xxviii. 

2 5> 2 9 > ymbe sticce, after a time, 

from time to time 100. 7 ; ymbe 

long, at great length 125. 23. 

d} in connexion with, about ; 

swincan ymbe 87. 26 &c. ; ymb 

1> bion, busy, occupied with 1 2 . 

26, <r/". 92. 31 ; siredon ymb. 

against 36. 19, cf. 70. 24; don 

ymbe hine, towards 37. I. 2) 

adv. same senses as (1) ; 16. 19, 

127. 4, xx. 27, xxviii. 6 ; ymbe 

36. 22, i. 59, xix i, xxviii. 24, 

xxix. 41. 
ymbbeetan, wv. curb; pp. ymbe- 

baeted xxiv. 37. 
ymbeierran, wv. revolve round ; 

ind. prs. $.s. ymbcerreS xxviii. 

14; pp. ymbcirred xxviii. 26. 
ymbclyppan, wv. embrace ; ind. 

prs. 3-j ymbclyppeS xi. 35 ; //. 

ymbclyppao 1 ix. 40. 
ymbfon, rv. surround, encompass ; 

ind. prs. 3.5. ymbfehS 53. I ; pp. 

ymbfangen 13. I. 
ymbgyrdan, wv. engirdle ; ind. 

prs. ^.s. embegyrt ix. 41. 
ymbhabban, wv. sxirround ; ind. 

prs. ^.s. ymbhsefi5 53. I*. 
ymbhoga, wm. care, anxiety ; vii. 

53 ; g- ymbhogan 27. 4 ; pi. g. 

ymbhogena vii. 36 ; ymbhogona 

xvi. 6 ; d. ymbhogum 52. 18, 55. 

20; a. ymbhogan 67. 29, 95. i, 

vii. 28. 
ymbhweorfan, sv$. go round, 



GLOSSARY 



325 



revolve round ; ind. prs. 2.s. 

ymbhweorfest 10. 2* ; ymb- 

hweorfest iv. 4 (J) ; 3.5. ymb- 

hweorfeS xxviii. 13 ; prs. p. 

ymbhweorfende 18. 7- 
ymbhwierfan, wv. revolve round; 

ind. prs. ^.s. ymbhwerfeS xxviii. 

4 n. ; ymbhwyrf<5 125. 32* n. 
ymbhwyrft, m. revolution, orbit; 

circuit, compass ; g. ymbhweorf- 

tes 105. 18 ; a. ymbhwyrft 41. 

20, 126. 4, 7, xxiv. 38, xxviii. 

20 ; ymbhwerft xxviii. 1 2 ; ymbe- 

hwerft xxviii. 8. 
ymblicgan, sz>->. surround ; ind. 

prs. $.pl. ymbelicgaS xx. 77- 
ymbscrl&an, svi. revolve round; 

ind. prs. %.s. ymbscriSeS xx. 208. 
ymbseon, sv$. look round ; sbj. 

pst. 3.^. ymbsawe x. 5. 
ymbsittend, m. neighbour ; g. pi. 

ymbsittenda xxv. 14. 
ymbstandan, sv6. surround ; 



//. ymbstandene in. 14 n. ; 
ymbestandne xxv. 7. 

ymbtSencan, wv. reflect upon ; 
sbj. pst. 3.J-. ymbeSohte x. 4. 

ymbutan, 1) adv. around, about; 
129. 21, xx. 140, 171, 172, 174; 
swiSe feorran ymbutan, very 
circuitously 127.33; ymbeutan 
xxv. 28. 2) prep.; a) w . d. ; foil, 
c. 97. 18, 108. 20, 125. 2; utan 
ymb xx. 207. U] w.a. 25. 14, 
viii. 14, 53, xxii. 7, 15 ; ymbuton 
95. I* ; ymbeutan ico. 10. 

yst, f. tempest, storm; 21. 7, vi. 
14 ; pi. ysta v. 9 ; g. xxi. 15; d. 
ystum 89. 10. 

ytemest, sup. adj. outermost ; 
farthest outside ; //. wk. ytmestan 
x. 25; utemestan 46. n. 
, f. wave; xxvi. 30, xxviii. 57; 
//. yfta 124. 4, xxvii. 3 ; g. 17. 
26, 126. 19; d. ySum 10. 27, 
14. 13, 89. 10, iv. 56, xxi. 14. 



INDEX OF PROPER NAMES 



N.B. Head-words are not normalised, but actually occur in the text. 
For adjectives formed from proper names see Glossary. 



A. 

Alfred, Pr. i ; MPr. i. 

^Etna, 34. 8, 28* ; Etne 34. 28, 

viii. 48. 
Affricanas, Africans, a. pi. 37. 

6; Africanas, Africas 37. in. 
Agamemnon, xxvi. 10; Agame- 

non 115. 17*. 
Alcibiadis, 72. 30. 
Aleric, i. 7, 19 ; Eallerica 7. 2*. 
Amuling, i. 71 ; Amvilinga 7.6*. 
Antonie, Antonius d. 67. 2 ; 

Antoniose, Ontoniose 66. 30. 
Apollinus, Apollo, 1 16. i n. , xxvi. 

34; -. Apollines 115. 23, 116. 2, 

xxvi. 32, 51. 
Aristoteles, 140. 8 ; Aristotelis, 

Aristodelis 73. i. 
Arrianes, Arrianus, g. i. 40. 
Astralogium, 41. 23. 
Augustus mon fte, 12. 7*; g. 

Agustes ib. 
Aulixes, 115. 15, 17, 116. 8, xxvi. 

5> I 5> a i, 58. 

B. 

Babilonia, 99. n. 

Beetles, for Bootes, the constella 
tion 126. 8*; Boetes xxviii. 27. 

Boetius, 7. 12, 8. 15, 38. 6, 50. 
6, 58. 25, 29, 59. 7, 10, 12, 62. 
2, 18, i. 77 ; Boitius i. 52 ; 
Beotius 21. 10* ; g. Boeties 50. 
6, 103. 22, 139.^17. 

Bosiridem, Busiris, d. 36. 29. 

Bretene, Britain, a. xx. 19. 

Brutus, 46. 22, x. 47. 



C. 

Caron, Charon, 102. 17. 
Cassias, 46. 23. 
Cato, 46. 23 ; Caton x. 51. 
Catulus, the consul, confounded 

with Catullus the poet, 61. 17, 

21, 23, 24. 

Caucaseas, the Caucasus moun 
tains, 43. 9. 
Ceruerus, Cerberus, 102. 14 n. ; 

Aruerus B. 
Cham, Ham, 99. 8 ; Chaam B ; 

g. Chames, Chaames 99. 8. 
Chus, dish, 99. 7; g. Chuses 99. 7. 
Cicero, 43. 7. 143. 6. 
Circe, xxvi. 56; Kirke 116. 3*. 
Cirus, Cyrus, 18. 19. 
Constentinopolim, d. s. 7. 20*. 
Crecas, Greeks; Creacas i. 48; 

g. Creca 7. 20, 18. 18, 101. 24, 

i. 68, xxvi. n, 14, 19; d. 

Crecum 141. n, i. 26, xxx. i ; 

a. Crecas i. 21,63; Creacas i. 56. 
Crist, 27. 7, viii. 17, x. 37; d. 

Criste i. 32. 
Croeses, Croesos*, Croesus, g. 

18. 18. 

D. 

Deira, Dura, 99. 10*. 



E. 

Eallerica, v. Aleric. 
Egyptum, Egyptians, d. pi. 36. 

29. 
Epiccurus, Epeccurus 55. 8. 



INDEX OF PROPER NAMES 



327 



Erculus, Hercules, 36. 33, 127. 

n. 

Eurudice, 101. 26. 
Eurupides, 70. 30*. 

F. 

Fisica, Aristotle s treatise, 140. 9. 
Frigilius, Virgil, 141. 12; g. 
Firgilies 141. 12 ., xxx. 2. 

G. 

Gota, Goth, i. 19, 45 ; n. pi. 
Gotan 7. i , i. i ; g. Gotene i. 5 ; 
Godena i. 38 ; a. Gotan i. 23. 



I. 



Jerusalem, n. 18. 

Indeum, Indians, d.pl. 67. 31 ; a. 

Indeas xvi. 18. 
lob Jove Juppiter, 98. 27,115.23; 

g. lobes 36. 33, 115. 23, 27, 

127. ii, xxvi. 35,47. 
Johannes (8one papan), 7. n, i. 

42. 

Italia, 7. 3, i. 15, viii. 50. 
Ithacige, Ithaca, 115. 16. 
Ixion, 102. 29. 

L. 

Laedenwarum, Latins, Romans, 

d. pi. 141. 12. 
Leuita, Lapithse, g. pi. 102. 

30. 
Liberius, by error for Latin 

liberum, 36. 17 (Tiberius B). 

M. 

Marcus, (oftre naman Tullius) 
I43- 5 5 g- Marcuses 43. 6. 

Muntgiop, the Alps ; d. i. 14 ; a. 
i. 8. 

N. 

Nefrod, Nimrod, 99. 6, 7, 8. 

Nensar, v. Sennar. 

Neron, 39. 18, 64. 24, 66. 23, ix. 



2, xv. i ; d. Nerone 34. 24, 67. 

2, ix. 44. 
Nilus, 37. 3. 

Noes, Noah, g. 34. 30, 99. 8. 
Wonium, a. 61. 18. 



O. 

Omerus, Homer, 141. n, 13, 

xxx. i, 5. 
Orpheus, 103. 10; Orfeus 101. 

2 5- 

P. 

Psersa, Persians, g. pi. 18. 19. 
Papinianus, Papianus, 66. 30. 
Parcas, Parcae, Fates, confounded 

with Furies 102-23. 
Parmenides, (se sciop) 101. 3. 
Parfium, Parthians, d. pi. 43. 12. 
Plato, 9. 23, 79. 4; 95. 20, 25; 

Platon xxii. 54 ; g. Platones 

101. 14, no. 30. 
Ptolomeus, g. 41. 27. 

R. 

Rsedgod, Radagaisus, i. 7 ; Rsed- 
got i. 19 ; Raedgota 7. 2. 

Begulus, 37. 5. 

Retie, Rhaetia, error for Neritia ; 
115. 16 ; g. xxvi. 8. 

Rom, Rome, i. 19; d. Rome 61. 
24; Rome byrig 35. 2, i. 46 ; 
a. Rome burg 39. 19. 

Romana, Romans, g. pL 7. i ; 
34. 31, 39. 22, 43. 6, 8, 46. 24, 
50. 7, 64. 12, 112. 22, 143. 7, 
i. 17, ix. 10, 25, x. 44; Romane 
7. 3* ; d, Romanum 7. 7 ; a. 
Romane ix. 14. 

Romwara, Romans, g. pL 46. 22, 
i. 34, ix. 3; d. Romwarum 61. 
20, i. 49, 69. 

S. 

Saturnus, the god, 115. 28, xxvi. 
48 ; g. Saturnes 98. 27 ; the 
planet, 126. 9, xxviii. 25; g. 
105. 12 ; a. Saturnus xxiv. 21. 

SoitJtJeas, Scythians, 43. 10. 



328 



INDEX OF PROPER NAMES 

D. 



ScittKia, i. 2 ; d. SciSolu msegfre 

7. i*. 

Seneca, 66. 25, 67. i. 
Sennar*, Wensar, Shinar, 99. 9. 
Seuerinus, 50. 7. 
Sicilia, 7. 4, 34. 9, i. 15, viii. 50 ; 

d, 34. 29. 
Simachus, Symmachus, 22. 5; 

. Simaches 22. 12. 
Sticces, z>. Ticcies. 

T. 

Tantalus*, Tantulus 102. 31. 
Ticcies*, Sticces, Tityus, g. 

103. i n. 
Torcwines, Tarquinius, g. 34. 

3 1 - 
Troia burg, ix. i6,xxvi. 20; Trogia 

burg 39. 20* ; Trioia gewin 

xxvi. 12. 

Troiana, Trojans, .//. 115. 14. 
Tullius, 43. 7, 143. 6. 
Tyle, Thule, 67. 32*; Tile xvi. 



Beodric, 7. 5, 6, 14, 23, i. 71 : ^. 

Diodrices 62.8; ^/. Deodrice 34. 

23, 62. 12, i. 30. 
Dracia, 101. 23 ; g. xxvi. 7, 22, 



59- 



U. 



Ursa, the constellation of the 
Bear, 135. 29, xxix. 14. 



W. 

"Welandes, the legendary smith 

Weland, g. x. 33, 35, 42; 

\Velondes46. 17, 20*. 
Wendelsse, Mediterranean, d. 

115. 22 ; a. xxvi. 31. 
Westsexna, West-Saxons, . //. 

MPr. 2. 



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Old English version of 

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Colophon

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